Calculation of Working Capital Of

Submitted in the fulfillment of the Requirement of the Award of the Degree of Master of Business Administration (YEAR 2010-2011)

Supervised by:
(Name of the trainer)

Submitted by:
SoniAgrawal nd MBA II SEM Roll no.7560


SONI AGRAWAL MBA IInd SEM .Declaration I SONI AGRAWAL hereby declare that the project work entitled CALCULATION OF WORKING CAPITAL is an authenticated work carried by me at BHARAT SANCHAR NIGAM LTD under the guidance of 6 for the award of the degree of Master of Business Administration & this work has been submitted to Banasthali University. Rajasthan.

L This Acknowledgement would be incomplete if I fail to express my deep gratitude towards all the staff of BSNL who gave me a lot of support. I met staff who helped by their kind cooperation and guidance. In order to acquire myself to the task of the organization and to analyze them. My summer training in B. I would be pleased to thank Mr. for giving me an opportunity to join this esteem organization for 4 weeks of summer training. of duration 4 weeks has been quite successful.L. During the training they have been giving the practical knowledge. During my stay for 28 days.Chandrshekhar (SS-SBP) of B. . MUZAFFARPUR.S.N. I had received full co-operation from employees and officers of the Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited MUZAFFARPUR. Ram Sadal (AO-SBP) of B.S.S.N. Last but not least I would be special gratitude to Mr.N. MUZAFFARPUR.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I had sincerely expressed my ineptness & gratitude towards Mr.L. The practical visualization of the summer training has helped me to understand a lot of practical things.MahendraSikarwarand our all friends who heartening me to complete this project.

1.7.8. Limitations of the Study Chapter-3 Data Analysis and Findings 3.2. Selection of Sample Size 2. Finding 4. Statement of the Problem 2.4. Comparative Graph of Working Capital Chapter-4 Conclusion and Suggestions Objective of the study 1. Statistical Tools Used 2. Introductionof Telecommunication in India 1. Research Design 2.5. Methodology 2.CONTENTS  Executive Summary Chapter-1 Introduction Conclusion 4. Introduction 3. Sampling Techniques used 2.5. Data Collection 2. SWOT Analysis Chapter-2 Research Methodology 2.3. Calculation of Working Capital 3.2. Analysis 4. Comparative Study 1. Suggestions  Appendix  Bibliography .6.2. Overview of the BSNL 1.4.4.

in this Project Chapter 1 includes the introduction of the company wherein I told about the Objectives of the study and profile of the Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited. . Further. Chapter 3 includes the Data analysis and Findings wherein I have analyze the data collected from the departmental records. It is done to find out whether the BSNL are improving our capital structure or not. annual reports and web site records.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This project is based on the annual reports of the Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited. Chapter 2 includes the Research Methodology wherein I have discussed the Research Design and Various sources of the Data Collection. Chapter 4 represents the conclusion and the suggestions based on the departmental records and annual report.

Chapter 1 Introduction of BSNL .

India has nearly 200 million telephone lines making it the third largest network in the world . In 1986. Indian telecom industry has the highest growth rate in the world. In 1990s. After independence in 1947. telecommunications sector benefited from the general opening up of the economy. In 1997.INTRODUCTION The telecom industry is one of the fastest growingindustries in India. TRAI was formed to act as a regulator to facilitate the growth of the telecom sector. all the foreign telecommunication companies were nationalized to form the Posts. a monopoly run by the government's Ministry of Communications. Indian Radio Telegraph Company (IRT) was formed in 1923. Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) was created. History of Indian Telecommunications started in 1851 when the first operational land lines were laid by the government near Calcutta (seat of British power). In 1883 telephone services were merged with the postal system. Telephone services were introduced in India in 1881. With a growth rate of 45%. Telecom sector was considered as a strategic service and the government considered it best to bring under state's control. National Telecom Policy (NTP) 1994 was the first attempt to give a comprehensive roadmap for the Indian telecommunications sector. . two wholly government-owned companies were created: the Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) for international telecommunications and Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL) for service in metropolitan areas. Telephone and Telegraph (PTT).

SERVICE PROVIDERS IN TELECOMMUNICATION Some of the service providers in telecommunication in India are · Airtel · Vodafone · BSNL · Idea · Relaince .

