FIELD ENGINEERING
You will operate in one of the world’s most extreme, pressurized environments. You will use the very latest technologies and be faced with making multimillion-dollar decisions

RESEARCH, ENGINEERING, MANUFACTURING AND SUSTAINING
Your creativity, ingenuity and innovation will help develop in-house technologies capable of performing reliably and flawlessly in the most testing of conditions

PETROTECHNICAL
You can help us shape the future of energy. You will work hand in hand with our clients to provide the technical expertise that can really make a difference

MAINTENANCE AND RELIABILITY ENGINEERING
You will play a crucial role by maintaining our cutting-edge technology, enabling us to deliver impeccable reliability and service quality every time

PLUS MANY MORE UNPARALLELED OPPORTUNITIES FOR EXCEPTIONAL PEOPLE

www.slb.com/careers

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SCHLUMBERGER LIFE Published by: Schlumberger Ltd 42, rue Saint Dominique 75007 Paris France Executive editor: Jamie Pollard Editor: Annika Joelsson Design & editorial: Phil Bushell Design & Publishing, London; philbushell@blueyonder.co.uk Copy editor: Ruth MacKenzie Contributors: Eric Ayache, Richard Boak, Martin Draeger, Johana Dunlop, Henry Edmundson, Lina El Hares, Lori Gauvreau, Fathi Ghorbel, David Handwerger, Catherine MacGregor, Jennifer MacLeod, Jane Marshall, Dominique Pajot, Mark Smith, Mary Louise Stott Special thanks to Richard Bancel, Ariane Labadens, Xun Li, Yilmaz Luy, Mark Sorheim, Steve Whittaker and everyone else who contributed to the magazine Images: courtesy of Schlumberger. Other images: NASA/The Visible Earth (p4); www.stockyard.com (p22) www.niallcotton.com (p23); Comstock/ Fotosearch (p44); cepolina.com (obc); Additional illustrations: David Richeson & Mike Taylor Comments and suggestions: joelssona@slb.com An asterisk (*) in the publication denotes a mark of Schlumberger © 2008 Services Techniques Schlumberger All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publisher

MEASURING THE WORLD
Just what is it that Schlumberger does and what kind of people is the company looking to recruit into a rapidly changing and developing industry.

32 33 34 38 40 44 46 47

SCHLUMBERGER PEOPLE
Ivan Khlestov

KINGS OF THE WILD FRONTIER
In 1929, Conrad and Marcel Schlumberger avoided potential bankruptcy when they received contracts from an unexpected market – the Soviet Union.

SCHLUMBERGER PEOPLE
With the Schlumberger workforce being drawn from more than 160 countries, the company is truly global. Schlumberger Life profiles just a few of its 85,000 employees to give a flavor of the company’s multinational workforce.

GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP
Schlumberger is taking action on six key global challenges: climate change, the environment, driving safety, malaria, HIV/AIDS and science education.

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IT’S A CARBON THING
As both a business venture and an internal company initiative, Schlumberger is seeking innovative ways to limit atmospheric CO2 levels.

UNDER PRESSURE
With vast experience of subsurface technologies, Schlumberger is bringing its expertise to bear on the management of arguably the most precious of all natural resources – water.

SCHLUMBERGER PEOPLE
Miriam Archer

THE FUTURE OF OIL & GAS
La Recherche, a leading French popular science and technology magazine, published a special oil and gas supplement illustrating the pivotal role Schlumberger plays in the industry.

EXPLORING THE THICK ICE
Dr David Handwerger, a senior geophysicist with Schlumberger, was part of a research team which spent six weeks studying the Antarctic cryosphere.

RIG LIFE
The vast majority of Schlumberger people will spend at least some of their time living and working at a wellsite. ‘Rig Life’ gives a pictorial flavor of what to expect!

CROSSING CONTINENTS
An experiment in cross-continental collaboration sees French and US engineering students working closely but communicating only by telephone, e-mail, video conference and the Internet.

SCHLUMBERGER PEOPLE
Xun Li

SCHLUMBERGER PEOPLE
Paul Wyman

DIARY OF MY ADVENTURES
Schlumberger people get to visit parts of the world that are well off the beaten tourist routes. Eric Ayache takes us on his own personal journey.

THE LAST WORD
Catherine MacGregor, vice-president of personnel, gives her personal perspective of what Schlumberger has to offer and what new recruits can expect.

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Since the early years of the 20th century we have been measuring the world – providing precise analysis and detailed interpretation of the subsurface of our planet. We supply our clients with the advanced technologies and expertise required to identify, develop and manage hydrocarbons effectively. In recent years we have started to extend our oilfield techniques into other areas: we are one of the companies pioneering the deep underground storage of carbon dioxide to help reduce global warming and climate change; and we are aiding countries, communities and companies worldwide in the evaluation of underground water supplies, as well as helping them develop sustainable policies for the management of what will become increasingly precious water resources. We are constantly looking for people with vision to join us and help carry our business forward. The work is academically rigorous, intellectually demanding and can be physically tough, but the rewards we offer reflect fully the commitment we require. If this kind of global challenge is what you are seeking in your career, why not come and talk to us about living the Schlumberger LIFE!

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SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.MEASURINGTHEWORLD.MEASURINGTHEWORLD.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.MEASURINGTHEWORLD.SCHLUMBE 5 .WORLD.

SCHLUMBERGERPEOPLE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. ALL are given an equal opportunity to help shape the company’s future . only performance determines progress.SCHLUMBERGERPEOPLE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. race. English. Schlumberger hires its engineers from the best universities in the world.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.MBERGERPEOPLE. camping … anything outdoors Favourite iPod track: Believe or not I don’t have an iPod! “What makes working with Schlumberger so interesting is that no project is ever the same. but irrespective of gender. so project design teams typically consist of people from many different countries. We’re always pushing the envelope and have to become experts in many skills in many different areas. religion or culture. French and Swedish Recruited: 1999.SCHL There’s not really any such thing as a typical Schlumberger person. running. hiking. . Texas Unwinding route: Biking. . Certainly they all have that certain something. CECILIA PRIETO Nationality: Bolivian Age: 32 Degree: Mechanical Engineering University: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Languages: Spanish. and it definitely never gets boring!” Schlumberger is a great place to start your career. . Business leaders from some of the world’s most dynamic companies have at some stage of their careers been Schlumberger people: Jean Cahuzac Chad Deaton Peter Goode Thierry Morin David Mullen Robert Peebler CEO Acergy CEO Baker Hughes CEO Vetco International Chairman and CEO Valeo CEO Ocean Rig CEO Input/Output Thierry Pilenko Olivier Piou Mario Ruscev CEO Technip CEO Axalto President FormFactor Inc Julio M Quintana CEO TESCO Corporation . and many more! 6 . . with completely different backgrounds and a variety of perspectives. but also spent three internships at Schlumberger during 1996 and 1998 Current post: Project Manager in Sugar Land. This is what makes it so much fun to work here . swimming. . .

SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. Zoya. This keeps me up to date with advances in the subject and helps me identify talented students who could be my future colleagues in Schlumberger. ability to focus and work hard allow me to manage my Schlumberger career with being an adjunct professor at KFUPM and Chairman of the World Petroleum Council Youth Committee.SCHLUMBERGERPEOPLE WAIL MOUSA Nationality: Saudi Age: 31 Degree: PhD Electrical Engineering.LUMBERGERPEOPLE. I got married to Babar. there’s a way’. who also works for Schlumberger.“ 7 . was two only months old. The classes I teach are directly related to my research interests. MSc Electrical Engineering & Mathematical Sciences University: King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM) and Leeds University Languages: English and Arabic Recruited: 2003 Current post: Research Scientist.SCHLUMBERGERPEOPLE. Schlumberger Dhahran Carbonate Research Center.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.SCHLUMBERGERPEOPLE. I feel that being a woman from an emerging country has actually been an advantage. we transferred to Indonesia and we’re now in Dubai. Saudi Arabia Unwinding route: Cooking and barbecuing with family and friends Favourite iPod track: Classical and traditional Arabic songs “I’m a firm believer in the saying. This ethos.” UZMA BABAR Nationality: Pakistani Age: 31 Degree: Mechanical Engineering University: Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences & Technology (GIKI) Languages: Urdu and English Recruited: 1999 Current post: Training. Hamza. Development & Staffing Manager. Soon after the birth of my daughter. Middle East & Asia for Data & Consulting Services Unwinding route: Raising awareness about the opportunities for women in engineering. ‘If there’s a will. time management skills. After completing my training we were transferred to Norway when my son. along with my enthusiasm. Favourite iPod track: Can’t Take My Eyes Off You by Andy Williams “I joined as a field engineer right after I graduated. Far from limiting my career perspectives.

TECHNOLOGIES. It is estimated that CCS could reduce CO2 emissions by over 50% by 2050. and managing large scale. transport and storage chain: from 8 . long term CO2 storage solutions.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. selecting.E CO2 emissions are recognized as one of the main cause of global warming. Finding effective ways to reduce greenhouse gases is seen as increasingly urgent if we are to avoid catastrophic climate change. This involves capturing CO2 in bulk from sources such as power stations. The company is involved in every major pilot project around the world in the geological storage part of the full CO2 capture.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. And it owes much to the methodologies and technologies used in oil and gas exploration and production. Schlumberger Carbon Services was established to focus on this vital area. Schlumberger is playing its part. In 2005.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. Schlumberger is able to make a major contribution to locating.EMERGINGTECHNOLOGIES.EMERGINGTECHNOLOGIES. As a result. monitoring. promising solution for the overall reduction of global CO2 emissions is the emerging technology of carbon capture and storage (CCS). and storing it deep underground in geological formations.

