Cellular Networking Perspectives

Wireless, Telecom and Computer Glossary
Are there wireless telecommunications (or network or security) terms or acronyms that you keep hearing, but that whose meanings are unclear to you? Your prayers have been answered. Check this alphabetic list of 2051 wireless telecom terms, including many data networking and security terms as well. If the term you are looking for is not listed, please suggest it to us. We will define it for you, and add it to this list for the benefit of other readers, also. For tongue-in-cheek, humorous definitions of many of these terms, check out our alternative acronyms page. We recommend that you copy only the URL pointing to this page, and not the entire page, as we update it frequently. You are welcome to incorporate definitions from this page for your own use. Please contact us if you wish to license a customized version of this glossary. This license will include regular updates, and can be customized to include your own company logo. Cool new features: Every time you cross reference a term it will be highlighted in pink. You can also highlight a definition by clicking on the word, phrase or acronym in the left column. You can then click on the button below the index to show only the highlighted term. The search feature produces a condensed list of terms based on a search pattern. Search patterns are regular expressions, so stick to single words composed of letters and possibly numbers unless you are familiar with this concept. To search for multiple words enter text like "(word1|word2)". Within a definition words in blue link to an external website and words in teal link to another definition in this glossary. You can also use the following index to find the approximate location of a term, or the “Find” capability built into your browser.

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10 Base-T 100 Base-T 1000 Base-T 128QAM 16QAM 1G 1x 1xEVDO 1xEVDV 1XRTT 2G 2R 32QAM 3G 3GiA 3GPP 3GPP2 3GSP 3R 3WC 3x Basic Ethernet at 10 Mbit/sec Ethernet running at 100 Mbit/sec Ethernet running at 1,000 Mbit/sec QAM with 7 bits per symbol. QAM with 4 bits per symbol. First Generation. Refers to analog cellular systems A cdma2000 notation that indicates that one carrier is being used. Compare with 3x See EvDO See EVDV cdma2000 operating mode at basic chip rate (1.2288 Mcps). The theoretical top speed is 153 kbps Second Generation. Refers to digital cellular and PCS wireless systems oriented to voice and low speed data services Receive, Reshape (an optical signal). See 3R QAM with 5 bits per symbol. Third Generation. Refers to the next generation of wireless systems digital with high speed data. Being standardized by 3GPP and 3GPP2 3G Internet Appliance 3rd Generation Partnership Project for W-CDMA (GSM) 3rd Generation Partnership Project for cdma2000 3G Service Provider Reshaping, Retiming, Reamplifying (an optical signal). See 2R Three Way Call A cdma2000 notation that indicates that three carriers are being used. Compare with 1x. Not widely implemented. Although this allows higher maximum speeds, the average speed per user will not change significantly cdma2000 operating mode at 3 times the basic chip rate of 1.2288 Mcps QAM with 6 bits per symbol. An IEEE committee that standardizes a wireless Ethernet replacement technology in the ISM band. 802.11b is most commonly implemented and runs at approximately 10 Mbps in the 2.4GHz band. 802.11a runs at 54 Mbps in the 5 GHz band. 802.11g provides 24 Mbps in the same band as 802.11b.

3XRTT 64QAM 802.11


802.11b 802.11c 802.11d

802.11e 802.11f 802.11g

802.11h 802.11i 802.11j 802.11k 802.11m 802.11n

802.11p 802.11r 802.11s 802.11t 802.11u 802.11v 802.11w 802.11y

A WiFi WLAN variant that is higher speed (54 Mbps) than 802.11b. Because it also operates in a different frequency band it has proven less popular than 802.11g which offers higher speed in the same band as 802.11b thus providing a simpler migration strategy. The range of this protocol is also lower and the LOS requirements more stringent. See ADRC IEEE Wireless LAN system providing throughput of about 11 Mbps but see ADRC An IEEE standard for network interoperability between WLAN protocols An IEEE standard for operation of their WLAN protocols outside the normal frequency bands (e.g. due to the unavailability of those bands in some countries) An IEEE standard for QoS in their WLAN protocols 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g and 802.11n An IEEE standard for interconnection between wireless APs A second generation version of WiFi providing 54 Mbps raw throughput (typically a user data rate of about half that) in the same 2.4 GHz frequency band as 802.11b. This gave it an advantage over 802.11a which had similar performance but operated in a different frequency band. An IEEE standard for spectrum and transmit power management for their WLAN protocols Enhanced security for IEEE WLAN protocols An adaptation of 802.11 WLAN protocols to the Japanese 4.9–5 GHz frequency band A proposed IEEE standard for RRM A group for editorial maintenance of IEEE 802.11 WLAN standards A future IEEE WLAN protocol that promises raw data rates of 540 Mbps in either the 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz band and thus will likely eventually replace 802.11a, 802.11b and 802.11g. The protocol is scheduled for completion in 2009. See EWC A proposed IEEE standard for ITS. Also known as WAVE A proposed IEEE standard for handoff between APs A proposed IEEE standard for mesh networking A proposed test specification for IEEE WLAN standards A proposed standard for authorization of users on IEEE WLANs A proposed wireless network management standard for IEEE WLAN protocols A proposed standard for the protection of system management information in IEEE WLAN protocols A proposed standard for operation of IEEE WLAN protocols in the

802.15 802.16 802.3 8PSK 8QAM 911

3.65-3.7 GHz frequency band See Bluetooth IEEE WiMax radio interface. IEEE standard for Ethernet PSK with 8 states, allowing the coding of 8 bit combinations. It is used in EDGE. QAM with 3 bits per symbol. The ES service code in many parts of the United States, Canada and a few other countries.

A(2) A-bis A-GPS A-interface A-Key A/D A3 A5 A5/3 A8 AAA AAL ABNF ABR ABS AC ACC ACCM ACCOLC ACCT ACD An IP host address Interface between BTS and BSC Assisted GPS. Network provides information to mobile device to acquire satellite signals and may assist with processing of received data Interface between the MSC and BS The primary CAVE authentication key, used to generate SSD Analog/Digital. Usually used in the context of conversion from analog to digital (or vice-versa) GSM authentication algorithm GSM data encryption algorithm An encryption algorithm for GSM and EDGE GSM voice encryption algorithm. Used to generate Kc Authentication, Authorization and Accounting entity. See RADIUS and Diameter AAL Adaptation Layer Augmented BNF. Defined in RFC 2234 Average bit rate Alternate Billing Service Authentication Centre. Stores information for authenticating mobiles, and encrypting their voice and data transmissions Analog Control Channel. See FSK Asynchronous Control Character Map Access Overload Class CDMA Access Control by Call Type Automatic Call Distributor. Distributes incoming calls to one of a number of people equally able to handle them (e.g. for customer service) Adaptive CELP Algebraic CELP


A geolocation technique that utilizes the mobile station’s measured time of arrival of radio signals from the base stations (and. It is probably good to start by dividing the raw rate by a factor of two to obtain the total user throughput rate and then further divide by the average number of simultaneous users (not connected users. The ratio of the on-channel transmit power to the power measured in one of the adjacent channels. but the number who are likely to be simultaneously transmitting) Asynchronous Data Service Asymmetric DSL. Used for routing calls to cellular phones with a ‘cordless’ mode Abbreviated Dialing Architecture Document Advertising Agent. Bit rates are higher from the network than from the client IETF Advertisement Specification Asian Expert Group. Response to IAM Adjacent Channel Power Authorization & Call Routing Equipment. Provides information to a MS on the services provided by a 3G network Application Data Delivery Service. Advanced Forward Link Trilateration. A WAP Working Group Audio Engineering Society Application Function. other terrestrial measurements) GSM Absolute radio frequency channel number .ACF ACG ACH ACK ACLR ACM ACP ACRE AD(1) AD(2) ADA ADDS Adjacent Channel Interference ADN ADPCM ADRC Authentication Control Function Automatic Code Gapping. and often they are raw rates higher than the actual user throughput could ever be even on an unloaded system. SS7 ISUP Address Complete message. meaning that all users share the bandwidth. A method of shedding load in telecommunications systems Access Channel Acknowledgement signal Adjacent Channel Leakage Ratio. See SMS Interference from signals at slightly different frequencies ADS ADSL AdSpec AEG AES AF AFLT AFRCN Abbreviated Dialing Numbers Adaptive Differential PCM Aggregate Data Rate Caveat. possibly. An important W-CDMA parameter. A warning that most wireless data rates are aggregate.

May indicate the algorithm and key used by the current authentication system.2 and 4. New generation of security being developed for 3GPP2 CDMA systems and 3GPP UMTS systems. Authentication and Key Agreement. Used by MF. Developed by Nokia and Voiceage. Network Assisted GPS. See CDR AKA Authentication Management Field. Alternate Mark Inversion Advanced Mobile Phone Service. Proposed for use in GSM and UMTS. The traffic channel assignment information is sent to the mobile on this channel. Has 9 different bitrates American Mobile Telecommunications Association Access Network Transmission of information through a continuously variable signal. A database that contains information about the location of emergency callers Amplitude Modulation. Service that allows an incoming call to be placed on hold without answering it first. Closely related to USCF TIA TR-45 ad hoc Authentication Group Air Interface Acquisition Indicator Channel Advanced Intelligent Network. D-AMPS.75 kbps AMR wide (audio) band Voice Coder chosen for UMTS. Compare with digital Alternate (British) spelling of analog The first MSC involved in a wireless call . TIA analog cellular. See FM Automatic Message Accounting. Communication by changing frequencies in the audio band rather than RF. Telcordia version of IN Synonym for Radio Interface.AFSK AGCH AGPS AGW AH(1) AH(2) AHAG AI AICH AIN Air Interface AK AKA Alert ALI AM AMA AMF AMI AMPS AMR AMR-WB AMTA AN analog analogue Anchor MSC Audio FSK. Anonymity Key. DTMF GSM Access Grant Channel. Land station assists mobile in acquiring its position Access Gateway Authentication Header Answer Hold. Bit rates vary between 12. CDMA). Standardized in EIA/TIA-553 Adaptive MultiRate Voice Coder. and all standards that retain compatibility with it (NAMPS. Parts may also be applied to GSM A command to a mobile to notify the user of an incoming call or message Automatic Location Information. In AKA it is derived from RAND using f5.

Handles applications for a range of addresses (e. The most commonly used method for encoding text in 8 bit characters.11 BS Association of Public Safety Communications Officials Application PDU Application Programming Interface Associated PLMN Application Transport Associated PMN Access Point Name. In a GPRS network. residential line or payphone). SS7 ISUP Answer Message American National Standards Institute ANSI version of the TDMA air interface standard.g. The sole entity authorized to settle and exchange roamer charges and revenue for a carrier IETF Address Resolution Protocol. Provision of charge number during a call to allow toll calls without operator intervention Access Network Identifier ANI Information Digits. A technique for locating a radio by estimating the angle of signal arrival at multiple points.g.g. a telephone switch) American Standard Code for Information Interchange. See UNICODE for more complex alphabets and the obsolete EBCDIC . Replaces IS-136. Internet Application Server. Responsible for standardization of telecommunications protocols in Japan ARQ Response Mode Authorized Receipt Point. An 802. A method of error correction where the receiver detects errors. the domain name referring to an external packet network Access Response Channel Association of Radio Industries and Businesses. Describes the type of phone being used to call (e. Correct name is TIA-136 See TIA/EIA-41 ADSL Network Termination Angle of Arrival. Binds the physical (MAC) address of a device to an IP address on a local network (e. and requests retransmission from the sender. Compare with TOA Advice of Charge Application Part (of a protocol) Access Point. Average Revenue Per User/Unit Automatic Repeat Request. ethernet subnet).ANI(1) ANI(2) ANI II ANM ANSI ANSI-136 ANSI-41 ANT AOA AoC AP(1) AP(2) APCO APDU API APLMN APM APMN APN ARCH ARIB ARM ARP(1) ARP(2) ARPU ARQ AS ASCII Automatic Number Identification.

textual. Transmits data as 53 byte units using a connection-oriented protocol at speeds up to 2. cf TLV AWGN Additive White Gaussian Noise AWI Alert with Information.g. representation of a protocol message set ASP AS Process ASR Automatic Speech Recognition Asynchronous Data is transmitted only when needed. A switch that can be used to reach a variety of IXCs ATI Access Terminal Identifier ATIS Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions. A computer chip that is customized for a special purpose application ASN.ASE ASIC Application Service Element Application Specific Integrated Circuit. The output of CAVE when RAND is used as a global challenge AUTHU Authentication Response to Unique Challenge AUTN AKA Network Authentication Token.1 Abstract Syntax Notation 1. the attribute (parameter) type (usually fixed length) and the attribute value. AMF and MAC AV Authentication Vector AVC Analog Voice Channel AVP Attribute Value Pair.488 Gbps ATP Access Transport Parameter (also Adenosine Tri-Phosphate :) ATS Abstract Test Suite AuC GSM term for AC AUTH An OMT bit that turns mobile authentication on or off for all mobiles within a cell AUTHBS Authentication Response from the BS Authentication Proving the identity of an individual or application (e. At least one bit is needed to indicate the start of transmission (known as a start bit). MS) Authentication Improvements to network based authentication (TIA/EIA-41) defined Enhancements in IS-778 Authentication See Quintet and Triplet Vector AUTHR Authentication Response. Composed of SQN (concealed). Compare with Synchronous AT Access Tandem. such as OBF ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode. A formal. Parent organization for the T1 standards committees and many telecom industry groups. A method of encoding parameters that includes the length of the data. used to transmit data while alerting an MS AWS An FCC term for IMTS-2000 .

The CDR/AMA format used by most US wireline telecom carriers Barring of All Incoming Calls Barring of All Outgoing Calls GSMA Billing. Accounting and Roaming Group Refusal to allow certain types of calls The signal(s) used to modulate the radio channel in the transmitter.g. and which are recovered by the receiver by demodulating the received radio channel. Digits 0-9 are encoded as 4 bit numbers (nibble). A n IN concept Billing Domain Barred Dialing Number A capability of a transport protocol (e. Broadcast Air-interface Transport Service used by TIA/EIA-136 Best Breakfast In Town. See TBCD Base Station Central Equipment.g.B B-SMS B/I B8ZS Baby Bell Backhaul badput BAF BAIC BAOC BARG Barring Baseband Broadcast SMS Busy/Idle bit Bipolar with 8 Zero Substitution. a maximum bitrate or message latency). A cute name for wasted bandwidth. so two fit within a byte. Chaudhuri. A channel transmitted by one (e.g. Broadcast Control Channel Binary Coded Decimal. See WIN Broadcast/Multicast Services for 3GPP2. A Teleservice may be able to use any facility that can provide a specified bearer capability. A WAP Working Group See Bit Error Rate BATS BBIT BCCH BCD BCE BCH(1) BCH(2) BCH(3) BCM BCMCS BCSM BD BDN Bearer capability BEG BER(1) . Bandwidth = goodput(throughput) + badput + unused bandwidth Billing Automatic Message Accounting Format. and Hocquengham error detection and correction methodology Basic Call Handling Basic Call Manager. Replaces an all-0 octet by one containing two BPV see RBOC Routing trunks from a cellsite to an MSC before routing to the PSTN. Billing Expert Group. MS) Bose. BS) and received by many (e. Contrast with BMC Basic Call State Model. See BSC Broadcast Channel.

Backward Indicator Bit. SS7 ISUP Blocking acknowledgement. See 3GPP TS25. See BLO Block of Bits A cable-replacement radio protocol for short distance (5-100 meter) networking at moderate speeds (1 Mbps raw bandwidth for version 1 and 3 Mbps for version 2). ISUP adapted for use over IP-based transport. 0 or 1) The fraction of binary bits that are received with the wrong value. occupying two discrete states (e.15. MSC and Interworking function Backus-Naur Form.g. A precursor to ASN. Contrast with BCMCS. Compare with SIP A SID allocated for accounting purposes. Connected to the SCSCF. See B8ZS and HDB3 . Indicates when a received MTP frame is out of sequence.1 Breakout Gateway Control Function. Controls the assignment of resources to IMS sessions in a serving system. BID's are allocated by Cibernet Broadband ISDN Fundamental unit of information. Developed by the Bluetooth Consortium and standardized by IEEE 802. See ASN.1 and other meta-language Billed Number Screening Bell Operating Company Barring of Outgoing International Calls BOIC except to HC An IP Router that connects to routers in other networks using the EBGP protocol. MGCF and BGCF Border Gateway Protocol of IETF RFC 1771.1 Busy Line Verification Broadcast/Multicast Service Center Broadcast Multicast Control. See FIB Barring of Incoming Calls while Roaming Bearer Independent Call Control.g.g. both positive or both negative).324. A measure of the speed of a transmission link Biphase Shift Keying Bi-Polar Violation. See EBGP. DS0) with the same polarity (e. Bit Position Bits per second. BS.BER(2) BGCF BGP BIB BIC-Roam BICC BID BISDN bit Bit Error Rate BLA BLOB Bluetooth BLV BM-SC BMC BMI BNF BNS BOC BOIC BOIC-exHC Border Router BP bps BPSK BPV Basic Encoding Rules. May be deliberately used to indicate all-zero octets. Transmission of two one-bits in a PCM channel (e.

See DS0 Short messages sent to multiple mobiles in multiple cells. Identifies a long distance carrier. An 802. IN capabilities for GSM. Contrast with FSN BCMCS Serving Node BS Subsystem Basic Service Set. 101+CIC US Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement law. See octet C C-PDS C/I C7 CA(1) CA(2) CAC CALEA cdma2000 Packet Data Service Carrier to Interference Ratio See CCS7 Certificate/Certification Authority Collision Avoidance Carrier Access Code. The sequence number of the last correctly received MTP frame received. A program of IEEE-ISTO US DoC Bureau of Export Administration. Compare with WIN CAMA CAMEL . The 'brains' of a base station. GSM BSS MAP Burst Type Basic Trading Area Base Transceiver System (radio portion of BS) Broadcast SMS Broadband Wireless Internet Forum. requiring only one message per cell Base Station (includes BTS and BSC) Base Station Controller.11 network. Connects a CN with peer networks Binary Runtime for Wireless Basic Rate Interface (64 kbps). Requires that telecommunications carriers provide for surveillance (aka wiretaps) at the switch site Centralized Automatic Message Accounting Customized Applications for Mobile Networks Enhanced Logic based on CAP. controlling the radio equipment in the BTS Bootstrapping Function BS Identity Code. Color code used by GSM systems to ensure that the source of a frequency transmission can be identified. Administers EAR An 8 bit unit of data storage.BR BREW BRI Broadcast SMS BS BSC BSF BSIC BSMC BSN(1) BSN(2) BSS(1) BSS(2) BSSMAP BT BTA BTS BTTC BWIF BXA byte Border Router. in areas where multiple cells transmitting on the same frequency can be received Base Station Manufacturer Code Backward Sequence Number.

