Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990

/2004 1
500 Basic Hebrew Words
(See also German version: „Hebræisch – Grundwortschatz“)
© Siegfried Kreuzer www.kreuzer-siegfried.de
(This list contains the 500 most frequent and most important words of the Old
Te stament / Hebrew Bible and is intended to help you keeping up your Hebrew.
The transcription follows the rules of ZAW).

z_× ’äb father
"z× ’bd Q. perish; Pi., Hi. ruin
¬z× ’bh be willing
)z × ’æbæn stone
)¡"_ × ’ädön master, lord
¯_:"_ × ’
a
dönäy lord
o_ "_ × ’ädäm man, mankind, people
¬_c_"_× ’
a
dämä (arable) soil
z¬_× ’hb like, love
? ¬× ’ohæl tent
¨¡× ’ör shine, light up
¨¡× ’ör light
n¡× ’öt sign
|_× ’äz then
¡·s ’ozæn ear
¤_ × ’äh brother
"_¤× `æhäd one
n¡¤_× ’ahôt sister
¨¸ ¤¸ × ’ahar later on, afterwards
¨ ¤_ × ’ahër another, different
¯ ¨_ ¤¸ × ’ah
a
rê after
n¯¨_¤¸× ’ah
a
rît end, behind, issue, the future
z ¯× ’oyëb enemy
? ¯¸ × ’ayil ram
)¯×/) ¯¸× ’ayin / ’ën is not, non existence, nothing
J¯× ’îs man
¬¸× ’ak only
?:× ’kl eat
? × ’æl towards
?¸ × ’al not
? × ’ël god
¬?× ’ellæ these
¸n¡?× ’
æ

a
h god
o¯ ¬? × ’
æ
löhîm god, gods
^ ? × ’alæf thousand
o × ’im if
o × ’ëm mother
¬_c_× ’ämä (maid), servant
¬_o¸× ’ammä forearm, cubit
¬_:¡c× ’
æ
mûnä faithfulness, trustworthiness
¨c× ’mr say
nc× ’
æ
mæt faithfulness
¯:_× ’
a
nî I
¯::_× ’anokî I
^c× ’sf gather (food), collect
^¸× ’af also, even
^¸× ’af nose, anger
¬_v_z¨¸× / v¸ z¨¸× ’arba` / ’arbä`ä four
o¯ v_ z ¨¸ × ’arbä`îm forty
)¡¨_ × ’
a
rôn chest, ark of the covenant
¡ ¨ × ’æræs ground, country, territory, the
earth
¨¨× ’rr curse
J× ’ëš fire
¬_J× ’iššä woman
¨ J_ × ’
a
šær relative clause
Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 2
n× ’et together with, along with
n× ’et accusative particle
¬_n¸× ’attä you (sg.)
o n¸ × ’attæm you (pl.)

z b
e
in, at, because of, by way of
":z bægæd garment, covering
"¸z(?) (l
e
)bad to be alone, only
¬_c¬z b
e
hëmä cattle, animals
סz bô’ Q. enter, come to
Hi bring (conduct, lead) in
¨¡z bôr cistern, water pit
¨¤z bhr choose, elect
¤Dz bth be reliant, trust
)¯z byn Q., Hi. to understand
)¯z ben between
n¯¸z bayit house
¬:z bkh weep
¨:z b
e
kor first-born
¯n?z/¯?z b
e
lî/biltî without
¬_c_z bama hill, high-place, place of
worship
)z ben son
¬:z bnh build
"¸v¸z ba‘ad for, for the benefit of
¨_ p_ z bqr cattle
¨ pz boqær morning
Jpz bqš seek
רz br’ create (god exclusively)
n¯¨z b
e
rît covenant, arrangement
¬z brk Pi. bless
¬_:_¨z b
e
räkä blessing
¨_ z_ z bäsär flesh
n¸z bat daughter

?×: g’l redeem
nz: gbh be high/tall, be exalted
?¡z : g
e
bûl boundary, territory
¨¡z: gibbôr hero, fighter
?¡"_: gädôl great
?": gdl be, become great/strong
¯¡: gôy people, nation
ׯ¸ : gay’ valley
o¸ : gam also
¨ : gër sojourner
J¨: grš drive out

pz" dbq cling, cleave to
¨z" dbr speak
¨_ z_ " däbär word, matter, affair
J¸z" d
e
baš honey
¨¡" dôr generation
o_ " däm blood
¬¨" dæræk way, road
J¨" drš seek, inquire of

