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Timeline of Buddhism
Part of a series on Buddhism
Outline · Portal History Timeline · Councils Gautama Buddha Disciples Later Buddhists Dharma or Concepts Four Noble Truths Dependent Origination Impermanence Suffering · Middle Way Non-self · Emptiness Five Aggregates Karma · Rebirth Samsara · Cosmology Practices Three Jewels Precepts · Perfections Meditation · Wisdom Noble Eightfold Path Aids to Enlightenment Monasticism · Laity Traditions · Canons Theravāda · Pali Mahāyāna · Chinese Vajrayāna · Tibetan
The purpose of this timeline is to give a detailed account of Buddhism from the birth of Gautama Buddha to the present.
Foundation to the Common Era
Some sources give the date of the Buddha's birth as 563 BCE and others as 624 BCE; Theravada Buddhist countries tend to use the latter figure. This displaces all the dates in the following table about 61 years further back. See Theravada Buddhism . There is controversy about the base date of the Buddhist Era, with 544 BC and 483 BC being advanced as the date of the parinibbana of the Buddha. As Wilhelm Geiger poined out, the Sri Lankan chronicles, the Dipavamsa and Mahavamsa are the primary sources for ancient South Asian chronology; they date the consecration (abhisheka) of Asoka to 218 years after the parinibbana. Chandragupta Maurya ascended the throne 56 years prior to this, or 162 years after the parinibbana. The approximate date of Chandragupta's ascension is known to be within two years of 321 BC (from Megasthenes). Hence the approximate date of the parinibbana is between 485 and 481 BC - which accords well with the Mahayana dating of 483 BC.
when there was considerable unrest in the country. He is shocked by the first three—he did not know what age. explaining the prevalence of place names in the region with Indian or Buddhist origin. the Pali Canon is written down in the reign of King Vaṭṭagamiṇi (29–17 BCE) • 2 BCE: The Hou Hanshu records the visit in 2 BCE of Yuezhi envoys to the Chinese capital. son of the emperor Ashoka of India during the reign of King Devanampiya Tissa. according to inscriptions in the Mogao Caves. India.Timeline of Buddhism The difference between the two reckonings seems to have occurred at sometime between the reigns of the Sri Lankan kings Udaya III (946-954 or 1007–1015)and Pârakkama Pandya (c. Three months following his death. a northwestern Indian subcontinent). under which Buddhism flourishes. India. • c. compiles the Kathavatthu to refute the heretical views and theories held by some Buddhist sects. then travels to a deer park in Sarnath (near Varanasi). disease. • 120 BCE: The Chinese Emperor Han Wudi (156–87 BCE) receives two golden statues of the Buddha. The Dipavamsa and the Mon believe it was a Mon seafaring settlement in present-day Burma. convened by Ashoka the Great and chaired by Moggaliputta Tissa. 2 . is born in Lumbini into a leading royal family in the republic of the Shakyas. • c. so he becomes a religious teacher. • 180 BCE: Greco-Bactrian King Demetrius invades India as far as Pataliputra and establishes the Indo-Greek kingdom (180–10 BCE). which is now part of Nepal. • c. • c. who give oral teachings on Buddhist sutras. offer the Gautama's first meal as the enlightened Buddha. 483 BCE: Gautama Buddha dies ('attains parinibbana') at Kusinara (now called Kushinagar). an ill man. he wants more than to starve himself. according to recent research. Ashoka issues a number of edicts (Edicts of Ashoka) about the kingdom in support of Buddhism. • 185 BCE: Brahmin general Pusyamitra Sunga overthrows the Mauryan dynasty and establishes the Sunga dynasty. 220 BCE: Theravada Buddhism is officially introduced to Sri Lanka by the Venerable Mahinda.. a Buddhist monastery). • 383 BCE: The Second Buddhist Council is convened by King Kalasoka and held at Vaisali. He leaves his house and lives with three ascetics. according to myth. 250 BCE: First fully developed examples of Kharoṣṭhī script date from this period (the Aśokan inscriptions at Shāhbāzgaṛhī and Mānsehrā. and a holy man. The Buddha gives eight strands of his hair to the two brothers. the First Buddhist Council is convened." • 29 BCE: According to the Sinhalese chronicles. 