Discover ArchiCAD

ArchiCAD in 30 Minutes Training Guide
U.S. Version

Graphisoft Visit the Graphisoft website at http://www.graphisoft.com for local distributor and product availability information. Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide (U.S. Version) Copyright ©2003 by Graphisoft, all rights reserved. Reproduction, paraphrasing or translation without express prior written permission is strictly prohibited. First printing. Trademarks ArchiCAD and ArchiFM are registered trademarks and PlotMaker, Virtual Building, StairMaker and GDL are trademarks of Graphisoft. All other trademarks are the property of their respective holders.

Contents

Contents
Discover ArchiCAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Step 01. Establishing the Base Building Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Step 02. Working with Stories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Step 03. Completing the Building Envelope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Step 04. Developing the Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Step 05. Working with Doors and Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Step 06. Adding Internal Circulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Step 07. Defining Room Usage and Spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Step 08. Adding Final Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Step 09. Measuring and Costing the Building . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Step 10. Presenting the Design to Clients and Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 The Next Step – Empowering Your Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

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Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide

Discover ArchiCAD: The Virtual Building Made Easy

Discover ArchiCAD
The Virtual Building Made Easy
This booklet is designed to show you how easy it is to use an object model: in just half an hour your building will be complete. The ArchiCAD system delivers high quality designs and documentation for your clients and project partners. The ArchiCAD Virtual Building uses concepts you work with daily, such as walls, doors, slabs, and roofs. The following demonstration reflects the way you design traditionally, but instead of drafting in 2D, the program uses intelligent objects with three-dimensional geometry and other attributes. The ArchiCAD in 30 Minutes CD-ROM contains a demo version of the software offering full functionality, excluding only the Save and Print functions. After installing the software on your computer you are ready to start the 10 steps contained within this guide. Should you choose to complete the steps in more than one session, an ArchiCAD project file for each step is available in the ArchiCAD 8 Demo/ArchiCAD in 30 Minutes folder, as you cannot save your work. Simply open the file corresponding to the step you are about to begin: the plan will reflect all the steps up to the end of the previous step. The building you will create is a small showroom with exhibition space on the ground floor, an upper gallery, and the usual amenities for staff and visitors.

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elevations. the Control Box also includes a Prompt Box displaying messages on the next action expected from you. 2D drawing and visualization. When maximized. The Coordinate Box displays information about the current position of the cursor related to the global or the local origin. sections. The Info Box gives you instant feedback on construction elements. 3D views and 6 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . Options include Relative Construction Methods. details. Cursor Snap and Special Snap Points.Discover ArchiCAD: The Virtual Building Made Easy The ground floor plan will look like this. the Suspend Groups switch and the Magic Wand Tool for conversion between element types. and allows control over the status of the grid system and the Gravity tool. The Navigator palette gives you instant access to all documents stored in a project file including stories. It allows you to reach the settings of any element and directly modify their parameters while displaying the icon of the active Tool together with its current Construction and Geometry Methods. 3D construction. The Control Box contains a number of drawing aids in the form of icons. The different user interface elements will help you during the construction of the building. The Toolbox on the left edge of the screen shows a variety of Tools for selection.

The Navigation Buttons. With the help of this guide’s easyto-follow instructions. and to access the Scale Level and Navigator palette. We hope you will enjoy our quick tour into the world of the Virtual Building and that. however. The primary dimensions are in feet and inches. you will discover the benefits of a true model-based CAD system! Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 7 . tenders or construction drawing issues. Using all the above described interface items. by the end of the session. you will start constructing the building in the Floor Plan Window. you can easily change them to other dimension formats or to metric units in the Preferences menu. you will complete the design in less time than you think. It also provides an easy-to-use interface to arrange the project into typical documentation sets. available next to the horizontal Scroll Bar.Discover ArchiCAD: The Virtual Building Made Easy element schedules. are shortcuts to the Display Menu’s commands. You can also use the Navigator palette for publishing these documentation sets. like planning submissions. Use these buttons to quickly change the display.

Hint: To change the view of the plan.Select the Slab tool in the Toolbox.Select the rectangular geometry method from the Info Box. The floor plan appears in the active window. Use the preset 3’ square planning grid to help you construct the slab. When any of the snap options is switched on. or Fit in Window commands from the Display menu. 8 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide .Step 01.pln from the ArchiCAD 8 Demo/ArchiCAD in 30 Minutes folder. the cursor moves (“snaps”) from one grid intersection to another. . and either double-click on the plan or draw a marquee to define the extent of the magnification. Zoom out. To draw the slab. which will be 30’ by 18’ in plan. Hint: The different grid snap options can be switched on and off using the control button on the Coordinate Box or the menu items from the Options menu. Alternatively.Click on the origin indicated by a black X on the Floor Plan. choose the Zoom in. Pan.Click for the second time to finish the slab covering 10 grid squares horizontally and 6 vertically. . by easily snapping to its intersection points. do the following: . Establishing the Base Building Layout Open the file 01. Establishing the Base Building Layout Step 01. use the magnifying glass/palm icons from the bottom of the window or the mouse scroll button for real-time pan and zoom functions.Switch on the grid snap (select the third icon in the popup palette from the grid snap options in the Coordinate Box). . The first step is to draw the ground floor slab of the building. .

