Engineering Standard Electrical

EP 99 00 00 08 SP SUBSTATIONS FIRE PROTECTION AND DETECTION STANDARD
Version 2.0

Issued May 2010

Owner: Approved by:

Chief Engineer Electrical Wilfred Leung Chief Engineer Electrical Authorised by: Wilfred Leung Chief Engineer Electrical

Disclaimer This document was prepared for use on the RailCorp Network only. RailCorp makes no warranties, express or implied, that compliance with the contents of this document shall be sufficient to ensure safe systems or work or operation. It is the document user’s sole responsibility to ensure that the copy of the document it is viewing is the current version of the document as in use by RailCorp. RailCorp accepts no liability whatsoever in relation to the use of this document by any party, and RailCorp excludes any liability which arises in any manner by the use of this document. Copyright The information in this document is protected by Copyright and no part of this document may be reproduced, altered, stored or transmitted by any person without the prior consent of RailCorp.

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Engineering Standard

RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard

EP 99 00 00 08 SP

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Version 2.0 Date August 2007 May 2010 Summary of change Last Technical Review Application of TMA 400 format

© RailCorp Issued May 2010

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RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard

EP 99 00 00 08 SP

Contents
1 2 3 Introduction .............................................................................................................................5 Scope and Application ...........................................................................................................5 2.1 Scope.........................................................................................................................5 References...............................................................................................................................5 3.1 Code of Practice ........................................................................................................5 3.2 International Standards..............................................................................................5 3.3 Australian Standards .................................................................................................5 3.4 Other References ......................................................................................................6 Definitions and Abbreviations ...............................................................................................6 Fire Risks and Risk Assessment...........................................................................................6 5.1 Particular Fire Risks to Substations...........................................................................6 5.2 The Fire Risk Evaluation Model.................................................................................7 5.3 Fire Risk Rating of substations ..................................................................................7 5.3.1 Process ......................................................................................................8 5.3.2 Risk Results Review...................................................................................8 5.4 Full Fire Audit.............................................................................................................9 Fire Protection Measures .......................................................................................................9 6.1 General ......................................................................................................................9 6.2 Personnel Safety .......................................................................................................9 6.3 Passive fire protection measures ..............................................................................9 6.3.1 Application..................................................................................................9 6.3.2 Separation ..................................................................................................9 6.3.3 Fire Sealing of Openings..........................................................................10 6.3.3.1 New Substations .......................................................................10 6.3.4 Fire retardant coverings ...........................................................................11 6.4 Active Fire Suppression Systems............................................................................11 6.4.1 General.....................................................................................................11 6.4.2 Active Fire Suppression Options..............................................................11 6.4.3 Active Fire Protection System Selection Matrix .......................................11 6.4.4 Fixed Automatic Aqueous Fire Fighting Systems (Automatic Fire Sprinkler Systems) ............................................................................14 6.4.4.1 Application ................................................................................14 6.4.4.2 System ......................................................................................14 6.4.4.3 Water Supply for Fire Sprinkler Systems..................................14 6.4.4.4 Water Sprinkler Systems Activation..........................................15 6.4.5 Fire Hydrants Systems .............................................................................15 6.4.5.1 Application ................................................................................15 6.4.5.2 Street Fire Hydrants..................................................................15 6.4.5.3 On Site Fire Hydrant System ....................................................15 6.4.5.4 Water Supply to On Site Fire Hydrant Systems .......................15 6.4.5.5 Hose Reels ...............................................................................15 6.4.6 Gaseous Fire Suppression Systems........................................................16 6.4.6.1 Gaseous Fire Suppression System Activation and Release.....................................................................................16
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..............................................19 Fire Services Systems Maintenance ..........4.........24 © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 4 of 32 Version 2..........1.............................................................................8..........................................16 6.......................................................2 Safety Precautions for Total Flooding Systems..................6....................................................................22 Definition of Risk Levels...............................20 Process and Inputs ...............................................23 Limitations of Fire Risk Evaluation Model ..................................................................................4..........................4..............17 6..........................................7 6...............20 Outputs 21 Numerical Trigger Points..4....................RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP 6....................3 Area Ventilation After Discharge of Carbon Dioxide.........................................................................2 Monitoring ...Guidelines ...8 6......................................................................................19 7..........1....1 General .......1 Aspirating Smoke Detection Systems ............................................17 Foam Suppressants .................................19 8.....1..1 Detectors........18 7..............4.................................................17 Handheld Extinguishers ...................................................................18 7 Fire Detection and Alarm Systems...............................Manual .....................................6.............................8............................18 7................................24 Fire Risk Evaluation Model ..........................1...........................................................................................................17 6........................................................................................................1......................................................2 System ...18 7..................................1 Application .....................0 ...20 Fire Risk Evaluation Model .............19 8 Appendix A Fire Risk Evaluation Model – Manual and Guidelines ........................1 Application ...................4.........

it is not the intention of this standard to mandate suppression wherever the model identifies a high level of risk.1 References Code of Practice Building Code of Australia. 3. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 5 of 32 Version 2. The FREM assesses both the risks of fire due to the condition and configuration of the substation and the consequential risk on RailCorp operations should the equipment or facility be lost. When applying to existing substations.1 Scope and Application Scope This standard covers the fire protection and detection requirements for system and traction substations and sectioning huts and indoor distribution substations in the RailCorp electrical network.2 International Standards BS 5306-4 Fire extinguishing installations and equipment on premises. 3 3. where the resultant risk levels from FREM are unacceptable the assessor shall investigate the causes of very high and extreme risk levels and using the FREM explore what measures can be undertaken to lower the risks to an acceptable level. Failure to bring the risk levels down to an acceptable level would warrant a full fire safety audit in accordance with AS 4655.3 Australian Standards The following Australian Standards are either referenced in this document or can provide further information.0 . It shall be used for selection of appropriate fire protection systems for new substations as well as for upgrading of existing substations. When applying the standard to the designs for new or modified substations. Where an unacceptable level of fire risk is found to exist in the proposed configuration. Specification for CO2 BS 5306-1 Code of practice for fire extinguishing installations and equipment on premises – Part 1: Hose reels and foam inlets 3.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP 1 Introduction This document describes the minimum mandatory design requirements and practices for fire protection and detection systems in new substations and assessment of fire risks of existing substations in RailCorp. Where appropriate active fire protection and detection systems may be incorporated to improve the fire risk rating of substations. However. designers shall check the performance of designs at various stages and determine the fire risk rating for the proposed substation configuration. 2 2. passive options to design out the risk should be considered first. An iterative approach is anticipated where the proposed configuration is analysed using the FREM at appropriate points in the design process and the design adjusted until an acceptable level of risk is achieved. Selection of fire protection systems shall be based on fire risk assessment using the Fire Risk Evaluation Model (FREM) included in Appendix A.