34 million (Basic& Mobile telephony).BHARAT SANCHAR NIGAM LIMITED (BSNL) Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (known as BSNL. Its headquarters are at Bharat Sanchar Bhawan. 2008. New Delhi. . It is the India's largest telecommunication company with 24% market share as on March 31. Currently BSNL has a customer base of 72. It has footprints throughout Indiaexcept for themetropolitan cities of Mumbai and New Delhi which are managed by MTNL.a status assigned to reputed Public Sector companies in India. BSNL is India's oldest and largest Communication Service Provider (CSP). India Communications Corporation Limited) is a public sector communications company in India. It has the status of Mini-ratna .

HISTORY OF BSNL : A F Sl : il l ilit : All : t ti : :G . i I t I ti i i i $ Billi t fI i MAIN SERVICES PROVIDED BY BSNL BS L P i l f ll i t BS L i I i . t i t l t l i i . i i .

Tele-voting. Virtual Private Network (VPN). . Premium Rae Service (PRM).Universal Telecom Services : Fixed wireline services & landline in Local loop (WLL) using CDMA Technology called bfone and Tarang respectively. Intelligent Network (IN): BSNL provides IN services offers value-added services. 2010. Internet: BSNL provides internet services through dial-up connection (Sancharnet) as Prepaid. BSNL has 75% marketshare of fixed lines. As of June 30.76% of the market share with reported subscriber base of 9.50% share of mobile telephony in the country. WLL-CDMA Telephone Services: BSNL's WLL (Wireless in Local Loop)service is a service giving both fixed line telephony & Mobile telephony. (Netone)as Postpaid and ADSL broadband (Dataone). Universal Access Number (UAN) and more. Cell One BSNL Mobile Ex-cel Pre-Paid Mobile Cellular Mobile Telephone Services: BSNL is major provider of Cellular Mobile Telephone services using GSM platform under the brand name Cellone& Excel (BSNL Mobile). India Telephone Card (Prepaid card). 2010 BSNL has 13.79% of growth at the end of Mar10.19 million Internet subscribers with 7. As of June 30. BSNL holds 55. such as Free Phone Service (FPH). Account Card Calling (ACC).

BSNL has been actively providing connections in both Urban and Rural areas and the efficiency of the company has drastically improved from the days when one had to wait for years to get a phone connection to now when one can get a connection in even hours. . FTTH: FibreTo The Home facility that offers a higher bandwidth for data transfer. 2007 has been declared as "Year of Broadband" in India and BSNL is in the process of providing 5 million Broadband connectivity by the end of 2007.3G:BSNL offers the '3G' or the'3rd Generation' services which includes facilities like video calling. live TV. Helpdesk: BSNL's Helpdesk (Helpdesk) provide help desk support to their customers for their services. Further. streaming services like online full length movies and video on demand etc. BSNL has also unveiled very costeffective Broadband internet access plans (DataOne) targeted at homes and small businesses. BSNL is rolling out new broadband services such as triple play. This idea was proposed on postDecember 2009. 3G Video portal. IPTV:BSNL also offers the 'Internet Protocol Television' facility which enables watch television through internet. At present BSNL enjoy's 60% of market share of ISP services. ). Pre-activated Mobile connections are available at many places across India. BSNL Present & Future: Since its corporatisation in October 2000.

BSNL has started 3G services in 290 cities and acquired more than 6 Lakh customers. Challenges: During the financial year 2008-2009 (from April 1. This functions as a fixed monthly plan. The corporation has also launched 3G services in select cities across the country.3 million. BSNL also launched an Entertainment Portal called BSNL Hungama which provides contents like music and music video to users for download. Presently.On the 20th of March.Broadband services : The shift in demand from voice to data has revolutionized the very nature of the network. Now bsnl is the under top five telecom service provider company in India. . as the Government of India has completed auction of 3G services for private players. BSNL's nearest competitor BhartiAirtel is standing at a customer base of 62. BSNL and MTNL are the only players to provide 3G services. It has planned to roll out 3G services in 760 cities across the country in 2010-11. 2008 to March 31. BSNL advertised the launch of BlackBerry services across its Telecom circles in India. 2009. the Fixed line customer base of BSNL is declining. despite impressive growth shown by BSNL in recent times.Presently there is an intense competition in Indian Telecom sector and various Telcos are rolling out attractive schemes and are providing good customer services.9 million. However. 2009) BSNL has added 8.1 million new customers in various telephone services taking its customer base to 75.