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Pickups Volume and Tone Knobs
Holding Your Bass:
Use a 2 to 3 inch wide strap for comfort for both standing and sitting. Try to adjust your bass so that the bridge is around waist height. It should be at the same position when sitting to provide consitency when practicing. Avoid hunching over or leaning back as you play. Your bass should be supported by the strap alone, never use your hands. Keep the neck pointed up about 25 to 30 degrees from the floor to allow easier fretting.
Fingers & Strings:
The notes repeat themselves after the first 12 frets. every sharp can also be a flat (b). C# is also Db. G# is also Ab. . D# is also Eb. For example F# is also Gb. however. This diagram shows all sharps (#). A# is also Bb.Notes Of The Fretboard: Below is a diagram of the first 12 frets of a bass guitar fretboard. Depending on what key or scale you are in will determine wether you call notes sharps or flats.
when they are written down. It is relatively easy to learn how to say some basic words in a foreign country. ?4 The Staff: 4œ œ œ w The Staff or Stave (Staves when used in the plural) is a grid of five horizontal lines representing seven notes. point up ? and the stems above B. it takes more time to learn how to read them. œ œ œ œ ? œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ Measures Or Bar Lines: Bar lines are drawn across the staff to divide the sections of music called #œ œ nœ # the œ #œ nœ measures. or bars. and how long each note is played.Reading Music Notation: It is helpful to know how to read music. When a note goes off the staff. With a little time it will all make sense. The stems of the notes below the B note. The notes are symbols used to indicate pitch. This introduction to reading music notation will be less complicated to understand with the use of these graphic examples and written explanations. point down. A double barbœ indicates the end of the section. additional lines are used for that note only. You can compare reading music to reading a foreign language. or œ end of line an important part of the music. especially if your goal is to play with other musicians. œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ ˙ œ œ œ J B note can pointR up or down. ? ? â œ œ Ä œ œ œ œ œ œ Äœ œ œ œ œ œ œ Ä ? œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ Ó . Stems on the œ œ ˙ w Ledger lines are used when additional notes are to be played that are above or below the standard staff’s range. Understanding the basics will help you along in your musical journey. however.
and A Cow Eats Grass for the notes on the spaces. and the bass clef has lower notes. Always Fun Deserve œ œ Boys Good ? ? œ œ J œ R œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ ˙ w ∑ ? #œ œ nœ bœ œ #œ nœ #œ . ? w œ Grass Eats Cow œ œ A The notes on the lines.Clefs: There are two kinds of basic clefs: the treble clef and the bass clef. The treble clef has higher notes. Here are the names of the notes for both clefs: The treble clef: 4 &4 œ C D E F G A B œ œ œ œ œ œ C œ D œ E œ F œ G œ A œ B œ C œ A simple phrase to help you remember the notes on the lines of the treble clef are: Every Good Boy Does Fine. or both at the same time. Depending on what instrument you play. & ?4 4 œ Fine Does Boy Good Every E C A F ∑ œ œ œ œ œ œ The bass clef: œ œ œ ˙ œ œ œ œ œ Simple phrases you can use to remember the notes on the bass clef are: Good Boys Deserve Fun Always. you may see only one. The notes on the spaces spell the word FACE.
A Each measure has a certain number œ œ œ œ œ of beats. â what kind of note is used for each beat. For example. 6 eighth notes per measure or any combination equaling 6 eighth notes. The notes played on the same line. or space within œ œ œ œ a? series of notes following aœsharp œ flat. Any combination of notes that equal 4 quarter notes can be used to fill up the measure. The numbers found to the left of the staff is the time signature. The top number tells you the number of beats per measure. There are ? â œ œ Ä œ œ œ œ œ œ Äœ œ œ œ œ œ œ Ä . common time œ œ œ ˙™ œ œ œ œ œ œ That means there are 4 quarter notes per œ œœ œ œœ œ œ œœ Ó œ œ œœ œ™ ? w eighth notes.œ n 3/4 b you will play 3 quarter notesnper measure or any #œ œ #œ œ combination that equal 3 quarter notes. or flat is ? #œ œ nœ A natural “ n” symbol is needed to allow the note to revert ˙ œ to it’s original pitch within the bar. If you are playing in 6/8 time you will play many different time signatures.œYou can even have one whole and ˙ œ note in a 4/4 measure that you play once but let it ring out through 4 quarter notes worth of time. ? w™ J R ?4 œ ?4 œ œ œ œ œ ˙ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ ˙ œ w If? #œmusic is œ the written inœ time. or two quarter notes œ 1 half note. you can have 4 quarter notes per measure or 8 œ œ œ œ signature isœ 4/4. bœ œ #œ nœ #œ œ Ä Äœ Ä Time Signatures: ? œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ Music is divided into units called measures.œ œremainœ if œ œ or œ will œ sharp or flat evenw the sharp &4 œ œ J œ nœ œ R œ œ œ symbol œ not used. The bottom number tells you ? œ ?4 4 measure.4 &4 œ œ n ? w ˙ Sharps And Flats: œ nœ nœ Flat “ b” or Sharp “ # ” symbols shown on the staff indicate that the note is being 4 raised or lowered a half step.