CAS Call Associated Signaling. including a processor and removable hard drive to capture internet sessions (email. See ITU-T and ITU-R CCNR Call Completion on No Reply. Sent from a LEC to an IXC to establish a long distance account for a customer Care-of Address The address that a Home Agent forwards packets to for handling by the Foreign Agent in MIP Carnivore US FBI ISP wiretapping box. An IP method to achieve higher QoS Customer Account Record Exchange.164 Country Code CC(2) GSM Call Control protocol CC(3) Content of Communications (for LAES) CCA Common Cryptographic Algorithm CCAT CDMA Card Application Toolkit. See ISUP. RACH. Precursor to ITU. Specifies communications between a CDMA R-UIM and the ME CCB US FCC Common Carrier Bureau CCBS Call Completion to Busy Subscriber CCCH GSM Common Control Channels – PCH.Candidate MSC CANID CAP(1) CAP(2) CAP(3) CAPCS CAR CARE An MSC being considered as the Target MSC of a handoff Current ANI CAMEL AP Carrierless Amplitude and Phase modulation Competitive Access Provider Cellular Auxiliary Personal Communications Service Committed Access Rate. See CFNA CCP Compression Control Protocol CCPD Common Channel Packet Data . web access etc.). Contrast with NCAS CAT Smart Card Application Toolkit CATPT CDMA UIM Card Application Toolkit Protocol Teleservice CAVE TIA Cellular Authentication and Voice Encryption Algorithm CB Cell Broadcast CBC CB Center CBMI CB Message Identifier CBR Constant Bit Rate CBS GSM/W-CDMA Cell Broadcast SMS CC(1) E. AGCH CCF(1) Call Control Function (IN term) CCF(2) Charging Collection Function (3GPP) CCH Control Channel CCITT International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee.

including IS-2000. Operates in pairs of 1. The DN of the party receiving a call CDR Charging Data Record or Call Detail Record CDRP Call Detail Rating Point CDVCC Coded Digital Verification Color Code CEASA Cellular Emergency Alert Systems Association. such as a quoted text string. Successor to CWTS. Used in XML and derivative protocols such as WML CDCP Call Detail Collection Point. An MSC or other entity that produces proprietary CDR’s CDMA Code Division Multiple Access. It operates in 1.25 MHz carriers at 1. cdma2000 Trade name for CDMA air interface standards aimed at 3G requirements. Also see W-CDMA CDMA-PAMR A CDMA-based PAMR system. Standardized in TIA/EIA/IS-732 CdPN Called Party Number. CEG Carrier Expert Group. #123) CDMA Code Combining Soft Handoff Call Completion Service Setup Circuit Credit Card Validation Cancel Call Waiting Collision Detection Character Data. Cellular Carrier Specific Code (e. A WAP Working Group cell The coverage area of a single radio cellsite or sector in a cellular or . including TIA/EIA-95.CCPN CCR(1) CCR(2) CCS CCS7 CCSA CCSC CCSH CCSS CCT CCV CCW CD CDATA Call Completion to a Ported Number. Implemented in AMPS-compatible systems by IS-95. Promotes the use of emergency alerts over cell phones. See TIA/EIA-124 CDG CDMA Development Group CDGP Call Detail Generation Point CDIS Call Detail Information Source.2288 Mcps. See LNP SS7 ISUP Continuity check request Class Conformance Requirement Common Channel Signaling ITU-T version of SS7 China Communications Standards Association.25 MHz channels CdPA Called Party Address CDPD Cellular Digital Packet Data. There is some debate about whether the "CDMA" should be upper or lower case :) cdmaOne Trade name for first generations of CDMA air interface standards. A protocol that uses 30 khz AMPS channels to transmit packets of data.g.

e. reusing frequencies as much as possible Code Excited Linear Prediction European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization Cell Equipment Processor Conference des administrations Europeannes des Postes et Telecommunications Cell Work Station. See also WML and XHTML . Collection function. Call Handling software derives directly from the CEP and PPP of the BCE. See CFNA Call forward when mobile is not answered. also on no page response).e. See CFNRc and CFNRy Call forward when mobile not reachable. MSA or RSA SS7 ISUP Circuit group unblocking SS7 ISUP CGU acknowledgement Carrier Grade Voice over Packet. Use by iMode. Latitude and Longitude) Calling Party Number. Compare with PAP Compact HTML. every incoming call will be forwarded) Charging Gateway SS7 ISUP Circuit group blocking SS7 ISUP CGB acknowledgement Common Gateway Interface GSM Cell Global Identification. Composed of LAI + CI Calling Geodetic Location. usually.cellular CELP CENELEC CEP CEPT CEWS CF CFB CFNA CFNRc CFNRy CFU CG CGB CGBA CGI(1) CGI(2) CGL CGLP CgPN CGSA CGU CGUA CGVoP CHAP cHTML PCS system A radio concept that allows the multiplication of capacity by using many low-power cell to cover an area. See GAD SS7 ISUP Calling Geodetic Location Parameter (i. A minimal OA&M application is included to support maintenance of the A-bis interface processes and to route OA&M messages to/from the BTS. The DN of the party initiating a call Cellular Geographic Serving Area. Use of RADIUS to authenticate a terminal without sending security data in the clear. Software running here supports termination of the LAPD links to the BTS. The position of a mobile phone. See CFNA Call Forwarding Unconditional (i. See VoIP PPP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol. LEA that collects J-STD-025 data Call Forwarding when subscribing telephone is busy Call forward on no-answer (and. as transmitted through various signaling protocols.

A generic term used to classify carrier class cellular systems Cellular MEA. See CNIP Calling Line Identification Restriction. In AKA. The destinatioin address is implicitly defined by the (virtual) circuit that is selected CRTC Interconnection Steering Committee Commission InterAmericanna de Telecommunications Association. A major expense for carriers GSM Cell Identity. See CNIR Common Language Location Identifier. Connectionless Network Protocol Connectionless Network Service GSM Connection Management Control Mobile Attenuation Code Cellular Mobile Carrier. An ASCII identifier of a telephone switch or calling area. A new entrant in a market previously limited to one carrier. Format used for exchange of wireless billing records. A Latin American telecommunications association Cipher Key. Bandwidth associated with a frame relay PVC Data transmitted over a dedicated (although usually virtual) channel. See CgPN Calling Line Identification Presentation. such as billing records Competitive LEC.Churn CI CIBER Cibernet CIC Ciphertext CIR(1) CIR(2) Circuitswitched data CISC CITEL CK CKSN CLASS Clearinghouse CLEC CLI CLIP CLIR CLLI CLNP CLNS CM CMAC CMC CMEA CMIP The rate at which subscribers leave one wireless carrier to go to another. A 16 bit number identifying a cell within an LAI Cellular Intercarrier Billing Exchange Record. See CAC Encrypted data. Maintained by Cibernet Corp A subsidiary of the CTIA responsible for facilitating billing aspects of roaming Carrier Identification Code. Some wireless carriers may qualify for this designation Calling Line Identity. Based on CAVE Common Management Information Protocol . Compare with Plaintext Synonym for C/I Committed Information Rate. A package of features offered by wireline carriers A central point for the gathering and redistribution of records. it is derived from RAND using f3 and applied to traffic using f8 CK Sequence Number Custom Local Area Signaling Services.

g.CMRS CMSP CMT CMWN CN CNA CNAME CNAP CNAR CNDB CNIP CNIR CO Co-channel Interference COA codec COFDM COFETEL COLP COLR COMET Confidentiality CONS Control Channel CORBA CORD CoS COUNT COWS Commercial Mobile Radio Service Indian GSM licence. Software running in the Common Work Station element supports termination of the SS7 links to the MSC as well as the X. Overridden by CNIR Calling Number Identification Restriction. by encryption) Connection-Oriented Network Service A cellular or PCS channel that broadcasts information about a cell to mobiles that are not currently in a call Common Object Request Broker Architecture Cellular Operations Record Distribution Class of Service. Administers telecom numbering resources in Canada. See COLR. video. A basic Domain name that may be pointed to by multiple aliases Calling NAme Presentation. An internal mobile counter that can be used to detect the presence of clones Common Work Station. A terminating party feature. COLP IETF SIP Preconditions Met message Keeping information private (e. A service based on SMS that is similar to that provided by alphanumeric pagers Cancel Message Waiting Notification Core Network. A terminating party feature. Canonical Name. Replaced by UASL. See vocoder and Voice Coder Code OFDMA Comision Federal de Telecomunicaciones de Mexico Connected Line Identification Presentation. under the oversight of the CRTC. See CNIR.25 links to the OMC (including the OSI stack) and any . Protocols for this include GSM MAP and ANSI-41 Canadian Number Administrator. Cellular messaging teleservice. email) Call History Count. CNIP Connected Line Identification Restriction. An originating party feature Calling Name Database Calling Number Identification Presentation.g. Method of managing traffic by grouping similar types (e. An originating party feature Central Office Interference from other signals using the same radio channel Care-Of Address Voice coder and decoder. voice. Overridden by CNAR Calling NAme Restriction.

Contrast with PS IN CS 1 IN Capability Set 2 Conjugate Structure ACELP Canadian Standards Association Customer Service Center . UDP and IP headers. See MPLS Cyclic Redundancy Code (or check).CPDE CPE CPG CPGA CPL CPN CPP CQM(1) CQM(2) CR CR-LDP CRC CRDB CRL CRM(1) CRM(2) CRTC CRTP Cryptosync CS(1) CS(2) CS-1 CS-2 CS-ACELP CSA CSC PSDN services. Included in many digital protocols to check for errors in transmitted messages Coordinate Routing DataBase. A description of a problem in a standard (error. not the mobile receiving the call. An XML-based language for describing internet telecommunications services. Cryptosync often takes the form of the output of a binary counter IN Capability Set Circuit switched. A standard telephone is an example of telecommunications equipment that is usually located at the customer’s site. Proposed for E911 systems to convert a location into routing information Certificate Revocation List Customer Resource Management Channel Request Message Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission Compressed Real-Time Transport Protocol. The calling party pays for calls to mobile. Provides compression (and decompression) of RTP. ambiguity or restriction) and a description of how it should be fixed Constraint-based Routing LDP. The majority of the OA&M software is found here. Obsolete. cf TPP Channel Quality Measurement Core Quality of Service Manager. See PDF Change Request. See CgPN Calling Party Pays. Centralized PDE Customer Premises Equipment. SS7 ISUP Call ProGress Message Cost per Gross Addition. and yet allows a decryptor at the other end to properly decrypt the ciphertext to yield the original plaintext. limitation. Externally-provided synchronizing information for cryptoalgorithms (ciphers) that allows an encryptor at one end to uniquely encrypt each block of content into ciphertext. The cost to a carrier of adding one subscriber IETF Call Processing Language.

Packet data can be more efficient (except when the overhead of identifying and routing packets is greater than the savings) but the performance is less predictable. . A working group of the CRTC CISC Circuit switched data. See HTML Channel Service Unit. Ethernet devices use this to minimize collisions by checking the line before sending Contributing Source Cascading Style Sheets. See I-CSCF. A measurement of the gain of an antenna. P-CSCF and S-CSCF Canadian Steering Committee on Numbering. Compare with U/L. Provides compression (and decompression) of TCP and IP headers. See DCS X. Data travels between two devices using a fixed amount of bandwidth allocated for the duration of the data call. 10 times the logarithm of the value in base 10 Decibels relative to isotropic radiator. Currently restricted to the values 2-9 to allow 7 digit dialing Digital AMPS (IS-54 and IS-136 TDMA) Diffie-Hellman Downlink (e. Decibel.CSCF CSCN CSD CSFP CSI CSMA CSMA/CA CSMA/CD CSRC CSS CSU CT CTCP CTIA CUG CW CWTA CWTS Call Session Control Function. Coded Superframe Phase CAMEL Subscription Information Carrier Sense Multiple Access See CSMA/CD CSMA with CD (also known as CA). Replaced by CCSA D D Digit D-AMPS D-H D/L DACS DAP DataTAC dB dBi The fourth digit of an NANP phone number. from base station to mobile). A Motorola wireless data system. Controls the assignment of resources from the home system.500 Directory Access protocol Data TAC.g. Compare with Packet data that uses shared bandwidth to service multiple users. Unit that interfaces between the telephone company and a private network Call Transfer Compressed TCP. Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association Closed User Group. Calls are restricted to within the group Calling Waiting Canadian Wireless Telecommunications Association Chinese Wireless Telecommunications Standards. Formerly known as Ardis.

Not to be confused with Termination of a call or the Release of a trunk DL Downlink.g. The control channel used by IS-136 and TIA/EIA-136 D-AMPS systems DCE Data Communications Equipment (i. Proposed for GSM. See AES. Allows automatic assignment of IP addresses on a network DHKE Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange. A commonly used encryption method. email). See IETF RFCs 2474 and 2475 digital Transmission of information through a signal that can take on only certain discrete values (e. Directs all calls to a block of numbers to a PBX Diffie-Hellman A secure key exchange mechanism Diffserv Differentiated Services.g. A method of securely exchange encryption keys over an insecure interface Diameter An IETF AAA protocol designed to be twice as good as RADIUS. usually used with 56 bit keys. Radio link from network ‘down’ to terminal. Compare with . DID Direct Inward Dialing. A number assigned to a control channel used to limit erroneous accesses DCCH Digital Control Channel. Different QoS for different types of traffic (e. DDM Data Description Method DEA US Drug Enforcement Agency DECT Digital Enhanced Cordless Telephony DES Data Encryption Standard. Unlike its predecessor it supports MIP and uses SCTP (or TCP) instead of UDP for more reliable transport.e.dBm DCC Decibels referenced to one milliwatt Digital Color Code. but not yet implemented. Compare with EF and MF DF(2) Delivery Function (for LAES) DFCA Dynamic Frequency and Channel Allocation. Compare with analog Disconnection The end of a call. TDES. It uses IPSEC and TLS instead of a shared secret. bits with values 0 or 1). DF(1) UIM Dedicated File. voice. DFP Distributed Functional Plane NRM DHCP Dynamic Host Control Protocol. Dynamic assignment of radio channels to optimize capacity. video. a computer) DCF DRM Content Format DCH Dedicated Channel DCN Data Communications Network DCS(1) Data Coding Scheme DCS(2) Digital Cross-Connect System DCS(3) European PCS frequencies in the 1800 MHz range.

e.com) The switch from which a number has been ported. See RFC 1035 Dead On Arrival US Department of Commerce Domain of Interpretation US Department of Justice A portion of the internet (e. The number dialed to terminate a call to a phone Domain Name (e. 1-800 and 1-900 number). Data network identification code Dialed Number Identification Service.g. Compare with TMO.com).g. Used in some cryptography systems Digital Mobile Attenuation Code Data Message Handler. Group calling capabilities. Contrast with CNIP Internet Domain Name Service/System. of a PAMR system. a regular phone number. T1 or T3) carrying multiple lines to a business or other large customer Data Link Connection/Circuit Identifier Discrete Logarithm Problem. Directory Number. Compare with QAM/CAP Dynamic MIP Key Update. See LNP Path from base station to terminal WIN/CAMEL Detection Point Destination Point Code for an SS7 message Downlink Power Control Dedicated Physical Control Channel Dedicated Physical Channel Dedicated Physical Data Channel . cnp-wireless. PTT. it may be used to securely bootstrap the MN-AAA key (and other cryptographic keys) in MIP networks using any RAN technology.g. Identifies the called (not calling) number. A secure and efficient mechanism for distributing and updating Mobile IP (MIP) cryptographic keys in cdma2000 networks (including High Rate Packet Data which is often referred to as 1xEV-DO). An informal name for the TIA IS-124 standard Direct Mode Operation. Only useful when multiple numbers terminate at the same location (e. Because the Dynamic Mobile IP Key Update (DMU) procedure occurs at the IP layer directly between the MIP MN and RADIUS or Diameter AAA Server. Discrete Multi-Tone line code being proposed for VDSL.g.g.DLC DLCI DLP DMAC DMH DMO DMT DMU DN(1) DN(2) DNIC DNIS DNS DOA DoC DOI DOJ Domain Donor Switch Downlink DP DPC(1) DPC(2) DPCCH DPCH DPDCH UL Digital Loop Carrier. cnp-wireless. A single digital facility (e.