or go to the Window menu/3D Window command. To delete an element. simply click on one of the element’s points. Hint: If you made a mistake. select it with the arrow tool and hit the backspace button on the keyboard. choose Undo from Edit menu. Use the magic wand feature to trace the perimeter of the slab and automatically place walls on it. press the Shift button to activate the selection method. When another tool is active. . If the Arrow tool is active. To select something on the floor plan. . double-click on Generic Axonometry under the 3D folder in Navigator. (To add/remove more elements to the selection.Step 01.Select the Wall tool . hold down the Shift button while selecting them). To place walls on the sides of the slab: in the Toolbox. Now place walls around the sides of the slab here in the 3D Window. Establishing the Base Building Layout At any time.Click on one of the top corner points of the slab to finish placing the walls. .Click on the front edge of the slab with the cursor (the Magic Wand icon will change to a wand with a loop indicating that you are snapping to a line). use the mouse cursor. To switch to the 3D Window.Select the Magic Wand icon in the Control Box. Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 9 . a three-dimensional view of what is on the Floor Plan can be easily seen by opening the 3D window.

Now construct a curved block wall to the north of the building for the entrance enclosure.Change the thickness of the wall from 1’ to 1’ 2”. Establishing the Base Building Layout Hint: The 3D Navigation Palette helps you navigate in the 3D window.Double-click on the Wall tool in the Toolbox to bring up the Wall Settings dialog box. . the Motion Mode buttons allow for changing between view types. Go back to the Floor Plan (Window menu/Floor Plan or double-click on 0. The Editing-Motion buttons are available depending on the type of the view (perspective/axonometric). To do this.Step 01. Notice that the walls have appeared on the plan. 10 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . Story from the Stories folder in Navigator). To navigate in an axonometric view. select the fourth button under Editing-Motion (as shown) and click outside the rectangle in the 3D Window. first change the wall type to a block wall: .

Place the curved wall shown in the picture below.Change the “White-Brick” material to “Stone Block” for the internal and external sides and to “Stone Block Coping” for the edges of the wall under “Model”.Step 01.Click OK. This ‘rubberband’ line is the reference line for the wall. . Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 11 . The reference line is used to connect walls smoothly and helps locate the walls with the cursor. Hint: When drawing the line of the wall. all of which will be grid intersection points. Establishing the Base Building Layout . and the position of the wall is in a predefined respect to it. . The curvature will be defined by 3 points. after a first click a heavy black line follows the cursor like a rubberband.Change the “Face Brick” hatching type to “Masonry Block” under “Floor Plan and Section” (the hatches are listed in alphabetical order).

12 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . Hint: You can get instant step-by-step instructions of the drafting and editing procedures in the maximized state of the Control Box. . .Select the wall (Select the Arrow tool corner of the wall to highlight it.Click on the hotspot (on the side of the wall’s reference line) on the right end of the curved wall and make it approximately half a grid longer as shown in the picture (the cursor will change from an empty pencil symbol to a black one when snapping to a hotspot).Choose Edit menu and Stretch. The appearing black dots around the wall confirm it has been selected). they will be equally placed and run parallel to the front wall.Step 01. .Switch off grid snap.Click on the grid intersection points in the order shown in the picture (the third and the fourth clicks are on the same point). Next. Establishing the Base Building Layout To draw the curved wall: . .Change the construction method as shown in the picture. and click on a side or a . Following these instructions eases the drawing procedure and reduces the number of errors. (Select the first icon from the grid snap options in the Coordinate Box as shown in the picture). place four columns to create a veranda on the south side of the building. It is easy to modify the length of this curved wall by stretching both ends: . The first and the last column will align with the two side walls (place them on a grid intersection). . Place the first column and then replicate it for the rest.Repeat for the other end of the wall.Choose the relevant curved wall icon (2nd icon in nd the 2 row) from the geometry methods in the Info Box.

Select the Column tool in the Toolbox. . Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 13 . . Establishing the Base Building Layout To place the first column . 1). The next step is to replicate it parallel to the front wall: .Switch off the grid snap. . . Notice that the column has been placed on the grid intersection point on the Floor Plan.Select the column.Step 01.Select the Multiply command from Edit/Multiply.Click on the grid intersection point two grid spaces below the bottom left corner of the house (point no.Switch on the grid snap.

. Hint: The mouse constraints help draw elements in a specific relationship to existing elements and preset directions. toward the right end of the building.Step 01.Click on one of the selection dots on the right side of the column and drag the rubber line horizontally.Hold down the Shift key. choose the Distribute method and hit OK. Establishing the Base Building Layout . They are similar to traditional rulers and triangles. .Enter 3 as the number of copies. You can see you are now constraining the horizontal direction and the columns will be placed parallel to the side of the building. Two Mouse Constraint mechanisms are available: Coordinate Constraints are used to lock any of the Coordinate Box parameters.Position the cursor over the bottom right corner of the building (your cursor will change to a check mark indicating that it will snap to a hotspot) so that the last copy will be aligned with the end of the building. . and Angle Pairs are used to 14 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . .Click to finish the Multiply command.