¸¬ h- the (definite article)
_¬ h
a
- interrogative particle
ס¬ hû’ he
ׯ ¬ hî’ she
¬¯¬ hyh occur, happen
?_ :¯ ¬ hêkäl palace, temple
¬?¬ hlk go
??¬ hll Pi. praise
Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 3
o ¬/¬_ o ¬ hem(mä) they
¬:¬/)¬ hen/hinne behold!
¨¸ ¬ har mountain(s)
:¨¬ hrg kill
¬ hrh be, become pregnant

¡ w
e
and

n×| zöt this (sg. f.)
¤z| zbh to sacrifice, slaughter
·:· zæbah (communion) sacrifice
¬·
zæ this (sg. m.)
:¬·
zähäb gold
¨:| zkr remember, call to mind
¬:| znh be unfaithful, commit
fornication
pvz/pv| z`q/s`q cry out, call for help
¡·· zqn/zäqën be old, grow old
.··
zæra` seed, descendant(s)

:¸ ¤/:_ ¤ häg/hag feast
J_ "_ ¤ hädäš new
J "¤ hodæš (new) moon, month
¬¡¤ hwh Hišt. honor, adore
¬_c¡¤ hômä wall
¡¡¤ hûs outside, street
¬|¤ hzh see, behold
p|¤ hzq Q. grow strong, firm
Hi. seize, take hold of
··· häzäq firm, strong
×D¤ ht’ miss, offend, commit a sin
n×_D¸¤/×D¤ het/hattät offence, sin
¯¸¤ hay alive, living
¬¯¤ hyh be alive
o¯ ª¸ ¤ hayyim life
? ¯¸ ¤ hayil faculty, power
o:¤ hkm be wise
o_ :_ ¤ häkäm wise
¬_c:_¤ hókmä wisdom
o¡?_¤ h
a
lôm dream
o?¤ hlm to dream
¬_c¤ hëmä rage, wrath
¬_Jc_¤/Jc_¤ hämëš/ h
a
mišša five
o¯ J c_ ¤ h
a
miššim fifty
)¤ hën favour, grace
¬:¤ hnh encamp
):¤ hnn to favour
"c¤ hæsæd prove loyal, solidarity
¡ s_ ¤ hfs/häfës take pleasure in, take care off
¯z_¤ h
a
sî half
¨ z_ ¤ häsër court
¬_a¤/p¤ hoq/huqqä regulation, prescription
z¨¤ hæræb (short) sword
J¨¤ hrs to plough
J¨¤ hrs Q. be deaf
Hi. be silent

zD¯/z\D tôb/ytb be good, be pleasant
z\D tôb good

¨×¯ y
e
’or river (mostly: Nile)
Jz¯ ybš dry up, wither
"_¯ yäd hand, power
¬"¯ ydh Hi. praise
v"¯ yd` (get to) know
Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 4
o¡¯ yôm day
)¯¸¯ yayin wine
?:¯ ykl be able, have it in one’s power
"?¯ yld Q. bear, Hi. procreate
"?¯ yælæd child
o_ ¯ yäm sea
)¯c_¯ yämîn right hand, the right side
^c¯ ysf Q., Hi. add, continue
¡v¯ y`s advise, give an advise
×z¯ ys’ Q. go out, come forth
Hi. cause to go forth, bring
forth
pz¯ ysq pour out
¨z¯ ysr form, shape
× ¨_ ¯ yr’ to fear
¬_ר¯ yir’ä fear, reverence
"¨¯ yrd descend, go down
J¨¯ yrš Q. take possession of, inherit
Hi. drive away
J ¯ yëš existence, there is, it exists
zJ¯ yšb sit, dwell
¸v¡z¯ y
e

a
` (acts of) help
vJ¯ yš` help, save
¨_ J_ ¯ yäšär straight, right, upright
¨n¯ ytr Ni. remain, Hi. leave over

