Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail.




: rdheng @gmail.com

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Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail.com This section presents basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts so that you can start modeling. For additional definitions of terms, see the Glossary. The illustration below shows the modeling guides you use in Tekla Structures windows.

View: To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle, you can move and rotate the model. See Examining the model. You can also create views. A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. Coordinate system The green cube in a model view represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. In Tekla Structures, both the global and local coordinate systems are cartesian, with three axes (x, y, and z) perpendicular to each other. Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane, which is the current local coordinate system of the model. The arrow symbol shows the xy plane. The z direction follows the right-hand rule. You can reset the work plane so as to ease modeling and placing objects. Most of the commands, which are dependent on the coordinate system, use work plane coordinates; e.g. creating points, part positioning, and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. The work plane is the same in all views. Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green, dashed lines. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. Objects outside the work area still exist, but they are not visible. So you can confine to a substructure, for example, and the views to the model are simpler and quickly updated.

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.. 3 of 28 . Select the Create default view and grid checkbox if you want Tekla Structures to automatically create a grid and a view using the standard properties. To move up. Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. click after the path. Points located in the view plane are yellow. The Projectdialog box appears. Creating a ne w model When you first open Tekla Structures.. Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. Click OK to open the model. In the New model dialog box. 4. Opening a model To open an Tekla Structures model: 1. The New model dialog box appears. See Opening a model. only the New model and Open icons are active. for example C:\ Tekla Structures_Models.com Grid and view plane Cyan dash-and-dot lines show the projections of the grids which are visible on the view plane. The appearance of points also shows which view plane you are using. Select the model from the Model directories list on the right of the Open model dialog box.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. To update the project information. 3. Click File > Open. Enter directory paths in the Filter field and click the Filter button. Then type \ and the model name in the field. or . Project setup Update the project information at the beginning of a project to make reports and drawings to display the correct information automatically. 2. Click File > New. You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open. To create a new Tekla Structures model: 1.. 3. See Working with grids.. 2. The Directories list and the Filter field and button in the New model dialog box work in a similar way to those in the Open model dialog box. Click OK to create the new model. or . To move down. Use the Directories list on the left of the Open model dialog box and the following techniques to browse files and folders above and below the current folder: One dot at the end of an entry indicates the current folder. Points outside the view plane are red.. click Properties > Project. Tekla Structures displays this information in different reports and drawing titles. double-click an entry followed by two dots.. The remaining icons become active and the model name appears in the title bar of the Tekla Structures window. double-click the desired entry. If you already have a model open. You can only have one model open at a time. in the field at the bottom of the dialog box.

used commands. Most of the Tekla Structures icons work as follows: • A single-click executes the command.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. Basic Tool bar The commands on the Standard toolbar are: • Create a new model • Open an existing model • Save the current model • Plot • Create a report • Open the drawing list • Wizard • Publish as Web page 4 of 28 .com ---MODELING--Toolbar The toolbars contain icons which give easy access to some of the most frequently. • A double-click displays the properties dialog box of the object type. and executes the command.

Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail.line intersection point Create a projection point Create parallel points Divide a line Create arc points 5 of 28 . • • • • • • Copy and translate Copy and rotate Copy and mirror Move and translate Move and rotate Move and mirror View The View toolbar contains commands for creating views and setting the work area and work plane. The following commands can be initiated from the View toolbar: • Create a new basic view • Create a view with three points • Create a view with two point • Open the list of named views • Pick work area • Fit work area by parts in selected views • Fit work area in selected views • Set work plane to view plane • Set work plane by three points • Set work plane to part top • Set work plane to part front plane Points The Points toolbar contains commands for creating points and construction objects you can use to place structural objects in a model.com Edit The Edit toolbar contains commands for copying and moving. • • • • • • • • Create a grid Create a point array Create an extension point Create a line.

