500 Most Common English Words ABANDON: To give up completely - abandoned the sinking ship.

Synonyms: relinquish, forgo, forsake ABASH: To lose self-confidence; to confuse, put to shame – abashed before the assembled dignitaries. Synonyms: fluster, disconcert, discomfit, discompose Antonym: (adj.) self-possessed ABDICATE: To give up claim to - abdicated the throne Synonyms: renounce, abandon, relinquish ABET: To encourage -or support - treacherously abetted the enemy. Synonyms: spur, incite Antonym: deter ABRIDGE: To shorten - abridged his lengthy speech. Synonyms: curtail, diminish, retrench Anthonyms: protract, elongate, amplify ABROGATE: To abolish or render void - a treaty abrogated by mutual consent. Synonyms: annul, nullify, rescind, void ABSTEMIOUS: Moderate in the use of food or drink - abstemious in his habits. Synonym: temperate ACADEMIC: Pertaining to school; theoretical academic interests; an academic discussion, with no practical implications. Synonym: scholastic ACCEDE: To agree to -accede to a request. Synonym: assent

Antonym: demur ACCELERATE: - To quicken, speed tip - took an accelerated course in order to graduate early. Synonym: expedite (adj. expeditious) Antonym: retard ACCOLADE: An award or salute - a tremendous accolade for a returning hero. Synonyms: tribute, ovation ACCORD: Agreement or harmony - in full accord with his view. Synonyms: concord, concurrence Antonyms:dissension, discord ACRIMONIOUS: Sharp or harsh in language or temper - stung by the acrimonious remark. Synonyms:caustic, acerb, pungent, tart, mordant, acrid; (noun) asperity Antonyms:suave, affable ACUMEN: Keenness of mind or insight - showing exceptional business acumen. Synonyms:perspicacity, discernment, perception Antonym:obtuseness ADMONISH (noun: ADMONITION): To warn or find fault gently - admonishing the unruly child. Synonyms:chide, caution, reprimand, reprehend, reproach ADVERSARY: (adj.: ADVERSE): An opponent - his adversary in a bitter debate. Synonym:antagonist Antonyms:cohort, confederate, ally, accomplice ADVERSITY: Misfortune - calm in the face of adversity. Synonyms:affliction, mischance, reverses

AESTHETIC: Pertaining to the beautiful - interested in aesthetic values rather than in purely practical affairs. AFFABLE: Sociable, courteous, and agreeable in manner a much admired, affable gentleman. Synonyms: civil, complaisant, benign, gracious, genial, urbane, cordial Antonyms:curt, brusque, rude, boorish, surly AFFLUENT: Prosperous, flourishing; copious - a large bequest from an affluent grandfather. Synonyms:opulent, profuse Antonyms:destitute, impecunious AGGRESSIVE (noun: AGGRESSION. an unprovoked attack): self-assertive; attacking, offensive - annoyed people by hisaggressive attitude; Synonyms:bumptious, officious, obtrusive Antonyms:meek, humble, retiring, diffident ALACRITY: Eagerness; cheerful promptness - responded to the flattering offer with alacrity. Synonyms:celerity, briskness, energy, animation Antonyms:apathy, nonchalance, sluggishness, lethargy, phlegmatism ALIENATE: To estrange - altenated by his gruff manner. ALLAY: To calm; to lessen in severity - at ease now that his fears have been allayed. Synonyms:appease, alleviate, pacify, assuage, abate, mitigate, propitiate, mollify, placate Antonyms:intensify, aggravate ALLUDE (noun: ALLUSION): To refer to indirectly - alluded quite subtly to his friend's misfortune. Synonyms:insinuate, intimate, imply Antonyms:refer, cite ALLURE: To tempt by flattery or an attractive offer - allured by the prospect of a new job. Synonyms:lure, decoy, inveigle, entice, seduce, wheedle, beguile, cajole

Antonym:repel AMBIGUOUS: Uncertain, vague, capable of being inter- in more than one way - puzzled by the ambiguous statement. Synonyms:hazy, obscure, equivocal, dubious, nebulous Antonyms:explicit, unquestionable AMENABLE: Obedient; willing to submit - amenable to the suggestion. Synonyms:tractable, docile, responsive Antonyms:intractable, refractory, recalcitrant AMIABLE: Good-natured; friendly - attracted friends by his amiable disposition. Synonym:complaisant ANACHRONISM: A thing placed or occurring out of its normal time - A machine gun at the Battle of Yorktown would be an anachronism. ANALOGY (adj.: ANALOGOUS): A relation between two things shown in the resemblance not of the things themselves but of their characteristics- He indicated points of analogy between the two situations. Synonyms:correspondence, affinity Antonym: anomaly (a deviation from the general rule) ANARCHY: State of confusion or lawlessness - a country brought to utter anarchy by civil war. Synonyms: chaos, pandemonium ANIMUS: A feeling of hatred-felt no animus, even against the enemy. Synonyms: enmity, rancor, malevolence, animosity Antonym: amity ANNALS: Historical records - in the annals of literature. ANONYMOUS: Of unknown authorship-an anonymous publication. ANTHOLOGY: A collection of choice literary works – an anthology of modern poetry.

ANTITHESIS (adj.: ANTITHETICAL): Contrast; the direct opposite - His selfish attitude seemed to me the antithesis o patriotism. APATHY (adj.: APATHETIC): Lack of feeling, emotion, or interest - attributed his failure to apathy, rather than lack of ability. Synonyms: torpor, lethargy, sluggishness, listlessness, languor, lassitude, dispassion; (verb) languish Antonyms:zeal, animation APPREHENSIVE (verb: APPREHEND): Fearful - Being unprepared, John is apprehensive of the examination. APPRISE: To inform -apprisedhis lieutenants of the new situation. APPROBATION: Approval; praise -a plan that met with hearty approbation. Synonyms:sanction, commendation Synonyms:sanction, commendation Antonym:disapprobation APT (noun: APTITUDE, APTNESS): (1) Likely; inclined or disposed - apt to succeed. Synonym: prone (2) Fit, suitable - an apt remark. Synonyms: appropriate, felicitous (3) Skillful, expert - apt at woodcarving. Synonyms: deft, dextrous, adept. Antonym: inept ARBITER: A person who has authority to decide matters in dispute - a fair decision rendered by the arbiter. Synonyms: mediator, arbitrator ARCHETYPE: An original pattern - copies reproduced from the archetype. Synonym: prototype Antonyms: Stereotype, facsimile, replica

disavow ASSIDUOUS: Industrious . a privileged class -special privileges enjoyed by the aristocracy. parched Antonyms: arable. The armistice halted the war. artless ARTICULATE (verb): To speak clearly or distinctly . always ready to give his views.ARID: Dry.looked askance at the forged signature. recant.an assiduous worker. Synonyms:sedulous. to confirm . diligent. ASSEVERATE: To declare positively. fertile ARISTOCRACY: Government by the best people. avow. indefatigable . adroit. abstinent Antonyms: wanton. (adj. allege Antonyms:gainsay. clear – an articulate man. Synonym: oligarchy Antonym: democracy ARMISTICE: A temporary suspension of hostilities.): Capable of speech. attentive. Synonym: truce ARTFUL: Sly. distinct. aver. self-indulgent ASKANCE: With distrust . abjure.attained his mean objective by artful measures. ingenuous. jejune. ingenious. crafty . avouch. Synonyms. wily.the arid desert land. guileful Antonyms: guileless. controvert. toiling long hours.asseverated his views with conviction. barren .articulated slowly so that he could not be misunderstood. Synonyms:assert.pursued the ascetic life of a monk. Synonyms: cunning. ASCETIC: Rigorously self-denying . Synonyms: austere. rescind.

counterfeit. fortunate Antonyms:ominous. bona fide Antonyms. Synonym:tyrannical Antonym:benevolent AVARICE: Excessive greed .apocryphal. cupidity. Synonyms:propitious. curtail AUSPICIOUS: Indicating a happy outcome . Synonyms:veritable.the picture. bogus AUTOCRATIC: Despotic . spurious. AUGMENT: To increase or enlarge .feared by the masses as an autocratic ruler.a fortune accumulated by avarice and miserliness. Synonyms:sanctuary. Synonyms: enhance. amplify . hanging awry on the wall.Antonyms:indolent.Antonyms: abate." Synonyms:infidel. skeptic ATTRIBUTE (verb): Assign -attributed his success to bard work.The prospect for this project appears auspicious. agnostic.an army augmented by numerous enlistments. . "There is no God. refuge ATHEIST: One who denies that God exists . Synonym: ascribe (noun): An inherent quality -Generosity was his outstanding attribute. slothful ASYLUM: A place offering shelter and retreat -found asylum from persecution. not straight .The atheist declared. foreboding AUTHENTIC: Genuine -proved to be an authentic document. avidity Antonym:magnanimity AWRY: Unsymmetrical. Synonyms:covetousness.