• Unsealed ducts can convey burning oil into adjacent buildings. control and intercom systems.0 . and large cable banks contain significant masses of flammable material. In particular oil cooled transformers and reactors. BS 5306-6 Section 6. BS 5306-0 Fire extinguishing installations and equipment on premises guide for the selection of installed systems and other fire equipment. • Some substation equipment contains significant fuel loads. installation and commissioning AS 4655 Fire safety audits NFPA 15 Water Spray Fixed Systems for Fire Protection 3.3 Automatic Fire Sprinklers – Deluge AS 4214 Gaseous Fire Extinguishing systems AS 2444 Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets — Selection and location AS 1851 Maintenance of Fire Protection Equipment AS 2419 Fire hydrant installations AS 2441 Installation of fire hose reels.1 Automatic Fire Sprinklers – general requirements AS 2118.3 by Working Group 24 designated as D(6) 291982 4 Definitions and Abbreviations For the purpose of this specification the definitions specified in the referenced Australian Standards apply. AS1670 Fire detection. • Cable ducts and conduits can act as paths for oil following a transformer failure. 5 5.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP AS 2118. Substation fires cannot be attributed to one single cause.System Design. warning. AS 1603 Automatic fire detection and alarm systems. BS 5306-2 Fire extinguishing installations and equipment on premises specification for sprinkler systems. Prepared by Committees 2. • The equipment in substations operates at relatively high energy levels.1 Fire extinguishing installations and equipment on premises foam systems specification for low expansion foam systems.4 Other References NFPA 850 Recommended Practice for Fire Protection for Electric Generating Plants and High Voltage Direct Current Converter Stations 2000 Edition. Energy Supply Association of Australia D(6) 29-1982 Fire Protection of Electricity Substations.2 Fire extinguishing installations and equipment on premises foam systems specification for medium and high expansion foam systems. This standard does not concern itself with the causes of fire within substations only the required method of detection or extinguishment. BS 5306-6 Section 6. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 6 of 32 Version 2.1 Fire Risks and Risk Assessment Particular Fire Risks to Substations Substations contain a number of features that represent particular fire risks: • RailCorp’s substations are generally unattended.

The Fire Risk Evaluation Model (FREM) included within this standard identifies those configurations. 5. The risk level must be reduced within 9 months. The risk level must be reduced within 3 months. The FREM shall be used to rate each individual substation and used to determine what action is required. FREM assesses both the risk of fire due to the condition and configuration of the substation and the consequential risk to RailCorp operations should the equipment or facility be lost. For an existing substation rated as extreme. If the FREM indicates an unacceptable risk level the FREM shall be used to explore possible risk reduction measures. The FREM included in Appendix A of this standard identifies those configurations. For an existing substation rated as very high.3 Fire Risk Rating of substations The design for new or modified substations shall be checked for fire risk rating using the FREM. • V HIGH Where a very high rating is returned for a new design. Subsequent inspection must occur within 12 months. This standard shall also be used to identify existing substations in the RailCorp electrical network that have high fire risks. features in the design that caused the extreme fire risk rating shall be investigated and addressed in the design. These ratings are as follows. designers shall investigate the causes for such high risk levels to either eliminate the risks or to bring down the risk levels to an acceptable level by altering the proposed configuration and/or including additional fire protection measures. the assessor shall immediately notify the Chief Engineer.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP The final determination on whether suppression is required and or detection is dependant on the level of risk acceptable across the network.0 . When design data for a new sub station or survey data from an existing substation is entered in to the FREM a score is determined. the assessor shall immediately notify the Chief Engineer. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 7 of 32 Version 2. On the basis of the score a risk rating is assigned. Electrical Systems. A full audit of the substation is required. Subsequent inspection must occur within 12 months. Where the output risk levels are unacceptable for a particular design configuration. A full audit of the substation is required. systems and components that contribute to the fire risks within substations. systems and components which contribute to the fire risks within substations. Electrical Systems. features in the design that caused the very high fire risk rating shall be investigated and addressed in the design.2 The Fire Risk Evaluation Model Substations contain components and materials that constitute a fire risk. 5. • EXTREME Where an extreme rating is returned for a new design.

• In the case of a proposed substations the data collection input sheets shall be completed on the basis of the design documentation. Subsequent inspections shall be carried out at four-year intervals. For an existing substation rated as high. The fire risk rating for each substation shall be determined as follows: • In the case of existing substations the substation shall be surveyed and data collection input sheets completed on site. In order to achieve a cost effective outcome the Fire Risk Evaluation Model (FREM) included at Appendix A. • Collected data on the input sheets to be transferred into the Fire Risk Evaluation Model.1 Process Not all possible fire protection measures are necessary for every substation. • Review results of the Fire Risk Evaluation Model results sheets to identify those components contributing the rating assigned. The RailCorp risk assessor shall interrogate a copy of the spreadsheet based Fire Risk Evaluation Model and identify those components on the summary sheets with the highest scores.3. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 8 of 32 Version 2. • The FREM Analysis must be carried out recognising the operational and maintenance equipment configuration that will and do frequently exist at the Substation. shall be used to guide the selection of a set of measures for each site.3. 5. • LOW Where a low rating is returned for a new design. Subsequent inspections shall be carried out at four-year intervals.2 Risk Results Review Where a substation rating is equal to or greater than HIGH further action is required. risk level shall be managed. features in the design that caused the high fire risk rating shall be investigated and addressed in the design. • MODERATE Where a moderate rating is returned for a new design.0 . the assessor using the FREM shall investigate possible cost effective measures to reduce risk level and action within 24 months. For an existing substation rated as moderate.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP • HIGH Where a high rating is returned for a new design. • Asset management and design teams review results and identify most appropriate upgrade measures and or need for full fire audit of the substation. features in the design that caused the moderate risk rating shall be investigated and addressed in the design. the design shall be considered acceptable. Where a low rating is returned for an existing substation. Subsequent inspections shall be carried out at two-year intervals. The input sheets for these high score areas shall be reviewed for reasons why the score is high. the assessor using the FREM shall investigate possible cost effective measures to reduce risk level and action within 12 months. 5.