Australia and Japan. It includes a compliance audit tool (CAT) that covers environmental management.” explains White. more visible impact on our environmental footprint. “We’re offering a truly multidisciplinary approach to an extremely complex issue. “But it took a tremendous amount of groundwork to get to the point where we had a formal set of key performance indicators and systems in place across almost all our locations. and spill prevention and control. We’re playing a leading role in international forums. Schlumberger engineers have spent decades in the field. and other major producers of CO2 emissions. the Global Citizenship Library of Case Studies is a new initiative through which environmental best practices are shared. collaborative research. manager of environment programs.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. Schlumberger uses existing data – as well as a wide range of information collected in the field and laboratory – to support this process. how easy it is to inject the CO2 and how well it will be contained. legal compliance. “This is a big step forward. The first stage involves screening potential sites. “but it could provide a significant part of the answer.EMERGINGTECHNOLOGIES. it is important that Schlumberger minimizes its own carbon footprint. to North Africa. “We have been auditing sites for the past ten years. environmental. more detailed subsurface characterization is carried out. Data collected since 2005 now allow the company to report its CO2 emissions per employee. ■ As a company pioneering CO2 emission reduction techniques such as carbon capture and storage.MERGINGTECHNOLOGIES. Schlumberger builds high resolution geologic models to assess reservoir capacity. this is happening. “Each step is important on its own. and it’s highly practical. It also offers its expertise to power companies. With the effects of global warming increasingly apparent. manufacturers. these initiatives will lead to a larger. Schlumberger can contribute to the design and construction of the facility.” says Sealy. carbon storage is not a magic bullet.” The new audit process was launched in 2007 and applied in 525 sites by 55 auditors. “Initially we needed to focus on understanding where our emissions come from. The annual audit process is designed to make sure that all sites demonstrate continuous improvement in how they manage their environmental protection systems to meet local regulations and the rigorous Schlumberger internal standards. Other steps towards minimizing the company’s environmental impact even further focus on CO2 reduction strategies for specific Schlumberger business segments. The result was an impressive 96% compliance rating. to long-term monitoring and even decommissioning. And it doesn’t stop there.” says Ian Sealy. Only then could we start to identify opportunities to reduce CO2. In addition. Once a site is chosen. sites must opt for the more stringent of the two – which is often the Schlumberger standard.EMERGINGTECHNOLOGIES. Thanks to a rigorous new environmental audit process. site history. CO2 may be held in these underground reservoirs for hundreds of years. Schlumberger is continuously improving the quality and breadth of the environmental data it collects.” says Sealy. That’s why Schlumberger is taking a proactive stance. making a practical contribution to a long-term solution is extremely satisfying for everyone involved. Environmental plans at Schlumberger also include projects to improve its waste disposal processes – both reducing the amount of waste that is generated and its environmental impact – and installing better water treatment systems to improve the quality of the waste water that is discharged back into the environment.” admits David White. The team also takes social. president of Schlumberger Carbon Services. as well as governments and other stakeholders. and economic criteria into account: after all. characterizing subsurface geological structures to assess their suitability for oil and gas production.” Schlumberger Carbon Services’ approach is different as it can tap into over 80 years of subsurface evaluation experience. waste and resource management.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.” 9 . “but taken together.SCHLUMBER Canada and Europe. In cases where local regulations and company standards diverge. Similar techniques and technologies are being applied to CCS. and organizations dedicated to addressing CO2 issues. It’s not just a question of geological suitability. “When it comes to tackling global warming. and will need constant monitoring for leakage or contamination of the surrounding rocks.” says Sealy.

MBERGERPEOPLE. running! Favourite iPod track: But I Feel Good by Groove Armada What job were you recruited to and what you have been doing since you joined? “I was hired as a research scientist to work in the Fluids Department at Schlumberger Cambridge Research. I found this extremely useful and learnt many new skills. I am enjoying the current assignment and again I am learning all the time. For the first 10 months I helped to develop and test a semi-analytical model of the flow into a wellbore. . including being able to speak enough Indonesian to be understood both on the rig and on holiday in Bali! I returned from the field nearly a year ago and have been working in yet another segment of Schlumberger – Well Testing this time.SCHLUMBERGERPEOPLE. which makes for a very interesting working environment.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. running. engineers and scientists from the technology centers work in the field for 15-18 months to gain real life experience. In this program.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.” 10 . I have met many people from all over the world . I would say the difference between ‘Schlumberger people’ and those from other companies is that we get very used to working with people from different countries and different cultural backgrounds. .SCHLU MIRIAM ARCHER Nationality: Age: Degree: University: Languages: Recruited: Current post: Unwinding route: British 25 Fluid Mechanics Cambridge University English and basic Indonesian 2005 Research Scientist Running. After that I went to work in Indonesia as a Drilling & Measurements field engineer as part of Schlumberger’s Tech&Field program. a fascinating experience!” How would you describe ‘Schlumberger people’ and are they really different from people working in other companies? “The majority of people I’ve met are very enthusiastic about their job and enjoy life outside of work too.SCHLUMBERGERPEOPLE.” What made you choose Schlumberger? “I was interested by the idea of working in such a large multi-national company. which I love to do.

Backed by a large number of diagrams. can the development of leading-edge technologies in an industry now over a century old change the situation?’ 11 .SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. all elements mutually enrich one another. La Recherche reports on a wide range of popular science topics and is a principal source of scientific information in the French language.SCHLUMBERGER ublished monthly by Sophia Publications. industry and trade are in a state of continuous change. stimulated by fundamental developments. Current events remind us of the importance of the issues. In April 2007 La Recherche featured a special supplement that examined the technologies used in the exploration and production of oil and gas. geopolitical uncertainties and environmental constraints.URLIFE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. The supplement was prefaced by the following introduction: ‘Science and technology: a duo where. To explore these interactions. increasingly.SPECIALREPORT.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. it is intended to be a clear illustration of fields where technology. With the rocketing cost of a barrel of oil.SPECIALREPORT. La Recherche offers its readers this new ‘Technological Handbook’.SPECIALREPORT.

Oil will remain the source of energy most in demand because its uses are concentrated in the transport sector. the ■ Fig 1: By 2030. the IEA nevertheless forecasts a 20% to 25% increase in world energy consumption by 2030. depends heavily on oil from the Middle East and gas from the Middle East and Russia.7% a year.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. policy could change everything: adoption of ambitious energy saving policies could reduce demand for energy and. and is almost upon us across the rest of the world. ■ Fig 3: At the same time and if nothing is done. among fossil fuel sources. and an efficient source of fuel for electricity production. Graphics: Bruno Bourgeois. the world demand for primary energy will be around 17 billion tonnes of oil equivalent. CO2 emissions will continue to increase by at least 1. SO. But even if the international community makes political decisions to significantly reduce demand and emissions. First. the world will not have sufficient oil to meet demand. 12 . DO WE RUN THE RISK OF NOT HAVING ENOUGH OIL? This question refers to the peak oil concept.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. and is clearly quite appalling in terms of CO2 emissions. massive investments will need to be made. where there is little that can take its place.SCHLUMBER TAKING STOCK Six questions concerning our energy future What will the world’s energy landscape look like by 2030? This article provides a few of the answers. consequently. particularly in countries such as China which are undergoing rapid development. ■ Fig 2: To satisfy this thirst for energy. production will automatically decline along a symmetrical curve.6% per year. world demand for primary energy – currently 11 billion tonnes of oil equivalent – will increase at a sustained rate of 1. if energy policy remains unchanged.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. that turning point has already arrived as far as underground oil production in the United States is concerned. overall world energy consumption will have risen by 55% over the current level. which states that from 2030. the most rapid growth in demand is for gas. oil and gas) will increase markedly. and where there is limited scope for increased fuel efficiency. The proportion of fossil fuels (coal. By 2030. It advances two arguments. Source: IEA Reference Scenario. making up to 85% of the total. For proponents of this theory. relatively clean and environmental friendly. and the continued dominance of fossil fuel energies. HOW WILL WORLDWIDE ENERGY NEEDS CHANGE OVER THE NEXT 25 YEARS? According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) reference scenario. former Chair of the International Energy Agency (IEA). However. with the assistance of Claude Mandil. This is a baseline scenario that does not take supply security issues into consideration.THEFUTUREOFOIL&GAS. Peak oil means that when half the world's underground oil reserves have been consumed. This is because it easy to use. compared with 80% today.ERLIFE. The IEA does not agree.

Finally. coal will probably still be a major energy source because it is abundant. energy could be provided by hydrogen and fuel cells. due to the long term indexation between gas supply contracts and oil prices. coal and biomass. if only conventional oil outside monopolistic countries is taken into consideration. the IEA is counting on a reduction in the average import cost of crude oil to its member countries in the short term. how can we determine the extent of ultimate reserves? The fact that no large deposits are now being found across the world cannot be used to bolster the peak oil concept. particularly through development of a carbon emissions trading scheme. With the recent start up of new petroleum capacities and slight drop in demand. symmetrical curve would no longer exist. technologies enabling local operations need to be developed. oil located at great depths below the sea (more than 2.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. essentially from combustion of fossil fuels. with a maximum level of efficiency for renewable energies. It is assumed that the price of natural gas will follow the same trend. by adopting a wide range of possible measures. pumping and transportation. there is an increased risk of serious atmospheric disturbances. oil shale). Nor should we forget the expected beneficial effects of technology. do not feel it is worthwhile exploiting any significantly large deposits. renders this Malthusian vision inapplicable.SCHLUMBE ■ The technicians in this control room manage an entire production process. it is necessary to take into consideration the gas resources that could satisfy the increased demand for hydrocarbons. could reinforce price increases. carbon dioxide emissions must be reduced. although this will be followed by regular increases up to 2030. the IEA remains convinced that oil will continue to be a major source of energy. cheap and widely ➥ 13 . But even in the most optimistic of scenarios. because they are not in competition. and making use of nuclear energy. At the same time. Second. Currently. it is essential to manage existing stock. emissions must be reduced by improving energy efficiency.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. disruption in supply. But it should be underlined here that new geopolitical tensions. or worse. towards 2050. But adding Middle Eastern resources. In the very long term. then the concept of peak production is relevant. because 60% of gas reserves are not near main transport networks. developing renewable energies. In 2030. IS THE US $200 BARREL A POSSIBILITY? It is always dangerous to speculate.GERLIFE. GIVEN CLIMATE CHANGE.000 meters) and in the Arctic. CAN WE REASONABLY CONTINUE TO BURN COAL. Therefore. oil will still be needed for transport systems. Current energy consumption trends raise the question of coal based emissions. non-conventional oil (heavy oil and bitumen. the Saudi Arabian national oil company. and even 70% in the decades to come. and the competition between these two fuels. With enhanced recovery. and products that can be extracted from gas. including drilling. will cause average world temperature to increase by several degrees and that consequently. However.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. for Saudi Aramco.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. but only if current technological and economic challenges are overcome.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. What is valid in the United States is not applicable to major monopoly producer countries which. OIL AND GAS? Let us not forget the recent. Concerning ultimate reserves. this could increase to 50%. irrefutable conclusions of the intergovernmental group of experts on climate change that CO2 emissions. First. because even with biofuels. the average recovery of liquid hydrocarbons is just 35%.

