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Cellular Networking Perspectives

Wireless, Telecom and Computer Glossary
Are there wireless telecommunications (or network or security) terms or acronyms that you keep hearing, but that whose meanings are unclear to you? Your prayers have been answered. Check this alphabetic list of 2051 wireless telecom terms, including many data networking and security terms as well. If the term you are looking for is not listed, please suggest it to us. We will define it for you, and add it to this list for the benefit of other readers, also. For tongue-in-cheek, humorous definitions of many of these terms, check out our alternative acronyms page. We recommend that you copy only the URL pointing to this page, and not the entire page, as we update it frequently. You are welcome to incorporate definitions from this page for your own use. Please contact us if you wish to license a customized version of this glossary. This license will include regular updates, and can be customized to include your own company logo. Cool new features: Every time you cross reference a term it will be highlighted in pink. You can also highlight a definition by clicking on the word, phrase or acronym in the left column. You can then click on the button below the index to show only the highlighted term. The search feature produces a condensed list of terms based on a search pattern. Search patterns are regular expressions, so stick to single words composed of letters and possibly numbers unless you are familiar with this concept. To search for multiple words enter text like "(word1|word2)". Within a definition words in blue link to an external website and words in teal link to another definition in this glossary. You can also use the following index to find the approximate location of a term, or the “Find” capability built into your browser.

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10 Base-T 100 Base-T 1000 Base-T 128QAM 16QAM 1G 1x 1xEVDO 1xEVDV 1XRTT 2G 2R 32QAM 3G 3GiA 3GPP 3GPP2 3GSP 3R 3WC 3x Basic Ethernet at 10 Mbit/sec Ethernet running at 100 Mbit/sec Ethernet running at 1,000 Mbit/sec QAM with 7 bits per symbol. QAM with 4 bits per symbol. First Generation. Refers to analog cellular systems A cdma2000 notation that indicates that one carrier is being used. Compare with 3x See EvDO See EVDV cdma2000 operating mode at basic chip rate (1.2288 Mcps). The theoretical top speed is 153 kbps Second Generation. Refers to digital cellular and PCS wireless systems oriented to voice and low speed data services Receive, Reshape (an optical signal). See 3R QAM with 5 bits per symbol. Third Generation. Refers to the next generation of wireless systems digital with high speed data. Being standardized by 3GPP and 3GPP2 3G Internet Appliance 3rd Generation Partnership Project for W-CDMA (GSM) 3rd Generation Partnership Project for cdma2000 3G Service Provider Reshaping, Retiming, Reamplifying (an optical signal). See 2R Three Way Call A cdma2000 notation that indicates that three carriers are being used. Compare with 1x. Not widely implemented. Although this allows higher maximum speeds, the average speed per user will not change significantly cdma2000 operating mode at 3 times the basic chip rate of 1.2288 Mcps QAM with 6 bits per symbol. An IEEE committee that standardizes a wireless Ethernet replacement technology in the ISM band. 802.11b is most commonly implemented and runs at approximately 10 Mbps in the 2.4GHz band. 802.11a runs at 54 Mbps in the 5 GHz band. 802.11g provides 24 Mbps in the same band as 802.11b.

3XRTT 64QAM 802.11


802.11b 802.11c 802.11d

802.11e 802.11f 802.11g

802.11h 802.11i 802.11j 802.11k 802.11m 802.11n

802.11p 802.11r 802.11s 802.11t 802.11u 802.11v 802.11w 802.11y

A WiFi WLAN variant that is higher speed (54 Mbps) than 802.11b. Because it also operates in a different frequency band it has proven less popular than 802.11g which offers higher speed in the same band as 802.11b thus providing a simpler migration strategy. The range of this protocol is also lower and the LOS requirements more stringent. See ADRC IEEE Wireless LAN system providing throughput of about 11 Mbps but see ADRC An IEEE standard for network interoperability between WLAN protocols An IEEE standard for operation of their WLAN protocols outside the normal frequency bands (e.g. due to the unavailability of those bands in some countries) An IEEE standard for QoS in their WLAN protocols 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g and 802.11n An IEEE standard for interconnection between wireless APs A second generation version of WiFi providing 54 Mbps raw throughput (typically a user data rate of about half that) in the same 2.4 GHz frequency band as 802.11b. This gave it an advantage over 802.11a which had similar performance but operated in a different frequency band. An IEEE standard for spectrum and transmit power management for their WLAN protocols Enhanced security for IEEE WLAN protocols An adaptation of 802.11 WLAN protocols to the Japanese 4.9–5 GHz frequency band A proposed IEEE standard for RRM A group for editorial maintenance of IEEE 802.11 WLAN standards A future IEEE WLAN protocol that promises raw data rates of 540 Mbps in either the 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz band and thus will likely eventually replace 802.11a, 802.11b and 802.11g. The protocol is scheduled for completion in 2009. See EWC A proposed IEEE standard for ITS. Also known as WAVE A proposed IEEE standard for handoff between APs A proposed IEEE standard for mesh networking A proposed test specification for IEEE WLAN standards A proposed standard for authorization of users on IEEE WLANs A proposed wireless network management standard for IEEE WLAN protocols A proposed standard for the protection of system management information in IEEE WLAN protocols A proposed standard for operation of IEEE WLAN protocols in the

802.15 802.16 802.3 8PSK 8QAM 911

3.65-3.7 GHz frequency band See Bluetooth IEEE WiMax radio interface. IEEE standard for Ethernet PSK with 8 states, allowing the coding of 8 bit combinations. It is used in EDGE. QAM with 3 bits per symbol. The ES service code in many parts of the United States, Canada and a few other countries.

A(2) A-bis A-GPS A-interface A-Key A/D A3 A5 A5/3 A8 AAA AAL ABNF ABR ABS AC ACC ACCM ACCOLC ACCT ACD An IP host address Interface between BTS and BSC Assisted GPS. Network provides information to mobile device to acquire satellite signals and may assist with processing of received data Interface between the MSC and BS The primary CAVE authentication key, used to generate SSD Analog/Digital. Usually used in the context of conversion from analog to digital (or vice-versa) GSM authentication algorithm GSM data encryption algorithm An encryption algorithm for GSM and EDGE GSM voice encryption algorithm. Used to generate Kc Authentication, Authorization and Accounting entity. See RADIUS and Diameter AAL Adaptation Layer Augmented BNF. Defined in RFC 2234 Average bit rate Alternate Billing Service Authentication Centre. Stores information for authenticating mobiles, and encrypting their voice and data transmissions Analog Control Channel. See FSK Asynchronous Control Character Map Access Overload Class CDMA Access Control by Call Type Automatic Call Distributor. Distributes incoming calls to one of a number of people equally able to handle them (e.g. for customer service) Adaptive CELP Algebraic CELP


Bit rates are higher from the network than from the client IETF Advertisement Specification Asian Expert Group. See SMS Interference from signals at slightly different frequencies ADS ADSL AdSpec AEG AES AF AFLT AFRCN Abbreviated Dialing Numbers Adaptive Differential PCM Aggregate Data Rate Caveat. Used for routing calls to cellular phones with a ‘cordless’ mode Abbreviated Dialing Architecture Document Advertising Agent. An important W-CDMA parameter. A warning that most wireless data rates are aggregate. Advanced Forward Link Trilateration. meaning that all users share the bandwidth. The ratio of the on-channel transmit power to the power measured in one of the adjacent channels. but the number who are likely to be simultaneously transmitting) Asynchronous Data Service Asymmetric DSL. Response to IAM Adjacent Channel Power Authorization & Call Routing Equipment. and often they are raw rates higher than the actual user throughput could ever be even on an unloaded system. A method of shedding load in telecommunications systems Access Channel Acknowledgement signal Adjacent Channel Leakage Ratio. A WAP Working Group Audio Engineering Society Application Function. It is probably good to start by dividing the raw rate by a factor of two to obtain the total user throughput rate and then further divide by the average number of simultaneous users (not connected users.ACF ACG ACH ACK ACLR ACM ACP ACRE AD(1) AD(2) ADA ADDS Adjacent Channel Interference ADN ADPCM ADRC Authentication Control Function Automatic Code Gapping. possibly. SS7 ISUP Address Complete message. A geolocation technique that utilizes the mobile station’s measured time of arrival of radio signals from the base stations (and. other terrestrial measurements) GSM Absolute radio frequency channel number . Provides information to a MS on the services provided by a 3G network Application Data Delivery Service.

A database that contains information about the location of emergency callers Amplitude Modulation. Proposed for use in GSM and UMTS. TIA analog cellular. Land station assists mobile in acquiring its position Access Gateway Authentication Header Answer Hold. See FM Automatic Message Accounting. Telcordia version of IN Synonym for Radio Interface. Used by MF. Authentication and Key Agreement. D-AMPS. Communication by changing frequencies in the audio band rather than RF. CDMA).2 and 4.75 kbps AMR wide (audio) band Voice Coder chosen for UMTS.AFSK AGCH AGPS AGW AH(1) AH(2) AHAG AI AICH AIN Air Interface AK AKA Alert ALI AM AMA AMF AMI AMPS AMR AMR-WB AMTA AN analog analogue Anchor MSC Audio FSK. Has 9 different bitrates American Mobile Telecommunications Association Access Network Transmission of information through a continuously variable signal. DTMF GSM Access Grant Channel. Anonymity Key. May indicate the algorithm and key used by the current authentication system. Developed by Nokia and Voiceage. Network Assisted GPS. and all standards that retain compatibility with it (NAMPS. Standardized in EIA/TIA-553 Adaptive MultiRate Voice Coder. Parts may also be applied to GSM A command to a mobile to notify the user of an incoming call or message Automatic Location Information. Compare with digital Alternate (British) spelling of analog The first MSC involved in a wireless call . Bit rates vary between 12. New generation of security being developed for 3GPP2 CDMA systems and 3GPP UMTS systems. See CDR AKA Authentication Management Field. In AKA it is derived from RAND using f5. Alternate Mark Inversion Advanced Mobile Phone Service. The traffic channel assignment information is sent to the mobile on this channel. Closely related to USCF TIA TR-45 ad hoc Authentication Group Air Interface Acquisition Indicator Channel Advanced Intelligent Network. Service that allows an incoming call to be placed on hold without answering it first.

Handles applications for a range of addresses (e. Internet Application Server. A method of error correction where the receiver detects errors. Describes the type of phone being used to call (e.11 BS Association of Public Safety Communications Officials Application PDU Application Programming Interface Associated PLMN Application Transport Associated PMN Access Point Name. See UNICODE for more complex alphabets and the obsolete EBCDIC . The sole entity authorized to settle and exchange roamer charges and revenue for a carrier IETF Address Resolution Protocol. SS7 ISUP Answer Message American National Standards Institute ANSI version of the TDMA air interface standard. Replaces IS-136. Correct name is TIA-136 See TIA/EIA-41 ADSL Network Termination Angle of Arrival. Average Revenue Per User/Unit Automatic Repeat Request. ethernet subnet). Binds the physical (MAC) address of a device to an IP address on a local network (e. A technique for locating a radio by estimating the angle of signal arrival at multiple points. Responsible for standardization of telecommunications protocols in Japan ARQ Response Mode Authorized Receipt Point. The most commonly used method for encoding text in 8 bit characters.ANI(1) ANI(2) ANI II ANM ANSI ANSI-136 ANSI-41 ANT AOA AoC AP(1) AP(2) APCO APDU API APLMN APM APMN APN ARCH ARIB ARM ARP(1) ARP(2) ARPU ARQ AS ASCII Automatic Number Identification. An 802. a telephone switch) American Standard Code for Information Interchange. Provision of charge number during a call to allow toll calls without operator intervention Access Network Identifier ANI Information Digits.g. In a GPRS network. and requests retransmission from the sender. the domain name referring to an external packet network Access Response Channel Association of Radio Industries and Businesses.g. residential line or payphone). Compare with TOA Advice of Charge Application Part (of a protocol) Access Point.g.

cf TLV AWGN Additive White Gaussian Noise AWI Alert with Information. AMF and MAC AV Authentication Vector AVC Analog Voice Channel AVP Attribute Value Pair.1 Abstract Syntax Notation 1. representation of a protocol message set ASP AS Process ASR Automatic Speech Recognition Asynchronous Data is transmitted only when needed. A switch that can be used to reach a variety of IXCs ATI Access Terminal Identifier ATIS Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions. used to transmit data while alerting an MS AWS An FCC term for IMTS-2000 . A computer chip that is customized for a special purpose application ASN. Parent organization for the T1 standards committees and many telecom industry groups. A method of encoding parameters that includes the length of the data. MS) Authentication Improvements to network based authentication (TIA/EIA-41) defined Enhancements in IS-778 Authentication See Quintet and Triplet Vector AUTHR Authentication Response. A formal.488 Gbps ATP Access Transport Parameter (also Adenosine Tri-Phosphate :) ATS Abstract Test Suite AuC GSM term for AC AUTH An OMT bit that turns mobile authentication on or off for all mobiles within a cell AUTHBS Authentication Response from the BS Authentication Proving the identity of an individual or application (e. the attribute (parameter) type (usually fixed length) and the attribute value. At least one bit is needed to indicate the start of transmission (known as a start bit). Composed of SQN (concealed). such as OBF ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode. textual.g. Compare with Synchronous AT Access Tandem. The output of CAVE when RAND is used as a global challenge AUTHU Authentication Response to Unique Challenge AUTN AKA Network Authentication Token.ASE ASIC Application Service Element Application Specific Integrated Circuit. Transmits data as 53 byte units using a connection-oriented protocol at speeds up to 2.

See BSC Broadcast Channel. BS) and received by many (e. MS) Bose.B B-SMS B/I B8ZS Baby Bell Backhaul badput BAF BAIC BAOC BARG Barring Baseband Broadcast SMS Busy/Idle bit Bipolar with 8 Zero Substitution. Broadcast Air-interface Transport Service used by TIA/EIA-136 Best Breakfast In Town. so two fit within a byte. A n IN concept Billing Domain Barred Dialing Number A capability of a transport protocol (e. A WAP Working Group See Bit Error Rate BATS BBIT BCCH BCD BCE BCH(1) BCH(2) BCH(3) BCM BCMCS BCSM BD BDN Bearer capability BEG BER(1) . Contrast with BMC Basic Call State Model. and Hocquengham error detection and correction methodology Basic Call Handling Basic Call Manager. See WIN Broadcast/Multicast Services for 3GPP2. Accounting and Roaming Group Refusal to allow certain types of calls The signal(s) used to modulate the radio channel in the transmitter. See TBCD Base Station Central Equipment. Broadcast Control Channel Binary Coded Decimal. Chaudhuri. The CDR/AMA format used by most US wireline telecom carriers Barring of All Incoming Calls Barring of All Outgoing Calls GSMA Billing. Digits 0-9 are encoded as 4 bit numbers (nibble). A Teleservice may be able to use any facility that can provide a specified bearer capability. Bandwidth = goodput(throughput) + badput + unused bandwidth Billing Automatic Message Accounting Format. A cute name for wasted bandwidth. Billing Expert Group. a maximum bitrate or message latency).g.g. A channel transmitted by one (e. Replaces an all-0 octet by one containing two BPV see RBOC Routing trunks from a cellsite to an MSC before routing to the PSTN. and which are recovered by the receiver by demodulating the received radio channel.g.

A measure of the speed of a transmission link Biphase Shift Keying Bi-Polar Violation.324. MGCF and BGCF Border Gateway Protocol of IETF RFC 1771.1 and other meta-language Billed Number Screening Bell Operating Company Barring of Outgoing International Calls BOIC except to HC An IP Router that connects to routers in other networks using the EBGP protocol. A precursor to ASN. Transmission of two one-bits in a PCM channel (e. See ASN.g. Bit Position Bits per second.1 Breakout Gateway Control Function. BID's are allocated by Cibernet Broadband ISDN Fundamental unit of information. See BLO Block of Bits A cable-replacement radio protocol for short distance (5-100 meter) networking at moderate speeds (1 Mbps raw bandwidth for version 1 and 3 Mbps for version 2). Backward Indicator Bit.1 Busy Line Verification Broadcast/Multicast Service Center Broadcast Multicast Control. Compare with SIP A SID allocated for accounting purposes. See 3GPP TS25.g.15. 0 or 1) The fraction of binary bits that are received with the wrong value. See EBGP. MSC and Interworking function Backus-Naur Form. See FIB Barring of Incoming Calls while Roaming Bearer Independent Call Control. SS7 ISUP Blocking acknowledgement. both positive or both negative). Contrast with BCMCS. See B8ZS and HDB3 . occupying two discrete states (e.g. DS0) with the same polarity (e. May be deliberately used to indicate all-zero octets. BS. ISUP adapted for use over IP-based transport. Indicates when a received MTP frame is out of sequence.BER(2) BGCF BGP BIB BIC-Roam BICC BID BISDN bit Bit Error Rate BLA BLOB Bluetooth BLV BM-SC BMC BMI BNF BNS BOC BOIC BOIC-exHC Border Router BP bps BPSK BPV Basic Encoding Rules. Controls the assignment of resources to IMS sessions in a serving system. Developed by the Bluetooth Consortium and standardized by IEEE 802. Connected to the SCSCF.

BR BREW BRI Broadcast SMS BS BSC BSF BSIC BSMC BSN(1) BSN(2) BSS(1) BSS(2) BSSMAP BT BTA BTS BTTC BWIF BXA byte Border Router. See octet C C-PDS C/I C7 CA(1) CA(2) CAC CALEA cdma2000 Packet Data Service Carrier to Interference Ratio See CCS7 Certificate/Certification Authority Collision Avoidance Carrier Access Code. Color code used by GSM systems to ensure that the source of a frequency transmission can be identified. in areas where multiple cells transmitting on the same frequency can be received Base Station Manufacturer Code Backward Sequence Number. Administers EAR An 8 bit unit of data storage. The 'brains' of a base station.11 network. The sequence number of the last correctly received MTP frame received. GSM BSS MAP Burst Type Basic Trading Area Base Transceiver System (radio portion of BS) Broadcast SMS Broadband Wireless Internet Forum. Contrast with FSN BCMCS Serving Node BS Subsystem Basic Service Set. A program of IEEE-ISTO US DoC Bureau of Export Administration. Compare with WIN CAMA CAMEL . requiring only one message per cell Base Station (includes BTS and BSC) Base Station Controller. IN capabilities for GSM. 101+CIC US Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement law. See DS0 Short messages sent to multiple mobiles in multiple cells. Connects a CN with peer networks Binary Runtime for Wireless Basic Rate Interface (64 kbps). Identifies a long distance carrier. controlling the radio equipment in the BTS Bootstrapping Function BS Identity Code. An 802. Requires that telecommunications carriers provide for surveillance (aka wiretaps) at the switch site Centralized Automatic Message Accounting Customized Applications for Mobile Networks Enhanced Logic based on CAP.