A 1. Simultaneous voice and data connections with . reducing the bandwidth to 56 kbps Digital Signal Level 1. 1 Digital Service Unit. VDSL DSL Access Multiplexer Digital Sense Multiple Access. In ANSI networks. 44. A 64 kbps digital link used to carry a single voice conversation or signaling traffic for multiple calls/trunks.736 Mbps. An XML grammar specification Data Terminal Equipment Dual Transfer Mode. Carries 96 DS0 channels (4 DS1 channels) Digital Service. A 3. SDSL. Carries 672 DS0 channels (28 DS1 channels) Digital Signature Algorithm Downlink Shared Channel Dispersion Shifted Fiber Digital Speech Interpolation Digital Subscriber Line. Used by CDPD Digital Signal Processing/Processor Distributed Speech Recognition Direct Signal Reporting Digital Subscriber Signaling System No.152 Mbps signaling link carrying 48 DS0 channels Digital Service.DPSK DQPSK DRAC DRM DRNC DRNS DS DS-CDMA DS0 DS1 DS1C DS2 DS3 DSA DSCH DSF DSI DSL DSLAM DSMA DSP DSR(1) DSR(2) DSS-1 DSU(1) DTC DTCH DTD DTE DTM Differential PSK Differential Quadrature PSK Dynamic Resource Allocation Control Digital Rights Management Drift RNC Drift RNS Direct Spread. See SHDSL. Level 3. Interface between the terminal equipment (DTE) and the service provider's facilities Digital Traffic Channel Dedicated Traffic Channel Document Type Definition. 6. See CDMA Direct Sequence CDMA Digital Signal Level 0. Level 2. Access to a shared resource is controlled by sensing a digital signal before attempting an access.).544 Mbps signaling link carrying 24 DS0 channels Digital Signal Level 1C.312 Mbps. 8 kbps is usually reserved for in-band signaling (onhook/off-hook etc. ADSL.

but can introduce some choppiness into conversations A mobile that can support two different frequency ranges.164 number to allow routing through SS7 networks. EAP Tunneled Transport Layer Security. See iDEN ITU-T dialing plan standard.214 E1 E911 EA(1) EA(2) EACC EAP EAP-TLS EAP-TTLS . Provides mutual authentication of WiFi network and client through the use of network- E-SMR E.212 IMSI number to be mapped onto an E. Used mostly outside North America. Unfortunately. Compare with T1 Enhanced 9-1-1 service. with two used for signaling purposes. This saves battery life.DTMF DTN DTX Dual-band Dual-mode DUP DVCC DWDM GSM and EDGE. Equal Access Emergency Area Congestion Control IETF Extensible Authentication Protocol. Compare with Dual-mode A mobile that can support two different technologies.164 E. A mobile only transmits when the user is talking. A positioning technology based on software within wireless phones combined with their existing signal measurement capabilities. Public key encryption for WiFi. Compare with Dual-band SS7 Data User Part Digital Verification Color Code Dense Wave Division Multiplexing E E-GGSN E-Mail(1) E-OTD Enhanced GGSN Electronic Mail Enhanced Observed Time Difference. Provides the identity and the approximate location of the calling phone Economic Area. Numbers are composed of CC+NSN (NDC + NDC) ITU-T mobile identification number standard ITU-T standard that allows an E.212 E. A geographical area used by the US FCC to license the AWS A band. TOA and TDOA Enhanced SMR. RFC 4017 EAP Transport Layer Security. this mapping does not work in North America A digital link carry 32 DS0 channels. Tone signaling used by phones Deflected-To Number Discontinuous Transmission. Compare with the purely network-based AOA. bringing some 3G services to a 2G system (without the wide pipe though!) Dual Tone Multifrequency.

A US government system that transmits audio or text information about emergencies (mostly weather) to radio and TV stations. An idea that never took off. numbers and special characters. BGP between routers in two different networks. Renamed ATIS several years ago Explicit Call Transfer CDMA Error Detection and Correction coding. making software more awkward External BGP. for example. Compare with DF and MF External Functionality Interface Enhanced Full Rate. although per-user rates will be significantly lower because few if any phones can use all 8 available timeslots. Replace ITAR for control of export of encryption technologies Emergency Alert System. Used to define XML. See EAS Exchange Carrier Elliptic Curve Cryptography Elliptic Curve Discrete Logarithm Problem. There has been some talk about extending this to wireless phones via broadcast SMS Energy of an information bit Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code. more attention is on XML for this purpose Efficient Data Representation. Extended BNF. letters are not all in a single group. See FEC Enhanced Data-rates for GSM (or Global) Evolution. purchase orders). Export Administration Regulations.EAR EAS Eb EBCDIC EBGP EBNF EBS EC ECC ECDLP ECMA ECSA ECT EDAC EDGE EDI EDR EDS EESN EF EFI EFR EGPRS-136 EHFC side certificates.g. A higher speed successor to GPRS. Emergency Broadcast System. See ADRC Electronic Data Interchange. for example. See ECC European Computer Manufacturer's Association Exchange Carrier's Standards Association. Assigns one record to represent a block of 1. Not as good as ASCII because. Uses 8PSK modulation to increase data rates within the 200 kHz RF bandwidth to a theoretical limit of 384 kbps (474 kbps raw). invoices. Nowadays. IBM's byte code for letters.000 pooled numbers Enhanced Dialed Service(s) Expanded ESN.2 kbps GPRS adapted for use in TIA/EIA-136 networks Extended Hyperframe Counter . See MEID UIM Elementary File. The standard GSM Voice Coder operating at 12. Used to transfer business-level data between companies (e.

messages. Stores information about wireless terminals as opposed to subscriptions. Allows toll-free calls to numbers outside the normal toll-free zone. A GSM method for implementing PS Exchange Message Record. A LEC billing record format. A method of converting a phone number into a domain name defined by IETF RFC 2916. Contrast with BAF and CIBER Enhanced Messaging Service. Electro-Magnetic Compatibility Electro-Magnetic Field or Electro-Motive Force (Voltage) Exchange Message Interface. Contrast with BAF and CIBER Enhanced MLPP. and data through encryption Measure of traffic load. by arrangement with the terminating (usually wireless) carrier Electronic Messaging Association. append '. fonts). Effective Radiated Power Message sent to unsuccessfully end TCAP transaction .g. Formerly IS-3 Equipment Identity Register. A LEC billing record format. Calculated as rate at which calls arrive divided by the rate at which they are completed A traffic model used to engineer resource groups when blockage is low. A precursor to MMS Emergency Telecommunications for ETSI European Norm (Standard). All European countries are supposed to provide spectrum for it. Telephone Number Mapping to an internet address.arpa' and. reverse it. Compare with EMR. Take the full number (including country code).e164. put a dot between each pair of adjacent digits. An ETSI paging system established in the 1990s. A North American TDMA architecture that secures voice. SMS extended to include simple graphics. and the average holding time is known A traffic model commonly used for provisioning data circuits European Radio Messaging System. there you have it! This format is easier for DNS systems to handle. Compare with EMI.EIA EIA/TIA-553 EIR EIRP ELCA EMA EMC EMF EMI eMLPP EMR EMS EMTEL EN enum EO EOM EOTD EP SCP EPE Erlang Erlang B Erlang C ERMES ERP ERROR Electronics Industry Alliance Analog AMPS cellular standard. Compare with HLR Effective Isotropic Radiated Power Extended Local Calling Area. audio and enhanced text (e. End Office End Of Message See E-OTD ETSI Project Smart Card Platform Enhanced Privacy and Encryption.

ALI or S/R) External SME. Extended TACS A LAN protocol using collision detection to resolve access contention (CSMA/CD).3. 32 bit identifier of an AMPS. DS1 format that is used for most T1 links ATIS Emergency Services Interconnect Forum Emergency Services Message Entity. Available in 10Mbps.RESULT ES ESA ESC ESF ESIF ESME(1) ESME(2) ESMR ESN(1) ESN(2) ESNE ESNX ESP(1) ESP(2) ESP(3) ESRD ESRK ESZ ETACS Ethernet ETR ETS ETSI EvDO Emergency Service(s). 100Mbps and 1Gbps variants. See HRPD and EVDV. such as 911 Enhanced Subscriber Authentication. An NANP number that routes a call to a PSAP and identifies the cellsite or sector that the call originated from Emergency Service Routing Key. Stronger TIA voice encryption algorithms than those originally provided with CAVE IETF Encapsulating Security Payload. ETSI Technical Report European Telecommunication Standard European Telecommunications Standards Institute 1x cdma2000 Evolution for High Speed Data Only. A geographical region served by a single emergency call answering service. It does not support voice. CDMA or TDMA mobile. May eventually be replaced by MEID. Standardized as IEEE 802. Emergency Service Number Emergency Services Network Entity.g.g. RFC 2406 Emergency Service Routing Digits. A temporary phone number that routes an emergency call to the correct PSAP and allows access to information in the ALI Emergency Services Zone. Entity that is connected to an E911 trunk from an MSC (e. Entity that receives E911 messages from an MSC (e. A long term replacement to the TIA CAVE algorithm Emergency Services Call Extended Superframe Format. Used by SMPP to exchange short messages between incompatible technologies Enhanced SMR. Allows ‘cellular’ service as well as traditional SMR services Electronic Serial Number. . S/R or PSAP) See EESN Emergency Service Provider Enhanced Subscriber Privacy. A high speed CDMA data system.

25 MHz carrier.9 Mbps upload in a 5 MHz carrier and Revision C promises 100 Mbps download and 50 Mbps upload in a 20 MHz carrier. Enhanced Variable Rate Voice Coder. Revision B was 14. An association to promote the development of the IEEE 802.8 up. May be Kasumi.1 Mbps down. AKA Ciphering Function.g. AKA Key generating function used to compute IK. An asterisk followed by digits indicating the invocation of a feature (e.11n WLAN protocol GSMA Environmental Working Group F F-BCCH F-SCH f1 f2 f3 f4 f5 f8 f9 FA FAC(1) FAC(2) FACCH FACH FAQ Fast Fading FBI FC Fast Broadcast Control Channel Forward SCH (from BS) AKA message authentication function used to compute MAC AKA Message authentication function used to compute RES and XRES AKA Key generating function used to compute CK. Revision 0 promised 2. May be Kasumi.g. There is no standardization of feature codes . This is a measure of error in digital modulation systems such as QAM. An IS-95 voice coder for use on CDMA systems Enhanced Wireless Consortium.7 Mbps download and 4.EVDV EVM EVRC EWC EWG except as VoIP. *73 may be used to disable call forwarding). Although it is more flexible. Compare with f9 AKA Key generating function used to compute AK. what was transmitted). Feature codes should be sent to the HLR for interpretation.4 Mbps download.Voice and High Speed Data services. 1. Compare with f8. Compare with f4 Foreign Agent FA Challenge Final Assembly Code. It may simply generate 0 if concealment of SQN is not required. See LTE and ADRC CDMA 1x Evolution . 153 kbps upload on a 1. Revision A was 3. Uses CK. The difference between the received coordinates of a symbol (defined by phase and amplitude) and the intended position (e. The 2 digit IMEI ME manufacturer identity Fast Associated Control Channel GSM term for FACCH Frequently Asked Questions Fade duration short relative to channel frame length US Federal Bureau of Investigation Feature Code. it is so far less popular than EvDO Error Vector Magnitude. which is derived from RAND using f3 AKA Integrity Protection Function.

An identity for packets that all get routed via MPLS in the same way Frame Error Rate. transmission of frequency standard to MS etc.FCC FCCH FCI FCS FDCCH FDD FDDI FDM FDMA FDN FDTC FE FE-NTS FEC(1) FEC(2) FER FEXT FF FFPC ffs FFT FHMA FHSS FIB FIFO FIPS FISU FLEX FM(1) FM(2) US Federal Communications Commission GSM Frequency Correction Channel. Forward Call Indicator. in which case this can be called the Frame Erasure Rate Far End CrossTalk GSMA Fraud Forum CDMA Fast Forward Power Control For Further Study Fast Fourier Transform Frequency Hopping Multiple Access Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum. The keep-alive message for SS7 MTP A Motorola one-way paging protocol that runs at 1600. Used to indicate whether a number portability query has occurred for this call (to prevent looping) Frame Check Sequence. first out. See BIB First in. See FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access. Compare with TDMA and CDMA Fixed Dialing Number Forward DTC Functional Entity. Indicates the start of a retransmission cycle in MTP. downlink only. 3200 or 6400 bps. Not necessarily realized as a physically distinct device Feature Enhanced NTS Forward Error Correction Forwarding Equivalence Class. correction of MS frequencies. Compare with POCSAG Frequency Modulation Follow-Me . Compare with LIFO US Federal Information Processing Standards Fill-In Signal Unit. The number of frames in error divided by the total. A queuing methodology similar to lining up for a bank teller. These frames are usually discarded. A logical element of a network. Forward Indicator Bit. A checksum for a transmitted frame Forward DCCH Frequency Division Duplex Fiber Distributed Data Interface Frequency Division Multiplex.

but 'domain. for a voice coder).109 and 3GPP 23. There are two encoding variants. Used to send signaling messages from a base station to one or multiple mobiles IP node that receives packets from a Home Agent for delivery to a Mobile Node currently in its service area Future Public Land Mobile Telecommunications Systems.com' had two servers. A domain name with enough information (including server name. Full Rate (e. For example. transmitted by an MS Fixed Wireless Access. 'alpha' and 'beta'. Access and Management Fractional T1.com' would not.711 The ITU-T standard for PCM encoding telephone audio on an 64 kbps channel. The sequence number of an MTP frame being transmitted. Now IMT2000 Fully Qualified DN. See WLL Flash with Information. mu-law and A-law. if necessary. A-law is used for international circuits and represents smaller signals with greater fidelity.032 defines this. used to transmit data from an MS during a call G G. 'alpha. if 'domain. Compare with HR FR Access Device Frequency Shift Keying Forward Sequence Number. Related to CGL in ATIS T1.com' would be fully-qualified.g. Group III Facsimile service A sub-group of GGRF investigating roaming between GSM and CDMA systems based on TIA/EIA-95 and cdma2000 Geographic Area Description.domain. GSM 101.FOCC Foreign Agent FPLMTS FQDN FR FRAD FSK FSN(1) FSN(2) FTAM FTI FTN(1) FTN(2) FTP FTTC FTTH FVC FWA FWI Forward Control Channel. Contrast with BSN Frame Sequence Number File Transfer. Because it operates at an8 kHz sampling rate (8 bits per sample) it can only encode frequencies between 0 and 4 kHz. to determine a unique IP address). A customer may lease a portion of a full T1 Forward-To Number FEC to NHLFE Map Internet File Transfer Protocol Fiber to the curb Fiber to the home Forward analog voice channel.628 GSM/TIA/EIA-41 Interoperability Trial G3FAX G95 GAD GAIT .

without the NAF having any root key material. Allows TIA/EIA-136 messages to be delivered to a GSM MS GHz One thousand million Hz. See MEID. JPEG. Similar to the US GPS GAP SS7 ISUP Generic Address Parameter. Connects to other packet data networks (e. Uses key material located in an HLR.g. Allows a phone to make an emergency call in an area where the emergency digits are different than at home. See Mbps and kbps GCC Group Call Control GCCS Generic Call Control service for Parlay/OSA GCF GSM Global Certification Forum GCR Group Call Register GDP ISUP Generic Digits Parameter GECO Global Emergency Call Origination. e. mobile application security A security association is established by the BSF with both the UE and NAF allowing secure communication between the UE and the NAF. It supports simple animation. Composed of GAIT. A measure of radio frequency GIF Graphics Interface Format. GEO Geostationary Orbit (for a satellite) GERAN 3GPP TSG for GSM/EDGE RAN GETS US Government Emergency Telecommunications Service GFSK Gaussian FSK GGRF GSM Global Roaming Forum within the GSM Association. G95 and groups considering interworking with iDEN and TETRA GGSN Gateway GSN. Devices can position themselves based on accurate (atomic clock) time transmitted from the satellites and their knowledge of the satellite's positions. GBA Generic Bootstrapping Architecture. Giga-bit).g. Gbps Giga-bps.g.GALILEO A European positioning system based on 30 satellites and ground stations. See Gbps . internet). Abbreviated G. A data speed of billions of bits per second. See SGSN GHA Global Hexadecimal Address. Used in number portability to carry the LRN Gateway MSC An MSC designed to receive wireless calls from the PSTN Gaussian Noise Noise with constant power spectral density across the radio channel. GHOST GSM Hosted Short Message Teleservice. HSS or AAA to ‘bootstrap’ a key for other purposes. PNG or TIFF are more suitable for photographs. A common graphics format suitable for computer-drawn graphics with few colors (up to 256). Giga Prefix to indicate one billion (e.

General Switched Telephone Network. A system for determining location based on comparing signals from several US military satellites. Compare with AOA. See ADRC Global Positioning System. although 10-40 kbps is more likely in practice.GII GIS GIWU Global challenge GMLC GMM GMSC GMSK GMT GNSS Go goodput GPRS GPS GR GRE GRI GSL GSM GSM-R GSMA gsmSCF gsmSRF GSN GSTN Global Information Infrastructure Geographic Information System. Provides interconnection. GGSN. making it more flexible. GSM Inter-Working Unit. The reference point for time zones around the world. Most terminals do not support usage of more than 1-3 timeslots. Used as a generic term for GALILEO. See SGSN. Contrast with GPS Interface between the GGSN and PDF that allows the application of policy (network rules) to bearer usage. but also more susceptible to speed degradation due to overloading. An interface to various networks for data communications Method of authentication using the same random number (RAND) for every mobile in a cellsite or sector 3GPP/OMA Gateway MLC GPRS Mobility Management Protocol See MSC-G Gaussian MSK Greenwich Mean Time. DNS. The difference with HSCSD is that the bandwidth can be shared amongst many users. See RFC 1701 GPRS Roaming Exchange. Global Navigation Satellite System. GSM Association GSM SCF for CAMEL GSM SRF for CAMEL GPRS support node. A GSM-based packet data protocol using up to all 8 of the time slots in a GSM channel. Synonym for PSTN . TOA Telecordia Generic Requirements document Generic Routing Encapsulation. security and QoS functions Global Service Logic Global System for Mobile Communications A GSM-based PAMR system developed by European railways. It supports data rates up to 115 kbps. routing. A system that combines mapping information with domain-specific information that can be queried by computers. See throughput and badput General Packet Radio Service.

See MHz. standardized as EvDO. etc.164 DNs. GHz. GT Address SS7 SCCP GT Address Indicator GPRS Tunneling Protocol Global Title Translation. See IOTA HDB3 High Density Bipoloar Order 3 Encoding HDLC High Level Data Link Control HDML Handheld Markup Language HDR High Data Rate. Symmetric DSL used for corporate networking HE Home Environment Hertz A unit of frequency. A method of routing in SS7 networks based on an GTs and not Point Code Global Text Telephony GVNS User Group Graphical User Interface Generic User Profile General UDP Transport Service Global Virtual Network Service Gateway H H. kHz HF Hyperframe .212 IMSI. Now called HRPD HDSL High bit rate DSL. See OpenH323 MIP Home Agent Home AAA HA Challenge TIA/EIA-41 HandoffMeasurementRequest INVOKE message.323 HA HAAA HAC HANDMREQ ITU-T protocol to control the MGW ITU-T recommendation for teleconferencing. A non-native SS7 address based on E. E. Replaces HANDMREQ2 Handoff The process of a MS changing from one frequency in one cell or sector to a different frequency in a neighboring cell or sector HARQ Hybrid ARQ HC Home Country HCM Handset Configuration Management.248 H. Used by the Serving MSC to determine the signal strength being received by a neighboring Candidate MSC. High speed data-only version of CDMA. Being replaced by HANDMREQ2 HANDMREQ2 TIA/EIA-41 HandoffMeasurementRequest2 INVOKE message.GT GTA GTAI GTP GTT(1) GTT(2) GUG GUI GUP GUTS GVNS GW Global Title.