• • • • • • • • • • Create a beam Create a column Create a curved beam Create a polybeam Create an orthogonal beam Create a twin profile Create a contour plate Create bolts Create a weld Create a reference object Detailing/Cutting part or object The Detailing toolbar contains commands for trimming parts.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. and pla tes.com • • • • • • • • • • • Create an arc by three points Create a tangent point Create a plane-line intersection point Create part-line intersection points Create circle. columns. 6 of 28 .line intersection points Create an axis intersection point Create a point to any position Create a user-defined plane Create a construction line Create a construction circle Create a construction circle by three points Steel part The Steel toolbar contains commands for creating steel beams. • • • • Create a fitting Create a line cut Create a part cut Create a polygon cut Tools The commands on the Tools toolbar help you model.

you cannot pick any positions. click Xsnap. Snap switches help you to pick points to position objects precisely without having to know the coordinates or create additional lines or points. or use the shortcut T. for example. for example. end points. e. you can use Xsnap and have Tekla Structures display visual cues when you pick. As you move the cursor over objects. You can use snap switches any time Tekla Structures prompts you to specify a point. and intersections. These switches have the highest priority. Main snap switches The two main snap switches illustrated in the following table define whether you can pick reference points or any other points on objects. The cursor turns into a magenta crosshair. If both these witches are off.com • • • • • • • Create an x measure Create a y measure Create a free measure Create an angle measure Create a bolt measure Open the model folder Inquire an object Components • • • • • • Create the current connection Display the AutoConnection dialog box Open the component catalog Previous Next Toolbar number XSnap To make it easier to snap to points and position.you can see it snap to positions.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail.g. part corners. if you are creating a beam. Snap switches specify exact locations on objects. 7 of 28 . even if all the other switches are on. midpoints. On the Setup menu.

.. The steps for each option are listed below the table. the distance between two points and between bolts. Click Measure to access the following options. All measurements are temporary. coefficients. Remember to follow the prompts on the status bar. Options Use Options to set various default values for numbering. profile names and connections..com Measure Use the Measure tool to measure angles. 8 of 28 .Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. To open the Options dialog box. click Setup > Options.

com Numbering This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures. Numbering settings 2. Topics: 1. Numbering example 3.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. Applying numbering 9 of 28 .

If you use this command. Tekla Structures will assign different numbers to identical parts if they have different pop marks. Tekla Structures assigns them different numbers. 4. If you interrupt numbering. Parts that were numbered previously and have not been modified are not renumbered. You should always use this option when you have changed numbering 10 of 28 . You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. Interrupt numbering You can safely interrupt numbering before it is complete by clicking Cancel in the dialog box Tekla Structures displays while it is running. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. 1. Tekla Structures assigns different part position numbers to this part. according to which numbering settings you used. Numbering is carried out according to the settings in the Numbering setup dialog box (see Numbering settings). In this case. Example Two main parts in different assemblies are identical.marks). Preconditions Description When you modify a model. as follows: Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Applying numbering When you apply numbering. Number the model. Preconditions Description When you use this command. Tekla Structures keeps a list of the parts that have been modified or created since numbering was last carried out. 2. Tekla Structures checks all the parts and assemblies in the model. When pop. even if they have not been modified. Tools > Numbering > Modified Synopsis This command assigns position numbers to parts and assemblies modified after the last numbering session. Pop-marking Pop-marking for NC files also affects numbering. parts and assemblies retain their original numbers. Number the model.marking is active (pop.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. 6. Modify one of the beams. Tekla Structures numbers all the parts and assemblies modified since numbering was last carried out. 5. Parts and assemblies keep their existing numbers if they have not been changed. Tekla Structures assigns marks to parts and assemblies. 3. Tools > Numbering > Full Synopsis This command assigns marks to all parts and assemblies. apart from a difference in the position of the plates welded to them. Applying this option takes longer than numbering modified parts only. Number the model. All the beams have the part position number P1.com Numbering example This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part.

see Selecting drawing objects. updating drawings deletes all drawing level modifications (additional dimensions. You can only open up-to-date drawings. See Locking and freezing drawings). See Drawing list and Drawing status flags. for example. --DRAWING--Drawings integrated into the model Tekla Structures integrates the drawings and reports with the model. dimensions and marks in drawings are always correct. If the model changes. and cast-unit drawings. Tekla Structures indicates which drawings you need to update in the Drawings dialog box. text. For more information. even if you select the entire drawing area. It is also useful when you want to make sure that Tekla Structures checks the numbering of all parts and assemblies. or make them invisible. You can create drawings and reports at any stage of the project. and how Tekla Structures snaps to points. Use select switches to limit which object types can be selected.) from single-part. It also makes it impossible to delete parts and bolts from drawings. if only the Select marks switch is active. Snap Select switches and Snap settings are special toolbars containing switches which you can use to control which objects can be selected. For example. This means that. etc. assembly. Tekla Structures asks you to update the related drawings.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. In most other cases drawing modifications are permanent and are updated automatically.com settings. 11 of 28 . If the drawings are not frozen. Tekla Structures only selects marks. However. you can filter out parts and bolts in drawings.

com Standard The Standard toolbar is visible by default. All commands are listed from left to right of the toolbar. and working with drawings. View The View toolbar contains commands for creating views and zooming. 12 of 28 . printing. Text Add text and symbols to drawings using the Text toolbar. Edit The Edit toolbar contains commands for trimming and cutting drawing objects. It contains basic commands for saving.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. Dimension Use the Dimension toolbar to edit dimensions.

