NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}
Part–I, Paper–I
(Micro Economic Analysis)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬·i ºii-¤ ¬i l(¬i¬i·- ªii ¤lº·ii·ii ¬ - ª¤ ¬iºi¤ ·¤i r ` ¬·i ºii-¤ ¬ ·i¤ ¬i ¬~¬ªi
¬il¬¤ +
What are the main implication of the "growth oriented" definition of Economics ? State the
scope of Economics.
z. ¬·i ºii-¤ ¬i ¤ ¬ln ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on nature of economics.
s. ¬·i ºii-¤ ¬ ¬·¤¤· ¬i l(l·i·· ºiln¤i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬º +
Explain the various methods used in the study of Economics.
«. ¬·i ºii-¤ - -·i ln¬i ¤( ¤ i( ln¬i ¬ (i¤ ¬·nº ¬il¬¤ + :· (i·i - ¬ ¬i¤ l¬¬ ¬l·i¬
¬i-i·¤ ¤( ¬i·iiº·in ¬-nn r `
Distinguish between static and dynamics in economics. Which one do you think more
general and fundamental ?
r. ¬il·i¬ -i ÷¬ ¬ ¬·i ¤( ¤¬ln ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬i-n l··ii ººi ¬ ·¤l·- -i ÷¬ ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the meaning and nature of economic models and discuss micro model of price
determination.
s. -in ¬i ¬i¤ ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii -in ¬i ¬i¤ ¬ ¤¬iºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of elasticity of demand and discuss kinds of elasticity of demand.
/. -iºi ¬ ¤( lr·¬ ¬ ¬¤·ii·ni (¤n ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i n ¬·i ¬il¬¤ +
Compare the Marshallian and Hicksian concept of consumer surplus.
s. ¤lº(n·i¤ ¬·¤in ¬ l·¤- ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the law of variable proportion.
s. ¬i-n ¤( ¬-¤i(· l··ii ººi ¬ ¬i-in(i(i l(º¬·iºi ¬¤in- ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Discuss marginal analysis approach to price and output determination.
·a. ri ¬ ¤( lr¤ ¬ ¤ºi ¬inn ¬i-n l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the Full cost pricing theory of Hall-Hitch.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–I, Paper–II
(Macro Economic)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºi·- i¤ ¬i¤ ¬ªii¬· ¬ l(l(·i ª¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
Discuss the various forms of National Accounting.
z. ¬¤·iin ¬ ¬i(· ¤¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤+
Examine the Life Cycle Theory of Consumption.
s. l·(ºi ¬i ¬i-i·n ·i-ni ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ¬iºi¤ r ` l·(ºi ¬i ¬i-i·n ·i-ni ¤( ·¤i¬ ¬ (i¤ ¬
¬(·ii ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ n·ii l·(ºi ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬º· (i¬ ¬iº¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
What do you mean by marginal efficiency of investment? State the relation between marginal
efficiency of investment and interest and discuss the factors influencing investment.
«. l(l·¤in ¬ -(º¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤+
Explain the Acceleration Principle of Investment.
r. - ( i ¬ ¤lº-i· l¬-i·n ¬ ¬l-( ¬ ¬-i¬ººi ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º+
Explain 'Cambridge Equation' of Quantity Theory of Money.
s. - ( i¤ln ¬ ·¤(riº(i(i -i ÷¬ ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤+
Explain the behavioral model of money supply.
/. l·-·l¬lªin ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤÷
Discuss the following:-
(a) Net National Product (NNP) (ºi - ºi·- i¤ ¬-¤i()
(a) Multiple Bank Model ((r (l¬n ¤ ºii¬i)
s. ¤ l-·l¬· ¬ (i-nl(¬ ºi·i ¤ ·ii( ( l·-¬iºi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤+
Examine the Real Balance effect approach of Patinkin.
s. ¬º¤·i--¬ - ( i÷-¤iln l¬-i·n ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
Discuss the Structaralist Theory of Inflation.
·a. (n -i· - ( i-¤iln ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤+ -¤iln ¬i ºi¬· ¬ l¬¤ ¬i¤ ¬i·÷¬i· ¬ ¬¤i¤
¬ ni¤n`
Discuss the causes of recent inflation. What measures would you suggest to check Inflation in
the economy?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–I, Paper–III
(Quantitative Methods)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤¬· ¬i ¬i-i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` l·-·l¬lªin - l¬·ri (i l¬·ri (i l¬·ri (i l¬·ri (i ¬ -i· nin ¬il¬¤ ÷
What do you understand by limit of a function. Find the values of any two of the following :–
(a)
|
¹
|

\
|
+ − − − − − + + +

2 2 2 2
n
n
n
3
n
2
n
1
Lim
α x

(b)
4 2x 2x
7 6x 5x
Lim
2 3
2
α x
+ +
+ +


(c)
a x
a x


Lim
2
5
2
5
a x →

(d)
|
|
¹
|

\
|

9 –
6

3 –
1
Lim
2
3 x
x x

z.
dx
dy
nin ¬º ¤l( (Find
dx
dy
, if) :–
(a) y = log (x² + 3x + 4)
(b) y = e
ax
(c) xy² = (x + y)
7
s. ¤¬ ºl÷¤i l·-ini ¤- ¤ ln ¬·nir
|
|
¹
|

\
|
+ + 100 3
25
2
x
x
ºŒ ¬i ¬¬ ¬inn ¤º x ¬- ºl÷¤i
¬i l·-i ºi ¬ºni r + (r ¤¬ ¤¬il·i¬iºi r n·ii ¬¬¬ ¬- ¬i (i¬iº -i n x = 75 – 3P r +
¬ri P ºŒ ¤ ln ¬- ¬i-n r + l(ªii:¤ l¬ (r ¬l·i¬n- ºi - ¬in- (¬i·i) ¤ i·n ¬º· ¬
l¬¤ ¤ ln ¬·nir ¬n·in sa ¬- ºl÷¤i ¬i l·-i ºi ¬ºni + ¤¬il·i¬iºi ¬i-n (ni:¤ +
A radio manufacturer produce x sets per week at a total cost of Rs.
|
|
¹
|

\
|
+ + 100 3
25
2
x
x
. He is
a monopolist and the demand of his market is x = 75 – 3P, where the price is Rs. P per set.
Show that the maximum net revenue (profit) is obtained when about 30 sets are produced
per week. What is the monopoly price ?
«. ¬¤¤·n ¬(irººii ¬i ¬ri¤ni ¬ ¬-i¬¬· ¬i ¤ - ªi l(l·i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss various methods of integration with the help of appropriate examples.

P.T.O.
r. l(·( ºªii¤ l(l·i ¬i -(( ¬ l·-· ºªii¤ ¤ i¤i¬·i ¬--¤i ¬i r¬ ¬il¬¤ ÷
Solve the following linear programming problem with the help of graphical method :–
¬ªº¤ ¤¬· (Objective function)
Z = 2x + 5y
¬(l¬ (Subject to)
x + 4y ≤ 24
3x + y ≤ 21
x + y ≤ 9
n·ii (and); x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0
s. l·-· ¬-¬ ¬ X n·ii Y ¬ -·¤ ¬r÷¬-(··i n ºii¬ nin ¬il¬¤ ÷
Find coefficient of correlation between X and Y from the following data :–
X 10 20 30 40 50 60
Y 4 8 10 20 20 34
/. (a) s ¤i¬ /zs (iº ¤¬ ¬in r + r- l¬n·i (iº ¬-÷¬÷¬- ni· ¤i¬i ¤º r ¤i s ¬i·
¬i ¤ -¤iºii ¬ºn r `
Six dice are thrown 729 times. How many times do we expect at least three dice to
show a five or six.
(b) ¤¬ l¤¤( (-· ¬i -i·¤ « n·ii ¤ -i¤ l(¤¬·
3
r + ¬i-i·¤ ¬¬ni¬ -i·n r ¤ n,
p, q n·ii ¤ ¬ººi nin ¬il¬¤ +
The mean of a Binomial distribution is 4 and its standard deviation is
3
. Calculate
n, p, q and variance with usual notations.
s. l·-· ¬i( l-i l(nººi ¬ -i·¤ ¬ ¤lºn ¤ ·i- ¤iº ¬i·iºi ¤i ¤lº·iin ¤lº¬l¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Calculate first four moments about mean from the following frequency distribution.
(n ¬·nºi¬ (Class-interval) ¬i( l-i (Freequency)
0 – 10 6
10 – 20 7
20 – 30 16
30 – 40 15
40 – 50 11
50 – 60 5
s. l·(ºi· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` l·(ºi · ¬i l(l·i·· l(l·i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by sampling ? Discuss various methods of sampling.
·a. l·-· - l¬·ri (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤ºii l¬ªi ÷
Short notes on any two of the following :–
(a) ¬·iil(ni ¬i ¤in ¤ -¤ (Addition Theorem of Probability)
(b) ·¤·n- (n l(l·i (Method of Least Squares)
(c) ¬r ¬-(··i ¬i ¬il-¤i (Degrees of Correlation)
(d) -i:¤ I ¤( -i: ¤ II l(·i- (Type I and Type II Error)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–I, Paper–IV
(Public Economics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤¬ ¬~¤l(¬l¬n (ºi - ¬il·i¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ ¤¬ ¬l·i¬ººi ¬ ª¤ - ºi·¤ ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i
¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the role of Government as an agent for Economic Development in an
Underdevelopment Country.
z. (i¬iº l(¤¬ni ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤r ¬ ¬ ¬-¤·· rini r `
What do you Understand by Market Failure ? How does Market Failure Occur ?
s. ¬i¬ (-n ¬ l¬-i·ni ¤i ¬i( ¬l·¬ ·¤¤ ¬ ºi - l¬-i·n ¬i ¬l·i·n l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Describe briefly the various theories of Public goods or Pure theory of Public Expenditure.
«. (i¬(i ºini·(i - ¬i¬ ·¤¤ - ( l- ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the causes of the growth of Public expenditure in the 20
th
Century.
r. ¤¬ l·¤il¬n ¬·i ·¤(-·ii - ¬i( ¬l·¬ l·(ºi ¬ l(l·i·· ¬i·iiºi ¬i ¬l·i·n l((ººi (il¬¤ +
State, in brief, the various criteria for Public investment in a Planned Economy.
s. ºi·¤ ¬i·iiº (¬l-n (¬Œ(iŒ(iŒ) ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + :¬¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¤(
¤( ºi-ii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Define the Concept of Zero Base Budgeting (ZBB). Discuss its Characteristics and pre-
conditions.
/. ¬º ¬ l((-i· ¤( ·iiº ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤ºi ¤ ln¤ilnni ¤( ¤¬il·i¬iº ¬ ¬·nn n
¬º l((-i· ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Shifting and Incidence of a Tax ? Discuss Shifting of a Tax
under Perfect Competition and Monopoly.
s. ¬i¬ ~ºi ¬ ·iiº ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ·¤i :¬ ·ii(i ¤i«i ¤º -i¬i ¬i ¬¬ni r `
What do you mean by Burden of Public Debt ? Can it be Shifted to the Future Generation ?
s. ºi¬¬i·ii¤ ·iln ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` ºi¬¬i·ii¤ ·iln ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤( ¬ni ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by fiscal policy ? Discuss the objective and tools of fiscal policy.
·a. (iºr( l(-i ¬i¤in ¤º ¤¬ l((ººii--¬ l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a descriptive note on the 12
th
Finance Commission.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–I, Paper–V
(Indian Economy)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬nni¤ l(¬i¬ ¬ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` l((ººi ( +
What do you mean by 'Sustainable Development' ? Describe it.
z. ·iiºn - ¬il·i¬ l·¤i¬· ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤( ººi·iln¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss objectives and strategies of Economic Planning in India.
s. -(n¤ni ¤il·n ¬ (i( ·iiºn ¬ l((ºii ·¤i¤iº - ¬i· ¬ ¤lº(n· r¤ r ` l·¤in ¤ i-¬ir· ¬
l¬¤ ¬i¤ ¬i· ¬ ¬ni( (n+
What changes have taken place in India's Foreign trade since Independence ? What are
your suggestions for export promotion ?
«. ·iiºni¤ ¬·i ·¤(-·ii - (r ºi·-i¤ l·n- ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬º +
Critically examine the role of MNCs (Multinational Companies) in Indian Economy.
r. ·iiºni¤ ¬·il¬¬i ¬º¤·i ¬i ¤ - ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Give an account of the salient features of Indian demographic structure.
s. ·iiºn ¬º¬iº ¬i ¬·¬ª¤i ·iln ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬º +
Critically examine population policy of the Govt. of India.
/. n i-iºi÷·nºi¤ -·ii·i·nººi l¬¬ ¤¬iº (i·i ri ¤ ¬iº ¬i n i-iºi ¤( ·nºi¤ (l-n¤i ¬
¬il·i¬ ¤r¬ ¬i ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬ºni r ` -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
How does rural-urban migration influence the economy of both rural and urban
settlements ? Elucidate.
s. ·iiºn ¬º¬iº ¬i (n -i· ¬i niln¬ ·iln ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Critically discuss the present Industrial policy of the Govt. of India.
s. ·iiºn - nºi(i ¬ -(ª¤ ¤( ¬iººii ¬i (n¬i:¤ +
Describe the pattern and cause of poverty in India.
·a. ·i¤i¤ ¬¬n ¬· ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on regional imbalances.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–I, Paper–VI
(Economics of Growth Development and Planning)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬il·i¬ ¬( l- ¤( ¬il·i¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬il·i¬ ¬( l- ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬º·
(i¬ ¬iº¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define economic growth and economic development and discuss factors influencing
economic growth.
z. ¬i~÷iº ¬ ¬il·i¬ ¬( l- -i ÷¬ ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the economic growth model of Kaldor.
s. ¤¬ ¬~¤l(¬l¬n n·ii l(¬l¬n ¬·i·¤(-·ii ¬ (i¤ ¬·nº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ + ¬~¤l(¬l¬n
¬·i·¤(-·ii ¬i ·¤i ¬--¤i¤ r `
Examine the difference between under developed and developed economy ? What are the
problems of a underdeveloped economy ?
«. l((¬¤ºi ¬·¬ª¤i l·¤i¬· ·iiºn ¬ ¬il·i¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ l¬¤ ¬-¤·n ¬i(º¤¬ r + ·¤iª¤i
¬il¬¤ +
"Rational population planning is extremely necessary for the economic development of
India". Explain.
r. ¤¤i (ººi ¤(·iºi ¬i ¬·i (ni¤ + :¬¬ l(l·i·· ¤¬iºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define Environment pollution ? Describe its different types.
s. -i·¬ ¬ ¬il·i¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically evaluate the Marx theory of economic growth.
/. ·i nni· ¬n ¬· ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` ·i nni· ¬n ¬· - ¬inlº¬ ¤( (ir ¤ ¬n ¬· ¤ i·n
¬º· ¬i ·iln¤i ¬i l(( ¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by balance of Payment ? Discuss policies for achieving internal and
external equilibrium in balance of payment ?
s. ·iiºni¤ ¬·i ·¤(-·ii ¤º (º(i¬ººi ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the effects of globalization on the Indian Economy.
s. ¬·nºi·- i¤ ·¤i¤iº ¬i l¬¬i (ºi ¬ ¬il·i¬ l(¬i¬ - ·¤i ·il-¬i r `
What is the role of international trade in economic development of a country ?
·a. l(º( ·¤i¤iº ¬n-· ¬ ¤ -ªi ¬ªº¤ ¬i·÷¬i· r ` :· ¬ªº¤i ¬i ¤l-i ¬ri n¬ ri ¤¬i r `
What are the main objectives of WTO ? To what extent they have been accomplished ?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–I, Paper–VII
(International Trade and Finance)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. lº¬i÷i ¬i n ¬·i--¬ ¬inn l¬-i·n ·¤i r ` ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
What is the Comparative Cost theory of Ricardo ? Explain ?
z. ·¤i¤iº ¬i ºi-ii n·ii ºi·- i¤ ¬i¤ ¤º ¤ ºi ~¬ ¤( ¬i-i ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i l((¤·i ¬º +
Describe the effects of Tariffs and Quotas on terms of Trade and National Income.
s. ·i¤i¤ ¬il·i¬ ¬r¤in ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ l(l·i·· ¤¬iº ¬i·÷¬i· ¬ r `
What do you mean by Regional Economic Co-operation ? What are its various forms.
«. GATT ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬ªº¤ ·¤i r ` :· ¬ªº¤i ¬i ¤l-i ¬ri n¬ ri ¤ ¬i r `
What are the main objectives of GATT ? To what extent they have been accomplished ?
r. l(º( ( ¬ ¬ ¬i¤i n·ii ¬(i¬i ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ -~¤i¬· ¬º +
Give a critical account of the work and services of the World Bank.
s. ¤lºi¤i: l(¬i¬ (¬ ¬i -·ii¤·i ¬ ¤is ·¤i ¬ªº¤ ·ii ` ¤r ¬¤· ¬ªº¤ ¬i ¤ il·n - ¬ri
n¬ ¬¤¬ ºri r `
What are the purpose behind establishment of Asian Development Bank ? To what extent it
has been successful in achieving that role.
/. ¬·-i÷ ¬i nlnl(l·i¤i ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¬-i·ii ¬º +
Examine critically the working of UNCTAD.
s. I.M.F. ¬i ¬~¤l(¬l¬n (ºii ¬ l¬¤ ·¤i ¬¤¤ilnni r ` I.M.F. ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¬i n ¬·i -
:¬¬i ¬¤¬ni ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º +
Examine the utility of the I.M.F. for under developed countries. Evaluate I.M.F. success in
relation to its objectives.
s. ·¤i¤iº ¤¬ ¬ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ºi -¤i-º ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
What do you mean by Business Cycles ? Explain the theory of Schumpeter.
·a. lr·¬ ¬ -(ººi ¤( n ºi· l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Explain critically the multiplier and accelerator theory of Hicks.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(Economics of Environment and Social Sector)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. (lºi¬(i( ¬ ¬-·ii· ¬ l¬¤ ¬-iº(i¤i ¬iº¬i ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ + ¬·¬ l(º- ¬i· ¬i
¬i¬i¤·i¤ r `
Analyse the factors responsible for the rise of Mercantilism. What are the criticism against
them ?
z. ¤ ¬ln(i( ¤ i¬ln¬ l(·ii· ¬i l(ni· r + l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
"Physiocracy is the science of Natural Order". Discuss.
s. lº¬i÷i ¬ -~¤ l¬-i·n ¤( l(nººi ¬-(··ii l(¤iºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss Ricardo's ideas of value and distribution.
«. ¬il·i¬ l(¤iº·iiºi - ¬Œ¤¬Œ l-¬ ¬ ¤in(i·i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the contributions of J. S. Mill to the economics thought.
r. l¬¬-i÷i ¬ ¬il·i¬ l(¤iºi ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the economic ideas of Sismondi.
s. -i·¬ ¬ ¤·¤i--¬ ·ii ln¬(i( ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the Dialectical Materialism of Marx.
/. -~¤ n·ii l(nººi ¤º -iºi ¬ ¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the Marchallian Theory of value and distribution.
s. ¤ iŒ ºn·º ··¬ ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the theory of Prof. Ragnar Nurkse.
s. ¬(irº ¬i¬ ·rª ¬ - ª¤ ¬il·i¬ l(¤iºi ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse the main economic ideas of Jawaharlal Nehru.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ºiºii÷ ¬i ¬il·i¬ l(¤iº (Economic thought of Ranade)
(b) ¤ºi ¬ l(¤iºi ¬i ¬i¬i ¤·i--¬ -~¤i¬· (Critical Appraisal of Arrow's views)
(c) r ºi÷ ¬i ¬il·i¬ l(¤iº (Economic Thought of Harrod)
(d) ni ·ii¬i ¬i - --il¬¤ (ºi · (Gandhian Thought of Trusteeship)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–II, Paper–IX
(Economic Theory)
(¬(i·(+ i==(-a)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬¤¤i lnni(i(i ¬·i ºii-¤ - ¬¤¤i lnni(i( (¬nl·-(i(i) ¬ ¬( ·i( ¤( l(¬i¬ ¬i ºªii l¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Delineate the origin and development of utilitarian economics.
z. ·(¬~¤iºi(i(i ¬·i ºii-¤ ¬ ¤ - ªi ¤ººii ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the main stages of new welfare economics.
s. ¬i-il¬¬ ¬~¤iºi(i(i ¬·i ºii-¤ ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the concept of social welfare economics.
«. -iºi ¬ ¬ - ¤i ¬i ¬¤ºil·n ¬i l-·iºni l¬-i·n ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the Marshal's theory of Constancy of marginal utility of Money.
r. ¬ilª¤¬i ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬i¤i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Enumerate the functions of Statistics.
s. ¬-¬i ¬ (ni ¬ººi ¬i ºiln¤i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the methods of classification of data.
/. ¬-¬i ¬ l(·(ºªii¤ ¤ (ºi · ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬-¬i ¬ l(·( ºªii¤ ¤ -n ni¬ººi ¬
nºi¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by the Graphical Presentation of Date ? Discuss the methods of
Graphical Presentation of data.
s. ¬·iil¬lªin (n ¬·nºi¬ ¤( ¬i( l-i ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º (r ¬¬ l·¬i¬ ÷
Find out the Mode on the basis of the following Class Intervals and Frequencies :–
(n ¬·nºi¬
Class Intervals
4–8 8–12 12–16 16–20 20–24 24–28 28–32 32–36 36–40
¬i( l-i
Frequencies
10 12 16 14 10 8 17 5 4
s. l·-·l¬lªin X n·ii Y ¬lºi¤i ¬ (i¤ ¬i¬ l¤¤¬ · ¬r÷¬-(··i n ºii¬ nin ¬il¬¤ ÷
Find out Karl Pearson's Correlation between the following categories mentioned below :–
Category X 17 18 19 19 20 20 21 21 22 23
Category Y 12 16 14 11 15 19 22 16 15 20
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬i( l-il¤¤ (Histogram)
(b) ¬i( l-i (¬ (Frequency Curve)
(c) l¤·iini¤ -i·¤ (Quadrate Mean)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–II, Paper–X
(Banking and International Trade)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ( ¬ (º ·¤i r ` ¬iªi l·¤¤ºi - ( ¬ (º ¬i ¤ ·ii(i-¤i(¬ni ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Bank Rate ? Discuss effectiveness of Bank Rate in Credit Control.
z. ·¤(¬il¤¬ (¬i ¬ - ª¤ ¬i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ + ( l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº ¬ ¬iªi l·-i ºi ¬ºn r `
Discuss the principal work of Commercial Banks. How do they form credit ?
s. ¬·nºi·- i¤ ·¤i¤iº ¬ ·¬il¬¬¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the Classical theory of International trade.
«. ¬·nºi·- i¤ ·¤i¤iº ¬ r·¬º÷¬irl¬· l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the Hexar-Ohlin theory of International Trade.
r. ¬º·iºi ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬º·iºi ¬ ¤·i - n¬ (il¬¤ +
Define Protection and give argument in favour of protection.
s. ·inni· ¬n· ¤º ¤¬ l·(·i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the Balance of Payment.
/. ·i¤i¤ ¬il·i ¬ ¤¬i¬ººi ·¤i r ` :¬¬ ¬i·i ril·¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is regional economic integration ? Discuss its advantages and disadvantage.
s. l(º( ( ¬ ¬ ¬n-· ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the organisation and functions of World Bank.
s. l(º( ·¤i¤iº ¬n-· ¬i ¬º¤·i ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the structure and function of World Trade Organisation (W.T.O.)
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤ºii l¬ªi ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :-
(i) : Œ¬iŒ¤-Œ (E.C.M.)
(ii) ¬¬-i÷ (UNCTAD)
(iii) -(n¤ ·¤i¤º ¬ ¤·i - n¬ (Argument in favour of Free Trade)
(iv) ¬iªi l·¤¤ºi ¬ ¬ªº¤ (Purpose of Credit Control)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–II, Paper–XI
(History of Economic Thought)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. -i·¬ ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬º· (i¬ - ª¤ ¬iº¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What are the factors which influence Marx ?
z. -i·¬ ¬ -~¤ ¬- ¬i l¬-i·n ¤( ¬lnlº·n -~¤ ¬i l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i
¬il¬¤ +
Discuss critically the Labour theory of value and the surplus theory of value as propounded
by Marx.
s. ¬il·i¬ l(¤iº ¬ :lnri¬ - (i¬º¬ ¬ - ª¤ ¤in(i·i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the main contribution of walras in the History of Economic Thought.
«. ¬i-i·n÷¬il·n - -¬º ¬ -·ii· ¬i :lnn ¬il¬¤ ¤( :·¬ ¬il·i¬ l(¤iºi ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬
¬i¬¬· ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤ +
Indicate the place of Menger's in the Maginalist Revolution and give a critical estimate of
his economic thought.
r. ¬(i·¬ ¬ ¬il·i¬ l(¤iºi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the economic ideas of Javons.
s. (i -÷(i (¬ ¬ ¬i-in÷¤ n¬i ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the Bohm Bawerk Theory of Marginal Pairs.
/. ¬il·i¬ l(¤iº·iiºi - -iºi ¬ ¬ ¤i n(i· ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the contributions of Marshall to Economic thought.
s. ¬·¬ ¬ ºi¬niº l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the theory of employment of Keynes.
s. -ri--i ni ·ii ¬ ¬il·i¬ l(¤iºi ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Give an account of the economic thought of Mahatma Gandhi.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤ºii l¬ªi ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :-
(i) ººii÷ ¬i ¬il·i¬ l(¤iº (Economic thought of Ranade)
(ii) ¤ºi ¬ l(¤iºi ¬i ¬i¬i ¤·i--¬ -~¤i¬· (Critical Appraisal of Arrow's views)
(iii) ¤ iŒ ºn·º ··¬ ¬i l¬-i·n (Theory of Prof. Ragnar Nurkse)
(iv) r ºi÷ ¬i ¬il·i¬ l(¤iº (Economic thought of Harrod)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–II, Paper–XII
Indian Economic Programme at State Level (Bihar)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l(riº ¬i ¬·i·¤(-·ii ¬i ¬º¤·i ¤( l(ºi·ini¬i ¤º l-·¤ºii ¬il¬¤+
Comment upon structure and feature of Bihar economy.
z. l(riº ¬i nºi(i ¬ - ª¤ ¬iººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤+
Explain the main causes of poverty of Bihar.
s. l(riº ¬i ¬·¬ª¤i ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ ¤( ºi·¤ ¬i ¬·¬ª¤i ·iln ¬i (ºi·
¬il¬¤+
Discuss the characteristics of population of Bihar and examine the state population policy.
«. l(riº - ¬ l·i ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬ l·i - l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬(ºi·i¬ n-(i ¬i
·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤+
Discuss the characteristics of agriculture in Bihar and explain the disturbing factors of
development in agriculture.
r. l(riº - ¬ l·i l(¤ºi· n·ii ·i÷iººi ¬i ¬--¤i ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤+ l(·¤l-n -lº÷¤i (i¬iº
¬ ·¤i ¬i·i r `
Give an account of the problems of agriculture marketing and storage in Bihar.
What are advantages of regulated marketing?
s. l(riº ¬ ¬iniln¬ l¤s÷i¤· ¬ ¬iººii ¤º ¤¬ l·(·i l¬lªi¤+
Write an essay on causes of industrial backwardness of Bihar.
/. l(riº ¬ ¬-iº ¤( ¬·i ¬nin ·i·ii ¬i ¬--¤i¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬ -iº ¤( ¬·i
¬nin ·i ·ii ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ l¬¤ ¬º¬iºi ¤ ¤-· ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤+
Discuss the problems of cottage and small scale industry in Bihar and examine the
Government efforts for development of cottage and small scale industries.
s l(riº ¬i ºi¬¬i·ii¤ ¬º¤·i ¬ - ª¤ n-(i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤+
Describe the main components of fiscal structure of Bihar.
s l(riº ¬i (¬(i ¤¤(·ii ¤ ¤i¬·i¬i ¬i ¤ - ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤+
Give an account of the salient features of X
th
five year plans of Bihar.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤ºii l¬ªi ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :-
(i) l(riº - ·il- ¬ ·iiº (Land Reform in Bihar)
(ii) l(riº ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬nin (Major Industries of Bihar)
(iii) ¬º¬iºi ¬l·i l(¤ºi· (Cooperative Agriculture Marketing)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–II, Paper–XIII
(Economic Development and Planning)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤÷- l--·i ¬ l(¬i¬ -i÷¬ ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the growth model of Adam Smith.
z. lº¬i÷i ¬ ¬il·i ¬ ¬( l- -i ÷¬ - -·i ln¬ l-·iln ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi
¬il¬¤ + ¬· ¬il·i ¬ ºil·n¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ ¬i ¬·i ·¤(-·ii ¬i -·i ln¬ l-·iln n¬
¤r ¤i (ni r +
Critically examine the concept of "Stationary State" in Ricardian model of economic
growth. Explain the economic forces that lead an economy to the Stationary State.
s. -iri¬i·il(¬ -i ÷¬ ¬i ¤ - ªi l(ºi·ini¤ ·¤i r ` ·iiºn - :¬ ·¤i ¬¤·i¤i n¤i ·ii ` ·¤i
¤r (n -i· ¬(·i - ¬¤¤·n r `
What are the main features of Mahalanobis model ? Why was it adopted in India ? Is it
relevant in the present context ?
«. ¬i~÷iº ¬ ¬il·i ¬ l(¬i¬ -i ÷¬ ¬ ¤ - ªi l(¤iºi n·ii l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the main ideas and characteristics of the Kaldor model of economic
growth.
r. ¬il·i ¬ l·¤i¬· ·¤i r ` :¬¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤( ¬i(º¤¬ni ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is economic planning ? Discuss its objectives and needs.
s. l·¤i¬· ¬iº ¬il·i ¬ -(n¤ni ¬i·i÷¬i·i ·ri ¤¬ ¬¬n ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
"Planning and economic freedom never go together" discuss.
/. ·ii ln¬ ¤( l(-ii¤ l·¤i¬· - ·¤i ¬·nº r ` :·- ¬ ·iiºn ¬ l¬¤ ¬i ·÷¬i ·¤i(i ¬¤¤·n
r +
Distinguish between physical and financial planning. Which of them is more suitable to
India ?
s l·¤i¬· n¬·i¬ ¤( ¤ l¬¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + ·¤i ¬i¬ l·¤i¬· n¬·i¬ ¤( ¤ l¬¤i -
¬ ·iiº ¬i ¬ªºn r `
Explain planning technique and process. Is there any need of improvement in planning
technique today ?
s l-l¬n ¤i¬·i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ n ºii ¤( ¬(n ºii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Mixed Planning ? Discuss its merits and demerits.
·a. (¬(i ¤¤(·ii ¤ ¤i¬·i ¬ - ª¤ ¬ªº¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the main objectives of the Tenth Five Year Plan.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–II, Paper–XIV
(Public Economics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤ -¤·i ¤( ¬¤ -¤·i ¬º ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬i¤¬º ¤( l(¬i¬º ¬ n ºi÷(i·ii ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define direct and indirect tax and discuss the merits and demerits of income tax and
sales tax.
z. ¤¬ ¬·i ·¤(-·ii ¬ ¬il·i¬ l(¬i¬ - ¬i( ¬l·¬ ¬¤¬-i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the role of public enterprises in economic growth of an economy.
s. ·iiºn - ¬i¬ ¬nini ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on growth of public enterprises in India.
«. ¬i¬ ¬n-i - -~¤ l··ii ººi ¬ l(l·i·· l¬-i·ni ¬i l((¤·i ¬·i¤ - ¬il¬¤ +
Briefly discuss the various theories of pricing in public enterprises.
r. ·¤i ¬i( ¬l·¬ ¬¤¬-i ¬i ¬ ºi¬ni ¬ -i¤ ¬ l¬¤ ¬i·i(i¤¬ni ¬i ¬i·iiº ¬¤¤·n r `
l(-niº ¬ l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Is profitability a suitable criterion for judging the efficiency of a public enterprise ? Discuss
in detail.
s. ¬i¬ ¬n-i ¤º l·¤¤ºi ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on need of control on public enterprises.
/. ¬i niln¬ ·iln ·ss· ¬i ¤ - ªi l(ºi·ini¤ ·¤i ·ii ` :¬ ·iln ¬i l(-nn l((¤· l·¬i¬ººi
¬i ·iln ¬ ¬(·i - ¬il¬¤ +
What were the salient features of the Industrial policy of 1991 ? Discuss in details with
reference to the policy approach of Privatisation.
s ¬·¬ ¬ ºi¬niº l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the Keynesian theory of employment.
s (ºi¬niºi ¬ l(l·i·· -(ª¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ + ¤ºi ºi¬niº ¤i· rn ¤¬ ¬- l¤n ·iln ¬i
¬ ni( (il¬¤ +
Discuss the different types of unemployment. Suggest a suitable policy for full
employment.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :-
(i) ¬-¤l-i ¬º (Wealth Tax)
(ii) ·iiºn - ¬i¬ ¬n-i ¬i ¬i l¤-¤ (Rationale of Public Enterprises in India)
(iii) ºi¬niº ¬i ¬lºi¤i (Stages of employment)
(iv) ¬¬·iºii¤ l·¤¤ºi (Audit Control)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–II, Paper–XV
(Rural Economics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬-¤·n ¬·i ¬i niln¬ (l-n¤i ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¤( n¬i ·iiº ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the concept and rationale of mini-industrial estate.
z. ·iiºn - n i-iºi ¬iªi ¬ -r-( ¤( ¤ - ªi ¬ ini ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the importance and main sources of rural credit in India.
s. ¬-·iinn l(-i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬-·iinn l(-i ¬·¤ l(-ii¤ ¬ ini ¬ l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº
(rnº r `
What do you understand by institutional finance ? How institutional finance is better than
other sources of finance.
«. ·(i÷ ¬ l¬¤i¬¬i¤i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ + ·¤i ¬i¤ :¬¬ ¬i¤ ¬ ¬n ·- r `
Evaluate the working of the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development
(NABARD). Are you satisfied with its performance ?
r. ·iiºn - nºi(i ¬·-¬· ¬i¤ ¬-i ¬ ¬i¤ ¬ººi ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the functions of poverty eradication programmes in India.
s. n i-iºi l(¬i¬ ¬ l¬¤ (r -nºi¤ l·¤i¬· ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the concept of multilevel Planning for rural development.
/. ·iiºn - (i¬÷¬l-¬i ¬i ¬--¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ + ¬·¬i ¬--¤i ¬i r¬ ¬º· ¬i l(ºii
- ·¤i÷·¤i ¬(- ¬-i¤ n¤ r `
Discuss the problems of child labour in India. What steps have been taken to solve their
problems ?
s ·iiºn - ¬-i¬ ¬~¤iºi ¬ ¬( ·i( ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on evolution of social welfare in India.
s ni-iºi ¬·¬ª¤i - n i-iºi ¬l-¬i ¬i ¬º¤·i ¤( n i-iºi ¬l-¬i ¬ ¬·¤in ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the structure of rural labour and ratio of rural labour in rural population.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :-
(i) ni-iºi ~ºin-nni (Rural Indebtedness)
(ii) ¬¤i- ¬ ¬ªº¤ (Objectives of CAPART)
(iii) n i-iºi -nº ¤º ¤¤¬¬ (Drinking water at rural level)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A./M.Sc. {Geography}
Part–I, Paper–I
(Geographical Thought)
(+(( m(i¬+ ia an)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ ’· ¬·ii ¤ ’· ¬·ii ¤ ’· ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Group 'A')
·. ·¤i ¬i¤ :¬ ¬·i· ¬ ¬r-n r ÷·ini¬ ¤¬ ¬·nl(·i¤¬ l(ni· r `
Do you agree with the statement–"Geography is an interdisciplinary science" ?
z. ¤ i¤i· ·iiºn - ·ini¬ ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the development of geography in ancient India.
s. ·ini¬ ¬ l(¬i¬ - ¬º( ·ini¬(-ii¬i ¬ ¤in(i· ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the contribution of Arab Geographers in the development of geography.
«. ·ii nil¬¬ ni· ¬ l(¬i¬ - º -¬¬ ¬·i(i ºi-º ¬ ¤in(i· ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the contribution of either Ratzel or Ritter in the development of geographical
knowledge.
r. ¬i·i l·¬ ·ini¬ ¬ l(¬i¬ - ¬ -iºi ¬-¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i n(i· ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the contribution of Miss Semple in the emergence of modern geography.
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Group 'B')
s. -i·((i(i ·ini¬ ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤ +
Present a critical account of Humanistic geography.
/. ¤lº¬~¤·i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ l(¬i¬ ¤·ii·i l·-i ºi ¬i ¤ l¬¤i ¬i ¬-ni:¤ +
What do you mean by Hypothesis ? Explain the process of its formation.
s. ·¤(rilº¬ ·ini¬ ¬ l(¬i¬ -r-( ¬i º l(l·i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the growth, importance and method of Applied Geography.
s. ·ini¬ ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬ ¤ ln-i·i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the different types of models in geography.
·a. ·i÷( ·¤il¬¬ ¬n-· ¬i ¬¬~¤·i ¬i -¤·- ¬ºn r ¤ :¬¬ ¬º¤·in-¬ -(ª¤ ¬i -¤·-
¬il¬¤ +
Explaining the concepts of spatial organization, discuss the structural form of spatial
organization.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A./M.Sc {Geography}
Part–I, Paper–II
(Geomorphology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Group 'A')
·. ·i¬i¬ln l(ni· ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ l(·i¤ ·i¤ ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define geomorphology and critically examine its scope.
z. ·i¬n ¬· ¬ l(·i¤ - ¤ i- n·ii ¤¤ºi ¬ l(¤iºi ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the views of Pratt and Airy about isostasy.
s. ( n·º ¬ -ri¤i¤i¤ l(-·ii¤· l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine continental drift theory of Wegener.
«. ¬i-- ¤(ºi ¬ -·i¬i¬l-i¤i ¬i l((ººi ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
Give an account of the landforms of Karst region.
r. ¤(n l·-i ºi ¬ ·i¬··ln l¬-i·n ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the geosynclinals theory of mountain building.
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Group 'B')
s. ÷l(¬ ¬iº ¤¬ ¬ «i¬ l(¬i¬ ¬-(··ii -ni ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the views of Davis and Penck regarding slope evolution.
/. ·(i¬i- ªii l¬¤i ¤iºi l·l- n -·i¬i¬ln¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i l¤¤i ¬ ¬i·i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain landforms caused by volcanic activities with sketches.
s. ·iiºn ¬ n-i¤ ¬i¬ln ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Give an account of the coastal morphology of India.
s. lr-i¬¤ ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¬ ¬-(l··in l(l·i·· l(¤iºi ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Give an account of various views regarding the origin of Himalaya.
·a. nni ¬ - (i·i ·iin - l·l- n ri· (i¬i l(l·i·· -·i¬i¬l-i¤i ¬i l(-n n (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss in detail different landforms developed in the Ganga Plain.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A./M.Sc {Geography}
Part–I, Paper–III
(Climatology & Oceanography)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Group 'A')
·. ¬¬(i¤ l(ni· ¬ ¬·i ¤ ¬ ln ¤( ·i¤ ¬i ¬l(-niº l((ººi (il¬¤+
Give a detailed account of the meaning, nature and scope of climatology.
z. ¬¤i ni¤ ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ·¬i( ¤º ¬¤i ni¤ ¬ l(nººi ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤+
What do you understand by Insolation? Give an account of the distribution of Insolation
over the globe.
s. (i¤ ºilºi ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` (i¤ ºilºi ¬i (ni ¬ººi ¬il¬¤ n·ii -i ¬- ¤lºl-·iln¤i ¤º
:·¬ ¤ ·ii( ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤+
What is meant by Airmass? Classify airmass and discuss their impact on weather condition.
«. ¬i¤ ¬¬(i¤ ¤lº(-i · ¬i ¬-¤ni ¬i ¬ ¬ ¬il(n ¬ºn+ ¬¤¤ ·n ¤ -iºi ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤+
How will you justify climatic changes? Give suitable evidences.
r. ¤ - ªi -·ii·i¤ ¤(·i ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤+
Write an essay on the salient features of principal local winds.
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Group 'B')
s. ¬-¬il-¬ -ri¬inº ¬ n¬i¤ ¬·¤i(¤ ¬i (ºi · ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤+
Present an account of the bottom relief of the Atlantic ocean.
/. ·(iº·ii-i ¬i ¬-¤ln ¬ ¬-(l··in l¬·ri (i l¬-i·ni ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤+
Critically explain any two theories regarding the origin of tides.
s. -ri¬inºi¤ l··i¤ ¬ ¬ in ¤( ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤+
Give a detailed account of the sources and types of ocean deposits.
s. -ri¬inº n·ii ¬inºi ¬i ¬(ºini - ¬·nº ¬-¤·· ¬º· (i¬ ¬iº¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the factors which cause variation in salinity in ocean and seas.
·a. ¤ (i¬ l·il-i¤i ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¬-(··ii ¬(n¬· l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the subsidence theory of coral reef formation.

£
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A./M.Sc {Geography}
Part–I, Paper–IV
(General Geography of India)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
a( a( a( a(ºs ¬' ºs ¬' ºs ¬' ºs ¬' (Group 'A')
·. ¤ i¤¤i¤i¤ ·iiºn ¬iº ¤ i¤¤i¤-iº ·iiºn ¬i ·i¬º¤·i ¬i n ¬·i--¬ ¬·¤¤· ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
Present a comparative study of the geological structure of Peninsular and extra-Peninsular
India.
z. ¤ i¤¤i¤i¤ ·iiºn n·ii ¤ i¤¤i¤-iº ·iiºn ¬i ¤ (ir ¤ºii¬i ¬i n ¬·i--¬ l((ººi ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
Give a comparative account a drainage system of Peninsular and extra-peninsular India.
s. ·iiºn ¬i ni( ¬·¬ª¤i ( l- ¬ l¬¤ ¬-iº(i¤i ¬iº¬i ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤+
Analyse the factors responsible for the rapid growth of population in India.
«. ·iiºn ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬i ·i (i ¬ l(nººi ¬i l((ººi ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
Present an account of the distribution of various types of soils of India.
r. ·iiºn - ¤i¤ ¬i· (i¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬ (·i ¬i ·ii nil¬¬ (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Give a geographical account of various types of forest found in India.
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Group 'B')
s. ·iiºn ¬ ¬¬ ¬¬i·i· ¬i ª¤ºªii ¤-nn ¬il¬¤ +
Present an outline of the water resources of India.
/. ·iiºn - ( ··i ¬nin ¬ l(¬i¬ rn ·ii nil¬¬ ( l·- ¬ ¬· ¬¬ ·i¤ ¬i ¤r¤i· ¬il¬¤ + :¬¬
l¤s÷¤· ¬ ·¤i ¬iººi r `
Identify geographically suitable areas for the development of dairy industry in India. What
are causes of the backwardness ?
s. ·iiºn ¬i ¤ - ªi ¬l·i ¤(ºii - (il-¤ ¬iº ¤ -¤¬ ¤ (ºi ¬i -ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¬l·i·n l((ººi
¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
Divide India into broad agricultural region and present a brief account of the chief
characteristics of each region.
s. ·iiºn - ¬÷¬ ¤lº(r· n¤ ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤¬ ·ii nil¬¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the development of road transport network in India.
·a. ·iiºn - ¬ni (-¤ ¬nin ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ l¬¤ ¬-iº(i¤i ¬iº¬i ¬i l(ºi¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse the factors responsible for the development of cotton textile industry in India.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A./M.Sc {Geography}
Part–I, Paper–V
(Regional Geography of India)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬ ¬-i· r + ¬ ¬-i· r + ¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Group 'A')
·. nni ¬ ¬¤ºi - (i· ¬i l(-n n ·ii nil¬¬ l((ººi ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
Give a detailed geographical account of upper Ganga Plain.
z. nni ¬ l·-· - (i· ¬·i(i ¤¬i( ¬ - (i· ¬i ¬nl¬n ·ii nil¬¬ l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Give a balanced geographical account of either the lower Ganga Plain or the Punjab Plain.
s. ·iiºn - ¬il·i ¬ ¤ i(lºi¬ l(·i-ni ¬ ¬iººii ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the causes of regional economic diversity in India.
«. ·iiºn ¬i ¬l·i÷¬¬(i¤ ¤ (ºii - l(·iil¬n ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬·¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Divide India into agro-climatic regions and discuss their salient features.
r. ·iiºn ¬i l·¤i¬· ¤ (ºii - (il-¤ n·ii ¤ -¤¬ ¬i ¬l·i·n l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Divide India into planning regions and discuss each of these in brief.
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Group 'B')
s. (l·iºi l(riº ¬ -(i· ¬i ·iinil¬¬ l((ººi ¤-nn ¬il¬¤ +
Give a geographical account of South Bihar Plain.
/. ¤i:(i¬i ¬ - (i· ¬i ¬n l¬n ·ii nil¬¬ l((ººi ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
Present a balanced geographical account of Chaibasa Plain.
s. ¤-i ¤(ºi ¬i ¬n l¬n ·iinil¬¬ l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Give a balanced geographical account of pat region.
s. (i-i(º ·ii-i ¤ (ºi ¤º ¬n l¬n ·ii nil¬¬ l((ººi ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
Give a balanced geographical account of Damodar Valley region.
·a. nl-¬·i÷ n·ii si-i·in¤ º ¤ (ºi ¬i n ¬·i--¬ ¬·¤¤· ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
Give a comparative study of Tamilnadu and Chota Nagpur region.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A./M.Sc {Geography}
Part–I, Paper–VI
(World Economic Geography)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬-i· r + ¬-i· r + ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Group 'A')
·. l(º( - (ini·i ¬l·i ¬i ¤ - ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¤( ¬l·i ·i¤ ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the salient features and farming areas of plantation agriculture in the world.
z. l(º( - ¬i¤¬i ¬ ¬-¤i(· ¤( l(nººi ¬i l((ººi ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤ +
Give an account of production and distribution of coal in the world.
s. ¬~¤÷ ((º ¬ ¬i niln¬ -·ii·i¬ººi l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the Industrial Location theory of Alfred Weber.
«. l(º( ¬ ¤- il¬¤- ¬ ¬-¤i(· ¤( l(nººi ¬i l((ººi ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
Give an account of production and distribution of petroleum in the world.
r. l(º( - ¬iri÷:-¤in ¬nin ¬i ¬(l-·iln ¬ l(l·i·· ¬iº¬i ¬i ¬i(irººi ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the factors of localization of Iron & Steel industry in the world with example.
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Group 'B')
s. ¬i·nlº¬ ¬¬-in ¬ -r-( ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬ºn r¤ l(º( ¬ ¬·ii ¤-ªi ¬i·nlº¬ ¬¬-ini ¬i l((ººi
(il¬¤ +
Mentioning the importance of inland water ways, give an account of all major inland
waterways of the world.
/. l(¬i¬ºii¬ (ºii ¬ ¬i niln¬ l(¬i¬ - (r ºi·-i¤ ¬-¤l·¤i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the role of multinational companies in the industrial development of developing
countries.
s. l(º( ·¤i¤iº - ·i¤i¤ ¬ n-·i ¬ -r-( ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the importance of regional organisations in the world trade.
s. l(¬i¬ºii¬ (ºii ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬i niln¬ ¤ (ºii ¬i ¬l¤¤ (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe principal industrial regions of developing countries with sketches.
·a. ¬·nºi·- i¤ ·¤i¤iº ¬ ((¬n ¤ lnª· ¬i l((ººi ¤-n n ¬il¬¤ +
Give an account of the changing pattern of international trade.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A./M.Sc {Geography}
Part–I, Paper–VII
(Human and Population Geography)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
Answer Five questions selecting at least Two questions from each section.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Group 'A')
·. ·ii ln¬ ·ini¬ ¬i º -i·( ·ini¬ ¬i ¤ ·ini ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Give an account of the dichotomy between physical and human geography.
z. ¤ i¬ln¬ (ini(ººi n·ii -i·(i¤ l¬¤i¬i ¬i ¬-(··ii ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Give an account of the relationship between human activities and natural environment.
s. -i·( ¤ilºl-·iln¬i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Human Ecology.
«. -· ·¤ ¬ ¤ iºl-·i¬ ¬il·i¬ l¬¤i ¬¬i¤i ¬i l((ººi ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤ +
Give an account of the early economic activities of mankind.
r. ¬¬iº ¬i -ª¤ ¤¬iln¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬·¬ l(nººi ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Account for main races of the world and analyse their distribution.

a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Group 'B')
s. ¬·¬ª¤i ·ini¬ ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii :·¬ ¬·¤¤· ·i¤ ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Define population geography and describe its scope.
/. l(º( - ¬·¬ª¤i l(nººi ¤ iª¤ ¬i ¬¬iººi l((ººi ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤ +
Give a reasoned account of the distributional pattern of population in the world.
s. -i¬·i¬ ¬ ¬·¬ª¤i l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the Malthusian theory of population growth.
s. l(¬i¬ºii¬ (ºii - ¬·¬ª¤i ¬ ¬-¤·· ¬--¤i¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the population problems of developing nations.
·a. ¬·nºi l·- ¤ ¤(i¬ ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse the causes and consequences of international migration.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A./M.Sc {Geography}
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(Advanced Cartography)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
Answer Five questions selecting at least Two questions from each section.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Group 'A')
·. ¬i·i l·¬ ¬i¬ - -i·l¤¤ ¬¬i ¬i ¤ - ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the salient features of cartography in modern period.
z. ¬¬(i¤ ºªii n i¤ ¬i ¬º¤·i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ + :¬¬ n ºi ¬i º (i·i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the structure of climograph. Explain its merits and demerits.
s. l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬i ¤lº·sl(¬i¬i ¬i ·¤i l(ºi·ini¤ r `
Mention the characteristics of various types of profile.
«. -i·l¤¤ - ¬·¤i(¤ ¤ (ºi · ¬º· ¬i ¤ - ªi l(l·i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe various methods of showing relief features on map.
r. l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ (Write notes on any Two of the following) :–
(a) n ¬·i--¬ -i¤·i (Comparative Scale)
(b) ¬--i· ºªii ¬ n ºi ¬i º (i·i (Merits and Demerits of Isopleth)
(c) ª« l¤r ¤( ¬¬n (Conventional Signs and Symbols)
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Group 'B')
s. l(·i¤¬ -i·l¤¤ ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the salient features of Thematic Map.
/. ¤ ln(ºi · ¬ n¬·i¬ ¬i ¬·i ¬·¬i l(ºi·ini¬i n·ii ¬¤¤ilnni ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the meaning, salient features and utility of the sampling.
s. l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬ ¤ ¬ººi ¬i nºi·i ¬i l(l·i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe different methods of calculation of variance.
s. ¬-i·nº -i·¤ n ºii-iº -i·¤ ¤( rºi--¬ -i·¤ ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ +
Write notes on Arithmetic mean, geometric mean and harmonic mean.
·a. l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ (Write notes on any Two of the following) :–
(a) -i·¤ l(¤¬· ¬i ¤ -ªi l(ºi·ini¤ (Salient features of mean deviation)
(b) ¤¬-ºi ¬·i(i -i¬iºªii ¬( ·iºi ¬i l¬-i·n (Principle of traverse survey)
(c) -i·¬ ¬·iiºi (Standard Parallel)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A./M.Sc. Geography
Part–II, Paper–IX
(Geography of Rural Settlement)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Section 'A')
·. (-ni ·ini¬ ¬ ¬·i ¤( l(·i¤÷(-n ¬i l((ººi ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤ +
Give an account of the meaning and scope of settlement geography.
z. -i·( ¬l·i(i¬ n¤ ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬· ¬iººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ ¬i :¬ n¤ ¬i
l··ii lºn ¬ºn r +
What do you mean by human settlement system ? Explain the causes which determine this
system.
s. l(º¬ (l-n¤i ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬º· (i¬ ·ii nil¬¬ ¤lºl-·iln¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse the geographical conditions which influence the development of dispersed rural
settlement.
«. n i-iºi ¬(i ¬·¤i ¬i ¬·i ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the meaning and function of Rural Service Centres.
r. ·iiºn - ¬i-l¤¬ (i¬iº ¬ ¤ ¬iº ¤( ¬i¤ ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the type and function of Periodic Market in India.
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Section 'B')
s. si-i ·in¤º ¬ ¤-iº - n i-iºi (l-n¤i ¬ ¬( ·i( n·ii l(¬i¬ ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Give an account of the evolution and development of rural settlements in the Chota Nagpur
Plateau.
/. l·-· nni ¬ - (i· - n i-iºi (l-n¤i ¬ ¤ ¬iº ¤( ¤ lnª¤ ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the type and pattern of rural settlement in the Lower Ganga Plain.
s. n i-iºi ·iiºn - ¤¤¬¬ ¬i¤l-i ¬¬ l·¬i¬i -(·sni ¤( -(i-·i ¬i ¬--¤i ¬i l((ººi ¤ -n n
¬il¬¤ +
Give an account of problems of water supply, drainage, sanitation and health in Rural
India.
s. ºi¬-·ii· - n i-iºi (l-n¤i ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ ·ii ln¬ ¬il·i¬ ¤( ¬i-il¬¬ ¬iº¬i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i
l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Give an account of the role of physical, economic and social factors in the evolution of
rural settlement in Rajasthan.
·a. n i-iºi ·iºi ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬º· (i¬ ·ii ln¬ ¬il·i¬ ¤( ¬i-il¬¬ ¬iº¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the physical, economic and social conditions influencing rural dwellings.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A./M.Sc. Geography
Part–II, Paper–XI
(Regional Planning & Development )
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Section 'A')
·. ¤ (ºi ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ ¤( ¤ (ºi ¬i ¤ - ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define region and discuss its salient features.
z. ·ii ln¬ ¤(ºi ¬i ¬¬~¤·i ¬ ¬l-¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Account for regular development of the concept of physical region.
s. l(º( ¬i ¬¬i·i· ¤(ºii - l(·iil¬n ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬·¬i ¤-ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Divide the world into Resource regions and discuss their salient features.
«. ( r( ¤( ¬·i ¤(ºii ¬i ¬i(irººi l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Account for macro & micro region with example.
r. -ri·nºi¤ ¤ (ºi ¬ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :·¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi· ·iiºn ¬ l¬¬i -ri·nºi¤
¤ (ºi ¬ ¬(·i - ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by Metropolitan region? Discuss its characteristics concerning any
metropolitan region of India.
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Section 'B')
s. ·iiºn - l(¬l·( n l·¤i¬· ¬i ¤ l¬¤i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the process of decentralised planning in India.
/. ·iiºn - l-¬i+ l(¬i¬ ¬i ¬·ii(·i¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the possibility of sustainable development in India.
s. n i-iºi l·¤i¬· - ¤¤i¤ni ºi¬ ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((ººi ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
Present an account of the role of Panchayat Raj in the village planning.
s. ·iiºn - l¬¬i -nºi¤ l·¤i¬· ¬i ¤ -ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe salient features of district level planning in India.
·a. ¤ i(lºi¬ l·¤i¬· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬i ¬¬~¤·i ¬i ·¤i ¬i(º¤¬ni r `
What do you mean by Regional Planning ? What is the need of its concept ?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A./M.Sc. Geography
Part–II, Paper–XII
(Environmental & Bio-geography)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Section 'A')
·. ¤¤i (ººi ·ini¬ ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + :¬¬ l(·i¤÷(-n ¤( -r-( ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define Environmental Geography. Explain its subject matter and importance.
z. -i·(i¤ l¬¤i¬¬i¤i ¬ ¤¤i (ººi ¤º ¤ ·ii( ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the impact of human activities on environment.
s. ¤ilº-·iln¬ n¤ ·¤i r ` ¤r l¬¬ ¤¬iº ¬i¤ ¬ºni r `
What is Eco-system ? How does it work ?
«. ¤ (·iºi ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤r l¬n· ¤ ¬iº ¬ rin r ` -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by pollution ? What are its types ? Elucidate.
r. ·i-÷¬i¤ ¬·-ºi ¬ ¬iººi ¬i º ¤lººii- ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the causes and consequences of global worming.
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Section 'B')
s. ¬ (÷·ini¬ ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ + ¬·¤ l(ni·i ¬ ¤r l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº ¬-(l··in r `
Define Bio-geography. How is it related to other sciences ?
/. ¬· ¬iº¬i ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ ¬i ¤i ·ii n·ii ¬i(÷¬·n ¬i ¬ l(nººi ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬ºn r `
Give an account of such factors which influence the distribution of plants & animals.
s. l(º( ¬i ¤ - ªi ¬ l(¬ ¤ (ºii - (ni ¬n ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬·¬ ¤ - ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
Divide the world into major biotic regions and discuss their salient features.
s. (i« ¬·i(i ¬ ªii÷ ¬ ¬iººii ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ + ¬-(l··in ¬--¤i ¬ ¤ ·ii( ¬i ·¤· ¬º·
¬i ¬¤i¤ (n¬i:¤ +
Give an account of the causes of either Flood or Drought. Suggest measures for mitigating
the related problem.
·a. ¬i¤(i ¤(··i· ¬ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ l·¤-· ¬ l¬¤ l¬·÷l¬· ¬¤i¤i ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni r `
What do you mean by Disaster Management ? What efforts are essential to solve the
problem.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A./M.Sc. Geography
Part–II, Paper–XIII
(Cultural & Tribal Geography)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬-i· r + ¬-i· r + ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Section 'A')
·. ¬i-¬ln¬ ·ini¬ ¬ ¬·i ¤( ·i¤ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Give an account of the meaning and scope of cultural geography.
z. ·ii·ii ¬ ·i¤i¤ l(¬i¬ ¤( ¤ ¬iº ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Give an account of regional development and expansion of language.
s. -i·( ¬-¬ln ¤º (ini(ººi ¬ ¤ ·ii( ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Give an account of the impact of environment on human culture.
«. l(º( - ¬i-¬ln¬ l(l·i··ni ¤º ¬·i¤ - ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on cultural diversity in the world.
r. ·iiºn ¬i ¬i-¬ln¬ ¤ (ºii - l(·iil¬n ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬·¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Divide India into cultural regions and discuss their salient features.
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Section 'B')
s. ¬i-- l¬¤· ¬·i(i ¬¤i¬· ¬il((il¬¤i ¬ · nini ¬·iºii ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Discuss the ethnic features of tribes of either Australia or Africa.
/. ·iiºn ¬ ¬·¬iln¤i ¬i ¤ - ªi ¬--¤i¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ + ¬·¬ l(¬i¬ rn ¬i·÷¬i· ¬
¬i¤ ¬- ¤ iº-·i l¬¤ n¤ r `
Describe major problems of the tribes of India. What are the programmes taken for their
development.
s. ¬·ii¬ ¬ ¬il·i¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ¤( ¬i-¬ln¬ ¤·ii ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the economic, social and cultural aspect of Santhals.
s. ri-·÷-i - ¬·i(i ¤il¬·lºi¤· ¬·¬iln ¬ ¤ i(lºi¬ l(nººi ¤ ( ln ¬·i ·¤(-·ii ¤( ¬i-¬ln¬
¤r¬ ¬i ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse the trends of Regional distribution, economy and social aspects of either
Hottentots or Polynesians.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(i) l(º( ¬i ·iil-¬ ¬º¤·i (Religions composition of the world)
(ii) l(¬i¬ºii¬ (ºii ¬ ¬ -¬ln ¬i ((¬n -(ª¤ (Changing nature of culture in
developing nations.)
(iii) - º÷i ¬·¬iln ¬ (¬i( ·i¤ ¤( ¬i-il¬¬÷¬i-¬ln¬ ¤r¬¤ (Habital and Socio-
cultural attributes of Munda tribe.)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A./M.Sc. Geography
Part–II, Paper–XIV
(GIS & Remote Sensing)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ++ +
Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Section 'A')
·. ·ii nil¬¬ ¬¤·in¤ ¬ - ¬ ·in l¬-i·ni ¤( n-(i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the Basic Principles and elements of geographical Information System.
z. ¬i.¬i: .¤¬ (G.I.S) ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on the development of G.I.S.
s. ¬-·¤-º ¬i·iilºn -i·l¤¤ ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the salient features of computer based maps.
«. ·nºi¤ ¤ (··i ¤( l·¤i¬· - ·ii nil¬¬ ¬¤·i n ¤ ¬ ¬· ¤ ¤in ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Give an account of the application of G.I.S. in urban management and planning.
r. ·ii nil¬¬ ¬i¬÷in¤ ¬ ¬·n nn l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº ¬i¬÷i ¬i l·(ºi ¤( ¬-¤i(· l¬¤i ¬ini r `
How is the inputting and editing work done under geographical information system.
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Section 'B')
s. n¬·i¬ ¬ ª¤ - (º ¬((· ¤ ºii¬i ¬ ¤lnril¬¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i l((ººi ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤ +
Give an account of the historical development of Remote Sensing as a technology.
/. (i¤ ¤i-i l¤¤i ¤( ¤i -in il-ln ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤+ (i¤ ¤i-i l¤¤i ¬i
¬ ¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬i ¬ini r `
Account for various types of Air Photos and Photogrammetry. How are Air Photos
interpreted ?
s. ¬¤·i ¬ ¬ in ¬ ª·i - (r ¬ªºii¤ ¤( ·i-·i ln¬ ¬¤n iri ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the multi-purpose and geostationary satellite as a source of information.
s. (i¤ ¤i-i l¤¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬ - ª¤ ¬i·iiºi ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ + ·¤iª¤i ¬ ¬- - ¬-¤··
¬--¤i¬i ¬i l¤l·rn ¬il¬¤ +
Explain principal bases of the interpretation of Aerial photographs. Identify problems
related to the interpretation work.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(i) ¬¬i ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬ in (Main sources of energy)
(ii) l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬ ¬-¬i:- (Different types of satellite)
(iii) ¬i¤(i ¬ ¤ ¬iº (Type of Hazards)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A./M.Sc. Geography
Part–II, Paper–XV
(Political Geography)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Section 'A')
·. ºi¬·iln¬ ·ini¬ ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + ºi¬·iln¬ ·ini¬ ¬ l(·i¤ ·i¤ ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Define Political Geography. Give an account of the scope of Political Geography.
z. ·¤i¤iº ¤º ¬i-i¬i ¬ ¤ ·ii( ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the effects of boundaries on trade.
s. ¬i-in ¬iº ¬i-i ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + (i·i - ¬i·iiº·in ¬·nº ·¤i r `
Define frontier and boundary. Explain their basic difference.
«. ·iiºn ¬i ¬·nºi ·-i¤ ¬i-i¬i ¬ ¤ ¬iº n·ii ¬-(l··in ¬--¤i¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on the types of international boundary of India and the problems associated
with them.
r. ¬·i(i( ¬ ·ii nil¬¬ ¬i·iiº ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze the geographical bases of federation.
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Section 'B')
s. l(º( - ºil·n n- ¬i ((¬ni ¬(·iiººii¬i ¬ ¤lº¤·¤ - ·iiºn ¬ -r-( ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Assess the importance of India in the context of the changing concepts of Power Blocs in
the World.
/. ·i÷ºi¬·iln ¬ ¤( (·in) ¤( (-i -i· ¬(·iiººii¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the past and present concepts of geopolitics.
s. - ¬i:·÷º ¬ ·i÷¬i-lº¬ z(¤ -·i¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the geo-strategic Heartland Theory of Mackinder.
s. ¬¤ ·n ºi·- ¬·i ¤º ¬·nºi ·- i¤ l((i( l·¤-iº ¬ ¬(·i - ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on United Nation organization with special reference to resolution of global
disputes.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(i) l(º( ¬ ºi¬·iln¬ ¤(ºi (Political Regions of the World)
(ii) ¬-iºi ¬-¬il-¬ ¬·i ¤( ¤( l(-niº ¬i (n -i· ·iln (NATO & its present policy of
East Wand)
(iii) -·¤ ¤( ¬i ·i÷¬i-lº¬ -r-( (Geo-strategic importance of Middle East)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A./M.Sc. Geography
Part–II, Paper–XVI
(Transport Geography)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ++ +
Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Section 'A')
·. ¤lº(r· ·ini¬ ¬i ¤ ¬ln ¤( ·i¤ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the nature and scope of transport geography.
z. ·iiºn - ¤i:¤ ¬i:· ¤lº(r· ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on pipeline transport in India.
s. ·iiºn - (i¤ ¤lº(r· ¬i -r-ii ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤-ªi (i¤ -ini ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Discuss the importance of air transport in India and describe the important air routes.
«. n-¤ni ¤( ¬(-ni ¬i ¬¬~¤·i ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤lº(r· ¬ l(l·i·· ¬i·i·i ¬
n ¬·i--¬ -r-( ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of accessibility and connectivity and discuss the relative importance of
various modes of transport.
r. ·iiºn - º¬-in ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the development of railways in India.
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Section 'B')
s. ¤lº(r· ¬ -i·¤- ¬i ¤·iil(n ¬º· (i¬ ¬iº¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ ¤( ¤lº(r· ¬ -i·¤-i ¬
·¤(l-·in l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Discuss the factors affecting mode of transport and throw light on systematic development
of modes of transport.
/. l(º( ·¤i¤iº ¬ ¬i·i l·¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the modern theory of International Trade.
s. ¬·nºi·- i¤ ·¤i¤iº ¬ ¬(·i - -(¬ ·rº -in ¬i l((ººi ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤ +
Give a description of Suez Canal Route with reference to International Trade.
s. (ir·i¤ ¤ (·iºi ¬i ¬·i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ + (ir·i¤ ¤ (·iºi ¬i l·¤l¤n ¬º· (i¬ n-(i ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the meaning of vehicular pollution. Discuss the factors controlling vehicular
pollution.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(i) ¤ - ªi ¤lº-ri(ºii¤ º¬-in (Important transcontinental Rail line )
(ii) ¬-iºi ¬-¬il-¬ ·¤i¤iº -in (North Atlantic trade route)
(iii) ¬-iºi ¬-lº¬i ¬i ¬i·nlº¬ ¬¬ ¤lº(r· (Inland waterways of North America)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–I, Paper–I
i--:| =(i-·= +( sia-(= i--:| =(i-·= +( sia-(= i--:| =(i-·= +( sia-(= i--:| =(i-·= +( sia-(=
(¬(i: ¤« =·=+(¬) (¬(i: ¤« =·=+(¬) (¬(i: ¤« =·=+(¬) (¬(i: ¤« =·=+(¬)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i·i l·¬ ¬i¬ ¬ ·i-¬ººi ¬ ¬i·i ri ¬¬¬ ªi÷i÷¬¤ªi÷i ¬i l(º¬l·in ¬il¬¤ +
z. ¬il(¬i¬i· ¬ilr-¤ ¬i ¤ ( l-i¤i ¬i ¬ªii÷¬iªii ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤ +
s. ¬¤·i ºi ¬i º lr(i ¬ ¬(·i - ºi¬i ¬i·¤ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
«. ·il·n÷¬i(i¬· ¤º ¤÷· (i¬ ¬·¤ l(¤iº÷·iiºi¬i ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¬l·i·n ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
r. ¬n÷¬i·¤ lr(i ¬ilr-¤ ¬i ¬-¤n -r-(¤ºi ·iini r + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¬-¤il¤n ¬il¬¤ +
s. ¤ --ini ºiiªii ¬ ¬i·¤ ¬i ¤ ( l-i¤i ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º ¬¬¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l¤lrn ¬il¬¤ +
/. ·il·n ºi·( ¬i ·¤ -¤-¤ (nin r ¤ ¬¬¬ nil-(¬ (i·i ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
s. ¬·ºi ·il·n ºiiªii ¬i ¬i·¤nn l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l(-niº ¬ l·ªl¤n ¬il¬¤ +
s. ºi-÷¬·ii ¬i ¤º-¤ºi ¬i ¬l·i·n l((ººi (il¬¤ +
·a. ºiln¬i¬i· ¬i·¤ ¬i ¤ ( l-i¤i ¬i ¤¬ ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¬i¬¬· ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–I, Paper–II
( (( (¤(a|n ¤« =·=+(¬|n +(·= ¤(a|n ¤« =·=+(¬|n +(·= ¤(a|n ¤« =·=+(¬|n +(·= ¤(a|n ¤« =·=+(¬|n +(·=) )) )
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +¤ º· ¬ª¤i ¤ º· ¬ª¤i ¤ º· ¬ª¤i ¤ º· ¬ª¤i ·a ·a ·a ·a ((¬) ¬l·(i¤ r + ((¬) ¬l·(i¤ r + ((¬) ¬l·(i¤ r + ((¬) ¬l·(i¤ r +

·. l(ni¤ln ·i·n ¬l( r ¬·i(i ¬ nilº¬` :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤+
z. ¬(iº ÷ ¬i·¤ ¬i ¤ i¬ln¬ni ¬i¬ ¬ ¬(·i - ·¤i r ¬·i¤ - (ni:¤+
s. ¬i¤¬i ¬ ·ªi÷lºiªi÷(ºi · ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤+
«. ¬º ¬ ·i -ºnin - ¬n ºi ·il·n ¬i -r-ii ¤ ln¤il(n ¬i n: r -¤·- ¬il¬¤+
r. n ¬¬i ¬i ¬i·¤÷¬¬i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤+
s. n ¬¬i ¬i ¬l(ni - l¤l¤¬ n-¬i¬i· ¬-i¬ ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤+
/. l(riºi ¬i ·ii·iinn l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ni:¤+
s. ·i·i··( ¬ ¬i·¤ - ¬¤i n ¤( l(¤in ¬ niº - n ¬·i ¬il¬¤+
s. ·i·iºi ¬i ·ii·ii÷ºi ¬i ¤º ¤¬ l·(·i l¬lªi¤+
·a. l¬·ri (i ¬(nººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤+
(¬) l¬lr ·il- ¤ iln · ¤ - º¬ ¤ l· º¬·i ·lr ºi-+
n ·º :¬ ¬¬iº - ¬¤l¬ ·i¤ (¬i-+
(ªi) ·in-ni l¤n¬º ¤ ·i rºi+
l¤¬ ¬i n¤ l¤lº ¬i·r · ¤ºi
·inlº ·ilº ¬ir (¬ ¤ºi+
n: l(-ilr -i¬i l¤n rºi
¬ (i ¬i¬ ri: ¬ ni ¤i+ +
l¤¬ ·lr ¬n÷¬n (ª ¬i++
(n) ¬(·iºi ¬ ¤iº ¬¬iº n: ¬ n ni( ¬ ·i¤ln ¬ l·¬¬ +
¬(¬il¬ ri ¬i¤÷l(-i¤· ¬i -ln ¬i ºri ¬ · -n l·i¬ ¬+
n ¬¬i -·º¬· ºl¬n÷¬¬· ¬·÷¬ ÷ªi¬·÷¬in¬ ¬+
¬¬·i ¬l¬ - ¬-¬i¬ ¬- ·(·in ¬ºiªr ¬ l(¬i¬ +
(·i) ¬·¬ ¬·¬ n ¬i n ·i -i(¬ni ¬l·i¬i:+
¬lr ªi¤ (iºi: ·º :lr ¤i¤ (i ºi:+