150 BCE: Indo-Greek king Menander I converts to Buddhism under the sage Nāgasena. • 3rd century BCE: Indian traders regularly visit ports in Arabia. and death were—but is inspired by the holy man to give up his wealth. the strands are brought back to Burma and enshrined in the Shwedagon Pagoda. • c. bahar (from the Sanskrit vihara. • 534 BCE: Prince Siddhartha goes outside the palace for the first time and sees The Four Sights: an old man. a dead man. Trapusha and Bhallika. according to the account of the Milinda Panha. • c. • 563 BCE: Siddhārtha Gautama. 250 BCE: Third Buddhist Council. • c.g. However. two trader-brothers from Okkala (modern-day Yangon). Buddha-to-be. 1046-1048). apparently starting a wave of persecution against Buddhism. the location of which is disputed. as far as China and the Mon & Malay kingdoms in the east and the Hellenistic kingdoms in the west. Dunhuang. this is the year when the Shwedagon Pagoda was built. Ashokan emissary monks bring Buddhism to Suwannaphum. • 528 BCE According to legend. 490–410 BCE: Life of the Buddha. in order to make Buddhism known to them. dedicating them to the deified "Lord Shakyamuni. • 528 BCE: Siddhartha attains Enlightenment in Buddha Gaya (modern-day Bodhgaya). and begins expounding the Dharma. e. 250 BCE: Emperor Ashoka the Great sends various Buddhist missionaries to faraway countries. • 1st century BCE: The Indo-Greek governor Theodorus enshrines relics of the Buddha. Thus.
Timeline of Buddhism 3 Timeline: Development and propagation of Buddhist traditions (ca. Kumarajiva travels to Changan and translates many Buddhist texts into Chinese. . 5th century: The kingdom of Funan (centered in modern Cambodia) begins to advocate Buddhism in a departure from Hinduism. • 403: In China. near Jalandar. 116 CE: The Kushans. then returns to translate Buddhist works into Chinese. 178: The Kushan monk Lokaksema travels to the Chinese capital of Loyang and becomes the first known translator of Mahayana texts into Chinese. Earliest reinterpretations of Pali texts. discovered in Dalian. 2nd century/3rd century: Indian and Central Asian Buddhists travel to Vietnam. Zen. 148: An Shigao. the Fourth Buddhist council takes place under Kushana king Kanishka's reign. late 2005).000–10. a Parthian prince and Buddhist monk. Nichiren Shingon 100 CE 500 CE 700 CE 800 CE 1200 CE Legend: = Theravada tradition = Mahayana traditions = Vajrayana traditions Common Era • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 65: Liu Ying's sponsorship of Buddhism is the first documented case of Buddhist practices in China. subdues the Buddhist Kingdom of Khotan. 68: Buddhism is officially established in China with the founding of the White Horse Temple. 3rd century and 4th century: Kharoṣṭhī script is used in the southern Silk Road cities of Khotan and Niya. 78–101: According to Mahayana tradition. Earliest evidence of Buddhism in Myanmar (Pali inscriptions). India. The stupa at Dambulla (Sri Lanka) is constructed. a Chinese General. 320-467: The University at Nalanda grows to support 3. arrives in China and proceeds to make the first translations of Theravada texts into Chinese. modern Xinjiang. • 402: At the request of Yao Xing. under Kanishka. 450 BCE – ca. 399-414: Fa Xian travels from China to India. 78: Ban Chao. Earliest evidence of Buddhism in Indonesian (statues). Tendai.000 monks. 4th century: Two Chinese monks take scriptures to the Korean kingdom of Goguryeo and establish papermaking in Korea. Hui Yuan argues that Buddhist monks should be exempt from bowing to the emperor. establish a kingdom centered on Kashgar. also taking control of Khotan and Yarkand—previously Chinese dependencies in the Tarim Basin. 67: Buddhism comes to China with the two monks Kasyapa and dharmaraksha. 1300 CE) 450 BCE 250 BCE 100 CE 500 CE 700 CE 800 CE 1200 CE India Early Sangha Early Buddhist schools Mahayana Vajrayana Sri Lanka & Southeast Asia Theravada Buddhism Central Asia Greco-Buddhism Tibetan Buddhism Silk Road Buddhism East Asia 450 BCE 250 BCE Chán. 296: The earliest surviving Chinese Buddhist scripture dates from this year (Zhu Fo Yao Ji Jing. Pure Land. 3rd century: Use of Kharoṣṭhī script in Gandhara stops.