bestowing many favors. causing serious injury. Synonyms: stilly. Synonyms:raillery. vivid BANEFUL (noun: BANE: poison.a widow just bereaved of her husband.The conductor wielded his baton gracefully. smirch. benignant. original. disputatious Antonyms: pacific. prosaic. Synonyms:commonplace. pernicious. toxic Antonym:beneficent BANTER: Good-natured teasing or ridicule-The two wits I exchanged banter. defile. charitable .besmirched his opponent's good name with vile epithets.two belligerent nations warring fiercely. Synonyms: benign. evil purpose.His gracious manner belled his.a baneful effect. stereotyped. Inclined to quarrel. warlike . Synonyms: deleterious. magnanimous Antonyms: malevolent.like a benevolent monarch. Synonym:misrepresent BELLICOSE. poisonous .Synonym:askew BANAL: Lacking in freshness. malignant BEREAVE: To deprive or leave desolate by loss . conciliatory BELLIGERENT: Engaged in war . hackneyed. bespatter . BENEVOLENT: Kindly.His bellicose attitude often got John into fights. originality. contentious. trite. or vigor-bored by his banal remarks. chaff BATON: A stick or staff . BELIE: To give a false idea of . gracious. BESMIRCH: To soil or dirty . virulent. to the amusement of the audience. vapid Antonyms:racy. noxious. Synonyms: pugnacious. source of harm): Destructive.

pompous. soothing. Synonyms:wither.a bland diet. without irritating foods. outlandish in the extreme. joyous Antonyms: dejected. acrid. inflated with meaningless high-flown words. blighted by incessant rain. caustic. racy. grotesque. arbitrary. forlorn. mire BOMBASTIC (noun: BOMBAST): High-sounding. polite. abject BOG: A swamp .BIASED: Prejudiced .Bad associates blemished his character (noun): A disfigurement. fantastic. non-irritating Antonyms: piquant. unusual in appearance. BLEMISH (verb): To scar or spoil . BLIGHT: To ruin or decay .a character without a blemish. Synonyms:bigoted.attracted people by his blandishments. partisan Antonyms:disinterested. partial. equitable BIBLIOPHILE: A lover of books . merry. Antonym: bibliophobe BIZARRE: Queer. blast BLITHE: Gay and light-hearted in spirit or mood . pretentious in language a bombastic speech. defect . Synonyms:odd. eccentric BLAND: Gentle. fen. fustian .spread cheer with her blithe spirit. tart. pungent BLANDISHMENT: A flattering speech or act .The bibliophile fingered the old book fondly. quagmire. Synonyms: ranting. Synonyms: jocund. suave (affable or persuasive in manner). Synonyms: mild.bizarre clothes. Synonyms: morass.misled by a biased point of view. agreeable .sank into the spongy bog.the rotting wheat-.

overbearing CABAL: A small group of persons engaged in plotting . BUMPTIOUS: Obnoxiously conceited or self-assertive .BOORISH: Unrefined in speech or manners . rural BUFFOON: A clown . or object serving as a protection .acted as a bulwark in the fight against crime.a cabal of prominent persons united to overthrow the government. hence. An embankment used as a fortification .a bumptious monitor. rustic. Synonyms: dissonant. full of ludicrous tricks. pale -His face appeared cadaverous from long imprisonment. crass Antonym: suave BUCOLIC: Pertaining to the country . A person.the joys of the shepherd. discordant.a lofty bulwark for defense. uncultured. idea. strident. Synonyms:churlish. Synonyms: ghastly. florid . contumelious. arrogant. puffed up with his own importance. Synonym: rampart 2. Synonyms: junto. dulcet CADAVEROUS: Corpselike. faction CACOPHONOUS: Unharmonious sounding . pallid (noun: pallor). blatant. uncouth. Synonym: harlequin BULWARK: 1. ashen Antonyms: rubicund.acting like a buffoon. raucous Antonyms: mellifluous. wan. noisy and discordant. euphonious.a cacophonous blare of trumpets.exhibited the boorish manners of a backwoodsman. gaunt. Synonyms:pastoral.a bucolic poem de. Synonyms: aggressive. haggard.

mercurial Antonyms:steadfast. laud CELESTIAL: Pertaining to the sky. eulogize. obdurate CALUMNIATE: To accuse falsely or maliciously in order to injure another's reputation. testy.a capriciousperson. ingenuous. Synonyms: asperse. carviling. vilify. inconstant. contentious. CASTIGATE: To punish or criticize severely . upbraid. Synonyms:ethereal. constant. whimsical. heavenly-a celestial pageant of bright stars. Synonyms: artless. Synonyms:fickle. even-tempered CAPTIOUS: Quick to find fault about trifles. outspoken.a captious critic pouncing on slight laws. choleric. carping. quarrelsome – showed a cantankerous and sullen disposition.CALLOUS: Unfeeling or insensitive . censorious CARICATURE: A picture or other description of a person which exaggerates ludicrously one or more of his distinctive features . Synonyms:petulant. slander . undependable in mood or temper. peevish.made callous by long suffering. or actions suddenly . unbiased Antonyms: guileful. crotchety. evasive CANTANKEROUS: Ill-natured. equable CAPRICIOUS: Inclined. Synonyms: insensible. changeable. fretful Antonyms:amiable. chasten Antonyms:commend. (noun) firmament . reprehend. Synonyms:hypercritical. impartial a candid reply that could hardly be more forthright.castigated for using improper language. pugnacious. reprimand. defame. purpose.calumniated his political opponent by spreading false rumors.not a realistic portrait but a malicious caricature. erratic. censure. fitful. Synonyms:reprove. through some whim or fancy change the mind. affable. scandalize CANDID (noun: CANDOR): Frank.

looked about him circumspectly. quiet CLANDESTINE: Secret. strident Antonyms: muted. chronic complaint. Synonyms: respectful.answered in a civil fashion. wile. vigilant. habitual-a.practised chicanery all his shady dealings. headstrong CIRCUMVENT: To gain an advantage by the use of trick to evade by the use of deception. deception. An extreme patriot-a chauvinist with most pride in his country. Synonyms:thwart. Of or having to do with citizens or the state . discreet. incessant. unremitting.a clement judge who tempered justice with leniency. gracious CLAMOROUS: Loud and noisy .We I civil duties as well as civil liberties. foothardy.. Polite. gentle . stratagem. surreptitious Antonyms: overt.a clamorous outburst the crowd outside. raucous. temerarious.circumventedthe law by evasive practices. subterfuge CHRONIC: Continuing a long time. precipitate. 2. blatant. Synonyms:duplicity. above-board CLEMENT: Merciful. persisting for years. reckless. covert. infrequent CIRCUMSPECT: Cautious . Synonyms:persistent. balk.CHAUVINIST. Synonyms: furtive. indiscreet. Synonyms:prudent. Synonyms: vociferous. obstreperous. constant Antonyms:intermittent. delude CIVIL: 1. . courteous . manifest. to go around . sporadic. outwit. Synonym:jingoist CHICANERY: Trickery. stealthy . inveterate. craft. wary Antonyms:rash.a clandestine meeting known only to a few.

to get along together parted company because they were not compatible.just compensation for his labor. consolidation. restraint. machination COMMODIOUS: Roomy . emolument COMPLACENT: Self-satisfied . . able. merging of various units into one unit . remuneration. Synonyms: collaboration. ruthless COALITION (verb: COALESCE): Alliance.a commodious apartment. abstract. fusion COERCION: Compelling a person by physical force or other means to do something against his will . recompense. incompatible COMPENDIUM (adj.looked on his own performance with a complacent smile. consistent Antonyms: incongruous. discordant. Synonym: persuasive COLLUSION: Working together secretly for an evil purpose . impelling COGENT: Having the force to compel.: COMPENDIOUS): A brief summary of the main ideas of a larger work . forbearing Antonyms: relentless.three parties forming a coalition to rule the country. capacious. Synonyms: stipend. epitome COMPENSATION: Payment for services . digest. conniving. precis. Synonyms: amalgamation.rendered his services without the slightest coercion. conspiracy. Synonyms: synopsis.a compendium of chemistry in a slim volume.Synonyms: compassionate. Synonyms: congruous.persuaded by cogent arguments.acted in collusion to overthrow the government. Synonyms: spacious. ample COMPATIBLE: Harmonious. Synonyms: constraint. usually by appealing to reason .

capitulate CONDIGN: Well-deserved (applied chiefly to punishment) . penitence. atonement. show compassion. CONJECTURE: To guess . accomplice (adj. or misfortune . palliate. qualm CONCEDE: To yield. to grant .received condign punishment for his crime. Synonyms: surmise.): United or allied in a conspiracy .congenial to his taste. able to get on well with others .Synonym: smug COMPUNCTION: Regret for wrongdoing . Synonyms: extenuate. CONDOLE (noun: CONDOLENCE): To express sympathy with another in sorrow. gloss CONFEDERATE (noun): A person allied with others for a special purpose (frequently a bad one) . solace CONDONE: To forgive or overlook (an offense) . remorse. Synonyms: collaborator.congenial people with similar backgrounds.two confederate groups hurrying to their rendezvous. we can only conjecture about his guilt.conceded victory to a superior force. CONGENIAL: (1) Possessing similar interests and tastes.displayed slight compunction for his misdeed. Synonyms: contrition. Synonym: compatible (2) Agreeable . Synonyms: acquiesce.joined his confederatein secret enterprise.condoned the deed.condoled with each other in their grief. to admit as true. Synonyms: commiserate.Without facts. in view of the offender's age. pain. mitigate. presume CONSECRATE: .