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–I, Paper–III
i--:| +·((-=(i-·= i--:| +·((-=(i-·= i--:| +·((-=(i-·= i--:| +·((-=(i-·=
( (( (z¤-=(= ¤« +-(n| z¤-=(= ¤« +-(n| z¤-=(= ¤« +-(n| z¤-=(= ¤« +-(n|) )) )
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i (i (i (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤i ¤ ¤i ¤ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ++ +
(ªiº÷ ¬) (ªiº÷ ¬) (ªiº÷ ¬) (ªiº÷ ¬)
·. ni(i· - ¤ -¤·( ¬ ¤·ii·i (i(i ( l·-¬iºi ¬i ¬ri n¬ l·(ir r ¬i r ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
z. ¬ ·ini - ¬ ·ini ¬i ¤lº¤÷l¤¤ºi ¬il¬¤ +
s. (iºi·i-- ¬i ¬i--¬·ii ¬ ¬º¤·i÷lºi~¤ ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
«. - ¬i ¬i ¤¬ ¬ lºi~¤ ¤º l(¤iº ¬il¬¤ +
r. ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬ n-(i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
(ªiº÷ (ªiº÷ (ªiº÷ (ªiº÷ ªi ªi ªi ªi) ) ) )
s. ¬ri·i ¬iº ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬ ¬nº ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
/. ·ii¬ ¬i-i·¤ l¬¬i·i ¬ ·¤i(i l(¤iº(i· ·ii÷:¬ ¬·i· ¤º l(¤iº ¬il¬¤ +
s. ( -n ·n ¬ ¤ilºl¤¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
s. lºi~¤ ¬i ( l·- ¬ ºiººi(ini ¬ri·i ¬ ( lºi·- ¤ ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
·a. ni¬ºi ¬¬- ¬ri·i ¬i ¬i¤l¬¬ ¬ri·i ¬ri ¬i ¬¬ni r ¤i ·ri ` ¤l·n¤·n ¬-iº (il¬¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–I, Paper–IV
+((ª(( i«n(n +((ª(( i«n(n +((ª(( i«n(n +((ª(( i«n(n ( (( (==(i-a+ ==(i-a+ ==(i-a+ ==(i-a+) )) )
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
·. ·ii·ii l(ni· ¬i ni·÷l(ni· ¬i ¬·¤ ºiiªii¬i ¬ ¬-(·i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
z. ·ii·ii ¬i ¬-¤l-i÷l(·i¤¬ l(l·i·· -ni ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (n r ¤ ¤¬ ¬-i¤i· -n ¬i ¬¬n ¬il¬¤ +
s. ·(l·÷¤lº(n · ¬i l(ºii¬i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
«. ºi·(÷l(¬i¬ ¬i ¤ ºii¬i ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
r. (i·¤ ¬ n-(i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
s. ¬·i ÷¤lº(n· ¬i l(ºii¬i ¬i ¬i¬¬· ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
/. ¬-i¬ ·ii·ii l(ni· ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (n r ¤ ¬¬¬ ¤ ¬i¤i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
s. ·iiºni¤ ·ii·ii÷l¤n· ¤º ¤¬ ¬ l¤lnn l·(·i l¬lªi¤ +
s. ¬· (i( ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (n r ¤ ·ii·ii l(ni· ¬ ¬¬¬ ¬-(··i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
·a. ºi ¬i l(ni· ¬ nrn l¬·÷l¬· n-(i ¤º l(¤iº l¬¤i ¬ini r ` ¬i(irººi ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–I, Paper–V
+((za|= +(·= .((=× +((za|= +(·= .((=× +((za|= +(·= .((=× +((za|= +(·= .((=×
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
·. ¬i·¤i--i ¬ ª¤ - ¬il¤-¤ l¬-i·n ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬ºn r¤ ¬i·¤ - ¬i l¤-¤ ¬i -r-( (n¬i:¤ +
z. ¬i·¤i--i ¬-(··ii l(l(·i -ni ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬ºn r¤ l¬- ¬il¬¤ l¬ º¬ ri ¬i·¤ ¬i ¬i--i r +
s. ·i- -¬i~¬- ¬ ¬-¤l-i(i( ¬i ¬-i·ii--¬ ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
«. º¬÷l··¤l-i ¤ l¬¤i ¬ ¬-(··i - l(l(·i l(¤i·i ¬ -ni ¬i ¬l·i·n ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
r. -·i -ni ·il-¬i l¬¬ ¬rn r + -·i -ni ·il-¬i ¬i º ¬i·iiººii¬ººi ¬ ¬-(··i ¤( ¬·nº ¬i
-¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
s. ¬¬¬iº ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬¬¬iº ¬i l(l(·i ¤lº·ii·ii¬i ¤º l(¤iº ¬ºn r ¤ ¬i·¤ -
¬¬¬iº ¬i -r-( (n¬i:¤ +
/. ºi·(i¬¬iº ¬ ¤ - ªi ·i(i ¬i ¬i(irººi ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
s. ºiln ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (n r ¤ ¬¬¬ ·i(i ¬i ¬i(irººi ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
s. (¬il·n ¬i ºii-¤i¤ ¬·i l·ªl¤n ¬ºn r ¤ ¬¬¬ ·i(i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
·a. ¬il¤-¤÷l¬-i·n ¬ ¤-ªi ·i(i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–I, Paper–VI
(+((za|= ¬i--:| =(i-·=) (+((za|= ¬i--:| =(i-·=) (+((za|= ¬i--:| =(i-·=) (+((za|= ¬i--:| =(i-·=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
·. (l(¬ ¬ilr-¤ ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
z. ¬-¬n ¬ -ri¬i·¤i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
s. -¬¤i¬- ¬i ¬ril·¤i ¬i :lnri¬ l¬lªi¤ +
«. ¬i·i l·¬ ¤ n - ¬··÷÷¬i·¤ ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i ª¤ºªii -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
r. n ¬ºini ¬ilr-¤ ¬i ¬(¤¬i¬ ¬( ¬ ¬( n¬ -i·i ¬ini r ` :¬ ¤ n - º¤ n¤ ¬ilr-¤
¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
s. ( n¬i ¬ ( ·ºi( ¬ilr-¤ ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
/. ¬( ¬ ¤ ·i- ¬l( ¬i · ·i ` ¬·¬ l(·i¤ - ¬i ¬i·n ri ¬i l¬lªi¤ +
s. nl-¬ ¬ilr-¤lnri¬ ¬ ¬·i¤n ¬ ·i-¬ººi ¬i ¬il¤-¤ l¬- ¬ºn r¤ :¬ ¤n ¬i
¬ilr-¤÷º¤·i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
s. ¬-¬n ¬ ·i-¬÷¬ilr-¤ ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
·a. ¬( ¬ ri-¤÷·¤ ·¤ ¬ilr-¤ ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–I, Paper–VII
(¤=(¬n =¸¬+ i--:|) (¤=(¬n =¸¬+ i--:|) (¤=(¬n =¸¬+ i--:|) (¤=(¬n =¸¬+ i--:|)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
·. ¬·¬¤iºi lr·(i ¬ -(ª¤ ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
z. ¤¤i¬· - ¬¬ lr·(i ¬ l(l(·i ª¤i ¬i l((¤·÷l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
s. ¬· (i( ¬ºn ¬-¤ l¬·÷l¬· l(·( ¬i ¤º l(ºi·i ª¤ ¬ ·¤i· (·i rini r `
«. l·-·l¬lªin ºi·(i ¬ l¬¤ lr·(i ¤ilº·iil·i¬ ºi·( (il¬¤ ÷
(i) Joint Secretary (ii) Under Secretary
(iii) Collector (iv) Deputy Commissioner
(v) Sub Judge (vi) Supervisor
(vii) Civil Surgeon (viii) Proctor
(ix) A.D.C. (x) Abeyance
(xi) Acquaintance Roll (xii) Circular
(xiii) Communiqué (xiv) Earnest Money
(xv) Habeas Corpus (xvi) Plebiscite
r. ¤~¬(· ¬ - ª¤ l¬·-ini ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
s. ¬i¤i ¬¤i ¤ iª¤ l¬n· ¤ ¬iº ¬ rin r ` -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
/. ¬·¬¤iº ¬ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ ¤ - ªi ª¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
s. ¬-¤i(¬i¤ l-·¤ºii ¬iº ¬n ¬ªi ¬i ¬·nº (nin r ¤ :·¬ -r-( ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
s. ¤i-¤ ¬ºii·i· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¬iº ¬¤¤ilnni ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
·a. l·-·l¬lªin ¬(nººi ¬i lr·(i - ¬·(i( ¬il¬¤ ÷
The common people who have a fixed income remain helpless. The five year plans were
intended to raise the living standard of the common man and remove poverty from the country.
But their objectives have not been fulfilled. The economic gains have been cornered by a
handful of people while the vast majority of people in the country do not get win two square
meals a day. The gross mismanagement in some of major public sector undertaking is partly
responsible for the prevailing malaise in the country.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(i--:| ¬(¬(an( + ¬(·((z =a=+( (i--:| ¬(¬(an( + ¬(·((z =a=+( (i--:| ¬(¬(an( + ¬(·((z =a=+( (i--:| ¬(¬(an( + ¬(·((z =a=+(
¤« zn+| ¬(¬(an(-¤=ia) ¤« zn+| ¬(¬(an(-¤=ia) ¤« zn+| ¬(¬(an(-¤=ia) ¤« zn+| ¬(¬(an(-¤=ia)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
·. ¬i¤i¤ ºi·¬ ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i ¬ l(·ii¤¬ n-(i ¬i ¬i¬¬· ¬il¬¤ +
z. ¬ilr-¤lnril¬¬ ¬i¬÷l(·ii¬· ¬iº ¬i¤i¤ ºi·¬ l(·i¤ ¤º ¤¬ l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
s. ·(( ¬iº (i¬¤¤i ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i ¬ -i·(÷ ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
«. ¤lnril¬¬ ¬i¬i¤·i÷¤-ln ¬i l(-niº¤( ¬ (ºi · ¬ºn r ¤ ¬¬- r¬iºi ¤ ¬i( l¤((i ¬
¤in(i· ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
r. n ¬i( ºi¤ ¬i ¬-i·ii÷¤-ln ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
s. ÷i Œ ·n·¤ ¬i ¬ilr-¤÷l(·i¤¬ ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
/. ºiln¬i¬ ¬i ºii-¤i¤ ·¤iª¤i ¬º· - l(º(·i·i ¤ ¬i( l-¬ ¬ ¤in(i· ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
s. ÷iŒ ºi-l(¬i¬ ºi-i ¬ ¬i¬i¤·i ¬ -i·(÷ -i·¬(i(i l(¤iº·iiºi ¬i ·¤ «n ¬ ¬¤¤in r +
:¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¬i·i¬ni ¤º l-·¤ºii ¬il¬¤ +
s. ·l¬· l(¬i¤· ºi-i ¬i ¤º-¤ºi÷(l·- ¤º ¬¤· l(¤iº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
·a. ¬i¬i¤·i ¬ ·i¤ - ·i-(º l¬r ¬ ¤i n(i· ¤º l(¤iº ¬il¬¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–II, Paper–IX
(New Course)
(i--:| =(i-·= +( sia-(=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·iiºn( ÷¤ ni· ¬i·¤ ¬i ¤ - ªi ¤ ( l-i¤i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
z. l¤((i÷¤ ni· ¬i·¤ ¬i(ºi (i(i ¬iº ·iln¤º¬ r + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i n¬¤ºi l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
s. ·iiºn( ÷¤ n ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬¤·¤i¬¬iºi ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
«. l¤((i÷¤ ni· ¬¤·¤i¬i ¬i ¤ -ªi ¤ ( l-i¤i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
r. lr·(i ¬i ¤r¬i ¬ri·i ¬i ·÷¬i r ` n¬¤ºi ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
s. l¤((i¤ ni· ¬ril·¤i ¬i ¤ - ªi ¤ ( l-i¤i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
/. ¬i·i l·¬ lr·(i ·i-¬ ¬ l(¬i¬ - ·iiºn( ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
s. ¬¤ºi¬º ¤ i¬i( ¬ ¤lnril¬¬ ·i-¬i ¬i ¬l·i·n ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
s. (¬¬·ºi ·i: ¬ l·(·ii ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
·a. l¤((i÷¤ ni· ¬i¬i¤·i ¬i ¤ ( l-i¤i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–II, Paper–X
i--:| =(i-·= +( sia-(=
¬(·(in+ +(¬ (o(=(«(: = ¬ +z ¤ mia«(: a+)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. si¤i(i( ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (n r ¤ ¬¬¬i ¬i·¤nn l(ºi·ini¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
z. si¤i(i( ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬l(¤i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
s. si¤i(i(÷¤ ni· ri-¤÷·¤·¤i--¬ ¬i·¤ ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
«. ¬-iº si¤i(i( ¬ ¤ -ªi ¬l(¤i ¬i ¬l·i·n ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
r. ·i-¬¬iº ¬¤ºi¬º ¤¬i( ¬ ·i-¬i ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
s. ¤ -¤( ¬i ¬¤·¤i¬÷¬¬i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
/. ¬¤ºi¬º ¤¬i( ¬i ¬ril·¤i ¬i l(ºi·ini¤ (ni:¤ +
s. r¬iºi ¤ ¬i( l¤((i ¬ ¬l¬n l·(·ii ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
s. si¤i(i(i ¬i¬i¤·i ¬i ¤( l-i¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
·a. ¬i(·i ¤( ¬i--¬·ii ¬i ¬nº -¤·- ¬ºn r ¤ (i·i ¬i :lnri¬ l¬lªi¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–II, Paper–XI
(¬(·(in+ i--:|-=(i-·=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤ ¤in(i( ·¤i r ` ¤ ¤in(i( ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬l(¤i ¬i ¬·i¤ - ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
z. ¤ ¤in(i( ¬i ¤ - ªi ¤ ( l-i¤i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
s. ¤ ¤n(i( ·¤i r ` ¬¬ · ¬·(i( ¬i ¬ni ·¤i (i ¬ini r `
«. ·¤i ¬l(ni ¬i ¬i-i·¤ ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
r. lr·(i ·i-¬ ¬ l(¬i¬ - -ir· ºi¬ºi ¬ ¤in(i· ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
s. lr·(i ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬ l(¬i¬ - ¬i¤l¬¬ ¬¤·¤i¬¬iºi ¬ -r-( ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
/. ·¤i ¬ri·i ¬i(i¬· ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
s. ¬l¬n l·(·i¬iºi ¬i ¬l·i·n ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
s. ºi ·¬¬i ¬ (i( ¬ ¤ - ªi lr·(i ¬i¬i¤¬i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
·a. lr·(i ¬i--¬·ii÷¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¬( ·i( ¬i º l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–II, Paper–XII
(n(e+ ¬( z z m=a)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·i- ¤ ¬ -(ª¤ ¤( ¬·iºi ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
z. lr·(i ·i- ¤ l¬-i·ni ¬ l(·i¤ - ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬i·n r ` -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
s. ·i- ¤¬¬i ¬i ( l·- ¬ ¤·¤i(¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
«. ·ii·ii ¬i ( l·- ¬ ¤·¤i(¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
r. ·i- ¤¬¬i ¬i ( l·- ¬ -¬(n ·n ·i-¬ ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
s. -¬(n ·n ·i-¬ ¬i ¤lnril¬¬ni ¤º l(¤iº ¬il¬¤ +
/. ¬l·i·¤ni ¬i ( l·- ¬ ¬i·ii« ¬i ¤¬ l(· ·i-¬ ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
s. ·i- ¤¬¬i ¬i ( l·- ¬ ¬i·ii« ¬i ¤¬ l(· ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
s. (¬ºi ·i-¬ ¬ (-n ÷l(·ii· ¤º l(¤iº ¬il¬¤ +
·a. ¤·¬÷ ·i-¬ ¬i l(ºi·ini (nin r ¤ (¬ºi ·i-¬ ¤º l(¤iº ¬il¬¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–II, Paper–XIII
(¬(·(in+ +·((-=(i-·=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºin (º(iºi - l¤l¤n ·¤·¤ ¬i ¬i·i ¬ni ¤º l(¤iº ¬il¬¤ +
z. ºin (º(iºi ¤¬ ¬i-i·¤ ¤lº¤i¤iª¤i· r ¬ ¬ `
s. ºin (º(iºi ¬i ·ii·ii÷ºi¬i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
«. -ri·ii¬ ¬-¬i¬i· ·iiºni¤ ºi¬·iln ¬i ¤·ii·i l¤¤ ¤ -n n ¬ºni r ¬¬ `
r. ¬¤·¤i¬÷¬¬i ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º ·i¬i ¤i( ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
s. ¬ri·i÷¬¬i ¬i ( l·- ¬ ¬ri ¬·-i ¬ ( r ¬ri·i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
/. n¬i·iº (i( ¬i ¤i÷i ·¤i¤¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ¬-¤ ¬i ¬¬ r + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
s. ¤ (i-iº ¬in ¬ri·i ¬ ¤i¤i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
s. l¬(ni ¬i º ¬i¬ º¬ ¬i ¬ ¬l-n-( ¬i ¬ri·i r + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
·a. n ¬¬i (··i ¬ri·i ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–II, Paper–XIV
(in=-·( a·(( ¬-= ma i«·((¤)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬l¬n l·(·i ¬i l(ºi·ini¤ (ni:¤ +
z. ¬ (º·i·i ºi¤ ¬ ¬l¬n l·(·ii ¬ ( lºi·- ¤ ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
s. nn÷¬i·¤ ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
«. nn ¬i·¤¬iº ¬ ª¤ - ºi-¬·ºi (i¬ ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
r. ¤i¤i÷(-iin ¬ -(ª¤ ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
s. ¤i¤i÷(-iin ¬i ¤º-¤ºi ¬i º ¤( l-i¤i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
/. ºªii l¤¤ ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
s. ºªiil¤¤ ¬i ¤º-¤ºi - ( ·i¤ºi ¬i ·¤i -·ii· r ` ¤ l·n¤·n ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
s. ¬·i ¬·ii ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
·a. ºi-º(º·i·i ln(iºi ¬ ¬·i ¬·ii ¬¬iº ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–II, Paper–XV
(¤(.a(·= ¬(¬(an( ¬(z .( ¬| i«n(n)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
(i·i ªiº÷i ¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + (i·i ªiº÷i ¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + (i·i ªiº÷i ¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + (i·i ªiº÷i ¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬-÷¬÷¬- ªiº÷ ªi ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (·i ¬l·(i¤ r + ¬-÷¬÷¬- ªiº÷ ªi ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (·i ¬l·(i¤ r + ¬-÷¬÷¬- ªiº÷ ªi ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (·i ¬l·(i¤ r + ¬-÷¬÷¬- ªiº÷ ªi ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (·i ¬l·(i¤ r +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ -i· (ºi(º r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ -i· (ºi(º r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ -i· (ºi(º r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ -i· (ºi(º r +
ªiº÷ ¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ªiº÷ ¬
·. riº¬ ¬ ¬i·¤÷¬-(··ii -ni ¬i ¬~¬ ªi ¬il¬¤ +
z. lº¤÷ ¬ ¬ ¬-¤ ·iºi l¬-i·n ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
s. ¬i·¤ - ¬(i-i n-( ¬ ¤i·i¬ ¤( l(ºi·ii n-(i ¬i º ªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
«. ¬º-n ¬ -ri¬i·¤÷¬-(··ii l(¤iº ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
r. -iŒ ¤¬Œ :l¬¤- ¬i ¤º-¤ºi÷l(·i¤¬ -i·¤ni ¬i l(-niº ¬ - ~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
s. ¬i¤ ¬ ¬l·i·¤¬·÷l¬-i·n ¬ - ¬·in ( ¤ilº¬ n-(i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
/. -·il(º¬·iºi ¬iº ¬ilrl-¤¬ ¬i¬i¤·i ¤º ¤¬ l(-n n ¬-i·ii--¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
s. ·¬-i ¬ ¬· ¬ººi l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬ºn r ¤ ¤¬ ¬-i·ii--¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªi ªi ªi ªi
s. ºi ¬i l(ni· ¬ ·i¤ ¬i l(( ¤· ¬il¬¤ +
·a. ºi ¬i l(ni· ¬i ¬¤¤ilnni ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Hindi}
Part–II, Paper–XVI
(i--:| +((ª(( +| =zan()
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ( l(¬ ¬-¬n ¬i º ¬i l¬¬ ¬-¬n ¬i ¬·nº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
z. lr·(i ·ii·ii÷·i¤ ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
s. (l·¬¬i ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¬l·i·n ¤¬iºi ÷i¬n r ¤ :¬¬ ·¤i¬ºlºi¬ -(ª¤ ¬ - ª¤ l(·( ¬i ¤º
¬¤·i l¤·n· ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤ +
«. lr·(i ¬i -(º÷·¤¬· ·(l·¤i ¬i ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
r. ºi·( ¬i º ¬·i ¬ ¬-(··i ¤º ¬¤· l(¤iº ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
s. (i·¤ ¬ -(ª¤ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
/. l(º( ¬i ¤ i¤i· l¬l¤¤i ¬i ¬l·i·n ¤lº¤¤ (il¬¤ +
s. ( isi l¬l¤ ¬i ¬-¤l-i l(·i¤¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
s. ((·inºi l¬l¤ ¬ l(¬i¬÷¬- ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
·a. ((·inºi l¬l¤ ¬ -i·¬i¬ººi ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–I
(sia-(= ¬a(n = ¬-= i«·((¬( +( =(m:(n) (sia-(= ¬a(n = ¬-= i«·((¬( +( =(m:(n) (sia-(= ¬a(n = ¬-= i«·((¬( +( =(m:(n) (sia-(= ¬a(n = ¬-= i«·((¬( +( =(m:(n)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬ ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬ ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬ ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iºi (il¬¤ + i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iºi (il¬¤ + i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iºi (il¬¤ + i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iºi (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast one question from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. ·iil-¬ ¬ilr-¤ ·iiºni¤ :lnri¬ ¬ªi· - l¬¬ ¤¬iº -(( ¤r ¤ini r ` -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
How does the Religions Literature help in writing of Indian history ? Explain.
z. ¤ ºinil-(¬ ¬·(·iºii ¤( ¬-ªi··i ¬ ·iiºni¤ :lnri¬÷l·-i ºi - ¬ ¬ ¬ri¤ni ¤ i·n ri ni r `
-¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
How do the archaeological explorations and excavations help in re-construction of Indian
History ? Explain.
s. ·iiºni¤ :lnri¬ ¬ ¤ ·¬ ªi· - ¬¬i÷¬ln¤i ¬ ¤in(i· ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the role of art objects in re-writing of Indian History.
GROUP 'B'
«. ¤ ºi÷-·i¬i ¬i ªii¬ ¬ l¬¤ ¤iº-¤lº¬ l(l·i¤i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Describe traditional methods of exploration of archaeological sites.
r. l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬-iºi ¬·ºi-il¬n -(-iº÷ (Northern Black Polished Ware)
(b) -nºi¬ººi (Stratification)
(c) lnl·i¬ººi ¬i ¬i(·÷·« l(l·i (Carbon-14 method of dating)
GROUP 'C'
s. ·iiºni¤ ¬ªi·÷¬¬i ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¬ ¬-(··i - ·iiºni¤ ¬-¤l-i ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the theory of Indian origin of writing in India.
/. ( isi l¬l¤ ¬ ¬-¤l-i ¬ ¬-(··i - ·iiºni¤ ¬-¤l-i ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse arguments in favour of Indian origin of Brahmi script.
s. l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) r÷·¤·÷l¬l¤ (Harappan Script)
(b) ªiºi·-i l¬l¤ (Kharoshthi Script)
(c) ¬ ¬ ªi n ¤ ¬ ·i ¤( ( ¬i ¬iºii¬i¬i· (isi l¬l¤ - l¬lªi¤ (Write ¬ ¬ ªi n
¤ ¬ ·i and ( in Ashokan Brahmi Script)
GROUP 'D'
s. ·iiºni¤ l¬·¬i ¬i (ºi¬ ¬-¤l-i ¤º ¤¬ l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a note on indigenous origin of Indian coins.
·a. ¬irn l¬·¬i ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¤ i¤i·ni ¤( l(ºi·ini¬i ¤º ¤¬ l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a note on origin, antiquity and characteristics of Punch Marked Coins.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–I
(sia-(= ¬a(n = ¬-= i«·((¬( +( =(m:(n) (sia-(= ¬a(n = ¬-= i«·((¬( +( =(m:(n) (sia-(= ¬a(n = ¬-= i«·((¬( +( =(m:(n) (sia-(= ¬a(n = ¬-= i«·((¬( +( =(m:(n)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iºi (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iºi (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iºi (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iºi (il¬¤ +
¬·i ¬·i ¬·i ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + i ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + i ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + i ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast one question from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. ·iiºni¤ :lnri¬ ¬ ¤ ·l·-i ºi - ·i- -iº ¬ilr-¤ ¤( l·¬- ¤lnril¬¬ º¤·i¬i ¬ ¤in(i· ¬i
·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the contribution of secular literature and near historical writings in re-construction
of Indian history.
z. ¤ ºinil-(¬ ¬·(·iºi ¤( ¬-ªi·· ¤ i¤i· ·iiºni¤ :lnri¬ ¬ªi· ¬i ¬-¤·n -r-(¤ºi ¤in(i·
(n r + ¬¤¤i -·n·¤ nl-n ¬º +
Archaeological explorations and excavations contribute immensely to writing of ancient
Indian history. Please comment.
s. l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ·iiºni¤ :lnri¬ ¬ ¬in ¬ ª¤ - ¬l·i¬ªi (Inscriptions as a source of Indian History)
(b) ·iiºni¤ :lnri¬ ¬ ¬in ¬ ª¤ - -¤i¤ (Coins as a source of Indian History)
(c) ·iiºni¤ :lnri¬ ¬ ¬in ¬ ª¤ - ¬¬i÷¬i-ln¤i (Art objects as a source of Indian History)
GROUP 'B'
«. ¤ ºi÷-·i¬i ¬i ªii¬ ¬ l¬¤ ( nil·¬ l(l·i¤i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Describe scientific methods of exploration of archaeological sites.
r. l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) l¤l¤n ·i¬º -(-iº÷ (Painted Grey Ware)
(b) lnl·i¬ººi ¬i ¬i(·÷·« l(l·i (Carbon-14 method of dating)
(c) ¬-iºi ¬·ºi-il¬n -(-iº÷ (Northern Black Polished Ware)
GROUP 'C'
s. ·iiºn - ¬ªi·÷¬¬i ¬i ¤i¤i·ni n·ii ¬-¤l-i ¤º ¤¬ l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a note on antiquity and origin of writing in India.
/. ( isi l¬l¤ ¬i l((ºii ¬-¤l-i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on foreign origin of Brahmi Script.
s. l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) r÷·¤·÷l¬l¤ (Harappan Script)
(b) ªiºi·-i l¬l¤ (Kharoshthi Script)
(c) ¬iºii¬i¬i· (isi l¬l¤ - ¬ ¬ n ¬ - n ·i ¤( · ¬¬ l¬ªii ¬ini ·ii ` (How was
¬ ¬ n ¬ - n ·i and · written in Asokan Brahmi Script ?)
GROUP 'D'
s. ·iiºni¤ l¬·¬i ¬ l((ºii ¬-¤l-i ¤º ¤¬ l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a note on foreign origin of Indian coins.
·a. ¬irn l¬·¬i ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¤ i¤i·ni ¤( l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss origin, antiquity and characteristics of Punch Marked Coins.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–II
(Pre and Proto History of India)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬i ¬-iº ¬-iº ¬-iº ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤ ·(i ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¤( ¬- l··ii ººi ¬ ¬-(l··in l(l·i·· l¬-i·ni ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss different theories regarding origin and age determination of earth.
z. ·iiºn ¬i ¤ºi ¤i·iiºi¬i¬i· ¬-¬ln ¬i - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss main features of the Palaeolithic Culture of India.
s. ·iiºn ¬i -·¤ ¤i·iiºi¬i¬i· ¬-¬ln ¬i ¤ i¤i·ni l(-niº ¬¤¬ººii ¬ ¤¬iº n·ii ¬-¬ln ¬i
- ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe antiquity, extent, tool types and main features of the Mesolithic Culture of India.
«. (¬l¤-ni· n·ii l¬·i ¬i ¤( r÷·¤i: ¬-¬ln¤i ¤º ¤¬ l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a note on pre-Harappan Cultures of Baluchistan and Sindh.
r. ¬ ·i( ¬·¤ni ¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ¬il·i¬ ¤( ·iil-¬ ¤r¬ ¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine social, economic and religious aspects of Indus Civilizations.
s. ¬·i( ¬·¤ni ¬i ¬¤i·¬ ¬·n ¬¬ r ¬i ` ·¤i (i( ¬ (·ii - :¬ ¬·¤ni ¬i ¬ln¤¤ l(ºi·ini¬i
¬i l·º·nºni ¬ ¤ -iºi l-¬n r `
How did Indus Civilization come to an abrupt end ? Are there proofs of continuity of
certain features of this civilization in later years ?
/. ¬ ·i( ¬·¤ni ¬ l(-niº n·ii :¬¬ l((ºii ¬-¤¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze extent and foreign contacts of Indus Civilization.
s. ni- l·l·i ¬¤¬ººii ¬ ¤ ¬iº l(-niº ¤ i¤i·ni n·ii ¬·¬ l·-i ni¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on typology, extent, antiquity and authors of Copper Hoards Implements.
s. ·iiºn - ¬i r n¬·i¬ ¬i ¤ i¤i·ni n·ii ¬-¤l-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine antiquity and origin of iron-technique in India.
·a. l·-· - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬ ·i( ¬·¤ni ¬i ·nº÷¤i¬·i (Urban-planning in Indus Civilization)
(b) ( r-¤i·iilºi¬ ¬-¬ln ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¤( ¤ i¤i·ni (Origin and antiquity of Megalithic
Culture)
(c) ¬i¬i ¤( ¬i¬ - (-iº÷ ¬-¬ln (Black and Red Ware Culture)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–II
(Pre and Proto History of India)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬i ¬-iº ¬-iº ¬-iº ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤·(i ¬i ¬i¤ ¬ l(l·i·· ·i÷nl·i¬ ¬i¬ ªiº÷i - ¬i(· ¬ ¬l-¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on evolution of life in different geological eras of earth.
z. ·iiºn ¬i -·¤ ¤ºi ¤i·iiºi¬i¬i· ¬-¬ln ¬ l(-niº ¬¬¬ ¬¤¬ººii ¬ ¤¬iº ¤ i¤i·ni n·ii
¬¬¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the extent, tool types, antiquity and characteristics of the middle Paleolithic
culture of India.
s. ·iiºn ¬i ·( ¤i·iºi ¬i¬i· ¬-¬ln ¬i - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe main features of the Neolithic culture of India.
«. (¬l¤-ni· ¬i ¤( r÷·¤i: ¬-¬ln¤i · ¬·i( ¬·¤ni ¬i ·i( ºªii+ :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¬-i·ii
¬il¬¤ +
"Pre-Harappan cultures of Baluchistan laid the foundation of Indus Civilization." Examine
this statement.
r. ¬ ·i( ¬·¤ni ¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ¬il·i ¬ ¤( ·iil- ¬ ¤r¬ ¬i ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Social, economic and religious aspects of Indus Civilization.
s. ¬·i( ¬·¤ni ¬i ·nº÷¤i¬·i ¬¤· ¬-¤ ¬i -ri·n- ¬¤¬l··i ·ii + ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤+ +
"Urban planning of Indus Civilization was the biggest achievement of its time." Examine.
/. ¬ ·i( ¬·¤ni ¬ l((ºii ¬-¤¬i ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on foreign contacts of Indus Civilization.
s. ni- l·l·i ¬¤¬ººii ¬ ¤ ¬iº l(-niº ¤ i¤i·ni n·ii ¬·¬ l·-i ni¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on typology, extent, antiquity and authors of copper Hoards Implements.
s. ·iiºn - ¬i r n¬·i¬ ¬ (ºi¬ ¬-¤l-i ¤( l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬-(l··in l¬-i·n ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the theory of indigenous origin and development of non-technique in India.
·a. l·-· - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬ ·i( ¬·¤ni ¬i l(-niº (Extent of Indus Civilization)
(b) ( r-¤i·iilºi¬ ¬-¬ln ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¤( ¤ i¤i·ni (Origin and antiquity of Megalithic
Culture)
(c) nª¬i ºn ¬ ·i ¬i r : -(·iiº÷ ¬-¬ln (Ochre Washed Ware Culture)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–III
(Political and Socio-Economic History of Ancient India)
(Earliest Times to Kushanas)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. ¬i¤ ¬i· ·i ` ¬i¤i ¬ ¬il(÷(ºi ¬ ¬-(··i - ¤ ¤l¬n l(l·i·· l¬-i·ni ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Who were the Aryans ? Analyze different theories propounded on original home-land of
the Aryans.
z. l(l-(¬iº ¬ ·i·i··( n¬ -n·i ¬i- i·¤ ¬ ¬-¬·i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on rise of Magadh empire from Bimbisara to Dhana Nanda.
s. ¬ºii¬ ¬i l((ºi ·iln ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine foreign policy of Asoka.
«. -i ¤ ¬i- i·¤ ¬ ¤n· ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine causes of the fall of the Mauryan empire.
r. ¬l··¬ ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on achievements of Kanishka.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬·i ºii-¤ ¬i l((ººi (Arthasastra's account)
(b) -i¤¬i¬i· ¬¬i ¬iº -·ii¤-¤ (Mauryan Art and Architecture)
(c) ¬l¬n ¤- (Kalinga-war)
GROUP 'B'
/. ( l(¬ ¬ilr-¤ ¬i ¤ i¤i·ni ¤( -nºi¬ººi ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe antiquity and stratification of Vedic Literature.
s. ¬-iº ( l(¬ ¬i¬i· ¬i-il¬¬ ¤( ¬il·i¬ (ºii ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe Social and Economic condition during Later Vedic period.
s. ·in(i· -ri(iº ¬i ¬i(·i n·ii ¬·¬i lºi·ii¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe life and teachings of Lord Mahabir.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ~n ÷(l(¬ ¬i¬i· ·iil-¬ (ºii (Religion during Rig-Vedic period.)
(b) ºi-i¤ºi ¬iº -ri·iiºn ¬(·i( ¤( ¤i¤i·ni (Ramayana and Mahabharata : Origin and
Antiquity)
(c) -i¤¬i¬i· ¬il·i¬ (ºii (Economic condition during Mauryan period)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–III
(Political and Socio-Economic History of Ancient India)
(Earliest Times to Kushanas)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. ·iiºn - ~·(l(¬ n·ii ¬-iº(l(¬ ¤ni - ¬i¤i ¬ ·ii nil¬¬ l(-niº ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on geographical spread of Aryans in India during Rig-Vedic and later Vedic
periods.
z. ¤ ºiºii - (lºi n ¤iº-¤lº¬ ·iiºni¤ :lnr¬ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse traditional history of India as mentioned in the puranas.
s. -i ¤i ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¬ ¬-(··i - ¤¤l¬n l(l·i·· l¬-i·ni ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤ ·i- -i ¤
¬- i- ¬ ¬i-lº¬ ¬ln¤i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine different theories regarding origin of the Mauryas and describe military exploits
of first Mauryan king.
«. ¬l¬n ¤ - ¬ ¬iººi ¤lººii- ¤( ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse causes, consequences and and effects of Kalinga War.
r. ¬¬i ¤( ¬-¬ln ¬ ¬ º·i¬ ¬ ¬i·i÷¬i·i ¬l··¬ ¤¬ -ri· ·i- ¬lr·ºi ºii¬¬ ·ii ·ii +
·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
"Apart from king a patron of Art and letters Kanishka was also a great religious tolerant
ruler." Discuss.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) -ni-·i·i¬ (Megasthenese)
(b) ¬ºii¬ ¬ ¬l·i¬ªi (Inscriptions of Ashoka)
(c) ºi n (Sungas)
GROUP 'B'
/. ~·( l(¬ ¬i¬i· ·ii·ii ¬ilr-¤ ¤( ·i- ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss language, literature and religion during Rig-Vedic period.
s. ¬-iº( l(¬ ¬i¬i· ¬i-il¬¬ ¤( ¬il·i ¬ (ºii ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe social and economic conditions during later Vedic period.
s. ·in(i· ( - ¬ ¬i(·÷¤lº¤ n·ii ¬¤(ºii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss life and teachings of Lord Buddha.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) (l(¬ ¬ilr-¤ ¬i -nºi¬ººi (Stratification of Vedic literature.)
(b) ¬¤l··i( (Upanishadas)
(c) ºi-i¤ºi ¤( -ri·iiºn ¬(·i( ¤( ¤i¤i·ni (Ramayana and Mahabharata : Origin and
Antiquity)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–IV
(Political and Socio-Economic History of Ancient India)
(Post Kushana period to Harshavardhan)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. ¬·iiºii ¬ ¤n· ¬ nº·n (i( ¬ ¬-iº ·iiºn ¬ ºi¬·ln¬ :lnri¬ ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the political history of Northern Indian immediately after the fall of the Kushanas.
z. ¤·¤n ·n l¤ni¤ ¬i ¬i-lº¬ ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i ¬i¬i ¤·i--¬ -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Examine critically the military exploits of Chandra-gupta II.
s. -¬·(n ·n ¬ ºii¬· ¬i¬ ¬i ¤ - ªi ·i-·i¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe main events of the reign of Skanda-gupta.
«. n ·n¬i¬ ¬i ·iiºni¤ :lnri¬ ¬i -(ºi ¤ n ·¤i ¬ri ¬ini r ` -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Why is the Gupta-period called 'Golden Age' of the Indian history ? Explain.
r. r·i(·i· ¬i ¬ l·¬ ¬¤¬l··i¤i n·ii ¬¬¬ ¬i-i·¤ l(-niº ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on military campaigns and extent of empire of Harsha-Vardhan.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) rºii ¬i ·iiºn ¤º ¬i¬-ºi (Huna invasion of India)
(b) ¤ilr¤i· ¬i ·iiºn (ºi· (Description of India by Fa-hien)
(c) n·n¬i¬i· ¤ ºii¬l·¬ ·¤(-·ii (Gupta-administration)
GROUP 'B'
/. n ·n¬i¬i· ¬i-il¬¬÷(ºii ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on social condition during Gupta period.
s. ( ·ºi( ·i- ¬ ¬( ·i( ¤( n ·n¬i¬ - ¬¬¬ ¤ ¤iº ¤( ¤ ¬iº ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on origin of Vaishnavism and its propagation and spread during Gupta period.
s. n ·n¬i¬i· ¬¬i ¤( -·ii¤-¤ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze art and architecture during Gupta period.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¤ºiºi (The Puranas)
(b) n·n÷¬i¬i· ¬i·¤ ¤( ¬ril·¤i (Poetry and Stories during Gupta period)
(c) ·i¬·(i l(º(l(ni¬¤ (Nalanda University)
(d) n·n¬i¬ - -ri¤i· ¬i ¬(·i( ¤( l(¬i¬ (Origin and Development of Mahayana
during Gupta-period)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–IV
(Political and Socio-Economic History of Ancient India)
(Post Kushana period to Harshavardhan)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. ¬·iiºii ¬ ¤n· ¬ nº·n (i( ¬ ¬-iº ·iiºn ¬ ºi¬·ln¬ :lnri¬ ¤º ¤¬ l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a note on political history of Northern India immediately after the fall of the Kushanas.
z. ¤·¤n ·n ¤ ·i- ¬ ¬i(·÷¤lº¤ ¤( ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe life and achievements of Chandra-gupta I.
s. ¬ -iº n ·n ¬ ºii¬·¬i¬ ¬i ¤ - ªi ·i-·i¬i ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on main events of the reign of Kumar-gupta.
«. n ·n¬i¬ ¬i ·iiºni¤ :lnri¬ ¬i -(ºi ÷¤ n ·¤i ¬ri ¬ini r ` -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Why is the Gupta-period called 'Golden Age' of the Indian History ? Explain.
r. r·i(·i· ¬i ¬i -¬ln¬ ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe cultural achievements of Harsha-Vardhan.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) -rºi¬i ¬ir -n-·i ¬l·i¬ ªi ¬i ¤·¤ ("Chandra" of Meharauli Iron pillar inscription)
(b) ¤ilr¤i· ¬i ·iiºn (ºi· (Description of India by Fa-hien)
(c) rºii ¬i ·iiºn ¤º ¬i¬-ºi (Huna Invasion of India)
GROUP 'B'
/. n ·n¬i¬ ¬ (i ºi· (i - ¤( ¬ · ¬ilr-¤ ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze the development of Buddhist and Jaina literature during Gupta period.
s. ( ·ºi( ·i- ¬i ¬( ·i( ¤( n ·n¬i¬ - ¬¬¬ ¤ ¤iº ¤( ¤ ¬iº ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on origin of Vaishanavism and its propagation and spread during Gupta period.
s. n ·n¬i¬ ¬ (i ºi· ¬¬i ¤( -·ii¤-¤ ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine development of art and architecture during Gupta period.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¤ºiºi (The Puranas)
(b) n·n¬i¬i· lºi·ii (Education during Gupta period)
(c) n·n¬i¬ ¬ (iºi· l((ºii ·¤i¤iº (Foreign trade during Gupta period)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–V
(Political and Socio-Economic History of Early Medieval India)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
ªiº÷ (¬) ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- z ¤( ªiº÷ (ªi) ¤( ªiº÷ (n) ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn ªiº÷ (¬) ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- z ¤( ªiº÷ (ªi) ¤( ªiº÷ (n) ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn ªiº÷ (¬) ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- z ¤( ªiº÷ (ªi) ¤( ªiº÷ (n) ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn ªiº÷ (¬) ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- z ¤( ªiº÷ (ªi) ¤( ªiº÷ (n) ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn
r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + + +
Answer Five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from Group (A) and one each from
Group (B) and Group (C). All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs (+) a(ºs (+) a(ºs (+) a(ºs (+)–GROUP (A)
·. -·¤ ¤ (ºi ¬ n ¬ ·÷¤ lnriºi ¬i ºi¬· ln¬ n·ii ¬i-¬ln¬ ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe political and cultural achievements of Gurjar-Pratiharas of Madhya Pradesh.
z. ¬ilr-¤ lºi·ii ¬¬i ¤( -·ii¤-¤ ¬ ·i¤ - ºi¬¤ni ¬ (·i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe contributions of the Rajputs in the fields of literature, education, art and architecture.
s. l¬··i ¤º -r--( l(· ¬il¬- ¬ ¬i¬-ºi ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ ¬i º (ni:¤ l¬ :¬ ¬i¬-ºi ¬i
·iiºn ¤º ·¤i (ºni-i ¤ ·ii( ¤÷i `
Describe invasion of Muhammad-bin Kasim on Sindh and bring out what long-term effects
this invasion left on India ?
«. nºi: · ¬i (¬ºi ¬÷i: ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ ¬iº ¬· n-(i ¬i l¤lrn
¬il¬¤ ¬i -ir--( niºi ¬i ¬¤¬ni ¬ l¬¤ l¬--(iº ·i +
Examine the causes and effects of the second battle of Tarain and enumerate factors
responsible for success of Mohammad Ghauri.
r. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ºi¬¤ni ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¬ l¬-i·n (Theories regarding the origin of Rajputs)
(b) -r-( n¬·(i ¬i ¬-iº ·iiºn ¤º ·ii(i (Raids of Mahamud Ghazanavi on Northern India)
(c) ¬-iºi ·iiºn - lr·( ºii¬· ¬ ¤n· ¬ ¬iººi (Causes of collapse of Hindu rule in
Northern India)
a(ºs (a() a(ºs (a() a(ºs (a() a(ºs (a()–GROUP (B)
s. ¤ ¬¬lºi· l¤ni¤ ¬i l(¬¤ni·ii ¤( ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine military conquests and achievements of Pulakesin II.
/. ¤~¬(i ¬ ¬( ·i( ¬-(··ii l¬-i·ni ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine theories regarding origin of Pallavas.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) (l·iºi ¬ ºi·- ¬- (Rashtrakutas of Deccan)
(b) ¤~¬(i ¬i ¬i-¬ln¬ ¬¤¬l··i¤i (Cultural achievements of the Pallavas)
(c) ¤i¬i ¬i ¤ ºii¬· (Chola administration)
a(ºs (m) a(ºs (m) a(ºs (m) a(ºs (m)–GROUP (C)
s. ¤( -·¤¬i¬i· ·iiºn ¬i ¬il·i¬ (ºii ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on economic condition in early Medieval India.
·a. ¤( -·¤¬i¬i· ·iiºn - - l-¬- ¬-i¬ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze Muslim Society in early Medieval India.
··. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬¤·i ºi ·ii·ii ¬i ¬(·i( ¤( l(¬i¬ (Origin and development of Apabharansa language)
(b) -i-i¬i (Mimamsa)
(c) ·i¬·(i l(º(l(ni¬¤ (Nalanda University)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–V
(Political and Socio-Economic History of Early Medieval India)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
ªiº÷ (¬) ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- z ¤( ªiº÷ (ªi) ¤( ªiº÷ (n) ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn ªiº÷ (¬) ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- z ¤( ªiº÷ (ªi) ¤( ªiº÷ (n) ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn ªiº÷ (¬) ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- z ¤( ªiº÷ (ªi) ¤( ªiº÷ (n) ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn ªiº÷ (¬) ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- z ¤( ªiº÷ (ªi) ¤( ªiº÷ (n) ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn
r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer Five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from Group (A) and one each from
Group (B) and Group (C). All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs (¬ a(ºs (¬ a(ºs (¬ a(ºs (¬) )) )–GROUP (A)
·. ¤(i ·iiºn ¬ ¤i¬i ¬i ºi¬· ln¬ ¤( ¬i-¬ln¬ ¬¤¬l··¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Narrate the political and cultural achievements of Palas of eastern India.
z. ¬ilr-¤ lºi·ii ¬¬i ¤( -·ii¤-¤ ¬ ·i¤ - ºi¬¤ni ¬i (·i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe contributions of the Rajputs in the fields of literature, education, art and architecture.
s. ¬-iºi ·iiºn ¤º -r-( n¬·(i ¬ ·ii(i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ ¬iº ·iiºn ¤º :¬ ¬i¬-ºi ¬
(ºni-i ¤ ·ii(i ¬i -~¤i ¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe th raids of Mahemud Ghazanavi on North India and evaluate its long-term effects
on India.
«. -ir--( ni ºi ¬ ¬i¬-ºi ¬ ¬-¤÷·iiºn ¬i ºi¬·iln¬ (ºii ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on political conditions of India on the eve of invasion of Mohammad Ghauri.
r. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ºi¬¤ni ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¬ l¬-i·n (Theories regarding the Origin of Rajputs)
(b) nºi:· ¬i (¬ºi ¬÷ i: (Second Battle of Terain)
(c) ¬-iºi ·iiºn - lr·( ºii¬· ¬ ¤n· ¬ ¬iººi (Causes of collapse of Hindu's rule in
Northern India)
a(ºs (= a(ºs (= a(ºs (= a(ºs (=) )) )–GROUP (B)
s. ¤~¬(i ¬i ¬i-¬ln¬ ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the cultural achievements of the Pallavas.
/. ºi¬·( ¤i¬÷¤ ·i- ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine achievements of Rajendra Chola–I.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) (l·iºi ¬ (i¬i-¬ (Vakatakas of Deccan)
(b) ¤ ¬¬lºi· l¤ni¤ (Pulakesin II)
(c) ¤i¬¬i¬i· ¬¬i ¤( (i-n ¬¬i (Chola Art and Architecture)
a(ºs (= a(ºs (= a(ºs (= a(ºs (=) )) )–GROUP (C)
s. ¤( -·¤¬i¬i· ·iiºn ¬i ¬il·i ¬ (ºii ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on economic conditions in early Medieval India.
·a. ¤( -·¤¬i¬i· ·iiºn - lr·(÷- l-¬- ¬-(··ii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the Hindu-Muslim relations in early medieval India.
··. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬¤·i ºi ·ii·ii ¬i ¬(·i( ¤( l(¬i¬ (Origin and development of Apabharansa Language)
(b) (i - ·i- - n·¤(i( (Tantricism in Buddhism)
(c) l(¬-lºi¬i l(º(l(ni¬¤ (Vikramashila University)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–VI
(India's Early Contacts with West & Central Asia
and Cultural Expansion in South-East Asia)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. ¤( :ºii ¬i¬ªiº÷ - ·iiºn n·ii :ºi· ¬ (i¤ ºi¬·ln¬ ·iil-¬ n·ii ·¤i(¬il¤¬ ¬-(··ii ¤º
¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on political, religions and commercial relations between India and Iran in
pre-Christian era.
z. ·iiºn ¤º l¬¬·(º ¬ ¬i¬-ºi ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬¬¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Describe Alexander's invasion of India and examine its effects.
s. ºi¬i ¬ ¬il(- (i¬÷-·ii· n·ii ·iiºn ¬ ·i¤¤ ºii¬¬i ¤º ¤¬ ¬i¬ªi ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤ +
Produce an essay on original home-land of the Sakas and Kshatrap rulers of India.
«. : ºii ¤( ¤ n - ·iiºni¤ -~¤i ¤º ¤lº¤-i ¬-¬ln ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate impact of western culture on Indian values in pre-Christian era.
r. ·iiºni¤ :lnri¬ ¬ ¤iºl-·i¬ (·ii - -·¤ ¤lºi¤i (¬¤nil·-ni· ¤( ªiini·) - ·iiºni¤ ¬i-¬ln¬
¤¬iº ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze cultural expansion of India in Central Asia (Afghanistan and Khotan) in early
years of Indian history.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) -·i÷º (Menander)
(b) l-¬ ¬ ¬i·i ·iiºn ¬ ¤ iºl-·i¬ ¬-(··i (India's Early Contacts with Egypt)
(c) ¤i· - ·iiºn ¬i ¬i -¬ln¬ ¤¬iº (Cultural expansion of India in China)
(d) r(·¬in ¬i ·i -ºi÷(-ii·n (Travel accounts of Hiuen-tsang)
GROUP 'B'
/. ¬ (ºi ÷¤i¤ ¤( ¬ (ºi ÷·il- ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii :· ·i¤i ¬ ·iiºn ¬ ¤ iºl-·i¬ ·¤i¤ilº¬
¬-(··ii ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss Suvarna-duip and Subarna-bhumi and elucidate early trade contacts of India with
these regions.
s. (l·iºi÷¤( ¤lºi¤i ¬ ·iiºni¤ ¬¤l·(ºii - ¬¬i ¤( -·ii¤-¤ ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on development of art and architecture in Indian colonies of South-East Asia.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬n¬iº÷ºi¬(ºi (Angkor-Dynasty)
(b) ¤-¤i ¬ ·iiºn ¬i ¤iºl-·i¬ ·¤i¤ilº¬ ¬-(··i ¤( ¬¬¬i ¬¤l·(ºii¬ººi (India's early trade
contacts with Champa and its colonization.)
(c) ¬i(i ¬ ¬i·ii ·iiºn ¬i ¤iºl-·i¬ ·¤i¤ilº¬ ¬-(··i ¤( -nºi- ºi¬(ºi ¬i -·ii¤·i (India's
early trade contacts with Java and establishment of Mataram Dynasty)
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) (l·iºi÷¤( ¤lºi¤i: ( ºii - ¤i¤i· ¬-i¬ (Early Society in South-East Asian countries)
(b) (l·iºi÷¤( ¤lºi¤i: ( ºii - ¤i¤i· ·i- (Early religion in South-East Asian Countries)
(c) ¬i¤i ¤iºi ¬¬i ¬i ¬¤l·(ºii¬ººi (Colonization of Lanka by Aryans)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–VI
(India's Early Contacts with West & Central Asia
and Cultural Expansion in South-East Asia)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. ÷lº¤¬ ¤·i- ¬ ¬i-i·¤ l(-niº ¤( ¤ºii¬· ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on extent of empire and administration of Darius I.
z. ·iiºn ¤º l¬¬·(º ¬ ¬i¬-ºi ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ n·ii ·iiºn ¤º ¤÷· (i¬ :¬ ¬i¬-ºi ¬
¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Describe Alexander's invasion of India and examine effects of this invasion on India.
s. ·iiºn - ( ilªn¤i: ºil·n¤i ¬ -r-( ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on importance of the Bactrian forces in India.
«. : ºii ¤( ¤ n - ·iiºni¤ -~¤i ¬i ¤lº¤-i ¬-¬ln · l¬¬ ¤¬iº ¤ ·iil(n l¬¤i :¬¬i ¬-i·ii
¬il¬¤ +
Examine the manner in which the Western culture impacted the Indian values in
pre-Christian era.
r. ¤iºl-·i¬ l(·i - ·iiºn ¤( ln·(n ¬ ¬i -¬ln¬ ¬-(··ii ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on cultural relations between India and Tibet in early days.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¤lº¤-i ·iiºn ¬ ·i¤¤ (Kshatraps of Western India)
(b) niº÷i¤·i¬ (Gondophernese)
(c) ¤i· - ·iiºn ¬i ¬i -¬ln¬ ¤¬iº (Cultural expansion of India in China)
(d) ¤ilr¤i· (Fa-hien's travel accounts)
GROUP 'B'
/. ¬ (ºi ÷¤i¤ ¤( ¬ (ºi ÷·il- ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :· ·i¤i - ·iiºn ¬ ¤ iºl-·i¬ ·¤i¤ilº¬
¬-(··ii ¬ l(-niº ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Suvarna-duip and Subarna-bhumi ? Analyze expansion of early
trade relations of India in these regions.
s. (l·iºi÷¤( ¤lºi¤i ¬ ·iiºni¤ ¬¤l·(ºii - ¬-i¬ ¤( ·i- ¬i l-·iln ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine status of society and religion in Indian colonies of South-East Asia.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬i(i ¬i l¬(i¬ ºi¬( ºi (Sindok Dynasty of Java)
(b) (-i ¬ ¬i·i ·iiºn ¬i ¤ iºl-·i¬ ·¤i¤ilº¬ ¬-(··i ¤( ·iiºni¤ - ¬ ¬ ºi¬( ºii ¬i -·ii¤·i
(India's early trade contacts with Burma and establishment of dynasties of Indian origin)
(c) (il·¤i ¬ ¬i·i ·iiºn ¬i ¤iºl-·i¬ ·¤i¤ilº¬ ¬-(··i ¤( ·iiºni¤ - ¬ ¬ ºi¬(ºii ¬i -·ii¤·i
(India's early trade contacts with Borneo and establishment of dynasties of Indian origin)
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) (l·iºi÷¤( ¤lºi¤i ¬ ·iiºni¤ ¬¤l·(ºii - ¬¬i ¤( -·ii¤-¤ (Art and Architecture in
Indian colonies of South-East Asia)
(b) (l·iºi÷¤( ¤lºi¤i ¬ ·iiºni¤ ¬¤l·(ºii - ¬ilr-¤ ¤( ¬nin (Literature and Music in
Indian colonies of South-East Asia)
(c) ¬i¤i ¤iºi ¬¬i ¬i ¬¤l·(ºii¬ººi (Colonization of Lanka by Aryans)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–VII
(Egyptian, Mesopotamian and Persian Civilizations)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + + +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast one questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. l-¬i ¬·¤ni ¬ ¤ºin· ºi·¤ (l¤ºil-÷ ¤ n) ¬i ¬i-il¬¬ ¤( ·iil-¬ l-·iln n·ii ¬¬i÷¬iºi¬
¬i ¬i·¬iºi (il¬¤ +
Give an account of Social and religious life and art & craft during Old Kingdom (Pyramid
Age) of the Egyptian Civilization.
z. lr·¬i¬ ¬i · ·i l-¬ ¤º ¬·¬ ¬i¬-ºi n·ii ¬¬¬ ¤lººii-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Who ware Hyksos ? Examine their invasion of and its effects of Egypt.
s. ¬ªi·i-· ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¤( ¬¬¤¬ni¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe achievements and failures of Akhnaton.
«. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) l-¬ ¬i ¬·¤ni ·i¬ ·(i ¬i (· r (Egyptian civilization is the gift of Nile)
(b) ·i--i¬ nni¤ (Thutmose III)
(c) l-¬i ¬·¤ni ¬ ¤n· ¬ ¬iººi (Causes of the downfall of the Egyptian Civilization)
GROUP 'B'
r. -¬i¤i-il-¤i ¬i ¬·¤ni ¬ l(¬i¬ - ·ii nil¬¬ ¬iº¬i ¬i ·¤i -r-( ·ii ` -¬i¤i-il-¤i ¬i
¬·¤ni ¬i ªii¬ ¤i¤·ini ¤( l(-niº ¤º ·ii ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
What importance had the geographical factors in evolution of Mesopotamian civilization ?
Also throw light on discovery antiquity and extent of Mesopotamian civilization.
s. (l(¬i· ¬i ¬·¤ni ¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ¬il·i ¬ ¤( ·iil- ¬ ¤r¬ ¬i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine social, economic and religious aspects of the Babylonian civilization.
/. ¬-¬i:- ¬i· ·i ` (l(¬i· ¤º ¬·¬ ¬i¬-ºi n·ii ¬·¬i ¤ ºii¬l·¬ ¤( ¬i-¬ln¬
¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Who were Kassites ? Discuss their invasion of Babylon and their administrator and
cultural achievements.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) r--ºi(i ¬i l(l·i÷¬lrni (Law Code of Hammurabi)
(b) ¬·i¤lº( ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i (Achievements of Sennacherib)
(c) ¬ºiº(l·¤i¬ ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i (Achievement of Ashurbanipal)
GROUP 'C'
s. ¤iº¬ ¬i ¬·¤ni ¬i - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse main features of the Persian Civilization.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) -(i ¬i ¬-·ii· ¤( ¤n· (Rise and fall of the Medes)
(b) ¬º¬·¬ (Xerxes)
(c) ¬º·i-ni (Zarathustra)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–VII
(Egyptian, Mesopotamian and Persian Civilizations)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast one questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. lr·¬i¬ ¬i· ·i ` l-¬ ¤º ¬·¬ ¬i¬-ºi n·ii ¬¬¬ ¤lººii-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤+
Who were Hyksos ? Examine their invasion of and its effects on Egypt.
z. ·i--i¬ nni¤ ¬i -~¤i¬· ¤¬ l(¬ni n·ii ¬ºi¬ ¤ºii¬¬ ¬ ª¤ - ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate Thutmose III as a conqueror and an able administrator.
s. l-¬ i ¬·¤ni ¬ ¤n· ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine causes of the downfall of the Egyptian Civilization.
«. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) l-¬ ¬i ¬·¤ni ·i¬ ·(i ¬i (· r (Egyptian civilization is the gift of Nile)
(b) ¬¬i ¤( -·ii¤-¤÷¬¬i ¬i l-¬i ¬·¤ni ¬i (· (Egyptian contribution in the fields of
Art and Architecture)
(c) riºi¤¬- ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i (Achievements of Hatshepsut)
GROUP 'B'
r. -¬i¤i-il-¤· ¬·¤ni ¬ l(¬i¬ - ·ii nil¬¬ ¬iº¬i ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬ ¬·¤ni ¬i
ªii¬ ¤¬iº ¤( ¤i¤i·ni ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Analyse geographical factors responsible for growth of Mesopotamian Civilization and
throw light on discovery, extent and antiquity of this Civilization.
s. ¬ -º ¬i ¬·¤ni ¬ ¬-i¬ ·i- lºi·ii ¤( ¬ilr-¤ ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Society, religion, education and literature in Sumerian Civilization.
/. r--ºi(i ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on achievements of Hammurabi.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬·¬i( ¬ ¬iºni· ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i (Achievements of Sargon of Akkad)
(b) ((i¬i· ¤ n - ·ii·ii ¤( ¬ilr-¤ (Language and Literature during Babylonian period)
(c) lnn¬·i l¤¬¬º nni¤ ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i (Achievement of Tiglath Peleser III)
(d) ¬¬iºi ¬i-i·¤ ¬ ¤n· ¬ ¬iººi (Causes of the downfall of Assyrian Empire)
GROUP 'C'
s. ¬º·i -¤ ¬ ¬i(· n·ii ¬¬¬ ¬¤(ºii ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe life and preachings of Zarathustra.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) -(i ¬i ¬-·ii· ¤( ¤n· (Rise and fall of Medes)
(b) ÷lº¤¬ ¤ ·i- ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i (Achievements of Darius-I)
(c) ¤iº¬ ¬ ¬in ¤( ¬·¬i ·ii·ii (People of Persia and their Language)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(Chinese, Greco-Roman and Islamic Civilizations)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤-¤¬ n¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤º· ¬i ¬-iº ( n r¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤-¤¬ n¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤º· ¬i ¬-iº ( n r¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤-¤¬ n¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤º· ¬i ¬-iº ( n r¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤-¤¬ n¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤º· ¬i ¬-iº ( n r¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast one questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. ¬i÷¬i-¬ ¬i ¬i(·i ¬¬¬i º¤·i¬i n·ii ºi¬·iln¬ ¤( (iºil·¬ l(¤iºi ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze life, his writings and political & philosophical ideas of Lao-tse.
z. ¤i·i÷¬·¤ni ¬ l·-·l¬lªin ·i¤i - l(lºi·- ¤in(i·i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write note on contributions of the Chinese Civilization in the following fields :–
(a) ·¤i¤iº ¤( (ilºi·¤ ¬i ºi·- i¤¬ººi n·ii nºi(i ¬·-¬· (Nationalization of trade &
commerce and poverty alleviation programmes.)
(b) ¬in¬ -¤iri l¤ l-n ¤ ¬ ¤( ¬in¬i -¤i ¬i l(¬i¬ (Development of paper, ink,
printing press and paper currency)
(c) (il·ºi ¬¬i ¬÷ ¬iº ¬i-¤ ¤( ººi- ¬nini ¬i l(¬i¬ (Development of Lacquer,
jade, bronze and silk industries)
(d) ¬º¬iºi ¬(i¬i - l·¤ l·n ¬i ¤-ln (Recruitment method for public services)
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¤i·i ¤i ºilºi¬ ¬·ii¬i ¬ ¬· ¬iº l(º( ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¤( ¤i·i ¬·¤ni - ¬ln ¤ iºl-·i¬
¬i-·ni ¬iniºi ¬i l(¬i¬ (Origin of the world as per traditional Chinese mythology
and development of most ancient feudal principalities in Chinese civilization)
(b) ¤i+ ¬i¬ - ¤i·i ¬·¤ni ¬i l(¬i¬ (Development of Chinese civilization during Chou-age)
(c) ¤ i¤i· ¤i·i ·i- (Ancient-Chinese religion)
(d) ¤ i¤i· ¤i·i ¬-i¬ (Ancient-Chinese society)
GROUP 'B'
«. ¤ºi·¬i¬ ¤ n ¬ ¬ilr-¤ (ºi · l(ni· ¬¬i ¤( -·ii¤-¤÷¬¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe Literature, Philosophy, Science, Art and Architecture during Pereclese period.
r. ºi-· ¬i- i·¤ ¬ ¤n· ¬ ¬iººii ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze causes of the fall of the Roman empire.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¤·i·¬ ¬i ·nº÷ºi·¤ (City-States of Athens)
(b) ri-º ¬i¬i· ¬¬i ¤( -·ii¤-¤÷¬¬i (Art and Architecture during Homer age)
(c) ¬in-n¬ ¬i¬º ¬ ¬ ·iiº (Reforms of Augustus Caesar)
(d) ºi-· ¬·¤ni ¬i (· (Contributions of Roman Civilizations)
GROUP 'C'
/. :-¬i- ¬ ¬(¤ ¬ ¤( ¬º(÷(il¬¤i ¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ºi¬· ln¬ ¬il·i¬ ¤( ·iil-¬ ¬i(· ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on social, political, economic and religions life of Arabs before dawn of Islam.
s. ¬( (¬º ªi¬i¤i ¬-º n·ii ªi¬i¤i ¬--i· ¬ ¬·ii· :-¬il-¬ ¬i-i·¤ ¬ l(-niº ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on expansion of Islamic empire under Abu Baker, Khalifa Umar and Khalifa Usman.
s. ¬·(i¬i ºii¬·¬i¬ ¬º(i ¬i -(ºi ¬i¬ ·ii + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
"Age of Abbasides was the Golden period of Arabs". Examine this statement.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) :-¬i- ·i- ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬¤(ºi (Main teachings of Islam)
(b) ·i- ÷¤ - ¬ ¬iººi (Causes of Crusades)
(c) ¬º(÷¬i- i·¤ - ·ilº¤i ¬i l-·iln (Status of Women in Arab empire)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(Chinese, Greco-Roman and Islamic Civilizations)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº ( n r¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº ( n r¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº ( n r¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº ( n r¤ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬¤ + ¬¤ + ¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast one questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. ¬·¤¤lºi¤¬ ¬i ¬i(·i ¬¬¬i º¤·i¬i n·ii ºi¬·ln¬ ¤( (iºil·¬ l(¤iºi ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on life his writings and political & philosophical ideas of Confucius.
z. ºi n÷¤ ·¬i nººi ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Sung-Renaissance.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¤ i¤i· ¤i·i ·i- (Ancient-Chinese religion)
(b) ¤ i¤i· ¤i·i ¬¬i ¤( -·ii¤-¤÷¬¬i (Ancient-Chinese Art and Architecture)
(c) ¤ i¤i· ¤i·i ·ii·ii l¬l¤ ¤( l(ni· (Ancient-Chinese language, script and science)
(d) ¤ i¤i· ¤i·i ¬-i¬ (Ancient-Chinese society)
GROUP 'B'
«. ¤ºi·¬i¬ ¤ n ¬ ¬ilr-¤ (ºi · l(ni· ¬¬i ¤( -·ii¤-¤÷¬¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe Literature, Philosophy, Science, Art and Architecture during Pereclese period.
r. ºi- ¬ ¬i- i·¤÷l(-niº ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Delineate the expansion of Roman empire.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) -¤i-i ¬i ·nº÷ºi·¤ (City-State of Sparta)
(b) ri-º ¬i¬i· ¬¬i ¤( -·ii¤-¤÷¬¬i (Art and Architecture during Homer age)
(c) ºi-· ¬·¤ni ¬i (· (Contributions of Roman Civilizations)
(d) ºi-· ¬i- i·¤ ¬ ¤n· ¬i ¬iººi (Causes of the fall of Roman empire)
GROUP 'C'
/. :-¬i- ¬ ¬(¤ ¬ ¤( ¬º(÷(il¬¤i ¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ºi¬· ln¬ ¬il·i¬ ¤( ·iil-¬ ¬i(· ¤º
¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on social, political, economic and religions life of Arabs before dawn of Islam.
s. ¬--·¤(i ¬ ¬·ii· ¬º( ¬i- i·¤ ¬ l(-niº n·ii ¬º(i ¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ¤( ¬il·i¬ ¬i(· ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze expansion of Arab empire and social & economic life of Arabs under Ummayyads.
s. ·i- ÷¤ - ¬ ¬iººii -(ª¤ ¤( -r-( ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine causes, nature and importance of Crusades.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) :-¬i- ·i- ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬¤(ºi (Main teachings of Islam)
(b) lªi¬i¤n ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¤( l(¬i¬ (Origin and development of Caliphate)
(c) ¬º(÷¬ilr-¤ (Arab-literature)
(c) ¬º(÷l(ni· (Arab-Science)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–IX
(Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. (¬(· ¬ ¬i(· ¤lº¤ ¤( ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe life and achievements of Balban.
z. ¬¬i¬ªi· lªi¬¬i ¬ ¬ l·¬ ¬ ·iiºi ¤( (i¬iº l·¤ ¤ºi ·iln¤i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine military reforms and market control policies of Alauddin Khilji.
s. - r--( l(· n n¬¬ ¤iºi ¤ iº-·i l¬¤ n¤ l(l·i·· ¬il(·¬iºi ¬i¤ ¬-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ ¬iº
(ni:¤ l¬ (r ¬·- ¬¬¤¬ ·¤i ºri `
Examine various innovative programmes launched by Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq and
analyze why did he fail in his efforts.
«. ¬~n·n ¬i¬ - ·iiºn ¤º -ni¬ ¬i¬-ºii ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe Mongol invasions of India during Sultanate period.
r. (r-·i ºi·¤ ¬i -·ii¤·i ¬(¤ ¤( ¬¬¬ ¤il-·i¬ ºii¬¬i ¬i ¬·¤ ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤
n·ii -r-( n(i ¬ ¬·iiºi ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Describe establishment, origin and military achievements of early rulers of Bahmani
Kingdom and discuss reforms of Mahmud Gawan.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ºl¬¤i÷( n- (Raziya Begum)
(b) l¤ºi¬ºiir nn¬¬ ¬i ·iil-¬ ·iln (Religious policy of Ferozshah Tughlaq)
(c) l(~¬i ¬~n·n ¬ ¤n· ¬ ¬iººi (Causes of the downfall of Delhi Sultanate)
(d) ¬·ºi(( ºi¤ ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i (Achievements of Krishna-deo Rai)
GROUP 'B'
/. ¬~n·n ¬i¬i· ¤ ºii¬l·¬ ·¤(-·ii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine administrative arrangements during Sultanate period.
s. n ¬ ÷¬¤ni· ¬i¬ - l(ni· n·ii n¬·i¬i lºi·ii ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on development of science and technical education during Turko-Afghan
period.
s. ¬¤i(i( ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¤ -ªi l¬-i·ni n·ii ·iiºni¤ ¬-i¬ ¤º :¬¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine origin and main teachings of Sufism and its effects of Indian society.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬~n·n ¬i¬ - lr·( ¬-i¬ - l-¤¤i ¬i l-·iln (Condition of women in Hindu society
during Sultanate period)
(b) l¬ªi ·i- ¬i -·ii¤·i ¤( ¤¬iº (Origin and spread of Sikhism)
(c) ¬~n·n ¬i¬ - lr·( n·ii :-¬i-i -·ii¤-¤÷¬¬i ¬i ¬-·(¤ (Integration of Hindu and
Islamic architecture during Sultanate period)
(d) ¬~n·n ¬i¬ - l(( ºii ·¤i¤iº (Foreign trade during Sultanate period)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–IX
(Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. ¬n(ªi· ¤(¬ ¬ ¬i(·÷¤lº¤ ¤( ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss life and achievements of Qutub-ud-din Aibak.
z. ¬¬i¬ªi· lªi¬¬i ¬ l(¬¤÷¬l·i¤i·i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine military campaigns of Alla-ud-din Khalji.
s. n¤i¬ ªi· n n¬¬ ¬i n r ¤( ( (lºi¬ ·iln¤i ¬i ¬i¬¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate domestic and foreign policies of Gya-sud-din Tughlaq.
«. l(~¬i ¬~n·n ¬ ¤n· ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine causes of the fall of the Delhi Sultanate.
r. (r-·i ºi·¤ ¬i -·ii¤·i ¬(¤ ¤( ¬¬¬ ¤il-·i¬ ºii¬¬i ¬i ¬·¤ ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤
n·ii -r-( n(i ¬ ¬·iiºi ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Describe establishment, origin and military achievements of early rulers of Bahmani
Kingdom and discuss reforms of Mahmud Gawan.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ºl¬¤i÷( n- (Raziya Begum)
(b) (¬(· ¬i ºi¬-( l¬-i·n (Balban's theory of Kingship)
(c) n-º¬n ¬i ·iiºn ¤º ¬i¬-ºi (Taimur Lung's invasion of India)
(d) ¬·ºi(( ºi¤ ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i (Achievements of Krishna-deo Rai)
GROUP 'B'
/. ¬~n·n ¬i¬i· ¤ ºii¬l·¬ ·¤(-·ii ¤º ¤¬ l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a note on administrative arrangements during Sultanate period.
s. n ¬ ÷¬¤ni· ¬i¬ - lr·(i ¬ilr-¤ ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on development of Hindi literature during Turko-Afghan period.
s. ¬¤i(i( ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¤ -ªi l¬-i·ni n·ii ·iiºni¤ ¬-i¬ ¤º :¬¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine origin, main teachings and effects of Sufism on Indian society.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬~n·n ¬i¬ - lr·( ¬-i¬ - l-¤¤i ¬i l-·iln (Condition of women in Hindu society
during Sultanate period)
(b) ¬~n·n ¬i¬ - ¬·ºi ·il·n ¬ ¬·n (Saints of Krishna Cult during Sultanate period)
(c) ¬~n·n ¬i¬ - lr·( n·ii :-¬i-i -·ii¤-¤÷¬¬i ¬i ¬-·(¤ (Integration of Hindu and
Islamic architecture during Sultanate period)
(d) ¬~n·n ¬i¬ - ¬ni ni ¬i l-·iln (Condition of industries during Sultanate period)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–IX
(Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–III
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. ºl¬¤i ¬~ni·i ¬ ¬i(·÷¤lº¤ n·ii ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe life and achievements of Razia Sultana.
z. ¬¬i¬ªi· lªi¬¬i ¬ ¬ l·¬ ¬ ·iiºi ¤( (i¬iº l·¤ ¤ºi ·iln¤i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine military reforms and market control policies of Alla-ud-din Khalji.
s. - r--( l(· n n¬¬ ¬i (l·iºi ·iln ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine Deccan policy of Muhammad-bin Tughlaq.
«. ¬~n·n ¬i¬ - ·iiºn ¤º -ni¬ ¬i¬-ºii ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe Mongol invasions of India during Sultanate period.
r. (r-·i ºi·¤ ¬ ¬-¬·i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on rise of Bahmani Kingdom.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) (¬(· ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i (Achievements of Balban)
(b) l¤ºi¬ºiir nn¬¬ ¬i ·iil-¬ ·iln (Religions policy of Feroz Shah Tughlaq)
(c) n-º¬n ¬i ·iiºn ¤º ¬i¬-ºi (Taimur Lung's invasion of India)
(d) l(¬¤ ·nº ºi·¤ ¬i ºii¬·÷¤(··i· (Administration of Vijaya Nagar Kingdom)
GROUP 'B'
/. n ¬ ÷¬¤ni· ¬i¬i· ¬i-il¬¬ ¬i(· ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on social condition during Turko-Afghan period.
s. ¬~n·n ¬i¬i· l(ni· ¤( n¬·i¬i lºi·ii ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe science and technical education during Sultanate period.
s. ¬¤i(i( ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¤-ªi l¬-i·ni n·ii ·iiºni¤ ¬-i¬ ¤º :¬¬ ¤·ii(i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Assess origin, main teachings and effects of Sufism on Indian society.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬~n·n ¬i¬ - lr·( ¬-i¬ - l-¤¤i ¬i l-·iln (Condition of women in Hindu society
during Sultanate period)
(b) l¬ªi ·i- ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¤( ¤¬iº (Origin and Spread of Sikhism)
(c) ¬~n·n ¬i¬ - lr·(i ¬ilr-¤ ¬i l(¬i¬ (Growth of Hindi literature during Sultanate
period)
(d) ¬~n·n ¬i¬ - lr·( n·ii :-¬i-i -·ii¤-¤÷¬¬i ¬i ¬-·(¤ (Integration of Hindu and
Muslim architecture during Sultanate period)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–X
(Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India–Mughal Period)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + - ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + - ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + - ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. (i(º ¬ ¬i¬-ºi ¬ ¬-¤ ·iiºn ¬i ºi¬·iln¬ l-·iln ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the political conditions of India on the eve of Babur's invasion.
z. ¤¬ ¬i- i·¤ l·-ini ¬ ª¤ - ºiººiir ¬i -~¤i ¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Make an assessment of Sher Shah as an empire builder.
s. ¬¬(º ¬i ·iil-¬ ·iln ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the Religious Policy of Akbar.
«. ºiir¬ri ¬i (l·iºi ·iln ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze the Deccan Policy of Shah Jahan.
r. -n¬÷l¬ªi ¬-(··ii ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on the Mughal-Sikh relations.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) -·¬((iºi ¤·ii (Mansabdari System)
(b) ¤i·i¤n ¬i (¬ºi ¬÷i: (Second Battle of Panipat)
(c) ¬iºn¬( ¬i ¬-iºi÷¤lº¤-i ¬i-i·n ·iln (North-Western frontier policy of Aurangzeb)
(d) -n¬÷¬i- i·¤ ¬ ¤n· ¬ ¬iººi (Causes of the downfall of Mughal Empire)
GROUP 'B'
/. - n¬¬i¬i· ¬i-il¬¬ ¬(-·ii ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the social condition during Mughal period.
s. - n¬¬i¬i· -·ii¤-¤ ¬¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe architecture during the Mughal period.
s. - n¬¬i¬i· ¬il·i¬ l-·iln ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine economic condition during the Mughal period.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) -n¬¬i¬i· ºi¬-( ¤ºii¬· (Revenue administration during Mughal period)
(b) -n¬¬i¬i· ¬·¤i¤ ¤ºii¬· (Central administration during Mughal period)
(c) -n¬¬i¬i· ·iºi÷lºi·ii (Women education during Mughal period)
(d) -n¬¬i¬i· l¤¤÷¬¬i (Mughal painting)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–X
(Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India–Mughal Period)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬· ¬· ¬· ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. r-i¤ ¤( ¬¤ni·i ¬ (i¤ r¤ ¬·i·ii ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe fights between Humayun and Afghans.
z. ºiººiir ¬ ºii¬·÷¤ (··i ¤( ·iºi¬-( ·¤(-·ii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine administration and land-revenue administration of Sher Shah.
s. ¬¬(º ¬i ºi¬¤n ·iln ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss Rajput policy of Akbar.
«. ¬ri niº ¬ ¬i(· ¬i¬ - r ¤ l(l·i·· l(¤iri ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe different revolts that took place during Jehangir's time.
r. ¬iºn¬( ¬i (l·iºi ·iln ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine causes and consequences of the Deccan policy of Aurangazeb.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¤i·i¤n ¬i ¤r¬i ¬÷i: (First battle of Panipat)
(b) (º- ªii (Bairam Khan)
(c) -·¬((iºi ¤·ii (Mansabdari System)
(d) -n¬ ¬i-i·¤ ¬ ¤n· ¬ ¬iººi (Caused of the downfall of Mughal Empire)
GROUP 'B'
/. - n¬¬i¬i· ¬i-il¬¬ (ºii ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the social condition during the Mughal period.
s. - n¬¬i¬i· lºi·ii÷·¤(-·ii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine educational system during the Mughal period.
s. - n¬¬i¬i· ¬nini ¤º ¤¬ l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a note on industries during the Mughal period.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) -n¬¬i¬i· ·¤i¤÷·¤(-·ii (Judicial system during the Mughal period)
(b) -n¬¬i¬i· -·ii¤-¤÷¬¬i (Architechture during the Mughal period)
(c) -n¬¬i¬i· l(( ºii ·¤i¤iº (Foreign trade during the Mughal period)
(d) -n¬¬i¬i· l¤¤÷¬¬i (Mughal painting)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–X
(Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India–Mughal Period)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–III
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ n ¤ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
·. (i(º ¬i ·iiºn l(¬¤ ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe Babur's conquests of India.
z. ¤¬ ¬i- i·¤ l·-ini ¬ ª¤ - ºiººiir ¬i -~¤i ¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Make an assessment of Sher Shah as an empire builder.
s. ¬¬(º ¬i ºi¬¤n ·iln ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine Rajput policy of Akbar.
«. ¬¬i ¬ ¬º·i¬ ¬ ª¤ - ¬¬(º ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Make an assessment of Akbar as a patron of the Art.
r. ¬i ºn¬( ¬i ·iil-¬ ·iln - n¬ ¬i- i·¤ ¬ ¤n· ¬ l¬¤ ¬ri n¬ l¬--(iº ·ii ` ¬-i·ii
¬il¬¤ +
How far Aurangazeb's religious policy was responsible for fall of Mughal empire ?
Examine.
s. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ºiººiir ¬i ·i÷ºi¬-( ·¤(-·ii (Sher Shah's Land-revenue policy)
(b) ¬¬(º ¬i ·i- (Akbar's religion)
(c) ºiir¬ri ¬i -·¤÷¤lºi¤i: ·iln (Central Asian policy of Shah Jehan)
(d) -n¬÷l¬ªi ¬-(··i (Mughal-Sikh relationship)
GROUP 'B'
/. - n¬¬i¬i· ¬ ·¤ ¬n-· ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on military organization during the Mughal period.
s. - n¬¬i¬i· ¬i-il¬¬ (ºii ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe social conditions during the Mughal period.
s. - n¬¬i¬i· -·ii¤-¤÷¬¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe architecture during the Mughal period.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) -n¬i ¬ ¬·ii· ¬·¤i¤ ¤ ºii¬· (Central administration under Mughals)
(b) -n¬¬i¬i· ·iºi÷lºi·ii (Women education during the Mughal period)
(c) -n¬¬i¬i· ¬ni n (Industries during the Mughal period)
(d) -n¬¬i¬i· l¤¤÷¬¬i (Mughal painting)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XI
(Political History of Modern India)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l ll l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·s(i ¬(i - ·iiºn ¬i ºi¬·iln¬ l-·iln ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze political condition of India in 18
th
century.
z. lºi(i¬i ¬ ¬i(· ¤lº¤ n·ii ¬·¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the career and achievements of Shivaji.
s. ¬·i-¬ ¤ -i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ + ¬i·i ri ¤i¬il¬¤i ¬ ¤n· ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¬-i·ii ·ii
¬il¬¤ +
Describe Carnatic wars. Also analyze causes of the fall of the French.
«. ·¬i¬i ¤ - ¬ ¬iººii n·ii ¤lººii-i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze causes and effects of the Battle of Plassey.
r. ¬i÷ ¬i·(il¬¬ ¬ ¬·iiºi ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe reforms of Lord Cornwallis.
s. -i¤ ¬ ~ni· ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¤¬ l(¬ni n·ii ¬ ºi¬÷¤ ºii¬¬ ¬ ª¤ - ¬il¬¤ +
Examine Tipu Sultan as a conqueror and an able administrator.
/. ¬i÷ ÷¬ri ¬i ¬ ·¤¤nn ¬·ii n ni(÷l··i·i l¬-i·n ¬i ¬-i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine critically Lord Dalhousie's Doctrine of Lapse or Policy of Escheat.
s. ¬i·¬÷¬¤ni· ¬-(··ii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine Anglo-Afghan relations.
s. l( l-ºi ºi¬ ¬ ¬·nn n l¬l(¬ ¬(i¬i ¬ ¬ n-· ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on organization of Civil Services under British rule.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) -ºi-i ¬ ¬(¤ ¬ ¬iººi (Causes of the rise of the Marathas)
(b) (ni¬ - ¤ ·i ºii¬· (Dual system of administration in Bengal)
(c) º¬in l¬r (Ranjit Singh)
(d) ¬il((il¬¤i ¬ l(¤i r (Adivasi Revolt)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XI
(Political History of Modern India)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. -ºi-i ¬ ¬(¤ ¬ ¬iººii ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze causes of the rise of the Marathas.
z. ·iiºn - ¤ iºl-·i¬ ¤ºi¤i¤ ¬¤l·(ºii ¬i -·ii¤·i ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the early European settlements in India.
s. (l·iºi ·iiºn - ¬i·¬÷¤i ¬i¬i ¤ ln¤l¤ni ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze Anglo-French rivalry in South India.
«. (·¬º ¤ - ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss causes and effects of the Battle of Buxer.
r. (ni¬ - ¤ ·i ºii¬· ¤(··i ¬ ªiil-¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the demerits of dual system of administration in Bengal.
s. (iº·÷rl--·¬ ¬ ¬ ·iiºi ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe reforms of Warren Hastings.
/. r (º ¬¬i ¬ ¬i(·÷¤lº¤ n·ii ¬¬¬i l(¬¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the career and conquests of Hyder Ali.
s. ¬i÷ ÷¬ri ¬i ¬ ·¤¤nnni(÷l··i·i l¬-i·n ¬i ¬-i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine critically Lord Dalhousie's Doctrine of Lapse / Escheat Policy.
s. l( l-ºi ºi·¤ ¬ ¬·nn n ·¤i¤÷¤ ºii¬· ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss Judicial Administration under British Raj.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¤ºi(i (i¬iºi( ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i (Achievements of Peshawa Baji Rao)
(b) ¬i·¬÷¬(·i ¬-(··i (Anglo-Qudh relations)
(c) º¬in l¬r (Ranjit Singh)
(d) ·sr/ ¬i l(¤ir (Revolt of 1857)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XI
(Political History of Modern India)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–III
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. lºi(i¬i ¬ ¬i(·÷¤lº¤ n·ii ¬·¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the career and achievements of Shivaji.
z. ·iiºn - ¤ iºl-·i¬ ¤ºi¤i¤ ¬¤l·(ºii ¬i -·ii¤·i ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the early European settlements in India.
s. ¬·i-¬ ¤ -i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ ¬iº (ni:¤ l¬ ¤i¬il¬¤i ¬i ¬¤¬ni ·¤i ·ri l-¬i `
Describe Carnatic wars and explain why the French could not succeed ?
«. ·¬i¬i ¤ - ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze causes and effects of the Battle of Plassey.
r. ¬i÷ (¬¬¬i ¬ ¬ri¤¬÷¬l·i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain subsidiary Alliance of Lord Wellesely.
s. ¬i÷ rl--·¬ ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Form an estimate of achievements of Lord Hastings.
/. -i¤ ¬ ~ni· ¬i ¬-i·ii ¤¬ l(¬ni n·ii ¬ ºi¬ ¤ ºii¬¬ ¬ ª¤ - ¬il¬¤ +
Examine Tipu Sultan as a conqueror and an able administrator.
s. ¬i÷ ÷¬ri ¬i ¬ ·¤¤nnni(÷l··i·i l¬-i·n ¬i ¬-i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine critically Lord Dalhousie's Doctrine of Lapse / Escheat Policy.
s. ·sr/ ¬ l(¤ir ¬ ¬iººii ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze the causes of the Revolt of 1857.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¤ºi(i (i¬iºi( ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i (Achievements of Peshawa Baji Rao)
(b) (ni¬ - ¤n ºii¬· (Dual System of administration in Bengal)
(c) ¬i·¬÷l¬ªi ¬-(··i (Anglo-Sikh relations)
(d) -ºi-i ¬ ¤n· ¬ ¬iººi (Causes of the downfall of the Marathas)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XII
(Socio-Economic and Cultural History of Modern India)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·s(i ºini·(i - ·iiºn - ¤iº¤i-¤ lºi·ii n·ii ¬i·il·¬ l(¤iºi ¬ ¤(ºi ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on introduction of Western education and modern ideas in India in 19th
Century.
z. ·iiºn - ·s(i ºini·(i - ¬i-il¬¬ ¤( ·iil- ¬ ¬i·(i¬·i ¬ ¬(¤ ¬ ·¤i ¬iººi ·i ¬i º :·¬i
·¤i ¤ ·ii( ·iiºni¤ ¬-i¬ ¤º ¤÷i `
What were the causes of the rise of Socio-religions Reforms Movements in India in 19th
Century and what impact did these movements produce on Indian Society ?
s. ·s(i ºini·(i - ·iiºn - - l-¬- ¬- (i¤ - ¬ ·iiº ¬i·(i¬·i ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on reforms movements in Muslim Society in 19th Century in India.
«. ·iiºn - : ¬i: ·i- ¬ ¤¤iº - : ¬i: l-ºi·lº¤i ¬i ·il-¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on role of Christian missionaries in spread of Christianity in India.
r. ¬i·i l·¬ ·iiºn - lr·( l-¤¤i ¬i l-·iln - ¬·iiº ¬ l¬¤ l¬¤ n¤ ¤¤i¬i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss measures undertaken to improve the status of Hindu women in Modern India.
s. ·iiºn - l·-·¬ini¤ ¬i·(i¬· ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ ¬i º (ni: ¤ l¬ -(i-i l((¬i··(
· (l¬ni ¬ ¬-·ii· - ·¤i ·il-¬i l··ii: +
Examine causes of lower castes movement in India and explain the role of Swami
Vivekananda in upliftment of Dalits.
/. ·s(i ºini·(i ¬ ¤(i - - ·iiºn ¬i ¬il·i ¬ (ºii ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse economic condition of India in the first half on 18th Century
s. º ·¤n(i÷i n·ii -r¬(i÷i ·il- ·¤(-·ii ¬ n ºi ¤( (i·ii ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the merits and the demerits of Ryotwari and Mahlwari system of revenue
managemet.
s. ·iiºn - ·s(i ¬(i ¬ ¬¬i¬ ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse causes and effects of the famine of 19th Century in India.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ºi¬i ºi- -ir· ºi¤ ¤( ( s ¬-i¬ (Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Brahmo Samaj)
(b) ºi- ¬·ºi l-ºi· (Ram Kirishna MIssion)
(c) -l-¬- ¬-i¬ ¬ l(¬i¬ - ¬º ¬·¤( ¬r-( ªii ¬i ·il-¬i (Role of Sir Syed Ahmad
Khan in development of Muslim Society)
(d) ·¤iln(i ¤ ¬ (Jyotiba Phule)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XII
(Socio-Economic and Cultural History of Modern India)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·s(i ºini·(i - ·iiºn - ¤iº¤i-¤ lºi·ii n·ii ¬i·i l·¬ l(¤iºi ¬ ¤ (ºi ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on introduction of Western education and modern ideas in India in 19th
Century.
z. -(i-i (¤i··( ¬º-(ni ¤( ¬i¤ ¬-i¬ ¬ ¬i¤i ¤( ¬¤¬l··¤i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Make an assessment of the works and achievements of Swami Dayanand Saraswati and
Arya Samaj.
s. ·iiºn - ¬i·i l·¬ lºi·ii ·ii·ii ¤( ¬ilr-¤ ¬ l(¬i¬ - : ¬i: l-ºi·lº¤i ¬ ¤i n(i·i ¬i
¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine contributions of the Christian missionaries in development of modern education,
language and literature in India.
«. ·iiºn - l·-·¬ini¤ ¬i·(i¬· ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ºªii l¬n ¬il¬¤ n·ii (l¬ni ¬ ¬-·ii· - ( s
¬-i¬ ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Delineate causes of lower castes movement in India and explain role of Brahma Samaj in
upliftment of Dalits.
r. ·s(i ºini·(i - -l-¬- ¬-(i¤ - ¤ -¤l-n ¬ ·iiº ¬i·(i ¬·i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine role of reforms movements erupting in Muslim Society in 19th Century.
s. ·s(i ºini·(i ¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ¤( ·iil- ¬ ¬ ·iiº ¬i·(i¬·i ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the effects of Social and religious reforms movements of 19th Century.
/. ·s(i ºini·(i ¬ ¤(i - - ·iiºn ¬i ¬il·i ¬ (ºii ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse economic condition of India in the first half of 18th Century.
s. -·ii¤i (·(i(-n ¬ n ºi ¤( (i·ii ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine merits and demerits of Permanent settlement.
s. ·iiºni¤ ¬·i ÷·¤(-·ii ¤º ¤ ·i- l(º( ¤ - ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the effects of the First World War on economy on India.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) :-- :lº÷¤i ¬-¤·i ¬i ¬i-il¬¬ ·iln (Social Policy of East India Company)
(b) ¤lº¤iº ºi-i-(i-i (Periyar Ramaswami)
(c) ·iiºn ¬i -(i ·¤(-·ii ¬i ¬i÷ ¬i·(il¬¬ ¤iºi ¬·iiº (Reform of currency system of
India by Lord Cornwallis )
(d) ·s(i ¬(i ¬i ¬¬i¬ (Famine of 19th Century)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XII
(Socio-Economic and Cultural History of Modern India)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–III
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤iº¤i-¤ lºi·ii ¤( ¬i·i l·¬ l(¤iºi · ·iiºn ¬i ¤¬ ·: l(ºii ¤ (i· l¬¤i+ ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤+
"western education and modern ideas provided a new direction to India." Examine.
z. ·iiºn - ·s(i ºini·(i - ¬i-il¬¬ ¤( ·iil- ¬ ¬i·(i¬·i ¬ ¬(¤ ¬ ·¤i ¬iººi ·i ¬i º :·¬i
·iiºni¤ ¬-i¬ ¤º ·¤i ¤·ii( ¤÷i ` ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
What were the causes of rise of Socio-religious Reforms movements in India in 19th
Century and what did these movements produce on Indian Society ?
s. ºi¬i ºi--ir· ºi¤ ¤( ( s ¬-i¬ ¬ ¬i¤i ¤( ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Make an assessment of works and achievements of Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Brahmo Samaj.
«. ·s(i ºini·(i - ·iiºn - - l-¬- ¬- (i¤ - ¬ ·iiº ¬i·(i¬·i ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on reforms movements in Muslim Society in 19th Century in India.
r. ¬i·i l·¬ ·iiºn - lr·( l-¤¤i ¬i l-·iln - ¬·iiº ¬ l¬¤ l¬¤ n¤ ¤¤i¬i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss measures undertaken to improve the status of Hindu women in Modern India.
s. (l·iºi ·iiºn - (l¬n ¬i·(i· ¬i ¬nl-n ¬º· - ¤lº¤iº ºi-i -(i-i ¬ ¤in(i·i ¬i (ºi ·
¬il¬¤ +
Discuss contributions of Periyar Rama Swami in organising Dalit Movements in South
India.
/. ·s(i ºini·(i ¬ ¤(i - - ·iiºn ¬i ¬il·i ¬ (ºii ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
analyse economic conditions of India in the first half of 18th Century.
s. º ·¤n(i÷i n·ii -r¬(i÷i ·il-÷·¤(-·ii ¬ n ºi ¤( (i·ii ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine merits and de-merits of Ryotwari and Mahalwari systems of Revenue-
management.
s. ·iiºni¤ ¬·i ÷·¤(-·ii ¤º l¤ni¤ l(º(¤ - ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the effects of the Second World War on Indian economy.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬i·i l·¬ lºi·ii ·ii·ii ¤( ¬ilr-¤ ¬ l(¬i¬ - :¬i: l-ºi·lº¤i ¬i ¤in(i· (Contributions
of Christian Missionaries in development of modern education, language and literature)
(b) -(i-i (¤i··( ¬º-(ni ¤( ¬i¤ ¬-i¬ (Swami Dayanand Saraswati and Arya Samaj)
(c) ·iiºn - ºi·-i¤ ¤¬ni ¬i l(¬l¬n ¬º· - º¬( ¬i ¤i n(i· (Contribution of Railways
in national integration of India)
(d) ·s(i ºi(i ¬i ¬¬i¬ (Famine of 19th Century)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XIII
(Indian National Movement)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + r + r + r +
Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·iiºni¤ ºi·- (i( ¬ ¬(¤ ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine causes of the rise of Indian Nationalism.
z. -((ºii ¬i·(i¬· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬ ¬i·(i¬· ¬ ¤lººii-i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by "Swadeshi Movement" ? Discuss effects of this movement.
s. ¬iln¬iºi ¬i·(i¬· ¬ ¬(¤ ¬ ¬iººii ¬ªº¤ ¤( -r-( ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on causes of the rise of Revolutionary Movement, its objectives and
significance.
«. ¬· ¤lºl-·iln¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ l¬·¬ ¬iººi -l-¬- ¬in ¬i -·ii¤·i r : + ¤r ·ii (ni¤
l¬ - l-¬- ¬in ·iiºn l(·ii¬· ¬ l¬¤ ¬ri n¬ ¬-iº(i¤i ·ii `
Mention the circumstances which led to formation of the Muslim League. Also mention to
what extent Muslim League was responsible for partition of India.
r. lr·( -ri¬·ii ¬i ¬·- l¬· ¤lºl-·iln¤i - r¬i ` ¬¬¬ ¬i(ºi ¤( ¬i¤¬-i ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Under what circumstances was born Hindu Mahasabha ? Throw light on its ideals and
programmes.
s. ¬¬r¤in ¬i·(i¬· ¬ ¬iººi -(ª¤ ¤( -r-( ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss causes, nature and importance of Non-cooperation movement.
/. ·iiºni¤ -(n·¤ni ¬i·(i¬· - (i-¤·ii (¬i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine role of Left Wing parties in the freedom movement of India.
s. ·iiºni¤ ¬·i - (ºii lº¤i¬ni ¬ l(¬¤ ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on merger of the Princely States in Indian Union.
s. ·ii·ii¤i ¬i·iiº ¤º ºi·¤i ¬ ¤ ·n -· ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on reorganization of States of India on linguistic lines.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ri- ª¬ ¬i·(i¬· (Home Rule Movement)
(b) (ni¬ l(·ii¬· (Partition of Bengal)
(c) ·iiºn si÷i ¬i·(i¬· (Quit India Movement)
(d) ¬º-iº ¬--¤i (Kashmir Problem)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XIII
(Indian National Movement)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·iiºni¤ ºi·-i¤ ¬i n ¬ ¬i -·ii¤·i n·ii :¬¬i -·ii¤·i ¬ ¬-(l··in l¬-i·ni ¬i ¬~¬ªi
¬il¬¤ +
Discuss establishment of the Indian National Congress and theories regarding its establishment.
z. ¬(iº(i(i ¬i·(i¬· ¬ ¬(¤ ¬ ¬iººii l¬-i·ni ¬i¤ ¬-i ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the causes of the rise of moderates, their principles, programmes and impact of
the moderate politics.
s. ·iiºn - -((ºii ¬i·(i¬· ¬ ¬iººii -(ª¤ ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the causes, nature and impact of Swadeshi Movement in India.
«. ln¬¬ ¤iºi ¤¬i¤ n¤ ri-ª¬ ¬i·(i¬· ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Home-rule movement launched by Tilak.
r. ¬· ¤lºl-·iln¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ l¬·¬ ¬iººi -l-¬- ¬in ¬i -·ii¤·i r: + ¤r ·ii -¤·-
¬il¬¤ l¬ ·iiºn l(·ii¬· ¬ l¬¤ -l-¬- ¬in ¬ri n¬ ¬-iº(i¤i ·ii +
Mention the circumstances which led to formation of the Muslim League. Also explain to
what extent Muslim League was responsible for partition of India.
s. ·iiºn si÷i ¬i·(i¬· ¬ ¬iººi ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss causes and effects of 'Quit India' Movement.
/. lªi¬i¤n ¬i·(i¬· ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Khilafat Movement.
s. ·iiºni¤ -(n·¤ni ¬i·(i¬· - (i-¤·ii (¬i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine role of the Left Wing Parties in freedom movement of India.
s. ·iiºni¤ (ºii lº¤i¬ni ¬i ºi·- i¤ ¬i·(i¬· - ·il-¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the role of Indian princely states in National Movement.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬¬r¤i n ¬i·(i ¬· (Non-Coopration Movement)
(b) ¬il·n¬iºi ¬i·(i¬· ¬i ¬¬¤¬ni (Failure of Revolutionary movement)
(c) ¬l(·- l-ºi· ¤i¬·i (Cabinet Mission Plan)
(d) ¬º-iº ¬--¤i (Kashmir Problem)
* * *

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XIII
(Indian National Movement)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–III
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·iiºni¤ ºi·- (i( ¬ ¬(¤ ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine causes of the rise of Indian Nationalism.
z. ·iiºn - -((ºii ¬i·(i¬· ¬ ¬iººii -(ª¤ ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the causes, nature and impact of the Swadeshi Movement.
s. ·iiºn - ¬iln¬iºi ¬i·(i¬· ¬ ¬(¤ ¬ ¬iººii ¬ªº¤ ¤( -r-( ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on causes of rise of Revolutionary Movement in India, its objectives and
significance.
«. ¬i-ni ¤·i (¬·- ¬ ·n-( - ¤¬i¤ n¤ ri-ª¬ ¬in ¬i·(i¬· ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Home rule movement launched under the leadership of Smt. Annie
Besant.
r. lr·( -ri¬·ii ¬i ¬·- l¬· ¤lºl-·iln¤i - r¬i ` ¬¬¬ ¬i(ºi ¤( ¬i¤¬-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤
+
Under what circumstances was born Hindu Maha-sabha ? Examine its ideals and
programmes.
s. ¬¬r¤in ¬i·(i¬· ¬ ¬iººi -¤ª¤ ¤( -r-( ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on causes, nature and importance of the Non-Cooperation Movement.
/. ·iiºni¤ -(n¤ni ¬i·(i¬· - (i-¤·ii (¬i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine role Left-Wing Parties in freedom movement of India.
s. ·iiºn l(·ii¬· ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬iººii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the main causes of partition of India.
s. ·ii·ii¤i ¬i·iiº ¤º ºi·¤i ¬ ¤ ·n -· ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on re-organization of States of India on linguistic lines.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) lªi¬i¤n ¬i·(i ¬· (Khilafat Movement)
(b) ·iiºn si÷i ¬i·(i¬· (Quit India Movement)
(c) -i¬·-(-· ¤i¬·i (Mountbatten Plan)
(d) ¬º-iº ¬--¤i (Kashmir Problem)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XIV
(History of Europe)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·r l¬·r l¬·r l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + i ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + i ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + i ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤ºi¤i¤ ¤·¬i nººi ¬ ¬i·i l·¬ ¤ n ¬i ºi ª¬in rini r + ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
"European renaissance marks the beginning of modern age." Examine.
z. ¤ºi¤ - ·i- ¬ ·iiº ¬i·(i¬· ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the causes and effects of Reformation Movement in Europe.
s. ni¬ (·ii ¤ ¤ - ¬ ¬iººii ¤ nln n·ii ¤lººii-i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on the causes, progress and effects of Thirty Year's War.
«. ·r(i÷·s(i ºini·(i - -¤ · ¬ ¬i ¤l·(lºi¬ l(-niº ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on colonial expansion of Spain in 15
th
–16
th
Centuries.
r. ¬: ·«(i ¬i l(( ºi ·iln ¬i - ~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Make an assessment of foreign policy of Louis XIV.
s. ¬ ·iºi· l¤ni¤ ¬i n r·iln ¤( l((ºi ·iln ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on domestic and foreign polices of Catherine II.
/. ¤ i¬i¬i ¬iln ¬ -r-( n·ii ¤lººii-i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse importance and effects of the French Revolution.
s. -ri¤i¤i¤ ·¤(-·ii ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ n·ii :¬¬ ¤lººii-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Write an essay on continental system and examine its effects.
s. ·¤il¬¤· (i·i¤i- ¬ ¤n· ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine causes of the downfall of Napoleon Bonaporte.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) -il-· ¬·iº (Martin Luther)
(b) ¤i-º -ri· ¬i n r·iln (Domestic Policy of Peter, the Great )
(c) (ilºi·¤(i( (Mercantalism)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XIV
(History of Europe)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤ºi¤i¤ ¤·¬i nººi ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤ ·¬i nººi ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i
¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by the European renaissance ? Critically examine the causes of
renaissance.
z. ¬- ·i - ·i- ÷¬ ·iiº ¬i·(i¬· - -il- · ¬·iº ¬i ·il-¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the role of Martin Luther in religious reforms movement in Germany.
s. ¤ºi¤ - ¤ ln·i- ÷¬ ·iiº ¬i·(i¬· ¬ ¬(¤(i ¤lººii-i ¤( ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine features, consequences and effects of counter religious reforms movement in
Europe.
«. (--¤l¬¤i ¬i ¬l·i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the Treaty of Westphalia.
r. ·r(i÷·s(i ºini·(i - ¤n nii¬ ¬ ¬i¤l·(lºi¬ l(-niº ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse colonial expansion of Portugal in 15
th
-16
th
Centuries.
s. ¬ : ·«(i ¬i l((ºi ·iln ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Make an assessment of foreign policy of Louis XIV.
/. ¤i-º -ri· ¬i n r·iln ¤( l((ºi ·iln ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine domestic and foreign policies of Peter–the Great.
s. ¤÷lº¬ l¤ni¤ -ri· ¬i n r ¤( l((ºi ·iln¤i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate domestic and foreign policies of Frederick-II–the Great
s. ¤i ¬i¬i ¬iln¬ -r-( n·ii ¤lººii-i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse importance and effects of The French Revolution.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) lººi¬ (Richelieus)
(b) ¤(i ¬--¤i (Eastern Problem )
(c) ¤i¬i¬i ¬iln ¬ ¬iººi (Causes of the French Revolution)
(d) -ri¤i¤i¤ ·¤(-·ii (Continental System)

* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XIV
(History of Europe)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–III
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤ºi¤ - ¤ ·¬i nººi ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine causes and effects of Renaissance in Europe.
z. ¤ i¬ - ·i- ÷¬ ·iiº ¬i·(i¬· ¤º ¤¬ ¬l·i·n l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a brief note on religious reformation movement in France.
s. ni¬ (·ii ¤ ¤ - ¬ ¬iººii ¤ nln n·ii ¤lººii-i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on causes, progress and effects of Thirty Years War.
«. ·r(i÷·s(i ºini·(i - ri¬ º÷ ¬ ¬i ¤l·(lºi¬ l(-niº ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on colonial expansion of Holland in 15
th
-16
th
centuries.
r. ¬: ·«( ¬i l(( ºi ·iln ¬i - ~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Make an assessment of foreign policy of Louis XIV.
s. ¤i-º -ri· ¬i n r ¤( l((ºi ·iln¤i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine domestic and foreign policies of Peter, the Great.
/. ¤ i¬i¬i ¬iln ¬ -r-( n·ii ¤lººii-i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze importance and effects of the French Revolution.
s. -ri¤i¤i¤ ·¤(-·ii ¬ ¤lººii-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the effects of Continental System.
s. ·¤il¬¤· (i·i¤i- ¬ ¤n· ¬ ¬iººii ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Give an account of the downfall of Napoleon Bonaparte.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) -il-· ¬·iº (Martin Luther)
(b) ¤÷lº¬ -ri· (Frederick, the Great)
(c) (ilºi·¤(i( (Mercantalism)
(d) ¬i-l¤¬ ºil·n ¬ ª¤ - :·¬º÷ ¬i ¬(¤ (Rise of England as a sea-power)

* * *

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XV
(Modern History of America, China and Japan)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
ªiº÷ ¬ ¤( ( - ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ¬ (i ¤ º· ¤( ªiº÷ ¬ ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ªiº÷ ¬ ¤( ( - ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ¬ (i ¤ º· ¤( ªiº÷ ¬ ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ªiº÷ ¬ ¤( ( - ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ¬ (i ¤ º· ¤( ªiº÷ ¬ ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ªiº÷ ¬ ¤( ( - ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ¬ (i ¤ º· ¤( ªiº÷ ¬ ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº
(il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting Two questions each from section 'A' and 'B' and one question from
section 'C' . All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Section 'A')
·. ¬-ºi¬i -(n·¤ni ¬n i- ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine causes and effects of the American War of Independence.
z. ¬-ºi¬i ºi·-i¤ ¬inª¬ni ¬ ¤¬iº - -·ºi l¬-i·n ¬i -r-(¤ºi ¤in(i· r + ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤+
"Monroe Doctrme played and important role in expansion of American national
consciousness." Examine.
s. ¤ ·i- l(º(¤ - - ¬¤ ·n ºi·¤ ¬-ºi¬i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the role of United States of America in World War I
«. ·szs : Œ ¬i ¬il·i¬ -(i ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine causes and effects of the economic depression of 1929.
r. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ·s·z÷·« ¬i ¬i ·¬÷¬-ºi¬i ¤ - (Anglo-American War of 1812-14)
(b) (i¬-( ¤ º· (The Slavery Question.)
(c) ¬-ºi¬i n r÷¤ - ¬ ¬iººi (Causes of the American Civil War)
(d) ¬-iº ¬-¬il-¬ ¬ l·i ¬n-· (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
a(ºs = a(ºs = a(ºs = a(ºs =' '' ' (Section 'B')
s. ¤i· ¬i ·iºni ¤º l((ºii ºil·n¤i ¬ ¤ ·ii(·i¤ ¬i -·ii¤·i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on establishment of 'area of influence' in Chinese mainland by the foreign
powers.
/. ¤i· - (i·¬º l((ir ¬ ¬iººii -(ª¤ ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine causes, nature and effects of Boxer rebellion of China.
s. ¤i·i ºi·- (i( ¬ ¬(¤ - ÷iŒ ¬·¤in ¬· ¬ ¤in(i·i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine contributions of Dr. Sanyat Sen in rise of Chinese nationalism.
s. -i¬i-¬n n ¬ ¬i(·(-i ¤( ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i -~¤i ¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Make an assessment of the career and achievement of Mao-t-se-tung.
a(ºs = a(ºs = a(ºs = a(ºs =' '' ' (Section 'C')
·a. -: ¬i ¤·-·ii ¤·i ¤( ¬i¤i· ¬ ¬i·i l·¬i¬ººi ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on Mei-ji restoration and modernization of Japan.
··. ¬i¤i· ¤( l¤ni¤ l(º(¤- ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Japan and Second World War.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XV
(Modern History of America, China and Japan)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
ªiº÷ ¬ ¤( ( - ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ¬ (i ¤ º· ¤( ªiº÷ ¬ ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ªiº÷ ¬ ¤( ( - ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ¬ (i ¤ º· ¤( ªiº÷ ¬ ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ªiº÷ ¬ ¤( ( - ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ¬ (i ¤ º· ¤( ªiº÷ ¬ ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ªiº÷ ¬ ¤( ( - ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ¬ (i ¤ º· ¤( ªiº÷ ¬ ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº
(il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting Two questions each from section 'A' and 'B' and one question from
section 'C' . All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Section 'A')
·. ¬-ºi¬i -(n¤ni ¬n i- ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ººii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Mention the various stages of American War of Independence.
z. ¬-ºi¬i ºi·-i¤ni ¬ ¤¬iº - -·ºi l¬-i·n ¬i -r-(¤ ºi ¤i n(i· r + ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
"Monroe Doctrme played an important role in spread of American nationalism." Examine.
s. ·ss·÷·ssr ¬ ¬-ºi¬i n r¤ - ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss causes and effects of American Civil War of 1861-65.
«. l¤ni¤ l(º(¤ - - ¬¤ ·n ºi·¤ ¬-lº¬i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the role played by United States of America in the World War II.
r. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ·s·z÷·« ¬i ¬i ·¬÷¬-ºi¬i ¤ - (Anglo-American War of 1812-14)
(b) -¤· ¬ ¬i·i ¬-ºi¬i ¤ - (American War with Spain)
(c) ·szs :Œ ¬i ¬il·i¬ -(i (Economic depression of 1929)
(d) ºiin ¤- ¬iº ºil·nºii¬i n-i ¬i ¬(¤ (Cold War and rise of power blocks)
a(ºs = a(ºs = a(ºs = a(ºs =' '' ' (Section 'B')
s. ¬·- ·n ¤iº÷·iln n·ii ¤i· - ¤lº¤-i (ºii ¬ ¤ (ºi ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Open Door Policy and entry of Western powers in China.
/. ¤i·i÷¬i¤i· ¤ - ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss causes and effects of China-Japanese War.
s. ¤i· ¬ ºi·- i¤ ¤¬i¬ººi - ·¤i n÷¬: ÷ºi¬ ¬ ¤ ¤i¬i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the efforts of Chiang-Kai-Shek in effecting national integration of China.
s. ¤i· - ¬i-¤(i( ¬i ¬¤¬ni ¬ ¬iººii ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Give an account of the causes of success of Communism in China.
a(ºs = a(ºs = a(ºs = a(ºs =' '' ' (Section 'C')
·a. -: ÷¬i ¤·-·i i¤· · ¬i¤i· - ¬i·i l·¬i¬ººi ¬i ·i( ºªii + ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
"Meiji restoration laid the foundation of modernism in Japan." Explain.
··. -¤lº¤i ¬¬- ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤lººii-i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on the causes and effects of Manchurian crisis.

* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XV
(Modern History of America, China and Japan)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–III
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
ªiº÷ ¬ ¤( ( - ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ¬ (i ¤ º· ¤( ªiº÷ ¬ ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ªiº÷ ¬ ¤( ( - ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ¬ (i ¤ º· ¤( ªiº÷ ¬ ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ªiº÷ ¬ ¤( ( - ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ¬ (i ¤ º· ¤( ªiº÷ ¬ ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ªiº÷ ¬ ¤( ( - ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ¬ (i ¤ º· ¤( ªiº÷ ¬ ¬ ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬i ¬-iº (n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº
(il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions in all, selecting Two questions each from section 'A' and 'B' and one question from
section 'C' . All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Section 'A')
·. ¬-ºi¬i -(n¤ni ¬n i- ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine causes and effects of the American War of Independence.
z. ·ssa ¬ (ºi¬ - ¬-ºi¬i ¬i-i·¤(i( ¬ l(-niº ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss expansion of American imperialism in 1890's.
s. ¤ ·i- l(º(¤ - - ¬¤ ·n ºi·¤ ¬-ºi¬i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the role of United States of America in World War I.
«. ·szs ¬i ¬il·i ¬ -(i ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the causes and effects of the Economic depression of 1929.
r. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) (i¬-( ¤ ·ii (Slavery System)
(b) ·ss·÷sr ¬ ¬-ºi¬i nr÷¤- ¬ ¬iººi (Causes of the American Civil War of 1861-65)
(c) ·: ¬il·i¬ ¬i¤i¬·i (New Economic Planning)
(d) ¬-iº ¬-¬il-¬ ¬ l·i ¬n-· (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
a(ºs = a(ºs = a(ºs = a(ºs =' '' ' (Section 'B')
s. ¬·- ·n ¤iº÷·iln n·ii ¤i· - ¤lº¤-i (ºii ¬ ¤ ( ºi ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Open Door Policy and Entry of western powers in China.
/. ¤ ·i- ¬¤i- ¤ - ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on First Opium War.
s. ¤i·÷¬i¤i· ¤ - ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the causes and effects of China-Japanese War.
s. ¤i·i ºi·- (i( ¬ ¬(¤ - ÷iŒ ¬·¤in ¬· ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Expalin the role of Dr. Sanyat Sen in rise of Chinese Nationalism.
a(ºs = a(ºs = a(ºs = a(ºs =' '' ' (Section 'C')
·a. -: ÷¬i ¤·- ·ii¤·i ¬ (i( ¬i¤i· - ¬i¤ ¤lº(n·i ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse changes that were ushered in Japan after Mei-Ji restoration.
··. l¤ni¤ l(º( ¤ - ¬ (i( ¬i¤i· ¤( ¬¤ ·n ºi·¤ ¬- ºi¬i ¬ ¬-(··ii ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on Japanese-U.S.A. relations after World War II.

* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XVI
(Modern West)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l(¤·i ¬in ¬ ¬ l·( ºi¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i¤i n·ii ¤ºi¤i¤ (ºii ¤º ¬¬¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i l((¤·
¬il¬¤ +
Analyse the guiding principles, works and effects of Vienna Congress on European
Countries.
z. ·¤il¬¤· n ni¤ ¬ ¬-·ii· n·ii ¬¬¬i n r ¤( l((ºi ·iln¤i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on rise of Napoleon III and his domestic and foreign policies.
s. :-¬i ¬ ¤¬i¬ººi ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ººii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse the different stages of unification of Italy.
«. l(--i¬ ¬i n r n·ii ¬il·i ¬ ·iln¤i ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Explain home and economic policies of Bismarck.
r. ¤·i- l(º(¤- ¬ ¤( ¬i ¤ºi¤ ¬i ºi¬·iln¬ l-·iln ¬i ¬i¬¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate political conditions of Europe on the eve of First World War.
s. ·s·s ¬i (¬i ¤ ¬l·i ¤¬ ¬l·iºil¤n ºiiln ¬l·i ·ii + ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
"Treaty of Versailles of 1919 was a Dictated Peace Treaty." Examine.
/. ·s(i ¬(i - ¬i ¤l·(ºii¬ººi ¬ ·¤i ¬iººi ·i ` (-i - l( l-ºi ¬i¤l·(ºii¬ººi ¬ l(-niº ¬i
¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
What were the causes of colonisation in the 19
th
century ? Examine expansion of British
colonization in Burma.
s. ·s·/ ¬i ª¬i ¬iln ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤ ·ii(i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the causes and effects of Russian Revolution of 1917.
s. - ¬il¬·i ¬ ¬-¬·i ¤( ¬¬¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the rise and achievements of Mussolini.
·a. ¬¤ ·n ºi·-¬·i ¬i ¬¤¬ni¬i ¬i º ¬¬¤¬ni¬i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine successes and failures of the United Nations Organisation.

* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XVI
(Modern West)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l(¤·i ¬i n¬ ¬ l·( lºi¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i¤i n·ii ¤ºi¤i¤ (ºii ¤º ¬¬¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i l((¤·
¬il¬¤ +
Analyse the guiding principles, works and effects of Vienna Congress on European
Countries.
z. ¬il-¤i ¤ - ¬ ¬iººii n·ii ¤ºi¤i¤ (ºii ¤º ¬¬¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the causes of Crimean War and its effects on European countries.
s. ¬- ·i ¬ ¤¬i¬ººi - ·¤i (i·ii¤ ·ii ` ¬- ·i ¬ ¤¬i¬ººi - l(--i¬ ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i
-~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
What were difficulties in unification of Germany ? Evaluate Bismarck's role in German
Unification.
«. ¤ ·i- l(º(¤¤ ¬ ¬iººii n·ii ¤lººii-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the causes and effects of the First World War.
r. ·s·s ¬i (¬i ¤ ¬l·i ¤¬ ¬l·iºi l¤n ºii ln ¬l·i ·ii + ·¤i ¬i¤ :¬ ·¤·n·¤ ¬ ¬r-n r `
Treaty of Versailles of 1919 was a Dictated Peace Treaty. Do you agree with this
statement.
s. ¬¤i¬i ¬ ¤iº÷·i(· ¬ ·¤i ¬iººi ·i ` l(l·i·· ¤ºi¤i¤ (ºii · :¬ -ri¤i¤ ¬i ¬¤· ¬i¤ -
¬ ¬ (·(º(i - l¬¤i ` -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
What were the reasons for opening of Africa ? How did different European countries divide
this continent among themselves ? Explain.
/. ·s ºini·(i - lr·(÷¤i· - ¤i ¬i¬i l(-niº ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe French expansion in Indo-China in the 19
th
Century.
s. ·s·/ ¬i ª¬i ¬iln ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤ ·ii(i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe causes and effects of Russian Revolution of 1917.
s. ¬-·i - lr-¬º ¬ ¬-¬·i ¬ ·¤i ¬iººi ·i ` lr-¬º ¬i ¬i·nlº¬ ·iln ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
What were the causes responsible for rise of Hitler in Germany ? Examine internal policy
of Hitler.
·a. ¬¤ ·n ºi·-¬·i ¬i ¬¤¬ni¬i ¤( ¬¬¤¬ni¬i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Explain successes and failures of the United Nations Organisation.

* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {History}
Part–II, Paper–XVI
(Modern West)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–III
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l(¤·i ¬i n¬ ¬ l·( ºi¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i¤i n·ii ¤ºi¤i¤ (ºii ¤º ¬¬¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i l((¤·
¬il¬¤ +
Analyse the guiding principles, works and effects of Vienna Congress on European
countries.
z. ·¤il¬¤· n ni¤ ¬ ¬-·ii· n·ii ¬¬¬i n r ¤( l((ºi ·iln¤i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine rise of Napoleon III and his domestic and foreign policies.
s. ¬il-¤i ¤ - ¬ ¬iººii n·ii ¤ºi¤i¤ (ºii ¤º :¬¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the causes of Crimean War and its effects on European countries.
«. l(--i¬ ¬i l((ºi÷·iln ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the foreign policy f Bismarck.
r. ·s·s ¬i (¬i ¤ ¬i ¬ l·i ¤¬ ¬l·iºil¤n ºiiln ¬l·i ·ii + -·n·¤ nl-n ¬il¬¤ +
Treaty of Versailles of 1919 was a Dictated Peace. Formulate comments.
s. ·s(i ºini·(i - ¬i ¤l·(ºii¬ººi ¬ ·¤i ¬iººi ·i ` -·¤ ¤lºi¤i ¤( ¤i· - ª¬i l(-niº ¬i
¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
What were the causes of colonization in 19
th
century ? Examine expansion of Russia in
Central Asia and China.
/. ·s·/ ¬i ª¬i ¬iln ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤ ·ii(i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe causes and effects of Russian Revolution of 1917.
s. - ¬il¬·i ¬ ¬-¬·i ¤( ¬¬¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the rise and achievements of Mussolini.
s. l¤ni¤ l(º(¤- ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the causes and effects of World War II.
·a. ¬¤ ·n ºi·-¬·i ¬i ¬¤¬ni¬i ¤( ¬¬¤¬ni¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the successes and failures of the United Nations.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–I, Paper–I
(=m-| =(i-·= +( sia-(=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + + + + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. -nri ¬ilr-¤ ¬ :lnri¬÷¬ªi· - ¬-¬ ¬--¤i ¬i¬ ¬-i·ii· ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬s +
z. -nri ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¬i¬÷l(·ii¬· ¬i¬ ·i-¬ººi ¤º l(¤iº ¬ºs + : ¬i¬÷l(·ii¬· ¬i¬
·i-¬ººi ¤º ¬-¬ ¬--¤i ¬ ¬-i·ii· ·ii (ni(s +
s. -nri ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¬iº-·i ¬( ¬ -i·¬ ¬i¤ ¬ ¤iri ` -nri ¬ ¤lr¬i ¬l( ¬¬· r·i ¬i
¬:¬ ` n¬ ¤ºi ¬-iº (s +
«. ¬¬·÷¬¬· ¬n ¬l(¤· - -nri ºi·( l-¬s r ` (ni(s +
r. -nri ¬ilr-¤ ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬:¬ ri¬ r (ni(s +
s. -·iil¤n ¬i¬ ¬ ¬-¤ l··ii ººi ¬ºin ¤¬º ·i-¬ººi ¬ ¬i l¤-¤ ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬s +
/. -·iil¤n ¬i¬i· ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¤ - ªi ¤ ( l-i ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (s +
s. ·il·n¬i¬ ¬ ¤ ·-·il- ¤º ¬·¤· l(¤iº ¤ ¬- ¬ºs +
s. ·il·n¬i¬ - l·n ºi ·il·n÷¬i·¤ ·iiºi ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬¤º l(¤iº ·¤·n ¬ºs +
·a. ¤º(ni ¬i¬ ¬ ¤ ·-·il- - -nri ¬ilr-¤ - l(l(·i l(·ii ¬ ¬¤l·in l(¬i¬ ri¬ r ¬:¬ `

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–I, Paper–II
(=m-| ¤ =-·( +(·=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + + + + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬l(ni ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬s +
z. ¤¬¬·¤ -ri¬i·¤ ¬ -ri¬i·¤-( ¤º ¤ni ¬iºnl·in ¬ªi l¬ªis +
s. ¤¬¬·¤ -nri ¬ ¤ni ¬¤¬ -ri¬i·¤ r + ¤¬ºi l¬- ¬ºs +
«. ¤¬¬·¤ ¬ ·il·n÷·ii(·i ¤º ¤ni (÷r· ¬ªi l¬ªis +
r. niln¬i·¤ ¬ ¬·- ¬(irººi ¤¬¬·¤ -ri¬i·¤ r + : ¬·i· ¬ ¬i·i¬ni ¬i(irººi l¬-
¼s +
s. ¬(il¬· -ri¬i·¤ ¬ ¬i·¤÷¬i·-( ¤º ¬iºnl·in ¬ªi l¬ªis +
/. -il··i ºi¬n¬i ¬ ¤ (··i÷¬i ºi¬ ¤º ¤ni (÷r· ¬ªi l¬ªis +
s. n ¬¬i(i¬ ªi÷¬i·¤ ¬ ¬i·i÷¬i·i ¬l( ¤inº(º ¤ ¬i( l¬r ¤in ºi ¬ ·ii ¤lº¤¤ (s +
s. ¬iri-º( -ri¬i·¤ ¬ ºi·-i¤ ¤n·i ¤º ¤ni ¬-rº ¬ªi l¬ªis +
·a. ¬ ·ni ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º ¬ºi÷¬ ·ni ¬ ·iºi l(·i¤¬ l(¤iº ¤ -nn ¬ºs +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–I, Paper–III
(=m-| m|ia+(·=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + + + + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. (i l¤ ¬ -iº ¤ln¤i ¬ -n·i÷ni·ii ¤º ¤ni (÷r· ¬ªi l¬ªis +
z. (i l¤ ¬ -iº ¤ln¤i ¬ ·¤·¤ ¬l(ni ¤º ¤ni (÷r· ¬ªi l¬ªis +
s. nin ¬ ¬ ÷si r - l(¤iri -(º ¤º(i· ¤«¬ r + : ¬·i· ¬ ¤ l·- ¬ºs +
«. nin ¬ ¬ ÷si r - ¤ ¬ln l(·i¤ ¤º ¤ni (÷r· ¬ªi l¬ªis +
r. ¬ n ºi ¬ (in ·i-¬ººi ¬ ¬i·i ¬ni ¤º l(¤iº ¬ºs +
s. ¤·¬iªii - ¤ ¬ln÷(ºi· ¬ -(i·iil(¬ni ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬s +
/. -iºrº ¬ ¤iº ¬l(ni ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º ¬l( ¬ ¬·(i(i ·ii(·i ¬ -¤·- ¬ºs +
s. niln¬i·¤ ¬ ª¤ - ¬nº·i ¤º ¤ni (÷r· ¬ªi l¬ªis +
s. l(¤iri n(º ¬ ¬i·¤÷¬¬¬· ¬ ª¤ - ( -·ii ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
·a. -nr ¬ ¤¬ - -i·(ni(i( ¬ ¬-¬·- ¬(irººi ·iº¬ ¤÷¬ r + : ¬·i· ¬ ¬i·i¬ni l¬-
¼s +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–I, Paper–IV
(n=+| =m-| +i«a()
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + + + + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬l(ni ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬s +
z. ¬¬ºi ¬ -iº ¬ -nri ¬l(ni ¬ ¬((·i ¬i¬ lºi~¤ ¤º l(¤iº ¬ºs +
s. ¬·iºln¤i ¬ (i ¬ºi ¬ ¬i·¤÷¬i ·-( ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬s +
«. ¬·ºi-ir· ·¤iº ¬i·¤÷¬i ·-( ¬ ¤ ln ¤ºi n ¬¤·- r·i + : ¬·i· ¬ ¬i·i ¬ni ¤º ¤¬iºi
÷i¬s +
r. l(s¬: l¬lºl·¤i ¬i¬ - ¬¤¬··i ¬¤in ¬ niº (ºi · ¬ ¬i(irººi ¤lº¤¤ (s +
s. ¬lº¤i ¤º l·iº¬ l¬¬i· ¬l(ni ·iiºni¤ l¬¬i· ¬ ¬·÷¬i(· ¬ ¬ªºi ¬ri·i r + :
¬·i· ¬ ¬i·i ¬ni l¬- ¬ºs +
/. l¬·ni ¬ nin ¬l(ni ¬ ¬·¤i¤ ·ii( ¤º (÷r· ¬ªi l¬ªis +
s. niln ¬i·¤ ¬ ( l·- ¬ niºi niº ¬i¬ -iº ¬i·¤÷¬n r ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
s. ¬l( -·i ºi ¤ ¬i( ·(i· - ¤ ¤inºii¬ ·ii(·i ·iº¬ r ` : ¬·i· ¬ ¤ l·- ¬ºs +
·a. niln¬i·¤ ·iiºi - ¬i¤i¤ ¬i·¬i (~¬·i ºii-¤i ¬ -·ii· l··ii lºn ¬ºs +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–I, Paper–V
(=m-| + z¤-=(= =(i-·=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬¬i ¬ ( l·- ¬ l(¬¬ºi ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
z. (l¬n ¬i(· ¬ ¤i¬(i ¬ ª¤ - l(¬¬ºi ¬ ¤i¤ ¤º ¤ni (÷r· ¬ªi l¬ªis +
s. º-ºln¤i ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬ ·i¤¬ ¬¬· r+ ¤¬º ºii¬÷l·ª¤ºi ¬ºs +
«. ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬¬i ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º º-ºln¤i ¬ -~¤i¬· ¬ºs +
r. (i(¬i¬ -·i ¬º º-ºln¤i ¬¤·¤i¬ - ºi¬·iln¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ¬·(·i ¬ ¬-i· ª¤ ¬ l¤¤ºi
¬¤¬· r + : ¬·i· ¬ ¬i·i ¬ni l¬- ¬ºs +
s. ¤ - ¬ ¤lº·iil·in ¬ºin º-ºln¤i ¬¤·¤ i¬ ¬ ¤ -÷n-( ¤º l(¤iº ¬ºs +
/. ¬i(-i ¬i º (¬ini ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬ ¬-¬i¬i· ¤ i¬ln¬ni ¤º ¤ni (÷r· ¬ªi l¬ªis +
s. ¬i(-i ¬i º (¬ini ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬ ¬¤·¤i¬¬¬i ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
s. l(·ºi ¬i¬ l¬¬¬i ¬ ¤lº¤÷l¤¤ºi ¬ºs +
·a. ·º¬ ¬ºn ·iºni ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬ -¤i ¤i¤ ·i·i ¬ ¤lº¤÷l¤¤ºi ¬ºs +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–I, Paper–VI
(=m-| + n(e =-=(i-·=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·i¤¬ ¬ ¬-(··i - ·iiºni¤ ¬i¬ ¤iº¤i-¤ ¬ilr-¤ ¬ -n ¬ ¬~¬ªi ¬ºs + ¬¤º(i ¬ ¬i¬
·i-¬ - + ·i¤¬-( ¬ri n¬ ¬¤¬··i ri(s r `
z. ·i-¬ ¬¬i ¬ ( l·- ¬ ¬ ¤º(i ¬ ¬i¬ ·i-¬ ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
s. ¬ ¤º(i ¬ ¬i¬ ·i-¬ ¬ ºi·- i¤ni ¬i¬ (¬÷¤- ¤º ¤ni (÷r· ¬ªi l¬ªis +
«. l¬ºil¬¬· ¬ ¤lº¤ ¤º ¤º¬i¬ ÷i¬s +
r. · ·¬÷ ·i-¬ ¬ -r-( ¬i¬º ¤(ºi · ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬s +
s. ºi¬ ·n¬i ·i-¬ ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º n·i( l((ir ¬ n ºi÷(i·i ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
/. ( ·¤·n ¬ ¤lº¤ ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬s +
s. ºi¬ ·n¬i ·i-¬ - ¬ n-i ¤ ¬ººi ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
s. ¤ - ¬:¬· ri(s r ·i-¬ ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º ¤- ¬ ª¤ ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬s +
·a. ¤ - ¬:¬· ri(s r ·i-¬ ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º n i-iºi ¬-i¬ - l((ir ¬ ¬(i¬ ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬s +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–I, Paper–VII
(=m-| + +-(n| =(i-·=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i·-i ¬i- ¬ri·i ¬ ¬·ii(-n ¬·i¤ - l¬ªis +
z. ¬ri·i ¬¬i ¬ ( l·- ¬ n-¬i - nis ¬ri·i ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
s. ¬i¬i ¬ (ºn riºi ¬ri·i ¬ ¬·ii÷·i¤¬ ¬ ¤lº¤÷l¤¤ºi ¬ºs +
«. ¬ri·i ¬ ¬º¤·i lºi~¤ ¤º l(¤iº ¬ºin nni¬¬ ¬ri·i ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
r. ¤n¬i ¬ri·i ¬ ¬iº l¬ªis +
s. n¬º ¬ri·i ¬ ·i¤¬ ºl( ¬ ¤lº¤÷l¤¤ºi ¬ºs +
/. ¬ri·i÷¬¬i ¬ ( l·- ¬ -¬- º¬i ¬n n¬ ¬ri·i ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
s. s¬ ·i ¬ ni· (in ¬ri·i ¬ ¬i·i÷¬i·i ¤¬º ¬ri·i¬iº ¬ ·ii ¤lº¤¤ (s +
s. ¬ri·i ¬ ·il¤¬i ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¬i¬ ¬(¬ ¬i r +
·a. ¬-¤i(¬ ¬ri·i - ¬ªi¬ ¬¬· ¬·(¬ (¬ ¤lrn r·i l¬ªis +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–I, Paper–VIII
¤(a|n ¤« =·=+(¬|n =m-| + +(·=
(i== =(i-·= ¬(z +(i+a =(i-·=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº l¬ªis + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬ºr¤i( ¬ ¬i(·÷(ºi· (i( ¬ ¬l(¤· ¬ ¤ ·iil(n ¬¤¬¬ r ¬:¬ +
z. ¤º-¤ºinn ¬ilr-¤ ·ii·ii ¬i¬ ¬i¬ ·ii·ii ¬ ¬-i·ii--¬ ¬·nº (ni(s +
s. (iri ¬iºi ¬ ¬i·¤÷¬i ·(¤ ¬ (ºi · ¬ºs +
«. s« l¬-i - ¬ºr¤i ¬ -·ii· l·ªl¤n ¬ºs +
r. ·iº-(i¬ ¬ ¬i(·( -i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬s +
s. ºi-¬·ri (i¬ ¬i¬ ((ºi (i¬ ¬ n ¬·i--¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
/. ·il·n ¬ ¬( ·i( ¬i¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬s +
s. -·¤¬i¬i· -nri ¬i¬ ¬ilr-¤ - ¬¬· ·il·n ¬ ¤ ·ii·ni ºr¬ r ¬i¬ ¬i¬º ¬i ¬iººi r +
s. ¬-¬ºi ¬i ¬ ¬i·¤÷¬i ·(¤ ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
·a. rlº·i·i ¬i ¬ ¬i(· ¬i¬ ¬·¬º ¬i·¤ ¬ ¤ º¬ n-( ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬s +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–II, Paper–IX
(=m-| + in=-·( =(i-·=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i(-i ºi-i ¬i¬ l¬·ni l·(··i - ·¤·n ¬ªi¬ ¬ l(¤iº ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
z. ¤«¬ l·(··i ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º ¬i( : º(º ¬i¬ n ª ¬ ¬·in· ¬-(··i ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬s +
s. ¬l¬n l·(··i lºi~¤ ¬ ( l·- ¬ ¬¬- l·(··i ¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬ºs +
«. -¬º l·(··i ¬ ¬iºiºi l¬ªis +
r. -nri ¬i·¤ - ·iºi ºii·i ¬ l·(··i ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º ¬i(· ¬i¬ ¬ilr-¤ - ·iºi ¬ -r-(
(n¬i(s +
s. ¤l-n l·(··i ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º (i-¬~¤ º¬ ¬ ¬ini¤i n l((¤· ¬ª +
/. -nri ¬ -·¤¬i¬i· -(ª¤ ¬ l((¤·i ¬ª +
s. ¤ iŒ ºi-·i·i ºi-i ¬ ·¤l·n-( ¬i¬ ¬ln-( ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬ +
s. -nri ¬ l(¬i¬i--¬ ( l·- ¬ -nri ¬ ¤ i¤i· -(ª¤ ¬ (ºi · ¬ª +
·a. -nr ¬ ¬i-¬ln¬ nlº-i l·(··i ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º -nr ¬ ¤ i¤i· ¬i¬ (n -i· ¬i-¬ln¬ ¬i¬
·iil-¬ nlº-i ¬ l((¤·i ¬ª +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–II, Paper–X
(=m-| (=m-| (=m-| (=m-| ma + ¬-= i«·((=) ma + ¬-= i«·((=) ma + ¬-= i«·((=) ma + ¬-= i«·((=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i¬ + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i¬ + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i¬ + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i¬ + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºªii l¤¤ ¬ n-(( l·- ¬ ¬i(¬ ºªiil¤¤ ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ª +
z. ¬ ·( ¬i ¬ ¤i¬ ¬ s ·i-i÷¬s l-·- ¬ ¬iº l¬ªi +
s. ( si÷ ¬ ºr-¤ ªii¬:n l(ni· ¤¤ ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¤lº¤¤ ¬¤· ºi·( - l¬ªi +
«. ¤¬i¬i ¬¬i ¬i¬ ºn-¤ ¬ ( l·- ¬ ¬¬-i ¤ºiºi ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ª +
r. l¤-i¬· ¤¬i¬i - ·¤·n ·i-¬¬iº ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤º l(¤iº ¬ª +
s. ¬--ººi ¬¬i ¬ ( l·- ¬ niº¬º(º ·iiºni ¬ l¬ªi¬ l·i·i ¬n(iºi ¬º¤¤ ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ª +
/. r--º ·ii: ºii·i ¬ ¬º-ººi ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ª +
s. ¤-i¬· ºi·(l¤¤ ¬ ·i¤¬ ¤-i¬· ¬ ¤lº¤ l¤¤ºi ¬ª +
s. ¬ri·i ¬¬i ¬ ( l·- ¬ r l¬¤n ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ª +
·a. ¬--ººi÷¬¬i ¬ ( l·- ¬ ¤¤¤· ·-(º (i¬i (·i ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬º s (ni(s l¬ : ¬--ººi r
:¤i ¬l¬n l·(·i `

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–II, Paper–XI
(=m-| =(i-·= + sia-(= + ¬(·(in+ =«=¤) (=m-| =(i-·= + sia-(= + ¬(·(in+ =«=¤) (=m-| =(i-·= + sia-(= + ¬(·(in+ =«=¤) (=m-| =(i-·= + sia-(= + ¬(·(in+ =«=¤)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i ¬+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r+ ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i ¬+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r+ ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i ¬+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r+ ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i ¬+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r+
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤ i¤i· ¬i¬ ¬i·i l·¬ -nri ¬ilr-¤ - ¬l(ni ¬ º¤·i ¤-ln ¬ ¤¤i ¬ºs +
z. -nri - ¬(¬ ¤lr¬i ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬( s¤¬ ` ¬i¬º ¬ªi¬ ¬ ·i- ¬i¬ ¬·¬º (i ¬º÷(i ¬º
º¤·i ¬ ¬i·¬iºi (s +
s. (i¬(i ¬(i - -nri ·i-¬ ¬ l(-niº ¬i¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ ¤º¤i ¬ºs +
«. -nri ¬ri·i ¬ l(¬i¬ - ¤l¤¬i ¬i¬ ºl÷¤i ¬ ¬r¤in ¬ ¤¤i ¬ºs +
r. -nri l·(·i ¬ ¤ ¤iº÷¤¬iº - ¬r¤ini n¤ ¬ (iº - l¬ªis +
s. -nri - ¬i¬i¤·i ¬ ¬i l-·iln r ` ¤¬º ¬i·iiº ¬i r `
/. -nri ¤¤¬ilºni ¬ l(-niº÷¬·ii ¬·i¤ - l¬ªis +
s. -nri - nin·i- ¤ ¬ ¤º-¤ºi ¬( ºi ª ·i¬ ` : ºi ª ri¤ ¬ (¬r ¬i r¬ `
s. ¤i- ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º (ni(s l¬ ¬ri¬n ¬i¬ - ri(ºi ¬ ¬i¬ ¬i n· -rin- ¬ir r ¬ n·i
¤lr¬ r¬ +
·a. ¬i¬ni·ii ¬ ªiil¬¤n ¬ ¤¤i ¬ºs +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–II, Paper–XII
(= (= (= (=m-| +((ª(( + z:+(« ¬(z i«+(=) m-| +((ª(( + z:+(« ¬(z i«+(=) m-| +((ª(( + z:+(« ¬(z i«+(=) m-| +((ª(( + z:+(« ¬(z i«+(=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·ii·ii l(¬i¬ ¬ (iº - ¬i(irººi ¬¤· l(¤iº ¤ ¬- ¬ºs +
z. -·¤¬i¬i· ·iiºni¤ ¤ i¬n ·ii·ii ¬ ¤lº¤¤ l(-niº¤ ( ¬ (s +
s. ¤ i¬ n ¬ ¬i·i ¬¤·i ºi ¬ -r-( ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬s +
«. -in·ii ¬¤·i ºi ¬ ¬( ·i( ¬i¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º l(-niº ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬s +
r. lr(i ¤(ºi ¬ (i¬i ¬i¬ lr(i (i¬i - ¬i ¬nº r ` ·ii÷ - ¤¬ºi ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬ ¬ lr(i
¤ (ºi ¬ (il¬¤· ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬s +
s. ¬¤·i ºi ¬ ¬( ·i( l(¬i¬ ¬i¬ ·i-¬ººi ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬s +
/. -nri ¬ l(l·i·· -·ii·i¤ -(ª¤ ¬i(irººi l((¤·i ¬ºs +
s. -nri ·ii·ii ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i l¬·¬º÷l¬·¬º ·n -( - ¬i(i¬· ·i¬ ¬i¬ ¬i¬ºi - ¬¬· ¬¬·
¬i- ¬ ¬ n¬ r `
s. ·ii·ii - -nri ¬ -·ii· l·ªl¤n ¬º:n ¤¬º ¬i-i ·i¤ l(-niº ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬s +
·a. l-·¤ºii l¬ªis ÷
(¬) ¤ ºii¤i
(ªi) ln ¤¬ ·

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–II, Paper–XIII
(+((ª((i«n(n · i==(-a) (+((ª((i«n(n · i==(-a) (+((ª((i«n(n · i==(-a) (+((ª((i«n(n · i==(-a)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·iiºni¤ ¬i¤ ·ii·ii ¬ :lnri¬ ¬ ¬l·i·n ¤lº¤¤ (s +
z. ·ii·ii ¬ l(ºi·ini ¬i¬ ¤ (ln ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬s +
s. ¬-(·i n-( ¬i¬ ¬·i n-( ¬ ¬-(·i ¤º ¬¤· l(¤iº ·¤·n ¬ºs +
«. ¬·i (i·i¬ ¬ (i·i¬ ¬iººi ¤º l(¤iº ·¤·n ¬ºs +
r. (i·¤÷n-· - ¤lº(n· ¬ ¬iººi ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬s +
s. -nri ¬ l·-·l¬lªin ºi·(· ¬ ·¤ -¤l-i l¬ªis +
(¬) l¬¬i·
(ªi) (s÷i
(n) ( ¬ri
(·i) niª
/. ¤ i¤i· ·iiºni¤ ·ii·ii(nil·¬ ¬ (· ¤º ¬¤· l(¤iº ·¤·n ¬ºs +
s. ¬i·i l·¬ ·ii·ii(nil·¬ ¬ ¬¬·÷¬¬· (· r `
s. ·ii·iil(ni· l(ni· r :¤i ¬¬i ` ¤ l·n¤ ·n ¬-iº (s +
·a. ·ii·iil(ni· ¬ ¬·¤ (i÷ -¤ ¬ ¬-(·i l·ªl¤n ¬ºs +


NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–II, Paper–XIV
(+(·=.((=×) (+(·=.((=×) (+(·=.((=×) (+(·=.((=×)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r + ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. lr·(i÷¬i¤i¤ ¬ ¬i·¤÷¤lº·ii·ii ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
z. ¬-¬n ¬i·¤ºii-¤ - ¤ ln¤il(n ¬i·¤÷¤ ¤i¬· ¤º l(¤iº ¬ºs +
s. ºi·(ºil·n ¬¬ºi ¬r¬ ¬i r ` ¬l·i·n ¤lº¤¤ ¬ ¬i·i ¬·iºi ¬i¬ ·¤¬·i ¬ ·i( ¬ (ºi ·
¼s +
«. º¬ ¬-¤(i¤ ¬ ¤ ln¤i(¬ ¬ ¤lº¤¤ ¬ ¬i·i ¬-¤ (i¤ ¬ l(¬i¬i--¬ ¤lº¤¤ (s +
r. º¬÷l··¤l-i ¬ ¬-(l·in l(l·i·· ¬i¤i¤ ¬ -n ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
s. ¬i·iiººii¬ººi ¬ ¬i ni-¤¤ r ` n¬ ¤ºi ¬-iº (s +
/. ¬¬¬iº ¬ n¬ ÷¬--n (ni ¬ººi ¤ -n n ¬ºs +
s. ºiln ¬ ·¤ -¤l-i ¬lºn ¬i¬º ¬·i -¤·- ¬ºs +
s. (¬il·n ¬ -(ª¤ ¬i¬ ¬·i -¤·- ¬ºs +
·a. ¬i: Œ ¤Œ lº¤÷ ¬ ¬ ¬ilr-¤÷l¬-in ¬ ¬~¬ªi ¬¤· ·ii·ii - ¬ºs +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–II, Paper–XV
(==(¬(an() (==(¬(an() (==(¬(an() (==(¬(an()
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº ( (¬ ¬i¤+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r+ ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº ( (¬ ¬i¤+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r+ ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº ( (¬ ¬i¤+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r+ ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº ( (¬ ¬i¤+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º r+
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i¬i¤·i ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤º l(¤iº ((¬ ¬i¤ +
z. ·iiºni¤ ¬i¬ ¤lº¤-i l(¤i·· ¬ -n ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º ¬i¬i¤·i ¬ ¤lº·ii·ii ((¬ ¬i¤ +
s. ¬i¬i¤·i ¤-ln ¬ ¬n·i ·i( ri(s r ` ¬-ni ¬ l¬ªi¬ ¬i¤ +
«. ¬i¬i¤· ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬-i·¤ ¬i¬ ¬i¬ºi - ¬¤l·in n ºi ¤º ¬·i¤ - l(¤iº ¬º¬ ¬i¤ +
r. -nri ¬i¬i¤·i ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬¬ ¬i¤ +
s. -i·¬(i(i ¬-i·ii÷¤-ln ¤º ¤ni l(-n n l·(·i l¬ªi¬ ¬i¤ +
/. ºr-¤(i( ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬·iºi ¬¤· ºi·( - l¬ªi¬ ¬i¤ +
s. ¬i(ºi (i( ¬ ¤lº¤¤ ¬¤· ºi·(· - (¬ ¬i¤ +
s. ¬-i·ii ¬ ( l·- ¬ ¤·ii·i(i( ¤º ¤ni (÷r· ¬ªi l¬ªi¬ ¬i¤ +
·a. -i·(÷-~¤ ¬i¬ ¬i(·÷(ºi · - ¬l-n-((i( ¬ -·ii· l·ªl¤n ¬ ¬ ¬i¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Magahi}
Part–II, Paper–XVI
(¬(+=(i-·= ¬(z =(=¸i-+ ¤izaa() (¬(+=(i-·= ¬(z =(=¸i-+ ¤izaa() (¬(+=(i-·= ¬(z =(=¸i-+ ¤izaa() (¬(+=(i-·= ¬(z =(=¸i-+ ¤izaa()
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬·ii ¤ º· ¬ -i· (ºi(º r + ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬·ii ¤ º· ¬ -i· (ºi(º r + ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬·ii ¤ º· ¬ -i· (ºi(º r + ¬i ·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (s + ¬·ii ¤ º· ¬ -i· (ºi(º r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬-¬iº nin ¬ ¬i-i·¤ ¤lº¤¤ (s +
z. ¬irº nin ¬ ¬(irººi ¬ ¬i·i ¤lº¤¤ ¤ -n n ¬ºs +
s. ºi- ¬ ¬i(· ¤º (·¬ ¤(i nin ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
«. ¬· ¬-i¬ - ¤ni ¬ ¬i¬l¤ ¤ni ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬s +
r. ¬¬ºi nin ¬ ¤lº·ii·ii ¬(irººi ¬ ¬i·i (n¬i(s +
s. (iºr-i¬i ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (s +
/. -nri ¬i¬nin ¬ (ni ¬ººi ¬ºs +
s. -·iº¬¬ ¬·ii ¬ ª¤ ¬i¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬s +
s. ¬n¬i -i¤ ¬·ii - ¬n¬i ( -i÷( -i ¬ ¬i·i ¬n¬i -i¤ ¬ ¬i¤ººi ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +
·a. ¬i·i ¬ -º· ¬·ii ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºs +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Science}
Part–I, Paper–I
(ºi¬·iln¬ l¤n· ¬i :lnri¬) (ºi¬·iln¬ l¤n· ¬i :lnri¬) (ºi¬·iln¬ l¤n· ¬i :lnri¬) (ºi¬·iln¬ l¤n· ¬i :lnri¬)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i l-~¤ ¬ ºi¬-( l¬-i·n ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine Kautilya's theory of Kingship.
z. -ri·iiºn ¬ ºiiln¤( - ·ii·- ¤iºi ¤ ln¤il(n ºi¬i ¬ ¬-i ·¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the functions of the King as propounded by Bhisma in the Shantiparva of
Mahabharat.
s. ·¬-i ¬ ¬i-¤(i(i l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ + ¤r ¬i·i l·¬ ¬i-¤(i( ¬ l¬¬
¤ ¬iº l·i·· r `
Critically examine Plato's theory of communism. How does it differ from the modern
communism ?
«. ºi·¤ ¤º ¬º-n ¬ l(¤iºi ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss Aristotle's views on Polis.
r. ¬l(·ii·i ¬ (ni ¬ººi ¤º ¬º-n ¬ l(¤iºi ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss Aristotle's views on classification of constitutions.
s. ¤i·i ºi¬·iln¬ l¤n· ¬ ¤ ln ¬·¤l¬¤¬ ¬ ¬((i·i ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Delineate the contributions of Confucius to the Chinese Political Thought.
/. ¤il¬l(¤¬ ¤iºi ¤ ln¤il(n l-l¬n ¬l(·ii· ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ¤ ¬ln ¤( l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi
¬il¬¤ +
Examine the nature and features of the theory of Mixed Constitution as propounded by
Polybius.
s. -i -¬ ¤·(i·i¬ ¤iºi ¤ ln¤il(n ¬i··i ¬ (ni ¬ººi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the classification of Laws as propounded by Thomas Aquinas.
s. ·¬-i ¤ ·i- ¤il¬--(i(i ºi¬·iln¬ l¤n¬ ·ii + ·¤i :¬ ¬·i· ¬ ¬i¤ ¬r-n r ` n¬
¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
"Plato was the First Fascist Political Thinker". Do you agree with this Statement ? Advance
your arguments.
·a. ¤ i¤i· ·iiºni¤ ºi¬·iln¬ l¤n· ¬ ¬i·iiºi ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the foundations of the Ancient Indian Political Thought.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Science}
Part–I, Paper–II
(¬i·i l·¬ ºi¬·iln¬ l¤n· ¬i :lnri¬) (¬i·i l·¬ ºi¬·iln¬ l¤n· ¬i :lnri¬) (¬i·i l·¬ ºi¬·iln¬ l¤n· ¬i :lnri¬) (¬i·i l·¬ ºi¬·iln¬ l¤n· ¬i :lnri¬)
(History of Modern Political Thought)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºi·¤ ¬i¤iººii-¤ ·ri ¬i·ni r + ºi·¤ ¬i ¬ºni r (r · · ln¬ r · ¬· ln¬ (º· ¤ºi n
· ln¬ni l(ri· r (- l¬¤i(¬i) + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i l(-nilºn ¬il¬¤ +
"The State knows no ethics. What it does is neither ethical nor unethical but entirely non-
ethical" (Machiavelli). Elucidate this statement.
z. ¤ i¬ln¬ ¬l·i¬iºi ¤( ¤ i¬ln¬ ¬i·· ¤º ri ·¬ ¬ l(¤iºi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine Hobbes's view on Natural Rights and Natural Law.
s. ¬i ¬ ¤iºi ¤ ln¤il(n ºil·n ¬ ¤ ·i·¬ººi l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the theory of Separation of Powers as propounded by Locke.
«. ª¬i ¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ¬l((i l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine Rousseau's theory of Social Contract.
r. -(n¤ni ¤( ¤ - ¤º lrn¬ ¬ l(¤iºi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine Hegel's views on Freedom and War.
s. n i· ¬ -(n¤ni ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe Green's Concept of Freedom.
/. l-¬ ¬ ¬¤¤ilnni(i( ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate Mill's Utilitarianism.
s. ¤·¤i--¬ ·ii ln¬(i( ·¤i r ` :lnri¬ ¬i ·ii ln¬(i(i ·¤iª¤i - :¬¬ ¬¤¤in ¬i ·¤iª¤i
¬il¬¤ +
What is dialectical Materialism? Explain its application to the Materialistic interpretation
of History.
s. ºiiln¤ºi ¬r ¬l-n-( ¤( ¤¤ºii¬ l¬-i·n ¬ l·-i ni ¬ ª¤ - ¬(irº ¬i¬ ·rª ¬i
-~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate Jawahar Lal Nehru as an Architect of the theory of Peaceful Co-existence and
Panchsheel.
·a. ¬-¤ ¬i º ¬lr¬i ¤º ni ·ii¬i ¬ l(¤iºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss Gandhiji's views on Satya and Ahimsa.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Science}
Part–I, Paper–III
(¬-·iil¤n ºi¬·iln¬ l¬-i·n) (¬-·iil¤n ºi¬·iln¬ l¬-i·n) (¬-·iil¤n ºi¬·iln¬ l¬-i·n) (¬-·iil¤n ºi¬·iln¬ l¬-i·n)
(Classical Political Theory)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºi¬·iln¬ l¬-i·n ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Trace the development of Political theory.
z. ·¤(-·ii ¬¤in- ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by System Approach ? Explain.
s. ¬i¬n¤ ¬ ¬l·i¬·(i(i l¬-i·n ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the Elitist theory of Democracy.
«. -(n¤ni ¬ l(l·i·· ¬º·iºii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the various safeguards of Liberty.
r. ·¤i¤ ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ l(l·i·· ª¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the concept of Justice and explain its various types.
s. ¬l·i¬iºi ¬ ¤lnril¬¬ l¬-i·n ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the Historical Theory of Rights.
/. ¬¤ ·ini ¤¬ ¤ºi (-n r :¬ l(·iil¬n ¬º·i :¬ l(··- ¬º·i r + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i
l(-nilºn ¬il¬¤ +
"Sovereignty is an entire thing, to divide it, is to destroy it". Elucidate this statement.
s. ¬-ii ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Define Authority and describe its features.
s. ºi¬· ln¬ (il¤-( ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the concept of Political Obligation.
·a. ¬l(·¤ ¬(ni ¤( ¬l-n-((i( ¬i ¬(·iiººii¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the concepts of Civil Disobedience and Existentialism.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Science}
Part–I, Paper–IV
(¬-¬i-l¤¬ ºi¬·iln¬ l¬-i·n) (¬-¬i-l¤¬ ºi¬·iln¬ l¬-i·n) (¬-¬i-l¤¬ ºi¬·iln¬ l¬-i·n) (¬-¬i-l¤¬ ºi¬·iln¬ l¬-i·n)
(Contemporary Political Theory)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·il¬¬ ¬ ¬(·i - -(n¤ni ¤( ºi·¤ ¬i ¬-¤l-i ¤º -(in¤(il(¤i ¬ l(¤iºi ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the views of Libertarians on Justice and origin of State, with reference to Nozick.
z. ·(ªl«(i( ¤( ªl«(i( ¬ -·¤ ¬-i·ni¬i ¤( ¬¬-i·ni¬i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Enumerate the similarities and differences between Neo-Conservatism and Conservatism.
s. ¬·nºi·- i¤ni(i( ¬ l(¬i¬ - ¬ri¤¬ n-(i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ + ¤ ·ii(¬iºi ¬·nºi ·- i¤ni(i(
¬ -in - ¬i · ¬ n-( ¬(ºi·i¬ r `
Examine the factors contributing to the development of Internationalism ? What are the
hindrances in the way of effective Internationalism ?
«. (l¬· ¤¬ -~¤ (r ¬(i(i ·ri r (º· ¤¬ ¬i-¬ln¬ (r ¬(i(i ·ii r + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i
·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
"Berlin is not only a value pluralist, rather a cultural pluralist also". Explain this statement.
r. ¬(i l·i¬iº(i( ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the features of Totalitarianism.
s. ·iºi(i( ¬ ºi¬·iln¬ l(¤iºi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the Political ideas of Feminism.
/. ¬- (i¤(i( ¬ ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ -~¤i¬· ¬i ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤ +
Present a critical approval of Communitarianism.
s. ¬-iº ¬i·i l·¬ni(i( ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the characteristic of Post Modernism.
s. ¤¬Œ¤iŒ¬iŒ (¬Œl·Œ(Œ÷¬(iºi¬ººi l·¬i¬ººi ¤( (º(i¬ººi) ·¤i r ` ¬-·iil¤n ºi¬·iln¬
l¬-i·n ¬ ·i¤i - :¬¬ l·lrni·ii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
What is L.P.G. (Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization) ? Discuss its implications
in the areas of Traditional Political Theory.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on Any Two of the following :–
(a) ·(÷¬(iº(i( (Neo-Liberalism)
(b) ºi·- (i( ¬ ¬i·iiº (Bases of Nationalism)
(c) ¬i¬ ¬~¤iºi¬iºi ºi·¤ ¬i (il¤-( ¤( (n -i· l(º( ¬il·i¬ ¬¬-
(The responsibility of the Welfare State and the present World Economic crisis)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Science}
Part–I, Paper–V
(n ¬·i--¬ ºii¬· ¤( ºi¬·iln) (n ¬·i--¬ ºii¬· ¤( ºi¬·iln) (n ¬·i--¬ ºii¬· ¤( ºi¬·iln) (n ¬·i--¬ ºii¬· ¤( ºi¬·iln)
(Comparative Government and Politics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + + +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ÷i¤¬i ¤iºi l(l-ºi ¬l(·ii· ¬ ·iini ¬ (ni¬ººi ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ ¤( l(l-ºi ¬l(·ii· ¬ ¬i¤¬ººi -
¬(·iil·¬ ¬l·i¬-¤i ¬ -r-( ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss Dicey's classification of the Parts of the British Constitution and examine the
Significance of Conventions in working of the British Constitution.
z. l( -· - -l¤-÷¬i¤ ni·iºiiri r + ·¤i :¬ ¬·i· ¬ ¬i¤ ¬r-n r ` ¬¤·i n¬ ¤ -n n
¬il¬¤ +
"There is Cabinet dictatorship in Britain". Do you agree with this statement ? Advance your
arguments.
s. ¬-lº¬i ºi·- ¤ln ¬ l·(i ¤· ¬i ¤ l¬¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ + ¬·¬ ¬l·i¬iºi ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i ·ii
¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the procedure of the election of the President of the United States. Also, discuss
his powers and functions.
«. ¬-lº¬i l¬·- l(º( ¬i ¬(i l·i¬ ºil·nºii¬i l¤ni¤ ¬(· r + ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
"The American Senate is the strongest Second Chamber of the World". Explain.
r. ¤i¬ ¬ ¤¤- nºin¤i¤ ¬l(·ii· ¬i -¬·in l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse the basic features of the Fifth Republican Constitution of France.
s. -(i-¬º¬÷ ¬i ¬·ii¤ ¬·ii ¬ n-· ¬l·i¬iºi ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the composition, powers and functions of the Federal Assembly.
/. -(i-¬º¬÷ ¬i ¬·ii¤ ·¤(-·ii ¬i ¬-ºi¬i ¬·ii¤ ·¤(-·ii ¬ n ¬·i ¬il¬¤ +
Compare the Federal system of Switzerland with the United States Federal System.
s. ¤i· ¬ ¬·(i(i nºin¤ - ºi·¤ ¤lº·i( ¬ n-· ¬l·i¬iºi ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the organization, powers and functions of the State Council of the People's
Republic of China.
s. ¬l(·ii·(i( ¬i ¬--¤i¤ ¤( ·il(·¤ ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the Problems and future of Constitutionalism.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on Any Two of the following :–
(a) l¤ (i ¤lº·i( ¬i ·¤il¤¬ ¬l-ln (:n¬ ÷)
Judicial committee of the Privy Council (England)
(b) ¬·ii¤ l- ·¤·¬ ¬i ¬( ·iil·¬ ·i¤il·i¬iº (-(i-¬º¬ ÷)
Constitutional Jurisdiction of the Federal Tribunal (Switzerland)
(c) ¤i¬i¬i ¬( ·iil·¬ ¤lº·i(
French Constitutional Council
(d) ¤i¤ ~¬ ¤ i·¤º-iº- (¤i·)
People's Procuratorate (China)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Science}
Part–I, Paper–VI
(n ¬·i--¬ ºi¬·il (n ¬·i--¬ ºi¬·il (n ¬·i--¬ ºi¬·il (n ¬·i--¬ ºi¬·iln¬ ¤ l¬¤i) n¬ ¤ l¬¤i) n¬ ¤ l¬¤i) n¬ ¤ l¬¤i)
(Comparative Political Process)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. n ¬·i--¬ ºi¬·iln ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of Comparative Politics.
z. n ¬·i--¬ ºi¬·iln ¬ -i·¬(i(i ¬¤in- ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ + ¤r ¬·¤ ¬¤in-i ¬ l¬¬
¤ ¬iº l·i·· r +
Examine the Marxist Approach to Comparative Politics. How does it differ from other
approaches ?
s. l( l-ºi ºi¬·iln ·¤(-·ii - ºi¬· ln¬ (¬i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the role of Political Parties in the British Political System.
«. ¬-lº¬i (¬i¤ ·¤(-·ii ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the American Party System.
r. ¤i· ¬ ¬·(i(i nºin¤ - ¬i-¤(i(i (¬ ¬ n-· ¤( ¬i¤ ¬ººi ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the organization and working of the Communist Party in the People's Republic or
China.
s. ·¤i¬ - ¬i¬n¤ ¬i -·ii¤·i ¬ l¬¤ ¬-iº(i¤i n-(i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the factors responsible for the establishment of Democracy in Nepal.
/. ¤ ·i- l¤ni¤ ¤( n ni¤ ¤i«i ¬ -i·(il·i¬iºi ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬(irººi ¬lrn ¬·¬i
·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by the Human Rights of the 1st, the 2nd and the 3rd generation ?
Explain them with examples.
s. ¬-lº¬i l(¬ ¬i¤ ºi:-¬ - ¬-·iil¤n l(l·i ¬i ¬l¤n ¤l¬¤i ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the concept of Due Process of Law and enshrined in the U.S. Bill of Rights.
s. l( l-ºi ·inlº¬i ¬ -i l¬¬ ¬l·i¬iºi ¬ l¬¤ ¬i·iiºlºi¬i ¬ ª¤ - ¬i·· ¬ ºii¬· ¬ n-(i
¤( -r-( ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the content and significance of the Rule of Law as a foundationstone of the
Fundamental Rights of the British Citizens.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on Any Two of the following :–
(a) ¤i¬ - ((i( ¬-r (Pressure Groups in France)
(b) ¤i· - ·inlº¬i ¬ -i l¬¬ ¬l·i¬iº (Fundamental Rights of Citizens in China)
(c) - n·i ¬i-i (Magna Carta)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Science}
Part–I, Paper–VII
(¬·nºi ·-i¤ ºi¬·iln) (¬·nºi ·-i¤ ºi¬·iln) (¬·nºi ·-i¤ ºi¬·iln) (¬·nºi ·-i¤ ºi¬·iln)
(International Politics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬·nºi·- i¤ ºi¬·iln ¬ ¬-¬i-l¤¬ ¬l·i¬-ii ¬i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Enumerate the contemporary agents of International Politics.
z. ºil·n ¬n ¬· ·¤i r ` (n -i· ¤º-iºi ¤ n ¬ ¬(·i - :¬¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Balance of Powers ? Explain it in the context of present nuclear age.
s. ¬·nºi·- i¤ ºi¬·iln ¬ ¤¬ l··iiº¬ n-( ¬ ª¤ - l(¤iº·iiºi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine Ideology as a determining factor of International Politics.
«. ¬·nºi·- i¤ ºi¬·iln - ºiin ¤ - ¬ ¬i ·÷¬ ¬iººi ·i ` :¬¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ :lnri¬ ¬i
ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
What were the causes of the Cold War ? Trace its history of development.
r. l·ºi-¤i¬ººi ¬ ¤·i ¤( l(¤·i - n¬ ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
Advance arguments for and against disarmament.
s. ¤º-iºi ¬¤ ¬iº ¬l·i ¬ ¤ i(·ii·i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the Provisions of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
/. ( lº(¬ ºi¬·iln - ¬-r÷// ¬ ¬( ·i( l(¬i¬ ¤( ·il-¬i ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Delineate the origin, development and the role of the Group-77 in Global Politics.
s. ¬·nºi·- i¤ ºi¬·iln - (l·iºi÷(l·iºi ¬r¤in ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ ·il(·¤ ¬i
l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Who do you mean by South-South Cooperation in International Politics ? Discuss its
future.
s. ¬il¬¤i· ¬ ¬( ·i( ¤( l(¬i¬ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the Origin and development of ASEAN.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on Any Two of the following :–
(a) ·i¤-i (NAFTA)
(b) ·¤i ¬·nºi ·- i¤ ¬il·i¬ ·¤(-·ii (New International Economic Order)
(c) (i÷ n ¬--¬· ·srr (Bandung Conference 1955)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Science}
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(·iiºn ¬iº l(º() (·iiºn ¬iº l(º() (·iiºn ¬iº l(º() (·iiºn ¬iº l(º()
(India and the World)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (i (i (i (il¬¤ l¬¤ l¬¤ l¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·iiºn ¬i ( (lºi¬ ·iln ¬ ¬( ·iil·¬ ¬i·iiºi ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬i n- l·º¤·ini ¬i
·iln ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the Constitutional bases of India's Foreign Policy and examine its Polices of Non-
alignment.
z. ri¬ - ¤il¬-ni· - r ¤ ºi¬· ln¬ ·i-·i¬-i ¬ ¬(·i - ·iiºn÷¤i¬ ¬-(··ii ¬ ·il(·¤ ¬i
ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Delineate the future of Indo-Pak relations in the context of the recent Political events in
Pakistan.
s. ·iiºn÷¬i¬¬i ¬-(··ii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss India-Srilanka relations.
«. ·s/· ¬ ·iiºn÷(n¬i(ºi ¬-(··ii ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine Indo-Bangladesh relations since 1971.
r. ·zs ¬-nini ¬ ¬(·i - ¬-lº¬i l((ºi ·iln ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the USA Foreign Policy with reference to Agreement 123.
s. zaar - l((ºi -l¤¤i ¬ ¬--¬· ¬ ¬(·i - ·iiºn÷ª¬ ¬-(··ii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss Indo-Russia relation with reference to Foreign Ministers Summit in 2005.
/. ·iiºn ¤( ¤lº¤- ¤lºi¤i ¬ -·¤ ¬-(··ii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the relationship between India and West Asia.
s. ¬-r÷s ¬ ¤ ¬i( ¬ l¬¤ ¤i¬ ¬ ¤ -ni( ¬ ¬(·i - zaas - ¬i¤il¬n ¬-r÷s ¬ lºiªiº
¬--¬· ¬i ¬i¤ (ilr¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the deliberations of the Summit of Group-8, held in 2008, with reference to the
French proposal for expansion of Group-8.
s. ( lº(¬ -nº ¤º ¬-r÷za ¬ ¬( ·i( ¤( n-· ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ + ri¬ - ri ¬(· -
¬i¤il¬n ¬-r÷za ¬i (-¬ - ¤ilºn - ª¤ ¤ -ni(i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the origin and composition of Group-20 at the global level. Examine the main
proposals of Group-20 adopted at the meeting held recently in London.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on Any Two of the following :–
(a) ·iiºn -i¬(i( ¬-(··i (Indo-Maldives Relations)
(b) ·iiºn ¤( ºi·- -÷¬ (India and Commonwealth)
(c) ·iiºn ¤( ·i-i· ¬-(··i (Indo-Bhutan Relations)
(d) ¬ º·ii ¤lº·i( ¬i -·ii¤i ¬(-¤ni ¬ l¬¤ ·iiºn ¬i (i(i (India's claim for the
permanent membership of the Security Council)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Scienceºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni·}
Part–II¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷II
Paper–IX (Public Administration)
n( «( ¤×-(¬( + ¤.((=n)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i¬ ¤ ºii¬· ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ln-i·i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the various models of Public Administration.
z. ¤ ºii¬l·¬ ¬n-· ¬ ( nil·¬ ¤(··i· l¬-i·n ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the Scientific Management Theory of Organization.
s. - ª¤ ¬i¤¤il¬¬i ¬ ¬i¤i ¤( ·il-¬i ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Delineate the functions and role of Chief Executive.
«. l(·iini¤ ¬n-· ¬ ¬i·iiº·in l¬-i·ni ¬i ¬i(irººi ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Enumerate the fundamental principle of departmental organization.
r. ¬-lº¬i - -(n·¤ l·¤i-¬i¤ ¬i¤ini ¬ n-· ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the organization and functions of the Independent Regulatory Commissions in the
U.S.A.
s. ¤ ºii¬· - l·ºi ¤ l·-i ºi ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine different types of decision making in administration.
/. ¤l÷(· l( l¤¬¤i ¬ l(¤iºi ¬ ¬(·i - -·i(¬ ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬º· (i¬ ¤ - ªi ·i-¬i ¬i
l((ººi ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
Present the details of the major factors influencing morale with reference to the views of
Edwin B. Flippo.
s. ·i-ii ·¤i r ` :¬¬i l(l·i·· ¤-ln¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
What is recruitment ? Discuss its various methods.
s. ¤ (-i l(·ii¤· ¬ n ºii ¤( (i·ii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the merits and demerits of Delegated Legislation.
·a. : ÷n(· ·¬ ¬ l(l·i·· ¬i¤i-i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the various dimensions of e-governance.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Scienceºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni·}
Part–II¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷II
Paper–X (Indian Administration)
¤×-:=«( (+((za|= ¤.((=n)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬- l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬- l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬- l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + i· r + i· r + i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·iiºn - l( l-ºi¬i¬i· ¤ ºii¬l·¬ ·¤(-·ii ¬i ¤ - ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the main characteristics of administrative system in India during the British Period.
z. ¤¬ ·iiºni¤ ºi·¤ ¬ - ª¤-¤i ¬i ¤ ºii¬¬i¤ ·il-¬i ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on the administrative role of the Chief Minister of an Indian State.
s. ·iiºn ¬º¬iº ¬ l(·iini ¬ (n -i· ¬n-· ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the present organization of the Departments of the Government of India.
«. ºi·¤ ¤ ºii¬· - - ª¤÷¬l¤( ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the role of the Chief Secretary in State Administration.
r. l(riº - ·nº¤il¬¬i¬i ¬ n-· ¬i¤i ¤( ¬l·i¬iºi ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the organization, functions and powers of the Municipalities in Bihar.
s. (i-i(º ·ii-i l·n- ¬ ¬i¤i ¤( ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the functions and role of the Damoder Valley corporation.
/. l(-ii¤ ¤ ºii¬· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ -r-( ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
What do you mean by Financial Administration ? Discuss its importance in India.
s. ·iiºn - ¬i¬¤i¬ ¬i ·il-¬i ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the role of Lokpal in India.
s. ¤ ºii¬l·¬ ¬ ·iiº ·¤i r ` ·iiºn ¬º¬iº ¤iºi nl-n ¤ ·i- ¤ ºii¬¬i¤ ¬i¤in ¬i - ª¤
¬· ºi¬i¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
What is administrative reforms ? Discuss the major recommendation of the First
Administrative Reforms constituted by Government of India.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) niº(i¬i ¤ ln((· (Gorwala Report)
(b) ¬i¬ ¬ªii ¬l-ln (Public Accounts Committee)
(c) ·iiºn - : ÷¤ ºii¬· (e-governance in India)
(d) ¤-·i ·nº l·n- ¬ -¤º (Corporation Mayor of Patna Municipal)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Scienceºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni·}
Part–II¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷II
Paper–XI (Constitutional Government in India)
¤×-XI (+((za = = « ·((in+ =z+(z)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬- l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬- l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬- l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + i· r + i· r + i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·iiºni¤ ¬l(·ii· (¬i¬i ¬i -(n r + ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
"The Indian Constitution is Lawyers Paradise". Explain.
z. ºi·¤ ¬ ·iln l·( ºi¬ n-(i ¤( -i l¬¬ ¬l·i¬iºi - ¬·nºi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the differences between the Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental
Rights.
s. ·iiºni¤ ¤ ·ii·-¤i ¬ ¬l·i¬iºi ¤( ¬-i ·¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the Powers and Duties of the Prime Minister of India.
«. ¤¬ ·iiºni¤ ºi·¤ ¬ ºi·¤¤i¬ ¬ ¬l·i¬iºi ¬i¤i ¤( ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the powers, functions and role of the Governor of an Indian State.
r. l(riº l(·ii· ¬·ii ¬ ¬n-· ¬i¤i ¤( ¬l·i¬iºi ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the composition, functions and powers of the Bihar Legislative Assembly.
s. ·iiºni¤ ¬¬( - l(·ii¤i l·-i ºi ¤ l¬¤i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the Procedure of Law making in the Indian Parliament.
/. ·iiºn - ¬-¤l-i ¬ ¬l·i¬iºi ¬ ¬-(l··in ¬( ·iil·¬ ¬ºii·i·i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the constitutional amendments relating to the right to Property in India.
s. ·¤il¤¬ ¬-i·ii ·¤i r ` ¬(i ·¤ ·¤i¤i¬¤ ¬ ¬nn· l·ºi ¤i ¬ ¬i¬i¬ - :¬¬i ·¤iª¤i
¬il¬¤ +
What is Judicial Review ? Explain it in the light of updated judgments of the Supreme
Court of India.
s. ·iiºn - ¬·¤ ºi·¤ ¬-(··ii ¤º ¬º¬ilº¤i ¬i¤in ¬i ¬· ºi¬i¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the recommendations of the Sarkaria Commission on centre-state relations in India.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ·i· l(·i¤¬ (Money Bill)
(b) ·iiºn ¬i ¬¤ºi·-¤ln (Vice-President of India)
(c) ·iiºni¤ ¬l(·ii· ¬i ¤ -ni(·i (Preamble of the constitution of India)
(d) ·iiºn ¬i l·¤¤¬ ¤( -ri ¬ªii ¤ºi·i¬ (Comptroller and Auditor General of India.)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Scienceºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni·}
Part–II¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷II
Paper–XII {Indian Politics (Issues and Processes)}
¤×-XII {+((za|= z(¬n|ia (= c ¤« ¤i+=(¤)}
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·iiºni¤ ºi¬·iln¬ ·¤(-·ii - s·( ¬( ·iil·¬ ¬ºii·i· ¤iºi l¬¤ n¤ ¤lº(n·i ¬i l((¤·
¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the changes in the Indian Political System by the 91
st
Constitutional Amendment.
z. ¤lº¬i-· ¬i¤in ¬ n-· ¬i¤i ¬l·i¬iºi ¤( ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the organization, functions, powers and role of the Delimitation Commission.
s. l·(i¤¬i¤ ¬ ·iiºi ¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` ·iiºn - l·(i ¤¬i¤ ¬ ·iiºi ¬ l¬¤ ¬ln¤¤ -i ¬ ¤ -ni(
(il¬¤ +
What is the meaning of Electoral Reforms ? Delineate some solid Proposals for Electoral
Reform in India.
«. ·iiºni¤ ºi¬·iln - ·i¤i¤ ºi¬· ln¬ (¬i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the role of the Regional Political Parties in Indian Politics.
r. ·iiºni¤ ºi¬·iln - ¬-¤ (i¤(i( ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ( ·¤ ·ii(i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the causes and consequences of Communism and in Indian Politics.
s. ·iiºni¤ ºi¬·iln¬ ·¤(-·ii - l(-i ¬i¤in ¬ ¬i¤ ¬ººi ¤( ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the role of working of the Finance Commission of India.
/. ·iiºn - ((i( ¬-ri ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¤( ¬i¤ ¬ººi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the types and working of Pressure Groups in India.
s. ·r(i ¬i¬¬·ii l·(i¤· zaas - ¬·iºni r ¤i l·(i¤¬i¤ ¤(l-i¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the emerging electoral trends in the election to the 15
th
Lok Sabha, 2009.
s. ·iiºn - ºi·- i¤ ºi¬· ln¬ (¬ ¬i -i·¤ni ¬ l¬¤ ¬i·÷¬i· ºi-i l··ii lºn r ` l¬¬i ¤¬
·iiºni¤ ºi·- i¤ (¬ ¬ ¬n-· ¤( ¬i¤ ¤ ºii¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
What are the conditions prescribed for the recognition of a National Political Party ?
Examine the organization and working of an Indian National Party.
·a. ¤¤i¤ni ºi¬ ¬-·ii¬i l(·ii· ¬·ii¬i ¤( ¬i¬ ¬·ii ¬ l¬¤ ¤¬ ri ¬i·i l·(i ¤· ¬ºi· ¬i
(is·i¤ni ¤( ¬i·ii ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the desirability and advantages of holding Elections to the Panchayati Raj
Institutions, Legislative Assemblies and Lok Sabha simultaneously.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Scienceºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni·}
Part–II¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷II
Paper–XIII (International Organisation–The U.N.O.)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬·nºi·- i¤ ¬n-· ¬ ¬( ·i( ¤( l(¬i¬ ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Delineate the origin and development of the International Organizations.
z. ¬¤ ·n ºi·- ¬·i ¬ ¤ ¤i¬· ¤( l¬-i·ni ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the Purpose and Principles of the United Nations.
s. n º ºi¬·iln¬ ·i¤ - ºi·- ¬in ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the achievements of the League of Nations in non-political field.
«. ¬¤ ·n ºi·- ¬ ¬(-¤i ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ + ¬(-¤i ¤ i·n ¬º· ¬ l¬¤ l··ii lºn
¤ l¬¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the types of the membership of the United Nations. Also discuss the procedure
prescribed for acquiring membership.
r. ¬¤ ·n ºi·- ¬·i ¬i ¬º·ii ¤lº·i( ¬ n-· ¬l·i¬iº ¤( ·il-¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the organization, power and role of the Security Council of the United Nations.
s. ¬il·i¬ ¤( ¬i-il¬¬ ¤lº·i( ¬ n-· ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the organization and functions of the Economic and Social Council.
/. ·¤i¬ ¤lº·i( ¬i ¤ i¬ln¬ni ¤( :¬¬ ¬i¤ ¬ººi ¬ -~¤i¬· ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the relevance and evaluation of the working of the Trusteeship Council
s. ¬·nºi·-i¤ -¤i ¬i·i ¬ ¬i¤¬ººi ¬i ¬-i·ii n¤ s ¤( za ¬ ¬(·i - ¬il¬¤ +
Review the working of the International Monetary Fund in the context of G 8 and G 20.
s. l(¬i¬ºii¬ (ºii ¤º ¬(iºi¬ººi l·¬i¬ººi ¤( ( º(i¬ººi ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i - ~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the impact of liberalization, privatization and globalization on the Developing
Nations.
·a. ¤ºi¤i¤ ¬·i ¬ ¬( ·i( ¤( ¬¤¬l··i¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the origin and achievements of the European Union.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Scienceºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni·}
Part–II¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷II
Paper–XIV (International Law)
¤×-XIV (¬-az(ªe|= i«i·()
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬·nºi·- i¤ l(l·i ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ ¤( :¬¬ l(l·i·· ¬i·iiºi ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Define International Law and discuss its various bases.
z. ¬·nºi·- i¤ ·¤i¤i¬¤ ¬ ¬ln¤¤ l·ºi ¤i ¬ ¬(·i - ¬·nºi ·- i¤ ¬i·· ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬ ini ¬i (ºi ·
¬il¬¤ +
Describe the main sources of International Law with special reference to some decisions of
the International Court of Justice.
s. ¬·nºi·- i¤ l(l·i - ·¤l·n¤i ¬i ·¤i -·ii· r ` ¬i: Œ¬iŒ¬Œ ¬ ¤ºi-ºii ·i¤il·i¬iº ¬
¬·nn n l(¤ n¤ l·ºi ¤ ¬ ¬i¬i¬ - :¬¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
What is the place of individuals in International Law ? Describe it in the context of a
decision given under the Advisory Jurisdiction of I.C.J.
«. ºi·¤ l(l·i ¤( ¬·nºi ·- i¤ l(l·i ¬ -·¤ ¬-(··ii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the relationship between Municipal Law and International Law.
r. ºi·¤ ¬ ¬-iº(il¤-( ¬i l((¤· ¬ ~(i l¬-i·n ¬ ¬(·i - ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the responsibility of the State in the context of the Calvo doctrine.
s. ¬·nºi·- i¤ l(l·i ¬ ¬· ¬iº l¬¬i ºi·¤ ¤iºi ·i¤ ¤i ¤ (ºi ¬i ¤ i·n ¬º· ¬i l(l·i¤i ¬i (ºi ·
¬il¬¤ +
Describe the modes of acquisition and loss of State territory by a State according to
International Law.
/. ºi·- i¤ni (irºi ºi·-i¤ni ¤( ºi·- i¤ni÷l(ri·ni ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤· ¬i(irººi ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the concepts of Nationality, Double Nationality and Statelessness with examples.
s. ºi¬·l¤¬ ¬l·i¬-ii¬i ¤( ·¤i¤ilº¬ ¬l·i¬-ii¬i ¬ -·¤ l(l·i··ni¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
ºi¬·l¤¬ ¬l·i¬-ii¬i ¬i ¬lºi¤i ¬i ·ii (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the difference between Diplomatic agents and Consular agents. Also describe the
types of Diplomatic agents.
s. ¬¤ ·n ºi·- ¬·i ¬ n-(i(·ii· - ·¤i (ººi ¬i ¬ ºl·in ¤( ¬ºl·in ¬º· ¬ l¬¤ l¬¤ n¤
¤ ¤-·i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Enumerate the effort made for preservation and protection of environment under the agies of
the United Nations.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬·nºi·-i¤ l(l·i ¬ ¬·¬ ¬ ª¤ - nil¬¤¬ (Grotius as the Father of International Law)
(b) ·ii¬(n (Thalweg)
(c) lº(¬ l¬¬ -- ·-i(¬ (Rebuc Sic Stantibus)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Scienceºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni·}
Part–II¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷II
Paper–XV (International Law-Law of Belligerency)
¤×-XV (¬-az(ªe|= i«i·(-= = + in==)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤ - ¬i ¤¬ln ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ ¤( ¬¤ ·n ºi·- ¬·i ·ii·iºii ¤¤ ¬ ¤ i(·ii·i ¬ ¬(·i -
¤ - ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the nature of war and explain the concept of war in the context of the provisions of
the United Nations Charter.
z. ¬- ¤i ¤ - ¬ ¤ - ªi l·¤-i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the important Rules of Naval Warfare.
s. (i¤ ¤i· ¬¤rººi ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + ¬·nºi·-i¤ ¬l·i¬-¤i ¬ ¬(·i - :¬¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define Plane Hijacking. Explain it in the context of International conventions.
«. ¤º-iºi ¤ - ¬-(··ii l·¤-i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the laws concerning nuclear warfare.
r. ¬·nºi·- i¤ l(l·i ¬ ¬lrni¬ººi - rn ¬--¬·i ¤( ¬·nºi·- i¤ l(l·i ¬i¤in ¬ ¬((i·i ¬i
(ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the contributions of Hague Conferences and International Law Commission to the
Codification of International Law.
s. l(l·l·i- ¤( ¤lº(·-· ¬ -·¤ n ¬·i ¬il¬¤ +
Compare between Contraband and Blockade.
/. ¬n--·i ¬(i ·¤i r ` :¬¬ ¤lººii-i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is unnatural service ? Discuss its consequences.
s. ¤-¬iºi ºi·¤ ¬ ¬i-i·¤ ¬l·i¬iºi ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the general rights of the Belligerent state.
s. ¬l·in rºi ·¤i¤i¬¤ ·¤i r ` ¬l·in rºi ·¤i¤i¬¤ ¬ n-· ºil·n¤i ¤( ¬i¤ ¬ººi ¬ ¬-(l··in
l¬-i·ni ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
What is a Prize Court ? Examine the principles concerning the organization, powers and
working of Prize Courts.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) l·ºi·iºi ¤( ªii¬ (Right to Visit and Search)
(b) ¤ - ¬¤ºi·i (War Crimes)
(c) ¤º-iºi ºi-¤i ¬i ºi¬· ¬-(··ii ¬¤·n ºi·-¬·i ¤ -ni( ·ss· (United Nations Resolution,
1961 banning use of Nuclear Arms)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Political Scienceºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni· ºi¬·iln l(ni·}
Part–II¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷ ¤i- ÷II
Paper–XVI (State Politics and Research Methodology)
¤×-XVI (z(÷=|= z(¬n|ia ¤« .(( ·( ¤i«i·()
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Section 'A')
·. ºi·¤ ¤ ·n-· ¬i¤in ·srs ¬i ¬· ºi¬i¬i ¤( l¬¤il·(ln ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the recommendations and implementation of State Reorganization Commission,
1953.
z. ·iiºn - ºi·¤i¤ ºi¬·iln ¬i l-·iln ((¬ ºri r + ¬i¬¬·ii l·(i ¤· zaas ¬ ¬(·i - :¬
¬·i· ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
"The scenario of State Politics is changing". Explain this statement in the context of Lok
Sabha Election 2009.
s. l(riº - ¤¤i¤ni ºi¬ ·¤(-·ii ¬ ¬i¤¬ººi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the working of Panchayati Raj System in Bihar.
«. l(riº - ·nºi¬ººi ¬i ¬--¤i¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the problems of urbanization in Bihar.
r. ·iiºni¤ ºi·¤i ¬ -·¤ ¬-i·ni¬i ¬ ¬l·i¬ ¬¬-i·ni¤ r + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
There are more disparities than similarities among the Indian States". Examine this statement.
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Section 'B')
s. ¬i-il¬¬ ºii·i ¬ ¤¬iºi ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the types of Social Research.
/. ¬i-il¬¬ ¬( ·iºi ·¤i r ` :¬¬ n ºi ¤( ¬i-i¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
What is Social Survey ? Examine its merits and limitations.
s. n·¤i ¬ ¬¬¬· ¬i ¤ l(l·i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the techniques of data Ellection.
s. -i·¤ -·¤¬i ¤( (r ¬¬ ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write short notes on Mean, Median and Mode.
·a. l·-·il¬n ¬i¬÷i ¬i ¬ri¤ni ¬ ¬-i·nº -i·¤ -·¤¬i ¤( ·il¤·-¬ ¤iºi -i·¤ l(¤¬·
n ºii¬ nin ¬il¬¤ +
Find out mean, median and mode on the basis of the following data :–
¬i¬iº (Size) 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
¬i( l-i (Frequency) 2 1 3 6 4 3 1

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–I, Paper–I
(Fundamental of Basic Psychology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. -·il(ni· ¬ l(l·i·· ¬(·ii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the different perspectives of psychology.
z. ¬( l(l·i ·¤i r ` :¬¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Survey method ? Explain its different types.
s. ¬(·ii· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Define attention and describe its characteristics.
«. (i·ii ¬n ¬(·ii· ¬ ¬ni·i--¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Critically explain Neurophysiological theories of sustained attention.
r. l·(ºi ¬(-·ii l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤ª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain directive state theory of perception.
s. ¬l·i¤ ººii ¬ ¤ ºii(· l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ -¬¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Critically explain the drive theory of motivation.
/. ¬ni·i--¬ l¬-i·n ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by cognitive theory ? Explain it critically.
s. n·i( ¬ ¤ -ªi ¬iººii ¬i ¬l·i·n (ºi· ¬º + n·i( ¬i ¬- ¬º· ¬ ¬¤i¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Explain in brief the major causes which leads to stress. Describe the strategies for coping
stress.
s. ¤¤·i--¬ ¬(·ii· ¬ l··ii º¬i ¬i ¬i(irººi ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the determinants of selective attention with example.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes of the followings :-
(i) ¬i·nlº¬ ¤( (ir ¤ ¬l·i¤ ººii (Intrinsic and extrinsic)
(ii) ¬i¤niºl·¬ ¤ ·ii( (Zeigarnik effect)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–I, Paper–II
(Cognitive Psychology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + + +
Answer any five question all, selecting at least two questions from each Group.
All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Group 'A')
·. ¬iªi· ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬º· (i¬ -r-(¤ºi n·¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ + lºi·iºi (¬ ¬ l(l·i··
¤ ¬iºi ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain important factors influencing learning. Explain the various types of learning curves.
z. -¬i·º ¬ lºi·iºi l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + ¬·¬ lºi·iºi l¬-i·n ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ -¤¤i ¬i
l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Explain Skinner's learning theory. Explain different "concepts" of his learning theory.
s. -ilªi¬ lºi·iºi l(l·i ¬i ¬·i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ + -ilªi¬ lºi·iºi l(l·i ¬i l(l·i·· l(l·i¤i ¬i·÷¬i r `
Explain the meaning of verbal learning. What are various methods of verbal learning ?
«. -- ln ¬i l(ºi·ini¤ ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + :¬¬i ¤ - ªi ¬(-·ii¤ ¬i ·÷¬i r `
Explain characteristics of memory. What are its important stages ?
r. (i n÷·i º-· -- ln ¤ ln-i· ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the Waugh-Norman Model of Memory.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Group 'A')
s. ( l- ¬ l¤¬iº¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine critically two-factor theory of intelligence.
/. ¬ -¬ ¬ l¬-i·n - l(ºi ·i ·¤i r ` -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
What is special in Cattell's theory ? Explain.
s. ¬¬·i--¬ni ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + :¬¬ l··iiº¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define Creativity. Discuss its determinants.
s. l¤·n· ·¤i r ` :¬¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What is Thinking ? Describe its different types.
·a. ¤ -¤¤ ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ¬i(irººi (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the different types of concepts with examples.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–I, Paper–III
(Neuro Psychology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·¤ºi· ¤ i¬~¤·i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬ +
Throw light upon neuron hypothesis.
z. n ir¬ ¤ ·i(¬ n·ii ¬-i¤i¬¬ ¬i ¬·i (n¬i¤ n ir¬ ¬ ¤ - ªi ¤ ¬iºi ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Give the meaning of Receptor, Effector and Adjustor. Describe the major types of
Receptor.
s. ·¤ºi· ¬ l(l·i·· ·iini ¬i ¬º¤·i ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Describe the Structure and functions of different parts of neuron.
«. nl¤¬i ¬i(n ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬·¬i ¬¤iº ¬ ¬ rini r `
What do you mean by nerve impulse ? How is it conducted ?
r. ¬il¤¬ nl¤¬ n¤ ¬i ¬º¤·i n·ii ¬i¤i ¤º ¤ ¬iº ÷i¬ +
Throw light upon the structure and functions of somatic nervous system.
s. ·¤ºi -·i( nil·¬ -~¤i¬· ¬ ¬ s ¤ - ªi ¤ l(l·i¤i ¬i ¬l·i·n (ºi · ¬º +
Discuss, in brief, some of the main techniques of neuro psychological assessment.
/. nl¤¬i (nil·¬ l(l·i n·ii l(l¬ººii l(l·i ¬ -(ª¤ ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬ +
Throw light upon the nature of Neurological method and Radiological method.
s. l·i-ii¤ ¤il¬ ¬¬·iºi ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ ¬(·i ·¤(riº - ¬-¤·· ¤lº(n·i ¬i (ºi·
¼ +
What do you mean by Parietal lobe syndrome ? Describe the changes in Behaviour
associated with it.
s. ¤-l-n·¬i¤ ¬¬-l-ln ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ (i·i ¤r¬ ¬i ¤º l(-niº ¬ ¤¬iºi ÷i¬ +
What do you mean by cerebral asymmetry ? Throw light upon its both aspects in detail.
·a. ·iªi n·ii ·¤i¬ ¬l·i¤ º¬ ¬i ·¤ºi( lr¬ ¬i·iiº (n¬i¤ +
Point out the neurophysiological base of hunger and thirst.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–I, Paper–IV
(Social Psychology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + (il¬¤ + (il¬¤ + (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions, selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.
ªiº÷ ¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ªiº÷ ¬ (Section 'A')
·. ¬i-il¬¬ -·il(ni· ¬ :lnri¬ ¬i ¬l·i·n ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain briefly the history of social psychology.
z. ¬-r l·-i ºi ¬ l(l·i·· ¬iº¬i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the different factors of Group Formation.
s. ·¤l·n ¤ -¤·iºi - ¬ºiil·(¬ ¬¬ni ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the role of non-verbal cues in person perception.
«. ¬i-il¬¬ ºil·n ¬ ¤ -ªi l··ii º¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the major determinants of social powers.
r. n ºiiºi¤· ¤ l¬¤i ¬ ¬ s ¤(i n ri ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the biases in the attribution process.
ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªi ªi ªi ªi (Section 'B')
s. l¬¬i ¬-r ¬ ·ni ¬ ¤ ·ii· ¬i¤i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the major functions of a leader in group.
/. ¬ri¤¬ ¤º¬ ·¤(riº ¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the theories of altruistic behaviour.
s. ¤ln¬i-il¬¬ ·¤(riº ¬ -i·¬i¬n l¬-i·n ¤i -i÷¬ ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate Normative Theory or Model of prosocial behaviour.
s. ¬·n(¤l·n¬ ¬i¬·i ºi ¬ l(l·-¤ l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i ¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Critically explain the exchange theory of interpersonal attraction.
·a. -·i( l-i -i¤· - ·i-- · l(l·i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate Thurstone Method in the measurement of attitude.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–I, Paper–V
(Research Methodology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤+ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ( nil·¬ ºii·i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ( nil·¬ ºii·i ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
What do you mean by scientific research ? Throw light on the characteristics of the
scientific research.
z. ¤ ¤ini--¬ ºii·i ¬ ¬i·ii n·ii ¬i-i¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the advantages and limitations of experimental research.
s. ¤ ¤inºii¬i ¤ ¤in ·¤i r ` :¬¬ n ºii n·ii ¬i-i¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is laboratory experiment ? Explain its merits and limitations.
«. ¤ lnni-i ºii·i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬i ¤ l-¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by ex-post facto research ? Explain its demerits.
r. ¬r¬-(··ii--¬ ºii·i l¬¬ ¬rn r ` ¤r ¤ ¤ini--¬ ºii·i ¬ l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº l·i·· r `
What do you mean by correlational research ? How is it differ from experimental research ?
s. ºii·i ¬l·i¬~¤ ·¤i r ` :¬¬ ¬i¤i ¤i -r-( ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Research Design ? Discuss its functions or importance.
/. ( nni ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬º· (i¬ ¬iº¬i ¬i ¬i(irººi (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe with example the factors which influence validity of the Tests.
s. ºii·i ¬--¤i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ ¤ - ªi n ºii ¤i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by a Research problem ? Describe the major characteristics of Research
problem.
s. ºii·i ¤lº¬~¤·i ¬ l·-i ºi ¬ ¬ ini ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on the sources of framing Research Hypothesis.
·a. -·i( nil·¬ ºii·i - l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬ ¤ºi ¬ -r-( ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the importance of different types of variables in a psychological.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–I, Paper–VI
(Psychological Statistics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ il¬¤ il¬¤ il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l·-·il¬n ¬i ¬÷i ¬ -i·¤ -i·¤- n·ii (r ¬¬ ¬i nºi·i ¬º +
Calculate mean, median and mode from the following data :
64, 61, 62, 60, 63, 61, 64, 66, 65, 64, 63, 65, 63
z. l(¤¬· ·¤i r ` :¬¬i ¬¤¤ilnni¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬ +
what is Deviation ? Throw light on its uses.
s. ¤ ¬iº l¬¬ ¬rn r ` ¤ ¬iº ¬ ¬i·ii n·ii ¬¬i·ii ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
What is Range ? What are its advantages and disadvantages ?
«. l·-·l¬lªin (iº(ºni l(nººi ¬i ¤¬Œ÷iŒ nin ¬º ÷
Calculate SD of following frequency Distribution :–
Scores 60–64 55–59 50–54 45–49 40–44 35–39 30–34 25–29 20–24
S 3 5 6 10 15 11 10 5 1
N = 66
r. ¬i¬ l¤¤¬· ¬r¬-(··i n ºii¬ nin ¬il¬¤ ÷
Find out Karl Pearson's correlation coefficient.
X 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Y 4 5 10 8 12 18 20
s. l·-·il¬n ¤ (-i ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º l··ii lºn ¬il¬¤ l¬ ·¤i ¤ lºi·iºi ¬i ¤ ·ii( ¬i·i ¬ r `
On the basis of following data given below determine that is significant effect of training ?
N M S.D. r
¤ lºi·iºi ¬ ¤r¬ (Before Training) 100 30 8
¤ lºi·iºi ¬ (i( (After Training) 100 37 9
70
/. ¬·i·¤ni l¬-i·n - ¤ ¬i-i·¤ l(nººi ¬i -r-( ¬(¬ ¬l·i¬ r + ¤ ¬i ·¤i `
"In theory of probability the normal distribution is of greatest importance." Why ?
s. ¤ ¬i-i·¤ ¬·ii·¤ni (¬ ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
What do you understand by Normal Probability curve ? Describe its characteristics.
s. l¬¬i ¤ ¬i-i·¤ l(nººi ¬ -i·¤ (Mean), -i·¬ l(¤¬· (SD) n·ii ¤ i·ni¬i ¬i ¬ª¤(N) ¬-ºi
sa ·s n·ii r·a r + :¬ l(nººi - ¤ i·ni¬i ¬i l¬n·i ¤ lnºin ¤ i·ni¬ ··a ¬ +¤º rini `
In a normal distribution Mean, SD and N are 80, 16 and 510 respectively. What Percentage
of score in this distribution will fall on a row score of 110 ?
·a. ( ·i-¤ni ¬ l(l·i·· -i¤i ¬i l(-n n ¬(irººi ¬ ¬i·i (ºi· ¬º +
Describe the various measures of Skewness with illustrated examples.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–I, Paper–VII
(Life-Span Developmental Psychology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + (il¬¤ + (il¬¤ + (il¬¤ +
¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions, selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.
ªiº÷ ¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ªiº÷ ¬ (Section 'A')
·. ¬i(·÷¬(l·i l(¬i¬i--¬ -·il(ni· ¬i -¬ ¬ ini ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Explain the roots of Life-span Developmental Psychology.
z. l(¬i¬ ¬i l(l·i·· ¤ l¬¤i¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Explain the different processes of development.
s. l(¬i¬ ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬º· (i¬ l(l·i·· ¬iº¬ ¬i·÷¬i· ¬ r ` :¬¬i (ºi· ¬º +
What are the different factors that influence development ? Discuss it.
«. l¬¤i--¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ - ª¤ ¬- ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Explain major sequence of motor development.
r. n·i ¬i¬i· l(¬i¬ ¬i ¤·iil(n ¬º· (i¬ l(l·i·· ¬iº¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º + :¬¬i ¤ ¤ini--¬
¬(n ( +
Explain various factors that influence parenatal development cite experimental evidences.
ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªi ªi ªi ªi (Section 'B')
s. -·il(º¬·iºii--¬ l¬-i·n ¬ ¬· ¬iº ·¤l·n-( ¬i nln¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Explain dynamic of personality as described in psychoanalytic theory.
/. ºi¬¬ ¬ ·¤l·n-( l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the phenomenological theory of personality of Rogers.
s. l¤¤i¬ ¬i ¬ni·i--¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i - ~¤i ¬· ¬º +
Evaluate the cognitive development theory of Piaget.
s. (·º ¬ ¬ni·i--¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ l¬-i·n ¬ ni·i ¬(-·ii¬i ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Discuss the three stages of Bruner's theory of cognitive development.
·a. l¬ºiiº(-·ii ¬ ¬--¤i¤ ·¤i r n·ii :·¬i ¬-i·ii· ¬¬ ri ¬¬ni r ` :¬¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain what are the problems of adolescence period and how they can be solved.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(Psychological Assessment)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬º ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬º ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬º ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤¤· ¬ºn r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( n r ¤ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº ( + + + +
¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five Questions in all, Selecting at least two questions from each group.
Group–'A' (ªiº÷÷¬) (ªiº÷÷¬) (ªiº÷÷¬) (ªiº÷÷¬)
·. -·i( nil·¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬ ª·i - ·¤l(n :lnri¬ l(l·i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º +
Evaluate Case History Method as Psychological Assessment.
z. ·¤l·n-( -~¤i¬· ¬i ¬i-i¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the limitations of personality Assessment.
s. ¬i-- ¤ ln((· l(l·i ¬ ª¤ - EPPS ¤( JMPI ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º +
Evaluate EPPS and JMPI as Self Report Thechniques.
«. ·¤l·n-( ¬ -~¤i¬· ¬ l¬¤ ¤ ·i¤i ¤ºi·iºi ¬ ª¤ - -iŒ¤Œ-iŒ ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º +
Evaluate TAT as a projective Test for measuring personality.
r. ( l- -i¤· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ ¬ªº¤i ¤( ¬¤¤ilnni¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
What do you understand by the measurement of intelligence ? Describe its objectives and
applications.
Group–'B' (ªiº÷÷ (ªiº÷÷ (ªiº÷÷ (ªiº÷÷( (( () )) )
s. -i·( ¬l·i¤ººii ¬ -i¤· ¬i ¤¬ l(l·i ¬ ª¤ - ·i-¬ l(º¬·iºi l(l·i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º +
Evaluate content analysis method as a method of measuring human motivation ?
/. ¬(n ¬ ¬·i ¤( l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º + ·ii( n·ii ¬(n - ¬·nº -¤·- ¬º +
Describe the meaning and Characteristics of Emotion. Distinguish between feeling and
emotion.
s. ¬i¬i·ii -nº ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬º· (i¬ ¬iº¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Describe the factors affecting level of Aspiration.
s. -~¤i ¬i ¬··n (·i· ¬ l(l·i¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬º +
Discuss the methods promoting values.
·a. -·i( nil·¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ ¬¤l·in n ºii ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬ +
What do you mean by Psychological tests ?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–II, Paper–IX
(Psychopathology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. -·il(¬ln l(ni· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬¬i-i·¤ ·¤(riº ¬i ¤ - ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi
÷i¬ +
What do you mean by psychopathology ? Throw light upon the major characteristics of
abnormal behaviour.
z. ¤( (nil·¬ ¬i¬ - -·i l(¬ln l(ni· ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i :lnri¬ ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬ +
Throw light upon the history of development of psychopathology in prescientific period.
s. ¤ ·iºi l(l·i ·¤i r ` ¬¬i-i·¤ ·¤(riº ¬ ¬·¤¤· ¬ l¬¤ :¬ l(l·i ¬i ¬¤¤in l¬¬ nºr
l¬¤i ¬ini r `
What is observation method ? How is it used in the study of abnormal behaviour.
«. -i·l¬¬ ºini ¬ ¬i: .¬i.÷i. (ni ¬ººi n¤ ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬ +
Throw light upon the major features of ICD classification system of mental disorders.
r. -·inln¬i -i ÷¬ ¬¬i-i·¤ ·¤(riº ¬i ·¤iª¤i l¬¬ nºr ¬ ¬ºni r `
How does psychodynamic model explain abnormal behaviour ?
s. ¬¬i-i·¤ ·¤(riº ¬ ¬ l(¬ ¬iººii ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the biological causes of abnormal behaviour.
/. n·i( l¬¬ ¬rn r ` n·i( ¬ ¤ ln ri· (i¬ ¤ lnl¬¤i¬i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬º +
What is Stress ? Discuss the reaction involved in Stress.
s. ( ·ii ln ¬ ¬iººii ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Describe the causes of Phobia.
s. ¬i¤¤ iª¤ l(¬ln ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ ¬·iºii ¤( ¬iººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
What do you understand by Somatoform disorder ? Describe its symptoms and etiology of
somatoform.
·a. -·il((il¬ni ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Explain the etiology of Schizophrenia.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–II, Paper–X
(Psychology of Personality)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·¤l·n-( ¬ - ª¤ ¬ l(¬ l··ii º¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Discuss the major biological determinants of Personality.
z. ·¤l·n-( -i¤· ·¤i r ` ¬ ¬ l(l·i·· ·¤l·n-( ¬il(·¬ilº¬i ¬ ¤iºi :¬¬i -i¤· ¬·i( r `
(ºi · ¬º +
What is personality measurement ? How different personality inventories make it possible
to measure it ? Explain.
s. ·¤l·n-( ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬º ¤( :¬¬ ¤ ·-·il- ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Define theory of personality and explain its backgrounds.
«. ¬¤l··ii( ¬ ¬· ¬iº ·¤l·n-( ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Explain personality according to Upnishads.
r. ¤i¤÷ ¬i ¬l·i·n ¤lº¤¤ ( + -·il(º¬·iºii--¬ l¬-i·n ¬ ¬i¬iºi--¬ -i ÷¬ ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Give brief introduction of Freud. Explain topographical model of psychoanalytic theory.
s. ·¤l·n-( ¬ -·il(º¬·iºii--¬ l¬-i·n ¬i -·ii¤·i l¬¬· ¬i ·ii ` -·i¬ln¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i ¬(-·ii¬i ¬
¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` l(-nn ¤¤i ¬º +
Who established psychoanalytic theory of personality ? What do you understand by stages
of psychosexual development ? Explain it.
/. ¤i¤÷ ¬ ·¤l·n-( l¬-i·n ¬i ¤¤i ¬º + ·¤l·n-( ¬i nln¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬ +
Explain Freud's personality theory. Throw light on Dynamics of personality.
s. :lº·¬· ¬ -·i¬i-il¬¬ l¬-i·n ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º +
Eva;iate Erolspm's psycho-social theory of personality.
s. ·¤l·n-( ¬ ¬i(º¤¬ni l¬-i·n ¬i ¤ ln¤i(· l¬¬· l¬¤i ` :¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Who established the Need theory of personality ? Explain the theory
·a. ni ÷ · ¬i¬¤i- ¬ ·¤l·n-( ¬ ºii¬n ºi l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Explain trait theory of personality of Gordon Allport.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–II, Paper–XI
(Systems and Theories of Personality)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ((º ¬ ¤ ¤ini--¬ -·il(ni· - -r-(¤ºi ¤in(i·i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Describe the important contributions of Weber to experimental Psychology.
z. ¤¬ ¬-(- -·i( nil·¬ ¬ ª¤ - ( º- ¬ ¤in(i·i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º +
Evaluate the contributions of Wundt as a Systematic Psychologist.
s. l(l¬¤- ¬-¬ ¬ -·il(ni· - -r-(¤ºi ¤in(i·i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º +
Evaluate the important contributions of William James to Psychology.
«. ¬º¤·i(i( n·ii ¤¬i¤(i( ¬ (i¤ ¬ ¬·nºi ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬ +
Throw light on the differences between Structuralism and functionalism.
r. ¤ ¬i¤ (i( ¬ l(¬i¬ - ri( ¤Œ ¬iº ¬ - ª¤ ¤in(i·i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Describe the major contributions of Harvey A. Carr to the development of Functionalism.
s. (i-¬· ¬ ·¤(riº(i( ¬ l¤ni¤¬ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Describe secondary characteristics of Watson in Behaviourism.
/. ¤¬ ·¤(riº(i( ¬ ª¤ - : Œ ¬iºŒ n·iºi ¬ ¤in(i·i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Describe the contribution of E.R. Guthrie as Behaviourist.
s. -·il(ni· ¬ ·¤(-·ii ¬ ª¤ - n--i~- -·il(ni· ¬ ¤in(i·i ¬i -~¤i ¬· ¬º +
Evaluate the contributions of Gestalt psychology as a System of Psychology.
s. -·il(º¬·iºi ¬ l(¬i¬ - ¤i¤÷ ¬ ¤( ¬i¬i· -·i( nil·¬ l¬-i·n ¬ ¤ ·ii( ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Describe the effect of Freud's earlier psychological principles in the development of
psychoanalysis.
·a. ¤¬ ¬¤ (i¤ ¬ ª¤ - ¤i¤l÷¤· -·il(º¬·iºi ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Describe Freudian psychoanalysis as a system.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–II, Paper–XII
(Educational Psychology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. lºi·ii -·il(ni· ¬i ¬·i ¤( ¬i¤ ·i¤ ¬ ¬l·i·n :lnri¬ ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the brief historical background of meaning and scope of Educational Psychology.
z. ( ¤l·-i¬ l·i··ni ¬ ¤ - ªi ·i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the major areas of individual differences.
s. l(lºi·- (i¬¬i ¬ ¬·i ¤( l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the meaning and characteristics of Exceptional Children.
«. -( ( l- (i¬¬i ¬i lºi·ii ¤( ¬-i¤i¬· ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the Educational and Adjustment of Mentally Retarded Children.
r. ¬--¤i (i¬¬i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬--¤i (i¬¬i ¬i lºi·ii ¤( ¬¤¤iº ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by problem children ? Discuss the Education and Treatment of problem
children.
s. ¬ ¬·i--¬ni ¬ ¬·i n·ii l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the meaning and characteristics of creativity.
/. ¬¬i·iil·(n (i¬¬i ¬ ¤ ¬iº ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the different types Disadvantaged Children.
s. ¬· ºii¬· ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬º· (i¬ l(l·i·· ¬iº¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the different factors influencing discipline.
s. ¬i-il¬¬ ¬iº ·ln¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬·¬ ¬i¤¬i ¬-(··ii ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by social and moral development ? Discuss their Inter-relationships.
·a. (·¤i - -~¤ ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ -¬¬ ¤ il·i¬ilº¤i ¤( -ini÷l¤ni ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the role of school authority and parents in the development of values among
children.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–II, Paper–XIII
(Psychometrics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. -i¤· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` -i¤· n·ii -~¤i¬· - ¬·nº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by measurement ? Differentiate between measurement and
evaluation.
z. -·i( nil·¬ -i¤· ¬ l(l·i·· -nºi ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the various levels of psychological measurement.
s. -·i( nil·¬ -i¤· ¬ - ª¤ ¬i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the major functions of psychological measurement.
«. -·i( nil·¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe various types of psychological measurement.
r. -·i(nil·¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬ l·-iºi ¤( -i·¬i¬ººi - ¬l--l¬n ¬i-i·¤ ¤ººii ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the general steps involved in the construction and standardization of
psychological list.
s. ¤ lnl¬¤i ¤(i n r ¬ ºii·i ¬iºi¤i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on research implications of response bias.
/. ¤¬iºi ·¤i r ` ¤¬ ¬·s ¤¬iºi ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What is item ? Explain the criteria or characteristics of a good item.
s. ¤¬iºi l(º¬·iºi ·¤i r ` ¤¬iºi l(º¬·iºi ¬ ¬ l¬¤i ¬ini r `
What is item analysis ? How it is analysed ?
s. l(º(¬·i¤ni ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` l(º(¬·i¤ni ¬i n¬·i¬i ¬·i ·ii (n¬i:¤ +
What do you mean by reliability. Give the technical meaning of reliability.
·a. ¬i¤ -i·¬ n·ii n÷ -i·¬ - ¬(irººi ¬ ¬i·i ¬·nº ¬il¬¤ +
With examples, make distinction between Age norms and Grade.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–II, Paper–XIV
(Clinical Psychology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. · (il·¬ -·il(ni· ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ( ¤( :¬¬ ¬i¤ ·i¤ ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Define clinical psychology and discuss its scope.
z. · (il·¬ -·il(ni· ¬ ·¤(riº¤º¬ -i ÷¬ ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Discuss behavioural model of clinical psychology.
s. -i·l¬¬ -(i-·¤ n·ii -i·l¬¬ ºin - ¬·nº -¤·- ¬º +
Distinguish between mental health and mental illness.
«. ¬¬ ¬·¤¤· l(l·i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ n ºi ¤( (i·ii ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
What do you mean by Case Study method ? Describe its merits and demerits.
r. -l-n·¬i¤ ·ilnn -nni ¬i -i¤· (i¬ ¤ºi·iºii ¬i · (il·¬ ¬¤¤i lnni¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬ +
Throw light upon the clinical uses of tins for evaluation of brain damage.
s. ni ºi l·(iººi ¬ ¤ ln ·¤(riºi--¬ ¬¤in- ¬ l(¤iº·iiºi¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬ +
Throw light upon the view point towards behavioural approach to secondary prevention.
/. -·lº¤l¬-¬i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ ¤ - ªi ¬·¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
What do you mean by psychotherapy ? Describe its major goals.
s. ¤÷¬º l¤l¬-¬i ¤l-ln ¬ ¬¤·i ¬l·inni (ºii n r ¤ ¬¬¬i ¤ ·ii( ºii¬ni ¬i l((¤·i ¬º +
Show your acquaintance with Adlerian Therapy and discuss its effectiveness.
s. l(ªl¤ l¤l¬-¬i ·¤i r ` :¬¬i l(l·i ¤( ¬·¤¤in ¬i (ºi· ¬º +
What is aversion therapy ? Describe its procedure and application.
·a. ·¬i¤- ¬l·(n l¤l¬-¬i ·¤i r ` :¬¬ ¬i·ii n·ii ¬¬i·ii ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
What is client centered therapy ? Describe its advantages and disadvantages.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–II, Paper–XV
(Organizational Psychology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i niln¬ -·il(ni· ¬i l(·i¤ (-n n·ii ¬--¤i¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the subject matter and problems of industrial psychology.
z. ¬- ¤iºi ¤¤· ¬ ¤ l(l·i ¬ ª¤ - ¬i·ii-¬iº ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate interview as a technique of personnel selection.
s. ¬i niln¬ ¤ lºi·iºi ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ ¬ªº¤i ¤i ¬·¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by industrial training ? Describe its purposes or goals.
«. ¬i¤ ¬n l·- ¬ r¬ (n l¤¬iº¬ l¬-i·n ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate Hertzberg's two factor theory of Job Satisfaction.
r. ¬iniln¬ ·i¬i· ¬ ¤ -ªi ¬iººii ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the major causes of industrial fatigue.
s. ¬i-i·¤ ( ·i -·i n·ii ¬iniln¬ (·i-·i - ·¤i ¬·nº r ` ¬iniln¬ (·i -·i ¬ ¬iººii ¬i
(ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What are the difference between general accident and industrial accident ? Describe the
causes of industrial accidents.
/. ¬nini - l··¤i(·÷¬i¬¬· ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¬·i(i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the need or role of performance appraisal in industries.
s. -i·( ¬¬i·i· ¤(··i ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ ¤( ¬¬¬ - ª¤ ¬·iºii ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Define Human Resource Management and explain its main characteristics.
s. ¬i¤÷¬l·i¤ººii ¬ ¬i(º¤¬ni ¤(i·¬- l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Examine critically the need hierarchy theory of work motivation.
·a. ¬n-·i--¬ -·il(ni· n·ii ¬n-·÷·¤(riº ¬ (i¤ ¬·nºi ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the differences between organizational psychology and organizational behaviour.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Psychology}
Part–II, Paper–XVI
(Guidance and Counselling)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l·( ºi· ¬ l(l·i·· ¬ªº¤i ¤( ·i¤i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬ +
Throw light on various aims and areas of Guidance.
z. l·( ºi· ¬i¤ ¬- ¬i ¤ ºii¬· l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº l¬¤i ¬ini r ` (ºi · ¬º +
How is guidance programme administered ? Describe.
s. ·¤i(¬il¤¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ l(·i·· ¬¤in-i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Discuss the various approaches to vacatinal development.
«. ºi l·i¬ l·( ºi· ¬ ¬·i l(ºi·ini¤ ¬·¤ n·ii ¬ªº¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Discuss the meaning, Characteristics, Aims and objectives of Educational Guidance.
r. l·( ºi· ¤ l(l·i¤i ¬ ¤¤· ¬ ¬-¤ l¬·÷l¬· ¬i(·iil·¤i ¬i ·¤i· - ºªi·i ¬i(º¤¬ r `
(ºi · ¬º +
What precautions essentially be made in mind while selecting a guidance technique ?
Discuss.
s. l·(ºi· ¬i ¬(·iiººii¬i ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬ +
Throw light on the postulates of guidance.
/. l·( ºi· ¬i¤ ¬- ¬(i ·¤i r ` :¬¬ - ª¤ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
What is guidance programme service ? Describe its main types.
s. ¬i- (il¤¬ l·( ºi· ¬i¤¬-i ¬i ¬i¤i ·(¤· rn ¬i(º¤¬ ¬¤·i¬i ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬ +
Throw light on information for implementation of community guidance programmes.
s. ºiºilº¬ ª·i ¬ l(¬¬in ¬ini ¬ ¤ ·(i ¬ ¬i¤ ¬- ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬ +
Throw light on rehabilitation programme of physically challenged people.
·a. ¤ºi-ºi· ·¤i r ` :¬¬ -(ª·i ¤( ·i¤ ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º+
What is counselling ? Discuss its nature and scope.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–I, Paper–I
(Classical Sociological Tradition)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤lº¤-i ¬-i¬ - ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º l·(··i l¬lªi¤+
Write an essay on the development of Sociology in Western Society.
z. ·iiºn - ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i ¤ ( ln ¤º ¤¬ l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤+
Write a note on the trend of development of Sociology in India.
s. ¬i¬ -i·¬ ¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ¤lº(n · ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤+
Evaluate the theory of Social change of Karl Marx.
«. ¬i¬ -i·¬ ¬i ºi¬·iln¬ ºil·n ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ l((¤· ¬il¬¤+
Critically discuss the concept of Political power of Karl Marx.
r. ( ªii - ¬i ¤-lnºii-¤ l¬· n·¤i ¤º ¬i·iilºn r ` l((¤· ¬il¬¤+
On what facts are based methodology of Durkheim? Discuss.
s. ((º ¤iºi ¤ ln¤ilºn (n ºil·n ¤( l-·iln ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤+
Evaluate the concepts of class, power and status as propounded by Weber.
/. - ·¬ ((º ¬i (i l¤¬ ¤·-·il- ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬ªi+
Write a note on intellectual background of Max Weber.
s. ¤º-i ¤iºi ¤ ln¤ilºn ¬(ºi·i ¤( ·i i·n n¬ ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤+
Write an essay on Residues and Derivations as propounded by Pareto.
s. ¤º-i ¬ ¬i(· n·ii (i l-¬ ¤ ·-·il- ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤+
Describe the life and intellectual background of Pareto.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤+
Write notes on any Two of the following:
(i) ¬nil¬¬ l¬¤i Non logical action
(ii) ·i- ¬i l¬-i·n Theory of Religion
(iii) ·i ¬ººiiri Bureaucracy
(vi) -i·¬ ¬i ( ¤ilº¬ l¬-i·n Marx's theory of Ideology.

£
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–I, Paper–II
(Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬-i¬ºii-¤i¤ l¬-i·ni ¬ ¬ -i·ni¬ººi ¬ ¤ -ªi -nºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
Discuss the major levels of theorisation of sociological theories.
z. ¬-i¬ºii-¤i¤ ¬· ¬·ii· ¤º l¬-i·n ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º+
Explain the impact of theory on sociological research.
s. ¬º¤·i--¬ l¬-i·n - º÷l·¬¤ ( i+· n·ii ¤¤ · ÷¬ ¬ ¤in(i· ¬i n ¬·i--¬ l((¤·i
¼.
Discuss comparatively the contributions of Redcliffe Brown and F. Nadel to structural
theory.
«. -i¬¬- ¤iº¬·¬ ¬ ¬º¤·i ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º n·ii ¬i-il¬¬ ·¤(-·ii ¬i
¤( ÷¬¤·ii¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬º+
Explain talcott Parson's definition of structure and discuss functional prerequisites of Social
System.
r. ¬º¤·i(i( ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬(i÷-- i¬ ¬ -i·(ºii-¤i¤ ¬º¤·i(i( ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
What do you understand by Structuralism? Explain the anthropological structuralism of
Levi-Strauss.
s. ¬i-il¬¬ ¬·i·i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ÷rº·÷i¤ ¬ ¬·i·i l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
What do you understand by Social Conflict? Explain the conflict theory of Dahrendorf.
/. ¬il¬·¬ ¤iºi ¤ ln¤il(n ¬·i·i ¬ ¬ini ¬i -~¤i ¬· ¬º+
Evaluate the sources of conflict as propounded by Collins.
s. ¬~·¤¬º ¬ ¬º¤·i--¬ -i·¬(i(i ¬¤in- ¬i l(-n n l((¤·i ¬º+
Discuss in detail the Structural Marxism approach of Althusser.
s. ¤ ni¬i--¬ ¬·nl¬¤i(iº ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` -i÷ ¬ ¤ ni¬i--¬ ¬·nl¬¤i(i( l¬-i·n ¬i
¬¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬º
What do you understand by Symbolic Interactionism.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬ªi÷
Write notes on any Two of the following:
(i) ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ l¬-i·n Critical theory
(ii) ¤ ¬i¤ (i(i l¬-i·n Functional Theory
(iii) r( - ·¬-º Herberl Blumer
(iv) ¤ ¬¤- -¬¬ Frankfurt School


NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–I, Paper–III
(Methodology of Social Research)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i-il¬¬ ºii·i ¬ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬-i¬ºii-¤ - :¬¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
What do you understand by social research ? Discuss its need in Sociology.
z. ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬ ( nil·¬ ¤( -i·(i¤ ¤lº¤·¤i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º +
Evaluate the scientific and hermeneutic perspectives of Sociology.
s. ¤lº¬~¤·i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ l(l·i·· -(ª¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬º +
What do you understand by hypothesis. Discuss its various types.
«. ( nil·¬ ¤-ln ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ + ¬i-il¬¬ ¤ ·i-·i¬i ¬ ¬·¤¤· - ( nil·¬ ¤-ln ¬i
¤ ¤in ¬ri n¬ ¬·i( r `
Define scientific method. How far it is possible to use scientific method in the study of
social phenomena ?
r. ¬n-n ¬i-- ¤iºi ¤ ln¤il(n ¤ -¤·i(i( ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Critically analyse the theory of Positivism as propounded by August Comte.
s. n ºii--¬ ºii·i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ l(l·i·· l(l·i¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬º +
What do you understand by Qualitative Research ? Discuss its various methods.
/. ·¤l·n¬ ¬·¤¤· ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ ¬ ini ¬i º n ºii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define case study and explain its sources and merits.
s. ¬i-il¬¬ ¬( ·iºi ·¤i r ` :¬¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬º +
What is Social Survey ? Discuss its various kinds.
s. ¤ ln¤¤· ¬ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬·ii·¤ ¤ ln¤¤· ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l((¤· ¬º +
What do you understand by Sampling ? Discuss the types of Probability Sampling.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬ªi ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(i) ¤ º·i(¬i (Questionnaire)
(ii) ¬·n (-n l(º¬·iºi (Content Analysis)
(iii) ¬ª¤i--¬ l(l·i (Quantitative Method)
(iv) l·¤l·¤n ¬(¬i¬· (Controlled Observation)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–I, Paper–IV
(Perspective of Indian Society)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬¤in- ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ n·ii ·iiºni¤ ¤lº¤·¤ - ¬: ÷ ¤-i ¬ l(¤iºi ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Define Approach and evaluate the views of Louis Dumont in Indian Context.
z. ¬·i ¬i º -ri· ¤º-¤ºi¬i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` n i-iºi ¬·¤¤·i - :¬ l·ª¤ºi ¬i ·¤iª¤i
¼ +
What do you understand by Little and Great Traditions ? Explain this formulation in village
studies.
s. ·iiºni¤ l(ni ¬¤in- n·ii ¬º¤·i--¬ ¬¤in- ¬i n ¬·i ·iiºni¤ ¤lº¤ ·¤ - ¬º +
Compare Indological approach and structural approach in Indian Context.
«. -i·¬(i( ºii-¤i¤ ¬¤in- ¤º ¬¤· l(¤iº ¤ -nn ¬º +
Give your views on Marxological approach.
r. ·iiºni¤ ¬i-il¬¬ ¬(·i - ÷iŒ ¤iŒ - ªi¬i ¬ l(¤iºi ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the views of D. P. Mukherjee in Indian Social Context.
s. ¬¤ ·n ¤lº(iº ¬ ¬(·i - :ºi(ni ¬( ¬ ¤in(i· ¬i l((¤· ¬º +
Discuss the contribution of Irawati Karve in the context of Joint Family.
/. ·iiºni¤ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬ ¤lº¤·¤ - ¤·Œ ¬Œ (i¬ ¬ ¤in(i· ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Discuss the contribution of N. K. Bose in the context of Indian Sociology.
s. ÷iŒ ¬-((¬º ¬ (l¬n l¤·n· ¤º l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on subaltern perspective of Dr. Ambedkar.
s. ¤lº(iº ¬ l¬-i·n l·-i ºi ¬i ·¤i ¤º-¤ºi¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Discuss the new tradition of theory building on family.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬ªi ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(i) ¬i-il¬¬ ¬i·(i¬· (Social Movement)
(ii) ¬-¤i--¬ l(¤iº (Civilizational View)
(iii) ¬· ¬l¤n ¬iln¤i (Scheduled Castes)
(iv) ¤lº¤-i¬ººi (Westernization)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–I, Paper–V
(Sociology of Change and Development)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i-il¬¬ ¤lº(n· ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ( n·ii ¬i-il¬¬ ¤lº(n· ¬ l(l·i·· ¬iº¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬º +
Define Social Change and discuss the various factors of Social Change.
z. ¬i-il¬¬ ¤lº(n· ¬ ¤¬i¤ l¬-i·n ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º +
Evaluate the Cyclic theory of Social Change.
s. ¬-¬i¬i· ·iiºn - ¬i-il¬¬ ¤lº(n· ¬i ¤( l-i¤i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬º +
Examine the trend of social change in contemporary India.
«. ¬i-il¬¬ l(¬i¬ ·¤i r ` ¬i-il¬¬÷¬il·i¬ l(¬i¬ ¤iºi ¬-i¬ l¬¬ ¤¬iº ((¬ni r `
What is Social Development ? How does society change due to socio-economic
development ?
r. ¬i¬ -i·¬ ¬ l(¬i¬÷l¬-i·n ¤º l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on Development theory of Karl Marx.
s. ¬- ÷l(¬i¬ ·¤i r ` ¬- ÷l(¬i¬ ¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬º +
What is Underdevelopment ? Analyze the theories of Underdevelopment.
/. ·iiºn - ¬il·i¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ - ª¤ ¬(ºi·i¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬º +
Discuss the major barriers to economic development in India.
s. ¬-¬ln ¬i º l(¬i¬ - ·¤i ¬-(··i r ` l((¤· ¬º +
What is the relationship between Culture and Development ? Discuss.
s. l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬(·i - ¤¤(·ii ¤ ¤i¬·i¬i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º +
Evaluate Five Year Plans in the context of development.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬ªi ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(i) ¬i nini¬ººi (Industrialization)
(ii) ¬r¬ilºni ¬i·(i¬· (Cooperative Movement)
(iii) ¬¤il·in l(¬i¬ (Sustainable Development)
(iv) ¤ ¬i(i(i ·¤(-·ii (Capitalist System)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–I, Paper–VI
(Comparative Sociology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. n¬·i--¬ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬ ·i¤ - ¬-¬ln ¬ ¬·¤¤· ¬ -r-( ¬i - ~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the importance of the study of culture in Comparative Sociology.
z. (n ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` (n ÷l(¬i¬ ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Class ? Discuss different stages of development of Class.
s. (r ¬(i( ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ + ·iil-¬ ¬iº ¬i-¬ln¬ (r ¬(i( - ¬·nº (ni¤ +
Define Pluralism. State the difference between religions and cultural pluralism.
«. n ¬·i--¬ ¤-ln ·¤i r ` n ¬·i--¬ ¤-ln ¬ -r-( ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Comparative Method ? Discuss the importance of Comparative Method.
r. n ¬·i--¬ ¤-ln ¬i ¤(÷¬i(º¤¬ni¬i ¤º l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on pre-requisites of Comparative Method.
s. ·iiºn ¬ l¬¤ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a note on 'For Sociology of India'.
/. n ¬·i--¬ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬ ·i¤ - ·iiºni¤ ¬-i¬ºiil-¤¤i ¬ ¤in(i· ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the contributions of India Sociologists to the field of Comparative Sociology.
s. ¬º¤·i--¬÷¤¬i¤i --¬ ¬¤in- ¬ ¬(·i - ¬i·¤ (n: ¬ ¤in(i· ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the contribution of Andre Beteille in the context of structural-functional approach.
s. ºi·ii¬-¬ - ªi¬i ¬ ¤ i(lºi¬ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss Regional Sociology of Radhakamal Mukherjee.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬ªi ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(i) ¬i·i l·¬ni (Modernity)
(ii) ¬º¤·i--¬ l(¬nln¤i (Structural Disparities)
(iii) ¬-¬ln ¬i ¬º¤·i (Structure of Culture)
(iv) ¤Œ ¬iºŒ (¬i: (A. R. Desai)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–I, Paper–VII
(Sociology of Region)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·i¤ ¬i ¬i-¬ln¬ (·i(- ¬ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤lnril¬¬ ¤lº¤·¤ - ·i¤ ¬i ¬i-¬ln¬ (·i(-
¬i l((¤· ¬º +
What do you understand by Cultural Structure of a region ? Discuss the cultural structure
of a region in historical context.
z. ¤ ¬iln ¤( ¬-¬ln ¬ ¤lº¤·¤ - ·i¤ ¬i l(l(·ini ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Analyze diversity of region in the context of race and culture.
s. ·i¤ ¬ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬i ¬·i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ l(·i¤ (-n ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the meaning of Sociology of Region and discuss its subject matter.
«. ·i¤ ¬ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬ ¬·¤¤· - ¬·ºiln¤i ¬ -r-( ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Describe the importance of Folklore in the study of Sociology of region.
r. n ¬·i--¬ ¬¤in- ·¤i r ` ·i¤ ¬ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ - :¬¬i ·¤i -r-( r `
What is Comparative Method ? What is its importance in Sociology of region.
s. ·i¤i¤ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ - ¬i ¬÷ ¤¬¤ ¬º· ¬ ¬ ini ¬i l((ººi ( +
Describe the sources of data collection in Sociology of region.
/. ·i¤i¤ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬ ¬(·i - ¬·ii--¬ n·ii ¤¬i--¬ l(¤iºi ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Describe Federal and Unitary views in the context of Sociology of Region.
s. ¬- (i¤ ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬i ¬ -il·n¬ ¤·i ·¤i r `
What do you understand by the concept of community ? What is its theoretical aspect ?
s. ·i¤i¤ ¬-¬ln n·ii ¬i-¬ln¬ ºi·- i¤ni ¤º l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on regional culture and cultural nationalism.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬ªi ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(i) l(¬ni-iº ¤lº¤·¤ (Dalitodhar dimension)
(ii) ¬i-il¬¬ ¬i·(i¬· (Social movement)
(iii) · ¬ini¤ni (Ethnicity)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(Gender and Society)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤lº(iº - -lr¬i¬i ¬i l-·iln ¬i (ºi· ¬i-il¬¬ººi n·ii ¬ln¬ ·i l-¬i¬i ¬ ¬(·i - ¬º +
Describe the position of women in the context of Socialisation and Sex-roles
z. l-¤¤i ¬i - l·n ¬ l¬¤ ¤ - ªi ·iºi(i(i l¬-i·ni ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Explain the major feminist theories for the freedom of women.
s. ·iiºn ¬i ·iºi(i(i ¬i·(i¬· ¤lº¤-i (ºii ¬ ·iºi(i(i ¬i·(i¬· ¬ l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº l·i·· r `
·¤iª¤i ¬º +
How is Feminist Movement in India different from feminist movement of western
countries ? Explain.
«. ¤·· ¬i¬¬ ¬i ¬i-¬ln¬ ¬- l(·ii¬· ¬ l¬-i·n ¤º l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on the theory of cultural division of labour of Ann Oakley.
r. -lr¬i¬i ¤º ·i-÷¬i¬ººi n·ii ¬(iºi¬ººi ¬ ¤ ·ii( ¬i l((¤· ¬º +
Discuss the impact of Globalisation and liberalisation on women.
s. ¬nl-n ·i¤ - ¬i¤ ºn -lr¬i¬i ¬i ¬--¤i¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Explain the problem of women working in organised sector.
/. -lr¬i¬i - ºi l·i¬ ·i(·ii( ¬ ¬iººii ¬i l(-n n (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe in detail the reasons of educational discrimination among women.
s. - l-¬- -lr¬i¬i - n¬i¬ ¬i l-·iln¤i n·ii nºi¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Describe the conditions and ways of giving divorce among Muslim women.
s. -lr¬i¬i ¬ l(¬i¬ - ¬º¬iº ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the role of Government in the development of women.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬ªi ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(i) ¬-¤i(·÷¤·ª-¤i(· (Production-Reproduction)
(ii) l¤n¬-ii (Patriarchy)
(iv) (r¬ (Dowry)
(iv) ¬ºil·n¬ººi (Empowerment)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–II, Paper–IX
(Environment and Society)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. -i·¬ ¬ º¤·i·nººii¤ (ºiº ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Critically evaluate Marx's theory of 'Metabolic right'.
z. l·-·l¬lªin ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on the following :–
(a) l-¬i+ l(¬i¬ ¬i l¬-i·n (Theory of sustainable development)
(b) l··i ºni l¬-i·n (Dependency Theory)
s. ¤ ¬ln ¤¬ ¬i-il¬¬ l·l- n r ÷¤r ¬·i· ¬ri n¬ ¬ri r (ni¤ +
'Nature is a social construction' – How far this statement is correct, describe.
«. ¤¤i (ººi ¤(·iºi ¬ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤¤i (ººi ¤(·iºi ¬i ºi¬· ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬¤i¤ ·¤i r `
What do you understand by environmental pollution ? What are the major measures to
prevent environmental pollution ?
r. ¬·¬ª¤i ¤( ¤¤i (ººi ¬ ¬-(··i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬ +
Illuminate the relationship between population and environment.
s. l(-·ii¤· ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ n·ii l(-·ii¤· ¬ ¬iººii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Define displacement and discuss the causes of displacement.
/. ¤¤i (ººii¤÷l-¤ ¬- l¤n ¤ iniln¬i ·¤i r ` ·iiºn ¬ ¬(·i - :¬¬i l((¤· ¬º +
What is environment–friendly appropriate technology ? Discuss it in Indian context.
s. l(¬i¬ºii¬ (ºii ¬ ¤¤i (ººi(i( ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on environmentalism in developing countries.
s. ¬¬ ¤ (··i· ·¤i r ` ¤¤÷¬¬ ¬--¤i ¬i ¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ni¤i ¬i ¬¬ni r `
What is Water Management ? How can problem of drinking water be solved ?
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(i) ·il- ¤ (·iºi (Land Pollution)
(ii) ¬·¬ª¤i ( l- (Population Growth)
(iii) ¤ºi¤i¤· (Alienation)
(iv) ¤¤i (ººii¤ ·¤i¤ (Environmental Justice)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–II, Paper–X
(Ethnicity, Pluralism and Nation)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬·¬ini¤ ¬i·(i¬·i ¬i l(-niº ¬ l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss ethnic (tribal) movements in detail.
z. ¤ ¬iln(i( ¬i ( lº(¬ ¬(·iiººii ·¤i r ` l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
What is the global concept of ethnicity ? Discuss.
s. l(l·i·· ¬i-¬ln¬ ¬-i¬i ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the features of various multicultural societies.
«. ¬·nºi·- i¤ ¤¬i¤·(i( ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on international migration.
r. ( º(i¬ººi ¬i º (r ¬ ¬i-¬ln¬ ¬-i¬i ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i ¤ l¬¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the process of development of globalization and multi-cultural societies.
s. ºi·- ¬ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ºi·- ¬i º ºi·- ÷ºi·¤ - ·¤i ¬·nº r `
What do you understand by Nation ? What is the difference between a nation and a
nation-state ?
/. ¤ ¬ilnl(·i¤¬ ¬i--¬in¬ººi ¤º ¤¬ l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a note on ethnic assimilation.
s. ¬i-il¬¬ n·i( ·¤i r ` :¬ ¬ ¬ (º l¬¤i ¬i ¬¬ni r `
What is social tension ? How can it be removed ?
s. ¬¤l·(ºi(i( ¬ ¬·nn n ºi·- ÷ºi·¤i ¬ ¬( ·i( ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the reasons for the emergence of nation-states under colonialism.
·a. ·iiºni¤ ¬-¬ln ¬ l(l·i·· ¤r¬ ¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the different aspects of Indian Culture.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–II, Paper–XI
(Sociology of Popular Culture and Mass Communication)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i¬l¤¤ ¬-¬ln ¬ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬i¬l¤¤ ¬-¬ln - ¬·¬¤iº ¬i ·il-¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Popular Culture ? Explain the role of mass-media in Popular
Cultrue.
z. ¬i¬l¤ ¤ ¬-¬ln n·ii ¬i-il¬¬ ¤( ºi¬· ln¬ ¬i·(i¬· ¬ (i¤ ¬-(··i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the relationship between Popular Culture and Social and Political movements.
s. ¬¤·i ¤( ¬·¬¤iº n¬·i¬ ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ ª¤ - ¬-i¤iº ¤¤i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the role of Newspapers as a means of development of information and
communication technology.
«. ¬i¬l¤ ¤ ¬nin ¤( ¬¬¬i ¬i-il¬¬ ¤r ¤ ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Popular Music and its Social reach.
r. ¬i--i¬ººi ¬ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ( lº(¬ ¬-¬ln¤i - ¬i--i¬ººi ¬i ¬~¬ ªi ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Syncretism ? Discuss Syncretism in global culture.
s. ¬·¬¤iº -i·¤-i ¤iºi ( lº(¬ ¬-¬ln ¬ ¤ ¬iººi ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the diffusion of global culture through the means of mass media.
/. ¬i-il¬¬ - ªi ¬i ¬in ln ¤ ¬i· - ¬·¬¤iº ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the role of mass media in the dissemination of awareness of social issues.
s. ¤º-¤ºi ·¤i r ` ¬·i ¤( ( rn ¤º-¤ºi¬i - ¬·nº (ni:¤ +
What is Tradition ? Explain the difference between Little and Great Traditions.
s. ¬-i¬ ¤º ¬i¬ ¬ilr-¤ ¬i º l¬·-i ¬ -r-( ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the importance of folklore and cinema on society.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) lr¬i ¬i º -il÷¤i (Violence and Media)
(b) ( º(i¬ººi (Globalization)
(c) ¬¤iº n¬·i¬ (Communication technology)
(d) l(¬i¬ (Leisure)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–II, Paper–XII
(Globalization and Society)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. (º(i¬ººi ·¤i r ` ( º(i¬ººi ¬i ¤¬ln ¬iº n-¤i--ni ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Globalization ? Discuss the nature and dynamics of Globalization.
z. ( º(i¬ººi ¬i ¬·i ·¤(-·ii ¤º ¤ ·ii(i ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the impact of Globalization on economy.
s. ¬¤·i ¤ ini ln¬i - n i-iºi (º¬¤iº ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the role of Rural tele-communication in information technology.
«. ( º(i¬ººi - ¬¤·i ¤ ini ln¬i ¬i (·i ¬i -~¤i ¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the contributions of information technology in globalization.
r. ( º(i¬ººi - (r ºi·- i¤ ¬-¤l·¤i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the role of multinational corporations in globalization.
s. n º ¬º¬iºi ¬n-· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬-i¬ ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬iº ¬~¤iºi - n º ¬º¬iºi
¬n-·i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Non-governmental organization (NGO) ? Discuss the role of
NGO in the development and welfare of society.
/. ¬·nºi·- i¤ ¬n-·i ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ n·ii :·¬i ¬--¤i¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Define International Organizations and discuss their problems.
s. ¬¤ ·n ºi·- (i¬÷¬i·i (¤l·¬¤) ¬i nlnl(l·i¤i ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Critically explain the activities of United Nations International Children Emergency Fund
(UNICEF).
s. ( º(i¤ ¬-¬ln ¬i º ¬¤·ii·ni(i( ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on consumerism and global culture.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬·¬ini¤ l(¬i¬ (Tribal Development)
(b) ¬·nºi·- i¤ - ¤i ¬i·i (International Monetary Fund)
(c) (i¬iº ¬iº ( º(i¬ººi (Market and Globalization)
(d) -il÷¤i ¬ ( ¤lºi¤i (Media Lab Asia)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–II, Paper–XIII
(Rural Society in India)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬·i¬ ¬-i¬ ·¤i r ` ·iiºni¤ ¬·i¬ ¬-i¬ ¬i ¬º¤·i ¬i l((¤· ¬º +
What is peasant Society ? Discuss structure of Indian peasant society.
z. n i-iºi ¬-i¬ - ¤lº(iº ¬i ·il-¬i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on the role of family in rural society.
s. ¬iln ¬ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬iln ·¤(-·ii ¬ ¬i¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬º +
What do you understand by Caste ? Discuss the functions of caste system.
«. ªini ¬ ¬i·i· ¤( ¬·i¬ ¬-(··i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on Mode of production and agrarian relation.
r. ·iiºn - ·il-ri· ¬l-¬i ¬i ¬--¤i ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬º +
Analyse the problems of handless labour in India.
s. ¤ ·l·-i ºi ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ·iiºni¤ n i-i ¬ ¤ ·l· -i ºi ¬i ¤i¬·i¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬º +
What do you understand by reconstruction ? Discuss the programmes of unconstruction of
Indian villages.
/. ¤¤i¤ni ºi¬ ¬i ¬¬¤¬ni ¬ ¬iººii ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Describe the causes of failure of Panchayati Raj.
s. ¬·i¬ ¬i·(i¬· ·¤i r ` ·iiºn ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬·i¬ ¬i·(i¬·i ¬i ¬l·i·n (ºi· ¬º +
What is Peasant movement ? Briefly describe major peasant movements in India.
s. l··i ·ni ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ( n·ii n i-iºi l··i ·ni ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬º +
Define poverty and discuss the causes of rural poverty.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤+
Write notes on any Two of the following:
(i) n i-iºi nlnºii¬ni (Rural mobility)
(ii) ¬i-il¬¬ ¬--¤i (Social Problem)
(iii) ¬iln ¬i l(ºi·ini (Characteristics of Caste)
(vi) ¬i- (il¤¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i¤¬- (Community Development Programme)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–II, Paper–XIV
(Urban Society in India)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·nºi¤ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬ ·i ¤ - -i ·i¬ ¬ ¤in(i· ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Critically evaluate the contribution of Tonnies in the field of Urban Sociology.
z. n i-iºi÷·nºi¤ ¬in-¤ ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬ ¬(·i - º÷l¤~÷ ¬ ¤i n(i· ¬i ¤¤i
¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Rural-Urban Continuum ? Describe the contribution of
Redfield in this context.
s. ¬i·i l·¬ ·nºi ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬(·i - (n ¬ ¬ l¬-i·n ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a note on the theory of Burgess in the context of growth of modern cities.
«. ·iiºn - ·nºi¬ººi ¬ ¬·iºn ¤ ln-i· ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the emerging trends of Urbanization in India.
r. ·nºi ¬ l(¬i¬ - ¬nin ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the role of Industry in the growth of cities.
s. ¬iln ·¤(-·ii ·¤i r ` ¬iln ·¤(-·ii - ri ºr ¤lº(n·i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Caste System ? Describe the changes taking place in Caste System.
/. ¤ (i¬ ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ·iiºn - ri ºr ¤ (i¬ ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Migration ? Discuss Migration taking place in India.
s. ¤¤i (ººi ·¤i r ` ·nºi¤ ¤¤i (ººi ¬i ¬--¤i¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
What is Environment ? Throw light the problems of Urban environment.
s. ·nºi¤ l·¤i¬· ¤º ¤¬ ¬l·i·n l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a short note on the Urban Planning.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤+
Write notes on any Two of the following:
(i) ·nºi¤ nºi(i (Urban Poverty)
(ii) (n ·¤(-·ii (Class System)
(iii) ·nºi¤ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ (Urban Sociology)
(vi) ·nºi¤ ¤lº(iº (Urban Family)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–II, Paper–XV
(Sociology of Religion)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·i- ¬ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ -(ª¤ ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define Sociology of Religion and discuss its nature.
z. l(º(i¬ ¤ ºii¬i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ - ª¤ ¬i·iiº ·¤i r `
What do you understand by Belief System ? What are its bases ?
s. ((º ¬ l¤·i-·i¬i ¬i l¬-i·n ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate Weber's theory of Phenomenology.
«. -i·¬ ¬ :lnri¬ ¬i ·ii ln¬(i(i ·iiººii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate Marx's conception of Historical Materialism.
r. :-¬i- ·¤i r ` :-¬i- ·i- ¬i l(l·i·· ¬-¤(i¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Islam ? Explain the different sects of Islamic religion.
s. ¬ · ·i- - : º(º ¬i -·ii· l·ª¤ºi ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the place of God in Jainism.
/. (i --n ¬ ·iil-¬ ¬-¤ (i¤i ¬i ¬i-i·¤ l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Give a general idea of the religious schools of Buddhist thought.
s. ·iiºn - ·iil-¬ ¤lº¤·¤ - ¤l(¤ ·¤l·n-( ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe sacred personality in the religious context in India.
s. ¬i-¤ (il¤¬ni ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ·iiºn - ¬i-¤ (il¤¬ni ¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ¤lººii-i ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by Communalism ? Discuss the social consequences of Communalism
in India.
·a. ¤·i l·º¤·ini(i( ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by secularization ? Discuss the characteristics.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Sociology}
Part–II, Paper–XVI
(Education and Society)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. lºi·ii ¬ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬i ¬·i (ni:¤ n·ii lºi·ii ¬ ¬-i¬ºii¬¤ ¤( ºi l·i¬ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ -
¬·nº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Give the meaning of Sociology of Education and elucidate the difference between
Sociology of Education and Educational Sociology.
z. ¬·i·i l¬¬ ¬rn r ` ¬ ·i·i ¬ ¬i-¬ ¤lº(n·(i(i ( l·-¬iºi ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
What is Conflict ? Discuss the radical perspective of conflict.
s. ¬·nl¬¤i ·¤i r ` ¤ni¬i--¬ ¬·nl¬¤i ¬¤in- ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Interaction ? Discuss Symbolic Interactionism approach.
«. lºi·ii ¬ ·i¤ - ºi·¤ ¬ ¬l·i¬iº ¤( ¬-i ·¤ ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the rights and duties of State in the field of education.
r. ¬i-il¬¬ -nºi¬ººi ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬i-il¬¬ -nºi¬ººi - lºi·ii ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i
¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by social stratification ? Discuss the role of education in social
stratification.
s. l(ni¬¤ ¬ l¬¤ ·ii ln¬ ¬i·iiº·in ¬º¤·i ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the necessity of basic material structure of School.
/. ¤i- ¤¤¤i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤i- ¤¤¤i n·ii ¤i- ¤¬- - ¬·nº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by curriculum ? Explain the difference between curriculum and
syllabus.
s. -~¤i¬· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii -~¤i¬· n·ii -i¤· - ¬·nº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Define Evaluation and explain the difference between Evaluation and Assessment.
s. ºi ·ilºi¬ ¬(¬º ¬i ¬-i·ni ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` l-¤¤i ¬i lºi·ii ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬º· (i¬
¬iº¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Equality of Educational opportunity ? Discuss the factors
affecting women's education.
·a. ¬¤·i ¤ i niln¬i ¬i º lºi·ii ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Information Technology and Education.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}
Part–I, Paper–I
(¬·¬¤iº ¤( ¤¤¬ilº (¬·¬¤iº ¤( ¤¤¬ilº (¬·¬¤iº ¤( ¤¤¬ilº (¬·¬¤iº ¤( ¤¤¬ilºni ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¤( l(¬i¬) ni ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¤( l(¬i¬) ni ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¤( l(¬i¬) ni ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¤( l(¬i¬)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬-i¤iº÷¤¤i ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º :¬·- i l·¬ -il÷¤i ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the impact of electronic media on the growth of Newspapers.
z. l¬·ri (i ¬i l((ººi ( ÷
Discuss any two :–
(i) ¬-i¤iº ¤¤i ¬ ¤ ¬iº (Types of Newspaper)
(ii) ¬-i¤iº ¤¤i ¬i (il¤-( (Responsibilities of Newspapers)
(iii) ¬-i¤iº ¤¤i ¬i -(il--( (Ownership of Newspapers)
s. ¤¤¬ilºni ¤¬ (r n ri ¬ l(n ¤( ¤lº·¬n ·¤(¬i¤ r + ¬i·i l·¬ ¬i(· ¬ ¬·ii ¤·ii ¤º
:¬¬i ( º¤ ¤( ¬( º¤ ¤ ·ii( r + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
"Journalism is a highly sophisticated and refined profession. It has its visible and invisible
impact on all aspects of modern life." Examine this statement.
«. ¬i-il¬¬ ¤¤¬ilºni ¬ ¬( n- ¤( l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on origin and growth of Social Journalism.
r. ¬i-il¬¬ ¤¤¬ilºni ¬ ·i¤ ¤in(i· ¤( -r-( ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss scope, contributions and importance of Social Journalism.
s. ·iiºn - l¤~- ¤¤¬ilºni ¬i ( l- ¤( l(¬i¬ ¬l¤n -nº n¬ ·ri r ¬i r ; :¬ ¬·i· ¬i
¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
"In India, growth and development of Film Journalism is not up to mark"; Examine this
statement.
/. (i¬ ¤¤¬ilºni ¬ ¬( ·i( ¤( l(¬i¬ ¬ :lnri¬ ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Trace the history of origin and growth of Child Journalism in India.
s. ¬·¬¤iº ¤( ¬-¬ln ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + ¬·¬¤iº ¤( ¬-¬ln ¬ (i¤ ¬ ¬-(··i ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define Mass Communication and Culture and discuss relation between Mass
Communication and Culture.
s. ¬¤·i ¤( ¬l·i·¤l·n ¬ ¬l·i¬iº ¤º ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ l-·¤ºii l¬ªi +
Write a critical note on right to information and expression.
·a. ¬·¬¤iº ¬ l(l(·i ª¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe in brief the various forms of Mass Communication.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}
Part–I, Paper–II
(¬·¬¤iº ¬ l¬-i·n) (¬·¬¤iº ¬ l¬-i·n) (¬·¬¤iº ¬ l¬-i·n) (¬·¬¤iº ¬ l¬-i·n)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬·¬¤iº ¬ l(n ni¤ ¤ l¬¤i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬·¬¤iº ¬ l¬¤ ¬i(º¤¬ l(l·i··
-i·¤-i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
What do you understand by electrical process of mass communication? Discuss various
medium essential for mass communication.
z. ¬·¬¤iº ¬ ¬·i nn l¬-i·n ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤+
Examine the Semantic theory of Mass Communication.
s. ¬·¬¤iº ¬ l(l·i·· ¬ ini ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤+ ¬·¬¤iº ¤( ¬·¬¤iº ¬ ¤i-¬i ¬i ni¬i ¤(
(ºi ¬i ¬ -·¤ ¬-(··ii ¬i ·ii l((¤· ¬il¬¤+
Describe the various sources of Mass Communication. Also discuss the linkage between
the mass communication, the readers, listeners and viewer of mass communication.
«. ¬¤iº ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬¤iº ¬i ¤¬ ln ¤( l(l·i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤+
Define communication and discuss nature and method of communication.
r. ¬·¬¤iº ¬ l(l·i·· ¬(·iiººii--¬ ¤r¬ ¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬·¬¤iº ¬ ·i-¬i ¬i
(ºi · ¬il¬¤+
Discuss the various conceptual aspect of mass communication and describe the various
element of mass communication.
s. ¬·¬¤iº ¬ ¬·¤ ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤+
Examine goal and functions of mass communication.
/. ¬i-il¬¬ ¤lº(n· ·¤i r ` ¬i-il¬¬ ¤lº(n· ¬ l(l·i·· ¬iº¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
What is social change? Discuss various factors of social change.
s. ¬-i¬ ¤( ¬·¬¤iº ¬ (i¤ ¬ ¬-(··ii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬-i¬ ¤º ¬·¬¤iº ¬
( ·¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤+
Discuss the relation between society and mass communication and examine the adverse
impact of mass communication on society.
s. ¬·-n · ni ¬· r ¬i º · ni -n :¬ ¬·i· ¬i l(-nilºn ¬il¬¤+
"Public Opinion is neither Public nor opinion" Elaborate this Statement.
·a. ¬·¬¤iº -i·¤-i ¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ¬i-¬ln¬ ¤r¬ ¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤+
Explain the socio-cultural dimension of medium of mass communication.

££
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}
Part–I, Paper–III
(¬·¬¤iº ¬ l¬¤ ¬ªi· l¤ ·- -il÷¤i) (¬·¬¤iº ¬ l¬¤ ¬ªi· l¤ ·- -il÷¤i) (¬·¬¤iº ¬ l¬¤ ¬ªi· l¤ ·- -il÷¤i) (¬·¬¤iº ¬ l¬¤ ¬ªi· l¤ ·- -il÷¤i)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤ ·ii(i ¬ªi· ¬ ¬i(º¤¬ n-( ¬i·÷¬i· r ` l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What are the essential elements of effective writing ? Discuss.
z. ¤i¤º ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + :¬¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¤( -(ª¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define Feature. Discuss its characteristics and forms.
s. ¬·s ¤i¤º ¬ªi¬ ¬ ¬i(º¤¬ ¤i·¤ni¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ + ¤i¤º ¬ªi· ¬ ¤( ·¤i
n ¤iºi ¬i ¬i·i ¤ilr¤ `
Discuss the essential Qualities of good feature writer. What preparation should be made
before feature writing ?
«. ·i-¬ ¤( ¬¬i ¬ ¬·¤ l(·ii¬i - ¬·nº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ n·ii ·i-¬ ¬ ¤¬iºi ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Distinguish between drama and other schools of Art and describe the types of drama.
r. l·-·il¬n ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ ÷
Describe the following :–
(a) l(ni¤· ¬ªi· - ºii·i ¬ ¬i -r-(
(Importance of Title in Advertisement Writing)
(b) ·iiºni¤ l(ni¤·i ¬ l¬¤ ¬i¤iº ¬lrni
(Code of conduct for Indian Advertisements)
s. ¬i·ii-¬iº ¬·¬¤iº ¬i ¤¬ ¬i(º¤¬ ¤¤ r + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ ¤( ¬i·ii-¬iº
¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
"Interview is an essential tool of Mass Communication". Examine this statement and
describe different kinds of interview.
/. ¬--ººi ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬ --ººi ¬ (ni ¬ººi ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by memoir ? Describe the classification of memoir.
s. ¬·¬-¤¬ ¬ ·i¤ ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on scope of Public Relations.
s. -n-·i ¬ªi· ·¤i r ` -n-·i ¬ªi· ¬ ¬ ini ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Column Writing ? Discuss the sources of Column Writing.
·a. ¬i--¬·ii ¬ ¬·i ¤( ¤lº·ii·ii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ + :¬¬ ¬i(º¤¬ nºii ¬i ·ii l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the meaning and definition of Autobiography. Also describe its essential features.