425: Buddhism reaches Sumatra. Chang'an. Uisang returns to Korea after studying Chinese Huayan Buddhism and founds the Hwaeom school. where they introduce Buddhism. It is completed as a Buddhist monument in 830. capital of the partly Buddhist kingdom of Srivijaya on the island of Sumatra. An account of Buddha's life is translated into Greek by John of Damascus and widely circulated to Christians as the story of Barlaam and Josaphat. From 843-845. 495: The Shaolin temple is built in the name of Buddhabhadra. • 9th-century Tibet: Decline of Buddhism. and formally founds Japan's Kegon tradition in the Tōdaiji temple.Timeline of Buddhism • • • • • • • • • • 405: Yao Xing honours Kumarajiva. a state in northwest Bengal) before returning to Chang An in China to translate Buddhist scriptures. He reaches both the famous Buddhist mountain of Wutaishan and the Chinese capital. By the 14th century. after about 50 years of work.  485: Five monks from Gandhara travel to the country of Fusang (Japan. keeping a detailed diary that is a primary source for this period of Chinese history. 552: Buddhism is introduced to Japan via Baekje (Korea). including the Buddhist persecution. • 8th century: Buddhist Jataka stories are translated in to Syriac and Arabic as Kalilag and Damnag. by edict of emperor Wei Xiao Wen. Yuzhou. 464: Buddhabhadra reaches China to preach Buddhism. Indonesia. Early 7th century: Jingwan begins carving sutras onto stone at Fangshan. Jataka stories are translated into Persian by order of the Zoroastrian king. King Songtsen Gampo of Tibet sends messengers to India to get Buddhist texts. 760: Construction is begun on Borobodur. according to Nihonshoki. 4 • 7th century: Xuan Zang travels to India. which specialises in the vinaya (monastic rules). when Rōben invites the Korean Hwaeom monk Simsang to lecture. and reports over 1000 Buddhist monks in residence. End of sporadic Buddhist rule in the Sindh. • 743–754: The Chinese monk Jianzhen attempts to reach Japan eleven times. persecution by King Langdarma. • 841–846: Emperor Wuzong of the Tang Dynasty (given name: Li Yan) reigns in China. replacing Bonpo as the kingdom's main religion. Latest recorded use of the Kharoṣṭhī script amongst Buddhist communities around Kucha. one carries the monk Kūkai—recently ordained by the Japanese government as a Bhiksu—who absorbs Vajrayana teachings in Chang'an and returns to Japan to found the Japanese Shingon school. • 838–847: Ennin. • c. 6th century: Zen adherents enter Vietnam from China. or possibly the American continent). The other ship carries the monk Saichō. succeeding in 754 to establish the Japanese Ritsu school. Buddhism quickly spreads to Sikkim and Bhutan. • 671: Chinese Buddhist pilgrim Yi Jing visits Palembang. Of the two ships that arrive. permanently weakening the institutional structure of Buddhism in China. Wuzong carries out the Great Anti-Buddhist Persecution. 607: A Japanese imperial envoy is dispatched to Sui. a fleet of four ships sets sail for mainland China. a priest of the Tendai school. China to obtain copies of sutras. he is one of three Chinese emperors to prohibit Buddhism. partly based upon the Chinese Tiantai tradition. 75 km southwest of modern-day Beijing. some scholars place this event in 538. Padmasambhava travels from Afghanistan to establish tantric Buddhism in Tibet (later known as the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism). who returns to Japan to found the Japanese Tendai school. • 804: Under the reign of Emperor Kammu of Japan. noting the persecution of Buddhists by Sasanka (king of Gouda. this story of Josaphat becomes so popular that he is made a Catholic saint. probably as a non-Buddhist shrine. . travels in China for nine years. the famous Indonesian Buddhist structure. • 8th century: Under the reign of King Trisong Deutsen. • 736: Huayan is transmitted to Japan via Korea. Khosrau I of Persia. 527: Bodhidharma settles into the Shaolin monastery in Henan province of China.
