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Commonly used metric system units, symbols, and prefixes

In the International System of Units SI each physical quantity length, mass, volume, etc. unit. Larger and smaller multiples of that unit are made by adding SI prefixes. Commonly used metric system units and symbols
Quantity measured Length, width, distance, thickness, girth, etc. Unit millimeter centimeter meter kilometer milligram Mass ( weight )* Time Temperature Area gram kilogram metric ton second degree Celsius square meter hectare square kilometer milliliter Volume cubic centimeter liter cubic meter meter per second kilometer per hour kilogram per cubic meter newton kilopascal watt kilowatt kilojoule Energy Electric current * See Is it weight or mass ? in the FAQ. The most commonly used metric prefixes This table shows the most commonly used SI prefixes. Prefix giga mega kilo centi milli micro nano n Symbol G M k c m Factor 10 10 10 10 10 10
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is represented by a specific SI

Symbol mm cm m km mg g kg t s °C m² ha km² mL cm³ L m³ m/s km/h kg/m³ N kPa W kW kJ MJ kW·h A

Relationship 10 mm = 100 cm = 1 km = 1000 mg = 1 kg = 1t = 1 cm 1m 1000 m 1g 1000 g 1000 kg

1 ha = 1 km² = 1000 mL = 1 cm³ = 1000 L =

10 000 m² 100 ha 1L 1 mL 1 m³

Speed, velocity Density Force Pressure, stress Power

1 km/h =

0.278 m/s

1 kW =

1000 W

megajoule kilowatt hour ampere

1 MJ = 1 kW·h =

1000 kJ 3.6 MJ

Numerically 1 000 000 000 1 000 000 1 000 0.01 0.001 0.000 001 0.000 000 001

Name billion** million thousand hundredth thousandth millionth billionth**

10-2
-3 -6 -9

while the nickel weighs exactly 5 g. 2 mL (no s at the end). and that's 1 hectare. The diameter of the center hole is 15 millimeters. equivalent to the area of a square 100 meters on a side. but British English traditionally defined billion as a million million. 1 mL of water has a mass of approximately 1 g The mass of 1 milliliter of water is approximately 1 gram. Some examples and relationships among units . 1 liter of water weighs 1 kilogram. A note about usage Although unit names are ordinary words. The diameter of a CD or DVD is 12 cm A CD or DVD is 12 centimeters (120 millimeters) across. 1 ha is 1002 m2 1 hectare is 10 000 square meters. they're often about 1 meter above the floor. A US cent weighs exactly 2. A football field is about 100 meters long. 1 m3 of water has a mass of approximately 1 t There are 1000 liters in a cubic meter. and aren't abbreviations. The terms are used here in the American English sense. so uppercase and lowercase letters have different meanings for example. but Mm is the megameter (one million meters). 1 L of water has a mass of approximately 1 kg The mass of 1 liter of water is therefore approximately 1 kilogram.. note that unit symbols are case-sensitive. 1 mL = 1 cm3 1 milliliter is the same volume as 1 cubic centimeter. can be ambiguous.5 g. so there's no period after a unit symbol (unless it happens to fall at the end of a sentence).** The terms billion. don't have singular and plural forms it's 1 mL. . trillion. mm is the millimeter (one-thousandth of a meter). recent British usage tends to match the American meanings. rather than a thousand million. so imagine a square the length of a football field on each side. A typical doorknob is 1 m high Although there's no precise standard for doorknob heights. However. so 1 cubic meter 1000 liters of water weighs 1000 kilograms or 1 metric ton. so the mass of 1 cubic meter of water is approximately 1000 kilograms or 1 metric ton. etc.

8 2. But remember.215 by mi/gal 1. Ounces and pounds refer to avoirdupois units.852 28 28. Metric Association (USMA). approximate conversion factors for some common units. estimated values don't warrant precise conversions. and gallons refer to US liquid measures.1 2.9144 2 Note 1. as well as more precise factors.Approximate conversion factors from inch-pound to metric units This table gives easily remembered.9 0.edu/~hillger/common. http://lamar.44 meters. To convert from to multiply by Note multiply by acres (US survey) feet (ft) fluid ounces (fl oz) gallons (gal) inches (in) knots miles (mi) miles per gallon (mi/gal) miles per hour (mi/h) nautical miles ounces (oz) pound-force (lbf) pounds (lb) pounds per square inch (lbf/in ) quarts (qt) square feet (ft2) square miles (mi ) yards (yd) 2 2 hectares (ha) meters (m) milliliters (mL) liters (L) centimeters (cm) kilometers per hour (km/h) kilometers (km) liters per 100 km (L/(100 km)) kilometers per hour (km/h) kilometers grams (g) newtons (N) kilograms (kg) kilopascals (kPa) liters (L) square meters (m2) square kilometers (km ) meters (m) 2 0.453 592 37 6. Note 2.448 222 1 0.6 0.609 344 divide 235.6 1.54 0.946 352 946 0. quarts. Inc.2 0.9 0. If it was about 100 yards away. Boldfaced values are exact.092 903 04 2.4 0.S. Only if it was exactly 100 yards away would one convert the measurement to 91.589 988 0.3048 29. then it was about 100 meters away.404 687 3 0.609 344 1.54 1.3 30 3. More precisely.785 411 784 2.45 or divide by 2.894 757 1 0. Info taken from: Copyright © 1998-2007.852 2 2 1.colostate.349 52 4. All rights reserved. Fluid ounces.html .573 53 3.6 1. U.