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F3

1. Mooring arrangement on crude oil tanker.


2. auto tensioning winch
3.sheeder plate
4.staturary certificate as per anexe 6.
5 lsa equipment in life boat.
6.squit effect.

7.if the dip stick breaks in co2 bottle then what will happen?
2) composition of lpg,lng nd cng?
3) maintenance on QCV?
4) If life boat falls suddenly while lowering then how will u troubleshoot?
5) manhole door ellipitical...why??
6) adv. nd disadv. of flare??

Motor / Gen
1. VIT. Draw curve between the angle of advance and Load. that is at what load what is the
angle of advance draw the graph?
2. Draw the diagram of mechanical overspeed trip of a diesel engine
3. What is the name of the device that measures vibrations of an engine and how does it
function?
4. Economiser if the the area of heat transfer is 1000 sq m what all will come under it and
draw the construction of fins
5. how does a sootblower works? how is chemical added to soot blower for release of soot
and what are soot sticks?
6. Why 3 injectors are used in modern 2 stroke engines
7. Why steam is grey in colour and not transparent?
8. How does MGPS works?

MEP
1. What is Muntz metal, monel metal white metal compositions and which is more
electrochemically active of them?
2. What material sounding pipe bob is made up of and why?
3. A compressor was overhauled and bumping clearance was found to be normal inspite of
that piston strikes the head Give reasons? answers not expected are bottom end bearing wear
down, gasket wrongsize or high tighting pressure of head?
4. What is dealuminification where is it observed and why?
5.Function of motor on governor I answered it increases fuel supply while synchronising
from ECR he told me to draw how does that happen draw and show?
6. How to prevent Dezincification?
7. How will you make camshaft float while adjusting its position?
Fun 3
Limitations of ODME
COFFIN PLATE
CO2 BOTTLE TESTING PRSSURE
INTERNATIONAL SHORT VOYAGE
DETAILED INPSECTION OF SHIP ON WHICH BASIS IT IS CARRIED BY PSC.

FUN 4
VIT
DESUPERHEATER STEAM. WHY AFTER SUPERHEATING WE ARE USING
DESUPERHEATER
COP OF REFERIGERATION
4S , GUGEON PIN CLEARNCE ,HOW TO MEASURE AND WAHT IS TYPE AND
MATERIAL OF BRG USED .
RMG45 AND RMG 55 , GRADE OF OIL, WHAT IS DIFFERNCE?

FUN6
WHEN REMOVING LOWERHALF MAIN BRG.IT IS STUCK WHAT WILLYOU DO?
STUFFING BOX OVERHAULING?
SOOT BLOWING DIFFERNT METHOD AND ARRANGEMENTS , WANT THE
ULTRASONIC TYPE HOW IS WORKING? CHEMICAL TYPE, WHAT TYPE OF
CHEMICAL?
DRY DOCK STRENTUBE CHECKS?
WELDING DEFECTS ,REASONS.

MOTOR/GENERAL
1.) 3 fuel injectors advantage over 2 fuel injectors?
2.) where do you find underslung bearing in Man B&W mainengine?
3.) refrigerant properties?
4.) what is lean mixture in dual fuel combustion engine?
5.) vit? drawing of MCR pmax with load? injection timing daigram with reference to tdc.
range? tell me the injection timing of 50% load?
MEP
1.) whats the time period to discard a chain and renew with new one in B&W ? tell the
percentage elongation max allowed in 1 inch chain link?
2.) thrust pad removal? daigram of front view along with retainer and top cover fitting
screws? how do u remove pads?? where do you fix the tool?
3.) exhaust gas of all units high cause?
4.) what is the purpose of lead screw and tool feeder?
5.) how will you weld two plates one of 16mm and one of 8 mm together in the same plane?
FUN:3
1.CONSTRUCTION OF CHEMICAL TANKER AND PRODUCT TANKERS
2. IS INERT GAS REQUIRED ON PRODUCT TANKERS? IF IT IS NOT PRESENT WT
ARE THE OTHER ARRANGEMENT PROVIDED IN THE PRODUCT TANKERS? (
ONLY REQUIREMENTS )
3. IS CHEMMICAL TANKERS AND PRODUCT CARRIERS CAN CARRY DIFFEREN
GRADES OF CARGO, IF CARRIED WT R THE PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN.?WT
ARE ARRANGEMENTS PROVIDED ON THE SUCH TANKERS.
4.AS 2ND ENGR. WT ARE THE PREPAREDNES FOR ISM SURVEY ONBOARD?
5. BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT?
6.WHAT ARE CRITICAL EQUIPMENTS?

FUN:4
1. LONG STROKE AND SUPER LONG STROKE ENGINES CONSTRUCTION DIFF.
AND ADVANTAGES OF SUPERLONG OVER LONG STROKE.
2.WHY 2 INJECTORS ARE USED IN MAN B&W?
3.MOMENT COMPENSATORS, HOW IT WORKS?
4.FUEL OIL INDEX NUMBERS?
5.WHAT IS CCAI NUMBER?