it survives. though other beliefs persist. Mathematics. • 1063: A copy of the Khitans' printed canon arrives in Korea from mainland China. strengthening Theravada Buddhism in the country. The new regime reforms Burmese Buddhism on Sri Lankan Theravada models. In Persia. Anawrahta's lineage regains control with the assistance of Sri Lanka. 130. a devout follower of Mahayana Buddhism (though he also patronised Hinduism). assumes control of the Khmer kingdom. • 1017: In Southeast Asia. • 1070: Bhikkhus from Pagan arrive in Polonnaruwa. in total. • 1010: Korea begins carving its own woodblock print edition of the Buddhist canon. is raided by the Chola empire of southern India. and Astrology. Logic. amongst which the Sukhavati-vyuha and Karanda-vyuha Sutras are recognizable. 5 . Kyanzittha (son of Anawrahta). • 1190: In Myanmar. • 1133–1212: Hōnen establishes Pure Land Buddhism as an independent sect in Japan. He is said to have been converted to Theravada Buddhism by a Mon monk. Alchemy. • 1044–1077: In Burma. impressing the government. • 11th century: Marpa. Myanmar. India. Sariputta. Grammar. the centre of the kingdom moves northward from Palembang to Jambi-Melayu. including a tooth brought from Sri Lanka. • 1113: Alaungsithu reigns in Pagan. The Caodong school of Zen is founded by Dongshan Liangjie and his disciples in southern China. and dharmaraja. Work is completed in 983. the most prominent Buddhist structure in the Angkor temple complex. in addition to traditional spirits. Ly emperors patronize Mahayana Buddhism. which is partly brought about by an alliance with the Buddhist monkhood. Various inscriptions refer to him as an incarnation of Vishnu. • 13th century: Theravada overtakes Mahayana—previously practised alongside Hinduism—as the dominant form of Buddhism in Cambodia. Myanmar until his son Narathu smothers him to death and assumes the throne. but declines in importance. • 1236: Bhikkhus from Kañcipuram. Pagan's second king. Mahakassapa and Ven. Philosophy. • 1164: Polonnaruwa. Sri Lanka destroyed by foreign invasion. Law. Pagan has been in anarchy. with the arrival of new texts from China. a shrine for relics of the Buddha. a Buddhist kingdom based in Sumatra. and especially in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka is an influence in this change. Medicine. He constructs the Bayon.Timeline of Buddhism • 10th century: Buddhist temple construction commences at Bagan. reigns. • 1009: Vietnam's Lý Dynasty begins. He completes the building of the Shwezigon Pagoda. Parakramabahu I reunites all bhikkhus in Sri Lanka into the Mahavihara sect • 1181: The self-styled bodhisattva Jayavarman VII. (the origin of Buddhism) where various subjects were taught subjects such as Buddhism. a chakravartin.Ven. In Tibet. • 991: A printed copy of the Song Dynasty Buddhist canon arrives in Korea. Yoga. He is one of three Chinese emperors to have prohibited Buddhism. No completion date is known. a strong Buddhist revival is begun. arrive in Sri Lanka to revive the Theravada ordination line • Late 12th century: The great Buddhist educational centre at Nalanda. • 1057: Anawrahta of Myanmar captures Thaton in northern Thailand. is sacked. Nalanda is supported by kings of several dynasties and serves as a great international centre of learning. This sets the stage for the later conversion of the Khmer people to Theravada Buddhism. He converts the country to Theravada Buddhism with the aid of monks and books from Sri Lanka. and others introduce the Sarma lineages into Tibet. Portions of the Samyutta and Anguttara-Nikayas. the historian Rashid-al-Din Hamadani records some eleven Buddhist texts circulating in Arabic translation. Atisha. Pagan's first king Anoratha reigns. Shortly after the raid. looted and burnt by islamic invaders. The bhikkhu line in Sri Lanka is later revived with bhikkhus from Burma. • 1025: Srivijaya. the Bhikkhuni (Buddhist nuns) Order dies out due to invasions. Sri Lanka to reinstate the Theravada ordination line • 1084–1113: In Myanmar. Konchog Gyalpo. a bodhisattva. • 12th century: Sanskrit is subsequently written in Devanagari. India.000 blocks are produced. • 1100–1125: Huizong reigns during the Chinese Song Dynasty and outlaws Buddhism to promote the Dao. • 971: Chinese Song Dynasty commissions Chengdu woodcarvers to carve the entire Buddhist canon for printing. With the guidance of two forest monks . the canon is continuously expanded.
