Skill and Practice Worksheets

without permission in Printed and Bound in the United States of America .09 08 07 06 05 All rights reserved. Mary Beth Hughes. and James Sammons Technical Consultants Tracy Morrow and Julie Dalton Physics A First Course Teacher Resource CD-ROM Copyright 2005 CPO Science ISBN 1-58892-144-1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . Mary Ann Erikson. Stacy Kissel. Bruce Holloway. and Patsy DeCoster Graphic Artists: Polly Crisman. Vice Presidents: Thomas Narro and Lynda Pennell Writers: Scott Eddleman. please contact: CPO Science 26 Howley Street. MA 01960 (800) 932-5227 http://www. and Jim Travers Curriculum Contributors David Bliss. For permission and other rights under this copyright.QWE . including photocopying and recording. Lainie Ives. Ph. Peabody. electronic or mechanical.D. Manos Chaniotakis.Physics A First Course Skill and Practice Worksheets Credits CPO Science Curriculum Development Team Author: Thomas Hsu. or by any information store or retrieval system. Erik Benton. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by an means.

This angle is the slope of the line and is found by dividing the change in the y-axis value by the change in the xaxis value. 5 miles per hour . . The graph below shows that object A accelerated from rest to 10 miles per hour in two hours. .= 10 mph – 0 mph = 5 mph --------------------------------------------------x 2 hours – 0 hour hour • • • Acceleration = y/ x (the symbol means “change in”) Acceleration = (10 mph – 0 mph)/(2 hours – 0 hours) Acceleration = 5 mph/hour (read as 5 miles per hour per hour) Beginning physics students are often thrown by the double per time label attached to all accelerations. y Acceleration = ----x In everyday terms. This follows from the rate formula: Distance Rate or Speed = -------------------Time v = d -t Or. If the line slopes downward. It is not so alien a concept if you break it down into its parts: The speed changes. y will be a negative number because a larger value of y will be subtracted from a smaller value of y. Calculating acceleration from a speed-time graph The steepness of the line in a speed-time graph is related to acceleration.4 Acceleration and Speed-Time Graphs Acceleration is the rate of change in the speed of an object. object A accelerated twice as fast as object B. we can say that the speed of object A “increased 10 miles per hour in two hours.” Using the slope formula: y Acceleration = ----. during this amount of time: per hour Accelerations can be negative.Name: Date: 2. Calculating distance from a speed-time graph The area between the line on a speed-time graph and the baseline is equal to the distance that an object travels. . Therefore. rewritten: vt = d miles/hour 3 hours = 3 miles . The graph also shows that object B took four hours to accelerate from rest to the same speed. .

A = l A + B + C + D = distance 10 miles + 5 miles + 1 mile + 21 miles = 37 miles Calculate acceleration from each of these graphs. Graph 2: . 1. A + B + C + D = distance • • Use the formula for the area of a rectangle. The easiest way to do that is to break the area into sections that are easy to solve and then add them together. Here is a speed-time graph of a boat starting from one place and sailing to another: The graph shows that the sailboat accelerated between the second and third hour. We can find the total distance by finding the area between the line and the baseline. W. to w/2. B.4 Use the formula for finding the area of a triangle. A = L find areas A. to find area C. Graph 1: 2. and D. 2.Page 2 of 3 Notice how the labels cancel to produce a new label that fits the result.

Graph 3: 2.Page 3 of 3 3. Calculate total distance for this graph: 7. Find acceleration for segment 1 and segment 2 in this graph: 5.4 4. Calculate total distance for this graph: 6. Calculate total distance for this graph: .