1.DEWATERING sys
2.SPCV IN SULZER
3.WAT IS RATE SHAPING
4. y AE NOX is less
5. wat is tuned effect
6. Mk5 and Mk6 eng diff

func-3
-as per solas define high speed craft, bulk carrier
-angle of lol
func4
-the m/e t/c lub is supplied by m/e lo p/p, during sudden lub p/p failure how t/c is protected
-where underslung bearing is fitted

unc-6
-how will u check the O2 bottle supplied by the shore in large numbers if they are full or not
-what is bumping clearence and what r its effect
-what is bastard file
-under which condition would u change the stuffing box spring
-what does the markings on the valve 5K-50 mean

func-3
what r d adv & disadv of flare of ship
wht is gusset plate,stiller plate,docking bracket,swash bulk head n thr purpose
wht is required subdivision index and attained subdivision index
hw to determine if d rudder moves in port ,the ship will also move towrds port
func-6
in which portion of a cylinder liner bending occures
how to order gease
wht is d differnce between pipe thread and bolt thread

f3
1lpg tanks construction material used
2wat all certificate to be carried acccording to annex 6
IAPP and NOx i said may be something more also
3under which clause in ISM sms is there
4harmonised survery or how how certification of ship is harmonised
5bolier uptake fire.
f4
1. needle vv lift
2.boiler corrsion how it happens how to prevent
3.accuimulation pressure test in bolier
4.how to reduce maintainance in exh vv
5.ref gases how its classified according to environment hazard

f6
1crane jib is cracked how u r going to weld.
2.junior eng boxed back the purifier after cleaning then its found vibrating probable causes.
3 insulation of motor is found to be 0.5 mega ohms wat we can do to bring back the
insulation onboard ship.
4crank pin ovality.

wht are iso ambient conditions??


why exhaust valves are shrouded????
wht is dewatering??
draw an armato coupling??
wht r the 3 types of tempering

Fn 3:
1.container capacity- how much load a container can carry
2. how container placed on tanktop with drwg
2.IOPP supplement
3.hypermist system maintenance
4.anchor not coming up , reasons?
5. abt co2 sys, all values temp and test pr etc.

fn 4
AE inlet vv big or exh vv big and y?
20W40,PS,ASTM,SAE,TBN 70
what and y matrl of sounding bob
min. thickness of feeler gg
causes of pump wear ring being worn
y ME pistom p'rings are little down and AC compressor p'rings are up? heat n pr are not the
ans.

others were asked ,the same day


1.SCR system, ammonia slip, catalyst

1 container ships, constructional differences, special strengthening members,


2.lpg carriers, special venting arrangement, enclosd special entry procedure,
3.marpol annex 6 requiremnets regarding incinerator's operation.
4.diff b/w vit and super vit,
5.co2 bottles periodic maintenance,
6.fwg vaccum is not coming, causea n rectification.
7.electronic governors components and application.
8.engine is able to run in ahead, unable to reverse, possible causes,
9load dependent lubrication system? components
10. wat all things to be observed checked before keeping main engine on unmanned mode,
who locks the entrance door to e/r after putting on ums.
11.re-entry procedure after co2 flooding, the minimum time (figure) required to be elapsed
after flooding before entry,

16.t , p, m,- alkalinity , not the test procedure, only the result extracted from these test,
17 moment compensator, balancer
18.u are a2nd engr , u r going to have boiler survey next port, the planning to be explained?

f3
1.what is cow-equipments for cowand how carried out
2.flag/psc inspection
3.hypermist
4.mob-actions,turns,si lights
5.types of anchors,pin bush clearance,checcks and repairs
f4
1.me auto start air v/v-manoeuvring diag
2.main brg lubrication
3.egb and aux blr - constr, alarm testing,change over,water level control
4.blr feed water sys
5.draw card analysis
6.me crankshaft deflection
7.izod impact test
8.5k-50,v/v lift,why d/4,material-composition of obd v/v
f6
1.taper shaft inspection in dry dock
2.how to carry out mpi testing on taper shaft
3. how to carry out butt weld on large 12mm plate of ship side,clearance reqd, plate
replacement
4.4ram steering gear oil leakage- how to isolate with diag
5.ref oil sep return line cold- reasons,actions

ODMCS-regulations , inputs , limitations


2.Propellor arrangement survey . What is the material of propellor , stern tube bearing?How u
measure prop. drop,where do we measure it?Describe a poker gauge.Least count of poker
gauge.Why dont we just use a micrometer?Are the stern tube seals fixed on the shaft or on
some dummy arrangement?
3.Foam system maintenance , how many litres of foam liquid is mixed with how many litres
of sea water to give how many litres of foam??what is the foam liquid?Draw a foam
monitor.How does foam + water mix with air?
4.M/E decarb, how will u do it , describe stepwise.
5.Explain VIT , Draw a curve of injection timing with load.Consider 2 engines , one with
VIT and one without VIT , running at 70% load.If the injection timing of the engine without
VIT is 10 degrees before tdc to 10 after tdc , what will the injection timing in the engine with
VIT be (approx.)?
6.How will u prepare for the survey of Axial Vibration Damper?What are its components ,
Draw.
7.Draw a M 24 bolt , what spanner size will u use for opening it?
8.Boiler is running on auto , 2 Cargo oil pumps are running , 2 more pumps are started , what
will be the sequence of events and how will the boiler adjust?
9.What spare parts will u require for overhaul of cargo oil pump ? How many bearings and
what kind ?How many seals? What are the parts of a mechanical seal?
10. How do you weld aluminium??

if a shipside section is to be repaired then hw ll u order for the material plate.....


1. LNG tank construction
2. IGC code
3. Pumping Arrangements
4. Boil Off
5. Annex IV
6. Odmcs

Void spaces in container ships


Freeboard: criteria for freeboard, y is freeboard different for different ships?
Maintenance on fixed fire extinguishing arrangement for cargo spaces?(co 2)
How is pump n motor aligned(methods)
Refer: how is temperature difference of different compt. maintained. how is backflow of
refrigerent gas prevented?
Drawbacks of co2 as a refrigerant?
Intelligent engine?
Bedding of bearing?
Procedure for crack detection of tailshaft?
Galvanic corrosion?
Centrifugal pump clearences?(wear ring) how is it fitted n how n what clearence measured?
Deck machinery: how they operate(i explaned abt electro hydraullic arrangement) then asked
abt hydrullic ckt.
Chain drive and what other arrangment can be provided for same. explain merits n demerits.