) are effective at the moment. tangential. To change the slab settings: .” Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 15 . . After that place a rectangular slab around the building.Enter 6” as the thickness of the slab.Step 01. crossings) within the building and to show that special tools (magic wand. . corner points. Go to the 3D Window to see the result in axonometry. etc. Establishing the Base Building Layout lock the cursor at a particular drawing angle. lastly cut a hole into the slab for the footprint of the building. Click outside the building to deselect the column. These techniques facilitate the use of all the 2D/3D drafting tools.Double-click on the Slab tool in the Toolbox. It will be of a timber decking construction so the next step is to change the slab height. Now return to the Floor Plan to design the external paving around the house.Change the hatching type in the “Section Attributes” to “Dot and Dashed. etc. hatching type and materials. eyedropper. Hint: The Intelligent Cursor helps you identify special points (end.) and points of geometric relationships of elements (perpendicular. edges.

Click OK. . .Click to the grid intersection at point no.Click to the grid intersection at point no. . Check the result in the 3D Window.Click to the grid intersection at point no. 1 to start drawing the rectangular slab. 2 to finish drawing the slab. 3 to start drawing the rectangular hole of the slab. To place the slab: .Select the slab.Click outside the slab to deselect it.Click to the grid intersection at point no. .Make sure the Slab tool is active in the Toolbox. . 16 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide .Step 01.Switch on the grid snap.Change the top and the side materials in the “Model Attributes” to “Timber Boarding External” and the bottom to “Surface Concrete”. . 4 to finish drawing the hole of the slab. To cut a hole in the slab: . . Establishing the Base Building Layout .

Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 17 .Enter “Gallery” as the name for story no. Working with Stories Step 02.Click on the Stories folder in Navigator with the right mouse button (Ctrl+Click on the Mac) and select the Story Settings menu.Make sure only the wall types are selected above the Paste Selected Types button.Click on Paste Selected Types.Click Insert above to create a new story above it. . define their heights.Enter “Ground Floor” as the name for story no. 0. . The next step is to copy all the walls from the ground floor and paste them into the gallery: . Two stories are required: the ground floor we have worked on so far. . .Step 02. . . In this step you will define the story structure for the Showroom building.Highlight the Ground Floor story.Click on the Copy All button. . and an upper Gallery. just as architects use separate plans for the different stories of a building.Highlight the Gallery story. and copy and paste elements among them.Click OK to close the dialog. . 1 and change its “Height to Next” value to 9’-6”.Go back to the Floor Plan. . Open the Story Settings dialog box to create the stories. Or select Options/Stories/Story Settings from the pull-down menus. Working with Stories Stories provide a “physical” separation of elements according to their vertical level. Each story has a unique Floor Plan window in which you place elements. To create the stories: .

Select Image menu/3D Window Settings. 18 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide .Step 02. To see how the building looks with the mortar joints and the floor boarding shown: . Working with Stories You are now on the Gallery story and as you can see the walls have been copied from the ground floor. To easily navigate between stories. (The name of the story is written in the window’s title bar after the file name). just double-click the relevant story under the Stories folder in Navigator.Switch Vectorial 3D Hatching to On in the Effects section of the dialog box. . Open the 3D Window again to check the progress: The texture of the construction elements can be made visible in the 3D window.

Move the cursor over the inside line of the east side wall to bring up a snap point in the middle of the wall (above point no.Change the bottom and the side materials under “Model” to “Surface White” and the top material to “Timber Boarding Internal”. return to the Gallery story. To change the slab settings: . . To place the slab: . . . The slab will only span to half the depth of the building. . different from that used for the ground floor slab. 1 in the picture). . Now everything is set for placing the gallery slab. 2 the cursor will change from an empty pencil sign to a pencil with a line inside it. indicating that it is snapping to a line).Step 02.Click OK. .Select the Slab tool in the Toolbox.Change the hatching type to “Empty fill” under “Section”.Click on the inside corner point of the top left wall corner to start drawing the slab (point no. leaving a void so that one can look down from the gallery to the exhibition space of the ground floor. Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 19 . so first the settings for the Slab tool need to be changed. Working with Stories To construct the slab of the gallery.Switch off the grid snap. .Change the thickness of the slab to 8”.Double-click on the Slab tool in the Toolbox. It will be of a light timber joist construction.

Click on the snap point in the middle of the wall to finish the slab (point no. and parallel and perpendicular locations from elements. Working with Stories . Hint: Special snap points help you to find special points on the drawings.Step 02. These snap points can be pre-defined divisions/distances of lines/arcs. center point of arcs. 20 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . 2 the cursor will change from a pencil with a line inside it to a black pencil sign to indicate it is snapping to a point).