There is no guarantee that all the necessary investments will be made. Investment in the oil sector.700 billion in energy. 14 . helping them define their energy policies. even if only to maintain the current export levels to European countries and to begin exporting to Asia. for example. According to the IEA reference forecast.ERLIFE. This information needs to be integrated and acted on in real time to optimize the exploitation of these deposits. Here. physical chemistry and biotechnology. The ecobalance of the latter must be improved and the move to second and even third generation products carried out as rapidly as possible. A wide range of technologies must be developed simultaneously: technologies to improve energy efficiency for buildings and transport. The quantity of data on a field acquired during the surveying through production phases can be counted in petabytes (1015 bytes). such as China and South Africa. because these are the places where demand and production are growing fastest. It is necessary to provide the planet with cost-effective energy. and technologies to promote more environmentally friendly use of fossil fuels. rising to approximately two thirds of the total if investments in the supply chain to meet the fuel needs of power plants are included. geopolitical factors. Some countries. the investment decisions taken by major oil and gas production countries will be decisive.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. This WHAT INVESTMENTS ARE NEEDED FOR OUR ENERGY FUTURE? To satisfy the world’s growing and voracious demand for energy. Approximately half of the total worldwide energy investment needs to be made in developing countries. the future also lies in the greater use of nuclear generated energy. information technology. concerns two main sectors in particular: photovoltaics and biofuels. The development of all these technologies means that in sciences as diverse as chemistry.THEFUTUREOFOIL&GAS. because the volume and cost of imports by consumer countries will increasingly depend on these factors. ask whether the investment made by the gas industry in Russia will be sufficient. WHAT AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGIES COULD EASE THE ENERGY PROBLEM? The technological challenges to be met are enormous.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. The question is whether or not this will happen. which requires the combined expertise of disciplines including earth sciences (geology and geophysics). It now acts as a consultant to its member states. To optimize petroleum production. the accumulated investment required from 2005 to 2030 is just over US $20. are all factors that may influence the opportunities and incentives to public and private companies to invest in the various links of the diverse energy supply chains. technology developments to reduce costs are vital.000 billion from 2005 to 2030. Once again. According to the IEA. technologies for renewable energy and nuclear energy.SCHLUMBER TAKING STOCK available worldwide. Another aspect is the treatment of data generated by the exploitation of hydrocarbon deposits. are so dependent on coal that it is difficult to imagine how they could stop using it. which represents 18% of the world total. considerable progress needs to be made in fundamental and technological research.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. intensive efforts need to be made to discover new hydrocarbon sources. enhanced recovery technologies need to be developed. while diversifying supplies and massively reducing CO2 emissions. One can. amounts to more than US $4. We cannot limit ourselves to a single technology. IEA publishes the yearly World Energy Outlook. but this demands that public concerns regarding waste management be alleviated. Public policies. ■ Cécile Chamois ■ A Chinese soldier in China’s largest oil handling terminal in Dallan. China alone needs to invest around US $3. biology and earth sciences such as geology and geophysics. Upstream investment needs are far more sensitive to declining production rates than they are to the growing demand for oil.700 billion. unexpected variations in unit costs and prices. massive investments in energy supply infrastructure will need to be made. which represents 18% of the world total. three quarters of which needs to be committed to the upstream exploration production sector. applied mathematics.000 billion in 2005 terms! The electricity sector absorbs 56% of the total investment. Regarding renewable energies. as well as the development of new technologies. China needs to invest around US $3. A group of 27 consumer countries The International Energy Agency (IEA) is a government body grouping together 27 countries. Working from the principle that without statistics there cannot be a significant energy policy.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. It is historically positioned in the western camp of energy consumers. This points to a need to develop cost effective technologies to capture and store CO2.

from exploration to production. allow hydrocarbons to accumulate.000 meters below the sea. Here is a review of some of these technologies. created by deformation of the rock strata. This is followed by exploration drilling.000 meters underground.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. 15 . ■ Stéphane Magalhaes ■ RESERVOIR ROCK: Without 'traps' there would be no oil reservoirs. Traps can be structural – formed by flexible (folds). All the necessary equipment will be located on the seabed and the produced hydrocarbons transported to land through underwater pipelines.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. It is an image drawn from the history of the oil industry. and in geological structures where temperatures typically exceed 150 degC and pressures can reach 2. storage and unloading. or stratigraphical – formed as a result of the nature of the rock. the search for hydrocarbons is a complex activity that resembles an obstacle course. There are no standard conditions: no two wells are identical.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. But in today’s world. I n a desert-like landscape. and so on. metrology. ultra-sensitive instruments are needed to take measurements at the bottom of the reservoir.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. a derrick sits over an oilfield in which the parent rock lies just a few meters below the sand. These closed structures. or brittle (faults) deformations of the rock. chemical kinetics. And.500 bars. to reach the oil. buried at depths of over 6. If the oilfield is at sea. when a reservoir is located in these particularly difficult conditions.GERLIFE. The work calls for finding oil in increasingly difficult environments: at great depths of more than 2. sometimes horizontal. production will take place without any surface structure whatsoever. with a high degree of precision.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. modeling of materials. In the future (and already planned for the Norwegian Barents Sea).SCHLUMBE TECHNOLOGIES Leading-edge technologies in the petroleum engineer’s toolkit Modern petroleum exploration and production have been able to make use of innovative processes developed in other fields and industries: signal processing. a floating platform can be used for production.

Hypotheses are then made concerning the propagation speeds of the waves through the various layers. On its return to the surface.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. 16 . and so on. Waves sent from the surface into the ground are partially reflected when they encounter a change in the nature of the rock or an interface between fluids.THEFUTUREOFOIL&GAS. For greater reliability. a two dimensional image of the subsurface and the geological layers can be built up.ERLIFE. The first are those closest to the surface. Measurements are taken of the time taken for a wave reflected on a geological layer to travel from transmitter to receiver.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. These are used to record a complex series of waves. followed by those reflected on the first geological layer. The acquisition of three dimensional measurements of the rock parameters increases the reliability of the analysis. the signal is captured by highly sensitive geophone receivers. This 3D technology simplifies the understanding of complex situations at considerable depths. These are then used to produce a geological section. ■ 3D: By moving the transmitter and receiver many times. permitting the construction of an image incorporating depth. 3D seismic surveying is used (see facing image).SCHLUMBER TECHNOLOGIES 1: RESERVOIR PARAMETERS ■ SEISMIC SURVEYING: Seismic surveys are carried out to detect the presence of a reservoir.

The tools attached directly to the string guide the drilling and enable analysis of the rock layers being drilled through. radioactive or nuclear magnetic resonance instruments. at the bottom of which is a bit.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. seismic. the bit rotates on the surface-controlled drilling string.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. A mixture of water and clay (drilling mud) is injected into the well to control pressure and remove rock cuttings. The energy needed for the measurement instruments and drilling controls is provided by lithium batteries. seismic surveys do not provide anything like complete information. The drilling rig takes the form of a mast used to lower the drilling string. Thus measurements known as well logs can be recorded using electric.000 meters and continue horizontally for 10 kilometers from the drilling point – all with a precision of within one meter from the target location! 17 . acoustic.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. When it reaches the bottom of the well. exploration drilling must be carried out. The well is then cased with steel pipe. It is even possible to drill to a depth of 2. The bit cuts through the rock at the bottom of the well. Modern drilling techniques make it possible to drill at an angle from a single point and extend this into a horizontal or U-shaped drilling profile. 3: CONSTRUCTION OF A WELL ■ HORIZONTAL DRILLING: Development drilling begins. To find out whether there is any oil in a well.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. right) to provide hydraulic isolation and mechanical integrity.SCHLUMBE 2: EXPLORATION DRILLING ■ METROLOGY: Unfortunately. Measurement tools are lowered into the well as it is drilled.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.GERLIFE. which is cemented (see image.

THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. 18 . with its 200. When commissioned in 2001.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. exploited by Total 150 kilometers off the coast of Angola.400 meters. Positioned by robots.SCHLUMBER TECHNOLOGIES 4: BRINGING A SITE INTO PRODUCTION ■ OFFSHORE: The Girassol field.THEFUTUREOFOIL&GAS.000 barrel a day production capacity and two million barrel storage volume. a network of 45 kilometers of flow lines connected to the wellheads covers the seabed over the 24 square kilometers of the field. of which 23 were drilled to a depth of 1. this vessel. was the largest floating production unit in the world.ERLIFE. provides an example of the technologies developed for deep offshore work: 39 underwater wells.

or chemical methods. The former involve using heat to reduce the viscosity of the oil. levels of the various fluids. On a production reservoir. liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). such as miscible fluid injection. Another solution is to change the physical characteristics of the oil using thermal methods. to ease its migration through porous rock. and allows production to be adjusted accordingly.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. The fluid compresses the hydrocarbon extracted by production wells. 3D seismic surveys are carried out at regular intervals. Comparison of recordings identifies changes taking place in the deposit during its production period.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS.GERLIFE.SCHLUMBE 5: OPTIMIZATION ■ ENHANCED RECOVERY: Enhanced recovery techniques are used to improve well productivity. highly compressed gas extracted from the oil well. Geophysicists use sophisticated software to combine these data to help them reconstruct the forms and physical properties of the geological layers. One of these involves using special wells to inject fluids such as CO2 . This provides a better understanding of preferential flow routes. Data processing of recorded seismic waves is extremely complex.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. and water. 19 . Chemical methods are used to reduce the capillary forces that contribute to retaining the hydrocarbons in the rock.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. the life of the deposit throughout the exploration cycle can be traced. ■ 4D: 4D seismic surveying incorporates the fourth dimension: time. By linking those data with data acquired during the research phase. and so forth.

They represent 120 To meet the challenges of crude & Young. and as a worldwide average. especially its strengths is that it is open to for your research and ideas from the outside world: the development activities? oil industry has been able to adapt Andrew Gould: Last year we technologies from other sectors to Andrew Gould recruited mainly engineers and meet its specific needs. you argued for technological cooperation between service companies and petroleum groups to meet the challenges facing the sector. such as India and China.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. In the former. States. their research centers mean that has one of the three most powerful Gould holds a degree in we have no particular difficulties computers in the world? Our goal is economic history from in acquiring the skills we need. as well in Your company hired more than the Middle East.3 billion and a workforce of 84.ERLIFE. and that requires very powerful measuring and modeling tools. simulation for what represents the core of our What is more. La Recherche talked to its CEO. To do that. president of several segments before universities in the world and did you know that Schlumberger becoming the group’s CEO in February 2003. What do you hydrocarbon reservoirs. The image obtained from electromagnetic and seismic surveying measurements gives a precise picture of where new drilling should take place. the task is to detect unnoticed layers of hydrocarbons. In some reservoirs in Norway. How can you improve the recovery factor? Andrew Gould: We need to define the space between wells. an image of the area needs to be created. LA RECHERCHE: Generally speaking. A few years ago. and the reason why we advocate cooperation between companies. But a 1% increase in the recovery factor would be equivalent to two and a half years of world consumption! Our goal is to increase recovery to 50%. with a 2007 revenue of US $23. it is essential that we solve a problem that is specific to the petroleum industry: the recovery factor. One of the right profiles. the 1975 in the internal audit in over 40 countries. As a result of its history and size.SCHLUMBER INTERVIEW Andrew Gould: “The key question in the oil industry is the recovery factor.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. Improving the recovery factor is therefore a crucial issue for our industry. But we have as specific nuclear measurement a far better reputation in the United technologies. digital modeling. the petroleum 10. He was ties with the most prestigious innovative technologies. industry is seen as prestigious and Do you find it difficult to find attracts the best graduates. Regardless. at the end of the day. Having worked for Ernst scientists. especially given the current debate concerning peak oil – the turning point when world production of crude begins its downward slope. in the latter.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. and so on. we extract only between 30% and 35% of the total resources present in reservoirs. And in emerging countries. At present. 20 . Andrew Gould joined Schlumberger in nationalities and we recruited oil exploration and extraction.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. For example.000 in around 80 countries. Has this cooperation been set up? Andrew Gould: Only partly.THEFUTUREOFOIL&GAS. as precisely as possible. I feel that we have yet to achieve an optimum level of cooperation. a recovery rate of 60% to 65% has already been attained. the performance systems available to handle seismic petroleum industry and leading-edge surveying data and carry out modeling and technologies are rarely associated. to equip ourselves with the highest Cardiff University. Why? Andrew Gould: The budget comprised outset that this negative image is far from US $633 million for development activities and universally shared. in the rocks where the oil is trapped. These technologies are used both for existing and new deposits. as well to be a polluting activity. Our historic industry has learned to use the most department. This success is of considerable interest to the entire industry. the remaining two thirds are lost. It is true that in Europe US $95 million for applied research. it is considered sciences and chemistry. the sector is seen to be old profession – a complete understanding of fashioned and out of date. Our needs our industry suffers from an image deficit are vast because they cover traditional physical because. the group is deeply involved in development of petroleum technologies. In 2007.” Schlumberger is the world’s largest petroleum services company.000 employees in 2007. you invested US $728 million in put this down to? Andrew Gould: Let me make it clear from the research and development. it is to optimize exploitation of the deposit.