¤¤ ¤¤ ¤¤ ¤¤–VIII ¬i ¤ i¤iln¬ ¤ºi·ii ¬i¤¬- ¬ ¬i ¤ i¤iln¬ ¤ºi·ii ¬i¤¬- ¬ ¬i ¤ i¤iln¬ ¤ºi·ii ¬i¤¬- ¬ ¬i ¤ i¤iln¬ ¤ºi·ii ¬i¤¬- ¬ l¬¤ ¬¤¤i ¤is (ªi + l¬¤ ¬¤¤i ¤is (ªi + l¬¤ ¬¤¤i ¤is (ªi + l¬¤ ¬¤¤i ¤is (ªi +
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}
Part–I, Paper–IV
(¬·¬¤iº ¬ l¬¤ ¬ªi· :¬·-i l·¬ -il÷¤i) (¬·¬¤iº ¬ l¬¤ ¬ªi· :¬·-i l·¬ -il÷¤i) (¬·¬¤iº ¬ l¬¤ ¬ªi· :¬·-i l·¬ -il÷¤i) (¬·¬¤iº ¬ l¬¤ ¬ªi· :¬·-i l·¬ -il÷¤i)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. -¬il(¬· ¬ l¬¤ ¤i¤º ¬ªi· n·ii ·¤¬ ¤¤º ¬ l¬¤ ¤i¤º ¬ªi· - ¬·nº ¬il¬¤ n·ii
-¬il(¬· ¤i¤º ¬ l¬¤ ·(l· ¤( si¤i¬· ¬ -r-( ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Distinguish between feature writing for Television and feature writing for Newspapers and
state the importance of sound and photography for Television features.
z. -¬il(¬· ¬i¤¬- - ¬-ºi ¬¤i¬· ·(l· ¤·ii( ¤( ¬nin ¬ -r-( ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on importance of camera handling, sound effect and music in Television
Programme.
s. -¬il(¬· ¬i¤ ¬- ¬ l¤¤÷ª¤¬ º¤·i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on Picture-Dramatic Composition of Television programme.
«. -¬il(¬· ¬(i((ini ¤( ¬-i¤iº ¤¤ ¬(i((ini ¬ (i¤ ¬ - ¬ ¬·nºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤
n·ii -¬il(¬· ¬-i¤iº ¬ ¤ ¬iººi - ¬(i((ini ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the basic differences between Television correspondence and Newspaper
correspondence and describe the role of correspondence in telecast of television news.
r. ¤¬ ¬-¬·- -¬il(¬· ¬(i((ini ¬ ¬i(º¤¬ n ºii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the essential qualities of a good Television correspondent.
s. l¤·- -il÷¤i ¬ ¬ªi· ¬ ºl÷¤i ¬ l¬¤ ¬ªi· l¬¬ ¤¬iº l·i·· r ` ¬(irººi ¬ ¬i·i ¬-ni:¤ +
How is writing for radio different from that for print media ? Illustration with example.
/. ºl÷¤i (ini l¬¬ ¤¬iº n ¤iº rini r ` º l÷¤i ¬-i¤iº ¬ l(l·i·· ¬ ini ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
How is radio take prepared ? Discuss various sources of radio news.
s. ºl÷¤i ¤ in i- - ¤ -n ni¬ººi n¬·i¬ ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on presentation technique in radio programme.
s. ¬(·ii·iºii ¬ªi· ¬ ¤( ·¤i n ¤ilº¤i ¬i ¬i·i ¤ilr¤ ` ¬(·ii·iºii ¬i ·ii·ii ¬ -r-( ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What preparation should be made before announcement writing ? Discuss important of
language of announcement.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on the following :–
(a) ¤i¬ - ¬ -ºi (Piece to Camera)
(b) ÷i ·¤-- i (Documentary)
(c) -i- -¤ilº- (Team spirit)
(d) ¬i·ii ¤¬iººi (Direct Telecast)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}
Part–I, Paper–V
(¤i¤º ¬ªi·) (¤i¤º ¬ªi·) (¤i¤º ¬ªi·) (¤i¤º ¬ªi·)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬-i¤iº ¤( ¤i¤º ¬ (i¤ ¬ ¤iº-¤lº¬ ¬-(··ii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii :· (i·i - ¬·nº
-¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the reciprocal relations between News and Feature and differentiate between them.
z. ¤i¤º ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on characteristics of Features.
s. l(·i( ¬il¬¤ (Distinguish between) :–
(a) lº¤ini ¬ ¤( ¤i¤º (Reportage and Features)
(b) l·(··i ¤( ¤i¤º (Essay and Feature)
«. ¤i¤º ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤i¤º ¬ªi· ¬i ¬in nil-(¬i ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of feature and discuss the seven essentials of feature writing.
r. ¤¬ ¬·s ¤i¤º ¬ªi¬ ¬ l(lºi·- n ºii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the specific qualities of a good feature writer.
s. ¤i¤º ¬i ¤¬ -r-(¤ºi l(ni ·¤i -i·i ¬ini r ` ¬i-il¬¬ ¤i¤º ¬ªi· ¬i ¤ l¬¤i ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Why feature writing is consider as an important field of knowledge ? Discuss the procedure
of social feature writing.
/. ºl÷¤i ¤i¤º ¬ ¬·i ¤( -(ª¤ ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ n·ii ºl÷¤i ¤i¤º ¬ -¬ n-(i ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
Describe meaning and nature of Radio Feature and discuss the basic elements of Radio
Feature.
s. ¤¤¬iºi ¤( ¬ªi¬i ¬ l¬¤ -(·s·( ¬ªi· ¤¬ ¤·ini ¬ ¬i·i÷¬i·i ¤¬ ¬(¬º ·ii r +
l(-nilºn ¬il¬¤ +
Freelance writing is a challenge as well as an opportunity for journalists and writers.
Elaborate.
s. l(riº - ¬nin (ºii ¤( l(ºii ¤º ¤¬ ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ lº¤i- l¬lªi¤ +
Write a critical report on "Industries in Bihar : Condition and Direction".
·a. l¤~- l·-i ºi - ¤-¬·ii ¬ -r-( ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ + ¤-¬·ii ¬ªi· ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ººii ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
State the importance of Screen play in film making. Discuss the various steps of screen
play writing.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}
Part–I, Paper–VI
(¤l¤¬i ¬-¤i(·) (¤l¤¬i ¬-¤i(·) (¤l¤¬i ¬-¤i(·) (¤l¤¬i ¬-¤i(·)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤¤¬ilºni l(¤iºi ¬i ¬l·i·¤l·n ¬i -(n¤ni ¬ ¬lnlº·n ¬iº ¬s ·ri r + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i
¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
"Journalism is nothing but freedom of expression of opinion". Examine this statement.
z. ¤lº(n·ºii¬ ¤¤¬ilºni ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ¬iºi¤ r ` ¤¤¬ilºni ¬i ·i l-¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by changeable journalism ? Discuss the role of journalism.
s. l(·i¤ l(ºi·i ¤l¤¬i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` l(·i¤ l(ºi·i ¤l¤¬i¬i ¬ ·il(·¤ ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i
l¬lªi¤ +
What do you mean by subject special magazine ? Write an essay on future of subject
special magazines.
«. ·i- ¤ ¬-i·ii ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` ·i-¬ ¬-i·ii -i·(º÷ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by review of drama ? Discuss the criterion for review of drama.
r. ·i-¬ ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + :¬¬ ¬( n- ¤( n-(i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define Drama. Discuss its origin and elements.
s. l¤~- ¬-i·ii ¬i ¤lnril¬¬ ¤·-·il- ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ n·ii l¤~- ¬-i·ii ¬ ¬-i¬ºii-¤i¤
¤·ii( ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
State the historical background of film review and discuss the sociological effects of film
review.
/. ¤ -n¬ ¬-i·ii ¬i l(lºi·- l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii l(º¬·iºii--¬ ¤ -n¬ ¬-i·ii ¤(
-~¤i¬·i--¬ ¤ -n¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ (i¤ ¬·nºi ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the specific features of Book Review and state the difference between analytical
book review and evaluative book review.
s. ¬-¤i(¬i¤ ¤(··i· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬-¤i(¬i¤ ¤(··i· - l(ni¤· ¬ -r-( ¬i l((¤·
¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by editorial management ? Discuss importance of advertisement in
editorial management.
s. ¬-i¤iº ¤¤ ¤( ¤l¤¬i - ¬·nº ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤l¤¬i ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Distinguish between Newspaper and Magazine and discuss types of Magazine.
·a. l(·i( ¬il¬¤ (Distinguish between) :–
(a) (ilºi·¤ ¬-i¤iº ¤( ¬i-i·¤ ¬-i¤iº (Commercial News and General News)
(b) ¬i-i·¤ ¤i¤º ¤( (ilºi·¤ ¤i¤º (General Feature and Commercial Feature)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}
Part–I, Paper–VII
(n i-iºi ¤( ¤¤i (ººi ¤¤¬ilºni) (n i-iºi ¤( ¤¤i (ººi ¤¤¬ilºni) (n i-iºi ¤( ¤¤i (ººi ¤¤¬ilºni) (n i-iºi ¤( ¤¤i (ººi ¤¤¬ilºni)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. n i-iºi ¬·¬¤iº ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii n i-iºi ¬·¬¤iº ¬ ¬i¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i
¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the concept of rural mass communication and explain the role of rural mass
communication.
z. ·iiºn - ¬i¬ ¬¬i¬i ¬i ¤º-¤ºi ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on tradition of Folk Arts in India.
s. ¤¤i(ººi ¬ ¬·i ¤( ¤lº·ii·ii ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤¤i(ººi ¬ ·i-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the meaning and definition of environment and discuss components of environment.
«. ¤¬ln ¤( ¤¤i(ººi ¬ l(·i¤i - ·iiºni¤ l¤·n· ¤( ¬-¬ln ¤º ¤¬ l((ººii--¬ l-·¤ºii l¬ªi +
Write a descriptive note on Indian thinking and culture in respect of nature and environment.
r. l·-·il¬n ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ (Describe the following) :–
(a) l¤¤¬i ¬i·(i¬· (Chipko Movement)
(b) ¬i:¬·- ( ¬i (Silent Vally)
s. n i-iºi ¤¤¬ilºni ¬ ¤lnril¬¬ ¤lº¤·¤ ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ n·ii n i-iºi ¤¤¬ilºni ¬ (n -i·
l-·iln ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the historical perspective of rural journalism and describe the present status of
rural journalism.
/. n i-iºi ¬·¬¤iº ¬ ·i¤ - ¬i·i l·¬ ¬·¬¤iº -i·¤-i ¬i ·il-¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the role of modern mass communication medium in field of rural mass
communication.
s. n i-iºi l(¬i¬ ¬i -ª¤ ¬--¤i¤ ·¤i r ` n i-iºi l(¬i¬ - ¬·¬¤iº -i·¤-i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i
l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
What are the main problem of rural development ? Discuss role of mass communication
medium in rural development.
s. ¤¤i (ººi (¬º·iºi) ¬l·il·¤- ·s«s ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the Environment (Protection) Act., 1946.
·a. n i-iºi ¬·¬¤iº ¬i ¬i-il¬¬ ¬¤¤ilnni ¤( ¬i-il¬¬ (il¤-( ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the social utility and social responsibility of rural mass communication.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}
Part–II, Paper–IX
(l(º( -nº ¤º ¬-i¤iº ¬nn) (l(º( -nº ¤º ¬-i¤iº ¬nn) (l(º( -nº ¤º ¬-i¤iº ¬nn) (l(º( -nº ¤º ¬-i¤iº ¬nn)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l(º( ¤ ¬ ¬ ·¤i ¬¤·ii¤ r ` l(º( ¤ ¬ ¬i ¬¤¬ni ¤( l(¤¬ni ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬ +
What are the expectations from World Press ? Through light on success and failure of
World Press.
z. ¬-i¤iº ¤¤i ¬ -(il--( ¤( l·¤¤ºi ¬ (iº - ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬i·n r ` ·iiºn - ¤ ¬ -(il--( ¬i
¤ ¬ln ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you know about ownership and control of News Papers ? Discuss the nature of
Press ownership in India.
s. ¬·nºi·- i¤ ¬-i¤iº ¬nn ¬ ¤lnril¬¬ ¤ ·-·il- ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the historical background of International News World.
«. (l·iºi ¤lºi¤i ¬ ¤ ¬ ¬i··i ¬i ¬i¬i¤·in-¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the press laws of South Asia.
r. ¤ ¬ ¬i -(n¤ni ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Critically explain the concept of freedom of press.
s. ( º(i¬ººi ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` ¬il·i¬ ( º(i¬ººi ¤( ¬·¬¤iº -i·¤-i ¬ ( º(i¬ººi -
¬·nº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by globalization ? Distinguish between economic globalization and
globalization of medium of mass communication.
/. ·iiºn - ¬(¬ ¤( ¬ -¬i:- -¬il(¬· ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on development of Cable and Satellite Television in India.
s. l(º( - ºl÷¤i ¬ ¬( ·i( ¤( l(¬i¬ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the emergence and growth of Radio in World.
s. (n¬i(ºi - ¬·¬¤iº ¤( ·: ¬¤·i ¤ ini ln¬i ¬i l-·iln ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the status of mass communication and new information technology in Bangladesh.
·a. ¤il¬-ni· - :¬·-i l·¬ -il÷¤i ¬i -(n¤ni ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Critically explain the freedom of electronic media in Pakistan.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}
Part–II, Paper–X
(¬·¤÷( º¤ ¬·¬¤iº n¬·i¬) (¬·¤÷( º¤ ¬·¬¤iº n¬·i¬) (¬·¤÷( º¤ ¬·¬¤iº n¬·i¬) (¬·¤÷( º¤ ¬·¬¤iº n¬·i¬)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·iiºn - ºl÷¤i ¤ ¬iººi ¬ ¬( ·i( ¤( l(¬i¬ ¬ :lnri¬ ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Trace the history of origin and growth of Radio Broadcast in India.
z. ¬-i·i·nº l¬·-i ¤( ·¤i(¬il¤¬ l¬·-i ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬-i·i·nº
l¬·-i ¬i ·il-¬i ¤( -r-( ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define the concept of parallel cinema and commercial cinema and discuss the role and
importance of parallel cinema.
s. ¤ ¬iº ·iiºni ¬l·il·¤- ¬ - ª¤ ¤ i(·ii·i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the main provisions of the Prasar Bharti Act.
«. -¬il(¬· ¤ i niln¬i ¬ -¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Enumerate the main Principles of Television Technology.
r. (º(ºi· ¬i ¬º¤·i ¤( ¤ (··i ¤º ¤¬ l((ººii--¬ l-·¤ºii ¬il¬¤ +
Write a descriptive note on the structure and management of Doordarshan.
s. ºl÷¤i ¤ ¬iººi ¬ ¤i ¤ -r-(¤ºi n-(i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ·(l· -i·¤- ¬i ¬i-i ¬i
l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the five important factors of radio broadcast and discuss the limits of sound
medium.
/. ¬i¬iºi(iºii ¬i ¤¬iººi ¬(i¬i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on broadcasting services of Akashwani.
s. ºl÷¤i ¤ ¬iººi - ·ii·ii ¬i -(ª¤ ¤ ¤in ¤( -r-( ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the nature, application and importance of language in radio broadcast.
s. -¬il(¬· ¬ l·( ºi¬ ¬ ªi¬ ¤( si¤i¬iº ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i¤ ¤( ¬-iº(il¤-(i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the role, functions and responsibilities of the director, the writer and the photographer
of Television.
·a. ·iiºn - ¬¤·i ¤ iniln¬i ¬ ¬( ·i( ¤( l(¬i¬ ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the origin and development of Information Technology in India.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}
Part–II, Paper–XI
(l(¬i¬i--¬ ¬·¬¤iº) (l(¬i¬i--¬ ¬·¬¤iº) (l(¬i¬i--¬ ¬·¬¤iº) (l(¬i¬i--¬ ¬·¬¤iº)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬¤iº ¤( ¬·¬¤iº ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬·¬¤iº ¬i ·il-¬i ·i¤ ¤( -r-( ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define communication and mass communication and discuss role, scope and importance of
mass communication.
z. l(¬i¬ºii¬ (ºii - l(¬i¬i--¬ ¬·¬¤iº ¬ ¤lnril¬¬ ¤lº¤·¤ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the historical perspective of communication in developing countries.
s. l(¬i¬ ¤ l¬¤i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` l(¬i¬ ¤ l¬¤i - l(¬i¬i--¬ ¬·¬¤iº ¬i ·il-¬i
¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by development process ? Discuss the role of developmental mass
communication in development process.
«. ·iiºn - ¬¤iº -i·¤-i ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ l·(·i l¬ªi +
Write a critical essay on development of communication medium in India.
r. l(¬i¬i--¬ ¬-i¤iº ¬ªi· ¬ - ª¤ l(·( ¬i ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬ +
Through light on main points developmental news writing.
s. ni-iºi l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ni-iºi l(¬i¬ ¬i l(l·i·· ¬--¤i¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by rural development ? Explain the various problems of rural
development.
/. ¬·¬¤iº ¤( ¬-¬ln ¬ (i¤ ¬ ¬·n ¬(·ii ¤º ¤¬ l·(·i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on Inter-relationship between mass communication and culture.
s. ·iiºn - ¬l·i ¬ l(¬i¬ - l(l·i·· ¬¤iº -i·¤-i ¬i l(lºi·- ·il-¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the specific role of various communication medium in development of agriculture
in India.
s. ¬i·iiººii¬ººi ¬ (ºi · ¬ -i l¬¬ n-(i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the basic elements of philosophy of generalization.
·a. -·n ¤( (º-n lºi·ii - ¬i·il·¬ ¬·¬¤iº -i·¤-i ¬i ·il-¬i ¤( -r-( ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the role and importance of modern mass communication medium in open and
distance learning.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}
Part–II, Paper–XII
(- ¤ºi ¤ ¬iºi· ¤( ¬·¬¤iº ¤ (··i·) (- ¤ºi ¤ ¬iºi· ¤( ¬·¬¤iº ¤ (··i·) (- ¤ºi ¤ ¬iºi· ¤( ¬·¬¤iº ¤ (··i·) (- ¤ºi ¤ ¬iºi· ¤( ¬·¬¤iº ¤ (··i·)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬¤n r ¬ -i·¤- ¬ ¬-i¤iº ¤¤ ¤ ¬iºi· ¤º ¤¬ ¬ªi l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Newspaper Publication through Satellite.
z. ·iiºn - - ¤ºi ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤( ( l- ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the growth and development of Printing in India.
s. r-n ¬¤i¬· ¤( ¤i-i ¬¤i¬· ¬ (iº - ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬i·n r ` :¬¬ ¬i·i÷ril·¤i ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you know about hand composing and photo composing. Discuss their merits and
demerits.
«. l·-·l¬lªin ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ (Describe the following) :–
(i) ÷iŒ-iŒ¤iŒ (÷-¬-i ¤ ¤l·¬l¬n)
D.T.P. (Desktop Publishing)
(ii) ÷i ¬ (l÷-¬ ¬i¤ºl-n l¬---)
DOS (Disk Operating System)
r. ¤ ¤ ºii·i· ·¤i r ` ¤ ¤ ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¤( ¤ ¤ ºii·i· ¬i ¤ l¬¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
What is proof reading ? Discuss the various types of proof and process of proof reading.
s. ·iiºn - ¬-i¤iº ¤¤ ¤ (··i ¬n-· ¬ ¤lnril¬¬ ¤ ·-·il- ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the historical background of Newspaper management organization in India.
/. l(ni¤· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii l(ni¤· ¬ l(l·i·· -i·¤-i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬·¬i l(ºi·ini¬i
¬i º ¬i-i¬i ¬ ¬i·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define advertisement and explain the various medium of advertisement with their features
and limitations.
s. ¬-i¤iº ¤¤ ¬n-· - ¤ ¬iº ¤( l(ni¤· l(·iin ¬i ·il-¬i ¤( -r-(i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the importance of Publishing and Advertisement department in a newspaper
organization.
s. (si(n (¬ (i÷ ¬i - ª¤ l¬¤ilººii ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the main recommendation of Bachchawat Wage Board.
·a. ·iiºni¤ ¤¬ ¤lº·i( ¬ :lnri¬ ¬i ¬l·i·n l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Describe in brief the history of press council of India.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}
Part–II, Paper–XIII
(¬·¬¤iº ºii (¬·¬¤iº ºii (¬·¬¤iº ºii (¬·¬¤iº ºii ·i) ·i) ·i) ·i)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºii·i ¤( ( nil·¬ ¬·¬·ii· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ ` ¬·¬¤iº ºii·i ¬i ¤ i¬ln¬ni ¤(
¬¤¤ilnni ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define is research and scientific investigation ? Discuss relevance and utility of mass
communication research.
z. ¬·¬¤iº ºii·i ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the various steps of mass communication research.
s. ºii·i ¬ n(·iºii--¬ l(l·i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain exploratory method of research.
«. ¬·¬¤iº ºii·i ¬ ¬( ·iºi l(l·i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the survey method of mass communication research.
r. l((ººii--¬ ºii·i ¬ l(·i¤ - ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬i·n r ` :¬¬ - ª¤ ¤ººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you know about Descriptive Research ? Explain its main steps.
s. ºii·i ¬·¤¤· ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on "Research Study".
/. ºii·i - l(·i¤l··-ni ·¤i ¬i(º¤¬ r ` ºii·i - l(·i¤l··-ni ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬º· (i¬ ¬iº¬i ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Why objectivity is essential in research. Discuss the factors influencing objectivity in
research.
s. ¤lnril¬¬ ¬( ·iºi l(l·i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ ¬ªº¤ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain historical survey method and discuss its objective.
s. ºii·i ¬--¤i ¬ ¬ in ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on sources of research problem.
·a. ¤ ·i¤i n¬·i¬ ·¤i r ` :¬¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¤( ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is projective technique ? Discuss its features and types.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}
Part–II, Paper–XIV
(¬·¬¤iº ºii·i n¬·i¬) (¬·¬¤iº ºii·i n¬·i¬) (¬·¬¤iº ºii·i n¬·i¬) (¬·¬¤iº ºii·i n¬·i¬)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + -i· r + -i· r + -i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l((ººii--¬ ºii·i ¬i ¤lº¬~¤·i ¬ l(·i¤ - ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬i·n r ` l((ººii--¬ ºii·i - l·lrn
l(l·i·· ¤ººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you know about descriptive research hypothesis. Discuss the various steps
involved in descriptive research.
z. ¬·¬¤iº ºii·i ¬i ¤lº¬~¤·i ¬ ¬ ini ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on sources of hypothesis of mass communication research.
s. ¤ ¤ini--¬ ºii·i ¬i ¤lº¬~¤·i¬i ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the types of experimental research hypothesis.
«. ·-·i n¬·i¬ ¬ (iº - ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬i·n r ` ·-·i ¤¤· ¬ ¤ººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do know about sample technique ? Discuss steps of sample selection.
r. ¬·ii·¤ni ·-·i n¬·i¬ ¤( ¬¬·ii·¤ni ·-·i n¬·i¬ ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬¬·ii·¤ni
·-·i n¬·i¬ ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬·¬ n ºi÷(i·ii ¬ ¬i·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define probability sample technique and non-probability sample technique and discuss
types of non-probability sample technique with their merits and demerits.
s. ¬-i·nº -i·¤ ¬i nºi·i ¬i l(l·i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the method of calculation of Arithmetic mean.
/. -·¤¬i ·¤i r ` -·¤¬i ¬ nºi· ¬i l(l·i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define median and discuss method of calculation of median.
Or,
·i¤ za l(nil·i¤i ¬ ¤¤¬ilºni ¤( ¬·¬¤iº ¤i- ¤¬- - ¤ i·ni¬ l(¤ n¤ r + -·¤¬i nin
¬il¬¤ + (Calculate Median)
¬- ¬ª¤i (S.No.) · z s « r s / s s ·a
¤ i·ni¬ (Marks) 'X' zr zs zs sa sz ss ss sr «z «r
¬- ¬ª¤i (S.No.) ·· ·z ·s ·« ·r ·s ·/ ·s ·s za
¤ i·ni¬ (Marks) 'Y' «s «/ «s r· rz rs r« sa sr /z
s. ¬¤l¬ººi ·¤i r ` ¬¤l¬ººi ¬i -i¤ ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤( -r-( ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is dispersion ? Discuss objective and importance of measurement of dispersion.
s. ¬r¬-(··i ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤·ii ¬r¬-(··i l··ii lºn ¬º· ¬i l(l·i¤i ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
Define correction and describe the method of determination of correction.
·a. ¬·¬¤iº ºii·i ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the principle of mass communication research.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–I, Paper–I
(State, Society and Public Administration)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºi·¤ ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ + :¬ ¬(·i - ·i-¬ lrn¬ -i lº¬ n·ii ÷l(÷ r~÷ ¬
l(¤iºi ¬i ·ii ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the concept of State. Also, describe the views of Nitzsche, Hegel, Morris and
David Held in the connection.
z. ¬-i¬¬·¤ ¬-¬ln ¬i¬ ¤ ºii¬· ¬i ¬¬ ¤ ·iil(n ¬ºni r ` l¤-¬ ¬ l(¤iºi ¬ ¬(·i -
:¬¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
How does the societal culture affect administration ? Explain it in the context of Peter's
views.
s. ¬-i¬÷ºi·¤ ¬-(··ii ¤º -i·¬ (i(i l(¤iºi ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the Marxist views on Society-State relationship.
«. ·( ¬(iº(i(i ºi·¤ ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the characteristics the Neo-Liberal State.
r. ¬i·i l·¬ ºi·¤ ¬ ¬i¬i¤¬ ¬ ª¤ - ni ·ii¬i ¬ l(¤iºi ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate Gandhiji views as a critique of Modern State.
s. ·inlº¬i ¤( ¤ ºii¬· ¬ -·¤ ¬·nº ¬i¤i ¬i l··ii lºn ¬º· (i¬ -i¤(º÷i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the norms governing the interaction between citizens and administration.
/. ¬¤·i ¬ ¬l·i¬iº ¬l·il·¤- ¬i l¬¤il·(ln ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the implementation of Right to Information Act.
s. ¬i¬ ¤ ºii¬· ¬ ¬·¤¤· - ¬i-il¬¬ ¬-i·ni ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine social equity in Public Administrative Studies.
s. ·iiºni¤ -i·(il·i¬iºi ¬i l¬¤il·(ln ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the implementation of human rights in India.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬i-(÷¬- · (Ombudsman)
(b) ¬i-i·¤ lrn ¬iº·iºi (¬i -· ¬i¬ :l·l¬¤l-() :n¬ º÷ ·ss« (Common Cause
Initiative England, 1994)
(c) ·iiºn - -lr¬i lºiºi ¬i l-·iln (Status of Girl child in India)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–I, Paper–II
(Bureaucracy and Good Governance)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬(in¤i¤ ¤ ºii¬· ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the features of Bureaucratic Administration.
z. ¬i-il¬¬ ·¤i¤ ¬ ·¤i(rilº¬ ¤·ii ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the social aspects of Justice.
s. ·iiºni¤ ºi·¤ ¬ ¬-·i ¬¤l-·in - ªi ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the issues before the Indian State.
«. ¬(in¤ (·¤ºi¬¬i) ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Delineate the role of Bureaucracy.
r. - ·¬((º ¬i ·¤ºi¬¬i ¬i ¬(·iiººii ·¤i r ` :¬¬i ¤ ·i ln¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What is the concept of Maxweber's Bureaucracy ? Describe its challenges.
s. ¬(in¤i¤ ¬·iiº ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤r ·¤i ¬i(º¤¬ r `
What do you mean by the Bureaucratic reforms ? Why is it necessary reforms ?
/. ¬ ºi ÷i¤-÷ ¤iºi ¤ ln¤il(n ·inlº¬ ¬-i¬ ¬ ¬i¤i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the functions of civil society as propounded by Larry Diamond.
s. ¬i¬ ºii¬· ¬i ¬·nºi·-i¤ni¬ººi ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the internationalization of Public Governance.
s. ºii¬· ¤( ¬ ºii¬· ¬ -·¤ ¬·nº (n¬i:¤ + ¬ ºii¬· ¬ -r-( ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Point out the difference between governance and good governance. Delineate the
significance of good governance.
·a. l(·ii¤i ¬ ·iiºi ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¬i l((¤· ·iiºni¤ ¬(·i - ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the desirability of legislative reforms in the Indian Context.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–I, Paper–III
(Classical Administrative Theory)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i¬ ¤ ºii¬· ¤( l·¬i ¤ ºii¬· ¬ -·¤ ¬-i·ni¬i ¤( ¬¬-i·ni¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the similarities and differences between Public Administration and Private
Administration.
z. r·ºi ¤¤i¬ ¤iºi ¤ ln¤il(n ¬n-· ¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the principles of organization as propounded by Henary Fayol.
s. ¤ ºii¬¬i¤ l¬-i·n ¬ ¬( ·i( ¤( l(¬i¬ ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Delineate the evolution and growth of Administrative Theory.
«. ¬i¬ ¤ ºii¬· - l¬-i·n l·-i ºi ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate theory Building in Public Administration.
r. ( nil·¬ ¤(··i· l¬-i·n ¬i ¤ i¬ln¬ni ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the relevance of Scientific Management Theory.
s. ¤ºii¬· ¬ ¬i-i·¤ l¬-i·ni ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the general principles of organization.
/. ¬(in¤ ¬i -¤i (i¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the limits of Bureaucracy.
s. ¬n-· ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l(( ¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the type of organization.
s. r¬ (n n·ii - -¬i ¤ ln-i·i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss Herzberg and Maslow models.
·a. ¤iº-¤lº¬ ¤( ¬l·in- ¬ n-·i ¬ -·¤ ¬·nº (n¬i:¤ +
Point out differences between Traditional and Learning Organizations.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–I, Paper–IV
(Contemporary Administrative Theory)
(===(=i=+ ¤.((=+|= iaa+) (===(=i=+ ¤.((=+|= iaa+) (===(=i=+ ¤.((=+|= iaa+) (===(=i=+ ¤.((=+|= iaa+)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤+ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. r¬ (n ¬i -ª¤ º¤·i¬i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬l·i¤ººii -(i-·¤ l¬-i·n ¬i l((¤·
¬il¬¤ +
Describe the major works of Herzberg. Discuss the Motivation-Hygiene Theory.
z. l¬-i·n ¤·¬ (x) ¬iº l¬-i·n (i: (y) ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by theory x and theory y ? Explain.
s. l(·-º (- ¬ l(¤iºi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the views of Victor Vroom.
«. (·( ·¤(-·ii ¤ ºii¬i ¤( - ·n ·¤(-·ii ¤ ºii¬i ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii :·¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i
¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Define the Closed System Model and Open System Model and describe their features.
r. ¬iºnlº¬ ¬ ¤ ºii¬¬i¤ l(¤iºi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the administrative views of Argyris.
s. ¤ ºii¬· ¬ ¬i¤in÷l·¤in ¤ ln-i· ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the input-output model of administration.
/. ¬n-·i--¬ ¬-¬ln ·¤i r ` :¬ ¬-¬ln ¬ ¬i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What is organizational culture ? Discuss the functions of this culture.
s. ¬n-·i--¬ ¬-¬ln ¬ l(l·i·· ·i-¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the various components of organizational culture.
s. ·( ¬i¬ ¤ ºii¬· ¬ ¬·¤i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the goals of New Public Administration.
·a. ·( ¬i¬ ¤ (··i· ¤lº¤·¤ ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the features of New Public management perspectives.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–I, Paper–V
(Public System of Management)
( (( (¬( + ·=«=·(( ¤ =-·(n ¬( + ·=«=·(( ¤ =-·(n ¬( + ·=«=·(( ¤ =-·(n ¬( + ·=«=·(( ¤ =-·(n) )) )
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤+ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i¬ ·¤(-·ii ¤ (··i· - ·( (l·iºi¤·ii l(¤iº·iiºi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the New Right Philosophy in Public System management.
z. ¬i¬ ¬(i¬i ¬i ((¬ni r ¤i ¤ ¬ln ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the changing nature of Public Services.
s. ·iiºni¤ ¬i¬ ·¤(-·ii ¤ (··i· - ¬l(·ii·-iº ¬i¤ini ¬ ¬i¤i ¤( ·il-¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the features and role of the extra Constitutional Commissions in Indian Public
System Management.
«. ·iiºn - ¬i¬ ·¤(-·ii ¤ (··i - ¬¤·i ¬ ¬l·i¬iº ¬ ¬i¤ ¬ººi ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Review the working of the Right of Information Act. in Public System Management in
India.
r. l·¤i-¬ ºi·¤ ·¤i r ` ·iiºn ¬ ¬(·i - :¬¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is areaulatory State ? Discuss its role with reference to India.
s. ·iiºn ¬ l(lºi·- ¬(·i - ¤ ºii¬· - ·( ¤ iniln¬i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the role of New Technology in governance with special reference to India.
/. ºii¬· ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·il-¬i ¬(·ii --¬ ¤ ¤ini ¬ ¬(·i - l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the concept of governance in contextual usage.
s. ºii¬· ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ln-i·i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Enumerate its various models of governance.
s. ·iiºn - ¤lnril¬¬ ¤lº¤·¤ - ¬(in¤ ¤( ºi¬· ln¬ ¬i¤¤il¬¬i ¬ -·¤ ¬-(··ii ¬i ¤ºi·iºi
¬il¬¤ +
Examine the relationship between Bureaucracy and historical perspective in India.
·a. ¬·nº ºii¬¬i¤ ¬-(··i ·¤i r ` :¬¬ ¬·i -r-( ¤( ¤ ln-i·i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is inter governance relation ? Discuss its meaning, importance and models.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–I, Paper–VI
(Strategic Management Refroms and Empowerment)
( (( (zº(n|ia+ ¤ =-·(n, =·((z ¤« =.(i+a+zº( zº(n|ia+ ¤ =-·(n, =·((z ¤« =.(i+a+zº( zº(n|ia+ ¤ =-·(n, =·((z ¤« =.(i+a+zº( zº(n|ia+ ¤ =-·(n, =·((z ¤« =.(i+a+zº() )) )
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤+ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ººi·iln¬ ¤(··i· ¬ l(l·i·· -¬¬i ¬i l(¤iº·iiºi¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the thought of various schools in strategic management.
z. ¤ i¬·- ¤ (··i· ¬i(·¤¬ ¬ ·i-¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the components of Project Management life cycle.
s. ¬¤·i ¤ ºii¬i ¤ (··i· ¬i ¬º¤·i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the structure of the management of Information System.
«. ¬i¤ ÷-i¤· ¬ -¬·in ¤ººii ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Enumerate the basic steps in work measurement.
r. -i·( ¬¬i·i· l(¬i¬ l(¤ºi· ·¤i r ` :¬¬ l(l·i·· ¬(¤(i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
What is marketing Human Resource Development ? Examine its different contents.
s. ÷~¤i n¬·i¬ ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain Delphi technique.
/. ¬-iº(il¤-( ¬ ¤ ¬iº ¤( ¬i·i·i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the types and tools of Accountability.
s. ·inlº¬i ¤iºi -il·-lºn ·¤i r ` :¬¬ - ª¤ l¬-i·ni ¬i l¬lªi¤ +
What is citizens' monitoring ? Write down its main principles.
s. ¬i¬÷l·¬i ¬in(iºi ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬i(irººi ¬il¬¤ +
Explain, with examples, the concept of Public-Private Partnership.
·a. ·iiºn - ¬¤·i ¬i ¬l·i¬iº ¬l·il·¤- zaar ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ + ·iiºn -
:¬¬ -r-( ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the features of the Right to Information Act. 2005. Also discuss its importance in
India.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–I, Paper–VII
(Human Resource Management–I)
( (( (=(n« ==(·(n ¤ =·(n =(n« ==(·(n ¤ =·(n =(n« ==(·(n ¤ =·(n =(n« ==(·(n ¤ =·(n–I) )) )
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤+ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. -i·( ¬¬i·i· ¤(·i· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ ¤( :¬¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Define Human Resource Management and explain its characteristics.
z. ººi·iln ·¤i r ` ººi·iln¬ ºii·i ¬ l(l·i·· -¬ ¬i ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
What is Strategy ? Delineate the various schools of Strategic research.
s. ººi·iln¬ -i·( ¬¬i·i· ¤ (·i· ¬ l(l·i·· ¬¤in-i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the various approaches to the Strategic Human Resource Management.
«. -i·( ¬¬i·i· ¤(·i· ¬ l·¤i¬· ·i¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the Planning Areas of the Human Resource Management.
r. -i·(ºil·n l·¤i¬· ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ ºi-ii ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Enumerate the requirements of Manpower Planning.
s. ¬i¤ l(º¬·iºi ¬ ¬ªº¤i ¤( ¤ ln¤¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the Purpose and Outcome of Job Analysis.
/. ·iiºn - ¬·i ¬i¬ ¬(i ¬i¤in ¬ n-· ¬i¤i ¤( ·il- ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the organization, functions and role of the Union Public Service Commission in
India.
s. ¬-lº¬i l(-· n·ii ·iiºn - ¤ i··ln ¤ ºii¬i ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the features of Promotion System in USA, England and India.
s. -i·( ¬¬i·i· ¤(··i· - l··¤i(· ¤ (··i· ¬ -r-( ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the significance of Performance Management in Human Resource Management.
·a. ¤ilº¬l-¬ ¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the Principles of Remuneration.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(Human Resource Management–II)
( (( (=(n« ==(·(n ¤ =·(n =(n« ==(·(n ¤ =·(n =(n« ==(·(n ¤ =·(n =(n« ==(·(n ¤ =·(n–II) )) )
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤ (il¬¤+ ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬iªi· ¬i ¤ l¬¤i ¬ ¬¤in-i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the approaches to the Process of Learning.
z. ¤ (·i· l(¬i¬ - ¤ lºi·iºi ¤¬ -r-(¤ºi ·i-¬ r + ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Training is an important component of the management development. Explain.
s. ·i-ni l·-i ºi ¬ ¬ªº¤ -r-( ¤( ¤ l¬¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the objectives, significance and process or capacity building.

«. ¤ºi ¬-¬·- ¤ (·i· ¤( ¤iº-¤lº¬ ¤ (·i· ¬ -·¤ ¬·nº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Elucidate the difference between Total Quality Management and Traditional Management.
r. ¤ (··i· - ¬l-¤i ¬i ¬r·iilnni ·¤i ¬i(º¤¬ r ` ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Why is the Worker's Participation in management necessary ? Explain.
s. -i·( ¬¬i·i· ¤(··i· - ¬l-¬ ¬·ii ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the role of Trade Unions in Human Resource Management.
/. ¬-¬·-ni ¤¬ ·¤i r ` :¬¬i ¬º¤·i ¤( ¬ªº¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is quality circle ? Explain the structure and objectives of Quality Cycle.
s. ·iiºn - ¬¤ ·n ¤(··i· ¤lº·i( ¬ n-· ¬i¤i ¤( ·il-¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the organization, functions and role of the Joint Management Council in India.
s. ¬i-lr¬ ¬i((i¬i ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + :¬¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Define Collective Bargaining. Describe its types.
·a. ¬i niln¬ ºiiln ¬ l¬¤ ¬i ·÷¬i · ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ ºi-i r + ·¤i ( ·iiºn - -i ¬( r `
What are the essential conditions for Industrial Peace ? Are they present in India ?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–II, Paper–IX
(Principles of Public Policy)
(¬( +n|ia ¤« i«.¬ ª(º()
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·iln ¬inn ·iln l·nn ¤( ·iln ¤ ln¤¬ ¬i ¬(·iiººii¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the Concepts of Policy Input, Policy Output and Policy Outcome.
z. ¬i¬·iln ¬l·i-i· ·¤i r ` ¬i(irººi ( ¬l~¤¬ ¬l·i-i·i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
What is Public Policy Choice ? Discuss alternative choices with examples.
s. l·ºi ¤ l·-i ºi ¬ nil¬¬ ¤ ln-i· ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the Rational Model of decision making.
«. ·iln l(ni· ¤( ¬i-il¬¬ l(ni· ¬ -·¤ ¬-(··ii ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the relationship between Policy Science and Social Science.
r. ¬·nº÷ºii¬¬i¤ ¬-(··ii ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ln-i·i ¬i l((¤· ºªiil¤¤i ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the various models of inter governmental relations on the basis of Diagrams.
s. ·iiºn ¬ ¤i¬·i ¬i¤in ¬ n-· ¬i¤i ¤( ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the organization, functions and role of the Planning Commission in India.
/. ·iiºn ¬ -l¤-÷¬ ¬l¤(i¬¤ ¬ n-· ¬i¤i ¤( ·il-¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the organization, functions and role of the Cabinet Secretariat of India.
s. ·iiºn ¬ ¬¤¤ ·n ¬(irººii ¬lrn ·inlº¬ ¬-i¬ ¬n-· ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the typology of civil society organizations with suitable examples from India.
s. ¬r-¤i·(i l(¬i¬ ¬·¤ (¤-Œ÷iŒ¤¤Œ) ¬i ¤ il·n ¬ l¬¤ ·iiºn ¬º¬iº ¤iºi l¬¤ n¤ ¬i¤i ¬i
(ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the work done by the Government of India for achieving Millennium
Development Goal (M.D.H.).
·a. l·ºi ¤ l·-i ºi ·¤i r ` :¬¬ l(l·i·· nºi¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What is decision making ? Describe its various mechanisms.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–II, Paper–X
(Public Policy and Analysis)
(¬( +n|ia ¤« i«.¬ ª(º()
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·iln¤i ¬i l¬¤il·(ln - ºii¬¬i¤ ¬n-·i ¬i ·il-¬i ¤( (il¤-(i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the role and responsibilities of administrative organizations in the implementation
of Policies.
z. ·iln¤i ¬i l¬¤il·(ln ¬ ¬-(l··in ¬i ·÷¬i· ¬i ¬--¤i¤ r ` ¬·¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What are the problems associated with policy implementation ? Explain them.
s. ·iln÷¬· ¬(ºi (-il·-lºn) ¬ l(l·i·· ¬¤in-i ¬i ¬·i¤ - (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe, in brief, the various approaches to policy monitoring.
«. ·in÷¬· ¬(ºi (-il·-lºn) ¬ n¬·i¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ + ¬·- ¬ ¬i · ¤¬ ¬(i -i- r `
Discuss the techniques of policy monitoring. Which one of them is the best.
r. ¬i¤ ¬- -~¤i¬· ·¤i r ` ¬i¤ ¬- -~¤i¬· ¬ l¬¤ ¬i · ¬ ¬l·i¬ººi r `
What is programme evaluation ? What are the agencies for programme evaluation ?
s. ·iln÷¤ ·ii( ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ + :¬ ¬-(··i - ¬--¤i¬i ¤( ¬ ni(i ¬i
¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the concept of Policy Impact. Also enumerate the problems and suggestions in the
connection.
/. ·iln÷l(º¬·iºi ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + :¬¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ·ii l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Define policy analysis. Also discuss its types.
s. ¬inn÷¬i·i l(º¬·iºi ¬ n ºii ¤( -¤i (i¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the advantages and limitations of Cost-Benefit analysis.
s. ¬l·i¬n- l·n - ¬i nin ¬il¬¤ l¬¬- ¬·iil¬lªin ¬i·i ¬i¤i ¬ l¬¤ ¬l·i¬n- ¬i·i ri +
Π= – 20 + 150Q – 5Q² ¬ri Π ¬¬¬ ¬i·i r ¤( Q l·n - -nº r +
Find out the optimum output that maximizes profit for the following profit function.
Π = – 20 + 150Q – 5Q² where Π is the total profit and Q is the output level.
·a. ·sss÷zaa« - ·iiºn ¬º¬iº ¬i l(l·(ºi ·iln ¬i ¬l·i·n l((ººi ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
Present a brief description of the Disinvestment Policy of the Government of India during
the period 1999–2004.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–II, Paper–XI
(Principles and Practice of Democratic Decentralization)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i¬nil¤¬ l(¬·( i¬ººi ¬ -r-( ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the significance of Democratic decentralisation.
z. ·iiºn - l(¬·( i¬ººi ¬ ¬( ·iil·¬ ¤r¬ ¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the Constitutional dimensions of Decentralisation in India.
s. ¬i¬nil¤¬ l(¬·( i¬ººi ¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ¬(·i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Who do you understand by Social Context of Democratic decentralization ? Explain it.
«. ·iiºn - ·nºi¤ ¬¬- ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Enumerate the causes of urban crisis in India.
r. ¬i¬nil¤¬ l(¬·( i¬ººi ¬i ¬il·i ¬ ¬(·i ¬-¤·n -r-(¤ºi r + ·¤i ¬i¤ :¬ ¬·i· ¬
¬r-n r ` n¬ (il¬¤ +
"The economic Context of Democratic decentralization is very important". Do you agree
with the statement ? Advance arguments.
s. ·iiºni¤ ¬l(·ii· ¬ /s( ¬ºii·i· ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the features of the 73
rd
Amendment of the Indian Constitution.
/. l(¬·( i¬n l(¬i¬ ¬ l(l·i·· ·i-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the various components of Decentralized development.
s. ·iiºn - ¬i niln¬ ·iln ¤( l·(ºi ¬ ¬-(·l·in ¬ ·iiºi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the reforms concerning Industrial Policy and Investment of India.
s. lºi·ii ¬ ·i¤ - -·ii·i¤ ¤ il·i¬iºi ¤( l(lºi·- ¬ªºii¤ ¬l·i¬ººii ¬ -·¤ ¬in(iºi ¬ -r-(
¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the significance of the partnership between Local authorities and Special Purpose
Agencies in Education Sector.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :-
(i) ·¤ºi ¬¤i¬· ¬in(iºi (PURA Connectivity Partnership)
(ii) -(¤ ¬ri¤ni ¬-r (Self Help Groups)
(iii) l¬¬i l·¤i¬· ¬l-ln (District Planning Committee)
(iv) ·iiºni¤ ¬l(·ii· ¬i /(i ¬· ¬¤i (7
th
Schedule of the Indian Constitution)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–II, Paper–XII
(Local Governance in India)
(+((za = =·((n|= .((=n)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬ ºii¬· ¬ ¤¬ ¤ ln-i· ¬ ª¤ - l(~¬i ¬º¬iº ¬i ·iini(iºi ·¤(-·ii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss Bagidari System of Delhi Government as a model of good governance.
z. ·iiºn - ºi¬·iln¬ -nº ¤º ¬i¬nil¤¬ l(¬·¤i¬ººi ¬ l¬¤ l¬¤ n¤ ¤¤-·i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the steps taken for the Political Democratic Decentralization at Political Level in India.
s. ·iiºn - ·nºi¤ -·ii·i¤ ºii¬· ¬ ¬( ·i( ¤( l(¬i¬ ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ + ·nºi¤ ¤ ºii¬·
¬ ¤ - ªi - ªi ¬i ·ii ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Delineate the origins and development of Urban Local Government in India. Also, discuss
the important issues in urban governance.
«. ·iiºni¤ ¬l(·ii· ¬i ··(i ¬·¬¤i ¤iºi ¤ -·iil¤n ¬·n -nºi¤ ¬-iº(il¤-(i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the Intra-tier responsibilities introduced by the Eleventh Schedule of the Indian
Constitution.
r. ·iiºn - nlnºii¬ ·nºi¤ l·¤i¬· ¬ l¬¤ -r-(¤ºi ¬i(º¤¬ni¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the important requirements of dynamic urban planning in India.
s. l(¬i¬ºii¬ l·¤i¬· ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the concept of Developmental Planning.
/. ·iiºn - ¬·i -nºi¤ l·¤i¬· ¬ ¬(ºi·i¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the constraints in Micro-level planning in India.
s. ·iiºn ¬ ¤i¬·i ¬i¤in ¤iºi ¤·ii l·l-n ··(i ¤i¬·i ¬ ¤ i·il-¬ni¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the Priorities of the 11
th
Plan as prepared by the Planning Commission of India.
s. -·ii·i¤ l·¬i¤i ¬ ¬¤¬ ¬i¤ ¬ººi ¬ l¬¤ ¬i·i· -r-(¤ºi r + ¬i¤ ¬ ¬i·i·i ¬ ¬(·i
- :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
"Resources are most important for the successful working of local bodies". Explain the
statement with reference to the sources of revenue.
·a. ºil·n l·-i ºi ¬ l¬¤ ¬i- (il¤¬ ¬ºil·n¬ººi ¬i(º¤¬ r + ¬i(irººi ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
"Community empowerment is necessary for Capacity Building". Explain with examples.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–II, Paper–XIII
(E-Governance)
(s -¤.((=n)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. : ÷ºii¬· ¤( : ÷¬º¬iº ¬ -·¤ ·¤i ¬·nº r ` : ÷ºii¬· --i- ºii¬· ¬i -·ii¤·i - ¬ ¬
¬ri¤¬ r `
What is the difference between e-governance and e-government ? How does e-governance
help the establishment of the SMART governance ?
z. ¬¤·i ¤( ¬¤iº ¬ ·i¤ - ¤¤·n ri· (i¬ -r-(¤ºi ¤( ¬¤¤ini ¤iniln¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the important and useful technologies used in the areas of Information and
Communication Technology.
s. ( i¬l¬n ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + ¬¤·i ¤( ¬¤iº ¤ i niln¬i ¬ ¬(·i - l(l·i·· ¤ ¤ini ¬i
¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Define Browsing. Enumerate the various applications of information and communication
technology.
«. ¤º-¤ºinn ¤ºii¬· ¤( :¬·-il·¬ ¤ ºii¬· ¬ -·¤ l(·i(i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the differences between traditional administration and electronic administration.
r. ¤ ºii¬¬i¤ ¬n-· ¬-¬ln ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ -r-( ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by Administrative Organization Culture ? Explain its importance.
s. ·iiºn - ¬l·i ¬ ·i¤ - ¬¤·i ¤( ¬¤iº ¤ i niln¬i ¬ ¬¤¤in ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the application of I.C.T. in the field of Agriculture in India.
/. l(riº ¬ ¬(·i - ¤¤i¤ni ºi·¤ ¬-·ii¬i - ¬¤·i ¤( ¬¤iº ¤ iniln¬i ¬ ¬¤¤in ·i ¤i ¬i
l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the application areas of Information and Communication Technology in
Panchayati Raj Institutions with reference to Bihar.
s. : ÷¬l·n ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¤( -r-( ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the concept and significance of e-learning.
s. : ÷·¤i¤iº ¬i -¤i(i¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the limitations of e-commerce.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬¤·i ¤ i niln¬ ¬i·· zaaa (Information Technology Act. 2000)
(b) ( rn ·i¤ n¤ ((i:÷ ¤lº¤i ·-(¬) (Wide Area Network)
(c) ¬i·i ¤ (ºi : ÷¤¤i¤n ¤ i¬·- (e-Panchayat Project of Andhra Pradesh)
(d) l(riº : ÷¬¤·i ¤ ln-i· (Bihar e-information model)
(e) l(¬i (Wiki)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–II, Paper–XIV
(Disaster Management)
(¬(¤:( ¤ = ·(n)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i¤(i ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬i¤(i ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Define Disaster and examine the types of Disaster.
z. ¬i¤(i ¤¬ ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r + ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by Disaster Cycle ? Explain.
s. ¤ri÷i ·i¤i - ¬i¤(i ¤ (·i· ¬i ¬--¤i¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the problems of disaster management in Mountainous Regions.
«. ¬i¤(i ¬i ºi¬·ii- ¬ -r-( ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ + ·iiºn - ¬i¤(i ¤( ·i· ¬ ¬-(··i - ¬(·iil·¬
¤i(·ii·i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the significance of Disaster Prevention. Also discuss the Constitutional provisions
to deal with disaster management in India.
r. ¬i¤(i ¤(·i· ¬ l¬¤ ¬i(º¤¬ ¬i·i· ¬ ¬ ini ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the sources of essential resources for disaster management.
s. ¬i¤(i ·¤·i¬ººi ·¤i r ` ·¤(-·ii l·¤i¬· ¬ - ª ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
What is disaster mitigation ? Examine the case for system planning.
/. ¬i¤(i ·¤·i¬ººi - ¬¤ ·n ºi·- ¬·i ¬l·i¬ººii ¬ ¬((i·i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the contribution of United Nations Agencies in Disaster Mitigation.
s. ¬iŒ(iŒ÷iŒ¤-Œ ·¤i r ` :¬¬ l¬-i·ni ººi·iln¤i ¤( ¤ ·i ln¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
What is CBDM ? Discuss its principles, strategies and challenges.
s. ¤ ·(i¬ ¤( ¤ ·l·-i ºi ¬ -in (ºi ¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the guiding principles of Rehabitation and Reconstruction.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¤ i¬ln¬ ¬i¤(i ¬·i¬ººi ¬ l¬¤ ¬·nºi·- i¤ (ºii·(i (International Decade for Natural
Disaster Production)
(b) ( rn ¤¬¬ (i-i ¤i¬·i (Comprehensive Crop Insurance Scheme)
(c) ¬ ·i-i (Tsunami)
(d) ¬iŒ¤¬Œ÷iŒ¤-Œ¤Œ (GSDMA)
(e) ¬iºiii ¬i¤(i ¤(·i· (Koshi Disaster Management)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–II, Paper–XV
(Indian Administration as enshrined Constitution in India)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. n ·n¬i¬i· ·iiºni¤ ¤ ºii¬l·¬ ·¤(-·ii ¬i ¤ -ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the main characteristics of Indian administrative system during the Gupta Period.
z. ¬·ii¤ -l¤¤lº·i( ¬ n-· ¬l·i¬iºi ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i l((¤·i s·( ¬(·iil·¬ ¬ºii·i· ¬ ¬(·i -
¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the organization, powers and functions of the Union Council of Ministers with
reference to the 91
st
Constitutional Amendment.
s. ·iiºn - ·i¤i¤ ¬n-·i ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¤( ¬·¬ ¬i¤ ¬ººi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the need for Field agencies and their working in India.
«. l¬¬i ¤¬ ·iiºni¤ ºi·¤ ¬ ºi·¤¤i¬ ¬i ¤ºii¬¬i¤ ·il-¬i ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on the administrative role of the Governor of an Indian State.
r. l¬¬i ¬-ir-ii ¬i ((¬ni ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the changing role of the District Collector.
s. ¬º¬iºi ¬-¤·i ¬i ni-¤¤ ·¤i r ` :¬¬ ¤ ¬iºi n ºi ¤( (i·ii ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
What is the meaning of a government company ? Examine its types, merits and demerits.
/. l(l·(ºi ·¤i r ` ¬·ii n¬ l¬¤ n¤ l(l·(ºi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
What is disinvestment ? Examine the disinvestment done so far.
s. ·iiºn ¬ l·¤¤¬ ¤( -ri¬ªii ¤ºi·i¬ ¬ ¬i¤i ¬l·i¬iºi ¤( ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the functions, powers and the role of the Controller and Auditor General of India.
s. ¬n-· ¤( ¤ ºii¬i ¬ ¬·i ¬ª º¤i ¤( ¬i¤ ¬ººi ¬i l((¤· ·iiºni¤ ¤ ºii¬· ¬ ¬(·i - ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the meaning, objectives and working of O & M in the context of Indian Administration.
·a. ¤ ºii¬· ¬i ¤iº(ºii ¤( ¬· l¬¤iºii¬ ri·i ¤ilr¤ + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i l(-nilºn ¬il¬¤ +
"The administration should be transparent and responsive". Elaborate the statement.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Public Administration}
Part–II, Paper–XVI
(Rural Development with special reference to Bihar)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l(riº ¬i ¬·¬ª¤i ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the characteristics of the population of Bihar.
z. l(riº ¬i ¬·i·¤(-·ii ¬ -(ª¤ ¤( :¬¬ l¤s÷ ¤· ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the characteristics of Bihar's economy and causes of its Backwardness.
s. l··i ·ni ¬ -i¤· ¬i l(l·i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the methods of measurement of Poverty.
«. (ºi¬niº ¤( ¬·iiºi¬niº ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + ·iiºn - (ºi¬niºi ¬ ¬iººii n·ii ¬i¬iº ¬i
·ii l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Define unemployment and underemployment. Also discuss the causes and size of
unemployment in India.
r. l(riº - ¬l·i ·¤(¬i¤ ¬ -(ª¤ ¤( :¬¬i ¬·ii(·i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the nature of Agriculture marketing and its Scope in Bihar.
s. l(riº - ·il- ¬ ·iiº ¬i ¬nn· l-·iln ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the latest portion of Land Reforms in Bihar.
/. l(riº - ¬i niln¬ l¤s÷ ¤· ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Enumerate the causes of Industrial Backwardness in Bihar.
s. l(riº ¬ ¬ -iº ¤( ¬·i ¬nini ¬i l-·iln ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on the situation of Cottage and Small Scale industries in India.
s. l(riº ºi·¤ ¬i ¤¬ l(ºi·i ºi·¤ ¬i (¬i ¤(i· ¬º·i ¬ln¬i(º¤¬ r + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i l(-nilºn
¬il¬¤ +
"It is most essential to grant special status to Bihar" Elucidate the statement.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes of any Two of the following :–
(a) l(riº - ¬iªi÷¬-i ¬·¤in (C. D. Ration in Bihar)
(b) l(riº - ·ºni ¬i l-·iln (The status of NAREGA in Bihar)
(c) l(riº - (¬(i ¤i¬·i ¬i ¬¤¬l··i¤i (The achievement of the X plan in Bihar)
(d) l(riº ¤º l(·ii¬· zaaa ¬i ¤ ·ii( (The effects of Division 2000 on Bihar)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–I, Paper–I
(Rural Development : Indian Context)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬·i ¤( -ri· ¤º-¤ºi¬i ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬·i ¤( -ri· ¤º-¤ºi¬i ¬i
ªii¬ ¬·iºii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of Little and Great Traditions and discuss salient characteristics of
little and great tradition.
z. ¬¬-i·i ¤ ºii¬i ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬¬-i·i ¬i ¬il·i¬ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
Define jajmani system and discuss the economic features of jajmani system.
s. ·iiºn - nºi(i ¬ ¬i¬¬· ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically analyse the estimation of poverty in India.
«. ¤i¬·i(- l(¬i¬ ¬ ·¤i ¬l·i¤ i¤ r ` ·iiºn - ¤i¬·i ¬i¤·iln¤i - ri · (i¬ ¤lº(n ·i ¬i
(ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by planned development ? Describe the shifts in planning
strategies in India.
r. n i-iºi l(¬i¬ ¬i¤ ¬-i ¬i (n -i· l-·iln ¤( ¬·iºni r: ¤·i ln¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the current status of the rural development programmes and the emerging
challenges.
s. ¬i-n(i(i ¤( ¤ ¬i(i(i ¬·nl(ºi·ii ¬ ¤¬-(ª¤ ¬-¤·· ri· (i¬ l(l·i·· ¬i·(i¬·i ¬i
¬i·¬iºi (il¬¤ +
Illustrate the various movements arising out of feudalistic and capitalistic contradictions.
/. ·il- ¬ ·iiº ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ·iiºn - ·i l- ¬·iiº ¬ l(l·i·· ( l·-¬iºii ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Land Reforms ? Describe the various approaches to Land
Reforms in India.
s. ·iiºn - ¬l·i l(-niº ¬(i¬i ¬i ¬nl-n ¬º· ¬ l(l·i·· ¬l·in- ¬i ·÷¬i · ¬ r ` l((¤·
¬il¬¤ +
What are the different approaches for organizing agricultural extension services in India ?
Discuss.
s. ·iiºn - n i- l(¬i¬ rn ¤ ºii¬l·¬ ·¤(-·ii ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the administrative set-up for rural development in India.
·a. ·iiºn - ~ºi ¬r¬iºi ¬l-ln¤i ¬i ¬( l- ¬i º l(¬i¬ ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the growth and development of credit cooperatives in India.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–I, Paper–II
(Rural Development Programme)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤ ·ii·-¤i ºi¬niº ¤i¬·i ¬ ¬i¤i ·(¤· ¬iº l·nºi·i ¬i l(-n n l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Describe in detail implementation and monitoring of Prime Minister's Rozgar Yojana.
z. ¤ ·ii·-¤i n i-i(¤ ¤i¬·i ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¬·¤ ¬-r ¤( ¬i¤i ·(¤· ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the objective, target group and working of Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana
(PMGY).
s. ¬i-il¬¬÷¬il·i¬ ¬iº¬i ¤( -(i-·¤ ¬ (i¤ ¬ ¬-(··i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ª·ºini ¤(
- -¤ ÷(º ¤º l(l·i·· ¬i¤¬-i ¬i º -(i-·¤ (ªi·ii¬ ¬(i¬i ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the relationship between socio-economic factors and health and explain the impact
of various programmes and health care services on morbidity and mortality.
«. -(lºn n i-iºi ¬¬ ¬i¤l-i ¬i¤ ¬- (¤Œ¬iºŒ÷·¬Œ¤¬Œ¤iŒ) ¬ (iº - ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬i·n r `
n i-iºi ¬¬ ¬i¤l-i ¤i¬·i¬i - ¤¤i¤ni ºi¬ ¬-·ii¬i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you know about Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP) ? Discuss
the role of Panchayati Raj institutions in Rural Water Supply Schemes.
r. n i-iºi ·i¤i ¬ ¬-¤ºi l(¬i¬ - +¬i ¬i ·il-¬i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on role of energy in the all round development of the rural areas.
s. n i-iºi ¬¤i¬¬ni ·¤i r ` ¤ ·ii·-¤i n i- ¬÷¬ ¤i¬·i ¬ ·i¤ ¤( l(-niº ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
What is rural connectivity ? Discuss the scope and coverage of Pradhan Mantri Gramin
Sadak Yojana (PMGSY).
/. ¬¬ ¬·iººi ¬i¤¬-i - nº ¬º¬iºi ¬-·ii¬i ¤( ¤¤i¤ni ºi¬ ¬-·ii¬i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi
¬il¬¤ +
Examine the role of Non-governmental organization and Panchayati Raj institution in
watershed programme.
s. ¬-l¬n (¬º ·il- l(¬i¬ ¬i¤ ¬- ¬ - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the salient features of Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP).
s. ¬¤ ·n (· ¤(·i· ¬(·iiººii ¤( ¬ªº¤ - ¬i-il¬¬ (ilºi¬i ¬ l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº l·i·· r ` (·i ¬
¤ (·i - ¬¤ ·n (· ¤ (·i· ¬-·ii¬ ¬i l¬--(ilº¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
How is Joint Forest Management different from social forestry in concept and objectives ?
Discuss the responsibilities of the Joint Forest Management institutions in management of
Forests ?
·a. l(ni· ¤ i niln¬i ¬i º n i- l(¬i¬ ¬i ¤º-¤º÷¬il¬ni ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the inter-dependence of science, technology and rural development.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–I, Paper–III
(Rural Development Planning and Management)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. n i- l(¬i¬ ¤i¬·i ¬ ¬-(l··in l(l·i·· l¬-i·ni ¬i º -r-(¤ºi ( l·-¬iºii ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬
¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine various theories and significant approaches related to rural development
planning.
z. ¤i¬·i ¬i (r -nºi¤ ¬º¤·i ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the multi-level structure of planning.
s. ¬-i· -nºi¤ l·¤i¬· - ¤¤i¤ni ºi¬ ¤-ln ¬i ·il-¬i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Role of Panchayati Raj System in Grassroots Level Planning.
«. ¤lº¤i¬·i -~¤i¬· - ¬il·i¬ ·¤(ri¤ ni ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ¬l·i¤ i¤ r ` ¬i-il¬¬ ¬i·i ¤(
¬inn ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l(ºi·i ª¤ ¬ ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by 'economic feasibility' in Project Appraisal ? Discuss in particular the
concept of 'social costs and benefits'.
r. l·-·il¬n ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ (Describe the following) :–
(i) ¤ i¬·- ¤ (··i ¬¤·i ¤ ºii¬i (Project Management Information System)
(ii) nlnl(l·i l·¤i¬· (Activity Planning)
s. -~¤i¬· ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤( ¬i¤i-i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of evaluation and discuss its objectives and dimensions.
/. -(l·s¬ ¬n-·i ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ + ni- l(¬i¬ ¬i ¤l¬¤i - -(l·s¬ ¤¤i¬ ¬i
·¤i ·il-¬i r ` ¬(irººii ¬lrn ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the features of voluntary organizations. What is the role of voluntary effort in the
process of rural development ? Illustrate with examples.
s. ¬· ·iini(iºi ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ¬l·i¤ i¤ r ` n i- l(¬i¬ ¬i¤¬-i - ¬i-·¤n¤i ¬· ·iini(iºi
¬i n¤ ¬º· (i¬ ¬iº¬i ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
What do you mean by people's participation ? Enumerate the factors that normally
determine people's participation in rural development programmes.
s. ¬i-il¬¬ l¬¤i ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` ¬i-il¬¬ l¬¤i ¬i - ª¤ ººi·iln¤i ¬i ¤r¤i·
¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by social action ? Identify the main strategies of social action.
·a. ¬·iil¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :-
(i) -( l·s¬ ¬n-· ¬iº n º÷¬º¬iºi ¬n-· (VOs and NGOs)
(ii) ·i¤ ¬ ¤i¬·i (·i·i (Bottom-up Planning)
(iii) ¬i·i÷¬inn ¬· ¤in (Benefit Cost Ratio)
(iv) ¬¤i- (CAPART)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–I, Paper–IV
(Research Methods in Rural Development)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºii·i ·¤i r ` ºii·i ¬ ( nil·¬ ¬¤in- ¬ l(l·i·· ¤r¬ ¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is research ? Explain various aspects of scientific approach to research.
z. ºii ·i ¬--¤i ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` ºii ·i ¬--¤i ¬ ¤¤· ¬ -r-( ¬ini ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by research problem ? Describe the important sources for selection of
research problems.
s. ºii·i ¤ -ni( ¤¬ ºii·i ¤i¬·i (¤ i¬·-) ¬ ¬·ii ·¤i ºi ¬ (·i r + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i l(-nilºn
¬il¬¤ +
"The research proposal consists of every details of a research project". Elaborate this
statement.
«. ·i-·i l¬¤i l(ni· ¬ ¬·i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬i-il¬¬ ¬· ¬·ii· - ¤lº·i-·i÷l(ni·i
( l·-¬iºi ¬i ¬·i¤ - -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the meaning of phenomenology and Explain briefly 'phenomenological
approaches' in social research.
r. ¤ ¤ini--¬ ºii·i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤ ¤ini--¬ ºii·i ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬ ¤ lnª¤i ¬i
(ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Experimental Research ? Describe the different designs of
Experimental Research.
s. -~¤i¬· ºii·i ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¤( ¬ªº¤ ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ n·ii -~¤i¬· ºii·i ¤( -i l¬¬ ºii·i
¬ (i¤ ¬ ¬·nº ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the concept and purpose of evaluation research and discuss the difference
between evaluation research and basic research.
/. ºii ·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬·¤¤· l(l·i ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬¬ ¬·¤¤· ¤-ln ¬ (nil·¬
¬i·iiºi ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the characteristics of case study method of research and discuss the scientific bases
of Case Study method.
s. ¬i¬÷i ¤¬¤ ¬º· ¬i l(l·i ¬ ª¤ - ¬i·ii-¬iº ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬i·ii-¬iº ¬
¤ ¬iºi ¬i º l(l·i¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define interview as a technique of data collection and discuss the types and teachniques of
interview.
s. ni-iºi l(¬i¬ ¬ -i¤· ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ ¤( -i¤· ¬ -nº ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the concept of measurement in rural development and discuss the level of
measurement.
·a. ¤lº-iºii--¬ ¬i¬÷i ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii l¤n ºii--¬ ¤( l¤nºii--¬ ¤lº-iºii--¬
¬i ¬÷i ¬ l(º¬·iºi ¬ (i¤ ¬·nº ¬il¬¤ +
Define quantitative data and distinguish between Bivariate and Trivariate analysis of
quantitative data.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–I, Paper–V
(Rural Health Care)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l·-·il¬n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ (Explain the following) :–
(a) -(i-·¤ ¬ l··ii º¬ (Determinant of Health)
(b) -(i-·¤ ¬ ¬¤¬ (Indicates of Health)
z. n i-iºi -(i-·¤ (ªi·ii¬ ¬(i¬i - ¤ i·il-¬ -(i-·¤ ¬·¤ ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the role of primary health centre in rural health care services.
s. ¬ ¤i·iºi ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬¤i·iºi ¬ l¬¤ l¬--(iº ¬iº¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define malnutrition and discuss factors responsible for malnutrition.
«. ¬¤ ·n ºi·¤ ¬-lº¬i ¬iº l(-· ¬i -(i-·¤ (ªi·ii¬ l(nººi ·¤(-·ii¬i ¬i - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i
¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Describe the main features of health care delivery systems of United States and Britain.
r. n i-iºi ·iiºn - ¬¤iºi ºini ¬i ¤ - ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤r¤i· ¬il¬¤ +
Identify the main characteristics of communicable diseases in Rural India.
s. ºi·- i¤ -¬lº¤i l·¤¤ºi ¬i¤ ¬- ¬ l(l·i·· ¤·ii ¬i ¬-i·ii--¬ ¬i¤ ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine various aspects of National Malaria Control Programme.
/. n i-iºi ·i¤i - ¤¤i (ººii¤ -(·sni ¬iº -(i-·¤ l(ni· ¬ ¬i-il¬¬÷¬i-¬ln¬ ¬iº¬i ¬i
¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the socio-cultural factors determining environmental sanitation and hygiene in
rural areas.
s. ¤ ¬·· ¬i º (i¬ -(i-·¤ ¬i¤ ¬- ¬ ¬·nn n ¬ºl·in -in -( ¬ l¬¤ l¬¤ n¤ ¤ - ªi
r-n·i¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the major interventions made under 'Reproductive and Child Health Programme'
for 'Safe Motherhood'.
s. -(i-·¤ lºi·ii ¬i¤ ¬-i ¬ l¬¤ ¬¤¤ ·n ¬i¤ ·iln l(¬l¬n ¬º· ¬ l¬¤ ¬i(º¤¬ -r-(¤ºi
n-(i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the important elements required to develop an appropriate strategy for health
education programmes.
·a. -(i-·¤ ¬¤·i ¤ ºii¬i (¤¤Œ¬i:Œ¤¬Œ) ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + ºi·-i¤ -nº ¤º -(i-·¤ ¬¤·i
¤ ºii¬i - ºiil-¬ - ª¤ ¬¤·i ¬ ¬ ini ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define Health Information System (HIS). Explain the main 'Sources of Information' for
building HIS at the National Level.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–I, Paper–VI
(Communication and Extension in Rural Development)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ + ¬·ii ¤ + ¬·ii ¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. (-¬÷- ¬¬i· ¬¤iº -i ÷¬ ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss Westley-Maclean communication model.
z. ¬¤iº ¤·¬i ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ + :¬¬i ¬lºi¤i ¬iº n i- l(¬i¬ - l·lrni·ii ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Define communication channels. Explain its categories and implications in rural development.
s. ni- l(¬i¬ - ¤¤·n -r-(¤ºi l¬--i ¬i (º¤÷¬ri¤ni ¬i-ln¤i - ¬ ¬ s ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss some of the important types of visual aids used in Rural Development.
«. ¤ ¬iº ¬ (ºi · ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ ¬i-i·¤ ¤( l(lºi·- ¬ªº¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
State the philosophy of extension and describe the general and specific objectives of extension.
r. ¤ ¬iº - ¤ ¤ ·n ¬ s -r-(¤ºi ¬-r l(l·i¤i ¬ - ª¤ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¬i ¤ ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the major types of group methods used in extension.
s. ªiº÷ -nº ¤º -(i-·¤ l(-niº ¬(i ¬º¤·i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + -(i-·¤ l(-niº ¬-(··ii
( l·-¬iºii ¬i¤ ·iln¤i ¬i º l·ºii ¤¬ ¤ i·il-¬ni¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬·i¤ - ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the health extension set-up at block level. Describe in brief, the approaches,
strategies and crucial determinants of health extension.
/. l(-niº - ¬¤¤in ri· (i¬i ( ¤l·n¬ ¬-¤¬ ¤ ºiil¬¤i ¬ ¤ - ªi ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬
l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically analyze the major types of individual contact methods used in extension.
s. ¬¤iº l·¤i¬· - l·lrn l(l·i·· ¬i¤i·i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the various steps involved in communication planning.
s. l·nºi·i ¬iº -~¤i¬· ¬ ¬·i ¬i º l(·i¤÷·i¤ ¬i ¬·i¤ - ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ + n i- l(¬i¬ -
l·nºi·i ¬iº -~¤i¬· ¬i l(l·i¤i ¬i º ¬i·i· ¬i·÷¬ r `
Discuss, in brief, meaning and scope of Monitoring and Evaluation. What are the methods
and tools of Monitoring and Evaluation in Rural Development ?
·a. ¬n-·i--¬ ¬¤iº ¬ l(l·i·· ª¤ ·¤i r ` ¬n-·i--¬ ¬¤iº ¬ ¬ ÷i ¤ - ªi ¬--¤i¬i ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What are various forms of organizational communication ? Discuss major problems related
to organizational communication.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–I, Paper–VII
(Rural Social Development)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. n i-iºi -lr¬i¬i ¬i ·i¬ ¬ l-·iln ¬i ¬l¤n ¬º· (i¬i - ª¤ l(¤iººii¤ l(·( ¬i ¬i l((¤·
¬il¬¤ n·ii -lr¬i¬i ¬i l-·iln - ¬ ·iiº ¬ (i ¬i¤ ¬-i ¬i ¬l·i·n l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Discuss main area of concern signifying the critical status of rural women and briefly
describe the two main programme for improvising the status of women.
z. ni-iºi ·iiºn - lºi·ii ¬i ·i¤ («i· ¬ l¬¤ ri¬ ri ¬i ·ilnnn ¤r¬ ¬i ¬·i¤ - l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss, in brief, recent policy initiative to expand the coverage of education in Rural India.
s. ni-iºi -lr¬i¬i ¬ ¬(·i - ¤i·iºi ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ni-iºi -lr¬i¬i ¬
-(i-·¤ ¤( ¤i·iºi ¬i ¤·iil(n ¬º· (i¬i ¬i-il¬¬÷¬i-¬ln¬ ¬iº¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the concept of nutrition in respect of health of rural women and explain the socio-
cultural factors affecting health and nutrition of rural women.
«. l(l·i·· -lr¬i÷¤ º·i l(º¬·iºi ¬-(··ii ( l·-¬iºii ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ l¬·¬i
¤ ¤in -lr¬i÷¤ º·i l·¤i¬· ¬i º -lr¬i ¬ºil·n¬ººi - l¬¤i ¬ini r +
Critically examine various gender analysis approaches which are used in gender planning and
women's empowerment.
r. ni-iºi (·¤i ¬ l¬¤ lºi·ii ¬ l(l·i·· ¬i¤¬-i ¬ ¬·nnn ¤-ªi ¤i(·ii·i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Enumerate the key provisions under various programmes of education for rural children.
s. ¬-l¬n (i¬ l(¬i¬ ¬(i (¬i: Œ¬iŒ÷iŒ¤¬Œ) ¬i¤ ¬- ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¬i ·÷¬ r ` :¬ ¬i¤ ¬- ¬
¬·nn n ¤(i· ¬i ¬i· (i¬i ¬(i¬i ¬i ¬·i¤ - (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What are the objectives of Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) Programme ?
Describe, in brief, the services provided under this programme.
/. ¬· ¬l¤n ¬iln¤i ¬ ¬ºil·n¬ººi ¬ l¬¤ l¬¤ n¤ ¤ ¤i¬i ¬i ¬l·i·n l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Explain briefly the efforts being made for the empowerment of the scheduled.
s. ¬· ¬l¤n ¬·¬iln¤i ¬ ¬l·lºin - ªi ¬i º ¬·¬¬ni ¬--¤i¬i ¬i ¬-i·ii--¬ ¬i ¤ ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine some of the unresolved issues and persisting problems of Scheduled
Tribes.
s. l¬ºiiº ·¤i¤ ((ªi·ii¬ ¤( ¬º·iºi) (i¬ ¬l·il·¤- zaaa l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº ¤ lnªl¤n r ¬i ` :¬
¬l·il·¤- ¬i ¤ -ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
How did the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) of Children Act, 2000 come into
being ? Describe the salient features of the Act.
·a. ¤ ¬ln ¤ ¬ l(·ii ¬l·il·¤- ·ss· ¬ - ª¤ ¤ i(·ii·i ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Elaborate the main provisions of the Maternity Benefit Act., 1961.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(Voluntary Action in Rural Development)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. -i¬¬i- ¤iº¬·¬ ¬ l¬¤i ¬ -( l·s¬(i(i÷l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the Talcott Parsson's voluntaristic theory of action.
z. ·iiºn ¬ ¬l(·ii· ¬ ¬i·i÷¬i·i ¬i¬nil¤¬ ¬l·i¬iº ¬iº -il¬¬ -(n¤ni¬i ¬ ¬(l(¬i¬ -
¬(il·i¬ -r-(¤ºi ·i-·i¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the most important landmarks in the evolution of democratic 'rights' and fundamental
'freedoms' along with the Constitution of India.
s. ¬i·il·¬ ¬~¤iºi¬iºi÷ºi·¤ ¤( -(¤¬(i ¬ -·ii¤ (i·i ¬-i¬ ¬ ¬~¤iºi ¤( l(¬i¬ -
¬(il·i¬ -r-(¤ºi ¬((i·¬ni r :¬ ¬·i· ¬i l(-nilºn ¬il¬¤ +
"The modern welfare state and voluntary organizations together are the most important
contributors to the welfare and development of society" Elaborate this statement.
«. ¬i·i l·º¤·i ¬n-·i ¬ ¬l·i ¬ ¬¤in- ¬ - ª¤ ¤r¬ ¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the main aspects of economic approaches to non-profit organisations.
r. -(¤¬(i ¬-·ii¬i ¬ ¬(·i - ¤ºii¬l·¬ -(n¤ni l¬--(iºi ¤( ¬-iº(il¤-( ¬ -r-( ¬i
·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the significance of administrative independence, responsibility and accountability
in the context of voluntary organization.
s. (i.¬i¬.¤·.¬i.¬i¬. ¬ ¤iºi l(-ii¤ ¬¬i·i·i ¬ ¬·i-· ¬ ¬-(l··in ¬l·(i¤ ·i-¬i ¬i º
- ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤+
Describe the essential components and main features pertaining to the 'mobilisation of
financial resources' by VOs/NGOs.
/. ·iiºn - -(¤¬(i ·i¤ ¬ -¬ ¤ iª¤ ((ni ¬ººi) ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬·i¤ - ¬il¬¤ +
Explain in brief the basic typology of voluntary sector in India.
s. n i-iºi ·i¤i - (i.¬i¬¤·.¬i.¬i¬ ¬ ¤iºi ¬i-·i l¬¤ ¬i· (i¬ ¬--¤i¬i ¬i (ºi ·
¬il¬¤ +
Describe the problems faced by VOs/NGOs in rural areas.
s. ni-iºi ¬i-il¬¬ ¤lº(n· ¬ ¬(·i - (i.¬i¬. ¬ -ª¤ -ª ¤( ¬i¤i(¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the main issues and agenda of VOs in regard to rural social transformation .
·a. ¬- (i¤ ¬i·iilºn ¬n-·i ¬i -¬ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the basic characteristic of Community Based Organisation (C.B.O)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–II, Paper–IX
(Land Reforms and Rural Development)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·il-¬i ¬ ·iiº ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` n i-iºi l(¬i¬ ¬ l¬¤ ·il- ¬ ·iiº ¬ -r-( ¤( ¤ - ªi
¬((i·i ¬i ¬·i¤ - l(( ¤· ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by land reforms ? Discuss in brief the significance and major
contributions of land reforms for rural development.
z. ·iiºn - ·i÷·i ln ¤ ºiil¬¤i ¤º ¬¤l·(ºi(i( ¬ ¤ ·ii( ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the impact of colonialism of land tenure systems in India.
s. ¤lº¤- ·iiºn ¬ ¬·i¬ ¬-i¬ ¤º l( l-ºi ºii¬· ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the impact of British rule on agrarian society of Western India.
«. ·sr/ ¬ (i( ¬ l¬¬i· ¬i·(i¬· ¬ :lnri¬ ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Trace the history of Peasant Movement in India after 1857.
r. ·il- ¬ ·iiº ¬i· - ·iiºni¤ ºi·- i¤ ¬in ¬ ¬ ¤i n(i· ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the contribution of Indian National Congress in bringing about land reforms.
s. ·iiºn - ·il- ¬ ·iiº ¬ ¬-(l··in ¬( ·iil·¬ ¤ i(·ii·i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the constitutional provisions relating to land reforms in India.
/. ·iiºn - ( rn ·il- ¬ ·iiºi ¬ ¬-(l··in n º ¬º¬iºi ¬n-·i ¬ ¤r¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine major land reforms related initiatives of Non-Governmental Organizations in
India.
s. ·iiºni¤ ¬·i ·¤(-·ii ¤º ·il- ¬ ·iiº ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the impact of land reforms on Indian Economy.
s. ·il- ¬ ·iiºi ¬ ¬ ÷i ¬· ¤ - ªi ¬--¤i¬i ¬i ¬·i ¤ - (ºi · ¬il¬¤ l¬·¬i ¬i-·i l(¬i¬ºii¬
(ºi ¬º ºr r +
Describe, in brief, major problems related to land reforms being faced by the developing
countries.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬-i(iºi ·¤(-·ii (Zamindari System)
(b) ·iiºni¤ ni(i ¤º l(l-ºi ºii¬· ¬ ¤lººii- (Consequences of British rule on Indian villages)
(c) ¬ºi·ii· ¬i ¬·ni ¤ ºii¬i (Zabti System of Taxation)
(d) ¤ (¬ ¬iln¤i (Dominant Castes)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–II, Paper–X
(Entrepreneurship and Rural Development)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬n-ºii¬ni ¬i·iilºn l(l(·i l¬-i·ni ¬i ·¤i· - ºªin r¤ ¬n-i ¬i ¬¬~¤·i ¬i
¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¬i¤ ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the concept of an entrepreneur in the light of various theories on
entrepreneurship.
z. ·iiºn - -(n¤ni ¤ il·n ¬ ¤( ¬n-ºii¬ni l-·iln ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss in brief the entrepreneurial scenario in India before Independence.
s. ¤¤i¤n ¬nin ¬ (iº - ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬i·n r ` :¬¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤( n i-iºi ¬n-ºii¬ni ¬ l(¬i¬
- :¬¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you know about Panchayat Udyogs ? Discuss its objective and role in
development of rural entrepreneurship.
«. (i¬iº ¬·i·¤(-·ii ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ + (i¬iº ¬·i·¤(-·ii l¬¬ ¤¬iº ¬n-ºii¬ni
¬ l¬¤ ¬ri¤¬ ri ¬¬ni r `
Discuss the concept of market economy. How can the market economy be conductive to
rural entrepreneurship.
r. ·iiºn - ¬·i ¤( ¬·- ·i¤ - ¬n-ºii¬ni ¬i («i(i (· rn ¬º¬iº ¬ ·iln ¬·n·i¤i ¬i
-¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Elaborate on the policy interventions by the government to promote entrepreneurship in the
small and tiny sector in India.
s. n i-iºi ¬n-ºii¬ni ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
State the types of village entrepreneurship.
/. ¬r¬iºi ¬l-ln¤i ¬i º ¬r¬iºi ¬l-ln ¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i ¬·i¤ - ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define co-operative society and briefly discuss the principles of a co-operative.
s. (i·¬i(ºi ¬ n i-iºi ( ¬ ¬i ¬¤¬ ni·ii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the success story of the Grameen Bank of Bangladesh.
s. n i-iºi ¬n-ºii¬ni ¬ l(l·i·· ·i¤i ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Outline various domains of rural entrepreneurship in India.
·a. ¬i ¬÷i ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬i¬÷i ¬i ¤¬l¤n ¬º· ¬i ¤-ln¤i ¬i -¤·-
¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the concept of Data and explain the methodology of data collection.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–II, Paper–XI
(Poverty Alleviation Programmes in Rural India)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. nºi(i ¬·-¬· ¬i¤ ¬- ¬ ¬·¤i ¬i ¤ i·n ¬º· ¬ l¬¤ ¬¤·i¤ n¤ ( l·-¬iºii ¬i ¤¤i
¬il¬¤ +
Discuss approaches adopted to achieve the goals of poverty alleviation programme.
z. ·¤·n- ¬i(º¤¬ni ¬i¤¬- ¬ l(l·i·· ·i-¬i ¬i ¤ nln ¬i ¬i¤ ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the progress of different components of minimum needs programme.
s. ¤¬i¬n n i- l(¬i¬ ¬i¤ ¬- ¬i ¬¬~¤·i ¬i º -r-(¤ºi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the concept and important features of Integrated Rural Development Programme
(IRDP).
«. -i:¬- ¬i¤¬- ¬i -ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the main features of TRYSEM Programme.
r. ¬ l·lº¤n ºi¬niº ¤i¬·i ¬ ¬ªº¤i ¬i º - ª¤ ·i-¬i ¬i ¬-i·ii--¬ ¬i ¤ ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the objectives and the main components of Employment Assurance
Scheme.
s. -(ºi ¬¤·ni n i- -(ºi¬niº ¤i¬·i ¬ ¤¬ ·iin ¬ ª¤ - -(÷¬ri¤ni ¬-ri ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i º
l(¬i¬ ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the role and evolution of Self-Help Groups as a part of Swarna Jayanti Gram
Swarozgar Yojna.
/. ¬-¤ºi n i-iºi ºi¬niº ¤i¬·i ¬i - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¤( -r-(i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the main features and importance of Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojna.
s. ¬· -r-(¤ºi n-(i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ ¬i ·iiºn - ªiin ¬º·ii ¬i ¬ l·lº¤n ¬ºni r ¤( :¬-
¬·l((ººi ¤ ºii¬i ¬ ¤i n(i·i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe major element which ensure food security in India and discuss the contributions
of Public Distribution System in it.
s. ¤·ii·-¤i ºi¬niº ¤i¬·i (¤iŒ¤-Œ¬iºŒ(i:Œ) ¬ ¬i·iiº ¬ªº¤ ¬iº ¬·¤ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the basis, objectives and targets of Prime Minister's Rozgar Yojana (PMRY).
·a. -(÷l·¤i¬· ¬i¤ ¬- ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii n i-iºi ºi¬niº ¬-¤i(· ¬i¤ ¬-
¬ ¬i¤ ¬ººi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the need for self-employment programmes and examine the functioning of rural
employment generation programme.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–II, Paper–XII
(Rural Economics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬il·i ¬ l(¬i¬ rn ·¬¬ ¬ ¬n l¬n ¬l·i÷¬nin ¬(·i ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Critically examine Nurskse theory on balanced agriculture-industry relation for economic
growth.
z. ¬·il¬¬i¤ ¬¬-ºi ¬ l¬-in ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬º + ·¤i ·iiºn ¬·il¬¬i¤ ¬¬-ºi
¬i (¬ºi ¬(-·ii ¬ n ¬º ºri r `
Critically examine the theory of demographic transition. Is India passing through the
second stage of demographic transition ?
s. ¤¬ n i-iºi ¬·i·¤(-·ii ¬ l(¬i¬ - n i-iºi ¬l·i (i¬iºi ¬i ·¤i ·il-¬i rini r ` ·iiºn -
¬l·i l(¤ºi· ¬ ·iiº ¬ l¬¤ ¬º¬iº ¤iºi l¬¤ n¤ ¬¤i¤i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
What are the roles of rural agricultural markets in the development of a rural economy ?
Examine the steps taken by the Government to improve agricultural marketing in India.
«. ·iiºn ¬ ¬ l(¬i¬ºii¬ (ºi - ·il- ¬¤¤in «i¤ ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬º· (i¬ n-(i ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤+
Discuss the factors influencing land use pattern in developing country like India.
r. ¤i- ¤ (··i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤i- ¤ (··i ¬ ¬i·iiº·in l¬-i·ni ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by Farm Management ? Discuss the basic principles of farm
management.
s. l·-·l¬lªin ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ (Describe the following) :-
(i) ªii(i ¤( n i-iºi ¬nin ¬i¤in (Khadi and Village Industry Commission)
(ii) ¬·i ¬i niln¬ ·i¤ ¬i ¬i l¤-¤ (Relevance of Mini Industrial Estate)
/. ¬l·i ¤( n i-iºi l(¬i¬ ¬ l¬¤ ºi·- i¤ (¬ (·i(i÷ ) ¬ l¬¤i÷¬¬i¤i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
·¤i ¬i¤ :¬¬ ¬i¤ ¬ ¬n ·- r `
Evaluate the working of the National Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development
(NABARD). Are you satisfied with its performance ?
s. ¬¤i- ¬ (iº - ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬i·n r ` :¬¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you know about CAPART ? Discuss its objectives and functions.
s. ·iiºn - ¬l·i -¬(ºi ¬i ¬--¤i¬i ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ + ¬·¬i l-·iln - ¬ ·iiº ¬ l¬¤ ¬º¬iº
¤iºi ·¤i ¬¤i¤ l¬¤ n¤ r `
Explain the problems of agriculture labourers in India. What measures have been taken by
the Government to improve their position ?
·a. ¬· ¬~¤iºi¬iºi ¤i¬·i¬i ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ ¬i -lr¬i¬i ¤( (·¤i ¬ l¬¤ ¬i¤ ºn r +
Give and account of those welfare measures which are addressed to women and children.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–II, Paper–XIII
(Indian Economy in Bihar Context)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l(riº ¬i ¬·i·¤(-·ii ¬i - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the main features of Bihar economy.
z. l(riº - ¤ ln ·¤l·n ¬i¤ ·iiºn ¬ ¬·¤ ºi·¤i ¬i n ¬·i - ¬- r :·¬ ¬iººii ¬i (ºi ·
¬º + :¬¬ ¬-·ii· ¬ l¬¤ ¬l¤n ¬ni( (il¬¤ +
Explain the reasons, why Bihar percapita income is low in respect to the other states of
India ? Suggest suitable measures for its improvement.
s. ·¤i ¬i¤ ¬-nn r l¬ n¬i ¬ («ni r: ¬i(i(i l(riº ¬ ¬il·i ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i ¬(ª- ¬ºni
ºri r ` ¤l( ri ni :¬ ºi¬· ¬ l¬¤ ¬ ni( (il¬¤ +
Do you think that rapidly growing population has been retarding Bihar economic
development ? If so, suggest measure to check it.
«. l(riº - ¬l·i ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬--¤i¤ ·¤i r ` :¬¬ l(¬i¬ rn ¬¤¤·n ººi·iln ¬ni( +
What are the main problems of Agriculture in Bihar. Suggest suitable strategy for its
development.
r. l(riº - ·il- ¬i r((·(i ¬-(··ii ¬¤i¤i ¬i ¤ nln ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the progress of land ceiling measures in Bihar.
s. ·¤i ¬i¤ :¬ l(¤iº ¬ ¬r-n r l¬ l(riº - ¬l·i ¬i·iilºn ¬nin ¬i ¬-·ii(·i¤ ¤¤º -i¤i
- ¬¤¬··i r ` :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Do you agree with the view that Bihar has ample potentialities in the growth of Agro-based
industries ? Discuss.
/. l(riº - ¬l·i ¬i l(-i ¤(i· ¬º· - ·¤i(¬ilr¤¬ ( ¬i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Assess the role of Commercial Bank in financing agriculture in Bihar.
s. ·¤i ¬i¤ :¬ ¬ ¬r-n r l¬ l(riº - ¤¤-· ¬nin ¬ ¤¤i ·n ¬(¬º r l¬ (r l(riº ¬i
¬il·i ¬ l(¬i¬ - ¬r¤in ¤ (i· ¬º ` ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Do you agree with the view that tourism industry in Bihar has an ample opportunity to
support Bihar's economic development ? Explain.
s. l(riº ¬ ºi¬¬i·ii¤ ¬º¤·i ¬ ·i-¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the components of fiscal structure of Bihar.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬ªi÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :-
(i) nºi(i ºªii (Poverty Line)
(ii) ¬¬ ¬¬i·i· (Water Resource)
(iii) ºi·¤-nºi¤ l·¤i¬· (State's Planning)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–II, Paper–XIV
(Governance and Panchayati Raj)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·iiºn - n i-iºi ¬i-il¬¬÷¬il·i¬ (ºii¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the rural socio-economic conditions in India.
z. ·s·s ¬ ·iiºn - -·ii·i¤ l·¬i¤i ¬ ¬( ·i( ¤( l(¬i¬ ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Delineate the origin and development of local bodies in India since 1919.
s. ¤¤(·ii ¤ ¤i¬·i - ·il- ¬ ·iiº ·iln ¬ ¬ªº¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ + ·¤i ·il- ¬ ·iiº ¬i ¬i¤ ¬-
¬¤¬ ºri r `
Describe the objectives of the Policy of Land Reforms in the Five year plan. Has the land
reforms programme been successful ?
«. ¤¬ l(¬i¬ ¬l·i¬-ii ¬ ª¤ - ¤¤i¤ni ºi¬ ¬-·ii¬i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate the Panchayati Raj Institutions as an agent for development.
r. l(riº - ¤¤i¤n ¬i ¬l-ln¤i ¬ ¬i¤ ¬ººi ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the working of committees of Panchayats in Bihar.
s. l(¬l·¤n l·¤i¬· ·¤i r ` ¬(l·i ¤º ¬i·iilºn l·¤i¬· ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
What is decentralized planning ? Discuss the type of planning on the basis of Time
Schedule.
/. l(riº - ¤ i·il-¬ -nº ¤º lºi·ii l·¤i¬· ¬i l¬¤il·(ln ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the implementation of Educational Planning at the Primary Level in Bihar.
s. -( l·s¬ ¬n-· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬i ºil·n¤i ¤( ¬l-¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define voluntary agency and discuss its strength and weaknesses.
s. ºi·- i¤ -lr¬i ¬i¤in ¬ n-· ¬l·i¬iº ¤( ·il-¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the organization, powers and the role of National Commission for Women.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬ªi÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :-
(i) ¤¬Œ ¤-Œ l¬·i(i ¬l-ln ¬i ¤ln((· ·sss (L. M. Singhvi Committee's Reprot, 1986)
(ii) ¤ - ªi (Pramukh)
(iii) l¬¬i l·¤i¬· ¬l-ln (District Planning Committee)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–II, Paper–XV
(Regional Planning and Development)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¤ -¤¬ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬- ¬ ¬- (i ¤ º·i ¬i ¤ ·¬º ¬ ¬ ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.
a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' a(ºs ¬' (Section 'A')
·. ¤ (ºi ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤(ºi ¬i l(ºi·ini¤ ¤( ¤ ¬ln ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define Region and discuss characteristics and nature of Region.
z. ·ii ln¬ ¤(ºii ¬i ¬¬~¤·i ¬ ¬l-¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the chronological development of concept of physical regions.
s. ¬-ª¤ n·ii ¬·¤i¤ ¤(ºii - ·¤i ¬·nº r ` ¬(irººi ¬lrn ¬·¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i
¬il¬¤ +
What is the difference between uniform and nodal regions ? Explain their characteristics
with examples.
«. ( r( ¤( ¬·i ¤ (ºii ¬i ¬i(irººi l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Account for macro and micro regions with example.
r. -ri·nº ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ l(l·i·· ª¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Define Metropolis and discuss its different form.
a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs a(ºs = == =' '' ' (Section 'B')
s. l(¬l¬n ¤( l(¬i¬ºii¬ (ºii - l(¬i¬ ¤i¬·i¬i ¬i n ¬·i--¬ l((ººi ¤-n n ¬il¬¤ +
Give a comparative account of development plans in the developed and developing nations.
/. ¬-i· ·i¤ l(¬i¬ ¬¤in- ¬ ¬( ·i( ¤( ¤ l·n¬nnni ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬-i· ·i ¤
l(¬i¬ ¬ ·i-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze the evolution and rationale of command area development approach and discuss
components of command area development.
s. ·iiºn - ¤ ªiº÷ -nºi¤ l·¤i¬· ¬i ¤ - ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe salient features of Block Level Planning in India.
s. ·iiºn - l-¬i+ l(¬i¬ ¬i ¬·ii(·i¬i ¬i l((ººi ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤ +
Give an account of the possibilities of sustainable development in India.
·a. ¤ i(lºi¬ l·¤i¬· ¬ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ n ºi ¤( (i·ii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do understand by Regional Planning ? Discuss its merits and demerits.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Rural Development}
Part–II, Paper–XVI
(Rural Society in India)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·iiºn - n i-iºi ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on development of rural sociology in India.
z. ·iiºni¤ ¬·i¬ ¬-i¬ ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the characteristics of Indian agragarian society.
s. n i-iºi ¤lº(iº ¬i ¤ - ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the major characteristics of Village Family.
«. ¬iln ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Define caste and discuss its characteristics and functions.
r. n i-iºi ¬i-il¬¬ ¬º¤·i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an esay on Rural Social Structure.
s. n i-iºi nlnºii¬ni ¬i º ¤¬i¤· ¬ ¬iººii ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the reasons of rural mobility and emigration.
/. ¬i- (il¤¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ·iiºn - ¬i- (il¤¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i¤ ¬-i ¬ ¬ª º¤
¤( ¬n-· ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by community development ? Discuss the objectives and organization
of community development programme in India.
s. l(¬·¤i¬ººi ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` ¤¤i¤ni ºi¬ ·¤(-·ii ¬i ¬i¬nil¤¬ l(¬·¤i¬ººi ¬
·¤ ¬i·iiº ¬ ª¤ - (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by democratic decentralization ? Expalin Panchayati Raj system as a
new base of democratic decentralization.
s. l(riº - ¬·i¬ ¬i·(i¬· ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on agrarian movement in Bihar.
·a. ¬l·i ¤º ( º(i¬ººi ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the impact of globalization on agriculture.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Commerce
Part–I, Paper–I
(Management Concepts)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i l¬·ri ¤i l¬·ri ¤i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤ (·i ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ ¬i¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
Define management and discuss its functions.
z. ¤ (·i ¬ ¤ - ªi l¬-i·ni ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º+
Explain the major principles of Management.
s. -¬º ¬ ( nil·¬ ¤ (·i ¬-(··ii ¤in(i· ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º+
Discuss the contributions of Taylor in the field of Scientific Management.
«. ¤¬ ¬¤¬ l·¤i¬· ¬ ¬ªº¤i ¬i º ¤ l¬¤i¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º+
Explain the objectives and process of successful Planning.
r. l¬¬i ¬¤¬- ¬i ¬n-·i--¬ ¬º¤·i ¬i ·¤i ¬·i r ` l¬¬i (÷i ¬-·ii ¬ ¬n-· ¬i l·-i ºi
¬ºn ¬-¤ l¬· n-(i ¬i ·¤i· - ºªi·i ¤ilr¤`
What is the meaning of organizational structure? What factors should be kept in view while
determining the organization of a big unit?
s. ·iiºi¤ ºi ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬l·i¬iº ¬ ·iºi¤ ºi ¤ l¬¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬º+
What do you understand by Delegation? Discuss the process of delegation of authority.
/. ¬l·i¤ ººi ¬ l¬¬i ¬¤¤ini l¬-i·n ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º+
Asses any useful theory of motivation.
s. l·¤¤ºi ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ¬iºi¤ r ` ¤ ·ii(¤ºi l·¤¤ºi ¬i ¤ l¬¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤+
What do you mean by Control? Discuss process of effective controle.
s. ¤lº(n· ¬i ¤ (·i ·¤i rini r ` ¤lº(n· ¤(·i ¬i ¤¬ l·¤il¬n ¤ l¬¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤+
What is management of change? Discuss a planned process of management of change.
·a. ¬·i·i ¬i ¬·i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ n·ii l¬¬i ¬n-· ¬i ¤-ln¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
Discuss the meaning of conflict and analyse the methods of resolving conflict in an
organization.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Commerce
Part–I, Paper–II
(Organizational Behaviour)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri l¬·ri l¬·ri l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬-i· r + ¬-i· r + ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬n-·i--¬ ¬º¤·i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by organizational structure ? Describe its different types.
z. ¬n-· ¬ ·¬il¬¬i l¬-i·n ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss classical theory of organization.
s. ri ·i· ¬·¤¤· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ri ·i· ¬·¤¤· ¬ ¬iºi¤i ¬i l(( ¤· ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Hawthorne Studies ? Discuss the implications of Hawthorne
studies.
«. ·¤l·n-( n·ii ¬-¬ln ¤¬÷(¬º ¤º ¬il¬n rin r + l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
"Personality and culture are interdependent". Discuss.
r. ¬i¬¤i- ¬ ·¤l·n-( l¬-i·n ¬ l(l·i·· ¤·ii ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on various aspects of Allport's theory of personality.
s. ¬il(·¬ilº¬i ·¤i r ` ·¤l·n-( -i¤· ¬i l¬·ri (i ¬il(·¬ilº¬i¬i ¬i - ~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
What is inventory ? Evaluate any two inventories for personality measurement.
/. ¬·i·i ¬ ¬i ·÷¬i · ¬ -nº r ` ¬n-·i--¬ ¬·i·i ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What are the levels of conflict ? Describe the various types of organizational conflict.
s. ¤lº(n·÷¤ lnºi·i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :·¬ l(l·i·· ¬ ini ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by resistance to change ? Describe its various sources.
s. ¬n-· l(¬i¬ ¬i l(l·i·· ¤ l(l·i¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the different techniques of OD.
·a. ¬-r ¬ ¬-¤ -¤¤ ¬i -¤·- ¬º n·ii :¬¬ - ª¤ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of group and describe its main types.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Commerce
Part–I, Paper–III
(Managerial Economics & Business Environment)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri l¬·ri l¬·ri l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
Answer any Three Question from Section 'A' and any Two from Section 'B'
(Section–'A')
·. ¤ (··i¬i¤ ¬·i ºii-¤ ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ + ¤r ¤º-¤ºinn ¬·i ºii-¤ ¬ l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº l·i·· r `
Define Managerial Economics. How does it differ from traditional economics.
z. ¤¬ ·¤i(¬il¤¬ ¤- ¬ l(¬¤ ¤ (··i - -i n l(º¬·iºi ¬i ·¤i -r-( r ` -i n ¬i l··ii lºn
¬º· (i¬ l(l·i·· n-(i ¬i ¬-ni¤ +
What is the importance of demand analysis for sales management of a business firm?
Discuss the important factors determining demand.
s. ¬i-i·¤n¤i ¬~¤¬i¬ - (-n ¬i -~¤ -i n ¬i ¤lºl-·iln¤i ¤iºi n¤ rini r ¬iº (i·i¬i¬ -
¬i-i·¤n ¤ln ¬i ¤lºl-·iln¤i ¬ ¤iºi + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
"Generally the price of a commodity is determined by demand in a short-period and supply
in the long-period." Elucidate.
«. ·¤l·nnn n·ii ¬-r ¬n¬· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤¬il·i¬iºi--¬ ¤ ln¤ilnni ¬ ¬·nn n
·¤l·nnn ¤( ¬-r ¬n ¬· ¬i ¬l¤¤ -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by Individual and Group equilibrium? Show diagrammatically the
individual firm equilibrium and group equilibrium under monopolistic competition.
r. ¤ºi ¬inn ¬i-n l··iººi ¬ ¤·÷ ¤¬ ¬ l(¤iºi ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤ºi ÷¬inn ¬i-n
l··ii ººi l(l·i ¬ ·¤i¤¬ ¤ ¤in ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the Andrew's version of the full cost pricing and discuss the causes of wide use of
full cost pricing.
s. ~ii·i ¬ -i¤· ¬i l(l·i·· l(l·i¤i ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Evaluate critically the methods of measurement of profit.
(Section–'B')
/. ·¤i(¬il¤¬ ¤¤i(ººi ·¤i r ` :¬¬i ¤ ¬ln ¤( n-(i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is business environment? Discuss its nature and elements.
s. l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬i ¬il·i¬ ¤ ºiil¬¤i ¤º ¤¬ ¬l·i·n l·(··i l¬ªi +
Write an essay on different forms of economic system.
s. ¤¬il·i¬iº ¤( ¤ ln(·ii--¬ ·¤i¤iº ·¤(riº ¬l·il·¤-·sss ¬ - ª¤ ¤ i(·ii·i ¬i ¬¬i¤·i--¬
¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Critically examine the main provision of Monopolistic and Restrictive Trade Practice Act,
1969 (MRTP).
·a. l¤ni¤ ¤i«i ¬ ¬il·i ¬ ¬ ·iiº ¤º ¤¬ l((ººii--¬ l-·¤ºii l¬ªi +
Write a descriptive note on Second generation economics reforms.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Commerce
Part–I, Paper–IV
Statistical Analysis and Data Processing
(Quantative Methods)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri l¬·ri l¬·ri l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i¬÷i ¬ ¬n rºi ¬ -r-( ¤( ¬i¬÷i ¬ - ª¤ -¤ini ¬i l((¤·i ¬º+
Discuss the importance of data collection and the main sources of data.
z. ¬ilª¤¬i ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ( ¤( :¬¬ ¬i¤ ·i¤ -r-( ¤( ¬i-i¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º+
Define Statistics and describe its importance and limitations.
s. ¬i( ln (-· ·¤i r ` (ni ¬n ¬i( ln (-· (·i· ¬i l(l·i ¬i (ºi · ¬º n·ii :¬¬ ¬(l·in
¤(i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º+
What is a frequency distribution? Describe the process of constructing a grouped frequency
distribution and explain the terms associated with it.
«. ¬i¤n l¤¤ ¤( ¬¤¤i ¬i( ln (¬ (·i· ¬i l(l·i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬º+
Describe the methods of drawing histogram and cumulative frequency curve.
r. ¬·( i¤ ¤( ln ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ( n·ii :¬¬ -i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬º+
Describe central tendency and describe its measures.
s. l·-·l¬lªin ¬i( ln (-· ¬ l¬¤ ¤ -i¤ l(¤¬· ¤( l(¤ººi n ºii¬ ¬i ¤lº¬¬· ¬º +
Calculate standard deviation and coefficient of variation for the following frequency
distribution.
Age (Years)
¬i¤ ((·i)
25–30 30–35 35–40 40–45 45–50 50–55
No. of Workers
(¬l-¬i ¬i ¬ª¤i)
6 10 18 38 20 8
/. ¬r÷¬(·i ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ( ¤( ¬ilª¤¬i¤ l(º¬·iºi - :¬¬i -r-ii ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬º+
l(¤ r ¤ ¬i¬÷i ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º ¬i¤in ¤( l·¤in ¬ (i¤ ¬i¬ l¤¤¬· ¬r÷¬(·i n ºii¬ ¬i
¤lº¬¬· ¬º+
Define correlation and state its importance in statistical analysis.
Calculate Karl Pearson's coefficient of correlation for the given data of imports and
exports.
Import
¬i¤in (:¬i: -)
49 53 58 65 76
Export
l·¤i n (:¬i: -)
44 58 55 89 98
P.T.O.
s. (¬) ¤ il¤¬ni ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ( n·ii (ºi(º ¤ il¤¬ni (i¬i ¬¤(-ii n·ii ¤lº¤ºi ·i-·i¬i ¬i
(ºi · ¬º+
Define probability and explain equally likely, mutually exclusive and exhaustive
events.
(ªi) ¤¬ ¤ º· ¬ r¬ ¬º· ¬ l¬¤ A ¬i ¤ il¤¬ni ¾ r n·ii :¬ B r¬ ¬ºni r :¬¬i
¤ il¤¬ni
7
/
12
r+ ¤r ¤ º· r¬ ri ¬ini r :¬¬i ¤ il¤¬ni (n¬i¤ ¬(l¬ (i·i ¤ ¤i¬
¼n r +
The probability that A solves a problem is ¾ and the probability that B solves it is
given by
7
/
12
. Determine the probability that the problem is solved when both by to
solve it.
s. nºi·i ¬( ·iºi n·ii ¤ ln(ºi ¬( ·iºi ¬ ¬nº ¬i ¬(irººi ¬ ¬i·i -¤·- ¬º n·ii :·¬ n ºi
¤( (i·ii ¬i (ºi · ¬º+
Differentiate between census survey and sample survey with examples and describe their
merits and demerits.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬¬i (i ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬ªi ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following:-
(i) l(·i-ni ¤( :¬¬ -i¤ (Skewness and its measurement)
(ii) l-¤¤º- · ¬i ¬il- ¬r¬(·i (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient)
(iii) ¬-i¬¤ºi ¬-i¬ººi (Regression equations )
(iv) ¬º¬ ¤i¤l·s¬ ¤ ln¤¤· l(l·i (Simple random sampling)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Commerce
Part–I, Paper–V
(Accounting for Managerial Decisions)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri l¬·ri l¬·ri l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l·-·il¬n ¬¤·i¬i ¬ ¬i-n i l(¤ººi ¬i nºi·i ¬il¬¤ ÷
Calculate Material Variances from the following informations :–
¤ -i¤ (Standard) :
Material 'A' : 70 units @ Rs. 3 per unit
Material 'B' : 30 units @ Rs. 4 per unit
¤ -i¤ ¬-¤i(· ·aa :¬i:¤i (Standard output : 100 units)
(i-nl(¬ (Actual) :
Material 'A' : 80 units @ Rs. 5 per unit
Material 'B' : 40 units @ Rs. 3 per unit
(i-nl(¬ ¬-¤i(· ·za :¬i:¤i (Actual output : 120 units)
z. l·-·il¬n ¬¤·i¤ ¬¤¬··i r ÷
The following information's are available :–
-·ii¤i ·¤¤ (Fixed Expenses) – Rs. 750000
¤lº(-i·ºii¬ ·¤¤ (Variable Expenses) – Rs. 20 per unit
l(¬¤ -~¤ (Selling Price) – Rs. 30 per unit
l·-·il¬n ¬i nºi·i ¬il¬¤ ÷
(i) BEP in units and BEP in Rupees
(ii) Margin of Safety
(iii) Sales Volume to earn a profit of Rs. 60,000
(iv) What additional sales are required to earn a profit of Rs. 30,000
s. ¤-·i :¬l·-¬~¬ ¬i s· -i¤ zaas n·ii zaas ¬i ¬il·i¬ l¤- -i l·-·il¬n r ÷
The Balance Sheet of Patna Electricals Ltd. on 31
st
March, 2008 and 2009 are given below :–
(il¤-( (il¤-( (il¤-( (il¤-( (Liabilities) zaas zaas zaas zaas zaas zaas zaas zaas ¬-¤l-i¤i ¬-¤l-i¤i ¬-¤l-i¤i ¬-¤l-i¤i (Assets) zaas zaas zaas zaas zaas zaas zaas zaas
¬ºi ¤ ¬i saaaaa /aaaaa ·il- ·i(· zaaaaa saaaaa
(Share Capital) (Land and Building)
¬ºi ¤ il-¤- ÷ raaaa ·¬iº- ¤( -ºii· saaaaa zaaaaa
(Share Premium) (Plant and Machinery)
¬¤¤ (Reserve) raaaa saaaa ¤·i ¤º (Furniture) ·raaaa zsaaaa
(i·i ¬i¬i· ~ºi ·aaaaa «aaaa ¤i¬ ¬-¤l-i zraaaa ·raaaa
(Long-term Loans) (Current Assets)
¬i·i ril· ªiini saaaa saaaa ¤ iºl·i¬ ·¤¤ saaaa raaaa
(Profit and Loss A/C) (Preliminary Expenses)
¤i¬ (il¤-( ·/aaaa raaaa
(Current Liabilities)
ssaaaa ssaaaa ssaaaa ssaaaa
¬lnlº·n ¬¤·i¤ (Additional Information) :–
(i) Depreciation on Plant is Rs. 50,000.
(ii) During the year, the Company paid dividend Rs. 30,000.
¬¤ºi·n ¬¤·i¬i ¬ ¬i·i ¤ (ir l((ººi n ¤iº ¬il¬¤ +
From the above informations, you are required to prepare a Fund Flow Statement.
P.T.O.
«. ¤i¤i¬i l¬Œ ¬ ¬-(l··in ¬· ¤in ·i¤ l(¤ n¤ r ÷
The ratios relating to Panchali Ltd. are given below :–
Gross Profit Ratio – 20%
Debtors' Turnover Ratio – 5 times
Creditors Turnover Ratio – 6 times
Stock Turnover Ratio – 10 times
¬¬¬ ¬i·i raaaa ºŒ r + ¬l·n- --i ¬ ¤ iºl·i¬ --i ¬ ¬ raaa ºŒ ¬l·i¬ r +
Gross Profit for the year Rs. 50,000. Closing stock is Rs. 5000 more than opening stock.
r. ¤ (·i¬i¤ ¬ªiil(l·i ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ ` ¤(·i¬i¤ ¬ªiil(l·i n·ii l(-ii¤ ¬ªii¬· - ¬·nº
-¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Define Management Accounting. Distinguish between Management Accounting and
Financial Accounting.
s. ¤¬ ·¤i(¬il¤¬ ¬-·ii ¤iºi n ¤iº ¬i ¬i· (i¬i l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬ (¬-i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the different types of budget which are generally prepared by a business concern.
/. ºi¬÷ ¤ (ir l((ººi ·¤i r ` ¤r ¬ ¬ n ¤iº l¬¤i ¬ini r `
What is Cash Flow Statement ? How is it prepared ?
s. (¬-ºi l·¤¤ºi ¬i -r-( ¤( ¬i-i¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ `
Discuss the importance and limitations of budgetary control ?
s. ¤ (·i rn ¤ ln((· ·¤i r ` ¤¬ ¬·s ¤ ln((· ¬ ¬i(º¤¬ n ºii ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What is Reporting to Management ? Discuss the essential analytics of a good report ?
·a. l(-ii¤ l(º¬·iºi ·¤i r ` l(-ii¤ l(º¬·iºi ¬ l(l·i·· l(l·i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ `
What is Financial Analysis ? Discuss the different techniques of Financial Analysis ?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Commerce
Part–I, Paper–VI
(Financial Management)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri l¬·ri l¬·ri l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·¤(¬i¤ - l(-i ¬i ¬i(·iiººii ¬i ·¤i(-·ii ¬il¬¤ n·ii ·¤(¬i¤ - (i·i ¬i¬i· ¤( ¬~¤
¬i¬i· l(-i ¬ l(l·i·· ¬i·i·i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of finance in business and discuss different sources of long term and
short term finance in business.
z. l(-ii¤ ¤(··i ·¤i r ` :¬¬i ·¤(¬i¤ ¬ ¬·¤ ¤r¬ ¬i ¬ ·¤i ¬-(··i r `
What is Financial Management ? What are its relations with other aspects of business ?
s. ¤ ¬i (¬l-n ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤ ¬i (¬l-n ¬i ¤ ¬ln -r-( ¤( ¤ººii ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
Define capital budgeting and discuss nature, significance and stages of capital budgeting.
«. ¤lº¤i¬·i -~¤i¬· ¬i ¤ ··i nni·÷(i¤¬i ¬(l·i÷l(l·i ·¤i r ` :¬¬i nºi·i l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº ¬i
¬ini r +
What is Pay-back Period Method for evaluating a Project ? How is it calculated ?
r. l(-ii¤ l·¤i¬· ·¤i r ` :¬¬i ¤¬ln ¤( ¤ ¬iº ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Financial Planning ? Discuss its nature and types.
s. l(-ii¤ l·¤¤ºi ¬i ¤ ¤l¬n l(l·i¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the popular techniques of Financial Control.
/. ¤ ln·iilºn ¬i·i ·¤i r ` :¬¬i ¬inn÷nºi·i l(l·i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is retained earnings ? Discuss the procedure of calculation of cost of this capital.
s. ¬i(º¬ ¬ ·¤i ¬iºi¤ r ` ¬i(º¬ l¬n· ¤ ¬iº ¬ rin r ` ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is mean by leverage ? What are the various types of leverage ? Explain.
s. ¬iªi÷l(º¬·iºi ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬ ¤ ¬iº ¬ l(º¬·iºi ¬ l(l·i·· ¤r¬ ·¤i r `
What do you mean by credit analysis ? What are the various aspects of such analysis ?
·a. ¤ ¬i÷«i¤i (¬º¤·i) ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤ ¬i÷¬º¤·i n ¤iº ¬ºn ¬-¤ l¬· ¬iº¬i ¤º
·¤i· (·i ¤ilr¤ ` ¬·¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by Capital Structure ? Discuss the factors which should be considered
while designing the capital structure.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Commerce
Part–I, Paper–VII
(Marketing Management)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri l¬·ri l¬·ri l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l(¤ºi· ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ( n·ii ¬i·i l·¬ ¤ n - :¬¬ -r-( ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬ + l(¤ºi· ¬iº
l(¬¤ºi - ¬nº -¤·- ¬º +
Define Marketing and discuss it importance in modern age. Distinguish between Marketing
and Selling.
z. l(¤ºi· l-¬ºi ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ n·ii ¤iº ¤i ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l(-niº ¬il¬¤ +
Define Marketing Mix and expand the concept of Four 'Ps.'
s. l(¤ºi· ¤¤i (ººi ¬ ·¤l·- ¬i º ¬-l·- ¬·i-¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º n·ii l(¤ºi· l·ºi ¤i ¤º ¬·¬
¤ ·ii( ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º +
Discuss the micro and macro components of marketing environment and examine their
impact on marketing decisions.
«. ¬¤·ii·ni ·¤(riº ¬ ¤ -ªi l¬-ini ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
State the main principles of consumer behaviour.
r. ¬-¤i( ¬i(÷¤¬ ¬i ¬(·iiººii -¤·- ¬il¬¤ ¬iº ¬· nºi¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ l¬·¬ ¬-¤i(
¬ ¬i(·÷¤¬ ¬i l(-niº l¬¤i ¬i ¬¬ni r +
Explain the concept of Product life Cycle and examine the various ways in which the life
cycle of a product may be extended.
s. ¬-¤i(÷l-¬ºi ¬i ¬·i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ + ¬-¤i(÷l-¬ºi - ¤lº(n ·i ¬i ¬i ·÷¬i· n-( ¤ ·iil(n
¼n r `
Explain the meaning of Product Mix. What factors influence changes in product mix ?
/. -~¤÷l··ii ººi ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬ªº¤ ·¤i r ` -~¤÷l··ii ººi ¬i l(l·i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
What are the major objectives of price-determination ? Explain the pricing method.
s. l(¤ºi· ¬·¬·ii· ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ n·ii l(¤ºi· ¬i¤ ¬-i ¬i ¬¤¬ni - :¬¬i ·il-¬i
-¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Define Marketing Research and discuss its role in the success of marketing programmes.
s. l(¤ºi· ¬¤ ·iºi ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬i¤i ¬i º ¬·i-¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the major functions and components of Marketing Communication.
·a. l(ni¤· ·¤i r ` l(ni¤· ¬ l¬¤ ¬¤¤ ·n -i·¤- ¤¤· ¬i l(l·i (n¬i:¤ +
What is Advertising ? State the method of an appropriate media selection in advertising.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Commerce
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(Human Resource Management)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri l¬·ri l¬·ri l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. -i·( ¬¬i·i· ¤(··i ·¤i r ` :¬¬i ·il-¬i ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is human resource management ? Discuss its role and functions.
z. ·ini ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ·ini ¬i ¤ l¬¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by recruitment ? Explain the process of recruitment.
s. ¬i·i l·¬ ¬i¬ - ¬i¤ l(º¬·iºi ¬i ·¤i ¬i l¤-¤ r ` ¬i¤ l(º¬·iºi ¬ l(l·i·· l(l·i¤i ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is the relevance of Job Analysis in modern times. Discuss various methods of Job
Analysis.
«. ¤ lºi·iºi ¬ l(l·i·· l¬-i·ni ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ + ¤ lºi·iºi (· ¬ l(l·i·· nºi¬i ¬i (ºi·
¬il¬¤ +
Discuss various principles of training and state the various method of training.
r. ·iln¤l-i ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l(-nilºn ¬il¬¤ n·ii ·iln¤l-i ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Elaborate the concept of compensation and discuss various types of compensation.
s. l··¤i(·÷¬i¬¬· ¬i -ª¤ l(l·i¤i ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º +
Evaluate the main methods of performance appraisal.
/. ¬i niln¬ ¬-(··i ¬ ¤r¬ ·¤i r ` (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What are the important aspects of Industrial Relation ? Describe it.
s. ¬l-¬i ¬i ¤ (··i - ¬r·iilnni ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¬i º nºi¬ -¤·- ¬il¬¤ + ·iiºn - :¬¬i ¬il-n
¬¤¬ni ¬ ¬iººi (ni:¤ +
Explain the objects and methods of Workers Participation in Management. Account for its
limited success in India.
s. ·iiºni¤ ¬l-¬ ¬·i ¬i·(i¬· ¬i :lnri¬ ¤ -nn ¬il¬¤ +
Give the history of Indian Trade Union movement after Independence.
·a. ¬i niln¬ l((i( ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬i niln¬ l((i(i ¬ -r-(¤ºi ¬iººii ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Industrial Dispute ? Discuss the important causes of Industrial
Disputes.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Commerce
Part–II, Paper–IX
(International Business Environment)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l(¤ºi· ¬i ¤ ¬ln ¬iº :¬¬ ¬i¤ ÷·i¤ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ + ¬i·i l·¬ ¬·i ·¤(-·ii - l(¤ºi·
¬i ¬i(’¤¬ni ¬i -~¤i ¬· ¤ -n n ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the nature and scope of marketing. Assess the need for marketing in modern
economy.
z. ¤¬ ¬¤¬ ¬i º ¤ ·ii(¬iºi l(¤ºi· l·¤i¬· ¬i ¤ l¬¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Analyse the process of a successful and effective marketing planning.
s. (i¬iº ¬(-·ii¤· ¬i ·¤i ¬·i r ` (i¬iº ¬(-·ii¤· ¬i l(l·i·· ººi·iln¤i ¬i º ¬i·iiºi ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is the meaning of marketing positioning ? Discuss the different strategies and bases
of market Positioning.
«. ¬¤ ¤ ººii ·¤i r ` :¬ ¬i · n-( ¤ ·iil(n ¬ºn r `
What is Buying Motive ? What factors influence it ?
r. ¬-¤i( l(l(·ini ·¤i r ` :·r ¤ lºn ¬º· (i¬ n-(i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ + ¬-¤i( l(l(·ini
¬i º ¬-¤i( l(·i(i¬ººi - ¬·nº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +”
What is Product Diversification ? Discuss the factors which encourage diversification.
Distinguish between Product Diversification and Product Differentiation.
s. ¬-¤i(÷l-¬ºi ¬i ¬·i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ + ¬-¤i(÷l-¬ºi - ¤lº(n·i ¬i ¬i·÷¬i· n-( ¤·iil(n ¬ºn r `
Explain the meaning of Product Mix. What factors influence changes in product mix ?
/. ( iº÷ ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ n·ii l(¤ºi· ¬i ¬¤¬ni - :¬¬i -r-( (n¬i:¤ + ( iº÷ ¬i º
-÷-i¬ ¬ -·¤ ¬nº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Define a Brand and discuss its importance in marketing. Distinguish between a Brand and
Trade Mark.
s. ¤¬ ·¤(¬i¤ ¬ -~¤÷l··ii ººi ¬ ¬ªº¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ + ¤¬ (÷ ·¤(¬i¤ -
-~¤÷l··ii ººi ¬i ¤ ·iil(n ¬º· (i¬ ·i-¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the objectives of pricing of a firm. Explain the factors which influence price
determination is a large business.
s. l(¤ºi· ¬· ¬·ii· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + l(¤ºi· ¬i¤¬-i ¬i ¬¤¬ni - :¬¬i ·il-¬i ·ii
-¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Define Marketing Research. Also, discuss its role in the success of marketing programmes.
·a. l(¤ºi· ¬¤ ·iºi ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬i¤i ¬i º ¬·i-¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the major functions and components of Marketing Communication.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Commerce
Part–II, Paper–X
(International Marketing Management)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬·nºi·- i¤ l(¤ºi· ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ ¤( ¤-i ¬ ¬·nºi·- i¤ (i¬iº - ¤ (ºi
¬º· ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¬~¬ ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of international marketing and state the reasons for the firms to enter
international market.
z. ¬·nºi·- i¤ l(¤ºi· - l·lrn ¤(÷(º÷¤( ¤ l¬¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the step by step process involved in international marketing.
s. ¬·nºi·- i¤ l(¤ºi· l(·ii¬· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ ¬i·iiºi ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Define international marketing segmentation and discuss its bases.
«. ¬·nºi·- i¤ (i¬iº ¤ (ºi ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` ¬·nºi ·-i¤ (i¬iº ¤(ºi ¬ l(l·i·· nºi¬i
¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by international market entry ? Discuss various modes of international
market entry.
r. ( il·÷n ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤( ¬i·ii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬·nºi·- i¤ l(¤ºi· ¬ ( il·÷n ººi·iln¤i
¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the objectives and advantages of branding and examine the branding strategies for
international marketing.
s. ¬·nºi·- i¤ l(¤ºi· - -~¤ l··ii ººi ¬i ¤ - ªi l(l·i¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the important methods of pricing in international marketing.
/. ¬·nºi·- i¤ l(¤ºi· ¬¤iº ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤( ·il-¬i ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on objectives and role of international marketing communication.
s. l(·i( -¤·- ¬il¬¤ (Distinguish between) :–
(a) ·iº¬ ¤( ¬·nºi ·-i¤ l·¤¤ºi ¤ l¬¤i (Domestic and international control operation)
(b) ·iº¬ ¤( ¬·nºi ·-i¤ l(¤ºi· l·¤i¬· (Domestic and international marketing planning)
s. n - ¬ · ¬(i¬i - ¬·nºi ·- i¤ l(¤ºi· ¬ l(l·i·· ¬i··i ¬÷¤·i ¬i (º l¬¤i r + l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
"GATS eliminates various legal barriers to international marketing in services". Discuss.
·a. ¬·nºi·-i¤ l(¤ºi· ºii·i ·¤i r ` ¬·nºi·-i¤ l(¤ºi· ºii·i ¬i ¬l-¬ni¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is International Marketing Research ? Discuss the complexities of international
marketing research.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Commerce
Part–II, Paper–XI
(Financial Management)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·¤(¬i¤ - l(-i ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ·¤i(¬il¤¬ l(-i - ¤ (··i¬i¤ ( l·-¬iºi
¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of finance in business and explain the managerial approach to the area
of business Finance.
z. l(-ii¤ ¤(··i ¬i ¤¬ln ¤( ·i¤ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ + ¤¬ ¬-¤·i - l(-ii¤ ¤ (··i ¬ ¬n-·
n·ii ¬-iº(il¤-(i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the nature and scope of Financial Management. Explain the organization and
responsibilities of financial management in a company.
s. ¤lº¤i¬·i -~¤i¬· ¬i ¤ ··i nni·÷(i¤¬i ¬(l·i÷l(l·i ·¤i r ` :¬¬i nºi·i l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº ¬i
¬ini r +
What is Pay-back Period Method for evaluating a Project ? How is it calculated ?
«. l(-ii¤ l·¤i¬· ·¤i r ` l(-ii¤ l·¤i¬· - - ¤i -¤iln ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Financial Planning ? Explain the impact of inflation on Financial Planning.
r. ¤ ¬i¬ººi ¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i ¬i(irººi ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the theories of capitalization with example.
s. ¤ ln·iilºn ¬i·i ·¤i r ` :¬¬i ¬inn÷nºi·i l(l·i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is retained earnings ? Discuss the procedure of calculation of cost of this capital.
/. ¤ ¬i÷¬inn ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ ¬i º l(-ii¤ l·ºi ¤· - ¤ ¬i÷¬inn ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
Define cost of Capital and discuss the role of cost of Capital in the process of financial
decision-marking.
s. ¬-¤·i ¬i ~ºi÷·i-ni ·¤i r ` :¬¬ -i¤÷¬i·iiºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Debt. Capacity of a Company ? Discuss the bases of its measurement.
s. ¬i¤ ºii¬ ¤ ¬i ¬i ¬¬¬ ¤( ºi - ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + :¬- ¬ l¬¬ ¬(·iiººii
¬i ¬i¤ ¤¬( ¬ºn r ¬i º ·¤i `
Explain the 'Gross' and 'Net' concepts of working capital. Which of these concepts do you
prefer and why ?
·a. ¤¬ ¤- ¬ ¤i·¤i ¬ ¤(··i ¬ ¬ªº¤ ·¤i r ` ¤i·¤i ¬ ¬÷ l(l·i·· ¤¬iº ¬i ¬inni (
¬ilªi-i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
What are the objectives of receivables management of a firm ? Discuss the various types of
costs and risks associated with receivables.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Commerce
Part–II, Paper–XII
(Export-Import Procedures and Documentation)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·iiºn ¬ ¬i¤in÷l·¤i n ·iln ¬ ¬ªº¤i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the objectives of India's Export-Import Policy.
z. l·¤i n l(¬¤ ¬·(·i ¬i ¤ ¬ ln ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ·iº¬ l(¬¤ ¬· (·i ¤( l·¤i n l(¬¤
¬· (·i - ¬·nº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the nature of export sales contract and distinguish between domestic sales contract
and export sales contract.
s. - ª¤ (ilºi·¤ ¤¤¤ ·¤i r ` l(~-i (l(¬ ¬i ¤ ¬l÷n) ¤( r º÷i (l(¬ ¬i¤ ¤·¬¤¬) ¬i -ª¤
l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l¬lªi¤ +
What are major commercial documents? Write major characteristic of Bill of lading and
bill of exchange.
«. : Œ÷iŒ¬i:Œ (:¬i·- il·¬ ÷i-i :·-º¤¬) ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤¬ :Œ÷iŒ¬i: Œ ¤ ºii¬i
¬ - ª¤ ·i-¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define E.D.I. (Electronic Data Interchange) and discuss key components of and E.D.I.
system.
r. l·¤i n ·¤i¤iº - ·i nni· ¬ l(l·i·· l(l·i¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain various methods of Payment in export business.
s. l((ºii l(l·-¤ ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii l((ºii l(l·-¤ l·¤¤ºi ¬ ¬ªº¤i ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤+
Define foreign exchange and discuss objective of foreign exchange control.
/. ¬i: Œ ¤¬Œ ¬iŒ saaa ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` :¬ ¤¬iº ¬ -i·¬i ¬ ·¤i ¬i·i r `
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
What do you mean by I.S.O. 9000? What are benefits of these standards? Discuss.
s. · ·iiº (¬ini ) (i-i ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ·¤i rini r ` ¬ini (i-i ¤il¬¬i - ¬· l(l·i·· ¤¬iº ¬
¬ilªi-i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ l¬¬¬ l(ª- (i-i ¬ º·ii ¤ i·n l¬¤ ¬i ¬¬n r +
Why Cargo insurance is needed? Describe various types of perils in cargo insurance policy
against which insurance cover can be obtained.
s. ¬i¤in ¬ini ¬ ¬--- ·¬i¤º·¬ ¬ ¬(l·in - ª¤ ¬l·il·¤-i ¬i ¬·i¤ - ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤+
Explain in brief main Acts related to custom clearance of import cargo.
·a. l·¤in ¤ººii¤ ¤¬ ¬(·¤i¤i ¤ ¤i¬ ri n¤i r + l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
"Export incentives have become a universal practice." Discuss.
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Commerce
Part–II, Paper–XIII
(Strategic Management)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ººi·iln ¤ (·i ·¤i r ` :¬¬ -nºi n-(i ¤( ¬i·ii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Strategic Management ? Discuss its levels, elements and benefits.
z. (ini(ººi ¤( ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤r l((¤· ¬il¬¤ l¬ ººi·iln ¤(·i - (ini(ººi
l(º¬·iºi ·¤i ¬i(º¤¬ r `
Explain the term "Environment" and discuss why environment analysis is necessary in
strategic management ?
s. ººi·iln ¤ (·i ¤ l¬¤i ·¤i r ` ººi·iln ¤(·i ¤ l¬¤i - l(l·i·· ¤ººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Strategic Management Process ? Discuss various steps in strategic management
process.
«. ¬º¤·i ¬ ººi·iln ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¬ ¬· ª¤ ri·i ·¤i ¬i(º¤¬ r ` ¬n-· ¬º¤·i ¬
l··ii º¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Why matching of structure to the need of strategy is important ? Discuss determinants of
Organization Structure.
r. ·n -( ·¤i r ` ººi·iln ¤ (·i - ·n -( ¬i ·il-¬i n·ii ¬i¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
What is leadership ? Discuss the role and functions of leadership in strategic management .
s. ¬·¬i·iiººi ¬i ¬·ii¬· ¬i -ri-¤ ·¤i r ` ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is 'mahamantra' for handling people ? Explain.
/. ·ni ¬·- ¬ rin r ¬iº (·i¤ ·ri ¬in ·¤i ¬i¤ :¬ ¬·i· ¬ ¬r-n r ` l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
"Leaders are born and not made." Do you agree with the statement ? Discuss.
s. ¤ iniln¬i ¬ l¬¤ l·¤i¬· ¬ ¬i(º¤¬ ·i-¬ ·¤i r ` ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What are the essential components of planning for technology ? Explain.
s. ¬i-il¬¬ ¬¬·iºi ·¤i r ` ¬i-il¬¬ ¬¬·iºi ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Social Audit ? Discuss types of social audit.
·a. ¤ iniln¬i -·ii·i·nººi ¬ l(l·i·· l(l·i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the various modes of technology transfer.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Commerce
Part–II, Paper–XIV
(International Business Finance)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬·nºi·- i¤ -( i ¤ ºii¬i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬·nºi·- i¤ - ( i ¤ ºii¬i ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i (ºi ·
¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by International Monetary System ? Describe the evolution of
international monetary system.
z. ¤ºi (i÷ ¬ ·¤i r ` :·¬i l(ºi·ini¤ ·¤i r ` ¤ºi (i÷ ¬ ¤( l((ºiii (i ÷ ¬ - ¬·nº -¤·-
¬il¬¤ +
What are Euro Bonds ? What are its characteristics ? Distinguish between Euro bond and
Foreign Bonds.
s. ¬·nºi·- i¤ - ( i (i¬iº ¤¤i(¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the international money market mechanism.
«. ·i nni· ¬n ¬· ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ·i nni· ¬n ¬· ¤( ·¤i¤iº ¬n ¬· ¬
(i¤ ªii¬ ¬(irººii ¬ ¬i·i l(·i( ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of Balance of Payment and distinguish between balance of payment
and balance of trade with specific illustrations.
r. l((ºii l(l·-¤ (i¬iº ·¤i r ` l((ºii l(l·-¤ ¬i (i ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What are foreign exchange markets ? Explain the different types of foreign exchange
transaction.
s. ¬· (i( ¬ºl·inni ·¤i r ` ¬· (i( ¬ºl·inni ¬i ¬·ii¬· ¬ ¤º÷ ¤ (ir ¬i-¬· ¤(
¬ºl·inni (·i· n¬·i¬ ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Translation Exposure ? Explain funds flow Adjustment and Exposure Netting
technique to manage Translation Exposure.
/. (rªºii¤ ¬iº¤iº ºi· ¬ ¬·i ººi·iln ¤( n¬·iiº ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the meaning, Strategy and rational of multinational corporation.
s. ¤ i¬·- -~¤i¬· ¬ l(l·i·· n º÷÷i.¬i.¤¤ ¤( ÷i.¬i.¤¤ n¬·i¬ ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + :·-
¬ ¬i · ¬i n¬·i¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¬º - (rnº r ¬i º ·¤i r `
Explain the various non-DCF and DCF techniques of project appraisal which of the
techniques in your opinion is better and why ?
s. ¤ ¬i ¬ -~¤ ¬ ¬(·i - ¬i.¤.¤i.¤-. -i ÷¬ ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain C.A.P.M. model in relation of cost of capital.
·a. ¬·ni¬ººi ·¤i r ` ¬·ni¬ººi ¬i ¤ l¬¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii l((¤· ¬il¬¤ l¬ ¤r
l¬¬ nºr l·¤in¬ ¬i ¬i·i ¤r ¤ini r +
What is Forfeiting ? Explain the procedure of Forfeiting and discuss how does it benefit the
exporters.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Commerce
Part–II, Paper–XV
(Corporate Tax Planning and Management)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l(¤ºi· ¬·iiºn¤ ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬· ¬iº¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ ¬i
¬·nºi·- i¤ ¬·iiºn¤ ¬i ·iº¬ ¬·iiºn¤ ¬ ¬·nº ¬ºni r +
Discuss the concept of marketing logistics and explain the factors that make international
logistics different from domestic logistics.
z. ·iiºn - ¬i¤in÷l·¤i n ¬ini ¬ ¬¤i¬· - (ºii¤ ¬¬ ¤lº(r· ¬i ¬¤¤in (r n ¬- ·¤i
rini r ` :¬ l-·iln - ¬ ·iiº ¬ ¬ ri ¬¬ni r +
Why is inland water transport rarely used for movement of export-import cargo in India ?
How can the situation be improved ?
s. (¤º ri¬l¬n ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ·¤i¤iº - (¤º ri¬l¬n ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i
-~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ ¬i¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of ware housing and evaluate the role of warehousing in business and
describe its functions.
«. :·(·- i l·¤¤ºi ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¤( ¬ªº¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii :·(·- i l·¤¤ºi ¬i
n¬·i¬ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept and objectives of inventory control and discuss techniques of inventory
control.
r. ¬·nºi·- i¤ ·¤i¤iº ¬ l¬¤ ¬-¤i ¤lº(r· ¬ -r-( ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii (÷ ¬ini ¤(
¬i-i·¤ ¬ini ¬ l¬¤ ·i ¤lº(r· ¬(i¬i ¬i ¬º¤·i ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the significance of ocean transport for international trade and delineate the
structure of shipping services for bulk cargo and general cargo.
s. ¬i·ii·i¬ººi (¬i ·-·ºi:¬ºi·) ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¤(
¬i¤i-i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the concept of containerization and describe its need and dimensions.
/. l(º( ¬i ¬il·i¬ l-·iln ¤( l(º( ·¤i¤iº ¤¬÷( ¬º ¬ (rn ·¬(i¬ ¬ ¬-(l··in r + :¬
¬·i· ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
"The world economic situation and the world trade are very closely related". Discuss this
statement.
s. ·iiºn - ·i ¤lº(r· ¬ ¤ lnril¬¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i (ºi· -(n¤ni ¤ il·n ¬ (i( ¬i ¬(l·i ¤º ¬i º
(n r ¤ ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the historical development of shipping in India with an emphasis on post
independent period.
s. ¬i:·º ·i¤lº(r· ¤ l¬¤i - ¬--¬· ¤-ln ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬i ¬¤¤ilnni n·ii
¤¬i¬ººi ·¤(-·ii ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by the conference system in liner shipping operations. Explain its
utility and the concept of pooling arrangements.
·a. ¬ lº¤º ¬i ¤ n ÷¬ (i: ¬i ¤·- ·szr ¬ ¬·nn n ¤¬ ¬(ir¬ ¬ ¬-i ·¤ ¤( (il¤-(
·¤i÷·¤i r `
What are the duties and liabilities of a carrier under the "Carrier of Goods by Sea Act., 1925".