Panting arrangement , draw n explain each part in the drawing


name 4 panels in UMS Bridge
Regulation 16 annex VI
Short ckt test of induction motor
intrinsically safe motor - give details of construction
relation b/w freeboard n stability
COW - how angle indicator works
enclosed space entry as in solas n wat u will carry inside
welding 6 mm plate - instruction to junior
after co2 flooding - how to analyse about first entry
Rudder n carrier clearance and allowances
turbocharger and air cooler manometer reading significance
turbocharger temperature difference in nil --- what is the cause?
what is an offset ... how to rectify
boiler corrosion
zn al pb - which one u wud choose as an anode and why?
Biswas and Sarkar
1) lpg tanks construction material used2 ( INVAR: 36% nickel steel or 9% nickel steel-
higher temp.)
2) what all certificate to be carried according to annex 6 ( IAPP and supplements: particulars
of ship, control of emissions from ship* ozone depleting subs * NOx *SOx * volatile organic
compound)
3) under which clause in ISM sms is there (part A: clause 1.4, part A is IMPLEMENTATION
and part B is certification and verification)
4) 4 harmonized survey or how certification of ship is harmonized.
5) Actions taken during boiler uptake fire? (Boiler uptake fire is because of wet soot
deposited during low steaming and also during uptake fire do not carry out soot blow reduce
the load and stop the engine , cover the m/e t/c with the canvas so that no air is supplied).
6) Needle vv lift. (1.4mm for 250 bar lifting pressure)
7) Boiler corrosion how it happens and how to prevent. (Acidic corrosion-CO2, O2, OIL,
CHLORIDES, BICARBONATES and pitting corrosion: scales such as calcium and
magnesium salts.)
8) accumulation pressure test in boiler (disturbed it so accumulation pr should not more than
10 percent of working pr. when boiler is firing on full load for boiler).
9) how to reduce maintenance in exhaust vv (good quality fuel usage , vit adjustment, avoid
running engine on low load, check fuel injection system, good scavenging, maintaining
cooling water temp, check rotation of exhaust v/v)
10) refrigeration gases how its classified according to environment hazard (ozone depletion
potential- max R11, for R22 is 0.05 and global warming potential- max is R11….and R22 is
0.365)
11) How induction motor works
12) Contactors maintenance on starter what is the material of contactor (1. Check for loose,
missing, broken contactors, 2. Cleaning and checking contact surfaces for improper wear or
discoloration 3. Remove oxides from faces using fine files, main contacts are high
conductivity copper coz they ll not heat up due to lower resistance, arcing contacts are made
of sintered silver tungsten or other materials which don’t weld at high temps)
13) rpm indicator how signal is carried to ECR. (optical or magnetic)
14) Crane jib is cracked how u r going to weld. (arrest crack and weld plates)
15) Junior engineer boxed back the purifier after cleaning then its found vibrating probable
causes. ( bowl may not be cleaned properly, lock ring not tightening properly, bowled
assembled with wrong parts, gear can be in damaged condition, bowl springs not fitted
correctly, top bearing springs damaged, discs not properly assembled or tightened, some
external tool left inside .)
16) insulation of motor is found to be 0.5 mega ohms what we can do to bring back the
insulation (dry the motor by heating lamp and then test insulation n put fast drying varnish,
check visually for any wires broken)
17) Crank pin ovality checking.
SAE 20 means it ll have a viscosity of 20cst at 100 C and SAE 15W40 means viscosity of
40cst at 100 C and 15cst at 0 C.
Bhowmik and Biswas
18) Mooring arrangement on crude oil tanker. ( headlines, breast lines-athwart ship movt,
spring lines- longitudinal movt., cable for towing)
19) auto tensioning winch (
20) Shredder plate
21) LSA equipment in life boat. (6 hand flares> 15000 cd and 1 min, 4 rockets>30,000cd and
40secs, 2 buoyant smoke signals>3mins,anti-sea sickness tablets, tpa, portable fire
extinguisher, search light, a manual pump, efficient radar deflector, food ration, fresh water,
tool kit)
22) squat effect.