portly Antonyms: gaunt. Synonym: accord CONSTERNATION: Amazement. bountiful. Synonyms: dismay. Antonyms: botched.a convivial party.): Perfect or highly accomplished . Synonyms: hallow.corpulent due to excessive eating. dolorous. or analyze . CONTEMPTUOUS: Expressive of contempt (an emotion involving anger and disgust) . mirthful Antonyms: lugubrious.shed copious tears at the bad news. inept (verb): To complete. profuse. scornful. Synonyms. gay .The consensus of the committee was that no action should be taken. bungled.construed the statement to his own advantage. bewilderment CONSTRUE (noun: CONSTRUCTION): To interpret. disdainful.The threat struck deep consternation into John. Synonyms: jovial. CONSUMMATE (adj. General agreement . Synonyms: supercilious.consummated the deal without delay.achieved with consummate skill. sanctify Antonym: desecrate (2) To devote or dedicate to some aim . mirthless COPIOUS: Plentiful . lack of courage caused by fearful prospect .cast a contemptuous look at his subordinate.(1) To set apart as sacred . lank. emaciated. explain the sense of. Synonyms: obese. bring to perfection . scant CORPULENT: Fat .consecrate the battlefield with a monument to the dead heroes. abundant Antonyms: meager. jocund. CONSENSUS. contumelious CONVIVIAL: Festive. peaked .consecrated his life to teaching.

stout-hearted CREDENCE: Trust or belief . intrepid. Synonyms: pusillanimous.): Free from local prejudices . Poltroon (adj. Synonym. Synonym: sanction CRASS: Coarse and stupid .displayed crass ignorance.COSMOPOLITAN (noun): One who is at home in all countries .the deed of a craven. Synonym: conviction Antonym: skepticism CREDIBLE: Worthy of belief . provincial COTERIE: A group of people joined by common interests a coterie of select friend. cosmopolitan in tastes and attitudes.a craven act which shocked the world. Synonym: clique COUNTENANCE (noun): A face . (adj. Synonyms: Catholic Antonyms: parochial.a world-wide traveler.gave little credence to the rumor. Antonyms: stalwart.His countenance expressed his complete disgust. true to life. motivated by fear. valiant.a credible story. Synonym: visage (verb): To approve . dastardly. Antonym: incredible .A cosmopolitan can feel at ease anywhere in the world.): Cowardly .refused to countenance disrespectful conduct. Synonym: gross CRAVEN (noun): Coward .

skeptical CRINGE: To shrink in fear . commendable Antonyms: discreditable. difficult to decipher. enigmatic Antonyms: palpable. wince CRUCIAL: Decisive or critical. CRYPTIC: Containing hidden meaning . infamous. manifest CULPABLE: Deserving blame or censure . superficial . fawn.Time permitted only a cursory examination. bulk CURB: To control.a cryptic message. bluff .removed from office for culpable negligence. ignominious CREDULOUS: Inclined to believe anything.applauded for his creditable performance. impeding his march. Synonyms: censurable. Synonyms: occult. Synonyms: blunt.CREDITABLE: Deserving or reflecting Credit or honor . difficult . meritorious. cower. easily imposed upon . hence. truckle. unwieldy. brusque. Synonyms: praiseworthy. reprehensible CUMBROUS: Burdensome and clumsy .forcibly curbed the people's protest. Antonyms: painstaking. check. subdue CURSORY: Hurried.the crucial event that decided the outcome.cringing before superior force. Synonyms: cumbersome. meticulous CURT: Rudely abrupt -offended by the curt response.a cumbrous knapsack.a credulous fool whom anyone can dupe. Synonym: gullible Antonyms: incredulous. flinch. opprobrious. Synonyms. or restrain . Synonyms: repress.

belittled the hero with a cynical remark.a delectable meal. DEMEANOR: Behavior. (adj. delineated by a master artist. Synonym: divinity DELECTABLE: Very pleasing . efface. civil CYNICAL: Sneeringly distrustful of the good motives or conduct of others . Synonyms: respect.carrying himself with a proud demeanor.striking features. bearing . downpour . Synonyms: deportment. surly DEARTH: Scarcity . Antonyms: plethora. DELINQUENT (noun): An offender . tastefully prepared. veneration Antonym: recalcitrance DEITY: A god -The sun was a deity to ancient peoples. Synonyms: sarcastic.Antonyms: affable. Synonyms: expunge.the mob roused by an unprincipled demagogue. DEMAGOGUE: A leader who tries to stir the passions of people for his own purposes . mien . brought about by censorship. take out or remove .deletedan offensive phrase. DELETE: To erase or cancel.too many people who are delinquent in meeting their civic duties. Synonym: derelict DELUGE: A great flood. censor.found to be a delinquent by the court.a dearth of news.a spring deluge which caused the river to overflow.yielded out of deference to the old man. complaisance. abundance DEFERENCE: Submitting to the wishes or judgment of another .): Failing to fulfill an obligation . eradicate DELINEATE: To sketch or portray .

decorous.depleted the public treasury by vast building programs. wicked. Synonyms: remonstrate. Synonyms: lament. Synonyms: sedate. grieve DEPRAVED: Of low morals. eulogize DEVASTATION: Widespread ruin . rather than the direct way home. (adj. indirect . frivolous DENOUNCE (noun: DENUNCIATION): To speak against .the city left in utter devastation by war. Synonyms: disparage.a depraved mind. Synonyms: debased. laud. censure. derogate (adj.deprecated the proposal severely. prudish.denounced by the press as a traitor.took a devious.) replete DEPLORE: To express sorrow or grief over . perverted DEPRECATE: To plead or argue against a certain course of action . decry. protest. serious demure as a Victorian maiden. expostulate Antonym: sanction DEPRECIATE: To belittle or speak slightingly of . Synonyms: destruction. devising evil. decry. staid.DEMURE: Affectedly or falsely modest or prim. castigate Antonyms: laud. Synonyms: exhaust. coy Antonyms: immodest. eulogize DEPLETE: To empty or to use up . derogatory) Antonyms: enhance. . extol. drain Antonyms: replenish. Synonyms: stigmatize.a lamentable situation deplored by all parties. reprehend. magnify.depreciated John's acting ability. desolation DEVIOUS: (1) Winding. vicious. corrupt .

disconcerted by his suspicious stare. a saying-an imperial dictum demanding instant compliance. DIDACTIC: Designed to teach. a difficult or perplexing situation . plight DILETTANTE: One who dabbles in the fine arts for amusement only and without concentrated study . Synonym: destitute Antonyms: abounding.a speech devoid of even a trace of ill-will. prevalent DEVOUT: Devoted to religious observances .devout in his regularity of attendance at worship. disquiet. imparting a lesson .used devious means to attain his wicked ends. reserved. Synonyms: pious.a poem with a didactic purpose. fluster . abash. discompose. retiring Antonyms: forward. not possessing . Synonyms:amateur. Synonyms: crooked.faced with a dilemma defying solution. religious Antonym: impious DICTUM: Art authoritative statement.too diffident to lead a group. a dilettante in art. quandary.a doctor by profession. Synonyms:perturb. Synonyms: shy. Synonyms:predicament. Synonym: pedagogical DIFFIDENT: Lacking in self-confidence. discomfit.Synonym: circuitous (2) Straying from the right course . erring DEVOID: Lacking in. reticent. hence. aggressive DILEMMA: A situation calling for a choice between two equally difficult alternatives. connoisseur DISCONCERT: To confuse. to embarrass . timid.

unrestrained in conduct or morals . to differ in opinion .dispelled a doubt that had lingered. DISCRETE: Separate .coldly dispassionate as the chairman of the meeting Synonyms:palm. disperse. Synonym: expedite (noun): A speedy performance. Synonyms:debauched.discoursed at length on the rise of political parties. DISSOLUTE: Living loosely. DISPASSIONATE: Free from feeling or partiality . DISCURSIVE: Rambling from one subject to another . totally unrelated. quantity. dissipated.dispatched with remarkable promptness. covering many topics.He dissented violently.his life wasted by dissolute conduct.done with all possible dispatch. diffuse DISSENT (noun: DISSENSION): To disagree. to scatter . difference in image. Synonyms:inconsolable.a discursive letter. without hope or possibility of consolation made disconsolate by abject poverty. profligate . Synonyms:dissipate.DISCONSOLATE: Depressed. dejected Antonyms:blithesome. alacrity DISPEL: To drive away. rejecting compromise. the sending off of something . to send off . digressive DISPARITY (adj. character. carefree DISCOURSE: To converse or talk. impartial Antonym:partial DISPATCH (verb): To do speedily. or rank great disparity between promise and performance.: DISPARATE): Inequality. to discuss .two discrete issues. Synonyms:desultory. Synonyms: celerity.