5 Mbps in a 5 MHz . The reverse link supports speeds from 9.8kbps to 43. GSM enhanced to allow the concurrent use of up to four timeslots. Provides higher data rates ‘down’ from the network to the mobile at about 1. Note that this protocol was abandoned in 2003 Header Reduction Lower cdma2000 High Rate Packet Data (formerly EvDO and HDR).2kbps are more realistic in practice. A high speed channel for transmitting data to a WCDMA mobile. Messages routed to this address will arrive at the HA. This protocol was abandoned in 2003. providing a theoretical maximum 57. It combines TDM on the forward link to provide from 38kbps to 2. The main difference with GPRS is that the timeslots are assigned exclusively to one mobile for the duration of a data call.6kbps to 154kbps Header Reduction Upper HSDPA DSCH.HFC(1) HFC(2) HG HI HINFO HIPPI HLPI HLR HMAC HNI Home Address Home Agent Home MSC HomeRF HPC HPLMN HPS HR HRFWG HRL HRPD HRU HS-DSCH HS-PDSCCH HS-PDSCH HSCSD HSDPA HF Counter Hybrid Fiber-Coax Header Generator Handover Interface Host Information High-Performance Parallel Interface Higher Layer Protocol Identifier Home Location Register Hashed MAC Home Network Identifier. HSDPA DL control channel HSDPA DL physical channel High Speed Circuit Switched Data. The MCC and MNC prefix of a group of IMSI codes.g.5Mbps data rates. An IP address permanently assigned to a device that is supported by Mobile IP. 3GPP High Speed Downlink Packet Access.6 kbps data rates. High Probability of Completion Home PLMN Home PS Half Rate (e. IP node that receives packets at a Mobile Nodes static address and forwards them to a Foreign Agent for delivery at its current (‘care-of’) address The MSC to which the PSTN routes based on an MDN Promoters of the SWAP protocol for in-home wireless networking. Compare with FR HomeRF WG. although maximum rates of 28. for a voice coder).

See ADRC 3GPP Home Subscriber Server. uplink speeds of 11.HSG HSPA Evolution HSS HSSI HSUPA HTML HTTP https Hyperband Handoff Hz carrier. It is based on IEEE 802. See RFC 2068 Secure HTTP Handoff between two different frequency bands (e. Uplink speeds will be the same as EDGE – 384 kbps. An IEEE protocol to allow the secure transfer of MS context from one AP to another. GSM identifier for a SIM or UIM (‘smart card’). Used to initiate a call Internet Assigned Number Authority. Complements HSDPA by providing higher throughput on the W-CDMA link for uploading (MS to network). supporting speeds up to 52 Mbps 3GPP High Speed Uplink Packet Access. 10 bytes long (or 20 IBC IC(1) IC(2) ICANN ICCID .5 Mbps in a 5 MHz carrier. See HSUPA and HSPA Evolution. Main contact point for IMS connections to a carrier's subscribers Interrogating SCM WLAN Interworking with a 3GPP cellular network. 800 MHz cellular and 1800 MHz PCS) Cycles per second. Mostly superseded by ICANN Intercept Access Point. The RTT is estimated as under 50 ms.76 Mbps is promised. Rates for initial systems will be about 1 Mbps but eventually 5. e. International Alphabet 5.g. A serial interface that can be used for very short distances (up to 50 feet).11f. A measure of radio frequency I I-CSCF I-SCM I-WLAN IA5 IAM IANA IAP IAPP Interrogating CSCF. Iterated Block Ciphers see IXC Integrated Circuit The Internet Corporation for Assignment Names and Numbers. See ADRC Header Stripping and Generation An evolution of HSDPA and HSUPA that is promising downlink speeds of 28 Mbps. A point within the telecommunications network that provides voice or data for CALEA interception to a DF Inter-Access Point Protocol.g. for domain names and IP addresses. Performs top level resource assignment tasks for the internet. Basically the ASCII character set SS7 ISUP Initial Address Message. See HSPA Evolution and ADRC Hypertext Markup Language Hypertext Transfer Protocol . Similar to AAA High Speed Serial Interface.

15. Protects (via encryption) the contents of signaling messages.ICMP ICO ICS IDB iDEN IDL IDSL IE IEC(1) IEC(2) IEC(3) IEEE IEEE 802. signaling.1 IEEE 802. A network using IP to transport voice. cf CLEC Incoming Label Map. Allocates IRM and SID codes Inverse FFT Interior Gateway Protocol.118 Internet Control Message Protocol. Instant Messaging . In AKA it is derived from RAND using f4. Assigned according to ITU-T Recommendation E. Motorola’s proprietary system for E-SMR.15. Based on GSM Interface Description Language ISDN Digital Subscriber Line. See MPLS IP Multimedia. used by Nextel and others. See MPLS Interworking and Interoperability Function Integrity Key. Group that oversees the activities of IETF Internet Engineering Task Force. Just a fancy name for ISDN Information Element See IXC Internet Engineering Consortium International ElectrotechnIcal Commission and the identity of standards produced by this organization. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers The IEEE Standard for Bluetooth The IEEEStandard for ZigBee IEEE Industry Standards and Technology Organization Internet Engineering Steering Group. video etc.4 IEEE-ISTO IESG IETF IF IFAST IFFT IGP IIF IK IKE ILEC ILM IM(1) IM(2) for some older cards) allowing up to 19 BCD digits to be included. The former monopoly local telephone carrier. text. Method for reporting errors and performing loopback testing on the internet Intermediate Circular Orbit Implementation Conformance Statement ITS Data Bus (SAE J2366) Integrated Digital Enhanced Network. It is applied to messages using f9 Internet Key Exchange Protocol Incumbent LEC. Standards setting body for the Internet Information Flow International Forum on AMPS Standards Technology.

g. cdma2000 MIN-based IMSI. The first four digits that uniquely identifies a carrier HLR Integrated Network Management Internal Network Number Preventing information (e. An All-IP wireless system. producing an unwanted additional signal 56 bit GSM International Mobile Equipment Identity. Operational value of IMSI used by a cdma2000 MS. Either IMSI_M or IMSI_T The last 10 digits of IMSI_O. Formerly called International Mobile Station Identity. See also IMEISV and MEID IMEI with Software Version Number. IETF RFC 2060 Internet Mail Consortium Inter-Modulation Distortion. but not always transmitted. such as bandwidth.IM-MGW IMAP4 IMC IMD IMEI IMEISV IMGI IMM iMode IMRN IMS IMSI IMSI_M IMSI_O IMSI_O_S IMSI_T IMT-2000 IMTS-2000 IMUI IN INAP INC INI INM INN Integrity IM Media Gateway Function Internet Message Access Protocol. See IMSI_O International Mobile Telecommunications for the year 2000 (or thereabouts) The ITU 3G initiative. Wireless equivalents are WIN and CAMEL IN AP. Based on the ITU-T E. but just the performance goals for them. See cHTML IP Multimedia Routing Number IP Multimedia Subsystem. Composed of TAC + FAC + SNR + spare digit. A check digit is also included. This can be accomplished by putting a MAC on each . Used for compatibility with older CDMA systems that relied on the 10 digit MIN. The interaction of two or more signals. a data transmission) from being manipulated. True IMSI used by cdma2000. It does not define specific protocols.212 numbering plan. Composed of MCC MNC and MSIN. where data. Compare with IMSI_M. The IN messaging protocol Industry Numbering Committee (for the NANP) IRM Network Identifier. The only subscription identifier used by GSM and the future subscription identifier for CDMA. Specifications are being developed by 3GPP and 3GPP2. voice and signaling are all carried as IP packets. International Mobile User Identity Intelligent Network. Composed of TAC + FAC + SNR + SVN Inernational Mobile Group Identity See IM Japanese (NTT DoCoMo) wireless internet access system. International Mobile Subscriber Identity.

Provides compression (and decompression) of TCP. EMI IPHC IP Header Compression. Compare with SSL (for TCP). Interface A connection between two network elements. Contrast with Systemic Interference and Non-systemic Interference Intserv Integrated Services INVOKE Message sent to initiate an TCAP transaction IOS Inter-Operability Standard. typically as the result of the presence of very strong signals in adjacent bands. An internet oriented record for carrying charging details for services. IPLMN Interrogating PLMN IPoA IP over ATM IPR Intellectual Property Rights (e. BAF. TAP. Compare with CIBER. Compare with Protocol Interleaving Mixing of bits upon transmission according to a simple pattern (e. See DRM. Don’t hold your breath IPv6CP IPv6 Control Protocol IR(1) Intelligent Roaming IR(2) Infra-Red IR(3) Initialization and Refresh Packet. IPSEC IP Security. Also spelled IPSec IPv4 IP Protocol Version 4. UDP and IP headers. using 32 bit addressing. The version that is supposed to provide significantly larger and more powerful addressing.g. See also IPv6.message. See IETF RFC 2401. patents).g. IPv6 IP Protocol Version 6. A database that can be loaded into a phone over the radio . organizing bits in a matrix by columns and transmitting by rows) to somewhat randomize the output and protect from burst of noise on the RF channel Intermodulation RF interference within a channel generated as one or more Interference intermodulation products within the receiver itself. RFC 3095 IRA International Reference Alphabet IRDB IR Database. and eventually replace IPv4. The version currently in use in the internet. A version of the TIA/EIA-634 A-interface that enhances inter-vendor compatibility IOT Inter-Operator Tariff IOTA IP-based Over-the-Air configuration management IP(1) Intelligent Peripheral IP(2) Internet Protocol IP-M IP Multicast IPCP PPP IP Control Protocol IPDR Internet Protocol Detail Record.

IFAST International Roaming Guide Intercept (i. Now called TIA/EIA-41 IS-41 Revision C (Intersystem Operations Standard) First generation TDMA Radio Interface standard See TIA/EIA-634 CDMA short message service standard see TIA/EIA-683 A TIA standard for WNP TIA/EIA interim standard for CDMA MS-assisted position determination Most advanced analog air interface standard (including NAMPS) Wireless-PSTN interface standard cdmaOne CDMA air interface standard Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol International Switching Centre Integrated Services Digital Network. Industrial. A successor to TIA/EIA-95-B Wireless intersystems operation standard.5 GHz). Medical frequency band (2.Intermediate System IP routing algorithm. Also see UNICODE .e. Scientific.IREG IRG IRI IRM IRP IRS IS IS-124 IS-136 IS-2000 IS-41 IS-41-C IS-54 IS-634 IS-637 IS-683 IS-756 IS-801 IS-91 IS-93 IS-95 ISAKMP ISC ISDN ISDN-UP ISI ISIM ISIS ISM ISMA ISO ISO-8859-1 interface that prioritizes systems that may be detected by a phone based on carrier agreements GSMA International Roaming Experts Group. PSTN utilizing SS7 interfaces See ISUP Inter-Symbol Interference IMS SIM Intermediate System . generally using low power and short distances Interference Sense Multiple Access International Organization for Standardization The most common 8-bit character set used for web pages. Available around the world for unlicensed applications. An ISO/IECstandard.45-2. LAES) Related Information International Roaming MIN. A mobile subscription identifier beginning with the digit 0 or 1 to avoid conflict with NANP MINs Integration Reference Point Internet Reachability Service TIA Interim Standard Wireless call detail and billing record format for online transfer Second generation TDMA air interface standard cdma2000 air interface standard.

760-769 US International Traffic in Arms Regulations. Iur. Standardized in ANSI T1. A carrier licensed to provide long distance services J J-STDJ-STD-025 J-STD-034 J-STD-036 J2EE J2ME JAIN Java Joint ATIS-T1/TIA standard LAES standard jointly produced by ATIS T1 and TIA TR-45 Wireless E911 Phase I standard (cellsite and mobile identification. See J-STD-036 Wireless E911 Phase II standard (position of caller within 125m/400ft). but is unlikely. These rules used to govern export of encryption technology in the US and.Radio Communications Division ITU . Support for this within GSM has been suggested.g. A 3GPP interface between two RNCs. Replaced by EAR Individual Telephone Number Pooling.000 Intelligent Transportation System (“Smart Highways”) IP Transport Subsystem International Telecommunications Union ITU . SGSN or CBC). and the RNCs may not be connected by point-to-point physical links. Iub. modems) Inter-eXchange Carrier. SS7 signaling between switches. ISDN Q. Used for wireless data interworking between digital mode data and analog (e. Internet Service Provider ISDN User Part.000 or 10.921 User Adaptation Layer A 3GPP interface between an RNC and a Node B. This is a logical interface.Telecommunications Division Interface between an RNC and CN (MSC. A 24-bit session-specific key for WEP Interactive Voice Response IVR Unit Inter-working Function. to some extent. Initialization Vector.isotropic ISP ISUP ITAR ITN ITS(1) ITS(2) ITU ITU-R ITU-T Iu IUA Iub Iur IV IVR IVRU IWF IXC Radiating equally in all three dimensions (as opposed to directional. See J-STD-034 Java 2 Enterprise Edition Java 2 Micro Edition Java APIs for Intelligent Networks A C-like programming language that is compiled into a virtual machine .113 and ITU-T Q. See Iu. with energy being focussed more in some directions than other). Iur. in Canada. See also Iub. callback capabilities). See Iu. instead of in blocks of 1. Phone numbers can be assigned to carriers one at a time.

It should be referred to as JFIF. Each computer system that wants to run Java has to provide a virtual machine Java Community Process Japanese Digital Cellular JPEG File Interchange Format ISUP Jurisdiction Information Parameter Joint Photographic Experts Group. with members of more than one SDO) K Kasumi kbps Kc KDF KG kHz Ki kilo KSG KSI KSS A block cipher used by AKA for the A5/3.g. kilo-bit). See MHz and GHz GSM subscriber authentication key Prefix to indicate one thousand (e. It supports 24 bit color as well as variable levels of compression and quality. The detailed format varies depending on whether the transport protocol is IP. UDP or another PSN type. Thousands of cycles per second. TIFF Java Specification Request JSR for Security and Trust services API for J2ME Japanese TACS Joint Technical Committee (e. f8 and f9 algorithms. but a graphics format created for them that is suitable for digital photographs and similar images. See the wikipedia entry for more details kilo-bps.g. cf GIF. Abbreviated k. PNG. Used for voice encryption Key Derivation Function Key Generator kilo-Hertz. Not usually used to refer to the group. IP packets are wrapped in a layer containing another set of IP addresses and possibly also control messages. Successor to PPTP. See Mbps and Gbps GSM cipher key. . A data speed of billions of bits per second. but isn't. Defined in RFC 2661.JCP JDC JFIF JIP JPEG JSR JSR 177 JTACS JTC language providing efficiency close to that of languages compiled into native machine code while providing portability of the compiled program. See kbps Keystream Generators Key Set Identifier Key Stream Segment L L1 L2 L2TP Layer 2 Layer 2 Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol.

Link Access Protocol Link Access Protocol. See MPLS Location Determination Technology Law Enforcement Agency Inability to bill for a service Lighweight EAP. Local Exchange Carrier (wireline carrier for local calls). Exchanged by CIBER billing clearinghouses to ensure they do not get out of sequence with each other. Compare with X. Balanced Link Access Protocol for the ISDN D Channel Local Access and Transport Area. Compare with WAN. etc.e. including authentication Location Services.L3 LAC(1) LAC(2) LAES LAI LAK LAN LAP LAPB LAPD LATA LB LBA LBC LBS LCP LCS LCSM LDAP LDP LDT LEA Leakage LEAP LEC LEMF LEO LER LERG LFB LIDB Layer 3 Link Access Control Location Area Code. A subset of PPP that is used to negotiate and establish link capabilities.500 DAP Label Distribution Protocol. This usually implies positioning of an MS for commercial services. J-STD-025. 3rd party calls. not emergency services LCS Manager Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. US local telephone service area Letter Ballot Location Based Application Last Batch Count. . Used for validating collect calls. A Cisco proprietary version. See MPLS Local Exchange Routing Guide. See CALEA. group of base stations) within a GSM PLMN Lawfully Authorized Electronic Surveillance. surveillance GSM Location Area Identity. Includes a list of valid number blocks in the NANP Lookahead For Busy Line Information DataBase. Composed of MCC + MNC + LAC Local Authentication Key Local Area Network. 16 bit number identifiying a location area (i. Also see ILEC and CLEC Law Enforcement Monitoring Facility (for LAES) Low Earth Orbit Label Edge Router. Location Based Services Link Control Protocol. MAN. See IETF RFC 3377.