3. The audit shall include an evaluation of the impact of the loss of the substation including the level of redundancy available.1 Fire Protection Measures General This section identifies fire protection systems appropriate for use in RailCorp system and traction substations.3. 6.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP • i. Both systems appropriate for retro-fitting to existing substations and for incorporation in new substations are included. Water based systems shall only be used within the fire area once all electrical systems have been isolated and made safe. 6 6.2 Separation Physical separation between components within substations can provide a good level of protection against propagation and spread of fire.4 Full Fire Audit A full fire audit in accordance with AS 4655 shall be undertaken where the Fire Risk Evaluation Model identifies an Extreme risk or where mitigation of Very High Risk is not possible. and active fire suppression are included.3 6. A particular substation may be scoring particularly highly because the building is being used to store internal combustion engine operated vegetation control equipment. the availability of spare parts and the timeframe required to make the substation operative after a fire. Passive measures shall be adopted in preference to the provision of active systems. The assessor shall interrogate each high scoring field and evaluate those areas where improvements can be made and schedule these in order of complexity and cost to identify those works which can most easily be undertaken.0 . Systems for the passive prevention of fire propagation.e.1 Passive fire protection measures Application Passive fire protection measures shall be provided where the risk of fire spread is identified as too high. 6. The risk is to be assessed with the FREM. Where an acceptable level cannot be reached then the substation shall undergo a full fire audit. 5.2 Personnel Safety Suppression systems adopted for use on fires involving electrical equipment shall not increase the risk of electrocution to personnel involved in fighting the fire. The assessor shall refer back to the Fire Risk Evaluation Model and having established the order of complexity/cost for the potential improvements introduce these to the Fire Risk Evaluation Model spreadsheet until the risk falls to an acceptable level. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 9 of 32 Version 2. The Full Fire Audit shall be an independent audit of the substation to identify RailCorp’s exposure to the risk. The FREM incorporates input fields associated with the separation of equipment. 6.

Separation of external oil filled transformers Where separation is not possible a 2 hour fire wall shall be provided in accordance with the requirements of NFPA 850.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP Transformers utilising bulk oil shall be physically separated in accordance with the requirements of NFPA 850.0 .1 New Substations New substations are to be designed to allow easy inspection of seals and bushes where possible without the need for portable ladders or equipment. Openings into buildings between external transformers and switch rooms shall be closed off with fire board to give a degree of separation equivalent to the surrounding structure.3. 6. Where the content is less than 1893L and separation is to be omitted then the individual transformer arrangement should be assessed as part of a full fire safety audit.925 L Oil Minimum (Line-of-Sight) Separation without Firewall * 7. Existing transformers are to incorporate firewalls whilst new installations shall be planned where practical with adequate separation as outlined within NFPA 850.6m 15m Table 1 .3 Fire Sealing of Openings All service penetrations including cable ducts and routes shall be fire sealed.3.925L Over 18.3. Seals shall be made between the cable and the conduit with proprietary fire stops. The stops shall fit tightly around the cable and seal effectively to the conduit. Transformer Capacity Less than 1893 L 1893 L to 18. The dimension X is the separation distance and shall be taken from the above table. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 10 of 32 Version 2. The table extract from NFPA 850 below identifies the separation to be provided for oil filled external transformers. 6. the following diagram identifies the firewall dimensions. * NFPA 850 allows separation distances can be reduced or omitted for transformers with less than 1893L of oil if suppression is provided. The seals shall not be affected by hydrocarbon products.

The introduction of fire suppression systems shall be considered only where it has not been possible to lower the substations risk profile by non active or passive measures to an acceptable level. Foam inlets Many locations in urban areas will have local street hydrants present obviating the need for hydrant systems.3. 6. The FREM shall be used to identify those substations where the risk profile must be lowered using active fire protection. an appropriate system shall be selected in accordance with Section 6.4 6. For existing substations where determined to be necessary by the FREM substation cables shall be coated with an ablative fire covering equal to the “KBS” coating marketed by Projex Group Pty. 6. These systems shall be included in the design only after evaluation with the FREM or where required following a full fire audit.2 Active Fire Suppression Options Active fire suppression system options appropriate for RailCorp substations include: • • • • • Fixed automatic aqueous fire fighting systems.4. 6.4. Hose reel systems are not to be used for the protection of substations.4.4 Fire retardant coverings Where possible fire retardant cables shall be used inside substations.3. Active fire suppression systems shall only be included in the design where it has not been possible to reduce the fire risk to an acceptable level by other means. Where the deployment of active fire suppression systems is found to be necessary to reduce the fire risk rating of a substation.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP 6.0 . Hydrant systems for fire fighting purposes. Where risks cannot be reduced to an acceptable level the FREM identifies that a full fire audit is to take place. Gaseous suppression systems. Extinguishers for first aid fire fighting.4. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 11 of 32 Version 2.3 Active Fire Protection System Selection Matrix This standard does not mandate the use of suppression systems for all substations and associated equipment. The selection matrix identifies those suppression systems suitable for adoption within RailCorp substations.1 Active Fire Suppression Systems General Active fire suppression systems shall be used within RailCorp substation buildings where the risk of fire is too great or the consequences of fire are unmanageable. The coatings shall be applied along the entire length of the cable and fire stopped at walls and sleeves to stop the spread of fire.

0 . Boosted tank supply to be provided where no towns main is available Required for transformers and bulk oil equipment when fire risk or consequential loss too great. Separate independent system to be provided for control of fire suppression systems Location Substation incorporating external transformer in covered compound with internal switch gear. System to be provided additionally as exposure protection to/from adjacent public buildings.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP Active Fire Protection System Selection Matrix High Velocity Spray/Deluge Systems Required for transformers and bulk oil equipment when fire risk or consequential loss too great.3 To be provided when fire risk or consequential loss too great Boosted tank supply to be provided where no towns main is available Automatic Fire Alarms Yes for alarm and monitoring of internal equipment. Separate independent system to be provided for control of fire suppression systems © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 12 of 32 Version 2.3 To be provided when fire risk or consequential loss too great Boosted tank supply to be provided where no towns main is available No No Yes Provide to meet requirements of AS2444 Yes for alarm and monitoring of internal equipment. Hose Reels No Gaseous Systems No Extinguishers Yes Provide to meet requirements of AS2444 Substation incorporating external uncovered transformer with internal switchgear Required to comply with BCA clause E 1. Boosted tank supply to be provided where no towns main is available Fire Fighting Hydrants Required to comply with BCA clause E 1.