Synonym: harassed DIVERSE: (verb: DIVERSIFY. asserting an opinion as though it were an undisputed fact . as if the speaker considered himself infallible.spokendogmatically.recognized as an authority in ecclesiastic matters. lay (noun): A clergyman . mirthful DYNAMIC: Forceful . the other insincere. lacking in or. noun: DIVISIBILITY): Varied.proclaimed by royal edict. DIVULGE: To make public or reveal . peremptory. quiescent ECCLESIASTIC (adj. Synonyms: disclose.refused to divulge his source of information. dormant. Synonyms: doleful. Synonym: energetic Antonyms: static.a story that edifiesthe reader. different two diverse characters. blithe. worn out . lugubrious. Antonyms: secular.possessed dynamic energy. sluggish. EDICT: A public command or proclamation issued by an authority . now an effete civilization. Synonym: decree EDIFY: To instruct or uplift. tireless and powerful. distracted . one candid. .DISTRAUGHT: Mentally distressed. opinionated.a dolorous song full of sorrow for past joys.powerful in ancient days. grievous Antonyms: jocund. impart DOGMATIC: Positive in expressing an opinion. inert. dictatorial DOLOROUS: Sorrowful.distraught by trials and tribulations. particularly in morals or religion . Synonym: multifarious DIVERTING: Entertaining .an ecclesiastic of liberal views.): Pertaining to the clergy or the church . Synonyms: overbearing.a diverting one of the most amusing I've ever seen. hence. torpid. as well as entertains him EFFETE: No longer productive. mournful .

ENSUE: To follow or result-Silence ensuedwhen the leader arose to speak. Synonyms: solicit.a speech full of original epigrams. importune. .an egotisticperson. ENTREAT: To beg earnestly . lasting but a day. transient.ejaculateda cry of horror.): Pleasure-loving . EJACULATE: To exclaim or utter suddenly . extort ELUCIDATE: To make clear. weariness of mind-fell asleep at the meeting from sheer ennui.elicitedno response from the audience. ENGENDER: To cause. supplicate. seeking to enjoy every meal.an epicurean.entreatedthe judge to show mercy. or stir up-an act that engenderedgood will.His entire existence demonstrated his epicureantastes.elucidatedhis theory so that even a schoolboy could understand it. ELICIT: To draw out . mendicant. Synonym: clarify EMISSARY: A person sent on an errand or mission . Synonyms: evoke. produce. ENNUI: Boredom. evanescent Antonym: eternal EPICUREAN (noun): A person devoted to luxurious living and pleasure . Synonyms: fleeting.an ephemeraljoy. transitory.) importunate. (adj. EPIGRAM: A brief pointed saying .EGOTISTIC: Conceited . extract. flourishing on praise. to explain . vain Antonym: altruistic EGREGIOUS: Outstandingly bad an egregiousmistake with serious implications. beseech. implore. (adj. Synonyms: egocentric.delegated his emissary to conclude a pact. suppliant EPHEMERAL: Very short-lived .

eccentric. recondite EXCEPTIONABLE: Objectionable . typical. an editor of many books.an erudite person. aplomb ERR (noun: ERRATUM): To be mistaken or go astray . blunder ERRATIC: Irresponsible.exculpated by a jury. reflecting his queer ideas. imperturbability.exceptionable behavior. adage EPITAPH: A tombstone inscription . lacking a fixed purpose erratic behavior. commendable .an epitaphengraved on marble.an esoteric subject. appellation EQUANIMITY (adj. absolve. universally criticized. ERUDITE: Learned . inculpate EXEMPLARY (noun: EXEMPLAR): Serving as a model. Synonyms: abstruse. praiseworthy.To err is human. reprehensible.exemplary conduct approved by all."Glaring" error is a commonly usedepithet. knowing ESOTERIC: Understood by only a select few .suffered his cruel fate with equanimity. laudable . exonerate. discussed only by scholars. acquit Antonyms: arraign. to forgive divine. composure. Synonyms: scholarly . censurable Antonym: laudable EXCULPATE: To free from blame . Synonyms: characterization . Synonyms: questionable.: EQUABLE): Evenness of temper or mind . Synonyms: illustrative. Synonyms: stray. Synonyms: vindicate. Synonyms: serenity. indict. EPITHET: A phrase that describes a quality (good or bad) in a person or thing .Synonyms: maxim proverb.

): Convenient in helping to attain some purpose . EXPATIATE: To speak or write at great length .the pathetic exodus of refugees from their homeland. alive only in history.the extinct dinosaur.expurgate all obscenities before the book could be sold. EXPLOIT (verb): To use for one's selfish purpose – refugees exploited by unscrupulous employers. (noun): An expatriated person .found it expedient to maintain silence at that moment.lauded for his exploits in science. Synonym: dilate EXPATRIATE (verb): To banish or exile. Synonym: feat EXPOUND (noun: EXPOSITION): To set forth in detail. Synonym: defunct Antonym: extant . emigration .expatriates who left the United States to live in Paris.expounded his theory in a learned article. EXOTIC: Strange and foreign .expatriated for treachery to his country. to explain . Synonyms: opportune. to withdraw from one's country . offhand EXTINCT: No longer existing or active .He expatiated on the subject for two hours.an exotic costume imported from Asia. EXPEDIENT (adj. Synonyms: purge. seasonable (noun): A means to accomplish something . Synonyms: impromptu. EXPURGATE: To purify (usually a piece of writing) of offensive material . (noun): A brilliant deed . delete EXTEMPORANEOUS: Done or spoken on the spur of the moment or without preparation an extemporaneous speech.tried all expedients to achieve a quick result.EXODUS: Departure.

especially of a building . Antonyms: infallible. said in fun . Synonym: jubilation FACADE: Front or face.Being human. frivolous Antonyms: solemn. pertinent EXULTATION: Great rejoicing . destroy totally . intrinsic. Not essential. silly . droll.extirpated the cause of trouble. Synonyms: eradicate.previous experience.received the good news with exultation. sagacious.brightened the evening with his facetious remarks. Synonyms: extrinsic. FATUOUS: Foolish. foreign.a feasible plan. puerile Antonyms: judicious. flippant.difficult to fathom his mysterious actions.EXTIRPATE: To root out. grave. deceptive . inherent. efface. FACETIOUS: Given to joking or inappropriate gaiety. obliterate EXTRANEOUS. vacuous. fidelity Antonyms: disloyalty. infidelity. misleading. . sage FEALTY: Faithfulness . unerring FATHOM: To penetrate and understand . Synonyms: jocose. Synonyms: allegiance.a facade of marble. exterminate. FALLIBLE: Liable to make mistakes or be deceived . proved practical by . relevant. constancy. treachery FEASIBLE: Workable . Synonyms: inane.excluded material extraneous to the subject.a fatuous suggestion that struck us as stupid. adventitious Antonyms: germane.led astray by fallacious reasoning and plans.The soldiers were pledged to fealty to their ruler. Tom was naturally fallible. irrelevant . saturnine FALLACIOUS (noun: FALLACY): Unsound.

affect FELICITY (adj.a fervid debater.a room festooned with spring flowers.used a fictitious name to avoid being recognized. full of emotion.muscles grown flaccid after the illness.: FELICITOUS): (1) A state of happiness . Synonym: charm. hung between two points . Synonym: bliss (2) A high ability . (1) Something that is believed to have magical powers .promoted felicity in the nation. (verb): To hang with festoons . ardent .Antonym: impracticable 245 FEIGN (noun: FEINT): To pretend . Synonyms: dissemble. FERVID: Spirited. begun as a hobby. vehement FESTOON (noun): A garland of flowers.He feigned to be angry.all his glorious plans ending in a fiasco. Synonyms: flabby. mastery of the well-chosen phrase. fervent. Synonyms: perfervid.savages worshipping the fetish in a ceremonial dance. etc. sham. became a fetish.the room bright with festoons of Thanksgiving decorations. made-up . FETISH. zealous. impassioned. Synonym: fabricated FLACCID: Lacking firmness . leaves. talisman. Synonym: debacle FICTITIOUS: Unreal. dissimulate. FIASCO: A ludicrous and complete failure . but we saw through his pretense. limp . amulet (2) An object of unreasoning devotion and worship – Photography.lie has a felicity of language.