The major challenge is to ensure that the reservoirs in which the CO2 is stored do not leak over time. means a thousand years. increase its flow.500 bars. . now that is a fascinating subject. in this case. However.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. It is also necessary to have very sensitive surveillance and fluid analysis systems. which. pumps must have very long service lives. but only when this technology is fully developed! This technology demands a complete understanding of the subsurface. gas can reach a temperature of 300 degC at a pressure of 2. its reactions with the molecules in the rock cause changes in the physical-chemical characteristics of the reservoir. operations on the seabed need to be reduced to a minimum. and solid oils.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. For example. We are also researching the behavior of these crude oils when their state changes. over time. consequently. steam is injected to reduce the viscosity of the oil and. The former can be produced using a special extraction and collection system. Finally. How will they be used? Andrew Gould: Most deposits of these nonconventional crude oils are found in Venezuela and Canada.SCHLUMBE Very deep offshore operations are part of the challenge facing the petroleum industry. It is vital to be able to detect the presence of water in a well as its presence affects the exploitation of the reserves. or trace circulation of fluids through a reservoir . companies are being confronted with high temperature and high pressure deposits that are very difficult to exploit. major research is vital for development of reliable tools – including pumps able to withstand temperatures of 250 degC – and measurement instruments. ■ Interview by Stéphane Magalhaes 21 . Our understanding of reservoirs has allowed us to make considerable progress in this area. But we will have to wait some time before we reach that point. Exploitation of non-conventional crude oils (shales and bituminous sands) is also of vital importance to the future of oil. How will they apply to the oil sector? Andrew Gould: The use of nanotechnologies for detection and analysis of fluids will probably be introduced into the sector over the next couple of years. In some cases. What are the particular constraints associated with these new exploration areas? Andrew Gould: The main difficulty with this type of exploitation is not so much the depth of the water – where the limit is essentially governed by economics – as the reliability of the machinery. Schlumberger is involved in operations to extract crude oils that have a viscosity that allows natural flow. biochemistry is where the real revolution will take place. A great deal is expected from nanotechnologies. The CO2 in a reservoir is not inert. which. Another direction is the study of reactions between the CO2 and the storage reservoir rock. Using biochemical agents to modify the behavior of a fluid. Again. So. . During the exploitation phase.GERLIFE. we need to have tools and instruments that can withstand these conditions. Underground storage of CO2 is raising great hopes in the environmental sector. could cause microfaults and potentially reduce the integrity of the reservoir.THE FUTUREOFOIL&GAS. For solid oils. Is this a potential future sector for Schlumberger? Andrew Gould: Absolutely.

or offshore – in shallow waters or far out at sea in deep water. a few weeks off.GERLIFE. spending a few weeks on.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. These extreme conditions and diverse locations require a wide range of drilling platforms to make oil and gas production possible.RIGLIFE. people normally work in on/off rotation.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.SC Schlumberger operates at wellsites in some of the toughest environments on the planet: from the searing heat of Middle Eastern deserts to the numbing cold of Siberian taiga. The wellsite location you are assigned to will impact greatly on your lifestyle: in remote and offshore locations. 22 . Rigs can be mobile or more permanent structures and are located either on land. in transition zones such as swamps.RIGLIFE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.RIGLIFE. crews are usually able to go home after work (although they may still be on call!).SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.RIGLIFE.RIGLIFE. In more accessible locations. from the steamy jungles of Brazil to the typhoon swept shores of the South China Sea.

helicopters are also used extensively as are rugged 4x4 vehicles and the famous.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. you must be ready to adapt and take the initiative… and have a good sense of humor! 23 .RIGLIFE. and you will normally have to share amenities with your co-workers. local journeys are made by small boat or using the platform crane. For offshore operations. blue Schlumberger trucks. This.RIGLIFE. There are no shops at wellsites. Before you can travel offshore you will need to have successfully completed a number of training courses and passed certain safety qualifications including: HUET (Helicopter Underwater Evacuation Training) and a BOSS (Basic Offshore Sea Survival) certificate. intense and costly business. Women engineers are still in a minority in the oil and gas industry.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. On land. This should include essentials such as all your clothing and toiletries and also some extras such as your iPod and supplies of your favorite chocolate! Rigs are not hotels and accommodation is usually pretty cramped. so getting to work may involve long. Once offshore.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. However. trips are usually made by helicopter. cross-country journeys. It is important to remember that these are NOT holiday flights and that the emphasis is very much on saftey.RIGLIFE. which is why Schlumberger pays special attention to making sure living conditions are appropriate. plus the fact that wells are often in some of the most remote and inhospitable places in the world. often in some pretty serious forms of transport.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. so you have to take everything you are going to need with you. However. means that our engineers have to be able to adapt to local conditions. some field engineers are lucky enough to be able to drive to work in their own cars! Drilling thousands of meters down into the Earth is inherently a dirty.HLUMBERGERLIFE.RIGLIFE.R Many wellsites are in remote locations.

RGERLIFE. but they know how to play hard too .SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.RIGLIFE. We have to be on top of our game 24/7 as the results of our work have multi-million dollar consequences for our clients.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.RIGLIFE. .RIGLIFE. all our people are focused on delivering service excellence. To help you do your job.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. and the respect and trust that develops between work colleagues often means that friendships created in the field last a lifetime. which all adds up to creating the Schlumberger way of life! 24 . make no mistake. Regardless of the job you do with Schlumberger. But technology alone is not enough: the ability to work as part of a team is essential to our success. Schlumberger people work hard.RIGLIFE. Living and working at a wellsite means the conditions are often extreme and the job is high pressured. . But this environment helps to bring people together. no matter what the conditions.RIGLIFE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. Schlumberger utilizes the very latest and greatest technology.

I worked for three months as a junior field engineer with Indonesian land crews in south Sumatra. The first three years. Working in Abu Dhabi. There I was promoted to Wireline field engineer. the Philippines and Indonesia.EOPLE. Schlumberger would be my first and only choice. If I had the chance to turn back the clock and choose my employer again.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. Working as a field engineer overseas. I took up the position of recruiting manager. I had plenty of opportunity to get familiar with Schlumberger’s hi-tech services and was promoted to senior field engineer.SCHLUMBERGERPEOPLE. Vietnam & Myanmar Moviemaking with colleagues and singing Favourite iPod track: Secret by Jay Zhou “I had never thought about working in the petroleum industry until a friend told me about Schlumberger and I applied. At the end of 2006. as field services manager for Wireline in West China. traveling with friends and exploring different cultures in many countries. but we do get to take many short breaks.SCHLUMBERGE XUN LI Nationality: Degree: University: Languages: Recruited: Current post: Unwinding route: Chinese Mechanical Engineering Tsinghua University. I returned to my native China to embark on yet another new and challenging start in my career. Then in 2007. I moved to work offshore in Qatar in November 2003 as lead engineer for several major offshore clients. I was so busy doing my job that I had little time to think about how difficult it was. Thailand. I was transferred to the Middle East.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. In 2002. After completing my training in Malaysia. Excited and ready to embark on a new life. Japan. I had very little spare time! It’s hard for a logging engineer to plan any activities after work. became a general field engineer. and after a great deal of hard work. English plus a bit of Thai 2001 Recruiting Manager for China. I started as a field engineer at the end of 2001. in a move that has developed my career in a different direction. I really enjoy the diversity of this way of life.” 25 . Beijing Chinese.SCHLUMBERGERPEOPLE.

Discovering that I loved animals. with the job and and my personal life just being different aspects of the same unfolding story. . I had the opportunity to spend a weekend hunting with the pygmies in Cameroon. or a huge. lone hammerhead shark circling the rig. ” AFRICA: MY FAVORITE CONTINENT ON EARTH I started my Schlumberger life about thirteen years ago. I was constantly travelling around living a life of adventure. I was being paid. climb Pico Bioko in Malabo. Seeing the local hunters bursting out of the jungle carrying spears and freshly killed antelopes or boars to sell to the rig camp. Believe it or not. when I joined Wireline. I started to move from country to country in the region.AWAYOFLIFE. I've worked for that are really extremepast 13 years. while I was struggling on a hellish three-day logging job in pouring rain and ankle deep mud.AWAYOFLIFE. While based in Cape Town. I honestly thought I should pay to do this job! Not only was the work exciting and challenging.FE. The job has taken me to amazing places – many and tough to work in but that have allowed me to do things that I would never have been able to do in an ordinary job. My life with Schlumberger has been one continual experience . watching from the deck of a supply boat humpback whales jump out of the water in pairs during the mating season.AWAYOFLIFE. a pack of killer whales hunting down dolphins. I could not believe my luck.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. over surprised elephants and buffaloes in the savanna! This was to be one of many highlights of my time in Africa. My first four years were spent in West and Southern Africa. I'm Eric Schlumberger for the “some pretty Ayache. After almost four years on what has since become my favorite continent on earth. Thank you Schlumberger! After two years of remote projects and exploration jobs in Angola. Angola. Gabon and South Africa. was a great experience! And it was on that job I met a young Wireline pre-school trainee.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. during these first three or four years. I had the desire to discover and work in other ➥ 26 . Catherine Beneton. After an additional six-hour ride in a dugout canoe on a river winding its way through the jungle. wherever exploration jobs or other needs arose. I will never forget when I was sent to Gabon as second engineer on a remote well deep in the jungle. I finally reached the wellsite.SCHLUMBERGE Hi. Having the opportunity to discover these countries. was an incredible experience. . and many more while on days off.AWAYOFLIFE. who has since become my wife. Often it was difficult to distinguish work from days off. Here’s a snapshot of some of my adventures. and go cage diving with the great white sharks. go horse riding in the vineyards of Stellenbosch. the pilot of the four seater plane that took me from Congo to Gabon plunged down to fly just 100 meters above ground level.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. working in remote areas of Congo. and on top of that.