RACH. See ISUP. AGCH CCF(1) Call Control Function (IN term) CCF(2) Charging Collection Function (3GPP) CCH Control Channel CCITT International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee. An IP method to achieve higher QoS Customer Account Record Exchange. See CFNA CCP Compression Control Protocol CCPD Common Channel Packet Data . Contrast with NCAS CAT Smart Card Application Toolkit CATPT CDMA UIM Card Application Toolkit Protocol Teleservice CAVE TIA Cellular Authentication and Voice Encryption Algorithm CB Cell Broadcast CBC CB Center CBMI CB Message Identifier CBR Constant Bit Rate CBS GSM/W-CDMA Cell Broadcast SMS CC(1) E. Precursor to ITU.Candidate MSC CANID CAP(1) CAP(2) CAP(3) CAPCS CAR CARE An MSC being considered as the Target MSC of a handoff Current ANI CAMEL AP Carrierless Amplitude and Phase modulation Competitive Access Provider Cellular Auxiliary Personal Communications Service Committed Access Rate. Specifies communications between a CDMA R-UIM and the ME CCB US FCC Common Carrier Bureau CCBS Call Completion to Busy Subscriber CCCH GSM Common Control Channels – PCH.). See ITU-T and ITU-R CCNR Call Completion on No Reply. including a processor and removable hard drive to capture internet sessions (email. web access etc. CAS Call Associated Signaling. Sent from a LEC to an IXC to establish a long distance account for a customer Care-of Address The address that a Home Agent forwards packets to for handling by the Foreign Agent in MIP Carnivore US FBI ISP wiretapping box.164 Country Code CC(2) GSM Call Control protocol CC(3) Content of Communications (for LAES) CCA Common Cryptographic Algorithm CCAT CDMA Card Application Toolkit.

such as a quoted text string. Cellular Carrier Specific Code (e. cdma2000 Trade name for CDMA air interface standards aimed at 3G requirements. including IS-2000. See LNP SS7 ISUP Continuity check request Class Conformance Requirement Common Channel Signaling ITU-T version of SS7 China Communications Standards Association. including TIA/EIA-95.g. Standardized in TIA/EIA/IS-732 CdPN Called Party Number. There is some debate about whether the "CDMA" should be upper or lower case :) cdmaOne Trade name for first generations of CDMA air interface standards.25 MHz carriers at 1. Promotes the use of emergency alerts over cell phones. Also see W-CDMA CDMA-PAMR A CDMA-based PAMR system. #123) CDMA Code Combining Soft Handoff Call Completion Service Setup Circuit Credit Card Validation Cancel Call Waiting Collision Detection Character Data.CCPN CCR(1) CCR(2) CCS CCS7 CCSA CCSC CCSH CCSS CCT CCV CCW CD CDATA Call Completion to a Ported Number. Used in XML and derivative protocols such as WML CDCP Call Detail Collection Point.25 MHz channels CdPA Called Party Address CDPD Cellular Digital Packet Data. A protocol that uses 30 khz AMPS channels to transmit packets of data. The DN of the party receiving a call CDR Charging Data Record or Call Detail Record CDRP Call Detail Rating Point CDVCC Coded Digital Verification Color Code CEASA Cellular Emergency Alert Systems Association. A WAP Working Group cell The coverage area of a single radio cellsite or sector in a cellular or . CEG Carrier Expert Group. It operates in 1. Successor to CWTS. Operates in pairs of 1. See TIA/EIA-124 CDG CDMA Development Group CDGP Call Detail Generation Point CDIS Call Detail Information Source. Implemented in AMPS-compatible systems by IS-95.2288 Mcps. An MSC or other entity that produces proprietary CDR’s CDMA Code Division Multiple Access.

also on no page response). The DN of the party initiating a call Cellular Geographic Serving Area. Composed of LAI + CI Calling Geodetic Location. A minimal OA&M application is included to support maintenance of the A-bis interface processes and to route OA&M messages to/from the BTS. MSA or RSA SS7 ISUP Circuit group unblocking SS7 ISUP CGU acknowledgement Carrier Grade Voice over Packet. See CFNA Call Forwarding Unconditional (i. Compare with PAP Compact HTML. The position of a mobile phone.cellular CELP CENELEC CEP CEPT CEWS CF CFB CFNA CFNRc CFNRy CFU CG CGB CGBA CGI(1) CGI(2) CGL CGLP CgPN CGSA CGU CGUA CGVoP CHAP cHTML PCS system A radio concept that allows the multiplication of capacity by using many low-power cell to cover an area. Software running here supports termination of the LAPD links to the BTS. reusing frequencies as much as possible Code Excited Linear Prediction European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization Cell Equipment Processor Conference des administrations Europeannes des Postes et Telecommunications Cell Work Station. See also WML and XHTML . LEA that collects J-STD-025 data Call Forwarding when subscribing telephone is busy Call forward on no-answer (and. Call Handling software derives directly from the CEP and PPP of the BCE. Latitude and Longitude) Calling Party Number. Use by iMode. usually. every incoming call will be forwarded) Charging Gateway SS7 ISUP Circuit group blocking SS7 ISUP CGB acknowledgement Common Gateway Interface GSM Cell Global Identification. See GAD SS7 ISUP Calling Geodetic Location Parameter (i. See CFNRc and CFNRy Call forward when mobile not reachable. Use of RADIUS to authenticate a terminal without sending security data in the clear.e. Collection function.e. See CFNA Call forward when mobile is not answered. See VoIP PPP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol. as transmitted through various signaling protocols.

A major expense for carriers GSM Cell Identity.Churn CI CIBER Cibernet CIC Ciphertext CIR(1) CIR(2) Circuitswitched data CISC CITEL CK CKSN CLASS Clearinghouse CLEC CLI CLIP CLIR CLLI CLNP CLNS CM CMAC CMC CMEA CMIP The rate at which subscribers leave one wireless carrier to go to another. See CNIP Calling Line Identification Restriction. A generic term used to classify carrier class cellular systems Cellular MEA. it is derived from RAND using f3 and applied to traffic using f8 CK Sequence Number Custom Local Area Signaling Services. Maintained by Cibernet Corp A subsidiary of the CTIA responsible for facilitating billing aspects of roaming Carrier Identification Code. A 16 bit number identifying a cell within an LAI Cellular Intercarrier Billing Exchange Record. Bandwidth associated with a frame relay PVC Data transmitted over a dedicated (although usually virtual) channel. An ASCII identifier of a telephone switch or calling area. In AKA. Compare with Plaintext Synonym for C/I Committed Information Rate. See CNIR Common Language Location Identifier. Connectionless Network Protocol Connectionless Network Service GSM Connection Management Control Mobile Attenuation Code Cellular Mobile Carrier. See CgPN Calling Line Identification Presentation. such as billing records Competitive LEC. A Latin American telecommunications association Cipher Key. See CAC Encrypted data. Based on CAVE Common Management Information Protocol . A new entrant in a market previously limited to one carrier. Format used for exchange of wireless billing records. The destinatioin address is implicitly defined by the (virtual) circuit that is selected CRTC Interconnection Steering Committee Commission InterAmericanna de Telecommunications Association. Some wireless carriers may qualify for this designation Calling Line Identity. A package of features offered by wireline carriers A central point for the gathering and redistribution of records.

voice. A terminating party feature. Cellular messaging teleservice. Method of managing traffic by grouping similar types (e. COLP IETF SIP Preconditions Met message Keeping information private (e.CMRS CMSP CMT CMWN CN CNA CNAME CNAP CNAR CNDB CNIP CNIR CO Co-channel Interference COA codec COFDM COFETEL COLP COLR COMET Confidentiality CONS Control Channel CORBA CORD CoS COUNT COWS Commercial Mobile Radio Service Indian GSM licence. Overridden by CNAR Calling NAme Restriction. under the oversight of the CRTC.25 links to the OMC (including the OSI stack) and any . A basic Domain name that may be pointed to by multiple aliases Calling NAme Presentation. A service based on SMS that is similar to that provided by alphanumeric pagers Cancel Message Waiting Notification Core Network. video.g. Software running in the Common Work Station element supports termination of the SS7 links to the MSC as well as the X. See CNIR. Protocols for this include GSM MAP and ANSI-41 Canadian Number Administrator. An internal mobile counter that can be used to detect the presence of clones Common Work Station. email) Call History Count.g. An originating party feature Calling Name Database Calling Number Identification Presentation. CNIP Connected Line Identification Restriction. Overridden by CNIR Calling Number Identification Restriction. Canonical Name. Replaced by UASL. An originating party feature Central Office Interference from other signals using the same radio channel Care-Of Address Voice coder and decoder. Administers telecom numbering resources in Canada. A terminating party feature. See COLR. by encryption) Connection-Oriented Network Service A cellular or PCS channel that broadcasts information about a cell to mobiles that are not currently in a call Common Object Request Broker Architecture Cellular Operations Record Distribution Class of Service. See vocoder and Voice Coder Code OFDMA Comision Federal de Telecomunicaciones de Mexico Connected Line Identification Presentation.

Externally-provided synchronizing information for cryptoalgorithms (ciphers) that allows an encryptor at one end to uniquely encrypt each block of content into ciphertext. SS7 ISUP Call ProGress Message Cost per Gross Addition. Cryptosync often takes the form of the output of a binary counter IN Capability Set Circuit switched.CPDE CPE CPG CPGA CPL CPN CPP CQM(1) CQM(2) CR CR-LDP CRC CRDB CRL CRM(1) CRM(2) CRTC CRTP Cryptosync CS(1) CS(2) CS-1 CS-2 CS-ACELP CSA CSC PSDN services. cf TPP Channel Quality Measurement Core Quality of Service Manager. Included in many digital protocols to check for errors in transmitted messages Coordinate Routing DataBase. The calling party pays for calls to mobile. See CgPN Calling Party Pays. and yet allows a decryptor at the other end to properly decrypt the ciphertext to yield the original plaintext. not the mobile receiving the call. Provides compression (and decompression) of RTP. ambiguity or restriction) and a description of how it should be fixed Constraint-based Routing LDP. limitation. Obsolete. Centralized PDE Customer Premises Equipment. The cost to a carrier of adding one subscriber IETF Call Processing Language. Proposed for E911 systems to convert a location into routing information Certificate Revocation List Customer Resource Management Channel Request Message Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission Compressed Real-Time Transport Protocol. A description of a problem in a standard (error. An XML-based language for describing internet telecommunications services. UDP and IP headers. Contrast with PS IN CS 1 IN Capability Set 2 Conjugate Structure ACELP Canadian Standards Association Customer Service Center . See PDF Change Request. See MPLS Cyclic Redundancy Code (or check). A standard telephone is an example of telecommunications equipment that is usually located at the customer’s site. The majority of the OA&M software is found here.

See HTML Channel Service Unit. Data travels between two devices using a fixed amount of bandwidth allocated for the duration of the data call. Compare with Packet data that uses shared bandwidth to service multiple users. Formerly known as Ardis. Unit that interfaces between the telephone company and a private network Call Transfer Compressed TCP. P-CSCF and S-CSCF Canadian Steering Committee on Numbering.g. See DCS X. A Motorola wireless data system. from base station to mobile). . 10 times the logarithm of the value in base 10 Decibels relative to isotropic radiator. Ethernet devices use this to minimize collisions by checking the line before sending Contributing Source Cascading Style Sheets. Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association Closed User Group. A measurement of the gain of an antenna.500 Directory Access protocol Data TAC. Calls are restricted to within the group Calling Waiting Canadian Wireless Telecommunications Association Chinese Wireless Telecommunications Standards. Controls the assignment of resources from the home system. Decibel. Provides compression (and decompression) of TCP and IP headers. Compare with U/L. A working group of the CRTC CISC Circuit switched data. Replaced by CCSA D D Digit D-AMPS D-H D/L DACS DAP DataTAC dB dBi The fourth digit of an NANP phone number. Currently restricted to the values 2-9 to allow 7 digit dialing Digital AMPS (IS-54 and IS-136 TDMA) Diffie-Hellman Downlink (e. Coded Superframe Phase CAMEL Subscription Information Carrier Sense Multiple Access See CSMA/CD CSMA with CD (also known as CA).CSCF CSCN CSD CSFP CSI CSMA CSMA/CA CSMA/CD CSRC CSS CSU CT CTCP CTIA CUG CW CWTA CWTS Call Session Control Function. Packet data can be more efficient (except when the overhead of identifying and routing packets is greater than the savings) but the performance is less predictable. See I-CSCF.

Compare with .g. but not yet implemented. video. usually used with 56 bit keys. DDM Data Description Method DEA US Drug Enforcement Agency DECT Digital Enhanced Cordless Telephony DES Data Encryption Standard. DFP Distributed Functional Plane NRM DHCP Dynamic Host Control Protocol. See IETF RFCs 2474 and 2475 digital Transmission of information through a signal that can take on only certain discrete values (e. voice. Not to be confused with Termination of a call or the Release of a trunk DL Downlink. See AES. Directs all calls to a block of numbers to a PBX Diffie-Hellman A secure key exchange mechanism Diffserv Differentiated Services. Dynamic assignment of radio channels to optimize capacity. DID Direct Inward Dialing. Proposed for GSM. A number assigned to a control channel used to limit erroneous accesses DCCH Digital Control Channel. It uses IPSEC and TLS instead of a shared secret.e. Compare with analog Disconnection The end of a call. Radio link from network ‘down’ to terminal. a computer) DCF DRM Content Format DCH Dedicated Channel DCN Data Communications Network DCS(1) Data Coding Scheme DCS(2) Digital Cross-Connect System DCS(3) European PCS frequencies in the 1800 MHz range.dBm DCC Decibels referenced to one milliwatt Digital Color Code. Different QoS for different types of traffic (e. A commonly used encryption method. Unlike its predecessor it supports MIP and uses SCTP (or TCP) instead of UDP for more reliable transport. Allows automatic assignment of IP addresses on a network DHKE Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange. TDES. A method of securely exchange encryption keys over an insecure interface Diameter An IETF AAA protocol designed to be twice as good as RADIUS. The control channel used by IS-136 and TIA/EIA-136 D-AMPS systems DCE Data Communications Equipment (i. Compare with EF and MF DF(2) Delivery Function (for LAES) DFCA Dynamic Frequency and Channel Allocation. DF(1) UIM Dedicated File.g. email). bits with values 0 or 1).

of a PAMR system.g. A single digital facility (e. A secure and efficient mechanism for distributing and updating Mobile IP (MIP) cryptographic keys in cdma2000 networks (including High Rate Packet Data which is often referred to as 1xEV-DO). 1-800 and 1-900 number). See RFC 1035 Dead On Arrival US Department of Commerce Domain of Interpretation US Department of Justice A portion of the internet ( The switch from which a number has been ported.g. The number dialed to terminate a call to a phone Domain Name (e. it may be used to securely bootstrap the MN-AAA key (and other cryptographic keys) in MIP networks using any RAN technology. Discrete Multi-Tone line code being proposed for Compare with QAM/CAP Dynamic MIP Key Update. Data network identification code Dialed Number Identification Service. cnp-wireless. Identifies the called (not calling) number. T1 or T3) carrying multiple lines to a business or other large customer Data Link Connection/Circuit Identifier Discrete Logarithm Problem. cnp-wireless. See LNP Path from base station to terminal WIN/CAMEL Detection Point Destination Point Code for an SS7 message Downlink Power Control Dedicated Physical Control Channel Dedicated Physical Channel Dedicated Physical Data Channel . PTT. An informal name for the TIA IS-124 standard Direct Mode Operation. a regular phone number. Compare with TMO.g. Group calling capabilities. Contrast with CNIP Internet Domain Name Service/System.g. e. Directory Number.g.DLC DLCI DLP DMAC DMH DMO DMT DMU DN(1) DN(2) DNIC DNIS DNS DOA DoC DOI DOJ Domain Donor Switch Downlink DP DPC(1) DPC(2) DPCCH DPCH DPDCH UL Digital Loop Carrier. Used in some cryptography systems Digital Mobile Attenuation Code Data Message Handler. Because the Dynamic Mobile IP Key Update (DMU) procedure occurs at the IP layer directly between the MIP MN and RADIUS or Diameter AAA Server. Only useful when multiple numbers terminate at the same location (e.

reducing the bandwidth to 56 kbps Digital Signal Level 1.312 Mbps. 8 kbps is usually reserved for in-band signaling (onhook/off-hook etc. ADSL. Level 3.152 Mbps signaling link carrying 48 DS0 channels Digital Service. Carries 672 DS0 channels (28 DS1 channels) Digital Signature Algorithm Downlink Shared Channel Dispersion Shifted Fiber Digital Speech Interpolation Digital Subscriber Line. Access to a shared resource is controlled by sensing a digital signal before attempting an access. See CDMA Direct Sequence CDMA Digital Signal Level 0. Simultaneous voice and data connections with . An XML grammar specification Data Terminal Equipment Dual Transfer Mode. Interface between the terminal equipment (DTE) and the service provider's facilities Digital Traffic Channel Dedicated Traffic Channel Document Type Definition. SDSL. In ANSI networks. Level 2. VDSL DSL Access Multiplexer Digital Sense Multiple Access.736 Mbps. A 64 kbps digital link used to carry a single voice conversation or signaling traffic for multiple calls/trunks. 1 Digital Service Unit. A 1.DPSK DQPSK DRAC DRM DRNC DRNS DS DS-CDMA DS0 DS1 DS1C DS2 DS3 DSA DSCH DSF DSI DSL DSLAM DSMA DSP DSR(1) DSR(2) DSS-1 DSU(1) DTC DTCH DTD DTE DTM Differential PSK Differential Quadrature PSK Dynamic Resource Allocation Control Digital Rights Management Drift RNC Drift RNS Direct Spread. 6.544 Mbps signaling link carrying 24 DS0 channels Digital Signal Level 1C. Carries 96 DS0 channels (4 DS1 channels) Digital Service. See SHDSL. Used by CDPD Digital Signal Processing/Processor Distributed Speech Recognition Direct Signal Reporting Digital Subscriber Signaling System No. 44.). A 3.