Extinguishers Yes Provide to meet requirements of AS2444 Automatic Fire Alarms Yes for alarm and monitoring.3 Boosted tank supply to be provided where no towns main is available Required to comply with BCA clause E 1. Separate independent system to be provided for control of fire suppression systems Yes for alarm and monitoring. Separate independent system to be provided for control of fire suppression systems Yes for alarm and monitoring.3 Boosted tank supply to be provided where no towns main is available Required to comply with BCA clause E 1.0 .RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP Location Internal/Below ground Transformer and switch room High Velocity Spray/Deluge Systems No Fire Fighting Hydrants Required to comply with BCA clause E 1. Separate independent system to be provided for control of fire suppression systems Ground level single storey switch room No No Yes Provide to meet requirements of AS2444 Ground level two storey switch room No No Yes when fire risk or consequential loss too great CO2 or Novec 1230 allowed above ground Yes Provide to meet requirements of AS2444 © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 13 of 32 Version 2.3 Boosted tank supply to be provided where no towns main is available Hose Reels No Gaseous Systems Yes when fire risk or consequential loss too great Novec 1230 only for below ground applications Yes when fire risk or consequential loss too great CO2 or Novec 1230 allowed above ground.

4 Fixed Automatic Aqueous Fire Fighting Systems (Automatic Fire Sprinkler Systems) Application Fixed automatic aqueous fire fighting systems (water spray suppressant systems) where required shall only be used on external oil transformers and bulk oil equipment.4. Manual release controls for the deluge systems shall be provided at booster valve stations and the control valve assemblies to allow activation by the brigade.1 6. 6. Where there is insufficient space to install water spray nozzles beneath transformers water shall be introduced from the sides by horizontal nozzles.0 . The systems shall be operated automatically from heat actuation devices incorporating pilot sprinklers and multiple jet controls (MJC). Water spray systems shall be used for the fire protection of the following • Flammable liquids associated with transformers.3. Storage volumes and pump installations shall be in accordance with AS 2118 and shall have the capacity to maintain the supply of water to the fire for no less than 1 hour. • Electrical hazards including outside yard transformers and oil switches. Where the town water mains have insufficient water supply pressure or flow but adequate reserves to continue supply for not less than 1 hour then a water booster pump-set(s) shall be provided to boost the pressure from the town mains. The pump-set(s) shall be provided in accordance with AS 2118. Where a substation is remote from water mains water storage tanks and diesel backed pumps shall be provided to supply the suppression systems.4. Automatic Fire Sprinkler Systems shall be designed to meet the performance requirements of NFPA 15 and AS 2118.4. Water spray deluge systems shall be provided to deluge with open sprayers in accordance with AS 2118. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 14 of 32 Version 2.2 System Water Spray systems where required shall incorporate automatic deluge valve assemblies and open spray nozzles with pipe-work arrays to direct water onto the surfaces of external transformers and bulk oil equipment. The water spray shall be arranged in accordance with AS 2118. 6.4.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP 6.3 Water Supply for Fire Sprinkler Systems Water based fire suppression systems shall be served from the local water mains with a fire brigade booster inlet to allow the brigade to boost the water supply to the system.4.4. The water spray systems shall provide complete water spray impingement on all exposed exterior surfaces of the equipment in accordance with NFPA 15.3 to impact the surfaces of a transformer and bulk oil equipment or store to provide both cooling to the components but also form an emulsified water and oil mixture unable to ignite or burn.4.

4. The water spray suppression system shall be monitored with flow switches to signal activation to the RailCorp electrical SCADA system. Street fire hydrants shall be provided in accordance with the Building Code of Australia (BCA) and AS 2419 for: • Buildings with an area greater than 500m² • Where a fire brigade is available to fight fires.5. Remote non mains fed hydrant systems shall be provided with tanks and pumps to maintain water supplies for 4 hours in accordance with AS 2419. 6.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP 6.1 Fire Hydrants Systems Application Fire Hydrant Systems shall be used to fight substation fires only after full electrical isolation. Where the local mains pressure and flow cannot meet these requirements a boosted water supply shall be provided in accordance with AS2419 incorporating storage tanks and pumps.4. 6.4 Water Sprinkler Systems Activation Water spray systems shall be activated automatically with fusible links or bulbs.4 Water Supply to On Site Fire Hydrant Systems Hydrant system water supplies shall be adequate for meeting the system demands in accordance with the requirements of AS 2419.4.4. 6.5. The on site hydrant system shall be served from a diesel driven pump-set dedicated to the site.0 . © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 15 of 32 Version 2.5 Hose Reels Hose reels shall not be provided within substations.3 On Site Fire Hydrant System On site fire hydrant systems where required shall be provided in accordance with AS 2419. 6.4. A fire brigade booster inlet shall be provided to allow the brigade to boost pressures on site when required.4.5.5.2 Street Fire Hydrants Many locations in urban areas will have local street hydrants present obviating the need for additional hydrant systems. 6.5. Street hydrants shall be within 70m of a substation building or enclosure requiring protection under the BCA.4.4. in accordance with AS 2118.5 6.