: k
e
as
"z_: kbd Q. be heavy, weighty
Pi. honour
"¡z_ : käbôd splendour
zz: kæbæs lamb, young ram
¬: ko thus
)¬: kohën priest
)¡ ¡¡ ¡: kûn Ni. be firm, be established
Hi. make ready, prepare
¸¤: ko
a
h strength, power
¯: kî therefore, because
?_ :/?: kol/kól the whole, all
¬?: klh Q. be completed, cease
Pi. bring to an end, finish
¯?: k
e
lî vessel
): ken thus
^_ :_ : känäf wing
× c : kissë’ throne
¬c: ksh Pi. cover
^ c : kæsæf silver (the metal)
^¸ : kaf palm, flat of the hand
¨s: kpr Pi. make expiation
n¨: krt Q. cut off, make a covenant
Hi. cut off, destroy
zn: ktb write

? l
e
for, concerning
×? lö’ not
z_z?/z? lëb/lëbäb heart
o¤? lhm Ni. fight
o ¤ ? læhæm bread
¬_?¯¸? laylä night
":? lkd catch, seize
"c? lmd learn
¤p? lqh take
)¡J_ ? läšôn tongue, language

"× o m
e
’od very
¬_×c me’ä hundred
c×c m’s reject, despise
Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 5
):_c mägën shield
J_¨:c migräš pasture-ground
¨_ z " c midbär wilderness
¬_c mä what?
"v¡c mo‘ëd appointed time
n¡c mût Q. die, Hi. kill
n¡_c mawæt death
¸¤z|c mizb
e
ah altar
¨¡c|c mizmôr song, psalm
¬:_¤¸c mah
a
næ encampment
¬D¸c mattæ staff, rod, tribe
¯c mî who?
o ¯¸ c mayim water, waters
¨:c mkr sell
× ?_ o ml’ be full, be accomplished
¬_×?¸c mal’äk messenger, angel
¬_:×_?c m
e
lä’kä sending, labour, work
¬_c_¤?c milhämä fight, battle
D?s/D?c

mlt/plt Ni. save oneself, escape
Pi. save
¬?c mlk be king, to reign
¬?c mælæk king
n¡ ¡¡ ¡:?¸c malkût royal power, reign
¬_:_?c¸c mamläkä kingdom, dominion
)c min from, off
¬_¤:c minhä gift, present
¨_ s c c mispär number
D¸ v c m
e
`at few, a little
?¸ v¸ c ma’al on the top of, above
)¸v¸c ma`an for the sake of, in order that
¬z_v¸c ma`
a
sæ deed
×zc ms’ find
¬_z¸c massä unleavened bread
¬_¡zc miswä commandment(s)
o¡p_c mäqôm place
¬×¨¸c mar’æ appearance
×_ z¸ c massä’ burden, utterance
¤Jc mšh anoint
¸¤¯J_c mäšî
a
h anointed
)_:Jc miškän dwelling-place
?Jc mšl rule
?_ J_ c mäšäl proverbial saying
¬_¤_sJc mišpähä (larger) family, clan
D_ s J c mišpat (legal) decision, justice

×_ : na’ now! come!
o × : n
e
’um utterance (of god)
^×: n’f commit adultery
ׯ z_ : näbî’ prophet
z:: nægæb south, the south-country
":: ngd Hi. make known, report, tell
":: nægæd in front of
v:: ng` touch, hurt a person
J:: ngš Q., Ni. draw near, approach
Hi. bring, bring near
¨": ndr vow
¨_ ¬_ : nähär river
¸¤¡: nû
a
h rest
c¡: nûs flee
?_ ¤_ : nähäl wadi, torrent
¬_?_¤¸: nah
a
lä hereditary property
¡:¤¸: nahnû we
nJ¤: nehošæt copper, bronze
¬D: nth Q. extend, incline
Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 6
Hi. recline, bend
¬:: nkh strike, smite
¬c: nsh Pi. test, try
vc: ns` set out, journey
¨¸ v¸ : na`ar lad, young boy, servant
¬_¨_v¸: na`
a
rä young girl, maid
?s: nfl fall
Js: næfæš soul, living being, person
?z: nsl Hi. tear away, deliver
×z: ns’ bear, carry
ׯ z_ : näsî’ deputy, chief
pz: nšq kiss
)n: ntn give
¡n: nts tear down, destroy

zzc sbb turn, be round about, march
around
z¯z_c säbîb all around
c¡c sûs horse
¨¡c sûr Q. turn side, Hi. remove
¨sc sfr Q. count, Ni. be counted
Pi. tell
¨ s c sefær book