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–I, Paper–I
(+(( ¬¤ z| =(i-·= +( sia-(=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬ilr-¤lnri¬ ¬ ¤iº¤i-¤ ( l·- ¤º ¤ni l·(·i l¬ªii +
z. ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬ilr-¤ ¬ :lnri¬÷l·-i ºi ¬-(·ii ¬i·iiº·in ¬i-n i ¬ l((ººi ¤ -n n ¬ºi +
s. ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¬i¬÷l(·ii¬· ¬i ·i-¬ººi ¬ ¬i·iiº ¬ ¬i l¤-¤ ¬ l(º¬l·in ¬ºi +
«. ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬ ¬il( ¬l( ¬ ª¤ - º¬¬i ¬¬ºi ¬ -i·¤ni ( ni·i ` n¬ ¤ºi ¬-iº (iri +
r. l¬- ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ·ii·ii ¤º l(¤iº ¬ºi ¬i ¬ir - ·ii¬¤ ºi n-( ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬i +
s. ·il·n¬i¬ ¬ ¬( ·i( ¬ ¬iººi ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +
/. ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬n ¬ilr-¤ ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ( l-i¤· ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (iri +
s. ¬(iº ¬ ¬i·¤ - ¤ ni¬÷¤i¬·i ¤º l(¤iº ¬ºi +
s. ¬n ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬l(¤· ¬ l(¤iº·iiºi ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬i +
·a. ¬º·in ºi·( ¬ ¬i ¬-nn (i·i ` ¤¬º ¬·i l¬ªii ¬i ¤º-¤ºi (ni¤i +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–I, Paper–II
(+(( ¬¤ z|az ¬-= e( ×|= +((ª((-=(i-·= + ¬·==n)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬(·ii ¬ilr-¤ ¬ :lnri¬ ¬ ¬i¬÷l(·ii¬· ¬ºn ¬i¬º ¬¤¬l··i ¬ ª¤ºªii ªii¤i +
z. ¬(·ii ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¤¬·i¬i ¬-·ii· ¬i¬ ¤º ¤ni l(-n n l-·¤ºii l¬ªii +
s. ¬(·ii ¬ ¬~¬ª¤ n ·i ¬i n ·i¬iº· ¤ ¤ni ¬-i·ii--¬ ¬i¬ªi l¬ªii +
«. - l·i¬i ·ii·ii ¬ ¬( ·i( ¬i l(¬i¬ ¤ ¤ni si-r· l·(··i l¬ªii +
r. -nri ·ii·ii ¬ ·i-¬ººi ¬i l(¬i¬÷¤i¤i ¤º ¤ni l·(··i l¬ªii +
s. -nri ¬i¬¬ilr-¤ ¤º ¤ni l·(··i l¬ªii +
/. (l·¬¬i ·ii·ii ¬ ·i-¬ººi ¬i ·i¤ ¬ (iº - l(-niº ¬ (ni: +
s. (l·¬¬i ¬ ¬i¬ ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¬i-i·¤ ¤lº¤¤ ¤ -nn ¬ºi +
s. ¬ln¬i ·ii·ii ¬ ·i-¬ººi ¬i ·i¤ l(·i¤¬ l(¤i· ¬in ¬i l(¤iº· ¬ -~¤i¬· ¬ºi +
·a. ¬ln¬i ¬i¬¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¬·¤¤· ¤º-¤ºi ¤º ¤ni l·(··i l¬ªii +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–I, Paper–III
(+((za|= +(·=.((=×)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i·¤ ¬ ¬·iºi ¤ ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +
z. ¬i·¤ ¬ rn ¬ ¬-(··i - l(-niº ¬ l(¤iº ¬ºi +
s. ¬i·¤ ¬ ¬i ¤ ¤i¬· ri¬i ` l((¤· ¬ºi +
«. ºi·(ºil·n ¬¬ºi ¬r¬ ¬i¬i ¬i ¬n·i nºr ¬ ºi·(ºil·n ri¬i `
r. ¬¬¬iº ¬-¤ (i¤ ¤º ¤ni ¬·i l·(··i l¬ªii +
s. (¬il·n ¬i (i·i -¤·- ¬ºn ¬n¬ ¬ ¬i·¤÷l¬-i·n ¬ l((¤· ¬ºi +
/. ·(l· l¬-i·n ¬ ¬·- ¬i l(¬i¬ ¤ ¤ni si- l·(··i l¬ªii +
s. º¬÷l¬-i·n ¬i r ` º¬i· ·iln ¬:¬ ri¬i `
s. ·i- - ¬i~¬- ¬ l¬-i·n ¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬ºi +
·a. ¬i·iiººii¬ººi ¬i r `

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–I, Paper–IV
(+(( ¬¤ z| ¬(¬( an( =(i-·=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i¬i¤·i ¬ ¬n·i ¤¬iº ri ¬¬n (i ` ¬i¬ºi - ª¤ ¤ ¬iº· ¬ ¤¤i ¬ºi ¬i ¬i¬º -r-(
(n¬i: +
z. ¬i¬i¤·i÷¬-i¬i¤·i÷¬-i·ii ¬i r ` ·iiºni¤ ¬i¬i ¤·i÷¤ºii¬i ¬ l(ºi·ini ¬ (iº - (n¬i: +
s. ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬ ·¤i(rilº¬ ¬i¬i¤·i ¬ :lnri¬ ¤º ¬·i¤ - ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +
«. ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¤ -n¬· ¬ ¤ -n¬÷¬-i·ii ¤¤÷¤l¤¬· - ¤ ¬ilºin ri¬i + ¬i : ¬·i
·ii¬¤ ºi ¬i¬i¤·i ¬ ¬i-n i (· ¬¬¬i `
r. ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬ ¬i¬i¤·i÷¤ -n¬ ¬ ¬-i·ii--¬ :lnri¬ l¬ªii +
s. ·i·i ¬i ·ii¬¤ºi ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¤ iºl-·i¬ ¬i¬i¤¬ r: + ¤r ¬·i· ¬ ¤ l·- ¬·¬i ¤iºi ·ii¬¤ ºi
¬i¬ ¬ilr-¤ ¬i lºi·- ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¬i¬i¤·i ¬ ¬~¬ªi ¬ºn ¬ºi +
/. ¤Œ nºiºi ¤i ( ¬ ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬i¬i¤·i ¬ilr-¤ - ¤i n(i· ¬ ·¤iºi (i ¬i ¬i r ¤º l(¤iº ¬ºi +
s. -rº(ºi¤i¤ ¬i ¬ ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¬-i·ii - -r-(¤ºi ¤in(i· (i + ¤r ¬·i· ¬ ¤ l·-
¼i +
s. ¤ iŒ ( ¬l¬ºiiº ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¤lº¤¤i--¬ :lnri¬ l¬ªii +
·a. ÷i Œ n(i·iº l¬r ¬ ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬ilr-¤ - ¬-i·ii--¬ ¤in(i· ¬ ¤¤i ¬ºi +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–I, Paper–V
¤ =( ¬n=¸ ¬+ +(( ¬¤ z| (·=(«-(iz+ +((¬¤ z|)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤ ¤i¬·-¬¬ni ¬ º¬¬i ¬i ¬-nn (i·i ¤¬ºi ¬ -¤·- ¬ºn ¤ ¤i¬·-¬¬ ·ii·ii ¬ -(ª¤
¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬i +
z. ¤ ¤i¬·-¬¬ ·ii·ii ¬i ¬ilrl-¤¬ ·ii·ii - ¬i ¬nº (i `
s. ¤ ¤i¬·-¬¬ ·ii·ii ¬ ¬n·i ª¤ ri¬i ` l(-niº ¬ (ni: +
«. ¬· (i( ¬ ¬i ¬-nn (i·i ¬i ¬· (i( ¬n·i ¤¬iº ¬ ri¬i `
r. ¤ilº·iil·i¬ ºi·( ¬ ¬i ¬-nn (i·i ` ¬i¬ºi l(ºi·ini ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +
s. ¬·i¤ºi ¬ º¬¬i ¬i ¬-nn r: ` ¬iºi¤ ¬i l··¬·i ¬ ¤¬ºi - ¬i ¬nº (i `
/. l-¤¤ºii ¬ º¬¬i ¬i ¬-nn r: ` ¬i-i·¤ l-·¤ºii ¬i ¬i¤i ¬¤i l-·¤ºii - ¬i ¤º¬ ri¬i `
s. ¤ iª¤ºi ¬ º¬¬i ¬i ¬-nn r: `
s. ¬i¤· (lr· ¬ l(¬ir ¬ ·(ni ¬ ¤ iª¤ n ¤iº ¬ºi +
·a. ¬·¬¤iº ¬ ¬i ¬·i ri¬i ` ¬i¬º ¤ - ªi ·i(· ¤º ¬·i¤ - ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–I, Paper–VI
(+(( ¬¤ z| ¬( +=(i-·=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i¬¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¬l·i·n ¤lº¤¤ (iri +
z. ¬i¬nin ¬ (iº - ¬i ¬i·s ni·i ` ¤¬º l(ºi·in· ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +
s. ¬i¬nin· ¬ (ni ¬ººi ¬ l((¤· ¬ºn ¬i¤· (ni ¬ººi n¬ ¤ºi «n ¬ ¤ -n n ¬ºi +
«. ¬-¬iº ¬i r ` ·ii¬¤ºi ·i¤ - ¬(·÷¬(· ¬-¬iº ¬i¬i ¤¤l¬n (i ¬i ¬i¬º ¬i -r-( (i `
r. n-º nin· ¬ l(ºi·ini ¬ l((¤· ¬i(irººi ¬ºi +
s. ¬i¬ni·ii ¬i r ` ¬l(-niº ¤lº¤¤ (i +
/. lºi·-¬¬i ¬i ¬i¬¬·ii ¤º ¬i¤· ( l·-¬iºi -¤·- ¬ºi +
s. ¬i¬·i-¬ ¬ l(ºi·ini ¬i ¤ ¬iº ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬i +
s. ¬i¬nin· - ¬-¬ln l(·i¤ ¤º l·(··i l¬ªii +
·a. ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬i¬nin· ¬ ¤ ( l-i¤· ¤º ¬i¤· ¬·¤¤· ¤ -nn ¬ºi +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–I, Paper–VII
(+(( ¬¤ z| +-(n|)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬ri·i - ¬·ii·¬ ¬ ¬¤¤ilnni ¬i -r-( ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +
z. ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬ri·i ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ l¤ni¤ ¤ººi (¬· ·ssz÷sa :Œ) ¬ - ª¤ ¬¤¬l··i¤· ¬
ºªiil¬n ¬ºi +
s. ¬ri·i n-(· ¬ ( l·- - ºªi ¬ -sºi ¬ri·i ¬ l(º¬·iºi ¬ºi +
«. ¬¤·i ·iº ¬ ¬i(-i ¬ ¬·ii(-n ¬ ¬-i·ii--¬ ¤-nln ¬ºi +
r. (÷·¤· ¬ri·i ¬ ¬º¤·i÷lºi~¤ ¤º ¬·i¤ - ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +
s. ¬ri·i÷¬¬i ¬i l(¬i: ¤ni ¬i¬º ¬l·i-·¤ ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºi +
/. -¬÷l(¬i: ¬ ªi¬ ºii·i ¬ ¬ ¬i·i¬ni ¬ l((¤·i ¬ºi +
s. ¬¤ºi·ii ¬ri·i ¬ ¤ ln·i¤¬ ¬ ¤lº¤÷l¤¤ºi ¬ºi +
s. ¬ ·(· l¬r ¬¬º (i: ¬ ·il¤¬i ¬ ¤lº¤÷l¤¤ºi ¬ºi +
·a. l-l·i¬º(º ¬ ¬ri·i lnlº¬i ¬·- ¬l· (ir l(·iini ¬ ¬i·i ¬ni ¬ l((¤· ¬ºi +


NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(+(( ¬¤ z| in=-·( = m -)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·ii¬¤ ºi ·ii·ii ¬ ¬lº¤ ¤«i( - ¬(·÷¬(· ¬(- ¬-i( ¬ ¤÷i ¬i ¬ir ¬ ¬i ¬i·i ri: +
¤¤º ¬¤·i ºi·( - ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +
z. ·ii¬¤ ºi ·ii·ii ¬ ¤¬ª¤ni ªiilnº nºiºi ¤i ( ¬ (ir¬ ¬ ni( ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬i +
s. ¬¬¬i (·iº¬ ¬ l·(··i ¬ ¤ ln¤i(· ºi ¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +
«. ¤·ri l·(··i ¬ ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ (ºi· ¬ºi +
r. lªil¬¤i:¬ -rºiª ¬i n ¬ºi ¬i(-i ¬ ªil-¤i ¬ ¬i -n¬( (i + ¬iº· (ni(n l¬ªii +
s. ¤i·i l·(··i ¬ ¬iºiºi l¬ªii +
/. ¬(i·i l·(··i ¬ l(·i¤÷(-n ¬ (iº - l(-niº ¬ l¬ªii +
s. ¤ -nn l·(··i ¤ ¬ ¬-¬iº (i ¬ (iºi l·¬ ¤·i ¬i¬º ¬·(·i ¬¬inº ¬ºi +
s. ¬-(º ¬i r¬¤· ¬ l·i÷n l·(··i ¬ ªiil¬¤n ¬i (i ` l(-niº ¬ l¬ªii +
·a. ºi¬·ni ¬i ¬¤ºi·ii n-¬i÷ ¬ (ºi ¬ sl( ·il-¬ ri ºr¬ (i + ¤r ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–II, Paper–IX
(¬(·(in+ +(( ¬¤ z| =(i-·= + sia-(=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i·i l·¬ ·ii¬¤ºi ¬l(ni ¬ ¬i·¤÷l(·ii¬· ¬i ·i-¬ººi ¬ ¬i ¬i·iiº (i ` ¤¬º ·¤i¤¬
¬-i·ii ¬(irººi ¬lrn ¤-n n ¬ºi +
z. ¬i·i l·¬ ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬l(ni ¬ ¬i ·÷¬i · -ª¤ ¬i·¤÷¤ ( l-i (i ` ¤ ¤º ¬(irººi ¬lrn ·¤i¤¬
¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +
s. ¬i·i l·¬ ·ii¬¤ºi ¬l(ni - -(n¤ni ¤( ºi·- i¤ ¤n·i ¬i (ºi·il·n ·ii(·i ¬ ¬i(irººi
l((¤· ¬ºi +
«. ¬i·i l·¬ ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬l(ni - -(n¤ni ¤ il·n ¬ (i( ¬i-il¬¬÷ºi¬·iln¬ l(¬nln¤· ¬
¬i(irººi l(º¬·iºi ¬ºi +
r. ¬·ºii·( ¬·ºi ¬ ¬ri·i÷¬¬i ¬ -~¤i¬· ¬ºi +
s. ÷i Œ l((¬i ºi¤ ¬ ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬-n¬ riºi ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºi +
/. ºi-º(º·i·i ln(iºi ¬ l·(··i ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (i +
s. ·ii¬¤ ºi ·i-¬ ¬ ºi ª¬in ¬i(·i ·i-¬÷n ·i ¬ -i· ¬ ¤iri ` (ni : +
s. ·ii¬¤ ºi ¤¤÷¤l¤¬· ¬ :lnri¬ l¬ªii +
·a. ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬i¬i¤·i ¬ :lnri¬ ¬ l·-i ºi ¬ ¬i·iiº ¬i (i ` ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬ ·¤i(rilº¬ ¬i¬i¤·i
¬ :lnri¬ ¤º ¬·i¤ - ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–II, Paper–X
(+((ª((-i«n(n (+((ª((-i«n(n (+((ª((-i«n(n (+((ª((-i«n(n) )) )
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i ri+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· (i ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i ri+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· (i ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i ri+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· (i ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i ri+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· (i
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·ii·ii ¬ ( nil·¬ ¤lº·ii·ii l¬ªii ¬i ¬i¬º l(º¬·iºi ¬ºi +
z. ·ii·ii l(ni· ¬ ¤ ·ii· ¬i ni ºi ºiiªii ¬ l((¤· ¬ºi +
s. ·ii·ii ¬ ¬( ·i( ¬i l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬(·i - l(l(·i l¬-i·n ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬i +
«. ·ii·ii ¬ l(l(·i ª¤· ¬ ¬l·i·n ¤lº¤¤ (i +
r. ·ii¬¤ ºi ·(l·¤· ¬ -·ii·nn ¬i ¤ ¤-·nn ¬l·i·n l((ººi ¤ -nn ¬ºi +
s. ·(l·÷¤lº(-i · ¬(·i ¬(·i l(ºii - ri¬i ` ¬i(irººi ¬-iº (i +
/. (i·¤ ¤¬iº· ¤º ¬l·i·n ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +
s. ¬·i ÷¤lº(n· ¬ ¬(·÷¬(· ¬iººi -i·¬ n:¬ (i÷ ` ¬(irººi ¬ ¬i·i ¬-iº (i ri +
s. ·ii¬¤ ºi ·i-¬ººi ¬ :lnri¬ ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +
·a. ·ii¬¤ ºi ·ii·ii - ºi·(· ¬ -i·¬i¬ººi ¬i ¤¬ª¤ni - ¬(·÷¬(· (i·i¬ (i `

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–II, Paper–XI
{+((¬¤z| ma + ¬-= ¤=a( i«·(( (=¤) +((¬¤z| ma + ¬-= ¤=a( i«·(( (=¤) +((¬¤z| ma + ¬-= ¤=a( i«·(( (=¤) +((¬¤z| ma + ¬-= ¤=a( i«·(( (=¤)}
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i ri+ ¬( ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i ri+ ¬( ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i ri+ ¬( ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i ri+ ¬( ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¤ni l(·ii ¬ ª¤ - ºªiil¤¤ ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (i ri +
z. ºªiil¤¤ ¬ ª¤ - ¬ ºln¤i ·i l(¬º n ·i ¬ ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬ºi +
s. ¬ ºni ¬ ¤·iiº ¬--ººi ¬ - ª¤ ·ii( ¬¤·i ºi·(· - l¬ªii +
«. ¬ilr-¤ ¬ l(·ii ¬ ª¤ - ¬--ººi ¬i ¬i(·i ¬ (i¤ ·i( ¬ ºªiil¬n ¬ºi +
r. ¤i¤i÷(ºi· ¬ :lnri¬ ¬·i¤ - l¬ªii +
s. ¬ ¬i ¬i l¬~¤ ¬ lªi¤i¬ ¬ ¤i¤i÷(ºi · ¬ l(l·i·· ª¤· ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (i ri +
/. ¬i¤i¤ -r( ºii-¤i ¬ ¬i-il¬¬ l(¤iº ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (i ri +
s. ¬i¤i¤ -r( ºii-¤i ¬ -¤ - ¬l(n· ¬ ¬(irººi ¬lrn ¤lº¤¤ (i ri +
s. ¤·¬ - (lºi n ¬i¬lrn ¬ l(·i¤· ¬ ¬-i¬i¤·i ¤ -n n ¬ºi +
·a. ¤·¬ º¤·i - ¤ ¬ln÷(ºi · ¬ -¤·- ¤lº¤¤ (i ri +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–II, Paper–XII
(¤(.a(·= ¬(¬(an( ¤« .(¬|i«n(n) (¤(.a(·= ¬(¬(an( ¤« .(¬|i«n(n) (¤(.a(·= ¬(¬(an( ¤« .(¬|i«n(n) (¤(.a(·= ¬(¬(an( ¤« .(¬|i«n(n)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
( · ªi÷· ¬ ¤ º·· ¬ ¤ ·i( ¬º¬ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·· ¬ ¬-iº (i+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+ ( · ªi÷· ¬ ¤ º·· ¬ ¤ ·i( ¬º¬ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·· ¬ ¬-iº (i+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+ ( · ªi÷· ¬ ¤ º·· ¬ ¤ ·i( ¬º¬ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·· ¬ ¬-iº (i+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+ ( · ªi÷· ¬ ¤ º·· ¬ ¤ ·i( ¬º¬ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·· ¬ ¬-iº (i+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬ ¬ ¬
·. ¬º-n ¬ ¬· ¬ººi l¬-in ¬ -i l¬¬ni (ni(n ¬i¬º l(º¬·iºi ¬ºi +
z. ¬º-n ¬ l(º¤· l¬-in ¬ ¤ºi ·¤iª¤i ¬ºi ¬i ¤¬º ¬¤i(¤ni ¤ ¤¬iºi ÷i¬i +
s. -iŒ¤¬Œ :l¬¤- ¬ ¤º-¤ºi ¬i ( ¤l·n¬ ¤ ni l(·i¤¬ l(¤iº· ¬ l((¤·i ¬ºi +
«. -~¤ l¬-in ¬ ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤lº¤¤ (i +
r. ¬l·i·¤¬·i l¬-in ¬ (i·i ¬ -¤·- ¬ºn ¬i¬º nil-(¬ l((¤· ¬ºi +
s. ¬¬i ¬ ¤ni ¬-i¤i· ¤lº·ii·ii (iri +
/. ¬l¬n ¬¬i ¬¬º ¬l¬n ¬¬i ¬ ·i(l· ¬ l(-niº ¬ ¤¤i ¬ºi +
s. l(-( ¬ ¬i-i·¤ ¬·i ¬ ¬- ni(n ¬i¬ºi ¤lº·ii·ii ¤ l(¤iº ¬ºi +
ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªi ªi ªi ªi
s. ºi ¬i l(ni· ¤º ¤ni ¬iºnl·i n l·(·i l¬ªii +
·a. ºi ¬i l(ni· ¬ ¬(·iiººii ¬ -¤·- ¬ºi +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–II, Paper–XIII
(+((¬¤z| +(·=) (+((¬¤z| +(·=) (+((¬¤z| +(·=) (+((¬¤z| +(·=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
( · ªi÷· ¬ ¤ º·· ¬ ¤ ·i( ¬º¬ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·· ¬ ¬-iº (i+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+ ( · ªi÷· ¬ ¤ º·· ¬ ¤ ·i( ¬º¬ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·· ¬ ¬-iº (i+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+ ( · ªi÷· ¬ ¤ º·· ¬ ¤ ·i( ¬º¬ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·· ¬ ¬-iº (i+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+ ( · ªi÷· ¬ ¤ º·· ¬ ¤ ·i( ¬º¬ ¬ ¬ ¤i ¤ ¤ º·· ¬ ¬-iº (i+ ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ¬ ¬ ¬ ¬
·. ¤ (·i¬i·¤ ¬ ¬(·iiººii ¤º l(¤iº ¬ºn ¬i¬ºi ·i(· ¬ ¬·i¤ - ¤lº¤¤ (i +
z. ¬ (º l¬r ¤º ¬i·iilºn ¤ (·i¬i·¤ ¬ (iº - ¬·i¤ - ¬i·¬iºi (n ¬i¬¬¤i ¬ (º l¬r
-ri¬i·¤ ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (i +
s. l(º(il-¤ ¬ (-n ÷lºi~¤ ¤º l(¤iº ¬ºi ¬i (ni: l¬ : ·iiºni¤ ¬i·¤ºii-¤i¤ l·¬·i ¤º ªiºi
¬nºn (i +
«. (-n lºi~¤ º¬÷l(·ii· ·iil·i¬ ¬º¤·i ¬il( ¬ ( l·- ¬ ( -i¤· ¬ l(º¬·iºi ¬ºi +
r. ·iiºni¤ ¬i ¤iº¤i-¤ ¬i·¤ºii-¤i¤ l·¬·i ¤º ( i ¤(i ¬ri n¬ ªiºi ¬nºn (i l((¤·i ¬ºi +
ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªiº÷ ªi ªi ªi ªi
s. ¬(iº(i¬ ¬ ¬i(·÷¤lº¤¤ ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬i +
/. ¬(iº(i¬ ¬ º¤·i ¬ ¬ilrl-¤¬ l((¤· ¬ºi +
s. ¬(·i -n(i ·nlº¤i ¬-¬ ri ¬l(ni ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºi +
s. ¬n ¬l( ·iº·i(i¬ ¬ ¬ilrl-¤¬ ¤lº¤¤ ¬ l((¤· ¬ºi +
·a. ¬n ¤¬-(i¬ ¬ ¬ilrl-¤¬ (· ¬ ¤¤i ¬ºi +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–II, Paper–XIV
(+((¬¤z| z¤-=(=) (+((¬¤z| z¤-=(=) (+((¬¤z| z¤-=(=) (+((¬¤z| z¤-=(=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· (i + ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· (i +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬ - ª¤ n-(· ¤º l(¤iº ¬ºi +
z. ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬ (ni ¬ººi ¬ l(l·i·· ( l·-¤· ¤º l(¤iº ¬ºi +
s. ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬i l(¬i¬ ¬ ¤ni ¬l·i·n l((ººi ¤ -nn ¬ºi +
«. ·ii¬¤ ºi ¬¤·¤i¬ ¤º ¬-i·ii ¬i ºii·i÷¬i¤ ¬ -~¤i¬· ¬ºi +
r. ¤ ¬¬·ii ¬ ·i¤¬ ¬ ri ¬¬n (i ` n¬ ¬i ¬i·i l((¤· ¬ºi +
s. ¤ ¬¬·ii ·i ( ¬ ¬i l¤-¤ ¤º ¬i¤· l(¤iº n¬ ¤ºi «n ¬ l¬ªii +
/. :-ºiln¤i ¬i¬i ¬ ¬·ii ¬ -r-( ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤ºii l¬ªii +
s. :-ºiln¤i ¬i¬i ¤ni ·il¤¬i÷¤ ·ii· ¬¤·¤i¬ r + ¤r ¬·i· ¬ ¬-i·ii ¬ºi +
s. n i- ((ni ¬ ¬·ii·¬ ¬ ¬·i¤ - ¤ -n n ¬ºi +
·a. n i- ((ni ¬ lºi~¤÷¤i ¬·i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–II, Paper–XV
(+((¬¤z| n(e+) (+((¬¤z| n(e+) (+((¬¤z| n(e+) (+((¬¤z| n(e+)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬- ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬- ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬- ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+ iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+ iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+ iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·i-¬ - ¬·ii·¬ ¬ l·-i ºi÷¬ in ¬i ¬ir - ¬(i( ¬ ·il-¬i ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +
z. ·i-¬ - nin÷· -¤ ¬ -r-( ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷i¬i +
s. ·ii¬¤ ºi ·i-¬ ¬ ¬· ·s«/÷/« : Œ ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬l·i·n ¤lº¤¤ (i +
«. ·ii¬¤ºi ¬ ¬· ·s/«÷zaa/ :Œ ¬i (i¤ l¬ªi¬ n:¬ ·i-¬· ¬ l(·i¤÷(-n ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬i +
r. l·-·l¬lªin ·i-¬¬iº· ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (i ÷
(¬) ºir ¬ ¬i¬-¤i¤·
(ªi) ºi-º(º l¬r ¬iº¤¤
s. l·iªiiºi -i¬ º ¬i ¬ln-( ¬i (iº - ¬l·i·n ¤lº¤¤ (iri +
/. l·iªiiºi -i¬ º ºl¤n l((l¬¤i ¬ ¬·ii·¬ ¬ ¬¤·i ºi·( - ¤ -n n ¬ºi +
s. ¬r ·i r-iº ·i-¬ ¬ ·i-¬ººi ¤º l(¤iº ¬ºi +
s. ¬r ·i r-iº ·i-¬ ¬ ¬i ¬iªi l-¬ni ` l(-niº ¬ l¬ªii +
·a. ºi º¬in ¬ ¬·ii·¬ ¬ ¤ -nn ¬ºi +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Bhojpuri}
Part–II, Paper–XVI
(+((¬¤z| = saz +((za|= =(i-·=) (+((¬¤z| = saz +((za|= =(i-·=) (+((¬¤z| = saz +((za|= =(i-·=) (+((¬¤z| = saz +((za|= =(i-·=)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.
¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+ ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+ ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+ ¬i·i ¤i ¤ ¤ º· ¬ ¬-iº (i + ¬( ¤ º· ¬ ¬¬ (ºi(º (i+
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ( l(¬ ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (iri +
z. (i~-i¬i¤ ºi-i¤ºi ¬ ¤ ln¤in l(·i¤ ¬ ¬¤·i ºi·(· - l¬ªii +
s. ¬-¬n ¬ -ri¬i·¤· ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (iri +
«. -¬¤i¬- ¬¤·¤i¬ ¬ ¬¤( ¬iº l(¬i¬ ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (i +
r. ¬··÷ ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¬ · ¤ n ¬ ¬ilr-¤¬iº· ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (i +
s. n ¬ºini ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ( ·ºi( ·il·n·iiºi ¬ ¬l(¤· ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (i +
/. (i n¬i ¬ ( ·ºi( ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (i +
s. ·¬iº ¬¬(ºi(i(i ¬ ¤lº¤¤ (i +
s. nl-¬ ¬ilr-¤ ¬ ¬ ( sº¤ ·iiºni ¬ ( · ¬ - ~¤i¬· ¬ºi +
·a. ¬(iº ni·i¬¤i ºiiªii ¬ ¬·- ¬l( ºr·i + ¤¬º l((¤·i ¬ºi +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–I
(Principles of Education)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. lºi·ii ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii lºi·ii ¬ ¬ªº¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define Education and discuss aims of education.
z. lºi·ii - ¤lº(iº ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii lºi·ii ¬ ¤¬ ¬l·i¬ººi ¬ ª¤ - -¬¬
¬ ¬i·i :¬¬ ¬-(··ii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the role of family in education and explain its relationship with school as an
agency of education.
s. lºi·ii ¬ ¤¬ -r-(¤ºi ¬l·i¬ººi ¬ ª¤ - l(ni¬¤ ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ ºi l·i¬
¬i¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define school as an important agency of education and discuss its educational functions.
«. lºi·ii ¬ ¬l·i¬ººi ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ¬l·i¤ i¤ r ` lºi·ii ¬ ¬i ¤¤ilº¬ ¤( ¬·i ¤¤ilº¬ ¬l·i¬ººii
- ¬·nº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by agency of education ? Distinguish between formal and informal
agency of education.
r. ¤i- ¤¬- ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤i- ¤¬- l·-iºi ¬ - ª¤ l¬-i·n ·¤i r `
What do you mean by curriculum ? What are the main principles of curriculum
construction ?
s. ºi·- i¤ ºi l·i¬ ¬· ¬·ii· ¤( ¤ lºi·iºi ¤lº·i( ¬i ·il-¬i ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the role and function of NCERT.
/. l·-·l¬lªin ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ ÷
Explain the following :–
(a) ¤ i« lºi·ii (Adult Education)
(b) (º-·i lºi·ii (Distance Education)
s. -~¤¤º¬ lºi·ii ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii -~¤¤º¬ lºi·ii ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤( -in (ºi ¬
l¬-i·ni ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain in the concept of value education and discuss objective and guiding principles of
value education.
s. ¤ i·il-¬ lºi·ii ¬i - ª¤ ¬--¤i¤ ·¤i r ` ·iiºn - ¤ i·il-¬ lºi·ii - ¬ ·iiº ¬ l¬¤ lºi·ii
·iln ·sss - ·¤i ¬· ºi¬i¤ ¬i n¤i r `
What are the main problems of primary education ? What are the recommendations of
NPE, 1986 regarding the improvement of primary education in India ?
·a. -¬¬ -nº ¬i (n -i· ¤ºi·ii ¤ ºii¬i ¬ n ºi÷(i·ii ¬i ¬-i·ii ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze the merit and demerits of present examination system at the school level.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–I
(Principles of Education)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. -i·( ¬i(· ¬ l¬¤ lºi·ii ·¤i ¬i(º¤¬ r ` lºi·ii ¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ¬i¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Why education is essential for human life ? Explain the social functions of education.
z. lºi·ii - ¬- (i¤ ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii lºi·ii ¬ ¤¬ ¬l·i¬ººi ¬ ª¤ - -¬¬
¬ ¬i·i :¬¬ ¬-(··ii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the role of community in education and explain its relationship with school as an
agency of education.
s. ¤¬ ¤ ¬inil¤¬ ¬-i¬ - -¬¬ ¬i -·ii· ¤( ¬¬¬ l(l·i·· ¬i¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the place of school and its various functions in a democratic society.
«. ¬i¬n¤ ¬i -¬ ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ·iiºn - ¬i¬n¤ ¬i º lºi·ii ¬ (i¤ ¬
¬-(··ii ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the basic concept of democracy and elucidate the relationship between democracy
and education in India.
r. -i·¤l-¬ lºi·ii - ·¤i ¤l-¤i r ` ¬·¬ l·ºi¬ººi ¬ l¬¤ ¬º¬iº ¤iºi l¬¤ n¤ ¬ s ¤ ¤i¬i
¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What are the main weaknesses of secondary education in India. Describe some of the
efforts taken by central government to overcome them.
s. ¬·¤ lºi·ii ¬ l(¬i¬ - l(º(l(ni¬¤ ¬·(i· ¬i¤in ¬i ·il-¬i ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the role and functions of University Grants Commission in development of higher
education.
/. l·-·l¬lªin ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ ÷
Explain the following :–
(a) ºi·- i¤ l(¬i¬ - lºi·ii ¬i ·il-¬i (Role of Education in national development)
(b) ·¤i(¬il¤¬ººi (Vocationalization)
s. l(ni¬¤i lºi·ii ¤( ºi·-i¤ ¤¬ni ¤º l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on "School Education and National Integration".
s. si¤÷¬¬ni·i ¬ ¬iººii ¤( ¤lººii-i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the causes and consequences of student unrest.
·a. ºi·- i¤ l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬·(·i - ·iiºni¤ ¬-i¬ ¬i ¬--¤i¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the problems of Indian Society in the context of National Development.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–II
(Development of Education in India)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤ i¤i· ·iiºn ¬i lºi·ii ¬i - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¤ ·¤i ·ii ` l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What were the chief characteristics of education in Ancient India ? Discuss.
z. -·¤¬i¬i· ¤ n ¬ lºi·ii ¬ (ºi · l¬-i·n ¤( l(l·i¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the Philosophy, Principles and Methods of education during medieval period.
s. ¬-i¬ ¬ (l¤n (ni ¬i lºi·ii ¬ ¬-(l··in l(l·i·· ¬( ·iil·¬ ¤ i(·ii·i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the various constitutional provision related to education of deprive sections of the
society.
«. ·iiºni¤ lºi·ii ¬ :lnri¬ - lºi·ii ¬i¤in (·ss«÷ss) ¬i ¤¬ -r-(¤ºi ¤lnril¬¬ ·i-·i ·¤i
-i·i ¬ini r ` lºi·ii ¬i¤in ¬ - ª¤ l¬¤ilººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Why the Education Commission (1964-66) considered as a major land mark in the
history of Indian Education ? Discuss main recommendation of the Education Commission
(1964-1966).
r. ºi·- i¤ lºi·ii ·iln ·sss ¬ - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the salient features of NPE, 1968.
s. ¬· ·sss ¬i ºi·- i¤ lºi·ii ·iln - ¬· ·ssz ¬ l¬¤i·(¤· ¬i¤ ¬- - ¬i ¬ ·iiº r ¤ ¬·¬i
l(º¬·iºi ¬ºn r ¤ ¬¤· l(¤iº ·¤·n ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze the modification in Plan of Action (1992) from NPE (1986) and comment on
them.
/. ¬-i¬(i( ¬i ¤ ¬ln ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬-i¬(i( ¬ ¬(·i - ·iiºni¤ lºi·ii ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
Explain the nature of socialism and discuss Indian Education in the context of socialism.
s. -·¤¬i¬ - ·iºi lºi·ii ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Women Education in medieval India.
s. ·iiºn - lºi·i¬ lºi·ii ¬i l-·iln ¤º ¤¬ l((ººii--¬ l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a descriptive note on status of Teacher Education in India.
·a. -·(( l- (i¬¬ ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` -·(( l- (i¬i¬ ¬i ¤r¤i· rn l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by mentally retorted child ? Discuss characteristics for identification of
mentally retorted children.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–II
(Development of Education in India)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + + + +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬·¤ni ¬ ¤ iº-·i ¬ ¬¬º ¬n·in ·«(i ºini·(i n¬ ·iiºn ¬i ¤ i¤i· lºi·ii ¤-ln ¬ :lnri¬
¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Trace the history of Ancient India education from down of civilization to sometime around
fourteenth century A.D.
z. -·¤¬i¬i· ·iiºn ¬i lºi·ii ¬i - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¤ ·¤i ·ii ` l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What were the chief characteristics of education in medieval India ? Discuss.
s. - (il¬¤º ¬i¤in (·srz÷rs) · lºi·ii ¬ l¬¬ ·i¤ ¤º (¬ l(¤i ` - (il¬¤º ¬i¤in ¬ - ª¤
l¬¤ilººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Which sector of education did Mudaliyar Commission (1952-53) laid stress on ? Discuss
the main recommendation of Mudaliyar Commssion.
«. l(º(l(ni¬¤ lºi·ii ¬i¤in (·s«s÷«s) ¬ - ª¤ l¬¤ilººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the main recommendation of University Education Commission (1948-49).
r. lºi·ii ¬ ºi·-i¤ «i ¤ ¬ ¬i ·¤i ¬l·i¤ i¤ r ` l(ni¬i¤ ¤i- ¤¬- ¬ -i·¤- ¬ ºi l·i¬ ¬ªº¤i
¬i ¤ i·n ¬º· ¬ l¬¤ lºi·ii ¬i¤in (·ss«÷ss) ¬i ¤lº¬~¤·i ·¤i ·ii `
What is the implications of a National System of education ? How did the Education
Commission (1964-66) envisage achieving the educational objectives through organization
of school curriculum ?
s. ºi·- i¤ lºi·ii ·iln ·sss ¬ - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the salient features of Education Policy, 1986.
/. ·i- l·º¤·ini ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ·i- l·º¤·ini ¬ ¬(·i - ·iiºni¤ lºi·ii ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by secularism ? Discuss Indian education in the context of
secularism.
s. ¤ i¤i·¬i¬ - ·iºi lºi·ii ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤ +
Write an essay on Women Education in ancient India.
s. lºi·i¬ ¬ -i·l¬¬ -(i-·¤ ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ¬l·i¤ i¤ r ` ¬¬-i¤il¬n lºi·i¬ ¬ ¬·iºii ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬¬i¤i¬· ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by mental health of teacher ? Discuss features of maladjusted teacher
and explain reason for maladjustment.
·a. l¤s÷ (i¬¬ ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ¬·i r ` l¤s÷¤· ¬ ¤ ¬iº ¤( ¬iººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by Backward Child ? Discuss kinds and causes of Backwardness.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–III
(Philosophical Foundation of Education)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. (ºi · n·ii lºi·ii ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii (ºi· ¤( lºi·ii ¬ (i¤ ¬ ¬-(··ii ¬i ·¤iª¤i
¬il¬¤ +
Define Philosophy and Education and explain relationship between Philosophy and
Education.
z. ¤¬ ¬·¤i¤¬ ¬ l¬¤ lºi·ii (ºi · ¬i ¬·¤¤· l¬n·i -r-(¤ºi r ` (n - lºi·i¬ l¬· ( l·¬
¬--¤i¬i ¬i ¬i-·i ¬ºn r ¬¬¬ ¬-i·ii· - ¤r ¬ ¬ ¬ri¤¬ rini r `
How important is the study of philosophy of education for a teacher ? How does it help to
solve the day-to-day problems that the teacher faces in the classroom ?
s. l·-·l¬lªin ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ ÷
Describe the following :–
(a) (ºi · ¤( lºi·iºi l(l·i¤i (Philosophy and Teaching Methods)
(b) (ºi · ¤( lºi·i¬ (Philosophy and Teacher)
«. (i -¬i¬i· lºi·ii ¬i ªii¬ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤r¤i· ¬il¬¤ + ¬i¬ ¬i ·iiºni¤ lºi·ii - ¤r
l¬¬ ¤¬iº ¤ i¬ln¬ r `
Identify the distinctive features of Buddhist Education. How are they relevant in today's
education in India ?
r. ·¤i¤ (ºi · - l(¤ n¤ ni· l¬-i·n ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the theory of knowledge as advocated in Naya Philosophy.
s. ºl(·¤ ·i·i - ·iº ¬ ºi l·i¬ l(¤iºi ¬i ¤ ¬ln ¤( -r-( ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the nature and importance of educational thought o Ravindranath Tagore.
/. -ri--i ni ·ii ¤( ¬i ¬ºl(·( ·ii·i ¬ ºi l·i¬ l(¤iºi - l(·i( ¬il¬¤ +
Differentiate between educational philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi and Sri Aurobindo
Ghosh.
s. ¤ ¬ln(i(i lºi·ii (ºi · ¬ - ª¤ l¬-i·ni ¬i l(( ¤·i ¬il¬¤ + (n -i· ¬ ¬(·i - ¤ ¬ln(i(i
lºi·ii (ºi · ¬i ¤ i¬ln¬ni ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the main principles `of Naturalistic philosophy of education. Explain the relevance
of Naturalistic philosophy of education in the present context.
s. ¬i·i l·¬ lºi·ii ¬ l¬-i·ni ¤( ¤ ¤ini - ¤ ¤i¬·(i( ¬ ¤ ·ii( ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the impact of pragmatism in modern educational thought and practice.
·a. lºi·ii÷(ºi · - -i·(ni(i( ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l(º¬·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Analyze the concept of Humanism as a philosophy of education.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–III
(Philosophical Foundation of Education)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. lºi·ii (ºi· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬i ¤¬ln ¬i(º¤¬ni ¤( -r-( ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define educational philosophy and explain its nature, need and importance.
z. l·-·l¬lªin ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ ÷
Describe the following :–
(a) (ºi · ¤( ¤i- ¤¬- (Philosophy and Curriculum)
(b) (ºi · ¤( ¬· ºii¬· (Philosophy and Discipline)
s. l¬¬i ºi·- ¬i ºi l·i¬ ¤-ln l¬¬ ¤º ¬¬¬ (iºi l·¬ l(¤iºi ¬ ¤ ·iil(n rini r ` l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
How the educational system of a nation is influenced by its philosophical ideas ? Discuss.
«. ¬ · (ºi· ¬ ºi l·i¬ ¤in(i· ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the educational contributions of Jain Philosophy.
r. ((i·n (ºi· - l(¤ n¤ ni· ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the theory of knowledge as given in Vedanta.
s. ºl(·¤ ·i·i - niº ¬ lºi·ii (ºi · ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the educational philosophy of Ravindra Nath Tagore.
/. ni ·ii¬i ¬ lºi·ii ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the educational theory of Gandhijee.
s. ºi l·i¬ l(¤iº·iiºi ¬ ª¤ - ¬i(ºi (i( ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ + ¤r l¬¬ r( n¬
¤ ¬ln(i( ¬ l·i·· r `
Describe the characteristic of idealism as a school of educational philosophy. In what way
its differ from Naturalism.
s. ¬ºl(·( ·ii·i ¬ lºi·ii÷(ºi · ¬ ¬i·iiº·in l¬-i·n ·¤i r `
What are the basic principles of educational philosophy of Aurobindo Ghosh.
·a. ( l·¤i(i lºi·ii ¬ ¤ - ªi l¬-i·n ·¤i r ` l¬¬ ¬i-i n¬ ( l¬¤il·(n ri ¬¬ `
What are the main principles of basic education. To what extent have they been realized ?
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–IV
(Sociological Foundation of Education)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºi l·i¬ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤i- ¤¬- n·ii lºi·iºi l(l·i¤i ¬i ¬l(-niº (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss in detail the aims, curriculum and teaching methods of educational sociology.
z. ¬- (i¤ ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ + (i¬¬i ¬ lºi·ii ¬ l(¬i¬ - :¬¬i ·il-¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Define community. Explain the role of community in developing the education of children.
s. ·iiºn - lºi·ii ¬ ¬ªº¤i ¬i ¤ -ªi ¬i-il¬¬ l··iiº¬ ¬i·÷¬i· r ¬·i¤ - (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe in brief the important social determinants of aims of education in India.
«. lºi·ii - ¬i ¤¤ilº¬ ¬iº ¬·i ¤¤ilº¬ ¬l·i¬ººi ·¤i r ` lºi·ii ¬i ¬-··n ¬º· ¬ l¬¤
¬·i ¤¤ilº¬ ¬l·i¬ººii ¬i ·¤i ·il-¬i r `
What are formal and informal agencies of education. Describe the role of informal agencies
to promote the cause of education.
r. l·-·l¬lªin ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ ÷
Discuss the following :–
(a) ·i- ¤( lºi·ii (Religion and Education)
(b) ºi l·i¬ -~¤i ¬ ¤ ¬iº (Types of Educational Values)
s. ¬·¬ª¤i lºi·ii ·¤i r ` ·iiºn - :¬¬i ¤ -ªi ¬--¤i¤ ·¤i r ` lºi·ii ¬ ¤iºi si¤i -
¬·¬ª¤i lºi·ii ¬ (iº - ¬i¤ ¬inª¬ni ¬¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ºn +
What is Population Education ? What are the main problems of its India. How do you
develop awareness among students about Population Education.
/. lºi·ii ¬-il¬¬ ¤lº(n· ¬i· ¬i ¤¬ ºil·nºii¬i -i·¤- r ` ¬i-il¬¬ ¤lº(n· ¬i
¤lº·iil·in ¬ºn r ¤ :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¤ l·- ¬il¬¤ +
"Education is a powerful instrument for bringing about social change ?" Defining social
change, justify the statement.
s. lºi·ii - ¬i·i l·¬i¬ººi ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` ¤r ¬ri n¬ ·iiºni¤ ¬-i¬ - ¤lº(n·
¬i· - ¬ri¤¬ r `
What do you mean by modernization in education ? How far it helpful to bring changes in
Indian Society ?
s. ¬-i¬i¬ººi ·¤i r ` :¬¬ ¤ -ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
What is Socialization ? What are its chief characteristics.
·a. ¬i-il¬¬ -nºi¬ººi ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬º + ·iiºn - ¬i-il¬¬ -nºi¬ººi ¬i -(ª¤ ¬i (ºi· ¬º +
Define Social Stratification. Describe the nature of Social Stratification in India.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–IV
(Sociological Foundation of Education)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºi l·i¬ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬º + l((¤· ¬º l¬ ¤ nlnºii¬ ¬-i¬ l(¬l¬n ¬º· -
ºi l·i¬ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¬i ni· lºi·i¬ ¬i l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº ¬ri¤ni ¬ºni r +
Define Educational Sociology. Discuss how the knowledge of educational sociology helps
the teacher to develop a progressive society.
z. · ln¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` lºi·ii ¬ ¤iºi ¬i¤ si¤i - · ln¬ni ¬i l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬
¼n `
What do you mean by Moral Development ? How do you develop morality among student
through education ?
s. lºi·ii ¬ ¬·nil¤¬ ¬ªº¤ ¬i º l(¤iº·iiºi ·¤i r ` :· l(¤iºi ¬ -i·¤- ¬ ¬i¤ si¤i -
¬i ·÷¬i · ¬i ¤lº(n· ¬i ¬¬n r `
What are the democratic aims and ideas in Education ? What are the changes you can
brought among students through these ideas ?
«. lºi·ii ¬ ¤ -¤·i l··ii º¬ ¬ ª¤ - lºi·iil·i¬iºi n·ii ºi·¤ ¬ ºi¬· ln¬ l(¤iº·iiºi ¬i ·il-¬i
¬i l((¤·i ¬º +
Discuss the role of educational officers and political ideas of state as direct determinants of
education.
r. ºi l·i¬ -~¤i ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º lºi·ii ¬ l(l·i·· ¬ªº¤i ¬i -¤·- ¬º +
On the basis of educational values clarify the different aims of education.
s. ¬i-il¬¬ ¤lº(n · ¬ l¬¤ l¬--(iº ¬iº¬ ¬i·÷¬i· r ` l(ni¬¤ ¤i- ¤¬- n·ii lºi·iºi
l(l·i¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ l¬¬¬ -i·¤- ¬ ¬i¤ si¤i - ¬i-il¬¬ ¤lº(n· ¬i ¬¬n r +
What are the factors responsible for Social Change ? Discuss the school curriculum and
teaching methods through which you can brought social changes among student.
/. l·-·l¬lªin ¬r ¬-(··ii ¬i -¤·- ¬º ÷
Clarify the correlation among the following:–
(a) ºi l·i¬ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¤( ¬·i ºii-¤ (Educational Sociology and Economics )
(b) ºi l·i¬ ¬-i¬ºii-¤ ¤( :lnri¬ (Educational Sociology and History )
s. ¬-i¬i¬ººi ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬-i¬i¬ººi - lºi·i¬ ¤( lºi·ii ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
Define socialization and discuss the role of teacher and education in socialization.
s. l(ni¬¤ - ·i- l·º¤·ini ¬ lºi·ii ¬ l¬¤ ºi·ii ¬·ºi ¬i¤in ¬ l¬¤ilººi ·¤i r (ni¤ +
What are the recommendation of Radha Krishna Commission regarding secular education
in school.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬i-il¬¬ -nºi¬ººi ¬i l(ºi·ini¤ (Characteristic of Social Stratification)
(b) lºi·ii ¤iºi ºi·-i¤ l(¬i¬ (National Development through education)
(c) -i·(il·i¬iº¤( lºi·ii (Human Right and Education)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–V
(Psychological Foundation of Education)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. lºi·ii÷-·il(ni· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ -(ª¤ ¤( l(·i¤ ·i¤ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define Educational Psychology and discuss its nature and scope.
z. lºi·ii÷-·il(ni· ¬i ¬i·÷¬i· ¬i l(l·i¤i r l¬¬i (i -r-(¤ºi l(l·i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤
l¬¬ ¬i¤ ¤¬·( ¬ºn r +
What are the methods of Educational Psychology ? Discuss any two important methods
you like.
s. ¬l·in- ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + lºi·iºi - ¤¤-· n·ii ·i¬ ¤iºi ¬iªi· ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i
-~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Define learning. Evaluate the theories of "Learning by Trial and Error" in teaching.
«. ¬l·in- ¬ ¬ir¤¤ l¬-i·n ¬i ¬·i¤ - (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss, in brief the association theory of learning.
r. ¤ººii l¬¬ ¤¬iº ¬ ¬l·in- ¬ ¬-(l··in r ` ¤ ººii ¬ -ª¤ l¬-i·ni ¬i (ºi· ¬ ·i¤ - ¬il¬¤ +
How motivation is related to learning ? Discuss the important theories of Motivation in brief.
s. ¬l·in-÷-·ii·i·nººi ·¤i r ` :¬¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i (ºi· ¬·i¤ - ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬l·in-
-·ii·i·nººi - lºi·i¬ ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What is transfer of learning ? Explain the theories of it in brief and discuss the role of
teacher in transfer of learning.
/. ¬ ¬·i--¬ni ·¤i r ` (·¤i - ¬ ¬·i--¬ni l(¬i¬ rn l(ni¬¤ n·ii lºi·i¬ ¬i ·il-¬i ·¤i
ri ¬¬ni r `
What is creativity ? What can be the role of school and teacher in developing among
children.
s. ·¤l·n-( ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬º + :¬¬ l(l·i·· l··iiº¬i ¬i ¬-ni¤ +
Define 'Personality'. Explain its various determinants.
s. ( l- ·¤i r ` ¬¬¬ ¤ ¬iº ·¤i r ` lºi·ii - ( l- ¤ºi·ii ¬i ·¤i ¬¤¤ilnni r `
What is Intelligence ? What are its kinds ? What are the utilities of an intelligent test in
Education ?
·a. l·-·l¬lªin ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write short notes on following:–
(a) lºi·ii lºi·iºi n·ii ¬· (ºi· (Education, Learning & Instruction)
(b) l(lºi·- (i¬¬i ¬i lºi·ii (Education for Special Children)
(c) ¬l·i¬l-n ¬·(ºi· (Programme Instruction)
(d) ¤ ·i¤ºi l(l·i (Projective Method)
(e) · ln¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i l¬-i·n (Theory of Moral Development)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–V
(Psychological Foundation of Education)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. lºi·ii÷-·il(ni· ¬i ¤ ¬ln n·ii ·ii(i lºi·i¬ ¬ l¬¤ ¬¬¬ ¬·¤¤· ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¤º ¤ ¬iºi
÷il¬¤ +
Discuss the nature of Educational Psychology and need for its study for prospective
teacher.
z. lºi·ii÷-·il(ni· - ·¤(zn ¬·n l·ºi·iºi n·ii (ir l·ºi·iºi l(l·i¤i ¬ ¤iº-¤lº¬ -r-( ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the relative importance of introspection and objective observation methods as used
in Educational Psychology.
s. ¬l·in- ¬ ¬n ¬ l¬-i·n ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ + ¬l·in- ¬ ¬n l¬-i·n ¬ ºi l·i¬ ¬l·i¤ i¤
·¤i r `
Describe the insight theory of learning. What are the educational implications of insight
theory of learning ?
«. ¬l·in- ¬ ·¬il¬¬¬ ¬· (··i· l¬-i·n ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the classical conditioning theory of learning.
r. ¤ º¬ ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + -·i( nil·¬i ¤iºi l(¤ n¤ ¤ º¬ ¬ l(l·i·· (ni ¬ººi ·¤i r `
Define Motives. What are the different classification of Motives given by psychologists.
s. ¬l·in- -·ii·i·nººi ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + ¤·ii(i -·ii·i·nººi ¬i ºi-i ·¤i r ` l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
Define transfer of learning. What are the conditions for effective transfer ? Discuss.
/. ¬(n ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + -i·( ·¤(riº ¤º ¬(n ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Define Emotion. Discuss the effects of emotion on human behaviour.
s. (i¬¬i ¬ ·¤l·n-( ¬i ¤·iil(n ¬º·(i¬ l(l·i·· ¬iº¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the various factors which influence personality of the child.
s. ( l- ¬ -(ª¤ ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ + ¬·i¤ - ( l- ¬ l(l·i·· l¬-i·ni ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the nature of intelligence. Describe in brief the various theories of intelligence.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¤ ¤i¬·i l(l·i (Project Method)
(b) ¬(·ii· n·ii ªl¤ (Attention & Interest)
(c) ¬¬-i¤i¬· (Maladjustment)

* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–VI
(Methodology of Educational Research)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºi l·i¬ ¬· ¬·ii· ¬i ¤¬ln ¤( ·i¤ ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the nature and scope of educational research.
z. ºi l·i¬ ¬· ¬·ii· ¬ ¬¤¬ººii ¬i ¬·i¤ - (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe in brief the various tools of educational research.
s. ·¤i(ºi ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + ¬·s ·¤i(ºi ¬ n ºii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define sampling. Discuss characteristics of good sampling.
«. ¤ ¤ini--¬ ¬· ¬·ii· ·¤i r ` :¬¬ ¤ - ªi ¬i¤i·i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What is experimental research ? Explain its important steps.
r. ºi l·i¬ ¬· ¬·ii· ¬ ·i¤ ¤º ¤¬ l((ººii--¬ l-·¤ºii l¬ªi +
Write a descriptive note on area of education research.
s. ¬·¬·ii· - ¬--¤i ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + ¬--¤i ¬ ¤¤· ¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Define problem in research. Mention the principles of selecting problem.
/. ¤·¬~¤·i ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ + ºi l·i¬ ¬·¬ ·ii· - :¬¬ ¤¬iº ¤( -r-(i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define hypothesis. Discuss its types and importance in educational research.
s. ºi l·i¬ ¬· ¬·ii· ¬ ¬i·ii-¬iº l(l·i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the importance of interview method in educational research.
s. ¤ º·i(¬i ¬ (iº - ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬i·n r ` ¬-¬ ¤¤· ¬ ¤¬ ¤¤ ¬ ª¤ - ¤ º·i(¬i ¬
n ºi÷(i·ii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you know about Questionnaire ? Discuss merit and demerits of Questionnaire as a
tool of data collection.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¤i( l·s¬i ¤( -nºi¬n ·¤i(ºi (Random Sampling & Stratified Sampling)
(b) ¤lº¬~¤·i ¬i -r-( (Importance of Assumption)
(c) l··ii ººi -i¤·i (Rating Scale)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–VI
(Methodology of Educational Research)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºi l·i¬ ¬· ¬·ii· ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni n·ii -r-( ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the need and importance of educational research.
z. (nil·¬ ¬·¬·ii· ¬ ¬i·iiº·in -i·¤ni¤ ·¤i r ` ( nil·¬ ¬·¬ ·ii· ¬i l(ºi·ini¤ l¬lªi¤ +
What are the basic assumptions in scientific research ? Write down the characteristics of
scientific research.
s. ¤lnril¬¬ ¬·¬·ii· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ºi l·i¬ ¬·¬·ii· - :¬¬ ¬ªº¤ n·ii -r-( ¬i
(ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What do understand by historical research ? Discuss its aims and importance in educational
research.
«. ¤i( l·s¬i ·¤i(ºi ¬i ¬·i n ºi ¤( (i·ii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss meaning, merit and demerits of random sampling.
r. ºii·i ¬--¤i ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` ºii·i ¬--¤i ¬ ¤¤· ¬ -r-(¤ºi ¬ ini ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by research problem ? Discuss the important sources for selection of
research problem.
s. ¬i ¬÷i ¤¬¤ ¬º· ¬i l(l·i ¬ ª¤ - ¬i·ii-¬iº ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬i·ii-¬iº ¬
¤ ¬iºi ¬i º l(l·i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Define interview as a technique of data collection and discuss the types and techniques of
interview.
/. ºii·i ¬l·i¬~¤ ·¤i r ` :¬¬ ¬i¤i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
What is research design ? Discuss its functions.
s. ºii·i ¤lº¬~¤·i ¬ ¬ini ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
Throw light on the sources of research hypothesis.
s. l··ii ººi -i¤· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + :¬¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¤( -r-( ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define rating scale. Discuss the importance of different types rating scale.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ¬(¬i¬· l(l·i (Observation Method)
(b) ¤ i·¬~¤·i (Hypothesis)
(c) ¤ º·i(¬i l(l·i (Questionnaire Method)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–VII
(Educational Technology)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºi l·i¬ n¬·i¬i ¬ ¤ -¤¤ ¬i ¬-ni¤ + :¬¬ ¬ª º¤ ¬¤¤ilnni n·ii ¬i-i¬i ¬i (ni¤ +
Explain the concept of Educational Technology. State the objectives, uses and limitations
of it.
z. l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬ ri÷(¤º ¬¤in-i ¬i (ºi · ¬º + (n lºi·iºi - ¬i(ºr÷ (OHP) ¤ i¬·-º ¬i
¬¤¤ilnni (ni¤ +
Describe the various types of hardware approaches. Explain the use of overhead projector
in classroom teaching.
s. (n ¬· (ºi· ¬ ¤ ·ii( ¬i («i· - ¬-·¤-º ¬i ¬¤¤ilnni ·¤i r `
What are the application of computer in increasing the effectiveness of class room
instruction.
«. ¬·- lºi·iºi ¬ ¬·i ·¤i r ` ¬·ii ¬· (ºi· - :¬¬i l(l·i·· ¬¤¤ilnni¬i n·ii ¬i-i¬i ¬i
(ºi · ¬º +
What is the meaning of Microteaching ? Discuss it various uses and limitations in class
room instruction.
r. (¬ lºi·iºi ¬ ¬ª º¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º + :¬¬ n ºi n·ii ¬i-i¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Explain the objectives of team teaching. Discuss its merits and limitations.
s. ºªii¤ ¬l·in- ·¤i r ` ¬·ii lºi·iºi - :¬¬i l(ºi·ini¤ n·ii ¬i-i¬i ¬i (ºi· ¬º +
What is linear programmed learning. Explain its characteristic and limitation in class room
teaching.
/. ¬i·il·¬ n¬·i¬i ¬ -·i (nil·¬ ¬¤¤i n ¬i (ºi· ¬º +
Describe the various psychological uses of modern technology.
s. -¬i¬i ·¤l¬n ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬º + ¤ ·ii(i lºi·iºi - :¬¬ ¤ ¤in ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Define Teleconferencing. Discuss its applications in effective teaching.
s. ¤¬ º÷¬ ¬i ¬·n l¬¤i l(º¬·iºi ¤ ºii¬i ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬º + (n lºi·iºi - :¬¬i ¬i·iiº·in
-i·¤ni¤ n·ii ¬¤¤ilnni¤ ·¤i r `
Define Flanders's Interaction Analyse System. What are its basic assumption and uses in
class room teaching ?
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ·ii·ii ¤ ¤inºii¬i ¬i l(ºi·ini¤ (Importance of Language Laboratory)
(b) lºi·ii - : ÷-¬ ¬i ¤ ¤in (Uses of E-mail in Education)
(c) (º-·i lºi·ii ¤( ºi l·i¬ n¬·i¬i (Distance Education and Educational Technology )
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–VII
(Educational Technology)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºi l·i¬ n¬·i¬i ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬º + :¬¬ -(ª¤ n·ii ·i¤ ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Define Educational Technology. Discuss it nature and scope.
z. ºi l·i¬ n¬·i¬ ¬ ¬(¤(i ¬ (iº - ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬i·n r ` ¬·i¤ - ºi l·i¬ n¬·i¬ ¬ ¬-i º
¬(¤(i ¬i ¬¤¤ilnni ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you know about components of Education Technology ? Discuss utility of
hardware components of educational technology.
s. ¬-·¤-º ¬i ¬i¤ ¤ ºii¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º + lºi·iºi ¬l·in- ¤ l¬¤i - :¬¬i ¬¤¤ilnni ·¤i r +
State the working of Computer. What is the uses of computer in teaching learning process.
«. :-º·- ·¤i r ` :¬¬ ºi l·i¬ -r-( ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬º +
What is Internet ? State its educational importance.
r. ¬·- lºi·iºi ¬i ¤ ¬ln l(ºi·ini n·ii ·i¤ ¬i (ºi· ¬º +
Discuss the nature, characteristics and scope of Microteaching.
s. (r÷:l·(¤ ¬·(ºi· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬·ii lºi·iºi - :¬¬i ¬¤¤ilnni (ni¤ +
What is the meaning of multi sensory instruction ? Discuss its utility in class-room
teaching.
/. CAI ¬i ¬i·iiº·in -i·¤ni¤ ·¤i r ` :¬¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
What are the basic assumption of CAI ? Explain its various types and functions.
s. lºi·iºi -nº ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` lºi·iºi ¬ l(l·i·· -nºi ¬i l(-niº ¬ (ºi · ¬º +
What do you mean by level of teaching ? Describe various level of teaching in detail.
s. (¬ lºi·iºi ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬º + :¬¬i ¬(º¤¬ni n·ii -r-( ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Define team teaching. Discuss its need & importance.
·a. ¬l·i¬l-n ¬·(ºi· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬º + :¬¬i -(ª¤ n·ii ¬i·iiº·in l¬-i·ni ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Define Programmed learning. Discuss its nature and fundamental principles.

* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(Educational Management)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºi l·i¬ ¤ (··i· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` lºi·ii - :¬¬i ¬ªº¤ n·ii ·i¤ ¬i (ni¤ +
What do you mean by Educational Management ? State its aims and scope in education.
z. ¤¤ (·iºi ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ( + ¤¬ ¬·s ¤¤ (·i¬ ¬i ·¤i n ºi ri·i ¤ilr¤ `
Define supervision. What should be the quality of a good supervisor ?
s. ºi l·i¬ ¤ (··i· ¬ ¤ - ªi l¬-i·ni ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Describe the principle theories of educational management.
«. ºi l·i¬ ¤ (··i· - ¬·( i¬ººi ( l(¬·( i¬ººi ¬¤in- ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` lºi·ii ¬ ¬·( i¤
¤ (··i· ¬ ¬i·ii ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
What do you understand by centralised and decentralised approaches in educational
management ? Discuss the advantages of centralised management in education.
r. lºi·ii -·¤i¬¤ ¬ ¬·nnn ¬i¤ ¬º· (i¬ l(l·i·· l(·iini ¬ ·i- ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬º + ¬·( i¤
lºi·ii ¬¬ir¬iº -º÷¬ ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Mention the names of different departments working under Ministry of Education. Discuss
the role of Central Adversary Board of Education.
s. ¤(·i· ¤l¬¤i l¬-i·n ·¤i r ` ·iln l·-iºi ¤l¬¤i ¬ l(l·i·· ¤¬iºi ¤( -i÷¬i ¬i (ºi· ¬º +
What is the theory of management process ? Discuss the types and models of decision
making process.
/. ·n-( ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬º + :¬¬ l(l(·i ¤¬iºi n·ii ¬i¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬º +
Define leadership. Describe its various types and their functions.
s. lºi·ii ¤ (··i· - ¤ ºii¬i ¬¤in- ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` lºi·ii ¤ (·i· - :¬¬i ¬¤¤ilnni ¬i
(ºi · ¬º +
What do you understand by system approach in educational management ? Explain its
utility in educational management.
s. ¬-·iinn ¤i¬·i ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬º + ¬-·iinn ¤i ¬·i l·-i ºi ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ººii ¬i (ni¤ +
Define Institutional Planning. Describe the various steps of construction of institutional
planning ?
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) l(ni¬¤ ¤i¬·i - ¤ ·ii·i·¤i¤¬ ¬i ·il-¬i (Role of Headmaster in School Planning)
(b) l¬¬i ºi l·i¬ ¤ lºi·iºi ¬-·ii· (District Institute of Educational Training (DIET)
(c) l(º(l(ni¬¤ ¬· (i· ¬i¤in (University Grants Commission )
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Education}
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(Educational Management)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET–II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºi l·i¬ ¤ (··i· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬º + :¬¬i - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬ ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Define Educational Management. Discuss its main characteristics.
z. ¤¤ (·iºi ¬ ·¤i ¬ªº¤ ri· ¤ilr¤ ` ¤º-¤ºinn ¤( ¬i·i l·¬ ¤¤(·iºi - ¬·nº -¤·- ¬º +
What should be the aims of supervision ? Differentiate between traditional and modern
supervision.
s. ºi l·i¬ ¤ (·i· ¬ l(l·i·· ¬l·i¬ººii ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i (ºi· ¬º + ¤ ·ii(i lºi·i¬ ¤ (·i· ¬ l¬¤
·: lºi·ii÷·iln ·sss ¬ ¬ ni( ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬º +
Discuss the role of various agencies in educational management. Mention the
recommendations of new educational policy of 1986 for effective educational management.
«. ¤ ºii¬· ¬ ¬i·iiº·in l¬-i·n ·¤i r ` ¤¤i ¬º +
What are the basic principles of administration ? Discuss.
r. -¬º ¬ ¬n-· ¬(·ii l¬-i·ni ¬i (ni¤ +
Discuss the Tylor's theory of organization.
s. lºi·ii ¤(·i· - ·i¬ººiiri ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the role of Bearuecracy in educational management.
/. lºi·ii ¤( ·i· ¬ l¤¬i ºii¤ l¬-i·n ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Discuss the Tridimensional view of educational management.
s. ·iiºni¤ ¬l(·ii· - lºi·ii ¬(·ii ·¤i ·¤(-·ii r ` ¤¤i ¬º +
What are the provisions in Indian Constitution related to education ? Discuss.
s. lºi·ii ¤ (·i· - ·il-¬i ¬ ·i·i l¬-i·n ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Describe the Role Conflict theory of educational management.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ºi·- i¤ ºi l·i¬ ¬·¬·ii· ¤( ¤ lºi·iºi ¤lº·i( (National Council of Educational Research
& Training (NCERT)
(b) l(ni¬¤ ¤ (·i· - ((i( ¬-ri ¬i ·il-¬i (Role of pressure groups in school
management)
(c) ¬·ii - ¬·¤i¤¬ ¬i ·ni ¬ ª¤ - ri·i (Teacher as a leader in class room)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Computer Application
Part–I, Paper–I
(Problem Solving & Programming)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. What is a flowchart ? What is the difference between a flowchart and algorithm ? Explain
giving examples ?
2. Draw a flowchart for :–
(a) Generating 10 numbers in Fibonacci series.
(b) Generating a multiplication table for any random number given from the keyboard.
3. Explain the different types of data types in 'C', with examples.
4. Describe different types of control statements in 'C', with suitable examples.
5. What happens if an array is used without initializing it. Describe different types of arrays
with examples.
6. Explain the different built-in string functions & its applications. Give examples for each.
7. What is a prototype function. Describe different types of variables & storage classes, with
examples.
8. Explain Recursion ? Write a Recursive function for calculating the factorial of a number.
9. How is a pointer variable being declared ? What is the purpose of data types included in the
pointer declaration ? Give suitable examples.
10. Write short notes on :–
(a) Structures in 'C'
(b) UNIONS
(c) Call by Value
(d) Types of arrays.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Computer Application
Part–I, Paper–II
(Computer Organization and Assembly Language Programming)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. What is Von Neumann Architecture ? Why is memory needed in a Computer ?
2. Convert the following binary number to decimal :–
(a) 10110.101
(b) 11001.110
(c) 11.0010
(d) 111.0101
3. Explain the different types of logic gates. Which gates are called universal gates ? Explain
with examples.
4. Draw a Karnaugh map and a logic gate diagram for the following function
( ) ∑ = 3 2 1, 0, F
5. Differentiate b/w synchronous & asynchrony counters ? Draw a 4 bit ripple counter.
6. Explain different types of Addressing modes with examples.
7. What is a segment in Assembly language ? Write all the four main segment name.
8. Write an assembly Language Program to find the largest number in an array.
9. (a) Explain Programmable Logic Array.
(b) Explain different types of Interrupts.
10. Write short notes on :–
(a) DMA
(b) I/o Processor
(c) Cache Memory
(d) Decoders.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Computer Application
Part–I, Paper–III
(Discreate Mathematics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain Conjunction, Disjunction, Conditional and Bi-conditional with example.
2. Write down the truth table of
q r r q p ⊕ ↔ ∧ → ~
3. Define tautology and contradiction and verify that p q p ~ ∧ ∧ is a contradiction.
4. Show that 5 is irrational.
5. Construct the logic circuit represented by the Boolean expression ( ) ( )
3 1 2
x x x i x ∨ ∨ ∧ ,
where xi (1 < i < 3) are assured to be inputs to that circuit.
6. Explain the following with example :–
(a) Universal set
(b) Proper sub set
(c) Equivalence Relation
(d) Bijective Map
7. Find the volume of n if,
(a)
n
P
5
= 20 ×
n
P
3

(b)
n
P
3
= 6
8. To prove that :–

n
C
r
+
n
C
r – 1
= n + 1
Cr

9. Suppose A and B are mutually exclusive events such that P(A) = 0.3 and P(B) = 0.4. What
is the probability that,
(a) A does not occur ?
(b) A or B occur ?
(c) Either A or B does not occurs ?
10. Draw a karnaugh map and logic diagram for the given function
F = Σ (1, 5, 9, 13)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Computer Application
Part–I, Paper–IV
(System Analysis and Design)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. (a) Define system ? Explain the characteristics of a system.
(b) Describe different types of system.
2. Who is a system Analyst ? Explain the attributes of a good system Analyst.
3. Explain System Development Life Cycle.
4. (a) Why Documentation is needed ? What are the steps involved in the process of
documentation ? Explain.
(b) Explain different Fact Finding Techniques.
5. What is Feasibility study ? Explain different types of Feasibility study.
6. Explain Modularity ? What are the features of a good design ?
7. Write short notes on :-
(a) Decision Tree
(b) Decision Table
(c) E-R-Diagram.
(d) Data Dictionary
8. Explain the criteria used to identify a good form design ?
9. Define CASE Tools ? What are the advantages of using CASE Tools ? Explain Types of
CASE Tools.
10. (a) Explain different types of Information Systems.
(b) What is Audit Trail ? Explain.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Computer Application
Part–I, Paper–V
(Communication Skills)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer all questions.
1. Read the following passage and answer the questions given after it: 20
Grasses are a large family of flowering plants that grow all over the world. It is the
most important family of plants because it includes the cereals which are one of the main
basic foods, and it also provides food for man's domestic animals.
There are about 10,000 species of grasses. Some species, such as star grass, also
known as Bermuda grass, are very short (about 10 cm), and others such as bamboo reach
a height of 30 m. Most species of grasses are perennial (live for many years), and others,
such as the cereals, are annual (live for one year). The roots of grasses help to bind the
soil together and prevent soil erosion.
Most species are herbaceous, that is their stems are green and contain little wood.
Bamboo and a few other species have woody stems. Most species have hollow stems, but
maize has a solid stem. The stems of sugar-cane contain sugar. The stems of bamboo are
used for making furniture and houses. The stems of some species, such as esparto grass,
are used for making paper.
The leaves of grasses are long and narrow. The bottom of the leaf forms a covering
over the stem. The flowers of grasses are very small and are not brightly coloured. They
grow in large groups called "spikelets".
The fruit contains a lot of starch, some protein, and traces of mineral salts and
vitamins. We use the fruit of many cereals such as maize, rice, millet, sorghum, and
wheat for our food.
Sedges are related to grasses. There are about 3,000 species which grow all over the
world. Most of them are not useful economically, and some species, such as nut grass,
which grows in Sudan, are very troublesome weeds. The most useful sedge is papyrus,
which grows on the Upper Nile River, Ethiopia, Syria and southern Europe. It is used for
making roofs and fences and was used in ancient times for making paper and boats.
(i) Which group of grasses are most important to man?
(ii) Mention the three types of grasses whose sterns are of great use to human beings.
(iii) What is a "herbaceous" plant?
(iv) What are sedges?
(v) Why is papyrus most useful sedge?
(vi) Use 'species' in a sentence of your own.
2. Fill in the blanks choosing the most suitable phrasal verb from those given below: 10
Make changes in the form of the verb, where necessary. (There are two extra phrasal verbs)
(take on, take after, look up, look after, run into, take off, look upto)
(i) He requested me to ___________ her flower pots while she was away.
(ii) Why don't you ___________ this word in the dictionary?
(iii) I ___________ an old friend in London.
(iv) They always ___________ their parents for guidance.
(v) She ___________ her father.
P.T.O.

3. Write down the text of a group discussion among four participants on the use of English
as a medium of instruction in schools. 10
4. You are R. P. Yadav, Area Sales Manager, Satayam Securities Pvt. Ltd., Patna. Write a
memo to be sent to all the branch managers to attend a meeting on 2
nd
June and to give a
detailed report of the targets met so far. 10
5: You took delivery of ten telephone handsets today. You have been checking them out and
have found that three of them are faulty. Write a letter/email to the supplier complaining
about the above. 10
6. Write a letter of application, together with your Curriculum Vitae (C.V.) for the job of
Programmers,/Design Engineers with experience in design of software packages. Apply
to Nalanda Open University, Patna, within 10 days. 10
7. What are the macro functions of communication ? Which of these functions are required
in your particular context ? Give examples from your life to support your answer. 10
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Computer Application
Part–I, Paper–VI
(C and Assembly Language Programming Lab-based training)
Annual Examination, 2009
SET–I
Full Marks : 100 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer all the Questions.
1. Write a program to evaluate the following investment equation, in 'C'.
V = P(1 + r)
n
, and print the tables which would give the value of V for various
combinations of the following values of P, r and n.
P = 1000, 2000, 3000, ………, 10,000.
r = 0.10, 0.11, 0.12, ………, 0.20
n = 1, 2, 3, ………, 10.
2. Write a program in 'C' to evaluate the following function.
(a) Sin x = ...... ..........
71
x

51
x
31
x
– x
7 5 3
+ +
(b) Sum = ..... ..........
4
1
3
1
2
1
1
4 3 2
+
|
¹
|

\
|
+
|
¹
|

\
|
+
|
¹
|

\
|
+
3. Explain different Tools required for Assembly Language Programming.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Computer Application
Part–I, Paper–VI
(C and Assembly Language Programming Lab-based training)
Annual Examination, 2009
SET–II
Full Marks : 100 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer all the Questions.
1. Write programs in 'C' to evaluate the following function :
(a) Cos x = ...... ..........
61
x

41
x
21
x
– 1
6 4 2
+ +
(b) Write a function to read two matrix of size 3 × 3 from the keyboard and print their
product.
2. Write a program in 'C' to print the following output.
1
2 2
3 3 3
4 4 4 4
3. Explain different Addressing modes in 8086 architecture.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Computer Application
Part–I, Paper–VII
(Design and Analysis of Algorithm)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. (a) What is an algorithm ? Write the characteristics of an algorithm. Explain.
(b) Write an algorithm for recursive function to find the factorial of a given number
(Show steps of function execution).
2. (a) What are control Mechanism and control structure ? Explain.
(b) Write an algorithm that find the real roots if any of a quadratic equation
ax² + bx + c = 0 with a ≠ 0, b, c as real number.
3. (a) Write an algorithm for Bubble sort for any given list. Also find the number of
comparisons and assignments required by the algorithm in sorting the list.
(b) Sort the following sequence of number using bubble sort.
15, 10, 30, 9, 12, 17, Show all iteration.
4. Trace the action of Binary search include the value of Low, High and Middle after each
iteration for the list.
(1, 4, 7, 9, 11, 15, 18, 21, 23, 24, 27, 30)
for search element x = 11.
5. (a) Write an algorithm for Binary search for any given list.
(b) Show that Binary search has worst-case complexity ( ) [ ] 1 n log
2
+ for any n.
6. (a) Explain the following notation for growth rate of function :–
(i) O (big-oh) and (ii) θ (theta).
(b) Prove that the following hold for the function f(x) = 2x³ + 3x² + 1;
(i) f(x) = θ (x³) (ii) f(x) ≠ θ (x
4
)
7. (a) Construct a grammar for the language L = { } > n m, b a
n m

(b) Differentiate between any One of the following :–
(i) Moore Machine and Mealy Machine.
(ii) Regular grammar and Context free grammar.
(iii) DFA and NFA.
8. Write a Kruskal's algorithm and find a minimal Spanning tree for the following graph :–
c
e
a b
d
4
5
2
3
8 1

9. Find the minimum distance of all the node form node b which is taken as source node for
the following graph; using Dijkastra's algorithm.
c
e
a b
d
4
6
2
3
2
1
1

10. Sort the following sequence of number, using selection sort.
15, 10, 13, 9, 12, 7.
Further, find the number of Comparisons and assignment operations required by the
algorithm in sorting the list.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Computer Application
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(Data Communication and Computer Networks)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. Define with examples :–
(a) Multi Graph
(b) Complete Graph
(c) Complete Bi-Graph
2. Prove that :–
(a) The sum of the degrees of all the vertices of any graph is even.
(b) Any graph can only have an even number of odd vertices.
3. Show that for a subgraph H of a graph G, ) ( ) ( G H ∆ < ∆
4. Define Hamiltonian graph and Non Hamiltonian graph and prove that K
m,n
is not
Hamiltonian if m < n.
5. Find the edge-chromatic number of C
n
.
6. Using the recurrence relation for C
n
show that
1 ), 1 – (
2
1
> = n n n C
n

7. Find the sum of the series
− − − +
+
+ − − − + + =
+


=
!
) 1 (
! 1
2
! 0
1
!
) 1 (
2 2 2 2
0
n
n
K
K
K

using exponential generating functions.
8. Prove the Binomial Identity
C (n, 1) + 3C (n, 3) + 5C (n, 5) + - - - - = n(2)
n – 2
= 2C (n, 2) + 4C (n, 4) + 6C (n, 6) + ----
9. Solve the linear recurrence
an – an – 1 = fn + 2 . fn – 1, n > 1
where a
o
= 2 and fi denotes the ith Fibonacci number.
10. Solve the recurrence relation given by
un = 2un – 1 + (2)
n
– 1
where n > 1 and u
o
= 0
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Computer Application
Part–I, Paper–IX
(Data Communication & Computer Network)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain the OSI reference model in detail ?
2. What are different types of topology used in networking ? Explain. Give two reasons of
using layered protocol.
3. What is Data Communication ? Explain the difference between simplex, half duplex and
full duplex transmission ?
4. Describe different types of Transmission channels, with examples.
5. Why switching is necessary ? Explain different types of switching techniques.
6. Define Error Control and Flow Control ? Explain Go-Back-N and Selective-Repeat ARQ
methods of retransmission.
7. How does slotted ALOHA improve the performance of the system over pure ALOHA ?
Explain Back-off Algorithm and give one example of where it is used.
8. (a) What is congestion in the Network ? Explain in brief ?
(b) Explain various Congestion Control Schemes.
9. Where is tunneling used ? List various types of cryptographic techniques.
10. Write short notes :–
(a) E-mail
(b) Routing Algorithm
(c) Piggybacking
(d) Bandwidth
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Computer Application
Part–I, Paper–X
(Principles of Management and Information Systems)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. What are the key functional requirements which must be available in the Portfolio
Management Solution ?
2. What are the steps involved in IT Risk Management Process ?
3. What are the strategies used for successful implementation of ERP application ?
4. How does supply Chain Management evolves ? Explain in brief the concept of SCM ?
5. What are the factors which make knowledge management implementation difficult in an
organization ?
6. What are the five moral dimensions an established organization and its managers should
recognize ?
7. How 'Centralized Organizations' are different from 'Decentralized Organizations' ? Give
examples of each.
8. Indicate four common and five unique characteristics of organization.
9. What are the tools and methods for carrying out Requirement Analysis ?
10. For which situation Real Option Pricing Model is considered and how many option
categories are there ? List these categories.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Zoology)
Part–I, Paper–I
(Non-Chordates and Chordates)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group.
All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
1. Describe the origin and evolution of coelom.
2. Give an account of hydrostatic movement in coelenterates, annelids and echinoderms.
3. Discuss the organ of respiration in invertebrates and mention important respiratory
pigments.
4. Describe the pattern of feeding and digestion in lower metazoa.
5. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Ciliary movement in Protozoa.
(b) Filter feeding in Polychaeta.
(c) Evolutionary significance of larval forms.
(d) Nervous system in Annelida.
GROUP 'B'
6. Discuss echinoderm theory and modern concept on the origin of chordates with
illustrations.
7. Describe the habit, habitat and external morphology of Amphioxus.
8. Classify living amphibians up to orders with distinctive characters and examples.
9. Give an account of respiratory organs and their roles in mechanism of respiration in
Vertebrates.
10. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Lateral line system in fishes.
(b) Hemopoietic tissues.
(c) Functions of the integument in vertebrates.
(d) Epidermal glands in Vertebrates.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Zoology)
Part–I, Paper–II
(Taxonomy, Biodiversity and Conservation)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
At least two questions from each group should be attempted.
All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
1. What do you mean by trends in biosystematics ? Discuss it.
2. Define speciation ? Describe the various categories of species.
3. Describe the hierarchy of categories.
4. What is the rule of zoological nomenclature ? Write short note on International Code of
Zoological nomenclature.
5. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Taxonomic Key.
(b) Taxon and Phenon.
(c) Use of biosystematics in Commerce.
(d) Process of typification.
GROUP 'B'
6. What are the factors which influence the Biodiversity.
7. Define threatened species. Describe the factors which are responsible for loss of species
diversity.
8. Write an essay on wild life management of India. Explain the important National Parks &
National Sanctuaries in India.
9. What do you mean by extinction of species ? Explain the characteristic features which
make the species susceptibites.
10. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Line transect method.
(b) Pug marking.
(c) Biome.
(d) Diversity stability relationship.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Zoology)
Part–I, Paper–III
(Ecology, Environmental biology and Toxicology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
At least two questions from each group should be attempted.
All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
1. What is life table ? Explain different types of life-tables with suitable examples.
2. Discuss the significance of age distribution as an important population characteristic. What
are the possibilities of developing stable age distribution ?
3. Explain different aspects of evolution of life history traits. Elucidate the relationship
between life-history traits and survival strategies.
4. What is niche ? Give an outline of niche concept with special reference to its ecological
significance.
5. Write short notes on any three of the following :-
(a) Role of predation in nature
(b) Evolution of mutalism
(c) Application of ecological models
(d) population regulation
(e) Interspecific competition.
GROUP 'B'
6. Describe the environmental factors. What is the role of light in the survival of organism.
7. Define adaptation. Describe the different aspects of adaptation.
8. Write short notes on any two of the following :-
(a) Resistance (b) Tolerance
(c) Acclimatization (d) Environment health in relation to air quality.
9. Describe the basic concept of environmental stress and homeostasis.
10. Write an essay on the environmental ethics and laws.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Zoology)
Part–I, Paper–IV
(Ethology and Evolution)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
At least two questions from each group should be attempted.
All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
1. Describe the methods of chief communication (perception of the environment) which are
adopted by the animals.
2. Explain the nervous system and development of instinctive & learning behaviours. Add a
note on hormonal control of behaviour.
3. Write an essay on Social behaviour in insects.
4. Describe the various aspects of mating systems found in animals.
5. Write short notes on any Two of the following :-
(a) Circadian rhythm
(b) Migration in fishes
(c) Cognitive Skills
(d) Habitat selection
(e) Language acquisition
GROUP 'B'
6. How do you interprete 'Struggle for existence' in the origin of species ?
7. Discuss the Hardy-Weinberg Law of genetic equilibrium. Add a notes on meiotic drive.
8. Explain briefly Biological species concept. Mention the limitation of this concept.
9. Describe the process of micro-and macro evolution and distinguish between them.
10. Write short notes on any two of the following :-
(a) Plesiomorphy and Symplesiomorphy
(b) Rooted and unrooted phylogenetic tree
(c) Molecular Clocks
(d) Allopatric and Sympatric speciation
(e) Genetic drift
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Zoology)
Part–I, Paper–V
(Animal Physiology and Biochemistry)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
At least two questions from each group should be attempted.
All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
1. Describe the oxygen transport in blood and tissues and discuss the dissociation curve of
hemoglobin.
2. Give an account of physiology of excretion in Vertebrates.
3. What do you mean by poikilotherms and homeotherms ? Describe the physiological effects
of temperature on homoeothermic animal.
4. Describe the role of bioluminescence and pheromones in animal.
5. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Physiological adaptation of freshwater environment.
(b) Benthic animals of ocean.
(c) Transport of carbon dioxide.
(d) Significance of adaptation.
(e) Characteristics of skeletal, smooth & cardiac muscle.
GROUP 'B'
6. Describe the metabolic significance of hexose monophosphate shunt pathway.
7. Discuss about the B-oxidation of fatty acid.
8. (a) Describe the oxidation-phosphorylation coupling using Mithchell's chemiosmotic
theory.
(b) Describe the redox loop mechanism of electron transport with a suitable diagram.
9. Discuss how glycogenesis is regulated and using suitable diagrams the process of
glycogenesis, mentioning its energetics.
10. Write short notes on any two of the following :-
(a) Isozymes.
(b) Role of polysome in translating peptides.
(c) Allosteric modulations.
(d) Hyper Phenylalaninemia.
(e) Significance of the Citric acid cycle.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Zoology)
Part–I, Paper–VI
( Cytogenetics and Microdrial genetics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
At least two questions from each group should be attempted.
All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
1. State and explain the ways of chromatin remodeling.
2. With the help of diagram explain the events of alternative splicing that leads to sex-
determination in Drosophila.
3. What is heterokaryon ? What are the methods of heterokaryon selection ?
4. Describe the characterisation of chromosome on the basis of different banding techniques.
5. Describe the autosomal abnormalities of human chromosome leading to different
syndromes.
GROUP 'B'
6. Describe the difference between Bacterial genomes and Human genomes.
7. Describe the process by which DNA is transferred from one bacterial cell to another by
bacterial virus or bacterial phases.
8. Describe in short the physical mapping of chromosome.
9. Describe the Cytogenetic effect of ionizing and non-ionizing radiations.
10. Write notes on any two of the following :-
(a) Klinefelter's Syndrome.
(b) Squash preparation
(c) Transduction
(d) G-Band


NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Zoology)
Part–I, Paper–VII
( Molecular Biology and Genetics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
At least two questions from each group should be attempted.
All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
1. What are the scope in molecular biology ?
2. Describe the mechanism of DNA replication.
3. Describe the promoter sites for initiation of transcription in Prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
4. Describe the process of post transcription modification in m-RNA.
5. Describe the process of Splicing.
GROUP 'B'
6. What do you mean by translation ? Describe the prokaryotic translation.
7. Describe the holiday model of genetic recombination.
8. Define gene cloning and also discuss the procedure of gene cloning.
9. What are the nonsense triplets and why are they so termed ?
10. Write notes on any two of the following :-
(a) Elongation factor
(b) Sigma factor
(c) Enhancer site
(d) Density centrifugation


NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Zoology)
Part–I, Paper–VIII
( Basic, Physical and Chemical Principles and Instrumentation)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer five questions, selecting atleast two from each section.
GROUP 'A'
1. Describe the role of free energy in determining the direction of chemical reaction.
2. Describe the term entropy in detail.
3. Describe different types of Chemical bonds with special reference to bio-molecules.
4. What do you mean by radio active isotopes ? Discuss their uses in the treatment of
diseases.
5. Describe the principles and application of traser techniques in Biology.
GROUP 'B'
6. What is the use of High performance liquid chromatography?
7. State and explain photochemical equivalence and also discuss its application.
8. Discuss the origin of electronic absorption bonds.
9. Describe the principle underlying Infrared Spectroscopy.
10. Write notes on any two of the following :-
(a) Energy rich bond
(b) ATP
(c) Free energy
(d) Photo inhibitor


NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Physics)
Part–I, Paper–I
(Mathematical Physics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. State and prove the principle of least action.
2. State and prove the condition for a transformation to be canonical. Show that the
transformation.

