You are on page 1of 25

Dyneema®, the world’s

strongest fiber™ Visit Eurocord
7-1-2010
2
Dyneema®, the world s strongest fiber™

The strongest fiber in the world
ü  15 times stronger than steel
ü  Lighter than water
ü  Extremely durable

So it can:
ü  Stop bullets
ü  Pull oil tankers
ü  Help to sail around the world in 50 days

3
Applications with Dyneema®

4
Applications with Dyneema®

5
6
The basics

Dyneema is a fiber made from Ultra High
Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE)

Normal Polyethylene, low orientation, low
molecular weight, crystalinity < 60%

Dyneema®, very high molecular orientation
and weigth, crystalinity approximately 95%

7
Dyneema® Gel Spinning process

suspension
UHMW-PE

continuous extrusion

metering pump

spinneret oven

8
Some yarn basics
How is Dyneema yarn build up?
•  Yarn consists our of multiple filaments.
•  The amount and diameter of the filaments determine the diameter of the yarn.
•  The diameter of filaments of Dyneema® grades is between 9 and 30 µm.
What does dtex mean?
•  Dtex is a measure for fiber weight (thickness) and is defined as dtex = gram / 10.000m
•  The dtex of Dyneema® fibers range between
–  55 dtex (=25x monofilaments of 2,2 dtex each)
–  2640 dtex (=780x monofilaments of 2.2dtex each)

What is a yarn construction?
•  Multiple yarns can be combined into a construction - linear (like a rope) or 3D (like a
shape).
•  Variables: grade, dtex, textile process (braiding, weaving, knitting, …), stitch density, …
•  Various pre- and post treatment options have been developed by DSM Dyneema
•  Every specific construction has specific mechanical characteristics => opportunity to tailor!
•  EuroFibers helps to translate your mechanical needs into specific constructions.

9
Microscopic view of a braid made of 16 yarns,
each yarn consisting of about 100 filaments

10
Typical properties of Dyneema®
High pliability Hydrophobic
Soft as silk

Extremely Low melting
strong point (~150°C)

High fatigue
Cut and tear
resistance
resistance

High chemical
Creeps under resistance
constant load

High abrasion
Low coefficient resistance
of friction
Low density
Electrical
insulator
Low
elongation

11
Conventional Fibers Vs. Performance Fibers

PES
•  Dacron® HMPE
LCP •  Dyneema®
•  Diolen® •  Vectran® •  Spectra®
•  Trevira®
•  No brand name

PA Aramid
•  Nylon® •  Kevlar® PBO
•  Enkalon® •  Twaron® •  Zylon®
•  Perlon® •  Technora®
•  No brand name •  Nomex®

Conventional High performance fibers
fibers
12
There is a big difference in tenacity of fibers…

Free breaking length
Dyneema® 349 Km
Zylon® 346 Km

Vectran® 247 Km
Technora® 227 Km
Twaron® 200 Km

* Tested according to
ISO 2062
Diolen® 77 Km ** Literature value

Steel* 25 Km

13
…as well as in the elongation of materials
Diolen® Technora® Zylon® Steel**
Twaron® Vectran® Dyneema®

2,8% 3,0%
3,1% 3,3%
4,0% 3,5%
5X
Elongation at break
* Synthetic fibers tested according to ISO 2062
** Literature value

12%
* Literature value

14
Dyneema® is the only floating fiber

Floats
1

2
Sinks
3
Steel
Specific gravity*

4 Diolen® (PES)
g/cm3

Twaron® (Aramid)
5 Technora® (Aramid)
Vectran® (LCP)
6 Zylon® (PBO)
Dyneema® (HMPE)
7

8

* Literaturevalues

15
Aging of pure fibers differs quite a bit
% original strength retained after aging 336 hrs*

Dyneema® (HMPE)
Diolen® (PES)
Twaron® (Aramid)
Technora® (Aramid)
Zylon® (PBO)
Vectran® (LCP)

*Aged according to ASTM G–155
*Tested according to ISO 2062

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80%

16
Cut resistance
Dyneema® filament stretched over the edge of a razorblade (SEM)

Polyethylene cables flatten when placed under tension.
This property makes the fiber highly cut resistant.
17
Abrasion resistance
80000

Test on emery paper @ 25
° C*
70000

60000
nr. of cycles to break

50000

40000 Diolen® (PES)
Twaron® (Aramid)
30000 Technora® (Aramid)
Vectran® (LCP)
20000
Zylon® (PBO)
Dyneema® (HMPE)
10000
*Tested at Staatliches Pruefamt fuer
das Textilgewerbe Mü nchberg
0

18
Bending of an LCP filament

19
Bending of an aramid filament

20
Bending of a PBO filament

21
Bending of a Dyneema® filament

22
Comparison of fiber properties
Diolen® Twaron ® Technora ® Vectran ® Zylon® Dyneema®
Properties (PES) (Aramid) (Aramid) (LCP) (PBO) (HMPE)

Tenacity 7,6 19,6 22,3 24,2 33,9 34,2
(cN/dTex)

Elongation 12,3 3,1 4,0 3,3 2,8 3,4
(%)

Specific gravity
(Kg/dm3) 1,38 1,39 1,39 1,41 1,56 0,97

Aging
Good Poor Poor Very poor Very poor Very good

Abrasion Very good Very poor Very poor Poor Poor Very good

23
Overview of titers and grades

24
Contact

EuroFibers BV
P.O.Box 599
6200 AN Maastricht
The Netherlands

info@eurofibers.com
www.eurofibers.com
+31 43 30 40 014

25