# Chapter 3 Chemical Formulae and Equation 1.

The mass of three atoms of element Y is equal to the mass of five carbon atoms. What is the relative atomic mass of element Y? (Relative atomic mass: C, 12) 2. Calculate the relative molecular mass of the following substances; a) Bromine gas, Br2 b) Methane, CH4 c) Glucose, C6H12O6 d) Benzoic acid, C6H5COOH (Relative atomic mass: H,1; C,12; O,16; Br,80) 3. Calculate the relative formula mass of the following substances; a) Magnesium oxide, MgO b) Sodium sulphate, Na2SO4 c) Aluminium nitrate, Al(NO3)3 d) Hydrated sodium carbonate, Na2CO3.10 H2O (Relative atomic mass: H,1; C,12; N,14; O,16; Na,23; Mg,24; Al,27; S,32) 4. The oxide formula of element X has the formula of X2O5 and the relative molecular mass of 108. What is the relative atomic mass of X? (Relative atomic mass: O,16) 5. Find the number of atoms in ; a) 0.4 mol iron, Fe b) 0.1 mol oxygen gas, O2 6. How many moles of water (H2O) contain 3.01 x 1022 water molecules? 7. 0.3 mole of zinc bromide, ZnBr2 is dissolved in a beaker of water. Calculate the total number of ions present in the beaker? 8. Which of the following contains 6.02 x 1023 atoms? A. B. C. D. 1 mole of nitrogen gas 1 mole of bromine gas 1 mole of carbon dioxide 1 mole of neon

9. Find the mass of each of the following substance; a) 0.6 mol aluminium, Al b) 1.45 mol nitrogen gas, N2 c) 0.8 mol calcium carbonate, CaCO3

How many hydrogen molecules are there in 6dm3 of hydrogen gas at room conditions? 16. CO 11.5 mol chlorine gas.5mol of bromine gas? 22. O2 b) 2. O. (Relative atomic mass: Al.16) 18.16. I.64. CI2 12. Find its empirical formula. Find the number of moles of the following substance. A sample of 120cm3 of carbon dioxide is collected at room conditions is an experiment. CuCI2? (Relative atomic mass: Cu.408 x 1023 nitrogen molecules.96g of oxygen to an oxide. Copper (II) iodide contains 20. If 2. What is the volume of 12g of methane (CH4) at STP? (Relative atomic mass: H. What is the empirical formula of the oxide? (Relative atomic mass: Al.1. Calculate the mass of the sample of carbon dioxide.127) 19. Aluminium reacts with copper(II) oxide to produce aluminium oxide and copper. C.5 mol of chlorine atoms to form copper (II) chloride. find the mass of aluminium left after the reaction.27) . KNO3 c) 70 g carbon monoxide gas. Na b) 4.1. a) 0.10. 2K(s) + Br2(g) ---------> 2KBr(s) How many moles of potassium are needed to react with o. 1. a) 57.12. Find the molecular formula of the compound.0 g of excess aluminium is reacted with 0. O. 13.04 g potassium nitrate.5 g sodium.) 15. 17.27.13% copper by mass.25 mol oxygen gas. A carbon compound has an empirical formula of CH2 and a relative molecular mass of 70. (Relative atomic mass: Cu.64) 21. (Relative atomic mass: H. Find the number of moles of ammonia gas contained in a sample of 60cm3 of the gas at room conditions.12.06 mole copper(II) oxide.08 g of aluminium (Al) combines chemically with 0. Find the volume of nitrogen gas in cm3 at STP that consist of 2.12) 20. What is the mass of copper needed to combine completely with 0. C. Calculate the volume of the following gases at STP and room condition.) 14. (Relative atomic mass: C.