Contents of remote stories can be made visible on the active story by using the “Ghost story” feature. Before starting. in the Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 21 . it is necessary to see the columns below on the ground floor. open the Roof Settings dialog box to select the type of roof. It will be a semi-pitched roof giving enough headroom over the floor of the gallery and will have a wide overhang supported by columns to create a southfacing veranda at the front. Completing the Building Envelope This section explains the steps to put a roof over the building. To switch on the “Ghost Story. double-click on the Roof tool Toolbox. Now the content of the Ground Floor is visible by a light yellow color on the plan of the Gallery.Step 03. The elements of the Ghost story cannot be edited. but they can be used as snap points in constructing new elements. Completing the Building Envelope Step 03. To open the dialog box. To construct the roof on the gallery level.” click on the Stories folder with the mouse right button in Navigator to bring up the context menu (Ctrl Click on the Mac) and select the Show Ghost Story menu (or select Options/Stories/ Show Ghost Story).

22 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . Completing the Building Envelope The angle of the roof will be 18 degrees. Click OK. and lastly draw the outline of the roof (which is its projection to the horizontal plane). Then define from which side of the pivot line the roof will slope upward (at the angle defined in the dialog box).Step 03. first define its pivot line (which is the intersection line of the roof plane and the horizontal plane at the height defined in the dialog). its thickness 8” and its pivot line will be at 13’ above the project Zero level (3’-6” from the Gallery level). To construct a roof. as shown in the picture.

Click on the grid intersection point at point no.Select the roof in the 3D Window (click on it with the Arrow tool). .Select the rectangular geometry method in the Info Box. . 3) to define the uphill slope direction of the roof. . . . Now you can trim the walls and the columns to the roof: . Finally return to the Floor Plan.Click on the external corner point of the bottom left wall corner (point no. Open the 3D Window to see how the roof looks. Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 23 .Click on the grid intersection point at point no.Click Trim in the dialog box. . 2) to finish drawing the pivot line.Click above the pivot line with the eye icon (point no. .Switch on the grid snap.Step 03. 4 to start drawing the outline of the roof.Select the Edit/Trim to Roof menu point. . The columns and walls have now been trimmed to the underside of the roof. Completing the Building Envelope To start constructing the roof: . 5 to finish drawing the outline of the roof. 1) to start the pivot line.Click on the external corner point of the bottom right wall corner (point no.

Double-click on point no. Developing the Design Cut a cross section through the building to see how the design looks. .Step 04. 4 as shown) with the eye icon to determine which direction the section will face. Developing the Design Step 04.Click on point no. .Switch on the grid snap (to help you quickly define the section line location). Any modifications to the model in the Section/Elevation Window will be updated automatically in all other views of the building. 24 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide .Click to the right of the section line (point no. .Go down to the Ground Floor Plan. 2-3 as shown to finish drawing the section line.Select the Section tool . 1 as shown to start drawing the section line on the Floor Plan. Simply place the section/elevation line on the Floor Plan: ArchiCAD will generate the sectional/elevational view of the building. in the Toolbox. To place a section through the building: . .

open the section window by double-clicking the A/1 Model section under Sections/Elevations folder in Navigator (or Window/ Sections/Elevations/’A/1 Section’/Model). The elements can be shown with or without textures. Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 25 . Sun shadows can be cast on them in the elevation windows. .Enter E/1 as the Reference ID. and ArchiCAD will generate the section of the model automatically.Enter “Elevation” to the Name field. To place the elevations: .Double-click on the Section/Elevation tool in the Toolbox to bring up the Section/Elevation Settings dialog box. . Developing the Design After placing the section. The next step is to create the north and the west elevation of the building.Step 04.

Step 04.Switch off the grid snap. 26 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . . Developing the Design .Check the Vectorial 3D Hatching and the Vectorial Sun Shadows options under the Model Effects.Place the elevations as shown (ArchiCAD will automatically number them). .

Click to the points (1-2-3) as shown in the picture to dimension . . to points no. Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 27 . Open up the “north” elevation for another view of the building. . .Step 04. . 4-5).Double-click anywhere (e. from the .Select the multiple height dimensioning icon from the geometry methods. Developing the Design Next. The Hammer cursor will come up. 6). As you design the building. . .Click with the Hammer cursor to place the chain of dimensions on the section (point no.Open up E1 Elevation.g.Select the Dimension tool in the Toolbox. open the west elevation and place some level dimensions on it.Select the height dimensioning icon construction methods in the Info Box. the project documentation is being created simultaneously.

