This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
By Charles Harrington Elster
and enhance your enjoyment of the program. Using this guide in any (or all) of the above ways will reinforce what you learn by listening. When you finish listening to a level. After every ten key-word discussions in the program. each more challenging than the last.of all the lessons and information presented in Verbal Advantage.Verbal Advantage Success Edition About This Guide This guide is an abstract-or condensed version. 2. there is an aural review quiz. 3. i . It is designed to serve both as a reference to the contents of the program and as a study aid. Verbal Advantage contains ten levels of instructions. Here are several ways you can use this guide in conjunction with the audio program: 1. Read the abstracts of the key-word discussions in the guide either before or directly after taking each review quiz. review it in the guide before beginning the next level. Follow along in this guide as you listen. accelerate your vocabulary growth rate.
exact Y. let.car. state AW. woman. ahoy UH. e . AH. beat. shipment.hay.item. allow UR. i . ow . back. walk E. out. difference I. e . war OOR. eye .see. jar.in. would Obscure. dull. final. o . father. EYE is used when this sound by itself forms a syllable: EYE-land (island). ur . pass. uh . a -flat. alarm AIR. eer . oy .go. hit.by. Lightened.hair. a . right. good. door. ay . ooze.raw.pier. loin. or Variable Vowel Sounds A.do.spa. nation O.up. oor -poor. ahr . bear AY. carrot U. lure OW. uu . came. coat OO. ah . wait.Verbal Advantage Success Edition Vowel Sounds A. odd.turn. born. taken. stir.ago. color. full.edible. sew.pull. lettuce. u -focus. i . took. learn I. not AHR. nice.oil. tower. aisle Note: Y is used in combination with other letters to form a syllable: SLYT-lee (slightly). boy. sip UU. Unstressed. stare. ee . oh . aw . fear OH. key EER. also ago. charity. y and EYE. polite.yes. beer. tour. oo . or -for. gallop. policy.connect. all. rule OR. some. librarian E. were. doubt OY. circus. pie. step EE. air . raucous ii .cow.
pepper. open. g . bubble CH.wheat.indicates that some speakers M. r . f -fat.red. list TH. sh . 1. winner ‘n – hidden. v . whale. humble. y . p -pen. new. staff G. bath TH. m . b . uh-ST(Y)OOT. juice. add. turtle. z .get.ladle. apple NG.spasm.thin. tragic. hope. pack L.hit. d . power Y. sarcasm N. conscious T. s . awhile J. cotton. also. peach D. t .king. satin. emblem employ the Y sound of you and others do not: N(Y)OO. end. cattle.no.will. wait. k . or French je iii . this.top. prism. w .dog. (y) .yes. D(Y)OO tee. effort. whet. behind HW. bigger. daze. n . h . take. brother. knee. th – there. bogus. catcher. duty. pop R. measure.my. arrive. azure. sudden F. even. bell ‘1. nothing. th . bitter. ask. chasm. j -jug. astute ‘m . anger.vision. ng . reason Z. cup. rush. actor. tank P. tag H. zh .chip. bathe V. layer (Y).sit.very. hw .she. thirst. you.Verbal Advantage Success Edition Consonant Sounds B.sing. please ZH. age K.boy.zoo. ch .leg. pass SH. cab. live W. car S. nation.
French vin. Scottish loch.German ach. KEY TO PRONUNCIATION Syllables are separated by a hyphen [-] Syllables printed in CAPITAL letters are stressed. Hebrew lechayim A guttural sound. blanc. Words of more than two syllables that have a primary and manner secondary stress are transcribed in the following: The syllable with secondary stress is printed in CAPITALS. (n) . Syllables printed in small (lower-case) letters are not stressed. iv . garcon A nasalized sound-the N is stopped in the nose. and the syllable with primary stress is printed in BOLDFACED CAPITALS: ED-i-fi. like that of clearing the throat (N). kh . bon.KAY-shin. Words of one syllable are printed in CAPITALS.Verbal Advantage Success Edition Foreign Sounds KH.