TOA and TDOA Enhanced SMR. A positioning technology based on software within wireless phones combined with their existing signal measurement capabilities. Used mostly outside North America.164 E. RFC 4017 EAP Transport Layer Security. A geographical area used by the US FCC to license the AWS A band. A mobile only transmits when the user is talking. Equal Access Emergency Area Congestion Control IETF Extensible Authentication Protocol. This saves battery life. Compare with the purely network-based AOA. this mapping does not work in North America A digital link carry 32 DS0 channels. bringing some 3G services to a 2G system (without the wide pipe though!) Dual Tone Multifrequency.212 E. Compare with Dual-mode A mobile that can support two different technologies. Compare with T1 Enhanced 9-1-1 service. Provides the identity and the approximate location of the calling phone Economic Area.DTMF DTN DTX Dual-band Dual-mode DUP DVCC DWDM GSM and EDGE.212 IMSI number to be mapped onto an E.164 number to allow routing through SS7 networks. Numbers are composed of CC+NSN (NDC + NDC) ITU-T mobile identification number standard ITU-T standard that allows an E. Unfortunately. Compare with Dual-band SS7 Data User Part Digital Verification Color Code Dense Wave Division Multiplexing E E-GGSN E-Mail(1) E-OTD Enhanced GGSN Electronic Mail Enhanced Observed Time Difference. Public key encryption for WiFi. with two used for signaling purposes. but can introduce some choppiness into conversations A mobile that can support two different frequency ranges. Provides mutual authentication of WiFi network and client through the use of network- E-SMR E. EAP Tunneled Transport Layer Security. See iDEN ITU-T dialing plan standard. Tone signaling used by phones Deflected-To Number Discontinuous Transmission.214 E1 E911 EA(1) EA(2) EACC EAP EAP-TLS EAP-TTLS .

See ADRC Electronic Data Interchange. A US government system that transmits audio or text information about emergencies (mostly weather) to radio and TV stations. Renamed ATIS several years ago Explicit Call Transfer CDMA Error Detection and Correction coding. IBM's byte code for letters. There has been some talk about extending this to wireless phones via broadcast SMS Energy of an information bit Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code. An idea that never took off. more attention is on XML for this purpose Efficient Data Representation. See ECC European Computer Manufacturer's Association Exchange Carrier's Standards Association. See FEC Enhanced Data-rates for GSM (or Global) Evolution.000 pooled numbers Enhanced Dialed Service(s) Expanded ESN. The standard GSM Voice Coder operating at 12. for example. Compare with DF and MF External Functionality Interface Enhanced Full Rate. A higher speed successor to GPRS. Nowadays.EAR EAS Eb EBCDIC EBGP EBNF EBS EC ECC ECDLP ECMA ECSA ECT EDAC EDGE EDI EDR EDS EESN EF EFI EFR EGPRS-136 EHFC side certificates. letters are not all in a single group. numbers and special characters. Replace ITAR for control of export of encryption technologies Emergency Alert System. Assigns one record to represent a block of 1. Used to define XML. Used to transfer business-level data between companies (e.g. Emergency Broadcast System. See EAS Exchange Carrier Elliptic Curve Cryptography Elliptic Curve Discrete Logarithm Problem. although per-user rates will be significantly lower because few if any phones can use all 8 available timeslots. Uses 8PSK modulation to increase data rates within the 200 kHz RF bandwidth to a theoretical limit of 384 kbps (474 kbps raw). BGP between routers in two different networks. Export Administration Regulations. for example. invoices. See MEID UIM Elementary File. Extended BNF. purchase orders). Not as good as ASCII because. making software more awkward External BGP.2 kbps GPRS adapted for use in TIA/EIA-136 networks Extended Hyperframe Counter .

Contrast with BAF and CIBER Enhanced Messaging Service. there you have it! This format is easier for DNS systems to handle.EIA EIA/TIA-553 EIR EIRP ELCA EMA EMC EMF EMI eMLPP EMR EMS EMTEL EN enum EO EOM EOTD EP SCP EPE Erlang Erlang B Erlang C ERMES ERP ERROR Electronics Industry Alliance Analog AMPS cellular standard.g. by arrangement with the terminating (usually wireless) carrier Electronic Messaging Association. A LEC billing record format. Contrast with BAF and CIBER Enhanced MLPP. Effective Radiated Power Message sent to unsuccessfully end TCAP transaction . audio and enhanced text (e. A North American TDMA architecture that secures voice. messages. put a dot between each pair of adjacent digits. A precursor to MMS Emergency Telecommunications for ETSI European Norm (Standard). An ETSI paging system established in the 1990s.e164. Take the full number (including country code). Formerly IS-3 Equipment Identity Register. Stores information about wireless terminals as opposed to subscriptions. and data through encryption Measure of traffic load. A method of converting a phone number into a domain name defined by IETF RFC 2916. Compare with EMR. append '. Telephone Number Mapping to an internet address. A LEC billing record format. SMS extended to include simple graphics. fonts). Compare with EMI. A GSM method for implementing PS Exchange Message Record. End Office End Of Message See E-OTD ETSI Project Smart Card Platform Enhanced Privacy and Encryption. Compare with HLR Effective Isotropic Radiated Power Extended Local Calling Area. Allows toll-free calls to numbers outside the normal toll-free zone. reverse it. All European countries are supposed to provide spectrum for it. and the average holding time is known A traffic model commonly used for provisioning data circuits European Radio Messaging System. Electro-Magnetic Compatibility Electro-Magnetic Field or Electro-Motive Force (Voltage) Exchange Message Interface. Calculated as rate at which calls arrive divided by the rate at which they are completed A traffic model used to engineer resource groups when blockage is' and.

100Mbps and 1Gbps variants.g.g. Used by SMPP to exchange short messages between incompatible technologies Enhanced SMR. Available in 10Mbps. S/R or PSAP) See EESN Emergency Service Provider Enhanced Subscriber Privacy. It does not support voice. May eventually be replaced by MEID. such as 911 Enhanced Subscriber Authentication. Entity that receives E911 messages from an MSC (e. CDMA or TDMA mobile. A temporary phone number that routes an emergency call to the correct PSAP and allows access to information in the ALI Emergency Services Zone.RESULT ES ESA ESC ESF ESIF ESME(1) ESME(2) ESMR ESN(1) ESN(2) ESNE ESNX ESP(1) ESP(2) ESP(3) ESRD ESRK ESZ ETACS Ethernet ETR ETS ETSI EvDO Emergency Service(s). Allows ‘cellular’ service as well as traditional SMR services Electronic Serial Number.3. Standardized as IEEE 802. A high speed CDMA data system. Emergency Service Number Emergency Services Network Entity. Extended TACS A LAN protocol using collision detection to resolve access contention (CSMA/CD). DS1 format that is used for most T1 links ATIS Emergency Services Interconnect Forum Emergency Services Message Entity. ETSI Technical Report European Telecommunication Standard European Telecommunications Standards Institute 1x cdma2000 Evolution for High Speed Data Only. . An NANP number that routes a call to a PSAP and identifies the cellsite or sector that the call originated from Emergency Service Routing Key. RFC 2406 Emergency Service Routing Digits. Entity that is connected to an E911 trunk from an MSC (e. 32 bit identifier of an AMPS. ALI or S/R) External SME. Stronger TIA voice encryption algorithms than those originally provided with CAVE IETF Encapsulating Security Payload. A geographical region served by a single emergency call answering service. A long term replacement to the TIA CAVE algorithm Emergency Services Call Extended Superframe Format. See HRPD and EVDV.

Compare with f8.g. AKA Key generating function used to compute IK.7 Mbps download and 4. what was transmitted). it is so far less popular than EvDO Error Vector Magnitude. 153 kbps upload on a 1. This is a measure of error in digital modulation systems such as QAM.8 up.9 Mbps upload in a 5 MHz carrier and Revision C promises 100 Mbps download and 50 Mbps upload in a 20 MHz carrier.4 Mbps download. Revision 0 promised 2. The difference between the received coordinates of a symbol (defined by phase and amplitude) and the intended position (e. Revision A was 3.g. The 2 digit IMEI ME manufacturer identity Fast Associated Control Channel GSM term for FACCH Frequently Asked Questions Fade duration short relative to channel frame length US Federal Bureau of Investigation Feature Code.Voice and High Speed Data services. Uses CK. which is derived from RAND using f3 AKA Integrity Protection Function. May be Kasumi. AKA Ciphering Function.11n WLAN protocol GSMA Environmental Working Group F F-BCCH F-SCH f1 f2 f3 f4 f5 f8 f9 FA FAC(1) FAC(2) FACCH FACH FAQ Fast Fading FBI FC Fast Broadcast Control Channel Forward SCH (from BS) AKA message authentication function used to compute MAC AKA Message authentication function used to compute RES and XRES AKA Key generating function used to compute CK. Enhanced Variable Rate Voice Coder. An asterisk followed by digits indicating the invocation of a feature (e. *73 may be used to disable call forwarding). There is no standardization of feature codes . Feature codes should be sent to the HLR for interpretation. It may simply generate 0 if concealment of SQN is not required.25 MHz carrier. Revision B was 14.1 Mbps down. An association to promote the development of the IEEE 802. Compare with f4 Foreign Agent FA Challenge Final Assembly Code. 1.EVDV EVM EVRC EWC EWG except as VoIP. May be Kasumi. See LTE and ADRC CDMA 1x Evolution . Compare with f9 AKA Key generating function used to compute AK. An IS-95 voice coder for use on CDMA systems Enhanced Wireless Consortium. Although it is more flexible.

transmission of frequency standard to MS etc. first out. See BIB First in. The number of frames in error divided by the total. correction of MS frequencies. Indicates the start of a retransmission cycle in MTP. The keep-alive message for SS7 MTP A Motorola one-way paging protocol that runs at 1600. These frames are usually discarded. Compare with LIFO US Federal Information Processing Standards Fill-In Signal Unit. Not necessarily realized as a physically distinct device Feature Enhanced NTS Forward Error Correction Forwarding Equivalence Class. Forward Call Indicator. Compare with TDMA and CDMA Fixed Dialing Number Forward DTC Functional Entity.FCC FCCH FCI FCS FDCCH FDD FDDI FDM FDMA FDN FDTC FE FE-NTS FEC(1) FEC(2) FER FEXT FF FFPC ffs FFT FHMA FHSS FIB FIFO FIPS FISU FLEX FM(1) FM(2) US Federal Communications Commission GSM Frequency Correction Channel. in which case this can be called the Frame Erasure Rate Far End CrossTalk GSMA Fraud Forum CDMA Fast Forward Power Control For Further Study Fast Fourier Transform Frequency Hopping Multiple Access Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum. A logical element of a network. An identity for packets that all get routed via MPLS in the same way Frame Error Rate. A checksum for a transmitted frame Forward DCCH Frequency Division Duplex Fiber Distributed Data Interface Frequency Division Multiplex. A queuing methodology similar to lining up for a bank teller. Used to indicate whether a number portability query has occurred for this call (to prevent looping) Frame Check Sequence. downlink only. Forward Indicator Bit. Compare with POCSAG Frequency Modulation Follow-Me . 3200 or 6400 bps. See FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access.

transmitted by an MS Fixed Wireless Access. Used to send signaling messages from a base station to one or multiple mobiles IP node that receives packets from a Home Agent for delivery to a Mobile Node currently in its service area Future Public Land Mobile Telecommunications Systems. used to transmit data from an MS during a call G G. Group III Facsimile service A sub-group of GGRF investigating roaming between GSM and CDMA systems based on TIA/EIA-95 and cdma2000 Geographic Area Description.g. See WLL Flash with Information. to determine a unique IP address). if' would be fully-qualified.032 defines this. Now IMT2000 Fully Qualified DN.628 GSM/TIA/EIA-41 Interoperability Trial G3FAX G95 GAD GAIT . if 'domain. GSM 101.711 The ITU-T standard for PCM encoding telephone audio on an 64 kbps channel. For example. The sequence number of an MTP frame being transmitted. Contrast with BSN Frame Sequence Number File Transfer. 'alpha' and 'beta'. Access and Management Fractional' had two servers.FOCC Foreign Agent FPLMTS FQDN FR FRAD FSK FSN(1) FSN(2) FTAM FTI FTN(1) FTN(2) FTP FTTC FTTH FVC FWA FWI Forward Control Channel.109 and 3GPP' would not. A customer may lease a portion of a full T1 Forward-To Number FEC to NHLFE Map Internet File Transfer Protocol Fiber to the curb Fiber to the home Forward analog voice channel. Related to CGL in ATIS T1. mu-law and A-law. for a voice coder). Compare with HR FR Access Device Frequency Shift Keying Forward Sequence Number. A domain name with enough information (including server name. A-law is used for international circuits and represents smaller signals with greater fidelity. 'alpha. Full Rate (e. Because it operates at an8 kHz sampling rate (8 bits per sample) it can only encode frequencies between 0 and 4 kHz. There are two encoding variants. but 'domain.

It supports simple animation. PNG or TIFF are more suitable for photographs. Devices can position themselves based on accurate (atomic clock) time transmitted from the satellites and their knowledge of the satellite's positions. e. GHOST GSM Hosted Short Message Teleservice. mobile application security A security association is established by the BSF with both the UE and NAF allowing secure communication between the UE and the NAF. internet). Used in number portability to carry the LRN Gateway MSC An MSC designed to receive wireless calls from the PSTN Gaussian Noise Noise with constant power spectral density across the radio channel. Connects to other packet data networks (e.GALILEO A European positioning system based on 30 satellites and ground stations. HSS or AAA to ‘bootstrap’ a key for other purposes. A common graphics format suitable for computer-drawn graphics with few colors (up to 256). A measure of radio frequency GIF Graphics Interface Format. JPEG. Allows a phone to make an emergency call in an area where the emergency digits are different than at home. Giga-bit). Similar to the US GPS GAP SS7 ISUP Generic Address Parameter. GBA Generic Bootstrapping Architecture. Abbreviated G. Uses key material located in an HLR. Composed of GAIT.g. See MEID. Allows TIA/EIA-136 messages to be delivered to a GSM MS GHz One thousand million Hz. See Mbps and kbps GCC Group Call Control GCCS Generic Call Control service for Parlay/OSA GCF GSM Global Certification Forum GCR Group Call Register GDP ISUP Generic Digits Parameter GECO Global Emergency Call Origination. Giga Prefix to indicate one billion (e.g. GEO Geostationary Orbit (for a satellite) GERAN 3GPP TSG for GSM/EDGE RAN GETS US Government Emergency Telecommunications Service GFSK Gaussian FSK GGRF GSM Global Roaming Forum within the GSM Association. without the NAF having any root key material.g. A data speed of billions of bits per second. See Gbps . G95 and groups considering interworking with iDEN and TETRA GGSN Gateway GSN. Gbps Giga-bps. See SGSN GHA Global Hexadecimal Address.

The reference point for time zones around the world. See SGSN. A GSM-based packet data protocol using up to all 8 of the time slots in a GSM channel. An interface to various networks for data communications Method of authentication using the same random number (RAND) for every mobile in a cellsite or sector 3GPP/OMA Gateway MLC GPRS Mobility Management Protocol See MSC-G Gaussian MSK Greenwich Mean Time. Compare with AOA. It supports data rates up to 115 kbps. Contrast with GPS Interface between the GGSN and PDF that allows the application of policy (network rules) to bearer usage. TOA Telecordia Generic Requirements document Generic Routing Encapsulation. GGSN. security and QoS functions Global Service Logic Global System for Mobile Communications A GSM-based PAMR system developed by European railways. Global Navigation Satellite System. The difference with HSCSD is that the bandwidth can be shared amongst many users. but also more susceptible to speed degradation due to overloading. Provides interconnection. Synonym for PSTN . making it more flexible. See RFC 1701 GPRS Roaming Exchange. A system for determining location based on comparing signals from several US military satellites. routing. GSM Inter-Working Unit. A system that combines mapping information with domain-specific information that can be queried by computers.GII GIS GIWU Global challenge GMLC GMM GMSC GMSK GMT GNSS Go goodput GPRS GPS GR GRE GRI GSL GSM GSM-R GSMA gsmSCF gsmSRF GSN GSTN Global Information Infrastructure Geographic Information System. DNS. General Switched Telephone Network. Used as a generic term for GALILEO. GSM Association GSM SCF for CAMEL GSM SRF for CAMEL GPRS support node. Most terminals do not support usage of more than 1-3 timeslots. although 10-40 kbps is more likely in practice. See throughput and badput General Packet Radio Service. See ADRC Global Positioning System.

See OpenH323 MIP Home Agent Home AAA HA Challenge TIA/EIA-41 HandoffMeasurementRequest INVOKE message. A method of routing in SS7 networks based on an GTs and not Point Code Global Text Telephony GVNS User Group Graphical User Interface Generic User Profile General UDP Transport Service Global Virtual Network Service Gateway H H.323 HA HAAA HAC HANDMREQ ITU-T protocol to control the MGW ITU-T recommendation for teleconferencing. Being replaced by HANDMREQ2 HANDMREQ2 TIA/EIA-41 HandoffMeasurementRequest2 INVOKE message. See IOTA HDB3 High Density Bipoloar Order 3 Encoding HDLC High Level Data Link Control HDML Handheld Markup Language HDR High Data Rate. Symmetric DSL used for corporate networking HE Home Environment Hertz A unit of frequency. High speed data-only version of CDMA. GHz. E. Used by the Serving MSC to determine the signal strength being received by a neighboring Candidate MSC.164 DNs. A non-native SS7 address based on E. standardized as EvDO.GT GTA GTAI GTP GTT(1) GTT(2) GUG GUI GUP GUTS GVNS GW Global Title.248 H. Now called HRPD HDSL High bit rate DSL.212 IMSI. etc. Replaces HANDMREQ2 Handoff The process of a MS changing from one frequency in one cell or sector to a different frequency in a neighboring cell or sector HARQ Hybrid ARQ HC Home Country HCM Handset Configuration Management. kHz HF Hyperframe . See MHz. GT Address SS7 SCCP GT Address Indicator GPRS Tunneling Protocol Global Title Translation.