"zv `bd serve, work
"zv `æbæd servant, slave
¬_"z_v `
a
bödä work, labour, service
¨zv `br pass by, go over
¨ z v `ebær the region beyond/opposite
¯¨zv `ibrî Hebrew
"v `ëd witness
¬_"v `ëdä gathering, congregation
"¡v `ôd still, once more, again
o_ ?¡v `ôläm eternity
)¡_ v `äwôn sin, guilt
^¡v `of fly
^¡v `of flying creatures, bird
|v `oz power, strength
z|v `zb leave, abandon
)¯¸v `ayin eye, spring
¨¯ v `îr town, city
?¸ v `al upon, above, against
¬?v `lh Q. go up, ascend, Hi. bring,
lead up, offer sacrifices
¬_?v `ôlä (whole burnt-) offering
)¡¯ ? v `ælyôn the upper, the highest
o¸ v `am people
o v `im (together) with
"cv `md stand
"¡o¸v `ammûd pillar, column
I ¬:v `nh answer, hear, grant
II ¬:v `nh Q. be downcast, afflicted
Pi. humiliate, do violence
¯:_v `äni poor, humble
¯:_v `
o
nî poverty, affliction
)_:_v `änän cloud
¨_ s_ v `äfär dust
¡ v `ës tree(s)
o z v `æsæm bone, being
z¨v `æræb evening
¬zv `sh make, manufacture
¬_¨_z¸v/¨zv `æsær/‘
a
sara ten
o¯ ¨ z v `æsrîm twenty
nv `ët time
Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 7
¬_n¸v `attä now

¬"s pdh buy (off), ransom, redeem
¬s pæ mouth
D?c /D?s plt/mlt Q. escape, Pi. save
??s pll Hitp. pray
)s pæn lest
¬:s Pnh turn toward a direction
o¯ :_ s pänîm face, surface
?vs p`l make, do
o¸ v¸ s pa`am step, occurrence, time
"ps pqd go to see, take care of
¨¸ s par young bull
ª ¨ s p
e
rî fruit
vJs pš` rebel, revolt against
v¸Js pæša` rebellion, revolt,
¤ns pth open
n¸ns pætah opening, entrance

)×z sôn small cattle
×_ z_ z säbä host
p¯"¸z saddîq righteous
p"z sdq be in the right, be just
¬_p_"z /p"z sædæq/sedäqä righteousness
¬¡z swh Pi. to command
¨¡z sûr rock
pvz s`q cry, call (to aid)
)¡s_ z säfôn north
)sz sfn hide

¡zp qbs Q., Pi. collect, assemble
¨zp qbr bury
J¡"_ p qädôš holy
o " p qædæm in front, bygone days, east
J"p qdš Q. be holy, Pi., Hi. consecrate
J"p qodæš holiness, holy place
?¬p qhl Ni. assemble, Hi. call together
?_ ¬_ p qähäl assembly, convocation of the
people
¬¡p qwh Pi. hope, wait for
?¡p qôl sound, voice
o¡p qûm arise, last
)\D_p/)Dp qtn/qaton be insignificant, small
¨Dp qtr Pi. send sacrifices up in smoke
??p qll Q. be slight, Pi. curse
¬:p qnh acquire, buy, create
¨¯ z_ p qäsîr harvest of grains
רp qr’ call
z¨p qrb Q. approach, Hi. offer
z¨p qæræb the inward part (of body), in
the midst
)_z¨_p qórbän offering, gift
¬p qrh meet, occur
z¡¨_p qärôb near
nJp qæšæt bow