B. Synonyms. Antonyms and Related Information Listed in Order of Presentation. Synonyms: straightforwardness. 2. 5. Corresponding noun: digression. mysterious. ingenuousness (in-JENyoo-us-nis). outspokenness. Synonyms of candid include forthright and ingenuous. appearing or seeming to be true. go off in another direction. open. the place you walk in. ramble. by Level and Number.Verbal Advantage Level Five With Pronunciations. the place you walk out. take good note of. deviate. PARAPHRASE (PAR-uh-frayz) To restate. CANDOR (KAN-dur) Frankness. " 1. sincere. openness. the exit. Synonyms: plausible. UNCANNY (uhn-KAN-ee) Eerie. DIGRESS (di-GRES or dy-GRES) To wander. Additional useful word: archaic (ar-KAY-ik). OSTENSIBLE (ah-STEN-suh-buul) Apparent. forthrightness. strange. Corresponding adjective: candid. 5 . stray from the point. put what someone else has expressed into different words. sincere expression. The abbreviation N. the entrance. frank. Related words: ingress. 3. egress. 4. stands for the Latin nota bene and means "note well. weird. professed or declared as true without being demonstrated or proved. specious. old-fashioned.
changeable. Synonyms: sullen. Additional useful word: misanthropy. 11. handy. a sudden change of mind or change in the emotions. dexterous. ill-tempered. Corresponding noun: adept (AD-ept). thoroughly wet. grumpy. saturnine. nature. capricious should rhyme with delicious. permeated. abiding. fickle. MOROSE (muh-ROHS) Gloomy. deft. ADEPT (uh-DEPT) Skilled. Word 41). dolorous. Pronunciation tip: caprice is pronounced kuhPREES. adroit (Level 3. reliable. impregnated. steadfast. Corresponding noun: moroseness. sanguine. Synonyms: compatible. erratic. 6 . Antonyms: optimistic. 7. concerned with everyday affairs as opposed to theory or speculation. expert.Verbal Advantage Level Five 6. volatile. Synonyms: flighty. kindred. Synonyms: steeped. incongruous (in-KAHNG-groo-us). a highly skilled person. dissident. proficient. CAPRICIOUS (kuh-PRISH-us) Unpredictable. an expert. jovial. 10. moody. whimsical. impulsive. mercurial. agreeable. having to do with actual practice. Antonyms: alien. PRAGMATIC (prag-MAT-ik) Practical. unwavering. sodden. tending to change abruptly for no apparent or logical reason. Antonyms: stable. imbued. having the same taste. depressed. Corresponding noun: saturation. glum. harmonious. or temperament. able. full of moisture. Synonyms: clever. lugubrious. 9. 8. drenched. Corresponding noun: caprice. CONGENIAL (kun-JEE-nee-ul) Sympathetic. SATURATED (SACH-uh-ray-tid) Soaked. hatred of humankind.
immovable. or is together in opinion. (2) To act together. NEGLIGIBLE (NEG-li-juh-buul) Unimportant. insignificant 15. Etymology tip: One meaning of the Latin prefix con. trifling. combine in having an effect. irregular. implacable. 14. voluntary. SPORADIC (spor-RAD-ik) Occasional. boisterous. flagrant. BLATANT (BLAY-tint) Noisy. coincide. VANGUARD (VAN-gard) The forefront of an action or movement. unite in opinion.is "together. clamorous. 16. OBLIGATORY (uh-BLIG-uh-tor-ee) Required. happening from time to time. 7 . that which concurs happens together. disagreeably or offensively loud. be in accord with. Synonyms: trivial. refusing to give in.Verbal Advantage Level Five 12. 18. leading position or persons in a movement. incessant. Synonyms: unshakable. obtrusive. Antonyms: optional. 13. necessary. ADAMANT (AD-uh-mint) Unyielding. Antonyms: constant. infrequent. not constant. also. sticking out in a glaring way. acts together. occur at the same time. binding. inflexible. occurring in scattered or random way. of little consequence. unremitting. unrelenting." By derivation. 17. (3) To happen together. CONCUR (kun-KUR) (1) To agree. mandatory.