The MCC and MNC prefix of a group of IMSI codes.g. HSDPA DL control channel HSDPA DL physical channel High Speed Circuit Switched Data.HFC(1) HFC(2) HG HI HINFO HIPPI HLPI HLR HMAC HNI Home Address Home Agent Home MSC HomeRF HPC HPLMN HPS HR HRFWG HRL HRPD HRU HS-DSCH HS-PDSCCH HS-PDSCH HSCSD HSDPA HF Counter Hybrid Fiber-Coax Header Generator Handover Interface Host Information High-Performance Parallel Interface Higher Layer Protocol Identifier Home Location Register Hashed MAC Home Network Identifier. The reverse link supports speeds from 9. although maximum rates of 28. for a voice coder). Messages routed to this address will arrive at the HA.6 kbps data rates. 3GPP High Speed Downlink Packet Access.2kbps are more realistic in practice. An IP address permanently assigned to a device that is supported by Mobile IP.5 Mbps in a 5 MHz . Note that this protocol was abandoned in 2003 Header Reduction Lower cdma2000 High Rate Packet Data (formerly EvDO and HDR).5Mbps data rates.6kbps to 154kbps Header Reduction Upper HSDPA DSCH. This protocol was abandoned in 2003. IP node that receives packets at a Mobile Nodes static address and forwards them to a Foreign Agent for delivery at its current (‘care-of’) address The MSC to which the PSTN routes based on an MDN Promoters of the SWAP protocol for in-home wireless networking. Compare with FR HomeRF WG. GSM enhanced to allow the concurrent use of up to four timeslots. The main difference with GPRS is that the timeslots are assigned exclusively to one mobile for the duration of a data call. It combines TDM on the forward link to provide from 38kbps to 2. A high speed channel for transmitting data to a WCDMA mobile. providing a theoretical maximum 57. Provides higher data rates ‘down’ from the network to the mobile at about 1. High Probability of Completion Home PLMN Home PS Half Rate (e.8kbps to 43.

e. See HSPA Evolution and ADRC Hypertext Markup Language Hypertext Transfer Protocol . uplink speeds of 11. See HSUPA and HSPA Evolution. It is based on IEEE 802. for domain names and IP addresses. GSM identifier for a SIM or UIM (‘smart card’). Iterated Block Ciphers see IXC Integrated Circuit The Internet Corporation for Assignment Names and Numbers. Complements HSDPA by providing higher throughput on the W-CDMA link for uploading (MS to network). A serial interface that can be used for very short distances (up to 50 feet). Main contact point for IMS connections to a carrier's subscribers Interrogating SCM WLAN Interworking with a 3GPP cellular network. 800 MHz cellular and 1800 MHz PCS) Cycles per second. See RFC 2068 Secure HTTP Handoff between two different frequency bands (e. Used to initiate a call Internet Assigned Number Authority. The RTT is estimated as under 50 ms. Performs top level resource assignment tasks for the internet. See ADRC 3GPP Home Subscriber Server.g.5 Mbps in a 5 MHz carrier. Rates for initial systems will be about 1 Mbps but eventually 5. An IEEE protocol to allow the secure transfer of MS context from one AP to another.g. International Alphabet 5. See ADRC Header Stripping and Generation An evolution of HSDPA and HSUPA that is promising downlink speeds of 28 Mbps. Basically the ASCII character set SS7 ISUP Initial Address Message.HSG HSPA Evolution HSS HSSI HSUPA HTML HTTP https Hyperband Handoff Hz carrier. Similar to AAA High Speed Serial Interface. supporting speeds up to 52 Mbps 3GPP High Speed Uplink Packet Access. A point within the telecommunications network that provides voice or data for CALEA interception to a DF Inter-Access Point Protocol. A measure of radio frequency I I-CSCF I-SCM I-WLAN IA5 IAM IANA IAP IAPP Interrogating CSCF.76 Mbps is promised.11f. Mostly superseded by ICANN Intercept Access Point. 10 bytes long (or 20 IBC IC(1) IC(2) ICANN ICCID . Uplink speeds will be the same as EDGE – 384 kbps.

Group that oversees the activities of IETF Internet Engineering Task Force. See MPLS IP Multimedia. video etc. Instant Messaging . text. used by Nextel and others. It is applied to messages using f9 Internet Key Exchange Protocol Incumbent LEC.4 IEEE-ISTO IESG IETF IF IFAST IFFT IGP IIF IK IKE ILEC ILM IM(1) IM(2) for some older cards) allowing up to 19 BCD digits to be included. A network using IP to transport voice.1 IEEE 802. Motorola’s proprietary system for E-SMR.15. See MPLS Interworking and Interoperability Function Integrity Key. cf CLEC Incoming Label Map. In AKA it is derived from RAND using f4. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers The IEEE Standard for Bluetooth The IEEEStandard for ZigBee IEEE Industry Standards and Technology Organization Internet Engineering Steering Group. Standards setting body for the Internet Information Flow International Forum on AMPS Standards Technology. Assigned according to ITU-T Recommendation E. Allocates IRM and SID codes Inverse FFT Interior Gateway Protocol. signaling. Method for reporting errors and performing loopback testing on the internet Intermediate Circular Orbit Implementation Conformance Statement ITS Data Bus (SAE J2366) Integrated Digital Enhanced Network.15. Protects (via encryption) the contents of signaling messages.ICMP ICO ICS IDB iDEN IDL IDSL IE IEC(1) IEC(2) IEC(3) IEEE IEEE 802. Just a fancy name for ISDN Information Element See IXC Internet Engineering Consortium International ElectrotechnIcal Commission and the identity of standards produced by this organization. Based on GSM Interface Description Language ISDN Digital Subscriber Line.118 Internet Control Message Protocol. The former monopoly local telephone carrier.

See cHTML IP Multimedia Routing Number IP Multimedia Subsystem. See IMSI_O International Mobile Telecommunications for the year 2000 (or thereabouts) The ITU 3G initiative. A check digit is also included. Composed of TAC + FAC + SNR + spare digit. a data transmission) from being manipulated.g. Operational value of IMSI used by a cdma2000 MS. This can be accomplished by putting a MAC on each .212 numbering plan. An All-IP wireless system. The IN messaging protocol Industry Numbering Committee (for the NANP) IRM Network Identifier.IM-MGW IMAP4 IMC IMD IMEI IMEISV IMGI IMM iMode IMRN IMS IMSI IMSI_M IMSI_O IMSI_O_S IMSI_T IMT-2000 IMTS-2000 IMUI IN INAP INC INI INM INN Integrity IM Media Gateway Function Internet Message Access Protocol. Compare with IMSI_M. cdma2000 MIN-based IMSI. voice and signaling are all carried as IP packets. Either IMSI_M or IMSI_T The last 10 digits of IMSI_O. Specifications are being developed by 3GPP and 3GPP2. Composed of TAC + FAC + SNR + SVN Inernational Mobile Group Identity See IM Japanese (NTT DoCoMo) wireless internet access system. but just the performance goals for them. The interaction of two or more signals. Composed of MCC MNC and MSIN. Formerly called International Mobile Station Identity. where data. Wireless equivalents are WIN and CAMEL IN AP. such as bandwidth. International Mobile Subscriber Identity. See also IMEISV and MEID IMEI with Software Version Number. but not always transmitted. The only subscription identifier used by GSM and the future subscription identifier for CDMA. producing an unwanted additional signal 56 bit GSM International Mobile Equipment Identity. Used for compatibility with older CDMA systems that relied on the 10 digit MIN. IETF RFC 2060 Internet Mail Consortium Inter-Modulation Distortion. True IMSI used by cdma2000. The first four digits that uniquely identifies a carrier HLR Integrated Network Management Internal Network Number Preventing information (e. International Mobile User Identity Intelligent Network. Based on the ITU-T E. It does not define specific protocols.

Provides compression (and decompression) of TCP. A database that can be loaded into a phone over the radio . An internet oriented record for carrying charging details for services. EMI IPHC IP Header Compression. using 32 bit addressing. Don’t hold your breath IPv6CP IPv6 Control Protocol IR(1) Intelligent Roaming IR(2) Infra-Red IR(3) Initialization and Refresh Packet. organizing bits in a matrix by columns and transmitting by rows) to somewhat randomize the output and protect from burst of noise on the RF channel Intermodulation RF interference within a channel generated as one or more Interference intermodulation products within the receiver itself. Compare with SSL (for TCP).g. IPLMN Interrogating PLMN IPoA IP over ATM IPR Intellectual Property Rights (e. See IETF RFC 2401. IPSEC IP Security. Interface A connection between two network elements. and eventually replace IPv4. IPv6 IP Protocol Version 6. See also IPv6. patents). Contrast with Systemic Interference and Non-systemic Interference Intserv Integrated Services INVOKE Message sent to initiate an TCAP transaction IOS Inter-Operability Standard. Compare with Protocol Interleaving Mixing of bits upon transmission according to a simple pattern (e. BAF. typically as the result of the presence of very strong signals in adjacent bands. Compare with CIBER. See DRM. Also spelled IPSec IPv4 IP Protocol Version 4.message. UDP and IP headers. The version that is supposed to provide significantly larger and more powerful addressing. RFC 3095 IRA International Reference Alphabet IRDB IR Database. A version of the TIA/EIA-634 A-interface that enhances inter-vendor compatibility IOT Inter-Operator Tariff IOTA IP-based Over-the-Air configuration management IP(1) Intelligent Peripheral IP(2) Internet Protocol IP-M IP Multicast IPCP PPP IP Control Protocol IPDR Internet Protocol Detail Record. TAP. The version currently in use in the internet.g.

45-2.5 GHz). Medical frequency band (2.e. Also see UNICODE . PSTN utilizing SS7 interfaces See ISUP Inter-Symbol Interference IMS SIM Intermediate System . Industrial. Scientific. Now called TIA/EIA-41 IS-41 Revision C (Intersystem Operations Standard) First generation TDMA Radio Interface standard See TIA/EIA-634 CDMA short message service standard see TIA/EIA-683 A TIA standard for WNP TIA/EIA interim standard for CDMA MS-assisted position determination Most advanced analog air interface standard (including NAMPS) Wireless-PSTN interface standard cdmaOne CDMA air interface standard Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol International Switching Centre Integrated Services Digital Network.Intermediate System IP routing algorithm. A successor to TIA/EIA-95-B Wireless intersystems operation standard. generally using low power and short distances Interference Sense Multiple Access International Organization for Standardization The most common 8-bit character set used for web pages. An ISO/IECstandard. A mobile subscription identifier beginning with the digit 0 or 1 to avoid conflict with NANP MINs Integration Reference Point Internet Reachability Service TIA Interim Standard Wireless call detail and billing record format for online transfer Second generation TDMA air interface standard cdma2000 air interface standard. IFAST International Roaming Guide Intercept (i. LAES) Related Information International Roaming MIN. Available around the world for unlicensed applications.IREG IRG IRI IRM IRP IRS IS IS-124 IS-136 IS-2000 IS-41 IS-41-C IS-54 IS-634 IS-637 IS-683 IS-756 IS-801 IS-91 IS-93 IS-95 ISAKMP ISC ISDN ISDN-UP ISI ISIM ISIS ISM ISMA ISO ISO-8859-1 interface that prioritizes systems that may be detected by a phone based on carrier agreements GSMA International Roaming Experts Group.

This is a logical interface. A 24-bit session-specific key for WEP Interactive Voice Response IVR Unit Inter-working Function. A carrier licensed to provide long distance services J J-STDJ-STD-025 J-STD-034 J-STD-036 J2EE J2ME JAIN Java Joint ATIS-T1/TIA standard LAES standard jointly produced by ATIS T1 and TIA TR-45 Wireless E911 Phase I standard (cellsite and mobile identification. Iur. with energy being focussed more in some directions than other). and the RNCs may not be connected by point-to-point physical links.000 or 10. in Canada. See J-STD-034 Java 2 Enterprise Edition Java 2 Micro Edition Java APIs for Intelligent Networks A C-like programming language that is compiled into a virtual machine .921 User Adaptation Layer A 3GPP interface between an RNC and a Node B. modems) Inter-eXchange Carrier. See also Iub.760-769 US International Traffic in Arms Regulations. but is unlikely. SGSN or CBC). See Iu. These rules used to govern export of encryption technology in the US and. ISDN Q. Phone numbers can be assigned to carriers one at a time.Telecommunications Division Interface between an RNC and CN (MSC.Radio Communications Division ITU .113 and ITU-T Q. See J-STD-036 Wireless E911 Phase II standard (position of caller within 125m/400ft). instead of in blocks of 1. SS7 signaling between switches.000 Intelligent Transportation System (“Smart Highways”) IP Transport Subsystem International Telecommunications Union ITU . Standardized in ANSI T1. callback capabilities). Iub. Replaced by EAR Individual Telephone Number Pooling. Iur.isotropic ISP ISUP ITAR ITN ITS(1) ITS(2) ITU ITU-R ITU-T Iu IUA Iub Iur IV IVR IVRU IWF IXC Radiating equally in all three dimensions (as opposed to directional. Internet Service Provider ISDN User Part. to some extent. Initialization Vector. Support for this within GSM has been suggested. See Iu. Used for wireless data interworking between digital mode data and analog (e. A 3GPP interface between two RNCs.g.

JCP JDC JFIF JIP JPEG JSR JSR 177 JTACS JTC language providing efficiency close to that of languages compiled into native machine code while providing portability of the compiled program. See kbps Keystream Generators Key Set Identifier Key Stream Segment L L1 L2 L2TP Layer 2 Layer 2 Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol. IP packets are wrapped in a layer containing another set of IP addresses and possibly also control messages. It should be referred to as JFIF.g. with members of more than one SDO) K Kasumi kbps Kc KDF KG kHz Ki kilo KSG KSI KSS A block cipher used by AKA for the A5/3. Each computer system that wants to run Java has to provide a virtual machine Java Community Process Japanese Digital Cellular JPEG File Interchange Format ISUP Jurisdiction Information Parameter Joint Photographic Experts Group. See MHz and GHz GSM subscriber authentication key Prefix to indicate one thousand (e. f8 and f9 algorithms. See the wikipedia entry for more details kilo-bps. Abbreviated k. A data speed of billions of bits per second. The detailed format varies depending on whether the transport protocol is IP. Not usually used to refer to the group. Successor to PPTP. but a graphics format created for them that is suitable for digital photographs and similar images. Defined in RFC 2661. cf GIF. Used for voice encryption Key Derivation Function Key Generator kilo-Hertz. TIFF Java Specification Request JSR for Security and Trust services API for J2ME Japanese TACS Joint Technical Committee (e. but isn't.g. PNG. Thousands of cycles per second. UDP or another PSN type. See Mbps and Gbps GSM cipher key. It supports 24 bit color as well as variable levels of compression and quality. kilo-bit). .

A subset of PPP that is used to negotiate and establish link capabilities. 3rd party calls. including authentication Location Services. See IETF RFC 3377. Balanced Link Access Protocol for the ISDN D Channel Local Access and Transport Area. Also see ILEC and CLEC Law Enforcement Monitoring Facility (for LAES) Low Earth Orbit Label Edge Router. Link Access Protocol Link Access Protocol.e. etc. Local Exchange Carrier (wireline carrier for local calls). Includes a list of valid number blocks in the NANP Lookahead For Busy Line Information DataBase.500 DAP Label Distribution Protocol. Compare with WAN. not emergency services LCS Manager Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. Used for validating collect calls. group of base stations) within a GSM PLMN Lawfully Authorized Electronic Surveillance. See CALEA. Compare with X. This usually implies positioning of an MS for commercial services. US local telephone service area Letter Ballot Location Based Application Last Batch Count. J-STD-025.L3 LAC(1) LAC(2) LAES LAI LAK LAN LAP LAPB LAPD LATA LB LBA LBC LBS LCP LCS LCSM LDAP LDP LDT LEA Leakage LEAP LEC LEMF LEO LER LERG LFB LIDB Layer 3 Link Access Control Location Area Code. Location Based Services Link Control Protocol. Exchanged by CIBER billing clearinghouses to ensure they do not get out of sequence with each other. MAN. . Composed of MCC + MNC + LAC Local Authentication Key Local Area Network. See MPLS Local Exchange Routing Guide. See MPLS Location Determination Technology Law Enforcement Agency Inability to bill for a service Lighweight EAP. A Cisco proprietary version. surveillance GSM Location Area Identity. 16 bit number identifiying a location area (i.

