Surname

Centre
No.

Other names

Paper Reference

6 7 3 5

Candidate
No.

2 B

Signature

Edexcel
GCE
Physics

For Examiner’s use only

For Team Leader’s use only

Advanced Level
Supervisor’s Comments

Unit Test PHY5 Practical Test
Group 2

Question
numbers

Wednesday 20 May 2009 – Morning

A

Time: 1 hour 30 minutes

B
C

Instructions to Candidates

Total

In the boxes above, write your centre number, candidate number, your
surname, other names and signature.
PHY5 consists of questions A, B and C. Each question is allowed
20 minutes plus 5 minutes writing-up time. There is a further 15
minutes for writing-up at the end. The Supervisor will tell you which
experiment to attempt first.
Write all your results, calculations and answers in the spaces provided
in this question booklet.
In calculations you should show all the steps in your working, giving
your answer at each stage.

Information for Candidates
The marks for individual questions and the parts of questions are shown
in round brackets.
The total mark for this paper is 48.
The list of data, formulae and relationships is printed at the end of
this booklet.

This publication may be reproduced only in accordance with
Edexcel Limited copyright policy.
©2009 Edexcel Limited.
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......................................... .......Leave blank Question 2A 1......... ....................................................................................net www................................. ............... Add a few cm3 of water from the top-up beaker to the burette to take the level above tape M......................................xtremepapers...net ................................. Measure the time t2 for the water to fall from the upper edge of tape M to the upper edge of tape L........................... Hence calculate the height h0 of the top of tape H above the capillary outlet............................. Close the tap.......................................................................................................................................................................... There is a beaker under the capillary tube to collect the outflow. M and L............................................................................................................................................................................... Refill the burette above tape H and repeat your readings for t1 and t2.. Measure the height from the bench to the top of tape H............................... (3) (ii) Check that the burette is filled above tape H..................... Calculate the ratios h1/h0 and h2/h1.......................................... Make further measurements to find the heights above the capillary outlet of the tops of the other two pieces of tape on the burette.............................................................................. .......................................... ......... This arrangement should not be disturbed..... Let these two heights be h1 and h2.... Close the tap....................... where h1 is the larger.................................. Open the tap on the burette and measure the time t1 for the water to fall from the upper edge of tape H to the upper edge of tape M................. ...... (3) 2 *N33405A0216* www................................................................................................................................................................................ .... .............. ......................................................... .......................... ................................... (a) (i) Measure the height of the capillary tube outlet above the bench............................... The upper edges of these are used to mark the level of water in the burette.. make sure you measure to the upper edge of the tape each time...................XtremePapers..................................................................................... On the burette there are three pieces of tape labelled H......

........... (2) (b) (i) The circuit shown below has been set up for you............net www............................... ............ Record the current I0................................................................................................. Disconnect A from Y.........................XtremePapers....................... ............................................ .....................................................................................xtremepapers....... X and Y....................... ................................................................... QUESTION 2A CONTINUES ON THE NEXT PAGE *N33405A0316* www........ Identify the points labelled A....... .............................. Hence comment on the suggestion that t1 and t2 might be the same................................................................................................................ X μA + A Y Connect point A to point Y..............net 3 Turn over ............Leave blank (iii) Estimate the uncertainty in your average values for t1 and t2.................................

. Record the current I1 at 15........ ......... .......... I1 I2 I0 / I 1 I1 / I2 Mean values Calculate the ratios I0 /I1 and I1/I2 and complete the table................................ ...................... Disconnect the spare lead from X and Y....................... Do this by connecting point X to point Y for a short time using the spare lead.................... ............................... ............................................................... ........................................... First discharge the capacitor....................................................................................................................xtremepapers.................................0 s...........net Q2A ................0 s and I2 at 30.......................................................... Connect A to X and start the stopwatch............................ Comment on the suggestion that these ratios have the same value...............................................0 s from the start as the capacitor charges through the resistor.........................................................................................Leave blank You are now to take measurements to record the current after 15..................................................................................................................................................0 s and 30..... (6) (ii) Calculate the percentage difference between the two ratios.. (2) (Total 16 marks) 4 *N33405A0416* www............................................................................................................................... .....................net www........................... .....................................XtremePapers.................