˙™ œ counted the same way as regular notes. and. or speed of the beat faster or slower and count along. A sixteenth note is counted as follows: An eighth note gets half the time and is counted: 1. and.œ ? œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ Ó Rests: ? w Rests ™ are ? ∑ ?4 œ 4 breathing room in the music. a half note four time as follows: œ œ ? w ˙ œ œ J œ œ ˙ œ R w ? Counting: œ œ œ #œ Every beat in 4/4 time is a quarter note. 3. and ah. ™ They are used to create œ Ó œ œ Œ ˙ ‰ œ ≈ œ .Notes And Their Values: ?4 4 œ œ Each note is worth a certain number of beats. ee. You can adjust the tempo. and. and. 2. and. œ œ noteœ œ œ œ œ A whole œ has four beats so it gets four counts. ee. ee.) Counting with a metronome ? â Ä œ œ œ œ œ Äœ œ œ œ œ œ Ä will keep you in perfect time. you can count along to the click.com. an eighth note gets a 1/2 count and a sixteenth note gets 1/4 of a count. Without rests there would be constant sound. ah. and. and ? œ nœ bœ œ #œ nœ #œ œ 1. a quarter note gets 1 count. 3. You œ œ can countœeach beat in four gets two counts. (you can also access If you have a œ our free online metronome at www. 2. We will cover counting methods in moreœdetail in the nextœfew chapters. ah. or beep is worth 1 beat or count.iconsofrock. œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ You can count a quarter note out loud like this: 1. 3. 4. (don’t forget to count the “and” after the 4). 2. Every click. 4. œ œ metronome. ee. ah. 4.
? ? œ œ œ BEAMS: œ âœ œ #œ Ä œ œ œ œ Äœ œ œ Ä beam consists of two horizontal beams. The notes of a chord are placed vertically on the staff to indicate that all of the notes are to be played at the same time. A œ œ nœ bœ œ Äœ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ #œ œ œ œ œ nœ œ ˙ œ œ #œ w Ä Ä œ Dotted Ä œ œ Ä ? œ ™ œ notes: œ ™œ œ œ Äœ œ œ œ œœ ™ œ œ œ œ œ Ó œ œ ? w œ œ˙œ œ œ œ A dotted note œ a œ œ œ is standard note followed by a dot. For example. a quarter note would normally receive 4 beats. The second note is NEVER played. The tie simply shows that the first note is sustained longer. The curved line links the notes together creating one longer note. The dot lengthens the note by â half its value. ? 4w ™ ?4 œ ? œ œ œ œ œ œ œ˙ ™ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ Ó ˙ ˙ œ™ ?4 œ 4 Ties: ? w™ ?4 œ 4 Ties have a similar effect as dots and are shown by using a curved line. ?4 œ œ 4œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ . œ sixteenth note ? œ œ œ œ œ œ œ ?â œ #œ œ nœ bœ œ #œ #œ nœ ? œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ Ó œ Beams group notes of the same value together to make reading music easier. ˙™ œ™ œ œ œ œ œ ˙ œ œ Chords: A chord is a combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously when played together. If you add a dot it will get 6 beats.