Uses the 27. Supports messages up to 3 kilobytes in length . See MPLS Link Status Signal Unit.LIF LIFO LIR LLA-RHOC LMDS LMM LMR LMSD LMSI LMU LND LNP LNPWG LOS LPC LPDE LPDU LRF LRN LSB LSMS LSP LSPI LSR LSSU LT LTE LUDT Location Interoperability Forum within OMA Last in. for cellular/PCS) Linear Predictive Coding Local PDE Link Protocol Data Unit. The link status message for SS7 MTP Line Termination A GSM competitor to EvDO Revision C promising similar data rates.5-31. Always desirable for wireless communications. Telephone carrier interface that downloads information from the NPAC into one or more NPDBs Label Switched Path. first out. etc. Localized Mobility Management to improve local handover performance in Mobile IP Land Mobile Radio Legacy MS Domain. although not always necessary (e. See MPLS Proposed SS7 ISUP Local Service Provider Identification Label Switching Router.3 GHz frequency band to serve mulitple points within a radius of 3-5km. See MMDS. A frame Location Registration Function. Compare with FIFO Location Identification Restriction. Allows consumers to keep a phone number (MDN) when changing carriers within the same geographical region Local Number Portability Working Group of NANC Line of Sight. when accessed from an All-IP system. A queuing methodology similar to stacking dishes and using the dish on the top of the stack. See WIN Location Routing Number. Refers to existing SS7-based telecommunications systems. See TMSI GSM Location Measurement Unit Last Number Dialed Local Number Portability. Prevents the location of a mobile phone from being revealed (with legal exceptions for E911.g. A direct path through the air from transmitter to receiver. Compare with MSB Local Service Management System.) Link Layer Assisted ROHC Local Multipoint Distribution Service. See ADRC Long UDT. Most carriers in this space have abandoned it or gone bankrupt. A routing number that identifies the terminating switch for a Ported DN Least Significant Bit or Byte. See MMD Local Mobile Station Identity.

perhaps with the central computer providing feedback to other devices to shut off a malfunctioning machine. Resides above SCTP and below SCCP in an IP telecom signaling protocol stack. when no channels are available in the current site Mobile Access Hunting. UTRA Multimedia Broadcast and Multimedia Service Mega-bps. Management ATM Adaptation Layer. is authentic). The first 6 digits (usually) of a North American MIN. turn on fans or other automated control SS7 MTP2 Peer-to-Peer User Adaptation Layer SS7 MTP2 User Adaptation Layer SS7 MTP3 User Adaptation Layer. The first digit is always 2-9 (inclusive). First 3 digits of IMSI Multi-Channel Flow Treatment Protocol M2PA M2UA M3UA MAAL MABEL MAC(1) MAC(2) MACA MAH MAHO MAN MANET MAP MBI MBMS Mbps MC(1) MC(2) MCC MCFTP . Compare with LAN. Termination to one of a group of mobiles Mobile Assisted Handoff. See ATIS T1. Protocol that interconnects wireless telephone systems. RAND and AMF using f1 that shows that the sender was in possession of certain secret information (i. A data speed of millions of bits per second. Digits 0 and 1 are reserved for IRM codes. Mobile measures signal strength at neighoring base stations to determine which to handoff to Metropolitan Area Network. such as a cellphone or PC. Mobile AP. Communications between unattended machines. when assigned separately from the MDN.652 Major Account Billing Exchange Logistical Record. See GSM and TIA/EIA-41 MIN Block Identifier. Maps management requests from system management to SAAL.212 Mobile Country Code. Mobile determines the best alternate cellsite to originate a call in. WAN Mobile ad hoc Network. In AKA.e. this is usually only because a person is using the device. Mobile Assisted Channel Allocation. Most electronic communications is between machines but in many cases. Defined by Cibernet to facilitate centralized billing for large account customers Medium Access Control Message Authentication Code. a value derived from SQN.M M2M Machine To Machine. See Gbps and kbps Short Message Center Multi-carrier E. An example of an M2M scenario is when a heat or alarm sensor communicates with a central computer. A collection of wireless nodes that can dynamically form a network without any fixed network infrastructure.

A form of networking where access to a server can be accomplished by routing through other clients that are physically closer A language that can be used to define other languages. ESN and MEID are assigned by the TIA. and with a simplified structure (2 digit region code. Contrast with MS Message Encryption Algorithm Prefix to indicate one million (e. See ASN. Compare with IMEI. A CDPD term Message Digest 5. See Mbps Media Gateway Control . A VoIP call control standard.Intermediate System. A joint ETSI/TIA project to increase the interoperability of emergency service communications. See CDMA and W-CDMA Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer Mobile Data . Micro-Eletronic Mechanical System Mobility for Emergency Service Applications. See SHA-1 Mobile DN Multi-Point Distribution System. Used for trunk signaling UIM Master File. Interface between packet environment of the CN and circuit environment of PSTN . 6 digit manufacturer code. Similar to the GSM IMEI. ESN. Also see older protocol SGCP Media Gateway. The minimum loss required between a transmitter and a nearby receiver to avoid adversely affecting receiver performance.IETF Working Group Mobility Event Indicator A 56 bit Mobile Equipment Identity for CDMA and TDMA MS. Compare with EF and DF Media Gateway MG Controller MG Control Function MG Control Protocol. 6 digit serial number). Mega-bit).g. Mobile Equipment. Million Chips-per-second. Synonym for UE. Abbreviated M.MCI MCID MCL Mcps MCSE MD-IS MD5 MDN MDS ME MEA Mega MEGACO MEI MEID MEMS MESA mesh meta-language MExE MF(1) MF(2) MG MGC MGCF MGCP MGW Malicious Call Identification See MCI Minimum Coupling Loss.1 and BNF 3GPP TSG-T Mobile Execution Environment Multi-frequency tone signaling. but allowing hexadecimal digits. A secure hashing algorithm.

11 term indicating handover between 802. that provides mobility support through SAPs offering Event. An XML-based protocol developed by the OMA LIF group.3 or 802. but compact.21. An IP-based signaling system supporting voice. IRM for cdma2000. MIH Function. 10 digit identifier of a mobile subscription. A measure of radio frequency Management Information (Data)Bases Media Independent Handover. 24 bit binary format The first 3 digits of a MIN encoded in a very wierd. An IEEE 802. 10 bit binary format Removal of information that has been collected. Measurement of processor speed Mobile Internet Service Provider OMA/3GPP Mobile Location Center Mobile Location Protocol. Multiple Output antennas. AMPS. Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions Multiple Input.MHz MIB MIH MIHF MIME MIMO MIN MIN1 MIN2 minimization MIP MIPS MISP MLC MLP MLPP MLTS MM(1) MM(2) MM1 MM2 MM3 MM4 MM5 MM6 MM7 MM8 MMD Million Hz. defined by IEEE 802. email etc. IETF RFC 2002 Million Instructions per Second. 802. but that is outside the scope of a court order. Mobile Identification Number. This increases throughput and reduces bit error rates compared to traditional antenna systems which transmit and receive through a single antenna.11. See LAES Mobile IP. . MMS interface between two MMS Relay/Servers MMS interface between MMS Relay/Server and HLR MMS interface between MMS Relay/Server and user databases MMS interface between MMS Relay/Server and VAS applications MMS interface between MMS Relay/Server and billing systems Multi-Media Domain. TDMA. Multi-Level Precedence and Pre-emption Multi-line Telephone System Mobility Management Multimedia Message MMS interface between UA and MMS Relay/Server MMS interface between MMS Relay and MMS Server MMS interface between MMS Relay/Server and External Servers for fax. but compact. Information and Command services. A cross-layer entity.16 and another radio interface. A MIN intended for use outside North America is usually an IRM assigned by IFAST The last 7 digits of a MIN encoded in a wierd.

300 and the related TL1. LMDS. Mobile Number Portability. See IMS Multi-channel Multi-Point Distribution Service. Uses the 2. text. Examples of formal languages in telecommunications are ITU-T Z. These languages are textual and most humans are unlikely to want to use them directly. MM Service (e. with a GUI for the human to view and control the interactions with the computer more effectively and pleasantly.g. Sophisticated.1-2. graphics. once known as RAM Mobile Data in the US. IP packets can be routed to it via a Home Agent (at its static address) and a Foreign Agent (at its care-of address) The capability of a device to initiate or receive services in many different systems. Mean Opinion Score. A carrier. ASCII character) protocol. graphics) Multimedia Messaging Service Environment MMS Network Architecture MultiMedia Telecommunications Association.212 Mobile Network Code (identifies an individual carrier. WNP Mobile Originated/Originating A set of protocols that allows a MN to roam on the internet. such as email in an integrated fashion. See LNP.MMDS MMI MML MMS MMSE MMSNA MMTA MN MN-FA MNC MNIC MNID MNO MNP MO Mobile IP Mobile Node Mobility Mobitex MOS video. An internet term for a mobile device capable of IP communications. and then averaging the results. Contrast with LMSD. huh! . A method of measuring quality (e. Not widely implemented. A human-readable language devised for communications between a human and a computer. Part of IMSI Mobile Network Identification Code MN Identification Mobile Network Operator. and to maintain session while travelling between systems. Man-Machine Interface Man-Machine Language.7 GHz frequency band. A subsidiary of TIA Mobile Node. An IP network node that has both a static address and a ‘care-of’ address associated with it. sound and application data. See Mobile IP MN Foreign Authentication.e.g. or a portion of a carrier network). so they are more likely to take the place of a humanreadable (i. of wireless voice transmission) by asking people to rank their opinion on a numeric scale. An Ericsson Wireless Data protocol. The success of this technology has been about as poor as its cousin. audio. An extension to MIP that provides stronger authentication. See IETF RFC 3012 E.

The guidelines under which GSM systems are implemented Minutes of Use. Master Street Address Guide.MoU(1) MoU(2) MPC MPCAP MPCI MPEG MPLS MPS MRF MRFC MRFP MRP MS(1) ms(2) MS-SME MSA MSAG MSB MSC MSC-G MSC-H MSC-O MSC-S MSC-V MSCIN msec MSEIA GSM Memorandum of Understanding. See ms MS Emergency Information Assistance . Most Significant Bit or Byte. Market Representation Partner. Media Resource Function. PDE. obviously. Compare with LSB Mobile Switching Centre See Gateway MSC See Home MSC See Originating MSC Serving MSC Visited MSC. Every packet labeled with the same FEC gets the same treatment Minimum Performance Standards/Specification. Thousandths of a second. Provides conference bridges. See E911. conference bridges etc. CGSA for urban cellular systems. decompression) Multi Protocol Label Switching. tones and so forth to IP-based telephony networks. Mobile Station (wireless phone) Milliseconds. Also used for licensing the FCC AWS D band. See MRFC and MRFP MRF Controller MRF Processor. A common measure of the usage of a group of subscribers Mobile Positioning Center. announcements. CRDB and ESME Mobility Positioning Capabilities Mobile PCI Motion Pictures Experts Group. such as 3G Americas for 3GPP or CDG for 3GPP2. Provides tones. Also msec SME embedded in MS Metropolitan Statistical Area. A database of street names and house number ranges that define ESZ and their associated ESNs to enable proper routing of 911 calls. recordings. A participant in the 3GPP or 3GPP2 process that represents the marketing of technology in a region. Interfaces between MSC. An IP protocol (RFC 3031) designed to provide preferred treatment to priority traffic to achieve a higher QoS. The MSC which a mobile is currently registered in MSC Identification Number Milliseconds. Not usually used to refer to a group but a format for audio/video compression (and.

area code) is expected to be fully utilized Message Transfer Part (SS7 transport layer) MTP Layer 2 MTP Layer 3 Older term for MSC Mean Time to Restore (after failure) Message Transfer Unit A radio link between the transmitter and receiver comprised of multiple paths which include intermediate reflections from various surfaces. FSK where peak-to-peak FM deviation is half the data rate CDMA Markov Service Option Multiple Subscriber Profile Mobile Station Roaming Number. Provides infrastructure and services such as billing. convergence of 3GPP and 3GPP2 protocols) Message Waiting Notification (e. The UE is composed of the MT and SIM/USIM and possibly other peripherals Major Trading Area Mail Transfer Agent Months to Exhaust. stutter dial tone or an indication on a wireless phone's display) .g. A MIN or an IMSI.MSID MSIN MSISDN MSK MSO MSP MSRN MSS(1) MSS(3) MSU MT MTA(1) MTA(2) MTE MTP MTP2 MTP3 MTSO MTTR MTU Multipath MUX MVNE MVNO mW MWIF MWN Mobile Station Identifier. Mobile Virtual Network Operator. The GSM equivalent of the ANSI-41 TLDN Mobile Satellite System/Service Multimedia Streaming Service Message Signal Unit. The payload message for SS7 MTP Mobile Terminated/Termination/Terminal.g. Promotes the use of a single All-IP network for future wireless systems (e. A company that markets cellular service but contracts with facilities-based cellular carriers to actually provide the coverage milli-Watt Mobile WIreless Internet Forum. Unique number assigned to a subscriber as part of IMSI MS ISDN number. subscriber management and operations support to MVNOs.g. Same as MDN Minimum Shift Keying. usually due to non-line of sight communication paths Multiplexer Mobile Virtual Network Enabler. The time at which a numbering resource (e. See IMSI_O Mobile Subscriber Identity Number.

Used in cryptography Next Generation Network. A piece of equipment that provides OA&M data Mail Exchange (internet mail server) N N-1 Switch N-AMPS NAA NACK NAF NAI NAM NAMPS NANC NANP NANPA NAPTR NAS(1) NAS(2) NAT NBAP NCAS NCG NCGW NCS NDC NDS NE NEBS Net Additions NFCC NFS NGN The switch responsible for LNP queries See NAMPS Network Access Application Negative ACK Network Application Function of GBA. Obsolete.MWNE MX Managed Wireless Network Entity. Network Access Servers Non-Access Stratum.g. The organization responsible for overseeing the distribution of telephone numbers in the NANP North American Numbering Plan North American Numbering Plan Administrator (or Area) Number Authority Pointer. See OSA-SCS Synonym for NCG. Compare with CAS Network Capability Gateway. Obsolete.164 National Destination Code Network Domain Security Network Entity Network Equipment Building Systems Increase in new revenue-generating subscribers over a time period (usually a quarter year) Network Firewall Configuration and Control Number Field Sieve. A portion of a mobile phone that stores a single user profile. but not ESN Narrowband AMPS North American Numbering Council. SMS) Network Address Translation. Network Access Identifier. ITU-T term for future wireless systems with . See IETF RFC 2915. See OSA-SCS National Communication System. including MIN and IMSI. Number Assignment Module. This is an email-like address format used to identify a AAA or a device with an interface to one. Protocols between the UE and the core network that are transparent to the RAN (e. Maps an internal set of IP addresses to an external set (perhaps assigned dynamically by DHCP) Node B Application Part Non-Call Associated Signaling. Responsible for US Government communications. including WPS and GETS E.

MNC + MSIN Nordic Mobile Telephone. A list of ported numbers and associated LRNs used for LNP routing Network PDE Network Protocol Data Unit.e. See RFC 3242 Network Identity Number Incomplete Four bit Network Identification. area code) NP Administration Center. TIA/EIA/TSB-100) Network Routing Number Nationally Recognized Test Lab nonce NP NPA NPAC NPDB NPDE NPDU NPI NPM NPRM NRM NRN NRTL . A packet Numbering Plan Identifier Non-Public Mode Service FCC Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Network Reference Model (e. Often used in cryptography Number Portability NANP Numbering Plan Area (i. such as ISM.g. Terminates the Iub interface towards the RNC. A number that uniquely identifies a portion of a wireless carrier’s total system. and that may have undefined channel characteristics. See MPLS No-Header Packet. This is of greatest concern for systems operating in unlicensed bands. Often used to refer to the NPAC SMS Number Portability Database. An analog cellular system available either in the 450 MHz or 900 MHz bands Logical node in the 3GPP RNS responsible for radio transmission/reception in one or more cells to and from the UE. Compare with Systemic Interference A number that is used only once.NHLFE NHP NI(1) NI(2) nibble NID NIDS NIIF NIST NL NMR NMSI NMT Node B Nonrepudiation Non-systemic Interference even higher speed data capabilities. Ensuring that a communication cannot be disavowed later RF interference within a channel used in a wireless system that emanates from a transmitter that is not part of the same system. Next Hop Label Forwarding Entry. Used by TIA/EIA-95 (CDMA) systems Network-Initiated Data Session Network Interconnection Interoperability Forum US National Insitute of Standards and Technology Neighbour List Network Measurement Results National Mobile Subscription Identity.

12 Mbps. Equivalent to 12 DS3 or 8.000) by several carriers. of Commerce National Telecommunications and Information Administration NTS Number Translation Service Number Pooling Sharing a block of numbers between carriers.S. Converts between a domain name (e.096 DS0 .com) and an IP address and related information NS/EP US National Security and Emergency Preparedness. while X can be any digit 0-9 O O-BCSM O/E O&M OA&M OAA OAM&P OATS OBF OC-1 OC-12 OC-18 Originating BCSM Odd/Even Operations and Maintenance Operations.e. In the NANP this means that a block of 10. A subset of IS-124 NSDU Network Service Data Unit NSEP National Security and Emergency Preparedness. Dept.08 Mbps. NDC + SN NSS Network and Switching Subsystem NSTAC US National Security Telecommunications Advisory Council NT Network Termination NTIA U. See OTA Operations. subset of IS124 NSDPF Non-signaling Data Protocol for Fraud. See TIA/EIA-136 Ordering and Billing Forum of ATIS SONET service at 51.84 Mbps. All of an E. People who are eligible for PAS/PACA NSN National Significant Number.000 numbers is shared (currently in multiples of 1.164 number apart from the CC. Pooling is implemented using LNP Number Porting See LNP or WNP NVSE Normal Vendor Specific Extension NXX Digits 4-6 of a NANP directory number. Maintenance and Provisioning Over-the-Air Activation Teleservice. cnp-wireless. Keeps a tight grip on exports of US encryption technology NSDPB&S Non-signaling Data Protocol for Billing and Settlement. See WPS NSA US National Security Agency. i.064 DS0 SONET service at 933. Equivalent to one DS3 (672 DS0) SONET service at 622. Administration. Equivalent to 18 DS3 or 12. N can be any digit 2-8.NRZ NS Non-RZ Authoritative Name Server for a Domain.g. Administration and Maintenance Over-the-Air Activation.

g. Where an SS7 message came from Operation PDU A project to create an open source implementation of H. Equivalent to 3 DS3 or 2.813 Gbps.86624 Gbps.192 DS0 SONET service at 2.97664 Gbps. Online Certificate Status Protocol. US identifier for a telecom carrier Online Charging System. Equivalent to 24 DS3 or 16. A group of wireless carriers that wants to make CDMA systems work on both ANSI-41 and GSM networks Optical Line Amplifier Overload Control Originating Line Indicator.48832 Gbps.128 DS0 SONET service at 155.512 DS0 Optical Code Division Multiplexing Optical Channel Operating Company Number. hotel/motel) Originating Line Number Screening (using LIDB) Optical Line Termination Open Mobile Alliance Operations and Maintenance Center Office of the Manager.048 DS0 SONET service at 4. Equivalent to 9 DS3 or 6.g. residential.95328 Gbps. ISUP parameter that identifies the class of phone (e. NCS Overhead Message Train (messages transmitted from base station on the analog Control Channel) Optical Network Originating Point Code. Used for real-time charging (e. prepaid).024 DS0 SONET service at 1. Equivalent to 48 DS3 or 32.24416 Gbps.OC-192 OC-24 OC-3 OC-36 OC-48 OC-768 OC-9 OC-96 OCDM OCH OCN OCS OCSP octet ODB OET OFA OFDM OFDMA OG OHG OLA OLC OLI OLNS OLT OMA OMC OMNCS OMT ON OPC OPDU OpenH323 SONET service at 9. Equivalent to 768 DS3 SONET service at 466. payphone.323 .016 DS0 SONET service at 1.56 Mbps.52 Mbps. Equivalent to 96 DS3 or 64. Equivalent to 36 DS3 or 24. Equivalent to 192 DS3 or 129. An IETF protocol A snooty standards term for byte Operator Determined Barring US FCC Office of Engineering & Technology Optical Fiber Gateway See OFDMA Orthogonal FDMA Optical Gateway Operators Harmonization Group.256 DS0 SONET service at 38.