2
qp P and
p
1
Q = =
is canonical
3. Show that
(a) the row-equivalent matrices have the same rank; and
(b) the row space and the column space of a matrix A have same dimension, equal to
rank of A.
4. Show that n × n matrix may have n linearly independent eigenvectors or it may have less
than n. Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the following matrix :–

=
0 2 – 1 –
6 – 1 2
3 – 2 2 –
A
5. Solve the equation y
||
+ w²y = 0
6. Discuss the solution of Legendri's differential equation.
7. What is Bessel function ? Describe its various properties.
8. (a) State and prove Parseval's theorem.
(b) Find the Fourier transform of F(t) = A e
–t²/2a²

9. Write notes on contra variant, covariant and mixed tensors.
10. Derive the Laws for Christoffel Symbols of the first kind and the second kind.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Physics)
Part–I, Paper–II
(Quantum Mechanics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. (a) Define the one-dimensional form of the Schrodinger wave equation for a free particle
of mass m.
(b) In what respect does the Schrodinger equation differ from the classical wave equation ?
(c) Define position probability density and probability current density.
2. Consider a square well potential defined by

o
V V(x) = , o < x < L
= o otherwise.
Calculate the reflection coefficient and transmission coefficient when the particle is
incident from the left side with energy E > V
o
. At what energies of the electron will there
be no reflection ?
3. State and explain the postulates of Schrodinger formulation of quantum mechanics. What is
an operator ?
4. State and prove Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Explain why free electrons cannot exist
in atomic nuclear.
5. Find the energy levels and the energy eigen functions of a harmonic Oscillator using
Schrodinger equation.
6. Show that
(a)
z y x
L it L , L =

(b) [ ] 0 L , L
2
x
=
7. Discuss the quantum theory of hydrogen atom and obtain expression for energy
eigenvalues.
8. Using WKB method, calculate the transmission coefficient for the triangular barrier
defined by
V(x) =

a
x
– 1
o
V , a x <
= o, a x >
9. A hydrogen atom in the n = 3 energy state is subjected to an electrified Σ in the Z–
direction. Find the energy corrections using perturbation theory.
10. Determine the scattering cross-section for slow particles by a repulsive potential defined by

o
V V(r) = , (r < R)
= o (r > R)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Physics)
Part–I, Paper–III
(Electro Dynamics & Plasma Physics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions, selecting at least two from each group.
All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
1. (a) Show that the scalar product
→ →
⋅ B E is unchanged under Lorentz transformation.
(b) Prove that the D' Alemberatian operator is invariant under Lorentz transformation.
2. What do you mean by Lienard and Weichert potential ? Obtain expression for Lienard-
Weichert potential for uniformly moving point charge.
3. Obtain electric and magnetic fields due to slowly moving accelerated charged particle.
4. Discuss the motion of a charged particle in inform (a) electric field only, (b) magnetic field
only and (c) electric field and magnetic field present simultaneously.
5. What is adiabatic invariant ? Discuss the first adiabatic invariant.
GROUP 'B'
6. What do you mean by Debye length and plasma parameter ? Derive expressions for each of
them.
7. Derive the Zeroth, first and second moments of Boltzmann's equation.
8. What do you understand by electron, ion and neutrals temperatures ? Describe an
experiment, with theory, that can measure these parameters.
9. Derive formulae for magneto-ionic refractive indices. Discuss their application to
ionosphere.
10. Obtain an expression for the Alfven speed. Explain the nature 'f Alfven wave and the
requisite condition for its formation.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Physics)
Part–I, Paper–IV
(Statistical Physics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. State and prove Boltzmann theorem of entropy. Prove that the constant K is Boltzmann
constant.
2. What is Gibb's paradox ? Give suitable explanation for resolving it.
3. State and prove Liouville theorem. How is it analogous to the equation of continuity of an
incompressible fluid ?
4. What do you mean by partition function ? Express Helmholtz free energy and entropy in
terms of the partition function.
5. What is Bose-Einstein condensation ? Give an account of its theory.
6. Enumerate the properties of Ideal Fermi gas.
7. What do you mean by cluster expansion ? Discuss the classical theory of the cluster
expansion.
8. Using the mean field theory approximation, calculate the expected value of magnetization
in the Icing model.
9. What is phase transition ? Differentiate first and second order phase transition ? Disucss the
Landan theory of phase transition.
10. Write notes on :–
(i) Scale transformations and
(ii) Dimensional analysis.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Physics)
Part–I, Paper–V
(Nuclear and Particle Physics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. Discuss the effective range theory of neutron-proton scattering and hence obtain a relation
between scattering length, effective range and deuteron binding energy. Explain its
experimental verification.
2. Describe the basic ideas in Yukawa's meson exchange theory of the nuclear force.
3. Define total and differential cross-section. Give the experimental determination of cross-
section.
4. Give a brief account of Fermi's theory of β –decay and show how it was necessary to
postulate the existence of neutrino.
5. What is helicity ? Discuss its importance in the case of interactions in which parity in
isolated.
6. Describe the phenomenon of internal conversion. Obtain an expression for internal
conversion coefficient for K-shell. Conversion is parity favoured transition.
7. Give an account of non-conservation of parity in weak interaction. Explain θ – τ puzzle in
this context.
8. Explain the resonance state for pion nucleon interaction.
9. Give an account of SU(2) symmetry. Explain this symmetry for the strong interaction
existing between nucleons.
10. Give the baryon structure on the basis of quark model under SU(3) symmetry.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Physics)
Part–I, Paper–VI
(Atomic and Molecular Physics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
At least two questions from each group should be attempted.
All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
1. Calculate the spin-orbit interaction energy for a single non-penetrating valence electron.
2. State, explain and deduce Pauti's exclusion principle. What is its physical significance ?
3. Describe and explain the different types of couplings in atoms. Give illustrative examples.
4. Derive on expression the Lande's splitting factor and explain the anomalous Zeeman effect
of sodium douplet lines D
1
and D
2
with its help.
5. Discuss Stark effect. Show that splitting increases with the increase of principle quantum
number n.
GROUP 'B'
6. Discuss the centrifugal distortion constant D and obtain its value for molecules having
B = 10 cm
–1
and W = 10³ cm
–1
.
7. Give the theory of a vibrational-rotational spectrum of diatomic molecules.
8. State Franck-Condon principle and give its wave-mechanical interpretation. How does it
help in understanding the intensity distribution in the vibrational structure of the electronic
transitions of a diatomic molecule ?
9. What do you mean by NMR ? Explain how low frequency wave becomes a powerful tool
of chemical analysis.
10. The 2886 cm
–1
fundamental band of HCL can be shown to fit in the empirical equation
V (cm
–1
) = 2885.90 + 20.577 m – 0.3034 m²
(Calculate the values of B
e
, B
0
and B
1
. Given that
e
α = 0.3019 cm
–1
)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Physics)
Part–I, Paper–VII
(Condensed Matter Physics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. What are Symmetry operations ? Describe the principal symmetry operations applicable to
a three-dimensional lattice. Show that the five-fold rotation axis is not permissible in case
of lattices.
2. Describe a hexagonal close-packed structure (hcp) and calculate its atomic fraction. Show
that the c/a ratio for an ideal hcp structure in 3 / 8 .
3. Derive the Laue equations for diffraction of X-rays by a crystalline solid. Show that the
Bragg's equation is a special case of the Laue equations.
4. What are Brillouin Zones ? How are they related to energy levels of an electron in a
metal ? Draw the Brillouin Zones for a two-dimensional square-lattice of side 'a'.
5. Describe the rotating crystal method for diffraction of X-rays. How do the layer lines
form ? How will you determine the identity period from this photograph ?
6. Discuss the Kronig-Penney model for a linear lattice. How does it lead to the formation of
energy lands in solids ?
7. Describe the nearly free electron model for determining the electron energy lands in metal
and show that the model leads to finite discontinuities in energy at the zone boundaries.
8. What is a Fermi surface ? Give its characteristics. Describe the Fermi surface of an fcc
lattice.
9. Give an account of de Hass-van Alphen effect. Explain how it provides a powerful method
for the study of Fermi Surface.
10. Give the qualitative description of the BCS theory. How does it account for the
superconducting state ?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Physics)
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(Electronic Devices)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Describe the structure and operating characteristics of BJT. How are these explained ?
2. Describe the design and operating characteristics of Tunnel diode. What is meant by
Tunneling ?
3. Discuss the basic structure of a Memory Chip.
4. Explain the basic design and wovlling of Charge Coupled Device (CCD).
5. Describe the basic principle behind Electro-optic modulators with special reference to
phase and amplitude modulation.
6. What is meant by magneto-optic effect ? Explain it with special reference to Faraday effect
and magneto-optic Kerr effect.
7. Explain acousto-optic effect. Mention the areas of its applications.
8. Explain tranmissive and reflective type LCDs.
9. What is surface acoustic wave (SAW) ? Discuss the use of SAW in sensors.
10. What do you mean by series and parallel resonant frequency of a crystal ? A Crystal has
L = 3#, C = 0.05 µ F, R = 2 KΩ, and capacitor (in parallel) C
1
= 10 pF. Calculate the
series and parallel resonant frequencies of the crystal.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Botany)
Part–I, Paper–I
(Biodiversity of Plants and Diversity of Algae)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group.
All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
1. Discuss the origin of Biodiversity and explain concept and level of Biodiversity in detail.
2. State and explain the status of Biodiversity India.
3. Define ecosystem. Give an account of structure and functions of an ecosystem.
4. How many hot spots are found in the world ? Discuss the hot spots found in India.
5. Explain the factor responsible for decline in Biodiversity.
Or,
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Ecological Pyramids.
(b) Food web.
(c) Productivity.
GROUP 'B'
6. Give detailed account of classification of chlorophyceae.
7. Give the detailed account of classification of Myxophyceae and their chief characteristics.
8. Discuss the symbiotic relationship of Algae with other organisms in light of Nitrogen-
fixation.
9. What do you mean by Harmful Algal Blooms ? Explain the different types of toxins
produced by the toxic alage.
10. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Anoxia
(b) Hepatotoxins
(c) Neurotoxins
(d) Algal Bloom
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Botany)
Part–I, Paper–II
(Microbiology and Diversity of Fungi)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group.
All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
1. What are different method of classification of Bacteria on the basis of molecular
characterization ?
2. Describe method of staining of bacteria as proposed by Christian gram. Explain the
significance of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria on the basis of this staining
procedure.
3. Draw a typical bacterial cell and identify all parts.
4. What the macronutrients and micronutrient in context to bacterial metabolism.
5. What is a culture media ? What are the types of culture media ? Describe method to
prepare a culture media.
Or
Describe the ultra structure and method of reproduction of TMV ?
GROUP 'B'
6. Give detailed classification of fungi and provide important characters of the classes.
7. Write the names of three sex hormones in fungi with their structural formula.
8. Write an essay on Heterothallism.
9. Write an essay on the economic importance of fungi.
10. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) What is Mycotoxins ?
(b) Write the name of five Mycotoxins.
(c) Explain the harmful effect of Mycotoxins.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Botany)
Part–I, Paper–III
(Plant Pathology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. Discuss the history of Plant Pathology and mention its future perspective.
2. Describe the role of enzymes in Pathogenesis.
3. Define toxins and mention their role Played in Plant Pathogenesis.
4. Give an illustrated account of an important disease of any one of the following.
(a) Wheat
(b) Mustard
(c) Potato
5. Give an account of loose smut of wheat mentioning its symptoms and control.
6. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Control of loose smut of wheat.
(b) Etiology and symptoms of Bunchy top of banana.
(c) Etiology and symptoms of die back of chilli.
7. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Systemic fungicides.
(b) Metalaxyl.
(c) Antibiotics.
8. What do you mean by eradication ? Do you think that eradication is a helpful tool in the
control of Plant disease ?
9. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Systemic diseases.
(b) Endemic diseases.
(c) Epidemic or epiphytotic diseases.
10. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Toxins.
(b) Phytotoxins.
(c) Vivotoxins.
(d) Pathotoxins.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Botany)
Part–I, Paper–IV
(Biology and Diversity of Brophyta and Pteridophyta)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group.
All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
1. Describe the different methods of vegetative reproduction in Bryophyte.
2. Describe the salient features of the order Marchantiales and mention its affinities.
3. Describe the economic importance of Bryophytes.
4. Give an account of Fossil Bryophytes.
5. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Fossil Hepaticopsida.
(b) Fossil Bryopsida.
(c) Gemmae.
GROUP 'B'
6. Describe seed habit and its origin with reference to selaginella.
7. What are the salient features in the life history of Psilotum.
8. Give an account of Isoetales and their affinities.
9. Give the classification of filicales and mention Indian species.
10. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Aquatic ferns.
(b) Epiphytic ferns.
(c) Terrestrial ferns.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Botany)
Part–I, Paper–V
(Diversity of Seed plants and their Taxonomy)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group.
All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
1. Give classification of Gymnasperm. Mention important characters and examples of each
class.
2. What are the main characters of gymnosperms ? Describe their similarities and
dissimilarities with Pleridophytes and angiosperms.
3. Compare the development of the female gametophyte of Cycas, Pinus and Taxus.
4. Write an essay on "Economic importance of gymnosperms".
5. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Resin.
(b) Turpentine.
(c) Amber.
(d) Medicinal uses of gymnosperms.
GROUP 'B'
6. Describe in details about the various aspects of Phylogenetic system of classification.
7. What is taximetrics ? Discuss its importance in taxonomy.
8. Discuss the Phylogeny of the family :–
(a) Magnoliaceae.
(b) Caryophyllaceae.
(c) Fabaceae.
(d) Cyperaceae.
9. Define herbaria and its role in plant taxonomy.
10. Mention in detail the origin of Botanic Garden and its importance in modern science.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Botany)
Part–I, Paper–VI
(Management of Forest Resources)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. Define forest and forestry.
2. What are the benefits of forests ? Explain in detal.
3. Explain in brief forest conservation.
4. Define ecosystem and explain the structure and function of forest ecosystem.
5. Why forest is important to us ?
6. How forests are classified for management and discuss the scope of forest.
7. What are social forestry and agroforestry ? Write about People's participation in
conservation of forests in India.
8. Write the advantage of tree improvement.
9. What is MAB ? Describe its project related to forests ?
10. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Scientific forestry.
(b) Food from forests.
(c) Forest Productivity.
Or,
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Forest.
(b) Forest Resource.
(c) Type of forest.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Botany)
Part–I, Paper–VII
(Cell Biology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain in brief the modern concept of origin of Life.
2. Describe in detail the composition of cell membrane.
3. Discuss the structure and function of Endoplasmic reticulum.
4. How DNA makes its own copies ?
5. Explain the structure and function of Nucleolus.
6. How cancer developed ? Give two DNA virus and RNA virus which cause cancer.
7. Define the terms : Cell Cycle and mitosis. Name the stages of cell cycle . Which is usually
the longest stage ?
8. Explain the structure and Chemistry of Chromosome.
9. Draw a well label diagram of TEM.
Or
Draw a well label diagram of SEM and also state its function.
10. Write short notes on any two of the following :-
(a) Genomic Organisation of Mitochondria
(b) Give ultra-structure, function of Ribosome
(c) Mitrochondrial Enzyme System
(d) Function of Chloroplast
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. (Botany)
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(Plant Anatomy and Embryolog)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group.
All questions carry equal marks.
GROUP 'A'
1. What do you mean by Meristmatic tissue ? Give the Characteristic feature of meristmatic
tissue.
2. What is Stomata ? Describe the classification of Stomatal type.
3. Describe the role of nodal floral and seed anatomy in taxonomy and phylogeny.
4. What do you mean by anatomy and explain the significance of anatomical feature in
relation to taxonomy.
5. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Periblem
(b) Apical cell theory
(c) Protodeum
(d) Procambium
GROUP 'B'
6. Illustrate the technique and advantage of ovule, ovary, endosperm and nucleus culture.
7. What are uses of experimental embryology ?
8. Define Polyembryony and apomixes.
9. Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) Pollen Pistil interaction
(b) Embryosac
(c) Evolution of Pollen
10. Write short notes on any two of the following :–
(a) Hypogeal Germination of seed
(b) Pollen tube germination
(c) Microsporogenesis
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. Mathematics
Part–I, Paper–I
(Advanced Abstract Algebra)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. (a) Define a composition series and prove that every finite group G has a composition
series.
(b) State and prove Schreier refinement theorem .
2. State and prove Jordan-Holder theorem for finite group.
3. In a commutative ring R with unity, show that an ideal S is maximal if and only if
S
R
is a
field.
4. (a) Show that in every principal ideal domain, each pair of elements has a greatest
common divisor.
(b) Define an Euclidean ring. Show that the ring I of all integers is an Euclidean ring.
5. (a) Let M and N be modules over R and let f : M N → be a homomorphism. Show that
the Kernel of f is a submodule of M.
(b) Define a module. Prove that an abelian group G is a module over the ring of integers.
6. (a) Show that any unital irreducible R-module is cyclic.
(b) Show that union of two sub-modules is a sub-module if and only if one is contained in
the other.
7. Establish the transitivity property of finite extension of fields.
8. (a) Define algebraic and simple extension of a field and give one example of each of
them.
(b) If a and b are algebraic over a field F, then prove that ab ab b a , , ±
1
(b o ≠ ) are
algebraic over F.

9. (a) Define normal extension of a field and give one example.
(b) Show that the order of the Galois group G (K,F) is equal to [K : F].
10. Find the Galois group of the equation x³–2 = 0 over the field Q of rational numbers.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. Mathematics
Part–I, Paper–II
(Real Analysis)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. (a) State and prove Bolzano-Weierstrass theorem.
(b) Deduce Bolzano-Weierstrass theorem from Heine-Borel theorem.
2. Show that a function f on [a, b] is of bounded variation if and only if it can be represented
as a difference of two monotonically increasing functions on [a, b].
3. (a) State and prove the first mean value theorem for Riemann-Stieltges integral.
(b) State and prove a necessary and sufficient condition for f ∈ R ( α) on [a, b].
4. (a) If f ∈ R ( α) and α has a continuous derivative α' on [a, b], then prove that Riemann
integral dx (x) ' α (x) f
b
a

exists and
∫ ∫
=
b
a
b
a
dx (x) ' α (x) f (x) α d f(x)
(b) If f is continuous on [a, b], prove that f ∈ R ( α) on [a, b].
5. (a) Let f be a vector-valued function defined on an open subset E of R
n
with values in R
m
.
If both partial derivatives D
i
f and D
j
f existin an n-ball B(C, δ ) and if both are
differentiable at c, then prove that D
i,j
f (c) = D
j,i
f (c).
(b) Let f : R² → R be defined by
f (x, y) =
y² x²
y²) – (x² xy
+
, if (x, y) ≠ (0, 0) and f(0, 0) = 0
then show that D
1 2
f (0, 0) ≠ D
2 1
f (0, 0).
6. (a) Let E be an open subset of R
n
and f be a vector valued function f : E → R
m
. If f is
differentiable at a point c of E then prove that f is continuous at c.
(b) Let f = (f
1
, f
2
, …., f
m
) be a vector-valued function defined on an open subset E of R
n

with values in R
m
. Prove that f is differentiable at c if and only if each component f
k
is
differentiable at c.
7. (a) State and prove Abel's theorem.
(b) Obtain the radius of convergence of the following power series.
n
n
x
n
n
0 n


=

8. (a) Explain Lagrange's multiplier method.
(b) Find an extreme value of the function
f(x, y, z) = 2xyz – 4zx – 2yz + x² + y² + z² – 2x – 4y + 4z.

9. (a) State and prove implicit function theorem.
(b) Discuss the applicability of implicit function theorem to the following equation for
the existence of unique implicit function near the point indicated. Also find the first
order derivative of the solutions whenever they exist.
f(x, y) = y² – yx² – 2x
5

10. (a) Let f = (f
1
, f
2
, …., f
n
) be defined on an open set E c R
n
and have values in R
n
. Let f
∈e' in E. Then prove that f
1
, f
2
, …., f
n
are functionally dependent on every compact
subset of E if and only if the Jacobian determinant J
f
(x) = 0 for every x ∈ E.
(b) If u = Cosx, v = Sinx Cosy, w = Sinx Siny Cosz, then show that
Sinz Sin²y Sin³x (–1)³
z) y, (x,
w) v, (u,
=



* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. Mathematics
Part–I, Paper–III
(Measure Theory)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. (a) If E
1
and E
2
are measurable, then show that E
1
U E
2
is measurable.
(b) Show that an enumerable set is measurable with measure equal to 0.
2. (a) Let {E
i
} be an infinite decreasing sequence of measurable sets. Let m E
1
<∞. Prove that
m )
1 i
E
(
i
I

=
=
∞ → i
lim m E
i

(b) Prove that cantor's ternary set is an uncountable set of measure 0.
3. (a) Prove that a continuous function is measurable but every measurable function is not
continuous.
(b) If f is measurable, then show that f is measurable.
4. State and prove Egoroff's theorem.
5. (a) If f is integrable, then show that f is integrable and conversely and



f f .
(b) If f is integrable, then show that f = a.e. finite.
6. (a) Show that if
∫ ∫ ∫ ∫
+ g f and g , f exist in Lebesgue sense, then
∫ ∫ ∫
+ = + g f g f
(b) Examine the L– integrability of ( )
|
¹
|

\
|
=

1
Sin x²
dx
d
x f over [0, 1].
7. (a) State and prove Fatou's lemma.
(b) Verify Fatou theorem for the sequence { }
(x)
n
f where
1) x (0
x) – (1 g (x) f
(x) g (x) f
1 – 2k
2k
≤ ≤
¦
)
¦
`
¹
=
=
and g(x) =
¹
´
¦
≤ ≤
< ≤
1 x ½ 1,
½ x 0 0,

8. (a) State and prove Lebesgue monotone convergence theorem.
(b) Verify bounded convergence theorem for
1) x (0
x² n² 1
nx
f
(x)
n
≤ ≤
+
= , n = 1, 2, 3, ……

9. (a) Show that every function of bounded variation on [a, b] is bounded on [a, b]. Is the
converse true ? Justify your answer.
(b) Show that a function may be continuous without being of bounded variation over an
interval [a, b].
10. (a) Show that an absolutely continuous function is continuous but the converse is not
true.
(b) If f is integrable over [a, b] and

=
x
a
0 dt (t) f for all x in [a, b], then prove that
f(x) = 0 a.e. in [a, b].
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. Mathematics
Part–I, Paper–IV
(Topology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. (a) Let X b a topological space. Let A⊆X and A be closed. Then show that A is the
disjoint union of its set of isolated points and its set of limit points.
(b) Show that A is open if and only if A is disjoint from its boundary.
2. (a) Let (Y, U) be a subspace of topological space (X,T). Prove that a necessary and
sufficient condition for a relatively open set in Y to be an open set in X is that Y be
open.
(b) Prove that the open rectangles in the Euclidean plane form an open base.
3. (a) Let f : X→Y be a mapping of one topological space into another. Prove that f is
continuous ⇔ f ( A) ⊆ ) ( A f for every subset A of X.
(b) Show by an example that a continuous mapping is not necessarily an open mapping.
4. (a) Show that the product of any non-empty class of Hausdorff spaces is a Hausdorff
space.
(b) Give an example to show that a one-to-one continuous mapping of one topological
space onto another need not be a homeomorphism.
5. (a) Give an example of a topological space which is a T
1
– space but not a T
2
– space.
(b) Show that the property of being a T
2
– space is both hereditary and topological.
6. (a) Give an example of a normal space which is not regular or T
1
.
(b) Show that every metric space is a normal space.
7. (a) Show that the open interval (0, 1) on the real line R is not compact.
(b) Prove that every compact subspace of a Hausdorff space is closed.
8. (a) Show that a topological space X is compact if and only if every class of closed sets
with the f.i.p. has non-empty intersection.
(b) Show that every compact regular space is normal.

9. (a) Let X be a topological space and A a connected subspace of X. Show that A, the
closure of A is connected.
(b) Show that connectedness is not a hereditary property.
10. Prove that a subspace X of the real line R (with usual topology) is connected it and only if
X is an interval.

* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. Mathematics
Part–I, Paper–V
(Linear Algebra, Lattice Theory, and Boolean Algebra)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. (a) Prove that a linear operator E is projection an some subspace if and only if it is
idempotent.
(b) If E is a projection on M along N then show that I–E is a projection on N along M and
vice-versa.
2. (a) Prove that if V (F) is a n-dimensional vector space then V is isomorphic to F
n
.
(b) Let V
3
(R) be a vector space and
B = {(1,–1, 3), (0, 1,–1), (0, 3, –2)}
be a basis of V
3
(R). Find its dual basis.
3. (a) Define a bilinear form on a vector space. Show that every bilinear form f on a vector
space V (K) can be uniquely expressed as the sum of a symmetric and skew-
symmetric bilinear form.
(b) Show that quadratic forms defined by
2
3
2
2
2
1 3
2 1
3 2 3 1 2 1
2
3
2
2
2
1 3 2 1
y y y ) y
,
y
,
(y q and x 8x x 20x x 4x 21x x 5x ) x , x , q(x + + = − − + + + =
are equivalent.
4. (a) Prove that two real quadratic forms are equivalent if and only if they have the same
rank and the same index.
(b) Let {(1,1,1), (0,1,1), (0,0,1)} be a basis in Euclidean space R
3
. Then find orthonormal basis.
5. (a) Prove that lattices of normal subgroups of an arbitrary group is a modular lattice.
(b) Give an example of a partially ordered set which is not a lattice.
6. (a) Find a necessary and sufficient condition for a lattice to be modular.
(b) Prove that a complemented modular lattice is relatively complemented.
7. (a) Prove that complement of an element in a Boolean algebra is unique.
(b) Prove that if B is Boolean algebra and x, y, z ∈ B, then
x ∧ (y–z) = (x ∧ y) – (x ∧ z).
8. Show that a Boolean algebra can be made into a Boolean ring.

9. (a) Give any two linear operators on V (K) show that
(i) det (T
1
T
2
) = (det T
1
) (det T
2
).
(ii) T invertible ⇔ det T ≠ 0
(b) Reduce A =



1 1 0
2 1 1
0 2 1

to a triangular matrix.
10. (a) Define a nilpotent matrix and give with justification an example of a nilpotent matrix
of index 3.
(b) Find Jordan canonical form of
A=

− −

2 8 4
3 8 3
2 4 0

* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. Mathematics
Part–I, Paper–VI
(Complex Analysis)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. (a) Define an analytic function and obtain Cauchy Riemann Differential equations.
(b) Show that the function u =
2 3
3xy x − is harmonic and find the corresponding analytic
function.
2. (a) Prove that the sum function f(z) of the power series ∑
n
n
z a represents an analytic
function inside the circle of convergence.
(b) if w = f(z) = u + iv and u – v = e
x
(Cos y –Sin y), find w in terms of z.
3. (a) Show that every bilinear transformation maps circles or straight lines into circles or
straight lines.
(b) Prove that the transformation w = tan
2

|
¹
|

\
|
z
4
π
transforms the interior of unit circle
1 = w into the interior of the parabola
2
2
θ
Sec r =
4. (a) Find all the Mobius transformations which transform the half plane I (z) > 0 into
circles 1 ≤ w .
(b) If , 2
2
z z w + = Prove that the circle 1 = z corresponds to a cardioid in w – plane.
5. (a) State and prove Canchy's theorem.
(b) Show that :– θ d ) θ cSin
0
(nθ Cos

1
n
a where
n
z
n
a
z
1
– z e
2
2
c

− = ∑

∞ −
=
|
¹
|

\
|
π

6. (a) State and prove Liouville's theorem.
(b) Evaluate
( )

+
C
4
2z
1 z
dz e
where C is z = 3.
7. (a) State and prove Cauchy's residue theorem.
(b) Find kind of singularities of
2
a) (Z
z π Cot

at z = a and z = ∞.
8. (a) State and prove Rouche's theorem.
(b) By the method of contour integration, prove that


=
+
o
2
π
x² 1
dx
.

9. (a) Discuss Dirichlet's problem for a half-plane.
(b) State and derive Cauchy integral formula for the half-plane.
10. (a) Show that Green's function for I(c) is symmetric.
(b) If a ∈ I(c), then G(z, a) > o for each z in I(c) such that z ≠ a.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. Mathematics
Part–I, Paper–VII
(Theory of Differential Equations)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. (a) State and prove Ascoli's theorem.
(b) Compute the first three successive approximations for the solution of the following
equation 1 (0) y , y y
2
/
= = .
2. State and prove Cauchy-Peano existence theorem.
3. (a) Define a linear system and show that it satisfies Lipschitz condition and set of its
solutions form a vector space.
(b) Solve the system of linear equations

2 1
/
2
2
1
/
1
y y y , y y + = = .

4. (a) Let A be a square matrix of order n with continuous elements on an interval I. Let
B(x) be a matrix of functions on I satisfying B
/
(x) = A (x) B (x).
show that for r, x ∈ I,
det B (x) = det B (r) exp . dt (t) A t
x
r
r ∫

(b) Solve
2 1
/
2 2 1
4y 3y y , y 2y y
/
1
+ = + = .
5. (a) Define e
A
where A is a square matrix of order n. Justify this definition and show that

A
e 1) (n e + − ≤
A
.
(b) find

=
2 3
1 4
A of e
A
.
6. (a) Show that the set of all solutions of a linear homogeneous system on a given interval I
is a complex vector space of dimension n.
(b) Solve by matrix method
DE :
2 1
1
8x 9x
dt
dx
− =

2 1
2
19x 24x
dt
dx
− =
IC : . 0 (0) x 1, (0) x
2 1
= =

7. If characteristic equation is 0 bc) (ad λ d) (a λ
2
= − + + − then show that
(a) if roots
2 1
λ , λ of characteristic equation are real, unequal and of the same sign then
critical point (0,0) of linear system dy cx
dt
dy
by, ax
dt
dx
+ = + = is a node.
(b) if roots
2 1
λ , λ are real, unequal and of the opposite sign then critical point (0,0) of
above linear system is a saddle point.
P.T.O.

8. (a) Find the nature of critical point (0,0) of the system 2y x 2
dt
dy
4y, 2x
dt
dx
− = − = and
determine whether or not the point is stable.
(b) Determine the type and stability of the critical point (0,0) of the non-linear system
. 2xy y x 3
dt
dy
y, x y x
dt
dx
3 2
+ − = + + =

9. (a) Show that
(x). P n (x) P 1) (n (x) P x 1) (2n
1 n 1 n n − +
+ + = +
(b) Show that
∑ =


=


o n
n
n
t 1
xt
(x). L t e
t 1
1

10. (a) Show that integral representation of Bessel's function is given by
. dθ ) θ Sin x (nθ Cos
π
1
(x)
π
o
n
J

− =
(b) Show that
. (x)
x
2n
(x) (x)
n 1 n 1 n
J J J = +
+ −

* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.Sc. Mathematics
Part–I, Paper–VIII
(Set theory, Graph theory, Number theory, Differential Geometry)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. (a) Show that the set of all real numbers is uncountable.
(b) Prove that every set can be well ordered.
2. (a) For any cardinal numbers γ and β α, show that
(i) ( ) αγ αβ γ β α + = + (ii) ( ) ( ) γ β α γ β α + + = + +
(b) State and prove Cantor's theorem.
3. (a) Prove that an undirected graph has even number of vertices of odd degree.
(b) Let G be a non-directed graph with 12 edges. If G has 6 vertices each of degree 3 and
the remaining having degree ≤ 3. Find the minimum number of vertices of G.
4. (a) Prove that V – E + R = 2, where symbols have usual meaning and graph G is
connected.
(b) Show that a complete graph of n vertices is planar if n ≤ 4.
5. (a) State and prove division algorithm in theory of numbers.
(b) Find the general solution of 8x + 5y = 81.
6. (a) State and prove Euler's theorem.
(b) Evaluate
|
¹
|

\
|
89
67
.
7. (a) State and prove Serret Frenet formulae.
(b) Find the radii of curvature and torsion of the helix
x = a Cos θ , y = a Sinθ , z = aθ tanα.
8. (a) Find curvature and torsion of an asymptotic line.
(b) Show that asymptotic lines on the paraboloid Constant.
b
y
a
x
are





2z = ± =

9. (a) Find the differential equation of the lines of curvature on any surface.
(b) Show that lines of curvature of the paraboloid xy = az lie on the surface
Constant.
a
y
h Sin
a
x
h Sin
1 – 1 –
= ±
10. (a) Define a geodesic on a surface and determine its torsion.
(b) Show that for a geodesic,
( ) ( )
2 1
K – K K – K T² =
where K is curvature and T is torsion.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Education
Part–I, Paper–I
(Curriculum and Instruction)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤i- ¤¤¤i ¬i - ª¤ ¬--¤i¤ r ¤i- ¤¤¤i - ¬l--l¬n l(·i¤÷(-n ¬ ¬· ¬- ¬¬¬i
l·º·nºni n·ii ¬¬¬ ¤¬i¬ººi ¬i ¬-i + -i¬ n¬ (n r ¤ :¬ ¬·i· ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
'The main problems of curriculum are lack of sequence, continuity and integration of
content included in curriculum'. Discuss the statement with convincing arguments.
z. ¤i- ¤¤¤i l(¬i¬ ¬-(··ii l¬·ri ni· ¤ - ªi (l·-¬iºii ¬i ¬l·i·n l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii
¤i-¤¤i l(¬i¬ - l·lrn ¤ l¬¤i--¬ ¤ººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Briefly discuss any three major approach to curriculum development and explain the
procedural steps involved in curriculum development.
s. ¤i- ¤¤¤i -~¤i¬· ·i-¬ ¬(·iiººii ¬ ·¤i ¬l·i¤ i¤ r ` ¤i- ¤¤¤i -~¤i¬· ¬ l(l·i··
¬ ini ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by the concept "curriculum evaluation" ? Discuss various sources of
curriculum evaluation.
«. l¬¬i ·ii ¬·(ºii ¤-ln ¤º ¬in ¬º· ¬i ( l·- ¬ ¤¬ ¤-ln ¬ ¬inn÷¤ l¬¤i÷l·n n -i ÷¬
¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the input-process-output model of a system as applicable to any instructional
system.
r. ·¬- ¬ni·i--¬ ¤-ln ¤i ¬iºŒ: Œ¬i:Œ¤-Œ ¤-ln ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º ¬· (ºii--¬ ¬ªº¤i ¬i ¤¤i
¬il¬¤ +
Discuss instructional objectives on the basis of Bloom's Cognitive System or REIM system.
s. ¬i¤ ¬¬i¤÷¬i·iilºn ¬·(ºi ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬i ¤ ¬ln ¤¬iº ¬i·i ¤( ¬l-¤i
¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by activity-based instruction ? Discuss its nature, types, merits and
demerits.
/. ¬· (ºii l·¤i¬· ¬ ¬-(l··in - ªi ¤º ¤¬ l((ººii--¬ l-·¤ºii l¬lªi¤ +
Write a descriptive note on issues related to instructional planning.
s. ¬· (ºii--¬ ¬i¤ ·iln ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤¬ ¬· (ºii--¬ ¬i¤ ·iln l(¬l¬n ¬º· ¬
¤ i¤¬ (¤ºi-i-º) ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define instructional strategy and explain parameters of evolving and instructional strategy.
s. (ºi · ¬il¬¤ l¬ ¬· (ºi· ¬ l¬¤ ¬·¤i¤¬ l(ni·ii n·ii (ini(ººi l¬¬ ·ii ln ¬¬i·i·i ¬
ª¤ - ¬i¤ ¬º ¬¬n r +
Describe as to how the teacher, the student and the environment can function as resources
for instruction.
·a. ¬·¤i¤¬÷¤ lºi·iºi ¬i¤ ¬- ¬ (i ºi· ¤r ¬¤l·in r l¬ ¬i¤ ¤ ·ii(i lºi·iºi rn ¬l¤n ·i-ni¬i
¤( ¬i ºi¬i ¬i ¤ il·n ¬º + :· ¬i ºi¬i ¤( ·i-ni¬i ¬i ·¤·n ¬il¬¤ ¬i º (ni:¤ l¬ ¤ ·ii(i
¬·¤i¤¬ ¬i l-·iln ¬i ¤il·n - ¤ ¬ ¬ ¬ri¤¬ r +
During teacher's training programme you are supposed to acquire requisite competencies
and skills to teach effectively. State those skills and competencies and explain as to how
they are helpful in making an effective teacher.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Education
Part–I, Paper–II
(Psychology of Development and Learning)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. -i·( l(¬i¬ ¬i l(l·i·· ¬(-·ii¬i ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ + ¬·¤ni¬i ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬ n-i¬ººi -
lºi·i¬ ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe various stages of human development. Discuss the role of teacher in facilitating
the development of the learners.
z. -i·¤l-¬ n·ii ¬·¤nº -i·¤l-¬ l(ni¬¤i ¬ l(nil·i¤i ¬ ¬i-il¬¬÷¬(ni--¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i
l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + :¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬ n-i¬ººi - lºi·i¬ ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the characteristics of socio-emotional development of secondary and senior
secondary school students. Discuss teacher's role in facilitating their development.
s. ·¤l·n-( ¬i ¬(·iiººii n·ii :¬¬i ¤ ¬ln ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º + ·¤l·n-( ¬i ¬-n· ¬ l¬¤
-·i( º¬l·i¬ n·ii -·i¬i-il¬¬ ¬¤in-i ¬i l((¤·i ¬º +
Explain the concept and nature of personality. Discuss the psychoanalytical and
psychosocial approaches in understanding personality.
«. ·¤l·n-( l·i··ni¬i ¬ ¬i· (lºi¬ ¬i·iiº ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + ¬·¤ni ¬ -i·l¬¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i
¤ ·iil(n ¬º· - ( ºii· ¬- ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the genetic basis of individual differences. Discuss the role of heredity in
influencing the mental development of the learners.
r. l¬n ¬i·iilºn ¤(i n r ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ + ¬÷l¬¤i ¬i lºi·ii ¬i ¬i(¬·i¬ººi ¬º· -
¬i ·÷¬i · ¬i - ª¤ (i·ii¤ r +
Describe gender bias. What are the main social constraints coming in way of universal
primary education of girls.
s. ¬l·i¤ ººi ¬i ¬¬~¤·i ¤( :¬¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ + (·¤i ¬i ºi l·i¬ ¬¤¬l··i ¬i
l(¬l¬n ¬º· - ¬l·i¤ ººi l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº ¬ri¤¬ r `
Explain the concept and types of motivation. How does motivation contribute to enhance
children's academic achievement ?
/. ¬l·in- ¬ ¬-¤ -¤¤ ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + l¤¤i¬ ¤iºi ¤ ln¤il(n ¬l·in- ¬ ¬ni·i--¬
¬¤in- ¬i - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of learning. Discuss main characteristics of Piaget's cognitive approach
to learning.
s. ·ii(·i--¬ ·i¤ ¬i ¬¬~¤·i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + ¬l·in- ¬i ¬ni·i--¬ ·i¤ ·ii(·i--¬ ·i ¤
¬ ¬ ¬ l·i·· r `
Explain the concept of affective domain. How does cognitive domain of learning differ
from affective domain ?
s. ¤ºi-ºi ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii l·( ºi· ¤ºi-ºi n·ii -·lº¤l¬-¬i - ¬·nº
¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the concept of Counselling and distinguish between Guidance, Counselling and
Psychotherapy.
·a. ¬¤·i ¬·ii - ¬(ni--¬ ª¤ ¬ ¬ ¬-i¤il¬n (·¤i ¬i ¤r¤i· ¬i ¤i¬·i n ¤iº ¬il¬¤ +
¤¬ (·¤i ¬i ¬ri¤ni ¬ l¬¤ ¬¤· ¤iºi ¤ ¤·n ¬i¤ ·iln¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Prepare a plan for the identification of emotionally maladjusted children in your class.
Discuss the strategies you shall devise to help such children.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Education
Part–I, Paper–III
(Educational Evaluation)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. -~¤i¬· ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬·s -~¤i¬· ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¬¤¤ ·n
¬(irººi (¬º ¬-ni:¤ +
Discuss the concept of evaluation and explain the characteristics of good evaluation with
suitable illustrations.
z. -i·¬÷¬(l·in n·ii l·¬·i÷¬(l·in ¤ºi·iºi ¬i ·i( ¬¤¤·n ¬(irººi ¤ -n n ¬ºn r¤ -¤·- ¬º
¤( l·¬·i÷¬(l·in ¤ºi·iºi ¬ l·-i ºi ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Distinguish between, 'norm-referenced' and 'criterion-referenced' tests with suitable
examples and explain the steps involved in construction of criterion-referenced tests.
s. ·¬- ¤iºi ¤ ln¤il(n ºi l·i¬ ¬ªº¤i ¬ (ni ¬ººi ¬i ¬¤¤·n ¬(irººi (¬º l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Illustrate classification of educational objectives as suggested by Bloom, with suitable
examples.
«. l(nil·i¤i ¬ ·¤(riº ¬ ¬ºi ·ilºi¬ ¤·ii ¬ -~¤i¬· ¬i ¤¬ n¬·i¬ ¬ ª¤ - l·ºi·iºi ¬
¤ ¤in ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ + lºi·i¬i ¬i l·ºi·iºi ¬i l(º(¬·i¤ni ¬i º ( ·ini l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº
¬ l·lº¤n ¬º·i ¤ilr¤ `
Discuss the use of 'observation' as a technique for evaluating non-scholastic aspects of
student behaviour. How should the teacher ensure the reliability and validity of observation ?
r. -~¤i¬· ¬ ¬·s ¬¤¬ººi ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ ¬¬i-i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬i(irººi ¬il¬¤ +
Explain essential criteria of a good evaluation tool with examples.
s. ¬-l··iiººi -i¤·i ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬ºn r ¤ ¬·¬ ¤ ¬iº ¬¤¤in n·ii ¬·¬i ¬i-i¬i ¬i (ºi·
¬il¬¤ +
Define rating scales and describe their types, uses and limitations.
/. ¬¤¤iºi--¬ ¬i-ni ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni n·ii -r-( ·¤i r ` ¬¤¤·n ¬(irººi (n r¤ ¬¤¤iºi--¬
¬i-ni ¬i l·-iºi ¤l¬¤i n·ii :¬¬ ¬¤¤in ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is the need and importance of Remedial material ? Explain the process of preparation
and use of Remedial material with suitable examples.
s. ¬nn -~¤i¬· ¬ ¬·i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬nn -~¤i¬· ¬ ¬i¤ ¬i·i ¤( ¬i-i¬i ¬i
¬l·i·n l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the meaning of continuous evaluation and briefly discuss the functions, advantages
and disadvantages of continuous evaluation.
s. -i·¤ -il·¤¬i n·ii (r¬¬ ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬·ii -~¤i¬· - :·¬ ¬¤¤in n·ii
¬i-i¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define Mean, Mode and Median and discuss their uses and limitations in class-room
evaluation.
·a. ¬¤· ¬·¤i¤·÷l(·i¤ ¬ l¬¬i ¤ ¬ººi ¬i ¤¤· ¬º ¬¬¬i ·¬÷l¤ - n ¤iº ¬º + ·¬÷l¤ - ¬
¬i·iiº ¤º ¤¬ ¤¬ l··¤l-i ¤ºi·iºi ¬i º¤·i ¬º l¬¬- ¤¬ ¬·s l··¤l-i ¤ºi·iºi ¬ ¬·ii
¬i(º¤¬ -i·¬i ¬i ¬-i(ºi ri +
Select any topic from your teaching subject and prepare a blueprint. On the basis of the
blueprint prepare an achievement test incorporating all the essential criteria of a good
achievement test.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Education
Part–I, Paper–IV
(Educational and Society)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + -iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + -iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + -iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. lºi·ii ¬ ¬i·¤il--¬ l(¬i¬i--¬ n·ii ¬i-il¬¬ -(ª¤ ¤º-¤º ¤º¬ r + :¬ ¤º ¬¤·i
l-·¤ºii (il¬¤ +
The spiritual, developmental and the social mould of education are actually complementary
to each other. Comment.
z. -il÷¤i ¬i lºi·ii ¬ ¤¬ -r-(¤ ºi -i·¤- ¬ ª¤ - (ºi· ¬il¬¤ + ·iº l(ni¬¤ ¬-(i¤ n·ii
-il÷¤i ¬ ¤iº-¤lº¬ ¬-(··i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the media as an important agency of education. Discuss the relationship between
Home, School, Community and Media.
s. ¤ ¤i¬·(i( ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + ¤ ¤i¬·(i( ¬i lºi·ii - ·¤i ¤in(i· r ` ¤ ¤i¬·(i( ¬
¬· ¬iº ¬·¤i¤¬ ¬i l(l·i·· ·il-¬i¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define Pragmatism. What is the contribution of pragmatism in education ? Discuss various
roles of the teacher according to Pragmatism.
«. ¤ ¬inil¤¬ ¬-i¬ - l(ni¬¤ ¬ l(l·i·· ¬i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe various functions of the school in a democratic society.
r. ºi·- i¤ l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬·(·i - ·iiºni¤ ¬-i¬ ¬i ¬--¤i¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the problems of Indian Society in the context of National Development.
s. ¬i-il¬¬ ¤lº(n· ¬ ¬¤¬ººi ¬ ª¤ - lºi·ii ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss education as an instrument for social change.
/. l(ni¬¤ ¬ ¬¤¤·n ¤(··i· rn lºi·iil·i¤i ¤( ¬-(i¤ ¬i ¬r·iilnni ¬i l¬¬ ¤¬iº ¤·ii(¬i
(·i¤i ¬i ¬¬ni r ` ¬¤· ¬-iº ¬i ¤l·- ¬¤¤·n ¬(irººii ¬ ¬il¬¤ +
How can students and community participation be made effective for proper management
of the school ? Explain your answer with suitable illustrations.
s. -(n¤ni ¬ ¬n i- · ·iiºn - lºi·ii ¬i ¤ nln ¬i l¬¬ ¤¬iº ¤ ·iil(n l¬¤i `
How has the freedom struggle influenced the development of education in India ?
s. ¬-i· l(ni¬¤ ·¤(-·ii ¬ (iº - ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬i·n r ` ·¤i ¬i¤ ¬i¤n r l¬ ¬-i· l(ni¬¤
·¤(-·ii (ºi - ¬i-il¬¬ ¬¬-i·ni ¬i (º ¬º ¬¬ni r + ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you know about common school system ? Do you think the common school
system can alleviate social inequality in our country ? Discuss.
·a. ¬¤·¤¤ ( ¬(ºi·i· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + ¬¤·¤¤ ( ¬(ºi·i· ¬i ·i-i· ¬i l(l·i·· ·(i·n-
¤i¬·i¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define wastage and stagnation. Discuss the various innovative strategies to reduce wastage
and stagnation.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Education
Part–I, Paper–V
(Teacher & School)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i ¤¤ilº¬ ¤( ¬·i¤¤ilº¬ lºi·ii - l(·i( ¬il¬¤ n·ii lºi·ii ¬i ¬i ¤¤ilº¬ ·¤(-·ii ¬ ª¤ -
l(ni¬¤ ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Distinguish between formal and informal education and delineate school as the formal
system of education.
z. ·iiºn - l(ni¬¤ lºi·ii ¬ (n -i· ¬( ·iil·¬ ¤ i(·ii·i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the existing constitutional provisions for school education in India.
s. l(ni¬¤ ·¤(-·ii - ¬i¤·¬-i (hierarchies) ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬i-ni º ¤º l(ni¬¤
·¤(-·ii - ·¤i·n ¬º¤·i ¬ ¬i¤i·¬-i ¬ ¤ lnª¤i (models) ¬i ¤¤i :·¬ n ºi n·ii (i·ii
¬ln ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by 'hierarchies in school system' ? Discuss the models of
hierarchies of structure generally found in school system with their merits and demerits.
«. ¬( ln (profession) ·¤i r ` ¬·¤¤·÷¬( ln ¬ ¬l·i¬·iºii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is profession ? Explain characteristics of teaching profession
r. ¬·¤i¤¬ - ¤ (·i¬ ¬r·iini ¬ri¤ni¬ni ¤ºi-ºi (ini ¬i º ¬-(i¤ ¬r·iini ¬i ·il-¬i¤
l··ii· ¬ l¬¤ ¬i ·¬i l(lºi·- ¬·i-ni¬i ¬i ri·i ¬ªºi r ` ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the specific competencies required of a teacher for performing the roles of a
manager, a participant, a facilitator, a counselor and a community participant.
s. -( -~¤i¬· ¤( ¬-¬·ii -~¤i¬· ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` ¬¤· ¬-¬·ii ¬-r (peers) ¬i
-~¤i¬· ¬ºn ¬-¤ ¬i¤ l¬· -i·(÷i ¬i ·¤i· - ºªin ` ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by self evaluation and peer evaluation ? Discuss the criteria that you
would keep in mind while evaluating yours peers.
/. ¬¤·iºi ºi·( ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬¤·iºi ¤ l¬¤i ¬ - ª¤ ¤ººi ·¤i r ` l((¤·i ¬il¬¤
l¬ ¬¤·iºi ¬(ºi·ii ¬iº¬ l¬¬ ¤¬iº ¤ ·ii(i ¬¤ ·iºi ¬i ¬(ª- ¬ºn r +
What do you understand by the term 'communication' ? What are the main steps of
communicative process ? Discuss how do the communication barriers disrupt the effective
communication process.
s. l(ni¬¤i ¤ ·iil(ni ¬ ¬·i ¤( ¬i¤i-i ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ + l(ni¬¤i ¤ ·iil(ni l¬¬ ¤¬iº
l(ni¬¤i (ini(ººi ¬i ¤·iil(n ¬ºni r `
Explain the meaning and dimensions of school effectiveness. How does school
effectiveness affect school climate ?
s. l¬¤il··- ¬·¬·ii· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + l(ni¬¤ ·¤(-·ii ¬i (rnº (·i· - :¬¬i
·il-¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define action research. Discuss its role in improving school system.
·a. ¬l·i·ii(¬÷¬·¤i¤¬ ¬·i ¬ -r-( ¬iº ¬ªº¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º + ¬·¬ ¬i¤ ¬¬i¤i ¬i l((¤·i
¬º ¬i ¬l·i·ii(¬÷¬·¤i¤¬ ¬·i ¤iºi ¬i¤il¬n ¬i ¬i·i ¤ilr¤ +
Explain the importance and objectives of Parent-Teacher Association. Discuss the activities
which need to be organized in a Parent-Teacher Association.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Education
Part–II, Paper–VII
(Content Based Methodology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬- l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬- l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬- l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + i· r + i· r + i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ni· ·i¤ ¬ ª¤ - ¬i-il¬¬ ¬·¤¤· ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + ¬i-il¬¬ ¬·¤¤· - lºi·iºi÷¬l·in-
l¬¤i¬i ¬ ¬¤l·in ¬l·in- ¤lººii-i ¬i l((¤·i ¬º +
Define 'Social Studies' as a field of knowledge. Discuss learning outcomes expected of the
teaching-learning activities in Social Studies.
z. ¬i-il¬¬ ¬·¤¤· l(·i¤ ¬ ¬·¤i¤· - l·(ºi· l(l·i (l÷-i --ºi· -·i÷) ¬i ¤¤in l¬¬ ¤¬iº
l¬¤i ¬i ¬¬ni r ¬(irººii ¬lrn l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ + l·(ºi· l(l·i ¬ ¤¤in ¤iºi ¬·¤i¤·
¬º· ¬ l(l·i·· ¤(i ¬ (iºi· ¬·¤i¤¬ ¬i l¬·÷l¬· ¬l-·i:¤i ¬i ¬i-·i ¬º·i ¤÷ni r `
Discuss with examples how demonstration method can be used in teaching of Social
Studies. Point out the difficulties faced by a teacher during various steps while teaching
through demonstration method.
s. ¬i-il¬¬ ¬·¤¤· - lºi·iºi ¤ ¬- ¬i ¬¬~¤·i ¬i ·¤iª¤ii ¬il¬¤ n·ii lºi·iºi ¤ ¬- ¬ ¤ - ªi
·i-¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of instructional process of in Social Studies and discuss the major
components of the instructional process.
«. ¬ni·i--¬ ¤( n º÷¬ni·i--¬ ¬l·in- ¤lººii-i ¬ (i¤ ¬ ¬nº ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤+
¬ni·i--¬ ¤( n º÷¬ni·i--¬ ¬l·in- ¤lººii-i ¬ l¬¤ ¤ºi·iºi -(i (test items) ¬ l(l(·i
-(ª¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬i-il¬¬ ¬·¤¤· ¬ ¬(irººii ¬i ¬ri¤ni ¬ ¬il¬¤ +
Differentiate between cognitive and non-cognitive learning outcomes. Discuss various
forms of test items for cognitive and non-cognitive learning outcomes with examples from
Social Studies.
r. l¬·i ·ii-i ¬i ¬·¤ni ¬ (i ºi· ·¤i·n ¬i-il¬¬ ¬i(· ¤( ¬il·i ¬ (ºii¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
l(·i¤(-n l(·( ¬i l(lºi·- ¬· (ºii--¬ ¬ªº¤i lºi·iºi÷¬l·in- ¬i¤ ¬¬i¤i ¤( -~¤i¬·
l(·( ¬i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬ºn r ¤ :¬ l(·i¤ ¬ ¬·¤i¤· ¬i ¬· (ºii--¬ ¬i¤·iln l(¬l¬n
¬il¬¤+
Discuss social life and economic conditions prevailing during Indus Valley Civilization.
Develop and instructional strategy to teach this topic mentioning content points, specific
instructional objectives, teaching-learning activities and evaluation items.
s. ¬i-¬ln¬ ·iºir ¬i ¬¬~¤·i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤+ ¬·ii IX ¬ si¤i ¬i ¬·n ºii·i¬ ¬i
¬·¤i¤· ¬º· ¬i ( l·- ¬ ¤¬ ¤¬i ¬· (ºi·i--¬ ¤i¬·i (·i:¤ l¬¬- ¬·¤i¤· l(·( ¬i
l(lºi·- ¬·(ºi·i--¬ ¬ª º¤i ¬·(ºi·i--¬ l¬¤i¬¬i¤i n·ii - ~¤i¬·÷¤º·i ¬i ¬-i(ºi ri +
Explain the concept of 'Cultural Heritage' Develop an instructional plan for teaching this
topic to IX Class including teaching points, specific instructional objectives, instructional
activities and evaluation questions.
P.T.O.
/. ·iiºni¤ ¬·i·¤(-·ii ¬i ¬il·i¬ ¬º¤·i ¬i nl-n ¬º· (i¬i ¤-ªi ¬ri¤¬ ¬º¤·i¬i ¬i ¬·i¤
- ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ + ¤-ªi l(·i¤÷(-n l(·(¬i l(lºi·- ¬·(ºii--¬ ¬ª º¤i ¬·¤¤·÷¬·¤i¤·
¬i¤¬¬i¤i ¤( -~¤i¬· l(·(¬i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬ºn r¤ :¬ l(·i¤÷(-n ¬ ¬·¤i¤· ¬i
¬·(ºii--¬ ¬i¤·iln l(¬l¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss briefly the major supporting structures which constitute the economic structure of
Indian Economy. Develop an instructional strategy to teach this topic mentioning main
content points, specific instructional objectives, teaching-learning activities and evaluation
items.
s. -l-n·¬÷-·i· ¤ l(l·i (Brain-Storming technique) ¬ ·¤i ¬l·i¤ i¤ r ` ¬i-il¬¬ ¬·¤¤·
l(·i¤ ¬ ¬·¤i¤· - ¬·¤i¤¬ :¬ ¤ l(l·i ¬i ¬¤¤in ¬ ¬ ¬º ¬¬ni r `
What do you understand by Brain-Storming technique ? How can a teacher use it in
teaching of Social Studies ?
s. ·iiºni¤ ¬l(·ii· - ¤ ln·-il¤n ·iiºni¤ ºi·- ¬ ¬i(ºii ¬i l((¤·i ¬º + l(·i¤ l(·( ¬i
l(lºi·- ¬·(ºi· ¬ªº¤i lºi·iºi÷¬l·in- l¬¤i¬i ( -~¤i¬· ¤ º·i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬ºn r¤ :¬
¤«i· ¬ l¬¤ ¤¬ ¬· (ºi· ¤i¬·i ¬i l(¬i¬ ¬º +
Discuss the ideals of the Indian Nation enshrined in its Constitution. Develop an
instructional strategy to tech this mentioning content points, specific instructional
objectives, teaching-learning activities and evaluation items.
·a. l(ni¬¤i - lºi·iºi ¬i¬ - l(nil·i¤i ¤iºi ¬iªi· - ¬l-· ¬ s ¤¬ººi ¬i¤¬i l-¬ ri n +
¬i¤· ¬·r ¬ ¬ ¤«¤i ` l(-niº ¬ ¬·¬i ¤i- ¤i¬·i ¬i ¬-ni¤ +
During teaching in Schools, you might have come across certain difficult topic to be learnt
by students. How did you teach them ? Illustrate the lesson plan for them in detail.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Education
Part–II, Paper–VII & VIII
(Content Based Methodology)
Paper : Teaching of English
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. What is the relationship between the need for learning a language and its teaching
objectives? Explain with an example from teaching of English as a second language.

2. What is the status of English language in the context of our Indian education system? Discuss
the role of the English teacher in this context giving suitable examples.

3. Mention three major approaches to English Language teaching. Which one do you
think is the best and why?

4 In the context of learning language, discuss the role of integrative and instrumental
motivation. Give suitable examples to illustrate your answer.

5 Mention different kinds of listening activities which can be used in the classroom for
teaching listening skills. Describe any one of them in detail.

6. Mention at least four different kinds of Speaking Activities that can be used in the
classroom for teaching speaking skills. Describe any one of them in detail.

7. It is through books that one acquires knowledge, for which one needs to be proficient in
reading. Do you think reading is the most important language skill? Give a reasoned answer
bringing out the implications for a teacher of English.

8 What is the place of grammar in language learning? Discuss, bringing out the changing
approach to grammar in recent times.

9. Write a note on different kinds of vocabularies and their implications for the teaching of
vocabulary.

10. What is a lesson plan? What are the essential components of a lesson plan? Discuss the
weak and strong points of any one lesson-plan which you must have prepared during
teaching at Secondary level.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Education
Part–II, Paper–VII & VIII
(Content Based Methodology)
(lr·(i lºi·iºi ¤ l(l·i) (lr·(i lºi·iºi ¤ l(l·i) (lr·(i lºi·iºi ¤ l(l·i) (lr·(i lºi·iºi ¤ l(l·i)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ·ii·ii ·¤i r ` ·ii·ii ¬i ¤ ¬ln ¬ l(·i¤ - ¤ ¤l¬n l(l(·i ( l·-¬iºii ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
z. ·ii·ii ¬ l(l·i·· ¬i¤ ¬i ·÷¬i· ¬ rin r ` ·ii·ii lºi·iºi - ¬l·in- l·¤-i ¤( l¬-i·ni ¬i
¬¤¤ilnni ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬ + ¬¤· ¬-iº ¬i ¤l·- ¬(irººi (¬º ¬il¬¤ +
s. -in ·ii·ii (i¬¬ ¬ ¬(iniºi l(¬i¬ ¬i ¬i·iiºlºi¬i r + ¤ -nn ¬·i· ¬i ¤ l·- ¬ºn r ¤
-in ·ii·ii ¬ ¬ªº¤i ¤( -r-(i ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
«. ·ii·ii lºi·iºi - ¤i- ¤÷¤ -n¬ ¬i ¤ ¤in ¬i·¤ ¬ ª¤ - ·ri (º· ¬i·i· ¬ ª¤ - l¬¤i
¬i·i ¤ilr¤ + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¤ l·- ¬ºn r¤ lr·(i ¤i- ¤÷¤ -n¬ ¬ -r-( n·ii -(ª¤ ¬i
¬l·i·n l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
r. lr·(i ¬ªi· - (n ·i ¬i ¬ºi l-¤i ¬ ¤ - ªi ¬iººi ·¤i r ` :·¬i ¬i(irººi ¤¤i ¬il¬¤
n·ii :·¬ ¬ ·iiº ¬ ¬¤i¤ ·ii (ni:¤ +
s. ¬(ºi ¬i ºi¬ ¬i ¬·i ¤( -r-( (ni:¤ n·ii ¬(ºi ¬i ºi¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ l¬¤ ¬·ii÷lºi·iºi-iº
l¬¤i¬¬i¤i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
/. ¬l(ni lºi·iºi ¬i ·ii·ii lºi·iºi - ·¤i -·ii· r ` -i·¤l-¬ ¬·ii¬i - ¬l(ni ¬i ¬i·(¤(i·i ¬¬
¬ºi¤i ¬i ¬¬ni r ` ¬(irººi ¬lrn ¬-ni:¤ +
s. -~¤i¬· ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i -¤·- ¬ºn r ¤ -¤·- ¬il¬¤ l¬ ·ii·ii ¬ -~¤i¬· ¬i ¬¤¤ini
¬ ¬ (·i ¬¬n r + ¬ln¤¤ ¬(irººi (¬º ·ii·ii (·ini ¬ -~¤i¬· ¬i ¬¤¤ini (·i· ¬
¬ ni( (il¬¤ +
s. ·ii·ii ¬i ( l·- ¬ ·¤i¬ººi lºi·iºi ¬i ·¤i -r-( r ` ·¤i¬ººi lºi·iºi ¬i l(l·i¤i ¬i l(-niº
¬ ¬(irººi (¬º ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
·a. l¬¤i--¬ ºii·i ¬ ¬·i ¤( -r-( ¬i ¤¤i ¬ºn r ¤ l¬¤i--¬ ºii·i ¬ ¬i¤i· n·ii l(l·i··
¬l·i¬~¤i ¬i ¬(irººi ¬lrn l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Education
Part–II, Paper–VII & VIII
(Content Based Methodology)
[Science Method)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤l¬¤i ¤( ¬-¤i( ¬ ª¤ - l(ni· ¬i ¤¬ln ¬i ¤l·- ¬l¤n ¬(irººii ¬i ¬ri¤ni ¬ ¬il¬¤ +
Justify the nature of Science as a process and product, with suitable illustrations.
z. -i·¤l-¬ -nº ¤º l(ni· ¬·¤i¤· ¬ ¬·¤i ¤( ¬ªº¤i ¬i ·¤i· - ºªin r¤ -i·¤l-¬ l(ni¬¤i
¤i-¤¤¤i - l(ni· ¬ -·ii· ¬i ¤l·- ¬il¬¤ +
Justify the place of Science in Secondary school curriculum in view of aims and objectives
of teaching Science at Secondary level.
s. -i·¤l-¬ -nº ¤º l(ni· ¬·¤i¤· ¬ ¬--¤i÷¬-i·ii· ¬¤in- ¬i ¤ ¬ln :¬- ºiil-¬ ¤ººi
¤( :¬¬ n ºi n·ii (i·ii ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss nature, steps involved, advantages and disadvantages of problem solving approach
of teaching Science at Secondary level.
«. ¤lº¤i¬·i ¬i ·¤i ¬·i r ` l(ni· lºi·iºi ¬ l¬¤ ¤lº¤i¬·i l(l·i ¬ ¬¤¤in :¬¬ ¬i·ii
n·ii ril·¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is meant by 'Project' ? Explain the use, advantages and disadvantages of 'Project
method' for teaching of Science.
r. ¬ ¬º÷ºi l(ni¬¤i - l(ni· lºi·iºi rn l(ni· ¤ ¤inºii¬i ·¤i ¬i(º¤¬ r ` ¬i¤ ¬¤·
l(ni¬¤ - ¤¬ ¤ ·ii(i l(ni· ¤ ¤inºii¬i ¬i ¤i¬·i ·¤(-·ii n·ii (ªi·ii¬ ¬¬ ¬º n `
¤ ¤inºii¬i - ¬ º·ii ·¤(-·ii ¬ l¬¤ ·¤i÷·¤i ¬¤i¤ ¬i(º¤¬ r `
Why is a science laboratory essential for teaching science in secondary schools ? How will
you plan, organize and maintain an effective science laboratory in your school ? What
safety measures are needed in the laboratory ?
s. l(ni· l(·i¤ ¬ ¤ º·÷¤¤ l·-i ºi ¬ ¤ - ªi ¤ººi (¤() ·¤i r ` l(ni· ¬i ¬ -il·n¬ ¤ºi·ii ¬
¤ º·÷¤¤ l·-i ºi ¬ ¬-¤ ·¤i· - ºªi· ¤i·¤ - ª¤ l(·( ¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What are the important steps of test construction for science subject ? Describe the main
points to be considered when setting a science theory paper.
/. ¬·(ºii¤ ¬i¤ ¬i ¤i¬·i ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¬iº ¤¤i ¬· ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the need and purpose of planning of instructional work.
s. l(nil·i¤i ¬ l··¤i(· ¬ -~¤i¬· ¬i (ºii· (i¬i l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ ¬i·÷¬i (rnº ¬¤¬ r `
Which of the following is a better inceptor to show evaluation of students performance ?
(a) -·ii·i¤ ¤ºi·ii ¤ nln lº¤i- ¬i÷ (Local examination progress report card)
(b) -¬¬ lºi·ii (i÷ ¤ i·ni¬ (School education board marks sheet). Justify you answer.

P.T.O.
s. l(ni· ¤i- ¤¬- l(ni· l(·i¤ ¬i ¤ ¬ln :¬¬ ¬ªº¤ (·¤i ¬ ¬ni·i--¬ -nº n·ii (n -i·
¬·ii ¬(l-·iln¤i ¬ ¬·ª¤ ri·i ¤ilr¤ ` ¬i¤ :¬ ¬·i· ¬ l¬¬ ¬i-i n¬ ¬r-n r `
¬¤· ¬-iº ¬i ¤ l·- ¬il¬¤ +
'Science Curriculum should be compatible with the nature of science, objectives as well as
with the cognitive level of children and existing classroom conditions.' How for do you
agree with this statement. Justify you answer.
·a. ¬ ¬º÷ºi (-i·¤l-¬) -nº ¤º l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬¬i ¤¬ ¤ ¬ººi ¬ ¬·¤i¤· ¬ l¬¤ - ª¤
lºi·iºi l(·( ¬i ¬i ¤r¤i· ¬il¬¤ :·¬ ¬· ª¤ ¬ªº¤i ¬i ·¤(riºnn ª¤i - l¬lªi¤ n·ii
:·¬ ¬·¤i¤· rn lºi·iºi÷¬l·in- ¤ l¬¤i ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ ÷
Identify the main teaching points, formulate corresponding objectives in behavioural terms
and explain teaching-learning process that you will follow while teaching any One of the
following topics at secondary level :–
(a) ·iiºi ¬i ¤ -(¬i¤ ¤ ·ii( (Magnetic effect of Current)
(b) ¬(n ¬i ¬º·iºi (Conservation of Momentum)
Or,
-i·¤l-¬ -nº ¤º l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ ¬i: ¤¬ ¤¬ ¤¬ ¤¬ ¬i ¤«in ¬-¤ - ª¤ lºi·iºi l(·( ¬i ¬i ¤r¤i·
¬il¬¤ :·¬ ¬· ª¤ ¬ªº¤i ¬i ·¤(riºnn ª¤i - l¬lªi¤ n·ii :¬¬ ¬·¤i¤· r n lºi·iºi÷
¬l·in- ¤ l¬¤i ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ ÷
Identify the main teaching points, formulate corresponding objectives and explain the
teaching-learning process that you will follow while teaching One of the following topics
at Secondary level :–
(a) ri:÷ i¬i(· (Hydrocarbon)
(b) ºi¬i¤l·¬ ¬¤ (Chemical Formulae)
Or,
-i·¤l-¬ -nº ¤º l(ni· ¤«i· ¬ l¬¤ l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬¬ ¤¬ ¤¬ ¤¬ ¤¬ l(·i¤ ¬i ¤ · n·ii :¬¬
- ª¤ ¬·¤i¤· l(·( ¬i ¬i ¤r¤i· ¬º ¬nn ¬ªº¤i ¬i l·-i ºi ¬º ¬i º :·r ¤«i· ¬ l¬¤
¬¤·i: ¬i· (i¬i ¬·¤i¤·÷¬l·in- ¤ l¬¤i ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ ÷
Identify the main teaching points, formulate corresponding objectives and explain the
teaching-learning process that you will follow while teaching any One of the following
topics at secondary level :–
(a) -· ·¤ ¬iº ¬¬¬i (ini(ººi ¬ ¬-(··i (Man and his relationship with Environment)
(b) ¬ilºi¬i ¬º¤·i (Cell Structure)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Education
Part–II, Paper–VII & VIII
(Teaching of Mathematics)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l(ni¬¤i ¤i-¤¤¤i - nlºin ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¬iº -r-( ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the need and importance of Mathematics in school curriculum.
z. ¤¬ l(·i¤ ¬ ª¤ - nlºin ¬i ¤¬ln n·ii l(¬i¬ ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ + nlºin ¬ l(¬i¬ -
·iiºni¤ nlºilnni ¬ ¤i n(i· ¬i l(-nn (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the nature and development of mathematics as a subject. Describe in detail the
contribution of Indian mathematics to the development of mathematics.
s. nlºin ¤i- ¤¤¤i l·-i ºi ¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the principles of formulating the Mathematics curriculum.
«. nlºin - ¬in-· n·ii l·n-· ¬ ¬·i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ + nlºin lºi·iºi ¬i ¬in-·i--¬ n·ii
l·n-·i--¬ l(l·i¤i - ¬·nº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ + ¬(irººii ¤iºi -¤·- ¬il¬¤ l¬ ¤r l(l·i¤i ¬¬
¤ ¤·n rini r +
Explain the meanings of 'Induction' and 'Deduction' in mathematics. Differentiate between
Inductive and Deductive methods of teaching mathematics. Illustrate with examples how
these methods work.
r. nlºin lºi·iºi ¬ l(l·i·· n¬·i¬i ¬i ¬·i¤ - ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Briefly explain the various techniques of teaching mathematics.
s. -~¤i¬· ¬i ·¤i ¬·i r ` nlºin - ¬·¤i¤·÷¬l·in- ¤ l¬¤i ¬i ¬··n ¬º· - - ~¤i¬·
¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ + ¬ri ¬i(º¤¬ ri ¬(irººi ·ii (il¬¤ +
What is meant by 'evaluation' ? Discuss the role of evaluation in improving the teaching-
learning process in mathematics. Illustrate with examples wherever needed.
/. nlºini¤ ¬l·in- ¬i - ~¤i ¬· ¬ºn ¬-¤ ¬i¤· ¤·iºi l(l·i ¬i ¤ ¤i n ¬(º¤ l¬¤i ri ni + ¤ ·iºi
l(l·i ¬ -i·¤- ¬ - ~¤i ¬· ¬ l¬¤ ¬¤·i¤ n¤ nlºini¤ ¬l·in- ¬ (i ¤r¬¬i ¬i ¬~¬ªi
¬il¬¤ ¬iº ºl-n -¬ ¬ ¬i ¬ri¤ni ¬ ¤·iºi l(l·i ¬ ¤ ¤i n ¤º ¬·i¤ - lº¤i- l¬lªi¤ +
While evaluating mathematical learning you must have used observation method. Mention
two aspects of Mathematical learning taken for evaluation through observation method and
write a short report on the use of observation method with the help of rating scale.
s. ¬ ¬º÷ºi (-i·¤l-¬) l(nil·i¤i ¬i ¤«i· ¬ l¬¤ l·-·l¬lªin l(·i¤i - ¬ ¬i: ¤¬ ¤¬ ¤¬ ¤¬ l(·i¤ ¤ ·
n·ii ¬¬¬ ¬ªº¤i ¬i l·-i ºi ¬º n·ii ¬l·in- ¬· ·i(i ¬i ¤¤· ¬º ÷
Formulate objectives and identify learning experiences to teach any One of the following
topics to the secondary students :–
(a) ·iin n·ii ¬·i nºi¬ (Exponents and Logarithms)
(b) LCM n·ii HCF (LCM and HCF)
(c) ( -i :¬¬i ¤lºl·i n·ii ·i¤¤¬ (Circle, its circumference and area)
s. nlºin lºi·iºi ¬i ¤¬ ¬·si ¬i¤·iln ¬i ¬¤l·in l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l(-nn ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ + nlºin lºi·iºi
- ¤¬ ¬·si ¬i¤·iln ¬ l(¬i¬ n·ii ¬i¤i·(¤· - ¬i(º¤¬ l(l·i·· ¤(i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss in detail the desirable characteristics of a good instructional strategy in mathematics.
Explain the various steps taken in developing and implementing such a strategy.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤lºi¤i l¬lªi¤ ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) l¤¬iºil-ni¤ ¬· ¤ini ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii¤ (Definitions of trigonometric ratios)
(b) ¬i·iiººi ·¤i¬ (Simple Interest)
(c) lºi·iºi÷¬ri¤¬ ¬i-n i ¬i ·il-¬i (Role of Teaching Aids)
(d) (-i ¬i¤ n·ii n r ¬i¤ ¬i ¬i l¤-¤ (Relevance of Assignment and Home-work)
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Education
Part–II, Paper–IX
(Computers in Education)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬-·¤-º ¬i·iilºn ¬·(ºi· (CBI) n·ii ¤iº-¤lº¬ lºi·iºi - ·¤i ¬·nº r ` ¬-·¤-º ¬i·iilºn
¬·(ºi· (CBI) ¬i l÷¬i:· n·ii ¬i¤i·(¤· ¬ l¬¤ ri÷(¤º n·ii ¬i¤-(¤º ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni¬i ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Differentiate between Computer Based Instruction (CBI) and conventional teaching.
Discuss the hardware and software requirements for design and implementation of CBI.
z. ¬-·¤-º ¬i·iilºn lºi·iºi ¤i-¤÷¬i-ni ¬ l÷¬i:· ¬iº l(¬i¬ ¬ ·i¤ ¬ l(lºi·- ¬ªº¤i ¬i
·¤i ¤¤i¬· r ` l(lºi·- ¬ªº¤i ¬ ¬ªi· ¬ l¬¤ (ilsn (ini ¬i ¬·i¤ - ¤¤i ¬º + ¬¤·
¬-iº ¬i ¤l·- ¬¤¤·n ¬(irººii ¬ ¬il¬¤ +
What is the purpose of specific objectives in design and development of CBI courseware ?
Identify briefly the requirements in writing specific objectives. Illustrate your answer with
suitable examples.
s. ¬i.(i.¬i: . ¬i¬ (¤º ¬ ¤¤· ª¤ºªii l·-i ºi ¤( l(¬i¬ - -il÷¤i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i
¬il¬¤ +
Explain the role of media in the selection, design and development of CBI courseware.
«. ¬l·i¬l-n ¬l·in- :¬¬ l¬-ini ¤( :¬¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i (ºi · ¬i¬ (¤º ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬(·i -
¬i(irººi ¬il¬¤ +
Describe programmed learning, its principles and types in the context of development of
courseware, with examples.
r. l(¬i¬ ¬· ¬¤i (schedule) ¬i ¤ l¬¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¤ ¬ªi· l·-i ºi - ¬¤l·in l(l(·i ¤ººii ¬lrn
¬il¬¤ + ¬l¤n ¬(irººi ¬ ¬¤·i ¬-iº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the process of development schedule along with various steps required in creating
documentation. Illustrate your answer with suitable example.
s. l(ni·ii :·-º¤¬ l÷¬i:· ·¤i r ` l(ni·ii ¬-·¤-º :·-º¤¬ ¬i (ni ¬ººi ¬ ¬ l¬¤i ¬ini
r ` ¤¬ ¬·s :·-º¤¬ ¬i ¬· l(l·i·· l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ ¬i ¤ ¤i·ni¬i ¬i ¬·ii·-
rini r +
What is student interface design ? How is student computer interface classified ? Describe
also the various features of a good interface as desired by users.
/. ¤lº¤i¬·i l·¤¤ºi ¬i -r-( ¬¤i r ` ¬i.(i.¬i:. l(¬i¬ ¬i ¤lº¤i ¬·i - ¤¤·n l(l(·i
¤lº¤i¬·i l·¤¤ºi ¬i¤·iln¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is the significance of project control ? Discuss various project control strategies used
in the management of CBI development project.
s. (r-i·¤- (-~-i-il÷¤i) l¬¬ ¬rn r ` (r-i·¤- ¬-·¤-º ¬ ¬÷ ¬·¤ l·(ºil·n n ¤l·n¤i
¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤¤·n ¬i¤-(¤º ¬ ·i- ·ii l¬lªi¤ +
What is Multimedia ? Discuss other input/output devices attached to a multimedia
computer and also give the name of the software used.
s. ¬¤·i ¤(·i· ¤-ln (¤-.¬i:.¤¬.) ¤( ºil·i¬ l·¤i¬· - :¬¬ -r-( ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤+ ¤-.¬i:.
¤¬. - ¬-·¤-ºi ¬ ¤¤in ¬ ¤i¤(i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain Management Information System (MIS) and its significance in educational planning.
Discuss the advantages of the use of computers in MIS.
·a. ¤ º· ( ¬ ·¤i r ` ¬-·¤-ºi¬n ¤ º· (¬i ¬ ¬(·i - ¤ º· ( ¬ ¬ ¬i·ii ¤( ril·¤i ¬i ¤¤i
¬il¬¤ + ¬i¤¬ l(·i¤ ¬i l(ºi·inni - ¬-·¤-ºi¬n ¤ º· (¬ ¬i ¤i¬·i (·i· - l¬· l(l(·i
- ªi ¤º l(¤iº ¬º·i ¬ªºi r `
What is a Question Bank ? Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of question bank in
the context of computerised question banks. What are various issued that are to be
considered in planning a computerized question bank in your subject of specialisation ?
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Education
Part–II, Paper–IX
(Educational Technology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + · r + · r + · r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºil·i¬ ¤iniln¬i ¤( ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + ¬¤· ¬··i( ¤º ¬i·iilºn ¤-¤·i ¬(irººii ¬lrn ·iiºn
¬ lºi·ii ·i¤ - :¬¬ ¤¤i¬· ( -r-(¤ºi ¬¤¤ini ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Define the term 'Educational technology'. Describe its scope and noteworthy applications
in the field of education in India, giving concrete examples from your experiences.
z. ¬l·in- ¬¬i·i· ¬·¤ (¤¬Œ¬iºŒ¬iŒ) ·¤i r ` ¬i(ºi ¤¬Œ¬iºŒ¬iŒ -·iil¤n ¬º· ¬ l¬¤
¬¤· ¤iºi ¬ ni¤ n¤ l(l(·i l¬--i ¬ ¬¬i·i·i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What is a Learning Resource Centre ? Describe the kinds of resources you will recommend
for setting up an ideal LRC.
s. ¤¬ ¤-ªi ¬iº¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ l¬¬¬ ·iiºn - -·n ¤( (º lºi·ii ¤-ln¤i ¬i ºiª¬in r: +
¬¤·i ¬-iº ºi·-i¤ -·n l(ni¬¤i lºi·ii ¬-·ii· (¤·Œ¬i:Œ¬i Œ¤¬Œ) ¬ ¬(irººi (¬º -¤·-
¬il¬¤ + ¤·Œ¬i:Œ¬iŒ¤¬Œ ¬ l(lºi·- ¬·iºii ¬i ·ii ¬l(-niº (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the main factors that led to the emergence of open and distance learning systems in
India citing examples of National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). Also describe in
detail the distinguishing features of the NIOS.
«. ¬l·in- ¬ l¬¤ ¬r·iilnni ¬¤in- ¬i ¬·i l¬ªi + :¬¬i - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º
¬iº :¬ ¬r·iilnni ¬¤in- ¬ ¤¤i (ººii¤ ¬i·i·i ¬ ¬¤¤in ¤iºi ¬l·in- ¬i ¬ ¬ ¬ n-
(·i¤i ¬i ¬¬ni r ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is meant by 'participatory approach to learning' ? Describe its key characteristics and
explain how environmental resources can be used to facilitate learning through
participatory approach.
r. ºi l·i¬ ¬i¤-(¤º ¬i ·¤i ¬·i r ` -i·¤l-¬ -nº ¤º ni· ¬l·i( l-i ¬iº -·¤il¬n ¬i ºi¬i
¬i l(¬l¬n ¬º· ¬ l¬¤ ºi l·i¬ ¬i¤-(¤º n ¤iº ¬º· ¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is the meaning of 'educational software' ? Discuss the principles of designing educational
software for developing knowledge, attitude and psychomotor skills at the secondary stage.
s. - ·n ¤( (º lºi·iil·i¤i ¬ l¬¤ ¬· (ºi· ¬ ¤ -ªi -i·¤- ¬ ª¤ - r- - l¤n -(÷¬·¤¤·
¬i-ln ¤i (¤¬.¤¬.¤-.) ¬i ¤ ¤in ·¤i ¬ºn r ` ¬¤· ((i.¤÷.) ¤i- ¤÷¬i-ln ¤i ¬ ¬(irººi
(ºii n r ¤ ¤¬.¤¬.¤-. ¬i ¬º¤·i ¤( ¤ - ªi l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Why do we use printed 'Self-Learning Materials' (SLMs) as the principal mode of
instruction for open and distance learners ? Describe the structure and main characteristics
of SLMs giving illustrations from your own (B.Ed.) course materials.
/. -¬i¬i·¤l¬n ·¤i r ` ¬·¤ ¤( ( º¤ ¬i·¤l¬n ¬ ¬i·i ¤( (i·ii ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is teleconferencing ? Discuss the merits and demerits of audio and video conferencing.
s. ¬··i(¬·¤ ¬l·in- ·¤i r ` ¬· ·i(¬·¤ ¬l·in- ¬i ¤l¬¤i - ºiil-¬ ¤ººii ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
What is experiential learning ? Describe the stages in the process of experiential learning.
s. -~¤i¬· ¬ ¬(·i l·(ºi ¤l¬¤i ¬iº ¬-¤i( (CIPP) ¤ln-i· ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + ºil·i¬ ¤ iniln¬i
¤lº¤i¬·i ¬i ¤·ii(¬ilºni ¬ l¬¤ l·ºi¤÷¬· ¬ ¬(·i - :¬ ¤ln-i· ¬ ·i-¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain Context Input Process and Product (CIPP) model of evaluation. Discuss the
components of this model in the context of decision-making with regard to the
effectiveness of an Educational Technology project.
·a. ºi l·i¬ ¤ iniln¬i ¬ ¤ (··i· ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + ºi l·i¬ ¤ iniln¬i ¬ ¤ ·ii(i
¤ (··i· ¬ l¬¤ ¬i¤ ¬i ·÷¬ ¤ººii ¬i ¬¤·i¤ n ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the need of managing educational technology. Discuss the steps you would like to
take for the effective management of educational technology.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Education
Part–II, Paper–IX
(Guidance and Counselling)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ º·i ¬i ¬-iº (il¬¤ + ¬·ii ¤ º·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l·(ºi· ¬i ¤¬ln ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ + l·(ºi· ¬ ¬ªº¤ ¤( ·i¤÷l(-niº ¬i ¤¤i ¬l¤n ¬(irººi
(¬º ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the nature of guidance. Discuss the purpose and scope of guidance giving suitable
examples.
z. l·( ºi· ¤( ¬¤(i·i· ¬ (i¤ ¬ ¬·nº ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ + ¬¤(i·i· ¤ l¬¤i ¬ ¤ººii ¬i ¤¤i
¬il¬¤ +
Differentiate between guidance and counselling. Discuss the stages of counselling process.
s. l·(ºi· ¤( ¤i-¤¤¤i ¬ ¬·i-· ¬i r- ·¤i ¬i(º¤¬ni r ` l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Why do we need to integrate Guidance and Curriculum ? Discuss.
«. l·(ºi· ¬i¤¬- - l·(ºi· ¬il-¬i (¤¬·¬) ¬i ·¤i ·i l-¬i r ` l·(ºi· ¬i¤¬- - ¤ºi-ºi(ini
n·ii ¬·¤i¤¬i ¬i l(ºi·i ·il-¬i ¤º ¬¬n ¬ ¤¬iºi ÷il¬¤ +
What is the role for guidance personnel in the guidance programme ? Highlight separately
the specific roles of counselors and teachers in the process of guidance programme.
r. l·( ºi· ¬i¤ ¬-ii ¬i ¤iºi ¬i-i·¤n ¤ ¤in - ¬i: ¬i· (i¬i l(l·i·· n¬·i¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i
¬il¬¤ + ¬l·iºl¤ ¬¤i (:·(-ºi) ¬i l·( ºi· ¬i ¤¬ n¬·i¬ ¬ ª¤ - l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii
¬i·i ri :¬¬ ¬i·ii n·ii ¬l-¤i ¬i ·ii (ni¤ +
Explain the different techniques which are generally employed by guidance workers. Discuss
interest inventory as a technique of guidance giving its advantages and limitations.
s. l(ni¬¤ l·( ºi· ¬i¤ ¬- ¬ ¤ ¤i¬· ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + l(l·i·· ¤¬iº ¬i l·( ºi· ¬ (i¬i
¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬¤¤ ·n ¬(irººi (n r ¤ (ni¤ l¬ -i·¤l-¬ l(ni¬¤i (i¬¬i ¬ l¬¤
l¬¬÷l¬¬ nºr ¬ ¬i¤ ¬¬i¤ ¬i¤il¬n l¬¤ ¬i ¬¬n r +
Explain the purpose of school guidance programme. Describe various types of guidance
services and its activities for secondary school students, with suitable illustrations.
/. ¬-r l·(ºi· ·¤i r ` ¬-r l·( ºi· ¬ l¬¤i¬¬i¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
What is 'group guidance' ? Describe group guidance activities.
s. ¬i·(lºi¬ l(ºi¬n ºiºi(¬i¬i· ¬··i( n·ii ¬¬¬ (i( ¬ ¬··i( ·¤i(¬il¤¬ ·¤(riº ¬i l¬¬
¤¬iº ¬¤il¬n ¬ºn r ` ºi ¬ (l-i ¤¤· l¬-i·n ¬ ¬·(·i - :¬ ¤º· ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
How would genetic inheritance, early childhood experiences and subsequent experiences
lead to vocational behaviour ? Discuss the question in the context of Roe's theory of career
choice.
s. (·¤i ¬ ·¤(riº ¬i ¬--¤i¬i ¬i ¤¬ln ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ + ¬l¤n ¬(irººi (¬º ·¤(riºnn
¬--¤i¬i ¬ ¬iººii ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the nature of behaviour problems of children. Discuss the causes of behavioural
problems giving suitable examples.
·a. l(¬¬in ·¤l·n ¬ ¤ ln ¤¬ ¬i-i·¤ ·¤l·n ¬i ¬i-i·¤ ·¬lº¤i ·¤i rini r ` ¤ ¬ ni·
¬iº¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ l¬·¬ l(¬¬in ·¤l·n ¬i ¬i-il¬¬ ¤( ¬(ni--¬ ¬--¤i¬i ¬i
l(¬i¬ rini r + ºiiºilº¬ ª¤ ¬ l(¬¬in ·¤l·n ¬i ¬ri¤ni ¬ (i - ª¤ ¬·¤i ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
What is the general perception of normal person towards person with handicap ? Mention
three factors that lead to the socio-emotional problems of the individual with handicap.
Discuss two main goals of intervention for individuals with physical handicap.
* * *
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)
Paper–I
(Library and Society)
Annual Examination, 2009
SET-I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ºi l·i¬ ºii·i n·ii ¬i-il¬¬ l¬¤i¬¬i¤i ¬i («i(i (· - ¤ -¬i¬¤ ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤+
Discuss the role of library in promoting educational, research and societal activities.
z. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ l(ni· ¬ ¤i¤( ¬¤ ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬ l(l·i·· l¬¤i¬¬i¤i ¬
¬(·i - :¬¬ l·lrni·ii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤+
State the fifth law of library science and explain its implication on the various activities of
library.
s. ·iiºn - ¤ -n¬i¬¤i ¬ l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤i¬·i¬i ¤( ¬i¤ ¬-i ¬ ¤ ·ii( ¬i ¤¬ -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤
n·ii ·il(·¤ ¬ l¬¤ l(ºii ¬i ¤r¤i· ¬il¬¤+
Make an assessment of the impact of the plans and programmes on the development of
libraries in India and identify direction for the future.
«. ºi·- i¤ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
Define National Library and discuss its types.
r. l(º(l(ni¬¤ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬ ¬ªº¤i ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º+ l(º(l(ni¬¤ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬i ¬·
ªii¬ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((ººi ( ¬i ¬¬ l¬¬ -ril(ni¬¤ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬ l·i··ni ¤(i· ¬ºni r+
Discuss the objectives and functions of a University Library. Describe the distinct
characteristics of a University Library that distinguish it from a College Library.
s. ¬i(¬l·¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬ ¬·iºii ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i ¬l·i·n ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤+
Explain briefly the characteristics and function of Public Library.
/. ·iiºn - ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬l·il·¤-i ¬i ¬(º¤¬ni ¤( -r-( ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬lªi¤+
Write an essay on need and importance of library legislations in India.
s. ¤ -n¬i¬¤i ¬ -·¤ ¤ ·ii(i ¬¬i·i· ¬r·ilnni ¬ l¬¤ ·¤i· ºªi· ¤i·¤ l(l·i·· ¤r¬ ¬i ¬i
¤¤i ¬il¬¤+
Discuss the different issues to be considered for an effective resource sharing among the
libraries.
s. ·¤(¬i¤ n·ii ·¤i(¬il¤¬ni ºi·(i ¬ (i¤ ·i( ¬il¬¤+ ¬i:( lº¤·lºi¤ - ·¤(¬il¤¬
¬i¤iº ºii-¤ ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
Differentiate between the term 'Profession' and 'Professionalism'. Discuss the concept of
ethics in librarianship.
·a. ¬iº.¬iº.¬iº.¤¬.¤¤. ¬ ¬ªº¤i n·ii l¬¤i¬¬i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬+
Describe the objectives and activities of RRRLF.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)
Paper–I
(Library and Society)
Annual Examination, 2009
SET-II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i-il¬¬ ¤lº(n· ¬ ¤lº¤·¤ - ¤ -n¬i¬¤i ¬i l(-niº¤º¬ ·il-¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤+
Discuss the expanding role of libraries in the context of societal change.
z. n ·ii¬¤ l(ni· ¬ ¬¤i - ¬ l¬¬i ¤¬ ¬¤ ¤º l·(··i l¬ªi
Write an essay on any one of the Laws of Library Science.
s. ·iiºn - ¤ -n¬i¬¤i ¬ l(¬i¬ ¬ l¬¤ ·iiºn ¬º¬iº ¤iºi nl-n ¬s - ª¤ ¬l-ln¤i ¬i
¤ -n¬i¬¤i ¤º ¬i n¤i ¬· ºi¬i¬i ¬i ¬l·i·n l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
Briefly discuss the recommendation on libraries by some of the important committees
appointed by Government of India for the development of libraries in India.
«. ·iiºn - ºi·-i¤ ¤ -n¬i¬¤i ¬ ¬ª º¤i ¬i¤i n·ii nlnl(l·i¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
Discuss objectives, functions and activities of National Libraries in India.
r. ·iiºn - l(º(l(ni¬¤ ¤ -n¬i¬¤i ¬ ¬ªº¤i ¤( ¬n-·i--¬ «i ¤ ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤+
Describe objectives and organizational structure of University Libraries in India.
s. ¬i( ¬l·¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬i¬ l(º(l(ni¬¤ r + :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¤ l·- ¬il¬¤+
"Punlic library is the people's university." Justify the statement.
/. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬l·il·¤- ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬i º :¬¬i ·¤i ¬i(º¤¬ni r ` :¬¬ ¬s
-r-(¤ºi ·i-¬i ¬i l(( ¤·i ¬il¬¤+
What is meant by 'Library Legislation and why is it necessary? Discuss some of its
Significant components.
s. ¬¬i·i· ¬r·iilnni ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ ¤( :¬¬ ¬·¤ ¤( ¬ª º¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
Define Resource Sharing and discuss its goals and objectives.
s. ·¤i(¬il¤¬ ¬i¤iº ¬ l¬¬i ·¤(¬i¤ ¬i sl( - l·ªiiº ¬ini r + n ·ii¬l¤-( ¬ ¬(·i - :¬
¬·i· ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤+
Professional ethics boosts up the image of a profession. Explain the statement in the
context of librarianship.
·a. ·ºi·¬ :·¤iº-ºi· l¬--- ¤i º ¬i:¬ ¤( -··i¬i ¬i (l·¬in) ¬ ¬ªº¤i ¤( ¬i¤i ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
Discuss the objectives and functions of National Information System for Science and
Technology (NISSAT).