Satpaty and Behra


26) container capacity- how much load a container can carry (32tonnes for 40ft container)
27) How container is placed on tank top with drawing. Pg 121- ship cons reeds)
28) IOPP supplement ( pg 22- gautam sen)
29) hyper mist system maintenance (a/e, m/e, incinerator, boiler, purifier- blow through with
air, pump operation, if solenoid is functioning)
30) Anchor not coming up, reasons? (windlass oil lvl low, anchor stuff, slipping of clutch,
high oil temp cut-out, power failure, pump or motor not functioning, actuating valves prob. )
31) About co2 sys, all values temp and test pr etc. (pipes-15years…h.p.sec-180bar, m.p.sec-
80bar, l.p.sec-6bar, spring loaded safety v/v in main pipe-180bar, bottle-228bar, seal bursting
disc-63 C, storage temp. -55 C)
32) AE inlet vv big or exhaust vv big and y? (a/e inlet valves are bigger, no back pressure in
t/c free flow, better scavenging exhaust gas expelled easily, and exhaust v/v is smaller due to
less power required to open .)
33) What and why material of sounding bob. (brass- not sparking, softer than steel)
34) min. thickness of feeler gauge (0.01mm)
35) causes of pump wear ring being worn (strainer faulty, bearing damage, cavitations, high
temp. water, unbalanced impellar)
36) Why ME piston rings are little down and AC compressor piston rings are up? (m/e head
is concave and head is flat….strength n more longer stroke)
37) SCR system, ammonia slip, catalyst? (selective catalyst reaction- exhaust is mixed with
ammonia and passed through a catalytic reactor, hence reduction in NOx. And soot in
exhaust. Temp.-290-450 C. FINAL PRUCTS WATER AND NITROGEN PG 78-80
POUNDERS)
ASTM means American society for testing of materials, it develops standard for materials,
product, systems used in construction, manufacturing and transportation.
SAE is society of automotive engineers; it gives the viscosity of oil based on a classification
involving 2 temperatures
38) if the dip stick breaks in co2 bottle then what will happen? (if co2 bottle dip stick is
broken, till the length is ok, gas will come out. below the broken siphon tube co2 will freeze
as latent heat is absorbed from the remainder CO2)
39) composition of lpg, lng and cng (lpg-propane, butane, lng-metane, cng-methane)
40) Maintenance on QCV? (try out once every 3 months, drain air bottle, check hand
operation, spring condition, check piston)
41) If life boat falls suddenly while lowering then how will u troubleshoot? (falls broken,
falls releasing mechanism operated accidently, centrifugal break check)
42) manhole door elliptical...why?( manhole door elliptical: longitudinal pressure = pd/4t or
circumferential pressure=pd/2t where p=pressure, d=diameter, t=thickness...so
circumferential pressure is more)
43) Advantages and disadvantages of flare? (Flare advantage: prevents water to come to the
deck, more space for deck machinery, avoids anchor from striking at bottom and improves
buoyancy fwd. disadv.-more flare means parametric rolling…..when waves freq is half of
rolling freq and same ass pitching freq