A function that is much easier to perform than to invert (i. Uploads internal mobile tables or software. See PNS Priority Access and Channel Assignment. Operations Support Subsystem Operator Services Switch Over-the-Air programming. A specialized MC for performing OTASP and OTAPA Over-The-Air Parameter Administration.OPSP OPTS Originating MSC Origination ORREQ OSA OSA-AS OSA-SCS OSF OSI OSPF OSS(1) OSS(2) OTA OTAF OTAPA OTASP OTDOA overdial OWF OXC Origination Participation Service Provider Over-the-Air Programming Teleservice. Channels are assigned to . See TIA/EIA-136 The first MSC involved in a mobile terminated call. when the original number dialed was to access some kind of gateway system. usually initiated by dialing digits TIA/EIA-41 OriginationRequest transaction 3GPP Open Service Access. A network initiated form of OTA Over-the-Air Service Provisioning. First contact point for a terminal within the IMS PDSN to PDSN interface used to support fast handoff (tunneling of packets from old serving system to new serving system). Proxy SCM Packet TMSI See PBX PPTP Access Concentrator. This concept is the foundation of much of modern cryptography Optical Cross Connect P P-CSCF P-P P-SCM P-TMSI PABX PAC PACA Proxy CSCF. Either a Gateway MSC or the Home MSC The process of starting a call. back-calculate). See Roamer Port One Way Function. Enables third parties to use network functionality through an open standardized interface (OSA API) OSA Application Server OSA Control Server Operations Systems Function French synonym for ISO Open Shortest Path First IP routing algorithm. Over-The-Air Activation Function.e. Concentrates PPP traffic on a dial access platform. A mobile-initiated form of OTA Observed TDOA The process of dialing a phone number during an established call.

Implementations are JAIN SPA. See PCS Personal Communications System. campus. rather than first-come. Compare with CHAP Open Service Access/Architecture. Personal Computer UTRAN Positioning Calculation Application Part GPRS Packet Control Channel Packet Control Function. first-served. etc. Rival trade association to CTIA Pulse Code Modulation Personal Computer Memory Card International Association Personal Communications Network. A simple authentication protocol that sends security information in the clear. Obsolete. A wide-area form of PMR that provides group-oriented communications (such as PTT) to the public. See PACA GPRS Packet Broadcast CCH Private Branch Exchange. See PDF 3GPP Project Coordination Group Paging Channel Protocol Capability Indicator Personal Communications Industry Association. A network that connects personal devices. An API that enables operator and 3rd party applications to make use of network functionality through a set of open. See DCS. See MSC Packet data . See SMR. mouse. See PAS Data transmitted from multiple users in individually address discrete packets. keyboard. factory. rather than being run for a single organization. Also known as Piconet Previous ANI Password Authentication Protocol. Compare with CSD Personal Access Communications System Packet Assembly/Disassembly The process of telling an MS to prepare for an incoming call Public Access Mobile Radio. standardised interfaces. OMG-IDL and WSDL Priority Access Service. PCS1900 North American PCS frequencies. Personal Area Network. A privately owned switch providing wired and possibly also wireless service for an office. See DCS Personal Communications Switching Center.Packet data PACS PAD Page PAMR PAN PANID PAP Parlay/OSA PAS PBCCH PBX PC PCAP PCCCH PCF PCG PCH PCI PCIA PCM PCMCIA PCN PCS PCS1900 PCSC PD mobiles attempting to originate a call in order of priority. phone and monitor. 1850-1990 MHz. such as computer.

Generally national in scope Point in Call. The fraction of packets that have one or more errors. The delay between dialing and having the call cut through to the party at the other end Position Determining Entity Policy Decision Function PD Gateway. See also tESN. PDC Packet network used UTRA Packet Data Convergence Protocol Post-Dial Delay. Prefix to indicate one thousand trillion (e. A Japanese cellular standard based on GSM operating in the 800 MHz and 1500 MHz frequency bands. An IN. Compare with BER. CAMEL term See PAN Personal Identification Number. A real success until people found that it was not true cellular service Polling Indicator Preferred Inter-exchange Carrier Code.PDA PDC PDC-P PDCP PDD PDE PDF PDG PDH PDLP PDN PDP PDREG PDSN PDU PEAP pen register Penetration PER(1) PER(2) pESN Peta PH PHB PHS PI PIC(1) PIC(2) Piconet PIN PINT Personal Digital Assistant Pacific Digital Cellular.IETF WG. A more secure version of LEAP developed by Microsoft and Cisco. Abbreviated P Packet Handler Per-Hop Behaviour Personal Handyphone Service. WIN. Peta-bit). Used to restrict access to personal services or capabilities PSTN and Internet Interworking . Identifies the long distance carrier for a subscriber.g. Not to be confused with PSDN Protocol Data Unit Protected EAP. Plesiochhronous Digital Hierarchy PD link protocol Public Data Network or Packet Data Network PD Protocol Power-Down Registration Packet Data Serving Node. Similar to PDSN. Pseudo ESN. Formed as a SHA-1 extract of the MEID. Avoids the TLV overhead of BER and TCAP Packet Error Rate. See RFC 2848 . A form of surveillance where dialed digits and time of call are collected The percentage of the population of a service area (POP) that have acquired a certain service Packed Encoding Rules.

Public Land Mobile Network. See SMR. A web graphics format using lossless compression (and decompression) and 48 bit color (unlike JPEG). 24 bits in the NANP. 16 bits in Japan. Composed of inter-connected PBXs. Also known as Asymmetric Key Cryptography PKC System Public Key Encryption Public Key Infrastructure Physical Layer Unencrypted data. ReFLEX. Public Key Cryptography. say. See PTT. derived from the MSs ESN that encrypts voice communications. Orthogonal code used to separate CDMA transmissions Project number A defined repetitive sequence of binary bits. typically quite long. They usually provide special group communications capabilities. See PAC Push/Press-to-Talk over Cellular. so that the correctness of received bits can be determined at the receiver. Refers to systems running over standard cellular systems that emulate the push-to-talk system of iDen and similar systems. Private Numbering Plan PPTP Network Server. Contrast with PAMR Pseudo-Noise. A code. such as PTT. Point of Interconnect A numeric SS7 address. Synonym for PLMN Professional/Private Mobile Radio. A radio system established to service a single organization or group of related organizations. PN sequences are also used extensively in the channel structure of many wireless technologies such as CDMA. A cellular. and 14 . PCS or 3G wireless network Privacy Mode Personal Mobility Public Mobile Network. Its proponents believe that it will also replace GIF and TIFF. Compare with Ciphertext CDMA Private Long Code Mask.PISN PKC PKCS PKE PKI PL Plaintext PLCM PLMN PM(1) PM(2) PMN PMR PN(1) PN(2) PN Sequence PNA PNG PNP PNS PoC POCSAG POI Point Code Private Integrated Services Network. alternating 1s and 0s) but are nonetheless defined bit-by-bit. A paging protocol that runs at 512 or 2400 bps. PN sequences are often used to test digital communications systems because they are composed of typical data patterns (as opposed to. Presence Network Agent Portable Network Graphics. Compare with FLEX.

g. See WPAN POTS Plain Old Telephone Service (incoming and outgoing calls.000 NANP phone numbers between carriers. . See LNP and WNP POS(2) Packet over SDH POS (1) Personal Operating Space. as opposed to monthly billing.000 NANP directory numbers that contains at least one Ported DN Portal A fancy name for a web page that provides a single point of entry for a suite of web services Ported DN A DN that has been ported from one carrier to another. The desired/required/measured quality of position measuring accuracy and delay PRACK IETF SIP Provisional Acknowledgement message PRAMP Power Ramp PRBS Pseudo-Random Binary Sequence PRC(1) Premium Rate Charging PRC(2) Primary Reference Clock PRC(3) People’s Republic of China Prepaid wireless Wireless services paid for in advance. Allows PPP to be tunneled through an IP network. IETF RFC 1661. Licenses are often valued based on this POP(2) Point of Presence. CHAP PPP(2) Peripheral Pre-Processor PPTP Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol.bits in most other countries Pooling The ability to share a block of 10. See LNP and WNP Port-out The porting of a number from the perspective of the old service provider. Uses an enhanced GRE mechanism for flowcontrol and congestion control. May be replaced by L2TP PQoS Position QoS. A place where a carrier provides connectivity to its network POP3 Post Office Protocol Version 3. phone line) that can carry several network protocols simultaneously. See PPP. See LNP and WNP Portable Block A block of 10. A space about a person or object about 10 meters in radius that envelopes the person. Provides a reliable link to the internet over a single-user facility (e. PAP. IETF RFC 1939 Port-in The porting of a number from the perspective of the new service provider. Defined in RFC 2637. See ITN and Thousands block pooling POP(1) Population of a service area. but no fancy features) PPDN Public PDN PPDR Public Protection and Disaster Relief PPDU Presentation PDU PPP(1) Point-to-Point Protocol.

The 'phone system'. See T1. and the remainder can only listen until the button is released or the phone exceeds the maximum time limit on the right to talk. A WAP Working Group PSDN Packet/Public Switched Data Network. PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network. Used for CDMA triangulation PSN Packet Switched Network PSPDN Packet Switched PDN PSS 3GPP Packet Streaming Service. Phase can be controlled by the amount of each path that is remixed upon output PSK(2) Pre-Shared Key. PACA PS(3) Positioning Server. DS1 Private long Used for encrypting TIA/EIA-95 conversations. PSVT Packet-Switched Video Telephony PTM Point-to-Multipoint (Broadcast) PTP Point-to-Point PTT Push To Talk. Public long code Used for encrypting TIA/EIA-95 conversations. PSMM Pilot Signal Strength Message. See WPS. such as roaming and international calling PRI Primary Rate Interface (1. Information bits are identified by changes in phase of the carrier. Used to identify a virtual private wireless system (e. and Q is phase shifted by 90 degrees. Based on secret key code mask information PRL CDMA Preferred Roaming List. Based on the ESN of mask an MS . I is unchanged. wireless PBX) PSK(1) Phase Shift Keying.Technical challenges limit the services available. Pressing a button on a phone initiates communications with a pre-defined group of other users. Usually. The system will usually give one radio the ability to transmit. Not be be confused with PDSN PSI PCF Session ID PSID Private SID. the signal is split into two parts. A database within an MS that prioritizes the systems that the mobile might encounter while roaming.g. The place where 9-1-1 calls are answered PSD Power Spectral Density PSDC WAG Persistent Storage Drafting Committee. PSAP Public Service Answering Point.544 Mbps). PRN Provide Roaming Number Protocol A specification of the messages used to communicate over one or more Interface PS(1) Packet Switch(ed) PS(2) Priority Service.

128QAM QAM/CAP Qualcomm Code Excited Linear Prediction Quality of Experience. Interface between SS7 SCCP and MTP to IP protocols Removable UIM Registration Authority Radio Access Bearer Routing Area Code. Composed of RAND. Mobiles compete to access this shared Control Channel . Phase can be in one of four states ISDN based signaling inter-PBX protocol. 64QAM. delay and jitter that should be met for a specific communications service Quadrature PSK used in CDMA. Reverse SCH (from MS) Roaming SGW. 16QAM. A method for implementing LNP Quality of Service.PUREG PV PVC PVI PZID Power-Up Registration Protocol Version Permanent VC PV Indicator Packet Zone ID Q QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation. 32QAM. An IN term Random Access Channel. A group of 5 security data elements used in AKA. Cipher Key (CK). A method of encoding a digital symbol in an analog symbol using combinations of phase and amplitude that are modulated at right angles to the main carrier. The usual treatment for a contribution to a standards committee Response APDU Interface between a PDSN and a PCF that uses a GRE tunnel to carry user data and signaling messages. See 8QAM. Query on Release. The subscriber's perception of their quality of service. An 8 bit number identifying a routing area with a location aarea Radio Access Control Function. A list of measurable attributes such as bandwidth. Integrity Key (IK) and network authentication token (AUTN) QAM/CAP QCELP QoE QoR QoS QPSK QSIG Quintet R R and R R-APDU R-P R-SCH R-SGW R-UIM RA RAB RAC RACF RACH Revise and Resubmit. expected user response (XRES).

Rate Center The location of a phone for billing purposes. Rate centers and competition combine to cause very inefficient number assignment. greater than that of the highest audio-frequency and less than that of the shortest infra-red waves. An IN term RD Requirements Document RDCCH Reverse DCCH RDF Resource Description Format RDTC Reverse DTC RDV Roamer Database Verification (IS-847). An IN term RAT Radio Access Technology.000 numbers. because every carrier operating in a rate center must be assigned at least 10. Ability of HLR to query VLR database to determine whether information needed to support roamers is correct . see Pooling RATI Random ATI. Bell Atlantic. Composed of LAI + RAC RAKE A receiver technique which uses several baseband correlators to individually process several signal multipath components. But. Long distance charges are calculated based on the distance between two rate centers (often the switch location).Radio Frequency Electro-magnetic radiation having a frequency in the range used for telecommunications. Southwestern Bell. 2139 and AAA RAI GSM Routing Area Identification. A portion of RAND used to try to confirm the value that was used by an MS during a Global challenge RANDSSD Random number used for CAVE SSD Update operation RANDU The random number used for a Unique Challenge RAO Revenue Accounting Office RASC Radio Access System Controller. Used to distinguish between GPRS and UMTS in 3GPP networks. An internet user authentication system. Pacific Bell. Radio Interface The interface between an MS and a BS RADIUS Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service. The correlator outputs are combined to achieve improved communications reliability and performance RAN Radio Access Network RANAP UTRAN RAN Application Part RAND Random number used for authentication purposes RANDBS Random number used for base station challenge authentication operation. Compare with UATI RBOC Regional BOC. BellSouth. US West and Ameritech RCF Radio Control Function. See IETF RFC 2138. See CAVE RANDC RAND Confirmation. One of 7 local exchange companies formed from the breakup of AT&T: NYNEX.

REAG RECC Recipient Switch RED Reed-Solomon ReFLEX Regional EA Grouping. Request for Proposal Reserved for Future Use Rate Input Handler. C and E bands. A small chip that is designed to allow the identification and tracking of an object (e.g. Reverse Analog Control Channel The switch to which a number has been ported. without revealing it. about a weather emergency. Operates at speeds up to 9600 bps inbound and 6400 bps outbound (25 kHz channel) or 25600 bps (50 kHz channel) The process where an MS informs a system of its presence Abbreviation for release of a specification (e. See LNP Random Early Detection A type of FEC A two-way paging protocol related to FLEX.manufactured item. not officially. Message sent to successfully end TCAP transaction Recommendations on the Procedures for Evaluation of Radio Transmission Technologies for FPLMTS Dialing up all landline phones within a geographical area to deliver a recorded message. but in practice many internet ‘standards’ are still just RFCs) Request For Information Radio Frequency Interference Radio Frequency Identification. Puts a price on usage (e.g. Often used to access a voice mail system Radio Frequency IETF Request for Comments. Means 'Rhine Valley' in Flemish. Pronounced 'Rain Doll' (while clearing your throat) Registration Rel(1) REL(2) Release RES RETURN RESULT REVAL Reverse 911 Revertive dialing RF RFC RFI(1) RFI(2) RFID RFP RFU RIH Rijndael . transceiver or other telephony resource to the idle list Authentication response. A geographical area (encompassing several EAs) used to license the AWS B.g. A value calculated from at least a secret key and a random number. that can be used to infer that the respondent is in possession of the secret key. Internet standard (well. e. airline bag). a phone call) Encryption algorithm chosen for AES (replacement for DES). GSM Rel 5) SS7 ISUP circuit Release message Returning a trunk. This is usually a voluntary service Calling your own phone number.g.

It is more robust than CRTP Remote Operation Invoke. if you’re lucky. decompression). UDP. Compare with STP Radio Port Controller. See TMSI Registered Operating Agency A mobile that is present in a system (MSC-V) that is not its home system A phone number that allows Termination to a Roamer via the MSC-V Remote Operation Error. A method of exchanging data between applications running on different machines. See RORJ Remote Operation Reject. Loads rated transactions into the billing system and monitors the usage limits (e. Also used for licensing the FCC AWS D band. Basic storage element for DNS RR Control RR Management MIP Registration Reply MIP Registration Reply Request Reed-Solomon error correction code Rural Statistical Area. SIP and other header types is also planned. .g. compression of TCP. RFC 3095. Compare with SOAP Radio Resource Resource Record. Compare with OSPF Radio Link Control Rural LEC Rate Load Handler. See ROIV Remote Operation Result Remote Operations Service Element. An IN term Remote Procedure Call. RTP and ESP headers using W-LSB. Radio Network Radio Network Controller Radio Network Subsystem Radio Network Temporary Identity. In future. CGSA for rural cellular systems. Provides compression of IP.RIL3 RIP RLC RLEC RLH RLP(1) RLP(2) RN RNC RNS RNTI ROA Roamer Roamer Port ROER ROHC ROIV RORJ RORS ROSE Router RPC(1) RPC(2) RR(1) RR(2) RRC RRM RRP RRQ RS RSA(1) GSM Radio Interface Layer 3 Routing Information Protocol. for prepaid. A message packaging protocol An IP packet switch. See ROSE RObust Header Compression (and. fraud analysis) Radio link protocol OMA/3GPP Roaming Location Protocol between SUPL Location Platforms (SLP).