When reading tab books. refer back to this section. so you will get an idea of correct finger placement. try to identify arpeggios and scales before you start playing. however. As you learn chords and scales. It is best to use TAB to practice exercises or when learning how to play songs with which you are already familiar. TAB will show you where notes and chords are played. See the examples below: Basic Tab Notation: € € ÍÍÍÍ . it does not tell you the rhythm or time each note or chord should be played.Reading Tablature: Tablature. or TAB is a simple method of writing down music played on guitar and bass.
Practice Using a Metronome: Use a metronome every time you practice. you will gain the strength you need in your hands to play longer. then take a break from playing. In a short amount of time.com. Your finger tips will get sore and develop calluses. . yet relaxed to avoid serious injury such as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Avoid Injury: Keep your wrist as straight as you can. In fact. If you experience other symptoms like shooting pains down your arms. Listen to your body and do not over do it. The online resources at the Icons of Rock website also have backing tracks to play along with. You can access our free online metronome at www. How to Practice: It is far more productive to practice 15 to 20 minutes a day than for several hours a couple of times a week. You do not need to apply any more pressure than is required to produce a nice. Count each click of the metronome as a quarter note. If you practice playing the correct way. This is normal when you are first starting out. You are not accomplishing anything extra if you apply more pressure than needed.Practicing Tips: Relaxed Posture: Save energy by maintaining a relaxed posture and a relaxed left hand. Also get to know your local music dealer as they have a lot of great tips and tricks to offer. Use Your Resources: Use this book as a guide and refer back when needed. Start out at around 60 or 80 beats per minute until you can play the exercises clearly. clear sound. speed will come naturally. Increase your speed when ready.iconsofrock. it can lead to fatigue and even injury. This will build a rock solid foundation in timing and will become second nature. but be patient.
be sure to practice the 5th fret method as well to train your ear. At least your bass will be in tune to itself which is far better then playing completely out of tune. If you have nothing to use to tune the E. You can also access our free online tuner at www. Adjust the string higher or lower until it is in tune. not on it. A String: Play the fifth fret of the E string pressing down just behind the fret line. E String Tuning: Play your open E (open means to play the string without fretting any notes). This is an A note. It is highly recomennded to purchase an electronic tuner to avoid frustration in the beginning.Tuning The Bass: There are several methods of tuning a bass. We are going to show you the 5th fret method.com. .iconsofrock. If you are using an electronic tuner. choose a tone that sounds good to you and tune the rest of the bass to that. Now play the A string and adjust it higher or lower until it matches the A note you are playing on the E string.
. Make sure your bass is in tune after practicing the lessons in this book for a little while.D String: Now play the fifth fret of the A string which is a D note. Adjust the open D string until it matches the D note you are playing on the A string. If you are using new strings it may take a few times of tuning. G String: Play the fifth fret of the D string this is a G note. playing and tuning again until it stays in tune. For 5 string bass players: Play the fifth fret of the B string and then adjust it to match the same tone as the open E string. Do you see the fifth fret pattern? Play your open G string until it matches the G note you played on the D string.
Follow along with the open string exercises to learn how to pluck and mute each string. You only want certain strings and notes to produce sound while the other strings remain quiet. *As you alternate your fingers. . Use your first and second finger (also known as your index and middle fingers). the lower the tone you will get. For now. Alternate between fingers consistantly and evenly. The closer you play to the bridge the higher the tone.Right Hand Technique: Your forearm should rest towards the end of the body of the bass. Avoid resting your thumb on the pickups. place them back down ready for the next stroke. You only need to touch the string lightly to save energy. Fingerstyle: Roll your fingers slightly down and all the way across the string to get a full bass tone when plucking. you want to make sure to position your right hand with your thumb as close to the E string as possible. This will give you a great tone to start with. The closer you play the strings to the neck. Muting Strings: Muting the strings is a consistent part of playing the bass. To do this. Each open string you play should sound full and clear. position your hand so that your fingers land between the two pickups. Your fingers should comfortably be able to reach all of the strings.
? œ € 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 Open G String Exercise: Now drop your thumb down to mute the A string and alternate your fingers across the G string lightly touching the D string. Alternate between fingers without letting the E string make a sound.Open E String Exercise: Roll your finger on the E string. ? œ € 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 .m). Alternate between your index and middle fingers (i. Alternate between fingers on the D string until they touch the A string. ? € œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 Open D String Exercise: Use your thumb to gently rest on the E string. muting it. gently pushing down and across until your finger touches your thumb. ? € œ 0 i œ 0 m œ 0 i œ 0 m œ 0 i œ 0 m œ 0 i œ 0 m œ 0 i œ 0 m œ 0 i œ 0 m œ 0 i œ 0 m œ 0 i œ 0 m Open A String Exercise: Roll your fingers on the A string until you touch the E string.