I just had to get some rest for a few hours.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.AWAYOFLIFE. I volunteered for an NGO project to protect and study chimpanzees. I had flown over herds of caribou migrating over frozen lakes to their calving grounds in the tundra. 27 . how to fend for herself before we could release her back into the wild.AWAYOFLIFE. during my vacations.AWAYOFLIFE. Despite the jaw dropping location.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. whose mother was killed by poachers.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. I learnt to fly while working for Schlumberger.AWAYOFLIFE. ■ Inset above: When I was working in the Congolese jungle. Alaska – a very awe-inspiring experience! ■ Top right: Sunrise over the sand dunes in the desert at the border between Oman and Saudi Arabia. . ■ Far left: Sunrise or sunset (I can’t remember – it had been a long and tiring shift!) in the grasslands of Sudan. ■ Below: Just before landing at the bush airstrip of Wekweeti in the North West Territories in Canada. . I helped teach this baby chimp. where do I start? ■ Top left: Trekking in the Denali Mountain Range.RLIFE.SCHLUMBER Well .

AWAYOFLIFE. close to the Masila base. ■ Big inset: With some Yemeni friends. Yemen. ■ Small inset: Dogsledding in Svalbard (an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean midway between Norway and the North Pole) during my one year leave of absence. .AWAYOFLIFE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.AWAYOFLIFE.SCHLUMBERGE Page 28: ■ Main picture: On a real high! . in the Hadramaut. Here we are on our honeymoon standing in front of K2 in northern Pakistan. ■ 2nd inset: The pleasures of horseback-riding.FE. above the vivid blue waters of Lake O'Hara in the Canadian Rockies during a vacation.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. Page 29: ■ 1st inset: In 2005 I got married – to Catherine Beneton (who I met at Schlumberger!). ‘Cowboy Eric’ in the Canadian Rockies ■ Far right: My other ‘family’: part of my Schlumberger team when I was field service manager at the Masila base.AWAYOFLIFE. 28 .

I was fortunate to be able to get to know my surroundings and my neighbors quite well. . During my two years in Yemen. the hospitality of the bedus. SVALBARD CALLING Despite all these adventures. and a very challenging job as field ➥ Field Engineers Field Engineers work globally. The job is challenging but it is one of the most rewarding and respected jobs in the industry. Tarim. YEMEN! The land of the Queen of Sheba.AWAYOFLIFE.SCHLUMBER parts of the world. in some of the most extreme environments. From the sea port of Mukalla. Hence my transfer to Abu Dhabi. and a very special people born from a mixture of Arab. endemic bird and plant species (like the amazing dragon blood tree). bird watching along the little known Rift Valley Lakes of remote southern Ethiopia . trekking in the Bale and Siemen Mountains of Ethiopia looking for the Abyssinian wolf. 29 . Required: Bachelor's or Master's degree in engineering or applied science.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. This is a place definitely worth a visit while it remains unspoiled. The breathtaking and unique scenery in the Hadhramout. . to provide oil companies with expert advice on which to base multi-billion dollar production decisions. There. mountain nyala and gelada baboon – all endemic. From Yemen. AH. and finding it. Indian and African traders who speak a unique language (Socotri).AWAYOFLIFE. while on week-long exploration loggings in the beautiful Bu Hasa field. a fabulous ‘lost world’ of unique landscapes. kayaking and rafting the Nile white water rapids below Victoria Lake. rare species. the Old Sana’a .RLIFE. I even spent five amazing weeks traversing the country from Sana’a to Mukalla. I felt privileged and happy. Approaching on foot the mountain gorillas in the Virunga range. the ‘Arabia Felix’ of the Romans. via Marib and the old sabean ruins of Shabwa – a fantastic journey through time. driving to wellsites across the moon-like landscapes characteristic of the high plateaus of the Hadhramaut. . where I spent two months as a land engineer. I crossed over to Socotra. I learned everything there is to learn about desert driving.000 year old incense trade route. following the 4. As on-site team leader you must use a combination of technical and leadership skills to both manage your crew and deliver high quality service to Schlumberger’s customers. paddling around Lake Albert in search of the elusive dinosaur-like shoebill stork.AWAYOFLIFE.AWAYOFLIFE. the architecture of Shibam. But the infamous Abu Dhabi traffic jams finally took their toll.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. particularly the remote areas of the Middle Eastern deserts. so I was delighted to be assigned to Masila in Yemen. it was an easy jump to cross the Bab El Mendab to visit other extraordinary countries like Uganda and Ethiopia. .SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.

this time to Angola. In summer 2005. and the UAE. we are being transferred to our home country. Health. . first in Dubai. and with an occasional exciting encounter with a hump back whale or killer whale! Our last vacation saw us return to Alaska for a few days of camping and trekking in the pristine wildernesses of Denali National Park and Katmai National Park. and our vacations sea kayaking the fjords of southern Alaska along calving tide water glaciers. Trekking along the ‘Omani Grand Canyon’ in the Jebel Al Akhdar. Field Service Manager and Service Quality Coach for Wireline. great opportunities to discover a country from the inside.AWAYOFLIFE. a new kind of adventure awaited me: embarking on a dual career move with the woman I met in the Gabonese jungle – remember? This adventure took me to join Catherine in Dubai for a few months. demanding that I spend a year there. Sounds like a challenge indeed! DUAL CAREER MOVES After a year in the Sultanate of Oman. little Inès Ayache! And. The time we were able to spend together. amid THE BIGGEST ADVENTURE OF ALL Our latest and most recent adventure may very well be the most challenging and enjoyable of all: the arrival of our first baby. Safety & Environment Manager 2005: The Netherlands Wireline Location Manager 2006 – 2008: North America Training Center Manager in Canada 2008 – the present: France Wireline Rapid Response Manager at the Schlumberger Riboud Product Center in Paris. before we were both transferred back to Africa. where the world of a product center awaits me. Paris and its surroundings. in the Karakorum mountain range of Northern Pakistan. Highlights of our time there were spending vacations on safari in neighboring Namibia. as well as the new Schlumberger Engineering. and had a great honeymoon. in a roof tented 4x4 Toyota! I also volunteered for one month deep in the Congolese jungle helping anti-poaching units protecting chimpanzees. confirmed that we were made for each other. This will give me time to discover my daughter. 2004: Angola Quality. development and staffing manager for recently hired engineers. Catherine worked for the Wireline sales organization there. I was able to visit surrounding countries I had not yet been to: beautiful and varied Iran. Eric is in charge of developing technology to meet needs in the field for technical solutions where no other viable option exists. while I had the immense privilege of managing the Schlumberger training center in Airdrie. surrounded by dolphins. THE SULTANATE OF OMAN – ANOTHER FANTASTIC COUNTRY This assignment. was a dream come true! scores of sea birds. He took 2001 off to be a dog-sledging guide for expeditions below the North Pole. diving among schools of thousands of swirling fishes. Until we are ready to go back overseas to share new adventures – this time the three of us – and take up challenging new professional positions . was a combination of very hard work and ERIC AYACHE 1995 – 1999: Africa As a Field Engineer for exploration wells.AWAYOFLIFE. our Schlumberger dual career adventure took us to North America and the city of Calgary in Canada. then in Angola. But after ten months. and where developed solutions are limited in application or constrained in time and where a full development project is impractical. beautifully highlighted against the vivid blue of the Umm Al Quwain lagoons. accompanied by moose. And now the Arctic was calling me. where she was working as training. and later in the Netherlands. 1999 – 2003: The Middle East General Field Engineer. we got married in a small mountain village in France. sea otters and seals. I was ready to move on again. sea kayaking through deep fjords at sunrise. More recently. .AWAYOFLIFE. Tanzania. a week of canoeing in the pristine wilderness of northern British Columbia. I had been there three years earlier to participate in a dog sledging expedition through the glaciers and sea ice. and flying in a small private plane above the huge ice fields of the Canadian Rockies and over migrating caribou in the Northwest Territories. On days off. black bears and eagles. as a dog sledging guide! It was an MBA of sorts – a Master’s in the Blizzards of the Arctic! The time spent there was another highlight of my life. .SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.AWAYOFLIFE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. for the first time in our Schlumberger career. once again. . Especially our weekends skiing or camping in the Canadian Rocky Mountains. To Paris. Flying a small Cessna low over the red sand dunes of the Sharjah desert and over flocks of pink flamingoes in flight. For us. at 6. Eric worked in nine countries.000 meters.SCHLUMBERGE service manager at the Masila base. trekking the glaciers around the famous K2. where we had close and heart stopping experiences with wolves and grizzly bears! Other highlights of our time in North America included a week dog sledging and camping in the Yukon.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. in temperatures of 42 degC below.FE. wandering through long abandoned Omani villages. while Catherine completes her maternity leave before coming back to Schlumberger in a new position. this was a completely different part of the world – one where we had never worked or lived before – and we have enjoyed every minute of it. Looking forward to that! ■ 30 . . Manufacturing and Sustaining organization that I am now part of. tracking the fabled white Arabian oryx in the Jiddat Al Harasis with an old Bedu Harasi. my thoughts turned more and more to Svalbard.

SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.AWAYOFLIFE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.AWAYOFLIFE.AWAYOFLIFE.AWAYOFLIFE.RLIFE.SCHLUMBER 31 .SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.

SCHLUMBERGERPEOPLE.MBERGERPEOPLE. the kids’ school.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. “For the first few years I knew everyone who worked for Schlumberger in the CIS (the Commonwealth of Independent States – the alliance of eleven former Soviet republics). I am in thinking mode!” 32 . recalling earlier times in his home region. The government administrators had very little experience with such things as importing oilfield equipment. this time.” Ivan says. and one which is critically aware of the need to modernise. The difference is that. and the regulations were constantly changing. “Now I’m back in the same kind of start-up situation here in Ukraine. As for the future. and with the necessary paperwork to do business.SCHLU IVAN KHLESTOV Nationality: Age: Degree: University: Languages: Recruited: Current post: Unwinding route: Russian 27 Geological Engineering Novosibirsk State University English. So right now. making Schlumberger the only oilfield services company with an established presence in Ukraine. and my professional future. It made things difficult. “My career development plans?” In all honesty I have a very interesting time and job right now.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. Russian and Ukrainian 1993 Ukraine Country Manager Kayaking in the Altay Mountains with a bunch of Schlumberger mates Favourite iPod track: Sweet Child o’ Mine by Guns N’ Roses A graduate ‘rock sniffer’. the responsibility rests largely on my shoulders .“ This particular hurdle was cleared in mid 2007. Ivan joined Schlumberger as a Well Services cementer in Siberia. and I love it!” “Getting the operating licenses in place was the toughest hurdle. This was a real head start in the race to gain a hold in a market that is opening up to foreign investment.SCHLUMBERGERPEOPLE. . . there are so many parameters to consider – my wife.