Detection systems provided to activate gaseous fire extinguishing systems shall be in accordance with the requirements of AS 1670 and the Building Code of Australia.4.1 Gaseous Fire Suppression System Activation and Release The fire suppressant gas shall be released after a pre-determined time delay to ensure staff have left the area or to allow for investigation by security staff. 6. Carbon dioxide gas is heavier than air and will fall to the bottom of the enclosures it is discharged into and flood around the different equipment.0 .6.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP 6. Adequate venting shall be provided to ensure over pressurisation of the enclosure does not occur compromising the stability of the enclosure. • FM200 (Halocarbon) HFC-227ea. The gaseous agents shall be selected from the following. Stop gas stations at entry points to the protected area shall be provided to abort the gas discharge if required.6.4. Detection systems provided to operate a fire extinguishing systems shall be linked back to the RailCorp electrical SCADA system. Pre discharge alarms shall be provided within the spaces protected with double knock detection. Detector systems shall comply with AS 1603.6 Gaseous Fire Suppression Systems Gaseous fire suppression systems shall be in accordance with AS 4214. Audible and visual warning alarms shall operate to warn occupants to evacuate the protected risk area upon fire detection. 6. • Novec 1230 Fire Protection Fluid.2 Safety Precautions for Total Flooding Systems Carbon Dioxide and gaseous suppressants are/can be suffocating gases and the safety requirements set out in AS 4214 and BS 5306 Pt 4 shall be complied with. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 16 of 32 Version 2. Manual lock-off station(s) shall be provided for isolating the systems during maintenance or other occupied periods. The systems shall incorporate bottled supplies of extinguishant and delivery pipework to the hazard discharge heads provided within the hazard area in accordance with AS 4214. • Carbon Dioxide (low pressure refrigerated C02 ). Warning signs shall be affixed in prominent locations detailing the suppressants used and the operational safety requirements.4. The injection of CO2 will displace air from within the enclosure. Following safety precautions for total flooding systems are recommended in BS 5306 Pt 4. Reduced levels of oxygen within protected spaces following discharge can have adverse effects on personnel within the rooms and enclosures.

Extinguishers shall be provided in accordance with AS 2444 and maintained in accordance with AS1851. A means of isolating the valve shall be provided.0 .4. The standard BS 5306 Pt 4 dictates that the means provided for ventilation should not form part of the normal building ventilation system and should incorporate extraction arrangements at low level in the protected area. 6. Fire fighting foam inlets shall be provided on below ground bulk oil transformers and equipment rooms where the risk is too high.8.7 Handheld Extinguishers Extinguishers shall be provided for first aid protection within transformer rooms and substations. 6. Personnel shall not attempt to tackle a fire unless they are competent to do so and are confident that it can be handled with the first aid protection devices available.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP Occupancy Door Lock Changeover Switch (1) Automatic/ Manual Changeover Switch (2) Manual Valve (3) Auto Valve (4) System Status Unit (5) System Isolated Lamps (6) Normally Yes or Yes or Yes Yes Yes Yes occupied (4) (3) Not normally Yes or Recommended Yes or (3) Optional Yes Optional occupied (2) Door lock changeover switch (1) shall include an internal escape override. A contacted keep as opposed to a contacted lock shall be used.4.6. Extinguishers shall be located at entrances and on escape routes from the rooms and in all instances no further than 20m from the fire risk. A means of manual operating the valve shall be provided.4. 6.4.1 Foam Suppressants Application The NSWFB carries Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF) on its fire trucks in 20 litre pails for use on oil and flammable liquid type fires. Extinguishers are not to be considered anything more than a first line of defence against coincidental fires during personnel occupation. Care should be taken to ensure that the post-fire atmosphere is not ventilated into other parts of the building.8 6. Manual valve (3) is a monitored manual only valve sited in the supply line from the carbon dioxide containers.3 Area Ventilation After Discharge of Carbon Dioxide A means of mechanically or naturally ventilating areas after discharge of carbon dioxide shall be provided. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 17 of 32 Version 2. The level of risk is to be assessed with the FREM. Automatic valve (4) is monitored normally closed valve sited in the supply line from the carbon dioxide containers that will open only on receipt of a signal from the detection system or manual release system. The NSWFB fire trucks incorporate foam induction equipment on the pump and AFFF foam making branches for fire hoses.

a) b) c) Stage 1 .Alarm to SCADA System recommending investigation/ evacuation. Inlet locations shall be agreed with the NSWFB.8. 6. Air sampling systems shall be provided within the substation buildings to monitor for smoke. Inlets shall be positioned with their centre line 400 to 600mm above ground level.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP Foam inlet systems shall only be introduced into below ground substations following agreement with the NSWFB. The system shall be configured so that two separate sensing zones have to alarm before alarm signals are raised. 7 7.1 Fire Detection and Alarm Systems Application Automatic detection systems shall be provided within substation switchrooms in accordance with the Building Code of Australia and AS 1670.4. 7.1 Aspirating Smoke Detection Systems Air sampling aspirating smoke detection and alarm systems shall be provided within substation buildings. Detection systems provided within substation switchrooms shall be air sampling systems in accordance with AS 1670. Foam inlet systems shall only be manually operated by the NSWFB. Stage 3 . The pipework route shall be less than 18m in length.Initial detection. Stage 2 . Signal to SCADA system. This can cause sensitive smoke detection systems to go into alarm erroneously. Operations centre evaluate alarm.0 . The generation of ionised gas is a normal bi-product of the substations operation and false alarms within detection systems in response to this can lead to complacency.Full alarm.2 System Foam inlet systems shall be provided in accordance with BS 5306 Pt 1. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 18 of 32 Version 2. An audible alarm shall be incorporated to warn personnel of activation prior to discharge. The foam inlet pipework shall be heavy grade steel 80mm diameter with a fall to the transformer chamber. RailCorp substations incorporate equipment which when operating can cause ionised gases to be produced. The detection zones close to the equipment likely to cause ionisation shall have their sensitivity set so as to minimise false alarms. The inlet breechings shall be located within a box on the face of the building clearly marked with the words “Foam Inlet to Transformers” in red letters no less than 25mm high. The air sampling systems shall have the following alarm levels.1. One sensing zone is to be local to the equipment the other remote.

Technical Maintenance Plans including tasks for inspection.1 Detectors Smoke detectors shall be multipoint aspirated smoke detectors (MASD) within air sampling systems. testing and maintenance of fire systems incorporated into substations shall be developed in accordance with the RailCorp Maintenance Requirements Analysis Manual (MRAM) and AS 1851 Maintenance of fire protection systems and equipment.1 Fire Services Systems Maintenance General Fire suppression and detection systems require ongoing inspection.2 Monitoring Fire detection systems at substations shall be linked back to the central control centre on the RailCorp electrical SCADA system.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP d) Stage 4 .1.1. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 19 of 32 Version 2.Intervention by brigade. 7. testing and maintenance to ensure their continued functionality. 8 8.1. The detection devices shall be fully monitored for alarm and/or fault condition to ensure reliable service and to transmit a fire alarm signal to a monitored emergency control centre.0 .1. 7.