Mr. Sathapathy and Mr. Bhaira


52) VIT. Draw curve between the angle of advance and Load. That is at what load what is
the angle of advance draw the graph?
53) Draw the diagram of mechanical over speed trip of a diesel engine
54) what is the name of the device that measures vibrations of an engine and how does it
function? (
55) Economiser if the area of heat transfer is 1000 sq m what all will come under it and draw
the construction of fins (surface area of fins and tubes)
56) How does a soot blower works? How is chemical added to soot blower for release of soot
and what are soot sticks?
57) Why 3 injectors are used in modern 2 stroke engines (There will be better turbulence
since three fuel injectors at an angle and the scavenge air enters at an angle so there will be
better turbulence, there will be more proper heat dissipation in piston and cylinder head)
58) Why steam is grey in color and not transparent? (water content in soot release)
59) How does MGPS works? (2purpose: cu kills sea growth and al stops corrosion, the
system is based on electrolytic reaction and dc supplied to anode)
60) What is Muntz metal, monel metal, white metal compositions and which is more
electrochemically active of them? (monel- copper-38 n nickel-60,al and manganese-2, white
metal- tin-88, antimony-7.5, copper-4,lead-0.35, muntz metal-copper-60, zinc-40…..munz
metal)
61) A compressor was overhauled and bumping clearance was found to be normal inspite of
that piston strikes the head. Give reasons? (in unloaded condition: Bottom end bearing wear
down, or ?
62) What is dealuminification where is it observed and why? (form of corrosion in which
amount of aluminium decreases in an alloy…pumps, valves coz al is comparatively more
reactive)
63) Function of motor on governor (remote operation of speed setting knob-spring pressure)
64) How to prevent Dezincification? (put soft iron)
65) How will you make camshaft float while adjusting its position? (hydraulic pressure)
66) Limitations of ODME (difficulty in analyzing- bad weather, muddy water, discharge
capacity decreases as speed is measured)
67) COFFIN PLATE (attaches sole piece in stern frame with keel plate in aft and attaches
keel plate with stem in fwd)
68) INTERNATIONAL SHORT VOYAGE (in which a ship is doesn’t exceed 200 nm and
should not exceed 600 nm total)
69) DETAILED INPSECTION OF SHIP ON WHICH BASIS IT IS CARRIED BY PSC.
70) DESUPERHEATED STEAM. WHY AFTER SUPERHEATING WE ARE USING
DESUPERHEATER (is to reduce the temperature of a quantity of superheated steam and
make it suitable for auxiliary uses. Steam passes through super heaters to avoid overheating
of them.)
71) COP OF REFERIGERATION. (A refrigerator is a device for removing heat at a cold
temp so heat absorbed in the evaporator fi(in),the cop is also called advantage and is defined
as C.O.P. In a refrigeration cycle, the ratio of the heat energy extracted by the heat engine at
the low temperature to the work supplied to operate the cycle; when used as a heating device,
it is the ratio of the heat delivered in the high-temperature coils to the work supplied)
72) GUGEON PIN CLEARNCE, HOW TO MEASURE AND WHAT IS TYPE AND
MATERIAL OF BRG USED. (low carbon, case hardened steel)
73) RMG45 AND RMG 55, GRADE OF OIL, WHAT IS DIFFERNCE? (
74) WHEN REMOVING LOWERHALF MAIN BRG.IT IS STUCK WHAT WILL YOU
DO? (sanyal 250)
75) STUFFING BOX OVERHAULING?
76) SOOT BLOWING DIFFERNT METHOD AND ARRANGEMENTS, WANT THE
ULTRASONIC TYPE HOW IS WORKING? CHEMICAL TYPE, WHAT TYPE OF
CHEMICAL? (sodium chloride, magnesium oxide, cupric chloride, zinc oxide, copper oxide)
77) DRY DOCK STRENTUBE CHECKS? (liner, seals, bearing condition)
78) WELDING DEFECTS, REASONS.
79) Where do you find underslung bearing in Man B&W main engine (camshaft bearing)
80) Refrigerant properties? (pg-335 mc. G: the heat of vaporization of the refrigerant should
be high, the specific heat of the refrigerant should be low. the specific volume of the
refrigerant should be low to minimize the work required per kg of refrigerant circulated, since
evaporation and condenser temperatures are? xed by the temperatures of the surroundings -
selection is based on operating pressures in the evaporator and the condenser selection is
based on the suitability of the pressure-temperature relationship of the refrigerant other
factors include chemical stability toxicity cost environmental friendliness does not result in
very low pressures in the evaporator (air leakage) does not result in very high pressures in the
condenser (refrigerant leakage) OR condensing pressure should be moderate. b) But the
pressure should be preferably above the atmospheric pressure so as to prevent air from
entering the system in the event of leak. c.) Low freezing point d.)Volume of refrigerant gas
need to be pumped per ton of refrigerating effect should be low. d.) it should have high
thermodynamic efficiency. Thermodynamic efficiency is the ratio between heat abstracted by
the refrigerating machinery and the heat equivalent of the power supplied the compressors e.)
it should not be flammable or explosive. f.) it should not be toxic. g.) the tendency of a
refrigerant to leak should be low, and the detection of leak should be easy. h.) for good heat
transfer viscosity should be low, thermal conductivity high. i.) it is preferred that there should
not be a chemical reaction between the refrigerant and the lub oil. j.) cheaper in cost. k.) non
corrosive, non flammable, chemically stable, non explosive, miscibility with oil, ozne
depletion potential, high critical temperature.
81) What is lean mixture in dual fuel combustion engine? (lean burn means the mixture of air
and gas in the cylinder has more air than needed for complete combustion, reducing peak
temp- less NOx, eff inc bcoz of higher compression ratio and optimsed injection timing.
82) vit? Drawing of MCR pmax with load? Injection timing diagram with reference to tdc.
Range? Tell me the injection timing of 50% load?
83) What’s the time period to discard a chain and renew with new one in B&W tell the
percentage elongation max allowed in 1 inch chain link? (max allowable limit of elongation
is 1.2% , chains should be removed once in 8 yrs or 50,000 hours)
84) Thrust pad removal? Diagram of front view along with retainer and top cover fitting
screws? How do you remove pads? Where do you fix the tool? (reed’s vol. 8 pg 242)
85) Exhaust gas of all units’ high cause? (bad quality fuel, faulty fuel system, poor
scavenging)
86) What is the purpose of lead screw and tool feeder? (lead screw for THREADING and
tool feeder for TURNING)
87) How will you weld two plates one of 16mm and one of 8 mm together in the same plane?
88) CONSTRUCTION OF CHEMICAL TANKER AND PRODUCT TANKERS
89) IS INERT GAS REQUIRED ON PRODUCT TANKERS? IF IT IS NOT PRESENT
WHAT ARE THE OTHER ARRANGEMENT PROVIDED IN THE PRODUCT
TANKERS? (YES, nitrogen purging)
90) IS CHEMICAL TANKERS AND PRODUCT CARRIERS CAN CARRY DIFFERENT
GRADES OF CARGO, IF CARRIED WAT R THE PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN?
WHAT ARE ARRANGEMENTS PROVIDED ON THE SUCH TANKERS? (crude tankers:
different pumping arrangements for all the tanks and for chemical tankers every tank have
different pumps, all tanks have different insulations)
91) AS A 2ND ENGR. WHAT ARE THE PREPAREDNES FOR ISM SURVEY
ONBOARD? (IMO SYMBOLS, D.P.A, SMS, DRILLS, TRAINING, CRITICAL
EQUIPMENTS, CONTIGENCY PLANS, SAFETY EQUIPMENTS, P.M.S.,
NAVIGATIONAL EQ, BUNKERING PROCEDURES, POLLUTION PREVENTION
PROCEDURES )
92) BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT? (pg-117, gautam sen)
93) WHAT ARE CRITICAL EQUIPMENTS? (sudden operational failure of which may
result in hazardous situation)
94) LONG STROKE AND SUPER LONG STROKE ENGINES CONSTRUCTION DIFF.
AND ADVANTAGES OF SUPERLONG OVER LONG STROKE. (super long adv is more
time for scavenging and more air so more eff, less speed)
95) MOMENT COMPENSATORS, HOW IT WORKS? (
96) FUEL OIL INDEX NUMBERS? (
97) WHAT IS CCAI NUMBER? (calculated carbon aromaticity index, 800-860 refer saif
tole motor pg-13)
98) SHORE SUPPLY 50 TO 60 Hz AND 60 TO 50 hz? (freq convertor)
99) SHIP 'S LOAD TO INDUCTIVE LOAD, HOW TO IMPROVE POWER FACTOR? (put
capacitor bank)
100) VALENCE BAND? (Is the highest range of electron energies in which electrons are
normally present at absolute zero temp.)
101) DROOP SETTINGS AND ITS USES? (pg-265 sanyal)
102) PARALLELING OPERATION OF GENERATORS? (
103) Nomenclature of refrigerants? (R12, )
104) how ll u rectify ovality of crankpin n how ll u run engine on this condition ( we will use
