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Question Bank for Environmental Studies 1 What is meant by environment? Enumerate and discuss its various components. 2 Define natural resources. How will you classify natural resources? Explain major reasons of the resource depletion. 3 Write short notes on: 4 i Causes and effects of deforestation ii Effects of mining on environment iii Darns-benefits and problems iv Advantages and limitations of non-conventional sources of energy. 5 What is ecosystem? With the help of the suitable models explain the energy flow in the ecosystem. 6 Explain the types, characteristic features and functions of forest ecosystem. 7 Write the short notes on i Ecological pyramids ii Ecological succession iii Food Chain and food web 8 What is meant by ‘biodiversity’? Explain the three levels of biodiversity and point out the major threats of biodiversity depleiction. 9 Explain the consumptive, productive, ethical, aesthetic, social and optional value of biodiversity 10 Write short notes on i Hotspots of biodiversity ii Bio-geographical classification of India iii In-situ and Ex-situ conservation. 11 Define water pollution? Discuss its major sources and effects. 12 What is solid waste? Explain the sources and effects of solid waste.
Explain the types. 14 What is watershed? Critically discuss the objectives and practices of watershed management. characteristic features. 21 Define ecosystem. 17 What are alternate sources of energy? Describe any two of them 18 Discuss the productive. 23 Differentiate between the i National park and sanctuary .2 13 Write short notes on i Disaster management ii Air pollution control devices iii Sources and effects of radioactive pollution. 15 How do you define pollution as per Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974? What are the salient features of the Act? 16 Write Short notes on i Ozone layer depletion ii Human Rights iii Rain water harvesting 16 What is environmental science? Discuss the multidisciplinary nature of environmental science. types and process of succession. 20 What is ecological succession? Explain the causes. structure and functions of aquatic ecosystem 22 What is food chain and food web? Explain with the help of suitable examples. consumptive and protective functions of forest. What are the major causes of deforestation and its after effects? 19 Write short notes on i Water conflicts in India ii Impacts of Mineral extraction on environment. How would environment awareness help to protect our environment.
1972 ii Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. 25 With the suitable examples explain how are poaching and human-wildlife conflicts responsible for biodiversity depletion? 26 Discuss the salient features of the hot-spots of Eastern Himalayas and the Western Ghats. 1974 iii Environment (Protection) Act. 36 Discuss the salient features of the i Wildlife (protection) Act. 28 Write a note on bio-geographical classification of India. 1986 37 Write short notes on i Wasteland reclamation ii Population explosion . domestic. 29 What are the major sources of thermal pollution? How can it be controlled? 30 How industrial. 31 What is BOD? How is domestic discharge responsible for increasing the BOD level into the stream? 32 What is Water Pollution. 27 India is a mega biodiversity region. Justify it. 35 What is rainwater harvesting? What are the major objectives for rainwater harvesting? Explain some methodologies for harvesting the rainwater. Discuss the sources of water pollution 33 Write a note on solid waste management practices.3 ii In-situ and ex-situ conservation iii Species and genetic biodiversity iv Endangered and extinct species 24 How is biodiversity valuable for human beings? Explain in brief. 34 Why do earthquake occur? Suggest the management plan for mitigate the effects of earthquake. agricultural and other wastes affect the fertility of the soil? Discuss the measures to check it.
State the approaches to control it? 55 Write short notes on i Causes. 40 Discuss the benefits and impacts of construction of big dams. species and ecosystem diversity.4 iii Sustainable development iv Acid rain 38 What are the main objectives of environmental studies? 39 What are the major causes of deforestation? Briefly explain the effects of deforestation on environment. 49 With the help of diagrams explain the different types of ecological pyramids. 41 How individual efforts are helpful for resource conservation? 42 What is overgrazing and shifting cultivation? How these activities contribute to environmental degradation? 43 Give a brief account of non-conventional resources of energy? 44 What is ecosystem? Discuss the biotic and abiotic components of an ecosystem. Explain the consumptive and productive value of biodiversity. 50 What is biodiversity? Explain genetic. effects and control of flood . 48 What is meant by ecological succession? Discuss the process of succession with the help of hydrosphere. 45 What are food chains and food webs? Explain with the help of examples. 54 What is thermal pollution? Discuss its causes and effects. 52 What are the major threats to biodiversity? Discuss the In-situ and Ex-situ conservation efforts. 51 What are hotspots of biodiversity? Discuss the salient features of the hotspots found in India. 46 Discuss the models of energy flow in ecosystem 47 What are biogeochemical cycling? Explain the water cycle with the help of the diagram. 53 Define air pollution? Discuss its sources and effects.