Within the assessment sheets there are categories that are flanked by boxes. the tool will allow the user to introduce such protection measures and see the substations rating improve. a particular substation may score badly because it has many cable conduits that are not fire stopped. The model assesses both the risk of fire due to the condition and configuration of the substation and the consequential risk on RailCorp operations should the equipment or facility be lost.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP Appendix A Fire Risk Evaluation Model – Manual and Guidelines Fire Risk Evaluation Model . The tool evaluates whether risks are high within a substation and gives the user the opportunity to test why the substation scored badly. It allows the user to adjust the various input fields to improve the risk rating i. Depending on the equipment found in the substations. Process and Inputs In using the fire risk evaluation model. The introduction of fire suppression systems within substations will be costly and the Fire Risk Evaluation Model allows each substation to be methodically tested for other more cost effective measures before the decision to introduce suppression is made. RailCorp staff will be required to attend the sites nominated and provide inputs into the model. This is shown below. It can be used to evaluate risk rating of new substation designs and existing RailCorp substations. Common fields will then be automatically input to other sheets. • When more than 1 box is checked and is not permitted. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 20 of 32 Version 2.0 . Where water based systems are used all components within the fire area must be isolated and made safe prior to activation. RAILCORP SUBSTATION FIRE RISK SITE INSPECTION SHEET SUBSTATION ADDRESS Master DATE INSPECTOR FUNCTION LOCATION Traction Surface 1 Distribution Underground 1 System 1 • When loading data into the model. conditional formatting has been introduced and all boxes will turn red to indicate an input error. The suppression systems adopted for use on fires involving electrical equipment must not increase the risk of electrocution to personnel involved in fighting the fire.Manual The Fire Risk Evaluation Model included in this standard is a risk evaluation tool designed to rank the different fire risks and systems within substations against each other to yield a score for the substation. the boxes must: • be marked with the numeral “1” • where the red box is located next to the main heading. input data into the “Site Sheet” (Sheet 1) first.e. only 1 box in line can be marked.

8 0.0 17.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP Outputs Once the assessment sheets are completed.0 0.0 1.1 0.6 0.2kV Reactors 1500 V DC Switchgear 4.11kV System Transformer .0 0.0 0.7 6.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.0 0.0 17.7 0.33kV System Transformer .0 0.0 1.9 0.0 0.2kV Dist / Auxillary Transformer Cables Miscellaneous Electrical Items Battery System Low Voltage and Control Equipment Incidental Plant and Equipment Surrounding Environment Diesel Generator Exhaust Vehicle Impact 8.4 0.3 HEALTH & SAFETY EQUIPMENT / FIRE SOURCE IMPACT Medium Voltage Switchgear .2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 7.0 0.9 RESIDUAL RATING 4.0 0.0 0.0 0.11kV Medium Voltage Switchgear .0 0.0 © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 21 of 32 Version 2.2 6.0 0.9 0.0 .0 0.6 0.0 17.0 0.0 FIRE RATING 4.0 1.0 0.0 0.9 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.0 0. the output sheet will have calculated numbers under the following headings: SUB STATION RESULTS SHEET FIRE RATING RESIDUAL RATING HEALTH & SAFETY Master EQUIPMENT / FIRE SOURCE IMPACT High Voltage Switchgear Rectifier Transformer Rectifier System Transformer .

Residual Rating The risk rating allowing for the benefit provided by fire detection and suppression systems. Disruption The Impact risk rating modified by the number of lines that would be affected by the loss of the substation. Health and Safety This the level of overall risk posed by the emergency egress facilities provided in the substation.0 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED . Redundancy Factor The Impact risk rating modified by the level of redundancy provided by substations either side of the station being analysed. Numerical Trigger Points The 5 risk levels that could originate under the following headings and are triggered on achieving the following numbers for the below categories FIRE RATING RESIDUAL RATING IMPACT < 10 – Low Risk < 50 – Moderate Risk < 100 – High Risk < 500 – Very High Risk > 500 – Extreme Risk © RailCorp Issued May 2010 Page 22 of 32 Version 2.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP The final numbers that have been calculated under the following headings have been graded in terms of relative risk as follows: FIRE RATING RESIDUAL RATING IMPACT HEALTH & SAFETY TOTAL for SUB STATION RISK LEVEL DISRUPTION 40 MODERATE 40 MODERATE 38 MODERATE 32 MODERATE 32 MODERATE 132 V-HIGH REDUNDANCY FACTOR 40 MODERATE 32 MODERATE The following headings are defined as follows: Fire Rating The raw or total risk rating for the substation ignoring any fire detection and suppression that may be installed. Impact The risk rating (based on the residual rating) modified for the level of spare parts or built in redundancy for this substation.

the assessor using the FREM shall investigate possible cost effective measures to reduce risk level and action within 12 months. the assessor using the FREM shall investigate possible cost effective measures to reduce risk level and action within 24 months. features in the design that caused the extreme fire risk rating shall be investigated and addressed in the design. When design data for a new sub station or survey data from an existing substation is entered in to the FREM. For an existing substation rated as very high. For an existing substation rated as extreme. features in the design that caused the high fire risk rating shall be investigated and addressed in the design. Electrical Systems. Subsequent inspections shall be carried out at four-year intervals. following risk ratings will be assigned by the program to the substation assessed: • EXTREME Where an extreme rating is returned for a new design. features in the design that caused the moderate risk rating shall be investigated and addressed in the design. • HIGH Where a high rating is returned for a new design. Electrical Systems. • V HIGH Where a very high rating is returned for a new design. For an existing substation rated as high. the assessor shall immediately notify the Chief Engineer. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 23 of 32 Version 2. the assessor shall immediately notify the Chief Engineer. • MODERATE Where a moderate rating is returned for a new design.0 . Subsequent inspections shall be carried out at two-year intervals.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP The 5 risk levels that originate under the following heading is triggered on achieving the following numbers: HEALTH & SAFETY < 50 – Extreme Risk < 150 – Very High Risk < 300 – High Risk < 600 – Moderate > 600 – Low Risk Definition of Risk Levels FREM assesses both the risk of fire due to the condition and configuration of the substation and the consequential risk to RailCorp operations should the equipment or facility be lost. features in the design that caused the very high fire risk rating shall be investigated and addressed in the design. For an existing substation rated as moderate.

© RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 24 of 32 Version 2. These inputs are spelt out in order that users of the tool are made aware of them and there applicability can be reviewed. The fire and risk assessment tool does not constitute a fundamental Fire Engineering Assessment or Quantitative Risk Assessment of absolute risk The fire and risk assessments do not constitute an OH&S audit. risk level shall be managed. Limitations are defined as boundaries to the applicability of the results.Guidelines Table in the following pages provides the users of the Fire Risk Evaluation Model guidelines to the correct interpretation of terms used in the audit sheets that provide input to the risk evaluation model. Any audits and subsequent outputs do not include: • • • • • • • • • • • Detailed design Implementation of the results of the study Ongoing inspections Certification. commissioning or maintenance of systems. based on engineering judgement or accepted approaches that are necessary to enable the issues in question to be rationally addressed. In this context. features in the design that caused the low risk rating shall be investigated and addressed in the design. Assessors of a particular site or a design shall first familiarise with these terms and their proper interpretation to obtain a consistent risk rating of substations when using the model. Fire Risk Evaluation Model . Where a low rating is returned for an existing substation. including aspects. Subsequent inspections shall be carried out at four-year intervals. assumptions are defined to be inputs to the assessment.0 . which may include simplifications of reality.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP • LOW Where a low rating is returned for a new design. The fire and risk assessments to not constitute a BCA compliance/due diligence assessment. Involvement in an appeals process of a peer review process Gaining building approval The fire risk assessments and the reports do not constitute an audit in accordance with AS4655 or any other relevant Australian Standard. which have been excluded from consideration. Limitations of Fire Risk Evaluation Model This section defines the limitations of the application of the results. The tool is limited to inspections of substations for collection of specific data to go into a relative risk tool for specified corporate purposes.

Partial The substation is partially surrounded by development. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 25 of 32 Version 2. VEHICLE IMPACT On Bend/Junction Location of substation located on a bend of a main road.GUIDELINES AND DEFINITIONS Main Sub 2nd Comments Category Category Category SITE DETAILS Traction Traction substations will have a rectifier within it. They have no rectifiers within them. LOCATION Underground The substation is below ground and in some cases form part of a main train station Surrounds Surrounded The substation is within a built up area and predominantly surrounded by residential development. Open Area The substation is within a suburban environment but not surrounded by development.(415/120V) System System substations transformers or switches high voltage only. Surface The substation is totally above ground. No buffer Substation is located bounding roadside. Vehicle Impact Main Road Speed limit >60kph and or heavy traffic.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP Sheet Number 1 RAILCORP SUBSTATION FIRE RISK SITE INSPECTION SHEET . Rural/Bushland A substation that is within a well timbered area or open plains with no development surrounding it. An example of this would be residential or commercial adjacent to rail corridor. This does not include risks due to the equipment itself. High Risk Information on risks to location from miscellaneous outside agencies. FUNCTION Distribution Distribution substations converts high voltage to low voltage. This does not include risks due to the equipment itself.0 . Quiet Road Speed limit <60kph and low volumes of traffic. Low Risk Information on risks to location from miscellaneous outside agencies. Assessed Risk Bushfire Substation is located in bushfire prone area.

RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP Sheet Number RAILCORP SUBSTATION FIRE RISK SITE INSPECTION SHEET . High Risk Examples may be Paint shops. paints shops. Main Category SURROUNDS © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 26 of 32 Version 2. town houses. town houses. warehouse. or hotels less than 6m from the building or nearest piece of equipment or fuel source. that are greater than 6m away from a building or nearest piece of equipment or fuel source. If the area has a dense coverage of grass. <6m Clear Residential properties consisting of dwellings. car repairs where large quantities of flammable materials (especially liquid or gases) are kept. trees. Residential >6m Clear Residential properties consisting of dwellings. trees. Ease of Finding Visible Visible from the road without signage. EMERGENCY SERVICES Clear Signs Signage to the substation from the road is in place. manufacturing. Access not a problem for any emergency vehicle. If the area has a dense coverage of grass. warehouse. Applicable in remote locations. trees etc then these should be mentioned. Vegetation does not include mown grass or small trees or potted plants. warehouse or others with high fuel load. <6m Clear Vegetation such as grass. or hotels greater than 6m from away from a building or nearest piece of equipment or fuel source.0 .GUIDELINES AND DEFINITIONS Sub 2nd Comments Category Category Vegetation >6m Clear Vegetation such as grass. trees etc then these should be mentioned. paints shops. Industrial >6m Clear Industrial premises such as car yards. Road Access All Weather Bitumen or sealed road. Vegetation does not include mown grass or small trees or potted plants. Combustible Examples may be a tyre storage facility. <6m Clear Industrial premises such as car yards. >One Road Alternative access into the substation. manufacturing. that are less than 6m away from the building or nearest piece of equipment or fuel source.

Exits are not obstructed. Inspection of ceiling space may be necessary. Brick walls. Timber construction throughout. Structure has combustible load. timber framing and the like. metal and/or tiled roof and no timber in the roof or internal walls. The gate is locked for security purposes.0m) BUILDING ONE.GUIDELINES AND DEFINITIONS Sub 2nd Comments Category Category Height/Width Restrictions Would emergency vehicles have to go underneath a rail bridge for example. or equipment in the component. filing cabinets and compactors. Office fuel load would consist of desks. chairs.TWO. Could be an area remote from the building within the compound where someone could take refuge from a fire within the building.0 . Able to contain materials that are flammable including flammable aerosols. The compound is a noted egress route from the building. Keys should be carried with personnel at all times. Egress to outside of building. Timber Non-combustible Main Level Alt Egress Into Open Upper floor area Ancillary Rooms/areas Flammable Office/area COMPOUND 1 & 2 Egress Route Refuge Gate/Door Locked HOUSEKEEPING General Area Excellent © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 27 of 32 Version 2. All materials are stored in a designated place. liquids and the like stored in a room or cabinet. Compound has grass mowed if present.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP Sheet Number Main Category RAILCORP SUBSTATION FIRE RISK SITE INSPECTION SHEET . No rubbish is present. Gate is provided within the compound fencing. Is the road width available for say a fire appliance (>5. Alternative egress could be provided in addition to the exit on the main floor.THREE Construction Brick and Timber Construction of the substation consists of brick walls and timber roof components such as trusses.