.......... You are to measure the current in the diode at constant voltage as you vary the temperature of the diode...........................................Leave blank Question 2B A diode and a thermometer have been placed in a boiling tube containing water.. Describe two precautions that you will need to take to ensure that your readings are as accurate as possible..........xtremepapers..................... ........................................................................................... keeping V constant.. Transfer your readings of I and θ to the table on the following page. Record the temperature θ of the diode as shown on the thermometer.................................... ................ You will do this by heating the water in the boiling tube and keeping the voltage constant by adjusting the variable resistor..............................XtremePapers............................................. mA V (a) Connect the battery and adjust the variable resistor until the ammeter reading I is close to 4 mA................ θ = ... (3) QUESTION 2B CONTINUES ON THE NEXT PAGE *N33405A0516* www................. ...................................... V = ................net www..................................................................................................................................... You will need to adjust the variable resistor to return the reading on the voltmeter to V as recorded above.............. You are to measure and record I and θ as θ increases............................... I = ..... Record below the voltmeter reading V and the ammeter reading I.................................................... By heating the boiling tube gently you will raise θ....... The diode is connected to the electrical circuit shown below........net 5 Turn over ............. .........

Ensure that you adjust the variable resistor such that the reading on the voltmeter is V each time you take your readings. θ / °C I / mA T/K ln(I / mA) (6) (c) It is suggested that I and T are related by the equation I = I0ebT and hence lnI = bT + lnI0 where I0 and b are constants and T is the temperature of the diode in kelvin. Add values of T and lnI to your table and then plot a graph of lnI against T on the grid opposite.XtremePapers.xtremepapers.Leave blank (b) Take five further readings of the current I in the diode as you raise the temperature θ by about 50 °C. (3) 6 *N33405A0616* www. Disconnect the battery after you have taken your readings and move the Bunsen burner from under the boiling tube.net www. Record all your readings for I and θ below.net .

net www.0 ± T/K QUESTION 2B CONTINUES ON THE NEXT PAGE *N33405A0716* www.0 ± 1.Leave blank 4.net 7 Turn over .0 ± 2.xtremepapers.0 ± ln(I / mA) 3.XtremePapers.

... .............net www...................... (ii) Explain how you would use your graph to find a value for I0.................................................................................................................. .......................................... .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. (4) (Total 16 marks) 8 *N33405A0816* www............................................... ...........................................................................................................net Q2B ..................................................xtremepapers.................................................Leave blank (d) (i) Use the gradient of your graph to find a value for the constant b.................................................................................................................................................................................................... What is the physical significance of I0? ..... .......................................................................................................................................... ......................... .......... .......................................XtremePapers.............................................................................

.... .................net 9 Turn over .......................... Suggest an advantage of using computer technology for this experiment............................................................................................................. You will then analyse a set of data from a similar experiment........... ............................................................... The volume of the gas is read from the scale on the syringe and the values are entered manually using the keyboard........................................................................................... What must be done to avoid a systematic error in the pressure of the gas? ........................................................ ..................................... The block diagram for measuring and recording the pressure sensor is shown below: Sensor Interface data logger Computer The method is to vary the volume of the gas whilst keeping the temperature constant................ The pressure of the gas is monitored by a pressure sensor attached to the end of the syringe..........................................................................................net www...... .................................................................................................................................................................................. .......xtremepapers................................................................................... ............................................ ............................................................................................................................ The output from this sensor is sent to a computer to record the data....................... (a) A calibrated syringe is filled with the gas at atmospheric pressure... Suggest two experimental precautions that you would take to ensure that the data are accurate............................................................XtremePapers............................ This sensor measures the difference between the pressure of the gas and atmospheric pressure.......Leave blank Question 2C You are to plan an experiment on a sample of gas using computer technology to capture the data.......... The computer records the sensor reading........................................................ (5) QUESTION 2C CONTINUES ON THE NEXT PAGE *N33405A0916* www......................... .........................................................

.................................. (3) (c) In such an experiment the following data were recorded......... ........................0 112 54.........................0 190 32........................ 10 *N33405A01016* www..........................9 Plot a graph of p against 1/V on the grid opposite................................................................................. .....................................2 167 36............5 179 34......... Write down the expression for the gradient of such a graph.......................................... p / kPa V / cm3 101 60..................................................................0 150 40........................2 135 45.......................net www...................... ..................Leave blank (b) By considering the Ideal Gas Equation pV = nRT explain why a graph of p against 1/V will be a straight line through the origin............................................................XtremePapers................... Use the additional column for any processed data........ ......0 200 29.................. .............0 120 50.....................................net ............................................xtremepapers.............

...................................................................................................................................................net www................... (4) Q2C (Total 16 marks) TOTAL FOR PAPER: 48 MARKS END *N33405A01116* www......................................................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................................................................................net 11 ................................... ................................ .................................. Given that the temperature of the room is 25 °C........XtremePapers................................ calculate the number of moles of gas in the container...................................................................................................... .............................. ....................................................................Leave blank (4) (d) Determine the gradient of your graph..................... .......xtremepapers..................................... ..............