credo (KREE-doh or KRAY-doh). Related words: incredible. hard to achieve or accomplish. ill-humored and impatient. laborious. TAWDRY (TAW-dree) Cheap and showy. indifferent. professed faith or opinion. toilsome. Credulous and gullible are synonymous.B.Verbal Advantage Level Five 19. removed. 22. 24. Compare cantankerous (Level 1. withdrawn. Synonyms: strenuous." an inferior type of lace sold at Saint Audrey's fair in England. ALOOF (uh-LOOF) Apart. fretful. garish. something that irritates or annoys. Synonyms: doctrine. 8 . standoffish. PEEVISH (as spelled." a corruption of "Saint Audrey lace. complaining. PRECOCIOUSNESS (pruh-KOH-shus-nis) Early development or maturity. unapproachable. at a distance. 21. Word 41). not wishing to speak or associate with others. rhymes with seed) Belief. dogma. sleazy. credulous. Synonyms: unsympathetic. difficult to please. Corresponding adjective: precocious. CREED (KREED. especially in mental ability. credible. Antonym: retardation. Credulous means willing to accept something as true without questioning. gaudy. Corresponding noun: peeve. ARDUOUS (AHR-joo-us) Very difficult. requiring great effort. cross. N. full of complaints. especially a system of religious belief. 23. 20. Etymology: Tawdry comes from the phrase "tawdry lace. PEE-vish) Irritable.
literally. unsteady. cannot correctly be personable. hypothesis. and monogram. tediously uniform. having a set opinion or purpose. Antonyms: irresolute. Etymology tip: The prefix mono. ARBITRARY (AHR-bi-trair-ee) (1) Unreasoned. persevering. (3) Exercising unrestrained or absolute power. no matter how friendly and pleasant. affable. Reserve personable either for someone who is attractive in appearance or attractive both in appearance and personality. An awkward or unbecoming person. and amiable already suggest people who are friendly. MONOTONOUS (muh-NAH-tub-nus) Lacking variety. determine. monocle. 29.means "one. and approachable. (2) Determined or arrived at in a random or illogical manner. RESOLUTE (REZ-uh-loot) Firmly determined or settled. 28. pleasing in appearance. Synonyms: handsome. or law. unvarying and dull. 9 . single. REASONABLE (PUR-suh-nuh-buul) Attractive. to decide. resolved. theory. settle once and for all. Corresponding verb: resolve. Usage tip: Avoid using personable to mean having nice personality. conjecture. 27. pleasant. vacillating. fair." as in the related words monogamy. based on personal feelings or preferences rather than on reason. logic. Synonyms: steadfast. SUPPOSITION (SUHP-uh-ZISH-un) An assumption. Sociable. unwavering. presentable.Verbal Advantage Level Five 25. having one continuous sound or tone. comely. making discretionary judgments or decisions that may or may not be fair or reasonable. Related words: Arbiter and arbitrator both mean a judge or umpire who makes a final decision or resolves a dispute. 26.
OBSTINATE (AHB-sti-nit) Stubborn." as in omnidirectional. Word 15). to tear. flexible. not yielding to argument or persuasion. having unlimited power or authority. Synonyms: inheritance. 33. features. rend. 36. bequest. PLIANT (PLY-int) Bending easily. 35. LACERATE (LAS-ur-ayt) Literally. mangle. workable. Pronunciation tip: Obstinate is sometimes mispronounced as if it were spelled obstinant. Synonyms: adaptable. Synonym: rejoinder. especially one that is cutting or witty. 34. all-knowing. Take care to spell obstinate correctly and pronounce it AHB-sti-nit. cause pain.Verbal Advantage Level Five 30. unwilling to give in or compromise. 10 . Figuratively. or characteristics. pliable. cut roughly. consisting of many kinds. containing many elements. multitudinous. afflict. 31. and omniscient (ahm-NISH-int). Etymology tip: The element omni. RETORT (ri-TORT) A quick reply. Synonyms: multifarious. 32. MANIFOLD (MAN-i-fohld) Numerous and varied.means "all. to wound. inflexible. LEGACY (LEG-uh-see) Something handed down from the past. omnipresent. almighty. supple. adamant (Level 1. OMNIPOTENT (ahm-NIP-uh-tint) All-powerful. intractable. Synonyms: hidebound. intransigent.