Compare with MSB Local Service Management System. Always desirable for wireless communications. Allows consumers to keep a phone number (MDN) when changing carriers within the same geographical region Local Number Portability Working Group of NANC Line of Sight. See WIN Location Routing Number. A queuing methodology similar to stacking dishes and using the dish on the top of the stack. Refers to existing SS7-based telecommunications systems. A direct path through the air from transmitter to receiver. A routing number that identifies the terminating switch for a Ported DN Least Significant Bit or Byte. A frame Location Registration Function. Localized Mobility Management to improve local handover performance in Mobile IP Land Mobile Radio Legacy MS Domain. etc.g.LIF LIFO LIR LLA-RHOC LMDS LMM LMR LMSD LMSI LMU LND LNP LNPWG LOS LPC LPDE LPDU LRF LRN LSB LSMS LSP LSPI LSR LSSU LT LTE LUDT Location Interoperability Forum within OMA Last in. See ADRC Long UDT. Uses the 27. first out. See MMDS. for cellular/PCS) Linear Predictive Coding Local PDE Link Protocol Data Unit.) Link Layer Assisted ROHC Local Multipoint Distribution Service. when accessed from an All-IP system. See MMD Local Mobile Station Identity. Prevents the location of a mobile phone from being revealed (with legal exceptions for E911. The link status message for SS7 MTP Line Termination A GSM competitor to EvDO Revision C promising similar data rates.5-31. See MPLS Link Status Signal Unit. Compare with FIFO Location Identification Restriction. although not always necessary (e. See MPLS Proposed SS7 ISUP Local Service Provider Identification Label Switching Router. Telephone carrier interface that downloads information from the NPAC into one or more NPDBs Label Switched Path.3 GHz frequency band to serve mulitple points within a radius of 3-5km. Most carriers in this space have abandoned it or gone bankrupt. See TMSI GSM Location Measurement Unit Last Number Dialed Local Number Portability. Supports messages up to 3 kilobytes in length .

a value derived from SQN. An example of an M2M scenario is when a heat or alarm sensor communicates with a central computer. RAND and AMF using f1 that shows that the sender was in possession of certain secret information (i. Mobile Assisted Channel Allocation. The first 6 digits (usually) of a North American MIN. WAN Mobile ad hoc Network. such as a cellphone or PC.M M2M Machine To Machine. Protocol that interconnects wireless telephone systems. turn on fans or other automated control SS7 MTP2 Peer-to-Peer User Adaptation Layer SS7 MTP2 User Adaptation Layer SS7 MTP3 User Adaptation Layer. Resides above SCTP and below SCCP in an IP telecom signaling protocol stack. In AKA. Maps management requests from system management to SAAL.e. when no channels are available in the current site Mobile Access Hunting. Most electronic communications is between machines but in many cases. First 3 digits of IMSI Multi-Channel Flow Treatment Protocol M2PA M2UA M3UA MAAL MABEL MAC(1) MAC(2) MACA MAH MAHO MAN MANET MAP MBI MBMS Mbps MC(1) MC(2) MCC MCFTP . See Gbps and kbps Short Message Center Multi-carrier E. See GSM and TIA/EIA-41 MIN Block Identifier. A data speed of millions of bits per second. Mobile determines the best alternate cellsite to originate a call in. Management ATM Adaptation Layer. Compare with LAN. The first digit is always 2-9 (inclusive). is authentic). perhaps with the central computer providing feedback to other devices to shut off a malfunctioning machine. Digits 0 and 1 are reserved for IRM codes. See ATIS T1. when assigned separately from the MDN. this is usually only because a person is using the device. Communications between unattended machines. UTRA Multimedia Broadcast and Multimedia Service Mega-bps. Mobile AP.212 Mobile Country Code. Mobile measures signal strength at neighoring base stations to determine which to handoff to Metropolitan Area Network.652 Major Account Billing Exchange Logistical Record. Termination to one of a group of mobiles Mobile Assisted Handoff. A collection of wireless nodes that can dynamically form a network without any fixed network infrastructure. Defined by Cibernet to facilitate centralized billing for large account customers Medium Access Control Message Authentication Code.

A secure hashing algorithm.MCI MCID MCL Mcps MCSE MD-IS MD5 MDN MDS ME MEA Mega MEGACO MEI MEID MEMS MESA mesh meta-language MExE MF(1) MF(2) MG MGC MGCF MGCP MGW Malicious Call Identification See MCI Minimum Coupling Loss.Intermediate System. 6 digit serial number). Used for trunk signaling UIM Master File. See CDMA and W-CDMA Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer Mobile Data . See SHA-1 Mobile DN Multi-Point Distribution System. A joint ETSI/TIA project to increase the interoperability of emergency service communications. Interface between packet environment of the CN and circuit environment of PSTN . Mobile Equipment. Synonym for UE. ESN and MEID are assigned by the TIA. and with a simplified structure (2 digit region code.IETF Working Group Mobility Event Indicator A 56 bit Mobile Equipment Identity for CDMA and TDMA MS. Abbreviated M. See Mbps Media Gateway Control . 6 digit manufacturer code. Also see older protocol SGCP Media Gateway. The minimum loss required between a transmitter and a nearby receiver to avoid adversely affecting receiver performance. Similar to the GSM IMEI.g. but allowing hexadecimal digits. See ASN. A CDPD term Message Digest 5. Micro-Eletronic Mechanical System Mobility for Emergency Service Applications. A form of networking where access to a server can be accomplished by routing through other clients that are physically closer A language that can be used to define other languages. Compare with IMEI. Million Chips-per-second. Contrast with MS Message Encryption Algorithm Prefix to indicate one million (e. ESN. A VoIP call control standard.1 and BNF 3GPP TSG-T Mobile Execution Environment Multi-frequency tone signaling. Compare with EF and DF Media Gateway MG Controller MG Control Function MG Control Protocol. Mega-bit).

11.MHz MIB MIH MIHF MIME MIMO MIN MIN1 MIN2 minimization MIP MIPS MISP MLC MLP MLPP MLTS MM(1) MM(2) MM1 MM2 MM3 MM4 MM5 MM6 MM7 MM8 MMD Million Hz. .16 and another radio interface. TDMA. email etc. but compact. An IEEE 802. Multi-Level Precedence and Pre-emption Multi-line Telephone System Mobility Management Multimedia Message MMS interface between UA and MMS Relay/Server MMS interface between MMS Relay and MMS Server MMS interface between MMS Relay/Server and External Servers for fax. 24 bit binary format The first 3 digits of a MIN encoded in a very wierd. IRM for cdma2000. An IP-based signaling system supporting voice. A cross-layer entity. 802. Measurement of processor speed Mobile Internet Service Provider OMA/3GPP Mobile Location Center Mobile Location Protocol. Mobile Identification Number. A measure of radio frequency Management Information (Data)Bases Media Independent Handover. A MIN intended for use outside North America is usually an IRM assigned by IFAST The last 7 digits of a MIN encoded in a wierd. See LAES Mobile IP. MMS interface between two MMS Relay/Servers MMS interface between MMS Relay/Server and HLR MMS interface between MMS Relay/Server and user databases MMS interface between MMS Relay/Server and VAS applications MMS interface between MMS Relay/Server and billing systems Multi-Media Domain. defined by IEEE 802.11 term indicating handover between 802. AMPS. 10 bit binary format Removal of information that has been collected. This increases throughput and reduces bit error rates compared to traditional antenna systems which transmit and receive through a single antenna. An XML-based protocol developed by the OMA LIF group. MIH Function.3 or 802. but that is outside the scope of a court order. Multiple Output antennas. Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions Multiple Input. Information and Command services. IETF RFC 2002 Million Instructions per Second. 10 digit identifier of a mobile subscription. that provides mobility support through SAPs offering Event.21. but compact.

See Mobile IP MN Foreign Authentication. An internet term for a mobile device capable of IP communications. A method of measuring quality (e. Not widely implemented. huh! . A carrier. Mean Opinion Score. An Ericsson Wireless Data protocol. Examples of formal languages in telecommunications are ITU-T Z. so they are more likely to take the place of a humanreadable (i. such as email in an integrated fashion. graphics) Multimedia Messaging Service Environment MMS Network Architecture MultiMedia Telecommunications Association. Uses the 2. See LNP. MM Service (e.e. An extension to MIP that provides stronger authentication. See IETF RFC 3012 E. These languages are textual and most humans are unlikely to want to use them directly.300 and the related TL1. ASCII character) protocol.7 GHz frequency band. Sophisticated.g. or a portion of a carrier network). graphics. and then averaging the results. Man-Machine Interface Man-Machine Language. text. WNP Mobile Originated/Originating A set of protocols that allows a MN to roam on the internet. Mobile Number Portability. A human-readable language devised for communications between a human and a computer.g. An IP network node that has both a static address and a ‘care-of’ address associated with it. with a GUI for the human to view and control the interactions with the computer more effectively and pleasantly. The success of this technology has been about as poor as its cousin.MMDS MMI MML MMS MMSE MMSNA MMTA MN MN-FA MNC MNIC MNID MNO MNP MO Mobile IP Mobile Node Mobility Mobitex MOS video. audio. once known as RAM Mobile Data in the US. See IMS Multi-channel Multi-Point Distribution Service. LMDS. IP packets can be routed to it via a Home Agent (at its static address) and a Foreign Agent (at its care-of address) The capability of a device to initiate or receive services in many different systems.1-2. Part of IMSI Mobile Network Identification Code MN Identification Mobile Network Operator. of wireless voice transmission) by asking people to rank their opinion on a numeric scale. Contrast with LMSD. and to maintain session while travelling between systems.212 Mobile Network Code (identifies an individual carrier. sound and application data. A subsidiary of TIA Mobile Node.

Most Significant Bit or Byte. The MSC which a mobile is currently registered in MSC Identification Number Milliseconds.MoU(1) MoU(2) MPC MPCAP MPCI MPEG MPLS MPS MRF MRFC MRFP MRP MS(1) ms(2) MS-SME MSA MSAG MSB MSC MSC-G MSC-H MSC-O MSC-S MSC-V MSCIN msec MSEIA GSM Memorandum of Understanding. such as 3G Americas for 3GPP or CDG for 3GPP2. See E911. Every packet labeled with the same FEC gets the same treatment Minimum Performance Standards/Specification. Market Representation Partner. A common measure of the usage of a group of subscribers Mobile Positioning Center. obviously. The guidelines under which GSM systems are implemented Minutes of Use. See MRFC and MRFP MRF Controller MRF Processor. announcements. CGSA for urban cellular systems. Thousandths of a second. Also used for licensing the FCC AWS D band. PDE. decompression) Multi Protocol Label Switching. conference bridges etc. Mobile Station (wireless phone) Milliseconds. CRDB and ESME Mobility Positioning Capabilities Mobile PCI Motion Pictures Experts Group. Provides tones. Master Street Address Guide. Compare with LSB Mobile Switching Centre See Gateway MSC See Home MSC See Originating MSC Serving MSC Visited MSC. Interfaces between MSC. See ms MS Emergency Information Assistance . Media Resource Function. A database of street names and house number ranges that define ESZ and their associated ESNs to enable proper routing of 911 calls. A participant in the 3GPP or 3GPP2 process that represents the marketing of technology in a region. recordings. tones and so forth to IP-based telephony networks. Not usually used to refer to a group but a format for audio/video compression (and. Provides conference bridges. Also msec SME embedded in MS Metropolitan Statistical Area. An IP protocol (RFC 3031) designed to provide preferred treatment to priority traffic to achieve a higher QoS.

Promotes the use of a single All-IP network for future wireless systems (e. The payload message for SS7 MTP Mobile Terminated/Termination/Terminal. Provides infrastructure and services such as billing. The GSM equivalent of the ANSI-41 TLDN Mobile Satellite System/Service Multimedia Streaming Service Message Signal Unit. usually due to non-line of sight communication paths Multiplexer Mobile Virtual Network Enabler.g. A company that markets cellular service but contracts with facilities-based cellular carriers to actually provide the coverage milli-Watt Mobile WIreless Internet Forum. stutter dial tone or an indication on a wireless phone's display) . Unique number assigned to a subscriber as part of IMSI MS ISDN number. A MIN or an IMSI. See IMSI_O Mobile Subscriber Identity Number.g.MSID MSIN MSISDN MSK MSO MSP MSRN MSS(1) MSS(3) MSU MT MTA(1) MTA(2) MTE MTP MTP2 MTP3 MTSO MTTR MTU Multipath MUX MVNE MVNO mW MWIF MWN Mobile Station Identifier. area code) is expected to be fully utilized Message Transfer Part (SS7 transport layer) MTP Layer 2 MTP Layer 3 Older term for MSC Mean Time to Restore (after failure) Message Transfer Unit A radio link between the transmitter and receiver comprised of multiple paths which include intermediate reflections from various surfaces. FSK where peak-to-peak FM deviation is half the data rate CDMA Markov Service Option Multiple Subscriber Profile Mobile Station Roaming Number. Same as MDN Minimum Shift Keying. subscriber management and operations support to MVNOs. convergence of 3GPP and 3GPP2 protocols) Message Waiting Notification (e. The time at which a numbering resource (e.g. The UE is composed of the MT and SIM/USIM and possibly other peripherals Major Trading Area Mail Transfer Agent Months to Exhaust. Mobile Virtual Network Operator.

Network Access Servers Non-Access Stratum. See IETF RFC 2915. Obsolete. Maps an internal set of IP addresses to an external set (perhaps assigned dynamically by DHCP) Node B Application Part Non-Call Associated Signaling.164 National Destination Code Network Domain Security Network Entity Network Equipment Building Systems Increase in new revenue-generating subscribers over a time period (usually a quarter year) Network Firewall Configuration and Control Number Field Sieve. Protocols between the UE and the core network that are transparent to the RAN (e. including WPS and GETS E. SMS) Network Address Translation.MWNE MX Managed Wireless Network Entity. including MIN and IMSI. The organization responsible for overseeing the distribution of telephone numbers in the NANP North American Numbering Plan North American Numbering Plan Administrator (or Area) Number Authority Pointer. Number Assignment Module. Compare with CAS Network Capability Gateway. See OSA-SCS Synonym for NCG. Obsolete. ITU-T term for future wireless systems with . Network Access Identifier.g. See OSA-SCS National Communication System. but not ESN Narrowband AMPS North American Numbering Council. A portion of a mobile phone that stores a single user profile. Used in cryptography Next Generation Network. A piece of equipment that provides OA&M data Mail Exchange (internet mail server) N N-1 Switch N-AMPS NAA NACK NAF NAI NAM NAMPS NANC NANP NANPA NAPTR NAS(1) NAS(2) NAT NBAP NCAS NCG NCGW NCS NDC NDS NE NEBS Net Additions NFCC NFS NGN The switch responsible for LNP queries See NAMPS Network Access Application Negative ACK Network Application Function of GBA. This is an email-like address format used to identify a AAA or a device with an interface to one. Responsible for US Government communications.

such as ISM. and that may have undefined channel characteristics. See RFC 3242 Network Identity Number Incomplete Four bit Network Identification. Often used to refer to the NPAC SMS Number Portability Database.g. An analog cellular system available either in the 450 MHz or 900 MHz bands Logical node in the 3GPP RNS responsible for radio transmission/reception in one or more cells to and from the UE. TIA/EIA/TSB-100) Network Routing Number Nationally Recognized Test Lab nonce NP NPA NPAC NPDB NPDE NPDU NPI NPM NPRM NRM NRN NRTL . Ensuring that a communication cannot be disavowed later RF interference within a channel used in a wireless system that emanates from a transmitter that is not part of the same system. See MPLS No-Header Packet. area code) NP Administration Center. A packet Numbering Plan Identifier Non-Public Mode Service FCC Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Network Reference Model (e. This is of greatest concern for systems operating in unlicensed bands. Often used in cryptography Number Portability NANP Numbering Plan Area (i. Compare with Systemic Interference A number that is used only once.NHLFE NHP NI(1) NI(2) nibble NID NIDS NIIF NIST NL NMR NMSI NMT Node B Nonrepudiation Non-systemic Interference even higher speed data capabilities.e. Terminates the Iub interface towards the RNC. Next Hop Label Forwarding Entry. Used by TIA/EIA-95 (CDMA) systems Network-Initiated Data Session Network Interconnection Interoperability Forum US National Insitute of Standards and Technology Neighbour List Network Measurement Results National Mobile Subscription Identity. A number that uniquely identifies a portion of a wireless carrier’s total system. A list of ported numbers and associated LRNs used for LNP routing Network PDE Network Protocol Data Unit. MNC + MSIN Nordic Mobile Telephone.

i. cnp-wireless. Maintenance and Provisioning Over-the-Air Activation Teleservice. Pooling is implemented using LNP Number Porting See LNP or WNP NVSE Normal Vendor Specific Extension NXX Digits 4-6 of a NANP directory number. Equivalent to one DS3 (672 DS0) SONET service at 622. while X can be any digit 0-9 O O-BCSM O/E O&M OA&M OAA OAM&P OATS OBF OC-1 OC-12 OC-18 Originating BCSM Odd/Even Operations and Maintenance Operations. Converts between a domain name (e. NDC + SN NSS Network and Switching Subsystem NSTAC US National Security Telecommunications Advisory Council NT Network Termination NTIA U.12 Mbps. All of an E.096 DS0 . Administration.000 numbers is shared (currently in multiples of 1. subset of IS124 NSDPF Non-signaling Data Protocol for Fraud.000) by several carriers. N can be any digit 2-8.e.08 Mbps.NRZ NS Non-RZ Authoritative Name Server for a Domain. Dept.g. See TIA/EIA-136 Ordering and Billing Forum of ATIS SONET service at 51. See WPS NSA US National Security Agency. Keeps a tight grip on exports of US encryption technology NSDPB&S Non-signaling Data Protocol for Billing and Settlement. of Commerce National Telecommunications and Information Administration NTS Number Translation Service Number Pooling Sharing a block of numbers between carriers.064 DS0 SONET service at 933. See OTA Operations. Equivalent to 18 DS3 or 12.com) and an IP address and related information NS/EP US National Security and Emergency Preparedness. In the NANP this means that a block of 10. Equivalent to 12 DS3 or 8.84 Mbps. People who are eligible for PAS/PACA NSN National Significant Number. Administration and Maintenance Over-the-Air Activation.164 number apart from the CC.S. A subset of IS-124 NSDU Network Service Data Unit NSEP National Security and Emergency Preparedness.