Synonyms: balk. resplendent. abstain FORENSIC: Pertaining to public discussion or law courts . gaudy.flaunted the excellent report before his delighted parents.a fortuitous meeting with a friend in need. thwart. garish. to keep from .A fracas broke up the meeting.FLAGRANT: Outstandingly bad . rococo Antonym: somber FLAUNT: Display or wave boastfully . fugitive FLUCTUATE: To waver from one course to another. full of highly decorative imagery. altercation. gorgeous. imbroglio FRUSTRATE: To prevent (the attainment of an object). Synonyms: glaring.written in a flamboyant. adventitious.his mood fluctuating with every hour. baffle. vacillate. Synonyms: casual. conspicuous. random FRACAS: A disorderly quarrel . foil. ornate. obstruct. undulate.a lawyer gifted in forensic debate. Synonyms: florid. discomfit Antonym: abet .His scholastic progress wasfrustrated by a serious illness.forbearing to shoot the animal despite temptation. embellished. Synonyms: brawl. gross FLAMBOYANT: Elaborately showy .condemned for his flagrant abuse of power. FLEETING: Passing swiftly -the fleeting hours of happiness Synonyms: transitory. Synonyms: oscillate. Synonyms: restrain. Synonyms: rhetorical. sway FORBEAR (noun: FORBEARANCE): To exercise self control. fray. style. oratorical FORTUITOUS: Accidental . incidental. wrangle. to vary irregularly . notorious. scandalous. to defeat or render ineffectual .

nauseated by fulsome praise. sneer. Synonyms: mock.FULSOME: Disgustingly excessive . ponderous GREGARIOUS: Habitually fond of associating in a company or herd .the gossamer wings of a dragon fly.gregarious sheep.gulped down his food in gluttonous fashion. grim. macabre. flout.gibed at his enemy mercilessly. motions . deride (adj. which had its genesis in alchemy. rail.chemistry. Synonyms: adorn. pallid.: derisive).a glib liar. Synonyms: gruesome.dishes garnished attractively with greens. that gregarious animal. GHASTLY: Horrible. intemperate GOSSAMER (noun): A very thin gauzelike fabric or structure . lurid GIBE (variant spelling: JIBE): To laugh at. aloof . verb: GLUT): Inclined to cat to excess . Synonyms:voracious.a poem so delicate that it seemed an unreal gossamer.gesticulated wildly to show his distress.a ghastly disaster which shocked the world. scoff. deck GENEALOGY: A record of a person's or a family's ancestors or relatives . grisly. Synonym: inception GESTICULATE: To make gestures. or indicate feelings by. Synonym: lineage GENESIS: Origin . GLUTTON. Synonyms: diaphanous. deathlike . taunt GLIB: Smooth-spoken. GLUTTONOUS (noun.an interesting genealogy. gauzelike Antonyms: substantial. Antonyms:lone. GARNISH: To trim or decorate . fluent . man. jeer. to utter with scorn . (adj. including saints and sinners. distorting the truth effortlessly.): Thin and light . flimsy.

tiresome speech .dismissed the messenger in a haughty manner. outrageous.broke into histrionic laughter.a view condemned as heresy. Synonyms: inadvertent.GRIMACE: A distortion of the face to express an attitude or feeling . Synonyms:precursor. incautious Antonyms: prudent. theatrical . HEEDLESS: Thoughtless.an empty harangue which bored his audience. Synonyms: accost. abominable HERESY: An opinion held in opposition to the traditional view .The crowd hailed the returning hero. rash. HAIL: To greet . harbinger of spring.rushed into battle. Synonym: heterodoxy Antonym: orthodoxy HIATUS: A gap or vacancy. herald HAUGHTY: Proud. noisy speech. nefarious. hateful .committed a heinous crime. Synonyms: dramatic. hollow and insincere.the robin. Synonyms: rant. odious. Synonyms: atrocious. break -left a hiatus on the page where he erased a sentence.a grimace that was more expressive than words. Synonym:breach HISTRIONIC: Pertaining to the theater. looking down with contempt on others . wary HEINOUS: Wicked.harangued the multitude. ail announcer . declaim (noun): A loud. designed for show . A forerunner. Synonym: tirade HARBINGER. salute HARANGUE (verb): To deliver a long. monstrous. taking little care . heedless of the danger. circumspect. mindful.

. died in a mansion. renowned. untarnished Antonyms: defiled. to deceive . a practical joke .suffered an ignominious descent from political power. Synonyms: eccentricity.HOAX (noun): A trick or deception. Synonyms: undefiled. HOVEL: A dirty or wretched dwelling .confusing such homonyms as mail add male.Wearing white was one of Whistler's idiosyncrasies.immune from taxation. preeminent IMMACULATE: Spotless. degrading. Synonym: supposition IDIOSYNCRASY: A. personal peculiarity . unsullied. Synonym: canard (verb): To play a trick on. opprobrious. singularity IGNOMINIOUS (noun: IGNOMINY): Incurring public disgrace .worked from a fantastic hypothesis. HYPERBOLE: Extravagant exaggeration for effect . aberration. pure .An example of hyperbole: "There are a million objections to the project.He hoaxed the crowd completely with his disguise. crotchet. unblemished. foible.an immaculate reputation.played a hoax upon the credulous public. Synonyms: infamous." Synonym: overstatement Antonym: understatement HYPOTHESIS: An assumption made for the sake of argument . quirk.born in a hovel. Synonym: impending IMMUNE (verb: IMMUNIZE): Exempt from. blemished IMMINENT: Likely to occur soon . HOMONYM: Two words having the same sound but different meanings . sullied. protected from . mannerism.stood in imminent peril. odious Antonyms: illustrious.

discredit IMPECCABLE: Faultless .impaled a spider to the wall.performed with impeccable skill. IMPEACH: (1) To accuse (a public official) of wrongdoing . fallible IMPERVIOUS: Incapable of being penetrated . pervasive IMPLACABLE: Incapable of being soothed. Synonyms: consummate. forbearing IMPLICIT: (1) Implied but not clearly expressed . impenetrable Antonyms: permeable. made peaceful.a mind impervious to new ideas. or forgiving . (2) Unquestioning . irreproachable. Synonyms: tacit. Synonyms: call in question.an implicit agreement. moment.implicit confidence.Synonym : unsusceptible IMPALE: To pierce through with a pointed instrument . infallible Antonyms: culpable. consequence .implacable resentment. Synonym: arraign (2) To cast discredit upon . inexorable. implied Antonym: explicit IMPORT (noun): Meaning. Synonyms: impermeable. Synonyms: unrelenting. Synonyms: purport.a matter of great import.impeached his motives. significance or importance . unerring.impeached the judge for accepting a bribe. unappeasable Antonyms: placable.

incisive criticism.guilty of impropriety in public office. acute INCOGNITO.a salary increment.an improvident spender. Synonym: invincible Antonym: vulnerable IMPROPRIETY: Improper act.incontrovertible evidence. benison IMPREGNABLE: Unconquerable . indecorum Antonym: amenity IMPROVIDENT: Lacking in thrift.an impregnable fortress. malediction. or expression . Synonyms: quack. fraud IMPRECATION: A curse .traveled incognito. INCONTROVERTIBLE: Indisputable . bogus. not providing for future needs .impugned his honesty. shiftless IMPUGN: To attack or criticize as false.IMPOSTOR (noun: IMPOSTURE): One who pretends to be what he is notunmasked as an impostor. charlatan. Synonyms: irrefutable. immure Antonyms: emancipate. Synonyms: sarcastic. . Synonyms: execration. Synonyms: intern. to call in question . mountebank. With one's identity concealed . trenchant. Synonyms: prodigal.crushed his opponents by incarcerating them. anathema Antonyms: benediction. INCARCERATE: To imprison . manners. enfranchise INCISIVE: Cutting.hurled imprecations at those who would not listen to him. Synonyms: indecency. -indubitable INCREMENT: An increase . mordant. penetrating .

candid Antonym: sophisticated INGRATIATE: To win another's favor or good opinion tried to ingratiate himself with the politician. docile. inborn INDOOMITABLE: Stubborn in determination not to be subdued . unyielding Antonyms:tractable. Synonyms:restrain.the incumbent in an election.): Obligatory . concealing nothing . INHIBIT: To check or hinder . Synonyms:deduction. implication INGENIOUS: Demonstrating originality. Synonyms:insuperable.an ingenuous plan that anyone could see through. Synonyms:unflagging.Rice is indigenous to China. irrepressible. imperative INDEFATIGABLE: Untiring . curb . adroit Antonyms:maladroit. naive. gauche INGENUOUS: Simple and straightforward.an ingenious device.felt it incumbent to reply. Synonyms: unsophisticated.an indefatigable worker. unremitting.an inference drawn from his remarks.indomitable courage. skill. submissive INFERENCE: A conclusion reached by reasoning from data or premises . persevering INDIGENOUS: Native . Synonyms:innate. amenable. invincible. Synonyms: .mandatory.inhibited his friend from a foolhardy course.Synonym: accrual INCUMBENT (noun): An officeholder . or resourcefulness . Synonyms:dextrous. inventive. (adj.

cancer. inoffensive . moral soundness . peevish. Synonyms: foment. intemperate. enigmatic INSIDIOUS: Working secretly or slyly .that insidious disease. unappeasable. furtive. touchy Antonyms: placid.an innocuous remark.the inscrutable smile of the Mona Lisa.conveyed his idea by innuendo.spoiled by inordinate praise.Even petty things made Peter irascible. extravagant INSATIABLE: Unable to be satisfied .insatiable greed Synonyms. incorruptibility INVEIGH (noun-. Synonyms: choleric. treacherous. INNUENDO: An indirect reference or suggestion (frequently derogatory) . insinuate INORDINATE: Excessive .instigated discontent among the soldiers. splenetic. denounce. unquenchable. testy. Synonyms: immoderate.a man of proved integrity. fulminate. Synonyms: probity. . artful. equable IRE: Anger -aroused his ire. guileful perfidious INSTIGATE: To stir tip .Antonym: promote INNOCUOUS: Harmless. but it enraged him. crafty. insatiate INSCRUTABLE: Incapable of interpretation or understanding . Synonyms: unfathomable. Synonyms: rail. vituperate IRASCIBLE: Easily angered . Synonyms: wily. INVECTIVE): To speak angrily or bitterly-inveighed against economic discrimination. uprightness. incite INTEGRITY: Honesty. cryptic. petulant. Synonyms: (verb) intimate.