You can mute the strings using the plam of your picking hand. Try the following pick exercises first with all downstrokes (D).Using A Pick: Picking the bass is also a popular technique. The pick produces a more definite sound on the bass while fingerstyle produces a warmer tone. ?4 4 € œ 0 D œ 0 D œ 0 D œ 0 D œ 0 D œ 0 D œ 0 D œ 0 D œ 0 D œ 0 D œ 0 D œ 0 D œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 D D D D ? € œ 0 D œ 0 U œ 0 D œ 0 U œ 0 D œ 0 U œ 0 D œ 0 U œ 0 D œ 0 U œ 0 D œ 0 U œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 D U D U . No matter what your preference is. similar to alternating between fingers. Save energy by letting your amplifier do the work. Do not dip your pick completely below the strings. then try them using both up and down strokes (D. U). Glide the pick across the strings just enough to create a clear sound. There is no need to pick the strings as hard as you can. you may want to learn both skills to become a well rounded bass player. as this would slow you down. Hold your pick between your thumb and index fingers leaving only about 20% of the tip of the pick showing. especially in rock and metal.
you will want to try to identify in which position you should start. 2nd Position: In second position. Your fourth finger ends up on the fifth fret. you place your second finger on the second fret. These positons contnue as you move up the fretboard (the third position starts on the 3rd fret and so on). Remembering “a finger. A good saying to keep in mind is “a finger. a fret”. 1st Position: 1st position simply means to start with your first finger on the first fret. it is a good idea to become familiar with hand positions. . When you practice the exercises or begin to play along to your favorite artists’ sheet music books. a fret”. start with your first finger on the second fret. This will make playing bass lines and licks easier by avoiding too much hand movement.Playing Positions: When playing notes on the bass. third finger on the third fret and fouth finger on the fourth fret.
Remember to use the metronome. Pull slightly away from yourself. and 4th frets. This is also known as the hammer-on technique. Try this with all four fingers on the first four frets one at a time. Do not use your right hand to pluck the strings.Left Hand Technique: Position your thumb so that it is in the middle of the neck where you can reach all of the strings with your fingers. Use your left hand to make sound by pressing down on the E string on the first fret with your first finger. Remember “a finger. It is very common to follow a hammeron with a pull-off. this time add a pull-off to the open string after each hammer. . It needs to be as loud as the note(s) that precede or follow it. Press down on the fretboard just behind the fret bars. Pull-offs are often used as quick fills that add flavor when transitioning between licks. a fret”. 3rd. Try the hammer-on exercise above. Fret the strings using your fingertips. The joints of your fingers should be close to 90 degree angles. Continue this exersice throughout each string. Make sure you hammer down on the fret hard enough to create the sound of the note. you should really feel the string dig in to your finger. You should not have to hammer too hard. ? € œ #œ h 1 2 2nd œ #œ h 3 3rd #œ h h 2 1st œ #œ h 3 2nd œ h h 5 4th œ #œ h 3 1st œ bœ h #œ h œ bœ nœ h h 5 2nd h 4 4th h 5 3rd h 6 3rd 4 3rd 4 2nd 6 4th 4 1st 7 4th Fingers: 1st Another exercise you can try is the pull-off. Follow by fretting the 2nd.