256 DS0 SONET service at 38. Equivalent to 3 DS3 or 2. residential.024 DS0 SONET service at 1. prepaid).g. Equivalent to 36 DS3 or 24.192 DS0 SONET service at 2. An IETF protocol A snooty standards term for byte Operator Determined Barring US FCC Office of Engineering & Technology Optical Fiber Gateway See OFDMA Orthogonal FDMA Optical Gateway Operators Harmonization Group. payphone.813 Gbps.24416 Gbps. A group of wireless carriers that wants to make CDMA systems work on both ANSI-41 and GSM networks Optical Line Amplifier Overload Control Originating Line Indicator.048 DS0 SONET service at 4.95328 Gbps.48832 Gbps.52 Mbps. Used for real-time charging (e.016 DS0 SONET service at 1. Where an SS7 message came from Operation PDU A project to create an open source implementation of H. Equivalent to 9 DS3 or 6.86624 Gbps. Equivalent to 96 DS3 or 64. hotel/motel) Originating Line Number Screening (using LIDB) Optical Line Termination Open Mobile Alliance Operations and Maintenance Center Office of the Manager. Equivalent to 48 DS3 or 32.g.128 DS0 SONET service at 155.512 DS0 Optical Code Division Multiplexing Optical Channel Operating Company Number. NCS Overhead Message Train (messages transmitted from base station on the analog Control Channel) Optical Network Originating Point Code.56 Mbps.323 .OC-192 OC-24 OC-3 OC-36 OC-48 OC-768 OC-9 OC-96 OCDM OCH OCN OCS OCSP octet ODB OET OFA OFDM OFDMA OG OHG OLA OLC OLI OLNS OLT OMA OMC OMNCS OMT ON OPC OPDU OpenH323 SONET service at 9. US identifier for a telecom carrier Online Charging System. Online Certificate Status Protocol. Equivalent to 768 DS3 SONET service at 466.97664 Gbps. Equivalent to 24 DS3 or 16. ISUP parameter that identifies the class of phone (e. Equivalent to 192 DS3 or 129.

A network initiated form of OTA Over-the-Air Service Provisioning. back-calculate). when the original number dialed was to access some kind of gateway system. See Roamer Port One Way Function. See PNS Priority Access and Channel Assignment. Over-The-Air Activation Function. A function that is much easier to perform than to invert (i.OPSP OPTS Originating MSC Origination ORREQ OSA OSA-AS OSA-SCS OSF OSI OSPF OSS(1) OSS(2) OTA OTAF OTAPA OTASP OTDOA overdial OWF OXC Origination Participation Service Provider Over-the-Air Programming Teleservice.e. Either a Gateway MSC or the Home MSC The process of starting a call. Concentrates PPP traffic on a dial access platform. Operations Support Subsystem Operator Services Switch Over-the-Air programming. See TIA/EIA-136 The first MSC involved in a mobile terminated call. First contact point for a terminal within the IMS PDSN to PDSN interface used to support fast handoff (tunneling of packets from old serving system to new serving system). usually initiated by dialing digits TIA/EIA-41 OriginationRequest transaction 3GPP Open Service Access. This concept is the foundation of much of modern cryptography Optical Cross Connect P P-CSCF P-P P-SCM P-TMSI PABX PAC PACA Proxy CSCF. A mobile-initiated form of OTA Observed TDOA The process of dialing a phone number during an established call. Channels are assigned to . Enables third parties to use network functionality through an open standardized interface (OSA API) OSA Application Server OSA Control Server Operations Systems Function French synonym for ISO Open Shortest Path First IP routing algorithm. Proxy SCM Packet TMSI See PBX PPTP Access Concentrator. A specialized MC for performing OTASP and OTAPA Over-The-Air Parameter Administration. Uploads internal mobile tables or software.

factory.Packet data PACS PAD Page PAMR PAN PANID PAP Parlay/OSA PAS PBCCH PBX PC PCAP PCCCH PCF PCG PCH PCI PCIA PCM PCMCIA PCN PCS PCS1900 PCSC PD mobiles attempting to originate a call in order of priority. mouse. See DCS. rather than first-come. See SMR. first-served. A simple authentication protocol that sends security information in the clear. Rival trade association to CTIA Pulse Code Modulation Personal Computer Memory Card International Association Personal Communications Network. Implementations are JAIN SPA. See MSC Packet data . Obsolete. See PAS Data transmitted from multiple users in individually address discrete packets. See PCS Personal Communications System. Personal Computer UTRAN Positioning Calculation Application Part GPRS Packet Control Channel Packet Control Function. campus. OMG-IDL and WSDL Priority Access Service. See PDF 3GPP Project Coordination Group Paging Channel Protocol Capability Indicator Personal Communications Industry Association. PCS1900 North American PCS frequencies. See DCS Personal Communications Switching Center. See PACA GPRS Packet Broadcast CCH Private Branch Exchange. such as computer. keyboard. Compare with CHAP Open Service Access/Architecture. A privately owned switch providing wired and possibly also wireless service for an office. phone and monitor. An API that enables operator and 3rd party applications to make use of network functionality through a set of open. standardised interfaces. A wide-area form of PMR that provides group-oriented communications (such as PTT) to the public. rather than being run for a single organization. 1850-1990 MHz. Compare with CSD Personal Access Communications System Packet Assembly/Disassembly The process of telling an MS to prepare for an incoming call Public Access Mobile Radio. A network that connects personal devices. Personal Area Network. Also known as Piconet Previous ANI Password Authentication Protocol. etc.

See RFC 2848 . A real success until people found that it was not true cellular service Polling Indicator Preferred Inter-exchange Carrier Code. The delay between dialing and having the call cut through to the party at the other end Position Determining Entity Policy Decision Function PD Gateway. Not to be confused with PSDN Protocol Data Unit Protected EAP. Prefix to indicate one thousand trillion (e. Formed as a SHA-1 extract of the MEID. The fraction of packets that have one or more errors. Similar to PDSN. Pseudo ESN. Compare with BER. CAMEL term See PAN Personal Identification Number. See also tESN.IETF WG. Plesiochhronous Digital Hierarchy PD link protocol Public Data Network or Packet Data Network PD Protocol Power-Down Registration Packet Data Serving Node. Used to restrict access to personal services or capabilities PSTN and Internet Interworking .PDA PDC PDC-P PDCP PDD PDE PDF PDG PDH PDLP PDN PDP PDREG PDSN PDU PEAP pen register Penetration PER(1) PER(2) pESN Peta PH PHB PHS PI PIC(1) PIC(2) Piconet PIN PINT Personal Digital Assistant Pacific Digital Cellular. Abbreviated P Packet Handler Per-Hop Behaviour Personal Handyphone Service. A more secure version of LEAP developed by Microsoft and Cisco. An IN.g. WIN. Peta-bit). Generally national in scope Point in Call. Identifies the long distance carrier for a subscriber. PDC Packet network used UTRA Packet Data Convergence Protocol Post-Dial Delay. A Japanese cellular standard based on GSM operating in the 800 MHz and 1500 MHz frequency bands. A form of surveillance where dialed digits and time of call are collected The percentage of the population of a service area (POP) that have acquired a certain service Packed Encoding Rules. Avoids the TLV overhead of BER and TCAP Packet Error Rate.

A web graphics format using lossless compression (and decompression) and 48 bit color (unlike JPEG). Presence Network Agent Portable Network Graphics. PN sequences are also used extensively in the channel structure of many wireless technologies such as CDMA. say. PN sequences are often used to test digital communications systems because they are composed of typical data patterns (as opposed to. Synonym for PLMN Professional/Private Mobile Radio. and 14 . 24 bits in the NANP. Compare with Ciphertext CDMA Private Long Code Mask. See PTT. such as PTT. They usually provide special group communications capabilities. Compare with FLEX. A radio system established to service a single organization or group of related organizations. A paging protocol that runs at 512 or 2400 bps. See PAC Push/Press-to-Talk over Cellular. 16 bits in Japan. Refers to systems running over standard cellular systems that emulate the push-to-talk system of iDen and similar systems. Composed of inter-connected PBXs. Public Land Mobile Network. See SMR. alternating 1s and 0s) but are nonetheless defined bit-by-bit. PCS or 3G wireless network Privacy Mode Personal Mobility Public Mobile Network. Point of Interconnect A numeric SS7 address. Orthogonal code used to separate CDMA transmissions Project number A defined repetitive sequence of binary bits. Its proponents believe that it will also replace GIF and TIFF. Contrast with PAMR Pseudo-Noise. so that the correctness of received bits can be determined at the receiver. A code. ReFLEX. Also known as Asymmetric Key Cryptography PKC System Public Key Encryption Public Key Infrastructure Physical Layer Unencrypted data. typically quite long. Public Key Cryptography. Private Numbering Plan PPTP Network Server. A cellular. derived from the MSs ESN that encrypts voice communications.PISN PKC PKCS PKE PKI PL Plaintext PLCM PLMN PM(1) PM(2) PMN PMR PN(1) PN(2) PN Sequence PNA PNG PNP PNS PoC POCSAG POI Point Code Private Integrated Services Network.

A space about a person or object about 10 meters in radius that envelopes the person. The desired/required/measured quality of position measuring accuracy and delay PRACK IETF SIP Provisional Acknowledgement message PRAMP Power Ramp PRBS Pseudo-Random Binary Sequence PRC(1) Premium Rate Charging PRC(2) Primary Reference Clock PRC(3) People’s Republic of China Prepaid wireless Wireless services paid for in advance. phone line) that can carry several network protocols simultaneously. PAP. IETF RFC 1661.g. A place where a carrier provides connectivity to its network POP3 Post Office Protocol Version 3. See WPAN POTS Plain Old Telephone Service (incoming and outgoing calls. but no fancy features) PPDN Public PDN PPDR Public Protection and Disaster Relief PPDU Presentation PDU PPP(1) Point-to-Point Protocol. See LNP and WNP POS(2) Packet over SDH POS (1) Personal Operating Space. See LNP and WNP Port-out The porting of a number from the perspective of the old service provider. Provides a reliable link to the internet over a single-user facility (e. See LNP and WNP Portable Block A block of 10.000 NANP phone numbers between carriers. IETF RFC 1939 Port-in The porting of a number from the perspective of the new service provider. CHAP PPP(2) Peripheral Pre-Processor PPTP Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol. May be replaced by L2TP PQoS Position QoS. See ITN and Thousands block pooling POP(1) Population of a service area. See PPP. as opposed to monthly billing. Uses an enhanced GRE mechanism for flowcontrol and congestion control. Licenses are often valued based on this POP(2) Point of Presence. Allows PPP to be tunneled through an IP network.000 NANP directory numbers that contains at least one Ported DN Portal A fancy name for a web page that provides a single point of entry for a suite of web services Ported DN A DN that has been ported from one carrier to another.bits in most other countries Pooling The ability to share a block of 10. . Defined in RFC 2637.

I is unchanged. DS1 Private long Used for encrypting TIA/EIA-95 conversations. Based on secret key code mask information PRL CDMA Preferred Roaming List. Usually. PSAP Public Service Answering Point. PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network. Information bits are identified by changes in phase of the carrier. The 'phone system'. Phase can be controlled by the amount of each path that is remixed upon output PSK(2) Pre-Shared Key. the signal is split into two parts. PACA PS(3) Positioning Server. and the remainder can only listen until the button is released or the phone exceeds the maximum time limit on the right to talk. Pressing a button on a phone initiates communications with a pre-defined group of other users.544 Mbps).g. A WAP Working Group PSDN Packet/Public Switched Data Network.Technical challenges limit the services available. See T1. A database within an MS that prioritizes the systems that the mobile might encounter while roaming. The place where 9-1-1 calls are answered PSD Power Spectral Density PSDC WAG Persistent Storage Drafting Committee. such as roaming and international calling PRI Primary Rate Interface (1. Used to identify a virtual private wireless system (e. See WPS. PSVT Packet-Switched Video Telephony PTM Point-to-Multipoint (Broadcast) PTP Point-to-Point PTT Push To Talk. and Q is phase shifted by 90 degrees. PRN Provide Roaming Number Protocol A specification of the messages used to communicate over one or more Interface PS(1) Packet Switch(ed) PS(2) Priority Service. Used for CDMA triangulation PSN Packet Switched Network PSPDN Packet Switched PDN PSS 3GPP Packet Streaming Service. PSMM Pilot Signal Strength Message. Not be be confused with PDSN PSI PCF Session ID PSID Private SID. The system will usually give one radio the ability to transmit. wireless PBX) PSK(1) Phase Shift Keying. Public long code Used for encrypting TIA/EIA-95 conversations. Based on the ESN of mask an MS .

128QAM QAM/CAP Qualcomm Code Excited Linear Prediction Quality of Experience. A group of 5 security data elements used in AKA. See 8QAM. The subscriber's perception of their quality of service. Query on Release. Cipher Key (CK). delay and jitter that should be met for a specific communications service Quadrature PSK used in CDMA. A method of encoding a digital symbol in an analog symbol using combinations of phase and amplitude that are modulated at right angles to the main carrier. A list of measurable attributes such as bandwidth. Phase can be in one of four states ISDN based signaling inter-PBX protocol. Reverse SCH (from MS) Roaming SGW. The usual treatment for a contribution to a standards committee Response APDU Interface between a PDSN and a PCF that uses a GRE tunnel to carry user data and signaling messages. An IN term Random Access Channel. 16QAM. 64QAM. A method for implementing LNP Quality of Service. expected user response (XRES). 32QAM.PUREG PV PVC PVI PZID Power-Up Registration Protocol Version Permanent VC PV Indicator Packet Zone ID Q QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation. Integrity Key (IK) and network authentication token (AUTN) QAM/CAP QCELP QoE QoR QoS QPSK QSIG Quintet R R and R R-APDU R-P R-SCH R-SGW R-UIM RA RAB RAC RACF RACH Revise and Resubmit. Interface between SS7 SCCP and MTP to IP protocols Removable UIM Registration Authority Radio Access Bearer Routing Area Code. An 8 bit number identifying a routing area with a location aarea Radio Access Control Function. Mobiles compete to access this shared Control Channel . Composed of RAND.

Bell Atlantic. Compare with UATI RBOC Regional BOC. Ability of HLR to query VLR database to determine whether information needed to support roamers is correct . An IN term RAT Radio Access Technology. An IN term RD Requirements Document RDCCH Reverse DCCH RDF Resource Description Format RDTC Reverse DTC RDV Roamer Database Verification (IS-847). Pacific Bell. see Pooling RATI Random ATI. Long distance charges are calculated based on the distance between two rate centers (often the switch location). 2139 and AAA RAI GSM Routing Area Identification. BellSouth. A portion of RAND used to try to confirm the value that was used by an MS during a Global challenge RANDSSD Random number used for CAVE SSD Update operation RANDU The random number used for a Unique Challenge RAO Revenue Accounting Office RASC Radio Access System Controller. But. Southwestern Bell. The correlator outputs are combined to achieve improved communications reliability and performance RAN Radio Access Network RANAP UTRAN RAN Application Part RAND Random number used for authentication purposes RANDBS Random number used for base station challenge authentication operation. Rate Center The location of a phone for billing purposes. greater than that of the highest audio-frequency and less than that of the shortest infra-red waves. Radio Interface The interface between an MS and a BS RADIUS Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service. Composed of LAI + RAC RAKE A receiver technique which uses several baseband correlators to individually process several signal multipath components. Rate centers and competition combine to cause very inefficient number assignment.000 numbers.Radio Frequency Electro-magnetic radiation having a frequency in the range used for telecommunications. See IETF RFC 2138. US West and Ameritech RCF Radio Control Function. Used to distinguish between GPRS and UMTS in 3GPP networks. An internet user authentication system. One of 7 local exchange companies formed from the breakup of AT&T: NYNEX. See CAVE RANDC RAND Confirmation. because every carrier operating in a rate center must be assigned at least 10.

g. Message sent to successfully end TCAP transaction Recommendations on the Procedures for Evaluation of Radio Transmission Technologies for FPLMTS Dialing up all landline phones within a geographical area to deliver a recorded message. Often used to access a voice mail system Radio Frequency IETF Request for Comments. A small chip that is designed to allow the identification and tracking of an object (e.REAG RECC Recipient Switch RED Reed-Solomon ReFLEX Regional EA Grouping. not officially. e. airline bag).g. Means 'Rhine Valley' in Flemish. Operates at speeds up to 9600 bps inbound and 6400 bps outbound (25 kHz channel) or 25600 bps (50 kHz channel) The process where an MS informs a system of its presence Abbreviation for release of a specification (e. Puts a price on usage (e. A value calculated from at least a secret key and a random number. a phone call) Encryption algorithm chosen for AES (replacement for DES). C and E bands. Request for Proposal Reserved for Future Use Rate Input Handler. transceiver or other telephony resource to the idle list Authentication response. A geographical area (encompassing several EAs) used to license the AWS B. This is usually a voluntary service Calling your own phone number. without revealing it. Internet standard (well. Pronounced 'Rain Doll' (while clearing your throat) Registration Rel(1) REL(2) Release RES RETURN RESULT REVAL Reverse 911 Revertive dialing RF RFC RFI(1) RFI(2) RFID RFP RFU RIH Rijndael . about a weather emergency. that can be used to infer that the respondent is in possession of the secret key.g.manufactured item.g. See LNP Random Early Detection A type of FEC A two-way paging protocol related to FLEX. Reverse Analog Control Channel The switch to which a number has been ported. GSM Rel 5) SS7 ISUP circuit Release message Returning a trunk. but in practice many internet ‘standards’ are still just RFCs) Request For Information Radio Frequency Interference Radio Frequency Identification.

Compare with SOAP Radio Resource Resource Record. A message packaging protocol An IP packet switch. Loads rated transactions into the billing system and monitors the usage limits (e. It is more robust than CRTP Remote Operation Invoke. SIP and other header types is also planned. RFC 3095. In future. fraud analysis) Radio link protocol OMA/3GPP Roaming Location Protocol between SUPL Location Platforms (SLP). for prepaid.RIL3 RIP RLC RLEC RLH RLP(1) RLP(2) RN RNC RNS RNTI ROA Roamer Roamer Port ROER ROHC ROIV RORJ RORS ROSE Router RPC(1) RPC(2) RR(1) RR(2) RRC RRM RRP RRQ RS RSA(1) GSM Radio Interface Layer 3 Routing Information Protocol. decompression). RTP and ESP headers using W-LSB. See TMSI Registered Operating Agency A mobile that is present in a system (MSC-V) that is not its home system A phone number that allows Termination to a Roamer via the MSC-V Remote Operation Error. Provides compression of IP. if you’re lucky. CGSA for rural cellular systems. Also used for licensing the FCC AWS D band. An IN term Remote Procedure Call. Radio Network Radio Network Controller Radio Network Subsystem Radio Network Temporary Identity. UDP. . compression of TCP. See ROSE RObust Header Compression (and. See RORJ Remote Operation Reject. Basic storage element for DNS RR Control RR Management MIP Registration Reply MIP Registration Reply Request Reed-Solomon error correction code Rural Statistical Area. See ROIV Remote Operation Result Remote Operations Service Element. Compare with STP Radio Port Controller. Compare with OSPF Radio Link Control Rural LEC Rate Load Handler. A method of exchanging data between applications running on different machines.g.