(bottom): Roger Jost on an exploration tour around Federovska. station by station. They left from Marseille. Work continued apace with 1. and the living conditions dire. I count all these men to be heroes. and just two years later Schlumberger had 19 teams of logging engineers working in the area. Their equipment was primitive in the extreme. Activity spread to other Soviet oil provinces.000 stations in all. a Swedish clan which had earlier emigrated to Russia and which is now more commonly associated with the invention of dynamite and the Nobel Prizes. he died in 1990. in particular to the Baku area of Azerbaijan. one of Baku’s most prolific.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. through the Bosphorus and across the Black Sea to the Georgian port of Batumi. I was lucky enough to know one of the original teams of five engineers dispatched to the Soviet Union in 1929. Conrad collapsed during his return to Paris and died in Stockholm.SC SCHLUMBERGER HAS BEEN AT THE FOREFRONT OF SUBSURFACE PROSPECTING SINCE ITS DEVELOPMENT OVER 80 YEARS AGO. CONRAD AND MARCEL . TODAY RUSSIA IS ONE OF THE COMPANY’S MOST IMPORTANT MARKETS. Raymond Sauvage.EMERGINGMARKETS. . The others were there to perform surface measurements. it would be revealed that Melikian had been assassinated during a Stalinist purge in 1938.UTS. AS IT WAS THEN.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. With Melikian as the local coordinator. The resulting work. the key to the Soviet contracts and ultimately to the survival of Schlumberger at the time. THE SOVIET UNION. where he had worked with Henri Doll on log interpretation. after the collapse of the Soviet Union. From there they traveled by road across the Caucasus to Groznyy. a chance encounter took place between Conrad Schlumberger and Vahe Melikian. Vahe Melikian. My friend. disappeared from view despite frantic correspondence from Marcel and Henri. Beset by this news during a final visit to Moscow in 1936. WAS ARGUABLY EVEN MORE SIGNIFICANT AS IT HELPED SAVE THE COMPANY FROM POTENTIAL BANKRUPTCY. the Schlumberger team persevered. This province was the first major Russian oil producer from Tsarist times. The driving force was a branch of the Nobel family. ■ ■ Above: Schlumberger engineers and the ubiquitous wireline logging truck . But life continued to be hard. Connecticut.200 wells logged in 1931 alone. In spite of these remarkable advances. He was 58. became a lifeline for Schlumberger when the stock market crash of 1929 brought most of the company’s other business to a halt.EMERGINGMARKETS. Raymond Sauvage retired in 1968 in Ridgefield. the combination of Schlumberger measurements and this new understanding of saturation led to some remarkably sophisticated reservoir monitoring of the Surakhany field. Some 70 years later. n the 1920s. BUT BACK IN THE 20s AND 30s. for reasons too mysterious to fathom at the time. In 1935. aged 85. bring the crews much needed improvements in their equipment and test out new measurements. It took one meal with Sauvage to convince Conrad to order regular food parcels from Paris. aged 35. 35. sailed across the Mediterranean in appalling weather. soon thereafter the Soviet contracts began to peter out. An avid gardener until he was rendered blind by Parkinson’s disease.EMERGINGMARKETS. where experiments by Vladimir I Kogan on partially saturated sand packs provided key data later used by Gus Archie to derive the renowned Archie equation that allows oil saturation to be derived from resistivity. In time. The meeting eventually led to Soviet interest in the Schlumberger technique and to contracts for its services in the oilfields of Chechnya and Azerbaijan. rivalling the Rockefeller monopoly in the US in terms of size and ambition. Oil seepages had been known from antiquity.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. There were occasional visits by Conrad and Marcel Schlumberger and by Henri Doll to confer with Soviet geophysicists. which lasted from 1929 to the mid 1930s. 1930s style! ■ Below (top): Sauvage and Poirault on their way to the rig site in Grozny. . logging became preferred by the Soviet prospectors to surface measurements. 33 . and the oil industry developed rapidly during the latter part of the 19th century. and it is because of people like them that Schlumberger lives on. Today. Baku could also boast one of the world’s pre-eminent petroleum institutes. IN THE PIONEERING DAYS OF THE SCHLUMBERGER BROTHERS. a Soviet student at the Ecole des Mines in Paris. During the first year Sauvage logged 100 wells. was the only logging engineer in the group.

clients. including employees themselves. contractors. malaria.GLOBALCITIZENSHIP.GLOBALCITIZENSHIP. through thought leadership and our own best practices.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. shareholders. 34 . HIV/AIDS and science education. global citizenship reflects the rich diversity and quality of our workforce. our employees share a willingness to contribute to the progress and well-being of the people impacted by our activities. We believe that. we can make a difference in the areas of: climate change. Schlumberger is connected to a number of global challenges. Drawn from 160 nationalities and working in more than 80 countries.SCHLUMBERG At Schlumberger.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. and the members of the communities in which we live and work. As a business and a community of individuals. the environment.BALCITIZENSHIP.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. driving safety. We’ve developed a global citizenship framework that is focused on six of the key global issues to which we are connected. suppliers.

Since the program’s inception in 2003.” says Dr. ■ Malaria prevention checklist Indoors ■ windows and doors are kept closed ■ doors and windows are fitted with screens and regularly checked for holes ■ air conditioning. and 24-hour hotline numbers. “Malaria is a global challenge whose prevention is based on availability of resources and the spread of education. three-day treatment.GL FOCUS ON NIGERIA According to the World Health Organization. families and contractors and Nigerian healthcare providers. Uche Okorocha holds an important role in combating malaria. Investigation into this and previous cases showed that over the last three years the company had lost at least one person a year to the disease. Okorocha is steadfast. Okorocha and the Schlumberger Health. In his role as practitioner and educator both to local Nigerians and newcomers to the country. to just one in the past five years.” 40% of the world’s population is exposed to malaria. Okorocha. but there is more to do.” says Dr. lancets. where available. and by remaining focused and attentive to cuttingedge scientific knowledge. Safety & Environment (HSE) team organize health days to raise awareness of the threats posed by malaria. The disease kills over one million people a year and is endemic in about 100 countries . The program has subsequently been adopted by over 20 other major international companies and was honored by the World Petroleum Congress with a Social Responsibility Award in 2005. and that the disease is responsible for 29% of child deaths and 11% of mortality among pregnant women. . Before the distribution of the Schlumberger curative malaria kits. In an attempt to eradicate malaria fatalities among the workforce. Dr. The kit includes a thermometer. As the intermediary between Schlumberger employees. at night ■ coils are burned on verandas ■ accommodation is sprayed regularly with insecticide ■ chemically treated bed nets are provided. an African-based Schlumberger employee died of malaria while on vacation at home in Mexico. a Schlumberger task force was set up. Okorocha supports Schlumberger in working to safeguard the company’s employees. approximately 20% of the world’s malaria cases occur in Nigeria. “It is through events like these that we can pass on the message and facilitate a concentrated forum of exchange. Schlumberger reports a remarkable reduction in occupational malaria fatalities from four in the preceding two-year period.GLOBALCITIZENSHIP.GERLIFE. three diagnostic strips for rapid blood testing. is working and on cold ■ electric diffusers are plugged in and working. The innovative prevention program they designed focuses on awareness raising.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. particularly to young children and the elderly. early diagnosis/treatment and 24/7 access to expert help.” It is through the targeted Malaria Prevention Program that Dr. There are many documented instances of the kits being used in cases that previously would have potentially resulted in fatalities.” says Dr.GLOBALCITIZENSHIP. Dr.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. many in which Schlumberger operates. Alex Barbey. checked regularly for holes. Dr. . fatalities were among employees who had returned to their home countries where detection and treatment of the disease was often belated. “Malaria is the number one health concern in Nigeria. disinfectant wipes. We have achieved a great deal in Nigeria. “A key program element is a self-help malaria curative kit. I am confident we can do more. “Education is fundamental in combating the disease. and used correctly Outdoors ■ long sleeve shirts/tops are worn ■ long trousers/skirts are worn ■ feet and ankles are covered when outside at night ■ insect repellent is applied to any uncovered parts of the body 35 . mosquito bite prevention. “We take it very seriously and form our healthcare service around controlling this level of risk. Implemented within Schlumberger in 2003. the program has been recognized industry-wide as an effective way of reducing fatalities.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. Okorocha. global health coordinator at Schlumberger. n 2002. particularly in bedrooms.GLOBALCITIZENSHIP.

SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.GLOBALCITIZENSHIP.SCHLUMBERG 36 .GLOBALCITIZENSHIP.BALCITIZENSHIP.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.