F#. These are your quarter notes. Phase 2 is the same pattern only this time using eighth notes and should be counted out loud like this: 1 and 2 and 3 and 4 and 1 and 2 and 3 and 4 and.2.. There are three phases to practice with each of these exercises. Practice all three phases starting on the first fret and working your way up the fretboard one fret at a time until your first finger is on the 12th fret. dividing each beat in two. but may take several days to work through to completion without mistakes.. This section may only take up a few pages in this book. Do not forget to count the “and” in between the clicks of the metronome.2. a fret”. Phase 3 uses quarter notes with the same pattern only this time say each note as you play them with the metronome instead of counting.2. The first measure is: F. Remember “a finger.4 while playing to the clicks. G .1.4.4 etc.3.4 1.2.3. Saying each note out loud as you play them is another excellent way to learn all of the notes on the fretboard. ?4 4 € œ #œ 1 2 œ #œ 3 4 bœ nœ 1 2 œ #œ 3 4 bœ nœ 1 2 œ #œ 3 4 #œ 1 œ bœ nœ 2 3 4 ? œ bœ nœ € 2 3 4 œ 5 œ 2 œ #œ 3 4 œ 5 œ 2 œ #œ 3 4 œ 5 #œ 2 œ #œ 3 4 œ 5 .Right Left Combo: Now let’s combine both hands. Phase 1 uses all quarter notes counting each click of the metronome 1.3. Phase 1 Quarter Notes: Count each click out loud 1.G#.3. out loud.
?4 4 € bœ œ nœ œ œ œ#œ œ #œ œ œ œ bœ œ nœ œ œ œ#œ œ œ œ#œ œ œ œ #œ œ bœ œ nœ œ 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 ? œ œ bœ œ nœ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ #œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ#œ œ œ œ #œ œ œ œ #œ œ œ œ € 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 Phase 3 Naming the Notes: Play quarter notes again. This time call out each note you are playing. 16th notes are counted like this: 1 ee and ah 2 ee and ah 3 ee and ah 4 ee and ah. Practice at the same tempo. Remember that each number is the quarter note and should be played with each click of the metronome. Bb B œ bœ nœ 2 3 4 ?4 4 € F F# G G# œ #œ 1 2 œ #œ 3 4 bœ nœ 1 2 Bb B C œ #œ 3 4 C# bœ nœ 1 2 Eb E F œ #œ 3 4 F# #œ 1 G# A A Bb B ? œ bœ nœ C œ 5 E œ 2 F œ #œ 3 4 F# G œ 5 B € œ 2 C œ #œ 3 4 C# D œ 5 F# G G# A #œ 2 œ #œ 3 4 œ 5 2 3 4 After you play these exercises with confidence. With 16th notes you are now playing 4 notes per beat.Phase 2 Eight Notes: Divide each click into two parts by counting 1 and 2 and 3 and 4 and 1 and 2 and 3 and 4 and. only now you have to play twice as many notes. . try them using 16th notes.
. Use this diagram to help identify the steps. If you go up or down two half steps from one note to another. and notes. and E and F. These notes are natural half steps which means it only takes a half step to move a whole note or tone. the High E is one octave higher than the Low E. An octave is the same note value. A whole step moves two frets on the fretboard. It takes 12 chromatic. only higher or lower in pitch. For example. you can play an open string on the guitar and then play the same string with your finger pressing the 12th fret to find the octave. Also. the small interval from one note to the next closest note higher or lower is called a half step or semi-tone. then those notes are a whole step. or half steps on the fretboard between octaves. or whole tone apart.Whole Steps and Half Steps: Each fret on the fretboard is equal to a half step. The distance between two pitches is called the interval between them. and E and F. In Western music. The exception to this rule falls between the notes B and C. Whole Step Half Step Natural Half Step Keep in mind the natural half steps between B and C.
4.2.3. The following pages demonstrate the first “1.4” pattern through the first twelve frets.2. . Start out in the first position using a finger a fret and go through each of the first finger patterns.2” and continue through each column one pattern at a time throughout the first twelve frets.3”.4.3.Tony Saunders Ultimate Exercise: Use the following finger chart to work up the fretboard similar to the right-left combo exercises. then “1. Once you complete that pattern start on the “1.
? € œ #œ œ #œ bœ nœ œ #œ bœ nœ œ #œ #œ œ bœ nœ ? œ € ? € ? € ? € œ bœ œ œ #œ nœ œ œ #œ nœ œ œ #œ nœ #œ œ #œ œ bœ œ #œ œ bœ œ #œ œ #œ bœ nœ œ #œ œ #œ nœ œ œ #œ nœ #œ œ bœ œ #œ œ bœ œ #œ œ #œ nœ œ œ #œ nœ #œ œ bœ œ #œ œ bœ œ #œ .