31J K 1 mol 1 Molar gas constant Permittivity of free space H0 Coulomb law constant k 1/ 4S H 0 8.81 N kg (close to the Earth) 1 (close to the Earth) 9.62 u 1034 J s Unified atomic mass unit u 1.List of data.60 u10 19 C me Electronic mass 9.60 u10 19 J Electronvolt Planck constant h 6.xtremepapers.XtremePapers.69 *N33405A01216* www.11 u10 31 kg 1eV 1.81m s 2 Gravitational field strength g Elementary (proton) charge e 1.67 u10 11 N m 2 kg 2 Acceleration of free fall g 9.85 u10 12 F m 1 8. formulae and relationships Data c 3.net www.00 u108 m s 1 Speed of light in vacuum Gravitational constant G 6.net .66 u10 27 kg R 8.99 u10 9 N m 2 C 2 Permeability of free space P0 4Su 107 N A 2 Rectilinear motion For uniformly accelerated motion: v u  at x ut  12 at 2 v2 u 2  2ax Forces and moments Moment of F about O = F u (Perpendicular distance from F to O) Sum of clockwise moments Sum of anticlockwise moments about any point in a plane = about that point Dynamics Force Impulse F m 'v 't F 't 'p P Fv 'p 't Mechanical energy Power Radioactive decay and the nuclear atom Activity Half-life 12 A ON Ot 12 (Decay constant O) 0.

XtremePapers.f.xtremepapers.Electrical current and potential difference I nAQv Electric current Electric power P I 2R V H  Ir Electrical circuits Terminal potential difference 6H Circuit e.m. H Internal resistance r) 6IR Resistors in series R R1  R2  R3 Resistors in parallel 1 R 1 1 1   R1 R2 R3 Heating matter Change of state: energy transfer Heating and cooling: energy transfer l 'm (Specific latent heat or specific enthalpy change l) mc'T (Specific heat capacity c.net (Spring constant k) 13 Turn over . Work done on body 'W) v r (Radius of circular path r) 2S Z (Frequency f ) Simple harmonic motion: displacement x maximum speed acceleration a x0 cos 2 Sft 2Sfx0 (2Sf )2 x For a simple pendulum T 2S l g For a mass on a spring T 2S m k *N33405A01316* www.net www. (E. Temperature change '7) T /qC T/K  273 Celsius temperature Kinetic theory of matter Temperature and energy T v Average kinetic energy of molecules Kinetic theory p 1 3 U ¢ c 2² Conservation of energy 'U Change of internal energy 'Q  ' W Efficiency of energy transfer Useful output Input Heat engine T1  T2 T1 maximum efficiency Circular motion and oscillations Angular speed Z 'T 't Centripetal acceleration a v2 r Period T 1 f (Energy transferred thermally 'Q.f.m.

Power of source P) Superposition of waves Two slit interference (Wavelength O. Slits to screen distance D) Quantum phenomena Photon model hf  M Maximum energy of photoelectrons hf Energy levels O de Broglie wavelength Observing the Universe 'f f Doppler shift (Work function M.Waves Intensity I P 4Sr 2 O xs D E hf (Distance from point source r. Fringe width x. Slit separation s.

net www. numerically E F /Q for radial field E kQ / r 2 for uniform field E V /d Hubble law (Planck constant h) (Hubble constant H) Gravitational fields Gravitational field strength for radial field (Gravitational constant G) Electric fields Electrical field strength For an electron in a vacuum tube e'V (Coulomb law constant k) ' ( 12 mev 2) Capacitance 2 1 2 CV Energy stored W Capacitors in parallel C C1  C2  C3 Capacitors in series 1 C 1 1 1   C1 C 2 C3 Time constant for capacitor discharge 14 RC *N33405A01416* www.xtremepapers.XtremePapers. E1  E2 h p 'O v | O c v Hd g F /m g Gm / r 2 .net .

net 15 .net www.XtremePapers. induced in a coil H  (Permeability of free space P0) N ') 't (Number of turns N) Accelerators Mass-energy Force on a moving charge 'E c 2 'm F BQv Analogies in physics Q Q0e t / RC Capacitor discharge t 12 RC ln 2 N = N0e–Ot Radioactive decay Ot 1 2 ln 2 Experimental physics Percentage uncertainty = Estimated uncertainty u 100% Average value Mathematics sin(90 q  T ) cos T ln( x n ) n ln x ln(e kx ) kx Equation of a straight line Surface area Volume y cylinder 2Srh  2Sr 2 sphere 4 Sr 2 cylinder Sr 2h sphere For small angles: mx  c 4 3 Sr 3 sin T | tan T | T (in radians) cosT | 1 *N33405A01516* www.m.xtremepapers.f.Magnetic fields Force on a wire F BIl Magnetic flux density (Magnetic field strength) in a long solenoid B P0 nI near a long wire B P0 I /2 Sr Magnetic flux ) BA E.

net .net www.XtremePapers.BLANK PAGE 16 *N33405A01616* www.xtremepapers.