Synonyms: resentment.: LABYRINTHINE): A structure or intricate passage out of which it is difficult to find one's way (also applied to spiritual and intellectual complexities) .kaleidoscopic views of New York.Variety. . politic. incensed IRKSOME: Tedious. nonchalant. wandering . Synonym:maze LACHRYMOSE: Causing or given to shedding tears . airy. Synonym: nomadic JARGON: Confused. KEN: Range of sight or understanding . monotonous . Synonym: insight LABYRINTH (adj. (adj.walked with a jaunty step.His life was in jeopardy. debonair Antonyms: somber. unintelligible.jettisoned their old candidate as a political liability. special vocabulary used only by members of a group or trade . cant JAUNTY: Having an air of easy carelessness or liveliness . Synonyms:discreet.an irksome chore that no one liked. a newspaper written in theatrical jargon. discerning KALEIDOSCOPIC: Constantly changing or varying in pattern or scenes . meaningless talk. gay. termed judicious by all. ITINERANT: Traveling about.) irate. staid JEOPARDY: Danger . peril JETTISON: To throw overboard (as cargo). Synonyms: hazard. Synonyms: gibberish. to throw off (as a burden or something in the way ). JUDICIOUS: Wise.an itinerant salesman.a lachrymose tragedy. argot.something beyond our ken. using or exhibiting good judgment .confused by a labyrinth of intellectual discussions. Synonyms: sprightly.a well-chosen plan.

luminous. garrulous. transparent. present but not fully developed .a lavish spender. Synonyms:concise. terse. Synonyms: prodigal. superabundant (2) Given to extravagance .a lucid explanation of a difficult text. pithy. producing laughter .the lowing herd in the meadow. tautological. Antonyms: parsimonious. easily understood . Synonyms:dormant. frugal. reticent Antonyms:verbose.a laconic reply that spoke volumes. munificent.a ludicrous remark that set them all to roaring. redundant. Synonyms: mirthful.latent talent that time will reveal. limpid. droll. taciturn. absurd . prolix. LOW: To bellow softly like cattle . Synonyms: mortal. succinct. turgid. Synonym: moo LUCID: Clear. penurious LETHAL: Deadly .a country remarkable for the longevity of its inhabitants. translucent Antonyms: abstruse. LATENT: Hidden. magnanimous. obscure LUDICROUS: Ridiculous. voluble LARCENY: Theft . Synonyms: pellucid. quiescent.LACONIC: Saying much in few words . diffuse. fatal LONGEVITY: Prolonged duration of life . comical. Synonyms: ample. intelligible. potential Antonyms:apparent. patent LAVISH: (1) Profuse or generous .a lethal weapon. perspicuous.lavish in praise.indicted for grand larceny. covert. niggardly.

Synonyms:tawdry. feign (noun): A disguise. Synonym: venal MERETRICIOUS: Attracting in a false. deliberate ill-will or spite . virulent. Synonym : mawkish.the platform graced by a number of luminaries. dismal LUMINARY: An eminent person. Synonyms: dissemble. lachrymose MEANDER: To walk about (or talk) aimlessly. MACHIAVELLIAN: Sacrificing moral principles in order to attain power. or acting with.turned maudlin at the mention of his lost dog.actuated by a mercenary motive. vindictive Antonym: benign MASQUERADE (verb): To assume a deceptive appearance or character . specious .a thief masquerading as an honest man. crafty . Synonym: ramble MEDIOCRE: Average in quality . Synonyms:rancorous. malignant. to wind about (as a stream) . Synonym: unscrupulous MALICIOUS (noun: MALICE): Bearing.a machiavelliandesign.a mediocre performance. a group of people in disguise or fancy costumes .Antonyms: doleful. a celestial body . unworthy of his talents. looking into shop windows. wickedly contrived. MERCENARY: Acting solely from a consideration of reward or profit . politically cunning.a meretricious beauty that is too flashy to be real.meandered through the town. cheap. or showy manner.a masquerade so perfect no one could guess his identity.hurting with malicious intent. lugubrious. MAUDLIN: Sentimental to the point of tears . malevolent.

splenetic. a microcosm of the great outside world. Antonym:macrocosm (world on a large scale) MIMIC: To make fun of or copy by imitating .mimicked the comedian's gestures. or a universe in miniature this village. “ready to do one's best”) Synonyms:temperament. spirit.shunned because of his morose temper. courage . sullen. crabbed. perfunctory. Synonyms: sulky. methodical Antonyms:desultory.To call him a brave man is really a misnomer. variegated. heterogeneous Antonym: homogeneous . punctilious. MONOLOGUE: A speech by one person . colloquial): conversation between two or more persons. saturnine Antonyms: blithe. Idiom: to be on one's mettle (meaning.The actor gave his views in a dramatic monologue. piebald. genial MOTLEY: Of various colors. ardor MICROCOSM: A little world. ill-humored .: METTLESOME: high-spirited ): Disposition.a motley costume.took meticulous pains with his composition. MISANTHROPIC (noun: MISANTHROPE): Hating or distrusting mankind . slovenly METTLE (adj. Synonyms:fastidious. a motley crowd.METICULOUS: Fussy about minute details . Antonyms: philanthropic. Synonym:soliloquy Antonyms:colloquy (adj. Synonyms: checkered (referring to a varied career). of mixed ingredients .His mettle was tried in battle. diverse. finical.condemned for his misanthropic views. overscrupulous. dialogue: conversation between two persons MOROSE: Gloomy. altruistic MISNOMER: A name or term that describes wrongly .

NAUTICAL: Pertaining to ships or navigation . coruscating MUTABLE: Given to frequent change in nature. Synonyms: malodorous.a mottled pony. Synonym: apathetic . fickle. lustrous. Synonyms: vex. the night . mood. disgusting.mundane affairs. dappled MUNDANE: Of. noxious. or pertaining to. as contrasted with the spirit . glowing. temporal MURKY: Dark. tenebrous. or occurring in. inconstant. capricious Antonyms:constant.nettled by his critics.the myriad stars in the heavens. fuliginous Antonyms:resplendent. pique. Antonym: diurnal NOISOME: Foul-smelling. harmful-the swamp gave off a noisome odor. fetid. Synonyms: marine.mutable in mood as a spring wind.a nautical career. the world. naval. casual . mercurial.a murky cavern. maritime NETTLE: To irritate or provoke . wavering.MOTTLED: Spotted or streaked with varied colors . goad NOCTURNAL: Pertaining to. terrestrial. fulgent. cloudy . steady MYRIAD: Innumerable . secular. Synonyms:earthly. Synonyms:vacillating. luminous.awakened by the sounds of a nocturnal prowler. deleterious Antonym: salubrious NONCHALANT: Unmoved or indifferent. Synonyms:blotched. fitful. Synonyms:dismal.reacted to the news in a nonchalant manner. or form .

monomania OBSOLETE: No longer in use . Synonyms:tyro. activity.an obdurate. Synonyms:archaic. duty. docile. abstracted OBSESSION: A persistent feeling. NOTORIOUS: Widely known (in a bad sense) . Synonyms:intrusive. neophyte Antonym:virtuoso OBDURATE: Hard-hearted. heedless. compliant OBLIVIOUS (noun: OBLIVION): Forgetful. obligation . aggressive OBVIATE: To prevent.a notorious gambler. not even included by most dictionaries. Synonyms:preclude.walking oblivious of his surroundings.an obsolete word. idea. zealous NOSTALGIA: Homesickness .Antonyms: enthusiastic. dispose of.made himself obnoxiously obtrusive. ONUS: Burden. unyielding. Synonyms:unmindful. absent-minded .. the state of being exclusively preoccupied by a fixed idea . infatuation (a foolish passion). forestall OMNIPOTENT: All-powerful . inflexible Antonyms:submissive.an act which obviated all objections.an omnipotent despot. which dominates a person. Synonyms:mania. stubborn . unrepentant criminal.conducted himself in politics like a novice. or make unnecessary by appropriate actions . NOVICE: A beginner .Now that he has learned bowling. antiquated OBTRUSIVE (verb: OBTRUDE): Thrusting oneself or itself into undue prominence .bore the onus of his difficult office creditably. .felt nostalgia for the old homestead. etc. it has become his obsession. Synonyms:adamant.