. . Developing the Design Draw the same type of wall as the external walls of the building for the entrance.Click to the grid intersection point no. Just make sure the correct construction method is chosen in order to place the wall with its reference line on the outside. Draw the front and the back wall of the entrance enclosure with the help of the grid snap. . . 4. In the same way. Let’s pick up the settings of the external walls: . In ArchiCAD you can easily pick up an element’s characteristics and transfer them into the Toolbox (to start drawing a new element with the same settings) or to other elements in the project (to change them to the settings acquired from another element). draw the back wall starting from point no. 1 to start drawing the wall. 2 to finish the wall. 3 and finishing at point no.Step 04.Select the Wall tool in the Toolbox. . Now the settings are correct for the brick wall. Hint: The Redraw command (Display/Redraw) will remove all temporary screen display graphics remaining from transformations 28 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . Double-click on the Wall tool in the Toolbox and change the height value to 8’-6”.Select the straight wall geometry method.Switch on the grid snap.Click to the grid intersection point no.Hold down the Alt key (the cursor will change to a pipette tool) while clicking on a side of one of the straight walls (a beep will sound as the action is carried out). . Rebuild the floor plan view (Choose Window/ Rebuild) to get a neat wall cross-section (optional).Select the following construction method. and only the height value needs to be changed.

Hint: ArchiCAD layers are used to organize the elements in your project for selective displays and quantity calculations. The next step is to draw some partitions. 1).Switch off the grid snap. enter the coordinate values manually: .Type in x from the keyboard (Note that the x coordinate is highlighted). Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 29 . Open up the Wall Settings dialog box and change the thickness of the wall settings to 4” and the layer from “Exterior walls” to “Interior walls”. lock/unlock layers and create different layer combinations) from the Options/Layers/Layer Settings pull-down menu.it will also refresh the wall intersections and draw them correctly. . Now draw the partition of the future toilet at 3’-0” wide. Developing the Design and deletions during construction.Position the cursor over the right corner point of the wall junction as shown (point no. Draw the partition in the middle of the space as shown. . You can easily change the layer settings (show/hide. The Rebuild command (Display/ Rebuild) starts a more thorough screen update .Step 04.

Click on point no. Developing the Design .e. 4 to determine the second point of the arc. 4 to finish the arc. . Open the Section A/1 window.Click again on point no. . the top material to “Timber boarding External. . Note that you are now drawing a wall from point no.For the curved segment. 1). 3.Select the polygonal geometry method. 2 (3’-0” to the right of point no. Open the Slab Settings dialog box and set the thickness of the slab to 1’. 3).Click on the internal edge of the curved wall to determine the radius of the arc. . Go up to the floor plan of the Gallery and place a flat roof over the entrance to finish the building envelope.Click on point no. choose the fourth icon from the left from the pet palette after clicking on point no. 2.Click on the external corner points of the front and back walls (points 1. . The curved wall will serve as a parapet wall to the balcony.Step 04. 3) to place straight segments of the slab polygon as shown in the picture. . plus sign) from the keyboard and hit the Enter key. To draw the slab over the entrance: .Use the shift key to draw a vertical wall and click on the internal side of the curved wall to finish the wall (point no. Now check the progress in the cross section. lower it to a height of 4’: 30 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide .Type in 3’-0” + (i. .” the side material to “White Brick” and the bottom material to “Surface-White”. 5 to finish drawing the polygon of the slab.

Select the top part of the curved wall. . . Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 31 .Step 04. Developing the Design . Notice how the elevations have been updated with the dimensions.Switch off the grid snap.Enter 4’ as the top height value: Open the elevations to check how the modification affects the facades.

by changing their parameters. 32 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . Click Cancel (to make sure the settings remain as they were when you opened the dialog box). Now return to the Ground floor plan and start placing doors to achieve the layout as shown below.Step 05. their properties change. Working with Doors and Windows Step 05. Choose External Door from the library. browse through the parameters and see what effect they will have on the 2D and 3D representations. Working with Doors and Windows It is time now to develop the design further by adding openings to the building. ArchiCAD’s door and window objects are parametric library parts. Double-click the Door tool in the Toolbox to bring up its settings dialog (select the Door/Window tool in the Toolbox and hold down the mouse button to shift between the tools). The parameters can be modified in the Door/Window/Object Settings dialog box.

1). .Select the center point geometry method. Working with Doors and Windows Place the entrance door in the middle of the front wall of the entrance enclosure: . . . . 3).Click to place the door on the internal corner point of the wall junction as shown (point no. .Step 05. 2). . 1).Hold the cursor over the external side of the front wall to bring up a special snap point in the middle of it.Click on the snap point (point no.Click to the right of it to define the door position (point no.Select the corner point geometry method. 2). Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 33 .Click above and to the right from the center point of the door to define the opening direction (point no.Click below and to the left of its center to define the opening direction (point no. Select the Internal Door from the door dialog box for the door opening into the Exhibition space: .

Working with Doors and Windows Use the same door type for the entrance to the washroom (on the far side of the entrance enclosure). change the width to 3’ and the reveal value to 0 (shown on the left of the preview picture in the dialog) and optionally choose another panel style. For the door to the toilet.Step 05. 34 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide .

. . Now place windows into the curved wall of the entrance enclosure. In similar fashion. Working with Doors and Windows Place it by eye as shown in the picture above.Step 05.Click to point no.Select “Window Square” in the dialog box. 2) to define the window opening direction. 1 by eye to start placing the window.Click above the wall (point no. we’ll use sliding doors: Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 35 . . .Select the center point geometry method. place additional windows by eye into the other two rooms of the entrance enclosure. . For the glazed walls of the exhibition space.Choose the Window tool in the Toolbox.