Creating drawings Once you complete a model. This is so that Tekla tructures connects the right objects to the right drawings. updated. cast-unit. See Numbering parts and Numbering settings. Setting drawing properties Tekla Structures creates drawings using the properties defined for each type of drawing. and there are still other parts relevant to the drawing in the model. * A drawing gets an * flag in four cases: A copied drawing has been modified. 13 of 28 . Locking and freezing drawings F The drawing is frozen. in the model are correct. single-part. or multi-drawings. dimensions. A drawing flagged n has been updated. To view or modify drawing properties. or modified. Tekla Structures warns you that numbering must be up to date. deleted. Before creating drawings Prior to creating assembly. 3. Modify drawing properties and layouts if necessary and save them. or should you modify them The details. See also Drawing status flags.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. 2. Prior to creating or editing assembly. You should also create drawings (and reports) periodically while modeling to check if: The predefined drawing properties and filters suit your needs.com Drawing Use the Drawing toolbar to create additional drawing objects. Locking and freezing drawings You can lock and freeze them so that they are not accidentally modified. Enter a name for the properties file and click Save as. you can start creating drawings to issue. you need to number the model. etc. Tekla Structures flags locked drawings for update (P or N) if the model changes. Create test drawings of different types of parts to see how well the predefined drawing properties and layouts suit your needs. select a drawing type from the Properties menu in the Model Editor. A frozen drawing has been updated. D A linked drawing has been modified. single-part. You can also change drawing layout using the Properties menu. cloned. cast-unit. The drawing is a cloned drawing. even if the model changes. Locking Locking prevents the drawings from being opened. Topics L The drawing is locked. Update the numbering of model objects. or multi-drawings in Tekla Structures: 1.

When Tekla Structures updates a frozen drawing. Saving and closing drawings To save a drawing. Nothing else (dimensions. 14 of 28 .com Freezing Freeze a drawing when you want to keep manual editing (such as additional marks and dimensions) in the drawing even if the model changes. etc. Table layout A table layout is a group of tables which appear together in a drawing of certain type and size. A confirmation dialog box appears Tekla Structures prompts you save the drawing. The drawing views are blue. close the drawing window.) is changed. part marks. and the elements of table layout are red.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. Table layouts Tables and templates In Tekla Structures.g. or click File > Close drawing. Autosave Tekla Structures automatically saves drawings at set intervals.g. it updates only the image of the member. such as: Tables (e. we use the term tables to refer to various elements of the drawing layout. Tekla Structures updates the contents of the affected drawings and tables. For information on how to define the location of autosave files and set their location see Autosave. Close drawing To close a drawing. click File > Save. revision table) Title blocks Lists (e. part and bolt lists) General notes Key plans DWG/DXF files Tables include information on drawing objects. or . If you change the model. Table layouts define: Which tables appear Where the tables are located How much space Tekla Structures leaves between the drawing frame and views The example below illustrates the relationship between the table layout and drawing views.

Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. 15 of 28 . the lower right corner of the drawing title (the table) is bound to the lower right corner of the drawing frame (the reference object). or to an other table. Example In the illustration below.com Table layout You define the location of each individual table in a table layout by binding it to the drawing frame.

Secondly. Creating reports 16 of 28 . By default several printer aliases are already defined. Firstly you need to add printer aliases to the plotter catalog. There are two stages to setting up a print device in Tekla Structures.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. you need point these printer aliases to a specific Windows printer. You will define the majority of print settings when you set up the print device. or available via a network. either attached directly to your system.com Setting up a print device Tekla Structures uses Windows drivers to write the print data directly to the Windows print device interface.