though not actual. appearing true. depreciation PARADOX: A self -contradictory statement. purpose. encomium Antonyms:censure. laudatory)." . Synonyms:professed.delivered a panegyric at his friend's testimonial dinner. monetary . pretended . tribute. Synonym: anomaly PARAPHRASE: To restate the meaning of a passage in other words . Synonyms.a paradox by Oscar Wilde.parodied the popular authors of the (lay to his audience's amusement. Synonym: Mimic PECCADILLO: A petty fault-possesses one peccadillo among his many virtues. Synonym: nostrum PANEGYRIC: A speech or writing of extravagant praise . flaw. or fair). blemish PECUNIARY: Pertaining to money . disparagement. derogation.OSTENSIBLE: Apparent.involved in pecuniary difficulties. Synonym: outlaw PANACEA: A remedy for all ills ." Synonym: burlesque (verb): To write a parody . foible. something 'that appears to be absurd and yet may be true -"Life is too important a matter to he taken seriously. to exclude from public favor or privileges . specious OSTRACIZE: To banish. reasonable. laudation (adj. castigation.paraphrased the poem in a few lines of prose.wrote a parody on Kipling's "Gunga Din. Synonyms:eulogy. fiscal. Synonyms: frailty.seeking a panacea to cure our social troubles. financial.his ostensible.a former premier ostracized by popular vote. adulation. PARODY (noun): A humorous imitation of an author's style and mannerisms . plausible (that is.

gave a peremptory judgment.a perverse lad. axiom PLEBEIAN: Pertaining to the common people. imperious.plebeian in his tastes and outlook. contemplative.petrified by the enemy bombardment. or surprise . froward.softly sang his pensive song. PENSIVE: Sadly thoughtful . Synonyms:bromide. bewilder. Adopting and reproducing. positive. truism. wayward. PERVERSE: Willfully bent on doing the wrong thing . the writings or ideas of another and passing them off as one's own .: PEDANTIC): One who proudly shows off his learning or who overrates his knowledge . refractory. Synonyms:obdurate. resolute.denied the charge of deliberate plagiarism. persistent. without acknowledgment. common or vulgar . meditative. PLATITUDE: A dull and commonplace remark . aristocratic PLEBISCITE. fear. Synonyms:stupefy.like a pedantglorying in his scholarly trifles. always disobeying his parents. musing PEREMPTORY: Positive in expressing an opinion . stun. Synonyms:decisive. tenacious. persevering. tentative PERTINACIOUS: Clinging doggedly to an opinion or purpose . dogmatic Antonyms:indecisive. Antonyms:patrician. A direct vote by the people . inflexible PERUSE: To read carefully . intractable. hence. Synonyms:headstrong. Synonyms: reflective. POIGNANT: .perused the important letter. amaze PLAGIARISM.pertinacious in his efforts. fractious PETRIFY: To paralyze with horror.PEDANT (adj.The decision to confederate was ratified by plebiscite.bored people by his pompous phrases and platitudes.

a precipitous decline in popularity. preamble. predisposition.earning a precarious livelihood. . Synonyms: prepossession. proclivity. providing no luxuries. Synonym: distinction . Synonyms: preface. prologue. Synonym: license PRESTIGE: Esteem or influence accorded for recognized achievements or reputation . PRECARIOUS: Uncertain or risky . dull . repugnance PRELUDE: An introduction. poignant wit. biting.predatory bands roaming the countryside. pillaging PREDILECTION: Partiality or preference for. PRECIPITOUS: (1) Very steep . clumsy. penchant Antonyms: aversion. a favorable opinion arrived at beforehand a predilection for theatricals. Synonyms: predacious.a poignant grief. (2) Preying on. PREDATORY: (1) Inclined to plunder or rob. antipathy. forerunner. (2) Descending rapidly .As Senator he enjoyed greatprestige. Antonym: epilogue PREROGATIVE: A privilege or power attaching to a position . pointed .It is a woman's prerogative to refuse to tell her age. PONDEROUS: Very heavy. others .predatory animals prowling about.a ponderous speech. or preliminary step . PRECOCIOUS: Remarkable for early mental development a precocious genius.(1) Gripping and moving the feelings powerfully . (2) Piercing. looting. extremely boring.a short prelude to the play.a precipitous cliff.a poignant cry.

(2) Going beyond proper bounds. others . predisposition. Synonyms: quibble.It is a woman's prerogative to refuse to tell her age. (adj. a favorable opinion arrived at beforehand a predilection for theatricals. Synonym: license PRESTIGE: Esteem or influence accorded for recognized achievements or reputation . proclivity.a short prelude to the play. (2) Preying on. Synonyms: Preface.) mendacious . Synonyms: effrontery. forerunner.His question was downright presumption. impudent boldness . Preamble Antonym: epilogue PREROGATIVE: A privilege or power attaching to a position . PREDATORY: (1) Inclined to plunder or rob. pillaging PREDILECTION: Partiality or pr eference for. penchant Antonyms: aversion. looting. PRECOCIOUS: Remarkable for early mental development a precocious genius. antipathy. equivocate. forwardness.predatory animals prowling about. or preliminary step .As Senator he enjoyed greatprestige.415. . repugnance PRELUDE: An introduction. Synonyms: prepossession. arrogance PREVARICATE: To disguise or conceal the truth to lie . Synonyms: predacious. Synonym: distinction PRESUMPTION: (1) Something taken for granted .prevaricated in order to avoid detection. prologue.predatory bands roaming the countryside.acted on a reasonable presumption.

to render void . verity. Synonyms:alias. PROMONTORY: A cliff .) forthright PROCRASTINATE: To postpone or put off to another time .concealed his identity by a pseudonym. pen name.missed his opportunity by procrastinating too long. (adj. Synonyms:headland. Synonyms: defer. to spread abroad The President promulgated a decree.Antonyms: (noun) veracity.took punitive measures against deserters. recessive PROVISIONAL: Temporary. vicinity Antonym:remoteness PSEUDONYM: A false name assumed by a writer .a truckman. punishment . Synonyms :propinquity. for the time being . humble member of the proletariat.a provisional plan until a permanent decision is reached. QUASH: To crush.an imposing promontory along the coast. augur. Synonym:tentative PROXIMITY: Nearness-worked in close proximity to his home. precipice PROMULGATE: To publish or proclaim. portend.a protuberant jaw. or concerned with. forebode PROLETARIAT: The wage-earning class . .The Weather Bureau prognosticates daily.quashed a rebellion. Antonyms:receding. delay PROGNOSTICATE (noun: PROGNOSIS): To forecast . Synonym:disseminate PROTUBERANT: Bulging or swelling out . nom de plume PUNITIVE: Inflicting. Synonyms:presage. quashed an indictment.

RAZE: To tear down completely.razed the old building. Synonyms:fretful. annul QUERULOUS: Given to fault-finding and complaining . petulant Antonym: affable QUIXOTIC: Extravagantly romantic or idealistic.redolent of olden times. highly impractical . visionary. Synonym: aromatic (2) Reminiscent of . fantastic RACONTEUR: A skilled storyteller . captious. extreme .Her querulous nature estranged many people. . carping. REDOLENT: (1) Fragrant . to sum up . RADICAL (noun): One who advocates extreme basic changes .resting in a recumbent position. done in return for something received . sub-division .): Thorough.held each other in reciprocal esteem.The reform movement was led by a radical. RECIPROCAL: Mutual. RECUMBENT: Lying down. Synonyms:utopian.radical measures adopted to meet the emergency.) conservative RAMIFICATION: A branching. concise form.Synonyms:suppress. whining.studied the subject in all its ramifications. (adj.recapitulated the main ideas. peevish. extinguish.a quixotic scheme that can never materialize. leaning back or down . Antonym:(noun and adj.a room redolent of roses. quell.held spellbound by a superb raconteur. Synonyms:level Antonym:rear RECAPITULATE: To restate in a brief.

cringing before a redoubtable enemy. animosity RESILIENT: Elastic. apostate.took action in reprisal against his neighbor.a remunerative job. REMUNERATIVE: Profitable . light-hearted. recreant. Synonyms: turncoat. supple. Synonym: reprieve . pliable.a resilient Spirit. Synonym: retaliation RESENTMENT: Feeling of displeasure or indignation resulting from mistreatment or abuse showed resentment at what he considered an unwarranted insult. Synonyms: flexible. Synonyms: lucrative. refusing to admit defeat. confirm. Synonyms: umbrage. dudgeon. Synonym: surcease (2) A temporary delay in the execution of -a sentence . possessing power of recovery . Synonym:formidable REFUTE: To prove incorrect or false-refuted his opponent's argument. gainful RENEGADE: One who forsakes political or party principles or his religious faith a renegade from his former allegiance. Synonyms:rebut. limber RESPITE: (1) Temporary deferment or cessation of work or pain . traitor REPRISAL: Injury inflicted in turn for one received .a brief respite from labor.granted the doom man a temporary respite.reiterated his story once more. confute Antonyms: substantiate. corroborate REITERATE: Repeat (several times) .REDOUBTABLE: Commanding fear or respect .