Select the second icon from the right in the pet palette to activate the Multiply command. repeat the steps above.Click with the cursor (eye shape) outside the wall (point no. only this time click to the right at step no. .Select the door (click one of the corner points of the door with the arrow tool. . . Next. 3 in the picture) to define its opening direction. . select the Distribute method and Click OK.Click to the inside corner point of the bottom left wall junction (point no.Type in ’2’ as the number of copies. Working with Doors and Windows Choose the Sliding Door in the door dialog. set the reveal value to 4” and select the corner point geometry method to place a door on both sides of the bottom left corner of the exhibition space: . point no.Hold down the mouse key over point no. 1 in the picture).To place the second sliding door. . 2 with the double eye cursor.Step 05. 1). replicate the sliding door in the southern wall: .Click with the cursor (double eye shape) above the corner (point no. 36 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . . 2 in the picture) to define into which wall the door will be placed. 2 to bring up the pet palette.

Go back to the Ground Floor Plan.Move the cursor to the inside corner point of the bottom right wall junction (the cursor is in the shape of a checkmark (point no. The next step is to check the dimensions of the walls and the openings.Select Tools/Automatic Dimensioning/Exterior Dimensioning and enter the following values: Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 37 . 3). . Place the last sliding door at the corner of the eastern wall. 2).Click on one of the selection dots on its right side (point no.Select the Dimension tool in the Toolbox and make sure the first is selected in the Info length dimensioning icon Box. . Simply select the items/points to be dimensioned and ArchiCAD will do the rest: . . .Step 05. With the automatic dimensioning feature all the walls and the openings of your building can be dimensioned with just a few clicks.Select all the walls (select the Wall tool in the Toolbox and choose Edit/Select All Walls). Working with Doors and Windows . .Click to finish the Multiply command. Deselect the door and switch to the 3D Window to check the progress of the building.

2).Click on the external side of the southern wall to define the direction of the dimensions (point no.Click OK. 1).Click below the wall with the hammer icon to define the distance of the first row of dimensions (point no. .Step 05. Working with Doors and Windows . 38 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . .

The next step is to design the openings of the gallery. .Select Edit menu/Stretch.Move the cursor out in the horizontal direction and hold down the shift key to constrain the horizontal movement.Step 05. this time. it’s better to align it with the edge of the gallery slab.Select the sliding door. the dimenstions will also change to reflect the modifications. . do it on the plan to align it with the dashed line of the gallery slab. Go back to the Floor Plan: Note that the dimensions have been automatically updated on the plan following the modification in the section window. . How does this layout look in cross section? Check it on Section A/1.Click on either corner point of the edge of the slab (cursor is in the shape of a checkmark as shown above). Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 39 . Note that the door is a bit too wide. Select the sliding door on the other side and stretch it similarly. meaning that if you change an element that was dimensioned previously. Working with Doors and Windows Note that the rows of dimensions have been placed around the four sides of the building. .Click on the top left corner of the door to start stretching it. In ArchiCAD all dimensions are associative. .

Open the north elevation and modify some of the windows: . and the “Window Round” in both sidewalls of the gallery (enter 2’ as the parapet height for the round window). Place the same door as the entrance door (External Door) for the door to the balcony.Replicate the window above the balcony. because from now on this won’t be used. Working with Doors and Windows Switch off the Show Ghost Story option (deselect Options/Stories/ Show Ghost Story) and the grid display (deselect Options/ Grid Display). square windows in the northern wall.Stretch the square window of the entrance room on the North Elevation. 40 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . .Step 05.

Check in the Show on: One Story Up option under “Preview and Positioning” to see the staircase one story above. Adding Internal Circulation Step 06. Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 41 .Select “Stairs” from the layers pop-up menu. . . . switch on Brakeline.Double-click on the Stair tool Stair Settings dialog box.Enter “0” degrees as the rotation angle and click OK to confirm the settings. .Step 06.From the parameter list on the left. . in the Toolbox to bring up the . select one from ArchiCAD’s library: .Return to the Ground Floor. and set Line Type above Breakline to Full from the 2D Representation parameter group to adjust the desired 2D representation parameters of the stair.Check how the staircase looks in 3D in the preview window. Adding Internal Circulation To add a staircase to reach the gallery.

Place a camera in the room to see how the room looks from that view: in the Toolbox.Type in x 2’ + (i.Position the cursor over the bottom right corner point of the door opening into the exhibition space (point no.Step 06. . In ArchiCAD the Camera tool is used to define perspective views. . 42 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . Check to see how the room looks with the staircase.Hit the “Enter” key.Click inside the room near the bottom right corner to place the camera location. plus sign) from the keyboard and see how the cursor moves 2’ to the right. position the stair alongside the northern wall in the exhibition space: . The stair has been placed on the plan by its insertion point 2’ to the right of the corner of the door.e. . . Adding Internal Circulation After that. 1).Select the Camera tool .Click near the middle of the stair to locate its projection target.