in addition. "There is still a long road ahead. boys to become fishermen and girls to help at home. One of the challenges has been to deal with the longer term impacts and ensure that ongoing aid is used in a way that is sustainable and self-supporting. they learned of the work being done by the Suyam Charitable Trust. sustainable project. Volunteers report that the program has helped to eliminate school drop outs and that the children have improved grades. whose projects include providing education to street children in Tamil Nadu’s main city. Chennai. many of the village’s children were left without one or both parents. 37 . saved the company some US $74. In 2007.GL he 2004 Asian tsunami was one of the world’s worst natural disasters. What started as a small fundraising effort by a group of employees with a desire to help people affected by the catastrophe has developed into a long-term. water consumption. "The solution was simple. but we are making progress. Major components for the tools arrive at SHTC in wooden crates from a supplier in northern England.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. the center needed a permanent home. The center was officially inaugurated in September 2007. and the contract for construction of the new building was given to Habitat for Humanity. who was born and raised in the Indian state of Kerala. over 95% of Schlumberger’s sites (of which around 550 are considered to be environmentally significant) achieved compliance with the company’s environmental management standards. He looked for ways to help those affected and gathered support among his colleagues. Through their research. Results showed that the company’s environmental impact affects six main areas: fuel. A project team was established to solve this problem.” explains says Kevin Hancock. This forced SHTC to discard the crates and purchase new. since then. we have been working towards managing and mitigating them. CO2 emissions. natural gas and electricity consumption. A second center opened in 2008. "We identified the most significant risks and.GERLIFE. and resulted in the loss of hundreds of thousands of lives." notes Sealy. The program's first task was to establish monitoring systems in most of Schlumberger’s field locations. help in the aftermath of the disaster. He looked for ways to help those affected and gathered support for fundraising efforts among his colleagues. In a region where children as young as 12 have traditionally left school. however. Raju Eason. The disaster moved people worldwide and prompted pledges of more than US $7 billion in aid over the following weeks. Akkaraipettai. environmental programs manager at Schlumberger. was determined to Raju Eason. and a client charity golf tournament also contributed to the project.000 a year! SHTC’s initiative falls under the umbrella of the Schlumberger Environmental Management Program. No one was spared the loss of an immediate family member or a close relative. The center has gradually expanded and had 200 pupils at the end of 2007. ■ Schlumberger has a number of initiatives underway across the company to enhance environmentally sustainable work practices. In collaboration with Suyam. a Schlumberger employee from the Sugar Land Product Center (SPC) in Texas. “We asked the supplier to replace the existing packaging with a longer crate. The people in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu suffered more than most. longer ones. the team decided to support the construction of an education center in Akkaraipettai. a not-forprofit housing organization." The center has not only reduced wastage considerably but has. and waste management.GLOBALCITIZENSHIP. was determined to help in the aftermath of the disaster.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. the center has provided a new focus on the value of education. a traditional fishing village in the region. Opened in temporary accommodation in 2005. Thailand and India.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE." says Ian Sealy. Other local schools are now in negotiations for access to the center.000 from its Disaster Reconstruction Fund. which the center assembles and dispatches to the field. It hit Indonesia. they are too long to fit back into the original crates.GLOBALCITIZENSHIP. who was born and raised in the Indian state of Kerala. When the tools are fully assembled. capable of housing the assembled tool. A plot of land was acquired. a Schlumberger employee from the Sugar Land Product Center (SPC) in Texas. one of SHTC’s stores clerks. was the worst affected village in India. Sri Lanka.GLOBALCITIZENSHIP. A recent example is an initiative introduced at Schlumberger’s Stonehouse Technology Center (SHTC) in the UK that has led to a significant reduction in the amount of packaging used to pack drilling tools. Schlumberger supported the initiative with a donation of US $82.

and fissures of permeable rocks such as sandstone. Groundwater occurs almost everywhere on Earth – in swampy areas it is very close to the surface. Schlumberger Water Services (SWS) has brought together technologies and expertise that are specifically relevant to addressing the overall issue of 'water stress': advanced logging. or in the bedding planes. sand. or clay. freshwater (around 97% of the remainder is saltwater contained in the oceans and 2% is freshwater that is locked up as ice in glaciers and the polar ice caps).EMANAGEMENT. while in arid areas such as deserts. SWS is also developing specific water engineering solutions such as managed aquifer recharge. Schlumberger’s extensive experience gained during its oilfield operations means it already possesses much of the know-how needed to assess. like oil and gas reservoirs. 38 . while others are constantly being recharged by precipitation and infiltration. and sampling and modeling techniques are proving vital to evaluating and managing supplies of freshwater. silt. In the last decade. Some aquifers contain fossil water reserves which. Subsurface areas in which groundwater can be usefully extracted are called aquifers. Most of the freshwater we use is taken from lakes and rivers (so-called surface water).RE f the total volume of water on Earth only around 1% is accessible to us as useable.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. Globally. we already utilize groundwater but it is likely to become necessary to exploit more and more of this 'hidden' resource to satisfy the increasing demand. but in fact 100 times more water actually lies beneath our feet! This ‘groundwater’ is the result of precipitation that has permeated down below the surface and collected in spaces between particles in materials such as gravel. and aquifer storage and retrieval technologies (see opposite). In both cases. characterize and optimize not only groundwater but also existing surface water resources. cracks. cannot be replenished.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. limestone and chalk. the result is an underground zone that is totally saturated. it can be hundreds of meters down.RESOURCEMANAGEMENT.RESOURCEMANAGEMENT.

Water Management Consultants Ltd. As an alternative approach. temperature and conductivity) in the field.RESOURCEMANAGEMENT.SCHLUMBERGE DIVER-NETZ: WIRELESS GROUNDWATER MONITORING NETWORKS Continuous field observations provide water supply managers with the baseline information needed to plan for future demands. for example.000 citizens. the Government of Mauritius in West Africa initiated a major scheme to improve the sewerage and sanitation system in the southern part of Port Louise. As a result.ESOURCEMANAGEMENT. The city of Guelph. The project included the detailed design of a marine environmental monitoring program. was commissioned to undertake an environmental impact assessment for disposing treated wastewater using borehole injection. sustainable use. The marine aspects of the project were undertaken in association with the School of Ocean Sciences at the University of Wales. led by Project Manager and hydrogeologist Richard CASE STUDY Boak. with the treated effluent disposed of via a sea outfall. This process proved costly and physically challenging. a full qualitative risk assessment of potentially significant environmental impacts. In response. water quality may have been compromised and supply shortages could have occurred. SWS engineered Diver-NETZ* – a wireless field technology designed exclusively to supply continuous collection of groundwater parameters (water elevation. Schlumberger’s experience in the subsurface environment has yielded advanced groundwater monitoring technologies that have been instrumental in delivering successful water management strategies around the world. and conductivity are downloaded to Diver-Pocket* and later transferred to Diver-Office*.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. also carried out a detailed survey of the marine environment to establish a baseline against which the impacts of the construction and long-term operation of the sea outfall can be evaluated. and design of realistic mitigation measures. The result is a ten-fold increase in the collection of monthly data points and a 70% reduction in the cost of collection. now an integral part of SWS. Bangor. Precise measurements of groundwater levels. temperature. field technicians measured and recorded groundwater information manually at the wellsite. and often produced inaccurate data. ■ 39 . Diver-NETZ is being adopted globally to help manage water resources efficiently and offer long term. A new wastewater treatment plant was constructed on the coast.RESOURCEMANAGEMENT.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. in Canada adopted Diver-NETZ to ensure accurate. the capital city. The solution enables the city's field technicians to connect wirelessly and download time-varying data from Diver* dataloggers in 23 wells. Traditionally. A team of experts. and the Department of Marine & Environmental Sciences at the University of Mauritius. CASE STUDY WASTE MANAGEMENT In 2000. reliable groundwater monitoring for its 110.

.E.OPERATINGONTHEEDGE. inside the nylon encasement.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. sitting at the logging controls of the rig. 40 .OPERATINGONTHEEDGE.SCHLUMBERGERLI ■ Home for the duration of the project was the ANDRILL rig site. The drilling rig was wrapped in a nylon encasement to protect both it and the drillers from the elements . around 11 miles north of the rig. the biggest US base in Antarctica and close to the site of the base camp hut used by Captain Scott on his ill-fated journey to the South Pole in 1911. the average temperature ‘outside’ was -10 degC! ■ Above right: And here I am. covering about 400 m of water in the Ross Sea. . ■ Inset: Some of our close ‘neighbors’ . three Adelie penguins at the ice edge. which was on about 8 m of multi-year sea ice. .SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. . The ANDRILL rig site was approximately 30 miles from McMurdo Station.OPERATINGONTHEEDGE.

such as global warming. he studies very high porosity ‘rocks’ as proxies for geologic and climatic changes. . If those ice sheets melted. “If those ice sheets melted. No warmth.” says Dr David Handwerger.OPERATINGONTHEEDGE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. HE SHOULD DO . at ANDRILL. Handwerger likes to say that. . he studies very low- SENIOR SCHLUMBERGER GEOPHYSICIST DR DAVID HANDWERGER FEELS AT HOME AT THE ENDS OF THE EARTH. “Each effort builds on the last. is to predict how the ice sheets will respond to anticipated climate changes. sea levels would rise dramatically. multidecade scientific effort to core and log in and around the Antarctic to understand the evolution of the continent’s cryosphere. at TerraTek. an international research project on the world’s most mysterious continent.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. HE SPENT SIX WEEKS THERE AS ONE OF TWO LOGGING SCIENTISTS WORKING ON AN INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH PROJECT porosity rocks for their reservoir potential while.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. a Schlumberger company.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE e’re exploring a whole new universe right here on Earth. But.” Handwerger says.FE. No trees. tectonic and paleoceanographic factors that led to the development of the Antarctic ice sheets. A place with no defined civilization. beyond understanding the climatic. No grass. ” 41 . In late 2007. compared with about seven ➥ is an “ Antarctica frozenenormous storehouse of water. Handwerger took six weeks of personal development leave to work as one of two logging scientists for ANDRILL (ANtarctic geological DRILLing).” says Handwerger. “Antarctica is an enormous storehouse of frozen water.” One of the motivations for the project. a world that is full of life.OPERATINGONTHEEDGE. A world in white and black. senior geophysicist for TerraTek. “ANDRILL is the latest incarnation of a large. sea levels would rise dramatically: about 70 meters. despite all that.

I used core-log integration to look at changes in ocean circulation and its effects on Antarctic ice sheet development during the Neogene Period.” ANDRILL’s recent exploration phase funded two drilling seasons in the frozen south.250 meters of core underneath the ice shelf to look at a high-resolution sediment record for the past five million years. including dinosaurs.” Handwerger applied for a position with ANDRILL in 2004. or within sight of. “I sailed on a couple of drilling expeditions in the Southern Ocean through the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP).134 meters of the seafloor sediments underneath the multiyear ice sheet (eight meters of ice. This produced a high-resolution record covering mostly the middle Miocene (about 13 million to 20 million years ago). with forests and animals.SCHLU meters if Greenland melted.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. “When I was working on my PhD. the presence and extent of the ice sheets is a major driver of ocean and atmospheric circulation.OPERATINGONTHEEDGE.OPERATINGONTHEEDGE. The data suggest a temperate climate in Antarctica’s past. “We suggest otherwise. and we’re trying to answer questions about how stable it’s been since then. the project cored and logged 1.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.” says Handwerger. I had even been to Antarctica once before – on the ODP drillship JOIDES Resolution which Schlumberger operates – for two months while I was working on my PhD. “We think the massive ice sheet that is Antarctica today got its start 15 million to 20 million years ago.” Handwerger developed an interest in all things Antarctic when he was a graduate student at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City. But I was never on. In late 2006. when Handwerger participated. on top of 400 meters of water). which is the largest US base in Antarctica. Also. which in turn drives climate. This time. In late 2007. I got to go to McMurdo Station. 42 .NGONTHEEDGE. scientists collected about 1.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. a time when many distal records suggest that the Antarctic ice sheets reached their present size and achieved stability. and the drilling rig was on the ice about 30 miles offshore. land.