The time for a message to get from origin to destination and back again. Radio Terminal Function. For communications based on the exchange of many small messages this is more important than the actual bandwidth. among other protocols Real Time Streaming Protocol Radio Transmission Technology candidate for IMT-2000 Round trip time.RSA(2) RSID RSN RSS RSSI RSVD RSVP RTCP RTF RTP(1) RTP(2) RTSP RTT(1) RTT(2) RTT(3) RVC RX RXP RZ Rivest. Also the name of a corporation based on commercialization of this algorithm Residential SID. A measure of the strength of a radio signal Received Signal Strength Indication. Shamir and Adleman PKE algorithm. Received Signal Strength. Used to determine when a Handoff should be attempted Reserved IETF Resource Reservation Protocol. Used by SIP. Handles IMS session states Serving SCM Signal to noise ratio Emergency services selective router Security Association 3GPP TSG SA Working Group 1 for Service Specifications. A control protocol for assigning bandwidth to packets based on their desired QoS RTP Control Protocol. 3GPP TSG SA Working Group 2 for Architecture Specifications. . RFC 2205. The long-term security enhancement for WiFi that replaces both WPA and WEP. Based on XML. 3GPP TSG SA Working Group 3 for Security Specifications. Abbreviation for 1XRTT Reverse analog Voice Channel Abbreviation for receive or receiver A protocol that bridges ReFLEX networks together. Used to identify a virtual residential wireless system Robust Security Network. An IN term ISUP Release to Pivot Capability. HTTP and TCP/IP. Allows a call connected to one switch to be redirected to another by dropping back to an earlier switch to optimize trunking IETF Real Time Protocol. See WCTP Return to Zero S S-BCCH S-CSCF S-SCM S/N S/R SA SA1 SA2 SA3 SMS BCCH Serving CSCF.

for RF/health studies) Simple Authentication and Security Layer. A slight variation in frequency to limit false SAT detection Service Control Code. using GPS Service Access Point.g. Amount of RF energy absorbed (e. 2 or 3 digit code followed by an asterisk (*) used for controlling switch capabilities during a call (e. SSCOP and MAAL Set Asynchronous Balanced Mode Slow Associated Control Channel. Assigned by IANA. SS7 enhanced routing and identification layer Service Creation Environment for the Intelligent Network (IN. A WAP Working Group Secure Cellular Encryption Module Algorithm Service Control Function. Equivalent of MTP layer 2 for ATM networks used to carry SS7 traffic. Type of analog-to-digital converter Specific Absortion Rate. TDMA. Signaling ATM Adapatation Layer. Compare with FC Signaling Connection Control Part. One of three tones around 6 kHz that are transmitted from a base station to an MS by analog cellular (EIA/TIA553) SIM Application Toolkit Steering Committee SAT Color Code. Identifies a particular user service. WIN) Smart Card Expert Group. A 1. downlink only frame synchronisation and identification of base station. 3GPP TSG SA Working Group 5 for Telecom Management. Most important part of an SCP CDMA Supplemental Channel. 777*). Includes SSCF. Used for transmitting higher speed data GSM Synchronisation Channel. SAP Identifier. A control channel that is transmitted at a low bit rate in parallel with digitized voice.g. sending and receiving a specific class of data. IETF RFC 2222 Supervisory Audio Tone. Segmentation and Reassembly Successive Approximation Converter. GSM term for SACCH Safe And Fast Encryption Routine. . Based on IBC Single Antenna Interference Cancellation ANSI-136 System Assisted Mobile Positioning through Satellite.SA4 SA5 SAAL SABM SACCH SACH SAFER SAIC SAMPS SAP SAPI SAR(1) SAR(2) SAR(3) SASL SAT(1) SAT(2) SC SCC(1) SCC(2) SCCP SCE SCEG SCEMA SCF SCH(1) SCH(2) 3GPP TSG SA Working Group 4 for Codec Specifications. MS-assisted location determination.

The TIA and ATIS are SDO's IETF Session Description Protocol that describes multimedia sessions for the purposes of session announcement. Manages multimedia sessions. A radio that can operate in different modes (e. See SDCCH Service Data Function (IN term) Sub-rate Digital Facility Unit Synchronous Digital Hierarchy Specification Description Language Standards Development Organization. Symmetric DSL. Identifies the power class and transmission mode of an AMPS terminal 3GPP2 Session Control Manager. Special Drawing RIghts. it differs in supporting multiple independent streams of packets which prevents a failure in one stream backing up packets in all streams. by providing database or intelligent network services) CDMA Service Category Programming Teleservice Static Conformance Requirements Stream Control Transmission Protocol specified in IETF RFC 2960. An SS7 network element used to control call processing (e. Similar to TCP. Simple Certificate Validation Protocol. . invitation. Oh. modulation schemes) based on the software that is currently loaded and active in the device. See SIP Software-Defined Radio. Part of a base station that contains the voice coders Service Data Unit The process of breaking a long protocol message into pieces that are no longer than the maximum allowed by lower protocol layers. Bit rates are the same in both directions Selection and Distribution Unit. and other forms of multimedia session initiation. Obsolete. and reassembling them later! The ability to receive a radio signal very near to the thermal noise level.g. See CSCF Service Control Point. Allows a simple device to send a certificate to a server for validation. A virtual currency used for exchange of billing information between carriers. frequency bands.g.SCID SCM(1) SCM(2) SCP SCPT SCR SCTP SCVP SDB SDCA SDCC SDCCH SDCH SDF SDFU SDH SDL SDO SDP SDR(1) SDR(2) SDSL SDU(1) SDU(2) segmentation Sensitivity Subchannel Identity Station Class Mark. An IETF draft Short Data Burst Indian Short Distance Charging Area Supplementary DCC GSM Standalone Dedicated Control Channel.

Because it is also infeasible to find two strings that produce the same digest.g. the lower the required incident radio signal required for acceptable reception. it is also useful in digital signing algorithms. Supports the location procedures of SUPL. SS7 GSMA Security Group Simple Gateway Control Protocol. A VoIP call control standard.g. GSMA Services Group The MSC currently serving an MS SIM ESN SUPL Enabled Terminal. maintain and monitor telecommunications systems GSM Subscriber Identification Module (Smart Card). Converts an internet protocol to another protocol. interacting with the network over the user plane bearer. See MD5. . Compare with UIM Service Interaction Manager. The process of exchanging revenue between telecommunications carriers Superframe Short File Identifier in a UIM or SIM ITU Study Group Signaling Gateway. protocol message). assign resources. Produces a condensed representation ('hash') of a string of bits (e. Also see MGCP Standardized Generalized Markup Language. Because it is computationally infeasible to determine the original text knowing the digest it is useful in authentication algorithms.SerG Serving MSC SESN SET Settlement SF SFI SG(1) SG(2) SG(3) SGCP SGML SGSN SGW SHA-1 SHDSL SID SIF SIG Signaling SIM(1) SIM(2) SIMPLE SIN SINAD SIP The more sensitive the receiver. A WIN concept SIP for IM and Presence Leveraging Specification Information Node Signal + Noise + Distortion Session Initiation Protocol. e. The father of XML Serving GSN Signaling Gateway Secure Hash Algorithm. An IETF IP protocol for VoIP (packetized voice) call processing. A 15 bit identifier of an AMPS wireless license or system Signalling Information Field. Single-pair high speed DSL System Identifier. See SDP. The payload of an SS7 MTP message Special Interest Group Messages used to control calls.

bit rate. Promoted by the SMPP Forum Specialized Mobile Radio.g. GSM SMS Center. taxi company) Short Message Service Service Management System. Consists of an SLC and an SPC. See MC See Broadcast SMS SMS Point-to-Point Channel WAP SMS Expert Group Simple Mail Transmission Protocol defined in IETF RFC 2821 . Service Level Execution Environment 3GPP Subscription Locator Function Fade duration long relative to channel frame length Service Logic Program SUPL Location Platform.g. SIM OTA Secure Mode Ciphering Key. voice quality) and provide significant discounts if the levels are not met SUPL Location Center. Signaling Link Selection Session Management Mobile Terminated Short Message Short Message Service Center (see MC) See UIM. availability. A carrier agrees to provide a certain level of service (e. Coordinates the operations of SUPL in the network. Allows for the encryption of provisioning data that is going to be transmitted over a radio interface TIA/EIA-41 SMS Delivery Point-to-Point message Switched Multimegabit Data Service Short Message Entity (SMS terminal) Signaling Message Encryption Subject Matter Group Synchronised Multimedia Integration Language Serving MLC Short Message Peer-to-Peer Protocol.SIP-AS SIP-T SKey SLA SLC SLEE SLF Slow Fading SLP(1) SLP(2) SLS SM SM-MT SM-SC Smart Card SMCK SMDPP SMDS SME(1) SME(2) SMG SMIL SMLC SMPP SMR SMS(1) SMS(2) SMS-C SMSCB SMSCH SMSEG SMTP SIP Application Server Variant of SIP that encapsulates ISUP signaling to provide support for circuit-switched communications Session Key Service Level Agreement. Communicates number portability (LNP) and pooling information between carriers. A form of private mobile radio that allows one talker and multiple listeners in a group (e.

Signaling Point. An SS7 network node: SCP. Writing a print or other file to a special area of memory or disk so that it can be printed (or otherwise processed) while other computer operations are ongoing. Compare with CORBA and RPC System Operator Code.SMV SN(1) SN(2) SND SNDCP SNMP SNR(1) SNR(2) SOA SOAP SOC SOHO SoLSA SONET SoR SP(1) SP(2) SPA SPASM SPC SPDU SPI SPINA SPINI SPL SPMC Spool SPS SQM SQN CDMA Selectable Mode Voice Coder Service Node. this represents an interface between a carrier and the NPAC SMS Simple Object Access Protocol. SSP or STP ANSI standards proposal number JAIN Service Provider APIs Subscriber Parameter Administration Security Mechanism SS7 Signaling Point Code. Also PC Session PDU Service Provider Identification Subscriber PIN Access Subscriber PIN Intercept Service Programming Lock. For LNP. A method of preventing a mobile from changing from the service the subscriber has contracted with Signaling Point Management Cluster Simultaneous Peripheral Operations On-Line. A combination of SCP and IP functionality E. Serving PS Subscription Quality of Service Manager Sequence number (used for authentication/encryption). Network management protocol usually used with TCP/IP networks. and others See S/N Serial number.164 Subscriber Number See SINAD Sub-Network Dependant Convergence Protocol Simple Network Management Protocol. Bypasses firewalls by being disguised as XML/HTML. XML based language for exchanging data between internet applications on different machines. The unique 6 digit number assigned to a GSM phone within an IMEI Service Order Activation. Its use can . Used in IS-136 TDMA digital systems to identify the wireless carrier Small Office/Home Office Support of Localized Service Area Synchronous Optical Network Statement of Requirements.

A secondary key used in most CAVE operations Portion of SSD used for Authentication Portion of SSD used for voice. Maps between SAAL and higher layer protocols (e. flow control. Part of SAAL that provides reliable point-to-point communications with sequencing. Shared Secret Data.11 network. identifies an SS7 network application or a virtual SS7 network entity Single Sign On.SRC SRD SRES SRF SRNC SRNS SS SS7 SSCF SSCOP SSD SSD-A SSD-B SSF SSID SSL SSN SSO SSP ST Stage I Stage II Stage III STK STM prevent replay attacks. WAP Specification Requirements Committee CTIA Standards Requirement Document Expected response to authentication challenge for GSM authentication. This includes responsibility for link changeover and flow control See ATIS T1. for m-commerce) Sub-system number. Service Switching Point (e.g. based on Stage II message flows SIM Toolkit Synchronous transport mode . See ATIS T1. Secures TCP connections (e. An MF tone The portion of a standard that describes the external behavior of a standard or capability The portion of a standard that describes the flow of messages through a network to implement Stage I behavior The portion of a standard that completely describes a protocol. keep-alive. Having one set of authentication data to access many services. An SS7 SP that contains switching and signaling functions. retransmission on error. An IN term for a switch Service Set Identifier. connection control.645 Service Specific Connection-Oriented Protocol.637.g. Along with PC. Secure Socket Layer. End of pulsing signal. Compare with AUTHR Service Resource Function. data and signaling encryption Service Switching Function. SS7 MTP Layer 3). MSC). where the same information is transmitted by a fraudulent device as by the legitimate device. Most important part of an IP Serving RNC Serving RNS Supplementary/Supplemental Service Signaling System Number 7 (common channel telecommunications packet switching) Service-Specific Coordination Function. An identifier of an 802.g. to the level of bit encoding of messages and parameters.

packet switch). Reliability and Quality of Service Committee in 2004. Operates in the 2. stream of bits. such as SS7. precisely clocked. Compare with Router Secure Telephone Unit . Compare with Asynchronous A standard for synchronizing mobile devices. A pattern of bits is used as a filler for times when there is no data to transmit.III. Compare with E1 Renamed the ATIS Network Performance.e. RF interference within a channel used in a wireless system that emanates from other elements of the system itself. Lawfully (hopefully) authorized monitoring of communications See SVN Switched Virtual (data) Circuit GSM Software Version Number. An SS7 SP that provides routing services. OMA Secure User-Plane Location architecture for LCS with intelligent. transmissions on the same channel form other base stations (intended for other mobiles). but also North American GSM standards A digital link carrying 24 DS0 channels. 3GPP Sub-Working Group Synchronization Data that is transmitted as a regular. Power. and thus has predictable characteristics. Renamed as the ATIS Telecom Management and Operations . Replaces SCCP and M3UA. For example. OA&M standards committee for North American wireline networks. Contrast with Non-systemic Interference and Intermodulation Interference T T-BCSM T-SGW T1(1) T1(2) T1A1 T1E1 T1M1 Terminating BCSM Trunk SGW Group of standards committees related mostly to wireline standards. Being defined by HRFWG. A 2 digit code identifying a line of mobiles.4 GHz ISM band.STP STU-III SUA SUPL surveillance SV SVC SVN SVP SWAP SWG SYNC Synchronous SyncML Systemic Interference SS7 signaling transfer point (i. Resides above SCTP and below the application in an IP telecom signaling protocol stack. Renamed the ATIS Network Interface. and Protection Committee in 2004. See IMEISV Switched Virtual Path Shared Wireless Access Protocol. IP-enabled mobile devices. US government telephone encryption system SCCP User Adaptation Layer. Abandoned in 2003. Used mostly within North America.

Personal Communications (i. LNP. TETRA Adcanced Packet Service. This can be used to estimate the distance of a terminal and determine its approximate location. Defined by ETSI TS 101. SS7 standards committee for North America. Basically AMPS in the 900 MHz frequency band GSMA Technology and Documentation Interoperability Group. 800 and other SS7-based applications. Split into the ATIS Packet Technologies and Systems Committee and the Protocol Interworking Committee in 2004. Temporary Alternative Routing The destination MSC for an inter-system handoff Telephony BCD. An adjustment in the time of cellular transmission based on the distance of a terminal from a base station. such as TACS. but neither originates nor terminates them Transfer Account Procedure.114 Telecommunication Certification Body. Physical device carrying one DS3 service Terminal Adaptor Timing Advance. A billing record format used mainly by GSM carriers Telocator (now PCIA) Alphanumeric Protocol for paging.962. Digit 0 is encoded as 10. Telephony Country Code Trusted Computing Group . Renamed the ATIS Wireless Technologies and Systems Committee in 2004. Total Access Communications. DataTAC Type Approval Code. Defined in ANSI T1. A European data system based on GPRS and EDGE designed to work with TETRA.T1P1 T1S1 T1X1 T3 TA(1) TA(2) TAC(1) TAC(2) TACS TADIG Tandem TAP(1) TAP(2) TAPS TAR Target MSC TBCD TCAP TCB TCC TCG Committee in 2004. as on a rotary dial phone Transaction Capabilities Application Part. 6 digit part of IMEI that is assigned by a central authority (e.g. A national authority for the certification of radio devices.g. Ideal data performance is 600 kbps with frequency hopping and 466 kbps without. A name used by Motorola in several products.e. Any switch that is used to receive and route traffic (e. phone calls). national telecom regulatory body) TAC System. US GSM) standards committee for North America. Renamed the ATIS Optical Transport and Synchronization Committee in 2004. Message packaging standard used by TIA/EIA-41. now also used for SMS.

a call between two phones or a short message between two wireless devices). DES. See also TDMA Time Division/Domain Multiple Access. Task Group of ITU-R Radio frequency noise associated with thermal activity. See UDP and IP TCP used over IP TDD mode of operation for UTRA Telephone Device for the Deaf. See AES. See TDMA Triple DES. Used to determine the QoS that applies to a specific packet.g. Tandem (or Transcoder) Free Operation. See TOA and OTDOA Trigger Detection Point. Abbreviated T The process of reaching the destination of a call. thermal noise is -174 dBm per hertz. See TTY Time Division/Domain Duplex. that is neither a pESN nor a UIMID Terrestrial Trunked Radio.000 NANP phone numbers in groups of 1. Modulation technique used by D-AMPS and GSM Time Difference of Arrival. The ability to share a block of 10. Elimination of the Voice Coder from a digital mobile-to-mobile call (assuming that both mobiles are capable of using the same type) Traffic Flow Template. Not to be confused with Disconnection An ESN for a phone.000 between carriers.g.TCH TCP TCP/IP TD-CDMA TDD(1) TDD(2) TDES TDM TDMA TDOA TDP TDS-CDMA TDSO TE TEG Teleservice Tera Termination tESN TETRA TFO TFT TG Thermal Noise Thousands block pooling Traffic Channel. for example WAP Telematics Expert Group A telecommunications service provided between two telecommunications terminals (e. Often classified as full rate(FR) or half rate (HR) Transmission Control Protocol. See IN Time Division Synchronization CDMA. A personal computer. Tera-bit). Contrast with Bearer capability Prefix to indicate one trillion (e. Individual phone numbers within the block can then be ported (using LNP) to other carriers . An encryption algorithm with a strength of about 112 bits. A European PAMR system using 25 kHz channels. At a typical temperature of 300 degrees Kelvin (26. A protocol that provides for reliable delivery of messages over the internet.84 degrees Celsius). or 114 dBm in a 1 MHz channel. Time Division Multiplexing. Chinese 3G radio access proposal CDMA Test Data Service Option Data Terminal Equipment.