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)
Paper–II
(Library Management)
Annual Examination, 2009
SET-I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ( nil·¬ ¤ (··i· ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¤(··i· - :¬¬i ¤ i¬ln¬ni
¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of scientific management and examine its relevance to library
management.
z. ¤¬ ¬i¤¬ ºi¬ ¬n-·i--¬ «i ¤ ¬ l·-i ºi - ¬ri¤¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the principles that help in creating an efficient organizational structure.
s. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬ ·ii ln¬ l·¤i¬· ¬ -r-( ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ + l·¤i¬· ¤( ·¤in·¤ ¬iº¬i ¬i
·ii ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the importance of physical planning of library. Also describe the factors to be
considered in pre planning.
«. ¬¤·i ¬¬i·i·i ¬i l(l·i·· ¬lºi¤i ·¤i r ` ¤ -n¬i¬¤i - ¬i-i·¤n ¬¤¬··i l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬
¬(·i ¤ ¬ªii ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
What are the different categories of Information Resources ? Describe the different types of
reference documents that are generally available in libraries.
r. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ - ¤ -n¬i ¬i ¬l·i¤ il·n ¬i l(l·i·· l(l·i¤i ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ + ªiºi( ¤iºi ¤ -n¬
¬l·in rºi ¬i l(l·i ¬i l(-n n ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Identity different methods of procurement of books in a library. Explain in detail the
method of acquisition though purchase.
s. l(º(l(ni¬¤ - n¬·i¬i ¬· ·iin ¬ l·¤i¬· ¤( ¬n-· ¬ -r-( ¬i ¬l·i·n ¤¤i ¬º +
Briefly discuss the significance of planning and organization of Technical Section of a
University Library.
/. (¤÷¬i(¤ ¤ ºii¬i ¬ ·i-¬i ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ + ºi l·i¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ - (¤÷¬i(¤ ¤ l¬¤i ¬i
¤i¬·i (·in ¬-¤ ·¤in·¤ ·i-¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the components of a circulation system. Discuss the factors to be considered for
planning circulation process in an academic library.
s. ¤-n¬i¬¤ ¬ ºªi÷ºªii( ¬i¤ ¬ ¬l·(i¤ ¤·ii ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ + l(l·i·· ·iº÷iººi ¤ ºiil¬¤i ¬i
¬·i¤ - ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the essential aspects of maintenance work in a library. Discuss, in brief, different
stocking systems.
s. ¬r·iini ¤ (··i· ·¤i rini r ` ¤¬ ¬¤·i ¬-·ii· - ¤r l¬¬ ¤¬iº ¬i- ¬ºni r ` ¤¬
¤ -n¬i¬¤ - ¬r·iini ¤ (··i· ¬ n ºi÷(i·ii ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
What is participative management ? How does it work in an information organization ?
Describe the merits and demerits of participate management in a library.
·a. l(-ii¤ ¤ (··i· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` l(º(l(ni¬¤ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬ l¬¤ l(l·i·· ¬ i ni ¬i
¤¤i ¬º +
What do you mean by Financial Management ? Discuss different sources of finance for a
University Library.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)
Paper–II
(Library Management)
Annual Examination, 2009 SET-II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤¤i¬ ¬ ¤(··i· ¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤-n¬i¬¤i ¤( ¬ ¤·i ¬·¤i ¬ ¤·ii(i
¤(··i· - :·¬i -r-ii (ni:¤ +
Discuss Fayol's principles of management and indicate their significance in effective
management of libraries and information centers.
z. ¬n-·i--¬ ¬º¤·i ¬ ¬i¤¬i ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` ¬i¤¤ilº¬ ¤( ¬·i¤¤ilº¬ ¬n-·i--¬ ¬º¤·i
¬i ¬i¤ ¤ºii¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by organizational structure ? Discuss working of formal and informal
organizational structure.
s. ¤-n¬i¬¤ ¬i ·iiln¬ ¬ l(·ii¬i ¬ ¤ (÷¬i¤i¬· ¬ ¬-(l··in l(l·i·· nlnl(·i¤i ¬i (ºi· ¬il¬¤ +
¤-n¬i¬¤ ·i(· ¬i¤¬-¤-ni( ¬i n¤iº ¬º· - l·lrn ¬i¤i·i ¬i ¬~¬ ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the various pre-planning activities related to physical facilities of a library.
Enumerate the steps involved in preparing library building programme/proposal.
«. ¤-n¬ ¤¤· ¬i -ª¤ ¬ªº¤ r÷¬ri ¬-¤ ¤º ¬ri ¬¤·ii·ni ¬i ¬ri ¤-n¬ ¤(i· ¬º·i +
:¬ ¬·i· - ¬l··lrn ¤-n¬ ¤¤· ¬ l¬-i·ni ¬i l(-niº ¬ ¬-ni:¤ +
The chief objective of book selection is "to provide the right book to the right reader at the
right time." Elaborate the book selection principles involved in this statement.
r. ¤-n¬i¬¤ - ¬i-l¤¬ ¤ ¬iºi·i ¬ ¬l·inrºi ¬i l(l·i·· ¤-ln¤i ¬i ¬l·i·n ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
·iiºni¤ ¬l·i¬-ii¬i ¬ -i·¤- ¬ ¬i-l¤¬ ¤¬iºi·i ¬ ¬l·in rºi ¬ n ºi ¤( (i·ii ¬i ¬i¤ ¬º +
Discuss briefly different methods of procuring periodicals in a library. Examine the pros and
cons of procurement through Indian agents.
s. l¬¬i l(º(l(ni¬¤ ¤-n¬i¬¤ ¬ n¬·i¬i l(·iin ¬ -ª¤ ¬i¤ ·¤i r ` :¬ l(·iin ¬i
¬n-·i--¬ ¤i- (·i:¤ +
What are the major functions of a technical section of a University Library ? Give an
organizational chart for the same.
/. (¤÷¬i(¤ ¤ºii¬i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ·iiºni¤ ¤-n¬i¬¤i - ¤¤l¬n l(l·i·· ¤¬iº ¬i
(¤÷¬i(¤ ¤ºiil¬¤i ¬i ¬l·i·n ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
What do you understand by the term "Circulation System" ? Briefly explain the different
types of circulation systems that are prevalent in Indian libraries.
s. ·iº÷iº ¬-¤i¤· ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤ -n¬i¬¤i - ¤¤·n l(l·i·· ·iº÷iº ¬-¤i¤· l(l·i¤i
¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
What do you understand by stock verification ? Discuss different stock verification methods
followed in libraries.
s. ¤ºi nºi(-ii ¤(··i· (-iŒ·¤Œ¤-Œ) ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤-n¬i¬¤i n·ii ¬¤·i ¬·¤i -
-iŒ·¤Œ¤-Œ ¬i ¬¤¬ l¬¤il·(ln - ¬l--l¬n l(l·i·· n-(i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Total Quality Management (TQM) ? Explain different factors
involved in successful implementation of TQM in Libraries and Information Centres.
·a. ¤¬ ºi·ilºi¬ ¤-n¬i¬¤ ¬ l(-i ¬ l(l·i·· ¬ini ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ + ¤-n¬i¬¤i ¬ ·¤¤ ¬i
(rn -(i ¬i (ºi· ¬º +
Discuss the various sources of funds for an academic library. Describe the major items of
expenditure of libraries.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)
Paper–III
(Library Classification Theory)
Annual Examination, 2009
SET-I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l·-·l¬lªin ¬(·iiººii¬i ¬i ¬¤¤ ·n ¬(irººii ¬lrn ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ ÷
Define the following concepts with suitable examples :–
(i) -(¬·iºi ¤( ¬l·i¬·ºi (Attributes and Characteristics)
(ii) ¤l·n ¤( ¬ ªi¬i (Array and Chain)
(iii) ¬l·il(·i¤ ¤( l(·i¤ (Discipline and Subject)
z. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ (ni¬ººi ºi·( ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ ¬i¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
What do you understand by the term 'Library Classification' ? Discuss its functions.
s. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ (ni¬ººi ¬ n-¤i--¬ l¬-i·n ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the Dynamic Theory of library classification.
«. l(·i¤÷¬nn ¬i ¬º¤·i ¤( l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬·¤¤· ¬ ¬(·i - ¤ -n¬i¬¤ l(ni· ¬ ¤i ¤ ¬¤i ¬
l·lrni·ii ¬i ¤¤i ¬º + l(·i¤÷l·-i ºi ¬i l(l·i·· l(l·i¤i ¬i ¤lºnºi·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the implication of Five Laws of Library Science in relation to the study of the
structure and development of Universe of Subjects. Enumerate different modes of
formation of subjects.
r. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ (ni ¬ººi ¬ l¬¤ ¬l·i·iiººii--¬ ¬¤in- ¬ ¬i·ii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º + l(·i¤ ¬nn ¬
l(·ii¬· - :¬¬ ·¤i(rilº¬ ¬·¤ ¤ini ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Explain the advantages of postulational approach to library classification. Discuss its
practical applications in division of universe of subjects.
s. l(l·i·· ¤ -n¬i¬¤ (ni ¬ººi ¤ ºiil¬¤i ¬ ¬l¤n ¬(irººi (n r ¤ (ºii÷¬-(··i ¬i ¬(·iiººii
¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the concept of phase relation with appropriate examples from different schemes of
library classification.
/. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ (ni ¬ººi - -- ln ¬ri¤¬i ¬ ·¤i ni-¤¤ r ` ¤ -n¬i¬¤ (ni ¬ººi ¬i l(l·i··
¤ ºiil¬¤i - :·¬ ¤ ¤in ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
What is meant by mnemonics in library classification ? Explain its use in different library
classification schemes.
s. ÷ ¤: ÷l¬l-¬ ·¬ l¬l¤¬ºi· (÷iŒ÷iŒ¬iŒ) ¬(i l·i¬ ¤ ¤l¬n (ni ¬ººi ¤-ln¤i - ¬ ¤¬
r + :¬ ¤-ln ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¤ l·- ¬il¬¤ +
"D.D.C. is one of the most popular classification schemes." Justify the statement by
explaining the features of the scheme.
s. ¤Œ÷iŒ¬iŒ - ¬i¤ ¤( ¤¬ ¤ i(·ii· r ¬i :¬ n ·ii--¬ (ni¬ººi ¬ l¬¤ ¬¤¤ ·n (·in
r + l-·¤ºii ¬º +
"U.D.C. has flexibility and provisions that makes it suitable for bibliographic
classification." Comment.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬ªi ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) nr· ¬· ¬¤i (Depth Schedules)
(b) ¤ -n¬i¬¤ (ni¬ººi - (n -i· ¤ ( l-i¤i (Current trends in library classification)
(c) l(ªiº÷· (Fission)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)
Paper–III
(Library Classification Theory)
Annual Examination, 2009
SET-II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l·-·l¬lªin ¬(·iiººii¬i ¬i ¬¤¤ ·n ¬(irººii ¬lrn ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ ÷
Define the following concepts with suitable examples :–
(i) ¬nn ¤( ¬-ii (Universe and Entity)
(ii) ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬i ¤ ¬iln¤i (Species of Classification)
(iii) ¬ºii ¤·i ¤( ¤¬¬ (Categories, Facts and Isolates)
z. ¤-n¬i¬¤ - ¬¤·i ¤i·n ¬º· ¬ l¬¤ ¬¤·ii·ni¬i ¤iºi ¬¤·i¤ ¬i· (i¬ l(l·i·· ¬¤in- ·¤i
r ` ¬¤·i ¤il·n ¬ l¬¤ l(·i¤÷¬¤in- ¬i ¤-n¬i¬¤ (ni¬ººi - ·il-¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What are the different approaches adopted by users to find information in a library ?
Discuss the role of library classification in meeting the subject approach towards information.
s. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ (ni ¬ººi ¬ l((ººii--¬ ¤( n-¤i--¬ l¬-i·ni ¬ (i¤ ¬·nº -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
¤ -n¬i¬¤ (ni ¬ººi ¬ n-¤i--¬ l¬-i·n ¬ l(¬i¬ - ¤¬Œ¬iºŒ ºn·i·i· ¬ ¤in(i· ¬i
(ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Differentiate between descriptive and dynamic theories of library classification. Describe
the contribution of S. R. Ranganathan towards the development of dynamic theory of
library classification.
«. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ (ni ¬ººi - l(·i¤÷¬nn ¬ ¬·¤¤· ¬ -r-( ¬i ¤¤i ¬º n·ii l(·i¤ l·-i ºi ¬i
l(l·i·· ºiln¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Discuss the importance of study of universe of subjects in library classification and explain
the different modes of formation of subjects.
r. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ (ni ¬ººi - ¬l·i·iiººii ¬l·in- ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` l¤l(·( (ni¬ººi ¤ ºii¬i
- ¤¬- ¬· ¬- ¬l·i·iiººii¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬i(irººi ¬º +
What is postulational approach to library classification ? Discuss with examples the
postulates of facet sequence in Colon Classification system.
s. ¬(irººii ¬lrn l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬ (ºii (¬¬i) ¬-(··ii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Explain the different types of phase relations with examples.
/. -- ln ¬ri¤¬ ·¤i r ` :¬¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i -¤·- ¬il¬¤ +
What is Mnemonics ? Explain its different types.
s. l(nn ¬s (·ii - ÷iŒ÷iŒ¬iŒ ¤( ¤Œ÷iŒ¬iŒ ¤ ºiil¬¤i ¬i ¤ - ªi ¤ ( l-i¤i ¤( :·- r ¤ ¤ - ªi
l(¬i¬ ¤º ¤¬iºi ÷i¬ +
Highlight the major trends and developments that have taken place in DDC and UDC
schemes in recent years.
s. ¤Œ÷iŒ¬iŒ - l(ºi·i ¬ril¤l¬¤i ¬ ¤ i(·ii·i ¬i ¬i(irººi ¤¤i ¬º +
Discuss the provisions of special auxiliaries in UDC with examples.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º ¬l·i·n l-·¤lºi¤i l¬ªi ÷
Write short notes on any Two of the following :–
(a) ( i ÷ l¬--- ¬i ¤ ¬i ÷ lºn ((iŒ¤¬Œ¬iŒ) (Broad System of Ordering (BSO)
(b) ·¤i(rilº¬ (ni ¬ººi ¬ ¤ººi (Steps in Practical Classification)
(c) ¬iŒ¬iŒ - ¤ -n¬ ¬ª¤i (Book Number in CC)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)
Paper–IV
(Library Cataloguing Theory)
Annual Examination, 2009
SET-I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + · r + · r + · r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l¬¬i ¤ -n¬i¬¤ - ¤ ¬¤i¬ººi ¬i¤ - ¤ -n¬i¬¤ l(ni· ¬ ¤¤ ¬¤i ¬ l·lrni·ii ¬i ¤¤i
¼ +
Discuss the implications of Five Laws of Library Science for cataloguing practice in a
library.
z. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¤¬¤i ¬ l(l·i·· ·ii ln¬ -(ª¤i ¬i ¤lºnºi·i ¬º + ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¤¬l¤¤i ¬ l(l·i··
¬¤º¤ºinn ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Enumerate different physical forms of library catalogue. Discuss different types of non-
conventional forms of library catalogues.
s. ºn·i·i· ¬ ·¬il¬¤i:÷ ¬ -¬i n ¬i÷ - ÷i-i n-( ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the data elements in classified catalogue code of Ranganahan.
«. ¬r¬iºi ¤( ¬·( i¬n ¤¬¤i¬ººi ¬ -·¤ ¬·nº -¤·- ¬º + ¬·( i¬ººi ¬ l(l·i·· ª¤i ¬i
¬l·i·n ¤¤i ¬º +
Differentiate between Cooperative and Centralized cataloguing. Discuss in brief different
forms of centralization.
r. ¬iª¤ ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬iª¤ ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii -i¬ ÷II
¬iª¤ ¬i ¬º¤·i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
What do you understand by Formate? Discuss various types of formate and explain
structure of MARC-II formate.
s. ¬ªi¬-( ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + ¬¤¤ ·n ¬(irººii ¬ ¬i·i ¬ªi¬ ¤ ¬¤i n·ii
·i- ¤ ¬¤i ¬ (i¤ ¬·nºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬º +
Explain the concept of authorship. Discuss the differences between and author catalogue
and a name catalogue, with appropriate examples.
/. ¬-l·- ¬ªi¬-( ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬iŒ¬iŒ¬iŒ ¬ ¬· ¬iº ¬º¬iºi ¤ ¬ªii ¬
¤ ¬¤i¬ººi ¬ l·¤-i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
What is corporate authorship? Discuss the rules for cataloguing government documents in
CCC.
s. ¬- l¤n -i·¤-i ¬ ¤¬¤i¬ººi - ·¤i ¬l-·i:¤i ¬ini r ` ¤Œ¤Œ¬iŒ¬iºŒ z ¬iºŒ ¬ l·¤-i· ¬iº
:·¬ n ·i¤º¬ l((ººi ¬i ¬º¤·i ¬i l((ººi ( +
What are the major problems faced in cataloguing non-print media ? Describe the structure
of their bibliographic descriptions according to AACR-2R rules.
s. ¬· ¬-lºi¬ººi ·ii·ii ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` l(l·i·· ¤¬iº ¬i (ºii·¬l-¬ ¬·¬-ºii¬ººi
·ii·ii¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬·i¤ - ¬º +
What do you understand by 'indexing language' ? Discuss in brief different types of
alphabetical indexing languages.
·a. l·i¬iº¬ ¬ ·¤i ¬·i r ` :¬¬ ¬i¤i ¤( ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
What is a thesaurus ? Discuss its functions and types.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)
Paper–IV
(Library Cataloguing Theory)
Annual Examination, 2009
SET-II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¤ ¬¤i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¤( ¬ªº¤ ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
n ·i¬l¤¤i ¤( ¬·¤ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬l·i¬ªii ¬ :¬¬i ¬·nº -¤·- ¬º +
What is a library catalogue ? Discuss its need and purpose. Differentiate it from
bibliographies and other library records.
z. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¤ ¬¤i ¬ l(l·i·· ¬i·nlº¬ -(ª¤i ¬i nºi·i ¬º + ¬iºi ¤( (ni ¬n ¤ ¬¤i ¬i
¤¬ n ¬·i--¬ ¬·¤¤· ¬º +
Enumerate different inner forms of library catalogue. Make a comparative study of the
Dictionary and Classified Catalogue.
s. - ª¤ ¬¬ªii ¤( ¬i÷ r ¤ (:nº) ¬¬ªii ¬ l(l·i·· ·iini ¬i (ºi· ¬·¬ ¬i¤i ¬ ¬i·i
¬il¬¤ +
Describe the various part of main entry and added entries with their purpose.
«. ¬·¤i¬n ¤ ¬¤i¬ººi ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ( + :¬¬ ¬i·ii n·ii ¬l-¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Define Centralised Cataloguing. Discuss its advantages and drawbacks.
r. ¬i -· ¬-¤ l·¬ºi· ¤i - - (¬iŒ¬iŒ¤¤Œ) ¬ (iº - ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬i·n r ` ¬iŒ¬iŒ¤¤Œ ¬
l(-niº ·i¤ ¤( ¬º¤·i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you know about Common Communication Format (C.C.F.). Discuss the scope
and structure of C.C.F.
s. ¬ªi¬÷¤ ¬¤i ¬ ¬i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ + ¬¤¤·n ¬(irººii ¬ ¬i·i ¬ ªi¬ ¤¬¤i n·ii ·i-
¤ ¬¤i ¬ (i¤ ¬·nºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬º +
Describe the functions of an author catalogue. Examine the differences between an author
catalogue and a name catalogue, with appropriate examples.
/. ¬-l·- ¬ªi¬-( ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤Œ¤Œ¬iŒ¬iºŒ÷z¬iºŒ n·ii ¬iŒ¬iŒ¬iŒ ¬ ¬· ¬iº
¬-- ¬· ¤iºi ¤ -nn ¤¬ ªii ¬ ¤¬¤i¬ººi ¬ l·¤-i ¬i n ¬·i ¬¤¤·n ¬(irººii ¬lrn ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by corporate authorship ? Compare the rules for cataloguing of
conference documents provided in AACR-2R and CCC with suitable examples.
s. l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬ ¬- l¤n -i·¤-i ¬i ¤lºnºi·i ¬il¬¤ + ¬ ·- ¬i¬iº ¬ ¤ ¬ªii ¬ ¤ ¬¤i¬ººi ¬
l¬¤ ¬i: Œ¤¬Œ(iŒ÷iŒ ¤i-- ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Enumerate different types of non-print media. Discuss ISBD format for cataloguing of
microforms.
s. ¬· ¬-ºii¬ººi ¤ ºii¬i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤ ( ÷¬-l·(n ¤( ¤º¤÷¬-l·(n ¬· ¬-ºii¬ººi
¤ ºiil¬¤i ¬ (i¤ ¬l¤n ¬(irººii ¬lrn ¬nº (ni:¤ +
What do you understand by an indexing system ? Highlight the differences between Pre-
coordinate and Post-coordinate Indexing Systems with suitable examples.
·a. ¬iºi (l·i¬i º¬) ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ + l(·i¤÷ºii·i ¬ ¬l¤¤i n·ii (ni ¬ººi ¤-ln¤i ¬ :¬¬
¬·nº ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Define a Thesaurus and discuss its differences with subject headings lists and classification
schemes.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)
Paper–V
(Bibliography and Reference Sources)
Annual Examination, 2009
SET-I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬¤·i ¬ ¤ i·il-¬ l¤ni¤¬ ¤( nni¤¬ -¤ini ¬ -·¤ ¬·nº ¤ -¤¬ ¬ºii - ¬¤¤·n
¬(irººi (n r ¤ ¬º +
Differentiate primary, secondary and tertiary sources of information with suitable examples
in each category.
z. ¬i( ·ii - n·ii--¬ l·¤¤ºi ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ºi·-i¤ -nº ¤º ·iiºni¤ ¬-·ii·i ¤iºi
¤¬i¤ ¬i ºr n ·ii--¬ l¬¤i¬¬i¤i ¬i ¬l·i·n (ºi · ¬º +
What do you understand by Universal Bibliographical Control ? Briefly describe
bibliographical activities carried out by Indian institutions at National level.
s. ¤·ii÷(-n l-·iln÷¤ ln((· ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬(irººi ¬ ¬i·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the various types of the state-of-the-Art Reports with examples.
«. l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬i l·( lºi¬i¬i ¬i ¤lºnºi·i ¬º n·ii :·- ¬ ¤ -¤¬ ¤ ¬iº ¬i ¬l·i¬·iºii--¬
l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i l((ººi ¬¤¤ ·n ¬(irººii ¬lrn ( +
Enumerate different types of directories and highlight the characteristic features of each
type with suitable examples.
r. -(lºn ¬(·i -¤ini ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` -(lºn ¬(·i -¤ini ¬i ¬¤¤ilnni ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
What do you mean by ready reference sources ? Discuss the uses of ready reference
sources.
s. :¬ n·¤ ¬i ¤ l·- ¬º l¬ -i·¬ ¬¤·i ¬i ¤ i·il-¬ -¤in r + -i·¬i ¤º ¬i-l¤¬ ¬¤·i
¤ (i· ¬º· (i¬ ¬ s -¤ini ¬i l((ººi ( +
Establish the fact that a standard is a primary source of information. Describe a few sources
that provide current information on standards.
/. ·ii nil¬¬ ¬¤·i -¤ini ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the various types of Geographical information sources.
s. ¬i(·i¤º¬ ¬¤·i ¬ini ¬ l(-niº ·i¤ ¤( -r-( ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬i(·i¤º¬ ¬¤·i ¬ i ni
¬ -~¤i¬· ¬ -i¤(º÷i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the scope and importance of Biographical Information Sources and discuss the
criteria for evaluation of biographical information sources.
s. ¬¤·i ¬ ¬ ini ¬ ª¤ - º¤º¬ ¬·¤i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º ¬i º ·¤iª¤i ¬º l¬ l¬¬
¤ ¬iº ¤¬ º¤º¬ ¬·¤ ¤¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬ l·i·· r +
Discuss the role of Referral Centers as sources of information and explain how a referral
centre is different from a library.
·a. ¬· ¬¤iº -i·¤- ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ¤( ·¤iª¤i ¬º + - l¤n -i·¤- ¬i ¬l·i¬·iºii--¬ l(ºi·ini¤
¬¤¤·n ¬(irººii ¬lrn (ni:¤ +
Define and explain Mass Media. Bring out with suitable examples the characteristic
features of Print Media.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)
Paper–V
(Bibliography and Reference Sources)
Annual Examination, 2009
SET-II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + r + r + r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬(·i ¤ ·si ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` l(l·i·· ¤¬iº ¬i ¬(·i ¤·si¬i ¬i ¬¤i (·i¤ + ¤i¤
¤ ¬iº ¬i ¤·si¬i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬º l¬·¬ ¬-iº ¬i¤ ºi·(¬iºi ¤i l(º(¬i ºi - « «n +
What do you mean by the term 'reference query' ? List different types of reference queries.
Mention five types of queries for which you will consult a dictionary or an encyclopedia.
z. n ·i¬¤i ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬ ¬i¤i ¤( ¬¤¤in ¬i ¤¤i ¬º + ¬¤¤ ·n ¬(irººi
(n r ¤ n ·i¬¤i ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ¤lºnºi·i ¬il¬¤ +
Define bibliography and discuss its functions and use. Enumerate different types of
bibliographies with suitable examples.
s. ¤·ii÷(-nl-·iln÷¤ln((· ¬ l(-niº ·i¤ ¤( ¬ªº¤ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤·ii÷(-nl-·iln÷¤ln((·
l·-i ºi - ¬l--l¬n ¤ l¬¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the scope and purpose of state-of-the-art reports and explain the basic process
involved in preparation of state-of-the-art reports.
«. ºi·(¬iºi ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ¤( l(-niº ·i¤ ¬i (ºii ¤ n·ii ºi·(¬iºi ¬i l(l·i·· ¬lºi¤i - (ni ¬n
¬il¬¤ +
State the definition and scope of Dictionary and classify the Dictionary into different
categories.
r. -(lºn ¬(·i ÷¬ini ¬i ¤lºnºi·i ¬º + ¤ -¤¬ ¬ºii ¬i - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬i(irººi
¼ +
Enumerate ready reference sources. Highlight the salient features of each category with an
example for each.
s. ¤-º- ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ( n·ii ¬¤·i ¬ ¬ ini ¬ ª¤ - ¬·¬ -r-( ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º + ¤-º-i ¬i
¬¤·i ¬ri ¬ ¬¤¬··i ri ¬¬ni r ¬· ¬ ini ¬i ¬l·i·n ¤¤i ¬º +
Define patents and explain their importance as sources of information. Discuss briefly the
sources from where patents information can be obtained.
/. ·ii nil¬¬ ¬¤·i÷¬ ini ¬ -r-( ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º + ·ii nil¬¬ ¬¤·i÷¬ ini ¬ -~¤i¬· ¬
-i·(º÷i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Explain the importance of geographical information sources. Discuss the criteria for
evaluation of geographical information sources.
s. ¬i(· ¤lºn ·¤i r ` l(l·i·· ¤¬iº ¬ ¬i(· ¤lºn ¬¤·i ¬ ini ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
What is Biography ? Enumerate different types of biographical information sources.
s. ¬(·i ¬ in ¬ ª¤ - -i·( ¬¬i·i·i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º n·ii -i·( ¬ l(nni ¬i ¬il-¤i
¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the role of human resources as a reference source and describe the categories of
human expertise.
·a. ¬· ¬¤iº -i·¤- ·¤i r ` ¬¤·i ¬ ¬ ini ¬ ª¤ - ¬· ¬¤iº -i·¤-i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¬·i¤
- ¤¤i ¬º +
What is Mass Media ? Discuss briefly the role of Mass Media as sources of information.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)
Paper–VI
(Information Services)
Annual Examination, 2009
SET-I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ++ +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬¤·i ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤ n·ii ¬i·i l·¬ ¬-i¬ ¬i ¬¤·i ¬i(º¤¬ni¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ +
Define Information discuss information needs of modern Society.
z. l(l·i·· ¬¤·i ¬-¤i(· ¤ l¬¤i¬i ¬i l(-n n ¤¤i ¬º +
Discuss the various 'Information Generation Process' in detail.
s. ¬¤·i ¬(i¬i ¤º ¬¤iº ¤ ini lnl¬¤i - r ¤ ·¤ l(¬i¬i ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i l((¤· ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the impact of recent development in the communication technology on information
services.
«. ¬¤·i ¬(i¬i ¬ ¬·iil(n ¬¤·ii·ni ¬i· r ` :·¬i ¬¤·i ¬i(º¤¬ni¬i ¬i l··ii lºn ¬º·
¬i l(l·i·· ºiln¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Who are the potential users of Information Services ? Discuss various methods of assessing
their information needs.
r. ¤ ¬ªi ¬·¤ ¬i ¤lº·iil·in ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¤ ¬ªi ¬·¤ ¤( ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬ (i¤ ¬ ¬-(··i ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ ¬iº ¤ ¬ªi ¬·¤ ¬i nlnl(l·i¤i ¬i ·ii ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define documentation centre and discuss relationship between documentation centre and
libraries also discuss activities of documentation centre
s. l(·i( ¬il¬¤ (Distinguish between) :–
(i) º¤º¬ ¬·¤ ¬ ¬i¤ ¤( ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬ ¬i¤ (Functions of Referral Centre and
Functions of Library)
(ii) ¬¤·i ¤( ni· (Information and Knowledge)
/. ¬¤¤i·ni¬i ¬i ¬¤·i ¤(i· ¬º· - l(l·i·· ¬¤·i÷¬(i ¤¬l¬¤i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the role of various 'Information Service Agencies', in providing information to the
users.
s. ¤¤l·n ¬¤·i ¤¬iººi ¬(i (SDI) ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬ ¬(i ¬i l(l·i·· ¬(-·ii¬i ¬i
¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) services ?
Discuss different phases of this service.
s. ¤¬ ÷-i(¬ ¬ ¬¤·i÷ªii¬ - l·lrn ¤ººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Explain the steps involved in literature search from a database.
·a. ¬-·¤-º ÷-i(¬i · ¬¤·i ¤·¤ il·n ¬i ¤ ·ii(ºii¬ni ¬i ¬ ¬ («i¤i r ` l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
¬¤· ¬-iº ¬ ¬-·i · - ¬i ·¬i:· ÷-i(¬i ¬ ¬(irººi (il¬¤ +
Discuss how the computer databases have enhanced the efficiency of information retrieval.
Support your answer with examples of online databases.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)
Paper–VI
(Information Services)
Annual Examination, 2009
SET-II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬¤·i ¬¤¤i·ni ¬ l(l·i·· (ni ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ ¤( ¬¤·i ¬i l(lºi·- ¬i(º¤¬ni ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
State the different group of users of information and discuss the specific need for information.
z. ¬· l¬¤i¬¬i¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º l¬·¬ ¬¤·i l·¬n rini r +
Discuss the activities which generate information.
s. ¬¤·i ¤ iniln¬i ¬ ¤ ¤in ¬ l(ºi·i ¬(·i - ¬i·i l·¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤i - ¬¤¬··i ¬ºi: ¬i· (i¬i
¬¤·i ¬(i¬i ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Discuss different types of information services provided in modern libraries with particular
reference to use of IT.
«. ¬¤¤i·ni¬i ¬i ¬¤·i÷¬i(º¤¬ni¬i ¬ ¬i¬¬· ¬ l¬¤ l(l(·i l(l·i¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬·
l(l·i¤i ¬ ¬i·ii n·ii ril·¤i ¬i ¬~¬ªi ¬ºn r¤ ¬º +
Explain various methods of assessing the information needs of the users with their
advantages and disadvantages.
r. ¤¬ ¤ ¬ªi· ¬·¤ ¬ l·¤i¬· n·ii ¬n-· ¬ ¬-(l··in ¤ººii ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Describe the steps in the planning and organization of a documentation centre.
s. l(·i( ¬il¬¤ (Distinguish between) :–
(i) ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¤-ln ¬i (-n l··- ¤r¬ ¤( ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¤-ln ¬i l(·i¤l··- ¤r¬
(Objective Aspects of Library System and Subjective Aspects of Library System)
(ii) ¬¤¤i·ni ¤( ¬¤¤i·ni ¬·¤¤· (User and User Studies)
/. ¤-¤-iºi--¬ ¬(i¬i ¤( ¤ -¤ilºin ¬(i¬i ¬i (ºi· ¬(·i ¬i¤ ¬ ¬i¬i¬ - ¬il¬¤ +
Describe responsive services and anticipatory services in the light of reference work.
s. ¤¤l·n ¬¤·i ¤¬iººi (¤¬Œ÷iŒ¬i: Œ) ¬(i ¤( ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + ¤¬Œ÷iŒ¬i: Œ ¤ºii¬i ¬
·i-¬i ¤( ¤¬Œ÷iŒ¬i: Œ ¬ ¬i¤i --¬ ¤r¬ ¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the term 'Selective Dissemination of Information' (SDI) Service. Discuss SDI
system components and functional phases of SDI.
s. ¬ilr-¤ ªii¬ ¬(i ¬ ·¤i ¬l·i¤i¤ r ` ¬-·¤-ºi¬n ¬ilr-¤ ªii¬ ¬ ¬i·ii ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is meant by literature search service ? Discuss the advantages of computer based
literature search.
·a. ¤ ¬ªi ¤(i· ¬(i (÷iŒ÷iŒ¤¬Œ) ¬i l(l·i¤i ¬i ·(i· ¤( l-i¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the recent trends in the methods of "Document Delivery Service" (DDS).

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)
Paper–VII
(Computer Basics and Application)
Annual Examination, 2009
SET-I
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬¤·i ¤ i niln¬i (¬i: .-i.) ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ¤¤i ¬º + ¬i·i l·¬ ¤-n¬i¬¤ ¤( ¬¤·i
l¬¤i¬¬i¤i - :¬¬ l(l(·i ¬·i-¬i ¬ ¤ ·ii( ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Discuss the concept of Information Technology (IT). Describe the impact of its various
components in the modern library and information activities.
z. ¬-·¤-º ·¤i r ` ¬-·¤-º ¬ ¬l-¬ l(¬i¬ ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Computer ? Discuss its evolution.
s. (º¬¤iº ¬i ¬i·iº·in ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º + ÷-i ¤ ¬iººi ¬ ¤ - ªi ¤ -·i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Explain the basic concept of telecommunications. Discuss the major patterns of data
transmission.
«. ¬· ¤ ¤in ¬i¤-(¤º ·¤i r ` ¬¤·i ¤ ·¤ il·n ¬i¤i ¬ l¬¤ ¬¤¤ini l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬
¬i¤-(¤ºi ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
What is applications software ? Describe different types of software useful for information
retrieval functions.
r. ¬iŒ¤Œ¬i:Œ¬iºŒ¤¬Œ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¤ (·i ¤-ln ¬ l(lºi·- ¤r¬ ¬i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the salient aspects of CAIRS Library Management System.
s. ¬i.÷i.÷ºi- ÷i-i(¬ ·¤i r ` :·¬ ¤ ¤in ¬ ¬¤¤i·ni¬i ¬i ¬i ·¬i:· ªii¬ ¬i ¬ l(·ii ¬¬
¬¤¬··i ¬ºi: ¬i ¬¬ni r `
What are CD-ROM Databases ? How can online searches be provided to the users using
them ?
/. l·-·l¬lªin ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ (Describe the following ) :–
(i) ¬iŒ¤Œ¤¬Œ (CAS)
(ii) ¬i ·¬i:· ¬i( ¬l·¬ ¬l·in- ¤ ¬¤i (¬i¤ ¬)
Online Public Access catalogues (OPACs)
s. ¬¤·i ¤·¤ il·n ¤ ºii¬i (IRS) ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬-·¤-ºi¬n ¬¤·i ¤·¤i l·n ¤ºiil¬¤i ¬
¬i·iº·in ¬l·i¬·iºii ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is meant by Information Retrieval System (IRS) ? Discuss the basic characteristic of
computer based IR systems.
s. ¬¬i·i· ¬r·iilnni ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¤( ¬ªº¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬¬i·i· ¬r·ilnni
¤ -n¬i¬¤ ·-(¬i ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni (ni:¤ +
Discuss the concept and objectives of resource sharing and describe the need of
organization of resource sharing library networks.
·a. :·-º·- n·ii (~÷ (i:÷ (( (÷·¬ ÷·¬ ÷·¬) ¬ -·¤ ¬·nº ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º + ¤ -n¬i¬¤i -
:·-º·- n¬·i¬i ¬ ¬¤¤in ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Explain the difference between Internet and World Wide Web (WWW). Discuss the use of
Internet technology in libraries.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)
Paper–VII
(Computer Basics and Application)
Annual Examination, 2009
SET-II
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬¤iº (Communication) ¬i ·¤i ¬·i r ` ¤ lnl¬l¤¬º· ¤( ¬·- ¬ ªi· - ¬·nº -¤·-
¬il¬¤ +
What is the meaning of Communication ? Differentiate between reprography and
micrography.
z. ri÷ (¤º ¤( ¬i ¤-(¤º ¤( ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` l¬--- ¬i ¤-(¤º ¤( ¬· ¤ ¤in ¬i ¤-(¤º
- ¬·nº ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by the term Hardware and Software ? Explain the difference
between system software and application software.
s. (º¬¤iº ¬ ¬·nn n ÷-i÷¬¤iººi ¬ ¤ lnª¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + ¬¤·i ¬ ¬¤iººi ¬ ¬(·i
- ¤i·(¬i ¤( ( ÷l(÷ ·i ¬ l·lrni·ii ¬i l((ººi (il¬¤ +
Explain the patterns of data transmission in telecommunication. Describe the implications
of a terms 'Frequency' and 'Bandwidth' in transmission of information ?
«. ¬i.÷i.¤¬.¬i: .¤¬.¬i: .¤¬. ¬i ¤-(¤º ¤ ¬¬ ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ + ¬i.÷i.
¤¬¬i: .¤¬.¬i: .¤¬. ¬ l(l·i·· ¬-¬ººii ¬i ·ii ¬~¬ªi ¬il¬¤ +
Explain the features of C.D.S./I.S.I.S. software package. Also, enumerate the different
version of C.D.S/I.S.I.S.
r. ·iiºn - ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬i¤-(¤º l(¬i¬ ¬ :lnri¬ ¬i ºªiil¬n ¬il¬¤ +
Trace the history of library software development in India.
s. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ - n r¬i¤ ¬ ¬-(l··in nlnl(l·i¤i ·¤i r -(¤il¬n ¬l·in rºi ·¤(-·ii ¬i ¬i·iº·in
l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º `
What is the house keeping operation in a library ? Explain the basic feature of automated
acquisition system ?
/. ¤¬.÷i.¬i: . ¬i ¬(·iººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º + ¤¬ ºªil¤¤ ¬i ¬ri¤ni ¬ ¤¬.÷i.¬i: . ¬
¬l¬¤i--¬ ¤r¬ ¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Explain the concept of SDI. Describe the operational aspects of SDI with the help of
diagram.
s. l·-·l¬lªin ¬i (ºi · ¬il¬¤ (Describe the following ) :–
(i) ¬-·¤-º ¬i·iilºn ¬¤·i ¤ ·¤ i l·n ¤ ºiil¬¤i (Computer based I.R. System)
(ii) ¬¤·i ¤ ºiil¬¤i ¬i (ni ¬ººi (Classification of Information System)
s. :l¤¬(·- (INFLIBNET) ¬ - ª¤ ¬ªº¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º n·ii :· ¬ªº¤i ¬i ¤ln ¬ l¬¤
:¬¬ ¤iºi ¬-i¤ n¤ ¬(-i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Explain the main objectives of INFLIBNET and discuss the steps it has taken to realise
these objectives.
·a. :-º·- ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¤( ¬¤·i ¬·( i ¬ ¬(·i - :¬¬ l(l·i··
¬¤¤ini ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤+
What is Internet ? Discuss its various uses in the context of library and Information centers.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master in Library and Information Science(MLIS)
Paper–I
(Information, Communication and Society)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬¤·i ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii (il¬¤+ ¤¤i ¬º ¬i ¬¤·i ¬i ¬i¬ :n·i -r-( ·¤i l(¤i ¬ini r + ¬· l(·i¤i
¬i ¤¤i ¬º l¬·¬ ¬·¤¤· ¬i ¬·( ¬¤·i r +
Define Information. Discuss why information is given so much importance today. Enumerate the
disciplines that have information as their core area of study.
z. ni· ¬i ¤¬ln ¤( n ºi ·i- ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ n·ii ·¤l·nnn ni· ¤( ¬(¬l·¬ ni· - ¬·nº
¬il¬¤+
Explain in nature and properties of Knowledge and distinguish between personal knowledge and
public knowledge.
s. ¬¤iº ¬ -i·¤- ¤( ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬n÷( ¤l·n¬ ¬nº÷( ¤l·n¬ n·ii ¬i-lr¬ ¬¤iº
¬ -·¤ ¬·nº ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤+
What do you understand by the term channels of communication? Explain the difference
between interapersonal and group communication.
«. ¬¤·i ¬ ¬-¤i(· ¬ ·¤i ¬l·i¤ i¤ r ` ¬ s l(·i¤i ¬ ¬(irººi ¬n r ¤ ¬-¤i(· ¬i ¬s l(l·i¤i ¬i
(ºi · ¬il¬¤+
What is meant by generation of information? Describe some of the modes by which generation
takes place, taking examples from a few subjects.
r. ¤ ¬ªii ¬·¤ (¬i l÷¤i) l¤¤i n·ii (il÷¤i ¬ -i·¬ l÷l¬-¬ ¬iª¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º + l÷l¬-¬
¤ ¬ªii ¬ ( ·iil·¬ - ªi ¬i ¤¤i ¬º+
Explain the standard digital formats for documents, audio, images and video. Discuss the issues
concerning the legality of digital documents.
s. ¬¤·i ¤ ºiil¬¤i ¤( ¬(i¬i ¤º ¬¤·i ¤ i niln¬i ¬ ¤ ·ii( ¤º ¤¬ l·(··i l¬ªi+
Write an essay on the impact of IT on the information systems and services.
/. ni· ¬·i ·¤(-·ii ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º+ ·iiºni¤ ¬·i ·¤(-·ii ¬i l-·iln ¬ ni· ¬·i·¤(-·ii
¬i ¬i º ¬n ¬º ri· ¤º ¤¤i ¬º+
Explain the concept of knowledge economy. Discuss the state of the Indian economy moving
towards a knowledge economy.
s. ¬¤·i÷-(n¤ni ¬l·il·¤- zaaz ¬i l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º+
Discuss the features of the Freedom of Information Act, 2002.
s. ¬¤·i ¬-i¬ ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬¤·i ·¤(¬i¤ ¤º :¬¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤+
What do you understand by Information Society? Discuss its impact on information profession.
·a. ni· ¤(·i· ¬i ¬(·iiººii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º+ ni· ¤ (·i· ¬ ¬-¤i(i ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni n·ii l(ºi·ini¬i
¬i ¤¤i ¬º+
Explain the concept of Knowledge Management (KM). Discuss the need and characteristics of
KM products.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS)
Paper–II, (Academic Library System)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. l¬¬i l(º(l(ni¬¤ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬ ¬i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬º n·ii ¬¤·i ¤ iniln¬i ¬ ¤ ·ii( ¬
¬iººi ¬·- ¬i¤ ¤lº(n ·i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe the functions of a university library and explain the ways in which they have
undergone changes under the impact of IT.
z. ¤ -n¬i¬i¤i ¬i ¤ i··ln ¬ l¬¤ l(º(l(ni¬¤ ¬· (i· ¬i¤in ¤iºi l·¤ ·n l(l·i·· ¬i¤ini ¤(
¬l-ln¤i ¬i ¬· ºi¬i¬i ¬i ¤ºi·iºi ¬il¬¤ +
Examine the recommendations of various commission and committees appointed by
university grants commission for promotion of libraries.
s. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ºii¬i l·¬i¤ ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¬n r÷l(¬i¬ - :¬¬i ·il-¬i ¬i ¤¤i
ºi l·i¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ (ini(ººi ¬ ¬(·i - ¬º +
What do you understand by 'Library Governing Body' ? Discuss its role in collection
development in the context of academic library setting.
«. ºi l·i¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬(i¬i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬ ¤ ¬iº ¬i ¬(i¬i ¬i ¤i¬·i (·i·
n·ii ¬·¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º· ¬i ¬i¤ l¬¬ ¤ ¬iº l¬¤i ¬i·i ¤ilr¤ :¬¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
What do you mean by 'Academic Library Services' ? Explain how to plan and evaluate
such service.
r. ºi l·i¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤i - l(-i ¬ -¤ini ¬i ¤lºnºi·i ¬il¬¤ + ¤ ·ii(i l(-ii¤ ¤ (··i· ¬ -in
(ºi ¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Enumerate the sources of financing of academic libraries. Discuss the guidelines to be
followed for effective financial management.
s. ¬nr l(¬i¬ ·iln ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ -in(ºi¬ l¬-i·ni n·ii ·i-¬i ¬i ¤¤i l(-niº ¬
¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by 'Collection Development Policy' ? Discuss in detail its guiding
principles and components.
/. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¤( ¬¤·i l(ni· ·¤(¬il¤¬i ¬ l¬¤ l·º nº lºi·ii ¬i¤ ¬- ¬(º¤¬ r + :·
¬i¤ ¬-i ¬i ¤¬i¤ ¬i· ¬ l(l·i·· nºi¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬ºn r ¤ :¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Continuing Education Programmes are essential for Library and Information Science
Professionals. Discuss this statement, explaining its various modes of delivery.
s. ºi l·i¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤i - ¬- ¤iºi ¬i(º¤¬ni ¬ l(º¬·iºi ¬i ¤ il¬¤i - l·lrn ¤ººii ¬i ¤¤i
¬º n·ii ¬-¤iºi l·¤ l·n ¤( ¤¤· ¬ l¬¤ ¬¤·i: ¬i ¬¬· (i¬i ¬i-i·¤ l(l·i¤i ¬i
·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the steps involved in the process of analyzing staff requirement for academic
libraries and explain the common methods that can be adopted to select and recruit the staff
required.
s. :l¤¬(·- ·¤i r ` l(º(l(ni¬¤ ¤ -n¬i¬¤i ¬ l¬¤ :¬¬ ¤iºi l·¤il¬n ¬(i¬i ¬ ¬(·i -
:l¤¬(·- ¬ - ª¤ ni-¤¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is INFLIBNET ? Explain the major implications of INFLIBNET with reference to
its planned services for university libraries.
·a. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬i ¬ilºi ¤- ¤( ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ( + ¬nºi ·- i¤ -nº ¤º :¬·- i l·¬ -¤ini ¬ ¬- ¬
¬- ni· ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬i¬ilºi ¤i ¬ - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Define the term 'Library Consortium'. Discuss the salient features of atleast three library
consortia for electronic resources at international level.
NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master in Library and Information Science (MLIS)
Paper–III
(Information Processing and Retrieval)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬· ¬-ºii¬ººi ·ii·ii ·¤i r ` :¬¬ ¬l·i¬·iºii ¬i ¬¤¤ ·n ¬(irººii ¬lrn ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What is an indexing language? Discuss its characteristics with suitable examples
z. ¤Œ÷iŒ¬iŒ (UDC) ¬i ¬· l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i ¬¤¤·n ¬(irººii ¬lrn l(-n n ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ ¬i
¬¬ ( º¬·ii÷¬º¬·iºii--¬ (ni ¬ººi ¤ ºii¬i (·ini r +
Discuss in detail with suitable examples, the features of UDC that make it an analytico-
synthetic scheme of classification.
s. ¬· ¬-ºii¬ººi - ·¤i¤¬ni n·ii l(lºi·-ni ¬i ¬(·iiººii¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º + ¬~¬ªi ¬º ¬i
¬· ¬-ºii¬ººi ¬i n ºi(-ii ¬ ¬ ¬ l·lº¤n ¬i ¬i¤ `
Discuss the concepts of exhaustivity and specificity in indexing. How can the quality of
indexing be ensured?
«. ¬i: Œ ¤¬Œ (iŒ ÷iŒ (: Œ ¬iºŒ) ¬i (ºi· ¬(irººii ¬lrn ¬º +
Describe ISBD (ER) with examples.
r. -i¬ z· - ¤i~÷ srs ¬ ¬ªº¤ n·ii ¬nl( ·i¤ ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Describe the purpose and content of Field 856 in MARC 21.
s. ¬·nl(·i¤ l(¬i¬ ¬i ·¤i ¬i(º¤¬ni¤ r ` ¬·nl(·i¤ l(¬i¬ ¬ ¬i-i·¤ -in (ºi·i ¬i
l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What are the needs for Content Development and discuss general guidelines for Content
Development.
/. ·¤i ¬·i rini r (What is meant by) :–
(i) ÷·¬ ÷·¬ ÷·¬ (WWW)
(ii) ¤¤.-i.¤-.¤¬. (HTML)
(iii) ¤¬.¬i.¤-.¤¬. (SGML)
(iv) ¤·¬ ¤- ¤¬ (XML)
s. ¤·i¬i÷ (UNICODE) ¬ri n¬ (r ·ii·ii ¬·nl( ·i¤ ¬ l(¬i¬ - ¬ri¤¬ l¬- r ¬i r + ¤¤i
¬il¬¤ +
Discuss how far UNICODE has helped in multi-lingual content development.
s. ¬¤·i ·iº÷iººi n·ii ¤ ·¤ il·n ¤ ºiil¬¤i (¬i: .¤¬.¤.¬iº.) ¬ ¤ - ªi - ªi n·ii ¬ ¬nni ¬ ·i ¤i
¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the principal issues and areas of compatibility in information storage and retrieval
systems (ISAR).
·a. ¬¤·i ¤·¤ i l·n ¤ ºiil¬¤i ¬ ¬i¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º + ¤ ÷i-i(¬ - ·¬-- ¤ ºiil¬¤i ¬ l¬¬
¤ ¬iº l·i·· r `
Discuss the functions of information retrieval systems. How do they differ from database
management systems ?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master in Library and Information Science (MLIS)
Paper–V
(Public Library System and Services`)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i(¬l·¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ·¤i r ` ¤¬ ¬i-il¬¬ ¬-·ii ¬ ª¤ - l(¬l¬n ri· - :·¬ ¬ri¤ni
¬º· (i¬ ¬iº¬÷n-(i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º+
What is public library ? Discuss the factors which facilitate public library growth as a
social institution.
z. ·iiºn - l(l·i·· ¬i( ¬l·¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤i l(¬i¬l·il·¤-i ¬i - ª¤ l(ºi·ini¬i ¬i n ¬·i ¬º +
Compare the salient features of the different Public Library Bills/Act in India.
s. ·iiºn - ¬i( ¬l·¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤i ¬i l(-ii¤ ¬ri¤ni l¬ l¬¤ l(l·i·· ¬¤in-i n·ii -¤i ni ¬i
¤¤i ¬º+
Discuss the various approaches and sources in the financing of public libraries in India.
«. ¬i(¬l·¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤i - ¬i-i·¤n l¬· l(l·i·· l(·iini ¬ ¬i¤ ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ri ni r
¬·¬i ¤¤i ¬º+
Discuss the different sections nececessary for functioning of public libaries in general.
r. ¬i(¬l·¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤i ¬ ¬(·i - l·-·l¬lªin ºi·(i ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ( ¤ ln-i· -i·¬ -in (ºi ¬
n·ii ·ii·iºii÷¤¤+ ¬iº.¬iº.¬iº.¤¬.¤¤. ¤iºi l(¬l¬n ·iiºni¤ ¬i( ¬l·¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ -i·¬i
¬i ¤¤i ¬º+
Define the terms norms, standards, guidelines and manifesto in the context of public
libraries. Discuss Indian Public Library Standards developed by RRRLF.
s. ¬i(¬l·¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬ ¤ ·ii(i ¬l·iºii¬· ¬i ¬i(º¤¬ni ¬i ¤¤i ¬º+ ºi·-i¤ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬
¬l·iºii¬· ¤ lnª¤ ¬i l(-niº ¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬º+
Discuss the need for effective governance for a public library. Explain the governance
pattern of National Library in detail.
/. ¬i(¬l·¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬ l··¤i(· ¬ -~¤i¬· ¬i -r-ii ¤º ¤ ¬iºi ÷il¬¤ n·ii :¬¬i
¤ ·iil(ni ¤º ¬¬º ÷i¬· (i¬ ·i-¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º+
Highlight the importance of evaluating the performance of a public library and explain the
factors that affect the effectiveness of a public library.
s. ¬i(¬l·¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬i n r÷·¤(-·ii ¬ ¬ ÷ ¬i¤i - ¬i·i l·¬ ¤ i niln¬i ¬i ·il-¬i ¬i
¤¤i ¬º+
Discuss the role of modern technology in the housekeeping operations of a public library.
s. ¬i(¬l·¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤i ¬i ¬¤·i ¤ iniln¬i÷¬i·iilºn ¬(i¬i ¬i (ºi · ¬º+ ¬¤·i ¤ i niln¬i
¬ ¬· ¤ ¤in - ¤ -n¬i¬¤i ¬ ¬i-· ¬i· (i¬i ¬--¤i¤ (ni:¤+
Describe the IT-based services of public libraries. State the problems faced by libraries in
the application of IT.
·a. l·-·l¬lªin - ¬ l¬·ri (i (i (i (i ¤º l-·¤ºii l¬ªi ÷
Write notes on any Two of the following :–
(i) ·¤l¬¬ (NAPLIS)
(ii) ¬i(¬l·¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤i ¬i ·-(l¬n (Public Library networking)
(iii) ¬- (i¤ ¬¤·i ¬(i¤ (Community information services)
(iv) ¤¬ ¤ -n¬i¬¤ (Mobile libraries)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master in Library and Information Science (MLIS)
Paper–VI
(Application of Information Technology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ÷-i ¬º¤·i n·ii ¤i:¬ ¬º¤·i ¬ -·¤ ¬i·iiº·in ¬·nº ¬i ¤¤i ¬º n·ii ÷-i( ¬ ¬
·ii ln¬ ¬l·i¬~¤ - :·¬ ¬¤¤in ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the basic difference between 'Data Structures' and 'File Structures' and explain their
use in the physical design of a database.
z. ÷-i(¬ -·¬-- l¬--- ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` l÷l-- ·¤-÷ ÷-i(¬ l¬--- ¬i ¬º¤·i
n·ii ¬i·ii ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
What do you understand by Database Management Systems (DBMS) ? Explain the
architecture and advantages of distributed database systems.
s. ¬¤·i ¤ ·¤ i l·n n·ii ÷-i ¤ ·¤ i l·n ¬ (i¤ ·i( ¬º + ¤ ·ii(ºii¬i n·ii ¬¤¬ ªii¬ (¬¤) ¬i
ººi·iln ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Differentiate information retrieval from data retrieval. Discuss the strategy for effective and
efficient search.
«. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ - ¬-·¤-ºi¬n ¬l·in rºi ¬¤÷¤ ºii¬i ¬ -¬i·iiº n·ii ¬i·ii ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
:¬- l·lrn -¬ ¤ l¬¤i¬i ¬i º ¬i(º¤¬ ¤i:¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the rationale and advantages associated with a computerized acquisition sub-
system in a library. Explain the basic operations involved and the files necessary for the
purpose.
r. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ -(¤i¬· ¬i¤-(¤º ¤¬¬ ¬ -~¤i¬· ¬ -i·(º÷i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Discuss the criteria for evaluating a library automation software package.
s. ¬n¬ ¬º· (i¬i ¬(i¬i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` ¤ -n¬i¬¤ - ¬i¤ :· ¬(i¬i ¬i l¬¬
¤ ¬iº ¬ ¤ (i· ¬ºn + ¤¤i ¬il¬¤+
What do you understand by 'Alerting Services' Discuss in brief how would you provide
such services in a library.
/. l÷l¬-¬ ¬(·i ¬(i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` : ÷-¬ n·ii lº¤¬÷-i:- ¬(·i ¬ (i ¬ (i¤
¬nº ¬º +
What do you understand by Digital Reference Services ? Differentiate between e-mail and
real time reference service.
s. ¬¤ :¬·i ¬i ¬i¤ ¤ ºii¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º + l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬ ¬¤ :¬·i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Explain the working of search engines. Describe different categories of search engines.
s. -i¬ ÷¬¤ ·ii·ii ¬i ¤lº·ii·ii ( + ¤¤Œ-iŒ¤-Œ¤¬Œ ¬i l(-niº ¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Define 'Mark-up Language'. Explain HTML in detail.
·a. :·-º·- ¬¤·i ¬¬i·i·i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :·-º·- ¬¬i·i·i ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i l((¤·i
¬il¬¤ +
What do you understand by Internet information resources ? Discuss the types of internet
resources.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master in Library and Information Science (MLIS)
Paper–VII
(Preservation and Conservation of Library Materials)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + r + r + r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¤lº·iºi n·ii ¬º·iºi ¬i ¬(·iiººii¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º + ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬i-in i ¬ ¤lºº·iºi ¬
l(l·i·· ¬¤i¤i ¬i (ºi · ¬º +
Explain the concepts of preservation and conservation. Describe various measures
undertaken to preserve library materials.
z. ¬in¬ ¬ l·-i ºi ¬i l(l·i·· ¤ l¬¤i¬i ¬i l(-n n (ºi · ¬ºn r ¤ ¬in¬ ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i
¤lºnºi·i ¬il¬¤ +
Describe in detail the paper making process and enumerate different types of paper.
s. ni÷¤¤ ¤i÷ l¬l¤ ¬ l(·i¤ - ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬i·n r ` ni÷¤¤ ¤i÷ l¬l¤ ¬i ¤ i¤i·ni ¤( l(ºi·i
¬·iºii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What do you know about Palm Leaf manuscript ? Discuss the antiquity and salient
characteristics of Palm Leaf manuscript.
«. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¬i-n i ¬i l(¬ln ¬ ¤¤i (ººii¤ ¬iººii ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the environmental causes of deterioration of library materials.
r. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ - ¬¤¬··i ¬¤ ¬ªii÷¬i-ln ¤i ¬ ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ( iºii¬º· ¬il¬¤ n·ii ¬¤ ¬ªii÷¬-in i
¬ ¤lºº·iºi - ·¤i· ºªi· ¤i·¤ -¬·in ¤·ii ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Categories the types of non-book materials available in the library and discuss the basic
consideration for the preservation of non-book materials.
s. ¤ -(¬i¤ -il÷¤i ·¤i r ` :¬¬ ¬(ni ¤( n ··i¬iºi ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is magnetic media ? Discuss its categories and formats.
/. l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iº ¬i ( º¤÷¬·¤ ¬i-ln ¤i ¬i ·i-i~¬ªi ¬º ¤( :¬ ¤¬iº ¬i ¬i-ln ¤i ¬
¤lºº·iºi ¬ l¬¤ - ª¤ ¬¤·ii¬i ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
Enumerate different types of audio-visual materials and discuss the basic requirements for
preservation of these materials.
s. ¬ ·-¬i(i ¬ ·¤i ¬l·i¤ i¤ r ` :·¬ ¤iºi ri· (i¬i ·iln ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What are microorganism ? Discuss the damages caused by them.
s. ¬-¬iº ¤( l(¬n ¤ -n¬i ¤( ¤ ¬ªii ¬ (ªi·ii¬ ¬ l(lºi·- l(l·i¤i ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
Discuss the specific methods of care of weak and damaged books and documents.
·a. ¤ -n¬i¬¤ l¬~(¬i¬i ¬ l¬¤ ¬i(ººi ¬i-n i n·ii ni( ¬ ¬i-i·¤ ¤¬iº ·¤i r ` :·¬
¬i¤l·i¬ ¬i·ii ¬i º ril·¤i ¬i ¤¤i ¬il¬¤ +
What are the common verities of covering materials and adhesives used in used in book
binding ? Discuss their relative merits and demerits.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
Master in Library and Information Science (MLIS)
Paper–VIII
(Research Methodology)
Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.
l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r + l¬·ri ¤i¤ ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬-iº ( + ¬·ii ¤ ’·i ¬ ¬¬ ¬-i· r +
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.
·. ¬i·i l·¬ ºii ·i ¬i ¬i-i·¤ l(ºi·ini¤ ·¤i r ` ¬i·iiº·in ¤( ¤¤·n ºii ·i ¬ (i¤ ¬·nº -¤·-
¬il¬¤ +
What are the general characteristics of modern research ? Distinguish between applied and
basic research.
z. ¤lnril¬¬ ºii·i ·¤i r ` :¬¬i l(l·i¤i n·ii ¬ ini ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
What is historical research ? Explain the methods and sources of historical research.
s. ºii·i ¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi n·ii ¬¤in-i ¬i l(-niº ¬ ·¤iª¤i ¬º +
Explain in detail the different types and approaches to research.
«. l¬¬i ºii·i ¬· ¬·ii· ¬ ¤lººii-i ¬ ¤ -n ni¬ººi - ¤ ¤ ·n l(l·i·· n i¤i¤ l(l·i¤i ¬i ·¤iª¤i
¼ +
Explain the various graphical methods used to present results of a research investigation.
r. ¬·¤i¤ ¤ ( l-i ¬ -r-(¤ºi -i¤¬i ¬i ·¤iª¤i ¬¤¤ ·n ¬(irººii ¬lrn ¬il¬¤ +
Explain with suitable examples the important measures of Central tendency.
s. ¤ º·i(¬i l(l·i ·¤i r ` ¤ º·i(¬i n ¤iº ¬º· ¬i ¤-ln ¬i l((¤·i ¬il¬¤ +
What is Questionnaire method ? Discuss methodology of construction of Questionnaire.
/. ºii·i ¬ ¬i·i· ¬ ª¤ - ¬i·ii-¬iº l(l·i¤i ¬ -r-( ¬i ¬i¬i¤·i--¬ ¤ºi·iºi ¬º +
Examine critically the importance of Interview Methods as a tool for research.
s. ºii·i ¬i ¤¬ l(l·i ¬ ª¤ - ¬¬÷¬·¤¤· ¬i -~¤i¬· ¬º + ¤ -n¬i¬¤ ¤( ¬¤·i l(ni· ¬
¬ s ¬l¤n ¬(irººi ( +
Evaluate case-study as a method of research. Give appropriate examples from library and
information science.
s. ºii·i ¬l·i¬~¤·i ¬ ¬i¤ ·¤i ¬-nn r ` :¬¬ l(l·i·· ¤ ¬iºi ¬i ¤¤i ¬º +
What do you understand by research design ? Discuss its different types.
·a. ºii·i ¤i¬·i ·¤i r ` l¬¬i ºii·i÷¤ -ni( ¬i ¬º¤·i ¬i (ºi· ¬º +
What is a research plan ? Describe the structure of a research proposal.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–I, Paper–II (Macro Economic) Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

jk"Vªh; vk; ys[kkadu ds fofo/k :iksa dh foospuk dhft,A
Discuss the various forms of National Accounting.

miHkksx ds thou pØ fl)kUr dk ijh{k.k dhft,A
Examine the Life Cycle Theory of Consumption.

fuos'k dh lhekUr {kerk ls vkidk D;k vk'k; gS\ fuos'k dh lhekUr {kerk ,oa C;kt ds chp ds laca/kksa dk mYys[k dhft, rFkk fuos'k dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdksa dh foospuk dhft,A
What do you mean by marginal efficiency of investment? State the relation between marginal efficiency of investment and interest and discuss the factors influencing investment.

4567-

fofu;ksx ds Rojd fl)kUr dh O;k[;k dhft,A
Explain the Acceleration Principle of Investment.

eqnzk ds ifjeku fl)kUr ds dsfEczt lehdj.k dh O;k[;k djsaA
Explain 'Cambridge Equation' of Quantity Theory of Money.

eqnzkiwfrZ ds O;ogkjoknh ekWMy dh O;k[;k dhft,A
Explain the behavioral model of money supply.

fuEufyf[kr dh foospuk dhft,%&
Discuss the following:-

89-

¼'kq) jk"Vªh; mRikn½ (a) Multiple Bank Model ¼cgq cSafdax iz.kkyh½ iSfVufdu ds okLrfod 'ks"k izHkko n`f"Vdks.k dk ijh{k.k dhft,A
(a) Net National Product (NNP) Examine the Real Balance effect approach of Patinkin.

lajpukRed eqnzk&LQhfr fl)kUr dh foospuk dhft,A
Discuss the Structaralist Theory of Inflation.

10- orZeku eqnzkLQhfr ds dkj.kksa dh O;k[;k dhft,A LQhfr dks jksdus ds fy, vki dkSu&dkSu ls mik; lq>k,axs\
Discuss the causes of recent inflation. What measures would you suggest to check Inflation in the economy?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–I, Paper–III (Quantitative Methods) Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

Qyu dh lhek ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ fuEufyf[kr esa fdUgha nks ds eku Kkr dhft, %& nks
What do you understand by limit of a function. Find the values of any two of the following :– (a) (b)
x →α

2 3 n   1 Lim  2 + 2 + 2 + − − − − − + 2  n n n  n

5x 2 + 6x + 7 Lim x → α 2x 3 + 2x 2 + 4
x →a

(c) (d)

Lim

x

5

–a 2 x – a

2

5

 1 6 Lim  – 2 x →3  x – 3 x – 

  9 

2-

dy dx (a)

Kkr djsa] ;fn (Find
y = log (x² + 3x + 4)
ax 7

dy , if) :– dx

(b) y = e (c)

xy² = (x + y)

3-

 x2  ,d jsfM;ks fuekZrk QeZ izfr lIrkg  + 3x + 100  #Œ dh dqy ykxr ij x lsV jsfM;ks  25   

dk fuekZ.k djrk gS A og ,d ,dkf/kdkjh gS rFkk mlds lsV dh cktkj ek¡x x = 75 – 3P gS A tgk¡ P #Œ izfr lsV dher gS A fn[kkb, fd og vf/kdre 'kq) vkxe ¼ykHk½ izkIr djus ds fy, izfr lIrkg yxHkx 30 lsV jsfM;ks dk fuekZ.k djsxk A ,dkf/kdkjh dher crkb, A
 x2  A radio manufacturer produce x sets per week at a total cost of Rs.   25 + 3x + 100  . He is    a monopolist and the demand of his market is x = 75 – 3P, where the price is Rs. P per set. Show that the maximum net revenue (profit) is obtained when about 30 sets are produced per week. What is the monopoly price ?

4-

mi;qDr mnkgj.kksa dh lgk;rk ls lekdyu dh izeq[k fof/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A
Discuss various methods of integration with the help of appropriate examples.
P.T.O.

5-

fcUnq js[kh; fof/k dh enn ls fuEu js[kh; izk;kstuk leL;k dk gy dhft, %&
Solve the following linear programming problem with the help of graphical method :– mís'; Qyu (Objective function) Z = 2x + 5y tcfd (Subject to) x + 4y ≤ 24 3x + y ≤ 21 x+y ≤ 9 rFkk (and); x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0

6-

fuEu lead ls X rFkk Y ds e/; lg&lEcU/k xq.kkad Kkr dhft, %&
Find coefficient of correlation between X and Y from the following data :– X 10 20 30 40 50 60 Y 4 8 10 20 20 34

7-

(a)

N% ikls 729 ckj Qsads tkrs gSa A ge fdruh ckj de&ls&de rhu iklksa ij 5 ;k 6 vkus dh izR;k'kk djrs gSa \

Six dice are thrown 729 times. How many times do we expect at least three dice to show a five or six. (b) ,d f}in caVu dk ek/; 4 rFkk izeki fopyu 3 gS A lkekU; ladsrkad ekurs gq, n, p, q rFkk izlj.k Kkr dhft, A The mean of a Binomial distribution is 4 and its standard deviation is 3 . Calculate n, p, q and variance with usual notations.

8-

fuEu vko`fÙk forj.k ls ek/; ds ifjr% izFke pkj vk?kw.kZ ;k ifj/kkr ifjdfyr dhft, A
Calculate first four moments about mean from the following frequency distribution. oxZ vUrjky (Class-interval) vko`fÙk (Freequency) 0 – 10 6 10 – 20 7 20 – 30 16 30 – 40 15 40 – 50 11 50 – 60 5

9-

fun'kZu ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ fun'kZu dh fofHkUu fof/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A
What do you mean by sampling ? Discuss various methods of sampling.

10- fuEu esa fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIi.kh fy[ksa %&
Short notes on any two of the following :– (a) laHkkfork dk ;ksx izes; (Addition Theorem of Probability) (b) U;wure oxZ fof/k (Method of Least Squares) (c) lg lEcU/k dh dksfV;k¡ (Degrees of Correlation) (d) VkbZi I ,oa VkbZi II foHkze (Type I and Type II Error)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–I, Paper–IV (Public Economics) Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

,d vYifodflr ns'k esa vkÆFkd fodkl ds ,d vfHkdj.k ds :i esa jkT; dh Hkwfedk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A
Examine the role of Government as an agent for Economic Development in an Underdevelopment Country.

23456-

cktkj foQyrk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ ;g dSls mRiUu gksrk gS \
What do you Understand by Market Failure ? How does Market Failure Occur ?

yksd oLrq ds fl)kUrksa ;k lkoZtfud O;; ds 'kq) fl)kUr dk laf{kIr fooj.k nhft, A
Describe briefly the various theories of Public goods or Pure theory of Public Expenditure.

chloha 'krkCnh esa yksd O;; esa o`f) ds dkj.kksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A
Examine the causes of the growth of Public expenditure in the 20th Century.

,d fu;ksftr vFkZO;oLFkk esa lkoZtfud fuos'k ds fofHkUu vk/kkjksa dk laf{kIr fooj.k nhft, A
State, in brief, the various criteria for Public investment in a Planned Economy.

^'kwU; vk/kkj ctÇVx* ¼tsŒchŒchŒ½ dh vo/kkj.kk dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A bldh fo'ks"krkvksa ,oa iwoZ 'kÙkks± dk foospu dhft, A
Define the Concept of Zero Base Budgeting (ZBB). Discuss its Characteristics and preconditions.

7-

dj ds fooÙkZu ,oa Hkkj ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ iw.kZ izfr;ksfxrk ,oa ,dkf/kdkj ds vUrxZr dj fooÙkZu dh foospuk dhft, A
What do you understand by Shifting and Incidence of a Tax ? Discuss Shifting of a Tax under Perfect Competition and Monopoly.

89-

yksd _.k ds Hkkj ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ D;k bls Hkkoh ih<+h ij Vkyk tk ldrk gS \
What do you mean by Burden of Public Debt ? Can it be Shifted to the Future Generation ?

jktdks"kh; uhfr ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ jktdks"kh; uhfr ds mís'; ,oa vaxksa dh foospuk dhft, A
What do you mean by fiscal policy ? Discuss the objective and tools of fiscal policy.

10- ckjgosa foÙk vk;ksx ij ,d fooj.kkRed fVIi.kh fyf[k, A
Write a descriptive note on the 12th Finance Commission.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
M.A. {Economics}
Part–I, Paper–V (Indian Economy) Annual Examination, 2009
Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A
Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

^lrrh; fodkl* ls D;k le>rs gSa \ fooj.k nsa A
What do you mean by 'Sustainable Development' ? Describe it.

Hkkjr esa vkÆFkd fu;kstu ds mís'; ,oa j.kuhfr;ksa dh foospuk dhft, A
Discuss objectives and strategies of Economic Planning in India.

Lora=rk izkfIr ds ckn Hkkjr ds fosns'kh O;kikj esa dkSu ls ifjorZu gq, gSa \ fu;kZr izksRlkgu ds fy, vki dkSu ls lq>ko nsaxsA
What changes have taken place in India's Foreign trade since Independence ? What are your suggestions for export promotion ?

4567-

Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk esa cgqjk"Vªh; fuxe dh Hkwfedk dh leh{kk djsa A
Critically examine the role of MNCs (Multinational Companies) in Indian Economy.

Hkkjrh; tukafddh lajpuk dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dk fooj.k nhft, A
Give an account of the salient features of Indian demographic structure.

Hkkjr ljdkj dh tula[;k uhfr dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k djsa A
Critically examine population policy of the Govt. of India.

xzkeh.k&uxjh; LFkkukUrj.k fdl izdkj nksuksa gh izdkj dh xzkeh.k ,oa uxjh; cfLr;ksa ds vkÆFkd igyqvksa dks izHkkfor djrk gS \ Li"V dhft, A
How does rural-urban migration influence the economy of both rural and urban settlements ? Elucidate.

89-

Hkkjr ljdkj dh orZeku vkS|ksfxd uhfr dh vkykspukRed foospuk dhft, A
Critically discuss the present Industrial policy of the Govt. of India.

Hkkjr esa xjhch ds Lo:i ,oa dkj.kksa dks crykb, A
Describe the pattern and cause of poverty in India.

10- {ks=h; vlarqyu ij ,d fucU/k fy[ksa A
Write an essay on regional imbalances.

ksa dh foospuk dhft.k[.k dhft. . Hkqxrku larqyu ls vkidk D.k. 1- vkÆFkd] lao`f) .Z gS \ Hkqxrku larqyu esa vkarfjd . A vYifodflr vFkZO. Explain. vFkZO.sa A blds fofHkUu izdkjksa dh foospuk dhft.d vYifodflr rFkk fodflr vFkZO.ksa dh iwÆÙk dgk¡ rd gks pqdh gS \ What are the main objectives of WTO ? To what extent they have been accomplished ? . 567- i.d gS A** O.fo'o O.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. A Define economic growth and economic development and discuss factors influencing economic growth.k fu.kstu Hkkjr ds vkÆFkd fodkl ds fy. Paper–VI (Economics of Growth Development and Planning) Annual Examination. rFkk vkÆFkd lao`f) dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdksa dh foospuk dhft.Ur vko'. dkSu&dkSu gSa \ bu mís'. A Define Environment pollution ? Describe its different types.k dhft. A Discuss the effects of globalization on the Indian Economy.kZ tula[.k dhft. 23- dkYMksj ds vkÆFkd lao`f) ekWMy dk ijh{k. {Economics} Part–I.kZoj. vUrjkZ"Vªh.kikj laxBu ds izeq[k mís'.k rkRi.k dk vFkZ crk. 2009 Full Marks : 80 fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions.¡ gSa \ Examine the difference between under developed and developed economy ? What are the problems of a underdeveloped economy ? 4- ^^foosdiw. A Critically evaluate the Marx theory of economic growth. A Examine the economic growth model of Kaldor.k dhft.k ds izHkkoksa dh O.oLFkk dh D. All questions carry equal marks.kikj dk fdlh ns'k ds vkÆFkd fodkl esa D. O.k iznw"k. Time : 3 Hours. ekDlZ ds vkÆFkd fodkl ds fl)kUr dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.oLFkk ds chp vUrj Li"V dhft. A What do you mean by balance of Payment ? Discuss policies for achieving internal and external equilibrium in balance of payment ? 89- Hkkjrh.k Hkwfedk gS \ What is the role of international trade in economic development of a country ? 10. larqyu izkIr djus dh uhfr.oa ckg~. A "Rational population planning is extremely necessary for the economic development of India".oLFkk ij oS'ohdj.A.oa vkÆFkd fodkl dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft.k[. vR.k leL.

F. D.k mís'. 10. 78- vaDVkM dh xfrfof/k.k djsa A What do you mean by Business Cycles ? Explain the theory of Schumpeter. {ks=h. success in relation to its objectives.kikj pØ ls D. Evaluate I.k[.ksa dh vkykspukRed leh{kk djsa A Examine critically the working of UNCTAD.ksfxrk gS \ I. ds mís'.g vius mís'.k djsa A Explain critically the multiplier and accelerator theory of Hicks. Paper–VII (International Trade and Finance) Annual Examination.M. GATT ds izeq[k mís'.fgDl ds Roj.k le>rs gSa \ blds fofHkUu izdkj dkSu&dkSu ls gSa \ What do you mean by Regional Economic Co-operation ? What are its various forms.kikj dh 'kÙkks± rFkk jk"Vªh. Time : 3 Hours.k . All questions carry equal marks. 123456- fjdkMksZ dk rqyukRed ykxr fl)kUr D. vk.k mi.ksx ls vki D. I.k gS \ O.oa dksVk ds izHkkoksa dh foospuk djsa A Describe the effects of Tariffs and Quotas on terms of Trade and National Income.ksZa rFkk lsokvksa dk vkykspukRed ewY. Fkk \ .k le>rs gSa \ 'kqEihVj ds fl)kUr dh O.F.k gSa \ bu mís'. {Economics} Part–I. dh rqyuk esa bldh lQyrk dk ewY.k[.kadu djsa A Examine the utility of the I.k djsa A What is the Comparative Cost theory of Ricardo ? Explain ? O. 9- O.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.f'k. vkÆFkd lg.kbZ fodkl cSad dh LFkkiuk ds ihNs D. D.F.M. dh izkfIr esa dgk¡ rd lQy jgk gS \ What are the purpose behind establishment of Asian Development Bank ? To what extent it has been successful in achieving that role. 2009 Full Marks : 80 fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions.kadu djsa A Give a critical account of the work and services of the World Bank. .M. dh vYifodflr ns'kksa ds fy.F.oa xq.ku fl)kUr dh vkykspukRed O. ij iz'kqYd . .ksa dh iwÆÙk dgk¡ rd gks pqdh gS \ What are the main objectives of GATT ? To what extent they have been accomplished ? fo'o cSad ds dk.k[.A. for under developed countries.M.

{Economics} Part–I.k dhft. mÙkjnk.A. A muds fo#) dkSu lh vkykspuk.k[.ksxnkuksa dk ewY.k dhft.k ij ek'kZy ds fl)kUrksa dh foospuk dhft.¡ gSa \ Analyse the factors responsible for the rise of Mercantilism.k[. ewY. A Examine the contributions of J. rFkk forj. Discuss.oa forj. A Discuss the theory of Prof. Time : 3 Hours.k¡ fyf[k.v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.lŒ fey ds . A "Physiocracy is the science of Natural Order".k. %& Write short notes on any Two of the following :– (a) jk. fl)kUr . 1- of. A Analyse the main economic ideas of Jawaharlal Nehru. izksŒ jsxuj uDlZ ds fl)kUr dh O. A Critically examine the economic ideas of Sismondi. Ragnar Nurkse. 2009 Full Marks : 80 fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions. ekDlZ ds }U}kRed HkkSfrdokn dh vkykspukRed O.k dhft.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. What are the criticism against them ? 23456789- ^^izÑfrokn izkÑfrd fo/kku dk foKku gS** A foospuk dhft.kadu dhft.h dkjdksa dk fo'ys"k. All questions carry equal marks. A Critically examine the Dialectical Materialism of Marx.kkMs dk vkÆFkd fopkj (Economic thought of Ranade) (b) .kdokn ds mRFkku ds fy. Mill to the economics thought.k[. vkÆFkd fopkj/kkjk esa tsŒ.k lEcU/kh fopkjksa dh foospuk dhft. fllekaMh ds vkÆFkd fopkjksa dh vkykspukRed O. Paper–VIII (Economics of Environment and Social Sector) Annual Examination. A Discuss the Marchallian Theory of value and distribution. vkÆFkd fopkjksa dh leh{kk dhft. fjdkMksZ ds ewY. tokgj yky usg: ds eq[.kadu (Critical Appraisal of Arrow's views) (c) gSjksM dk vkÆFkd fopkj (Economic Thought of Harrod) (d) xk¡/khth dk VªLVhfli n'kZu (Gandhian Thought of Trusteeship) . 10.k dhft. A Discuss Ricardo's ideas of value and distribution. S.sjks ds fopkjksa dk vkykspukRed ewY.

Paper–IX (Economic Theory) ¼vkÆFkd fl)kUr½ Annual Examination. lkaf[. 8- v/kksfyf[kr oxZ vUrjky . %& Write short notes on any Two of the following :– (a) vko`fÙkfp= (Histogram) (b) vko`fÙk oØ (Frequency Curve) (c) f}?kkrh. lkekftd dY. leadksa ds fcUnqjs[kh. izLrqrhdj. A Discuss the methods of classification of data.dh ds izeq[k dk.k.kksa dk vkykspukRed ijh{k. ek'kZy ds eqæk dh Ø.k dhft.k ds rjhdksa dk foospu dhft. A Examine the concept of social welfare economics.kk dk ijh{k.koknh vFkZ'kkL= ds izeq[k pj.v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIif. A What do you mean by the Graphical Presentation of Date ? Discuss the methods of Graphical Presentation of data. izn'kZu ls vki D.k dhft.A. uodY.k dh jhfr.oa vko`fÙk ds vk/kkj ij cgqyd fudkysa %& Find out the Mode on the basis of the following Class Intervals and Frequencies :– oxZ vUrjky Class Intervals 4–8 10 8–12 12 12–16 16–20 20–24 24–28 28–32 32–36 36–40 16 14 10 8 17 5 4 vko`fÙk Frequencies 9- fuEufyf[kr X rFkk Y Jsf.k le>rs gSa \ leadksa ds fcUnqjs[kh. (Quadrate Mean) . 2009 Full Marks : 70 fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions.oa fodkl dks js[kkafdr dhft.ksfxrkoknh vFkZ'kkL= esa mi.ksfxrkokn ¼larqf"Voknh½ ds mn~Hko .k¡ fyf[k.ks± dk mYys[k dhft. A Enumerate the functions of Statistics.'kfDr dh fLFkjrk fl)kUr dk ijh{k. ek/. A Examine the Marshal's theory of Constancy of marginal utility of Money.k.ksa ds chp dkyZ fi. leadksa ds oxhZdj. {Economics} Part–II.lZu lg&lEcU/k xq.kkad Kkr dhft.koknh vFkZ'kkL= dh vo/kkj. A Critically examine the main stages of new welfare economics.k. Time : 3 Hours.ksa dk mYys[k dhft. All questions carry equal marks. %& Find out Karl Pearson's Correlation between the following categories mentioned below :– Category X 17 18 19 19 20 20 21 21 22 23 Category Y 12 16 14 11 15 19 22 16 15 20 10. A Delineate the origin and development of utilitarian economics.k.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.k dhft. 1234567- mi.

k ds i{k esa rdZ nhft.k dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft.kikj laxBu dh lajpuk .a=.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.oa dk.) 10.k dhft. laj{k.k gS \ lk[k fu. Hkqxrku larqu ij .fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIi. {Economics} Part–II. All questions carry equal marks.ksZa dk o. dk. A Discuss the structure and function of World Trade Organisation (W.d cSadksa ds eq[. vUrjkZ"Vªh.kZu dhft. A Discuss the organisation and functions of World Bank.k ds mís'.M. O.oa dk.kh fy[ksa %& Write short notes on any Two of the following :(i) bZŒlhŒ. (Purpose of Credit Control) (ii) . O. A Explain the Classical theory of International trade.kikj ds gsDlj&vksgfyu fl)kUr dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.kZu dhft.eŒ (E. A What is Bank Rate ? Discuss effectiveness of Bank Rate in Credit Control. O. A Critically examine the Hexar-Ohlin theory of International Trade.ksa dh foospuk dhft. rFkk laj{k.ksZa dh foospuk dhft. A os fdl izdkj ls lk[k fuekZ.) vadVkM (UNCTAD) (iii) Lora= O.a=.k esa cSad nj dh izHkkoksRikndrk dh foospuk dhft.kij ds i{k eas rdZ (Argument in favour of Free Trade) (iv) lk[k fu.C. A What is regional economic integration ? Discuss its advantages and disadvantage. Time : 3 Hours.d fuca/k fyf[k. A Write an essay on the Balance of Payment. 2009 Full Marks : 70 fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions.k[. {ks=h.O.k djrs gSa \ Discuss the principal work of Commercial Banks. fo'o cSad ds laxBu . A Define Protection and give argument in favour of protection.ksZa dk o.T.olkf. How do they form credit ? vUrjkZ"Vªh.kikj ds Dykfldy fl)kUr dh O.dhdj. Paper–X (Banking and International Trade) Annual Examination. 123456789- cSad nj D.k gS \ blds ykHk gkfu.k D. vkfFkZd .k dhft.A. fo'o O.

k nhft.k dhft. ckWe&ckWodZ ds lhekar&.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. {Economics} Part–II. Time : 3 Hours. 10. dsUt ds jkstxkj fl)kUr dh O.sjks ds fopkjksa dk vkykspukRed ewY. dkjdksa dh O. All questions carry equal marks. A Give an account of the economic thought of Mahatma Gandhi. A Explain the theory of employment of Keynes.oa vfrfjDr ewY.k dhft. lhekUr&ØkfUr esa esatj ds LFkku dks bafxr dhft.k dhft. A What are the factors which influence Marx ? ekDlZ ds ewY. A Discuss the contributions of Marshall to Economic thought.kkMs dk vkÆFkd fopkj (Economic thought of Ranade) . .kh fy[ksa %& Write short notes on any Two of the following :(i) j. 2009 Full Marks : 70 fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions. egkRek xk¡/kh ds vkÆFkd fopkjksa dk fooj. A Explain the Bohm Bawerk Theory of Marginal Pairs.k[. 56789- tsoksUl ds vkÆFkd fopkjksa dk ijh{k.oa buds vkÆFkd fopkjksa dk vkykspukRed vkdyu izLrqr dhft.k[. A Discuss the main contribution of walras in the History of Economic Thought. Paper–XI (History of Economic Thought) Annual Examination.ksxnkuksa dh foospuk dhft.A. dk fl)kUr dh vkykspukRed O.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIi.ksxnku dh leh{kk dhft.k dhft.k[. Ragnar Nurkse) (iv) gSjksM dk vkÆFkd fopkj (Economic thought of Harrod) (ii) .kadu (Critical Appraisal of Arrow's views) (iii) izksŒ jsxuj uDlZ dk fl)kUr (Theory of Prof. A Examine the economic ideas of Javons. Je dk fl)kUr . 34- vkÆFkd fopkj ds bfrgkl esa okyjl ds eq[. 12- ekDlZ dks izHkkfor djus okys eq[.k dhft. vkÆFkd fopkj/kkjk esa ek'kZy ds .k[. A Discuss critically the Labour theory of value and the surplus theory of value as propounded by Marx.qxyksa ds fl)kUr dh O. A Indicate the place of Menger's in the Maginalist Revolution and give a critical estimate of his economic thought. .

kstukvksa dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dk fooj. fcgkj ds dqVhj . 2009 Full Marks : 70 fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions.k uhfr dk o. .oa y?kq m|ksx /ka/kksa dh leL.kvksa dh foospuk dhft.A fou.k dhft.k dhft.A Explain the main causes of poverty of Bihar. Paper–XII Indian Economic Programme at State Level (Bihar) Annual Examination. ljdkjh iz.k dh leL.A Comment upon structure and feature of Bihar economy. 1234- fcgkj dh vFkZO. fcgkj eas d`f"k dh fo'ks"krkvksa dh foospuk dhft.A.k[.kZu dhft.d fuca/k fyf[k.oa y/kq m|ksx /ka/kksa ds fodkl ds fy.k dhft.kh dhft. lajpuk ds eq[. fcgkj dh nloha iapo"khZ.M. Time : 3 Hours.kZu dhft.kksa dh O.A Write an essay on causes of industrial backwardness of Bihar. What are advantages of regulated marketing? 67- fcgkj ds vks|ksfxd fiNM+kiu ds dkj. 8 9 fcgkj dh jktdks"kh.A Discuss the characteristics of agriculture in Bihar and explain the disturbing factors of development in agriculture. 5- fcgkj esa d`f"k foi.A Give an account of the salient features of Xth five year plans of Bihar. .k dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o. rFkk dqVhj . dh tula[.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIi.k ykHk gS \ Give an account of the problems of agriculture marketing and storage in Bihar.A Describe the main components of fiscal structure of Bihar.oLFkk dh lajpuk . 10. fcgkj dh tual[.fer ef.A Discuss the characteristics of population of Bihar and examine the state population policy.A Discuss the problems of cottage and small scale industry in Bihar and examine the Government efforts for development of cottage and small scale industries. {Economics} Part–II. dkj.ksa@cktkj ls D.Ru dk ijh{k.kksa ij . fcgkj dh xjhch ds eq[. All questions carry equal marks. rFkk d`f"k esa fodkl ds vojks/kd rRoksa dh O.kZu dhft.k nhft.oa fo'ks"krkvksa ij fVIi.oa jkT. rRoksa dk o.kh fy[ksa %& Write short notes on any Two of the following :(i) fcgkj eas Hkwfe lq/kkj (Land Reform in Bihar) (ii) fcgkj ds izeq[k m|ksx (Major Industries of Bihar) (iii) ljdkjh Ñf"k foi.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.k nhft.k dk fooj.ku (Cooperative Agriculture Marketing) .ku rFkk HkaMkj.k[.

qDr gS \ What are the main features of Mahalanobis model ? Why was it adopted in India ? Is it relevant in the present context ? 4567- dkYMksj ds vkfFkZd fodkl ekWMy ds izeq[k fopkjksa rFkk fo'ks"krkvksa dh leh{kk dhft.g orZeku lanHkZ esa mi.oa izfØ.k x.Me fLeFk ds fodkl ekMy dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.kstu rduhd .k[. A Discuss the main objectives of the Tenth Five Year Plan. vkfFkZd fu. A Critically examine the main ideas and characteristics of the Kaldor model of economic growth.knk mi. 12- .oLFkk dks LFkSfrd fLFkfr rd igq¡pk nsrh gS A Critically examine the concept of "Stationary State" in Ricardian model of economic growth. A D.k dhft. .kstu vkSj vkfFkZd Lora=rk lkFk&lkFk ugha py ldrs** leh{kk dhft. .kstu esa D.oa vko'.k dhft.kstuk ds eq[.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. tks vFkZO.k le>rs gSa \ blds xq. Paper–XIII (Economic Development and Planning) Annual Examination.kstu rduhd . HkkSfrd . dkSu&lk T.k vUrj gS \ buesa ls Hkkjr ds fy. Time : 3 Hours.kk dk vkykspukRed ijh{k. Explain the economic forces that lead an economy to the Stationary State.kksa dh O.qDr gS A Distinguish between physical and financial planning.kksa .k[. 2009 Full Marks : 70 fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions.k dhft.drk dh foospuk dhft.nloha iapo"khZ. A "Planning and economic freedom never go together" discuss. fjdkMksZ ds vkfFkZd lao`f) ekWMy esa ^^LFkSfrd fLFkfr** dh vo/kkj.ksa dh foospuk dhft.k Fkk \ D. 10. A Critically examine the growth model of Adam Smith. A What do you understand by Mixed Planning ? Discuss its merits and demerits.ksa viuk.k[.k vkt fu. fu.k dh O.oa foÙkh.ksa dh O.¡ D. {Economics} Part–II. mís'. 3- ekgkykuksfcl ekWMy dh izeq[k fo'ks"krk.k dhft. A mu vkfFkZd 'kfDr. Is there any need of improvement in planning technique today ? 9 fefJr . All questions carry equal marks. ^^fu.k gSa \ Hkkjr esa bls D. A What is economic planning ? Discuss its objectives and needs.kstuk ls vki D.k gS \ blds mís'.oa voxq.A.k dhft.oa izfØ.kstu D. Which of them is more suitable to India ? 8 fu.k . .k esa lq/kkj dh t:jr gS \ Explain planning technique and process.

{k . A iw. A Discuss the role of public enterprises in economic growth of an economy.oa fcØhdj ds xq.k dh vko'. yksd m|eksa esa ewY.a=.k dh uhfr ds lanHkZ esa dhft.oa vizR.a=.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif. vkS|ksfxd uhfr] 1991 dh izeq[k fo'ks"krk.d vFkZO.A. 1- izR. csjkstxkjh ds fofHkUu Lo:iksa dh foospuk dhft. %& Write short notes on any Two of the following :(i) lEifÙk dj (Wealth Tax) (ii) Hkkjr esa yksd m|eksa dk vkSfpR. A Briefly discuss the various theories of pricing in public enterprises. 8 9 dsUl ds jkstxkj fl)kUr dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.d fucU/k fyf[k. 10. Paper–XIV (Public Economics) Annual Examination.drk dk vk/kkj mi.kh. 2009 Full Marks : 70 fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions.k Fkha \ bl uhfr dk foLr`r foospu futhdj.¡ D.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. Time : 3 Hours. fu/kkZj.{k dj dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft. D. A Write an essay on growth of public enterprises in India.d leqfpr uhfr dk lq>ko nhft.drk ij . A What were the salient features of the Industrial policy of 1991 ? Discuss in details with reference to the policy approach of Privatisation.dj .oLFkk ds vkÆFkd fodkl esa lkoZtfud miØeksa dh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ dhft. rFkk vk.k&nks"kksa dh foospuk dhft.kZ jkstxkj ikus gsrq .k.k. All questions carry equal marks. A Is profitability a suitable criterion for judging the efficiency of a public enterprise ? Discuss in detail.k (Audit Control) .k ds fofHkUu fl)kUrksa dh foospuk la{ksi esa dhft. Suggest a suitable policy for full employment. Hkkjr esa yksd m|ksxksa ds fodkl ij .qDr gS \ foLrkj ls foospu dhft.k lkoZtfud miØeksa dh dq'kyrk ds eki ds fy. A Critically examine the Keynesian theory of employment. {Economics} Part–II.d fucU/k fyf[k. ykHknk.k¡ fyf[k.k dhft. A Discuss the different types of unemployment.k¡ (Stages of employment) (iv) vads{k. A Write an essay on need of control on public enterprises. 2345- . A Define direct and indirect tax and discuss the merits and demerits of income tax and sales tax. fu. (Rationale of Public Enterprises in India) (iii) jkstxkj dh Jsf. 67- yksd m|eksa ij fu.

k fodkl ds fy.kstu dh vo/kkj.d fucU/k fyf[k.k _.k dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k Jfedksa dh lajpuk . (Objectives of CAPART) (iii) xzkeh.kadu dhft.k Jfedksa ds vuqikr dh O. A Write an essay on evolution of social welfare in India. A Discuss the concept and rationale of mini-industrial estate.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif. A Discuss the importance and main sources of rural credit in India.kdykiksa dk ewY. %& Write short notes on any Two of the following :(i) xzkeh. Are you satisfied with its performance ? Hkkjr esa xjhch mUewyu dk.ksa dh vo/kkj.k dh foospuk dhft.A. A Explain the structure of rural labour and ratio of rural labour in rural population. cgqLrjh.Ur y?kq vkS|ksfxd cfLr. All questions carry equal marks. lzksrksa ls fdl izdkj csgrj gS \ What do you understand by institutional finance ? How institutional finance is better than other sources of finance.k le>rs gSa \ laLFkkxr foÙk vU.oa izeq[k lzksrksa dh foospuk dhft. A mudh leL.k dhft. A Discuss the concept of multilevel Planning for rural development.k tual[. 2009 Full Marks : 70 fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions.Zdj. {Economics} Part–II. fu.k lk[k ds egÙo . 123- vR. xzkeh.oa xzkeh. 10.k dne mBk.k Lrj ij is. foÙkh.s x. laLFkkxr foÙk ls vki D.k[. Time : 3 Hours. A Critically examine the functions of poverty eradication programmes in India.k¡ fyf[k.k dhft.k&D. Hkkjr esa cky&Jfedksa dh leL.k esa xzkeh.ty (Drinking water at rural level) .k dks gy djus dh fn'kk esa D.k ds mn~Hko ij . 4567- uckMZ ds fØ.k vki blds dk.kxzLrrk (Rural Indebtedness) (ii) dikVZ ds mís'.kk .Z ls larq"V gSa \ Evaluate the working of the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).oa rdkZ/kkj dh foospuk dhft.ZØeksa ds dk.k.kk dh foospuk dhft. Hkkjr esa xzkeh. What steps have been taken to solve their problems ? 8 9 Hkkjr esa lekt dY. xzkeh.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. Paper–XV (Rural Economics) Annual Examination.s gSa \ Discuss the problems of child labour in India.k. A D.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. [k. A What do you mean by Hypothesis ? Explain the process of its formation.kZu dhft.ksxnku dh foospuk dhft. A Describe the different types of models in geography. A Discuss the development of geography in ancient India. .kZu dhft.Sc. A Discuss the contribution of Miss Semple in the emergence of modern geography.M ^c* 6789- (Group 'B') ekuooknh Hkwxksy dh vkykspukRed O.Hkw&oSU.kZu dhft.k dh izfØ. O. ifjdYiuk ls vki D. Paper–I (Geographical Thought) ¼HkkSxksfyd fparu½ Annual Examination. {Geography} Part–I.ksxnku dk ewY.k le>rs gSa \ blds fodkl .ksxnku dk o.d foKku gS** \ Do you agree with the statement–"Geography is an interdisciplinary science" ? izkphu Hkkjr esa Hkwxksy ds fodkl dk o.kadu dhft.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p. All questions carry equal marks. HkkSxksfyd Kku ds fodkl esa jSVty vFkok jhVj ds .k vki bl dFku ls lger gSa&^^Hkwxksy . A Evaluate the contribution of Arab Geographers in the development of geography. discuss the structural form of spatial organization.M ^v* 1234- (Group 'A') D.ksa dk o. A Explaining the concepts of spatial organization. 10.k izLrqr dhft.kZu dhft. A uks lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. A Discuss the contribution of either Ratzel or Ritter in the development of geographical knowledge.k[.u djrs gq. Hkwxksy ds fofHkUu izdkj ds izfrekuksa dk o.FkkFkZ fuekZ.A. importance and method of Applied Geography. izR. A Present a critical account of Humanistic geography.sd [k.kfld laxBu dh ladYiuk dks Li"V djrs gq. blds lajpukred Lo:i dks Li"V dhft.d vUrÆo"k. 5- vk/kqfud Hkwxksy ds fodkl esa dqekjh lsEiqy ds . A Describe the growth. 2009 Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.ogkfjd Hkwxksy ds fodkl] egÙo vkSj fof/k. Hkwxksy ds fodkl esa vjc HkwxksyosÙkkvksa ds ./M. ^c [k.k dks le>kb. dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft.

esa izkV rFkk . A Discuss in detail different landforms developed in the Ganga Plain.u djrs gq. A Define geomorphology and critically examine its scope. Tokykeq[kh fØ.A.ksa dk foLr`r o.k dhft.kZu dhft. Paper–II (Geomorphology) Annual Examination.M ^v* 12345- (Group 'A') HkwvkÑfr foKku dh ifjHkk"kk nhft. vkÑfr dk fooj. Hkwlarqyu ds fo"k.jh ds fopkjksa dk vkykspukRed ijh{k. [k.k fp=ksa ds lkFk dhft. rFkk blds fo"k. .k nhft..ksa dh O.sd [k.xaxk ds eSnkuh Hkkx esa fufeZr gksus okyh fofHkUu LFkykÑfÙk.k izLrqr dhft. foLFkkiu fl)kUr dk vkykspukRed ijh{k. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. dh mRifÙk ls lEcfU/kr fofHkUu fopkjksa dk fooj. {ks= dh vkykspukRed foospuk dhft. Hkkjr ds rVh.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. A Give an account of various views regarding the origin of Himalaya. All questions carry equal marks.k nhft. dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. fgeky. ^c [k. A Discuss the views of Davis and Penck regarding slope evolution.k }kjk fufeZr LFkykÑfr. A Discuss the geosynclinals theory of mountain building./M.Sc {Geography} Part–I.M ^c* 6789- (Group 'B') Msfol vksj isad ds <ky fodkl lEcU/kh erksa dh foospuk dhft.k[. A Explain landforms caused by volcanic activities with sketches.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p. 10. izR.ksa dk fooj. A Give an account of the coastal morphology of India.k ds HkwlUufr fl)kUr dh foospuk dhft. 2009 Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours. dkLVZ izns'k ds LFkykÑfÙk. A Critically examine the views of Pratt and Airy about isostasy. oSxuj ds egk}hih. A Give an account of the landforms of Karst region.k dhft. ioZr fuekZ. A Critically examine continental drift theory of Wegener.

45- vki tyok. lw.A Present an account of the bottom relief of the Atlantic ocean.sd [k. egklkxj rFkk lkxjkas dh yo.qDr izek. 10. ^c [k.rk dks dSls lkfcr djsaxsaA mi.k izLrqr dhft. mPpkop dk o. TokjHkkVk dh mRifr ls lEcfU/kr fdUgha nks fl)kUrksa dk vkykspukRed O.A Give a detailed account of the meaning.A How will you justify climatic changes? Give suitable evidences.u djrs gq.Sc {Geography} Part–I.k nhft.qjkf'k dk oxhZdj.q ifjoÙkZu dh lR.k nhft. A Critically examine the subsidence theory of coral reef formation.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. nature and scope of climatology.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p.k[.qjkf'k ls vkidk D.A What do you understand by Insolation? Give an account of the distribution of Insolation over the globe.kZrki ls vki D. egklkxjh. iouksa dh fo'ks"krkvksa ij .A Critically explain any two theories regarding the origin of tides.A. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. £ . [k.oa izdkjksa dk fooj.ksa dh mRifÙk lEcU/kh voryu fl)kUr dk vkykspukRed ijh{k. izR.k dhft.k dhft.izoky fHkfÙk.k rkRi.Z gS \ ok. All questions carry equal marks./M.k le>rs gS \ Xyksc ij lw. Paper–III (Climatology & Oceanography) Annual Examination.kZrki ds forj.kZu izLrqr dhft. fu{ksi ds lzksr .A Write an essay on the salient features of principal local winds. A Discuss the factors which cause variation in salinity in ocean and seas.k dk fooj.q foKku ds vFkZ] izd`fr . 2009 Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours. izeq[k LFkkuh.krk eas vUrj mRiUu djus okys dkjdksa dh foospuk dhft. dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. 3- ok. rFkk ekSle ifjfLFkfr.M ^v* 12- (Group 'A') tyok.ksa ij buds izHkko dk o.d fucU/k fyf[k.k dhft.kZu dhft.A What is meant by Airmass? Classify airmass and discuss their impact on weather condition.A Give a detailed account of the sources and types of ocean deposits.M ^c* 6789- (Group 'B') vVykafVd egklkxj ds ryh.k nhft.oa {ks= dk lfoLrkj fooj.

A. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. A blds fiNM+siu ds D.h dkjdksa dk fo'kys"k.u izLrqr dhft.}hisÙkj Hkkjr dh Hkwlajpuk dk rqyukRed v/. Hkkjr vkSj izk. mÙkjnk. mÙkjnk.}hih. dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p. A Write an essay on the development of road transport network in India. Hkkjr ds fofHkUu izdkj dh Hk`nk ds forj.u djrs gq. izR.M ^v* 1- (Group 'A') izk.Hkkjr esa lwrh oL= m|ksx ds fodkl ds fy.d HkkSxksfyd fucU/k fyf[k.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. vkSj izR. A Give a comparative account a drainage system of Peninsular and extra-peninsular India.k dhft.M [k. fo'ks"krkvksa dk laf{kIr fooj. A Present an outline of the water resources of India.Sc {Geography} Part–I. A Give a geographical account of various types of forest found in India.k izLrqr dhft. Hkkjr esa nqX/k m|ksx ds fodkl gsrq HkkSxksfyd n`f"V ls vuqdwy {ks= dh igpku dhft.A Analyse the factors responsible for the rapid growth of population in India.M ^c* 67- (Group 'B') Hkkjr ds ty lalk/ku dh :ijs[kk izLrqr dhft. A Analyse the factors responsible for the development of cotton textile industry in India.sd [k. Hkkjr dh rhoz tula[.}hih.s tkus okys fofHkUu izdkj ds cuksa dk HkkSxksfyd o.k dkj.k gSa \ Identify geographically suitable areas for the development of dairy industry in India.sd izns'k dh eq[.k izLrqr dhft. All questions carry equal marks. ^c [k./M.h dkjdksa dk fo'ys"k.kZu dhft. . 2345- izk. Hkkjr esa ik. A Present a comparative study of the geological structure of Peninsular and extra-Peninsular India.}hisÙkj Hkkjr dh izokg iz.kkyh dk rqyukRed fooj. 9- Hkkjr esa lM+d ifjogu ra= ds fodkl ij . 2009 Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.. [k. What are causes of the backwardness ? 8- Hkkjr dks izeq[k Ñf"k izns'kksa esa ckfV.k dhft. 10.k dk fooj.k o`f) ds fy.k izLrqr dhft. A Present an account of the distribution of various types of soils of India. Hkkjr rFkk izk. A Divide India into broad agricultural region and present a brief account of the chief characteristics of each region. Paper–IV (General Geography of India) Annual Examination.

Hkkjr dks fu. A Give a balanced geographical account of pat region. Hkkjr esa vkfFkZd izknsf'kd fo"kerk ds dkj.kZu dhft. 10.k nhft.sd dk laf{kIr fooj.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p. 2009 Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours. A Give a comparative study of Tamilnadu and Chota Nagpur region. nkeksnj ?kkVh izns'k ij larqfyr HkkSxksfyd fooj. xaxk ds fuEu eSnku vFkok iatkc ds eSnku dk larqfyr HkkSxksfyd fooj. Hkkjr dks Ñf"k&tyok. rFkk mudh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o. dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. [k.A.k nhft.sd [k. A Explain the causes of regional economic diversity in India. pkboklk ds eSnku dk larqfyr HkkSxksfyd fooj.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.k nhft. A Give a balanced geographical account of Damodar Valley region.u izLrqr dhft. A Divide India into agro-climatic regions and discuss their salient features.k izLrqr dhft. A Present a balanced geographical account of Chaibasa Plain.. All questions carry equal marks.k izLrqr dhft.k fcgkj ds eSnku dk HkkSxksfyd fooj. ^c [k. A Give a geographical account of South Bihar Plain. A Give a detailed geographical account of upper Ganga Plain. rFkk izR.k izLrqr dhft. A Give a balanced geographical account of either the lower Ganga Plain or the Punjab Plain.M ^c* 6789- (Group 'B') nf{k. Paper–V (Regional Geography of India) Annual Examination. A Divide India into planning regions and discuss each of these in brief.kksa dks Li"V dhft.rfeyukMq rFkk NksVkukxiqj izns'k dk rqyukRed v/.M ^v* 12345- (Group 'A') xaxk ds mijh eSnku dk foLr`r HkkSxksfyd fooj.Sc {Geography} Part–I.k izLrqr dhft. iÙk izns'k dk larqfyr HkkSxksfyd fooj. A va lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group.u djrs gq.q izns'kksa esa foHkkftr dhft. . izR./M.kstu izns'kksa esa ckfV.

give an account of all major inland waterways of the world. A Give an account of the changing pattern of international trade.u djrs gq. 7- fodkl'khy ns'kkas ds vkS|ksfxd fodkl esa cgqjk"Vªh. izR.k[. Paper–VI (World Economic Geography) Annual Examination. A Examine the role of multinational companies in the industrial development of developing countries. A Give an account of production and distribution of petroleum in the world.k dhft. 89- fo'o O. O.k dhft. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft.k nhft. fo'o ds isVªksfy.kZu dhft. ^c [k. A Give an account of production and distribution of coal in the world. A Describe the importance of regional organisations in the world trade. fodkl'khy ns'kksa ds izeq[k vkS|ksfxd izns'kksa dk lfp= o. [k. dEifu.k dhft.k izLrqr dhft. 10. vYÝsM oscj ds vkS|ksfxd LFkkuhdj. A Explain the salient features and farming areas of plantation agriculture in the world. fo'o esa dks.M ^c* 6- (Group 'B') vkUrfjd tyekxZ ds egRo dk mYys[k djrs gq.kZu dhft. All questions carry equal marks.k izLrqr dhft.oa forj.oa Ñf"k {ks= dh O.k dk fooj.Sc {Geography} Part–I.k fl)kUr dh O./M.k dk fooj.vUrjkZ"Vªh.M ^v* 12345- (Group 'A') fo'o esa ckxkuh Ñf"k dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa . fo'o ds lHkh izeq[k vkUrfjd tyekxksaZ dk fooj.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p. A Describe principal industrial regions of developing countries with sketches.ksa dh Hkwfedk dh ijh{k.yk ds mRiknu . 2009 Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.k O. laxBuksa ds egRo dk o.kikj ds cnyrs izfr:I dk fooj.sd [k.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. A Mentioning the importance of inland water ways. .kikj eas {ks=h.k izLrqr dhft.e ds mRiknu . A Explain the factors of localization of Iron & Steel industry in the world with example.k[.k dhft.k[. fo'o esa yksgk&bLikr m|ksx dh vofLFkfr ds fofHkUu dkjdksa dks lksnkgj.oa forj. A Explain the Industrial Location theory of Alfred Weber.A.

k[. A Write an essay on Human Ecology. ekyFkl ds tula[. iztkfr./M.kZu dhft. fØ. A Give an account of the dichotomy between physical and human geography.k izLrqr dhft.vUrjkZf"Vª.k ls mRiUu leL. 2009 Full Marks : 80 izR.kvksa dh lEcU/kksa dk fooj. .d fucU/k fyf[k. Time : 3 Hours.Sc {Geography} Part–I. fo'o esa tula[.kZu dhft. A Analyse the causes and consequences of international migration.k dykiksa dk fooj. rFkk muds forj.kkekas dh O.k izLrqr dhft.M ^c* 6789- (Group 'B') tula[..sd [k.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.k fooj.k dhft.k Hkwxksy dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft.k izk:i dk ldkj.kksa .k rFkk ekuoh. A Give an account of the early economic activities of mankind. A Give an account of the relationship between human activities and natural environment. ekuo ikfjfLFkfrdh ij .kadu dhft.oa ifj.k[.k nhft. A Define population geography and describe its scope.k dhft.kvksa dk o. izkÑfrd okrkoj.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. 10. ^c [k. A Discuss the population problems of developing nations.A.k forj.k fl)kUr dk vkykspukRed ewY. euq". rFkk buds v/. ds izkjfEHkd vkfFkZd fØ. izokl ds dkj. Paper–VII (Human and Population Geography) Annual Examination.M ^v* 12345- (Group 'A') HkkSfrd Hkwxksy vkSj ekuo Hkwxksy dh }S/krk dk fooj.ksa dk o. A Account for main races of the world and analyse their distribution. lalkj dh eq[.kZu dhft. A Answer Five questions selecting at least Two questions from each section. A Give a reasoned account of the distributional pattern of population in the world. [k.u {ks= dk o. fodkl'khy ns'kksa esa tula[. A Critically examine the Malthusian theory of population growth.k nhft.k dh O.

/M.kZu dhft.q js[kh xzkQ dh lajpuk dk o.oa gjkRed ek/. ekufp= esa mPpkop izn'kZu djus dh izeq[k fof/k. A Describe various methods of showing relief features on map.¡ gSa \ Mention the characteristics of various types of profile.sd [k.] xq.fdUgha nks ij fVIif.k¡ fyf[k. A Write notes on Arithmetic mean.k fo'ks"krk.A. salient features and utility of the sampling.ksfxrk dk o. A blds xq.k¡ fyf[k. lekUrj ek/. A Describe the structure of climograph. .M ^v* (Group 'A') tyok.k vkSj nks"k dh O.k. Paper–VIII (Advanced Cartography) Annual Examination.oa ladsr (Conventional Signs and Symbols) ^c [k.kuk dh fof/k dk o.kZu dhft.k[.kZu dhft. (Write notes on any Two of the following) :– (a) rqyukRed ekiuh (Comparative Scale) (b) leeku js[kk ds xq.k.kZu dhft. izR. ij fVIif.kksÙkj ek/. fdUgha nks ij fVIif. A Describe the salient features of cartography in modern period. geometric mean and harmonic mean.kZu dhft. (Write notes on any Two of the following) :– (a) ek/. A Describe the salient features of Thematic Map. fopyu dh izeq[k fo'ks"krk. Answer Five questions selecting at least Two questions from each section.¡ (Salient features of mean deviation) (b) pØe. fofHkUu izdkj ds izlj.d ekufp= dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.Sc {Geography} Part–I.M ^c* 6789- (Group 'B') fo"k. Explain its merits and demerits.k dh x. [k. A Describe the meaning. A Describe different methods of calculation of variance.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.k vkSj nks"k (Merits and Demerits of Isopleth) (c) :<+ fpà .k. izfrn'kZu ds rduhd dk vFkZ] mudh fo'ks"krkvksa rFkk mi. 2009 Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.k vFkok ekykjs[kk losZ{k. 10.k dhft. fofHkUu izdkj dh ifjPNsfndkvksa dh D.ksa dk o. A 12345- vk/kqfud dky esa ekufp= dyk dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.k dk fl)kUr (Principle of traverse survey) (c) ekud v{kka'k (Standard Parallel) .kZu dhft.k¡ fyf[k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft.

k nhft.oa fo"k.k dhft.k Hkkjr esa is.k cfLr.oa lkekftd dkjdksa dh Hkwfedk dk fooj. Hkkjr esa lkef. ekuo vf/kokl ra= ls vki D.Z dk o. A Give an account of the evolution and development of rural settlements in the Chota Nagpur Plateau. .sd [k. [k.oa dk. economic and social factors in the evolution of rural settlement in Rajasthan./M.oa dk. A Describe the physical.ksa ds mn~Hko rFkk fodkl dk fooj. A Give an account of the role of physical.&oLrq dk fooj. drainage.kZu dhft.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. A Analyse the geographical conditions which influence the development of dispersed rural settlement.k le>rs gSa \ mu dkj. 78- fuEu xaxk ds eSnku esa xzkeh.k ?kjksa dks izHkkfor djus okys HkkSfrd] vkÆFkd .ty vkiwÆÙk] ty fudklh] LoPNrk .kZu dhft.k[.k dhft. 45- xzkeh.k izLrqr dhft.ksa ds fodkl dks izHkkfor djus okys HkkSxksfyd ifjfLFkfr. 2009 Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.k izLrqr dhft. All questions carry equal marks.ks± dk o. tks bl ra= dks fu/kkZfjr djrs gSa A What do you mean by human settlement system ? Explain the causes which determine this system. A Give an account of problems of water supply.kksa dh O.oa lkekftd dkjdksa dk o.d cktkj ds izdkj .k cfLr. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. ^c [k.kZu dhft.ksa ds fodkl ds HkkSfrd] vkÆFkd . xzkeh.k cfLr. izR. Geography Part–II. 3- fcjy cfLr.oa LokLFk dh leL. Paper–IX (Geography of Rural Settlement) Annual Examination.k lsok dsUæksa dk vFkZ .ksa dh O. A Describe the type and pattern of rural settlement in the Lower Ganga Plain. A Describe the meaning and function of Rural Service Centres.Sc.oa izfr:i dk o. A Describe the type and function of Periodic Market in India. economic and social conditions influencing rural dwellings.k[.k nhft. 10. 9- jktLFkku esa xzkeh.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft.xzkeh. A Give an account of the meaning and scope of settlement geography. sanitation and health in Rural India.ksa ds izdkj .k dk fooj.M ^c* (Section 'B') 6NksVk ukxiqj ds iBkj esa xzkeh.kZu dhft.M ^v* (Section 'A') 12cLrh Hkwxksy ds vFkZ .A.

rFkk mudh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dh foospuk dhft.kstu dh izfØ.kstu dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft.kstu ls vki D. egkuxjh.k fu. A Describe salient features of district level planning in India. izns'k ls D.sd [k. . A What do you mean by Metropolitan region? Discuss its characteristics concerning any metropolitan region of India./M. A Divide the world into Resource regions and discuss their salient features. xzkeh. Hkkjr esa ftyk Lrjh.k le>rs gSa \ budh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o. fo'o dks lalk/ku izns'kksa esa foHkkftr dhft.k vko'.rh jkt dh Hkwfedk dk fooj. izR. HkkSfrd izns'k dh ladYiuk ds Øfed fodkl dh foospuk dhft.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. All questions carry equal marks. Hkkjr esa fVdkÅ fodkl dh laHkkoukvksa dk o. Geography Part–II.oa izns'k dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dh foospuk dhft.k dk ewY. A Evaluate the process of decentralised planning in India.k foospuk dhft.kadu dhft. A Present an account of the role of Panchayat Raj in the village planning.kZu Hkkjr ds fdlh egkuxjh.izknsf'kd fu.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. A Discuss the possibility of sustainable development in India. A Account for regular development of the concept of physical region.M ^c* (Section 'B') 6789Hkkjr esa fodsfUnzr fu. 2009 Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.M ^v* (Section 'A') 12345izns'k dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft. A Account for macro & micro region with example.k izLrqr dhft.oa y?kq izns'kksa dks lksnkgj.kZu dhft. Paper–XI (Regional Planning & Development ) Annual Examination.A. fu.Sc.kstu esa iapk. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section.drk gS \ What do you mean by Regional Planning ? What is the need of its concept ? . A Define region and discuss its salient features.k le>rs gSa \ bldh ladYiuk dh D. ^c [k. o`gn . izns'k ds lanHkZ esa dhft. 10. [k.

Paper–XII (Environmental & Bio-geography) Annual Examination.kdykiksa ds i. A lEcfU/kr leL.k le>rs gSa \ .k[.vkink izcU/ku ls D.k ls vki D. fØ.k dks izHkkfor djrs gSa \ Give an account of such factors which influence the distribution of plants & animals. izR.k gS \ ./M. A Divide the world into major biotic regions and discuss their salient features. All questions carry equal marks.wu djus dk mik. foKkuksa ls .k ij izHkko dk o. How is it related to other sciences ? mu dkjdksa dk fooj.drk gS \ What do you mean by Disaster Management ? What efforts are essential to solve the problem.&oLrq . HkweaMyh.k le>rs gSa \ blls fuiVus ds fy. [k.kZoj. A Describe the impact of human activities on environment.A. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section.kksa dk fooj. A vU.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. ^c [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. A What do you understand by pollution ? What are its types ? Elucidate.Sc.Z djrk gS \ What is Eco-system ? How does it work ? iznw"k. ikfjLFkSfrd ra= D. 9- ck<+ vFkok lq[kkM+ ds dkj. fdu&fdu mik. Explain its subject matter and importance.ksa dh vko'. m"e.k vkSj ifj.k dhft. 2009 Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours. ekuoh.M ^v* (Section 'A') 12345i.d fucU/k fyf[k. rFkk muds izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dh foospuk dhft. Geography Part–II. A Define Environmental Geography.k Hkwxksy dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft. A blds fo"k.k ds izHkko dks U. tks ikS/kksa rFkk tho&tUrqvksa ds forj.kZoj.g fdl izdkj lEcfU/kr gS \ Define Bio-geography.k nhft.M ^c* (Section 'B') 678tSo&Hkwxksy dh ifjHkk"kk nhft.oa egÙo dh O.kke ij . A Write an essay on the causes and consequences of global worming.g fdl izdkj dk.sd [k.g fdrus izdkj ds gksrs gSa \ Li"V dhft. .k nhft. 10.s A Give an account of the causes of either Flood or Drought. crykb.k ds dkj.kZu dhft. Suggest measures for mitigating the related problem. fo'o dks izeq[k tSfod izns'kksa esa oxhZÑr dhft.

A.k. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section.oa {ks= dh foospuk dhft.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. fo'o esa lkaLÑfrd fofHkUurk ij la{ksi esa .oa lkaLÑfrd igyqvksa dk fo'ys"k. 2009 Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.oa lkekftd&lkaLÑfrd igyw.k nhft./M.oLFkk . economy and social aspects of either Hottentots or Polynesians.oa izlkj dk o.s x. 10.kvksa dk o. rFkk mudh fo'ks"krkvksa dk fooj.k ds izHkko dh foospuk dhft.oa lkaLÑfrd i{kksa dk o. A Analyse the trends of Regional distribution.kksa dk fooj.ksa dh izeq[k leL. Hkkjr dks lkaLÑfrd izns'kksa esa foHkkftr dhft.¡ (Habital and Sociocultural attributes of Munda tribe. [k.k dhft. social and cultural aspect of Santhals.s gSa \ Describe major problems of the tribes of India.Sc.k nhft.u vFkok vÝhdu vkfnokfl.ksa ds u`rkrh y{k. Paper–XIII (Cultural & Tribal Geography) Annual Examination.d ys[k fyf[k. A Write an essay on cultural diversity in the world. A Give an account of the impact of environment on human culture. izR. A Give an account of the meaning and scope of cultural geography.kZu dhft.ZØe izkjEHk fd.sd [k. Hkk"kk ds {ks=h. 89- laFkky ds vkÆFkd] lkekftd . Hkkjr ds tutkfr. A muds fodkl gsrq dkSu&dkSu ls dk.M ^v* (Section 'A') 12345lkaLÑfrd Hkwxksy ds vFkZ .kZu dhft.k¡ fyf[k. %& Write short notes on any Two of the following :– (i) fo'o dh /kkÆed lajpuk (Religions composition of the world) (ii) fodkl'khy ns'kksa ds laLÑfr dk cnyrs Lo:i (Changing nature of culture in developing nations. ekuo laLÑfr ij okrkoj. fodkl .M ^c* (Section 'B') 67vkLVªsfy. What are the programmes taken for their development. A Discuss the ethnic features of tribes of either Australia or Africa. Geography Part–II.Mk tutkfr ds olko {ks= . All questions carry equal marks. A Give an account of regional development and expansion of language.) (iii) eq.) . A Divide India into cultural regions and discuss their salient features. A Describe the economic.u tutkfr ds izknsf'kd forj. gkVsu&VkWV vFkok iksfyusf'k.kZu dhft.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIif.k izo`fr] vFkZ O.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. ^c [k.

A ok. izR.S) ds fodkl ij izdk'k Mkfy.k nhft. in urban management and planning.I./M. uxjh. 2009 Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.k nhft.k dhft. vk/kkjksa dks Li"V dhft. . ok. All questions carry equal marks. A Explain principal bases of the interpretation of Aerial photographs.kstu esa HkkSxksfyd lwpuk ra= ds vuqiz. HkkSxksfyd vkdM+kra= ds vUrZxr fdl izdkj vkdM+kas dk fuos'k . Paper–XIV (GIS & Remote Sensing) Annual Examination.q QksVks fp=ksa .oa fu. Geography Part–II. A Describe the Basic Principles and elements of geographical Information System.kvksa dks fpfUgr dhft. Identify problems related to the interpretation work.kZu dhft. ^c [k.k[. [k.l (G.k[. th-vkbZ-.oa QksVksxzkfefr ds fofHkUu izdkjksa dk fooj. A O. %& Write short notes on any Two of the following :– (i) mtkZ ds izeq[k lzksr (Main sources of energy) (ii) fofHkUu izdkj ds lsVsykbV (Different types of satellite) (iii) vkink ds izdkj (Type of Hazards) .NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.k ds Øe esa mRiUu leL.k izLrqr dhft.k tkrk gS \ How is the inputting and editing work done under geographical information system.A.oa HkwLFkSfrd mixzkgksa dh O.S.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIif. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section.wVj vk/kkfjr ekufp= dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.I.M ^c* (Section 'B') 67rduhd ds :i eas nwj laosnu iz.q QksVks fp=kas dh O.ksx dk fooj. A Explain the multi-purpose and geostationary satellite as a source of information.kkyh ds .Sc.k¡ fyf[k. How are Air Photos interpreted ? 89- lwpuk ds lzksr ds :Ik esa ogqmís'kh.sfrgkfld fodkl dk fooj. 10.I.k ds eq[.k dh tkrh gS \ Account for various types of Air Photos and Photogrammetry. dEI.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. izcU/k .q QksVks fp=ksa dh dSls O. A Give an account of the historical development of Remote Sensing as a technology. A Give an account of the application of G. A Describe the salient features of computer based maps.sd [k.oa rRoksa dh foospuk dhft.k[.oa lEiknu fd.S. A Throw light on the development of G. ok.M ^v* (Section 'A') 12345HkkSxksfyd lwpukra= ds ewy Hkwr fl)kUrksa .k.k[.