Synonyms: regret. wickedness.a shot reverberating through the valley. banter . astute. Synonyms: quip. shrewd . Synonyms: perspicacious. or other action suffered just retributionfor his folly.retrieved his lost fortunes. repent SACROSANCT: Very holy . sage SALLOW: Sick . knowledge of physics. Synonyms: consecrated. discerning.: RUEFUL): To be sorry for-He will rue the day he left home. Synonym: incipient RUE (adj.RETRIBUTION: The reward or punishment exacted for an injury.a sallow complexion.proved to be sagacious in his judgment. Synonyms: requital. sapient. nemesis RETRIEVE: (1) To make good -retrieved a mistake. hallowed SAGACIOUS (noun: SAGACITY): Wise.a shrine. florid SALLY: (verb): To rush forth suddenly . (3) To restore . (noun): A Witty remark . Synonym: pallid Antonyms: rubicund.sallied out to meet the enemy. ruddy.possessing only a rudimentary. regarded as sacrosanct.amused the audience with his sallies against his opponent. Synonym: resound RUDIMENTARY: In an early stage of development . (2) To recover -retrieved the suitcase left at the station. REVERBERATE: To echo . inviolable.

Freedom is conspicuously absent . a particle .a disease that scourged the country. A whip or other means of punishment. but in recent years it has been joined by many artificial satellites. Synonyms: excoriate. adherent.a shibboleth designed to attract votes. Synonyms: iota. Synonym: gory SANGUINE: Of a hopeful disposition.showed his hypocrisy in a sanctimonious display of piety. a cause of affliction . SCINTILLA: A trace.The moon is the only naturalsatellite of the earth.The Black Plague was a dreadful scourge of the MiddleAges. partisan (2) A country influenced or controlled by another . blood-red in color . vestige SCOURGE (verb): To punish severely. to afflict. toady.a sanguinary battle. to whip . SHIBBOLETH: A party slogan . obsequious.a prince surrounded by many satellites.a picture of sartorial perfection. SATELLITE: (1) An attentive or flattering follower . Synonyms: buoyant. disciple. . Synonym: tribulation SCRUTINIZE: To examine carefully -scrutinized the contents of the letter. generally a planet .in the Soviet satellites. sanguine in temperament. SANGUINARY: Bloody .not a scintilla of convincing evidence.SANCTIMONIOUS: Pretending to be religious . ardent SARTORIAL: Pertaining to a tailor or clothes . adj.. flay (noun). SIMPER (verb): To smile in a silly or affected way simpered as he greeted each guest. fawning. (3) A body (natural or artificial) which revolves around a larger body. Synonyms: lackey.a perennial optimist.

frowzy SOPORIFIC: Tending to induce sleep .His job was a sinecure. snub STOIC: Indifferent. Synonyms: stolid.sleazy cloth which is used only in cheap garments. scattered . force. Synonyms: degraded. practising remarkable self-control over emotions . independent of the control of any other government . filthy . Synonym: (verb and noun) smirk SINECURE: Employment entailing little or no responsibility or labor . impassive STRINGENT: Strict. at irregular intervals. compelling. Synonyms: exacting. SORDID: Mean and base.possessing sovereign powers.Sordid motives breed selfish actions.an offer that was spurned instantly. Synonyms: autonomous.a poorly written novel. majestic. paramount SPORADIC: Occurring singly. Synonyms: repel.the sinisterlook of a gangster. vile.stood nervously. SINISTER: Threatening or showing evil. slatternly.The circus is astupendous spectacle. imperial. or any quality in exceptional degree .sporadic cases of illness.(noun): An affected or silly smile . calm in bearing pain or pleasure. ignoble SOVEREIGN: Supreme m power and authority. rigid Antonym: lax STUPENDOUS: Amazing by. soporific in effect. . Synonym: unsubstantial SLOVENLY: Untidy-severely criticized the student's slovenly appearance. dishonest . Synonyms: slipshod. SPURN: To refuse or reject with contempt . a simper on his face. a sovereign state. constraining stringent regulations. virtue of its immense size.maintained a stoicattitude despite all his trials. SLEAZY: Flimsy and cheap . stringent requirements.

foolhardy. awful SUCCULENT: juicy . vapid SULTRY: Close. Synonyms: listless.a man preoccupied with temporal matters. and moist . fertile. Antonyms. and counted. colossal. effrontery. highly productive . averse to taking action .sultry tropical weather. TEEMING: In abundance. ineffective administrator. Synonyms: swarming. sneer.) temerarious. desiccated. . substantial TANTAMOUNT: Equivalent . rank with vegetation.Synonyms: astounding.a succulent steak. gibe. inactive. circumspection. (adj. twit. rashness. venturesome Antonyms: prudence. as opposed to spiritual. hot. marvelous. or bitter remark . abounding TEMERITY: Unwise or reckless boldness . fruitful. actual . SUPINE: (1) Lying flat on the back . wariness TEMPORAL: Worldly. jeering. Synonyms: material. perceptible.hurled taunts at his foes. prodigious. fecund.resting in a supine position. monstrous.tangible gains which may be seen.the teeming tropics.an act that is tantamount to treason. deride (noun): An insulting. Antonym: erect (2) Inert. veritable.taunted him with the charge of failure to act promptly. To reproach with contempt . Synonyms: mock.a supine. existing for a time only . Synonyms: audacity. TAUNT (verb).leaped into battle with thoughtless temerity. torpid TANGIBLE: Real. presumptuousness.

a tranquil summer night. to overstep a moral bound or limit -transgressed the bounds of decency. Synonym: paltry Antonyms: gross.a turgid prose style. to violate a moral principle. TURGID: (1) Swollen.Synonyms: mundane. transgressed the law. turbulent TRANSGRESS: To break a law or command.tremulous with fright.a trivial offense. momentous TRUCULENT (noun: TRUCULENCE): Cruel. doctrine. fierce. distended (2) Using big or high-sounding words . TREMULOUS: Trembling . TRANQUIL: Calm. Synonym: quivering TRIVIAL: Of little .importance . serene Antonyms: perturbed. prolix . secular. threatening or intimidating savagely .turgid rivers overflowing their banks. not substantial.a dispute marked by atruculent attitude on both sides. ruffled.a tenet of religion which be maintained loyally. harsh. civil TEMPORIZE: To delay or refuse to commit oneself in order to gain time . peaceful . Synonyms: bloated. Synonyms: pompous. Synonyms: placid.clung desperately to his tenuous hope. Synonyms: creed. bombastic. inflated . dogma TENUOUS: Slender. Synonym: equivocate TENET: A principle of belief held as true .temporized while his friends hurried to his aid. of slight importance .

vituperating the world.proudly vaunted his strength. forgo. often unexpected .pierced beneath his thin veneer of elegance. Synonym: gloss VENERABLE: Deserving respect or reverence because of age .waived his rights to the property. revile WAIVE: To give up (privileges. or done in place of another took vicarious pleasure in his brother's victory. VERNAL: Pertaining to spring-an array of vernal flowers.My neighbor's wife is a virago. adj. Synonyms: brag (noun: braggadocio. VIRAGO: A scolding or ill-tempered woman . UTILITARIAN (adj. find fault with in abusive language . VICARIOUS: Taking the place of another. to do without . braggart).The common cold is a ubiquitous complaint. proclaim VENEER: A superficial appearance or show designed to impress one with superiority . Synonyms: relinquish. etc. Synonyms: shrew.UBIQUITOUS: Existing everywhere .: VITUPERATIVE): To scold or blame loudly. Synonyms: berate. but not utilitarian.).withdrew the argument as untenable.): Materially or practically useful .versatile in all the arts. VANQUISH: To subdue or conquer -an army vanquished with heavy losses.suffered many vicissitudes of fortune.beautiful. VICISSITUDE: A change from one condition to another. termagant.an angry man. felt. VAUNT: To boast . vixen VITUPERATE (noun: VITUPERATION. Antonym: hibernal (wintry) VERSATILE: Able to do many things skillfully . universal UNTENABLE: Incapable of being defended or held .a venerable leader. Synonyms: omnipresent. forsake . received.

Antonym: perfunctory ZENITH: The highest point . squirm ZEALOUS (noun: ZEALOT: fanatic): Full of enthusiasm or eagerness -a zealous student.WHIM (adj. summit Antonym: nadi .: WHIMSICAL): A sudden notion or passing fancy -frequently acted on the whim of the moment. culmination.the zenith of his career. apex. vagary.writhed in agony on the floor. first in his class. Synonyms: acme. crotchet WRITHE: To twist about (usually with pain) . Synonyms: contort. Synonyms: caprice.

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