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Seperti terliat dibawah ini terlihat sebuah struktur piperack. kemudian pilih new model dan isikan nama filenya “PR-007”atau lainnya. telah didesign dan analysis dengan menggunakan STAADPro. 18 of 28 . akan diberikan step by step penggunaan Tekla structure untuk sebuah project piperack.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. Salah satu feature dari teklastructure adalah dapat mengimport model struktur yang ada pada STAADPro. 1.com SAMPLE PROJECT Dibawah ini. Modelling Struktur Pilihlah icon TeklaStructure untuk memulai pekerjaan detailing seperti dibawah ini. sehingga proses detailing/shopdrawing berjalan lebih cepat.

Pilihlah pada menu pointà Grids. Kemudian akan keluar window sebagai berikut ini.com Untuk fasilitas import akan dibahas tersendiri mengingat kepentingan dan scope latihan ini hanya untuk dasar-dasar penggunakan Teklastructure. column. Kemudian setelah selesai dapat pilih modify atau create. dengan cara double click view pada view-type. 4…. Kemudian juga nama-nama dari gridnya arah X A. Kemudian setelah tahap diatas selesai maka akan terlihat sebuah file Teklastruktur yang siap untuk dikerjakan. F…. rotate. Grid struktur sangat berguna baik dalam proses shopdrawing maupun pada saat konstruksi. 2. D. C. Dengan referensi gridlah struktur tersebut dibagun dan diluruskan. EL5000. Kemudian pilih modifyok. arah Y yaitu 1. Grid set up. cutting-line cut. Isikanlah data – data strukturnya. Untuk memudahkan dalam memahami proses modeling maka akan dibagi menjadi beberapa bagian sebagai berikut: Pembuatan/set-up grid struktur atau as bangunan Membuat view dan save view Part: beam.1. kemudian juga arah Z atau elevasi EL0. 3. baik arah horizontal (x dan y) maupun arah verikal (z). pilih wireframe. plate bolt. 1. welding Operasi copy-move-translate. EL8000. Untuk mempercepat proses modeling rubahlah view-render menjadi wireframe. B.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. mirror. 19 of 28 .

Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail.com Kemudian dalam model akan terlihat seperti dibawah ini: Menu Toolbar Grid 20 of 28 .

Setelah itu pilih modify – ok.2. Cut dan Line Cut Setelah kita dapat melalui dua tahapan diatas maka model tersebut telah siap untuk dimasukan object seperti diatas. Parts: Beam. View sangat berguna dalam pemodelingan struktur. 21 of 28 . Arah pandang struktur. Usahakan sesuai dengan arah pandang yang umum di gunakan yaitu dari kanan ke kiri atau dari bawah ke atas. Kemudian pilihlah point pertama dan kedua. Weld. Column. Kemudian dbl clik view yang telah muncul. Pada saat ini kita akan membuat view pada grid line A dan akan kita save dengan nama GLA. Bolt. Isikanlah GLA pada input Name.com 1. Pilihlah dari toolbar Create view by two point. Untuk pembuatan view lainnya dapat dilakukan seperti diatas. Pembuatan View dan Save View.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail.3. 1.

Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail.1. Kemudian setelah diisikan semua maka pilih lah letak kolom tersebut pada Grid line A. Seperti tampak pada gambar dibawah ini. Column adalah object yang ada dalam xsteel mempunyai posisi vertical. Column.com 1. Kemudian isikanlah seperti di bawah ini.3. Untuk memasukan column dalam dipilih pada toolbar “Create Column”. Kemudian keluakanlah View GLA yang telah kita buat sebeluhnya. 22 of 28 . Untuk pembuatan beam akan lebih mudah pada view tersebut.

Setelah ini pilih apply-ok. Biasa di lakukan dengan proses penggandaan yang akan dibahas kemudian. Dbl klik toolbar beam “Create beam”.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. tetapi kita tidak perlu ke tab position. Kemudia pilih titik pertama dan kedua seperti dibawah ini.com 1.3. Pilihlah pada toolbar seperti dibawah ini “create beam”. Kemudian isikan lah data-data seperti di bawah ini ( sama seperti pada kolom. Untuk beam yang kedua. Beam adalah object yang ada dalam xsteel biasanya mempunyai posisi datar / horizontal. Beam.2. Titik pertama Titik Kedua 23 of 28 .