The long-term security enhancement for WiFi that replaces both WPA and WEP. Used to identify a virtual residential wireless system Robust Security Network.RSA(2) RSID RSN RSS RSSI RSVD RSVP RTCP RTF RTP(1) RTP(2) RTSP RTT(1) RTT(2) RTT(3) RVC RX RXP RZ Rivest. Received Signal Strength. RFC 2205. Abbreviation for 1XRTT Reverse analog Voice Channel Abbreviation for receive or receiver A protocol that bridges ReFLEX networks together. Handles IMS session states Serving SCM Signal to noise ratio Emergency services selective router Security Association 3GPP TSG SA Working Group 1 for Service Specifications. The time for a message to get from origin to destination and back again. For communications based on the exchange of many small messages this is more important than the actual bandwidth. 3GPP TSG SA Working Group 3 for Security Specifications. Based on XML. Allows a call connected to one switch to be redirected to another by dropping back to an earlier switch to optimize trunking IETF Real Time Protocol. See WCTP Return to Zero S S-BCCH S-CSCF S-SCM S/N S/R SA SA1 SA2 SA3 SMS BCCH Serving CSCF. Also the name of a corporation based on commercialization of this algorithm Residential SID. among other protocols Real Time Streaming Protocol Radio Transmission Technology candidate for IMT-2000 Round trip time. Used by SIP. An IN term ISUP Release to Pivot Capability. HTTP and TCP/IP. Shamir and Adleman PKE algorithm. . A measure of the strength of a radio signal Received Signal Strength Indication. Used to determine when a Handoff should be attempted Reserved IETF Resource Reservation Protocol. Radio Terminal Function. 3GPP TSG SA Working Group 2 for Architecture Specifications. A control protocol for assigning bandwidth to packets based on their desired QoS RTP Control Protocol.

using GPS Service Access Point. A WAP Working Group Secure Cellular Encryption Module Algorithm Service Control Function. Based on IBC Single Antenna Interference Cancellation ANSI-136 System Assisted Mobile Positioning through Satellite. A control channel that is transmitted at a low bit rate in parallel with digitized voice. 2 or 3 digit code followed by an asterisk (*) used for controlling switch capabilities during a call (e. Signaling ATM Adapatation Layer. 777*). for RF/health studies) Simple Authentication and Security Layer. Most important part of an SCP CDMA Supplemental Channel. downlink only frame synchronisation and identification of base station. Identifies a particular user service. . Amount of RF energy absorbed (e. SAP Identifier. SSCOP and MAAL Set Asynchronous Balanced Mode Slow Associated Control Channel. GSM term for SACCH Safe And Fast Encryption Routine. Segmentation and Reassembly Successive Approximation Converter. sending and receiving a specific class of data. Compare with FC Signaling Connection Control Part.g. A slight variation in frequency to limit false SAT detection Service Control Code. MS-assisted location determination.g. SS7 enhanced routing and identification layer Service Creation Environment for the Intelligent Network (IN. TDMA. Used for transmitting higher speed data GSM Synchronisation Channel. A 1. WIN) Smart Card Expert Group.SA4 SA5 SAAL SABM SACCH SACH SAFER SAIC SAMPS SAP SAPI SAR(1) SAR(2) SAR(3) SASL SAT(1) SAT(2) SC SCC(1) SCC(2) SCCP SCE SCEG SCEMA SCF SCH(1) SCH(2) 3GPP TSG SA Working Group 4 for Codec Specifications. IETF RFC 2222 Supervisory Audio Tone. One of three tones around 6 kHz that are transmitted from a base station to an MS by analog cellular (EIA/TIA553) SIM Application Toolkit Steering Committee SAT Color Code. Type of analog-to-digital converter Specific Absortion Rate. Includes SSCF. Equivalent of MTP layer 2 for ATM networks used to carry SS7 traffic. Assigned by IANA. 3GPP TSG SA Working Group 5 for Telecom Management.

Obsolete. it differs in supporting multiple independent streams of packets which prevents a failure in one stream backing up packets in all streams. frequency bands. Part of a base station that contains the voice coders Service Data Unit The process of breaking a long protocol message into pieces that are no longer than the maximum allowed by lower protocol layers. A radio that can operate in different modes (e. Special Drawing RIghts. An IETF draft Short Data Burst Indian Short Distance Charging Area Supplementary DCC GSM Standalone Dedicated Control Channel.g. An SS7 network element used to control call processing (e. See SDCCH Service Data Function (IN term) Sub-rate Digital Facility Unit Synchronous Digital Hierarchy Specification Description Language Standards Development Organization. Similar to TCP.g. by providing database or intelligent network services) CDMA Service Category Programming Teleservice Static Conformance Requirements Stream Control Transmission Protocol specified in IETF RFC 2960. invitation. and other forms of multimedia session initiation. Allows a simple device to send a certificate to a server for validation. and reassembling them later! The ability to receive a radio signal very near to the thermal noise level. See CSCF Service Control Point. The TIA and ATIS are SDO's IETF Session Description Protocol that describes multimedia sessions for the purposes of session announcement. . Oh. Symmetric DSL. See SIP Software-Defined Radio. Identifies the power class and transmission mode of an AMPS terminal 3GPP2 Session Control Manager. Bit rates are the same in both directions Selection and Distribution Unit.SCID SCM(1) SCM(2) SCP SCPT SCR SCTP SCVP SDB SDCA SDCC SDCCH SDCH SDF SDFU SDH SDL SDO SDP SDR(1) SDR(2) SDSL SDU(1) SDU(2) segmentation Sensitivity Subchannel Identity Station Class Mark. Simple Certificate Validation Protocol. Manages multimedia sessions. modulation schemes) based on the software that is currently loaded and active in the device. A virtual currency used for exchange of billing information between carriers.

Supports the location procedures of SUPL. assign resources. A WIN concept SIP for IM and Presence Leveraging Specification Information Node Signal + Noise + Distortion Session Initiation Protocol. maintain and monitor telecommunications systems GSM Subscriber Identification Module (Smart Card). interacting with the network over the user plane bearer. Because it is also infeasible to find two strings that produce the same digest. The process of exchanging revenue between telecommunications carriers Superframe Short File Identifier in a UIM or SIM ITU Study Group Signaling Gateway. Produces a condensed representation ('hash') of a string of bits (e.SerG Serving MSC SESN SET Settlement SF SFI SG(1) SG(2) SG(3) SGCP SGML SGSN SGW SHA-1 SHDSL SID SIF SIG Signaling SIM(1) SIM(2) SIMPLE SIN SINAD SIP The more sensitive the receiver. An IETF IP protocol for VoIP (packetized voice) call processing. The father of XML Serving GSN Signaling Gateway Secure Hash Algorithm. SS7 GSMA Security Group Simple Gateway Control Protocol. Compare with UIM Service Interaction Manager. A 15 bit identifier of an AMPS wireless license or system Signalling Information Field. A VoIP call control standard.g. Single-pair high speed DSL System Identifier. Converts an internet protocol to another protocol. Also see MGCP Standardized Generalized Markup Language. Because it is computationally infeasible to determine the original text knowing the digest it is useful in authentication algorithms. See MD5. See SDP. it is also useful in digital signing algorithms. the lower the required incident radio signal required for acceptable reception. protocol message). GSMA Services Group The MSC currently serving an MS SIM ESN SUPL Enabled Terminal.g. e. . The payload of an SS7 MTP message Special Interest Group Messages used to control calls.

g. voice quality) and provide significant discounts if the levels are not met SUPL Location Center. Promoted by the SMPP Forum Specialized Mobile Radio. A form of private mobile radio that allows one talker and multiple listeners in a group (e. A carrier agrees to provide a certain level of service (e. bit rate.SIP-AS SIP-T SKey SLA SLC SLEE SLF Slow Fading SLP(1) SLP(2) SLS SM SM-MT SM-SC Smart Card SMCK SMDPP SMDS SME(1) SME(2) SMG SMIL SMLC SMPP SMR SMS(1) SMS(2) SMS-C SMSCB SMSCH SMSEG SMTP SIP Application Server Variant of SIP that encapsulates ISUP signaling to provide support for circuit-switched communications Session Key Service Level Agreement. Service Level Execution Environment 3GPP Subscription Locator Function Fade duration long relative to channel frame length Service Logic Program SUPL Location Platform. See MC See Broadcast SMS SMS Point-to-Point Channel WAP SMS Expert Group Simple Mail Transmission Protocol defined in IETF RFC 2821 . GSM SMS Center. Communicates number portability (LNP) and pooling information between carriers.g. Signaling Link Selection Session Management Mobile Terminated Short Message Short Message Service Center (see MC) See UIM. Allows for the encryption of provisioning data that is going to be transmitted over a radio interface TIA/EIA-41 SMS Delivery Point-to-Point message Switched Multimegabit Data Service Short Message Entity (SMS terminal) Signaling Message Encryption Subject Matter Group Synchronised Multimedia Integration Language Serving MLC Short Message Peer-to-Peer Protocol. Consists of an SLC and an SPC. taxi company) Short Message Service Service Management System. availability. Coordinates the operations of SUPL in the network. SIM OTA Secure Mode Ciphering Key.

Network management protocol usually used with TCP/IP networks. Also PC Session PDU Service Provider Identification Subscriber PIN Access Subscriber PIN Intercept Service Programming Lock. An SS7 network node: SCP. XML based language for exchanging data between internet applications on different machines. A method of preventing a mobile from changing from the service the subscriber has contracted with Signaling Point Management Cluster Simultaneous Peripheral Operations On-Line. Used in IS-136 TDMA digital systems to identify the wireless carrier Small Office/Home Office Support of Localized Service Area Synchronous Optical Network Statement of Requirements. Its use can . The unique 6 digit number assigned to a GSM phone within an IMEI Service Order Activation. Writing a print or other file to a special area of memory or disk so that it can be printed (or otherwise processed) while other computer operations are ongoing. SSP or STP ANSI standards proposal number JAIN Service Provider APIs Subscriber Parameter Administration Security Mechanism SS7 Signaling Point Code.SMV SN(1) SN(2) SND SNDCP SNMP SNR(1) SNR(2) SOA SOAP SOC SOHO SoLSA SONET SoR SP(1) SP(2) SPA SPASM SPC SPDU SPI SPINA SPINI SPL SPMC Spool SPS SQM SQN CDMA Selectable Mode Voice Coder Service Node. this represents an interface between a carrier and the NPAC SMS Simple Object Access Protocol. Signaling Point. Serving PS Subscription Quality of Service Manager Sequence number (used for authentication/encryption).164 Subscriber Number See SINAD Sub-Network Dependant Convergence Protocol Simple Network Management Protocol. and others See S/N Serial number. Bypasses firewalls by being disguised as XML/HTML. For LNP. Compare with CORBA and RPC System Operator Code. A combination of SCP and IP functionality E.

Along with PC. Having one set of authentication data to access many services. data and signaling encryption Service Switching Function. connection control. for m-commerce) Sub-system number. See ATIS T1. to the level of bit encoding of messages and parameters. flow control.11 network. Service Switching Point (e. Maps between SAAL and higher layer protocols (e. retransmission on error.g.g.645 Service Specific Connection-Oriented Protocol. Secure Socket Layer. An identifier of an 802. End of pulsing signal. SS7 MTP Layer 3). An IN term for a switch Service Set Identifier. where the same information is transmitted by a fraudulent device as by the legitimate device. A secondary key used in most CAVE operations Portion of SSD used for Authentication Portion of SSD used for voice. Shared Secret Data. based on Stage II message flows SIM Toolkit Synchronous transport mode . Most important part of an IP Serving RNC Serving RNS Supplementary/Supplemental Service Signaling System Number 7 (common channel telecommunications packet switching) Service-Specific Coordination Function. An SS7 SP that contains switching and signaling functions. An MF tone The portion of a standard that describes the external behavior of a standard or capability The portion of a standard that describes the flow of messages through a network to implement Stage I behavior The portion of a standard that completely describes a protocol. Secures TCP connections (e. Compare with AUTHR Service Resource Function. Part of SAAL that provides reliable point-to-point communications with sequencing. identifies an SS7 network application or a virtual SS7 network entity Single Sign On. WAP Specification Requirements Committee CTIA Standards Requirement Document Expected response to authentication challenge for GSM authentication.g.637.SRC SRD SRES SRF SRNC SRNS SS SS7 SSCF SSCOP SSD SSD-A SSD-B SSF SSID SSL SSN SSO SSP ST Stage I Stage II Stage III STK STM prevent replay attacks. keep-alive. This includes responsibility for link changeover and flow control See ATIS T1. MSC).

Power. US government telephone encryption system SCCP User Adaptation Layer. See IMEISV Switched Virtual Path Shared Wireless Access Protocol. OA&M standards committee for North American wireline networks. Being defined by HRFWG. An SS7 SP that provides routing services.III. Renamed as the ATIS Telecom Management and Operations . and Protection Committee in 2004. IP-enabled mobile devices.e. but also North American GSM standards A digital link carrying 24 DS0 channels. Replaces SCCP and M3UA. OMA Secure User-Plane Location architecture for LCS with intelligent.4 GHz ISM band. A pattern of bits is used as a filler for times when there is no data to transmit. Reliability and Quality of Service Committee in 2004. stream of bits. 3GPP Sub-Working Group Synchronization Data that is transmitted as a regular. Used mostly within North America. Lawfully (hopefully) authorized monitoring of communications See SVN Switched Virtual (data) Circuit GSM Software Version Number. Compare with E1 Renamed the ATIS Network Performance.STP STU-III SUA SUPL surveillance SV SVC SVN SVP SWAP SWG SYNC Synchronous SyncML Systemic Interference SS7 signaling transfer point (i. RF interference within a channel used in a wireless system that emanates from other elements of the system itself. Contrast with Non-systemic Interference and Intermodulation Interference T T-BCSM T-SGW T1(1) T1(2) T1A1 T1E1 T1M1 Terminating BCSM Trunk SGW Group of standards committees related mostly to wireline standards. Abandoned in 2003. Compare with Asynchronous A standard for synchronizing mobile devices. transmissions on the same channel form other base stations (intended for other mobiles). such as SS7. Compare with Router Secure Telephone Unit . Resides above SCTP and below the application in an IP telecom signaling protocol stack. packet switch). and thus has predictable characteristics. Operates in the 2. For example. precisely clocked. A 2 digit code identifying a line of mobiles. Renamed the ATIS Network Interface.

Basically AMPS in the 900 MHz frequency band GSMA Technology and Documentation Interoperability Group. Split into the ATIS Packet Technologies and Systems Committee and the Protocol Interworking Committee in 2004. TETRA Adcanced Packet Service. A national authority for the certification of radio devices. phone calls). 800 and other SS7-based applications.962. SS7 standards committee for North America. Telephony Country Code Trusted Computing Group . DataTAC Type Approval Code. Ideal data performance is 600 kbps with frequency hopping and 466 kbps without. This can be used to estimate the distance of a terminal and determine its approximate location. national telecom regulatory body) TAC System.e. Digit 0 is encoded as 10. Renamed the ATIS Optical Transport and Synchronization Committee in 2004. Personal Communications (i. A billing record format used mainly by GSM carriers Telocator (now PCIA) Alphanumeric Protocol for paging. An adjustment in the time of cellular transmission based on the distance of a terminal from a base station.114 Telecommunication Certification Body.T1P1 T1S1 T1X1 T3 TA(1) TA(2) TAC(1) TAC(2) TACS TADIG Tandem TAP(1) TAP(2) TAPS TAR Target MSC TBCD TCAP TCB TCC TCG Committee in 2004. Message packaging standard used by TIA/EIA-41. Defined in ANSI T1. 6 digit part of IMEI that is assigned by a central authority (e. A name used by Motorola in several products. as on a rotary dial phone Transaction Capabilities Application Part. but neither originates nor terminates them Transfer Account Procedure. Total Access Communications.g. Renamed the ATIS Wireless Technologies and Systems Committee in 2004. now also used for SMS. Physical device carrying one DS3 service Terminal Adaptor Timing Advance. Any switch that is used to receive and route traffic (e. such as TACS. Defined by ETSI TS 101.g. Temporary Alternative Routing The destination MSC for an inter-system handoff Telephony BCD. US GSM) standards committee for North America. LNP. A European data system based on GPRS and EDGE designed to work with TETRA.

At a typical temperature of 300 degrees Kelvin (26. See also TDMA Time Division/Domain Multiple Access. See TDMA Triple DES. A protocol that provides for reliable delivery of messages over the internet. Individual phone numbers within the block can then be ported (using LNP) to other carriers .g. See IN Time Division Synchronization CDMA. Elimination of the Voice Coder from a digital mobile-to-mobile call (assuming that both mobiles are capable of using the same type) Traffic Flow Template. Tera-bit). The ability to share a block of 10. A European PAMR system using 25 kHz channels. Not to be confused with Disconnection An ESN for a phone.000 NANP phone numbers in groups of 1. Tandem (or Transcoder) Free Operation. or 114 dBm in a 1 MHz channel. See TTY Time Division/Domain Duplex. Task Group of ITU-R Radio frequency noise associated with thermal activity. Contrast with Bearer capability Prefix to indicate one trillion (e. for example WAP Telematics Expert Group A telecommunications service provided between two telecommunications terminals (e.TCH TCP TCP/IP TD-CDMA TDD(1) TDD(2) TDES TDM TDMA TDOA TDP TDS-CDMA TDSO TE TEG Teleservice Tera Termination tESN TETRA TFO TFT TG Thermal Noise Thousands block pooling Traffic Channel. a call between two phones or a short message between two wireless devices). A personal computer.000 between carriers. Used to determine the QoS that applies to a specific packet.g. Often classified as full rate(FR) or half rate (HR) Transmission Control Protocol. An encryption algorithm with a strength of about 112 bits. Time Division Multiplexing.84 degrees Celsius). Abbreviated T The process of reaching the destination of a call. See UDP and IP TCP used over IP TDD mode of operation for UTRA Telephone Device for the Deaf. Chinese 3G radio access proposal CDMA Test Data Service Option Data Terminal Equipment. See AES. Modulation technique used by D-AMPS and GSM Time Difference of Arrival. DES. See TOA and OTDOA Trigger Detection Point. thermal noise is -174 dBm per hertz. that is neither a pESN nor a UIMID Terrestrial Trunked Radio.