” said Handwerger. it’s completely isolated from the rest of the world. didn’t have much of anything. rec-room. . Scott and his colleagues didn’t have the communication technology we have.OPERATINGONTHEEDGE. and I hope. but nobody can sail or fly in for a large part of the year because the sea is frozen. he had to wait about three years for the Antarctic field season to arrive. that Schlumberger will be generous and let me do it again. “It’s very different to live in an entirely self-supporting environment. . laundry. “I’ve stood in the hut that Robert Falcon Scott built in 1911 and looked. who had nothing but the ship they sailed in on and a hut they built themselves. It was a sunny and calm ‘night’ and only -2 degC! Once he was accepted. 24 hr daylight during the Austral summer). “McMurdo Station is in darkness four months of the year. Scott and his men all perished on their return journey only 11 miles from a food cache. That’s what personal development leave is for: the work I did for ANDRILL is related to the modeling we do at Schlumberger and helped me develop my skills .UMBERGERLIFE. And. in three or four years. the population of McMurdo Station increases by a factor of about six to support all the science that takes place. He hopes to be selected to return for the next drilling program. at a cargo plane landing at McMurdo Station. ■ Below left: Me relaxing at the rig with Mt Erebus in the distance at 3 am. and a bunch of snowmobiles. ■ Left: More than a century later. It’s resupplied by cargo ships and planes. the Andrill base camp seems very luxurious by comparison with a fully equipped office.” In addition to ANDRILL scientists and staff. studying penguins and birds. When the summer field season arrives. “It’s interesting to be there with so many scientists – all trying to understand the extreme climates of the planet.” says Handwerger. The communication and transportation infrastructure operates unsupported by the rest of the world. half a mile away. “People are conducting seismic studies. McMurdo Station plays host to hundreds of other scientists and support staff. pending the receipt of new funding. so only a skeleton crew remains during that time. Yet they paved the way for what’s there now.OPERATI ■ Main picture: The photo I took inside Captain Scott's Hut at Cape Evans.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.OPERATINGONTHEEDGE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. frankly. It is from this hut in 1911 that Scott’s team (inset) left for their push to the South Pole only to be beaten by the Norwegian Raould Amudsen. .” McMurdo Station is similar to a military installation. (remember. studying sea ice. didn’t have the infrastructure. you just don’t say no!” ■ 43 .SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. Handwerger says he would go back for any reason at any time. . showers. . but for four months of the year. “I took advantage of Schlumberger’s development leave policy to do this in 2007. currently scheduled for 2011. if you have the chance to go to Antarctica. he says. dining room & kitchen. “It certainly makes you think about what it must have been like for the early explorers.” After his time on the ice. The logistics and infrastructure are also fascinating.

this would mean some pretty big changes for a company like Schlumberger. This is the future. more and more engineers will work via the Internet. Their challenge? To overcome this considerable communications obstacle and successfully design.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. who holds the Schlumberger Chair in Mechatronics and Robotics. but not in person." said Fadhel. on which students from France's best engineering schools are spending the 2007/08 school year working with students from Rice University in Houston – by telephone. who is acting as chief advisor to one of the student teams. This represents a massive transformation!" said Yves. Throughout the school year. Or had they? A few days later I returned to SRPC to visit Physics Metier Technology Manager Fadhel Rezgui. cloistering our ideas among ourselves. prototype. and a project entitled Robotic Deployment of a Bi-Stable Reeled Composite. and he's encouraged by the experience.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. but he remains an enthusiastic believer in open innovation and the need to sponsor classroom experiments like the International Engineering Design Project Course.OGYCHALLENGE. e-mail and Internetbased messaging services such as Skype." ■ 44 . when I was up there the other day. Only then can you move a project forward constructively. We have to open up and look outside. "We have to learn these new work methods. The one thing that was clear about all six projects.TECHNOLOGYCHALLENGE. they used a real-time teleconference system to unveil their progress on some frighteningly complex looking projects. however. which looked like a simple roll of tape but seemed to promise near miracles. there was the Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) Control System for use in downhole tools. Little did I know. Other projects were more transparent. In the coming years." Rezgui admits that his team has had some problems getting everybody on the same page. "This is the way our world is going. t looked just the same as always. No small feat. which has undertaken to make a money saving Disposable Logging Sensor. the Schlumberger Riboud Product Center (SRPC) in Clamart. For example. the students never actually meet. Communicating effectively. holding up a toy model of the US space shuttle. which is roughly the size of the prototype tool they are planning. on projects of which they'll own only tiny parts. In the ensuing two hours. . By mixing the teams and forcing them to work in less than ideal conditions. it's an imperative." he says. "Pretty quickly it became clear that the tricky bit is getting everybody to understand the project in the same way. "But it's a transformation Schlumberger must embrace. the course organizers had seriously handicapped these students' potential for success. and who moved to Paris for the year to oversee the course from offices at SRPC." Morel now works as recruiting network manager for mid-career hires. whose makers claim will clean tall glass buildings while avoiding expensive insurance premiums on human window washers. "Today's younger generations are born networkers. We can't keep working alone in our holes." he says. "Working via networks is not a choice. "The technical problems aren't the hard part of this design project. was that it would be easier for one half of any team to complete its project. with people they've never seen. in spite of the fact that you can't see your teammates or understand everything they say – that's the key." Of course. The vast glass and granite reception area was empty but for the occasional scientific looking passerby. Rezgui and team have jammed some electronic goodies into the toy to show what their device might look like when it's done. like the Scrubster Window Washing Robot. They can learn from us. What is less obvious is how much we can learn from them. even to a non-engineer. I'd been invited to a presentation of the first ever International Engineering Design Project Course.TEC One quiet classroom experiment is providing valuable clues to the future of innovative product development .TECHNOLOGYCHALLENGE. document and demonstrate a sophisticated electromechanical product based on a given set of specifications. considering that the teams are separated by two languages and seven time zones. through the glass and granite reception and into the office of Yves Morel. Working under the guidance of Rice Professor Fathi Ghorbel. . the student teams had obviously been busy. but progress has come. rather than have to work with foreign teammates on the other side of the Atlantic. wouldn’t it? For the definitive answer. obviously.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. that a change was in the works. France. "We're not just talking about big changes. I left Fadhel and walked across campus. longtime European innovation manager at SRPC.

CHNOLOGYCHALLENGE. In May 2008. If you have vision and imagination. Required: Master's degree or PhD in engineering or applied science. with an equal number. design and build the most advanced technology available anywhere in the industry. plus their advisor.TECHNOLOGYCHALLENGE. 45 . Research & Development Engineers In a technology driven business. research & development is crucial to maintaining our position as the world’s leading oilfield services company.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. and the necessary expertise.SCHLUMBERGER ■ Page 44: Professor Fathi Ghorbel.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.TECHNOLOGYCHALLENGE. come and talk to us about how you could help us shape our world. students in teams of six demonstrated their six prototypes and final projects to Schlumberger management and faculty at participating universities at the Schlumberger Riboud Product Center outside Paris. ■ This page: The student teams are based in both Paris and Houston. in each location. We employ the very best people to create.

.MBERGERPEOPLE. In my current position as a recruiter.SCHLUMBERGERPEOPLE. snowboarding.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE.” What three words or phrases would you say best defines Schlumberger and Schlumberger people? “Schlumberger People are exceptional.SCHLUMBERGERPEOPLE. .” How does this compare to the experiences of friends from university? “Apples and oranges. on a rig with limited support. I have been tested in many ways by taking on more and more responsibility as my career progressed. Schlumberger is Technology. Most of the engineers I graduated with were placed in training programs that slowly gave them more and more responsibility whereas with Schlumberger. scuba diving. . managing a fellow co-worker with less experience than myself and having to finish the job . . what a rush! Even though responsibility found me early. . I took on the internship coordinator role in 2006 in addition to duties as a recruiter. I was the lead engineer on job with a trainee as a 2nd engineer. That was my first taste of being responsible for a project worth several hundred thousands of dollars in revenue.SCHLU PAUL WYMAN Nationality: Age: Degree: University: Languages: Recruited: Current post: Unwinding route: American 29 Chemical Engineering Pennsylvania State University English and a bit of Spanish 2001 North America Recruiter and Internships Coordinator Mountain biking. and they expect results.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. This challenged me as I had to work towards my recruiting objectives while at the same time. Schlumberger Engineers are resourceful . . managing an ever changing program with as many as 125 interns. The company challenges every engineer to excel in environments very much outside of their comfort zone .” 46 . Within eight months of joining Schlumberger Drilling & Measurements. it was like being thrown right into the deep end. skydiving Favourite iPod track: Me and My Guitar by Ian Moore Can you describe what ‘early responsibility’ means at Schlumberger and give some examples from your own career? “Early responsibility for me was working with new technologies. . . . new procedures. million dollar contracts – and all that while living and working in a country far from my own.

I remember that the one concern I had when I chose this career path. I cannot overstate how rewarding it is to be in this kind of work environment. I am also very proud to work for a company where our culture and principles are so vibrant and strong. I look forward to your future contribution towards making us who we are. Marketing and Personnel. As I am sure you have seen in this magazine. training and development were established more than 40 years ago.000 people who make Schlumberger. This is another major component of our culture and again I think this is influenced by our diversity. I am as excited about my career as I was on the day I first walked through the door. I would be lying if I said I am not still worried about these things today. Every time I attend a meeting or join a team.SCHLUMBERGERPEOPLE. We use the term ‘borderless careers’ because we impose no boundaries on geography. they are tangible in every location where we work and they touch all of the 84. department. If you are considering a career with us. I wish you the best of success. and 13 years on.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. Best regards Catherine MacGregor Vice-President Personnel Schlumberger Limited 47 . they will tell you a different and unique story.UEOPLE. and ask them more about life and work with Schlumberger. We work in over 80 countries and employ people from more than 160 nationalities. If you are preparing to embark on your own career. Since then I have experienced positions in Management. ethics and the environment are all integral to the way we do business. towards the environment. When I joined the company in 1995.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. function. My first assignment was as an engineer working on offshore oil platforms. contact our recruiters. These are the kind of qualities and opportunities that first attracted me to Schlumberger and the great thing is that they are not just ‘company visions’ or words in a brochure. the heart of our culture is our diversity. giving us a real sense of global respect and responsibility. so our diversity spans the entire organization.SCHLUMBERGERPEOPLE. Our diversity is reinforced by the way we develop people during their careers. I have not been disappointed! Today. at every level. Our principles on recruiting. As a Schlumberger employee I have learned that safety. I was attracted by the same promise of challenge.SCHLUMBERGERLIFE. or rate of progression. however I now appreciate that there is a genuine desire in the industry to raise energy efficiency and reduce the impact on our environment. was related to the overall image of the oil and gas industry. from different places and with different experiences and ideas from me. in particular. variety and opportunity that you have read about in these pages. I know I will meet new people.SCHLUMBERGE hope that you have enjoyed this edition of Schlumberger Life and that it has given you a feel for what a career in Schlumberger is like. Product Development. When you ask anyone from Schlumberger to describe their career. and during this time I have lived on four different continents.