¬×¨ r’h Q. see, Ni. be seen, show
oneself, appear, Hi. show
Jר röš head, summit, upper end
)¡J× ¨ rï’šön the first (position)
n¯Jר rë’šît beginning, the first, choicest
z¸¨ rab much, many
z¨ rob multitude
zz¨ rbb be, become many, much
¬z¨ rbh Q. become many
Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 8
Hi. make many
? : ¨ rægæl foot
^"¨ rdf pursue, persecute
¸¤¡¨ rû
a
h wind, breath, spirit
o¡¨ rûm be high above, be exalted
z¸¤¨ rohab breadth
o¤¨ rhm Pi. have compassion
p¤¨ rhq be far, become far
z¯¨ rîb dispute, conduct a (legal) case
z¯¨ rib dispute, case of law, lawsuit
z:¨ rækæb vehicle, chariot
v¸¨ ra` bad, evil
¸v¨ re
a
` fellow, companion, friend
z_v___¨ ra`ab hunger, famine
¬v¨ r`h pasture, tend
¬_v_¨ ra`ä evil, misery, trouble
vv¨ r`` be bad, do evil
p¸¨ raq only
vJ¨ rš` be, become guilty, act
wickedly
v_J_¨ räšä` being wrong, guilty, impious

¬"_z sädæ open field
o¯ z sîm set, put, put down
?:z skl Hi. understand, have success,
prosper
?×c z s
e
mö’l the left side, left
¤cz smh rejoice
¬_¤oz simha joy, gladness
× :_ z sn’/sänë’ hate
¬_s_z säfä lip, shore, bank
¨¸ z sar official, chief, leader
^¨z srf burn

J šæ relative particle
?×J š’l ask, inquire
?¡×J š
e
’ôl underworld, realm of dead
¬_vzJ/v¸zJ šæba`/šib`ä seven
o¯ v z J šib`îm seventy
D z J šebæt rod, staff
vzJ šb` Ni. swear
¨zJ šbr break (in pieces)
n_z¸J šabbat Sabbath
z¡J šûb Q. turn back, turn around
Hi. bring back
¨¡J šôr bull, ox, steer
D¤J šht slaughter
n¤J šht Hi. spoil, ruin
¨¯ J šîr sing
¨¯ J šîr song
z:J škb lie down
¤:J škh forget
):J škn settle down to abide, live in
o¡?_J šälôm peace
¤?J šlh send
)_¤?J šulhän table
¬?J šlk Hi. throw
o?J šlm intact, complete
¬_J?J/J?_J šälöš/š
e
löšä three
¯J?J š
e
lišî the third
o¯ J? J š
e
lišîm thirty
o J šëm name
o_ J šäm there
"cJ šmd Hi. exterminate, Ni. be
Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 Basic Hebrew Vocabulary 500 © Siegfried Kreuzer 1990/2004 9
destroyed, exterminated
¬_o¸J šammä thither, (as far as) there
o ¯¸ c_ J šämayim heaven
)cJ šæmæn oil (of olives)
¬_:cJ/¬:cJ š
e
monæ/š
e
monä eight
vcJ šm` hear
¨cJ šmr keep, watch over, retain
JcJ šæmæš sun
)J šen tooth
¬_:_J šänä year
¯:J šënî the second
o ¯¸ : J/o ¯¸ n J š
e
tayim/š
e
nayim two
¨¸ v¸ J ša`ar gate
¬_¤sJ šifhä maid-servant
DsJ šft judge
¬sJ šfk pour out
? p J šæqæl shekel
¨ p J šæqær lie, deception
¬_JJ/JJ šeš/šišša six
¬nJ šth Q. drink, Hi. to water

o¡¬n t
e
hôm the primaeval ocean
¬_?¬n t
e
hillä glory, praise
¬¡¸n tawæk the midst
¬_zv¡n tô`ëbä abomination
¬_¨¡n tôrä instruction
n¸¤¸n tahat under, instead of
"¯c_n tamîd continually, regular
o¯ c_ n tamîm complete, blameless
ocn tmm be complete
zvn t`b Pi. be abhorred
¬_?sn tefillä prayer
zsn tfs capture
¬_c¡¨n t
e
rûmä tribute, contribution
¬_vJn /v¸Jn tèsa`/tiš`a nine



This list of basic Hebrew words is intended to help you keeping up or
to brush up your Hebrew.

The list is arranged alphabethically, still you may figure out word-
families (o¡p o¡pc. ??s ¬?sn etc.) or groups like the numbers or
pronouns.

If you find errors or have suggestions, please send me an email.

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