oil stone to get the crank pin in the circular shape as far as possible. as with oval crank pin the
oil film will not be proper and bearing though undersized will run hot. Lube pressure will be
less. Then afterwards we use undersized bearing, if the engine has thick shell bearings same
procedure with shims have to be put in, the oil pressure should never fall below 3.5 bars
under full load condition.)
105) DEWATERING system (provide draining and or pumping facility to pump out water
from spaces which are located fwd of foremost cargo hold in case of detection inflow into
corresponding spaces. Solas chapter 12 regulation 13.1. The sys task is to operate and
supervise the operation of drainage sys by control and position indication of relevant butterfly
valves in corresponding spaces. Spaces can be connected to educator for drainage and tanks r
drained by ship water ballast system. Water lvl detector in hold at 0.5 mts and another on
height not less than 15% or not more than 2mts)
106) SPCV IN SULZER (spcv is stagnation pressure control valve used to suppress the after
injection on RTA engines. If the SPCV is removed, the fuel pump is directly connected to the
high pressure pipe allowing stagnation pressure to drop to a level where cavitations can
occur.)
107) WAT IS RATE SHAPING (
108) Why AE NOX is less (time is very less for producing NOx as reaction time is less)
109) what is tuned effect (
B&W: the mark 5 series were introduced in 1991 and mark 6 series in 1993.man b&w
engines with a mean effective pressure of 18bar and above come under the mark6 category .
1996-97 mk 7 engines introduced.
110) As per solas define high speed craft, bulk carrier (high speed craft is a craft capable of a
maximum speed in meters per second equal to or exceeding 3.7XV*0.1667 where V is
volumetric displacement corresponding to the design waterline and BULK CARRIER means
a ship which is constructed generally with single deck, top-side tanks and hopper side tanks
in cargo spaces, and is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk and includes such types
as ore carriers and combination carriers)
111) angle of loll (angle of loll: If ship is initially unstable, and the ship heels so much that
the B comes under G, then GM is 0.so now the ship is inclined and in a kind of neutral
equilibrium. now if the ship is further heeled, the ship rolls about this point .this is because on
further heeling beyond loll angle, GZ becomes positive)
112) The m/e t/c lub is supplied by m/e lo p/p, during sudden lub p/p failure how t/c is
protected. (POST LUBRICATION TANK and lubrication system. During normal engine
operation the post lubrication system is continuously filled by lube oil via a small bypass line
from the m/e l.o. system that also supplies the t/c. Excessive ...l.o. is unpressurised supplied
back to the m/e l.o. circuit bhy means of a free o'flow.In case of a shutdown or blackout of
the m/e where the l.o. supply from the m/e to the t/c is interrupted, the l.o. flows down from
the from the post lubrication tk by gravity, ensuring the lubrication and cooling of the two
plain bearings during running out of the rotor for up to 20 mins. The m/e should be stopped
within this time!! This system features 2 separate oil inlet pipes and 2 running down pipes
with different levels from the post lubrication tk to the brgs. This ensures that in case of
standstill of m/e and shut off l.o. supply that the turbine side brg is longer lubricated and
cooled than the blower side brg. This tk is @ atmospheric pressure.)
113) What is no volt coil? (Volt coil is used in trip ckt . this is energized by one phase and if
there is any dip in the voltage then this coil is insufficiently energised and hence the breaker
trips. OR no volt coil can also be used in starter, when handle is on ON position motor gets
supply and entire starting resistance is series with armature and field. The current thru no volt
coil energize it when handle is moved to run position, the no volt coil holds the handle by
attracting the soft iron piece on the handle. Hence the no volt coil is also known as hold on
coil. The no volt coil is designed in such a way that it holds the handle in run position only
when sufficient current is flowing for which motor can run safely. If there is loss of load
current drawn by motor decreases due to which it loses its required magnetism and release
the handle. Under spring load it comes back to off position, protecting the motor from over
speeding. Similarly if there is any voltage decrease then also no volt coil releases the handle.
And in D.O.L. pg-70 mc.g )
114) Skin effect (tendency of ac current to distribute itself within a conductor with the current
densities being largest near the surface. Causes the effective resistance of the conductor to
increase at higher frequencies where the skin depth is smaller thus reducing effective cross
section of the conductor)
115) why we use soft iron core in transformer (hysteresis loss reduces due to less residual
magnetism)
116) how bus bar is bolted (
117) how will u check the O2 bottle supplied by the shore in large numbers if they are full or
not (bottles are checked by radio isotopes or by weighing them...since u mention large
numbers then radios isotopes s the best method...its similar to a laser gun used in checking
temperatures)
118) What is bumping clearance and what r its effect?
119) What is bastard file? ( bastard file is a rough file bastard is the degree of roughness
generally files are rough, bastard, smooth and super smooth)
120) under which condition would u change the stuffing box spring (stuffing box spring
should/can be changed 1) when from tel tel hole of individual unit of stuffing box lot of oil is
coming and lube oil loss is there, u don’t have sealing ring, scrapper ring, or lamellas....so for
time ...being u can change the spring. 2)when u completely overhaul stuffing box 3) when
spring elongation is exceeded as per manual.....usually checked by hanging one kg weight at
end new length -original length gies the elongation, check with manual for limits.....discard,
replace with new one)
121) What does the markings on the valve 5K-50 mean? (5k- 50 means a valve designed for
5 kg pressure and pcd is 50 mm)
122) Why water drained from air bottle is milky white in color? (due to emulsion of water
and oily)
123) As per marpol annex II what is water performance test? ( pg275-276, annex 2, appendix
5)
124) What type of welding are used 2 welds the anode to the hull & amp type of electrode?
Sinha and mukharjee
125) What is gusset plate, stiller plate, docking bracket, swash bulk head n thr purpose. (pg-
21/47 ship cons, stealer plate: a single wide plate which replaces two narrow plates in
adjacent strakes of a ship plating/ the girth of the ship decreased toward the ends and so the
width of the plates is also decresed in these parts. To save making the plates too narrow at the
ends of the ship, it is usual to run a number of pairs of adjacent strakes into one. )
126) what is required subdivision index and attained subdivision index
127) Hw to determine if d rudder moves in port, the ship will also move towards port.
128) in which portion of a cylinder liner bending occurs
129) how to order grease
130) what is d difference between pipe thread and bolt thread (pipe thread is bsp, less deep,
lesser pitch and bolt thread is metric
131) WAT IS AFRAMAX TANKER.EXACT DIFINITION. ( Aframax are ships with dwt
b/w 80000 and 120000 and breadth over 32 mts. And the word afra means "average freight
rate assessment"
132) If chief officer says that cow machine is not working how will 2/e go about to convince
him that it is working satisfactorily? ( There is an indicator on top of the cow machine which
will show its operation. you can show him that OR you can do top wash. when u stand on the
top of the tank i.e deck..the oils hits the inside top of the tank during top wash so when u
stand on the deck u can feel it and make him convince that its all working fine)
133) To which part of the ship is the pintle attached and how is it attached? is it fixed or is it
floating with the rudder stock? ( pintle brg,refer reeds or taylor ship const OR pintle has a
tapered face which matches the tapered surface of rudder arm and then bolted. Pintle rotates
along with the rudder)
134) Distance of the lubricating quills from top of the liner in terms of length of the liner.
135) what are the safeties on air bottle (relief valve, bursting disc, pressure cut-out switch,
low pr. Alarm)