The actual traffic supported, as opposed to the raw bandwidth. Bandwidth that does not result in throughput may be due to packets containing errors, retransmissions, errorneous routing and many other causes. See goodput and badput Telecommunications Industry Association. A trade association that, among other things, defines standards for cellular and PCS, specifically AMPS, NAMPS, CDMA and TDMA ANSI version of the TDMA air interface standard. Replaces IS-136 and TIA/EIA-136 A prefix for a standard produced by the TIA in association with the EIA Wireless call detail and billing record format for online transfer. Replaces IS-124 ANSI version of the TDMA air interface standard. Replaces IS-136. Replaced by TIA-136 Wireless intersystem operations standard. Previously called IS-41 Intersystem Operations Standard. Replaces IS-41 A-interface standard between BS and MSC OTASP for CDMA Wireless-PSTN interface standard. Replaces IS-93 CDMA air interface standard Third generation CDMACDMA air interface standard. Replaces IS-95 Tagged Image File Format. Supports up to 24 bit color. Files tend to be large, but high quality. Perhaps because of the file size, it is not supported by many browsers. cf GIF, JPEG, PNG Telecommunications and Internet Protocol Harmonization over Networks A surveillance that is authorized to collect content (e.g. voice communications. Contrast with pen register and trap and trace Temporal Key Integrity Protocol. A modification to WEP that increases security by frequently changing keys. Telcordia (formerly Bellcore) MML language for telecommunications network monitoring. Temporary Local Directory Number. A number used for routing calls from the Home MSC to MSC-V in ANSI-41. Compare with MSRN Temporary Link Level Identity Transport Layer Security Tag, Length Value. Encoding of parameters by including an identifier (tag), length (of value) and the actual parameter contents (value). Used by BER and TCAP, for example. cf AVP TIA committee for standardization of Terrestrial Mobile Multimedia

Multicast. Created in 2005. Also known as TR-47 TMN Telecommunications Management Network. A network management protocol, used to logically define managed objects TMO Trunked Mode Operation. A cellular-like mode of operation of a PAMR system. Compare with DMO. TMSI Temporary mobile station identity. Used as a shorter, more private, mobile identifier. Identifies the system that assigned it, and not directly the MS TMUI GSM term for TMSI TNRN Terminating Network Routing Number TOA Time of Arrival. A technique for location a radio by comparing the time of signal arrival at multiple points. Compare with AOA TON Type of Number TOS Type Of Service TPDU Transport PDU TPP Terminating Party Pays. The mobile pays for airtime, whether it is making or receiving a call. cf CPP TR(1) 3GPP Technical Report. These are informative, as opposed to TS TR(2) TIA Technical Review standards committee prefix TR-45 TIA Standards Committee responsible for AMPS-based cellular and PCS standards, including TDMA and CDMA digital TR-45.1 TIA analog cellular standards subcommittee TR-45.2 TIA Standards Subcommittee responsible for intersystem protocols TR-45.3 TIA TDMA digital cellular/PCS standards subcommittee TR-45.4 TIA BS/MSC "A" interface standards subcommittee TR-45.5 TIA CDMA digital cellular/PCS standards subcommittee TR-45.6 TIA CDPD standards subcommittee TR-45.7 TIA OA&M cellular standards subcommittee. Now defunct. TR-47 See TM3 Traffic Channel A portion of a radio channel used to transmit one direction of a digital voice conversation. Compare with Voice Channel Transcoding Conversion from one voice (or other media format) coder to another. Multiple transcoding operations can seriously reduce the end-to-end quality. Transparent Data that is, to lower protocol layers, simply a sequenced collection of bits. Good protocol design tries to make all protocol layers transparent to all others, although often violations of this principal are necessary trap and trace Collection of the identity of a part originating a call for surveillance purposes TRAU Transcoding Rate and Adaptation Unit

TrFO Triplet


TTY Tunnel

Transcoding Free Operation. Establishment of a call without a transcoder. A group of 3 security data elements used in GSM authentication. Composed of network challenge random number (RAND), expected user response (SRES) and Cipher Key (CK) 3GPP Technical Specification. Normative, as opposed to TR Teleservice segmentation and reassembly for TIA/EIA-136 TIA Telecommunications Systems Bulletin. Often used as an addendum or erratum to a published interim standard Technical Specification Group. Part of the 3GPP and 3GPP2 processes 3GPP TSG for CN standardization 3GPP TSG for GSM standardization 3GPP2 TSG for inter-system network protocols. Replaced by TSG-X. 3GPP TSG for W-CDMA standardization 3GPP2 TSG for service and system aspects (requirements, architecture, Stage 1 descriptions etc.). 3GPP TSG for defining services and architecture of W-CDMA 3G systems 3GPP2 TSG for the IOS 3GPP2 TSG for the cdma2000 radio interface 3GPP2 TSG for network procotols. Replaced by TSG-X 3GPP2 TSG for packet data protocols. Replaced by TSG-X 3GPP TSG for terminal and UIM standardization 3GPP2 TSG for the core network. Formed by the merger of TSG-N and TSG-P Time Slot Interchange Translation Type. Defines the type of routing address used by GTT (e.g. E.164 directory number, E.212 IMSI etc.). Telecommunications Technology Association. Standardizes wireless network protocols in Korea Telecommunication Technology Committee. Telecommunications standardization in Japan Terminating Toll Center Tree and Tabular Combined Notation. ISO/International Electrotechnical Commission IEC 646-3 is a notation for the specification of tests for communication systems. A TTCN–specified test suite is a collection of various test cases together with all of the declarations and components needed. A device used by the deaf or hearing-impaired to communicate text messages over telephone systems. It runs at 45.45 bps. See TDD An extra protocol addressing layer used to carry data where the inner

Tunneling TUP TWG TX

addressing layer will not take it. Often used in IP, e.g. as part of Mobile IP or VPN Sending data transparently through a foreign network. Usually implies the use of a larger than optimal number of protocol layers Telephone User Part. Forerunner protocol to SS7 ISUP GSMA Terminal Working Group Abbrevation for transmission or transmitter

U/L UA(1) UA(2) UAProf UASL Uplink (e.g. from mobile to base station). Compare with D/L. User Agent. An application operating on behalf of a user device (e.g. phone or computer). See MM1. GSM Unnumbered Acknowledge WAP UA Profiles Drafting Committee. Or a reference to the profiles that they generate. Indian Unified Access Services Licence. Replaces CMSP. This allows both GSM and CDMA carriers, as well as other technologies, to be implemented. Unicast ATI. A 128 bit address for a HRPD device. A 32 bit short version is available for transmission.. The AAA returns the IMSI or MIN to the serving network. Compare with RATI Universal Computer Protocol. Part of ERMES is an ETSI paging system . The most commonly used operations are: 01 - Call Input Operation; 03 - Call Input With Supplementary Services Operation; Operation 30 - SMS Message Transfer Operation; and Operation 51 Submit Short Message Operation. Universal Data Header User Datagram Protocol. An internet protocol providing basic services only. Compare with TCP RADIUS Usage Data Record. Captures accounting data for packet data sessions. SS7 MTP unit data message. Carries a payload of about 250 octet UDT service message. Used to send error responses to UDT messages User Equipment (e.g. phone and all peripherals such as USIM) UMTS Encryption Algorithm. May be null (no encryption) or Kasumi User Group Identification CDMA Universal Handoff Direction Message Ultra-High Frequency. 300-3000 MHz (used in the US and Canada as television channels 14-83) UMTS Integrity Algorithm. One possibility is Kasumi UMTS IC Card




by using more than 8 bits.UID UIM UIMID UL ULDCH Um UML UMTS UNI UNICODE Unique Challenge Uplink UPR UPT URI URL URN USAT USCF USIM USSD Ut UTC UTM UTRA UTRAN User Interactive Dialog User Identification Module (Smart Card). Really just a 32-bit ESN assigned to a device that supports ANSI-136 or CDMA operation. or to a number specified at the time of diversion. Now know as SRD Universal Personal Communications Uniform Resource Identifier. Allows an incoming call to be diverted before it is answered. Of the format "<scheme>:<scheme-specific-part>". If an object is on the internet and does not have one of these it really doesn't exist. Form of internet address usable by a browser. Closely related to AH User Services Identity Module or Universal Subscription Identity Module. Uniform Resource Locator. See SIM UIM Identifier. Uplink. with some restrictions on the characters that can be used. See UIM GSM Unstructured Supplementary Service Data The 3GPP interface between the UE and AS. BTS etc.84 Mcps with 200 kHz between channels. Uniform Resource Name USIM Application Toolkit User Selected Call Forwarding. ftp and mailto are examples of schemes. Illegal ASCII characters can be included with the %XX notation. Universal Coordinated Time (don't ask) Universal Transverse Mercator. EBCDIC and ISO-8859-1 A method of encryption using a unique random number (RANDU) as a challenge Path from terminal to base-station CTIA User Performance Requirements document. Universal Terrestrial RAN. See www. Universal Terrestrial Radio Access. See tESN. Standardized as ISO 10646. Compare with DL 3GPP Enhanced Uplink DCH Radio interface between MS and BSS/BSC ETSI Universal Modelling Language Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (a 3G initiative). User-Network Interface A text encoding method that. SIM for UMTS. http. either to a preset number. The BS. The remainder of the URL is defined by the scheme. for W-CDMA/UMTS . Compare with ASCII. Radio link in the direction 'up' to network. A superset of URL and URN. can code special characters for many languages. where XX is the two digit hexadecimal value of the character.org. It operates in 5 MHz channels at 3.umts-forum.

providing about 58 Mbit/sec in both directions. A committee review of a standard before formal ballot VA Validation Authority VAAA Visited AAA VAD Voice Activity Detection. web content) without being the carrier. and prevents transmission of unecessary digitized voice during this time VAR Value-added Reseller VAS Value Added Service VASP VAS Provider. VC Virtual Circuit VCI VC identifier VDSL Very high speed DSL. A subset of a LAN where files and services not available to a user are hidden.g. Disbanded at the end of 2001. It is controversial because some claim that it can share spectrum with other users. Promotes D-AMPS technologies around the world TDMA digital cellular/PCS based on the IS-136 or TIA/EIA-136 standards Universal Wireless Communications Consortium. A company that provides a service (e. Universal Wireless Consortium. and others claim that it will cause unacceptable interference. VLR Visitor Location Register VMAC Voice Mobile Attenuation Code VMS Voice Message System VMSC See MSC-V .UU-SIGNAL UWB UWC UWC/136 UWCC User to User Signaling A radio technology that uses short very high speed bursts of data over short distances. Proponent of TDMA digital systems based on UWC/136. V V and V Verification and Validation. 30-300 MHz (used in the US and Canada as television channels 2-13) VLAN Virtual LAN. Available as asymetric (see ADSL) or symmetric (see SDSL). See VDSL Alliance VDSL Alliance Promoters of VDSL VGC Voice Group Call VGCS Voice Group Call Service VHE Virtual Home Environment VHF Very High Frequency. A system that not only detects the absence of voice.

MAN Wireless Application Protocol. cdma2000 packet data). Compare with LAN.g. See WAP Wireless Applications Group WLAN Access Gateway A group of 2N vectors or words which contain 2N binary elements which with themselves and their logical inverses form a mutually orthogonal set. World Administrative Radio Convention Wireless Application Service Provider W-LSB W3C WAE WAG(1) WAG(2) Walsh codes WAN WAP WAP W3C WAR WARC WASP . Operates in pairs of 5 MHz channels at 3. Vector Sum Excited Linear Prediction W W-CDMA Physical layer of the FDD mode of operation of UTRA. Wireless voice coders often also compress the voice into a bit rate from 8kbps to 13 kbps. Manages traffic into and out of a wireless LAN. A ‘European’ version of CDMA and the 3G evolutionary step planned for GSM. Also called codec or vocoder Voice over IP Voice Privacy (i. A field used to transmit data for a particular accounting application (e. and vice-versa. encryption) Virtual Path VP Identifier Voice Profile for Internet Mail Visited PLMN Voice Privacy Mask Virtual Private Network RADIUS Vendor Specific Attribute. See also WML WAP . Compare with Traffic Channel Converts an analog voice signal into a digitally coded representation. Part of ROHC World Wide Web Consortium Wireless Application Environment.vocoder VOFDM Voice Channel Voice Coder VoIP VP(1) VP(2) VPI VPIM VPLMN VPM VPN VSA VSELP Voice Coder or codec Vector OFDMA A radio channel used to transmit one direction of an analog voice conversation. A new protocol that is supposed to provide more efficient internet access from wireless phone.84 Mcps Window-Based LSB encoding for IP header compression (and decompression).e. Wide Area Network.W3C Coordination Committee WLAN Access Router.

First security system for 802. Protocol for reporting errors and performing loopback testing in WAP. See RXP Optical Wavelength Division Multiplexing Wireless Datagram Protocol.org. Protocol with similar goals as IN. Based on ICMP Wireless Communications Transfer Protocol. A WAP graphic format See W-CDMA Wireless Control Message Protocol. paging carriers). including airtime) Supports location-based services.g. WEP derives a 64 bit RC4 key from a 40 bit AP-specific key and a 24-bit IV that is unique to the session. Has known security weaknesses in the algorithm and the use of fixed keys. including Prepaid and Freephone (i. AIN and CAMEL Supports voice controlled services.11b wireless LAN system WAP Interoperability Group WAP Identity Module IEEE OFDM radio interface.11p Wireless Bit MaP. such as location sensitive billing and intelligent directory assistance WIN Implementation of PAS Wireless Internet Protocol Partnership Optical Wavelength Adapter .WASU WATM WATS WAVE WBMP WCDMA WCMP WCTP WDM WDP WEMT WEP WFQ WG WGS-84 WI WID WIF WiFi WIG WIM WiMax WIMS WIN WIN Phase I WIN Phase II WIN Phase III WIP WIPP WLA Wireless Access Subscriber Unit Wireless ATM Wide Area Telephone Service See 802. See WAP CDMA Wireless Enhanced Messageing Teleservice Wired Equivalent Privacy. An interface between internet applications and messaging service providers (e. Wireless Interconnect Forum (managed by Telcordia) IEEE 802.11 WLAN. Developed by wctp. incoming call screening and CNAP/CNAR Supports billing-related services. Compare with WPA Weighted Fair Queuing Working Group World Geodetic System 1984 Work Item 3GPP WI Description. Wireless Multimedia Message Service Wireless Intelligent Network. 1-800.e.

15 WPG WAP WIreless Protocols Group WPS Wireless Priority Service. Standards are being defined by IEEE 802.home base station Ws Interface between Proxy AAA and Home system AAA. See WAP WTA Wireless Telephony Applications WTAI WTA Interface WTB US FCC Wireless Telecommunications Bureau WTLS Wireless Transport Layer Security.WLAN WLL WML Wireless LAN. See PACA. PS. Compare with cHTML and XHTML WMLSc WML Script WNE Wireless Network Entity WNO Wireless Network Operator. See WAP WTP Wireless Transaction Protocol. An obsolete telephone numbering term for countries identified by country code 1 ( USA. An HTML-like page description and scripting language. An enhanced version of WEP that does not rely on a static. See WAP WWAN Wireless WAN www World-Wide Web Wx Interface between AAA and HSS WZ1 World Zone 1. that is an essential part of WAP. WSDL Web Service Description Language WSI Wireless Service Indication WSP Wireless Session Protocol. WRE Wireless Residential Extension . NS/EP Wr Interface between Proxy AAA and WLAN access network. A carrier WNP Wireless Number Portability. of which the most popular is WiFi Wireless Local Loop. See FWA Wireless Markup Language. shared key. LNP for wireless phones WNP Phase I The ability for a switch to route to a ported number in another switch WNP Phase II The ability for a switch to allow numbers to be ported in or out of its number range WNP Phase III The ability to support services such as short message service in a number portability environment WP Working Party WPA WiFi Protected Access. Canada and some Caribbean nations) X . WPAN Wireless Personal Area Network.

500 xDSL XHTML XMAC XML XOR XRES XUDT An ITU/CCITT defined general purpose packet switching protocol The ISO directory protocol. This operation has the nice property that no information is lost. LDAP. For AKA it is derived from RAND using f2. Compare with AUTHR Extended UDT. A boolean operation. For example. (A xor B) xor B = A and (A xor B) xor A = B. Developed by the ZigBee Alliance and standardized as IEEE 802. often used in cryptography. If all zero octets are still found. A 'cable replacement' radio technology. Data speeds are 20–250 kbps depending on the frequency band used. Bits 2 through 193 of each DS1 frame are scrambled to minimize the possibility of an all-zero octet.25 X. ZCS ZigBee ZRP .4 Zone Routing Protocol.X. It claims to be cheaper and use less power. The communications range is from 10 to 75 meters.300 ZBTSI An ITU-T series of specifications related to MML Zero Byte Time Slot Interchange (TSI). Somewhat a competitor to Bluetooth although it is designed more for M2M applications (home. business and inustrial automation). A version of HTML defined by XML and designed to be extensible. A meta-language that can be used to define languages like HTML and WML Exclusive OR. Supports message segmentation Y Z Z. This may also be the evolutionary path for cHTML and WML Expected MAC Extensible Markup Language.4 GHz. 915 MHz (US) or 868 MHz (Europe). An internet routing protocol that focuses on routing updates within a zone. a group of all-ones is substituted. See DAP. Only applicable to voice because there is no way to remove this one bit error. Zero Code Suppression. The seventh bit of an all-0 octet is replaced by a 1-bit. DNS Refers to all the DSL variants Extensible HTML. The exclusive-or of two bits is 1 if they have the same value and 0 if they have different values. Due to its complexity this method is not often used. It uses unlicensed bands at 2. Try that on any other boolean operation! Expected response to authentication challenge.15.

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