he succeeds by quelling the Tayson rebellion in south Vietnam with help from Rama I in Bangkok. establishes Ayutthaya as his capital and takes the name of Ramathibodi. thus giving rise to Sukhothai artistic tradition. through southeast Asia. ending a line of Tantric Buddhist leaders. the Persian Gulf. • c. Buddhism is well-established in China. • 1820–1841: Minh Mạng reigns in Vietnam. the monastic and lay communities bring about a major revival in Buddhism. • 1615: The Oirat Mongols convert to the Geluk school of Tibetan Buddhism. against all expectations. which is also populated by Chams and other minorities.the Siyam Nikaya lineage • 1766–1767: In Thailand. At the time. • 17th century & 18th century: When Vietnam divides during this period. with Theravada Buddhism as the state religion. U Thong. • 1642: Güüshi Khan of the Khoshuud donates the sovereignty of Tibet to the fifth Dalai Lama. 1305–1316: Buddhists in Persia attempt to convert Uldjaitu Khan. a movement that goes hand in hand with growing nationalism. • 1405–1431: The Chinese eunuch admiral Zheng He makes seven voyages in this period. Sukhothai loses control of its territories as its vassals become independent. 1222: Birth of Nichiren Daishonin (1222–1282). many Buddhist texts are destroyed as the Burmese invade Ayutthaya. so visited peoples may have had exposure to Chinese Buddhism. • 1391–1474: Gyalwa Gendun Drubpa. possibly the son of a Chinese merchant family. After Ramkhamhaeng's death. he creates a Confucianist orthodox state and is eager to limit the competing influence of Buddhism. and Egypt. 1238: The Thai Kingdom of Sukhothai is established. King Mongkut—himself a former monk—conducts a campaign to reform and modernise the monkhood. near the Chinese border. c. the first Jebtsundamba Khutughtu is born as a great-grandson of Abadai Khan of the Khalkha. and parts of the Malay Peninsula. 1277: Burma's Pagan empire begins to disintegrate after being defeated by Kublai Khan at the Battle of Ngasaunggyan. reigns and makes vassals of Laos. a movement that has continued in the present century under the inspiration of several great ascetic monks from the northeast part of the country. After coming to power. then takes over the north from the remaining Trinh. much of modern Thailand. He insists that all monks be assigned to cloisters and carry identification documents. • 1635: In Zanabazar. at Yunnan. Ramkhamhaeng (Rama the Bold). • 1578: Altan Khan of the Tümed gives the title of Dalai Lama to Sonam Gyatso (later known as the third Dalai Lama). 1244: Eiheiji Soto Zen Temple and Monastery are established by Dogen Zenji. 1295: Mongol leader Ghazan Khan is converted to Islam. are identified in this collection. 1860: In Sri Lanka. 6 • • • • • • • • • • • • 1351: In Thailand. He also places new restrictions on printed material and begins the persecution of Catholic missionaries and converts that his successors (not without provocation) continue. 1321: Sojiji Soto Zen Temple and Monastery established by Keizan Zenji. further restricting Buddhism.Timeline of Buddhism along with parts of the Maitreya-vyakarana. East Africa. c. Pegu (Burma). the revival follows a period of . 1285: Arghun makes the Il-Khanate a Buddhist state. 1279–1298: Sukhothai's third and most famous ruler. India. • 1614: The Toyotomi family rebuilds a great image of Buddha at the Temple of Hōkōji in Kyōtō. 1287: The Theravada kingdom at Pagan. Myanmar falls to the Mongols and is overshadowed by the Shan capital at Ava. • 1802–1820: Nguyễn Ánh comes to the throne of the first united Vietnam. the Japanese founder of Nichiren Buddhism. 1227: Dogen Zenji takes the Caodong school of Zen from China to Japan as the Sōtō sect. first Dalai Lama of Tibet. • 19th century: In Thailand. He forbids adult men to attend Buddhist ceremonies. the Nguyễn rulers of the south choose to support Mahayana Buddhism as an integrative ideology for the ethnically plural society of their kingdom. • 1753: Sri Lanka reinstatement of monks ordination from Thailand .