Mr. Sathpathy
136) Cylinder lubrication, TBN how much it should be (HFO-70, LSFO-30-40)
137) What all checks to be made on liner before giving it for survey (ovality, wear, surface
condition, polishing, glazing, cracks)
138) What causes ovality of liner (crosshead guideshoe and guide clearance)
139) What is propeller law (a series of relationship for an installed power transmission sys
which refers to shaft power, engine speed and mean effective pressure. These relationships
place particle limits on engine designer. An engine under test and coupled to a dynamometer
ll operate according to the propeller law.)
140) What do we infer from Admiralty coefficient (reed’s naval arch-127)
141) what are liner ribs and why they are in segments and use (provided at upper parts of
liner to withstand combustion pressure and strengthening, in segments for freedom of coolant
to flow)
142) how piezo electric crystal looks (tetragonal crystals)
143) why engine room valves lift is D/4
144) what is the special construction of pedestal bearing on free end of rotor in auxiliary
engine (margin for expansion)
145) What is fitted bolt? How is it fitted? Where is it used? (Fitted bolts are used to connect
rudder stock with rudder.( details refer naval arch alphi Delphi OR This is a closely fitted
bolt. The holes are initially drilled to undersize and are reamed in the assembling place before
the bolts are tightened in place. Accuracy is required in the machining. These bolts could be
of two types one having ...a slight taper of about 1:100 on diameter and the other having a
large taper of about 1:15 on diameter. However, the holes in either case are reamed in final
place. Sometimes an oversized bolt is stretched hydraulically reducing the bolt diameter.
When tightened down and the hydraulic pressure is released the final exact fit in the bolt hole
is achieved, like a pilgrim nut on coupling shafts. These bolts find place in engine / boiler
mountings, coupling shafts etc. and form a rigid fixture. On main engine mounting these are
situated aft of the engine in the way of thrust block. OR interference bolt and fitted bolt are
they same? What i have heard is fitted bolt dia and hole dia are the same. They are fitted by
hammering. Interference bolt dia is slightly bigger than the hole dia and these bolts are fitted
by hydraulic stretching and later bolted and the hydraulic pressure released.
A waste gate arrangement is a valve in turbocharger that regulate amount of exhaust gases in
the turbine side of tc diverting some of the exhaust gases directly in exhaust piping this will
regulate the speed of tc and thus the compression ratio on the compressor side of tc. this is
sometimes required in winter season as the air is cold thereby dense and less compression is
needed as tc are designed on normal temp so this arrangement is sometimes there for winter
season.
146) What is VIT and super VIT. (Before the Super VIT was introduced variable injection
timing was obtained by means of a special profile on the fuel pump plunger. Hence there was
a fixed relationship between the injection timing and the fuel index. Thus it was not possible
to adjust the fuel index of the individual pumps without also altering the injection timing. For
this reason the Super VIT was introduced, where it is possible to adjust the fuel index and the
injection timing independently In VIT beginning of injection could be controlled, but end of
injection was fixed, due to profile of plunger n thus amount of fuel injected could not be
changed with varying angle of injection at beginning. Thus MAN came up with super VIT
where beginning n end both could be controlled by raising or lowering barrel in relation to
plunger. Sulzer system when introduced vit way back in 80's it could control both beginning
n end. Thus super VIT is for MAN B&W engines only
147) What is the purpose of tst in bulk carriers? (For hatch coming support, for carrying
ballast during ballast voyage.)
148) What r the checks u would do on over board disc v/vs.?
149) Why governor spring is conical? ( f=mw2r and f=kx so linear relation)
150) What is a float free arrangement? (Float Free Arrangement is required on Emergency
Position Indicating Radio Beacons (EPIRB) and life rafts. This allows the unit to float free
and operate automatically if the vessel sinks. Units may still be able to be launched / released
manually. Float-free launching is the method of launching a life raft whereby it is
automatically released from a sinking ship and is ready for use. Float-free arrangements may
either be an HRU or some other means. Whatever type it is, if your vessel capsizes too
quickly for you to release the life raft manually the float-free arrangement may be your only
chance of survival. A hydrostatic release unit used in a float free arrangement must have a
Coast Guard approval number starting with 160.062. A float free link may be used with a
Buoyant Apparatus or a Life Float and must be certified to meet 46 CFR, subpart 160.073
151) wat is nitriding? (Nitriding is a heat treating process that alloys nitrogen onto the surface
of a metal to create a case hardened surface. Three process are there for nitriding 1. gas
nitriding 2. salt bath nitriding. 3. plasma nitriding.)
152) explain how survey of rudder is done? how is the load of the rudder is transmitted to the
ships hull? discuss about the stationary and moving cones? (pg 88 ship construction, wt of
rudder acts down thru stock. This is supported by rudder carrier bearing. From stock load is
transferred to pilgrim nut then to tiller then to distance piece, then to upper cone, then to base
cone which is fixed to steering gear flat. upper cone is moveable & lower cone is fixed
as it is attached to steering flat • rudder survey a. Visual examination of the rudder plating for
cracks and distortion. Air plugs and drain plugs are to be opened in the presence of the class
surveyor, repair superintendent and chief officer. Water draining out indicates a breached
rudder and the breach to be located by air pressure testing and applying soap repairs to be
planned. Check the rudder drop in the steering gear compartment (trammel gauge). Check the
pintle clearances, jumping bar clearance and the palm coupling bolts tightness to be checked.
Check the rudder stock for corrosion, erosion and any damage. The inspection plates in the
way of the upper, the lower pintle to be cut open, and the pintle nuts checked for proper
securing. Later the plates to be welded and tested. Hydraulic test the rudder for a static head
of about 2.45m of sea water. After draining and re oiling the internals, plug the drain and
check the effectiveness by a vacuum check and cement the plug. The rudder stock gland
packing has to be checked and •
153) what is the similarity and difference between a m/e governor and flywheel ( gov
maintains speed of engine, flywheel controls cyclic fluctuation of engine rpm, flywheel
works on virtue of inertia alone, govnr uses inertia to actuate fuel linkage to counter change
in rpm)
154) What is a thermal boiler? (In thermal boiler organic oils is heated in order to generate
steam. This system is used in ships which carry cargo like bitumin n coaltar).
155) What is a double stage evaporator boiler (turbine and auxiliary use)
156) Draw the diagram(side-view) of an axial vibration damper for a MAN B and W engine
(sanyal 157-158, leaf springs and oil chambers)
157) Describe the items of a RO plant that require frequent overhaul and maintenance. How
is sterilization carried out in it? (semi permeable membrane, acid addition, chlorination,
u.v.sterlizers)
158) What is a torsion meter? (it is a device to determine the torque or torsion in a shaft
usually by measuring the twist in a calibrated length of shaft. )
159) how will you avoid oil leaking from stern tube to sea( i think answer is by reducing the
head of oil, by adding high viscosity oil, biodegradable oil)
160) How high pressure pipes are manufactured? (seamless pipes )
161) The classification societies accept a diminution of the chain thickness up to 11%. ( open
joining shackle)
162) how can we get a plate from lets say 16 mm thick two plate of equal dimensions just 8
mm thick plate ( is cutting from its thickness but then the question is how to cut? doesn’t
want laser cutting : it could be done by heating the plate and passing thru rollers to reduce
thickness and then cutting it into two equal)