The actual traffic supported, as opposed to the raw bandwidth. Bandwidth that does not result in throughput may be due to packets containing errors, retransmissions, errorneous routing and many other causes. See goodput and badput Telecommunications Industry Association. A trade association that, among other things, defines standards for cellular and PCS, specifically AMPS, NAMPS, CDMA and TDMA ANSI version of the TDMA air interface standard. Replaces IS-136 and TIA/EIA-136 A prefix for a standard produced by the TIA in association with the EIA Wireless call detail and billing record format for online transfer. Replaces IS-124 ANSI version of the TDMA air interface standard. Replaces IS-136. Replaced by TIA-136 Wireless intersystem operations standard. Previously called IS-41 Intersystem Operations Standard. Replaces IS-41 A-interface standard between BS and MSC OTASP for CDMA Wireless-PSTN interface standard. Replaces IS-93 CDMA air interface standard Third generation CDMACDMA air interface standard. Replaces IS-95 Tagged Image File Format. Supports up to 24 bit color. Files tend to be large, but high quality. Perhaps because of the file size, it is not supported by many browsers. cf GIF, JPEG, PNG Telecommunications and Internet Protocol Harmonization over Networks A surveillance that is authorized to collect content (e.g. voice communications. Contrast with pen register and trap and trace Temporal Key Integrity Protocol. A modification to WEP that increases security by frequently changing keys. Telcordia (formerly Bellcore) MML language for telecommunications network monitoring. Temporary Local Directory Number. A number used for routing calls from the Home MSC to MSC-V in ANSI-41. Compare with MSRN Temporary Link Level Identity Transport Layer Security Tag, Length Value. Encoding of parameters by including an identifier (tag), length (of value) and the actual parameter contents (value). Used by BER and TCAP, for example. cf AVP TIA committee for standardization of Terrestrial Mobile Multimedia

Multicast. Created in 2005. Also known as TR-47 TMN Telecommunications Management Network. A network management protocol, used to logically define managed objects TMO Trunked Mode Operation. A cellular-like mode of operation of a PAMR system. Compare with DMO. TMSI Temporary mobile station identity. Used as a shorter, more private, mobile identifier. Identifies the system that assigned it, and not directly the MS TMUI GSM term for TMSI TNRN Terminating Network Routing Number TOA Time of Arrival. A technique for location a radio by comparing the time of signal arrival at multiple points. Compare with AOA TON Type of Number TOS Type Of Service TPDU Transport PDU TPP Terminating Party Pays. The mobile pays for airtime, whether it is making or receiving a call. cf CPP TR(1) 3GPP Technical Report. These are informative, as opposed to TS TR(2) TIA Technical Review standards committee prefix TR-45 TIA Standards Committee responsible for AMPS-based cellular and PCS standards, including TDMA and CDMA digital TR-45.1 TIA analog cellular standards subcommittee TR-45.2 TIA Standards Subcommittee responsible for intersystem protocols TR-45.3 TIA TDMA digital cellular/PCS standards subcommittee TR-45.4 TIA BS/MSC "A" interface standards subcommittee TR-45.5 TIA CDMA digital cellular/PCS standards subcommittee TR-45.6 TIA CDPD standards subcommittee TR-45.7 TIA OA&M cellular standards subcommittee. Now defunct. TR-47 See TM3 Traffic Channel A portion of a radio channel used to transmit one direction of a digital voice conversation. Compare with Voice Channel Transcoding Conversion from one voice (or other media format) coder to another. Multiple transcoding operations can seriously reduce the end-to-end quality. Transparent Data that is, to lower protocol layers, simply a sequenced collection of bits. Good protocol design tries to make all protocol layers transparent to all others, although often violations of this principal are necessary trap and trace Collection of the identity of a part originating a call for surveillance purposes TRAU Transcoding Rate and Adaptation Unit

TrFO Triplet


TTY Tunnel

Transcoding Free Operation. Establishment of a call without a transcoder. A group of 3 security data elements used in GSM authentication. Composed of network challenge random number (RAND), expected user response (SRES) and Cipher Key (CK) 3GPP Technical Specification. Normative, as opposed to TR Teleservice segmentation and reassembly for TIA/EIA-136 TIA Telecommunications Systems Bulletin. Often used as an addendum or erratum to a published interim standard Technical Specification Group. Part of the 3GPP and 3GPP2 processes 3GPP TSG for CN standardization 3GPP TSG for GSM standardization 3GPP2 TSG for inter-system network protocols. Replaced by TSG-X. 3GPP TSG for W-CDMA standardization 3GPP2 TSG for service and system aspects (requirements, architecture, Stage 1 descriptions etc.). 3GPP TSG for defining services and architecture of W-CDMA 3G systems 3GPP2 TSG for the IOS 3GPP2 TSG for the cdma2000 radio interface 3GPP2 TSG for network procotols. Replaced by TSG-X 3GPP2 TSG for packet data protocols. Replaced by TSG-X 3GPP TSG for terminal and UIM standardization 3GPP2 TSG for the core network. Formed by the merger of TSG-N and TSG-P Time Slot Interchange Translation Type. Defines the type of routing address used by GTT (e.g. E.164 directory number, E.212 IMSI etc.). Telecommunications Technology Association. Standardizes wireless network protocols in Korea Telecommunication Technology Committee. Telecommunications standardization in Japan Terminating Toll Center Tree and Tabular Combined Notation. ISO/International Electrotechnical Commission IEC 646-3 is a notation for the specification of tests for communication systems. A TTCN–specified test suite is a collection of various test cases together with all of the declarations and components needed. A device used by the deaf or hearing-impaired to communicate text messages over telephone systems. It runs at 45.45 bps. See TDD An extra protocol addressing layer used to carry data where the inner

Tunneling TUP TWG TX

addressing layer will not take it. Often used in IP, e.g. as part of Mobile IP or VPN Sending data transparently through a foreign network. Usually implies the use of a larger than optimal number of protocol layers Telephone User Part. Forerunner protocol to SS7 ISUP GSMA Terminal Working Group Abbrevation for transmission or transmitter

U/L UA(1) UA(2) UAProf UASL Uplink (e.g. from mobile to base station). Compare with D/L. User Agent. An application operating on behalf of a user device (e.g. phone or computer). See MM1. GSM Unnumbered Acknowledge WAP UA Profiles Drafting Committee. Or a reference to the profiles that they generate. Indian Unified Access Services Licence. Replaces CMSP. This allows both GSM and CDMA carriers, as well as other technologies, to be implemented. Unicast ATI. A 128 bit address for a HRPD device. A 32 bit short version is available for transmission.. The AAA returns the IMSI or MIN to the serving network. Compare with RATI Universal Computer Protocol. Part of ERMES is an ETSI paging system . The most commonly used operations are: 01 - Call Input Operation; 03 - Call Input With Supplementary Services Operation; Operation 30 - SMS Message Transfer Operation; and Operation 51 Submit Short Message Operation. Universal Data Header User Datagram Protocol. An internet protocol providing basic services only. Compare with TCP RADIUS Usage Data Record. Captures accounting data for packet data sessions. SS7 MTP unit data message. Carries a payload of about 250 octet UDT service message. Used to send error responses to UDT messages User Equipment (e.g. phone and all peripherals such as USIM) UMTS Encryption Algorithm. May be null (no encryption) or Kasumi User Group Identification CDMA Universal Handoff Direction Message Ultra-High Frequency. 300-3000 MHz (used in the US and Canada as television channels 14-83) UMTS Integrity Algorithm. One possibility is Kasumi UMTS IC Card




Form of internet address usable by a browser.UID UIM UIMID UL ULDCH Um UML UMTS UNI UNICODE Unique Challenge Uplink UPR UPT URI URL URN USAT USCF USIM USSD Ut UTC UTM UTRA UTRAN User Interactive Dialog User Identification Module (Smart Card). Uniform Resource Name USIM Application Toolkit User Selected Call Forwarding. BTS etc. Of the format "<scheme>:<scheme-specific-part>". Compare with ASCII. See tESN. See UIM GSM Unstructured Supplementary Service Data The 3GPP interface between the UE and AS. Standardized as ISO 10646.84 Mcps with 200 kHz between channels.umts-forum. either to a preset number. or to a number specified at the time of diversion. with some restrictions on the characters that can be used. User-Network Interface A text encoding method that. Allows an incoming call to be diverted before it is answered. Universal Terrestrial RAN. Universal Coordinated Time (don't ask) Universal Transverse Mercator. If an object is on the internet and does not have one of these it really doesn't exist. Uplink. for W-CDMA/UMTS .org. See SIM UIM Identifier. EBCDIC and ISO-8859-1 A method of encryption using a unique random number (RANDU) as a challenge Path from terminal to base-station CTIA User Performance Requirements document. The remainder of the URL is defined by the scheme. Uniform Resource Locator. Radio link in the direction 'up' to network. ftp and mailto are examples of schemes. where XX is the two digit hexadecimal value of the character. can code special characters for many languages. Compare with DL 3GPP Enhanced Uplink DCH Radio interface between MS and BSS/BSC ETSI Universal Modelling Language Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (a 3G initiative). Universal Terrestrial Radio Access. SIM for UMTS. It operates in 5 MHz channels at 3. A superset of URL and URN. http. The BS. by using more than 8 bits. Illegal ASCII characters can be included with the %XX notation. Really just a 32-bit ESN assigned to a device that supports ANSI-136 or CDMA operation. Now know as SRD Universal Personal Communications Uniform Resource Identifier. See www. Closely related to AH User Services Identity Module or Universal Subscription Identity Module.

V V and V Verification and Validation. A company that provides a service (e. A subset of a LAN where files and services not available to a user are hidden. providing about 58 Mbit/sec in both directions. A system that not only detects the absence of voice. It is controversial because some claim that it can share spectrum with other users. See VDSL Alliance VDSL Alliance Promoters of VDSL VGC Voice Group Call VGCS Voice Group Call Service VHE Virtual Home Environment VHF Very High Frequency. web content) without being the carrier. 30-300 MHz (used in the US and Canada as television channels 2-13) VLAN Virtual LAN. Promotes D-AMPS technologies around the world TDMA digital cellular/PCS based on the IS-136 or TIA/EIA-136 standards Universal Wireless Communications Consortium.g. VLR Visitor Location Register VMAC Voice Mobile Attenuation Code VMS Voice Message System VMSC See MSC-V . and prevents transmission of unecessary digitized voice during this time VAR Value-added Reseller VAS Value Added Service VASP VAS Provider. A committee review of a standard before formal ballot VA Validation Authority VAAA Visited AAA VAD Voice Activity Detection. Available as asymetric (see ADSL) or symmetric (see SDSL). Universal Wireless Consortium. VC Virtual Circuit VCI VC identifier VDSL Very high speed DSL. Disbanded at the end of 2001. Proponent of TDMA digital systems based on UWC/136. and others claim that it will cause unacceptable interference.UU-SIGNAL UWB UWC UWC/136 UWCC User to User Signaling A radio technology that uses short very high speed bursts of data over short distances.

84 Mcps Window-Based LSB encoding for IP header compression (and decompression). and vice-versa. Wireless voice coders often also compress the voice into a bit rate from 8kbps to 13 kbps. Also called codec or vocoder Voice over IP Voice Privacy (i.g. A ‘European’ version of CDMA and the 3G evolutionary step planned for GSM.e.vocoder VOFDM Voice Channel Voice Coder VoIP VP(1) VP(2) VPI VPIM VPLMN VPM VPN VSA VSELP Voice Coder or codec Vector OFDMA A radio channel used to transmit one direction of an analog voice conversation. Part of ROHC World Wide Web Consortium Wireless Application Environment. Compare with LAN. Operates in pairs of 5 MHz channels at 3. Wide Area Network. See also WML WAP . Vector Sum Excited Linear Prediction W W-CDMA Physical layer of the FDD mode of operation of UTRA. encryption) Virtual Path VP Identifier Voice Profile for Internet Mail Visited PLMN Voice Privacy Mask Virtual Private Network RADIUS Vendor Specific Attribute.W3C Coordination Committee WLAN Access Router. MAN Wireless Application Protocol. A field used to transmit data for a particular accounting application (e. Manages traffic into and out of a wireless LAN. See WAP Wireless Applications Group WLAN Access Gateway A group of 2N vectors or words which contain 2N binary elements which with themselves and their logical inverses form a mutually orthogonal set. A new protocol that is supposed to provide more efficient internet access from wireless phone. Compare with Traffic Channel Converts an analog voice signal into a digitally coded representation. cdma2000 packet data). World Administrative Radio Convention Wireless Application Service Provider W-LSB W3C WAE WAG(1) WAG(2) Walsh codes WAN WAP WAP W3C WAR WARC WASP .

11p Wireless Bit MaP. paging carriers). including airtime) Supports location-based services. Developed by wctp.e. Wireless Multimedia Message Service Wireless Intelligent Network. WEP derives a 64 bit RC4 key from a 40 bit AP-specific key and a 24-bit IV that is unique to the session. A WAP graphic format See W-CDMA Wireless Control Message Protocol. Protocol for reporting errors and performing loopback testing in WAP. Based on ICMP Wireless Communications Transfer Protocol. 1-800.11 WLAN.g. Wireless Interconnect Forum (managed by Telcordia) IEEE 802.WASU WATM WATS WAVE WBMP WCDMA WCMP WCTP WDM WDP WEMT WEP WFQ WG WGS-84 WI WID WIF WiFi WIG WIM WiMax WIMS WIN WIN Phase I WIN Phase II WIN Phase III WIP WIPP WLA Wireless Access Subscriber Unit Wireless ATM Wide Area Telephone Service See 802. An interface between internet applications and messaging service providers (e. See RXP Optical Wavelength Division Multiplexing Wireless Datagram Protocol. Compare with WPA Weighted Fair Queuing Working Group World Geodetic System 1984 Work Item 3GPP WI Description. AIN and CAMEL Supports voice controlled such as location sensitive billing and intelligent directory assistance WIN Implementation of PAS Wireless Internet Protocol Partnership Optical Wavelength Adapter .11b wireless LAN system WAP Interoperability Group WAP Identity Module IEEE OFDM radio interface. including Prepaid and Freephone (i. Has known security weaknesses in the algorithm and the use of fixed keys. First security system for 802. See WAP CDMA Wireless Enhanced Messageing Teleservice Wired Equivalent Privacy. incoming call screening and CNAP/CNAR Supports billing-related services. Protocol with similar goals as IN.

See PACA. See WAP WTA Wireless Telephony Applications WTAI WTA Interface WTB US FCC Wireless Telecommunications Bureau WTLS Wireless Transport Layer Security. An HTML-like page description and scripting language. An obsolete telephone numbering term for countries identified by country code 1 ( USA. Canada and some Caribbean nations) X . shared key. Standards are being defined by IEEE 802.15 WPG WAP WIreless Protocols Group WPS Wireless Priority Service.home base station Ws Interface between Proxy AAA and Home system AAA. A carrier WNP Wireless Number Portability.WLAN WLL WML Wireless LAN. Compare with cHTML and XHTML WMLSc WML Script WNE Wireless Network Entity WNO Wireless Network Operator. An enhanced version of WEP that does not rely on a static. LNP for wireless phones WNP Phase I The ability for a switch to route to a ported number in another switch WNP Phase II The ability for a switch to allow numbers to be ported in or out of its number range WNP Phase III The ability to support services such as short message service in a number portability environment WP Working Party WPA WiFi Protected Access. of which the most popular is WiFi Wireless Local Loop. See WAP WWAN Wireless WAN www World-Wide Web Wx Interface between AAA and HSS WZ1 World Zone 1. that is an essential part of WAP. NS/EP Wr Interface between Proxy AAA and WLAN access network. PS. See FWA Wireless Markup Language. See WAP WTP Wireless Transaction Protocol. WSDL Web Service Description Language WSI Wireless Service Indication WSP Wireless Session Protocol. WRE Wireless Residential Extension . WPAN Wireless Personal Area Network.

This operation has the nice property that no information is lost. A version of HTML defined by XML and designed to be extensible. For AKA it is derived from RAND using f2. Supports message segmentation Y Z Z. For example.25 X. A 'cable replacement' radio technology. Try that on any other boolean operation! Expected response to authentication challenge.500 xDSL XHTML XMAC XML XOR XRES XUDT An ITU/CCITT defined general purpose packet switching protocol The ISO directory protocol. It uses unlicensed bands at 2. ZCS ZigBee ZRP . An internet routing protocol that focuses on routing updates within a zone. Due to its complexity this method is not often used. Data speeds are 20–250 kbps depending on the frequency band used.15. The seventh bit of an all-0 octet is replaced by a 1-bit. business and inustrial automation). DNS Refers to all the DSL variants Extensible HTML. A boolean operation. See DAP. often used in cryptography. The exclusive-or of two bits is 1 if they have the same value and 0 if they have different values. Developed by the ZigBee Alliance and standardized as IEEE 802.4 Zone Routing Protocol. (A xor B) xor B = A and (A xor B) xor A = B. Somewhat a competitor to Bluetooth although it is designed more for M2M applications (home. Zero Code Suppression. 915 MHz (US) or 868 MHz (Europe). It claims to be cheaper and use less power.300 ZBTSI An ITU-T series of specifications related to MML Zero Byte Time Slot Interchange (TSI). Compare with AUTHR Extended UDT. If all zero octets are still found.4 GHz. Only applicable to voice because there is no way to remove this one bit error. Bits 2 through 193 of each DS1 frame are scrambled to minimize the possibility of an all-zero octet. LDAP. This may also be the evolutionary path for cHTML and WML Expected MAC Extensible Markup Language. A meta-language that can be used to define languages like HTML and WML Exclusive OR.X. a group of all-ones is substituted. The communications range is from 10 to 75 meters.