Step 06.Make sure the Slab tool is active in the Toolbox.Go up one story to the Gallery level. . .Select the slab.Double-click on Camera 1 from the 00Untitled Path/3D folder in Navigator to open the 3D window from that position. the outline of the slab must be modified to circumvent the staircase: . From the model it is clear that there is no opening in the slab for the stairway. Adding Internal Circulation . Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 43 .

create two more nodes and place them on the left cornerpoints of the staircase.Deselect the slab (click outside it) and open the 3D Window to check the result. .Using the same method. and pull it over the bottom right corner point of the staircase (point no. 3) on the slab edge between point no. Adding Internal Circulation .In similar fashion.Hold down the mouse button over the top edge of the slab to bring up the pet palette and choose the first icon to add a new node to it. . 1 and 2.Step 06. and pull it over the top right corner point of the staircase (point no. 4). 2) . create a new node (point no. 44 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide .

With the Zone tool.Step 07. define the names of the rooms in the building. Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 45 . Defining Room Usage and Spaces Step 07. which identifies spaces and stores many other attributes. Use ArchiCAD’s Zone tool. Defining Room Usage and Spaces Next. spatial units such as rooms or groups of rooms (for example Departments) can be easily defined. Place a zone in each room of the ground floor as shown below. Zones appear on the Floor Plan as fills with the zone identifiers (stamps) linked to them.

. .Click inside the room to place the zone. .Click OK.Select the icon in the middle from the construction methods in the Info Box to automatically place the zone object into rooms. Defining Room Usage and Spaces To place the zones: . Use this procedure to place zones for the remaining rooms. 46 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide .Step 07.Double click the Zone tool in the Toolbox. choose “9 Communication and Access” for the Entrance and “7 Other Usage” for the Washroom and Toilet. For the zone category. ArchiCAD automatically fills the space to the face of walls bounding the space. . .Enter “Exhibition Space” as the zone name. .Click again to place the zone identifier.Select “5 Education and Culture” from the zone categories pop-up menu.

For the Gallery use the same zone settings as for the Exhibition space. . Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 47 . Defining Room Usage and Spaces Now go up to the Gallery level and place a zone as shown: For this you will manually draw the outline of the zone. as one side has no wall.Select the first icon in the Info Box.Step 07. To draw the zone manually: .Click on the corner points of the slab one by one to place the zones (or use the Magic Wand on the perimeter of the slab to trace it).

48 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide .chm on your computer. For this project we have provided only an extract of the standard ArchiCAD library. To see all the standard objects of ArchiCAD 8. such as handrails in the Gallery and fixtures in the Restroom.Step 08. just like the door/window objects. Hint: ArchiCAD libraries contain many types of prefabricated elements. Adding Final Details Step 08. Specialized libraries can be used for different applications and national standards. The objects in the libraries are also parametric items. load the ArchiCAD Library 8 folder in File/Library Manager or browse the Library Preview in the ArchiCAD 8/Help/ArchiCAD_Help. Adding Final Details We now need some furniture and fittings.

.Select the “Horizontal Railing” object from the library. Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 49 . Adding Final Details To place a handrail on the left side of the balcony: .Step 08.Double-click on the Object tool in the Toolbox to bring up its settings dialog.

. . 50 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . no.Click to define its length inside the top left corner of the balcony slab (point no. Now place the railing object in all the necessary places inside the building. Before adding the restroom fixtures as shown in the picture. go down to the ground floor plan and select the orthogonal geometry method for the Object tool.Step 08. this is clearly not strong enough.Enter “90” degrees as its rotation value.Click OK. open the settings dialog and modify the rotation angle. select the railing and open its settings dialog.Select the diagonal geometry method Info Box. . Check it in the 3D Window and note that there are only three vertical columns in the long railing on the edge of the gallery slab.Click inside the bottom left corner of the balcony slab (point. When the orientation of the railing changes to horizontal. Adding Final Details . Modify the number of posts to 10 in Post Parameters and confirm the settings. in the . 2). 1) to start placing the object. Go back to the Floor Plan.

Step 08. Adding Final Details Zoom in to the Washroom and open the Object Settings dialog box. In the Object Settings dialog select the ‘Piano’ object. In the same way you can place the ‘Round Basin’ object next to the entrance door of the Washroom. place a Stool object in front of the Piano and check the result in 3D. change its rotation angle to 180 degrees and place it in the Toilet. Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 51 . Select the ‘WC’ object. modify its rotation angle to 90 degrees and put it in the center of the room. To finish it off. To furnish the Exhibition Space place a Piano in the room.

You can generate the list in the ArchiCAD List Window or can directly export it in spreadsheet format to MS Excel or Word using the “output to” menu command.Step 09. Change the width of the “Window Square” to 2’ and click Apply Changes. 52 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . Measuring and Costing the Building Step 09. Close the dialog and see how the modifications affect the model in the 3D window. You can control and edit all the major characteristics of any type of ArchiCAD element from the schedule sheet. Measuring and Costing the Building ArchiCAD’s Interactive Element Schedule provides intelligent. ensuring that even last-minute changes will be accurately and consistently reflected in the model and documentation. Choose the predefined Door-Window Schedule from the schedule list under Calculate/Interactive Schedule/Preview menu. two-way communication between the schedules and your design project.