? € ? € ? € œ bœ œ #œ œ bœ œ #œ #œ nœ œ bœ #œ nœ œ bœ œ œ #œ œ œ œ #œ œ œ bœ nœ œ œ bœ nœ œ #œ nœ œ bœ #œ nœ œ bœ #œ nœ #œ nœ bœ œ #œ nœ ? #œ € ? € œ bœ nœ #œ œ #œ œ œ œ #œ œ œ œ #œ œ #œ nœ #œ nœ bœ œ #œ nœ bœ œ #œ nœ œ œ bœ œ .
? bœ nœ € ? € œ #œ #œ œ bœ nœ #œ œ bœ nœ #œ œ #œ œ bœ œ #œ nœ œ œ bœ œ œ œ bœ œ œ #œ nœ œ .
What that means is in order to find the octave note to any note on the E or A strings. the octave has half as many vibrations per second. Moving up the fret board.E.D. For example: To find the octave of a C note.G.Octaves: Octaves are fun patterns to play and are very common in bass playing. (This formula works the same way on a 5 string bass starting on the low B string. the octave note has twice as many vibrations per second as the original note. Moving down the fret board. you must go through the series of notes starting with (C. over 2” formula.C) the second C is the octave.A.) .F. but a whole set of notes higher or lower in pitch.B. The octave note is the same note. you need to go up two strings and then over two frets as shown. A great way to find octaves on the bass is by using the “up 2.
E String Octave Exercise: œ œ œ œ œ jœ œ œ j œ œ ™™ ?4 œ œ œ œ œ œ 4 œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ ™ 9 9 7 7 5 7 7 9 9 7 7 5 7 7 ™ € 7 7 5 5 5 7 3 3 5 7 5 5 3 3 5 5 A String Octave Exercise: ?4 œ 4 € 7 œ 9 œ 7 œ 7 œ 5 œ 7 œ œ 5 3 œ 5 œ 3 œ 7 œ 5 œ 7 œ œ 5 7 œ 9 œ 7 œ 7 œ 5 œ 7 œ œ 5 3 œ 5 œ 3 œ 7 œ 5 œ 7 œ ™™ 5 ™ ™ . After you get a hang of these. use the octave diagram to create your own exercises. Keep an eye out for the quarter notes in both patterns.Octave Exercises: Try the following exercises using the first and third fingers on your left hand.
and several rests.Rest Exercise: Rests are silent spaces counted the same way as regular notes. half notes. Mute the notes to keep them from ringing during the rests. Rests help add personality and feel to music. The following exercise is great to help you read notation and keep time while incorporating rests. Quick Review: ?4 ∑ 4 Rests: Whole Rest Count: 1 2 3 4 Ó Half Rest 1 2 Ó 3 4 Ó™ Dotted Half Rest 1 2 3 Œ 1 Œ Quarter Rest 2 Œ 3 Œ 4 Refer to the reading music notation chapter if you forgot some of the note values. music would be a constant wall of sound. whole notes. Without breathing room. ?4 œ 4 œ 3 Œ œ 3 ˙ 3 Œ œ 3 œ 3 œ 3 œ 3 Œ Œ œ 3 ˙ 3 € 3 ? Ó € ? œ € 3 ˙ 3 œ 3 Œ Ó w 3 ∑ Œ œ 3 Œ œ 3 Œ Œ œ 3 ˙ 3 Ó Œ œ 3 Œ œ 3 ? ˙™ Œ œ 3 Œ Ó Ó Œ œ 3 w 3 € 3 . dotted half notes. Even speed metal bands take advantage of rests. Notice that this exercise includes quarter notes.
Strike or slap the string with the side of your right thumb in a rocking motion. ? € ? € ? € œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ . Slap the bass on the down stroke with your thumb and use the first finger of your right hand to pluck the upstroke. Try this technique with octaves at first.Slap Technique: The slap bass technique adds extra attitude and personality to your playing. Slap the root note and pluck the octave note.
and the 5 chord is G.G.Progressions and Bass Lines: In these exercises we are going to emphasize the chords that would be played by the guitar or piano by playing the root note of each chord. The one chord is C. The 12 bar blues gets its name from the 12 measures that make up the progression before it repeats.4.5 twelve bar progression. The 1 chord is E. Twelve Bar Blues Progression 1: This exercise works well with any 1. the 4 chord is A.B. (If the music is written with different versions of chords like E7 or Gsus4 you can still play the root note.4.A.5 stand for the chords used in any given key. and the 5 chord is B.C. in the key of C Major you have the notes in this order C.F.D. ?4 4 € œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 ? € ? € œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 2 œ 2 œ 2 œ 2 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 ™™ ™ ™ . Let’s start this one in the key of E. The 1.E. For example. the 4 chord is F.