High Voltage 132. Suppression Emulsifiers . outside near the exits or there may be a tapping outside the compound.0 . 240 or 120V Tracks Served Number of single tracks. 66 or 33kV SERVICES Medium Voltage 11 or 2kV Low Voltage 415. Main Category © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 28 of 32 Version 2. Detection VESDAS Aspirating smoke detection system that will have plastic pipes with sampling points. Hydrants Hydrant points .there may be standpipes within the building near the exits. Poor All areas in the above criteria are not evident. They would stop the oil from burning and spreading. They would not be located inside the building. Eg CO2. Monitored Doors This refers to the doors into the actual buildings and does not include gates in perimeter fences. Hose reels 36m fire hose reels are located in the substations Extinguishers Portable fire extinguishers suitable to the risk of fire are provided. Foam etc. If the signal goes back to a control room that is constantly monitored this should be indicated by ticking the monitored box.GUIDELINES AND DEFINITIONS Sub 2nd Comments Category Category Average Some areas of the above criteria are present.High Velocity Jets This system would be only present in outdoor bunded FIRE CONTROL areas where oil would be present. every day.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP Sheet Number RAILCORP SUBSTATION FIRE RISK SITE INSPECTION SHEET . Impact on Service None No impact on train service REDUNDANCY Peak Peak services cannot run at peak levels (both trains and loading) but can run at off peak train frequencies and loadings. Patrol Regular patrol/inspection by internal/external SECURITY personnel that would be able to detect an early stage of fire. Patrols would occur regularly but they must occur several times a day. CCTV This means that it is not monitored but pictures go to tape.

HIGH VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR Indoor/Outdoor Where equipment of a single type (eg transformers) LOCATION are located both indoors and outdoors. Where there are two sections for the same type of plant. SPARES >1 More than one on-site and not connected. QUANTITY Needed For Load Required to provide maximum traction power.GUIDELINES AND DEFINITIONS Sub 2nd Comments Category Category Off Peak No services can be supported over this section of the line.0 . and there is no provision to select something other than indoors or outdoors. Off site Off site >1 More than one off site. separated switchboard. Individual Individual sumps for all pieces of equipment. Nearest Fuel Source Nearest combustible item which could include building or equipment. CONFIGURATION Single S/Board All breakers in one switchboard. Partial Some bunding may be present. Main Category © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 29 of 32 Version 2. and if there is not two sizes of that plant (piece of equipment). RECTIFIER Installed Installed and connected. Underground Sump Single Single sump for all pieces of equipment. Isolated Stand alone breakers. with each switchboard containing more than one breaker. Partial Some sumps may be present.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP Sheet Number 2 RAILCORP SUBSTATION FIRE RISK SITE INSPECTION SHEET . Many S/Boards More than one individual. Bunding All Individual Separate bund for each piece of equipment. CONSTRUCTION All combined One bund serving all pieces of equipment. Complete Breakers Onsite On site but not connected. then it is OK to use one section on the data capture sheet for the indoor equipment and another for outdoor equipment. then always select indoors.

PIMIND (Mass Impregnated Mineral Oil Non Draining) Type D Cables . flame retardant halogen free R-HF Type C Cables .Vertical Cableway . Cable Types refer above © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 30 of 32 Version 2. Cable Types refer above Located in trench. D Type A. LOCATION 1500 Volt DC SWITCHGEAR 5 HV AND DC POWER CABLES MAIN ROOMS.B C. XLPE/HD.Pressurised Nitrogen Type B Cables . BELOW MAIN ROOM.B C.but vertical.Oil impregnated paper insulated with lead sheathing.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP Sheet Number 3 RAILCORP SUBSTATION FIRE RISK SITE INSPECTION SHEET .Vertical Chase/Trench Type A. PVC sheathing. XLPE with megalon.B C.0 .Horizontal Cableway . As above .B C. modern PVC/PVC insulated cables. modern XLPE insulated cables. containing the following types: Type A Cables . Cable types refer above Located on horizontal cableway with proper separation distances.GUIDELINES AND DEFINITIONS Main Sub 2nd Comments Category Category Category RECTIFIER TRANSFORMER LOCATION SYSTEM TRANSFORMER Step down to 33kV From 132 or 66kV (to 33kV) Step down to 11kV From 66 or 33kV (to 11kV) Step down to 2kV From 33 or 11kV (to 2kV) Tx Separation This is the distance between like transformers. EPR (Ethylene-propylene rubber). OUTDOORS Cluster -Horizontal Type A. D Type A.Mineral Insulated Non Draining (MIND). vulcanised Indian rubber. D Cluster . Cable Types refer above As above . D 3 or more cables laid horizontally half a cable diameter apart.vertical.XLPE with PVC/HDPE.

Holes in walls are to be taken as a path for fire and the distance between a piece of equipment and a fuel source (or similar piece of equipment) should be measured through the hole. Number of cable joints present. INCIDENTAL PLANT & EQUIPMENT GENERATOR Exhaust Inside Flue exhausts inside the building. As above but flammable liquids or gases. CABLE JOINTS Adjacent to Cables Any combustible material near (<1m) to cables. EXTRA FUEL LOAD Oil into Trench Is it possible for oil to drain/leak into trench.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP Sheet Number RAILCORP SUBSTATION FIRE RISK SITE INSPECTION SHEET . Proper sealant used.0 . Cable Coating Have cables been separately coated with fire PROTECTION protection material. Timber/combustible material within 2m of battery or within the separate room. © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 31 of 32 Version 2. AIR BLAST AIR BREAK SWITCHES Size Most of the substations will have both 66kV and 11kV BATTERIES AND SYSTEMS LOCATION FUEL SOURCE 6 Location Near Batteries Separate Room Common Areas Timber/Solid Liquid/Gas Completely separate room within building with door. In building but not isolated. The hole has to be a reasonable size such that fire and heat could pass through the hole. ENERGY DISSAPTING RESISTORS Installed These resistors will generally only occur on the blue QUANTITY mountains line.GUIDELINES AND DEFINITIONS Main Sub 2nd Comments Category Category Category Penetration from one room to another that are not PENETRATIONS properly sealed.

Motor Vehicles Motor Vehicles permanently stored on site MOBILE PLANT NOTES Refer to Manual for Input requirements into the model. Main Category © RailCorp Issued May 2010 UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED Page 32 of 32 Version 2.GUIDELINES AND DEFINITIONS Sub 2nd Comments Category Category Outside Flue exhausts outside building.RailCorp Engineering Standard — Electrical Substations Fire Protection and Detection Standard EP 99 00 00 08 SP Sheet Number RAILCORP SUBSTATION FIRE RISK SITE INSPECTION SHEET . Fuel Source Any fuel source (<2m) of flue outlet.0 .

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