Step 09. To create a graphical door and window schedule for the project. This list is created by assigning cost and construction element properties to ArchiCAD objects. Drawings of the elements can also be included. The building component quantities are calculated by the Calculate/List Components/Basic menu. Measuring and Costing the Building You can also perform quantity calculations by using ArchiCAD’s predefined schedule templates that can be further customized to meet your own needs. Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 53 . select Calculate/List Elements/Window Schedule Type 1 (AC_8_US) and see the result.

Step 09. an estimate or budget can also be created for these components. This schedule and area report can be found under Calculate/List Zones/Rooms-Stories (AC_8_US). Measuring and Costing the Building Information about the building’s activity spaces is stored in the Zone objects report. 54 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide . By adding cost information for objects.

Adjust the slab settings as follows: .Change its hatching type to ‘Earth” under “Section”. . . .Select the slab. Zoom out to see more of the project and place a rectangular slab as shown in the picture. .Click on a corner point of the paving slab to start cutting a rectangular hole.Change its top material to “Misc-Grass” and its side and bottom material to “Misc-Earth” under “Model”. Before starting to create the visualization images we’ll add a simple site using the Slab tool. Presenting the Design to Clients and Users Our final task is to explain the design which we have just completed to the client.Make sure the slab tool is active in the Toolbox. .Change its thickness to 3’.Change its layer to “Site and Landscaping”.Click on the diagonally opposite corner point of the paving slab to finish the rectangular hole. Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 55 . . Presenting the Design to Clients and Users Step 10.Step 10. . Now cut a hole in it around the paving slab: .Change its “to story 0 level” to -2”.

Place the camera. near the top left corner of the site. Presenting the Design to Clients and Users Now open the Camera tool and adjust its view cone angle to 40 degrees and its target Z height value to 12’. facing the building. select it and open the 3D Window. 56 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide .Step 10. and click on Apply to confirm the settings.

Open the Size and Background tab page and check Picture at the top to import a background picture.jpg (select “JPEG Image type” from the “Files of type” pop-up menu in the dialog to be able to choose the background picture). Check Show Picture at the bottom of the preview to adjust the frame of the rendering against the background image.Step 10. Presenting the Design to Clients and Users The PhotoRendering settings are controlled from the Image/ PhotoRendering Settings/Effects menu command. Position the frame as desired and click OK. * Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 57 . Select from your ArchiCAD in 30 minutes Library/Background images/Cloudy_Sky_photo. Use the ArchiCAD Rendering Engine and make sure the options are set as displayed.

When the picture is complete it can be saved in different formats using the File/Save as… command. refer to ArchiCAD Help. you can open it with the arrow tool by clicking on the handle and choosing the second icon from the right of the pet palette. For expert use of the 3D Navigation.Step 10. Presenting the Design to Clients and Users Execute the Image/PhotoRender Projection command and wait for the result. Switch to Open GL in the Image/3D Engine and Mode menu command to navigate in the 3D window in real time with the help of the 3D Navigation Palette. When you get to a door. 58 Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide .

However. The integrated object model concept. The 3D paradigm is rapidly becoming the preferred technology for contractors demanding better estimating and procurement. offers many advantages for architects and designers: accurate 3D representation of the building to support true coordination and estimating.com/distributors. DWG support. and for clients seeking to lower costs.Step 10.000 architects worldwide. the 3D paradigm is the most effective technology for the life-cycle support of buildings. Of course there are many other important features – for example. we also ensure you can access traditional CAD formats – ArchiCAD supports all levels of interoperability. superior visualization and animation for design development and presentation. we invite you to acquire ArchiCAD today and share the competitive and strategic advantages that only Graphisoft can provide! To find your nearest ArchiCAD reseller or distributor. pioneered by Graphisoft in 1984 and used by over 120. calculation and simulation. While Graphisoft provides you with the most advanced modelling tools. Presenting the Design to Clients and Users The Next Step – Empowering Your Practice We have covered a lot of ground in this short presentation. documentation publishing and object libraries – which will increase your productivity and improve the accuracy and quality of your work.graphisoft. As the leader in these technologies. contractors and clients. You may have found the process different from traditional 2D CAD methods. DGN. DWG. automated documentation. reduce energy consumption. contact any Graphisoft office or visit www. – so you can continue to exploit your investment in existing CAD data and share information with your engineering and specialist consultants. Only Graphisoft offers this suite of high-performance building life-cycle tools. etc. IFC data exchange standards. Discover ArchiCAD Training Guide 59 . but we are confident you will see how easy it is to use the ArchiCAD Virtual Building. installation and facility management. improve user environments and manage their facilities more effectively. Graphisoft’s GDL Technology – an intelligent parametric digital representation of building products – ensures that components and products used in the virtual building model truly represent the geometric definition of the supplier’s item and include all the life-cycle parameters needed for design performance.

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