SATPATHY AND MUKHERJEE


163) what are persistent oils? What are its effects on marine environment? (persistent oils
generally contain a large proportion of heavy fractions or boiling materials. Doesn’t dissipate
rapidly)
164) What is differential switch in crane? What are the safety features in crane other than
limit switches? (braking, override controls, hydraulic oil high temp. alarm and trip, hydraulic
oil tank low level alarm)
165) Principle of wake (reed’s naval arch pg 137)
166) Draw, how eta is attached to strong point in ship.
167) draw, How bitts are welded on deck (bollards)
168) When main engine is changed from do to hfo with rack at fixed position...whether speed
increases or decreases...why? (speed ll increase)
169) Draw over speed trip of a/e
170) Difference between air compressor valves and ref compressor valves
171) How vertical centrifugal pump load is taken care? (Double bearing)

questions asked by satpati on 9th may...


1.for RO RO ships,draw hydraulic system for ramp....
2.what is the sealing arrangement for ramps to prevent water getting inside ship..
3.What is the safety provided for ramp lowering..
4.What is eta with diagm.
5.safety features in bulk carrier crane.
6.explain engine specification "7UEC 70 LS".
7.after hw many hrs of service exaust valves seat to renewed.
8.explain the stuffing box overhaul.
9.what is 2 main thing which surveyor will check in main engine???
10.inspection of main bearing procedure and duration..
11.accumulation test for boiler..
12.hw will you inspect the condition of stern tube bearing in dry dock without taking out tail
shaft....other den propeller drop...
13.tell me d materials used in reciprocating pump parts starting from motor...
14.composition of grease wt % nd wat s d criteria for difrnt type of greasewic u ll consider
while ordering..
15criteria for carrying out boiler hydraullic testing??(not satisfied wt answers like
drydock,after thickness measurement,after major overhaul...he ws asking abt sm rules related
to it)..
16.what is residual magnitism...nd f u hav to start from cold condition nd der s no residual
magnitism hw ll u start d generator..
17.If insulation of ur motor windings r damaged wat ll u do onbrd to rectify it...

Oral taken by Biswas on 09-05-11


1) List of equipment inside life raft.
2) Actions in case of uptake fire. (Wen i said boundary cooling he asked me bout hydrogen
fire.)
3) Harmonization of certificates. ( What it is, why is it done and wat all certs r harmonized)
4) Define stiller plate, solid floor??
5) What is zero setting of a fuel pump?
6) Accumulation test in blr ( why is it done and how is it done)
7) exhaust v/v- sterlite coating( what is composition, why and how is it done)
8) Is there any other kind of turbocharging other than impulse and constnt pr type?
9) Adv & disadv of CMS & PMS ( If we r flowing CMS what al checks in lub oil)
14) Crankcase inspection? (In counter questing when I said we'll check all bolts and locking
wire r intact, he said locking wire is intact but bolt is loose, how??)
15) Inspections in rudder during dry dock? (Rudder carrier bearing has worn out, action??)
16) Chain measurement and tightening in b&w engine?