• 1962: The San Francisco Zen Center is founded by Shunryu Suzuki. for refusing to accept government rule. 1911: U Dhammaloka tried for sedition for opposition to Christian missionaries in Burma. in work that continues until 1959. first named but not first known western bhikkhu. Monasteries that participated in or sheltered agents of partisan violence were damaged or destroyed in the fighting. It ends in time for the 2500th anniversary of the passing of the Buddha. 75 km southwest of Beijing. 1896: Using Fa Xian's records. with more than 350. China. The first five American Bhikshus and Bhikshunis are ordained in the Chinese tradition including the oldest still-in-robes American Bhikshuni nun Heng Chr. Sri Lanka. Buddhism has flourished.Timeline of Buddhism persecution by foreign powers. 1930: Soka Gakkai is founded in Japan. • 1966: The World Buddhist Sangha Council is convened by Theravadins in Sri Lanka with the hope of bridging differences and working together. revealing thousands of Buddhist sutras that had been carved onto stone since the 7th century. Mahayana as well as Theravada. • 1974: Wat Pah Nanachat. Myanmar. Seven sets of rubbings are made. 1882: Jade Buddha Temple is founded in Shanghai. 1922: Zenshuji Soto Mission is founded as the first Soto Zen temple in North America. • 1956: Indian untouchable leader B. 1949: Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya is returned to partial Buddhist control. and the stones are numbered. • 1957: Caves near the summit of Pai-tai mountain. 7 • • • • • • • • • • • • 1954: The Sixth Buddhist Council is held in Yangon.000 followers—beginning the modern Neo-Buddhist movement. Nine Basic Points Unifying the Theravada and Mahayana are written by Ven. Anagarika Dharmapala and Soyen Shaku attend. Illinois. Colorado. 1879: A council is convened under the patronage of King Mindon Min of Burma to re-edit the Pali canon. • 1968: The Shurangama Sutra and Shurangama Mantra are lectured for the first time in the West (San Francisco) by Tripitaka Master Shramana Hsuan Hua during 90 day retreat. Fangshan district. • 1963: Thích Quảng Đức immolates himself to protest the oppression of the Buddhist religion by Ngo Dinh Diem. is founded in Thailand by Venerable Ajahn Chah. near Rangoon. • 1956: The Zen Studies Society is founded in New York to support the work of D. • 1959: The 14th Dalai Lama flees Tibet amidst unrest and establishes an exile community in India.R. The first convention is attended by leading monks from many countries and sects. Walpola Rahula are approved unanimously. • 1970s: Indonesian Archaeological Service and UNESCO restore Borobodur. organized by U Nu. 1950: World Fellowship of Buddhists is founded in Colombo. are reopened. which are then set upright on the grounds of a monastery near Mandalay.T. Ambedkar converts to Buddhism. 1884: Irish-born U Dhammaloka ordained in Burma. the first monastery dedicated to providing training and support for western Buddhist monks. and even in Africa. The king has the texts engraved on 729 stones. • 1962: The Dharma Realm Buddhist Association is founded by Tripitaka Master Shramana Hsuan Hua. Since then. The monks trained here would later establish branch monasteries throughout the world. who later founds the City of Ten Thousand Buddhas and ordains the first five fully-ordained American Buddhist monks and nuns. the West. • 1965: The Burmese government arrests over 700 monks in Hmawbi. until recently thought to be the first Westerner to be ordained in the Theravada tradition. Nepalese archaeologists rediscover the great stone pillar of Ashoka at Lumbini. and Sri Lankan monks and expatriate lay people have been prominent in spreading Theravada Buddhism in Asia. c. Suzuki. with two Jade Buddha statues imported from Burma. . 1893: The World Parliament of Religions meets in Chicago. • 1974: The Naropa Institute (now Naropa University) is founded in Boulder. 1899: Gordon Douglas is ordained in Myanmar.