Notice the E is played on the 7th fret of the A string. This time we will play in the key of A and use the A. D. and E. ?4 4 € ˙ 0 œ 0 œ 0 ˙ 0 œ 0 œ 0 ˙ 0 ˙ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 ? ˙ € 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 ˙ 0 ˙ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 œ 0 ? ˙ € 7 œ 7 œ 7 ˙ 0 œ 0 œ 0 ˙ 0 œ 0 œ 0 ˙ 7 œ 7 œ 7 ™™ ™ ™ . notes.12 Barre Blues Progression 2: This is another common variation of chord changes in the 12 barre progression.
This time we will outline the chords that the guitar or piano would play using more than just the root note. ?4 4 € œ 5 œ 5 œ 5 œ 5 œ 5 œ 5 œ 5 œ 5 œ 7 œ 9 œ 9 œ 9 œ 5 œ 7 œ 7 œ 7 ™™ ™ ™ Create your own Bass Line: ? € ™™ ™ ™ ?4 4 € œ 0 œ 5 œ 0 œ œ bœ œ œ œ œ jœ œ J œ œ 2 0 5 2 1 3 3 1 3 3 3 œ 0 œ 5 jœ œ œ œ bœ œ œ œ ™™ J œœœ œ 2 ™ 2 5 3 3 1 3 3 3 0 0 ™ 1 Create your own Bass Line: ? € ™™ ™ ™ .Rock Bass Lines: Lets work on a couple of rock bass lines.
D.4 -W. A#. This is the third note of the scale. for the fifth note. move a whole step. F.6 -W. Each major scale has this step pattern 2 whole steps 1 half step 3 whole steps and 1 half step (2-1-3-1). Next. One more half step completes the scale. or key note.3 -H. C. and up again a whole step for the seventh note. G. Move up a whole step (two frets) for your second note.8 In the key of F you will have the following notes: F. for the sixth note. G. Move up another whole step. A. To construct any major scale. A. Again. E. . This will be the fourth note.5 -W. A#.Major Scales: Major scales are made up of seven distinct notes. start with the root. C. move up a half step (one fret).7 -H.2 -W. plus an eighth ( the eighth note is an octave higher than the root note). 1 -W. Move up another whole step.
7 -W.3 -W.4 -W. G. C. Ab.6 -W.5 -H. F. Bb.8 In the key of Fm you will have the following notes: F. Ab. as well as an eighth note. whole step. half-step. To construct minor scales follow this interval pattern: whole-step. Eb. whole-step. G. the octave. whole-step. C.Minor Scales: A natural minor scale also has seven distinct notes. 1 -W. whole-step. half-step.2 -H. . Bb. Db.
5th .2nd .3rd . In the key of G Major. . the notes in the scale are: G A B C D E F# G To build the G Major pentatonic scale you would play G .3rd .5th . country. and tonic means tones.2nd .A.and 6th notes. Step Pattern: The major pentatonic is built from these intervals of a major scale: 1st (root) . Penta means five.Major Pentatonic Scale: Pentatonic scales are the staple of rock and blues guitar.D . Pentatonic Scales are made up of a series of 5 notes.E which are the 1st (root) .B . and bluegrass music.6th notes of a major scale. You can also hear them used in jazz.
4. the G minor scale is: G A Bb C D Eb F G To build the G minor pentatonic scale you would play G .4 .D .7 In the key of G minor. . 5th. b3.Minor Pentatonic Scales: Relative minor pentatonic scales use the 1st (root). 5.b3 . 4th.Bb .F which are the 1. and 7 notes. and 7th notes of the natural minor scale.5 . The minor pentatonic is built from these intervals: 1 (root) .C . 3rd.
.Blues Scale: The Blues scale is the same as the minor pentatonic scale with the addition of the b5. The flat 5 note is also known as the “blue note”. This blue note ads an extra touch to your playing.
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