caranya sama dengan proses pembuatan beam tetapi isilah untuk profile PL16*200 seperti terlihat dibawah ini. 1.com Dalam pembuatan beam usahakan titik pertama ada pada di sebelah bawah-kiri dari titik ke dua. plate. Dan begitu seterusnya untuk beam-beam lainnya. 24 of 28 . Dalam tahap ini memerlukan bolt. cut dan welding seperti yang akan dibahas di bawah ini.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. Setelah beam dan kolom sudah berada alam model. cut dan welding Dalam pembuatan plate ada dua cara yaitu dengan beam properties dan contour plate. tahap selanjutnya adalah pembuatan detail sambungan antara kolom dan beam. Seperti tampak di bawah ini. End Plate Haunced Buat lah seperti digambar diatas plate dan haunced. plate.3.3. Bolt. Untuk tahap ini kita gunakan dulu dengan beam properties. Untuk bantuan titik-titik dapat di gunakan yang terdapat pada toolbar.

com Sedang untuk bolt dapat dipilih pada toolbar steel. tolerance.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. Setelah itu pilih apply—ok. dan diameter baut. Setelah itu tekan middle button mouse. sebagai sumbu x dan y. kemudian titik pertama dan kedua. grade. Dbl klik lah kemudian isikanlah data – data jarak baut. Pilihlah part yang akan dibaut yaitu plate dan column flange. Seperti terlihat dibawah ini. Bolt pada end plate dan column flange 25 of 28 . Sumbu x adalah searah dengan titik 1 dan 2 sdang sumbu y adalah yang tegak lurus dari sumbu ½ atau x.

26 of 28 . Dalam operasi penggandaan dan memindahkan object dapat dilakukan dengan berbagai macam yaitu translate. sehingga kita tidak perlu membuat ulang detail tersebut. setelah itu pilih line-mirror pada tengah-tengah gridline 1 -2 kemudian pilih copy kemudian ok. Welding simbol Untuk welding dapat dilakukan dengan cara pilih create weld toolbar. weld dan cut.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. Setelah tahap ini maka detail sambungan antara kolom dan beam sudah selesai dan dapat dilanjutkan pada tahap berikutnya yaitu cara menggandakan dan memindah object dalam model. Cara kedua lebih cepat dari yang pertama dikarenakan kita dapat melakukan multiple pick object. pada detail sambungan diatas diasumsikan bahwa pada kedua ujung beam tersebut mempunyai detail sambungan yang sama. rotate.com Jika ingin melihat rendered strukturnya dapat dilakukan dengan cara pilih bolt kemudian clik kanan – pilih view – basic view. Copy dan Move. Harus diperhatikan disini bahwa yang dipilih dahulu pada setiap operasi weld adalah mainpartnya . Kemudian pilih mainpart setelah itu secondary part. Sebagai contoh. Untuk memilh object dalam tekla dapat dengan dua cara yaitu dengan pick satu-satu atau dengan cara drag mouse. 1.3. Cukup dengan mengcopy-mirror seluruh object à bolt. Sebelum kita melakukan kopi mirror set lah dulu ucs pada view GLA. mirror. Pada model tekla dan pilihlah object yang akan dicopy-mirror kemudian click kanan pilih copy à mirror.4. move by three points dan sebagainya. seperti terlihat dibawah ini. end plate.

Isilah data-data seperti di bawah ini. 27 of 28 . Pada frame GLA sampai dengan GLE mempunyai persamaan frame sehingga dapat digandakan dengan cara copy translate. Untuk beam yang lain dapat digandakan seperti operasi di atas. Sehingga hasil dari operasi tersebut dapat dilihat pada gambar dibawah ini. Caranya pilih semua object pada GLA kemudian click kanan pilih copy à translate. Kemudia pilih copy – ok.com Kita tidak perlu isikan apapun dalam copy mirror.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail.

Maka model xsteel akan terlihat seperti dibawah ini: 28 of 28 . Untuk tahap selanjutnya pembuatan detail sambungan akan menggunakan component yang disediakan oleh xsteel.Tekla For Dummies rdheng@gmail. Pertama buat lengkaplah semua longitudinal beam. kemudian juga detail sambungan antara kolom bias dilakukan dengan cara seperti di atas sesuai dengan detail sambungan yand ada. Untuk tahap selanjutnya yaitu pembuatan longitudinal beam dapat dilakukan seperti langkah – langkah diatas.com Maka sampai disini struktur kita akan terlihat seperti diatas. V brace dan H brace yang ada seperti cara diatas.

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