the tape is banned. • 1990. • 1975: The Insight Meditation Society is established in Barre. buddhanet. net/ e-learning/ history/ thera_timeline.5 years taken to make the pilgrimage. an International Buddhist Women Association. Heng Sure and Rev.  http:/ / www. Tripitaka Master Hsuan Hua. April 13 to 16: First World Buddhist Forum held in People's Republic of China. India through the efforts of Sakyadhita. • 1980: The Burmese military government asserts authority over the sangha. some monks are tortured during interrogation. more monks and novices are arrested. SPDC troops gun down monks. • 2006. By the time of the Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia in 1978. two Buddhists are elected for the first time to the 110th Congress. the government seeks to discredit the critical monk La Ba by claiming that he is a cannibal and a murderer. November: In the United States. • 1976:Bhikshus Rev. January 25: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) terrorists commit a deadly suicide attack on Sri Lanka's most sacred Buddhist site and a UNESCO World Heritage centre: the Temple of the Tooth. This causes many to return to lay life. After the uprising. finely sculptured and stands majestically amidst the shimmering waters of the lake. and very nearly succeed. April: In Sri Lanka. calling on monks to work. India: The Bhikkhuni (Buddhist nuns) Order and lineage is revived in Sarnath. htm 8 . • 1996. U Nyanissara. Late Sri N. Rama Rao. March 28 to April 1: Second World Buddhist Forum held in China. August 27: Over 7000 monks meet in Mandalay. • 1978: In Burma. India is installed. • 1975–1979: Cambodian Communists under Pol Pot try to completely destroy Buddhism. 600 monks are arrested and several are bayoneted by government forces. Monasteries are closed and property seized. It is later consecrated by Dalai Lama. 350-ton monolithic colossus rises high from the placid waters of picturesque Husain Sagar Lake. Heng Chau. Afghanistan. • 1998. a senior monk. and violence against monks continues through the decade. • 1983: The Shanghai Institute of Buddhism is established at Jade Buddha Temple. The 16-meter tall. repeatedly taking three steps and one bow to cover the entire journey.Timeline of Buddhism • 1974: In Burma. and imprisoned by the government. are completely destroyed by the Taliban in Bamyan. The military government seizes monasteries and arrests hundreds of monks. They refuse to accept alms from military families or perform services for them. Buddhist monks acting as candidates for the Jaathika Hela Urumaya party win nine seats in elections. Massachusetts. • 2009. under the Shanghai Buddhist Association. during demonstrations at U Thant's funeral. The monks face long-term imprisonment. including senior monks U Sumangala and U Yewata. May: Two of the world's tallest ancient Buddha statues. and nearly every temple and Buddhist library has been destroyed. • 2004. It is made of white granite. The revival is done with some resistance from some of the more literal interpreters of the Buddhist Vinaya (monastic code) and lauded by others in the community.T. disrobed. not beg. • 2006. the Buddhas of Bamyan. for the sake of world peace. Shramana Heng Sure observed a practice of total silence. The critical monk U Nayaka is arrested and dies. In the entire 2. the American Buddhist Monk disciples of Ven. • 1992: The Buddha Statue in Hyderabad. Eight civilians are killed and 25 others are injured and significant damage is done to the temple structure. records a tape that discusses democracy in Buddhist precepts. • 1975: Lao Communist rulers attempt to change attitudes to religion—in particular. • 1988: During the 1988 uprising. where Buddha's tooth relic is enshrined. and all boycotting monks are disrobed. • 1976: Following a demonstration in Burma. in Burma. nearly every monk and religious intellectual has been either murdered or driven into exile. which was first constructed in 1592 AD. the government claiming it is suicide. to call for a boycott of the military. a work of former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. • 2001. but Buddhism remains popular. undertook an over six hundred mile three steps one bow pilgrimage from Los Angeles area to City of Ten Thousand Buddhas in Mendocino area.
htm)  Canzonieri. com/ kungfu_history.lib.org/time_line.The Dating of the Historical Buddha: A Review Article (http:/ / indology. The Mahawamsa or Great Chronicle of Ceylon (http:/ / lakdiva. com/ books?vid=ISBN0804834393& id=gHSAiZMhxhwC& pg=PA13& lpg=PA13& dq=bodhidharma+ china+ martial+ arts& sig=pT-2FI5jLcnXlH3I9SkuWOzO4uw) The Art of Shaolin Kung Fu: The Secrets of Kung Fu for Self-Defense. Salvatore (February–March 1998). Henry Cabot (Ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press (for the Pali Text Society).org/history. pp.edu/buddhist/bbrc/fang_shan_canon.accesstoinsight. info/ papers/ cousins/ )  Baldev Kumar (1973). (In Progress at Project Gutenberg) • Buddhist Bark Texts Found (http://www. Health and Enlightenment by Grandmaster Wong Kiew Kit 9 External links • Theravada Buddhist Chronology (http://www. Exact source needed!  Kungfu History at EasternMartialArts. org/ culavamsa/ vol_0. • A Buddhist Time-line (http://www.com (http:/ / www.htm).html) • Asakawa.buddhanet. Japan From the Japanese Government History. html). .html) • Rock cut canon in China (http://ishi. Han Wei Wushu 3 (9). google.Timeline of Buddhism  Geiger (Tr)Ārya 'ṣṭāṅga mārgaḥ.viewonbuddhism.berkeley. Wilhelm (1912). K and Lodge. 300.net/e-learning/history/s_scripts.  INDOLOGY . easternmartialarts.html) .).  (http:/ / books. BuddhaNet. "History of Chinese Martial Arts: Jin Dynasty to the Period of Disunity".
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