Energy Write a short note on the classification of energy resources. bioenergy) (Geothermal energy. volcano. (Biomass. carbon. 57 What do you mean by population explosion? What are the major reasons of population explosion? What are its effects on environment and other human aspects? 58 Write short notes on the definition and objectives of the following program. effects and control measures of noise pollution 56 What is global warming? What are its causes and effects? Discuss the measures to control it. perpetual) (Coal. Write a few lines describing the generation of 1 from urban/municipal waste. geysers/hot springs) (Solar. What is fossil fuel and what are the harmful effects of the combustion of f f? Discuss the statement “Large hydel projects are ecologically disruptive. i Sustainable development ii Rain water harvesting iii Watershed management iv Value education 59 Write a short notes on i Wildlife (Protection) Act. co2) (wind energy) . 1972 ii HIV/ AIDS Biosphere Define the term 1.5 ii Solid waste management practices iii Sources. (classification criteria) Distinguish between renewable and non-renewable sources of 1 w/suitableexamples.Ocean Thermal 1 Conversion Technology. methane.” Write a short note on OTEC. Name the major habitats present in the biosphere. volatile matter) (producer gas.
river. What is the importance of .? What is the future threat to the avalability of fresh 2 on earth? (Ocean.’ (Resources.6 Distinguish between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. Explain the statement : ‘Urban people have more energy demand than rural people.Natural ecosystem is more stable than man-engineered ecosystem) Population Growth Population aging Define Population aging . meaning of r) Resources. Food What is 2 security? (famine. reasons) Resources. water-logging. overirrigation. exploitation) (Mineral reserves) Unlimited exploitation (write a short note on man-engineered ecosystem) (Explain the statement. Forest What is the importance of 2 1? (benefits) What are the causes of deforestation Resources. Water What type of degradation occurs due to extensive use of . lake.on Earth? What are the major control measures of 3 erosion? Write a short note on the effects of modern agriculture on the world f problem? (Landslide) (Earthquake) (irrigation. development.. Soil. soil salinity) Resources.. Mineral (Mining phases. exploration. Land. prospecting. underground water) Resources.
1 management Rainwater harvesting Short note.7 Define Birth rate Define Growth rate Justify the statement ‘1 2 in developing countries is more compared to developed countries’ Fertility rate of reproductive women Define 1 2 3 4.1 2 Biodiesel generation Short note. AIDS Women Why are 1 considered the worst victims of environmental hazards Value education Describe how environmental values are emphasizes in the Indian Constitution Information Technology Name a few applications of 1 2 in environment and human health Watershed What is a 1? How can 1 management solve the problem of depletion of the ground water table? Short note. Family planning What are the different 1 2 and 3 4 programmes? What are the major objective of 1 2 and 3 4 programmes undertaken by India? Diseases Water-borne 1 Air-borne 1 HIV.1 2 . AIDS Differentiate between HIV. Family welfare.
1986 What are the powers provided to the central government by the 1 2 3 4? How are the environment and Environmental pollution defined in 1 2 3 4? Name five important EPAs in India. Human rights What are the Indian Laws related to 1 2? Climate Changes What are the recent 1 2 noticed in the environment? Acid rain What is 1 2? How is it formed? Explain the steps taken to prevent 1 2? What are the effects of acid rain? Global warming What are the effects of 1 2 on the environment and what are the means to combat it? Short note.1 2 and its control Short note.different 1 2 for the conservation of environmental resources Environmental protection act.Ozone layer depletion Short note- .Greenhouse gases Short note.8 Cosumerism Explain how 1 has affected the present society? Environmental Ethics What do you understand by the term 1 2? Environmental movements Short note.
Air Act Short note.Wild life Act Smog.EIA What are the objectives of 4? Nuclear energy Explain the role of 1 2 for the betterment of human civilization Agenda-21 Green Bench What is 1 2? Acts Short note. fog Explain difference between 1 and 2 Precautionary principle Codification in Earth Summit in 1992 Carbon Trading .Water Act Short note. Environment impact assessment.9 Environmental policies Discuss the 1 2 at the national and state level.