42. GENESIS (JEN-i-sis) A coming into being. Related word: unwarranted. treating something serious in a trivial manner. Synonyms: contentious. without good reason or authorization. Word 23). overwhelm completely. 40. birth. Antonyms: solemn. 11 . beginning. grave. promise. quick to quarrel or to exhibit ill will. CANTANKEROUS (kan-TANGK-uh-rus) Difficult to deal with.B. authorize. 38. impertinent. something that causes hesitation or doubt in determining what is appropriate and proper. sanction. Related words: scruple. resurgence 39. taking pains to do something exactly right. argumentative. thoughtless. Compare peevish (Level 1. dishonorable. deceitful. RENAISSANCE (ren-uh-SAHNS orREN-uh-sahns) A revival. lacking integrity or moral principles. irascible (i-RAS-uh-buul). Synonyms: origin. unjustifiable. UNSCRUPULOUS (uhn-SKROO-pyoo-lus) Untrustworthy. Synonyms: cheeky. malicious. disagreeable. FLIPPANT (FLIP-int) Disrespectful in a frivolous way. scrupulous. corrupt. N. bring under rigid control. (2) To guarantee. sober. Corresponding noun: subjugation. give good reason for. creation. enslave. make submissive. WARRANT (WAH-rint or WAR-int) (1) To justify. vanquish.Verbal Advantage Level Five 37. give formal assurance of. Synonyms: rebirth. having scruples-hence. renewal of life or vigor. 43. dominate. sedate. defeat. 41. fresh. SUBJUGATE (SUHB-juh-gayt) To conquer.
economical. 47. exercising sound judgment in practical matters. unnecessarily complex phraseology. Synonyms: ample. comfortably convenient. askew. speech or writing that is highly technical and difficult to understand. circumspect (Level 3. rhymes with why) Twisted. frugal (Level 2. capacious (kuh-PAY-shus). infringement. COMMODIOUS (kuh-MOH-dee-us) Spacious. WRY (like rye. amusing way. Word 21). and the verb to violate." 49. Synonyms: sacred. or destruction. using one's resources wisely. provident (Level 4. sophisticated. crooked. Synonyms: thrifty. pertaining to or living in a city. the suffix -able. Related words: provide.Verbal Advantage Level Five 44. specifically. INVIOLABLE (in-VY'l-uh-buul) Secure. having plenty of room. incorruptible. Etymology tip: Inviolable combines the prefix in-. Synonyms: discreet. lopsided. Urbane suggests the polished sophistication of a city dweller. Word 35). cosmopolitan. unassailable. planning wisely. safe from assault. JARGON (JAHR-gun) Specialized and often pretentious language. Word 1). (2) Spending carefully. PRUDENT (PROO-dint) (1) Cautious. suave. untouchable. not. Related words: commode. accommodate. obscure language or a private vocabulary used and understood only by members of a particular group or profession. distorted in an odd. careful. 48. 45. and means literally "not able to be violated. accommodations. 46. Related word: urban. URBANE (ur-BAYN) Polished. 12 .
" It's a redundancy." Drop close and let proximity do its work alone. closeness.B. PROXIMITY (prahk-SIM-i-tee) Nearness. Also discussed is the useful expression sotto voce (SAW-toh VOH-chay). * * * * * N. therefore "close proximity" means "close closeness. Level I ends with a discussion of the proper use of the verbs to lay and to lie. Usage tip: Avoid using the common phrase "close proximity. an Italian phrase meaning "under the breath." uttered in a soft voice so as not to be overheard. * * * * * 13 . Proximity means closeness.Verbal Advantage Level Five 50. the state of being in the vicinity of something.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.