A Describe the past and present concepts of geopolitics.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.A. ^c [k. izR. A jktuhfrd Hkwxksy ds fo"k. 5- la?kokn ds HkkSxksfyd vk/kkj dh O.qDr jk"Vª la?k ij vUrjkZ"Vªh. 789- Hkw&jktuhfr ds iwoZ ¼Hkwr½ . A Write an essay on the effects of boundaries on trade. A Assess the importance of India in the context of the changing concepts of Power Blocs in the World. 10.sd [k. A Critically examine the geo-strategic Heartland Theory of Mackinder.oa oÙkZeku vo/kkj. Paper–XV (Political Geography) Annual Examination. A Throw light on the types of international boundary of India and the problems associated with them. A Define Political Geography. la. A nksuksa esa vk/kkjHkwr vUrj D.k.d fucU/k fyf[k.M ^v* (Section 'A') 1234jktuhfrd Hkwxksy dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft. {ks= dk fooj. lhekar vkSj lhek dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft. eSdkbUMj ds Hkw&lkefjd ân.k nhft.k dhft.oa iwoZ foLrkj dh orZeku uhfr (NATO & its present policy of East Wand) (iii) e/. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. %& Write short notes on any Two of the following :– (i) fo'o ds jktuhfrd izns'k (Political Regions of the World) (ii) mÙkjh vVykafVd la/k . Give an account of the scope of Political Geography.k[.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIif. A Write an essay on United Nation organization with special reference to resolution of global disputes. iwoZ dk Hkw&lkefjd egÙo (Geo-strategic importance of Middle East) .kvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy.kikj ij lhekvksa ds izHkko ij . lhekvksa ds izdkj rFkk lEcfU/kr leL.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. Explain their basic difference. Geography Part–II.kkvksa dh foospuk dhft. O.k gS \ Define frontier and boundary. A Analyze the geographical bases of federation. 2009 Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.d fucU/k fyf[k. [k.k¡ fyf[k. Hkkjr dh vUrjkZ"Vªh. esa Hkkjr ds egÙo dk ewY. LFky fl)kUr dh vkykspukRed ijh{k. fookn fuiVkjs ds lanHkZ esa . All questions carry equal marks.k dhft./M.Sc.kadu dhft.kkvksa ds ifjis{.M ^c* (Section 'B') 6fo'o esa 'kfDr xqV dh cnyrh vo/kkj.

5- Hkkjr esa jsyekxZ ds fodkl ij ./M. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. O. jsyekxZ (Important transcontinental Rail line ) (ii) mÙkjh vVykafVd O.k izLrqr dhft.M ^v* (Section 'A') Hkkjr esa ikbi ykbu ifjogu ij .oa {ks= dh foospuk dhft. izR. Paper–XVI (Transport Geography) Annual Examination. rFkk izeq[k ok. A Discuss the nature and scope of transport geography.q ifjogu dh egÙkk dks Li"V dhft. 2009 Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.Sc.oa ifjogu ds ek/.rk .k¡ fyf[k.A. A Discuss the factors affecting mode of transport and throw light on systematic development of modes of transport.ofLFkr fodkl ij izdk'k Mkfy.k nhft. %& Write short notes on any Two of the following :– (i) izeq[k ifjegkns'kh. Discuss the factors controlling vehicular pollution.e dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdksa dh foospuk dhft. A okguh.kikj ekxZ (North Atlantic trade route) (iii) mÙkjh vesfjdk dk vkUrfjd ty ifjogu (Inland waterways of North America) . rFkk ifjogu ds fofHkUu lk/kuksa ds rqyukRed egÙo dk fooj.k dk vFkZ Li"V dhft.k. xE.oa lac)rk dh ladYiuk dks Li"V dhft. A Explain the concept of accessibility and connectivity and discuss the relative importance of various modes of transport. A Discuss the modern theory of International Trade.d fucU/k fyf[k.q ekxks± dk fooj.M ^c* (Section 'B') 789- fo'o O. 10. A Explain the meaning of vehicular pollution. vUrjkZ"Vªh. 1234- ifjogu Hkwxksy dh izÑfr .sd [k. [k.k nhft. A Discuss the importance of air transport in India and describe the important air routes.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. A Write an essay on pipeline transport in India.eksa ds O.kikj ds lanHkZ esa Lost ugj ekxZ dk fooj.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIif. A Write an essay on the development of railways in India. 6- ifjogu ds ek/.d fucU/k fyf[k. ^c [k. Geography Part–II. A Give a description of Suez Canal Route with reference to International Trade. iznw"k.k[.af=r djus okys rÙoksa dh foospuk dhft.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. okguh. All questions carry equal marks.kikj ds vk/kqfud fl)kUrksa dh O. . Hkkjr esa ok.k dks fu. iznw"k.k dhft.

A jke&dFkk dh ijEijk dk laf{kIr fooj.oa eè. dh vR. dh izo`fÙk. dh izo`fÙk.jhfrdkyhu dkO. {Hindi} fgUnh lkfgR. dk bfrgkl ¼vkfn . mlds rkfÙod cks/k dks Li"V dhft. A Ñ". fopkj&/kkjkvksa ds izHkkoksa dh laf{kIr ppkZ dhft. A ^^lar&dkO.kfir dhft. dh izo`fÙk. A viHkza'k vkSj Çgnh ds lanHkZ esa jklks dkO.ksa dk . A HkfDr&vkanksyu ij iM+us okys vU. A 10. A izseekxhZ 'kk[kk ds dkO. 123456789- vk/kqfud dky ds ukedj. A ^HkfDr* 'kCn dk O.Z crkrs gq. A vkfndkyhu lkfgR.dky½ Annual Examination.k HkfDr 'kk[kk dh dkO. A .ksa ds vk/kkj ij mldh fo'ks"krkvksa dks fpfàr dhft. 2009 Full Marks : 80 Part–I.qRiR.k ds lkFk gh mlds [kaMksa&mi[kaMksa dks fo'ysf"kr dhft.ksa dk ys[kk&tks[kk izLrqr dhft. dh foospuk dhft.k nhft. All questions carry equal marks.A. Paper–I fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions. Çgnh lkfgR. Time : 3 Hours.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.d vkykspukRed vkdyu izLrqr dhft.ar egÙoiw.xr fo'ks"krkvksa dks foLrkj ls fu:fir dhft.kZ Fkkrh gS A** bl dFku dks lR.

Z gSA Aiz Time : 3 Hours.k HkfDr dh egÙkk izfrikfnr dh xbZ gS] Li"V dhft. 2009 Full Marks : 80 Part–I.A fdUgha nks vorj. dh izklafxdrk vkt ds lanHkZ esa D.A ¼d½ ftfg ?kfV izhfr u izse jl] Qqfu jluk ufga jkeA rs uj bl lalkj esa mift Hk.lh ds u[k&f'k[k&o.dkyhu dkO.d fuca/k fyf[k.A tk. fQfj dhUg u Qsjk ukxfj ukfj dkgq¡ cl ijkA rsb¡ fceksfg ekslkSa fprq gjk lqok dky gksbZ yS xk ihÅ A fim ufga ysr&ysr c: thÅA ¼x½ vo/ks'k ds }kjs ldkjs xbZ] lqr xksn dS Hkwifr yS fudlSA voyksfd gkSa lks.s csdkeA ¼[k½ ukxerh fprmj i¡Fk gsjkA fim tks x.A ?kukuUn ds dkO.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.kh fyf[k.A lwj ds Hkzejxhr esa lxq.ksx . Paper–II fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa Aiz'u la[.½ ¼izkphu .A rqylh dh dfork esa fpf=d rRdkyhu lekt dk foospu dhft. esa la.k gS] la{ksi esa crkb.k 10 ¼nl½ vfuok.A rqylh dh dkO. ckSjkb uj] bfga ik.A Hkw"k. {Hindi} dkO.&dyk ij fVIi.k dhft.k[.oa e/.A dchj & dkO.A.kZu dh fo'ks"krkvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy.½ Annual Examination.A fcgkjh dh Hkk"kkxr fo'ks"krkvksa dh crkb. 12345678910- ^^fo|kifr HkDr dfo gSa vFkok J`axkfjd\** bl dFku dh leh{kk dhft.a ckSjkbA .oa fo.k dh Hkk"kk&'kSyh ij .&fcekspu dks Bfx lh jgh] ts u Bxs f/kd lsA rqylh eaujatu jaftr&vatu tsu&lq&[katu&tkrd lsA ltuh lfl esa lelhy meS uouhr ljks:g ls fcdklSA ¼?k½ dud dud rsa lkS xquh ekndrk vf/kdkbA mfga [k.ksx J`axkj esa rqyuk dhft.kksa dh O.

k dhft.kl . A [k*½ ¼[k.knkrk* dgkuh ds oSf'k"V~. A ^?khlw lkekU. A cq)xqIr ds pkfjf=d fodkl ij izdk'k Mkfy. fdlkuksa ls T. {Hindi} fgUnh dFkk&lkfgR. A f'kYi dh n`f"V ls ^'kj. A ^ck. A 10.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. 2009 Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours. ij izdk'k Mkfy.kl ds varj dks Li"V dhft. Part–I.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. A miU.M ^d*½ 123456789xksnku esa izsepUn ds .M ^^[k*½ [k dgkuh vkSj miU. A .^rhljh dle* dgkuh dks vkapfyd dgkuh dgk tk ldrk gS .FkkFkZoknh n`f"Vdks. ¼miU.sd [k.k dk dgk¡ rd fuokZg gqvk gS] leh{kk dhft.k ugha \ . Paper–III izR.A.oa dgkuh½ dgkuh½ Annual Examination.kHkV~V dh vkRedFkk* ds lajpuk&f'kYi ij izdk'k Mkfy.knk fopkjoku~ Fkk*&bl dFku ij fopkj dhft. A ^lquhrk* esa lquhrk dk pfj=&fp=. A ^eSyk vk¡py* ds f'kYi ij fopkj dhft.qfDr.kl ds rÙoksa dk foospu dhft.qDr mÙkj nhft. A ¼[k.

'kk[kkvksa ls lEca/k js[kkafdr dhft. A 'kCn&fodkl dh iz.k tkrk gS \ lksnkgj.d leh. .hu er dk ladsr dhft.d fofHkUu erksa dk ifjp. A . {Hindi} kfUrd½ Hkk"kk foKku ¼lS)kfUrd½ Annual Examination.A.k izdk'k Mkfy. 2009 Full Marks : 80 Part–I. Hkk"kk&fparu ij . nhft. A lekt Hkk"kk foKku dh ifjHkk"kk nsrs gq. A okD. A Hkkjrh.kkyh dk fo'ys"k. A vuqokn dh ifjHkk"kk nsrs gq.k dhft.ksZa dk ifjp. nhft. mlds izdk. nsrs gq. A 10. ds rRoksa dk ifjp. Paper–IV fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nhft. A vFkZ&ifjorZu dh fn'kkvksa dk vkdyu izLrqr dhft. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Time : 3 Hours.d lqfpafrr fuca/k fyf[k.'kSyh foKku ds rgr fdu&fdu rRoksa ij fopkj fd. 123456789- Hkk"kk foKku dk Kku&foKku dh vU.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. nhft. Hkk"kk foKku ls mlds lEcU/k ij izdk'k Mkfy. A /ofu&ifjorZu dh fn'kkvksa dk ifjp. A Hkk"kk dh mRifÙk&fo"k.

A oØksfDr dk 'kkL=h.k ifjp.k ds lEcU/k esa fofo/k fo}kuksa ds erksa dk laf{kIr ifjp. Paper–V fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nhft. nhft. nhft.kRek ds :i esa vkSfpR. esa vyadkj dk egÙo crykb. mlds Hksnksa dk lksnkgj. A jhfr dh ifjHkk"kk nsrs gq. A 10.k le>rs gSa \ vyadkj dh fofo/k ifjHkk"kkvksa ij fopkj djrs gq. 'kkL= Annual Examination. nhft.kRek lEcU/kh fofo/k erksa dh leh{kk djrs gq. nhft. A vyadkj ls vki D. fl)kUr dh leh{kk djrs gq. esa vkSfpR. 123456789- dkO. A e/kqerh Hkwfedk fdls dgrs gSa A e/kqerh Hkwfedk vkSj lk/kkj.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. A .oa vUrj dks Li"V dhft.A. dkO. vFkZ fu:fir djrs gq.&fl)kUr ds izeq[k Hksnksa dk ifjp. nhft. dk egÙo crykb. dkO. dkO.s A 'kCnkyadkj ds izeq[k Hksnksa dk lksnkgj. nhft. 2009 Full Marks : 80 Part–I. A jl&fu"ifÙk izfØ. fl) dhft.k ds lEcU/k . {Hindi} Hkkjrh.s A dkO.vkSfpR. mlds Hksnksa dk ifjp. dh vkRek gS A HkV~VyksYyV ds mRifÙkokn dk leh{kkRed ifjp. fd jl gh dkO.k ifjp. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Time : 3 Hours.khdj.

lkfgR. nhft.qx dh lkfgR.sfrgkl ds la?k. dk mn.qx esa dUuM+&dkO.kye dh dgkfu. A .s lkfgR.&O. fl) djrs gq.aX. bl . nhft. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Time : 3 Hours. A c¡xyk ds oS".k dk vkSfpR. nhft. ds fodkl dh :ijs[kk Li"V dhft. A ey.ksa dk ifjp. A xqtjkrh lkfgR. A vk/kqfud . nhft. dk ifjp. dk ifjp. nhft. dk ifjp.qx esa jps x. 123456789- oSfnd lkfgR. A rfey lkfgR. A mnwZ ds izFke dfo dkSu Fks \ muds fo"k.&jpuk dk ifjp.ko lkfgR.mnwZ ds gkL. nhft. A laLÑr ds ukVd&lkfgR. Paper–VI fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nhft.qx ds ukedj. dk ifjp. dk ifjp.ksa dk bfrgkl fyf[k.dky dc ls dc rd ekuk tkrk gS \ bl . {Hindi} ¼Hkkjrh. A laLÑr ds egkdkO. A 10.A. esa tks tkurs gksa lks fyf[k. nhft.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. vfgUnh lkfgR. 2009 Full Marks : 80 Part–I.½ Annual Examination.

A. 10. But their objectives have not been fulfilled. A vuqokn djrs le. A dk. (xi) Acquaintance Roll (xiii) Communiqué (xv) Habeas Corpus 56789- iYyou ds eq[. fgUnh ikfjHkkf"kd 'kCn nhft. fVIi. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Time : 3 Hours.kZy. {Hindi} ¼iz. A tulapkj ls D.k le>rs gSa \ blds izeq[k :iksa dk foospu dhft. The gross mismanagement in some of major public sector undertaking is partly responsible for the prevailing malaise in the country. A The common people who have a fixed income remain helpless.kstu ewyd fgUnh½ Annual Examination. The five year plans were intended to raise the living standard of the common man and remove poverty from the country.k le>rs gSa \ bldh vko'. The economic gains have been cornered by a handful of people while the vast majority of people in the country do not get win two square meals a day.drk vkSj mi.ksfxrk ij izdk'k Mkfy. A iz. Paper–VII fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nhft. %& (i) Joint Secretary (ii) Under Secretary (iv) Deputy Commissioner (vi) Supervisor (viii) Proctor (x) Abeyance (xii) Circular (xiv) Earnest Money (xvi) Plebiscite (iii) Collector (v) Sub Judge (vii) Civil Surgeon (ix) A. buds egÙo ij izdk'k Mkfy. %& .ku nsuk gksrk gS \ fuEufyf[kr 'kCnksa ds fy. fdu&fdu fcUnqvksa ij fo'ks"k :i ls /. 1234- tulapkjh fgUnh ds Lo:i dk foospu dhft.fuEufyf[kr vorj.C. A lEikndh.kstu ewyd fgUnh ds fofo/k :iksa dk foospu&fo'ys"k.k dk fgUnh esa vuqokn dhft.h izk:i fdrus izdkj ds gksrs gSa \ Li"V dhft. A ^izkeqæ la'kks/ku* ls vki D.k dhft.kh vkSj ^vxzys[k* dk vUrj crkrs gq. 2009 Full Marks : 80 Part–I. flU)krksa dk foospu dhft.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.D.

ksxnku dks Li"V dhft.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.k djus esa fo'oukFk izlkn feJ ds .Z 'kqDy dh vkykspuk ds fo/kk. A lkfgR.kh dhft.ksx gS A** bl dFku dh lkFkZdrk ij fVIi. A xqykc jk. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Time : 3 Hours.oa mudh vkykspuk&i)fr½ Annual Examination.s <+ax ls mi.kk dk foospu dhft. dh leh{kk&i)fr dk ewY. A jhfrdky dh 'kkL=h. A MkWŒ uxsUæ dh lkfgR.d rÙoksa dk vkdyu dhft.ksxnku ij fopkj dhft.vkykspuk ds {ks= esa ukeoj Çlg ds .sfrgkfld dky&foHkktu vkSj vkpk.sfrgkfld vkykspuk&i)fr dk foLrkjiwoZd o. A ^^MkWŒ jkefoykl 'kekZ ds vkykspuk ds ekunaM ekDlZoknh fopkj/kkjk dk u. A 10. O.kadu dhft. {Hindi} ¼fgUnh vkykspuk ds vk/kkj LrEHk .Z 'kqDy fo"k.h dh vkykspuk ds ekunaM dh leh{kk dhft.A. A uannqykjs oktis. A . A ufyu foykspu 'kekZ dh ijEijk&n`f"V ij vius fopkj Li"V dhft.k[.&fo"k. 123456789- vkpk. ij . A .kZu djrs gq. Paper–VIII fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nhft.d vo/kkj.d fVIi. 2009 Full Marks : 80 Part–I.ksxnku dh ppkZ dhft.kh fyf[k. mlesa gtkjh izlkn f}osnh ds .

k Hkê ds fuca/kksa dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk ifjp. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions.A.sfrgkfld ukVdksa dk laf{kIr ifjp. {Hindi} Part–II. A f}osnh. nhft.qxhu dkO. vkn'kZoknh vkSj uhfrijd gSaA** bl dFku dk rdZiw. A ^^f}osnh&. A f}osnh&. dh izeq[k izo`fÙk.kZ foospu dhft.qxhu dkO. A 10.ksa dk ifjp. A cyÑ". Paper–IX (New Course) ¼fgUnh lkfgR.ksa dk ifjp. nhft. nhft. 2009 Full Marks : 70 fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nhft. A Hkkjrsanq&. nhft. A .kldkjksa dk ifjp. nhft.kZ mÙkj nhft. nhft.ksa dh izeq[k izo`fÙk. A t.qx ds izeq[k miU. dk bfrgkl½ Annual Examination.klksa dh izeq[k izo`fÙk.ksa ij izdk'k Mkfy. A vk/kqfud fgUnh ukVd ds fodkl esa Hkkjrsanq dh Hkwfedk dk ifjp. 123456789- Hkkjrsanq&.'kadj izklkn ds .NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. A fgUnh dh igyh dgkuh dkSu&lh gS \ rdZiw.qxhu miU.f}osnh&. All questions carry equal marks. Time : 3 Hours.qxhu vkykspuk dh izo`fÙk. nhft.ksa dk ifjp.qxhu dgkfu.

dh fo'ks"krkvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy. A .kokn ds izeq[k dfo. 123456789- Nk. A Nk. A mÙkj Nk. A 10. Time : 3 Hours.kokn ds izeq[k dfo. 2009 Full Marks : 70 Part–II.&O.'kadj izlkn dh dgkfu. {Hindi} fgUnh lkfgR.aX.ksa dk foospu dhft. nhft.¡ crkb.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.A.kokn&.kl&dyk dk ifjp. nhft.ksa dk ifjp. A Nk.kRed dkO. Paper–X fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nhft.thouh . dk bfrgkl vk/kqfud dky ¼Nk. A t. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions. nksuksa dk bfrgkl fyf[k. A ukVddkj t.ksa dh fo'ks"krk. A izsepan dh miU.qxhu gkL.'kadj izlkn ds ukVdksa dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk mYys[k dhft.ksa dk laf{kIr ifjp.oa vkRedFkk dk varj Li"V djrs gq. A gtkjh izlkn f}osnh ds yfyr fuca/kksa dk ifjp. nhft. nhft. mldh dkO. All questions carry equal marks. A Nk.koknh vkykspuk dh izo`fÙk.kokn ls ysdj izxfrokn rd½ Annual Examination.kokn dh ifjHkk"kk nsrs gq.xr fo'ks"krkvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy.

ksxnku dh ppkZ dhft.ksa nh tkrh gS \ u.½ Annual Examination. nhft. A fgUnh miU.h dgkuh vkanksyu ij izdk'k Mkfy.A. A fgUnh ukVd ds fodkl esa eksgu jkds'k ds .ksa dk mYys[k dhft. Paper–XI fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nhft. A 10. All questions carry equal marks.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. A izi|okn D. A yfyr fuca/kdkjksa dk laf{kIr ifjp. {Hindi} ¼vk/kqfud fgUnh&lkfgR. nhft. nhft. ds mn~Hko vkSj fodkl ij izdk'k Mkfy.ksxokn dh izeq[k izo`fÙk.h dfork dk lkekU.fgUnh vkRedFkk&lkfgR. A u. 123456789- iz. A 'kqDyth ds ckn ds izeq[k fgUnh vkykspdksa dk ifjp. A .ksxokn ds izeq[k dfo.ksa dk la{ksi esa ifjp.kl ds fodkl esa vkapfyd miU.kldkjksa ds egÙo dks js[kkafdr dhft. Time : 3 Hours. 2009 Full Marks : 70 Part–II. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions.ksxokn D. ifjp. nhft.k gS \ mls usduokn dh laKk D.k gS \ iz. A iz.

A ukV~. esa vki D. {Hindi} Part–II. A ukV~.dyk dh n`f"V ls ^pUækoyh* ukfVdk dh leh{kk dhft. A 10. fl)kUrksa ds fo"k. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions.dyk dh n`f"V ls ^vk"kk<+ dk . A ukV~. Paper–XII ¼ukVd vkSj jaxeap½ Annual Examination.d fnu* ukVd dh leh{kk dhft. ds Lo:i . A fgUnh ukV~.rk dh n`f"V ls ^vk"kk<+ dk . A . Time : 3 Hours. A Hkk"kk dh n`f"V ls ^pUækoyh* ukfVdk dh leh{kk dhft.d fnu* dh leh{kk dhft. A ^cdjh* ukVd ds oLrq&fo/kku ij fopkj dhft. 123456789- ukV~.oa y{k. A vfHkus.sClMZ ukVd dh fo'ks"krk crkrs gq. ^cdjh* ukVd ij fopkj dhft..dyk dh n`f"V ls ^LdanxqIr* ukVd dh leh{kk dhft.A.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. All questions carry equal marks.k tkurs gSa \ Li"V dhft.k dks Li"V dhft.sfrgkfldrk ij fopkj dhft. 2009 Full Marks : 70 fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nhft. A ^LdanxqIr* ukVd dh .

kid lkekftd lR. jktuhfr dk . A ^^Çtnxh vkSj tksad* jtqvk ds vfLrRo dh dgkuh gS A** bl dFku dh leh{kk dhft. All questions carry equal marks.^xqydh cUuks* dgkuh ds mís'. {Hindi} ¼vk/kqfud dFkk&lkfgR. A ^. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions. pfj=ksik[.½ Annual Examination. A .NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. A ^jkx njckjh* .aX. dh lkFkZdrk ij fopkj dhft. 123456789- ^jkx njckjh* esa fpf=r O.FkkFkZ fp= izLrqr djrk gS] dSls \ miU. A 10.d lkekU. A ^^xtk/kj ckcw dh ihM+k O. nhft. ij izdk'k Mkfy. A dgkuh&dyk dh n`f"V ls ^tgk¡ y{eh dSn gS* dgkuh dh leh{kk dhft.A. Time : 3 Hours.kl&dyk ds vk/kkj ij ^uhyk pk¡n* dh leh{kk dhft. A ^egkHkkst* ledkyhu Hkkjrh.s chekj yksx* dgkuh ds ik=ksa dk ifjp. 2009 Full Marks : 70 Part–II.ku gS] dSls \ ^jkx njckjh* dh Hkk"kk&'kSyh dk ewY. Paper–XIII fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nhft. dk vad gS A** bl dFku dh leh{kk dhft.kadu dhft.

ksa ij izdk'k Mkfy.k LFkku gS \ . {Hindi} ¼fucU/k rFkk vU. nhft. A y?kqdFkk dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk mYys[k dhft. A .jkes'ojukFk frokjh ds y?kqdFkk lalkj dk ifjp. A 10.k=k&o`Ùkkar dh ijEijk vkSj izo`fÙk. All questions carry equal marks. dk mYys[k dhft. 2009 Full Marks : 70 Part–II. A .qfDr.k=k&o`Ùkkar ds Lo:i dks Li"V dhft. A dqcsjukFk jk. A js[kk fp= dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk mYys[k dhft.¡ crkb.qDr mÙkj nhft.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. A . ds yfyr fuca/kksa ds oSf'k"V~. 123456789- yfyr fuca/k dh fo'ks"krk.A. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions.dkj ds :i esa jkeÑ". Time : 3 Hours. Paper–XIV fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nhft. x| fo/kk. A js[kkfp= dh ijEijk esa csuhiqjh dk D.k nkl dk ifjp.¡½ Annual Examination. A x|&dkO. nhft. A x| dkO. dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk foospu dhft.

dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. {Hindi} Part–II.k fl)kUr dk fo'ys"k. A dkO. A vjLrw ds egkdkO. nksuksa [k.atu&fl)kUr ds ewyHkwr oSpkfjd rÙoksa dh foospuk dhft.rk dk foLrkj ls ewY.V dh ijEijk&fo"k.&lEcU/kh erksa dk mYys[k dhft. .M ^d* gksjsl ds dkO.u djrs gq.Z gS A lHkh iz'uksa ds eku cjkcj gSa A 123456789- [k.M ^[k* 'kSyh foKku ds {ks= dk foospu dhft.d ys[k fyf[k.kadu dhft.d foLr`r leh{kkRed ys[k fyf[k. A IysVks ds vuqdj.M ^[k* ls .ksfxrk ij . A Øksps ds vfHkO.&lEcU/kh fopkj dk foospu dhft. A de&ls&de [k.A.Mksa ls iz'u dk p. A VhŒ . A fjpMZ~l ds lEizs"k.k djrs gq. A .oa fojks/kh rÙoksa dks js[kkafdr dhft. esa mnkÙk rÙo ds iks"kd .d leh{kkRed ys[k fyf[k.d vkykspuk ij .d iz'u dk mÙkj nsuk vfuok.k vkSj lkfgfR.k dhft. A ^[k [k* [k.'kSyh foKku dh mi. A euksfo'ys"k. Paper–XV ¼ik'pkR. vkykspuk vkSj 'kSyh foKku½ Annual Examination.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.k[.k fl)kUr dh O.lŒ bfy. 2009 Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours. A 10.d ekU.

A 'kCn vkSj vFkZ ds lEcU/k ij vius fopkj izLrqr dhft.nsoukxjh fyfi ds ekudhdj.k ij izdk'k Mkfy. A fgUnh Hkk"kk&{ks= dk fooj.A. Time : 3 Hours.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. All questions carry equal marks.atu /ofu. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions. fcUnqvksa ij viuk fpUru izLrqr dhft.d fl)kUrksa dh leh{kk dhft. 123456789- oSfnd laLÑr vkSj ykSfdd laLÑr dk vUrj Li"V dhft. A fgUnh dh Loj&O. A .ksa dk laf{kIr ifjp. {Hindi} ¼fgUnh Hkk"kk dh lajpuk½ Annual Examination.ksa dk ifjp.k nhft.kdjf. nhft. A okD. blds O. nhft. A nsoukxjh fyfi ds fodkl&Øe dks Li"V dhft.kd Lo:i ds eq[. 2009 Full Marks : 70 Part–II. A cfTtdk ds fodkl ij laf{kIr izdk'k Mkyrs gq. A fo'o dh izkphu fyfi. A czkãh fyfi dh mRifÙk fo"k. A 10. Paper–XVI fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa ds mÙkj nhft. ds Lo:i dh foospuk dhft.

kh fyf[k. {History} ¼bfrgkl ys[ku esa vU. A How does the Religions Literature help in writing of Indian history ? Explain. mRifÙk ds fl)kUr dh leh{kk dhft.s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkjh nhft. mRifÙk ds fl)kUr dh foospuk dhft. Paper–I SET–I Time : 3 Hours.rk izkIr gksrh gS \ Li"V dhft. iqjkrkfÙod vUos"k. bfrgkl&fuekZ. Hkkjrh. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) gM+Iiu&fyfi (Harappan Script) (b) [kjks"Bh fyfi (Kharoshthi Script) (c) v] d] [k] x] p] t] Fk .vkgr flDdksa dh mRifÙk] izkphurk .k dh dkcZu&14 fof/k (Carbon-14 method of dating) GROUP 'C' 678- Hkkjrh.kksa .d iz'u dk mÙkj nsrs gq. (Write v] d] [k] x] GROUP 'D' 9- Hkkjrh.k esa dSls lgk. A Describe traditional methods of exploration of archaeological sites.ksa dk mYys[k dhft.oa mR[kuuksa ls Hkkjrh.k (Stratification) (c) frfFkdj.s ikjEifjd fof/k.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. 3- Hkkjrh.d fVIi. 10.kZu dhft.kh fyf[k. A Describe the role of art objects in re-writing of Indian History.ksxnku dk o. selecting atleast one question from each group. 12- /kkÆed lkfgR.d fVIi. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) mÙkjh Ñ".M (Northern Black Polished Ware) (b) Lrjhdj. 2009 Full Marks : 80 Part–I. A How do the archaeological explorations and excavations help in re-construction of Indian History ? Explain. flDdksa dh ns'kt mRifÙk ij . bfrgkl ds iquysZ[ku esa dyk&Ñfr.oa n dks vk'kksdkyhu p] t] Fk and n in Ashokan Brahmi Script) czkãh fyfi esa fyf[k. czkãh fyfi ds mRifÙk ds lEcU/k esa Hkkjrh. All questions carry equal marks. . fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k.ksa ds . A Examine the theory of Indian origin of writing in India. A Write a note on origin. A Analyse arguments in favour of Indian origin of Brahmi script.oa fo'ks"krkvksa ij .A.ksxnku½ Annual Examination. izR. ys[ku&dyk dh mRifÙk ds lEcU/k esa Hkkjrh. A dk lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A GROUP 'A' Answer five questions in all. fdUgha nks ij fVIi. antiquity and characteristics of Punch Marked Coins.sd xzqi ls de ls de .kekÆtr e`nek. GROUP 'B' 45- iqjk&LFkyksa dh [kkst ds fy. bfrgkl ys[ku esa fdl izdkj enn igq¡pkrk gS \ Li"V dhft. fo/kkvksa dk .kh fyf[k. A Write a note on indigenous origin of Indian coins.

d fVIi.ksa dk mYys[k dhft.k eUrO. A Write an essay on foreign origin of Brahmi Script.s oSKkfud fof/k. {History} ¼bfrgkl ys[ku esa vU. 10.M (Painted Grey Ware) (b) frfFkdj. Please comment.kh fyf[k.M (Northern Black Polished Ware) GROUP 'C' 678- Hkkjr esa ys[ku&dyk dh izkphurk rFkk mRifÙk ij . czkãh fyfi dh fons'kh mRifÙk ij .oa fo'ks"krkvksa dh O.oa u dSls fy[kk tkrk v] d] x] t] V] r] Fk and u written in Asokan Brahmi Script ?) Fkk \ (How was GROUP 'D' 9- Hkkjrh. bfrgkl ds lzksr ds :i esa dyk&lkefxz. fdUgha nks ij fVIi.k dhft. bfrgkl ds lzksr ds :i esa vfHkys[k (Inscriptions as a source of Indian History) (b) Hkkjrh. flDdksa ds fons'kh mRifÙk ij . fo/kkvksa dk .k[. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A lHkh GROUP 'A' Answer five questions in all.kekÆtr e`nek. antiquity and characteristics of Punch Marked Coins.s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkjh nhft.k .sd xzqi ls de ls de . A *** . %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) fpf=r /kwlj e`nek.ksxnku dh O. 1- Hkkjrh. All questions carry equal marks. Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) Hkkjrh.k dh dkcZu&14 fof/k (Carbon-14 method of dating) (c) mÙkjh Ñ".k dhft. A Discuss the contribution of secular literature and near historical writings in re-construction of Indian history.kh fyf[k. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) gM+Iiu&fyfi (Harappan Script) (b) [kjks"Bh fyfi (Kharoshthi Script) (c) vk'kksdkyhu czkãh fyfi esa v] d] x] t] V] r] Fk . xfBr djsa A fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k. Paper–I SET–II Time : 3 Hours. 2009 Full Marks : 80 Part–I.A. %& 3- Archaeological explorations and excavations contribute immensely to writing of ancient Indian history.oa mR[kuu izkphu Hkkjrh.k[. A Write a note on foreign origin of Indian coins. .vkgr flDdksa dh mRifÙk] izkphurk . A Describe scientific methods of exploration of archaeological sites.ksxnku½ Annual Examination.oa fudV .Ur egÙoiw.sa (Coins as a source of Indian History) (c) Hkkjrh. bfrgkl ys[ku dks vR. A Write a note on antiquity and origin of writing in India.k¡ (Art objects as a source of Indian History) GROUP 'B' 45- iqjk&LFkyksa dh [kkst ds fy. Discuss origin. izR.sfrgkfld jpukvksa ds .d fucU/k fyf[k. fdUgha nks ij fVIi. bfrgkl ds lzksr ds :i esa eqæk.ksxnku nsrs gSa A Ñi. bfrgkl ds iquÆuekZ. 2- iqjkrkfRod vUos"k.kh fyf[k.kh fyf[k.kZ .d iz'u dk mÙkj nsrs gq.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.k esa /kesZÙkj lkfgR.d fVIi. selecting atleast one question from each group.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. fo'ks"krkvksa dh ppkZ dhft. A Examine social. A Throw light on typology. A Discuss main features of the Palaeolithic Culture of India. tool types and main features of the Mesolithic Culture of India. fo'ks"krkvksa dh ppkZ dhft. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) lSa/ko lH.rk dh dfri.oa yky e`nek.rk ds lkekftd] vkÆFkd . Paper–II (Pre and Proto History of India) Annual Examination.k dhft.oa /kkÆed igyqvksa dk ijh{k. A Write a note on pre-Harappan Cultures of Baluchistan and Sindh. antiquity and authors of Copper Hoards Implements.kh fyf[k. ik"kk. extent.k[. A Analyze extent and foreign contacts of Indus Civilization. 2009 Full Marks : 80 SET–I Time : 3 Hours. extent. A Discuss different theories regarding origin and age determination of earth.kh fyf[k. 10.k dhft. lSa?ko lH.oa izkphurk (Origin and antiquity of Megalithic Culture) (c) dkyk .oa mez fu/kkZj.rk ds foLrkj rFkk blds fons'kh lEidks± dh foospuk dhft.kksa ds izdkj rFkk laLÑfr dh eq[.kstuk (Urban-planning in Indus Civilization) (b) c`gRik"kkf. All questions carry equal marks. rkezfuf/k midj. 456- cywfpLrku rFkk Çl/k dh iwoZ gM+IikbZ laLÑfr.k ckn ds o"kks± esa bl lH.rk dk vpkud vUr dSls gqvk \ D.kdkyhu laLÑfr dh izkphurk] foLrkj] midj.kksa ds izdkj] foLrkj] izkphurk rFkk muds fuekZrkvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy.A. economic and religious aspects of Indus Civilizations. Hkkjr dh e/. fo'ks"krkvksa dh fujUrjrk ds izek.k ls lEcfU/kr fofHkUu fl)kUrksa dh O.k feyrs gSa \ How did Indus Civilization come to an abrupt end ? Are there proofs of continuity of certain features of this civilization in later years ? 789- lSa/ko lH.M laLÑfr (Black and Red Ware Culture) . Hkkjr esa ykSg rduhd dh izkphurk rFkk mRifÙk dh leh{kk dhft. A Describe antiquity.fuEu esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kd laLÑfr dh mRifÙk . lSa/ko lH. Hkkjr dh iqjk ik"kk. 123- i`Foh dh mRifÙk . A Examine antiquity and origin of iron-technique in India.ksa ij . fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa dk mÙkj nhft.d fVIi. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions. {History} Part–I.rk dh uxj&.kdkyhu laLÑfr dh eq[.

A. A Examine the theory of indigenous origin and development of non-technique in India. ^^lSa/ko lH. economic and religious aspects of Indus Civilization. Hkkjr esa ykSg rduhd ds ns'kt mRifÙk .M laLÑfr (Ochre Washed Ware Culture) .Mksa esa thou ds Øfed fodkl ij . fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.rk dk foLrkj (Extent of Indus Civilization) (b) c`gRik"kkf." Examine this statement.kkas ds izdkj] izkphurk rFkk mldh fo'ks"krkvksa dh leh{kk dhft. A "Pre-Harappan cultures of Baluchistan laid the foundation of Indus Civilization. ^^cywfpLrku dh iwoZ gM+IikbZ laLÑfr. Hkkjr dh e/. antiquity and authors of copper Hoards Implements. Paper–II (Pre and Proto History of India) Annual Examination.kd laLÑfr dh mRifÙk . lSa/ko lH.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.d ys[k fyf[k.d ys[k fyf[k. dh egkure~ miyfC/k Fkh A** ijh{k.oa /kkfeZd igyqvksa ij .s A Throw light on typology. 56789- lSa/ko lH. 12- i`Foh dh vk. {History} Part–I. rkezfuf/k midj. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) lSa/ko lH. A Write an essay on foreign contacts of Indus Civilization.oa izkphurk (Origin and antiquity of Megalithic Culture) (c) xs:vk jax ls /kqyh gqbZ e`nHkk.rk dh uxj&.q ds fofHkUu Hkw&xÆHkd dky [k.kstuk vius le. A Describe main features of the Neolithic culture of India. fdUgha ik¡p iz’uksa dk mÙkj nhft. A Examine the extent. A Write an essay on evolution of life in different geological eras of earth. 34- Hkkjr dh uo ik"k.rk dh uhao j[khA** bl dFku dh leh{kk dhft.kZu dhft.kh fyf[k.k dhft.oa fodkl ls lEcfU/kr fl)kUr dh leh{kk dhft. antiquity and characteristics of the middle Paleolithic culture of India.A A "Urban planning of Indus Civilization was the biggest achievement of its time.d ys[k fyf[k. A lHkh iz’uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any Five Questions. extent. 10. tool types.rk ds lkekftd] vkfFkZd .rk ds fons'kh lEidksZ ij . All questions carry equal marks.kdkyhu laLÑfr ds foLrkj] mlds midj. iqjk ik"kk. A Write an essay on Social. 2009 Full Marks : 80 SET–II Time : 3 Hours." Examine.kksa ds izdkj] foLrkj] izkphurk rFkk muds fuekZrkvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy.k dkyhu laLÑfr dh eq[.fuEu esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.ksa us lSa/ko lH.

k vkSj egkHkkjr % mn~Hko .s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft.) (b) jkek. A Describe antiquity and stratification of Vedic Literature.Zdkyhu dyk vkSj LFkkiR. 2009 Full Marks : 80 SET–I izR. A Examine foreign policy of Asoka.kh fyf[k. Hkxoku egkohj dh thouh rFkk mudh f'k{kkvksa dk foospu dhft.kZu dhft.kksa dh leh{kk dhft. 10. mÙkj oSfnd dkyhu lkekftd . selecting atleast two questions from each group.k dhft.Z lkezkT. dh izkphurk . dfu"d dh miyfC/k.oa Lrjhdj.k[. A Who were the Aryans ? Analyze different theories propounded on original home-land of the Aryans.Z dkSu Fks \ vk. A Describe Social and Economic condition during Later Vedic period. fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. 23456- fcfEclkj ls /kukuUn rd ex/k lkezkT. A Throw light on achievements of Kanishka.sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk mÙkj nsrs gq. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) vFkZ'kkL= dk fooj. Answer five questions in all.oa vkÆFkd n'kk dk o. 1- vk. {History} Part–I.A.. v'kksd dh fons'k uhfr dh leh{kk dhft. A Examine causes of the fall of the Mauryan empire. ds mRd"kZ ij izdk'k Mkfy.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.k (Arthasastra's account) (b) ekS.oa izkphurk (Ramayana and Mahabharata : Origin and Antiquity) (c) ekS. All questions carry equal marks. (Mauryan Art and Architecture) (c) dÇyx .q) (Kalinga-war) GROUP 'B' 789- oSfnd lkfgR. ekS. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A GROUP 'A' Time : 3 Hours.ks± ds vkfn&ns'k ds lEcU/k esa izpfyr fofHkUu fl)kUrksa dk foospu dhft.Zdkyhu vkÆFkd n'kk (Economic condition during Mauryan period) *** .k dh O.kh fyf[k. Paper–III (Political and Socio-Economic History of Ancient India) (Earliest Times to Kushanas) Annual Examination. ds iru ds dkj. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) _x~&oSfnd dkyhu /kkÆed n'kk (Religion during Rig-Vedic period.ksa ij izdk'k Mkfy. A Describe life and teachings of Lord Mahabir. A Throw light on rise of Magadh empire from Bimbisara to Dhana Nanda.

ekS.k[.. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) esxkLFkuht (Megasthenese) (b) v'kksd ds vfHkys[k (Inscriptions of Ashoka) (c) 'kqax (Sungas) GROUP 'B' 789- _XoSfnd dkyhu Hkk"kk] lkfgR. A Describe social and economic conditions during later Vedic period.kke . Hkxoku cq) ds thou&pfj= rFkk mins'kksa dh O.k[.k dhft.oa izkphurk (Ramayana and Mahabharata : Origin and Antiquity) *** .A. A Discuss language.k (Stratification of Vedic literature.d ys[k fyf[k. 6- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.oa egkHkkjr % mn~Hko .k] ifj. ^^dyk .qxksa esa vk. A Examine different theories regarding origin of the Mauryas and describe military exploits of first Mauryan king.oa vkfFkZd n'kk dk o.kh fyf[k. consequences and and effects of Kalinga War. . A Write an essay on geographical spread of Aryans in India during Rig-Vedic and later Vedic periods. A "Apart from king a patron of Art and letters Kanishka was also a great religious tolerant ruler. A Analyse traditional history of India as mentioned in the puranas. Answer five questions in all. selecting atleast two questions from each group.sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk mÙkj nsrs gq. 123- Hkkjr esa _XoSfnd rFkk mÙkjoSfnd . {History} Part–I.s dqy ik¡p izz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft.kksa esa of. mÙkjoSfnd dkyhu lkekftd .o /keZ dh O." Discuss. 45- dfyax .NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.kq 'kkld Hkh Fkk A** O.oa laLÑfr ds laj{kd ds lkFk&lkFk dfu"d . A i lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A GROUP 'A' Time : 3 Hours.s A Discuss life and teachings of Lord Buddha.ksZa dh mRifÙk ds lEcU/k esa izpfyr fofHkUu fl)kUrksa dh leh{kk dhft. dk Lrjhdj.Z lezkV ds lkefjd Ñfr.d egku /keZ lfg". literature and religion during Rig-Vedic period.q) ds dkj.k dhft. A Analyse causes. 10. All questions carry equal marks.) (b) mifu"kn (Upanishadas) (c) jkek. iqjk.oa izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft.ksZ ds HkkSxksfyd foLrkj ij . 2009 SET–II Full Marks : 80 izR.k[. bfrgl dh foospuk dhft. Paper–III (Political and Socio-Economic History of Ancient India) (Earliest Times to Kushanas) Annual Examination.k . %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) oSfnd lkfgR.kZr ikjEifjd Hkkjrh.kZu dhft.k dhft.kas dk mYys[k dhft. rFkk izFke ekS.

(Nalanda University) (d) xqIrdky esa egk. 123456- dq"kk. xqIrdky dks Hkkjrh. 2009 Full Marks : 80 SET–I izR.oLFkk (Gupta-administration) GROUP 'B' 789- xqIrdkyhu lkekftd&n'kk ij . A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A GROUP 'A' Time : 3 Hours. A Why is the Gupta-period called 'Golden Age' of the Indian history ? Explain. oS".k¡ (Poetry and Stories during Gupta period) (c) ukyUnk fo'ofo|ky.k (The Puranas) (b) xqIr&dkyhu dkO. dh foospuk dhft. fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kadu dhft.kh fyf[k.oa izlkj ij izdk'k Mkfy. A Describe the political history of Northern Indian immediately after the fall of the Kushanas. foLrkj ij izdk'k Mkfy.kksa dk Hkkjr ij vkØe. LdUnxqIr ds 'kklu dky dh izeq[k ?kVukvksa dk o.oa dgkfu. g"kZo/kZu dh lSfud miyfC/k. selecting atleast two questions from each group.oa fodkl (Origin and Development of Mahayana during Gupta-period) *** .oa LFkkiR.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. .A.ksa dk vkykspukRed ewY.kksa ds iru ds rqjUr ckn ds mÙkj Hkkjr ds jktuSfrd bfrgkl dk o.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. A Describe main events of the reign of Skanda-gupta. Answer five questions in all.ko /keZ ds mn~Hko .ku dk mn~Hko . bfrgkl dk Lo.kZu (Description of India by Fa-hien) (c) xqIrdkyhu iz'kklfud O. Paper–IV (Political and Socio-Economic History of Ancient India) (Post Kushana period to Harshavardhan) Annual Examination.ku dk Hkkjr o. A Throw light on origin of Vaishnavism and its propagation and spread during Gupta period.kh fyf[k. A Throw light on military campaigns and extent of empire of Harsha-Vardhan. 10.kZu dhft.ksa dgk tkrk gS \ Li"V dhft. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) gw.kZ . A Examine critically the military exploits of Chandra-gupta II.kZu dhft. xqIrdkyhu dyk . {History} Part–I.k (Huna invasion of India) (b) Qkfg.qx D. A Write an essay on social condition during Gupta period. dh lkefjd miyfC/k.ksa rFkk mlds lkezkT.s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. pUæxqIr f}rh. All questions carry equal marks.sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk mÙkj nsrs gq. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) iqjk.d fucU/k fyf[k.oa xqIrdky esa mlds izpkj . A Analyze art and architecture during Gupta period.

bfrgkl dk Lo.k (The Puranas) (b) xqIrdkyhu f'k{kk (Education during Gupta period) (c) xqIrdky ds nkSjku fons'kh O. All questions carry equal marks.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. xqIrdky ds nkSjku dyk .A. Paper–IV (Political and Socio-Economic History of Ancient India) (Post Kushana period to Harshavardhan) Annual Examination. Answer five questions in all. 123456- dq"kk. pUæxqIr izFke ds thou&pfj= .qx D. xqIrdky dks Hkkjrh.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. 2009 SET–II Full Marks : 80 izR.kZu (Description of India by Fa-hien) (c) gq. {History} Part–I.oa LFkkiR.kh fyf[k. A Describe life and achievements of Chandra-gupta I.ko /keZ dk mn~Hko .kikj (Foreign trade during Gupta period) *** . A Examine development of art and architecture during Gupta period. ds fodkl dk foospu dhft. fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.ksa dgk tkrk gS \ Li"V dhft.oa tSu lkfgR.kh fyf[k. 10.oa xqIrdky esa mlds izpkj .kksa ds iru ds rqjUr ckn ds mÙkj Hkkjr ds jktuSfrd bfrgkl ij . A Analyze the development of Buddhist and Jaina literature during Gupta period.d fVIi. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) esgjkSyh ykSg LrEHk vfHkys[k dk pUæ ("Chandra" of Meharauli Iron pillar inscription) (b) Qkfg.ku dk Hkkjr o.k (Huna Invasion of India) GROUP 'B' 789- xqIrdky ds nkSjku ckS) .oa izlkj ij izdk'k Mkfy.oa miyfC/k. A Why is the Gupta-period called 'Golden Age' of the Indian History ? Explain.kZu dhft. A Throw light on origin of Vaishanavism and its propagation and spread during Gupta period.sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk mÙkj nsrs gq.s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A GROUP 'A' Time : 3 Hours. dqekj xqIr ds 'kkludky dh izeq[k ?kVukvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) iqjk. g"kZo/kZu dh lkaLÑfrd miyfC/k.kZu dhft. A Throw light on main events of the reign of Kumar-gupta. A Write a note on political history of Northern India immediately after the fall of the Kushanas.kZ&. selecting atleast two questions from each group. A Describe cultural achievements of Harsha-Vardhan.kh fyf[k.ksa dk o. ds fodkl dh leh{kk dhft. oS".kksa dk Hkkjr ij vkØe.ksa dk o.

s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft. %& Examine theories regarding origin of Pallavas. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) viHkza'k Hkk"kk dk mn~Hko .oa ifj. (Nalanda University) *** . dh fot.oa [k.M ¼d½ ls de ls de 2 . A Describe political and cultural achievements of Gurjar-Pratiharas of Madhya Pradesh.ksa dk o. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSSa A g Answer Five questions in all.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft.ksa dh leh{kk dhft. Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) nf{k. A lkfgR. flU/k ij eqgeen fcu dkfle ds vkØe. Time : 3 Hours.d iz'u dk p.A.k¡ (Cultural achievements of the Pallavas) (c) pksyksa dk iz'kklu (Chola administration) 9- [k. education.M ¼[k½ .kZu dhft.k (Causes of collapse of Hindu rule in Northern India) 678- [k.sd [k. 2009 SET–I Full Marks : 80 [k.kh fyf[k.oa fodkl (Origin and development of Apabharansa language) (b) ehekalk (Mimamsa) (c) ukyUnk fo'ofo|ky. art and architecture. tks eksgEen xksjh dh lQyrk ds fy. ftEesnkj Fks A fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. A 11.M ¼x½ ds izR.M ¼d½–GROUP (A) e/. All questions carry equal marks.iwoZ e/.k dh ppkZ dhft.xkFkk .fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. fd bl vkØe. vkSj crkb.kZu dhft.M ls de ls de .k dk Hkkjr ij D. selecting atleast two questions from Group (A) and one each from Group (B) and Group (C). 10.oa miyfC/k. izns'k ds xqtZu&izfrgkjksa dh jktuSfrd rFkk lkaLÑfrd miyfC/k.dkyhu Hkkjr esa eqfLye lekt dh foospuk dhft.kh fyf[k. vkSj mu rÙoksa dks fpfàr dhft. ds {ks= esa jktiwrksa ds nsuksa dk o.] f'k{kk] dyk .M ¼[k½–GROUP (B) iqydsf'ku f}rh.oa LFkkiR. Analyze Muslim Society in early Medieval India. Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) jktiwrksa dh mRifÙk ds fl)kUr (Theories regarding the origin of Rajputs) (b) egewn xtuoh dk mÙkj Hkkjr ij /kkok (Raids of Mahamud Ghazanavi on Northern India) (c) mÙkjh Hkkjr esa fgUnw 'kklu ds iru ds dkj.u djrs gq.d fucU/k fyf[k.kksa . A fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. A Examine military conquests and achievements of Pulakesin II. A Write an essay on economic condition in early Medieval India. {History} Part–I. Describe contributions of the Rajputs in the fields of literature. 123- [k.M ¼x½–GROUP (C) iwoZ e/.kh fyf[k.oa [k. %& Describe invasion of Muhammad-bin Kasim on Sindh and bring out what long-term effects this invasion left on India ? 5- Examine the causes and effects of the second battle of Tarain and enumerate factors responsible for success of Mohammad Ghauri.dkyhu Hkkjr dh vkÆFkd n'kk ij . iYyoksa ds mn~Hko lEcU/kh fl)kUrksa dh leh{kk dhft. Paper–V (Political and Socio-Economic History of Early Medieval India) Annual Examination.k nwjxkeh izHkko iM+k \ 4- rjkbZu dh nwljh yM+kbZ ds dkj.k ds jk"VªdwV (Rashtrakutas of Deccan) (b) iYyoksa dh lkaLÑfrd miyfC/k.

ksa dh ppkZ dhft. %& Write an essay on political conditions of India on the eve of invasion of Mohammad Ghauri.kh fyf[k. A 11. (Pulakesin II) (c) pksydkyhu dyk . 123- ¼v½ [k. A Examine achievements of Rajendra Chola–I.iwoZ e/. Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) jktiwrksa dh mRifÙk ds fl)kUr (Theories regarding the Origin of Rajputs) (b) rjkbu dh nwljh yM+kbZ (Second Battle of Terain) (c) mÙkjh Hkkjr esa fgUnw 'kklu ds iru ds dkj. A fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. A jktsUnz pksy&izFke] dh miyfC/k. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) nf{k.d ys[k fyf[k.s A Write an essay on economic conditions in early Medieval India. Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) viHkza'k Hkk"kk dk mn~Hko .M ¼[k½ . selecting atleast two questions from Group (A) and one each from Group (B) and Group (C). education. art and architecture.k (Causes of collapse of Hindu's rule in Northern India) 678- ¼c½ [k.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kZu dhft. ds {ks= esa jktiwrkas dh nsuksa dk o.k ds le.M ¼v½–GROUP (A) iwohZ Hkkjr ds ikykas dh jktuSfrd .M ls de ls de . Time : 3 Hours.oa [k.M ¼c½–GROUP (B) iYyoksa dh lkaLÑfrd miyfC/k.ksa dk o. All questions carry equal marks.oa LFkkiR.d iz'u dk p.u djrs gq.kh fyf[k.] f'k{kk] dyk .sd [k.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.M ¼l½–GROUP (C) iwoZ e/.dkyhu Hkkjr esa fgUnw&eqfLye lEcU/kksa dh leh{kk dhft.k ds nwjxkeh izHkkoksa dk ewY.oa [k. Paper–V (Political and Socio-Economic History of Early Medieval India) Annual Examination.d fucU/k fyf[k. Narrate the political and cultural achievements of Palas of eastern India.A.k ds okdkVd (Vakatakas of Deccan) (b) iqydsf'ku f}rh. 2009 SET–II Full Marks : 80 [k.kZu dhft. Describe the cultural achievements of the Pallavas.ksa dh leh{kk dhft. %& *** .M ¼d½ ls de ls de 2 . A lkfgR.s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft.oa okLrqdyk (Chola Art and Architecture) 9- ¼l½ [k. Examine the Hindu-Muslim relations in early medieval India. 45- eksgEen xkSjh ds vkØe.kadu dhft.oa fodkl (Origin and development of Apabharansa Language) (b) ckS) /keZ esa rU=okn (Tantricism in Buddhism) (c) foØef'kyk fo'ofo|ky. A mÙkjh Hkkjr ij egewn xtuoh ds /kkcksa dh ppkZ dhft. {History} Part–I. A Describe th raids of Mahemud Ghazanavi on North India and evaluate its long-term effects on India.M ¼x½ ds izR. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer Five questions in all.oa lkaLÑfrd miyfC/. vkSj Hkkjr ij bl vkØe. (Vikramashila University) 10.kh fyf[k.dkyhu Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd n'kk ij . Describe contributions of the Rajputs in the fields of literature.&Hkkjr dh jktuhfrd n'kk ij .

rFkk mlds izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft.d lEcU/kksa ij izdk'k Mkfy.k ds Hkkjrh. A lHkh iz'uksa dss vad leku gSa A d GROUP 'A' Answer five questions in all.qx esa Hkkjrh. GROUP 'B' 89- nf{k.oa lqo.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. 'kdksa ds vkfne okl&LFkku rFkk Hkkjr ds {k=i 'kkldksa ij .kZ&Hkwfe dh O.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. A Throw light on political. All questions carry equal marks. rFkk bu {ks=ksa ls Hkkjr ds izkjfEHkd O.oa LFkkiR. %& *** .f'k.d vkys[k izLrqr dhft.oa mldk mifuos'khdj. Hkkjrh.kbZ ns'kksa esa izkphu lekt (Early Society in South-East Asian countries) (b) nf{k. mifuos'kksa esa dyk .kikfjd lEcU/k . selecting atleast two questions from each group.ks± }kjk yadk dk mifuos'khdj.kolkf. bfrgkl ds izkjfEHkd o"kks± esa e/.kh fyf[k.k&iwoZ .) (c) tkok ds lkFkk Hkkjr dk izkjfEHkd O.k[. izR. ewY. ds fodkl ij izdk'k Mkfy.k&o`ÙkkUr (Travel accounts of Hiuen-tsang) 7- lqo.k&iwoZ .s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. A bZ'kk iwoZ . {History} Part–I.ksa ij if'peh laLÑfr ds izHkkoksa dk ewY.k dk o. A Describe Alexander's invasion of India and examine its effects.kZu dhft.f'k. A fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.A. . Paper–VI (India's Early Contacts with West & Central Asia and Cultural Expansion in South-East Asia) Annual Examination.kh fyf[k.k&iwoZ . lkaLÑfrd izlkj dh foospuk dhft. Evaluate impact of western culture on Indian values in pre-Christian era.oa erjke jktoa'k dh LFkkiuk (India's early trade contacts with Java and establishment of Mataram Dynasty) Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) nf{k.kikfjd lEcU/kksa dk mYys[k dhft. %& 6- Analyze cultural expansion of India in Central Asia (Afghanistan and Khotan) in early years of Indian history.M esa Hkkjr rFkk bZjku ds chp jktuSfrd] /kkÆed rFkk O. Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) esukaMj (Menander) (b) felz ds lkFk Hkkjr ds izkjfEHkd lEcU/k (India's Early Contacts with Egypt) (c) phu esa Hkkjr dk lkaLÑfrd izlkj (Cultural expansion of India in China) (d) g~osulk¡x dk Hkze. 2345- Hkkjr ij fldUnj ds vkØe. 2009 Full Marks : 80 SET–I Time : 3 Hours.kh fyf[k. A Produce an essay on original home-land of the Sakas and Kshatrap rulers of India.k (Colonization of Lanka by Aryans) 10. religions and commercial relations between India and Iran in pre-Christian era.kbZ ns'kksa esa izkphu /keZ (Early religion in South-East Asian Countries) (c) vk.k ¼vQxkfuLrku .kZ&}hi .kadu dhft.f'k.sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk mÙkj nsrs gq.k (India's early trade contacts with Champa and its colonization. A fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) vaxdksj&jktoa'k (Angkor-Dynasty) (b) pEik ls Hkkjr dk izkjfEHkd O.oa [kksrku½ esa Hkkjrh.kikfjd lEcU/k .k dhft. %& Throw light on development of art and architecture in Indian colonies of South-East Asia. A Discuss Suvarna-duip and Subarna-bhumi and elucidate early trade contacts of India with these regions. 1- iwoZ bZ'kk dky[k.f'k.

sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk mÙkj nsrs gq. A Describe Alexander's invasion of India and examine effects of this invasion on India. All questions carry equal marks. {History} Part–I.k ds Hkkjrh.s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. A What do you understand by Suvarna-duip and Subarna-bhumi ? Analyze expansion of early trade relations of India in these regions. .kZu dhft. A fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.ks± }kjk yadk dk mifuos'khdj.f'k.l izFke ds lkezkT.A.MksQuhZt (Gondophernese) (c) phu esa Hkkjr dk lkaLÑfrd izlkj (Cultural expansion of India in China) (d) Qkfg.kikfjd lEcU/kksa ds foLrkj dh foospuk dhft.oa lqo.f'k. Paper–VI (India's Early Contacts with West & Central Asia and Cultural Expansion in South-East Asia) Annual Examination.k] bldh leh{kk dhft. rFkk Hkkjr ij iM+us okys bl vkØe.k ds Hkkjrh. Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) tkok dk Çlnksd jktoa'k (Sindok Dynasty of Java) (b) cekZ ds lkFk Hkkjr dk izkjfEHkd O.kh fyf[k.oa Hkkjrh. A izkjfEHkd fnuksa esa Hkkjr .kZ&Hkwfe ls vki D.k ds izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft.d fucU/k fyf[k.ks ds lkFk Hkkjr dk izkjfEHkd O.oa iz'kklu ij izdk'k Mkfy.oa /keZ dh fLFkfr dh leh{kk dhft.k dk o.kbZ 'kfDr. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) nf{k.kikfjd lEcU/k .qx esa Hkkjrh. Hkkjr ij fldUnj ds vkØe. %& 56- Examine the manner in which the Western culture impacted the Indian values in pre-Christian era.oa Hkkjrh.k&iwoZ . selecting atleast two questions from each group.kh fyf[k. %& Examine status of society and religion in Indian colonies of South-East Asia. ewy ds jktoa'kksa dh LFkkiuk (India's early trade contacts with Burma and establishment of dynasties of Indian origin) (c) cksfu.oa frCcr ds lkaLÑfrd lEcU/kksa ij .k&iwoZ . A fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. 1234- Msfj. ewY. GROUP 'B' 89- nf{k.ksa ds egÙo ij izdk'k Mkfy.ku (Fa-hien's travel accounts) 7- lqo. (Art and Architecture in Indian colonies of South-East Asia) (b) nf{k. A Throw light on extent of empire and administration of Darius I.kZ&}hi . 2009 Full Marks : 80 SET–II Time : 3 Hours. A Hkkjr esa czkf[r. mifuos'kksa esa lekt . mifuos'kksa esa lkfgR. mifuos'kksa esa dyk . Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) if'peh Hkkjr ds {k=i (Kshatraps of Western India) (b) xks. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A GROUP 'A' Answer five questions in all.k ds Hkkjrh. Write an essay on cultural relations between India and Tibet in early days.ksa dks if'peh laLÑfr us fdl izdkj izHkkfor fd.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k.oa laxhr (Literature and Music in Indian colonies of South-East Asia) (c) vk.k&iwoZ .oa LFkkiR. foLrkj . izR.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. Throw light on importance of the Bactrian forces in India.f'k. ewy ds jktoa'kksa dh LFkkiuk (India's early trade contacts with Borneo and establishment of dynasties of Indian origin) 10.k (Colonization of Lanka by Aryans) *** . bZ'kk iwoZ .kikfjd lEcU/k .k le>rs gSa \ bu {ks=ksa esa Hkkjr ds izkjfEHkd O.

kh fyf[k. dLlkbV dkSu Fks \ csfcyksu ij muds vkØe.rk dh eq[.kh fyf[k. selecting atleast one questions from each group. ¼fijkfeM . %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) gEeqjkch dh fof/k&lafgrk (Law Code of Hammurabi) (b) lsukpfjc dh miyfC/k.s A What importance had the geographical factors in evolution of Mesopotamian civilization ? Also throw light on discovery antiquity and extent of Mesopotamian civilization.rk dh [kkst izkpuhrk . Paper–VII (Egyptian. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) feJ dh lH.oa iru (Rise and fall of the Medes) (b) tsjtsDl (Xerxes) (c) tjFkqLrzk (Zarathustra) 10. Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) esanksa dk mRFkku . Discuss their invasion of Babylon and their administrator and 8- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.ksa dk mYys[k dhft. Answer five questions in all.oa lkaLÑfrd miyfC/k. A Analyse main features of the Persian Civilization.oa vlQyrkvksa dk o.k¡ (Achievements of Sennacherib) (c) v'kqjcfuiky dh miyfC/k. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSSa A g GROUP 'A' Time : 3 Hours. fo'ks"krkvksa dk foospu dhft.oa foLrkj ij Hkh izdk'k Mkfy. v[kukVu dh miyfC/k.oa /kkfeZd igyqvksa dh leh{kk dhft. A Describe achievements and failures of Akhnaton. A Who ware Hyksos ? Examine their invasion of and its effects of Egypt.rk ds fodkl esa HkkSxksfyd dkjdksa dk D.u djrs g. fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. All questions carry equal marks. {History} Part–I.kkekas dh leh{kk dhft.qx½ dh lkekftd .ksa .fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.sd xzqi ls de ls de .rk ds iru ds dkj.k egÙo Fkk \ eslksikSVkfe.k (Causes of the downfall of the Egyptian Civilization) GROUP 'B' 5- eslksiksVkfe.rk uhy unh dh nsu gS (Egyptian civilization is the gift of Nile) (b) FkqVeksl r`rh. A Examine social. (Thutmose III) (c) felzh lH.d iz'uksa dk p.k dh lH.k rFkk mlds ifj. A Who were Kassites ? cultural achievements.s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft.kZu dhft.rk ds iqjkru jkT.rk ds lkekftd] vkfFkZd . Mesopotamian and Persian Civilizations) Annual Examination. 1- felzh lH. economic and religious aspects of the Babylonian civilization. %& nks *** . 234- fgDlksl dkSu Fks] felz ij muds vkØe. 2009 Full Marks : 80 SET–I izR.k rFkk mudh iz'kklfud . 67- csfcyksu dh lH. A Give an account of Social and religious life and art & craft during Old Kingdom (Pyramid Age) of the Egyptian Civilization.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.kh fyf[k.k¡ (Achievement of Ashurbanipal) GROUP 'C' 9- Qkjl dh lH.A.k dh lH.oa /kkfeZd fLFkfr rFkk dyk&dkS'ky dh tkudkjh nhft.

rk ds iru ds dkj.oa iru (Rise and fall of Medes) (b) Msfj.u lH.s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. religion.kh fyf[k.oa izkphurk ij izdk'k Mkfy. A Examine causes of the downfall of the Egyptian Civilization. {History} Part–I. fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. 2009 Full Marks : 80 SET–II izR.qx esa Hkk"kk . extent and antiquity of this Civilization.rk ds lekt] /keZ] f'k{kk .s A Analyse geographical factors responsible for growth of Mesopotamian Civilization and throw light on discovery.sd xzqi ls de ls de .kkekas dh leh{kk dhft.rk dh nsu (Egyptian contribution in the fields of Art and Architecture) (c) gk'ksilqV dh miyfC/k.kksa dh leh{kk dhft. education and literature in Sumerian Civilization. FkqVeksl r`rh. 1234- fgDlksl dkSu Fks \ felz ij muds vkØe.k¡ (Achievements of Sargon of Akkad) (b) cschyksu .oa LFkkiR. A Evaluate Thutmose III as a conqueror and an able administrator.&dyk dks felzh lH.k¡ (Achievement of Tiglath Peleser III) (d) vlhjh lkezkT.k¡ (Achievements of Hatshepsut) GROUP 'B' 5- eslksiksVkfe.rk uhy unh dh nsu gS (Egyptian civilization is the gift of Nile) (b) dyk . %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) feJ dh lH. dh miyfC/k.d fucU/k fyf[k.l izFke dh miyfC/k. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A GROUP 'A' Time : 3 Hours.rk ds fodkl esa HkkSxksfyd dkjdksa dk fo'ys"k.ksa ij izdk'k Mkfy.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. felzh lH.A.kh fyf[k.k (Causes of the downfall of Assyrian Empire) GROUP 'C' 9- tjFkqL= ds thou rFkk mlds mins'kksa dk o.rk dh [kkst] izlkj .oa lkfgR.A Who were Hyksos ? Examine their invasion of and its effects on Egypt.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.k rFkk mlds ifj.s A Throw light on achievements of Hammurabi.s A Write an essay on Society. Paper–VII (Egyptian.oa mudh Hkk"kk (People of Persia and their Language) 10. selecting atleast one questions from each group.oa lkfgR.d fotsrk rFkk dq'ky iz'kkld ds :i esa dhft. Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) esanks dk mRFkku . A Describe life and preachings of Zarathustra. All questions carry equal marks.d iz'uksa dk p. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) vDdkn ds lkjxksu dh miyfC/k.s rFkk bl lH.u djrs g. fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. 678- lqesj dh lH.k¡ (Achievements of Darius-I) (c) Qkjl ds yksx . %& *** . ds iru ds dkj. Answer five questions in all.k dhft. Mesopotamian and Persian Civilizations) Annual Examination. dk ewY.kadu .kh fyf[k. gEewjkch dh miyfC/k. (Language and Literature during Babylonian period) (c) frxyFk fiyslj r`rh. ij .kZu dhft.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. ink.oa nk'kZfud fopkjksa dh O. "Age of Abbasides was the Golden period of Arabs".q) ds dkj. .kh fyf[k. bronze and silk industries) (d) ljdkjh lsokvksa esa fu. Khalifa Umar and Khalifa Usman.k rFkk xjhch mUewyu (Nationalization of trade & commerce and poverty alleviation programmes.ksxnkuksa ij fVIi. Philosophy.] n'kZu] foKku] dyk . Time : 3 Hours.kh fyf[k. esa ukfj. GROUP 'A' phuh&lH. dk jk"Vªh.kksa dk fo'ys"k.A. Describe Literature.d iz'u dk mÙkj nsrs g. ds foLrkj ij . A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions in all. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) bLyke /keZ ds izeq[k mins'k (Main teachings of Islam) (b) /keZ&. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) phuh ikSjkf.sd xzqi ls de ls de . Paper–VIII (Chinese.rk dh nsu (Contributions of Roman Civilizations) 789- bLyke ds mn.oa LFkkiR. 12- yk&vksRls dh thouh] mldh jpukvksa rFkk jktuhfrd . ds iru ds dkj.kh fyf[k.dj.oa phuh lH.oa LFkkiR.) (b) dkxt] L.k dhft. %& 3- Write note on contributions of the Chinese Civilization in the following fields :– (a) O. (City-States of Athens) (b) gksej dkyhu dyk .kZu dhft.oa /kkÆed thou ij izdk'k Mkfy.kZdky Fkk A** bl dFku dh leh{kk dhft. A jkseu lkezkT.ksa ds lkekftd] jktuSfrd] vkÆFkd .rk esa vfr izkjfEHkd lkeUrh tkxhjksa dk fodkl (Origin of the world as per traditional Chinese mythology and development of most ancient feudal principalities in Chinese civilization) (b) pkÅ dky esa phuh lH. 10.qx ds lkfgR. Art and Architecture during Pereclese period.rk dk fodkl (Development of Chinese civilization during Chou-age) (c) izkphu phuh /keZ (Ancient-Chinese religion) (d) izkphu phuh lekt (Ancient-Chinese society) 456- isjhDyht . %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) . jade. Examine this statement. political. 2009 Full Marks : 80 SET–I izR.oa okf. A Analyze life.kgh] ÇizÇVx izsl .k dhft. A Throw light on social.&dyk dk o. GROUP 'B' fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kikj . A Analyze causes of the fall of the Roman empire.kd dFkkvksa ds vuqlkj fo'o dh mRifÙk .d ys[k fyf[k. economic and religions life of Arabs before dawn of Islam. GROUP 'C' vcw cdj] [kyhQk mej rFkk [kyhQk mLeku ds v/khu bLykfed lkezkT.FksUl dk uxj&jkT. A ^^vCcklh 'kkludky vjcksa dk Lo.rk ds fuEufyf[kr {ks=ksa esa fof'k"V .kT. {History} Part–I. A Write an essay on expansion of Islamic empire under Abu Baker. Science. printing press and paper currency) (c) okÆu'k dyk] tsM vkSj dkaL.s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft.k (Causes of Crusades) (c) vjc&lkezkT.oa dkxth eqæk dk fodkl (Development of paper.kh fyf[k. his writings and political & philosophical ideas of Lao-tse.ksa dh fLFkfr (Status of Women in Arab empire) *** . ds iwoZ vjc&okfl.&dyk (Art and Architecture during Homer age) (c) vkxLrl lhtj ds lq/kkj (Reforms of Augustus Caesar) (d) jkseu lH. Greco-Roman and Islamic Civilizations) Annual Examination.qfDr dh i)fr (Recruitment method for public services) fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. selecting atleast one questions from each group.oa js'ke m|ksxksa dk fodkl (Development of Lacquer. All questions carry equal marks.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.k[.

political.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.kZu dhft. nature and importance of Crusades.d fucU/k fyf[k.k (Causes of the fall of Roman empire) GROUP 'C' 789- bLyke ds mn.ksa ds lkekftd] jktuSfrd] vkÆFkd . lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A GROUP 'A' Time : 3 Hours. Paper–VIII (Chinese.oa /kkÆed thou ij izdk'k Mkfy. ds iru dk dkj.&foLrkj dks js[kkafdr dhft. script and science) (d) izkphu phuh lekt (Ancient-Chinese society) GROUP 'B' 456- isjhDyht . A nhft. {History} Part–I.A. economic and religions life of Arabs before dawn of Islam.kh fyf[k.rk dh nsu (Contributions of Roman Civilizations) (d) jkseu lkezkT.oa foKku (Ancient-Chinese language.nksa ds v/khu vjc lkezkT.l dh thouh] mldh jpukvksa rFkk jktuSfrd .&dyk (Art and Architecture during Homer age) (c) jkseu lH.s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.oa egÙo dh leh{kk dhft. fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) LikVkZ dk uxj&jkT. 2009 Full Marks : 80 SET–II izR. ds foLrkj rFkk vjcksa ds lkekftd .qf'k.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.k ij .&dyk (Ancient-Chinese Art and Architecture) (c) izkphu phuh Hkk"kk] fyfi . 'kqax&iqutkZxj.kh fyf[k. Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) bLyke /keZ ds izeq[k mins'k (Main teachings of Islam) (b) f[kykQr dh mRifÙk .] n'kZu] foKku] dyk . All questions carry equal marks. (Arab-literature) (c) vjc&foKku (Arab-Science) 10. Art and Architecture during Pereclese period.d iz'u dk mÙkj nsrs g. jkse ds lkezkT. Greco-Roman and Islamic Civilizations) Annual Examination. Answer five questions in all.oa LFkkiR.oa vkÆFkd thou dh foospuk dhft. Philosophy.oa LFkkiR.qx ds lkfgR. mEe¸.oa LFkkiR. 123- dU¶.oa fodkl (Origin and development of Caliphate) (c) vjc&lkfgR. (City-State of Sparta) (b) gksej dkyhu dyk .sd xzqi ls de ls de . A Describe Literature. A Throw light on life his writings and political & philosophical ideas of Confucius. A Examine causes. A Write an essay on Sung-Renaissance.q) ds dkj. ds iwoZ vjc&okfl.kh fyf[k. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) izkphu phuh /keZ (Ancient-Chinese religion) (b) izkphu phuh dyk . A Delineate the expansion of Roman empire.oa nk'kZfud fopkjksa ij izdk'k Mkfy. selecting atleast one questions from each group. %& *** .kksa] Lo:i . /keZ&. Science.&dyk dk o. A Throw light on social. A Analyze expansion of Arab empire and social & economic life of Arabs under Ummayyads.

kikj (Foreign trade during Sultanate period) 10. A Examine origin and main teachings of Sufism and its effects of Indian society. lwQhokn dh mRifÙk] izeq[k fl)kUrksa rFkk Hkkjrh. origin and military achievements of early rulers of Bahmani Kingdom and discuss reforms of Mahmud Gawan.ksa dh fLFkfr (Condition of women in Hindu society during Sultanate period) (b) fl[k /keZ dh LFkkiuk .k&csxe (Raziya Begum) (b) fQjkst'kkg rqxyd dh /kkÆed uhfr (Religious policy of Ferozshah Tughlaq) (c) fnYyh lYrur ds iru ds dkj. A Describe Mongol invasions of India during Sultanate period. cgeuh jkT. vykmíhu f[kyth ds lSfud lq/kkjksa .knso jk.s fofHkUu vkfo"dkjh dk.a=.s fd og muesa vlQy D. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A GROUP 'A' Time : 3 Hours.ZØeksa dh leh{kk dhft.kh fyf[k.ksa dh leh{kk dhft.kZu dhft.sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p.ksa dk o. vkSj crkb. Paper–IX (Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India) Annual Examination. GROUP 'B' rqdZ&vQxku dky esa foKku rFkk rduhdh f'k{kk ds fodkl ij izdk'k Mkfy. 6- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. 45- lYrur dky esa Hkkjr ij eaxksy vkØe. lekt ij blds izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft.ksa jgk \ Examine various innovative programmes launched by Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq and analyze why did he fail in his efforts. {History} Part–II.oa mlds izkfEHkd 'kkldksa dh lSU. A Throw light on development of science and technical education during Turko-Afghan period. eqgEen fcu rqxyd }kjk izkjEHk fd. 2009 SET–I Full Marks : 70 izR. 123- cycu ds thou pfj= . A Examine military reforms and market control policies of Alauddin Khilji.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. All questions carry equal marks.A. dh miyfC/k. (Integration of Hindu and Islamic architecture during Sultanate period) (d) lYrur dky esa fons'kh O.oa izlkj (Origin and spread of Sikhism) (c) lYrur dky esa fgUnw rFkk bLykeh LFkkiR. A Describe establishment.k (Causes of the downfall of Delhi Sultanate) (d) Ñ".kksa dk o. rFkk egewn xok¡ ds lq/kkjksa dk mYys[k dhft.s x. Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) lYrur dky esa fgUnw lekt esa fL=. %& *** .u djrs gq. miyfC/k.oa miyfC/k.oa cktkj fu.k uhfr. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) jft. Answer five questions in all.kZu dhft.ksa dk o. A Describe life and achievements of Balban.oLFkk dh leh{kk dhft.kZu dhft.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. .kh fyf[k. selecting atleast two questions from each group. dh LFkkiuk mn.k¡ (Achievements of Krishna-deo Rai) 789- lYrur dkyhu iz'kklfud O.s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. A Examine administrative arrangements during Sultanate period.&dyk dk leUo.

k&csxe (Raziya Begum) (b) cycu dk jktRo fl)kUr (Balban's theory of Kingship) (c) rSewjyax dk Hkkjr ij vkØe. A Discuss life and achievements of Qutub-ud-din Aibak.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. A Examine military campaigns of Alla-ud-din Khalji. cgeuh jkT.k (Taimur Lung's invasion of India) (d) Ñ". fnYyh lYrur ds iru ds dkj.k¡ (Achievements of Krishna-deo Rai) GROUP 'B' 789- lYrur dkyhu iz'kklfud O. dh miyfC/k.ksa dh ppkZ dhft.kh fyf[k. . All questions carry equal marks. Answer five questions in all. A Examine origin. A Examine causes of the fall of the Delhi Sultanate. 6- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. rFkk egewn xok¡ ds lq/kkjksa dk mYys[k dhft. miyfC/k. 12345- dqrqcqíhu .A.&dyk dk leUo. rqdZ&vQxku dky esa fgUnh lkfgR.u djrs gq. A Write an essay on development of Hindi literature during Turko-Afghan period.kuksa dh leh{kk dhft. lwQhokn dh mRifÙk] izeq[k fl)kUrksa rFkk Hkkjrh. main teachings and effects of Sufism on Indian society.kZu dhft.scd ds thou&pfj= . origin and military achievements of early rulers of Bahmani Kingdom and discuss reforms of Mahmud Gawan.knso jk.ksa dk o.d fVIi.oa oSnsf'kd uhfr.kh fyf[k. selecting atleast two questions from each group.s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. x.k HkfDr ds lUr (Saints of Krishna Cult during Sultanate period) (c) lYrur dky esa fgUnw rFkk bLykeh LFkkiR. vykmíhu f[kyth ds fot.&vfHk.d ys[k fyf[k. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) lYrur dky esa fgUnw lekt esa fL=. A Describe establishment.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. Paper–IX (Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India) Annual Examination. A Write a note on administrative arrangements during Sultanate period.klqíhu rqxyd dh x`g .oa mlds izkfEHkd 'kkldksa dh lSU. 10. 2009 SET–II Full Marks : 70 izR.oLFkk ij .ksa dk vkdyu dhft. {History} Part–II. dh LFkkiuk mn. lekt ij blds izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft.sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p.oa miyfC/k. A Evaluate domestic and foreign policies of Gya-sud-din Tughlaq. (Integration of Hindu and Islamic architecture during Sultanate period) (d) lYrur dky esa m|ksxksa dh fLFkfr (Condition of industries during Sultanate period) *** .ksa dh fLFkfr (Condition of women in Hindu society during Sultanate period) (b) lYrur dky esa Ñ". %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) jft.kh fyf[k. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A GROUP 'A' Time : 3 Hours. ds fodkl ij .kksa dh leh{kk dhft.

kksa dk o. selecting atleast two questions from each group.ksa dh leh{kk dhft.k uhfr. eqgEen fcu rqxyd dh nf{k. A Describe Mongol invasions of India during Sultanate period. lwQhokn dh mRifÙk] izeq[k fl)kUrksa rFkk Hkkjrh. All questions carry equal marks. A Examine military reforms and market control policies of Alla-ud-din Khalji. lYrur dkyhu foKku . Paper–IX (Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India) Annual Examination. dk 'kklu&izcU/ku (Administration of Vijaya Nagar Kingdom) GROUP 'B' 789- rqdZ&vQxku dkyhu lkekftd thou ij .kh fyf[k. {History} Part–II.ksa dh fLFkfr (Condition of women in Hindu society during Sultanate period) (b) fl[k /keZ dh mRifÙk .k lqYrkuk ds thou&pfj= rFkk miyfC/k. fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k.d fucU/k fyf[k.oa izlkj (Origin and Spread of Sikhism) (c) lYrur dky esa fgUnh lkfgR.kadu dhft. vykmíhu f[kyth ds lSfud lq/kkjksa . A Write an essay on social condition during Turko-Afghan period. lekt ij blds izHkkoksa dk ewY.oa rduhdh f'k{kk dk o. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) lYrur dky esa fgUnw lekt esa fL=. 10. A Examine Deccan policy of Muhammad-bin Tughlaq.oa cktkj fu. dk fodkl (Growth of Hindi literature during Sultanate period) (d) lYrur dky esa fgUnw rFkk bLykeh LFkkiR. 123456- jft. main teachings and effects of Sufism on Indian society. 2009 SET–III Full Marks : 70 izR. Answer five questions in all.d fucU/k fyf[k.sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p. uxj jkT.&dyk dk leUo. A Write an essay on rise of Bahmani Kingdom. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) cycu dh miyfC/k. (Integration of Hindu and Muslim architecture during Sultanate period) *** .kZu dhft. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A GROUP 'A' Time : 3 Hours. cgeuh jkT. A Describe life and achievements of Razia Sultana.k uhfr dh leh{kk dhft.a=.ksa dk o.u djrs gq.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.k¡ (Achievements of Balban) (b) fQjkst'kkg rqxyd dh /kkÆed uhfr (Religions policy of Feroz Shah Tughlaq) (c) rSewjyax dk Hkkjr ij vkØe.s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft. lYrur dky esa Hkkjr ij eaxksy vkØe.k (Taimur Lung's invasion of India) (d) fot. A Describe science and technical education during Sultanate period. ds mRd"kZ ij . A Assess origin.kZu dhft.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.A.kZu dhft.

A Examine the Religious Policy of Akbar. 'kkgtgk¡ dh nf{k. A Write an essay on the social condition during Mughal period. A Examine economic condition during the Mughal period.d lkezkT. iz'kklu (Central administration during Mughal period) (c) eqxydkyhu ukjh&f'k{kk (Women education during Mughal period) (d) eqxydkyhu fp=&dyk (Mughal painting) *** .s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft. selecting atleast two questions from each group.d ys[k fyf[k.kadu dhft. A Describe architecture during the Mughal period. 10. dyk dk o.k (Causes of the downfall of Mughal Empire) GROUP 'B' 789- eqxydkyhu lkekftd voLFkk ij . All questions carry equal marks.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. A Describe the political conditions of India on the eve of Babur's invasion. Paper–X (Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India–Mughal Period) Annual Examination. fuekZrk ds :i esa 'ksj'kkg dk ewY. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) eqxydkyhu jktLo iz'kklu (Revenue administration during Mughal period) (b) eqxydkyhu dsUæh. A Throw light on the Mughal-Sikh relations. A Analyze the Deccan Policy of Shah Jahan. {History} Part–II. 123456- ckcj ds vkØe. A Make an assessment of Sher Shah as an empire builder. %& nk Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) eulcnkjh izFkk (Mansabdari System) (b) ikuhir dh nwljh yM+kbZ (Second Battle of Panipat) (c) vkSjaxtsc dh mÙkjh&if'peh lhekUr uhfr (North-Western frontier policy of Aurangzeb) (d) eqxy&lkezkT. ds iru ds dkj. Answer five questions in all. vdcj dh /kkÆed uhfr dh leh{kk dhft.sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p. A de lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A GROUP 'A' Time : 3 Hours.k ds le. Hkkjr dh jktuhfrd fLFkfr dk o.kZu dhft. .kh fyf[k.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.k uhfr dh foospuk dhft.kZu dhft. eqxy&fl[k lEcU/kksa ij izdk'k Mkfy. eqxydkyhu vkÆFkd fLFkfr dh leh{kk dhft. eqxydkyhu LFkkiR.kh fyf[k.u djrs gq. 2009 SET–I Full Marks : 70 izR.A. fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nkss ij fVIi.

A Describe fights between Humayun and Afghans. A Examine administration and land-revenue administration of Sher Shah. A Describe different revolts that took place during Jehangir's time.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft.u djrs gq. Answer five questions in all.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. A Examine causes and consequences of the Deccan policy of Aurangazeb. vdcj dh jktiwr uhfr dh O.sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p. Paper–X (Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India–Mughal Period) Annual Examination. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) eqxydkyhu U.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft.kZu dhft.A.kZu dhft.oLFkk dh leh{kk dhft.kh fyf[k.s la?k"kks± dk o.s fofHkUu foæksgksa dk o. 'ksj'kkg ds 'kklu&izcU/k .oa ifj. eqxydkyhu f'k{kk&O.&dyk (Architechture during the Mughal period) (c) eqxydkyhu fons'kh O.oa HkwjktLo O.kh fyf[k. 123456- gqek. vkSjaxtsc dh nf{k. ds iru ds dkj. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) ikuhir dh igyh yM+kbZ (First battle of Panipat) (b) cSje [kk¡ (Bairam Khan) (c) eulcnkjh izFkk (Mansabdari System) (d) eqxy lkezkT.k[. eqxydkyhu m|ksxksa ij .oLFkk (Judicial system during the Mughal period) (b) eqxydkyhu LFkkiR.kZu dhft. selecting atleast two questions from each group. A Write a note on industries during the Mughal period.w¡ . A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A lHkh GROUP 'A' Time : 3 Hours.k dhft.kksa .&O. 2009 SET–II Full Marks : 70 izR. tgk¡xhj ds thou dky esa gq. All questions carry equal marks. {History} Part–II. A Discuss Rajput policy of Akbar. A Examine educational system during the Mughal period.oLFkk dh leh{kk dhft.kikj (Foreign trade during the Mughal period) (d) eqxydkyhu fp=&dyk (Mughal painting) *** .k.d fVIi.oa vQxkuksa ds chp gq. A Describe the social condition during the Mughal period. fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.k uhfr ds dkj. 10.kh fyf[k.k (Caused of the downfall of Mughal Empire) GROUP 'B' 789- eqxydkyhu lkekftd n'kk dk o.

kZu dhft. All questions carry equal marks. .kadu dhft.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p. dyk ds laj{kd ds :i esa vdcj dk ewY. eqxydkyhu LFkkiR. dgk¡ rd ftEesnkj Fkh \ leh{kk dhft.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) 'ksj'kkg dh Hkw&jktLo O. A Write an essay on military organization during the Mughal period. Paper–X (Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India–Mughal Period) Annual Examination.d lkezkT.s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft.kadu dhft. 2009 SET–III Full Marks : 70 izR.kh fyf[k. A Describe architecture during the Mughal period.f'k. vdcj dh jktiwr uhfr dh leh{kk dhft.&. eqxydkyhu lkekftd n'kk dk o. A Make an assessment of Sher Shah as an empire builder. dk o. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A GROUP 'A' Time : 3 Hours. 12345- ckcj dh Hkkjr fot. A Examine Rajput policy of Akbar. vkSjaxtsc dh /kkÆed uhfr eqxy lkezkT.kbZ uhfr (Central Asian policy of Shah Jehan) (d) eqxy&fl[k lEcU/k (Mughal-Sikh relationship) GROUP 'B' 789- eqxydkyhu lSU. A Describe Babur's conquests of India.&dyk dk o. ds iru ds fy. fuekZrk ds :i esa 'ksj'kkg dk ewY. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) eqxyksa ds v/khu dsUæh.u djrs gq. A Describe social conditions during the Mughal period. A How far Aurangazeb's religious policy was responsible for fall of Mughal empire ? Examine.kZu dhft. 6- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. selecting atleast two questions from each group. 10. A Make an assessment of Akbar as a patron of the Art. {History} Part–II.A.kh fyf[k. laxBu ij .d ys[k fyf[k. iz'kklu (Central administration under Mughals) (b) eqxydkyhu ukjh&f'k{kk (Women education during the Mughal period) (c) eqxydkyhu m|ksx (Industries during the Mughal period) (d) eqxydkyhu fp=&dyk (Mughal painting) *** .oLFkk (Sher Shah's Land-revenue policy) (b) vdcj dk /keZ (Akbar's religion) (c) 'kkgtgk¡ dh e/. Answer five questions in all.kZu dhft.

.

k dhft. dukZVd . A Describe the career and achievements of Shivaji.kZu dhft. Vhiw lqYrku dk ijh{k. A Analyze political condition of India in 18th century. A Examine Anglo-Afghan relations. Paper–XI (Political History of Modern India) Annual Examination.ixr vFkkZr~ xksn&fu"ks/k fl)kUr dk lekykspukRed ijh{k. Also analyze causes of the fall of the French. A lkFk gh] Ýkalhfl.k .kh fyf[k.kkeksa dk foospu dhft.d fucU/k fyf[k. ds dkj. A Examine Tipu Sultan as a conqueror and an able administrator.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) ejkBksa ds mn. ykMZ MygkSth ds O.kZu dhft.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. vkaXy&vQxku lEcU/kksa dh leh{kk dhft. 123- 18oha lnh esa Hkkjr dh jktuhfrd fLFkfr dk foospu dhft. f'kokth ds thou pfj= rFkk mudh miyfC/k. 456789- Iyklh .kZu dhft. A Describe Carnatic wars. fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any five questions.ksa ds foæksg (Adivasi Revolt) *** . {History} Part–II.q) ds dkj. A Write an essay on organization of Civil Services under British rule.q)ksa dk o.d fotsrk rFkk dq'ky&iz'kkld ds :i esa dhft.ksa ds iru ds dkj. A Examine critically Lord Dalhousie's Doctrine of Lapse or Policy of Escheat. 10.k (Causes of the rise of the Marathas) (b) caxky esa }S/k 'kklu (Dual system of administration in Bengal) (c) jathr Çlg (Ranjit Singh) (d) vkfnokfl. 2009 Full Marks : 70 SET–I Time : 3 Hours.kksa dh leh{kk Hkh dhft. All questions carry equal marks. A Analyze causes and effects of the Battle of Plassey. fczfV'k jkt ds vUrxZr flfoy lsokvksa ds laxBu ij .ksa dk o. A Describe reforms of Lord Cornwallis.kksa rFkk ifj.A. ykMZ dkuZokfyl ds lq/kkjksa dk o.

kksa . mifuos'kksa dh LFkkiuk ij . {History} Part–II. 2009 Full Marks : 70 SET–II Time : 3 Hours. A Describe reforms of Warren Hastings. A Write an essay on the early European settlements in India. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any five questions. A Discuss Judicial Administration under British Raj.k dhft. A Analyze Anglo-French rivalry in South India. Paper–XI (Political History of Modern India) Annual Examination.k¡ (Achievements of Peshawa Baji Rao) (b) vkaXy&vo/k lEcU/k (Anglo-Qudh relations) (c) jathr Çlg (Ranjit Singh) (d) 1857 dk foæksg (Revolt of 1857) *** .q) ds dkj.&iz'kklu dk foospu dhft.A.kkeksa dk foospu dhft. A Analyze causes of the rise of the Marathas. ykMZ MygkSth ds O. All questions carry equal marks. 10.d ys[k fyf[k.ksa dk o. nf{k. cDlj . %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) is'kok ckthjko dh miyfC/k. okjsu&gsÇLVXl ds lq/kkjksa dk o. A Discuss causes and effects of the Battle of Buxer. A Describe the career and conquests of Hyder Ali.k dhft.kksa dk fo'ys"k. A Examine critically Lord Dalhousie's Doctrine of Lapse / Escheat Policy.wjksih.kh fyf[k.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. caxky esa }S/k 'kklu izcU/k ds [kkfe. fczfV'k jkT.ixr@xksn&fu"ks/k fl)kUr dk lekykspukRed ijh{k.ksa dk o. ds vUrxZr U.k Hkkjr esa vkaXy&Ýkalhlh izfr}af}rk dk foospu dhft.kZu dhft.oa ifj.kZu dhft.kZu dhft. fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft. Hkkjr esa izkjfEHkd .fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.k. gSnj vyh ds thou&pfj= rFkk mldh fot. 123456789- ejkBksa ds mn. A Describe the demerits of dual system of administration in Bengal. ds dkj.

oa ifj.wjksih.ksa dk ewY. ykMZ osystyh ds lgk. Vhiw lqYrku dh leh{kk . A Examine Tipu Sultan as a conqueror and an able administrator.k¡ (Achievements of Peshawa Baji Rao) (b) caxky esa }Sr 'kklu (Dual System of administration in Bengal) (c) vkaXy&fl[k lEcU/k (Anglo-Sikh relations) (d) ejkBksa ds iru ds dkj. Hkkjr esa izkjfEHkd . 10. A Explain subsidiary Alliance of Lord Wellesely.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. ykMZ MygkSth ds O. A Examine critically Lord Dalhousie's Doctrine of Lapse / Escheat Policy.kksa dk fo'ys"k. 123456789- f'kokth ds thou&pfj= rFkk mudh miyfC/k.d&laf/k dh O. A Discuss the career and achievements of Shivaji. vkSj crkb. dukZVd . fdUgha ik¡p iz'ukssa dk mÙkj nhft.d fotsrk rFkk dq'ky iz'kkld ds :i esa dhft.q) ds dkj.kksa .q)ksa dk o.k dhft. 2009 Full Marks : 70 SET–III Time : 3 Hours. A Write an essay on the early European settlements in India. A Form an estimate of achievements of Lord Hastings.ksa ugha feyh \ Describe Carnatic wars and explain why the French could not succeed ? Iyklh .k dhft. A Analyze causes and effects of the Battle of Plassey. A Analyze the causes of the Revolt of 1857. All questions carry equal marks. {History} Part–II.k (Causes of the downfall of the Marathas) *** .ksa dks lQyrk D.A.k[.kkeksa dk foospu dhft.kZu dhft. mifuos'kksa dh LFkkiuk ij .ixr@xksn&fu"ks/k fl)kUr dk lekykspukRed ijh{k. 1857 ds foæksg ds dkj.k dhft.d ys[k fyf[k.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. ykMZ gsÇLVXl dh miyfC/k. Paper–XI (Political History of Modern India) Annual Examination.kh fyf[k.s fd Ýkalhfl.kadu dhft. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A uk Answer any five questions.ksa dk foospu dhft. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) is'kok ckthjko dh miyfC/k.

%& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) jktk jke eksgu jk.k izHkko Hkkjrh. A Discuss measures undertaken to improve the status of Hindu women in Modern India.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. A Analyse causes and effects of the famine of 19th Century in India.kkeksa dh foospuk dhft. A Throw light on role of Christian missionaries in spread of Christianity in India. A Analyse economic condition of India in the first half on 18th Century jS¸. 1- 19oha 'krkCnh esa Hkkjr esa ik'pkR.ksa dh Hkwfedk ij izdk'k Mkfy.oa /kkfeZd vkUnksyuksa ds mn. f'k{kk rFkk vk/kqfud fopkjksa ds izos'k ij .k . {History} Part–II.klksa dk o. .k dhft.oa nks"kksa dk ijh{k.kksa . A Examine the merits and the demerits of Ryotwari and Mahlwari system of revenue managemet. esa lq/kkj vkUnksyuksa ij .n vgen [kk¡ dh Hkwfedk (Role of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan in development of Muslim Society) (d) T.A. lekt ij iM+k \ What were the causes of the rise of Socio-religions Reforms Movements in India in 19th Century and what impact did these movements produce on Indian Society ? 3456- 19oha 'krkCnh esa Hkkjr esa eqfLye leqnk.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any five questions.s fd Lokeh foosdkuUn us nfyrksa ds mRFkku esa D. 78- 18oha 'krkCnh ds iwokZ) esa Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd n'kk dk fo'ys"k. Paper–XII (Socio-Economic and Cultural History of Modern India) Annual Examination. Hkkjr esa bZlkbZ /keZ ds izpkj esa bZlkbZ fe'kufj.k dhft. All questions carry equal marks.s x.kZu dhft. vkSj crkbZ. Hkkjr esa fuEutkrh.s iz.kksa dh leh{kk dhft.s fd.ksfrck Qwys (Jyotiba Phule) *** .rokM+h rFkk egyokM+h Hkwfe O. 2009 Full Marks : 70 SET–I fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft. vk/kqfud Hkkjr esa fgUnw fL=.k Hkwfedk fuHkkbZ A Examine causes of lower castes movement in India and explain the role of Swami Vivekananda in upliftment of Dalits.k Fks vkSj budk D. Time : 3 Hours.s A Write an essay on reforms movements in Muslim Society in 19th Century in India.d ys[k fyf[k. ds D.oa ifj.d ys[k fyf[k. 10.k fe'ku (Ram Kirishna MIssion) (c) eqfLye lekt ds fodkl esa lj lS¸.ksa dh fLFkfr esa lq/kkj ds fy. 2- Hkkjr esa 19oha 'krkCnh esa lkekftd . 9- Hkkjr esa 19oha lnh ds vdky ds dkj. vkUnksyu ds dkj.oa czã lekt (Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Brahmo Samaj) (b) jke Ñ".k dkj.s A Write an essay on introduction of Western education and modern ideas in India in 19th Century.oLFkk ds xq.

f'k{kk rFkk vk/kqfud fopkjksa ds izos'k ij .d ys[k fyf[k.oLFkk ij izFke fo'o . 1- 19oha 'krkCnh esa Hkkjr esa ik'pkR.k dhft. A Make an assessment of the works and achievements of Swami Dayanand Saraswati and Arya Samaj.kh fyf[k.kZu dhft. 2009 SET–II Full Marks : 70 fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. language and literature in India. A Examine the effects of Social and religious reforms movements of 19th Century. A Examine role of reforms movements erupting in Muslim Society in 19th Century.M. Hkkjrh. 2- Lokeh n. ds fodkl esa bZlkbZ fe'kufj.Z lekt ds dk. rFkk nfyrksa ds mRFkku esa czã lekt dh Hkwfedk dh O.q) ds izHkkoksa dk o.k dhft. LFkk. esa izLQfVr lq/kkj vkUnksyuksa dh Hkwfedk dh leh{kk dhft.k[.k . {History} Part–II. vkUnksyu ds dkj. A Discuss the effects of the First World War on economy on India.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.kj jkekLokeh (Periyar Ramaswami) (c) Hkkjr dh eqnzk O. A Analyse economic condition of India in the first half of 18th Century.s A Write an essay on introduction of Western education and modern ideas in India in 19th Century.oa miyfC/. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any five questions.kuUn ljLorh . A Examine contributions of the Christian missionaries in development of modern education.oa /kkfeZd lq/kkj vkUnksyuksa ds izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft.oLFkk dk ykMZ dkuZokfyl }kjk lq/kkj (Reform of currency system of India by Lord Cornwallis ) (d) 19oha lnh dk vdky (Famine of 19th Century) *** .ksa ds . A Examine merits and demerits of Permanent settlement.k dEiuh dh lkekftd uhfr (Social Policy of East India Company) (b) isfj.h cUnkscLr ds xq.ksZa . 19oha 'krkCnh ds lkekftd .ksa dh leh{kk dhft.oa lkfgR. 3- Hkkjr esa vk/kqfud f'k{kk] Hkk"kk .kksa dks js[kk¡fdr dhft. All questions carry equal marks. A Delineate causes of lower castes movement in India and explain role of Brahma Samaj in upliftment of Dalits.ksxnkuksa dh leh{kk dhft. Paper–XII (Socio-Economic and Cultural History of Modern India) Annual Examination. vFkZ&O.k dhft. 10. 18oha 'krkCnh ds iwokZ) esa Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd n'kk dk fo'ys"k.A.oa vk.oa nks"kksa dk ijh{k. 56789- 19oha 'krkCnh esa eqfLye leqnk. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) bZLV bf. Time : 3 Hours. 4- Hkkjr esa fuEutkrh.

A Make an assessment of works and achievements of Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Brahmo Samaj.k dhft.s A Examine the effects of the Second World War on Indian economy. vk/kqfud Hkkjr esa fgUnw fL=.kZu dhft. All questions carry equal marks. f'k{kk . language and literature) (b) Lokeh n. ds fodkl esa bZlkbZ fe'kufj.kj jkek Lokeh ds . {History} Part–II.oa vk/kqfud fopkjksa us Hkkjr dks .d ubZ fn'kk iznku fd. 10.ksa dk ewY." Examine.oa lkfgR.ksxnku (Contributions of Christian Missionaries in development of modern education.drk dks fodflr djus esa jsyos dk .k dhft.oa vk.klksa dk o. ds D.ksxnkukas dk o.s x.k Fks vkSj budk Hkkjrh. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any five questions.k . esa lq/kkj vkUnksyuksa ij .ksa dh fLFkfr esa lq/kkj ds fy. Paper–XII (Socio-Economic and Cultural History of Modern India) Annual Examination.s fd.rokM+h rFkk egyokM+h Hkwfe&O.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.oa nks"kksa dk ijh{k. lekt ij D. A What were the causes of rise of Socio-religious Reforms movements in India in 19th Century and what did these movements produce on Indian Society ? 3456- jktk jkeeksgu jk.sA "western education and modern ideas provided a new direction to India.oLFkk ij f}rh. 12- ^^ik'pkR.ks± .kuUn ljLorh .s A analyse economic conditions of India in the first half of 18th Century.d ys[k fyf[k.k dkj. 2009 SET–III Full Marks : 70 fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft.kA** leh{kk dhft.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.oa /kkfeZd vkUnksyuksa ds mn. jS¸. Hkkjr esa 19oha 'krkCnh esa lkekftd . 19oha 'krkCnh esa Hkkjr esa eqfLye leqnk.oLFkk ds xq. . .k izHkko iM+k \ leh{kk dhft.s A Discuss measures undertaken to improve the status of Hindu women in Modern India. Time : 3 Hours.kh fyf[k.kadu dhft.ksxnku (Contribution of Railways in national integration of India) (d) 19oha 'knh dk vdky (Famine of 19th Century) *** .A.s A Write an essay on reforms movements in Muslim Society in 19th Century in India.k dhft. vFkZ&O. nf{k. 9- Hkkjrh.oa miyfC/k.s A Examine merits and de-merits of Ryotwari and Mahalwari systems of Revenuemanagement.q) ds izHkkoksa dk ijh{k. 78- 18oha 'krkCnh ds iwokZ) eas Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd n'kk dk fo'ys"k.oa czã lekt ds dk. fo'o.Z lekt (Swami Dayanand Saraswati and Arya Samaj) (c) Hkkjr esa jk"Vªh.s A Discuss contributions of Periyar Rama Swami in organising Dalit Movements in South India.s iz. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) vk/kqfud f'k{kk] Hkk"kk .kZu dhft.ksa dk .k Hkkjr esa nfyr vkUnksu dks laxfBr djus esa isfj.

4- mu ifjfLFkfr. la?k esa ns'kh fj. A Throw light on reorganization of States of India on linguistic lines. 123- Hkkjrh. 5- fgUnw egklHkk dk tUe fdu ifjfLFkfr.kksa dh leh{kk dhft. dgk¡ rd mÙkjnk.ksx vkUnksyu ds dkj.kkeksa dh ppkZ dhft. Hkkjrh.klrksa ds foy. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) gkse :y vkUnksyu (Home Rule Movement) (b) caxky foHkktu (Partition of Bengal) (c) Hkkjr NksM+ks vkUnksyu (Quit India Movement) (d) d'ehj leL. Hkk"kk. Lons'kh vkUnksyu ls vki D. ds dkj.ksa ds iquxZBu ij izdk'k Mkfy.A.sa fd eqfLye yhx Hkkjr foHkktu ds fy.k eqfLye yhx dh LFkkiuk gqbZ A . Paper–XIII (Indian National Movement) Annual Examination. nature and importance of Non-cooperation movement.h Fkh \ Mention the circumstances which led to formation of the Muslim League.h vk/kkj ij jkT. LorU=rk vkUnksyu esa okeiaFkh nyksa dh Hkwfedk dh leh{kk dhft. A Throw light on causes of the rise of Revolutionary Movement. A What do you understand by "Swadeshi Movement" ? Discuss effects of this movement. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any five questions.oa egÙo ij izdk'k Mkfy. Økafrdkjh vkUnksyu ds mn.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. ftuds dkj. Also mention to what extent Muslim League was responsible for partition of India. jk"Vªokn ds mn.k] Lo:i . 6789- vlg.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. {History} Part–II.ksa dh ppkZ dhft. . ij . A Under what circumstances was born Hindu Mahasabha ? Throw light on its ideals and programmes. A Discuss causes.oa dk. 10.kh fyf[k.ksa esa gqvk \ mlds vkn'kZ . ds dkj.oa egÙo dh ppkZ dhft. its objectives and significance. A Write an essay on merger of the Princely States in Indian Union.ZØeksa ij izdk'k Mkfy. All questions carry equal marks. A Examine causes of the rise of Indian Nationalism. A Examine role of Left Wing parties in the freedom movement of India.kksa] mís'.k le>rs gSa \ bl vkUnksyu ds ifj. 2009 Full Marks : 70 SET–I Time : 3 Hours. Hkkjrh.d ys[k fyf[k.k (Kashmir Problem) *** . fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft.g Hkh crk.

programmes and impact of the moderate politics.g Hkh Li"V dhft.s A Explain the role of Indian princely states in National Movement.kh fyf[k.k (Kashmir Problem) *** . f[kykQr vkUnksyu ij .k .s ftuds dkj. Paper–XIII (Indian National Movement) Annual Examination.kksa] Lo:i .s A Write an essay on Home-rule movement launched by Tilak.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft.s A Examine the causes of the rise of moderates. dk¡xszl dh LFkkiuk rFkk bldh LFkkiuk ls lEcfU/kr fl)kUrksa dk mYys[k dhft. 1- Hkkjrh.oa ifj.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.s fd Hkkjr foHkktu ds fy. Also explain to what extent Muslim League was responsible for partition of India. jk"Vªh.s A Discuss causes and effects of 'Quit India' Movement.ksx vkUnksyu (Non-Coopration Movement) (b) ØkfUrdkjh vkUnksyu dh vlQyrk (Failure of Revolutionary movement) (c) dsfcusV fe'ku . 10.kksa] fl)kUrksa] dk.d ys[k fyf[k. fryd }kjk pyk.klrksa dh jk"Vªh. All questions carry equal marks.s A Discuss establishment of the Indian National Congress and theories regarding its establishment.d fucU/k fyf[k.h Fkh A Mention the circumstances which led to formation of the Muslim League.A. nature and impact of Swadeshi Movement in India. ds dkj. mu ifjfLFkfr. Hkkjrh.oa ifj.s A Write an essay on Khilafat Movement. 2009 Full Marks : 70 SET–II Time : 3 Hours.s gkse:y vkUnksyu ij . 6789- Hkkjr NksM+ks vkUnksyu ds dkj. ns'kh fj. Hkkjrh. LoraU=rk vkUnksyu esa okeiaFkh nyksa dh Hkwfedk dh leh{kk dhft.kkeksa dh foospuk dhft.s eqfLye yhx dgk¡ rd mÙkjnk.s A Discuss the causes. their principles.s x. 345- Hkkjr esa Lons'kh vkUnksyu ds dkj.oa ifj.kstuk (Cabinet Mission Plan) (d) d'ehj leL. vkUnksyu esa Hkwfedk Li"V dhft. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) vlg.s A Examine role of the Left Wing Parties in freedom movement of India. {History} Part–II. fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft. 2- mnkjoknh vkUnksyu ds mn.ksa dh ppkZ dhft.kkeksa dh ppkZ dhft. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any five questions.k eqfLye yhx dh LFkkiuk gqbZ A .ZØeksa .NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.

k] Li:i . Hkkjr foHkktu ds izeq[k dkj. Lora=rk vkUnksyu esa okeiaFkh nyksa dh Hkwfedk dh leh{kk dhft.kksa] mís'.h vk/kkj ij jkT.A.kksa dh leh{kk dhft.s A Examine the causes. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any five questions.ksa esa gqvk \ mlds vkn'kZ . nature and importance of the Non-Cooperation Movement. Paper–XIII (Indian National Movement) Annual Examination. Hkkjr esa Lons'kh vkUnksyu ds dkj.oa ifj.s A Throw light on causes of rise of Revolutionary Movement in India. nature and impact of the Swadeshi Movement.s A Throw light on causes.ksx vkUnksyu ds dkj. ds dkj.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft. {History} Part–II.oa egRo ij izdk'k Mkfy.s gkse:y yhx vkUnksyu ij .uh cslsUV ds usr`Ro esa pyk.ZØeksa dh leh{kk dhft.d fucU/k fyf[k. jk"Vªokn ds mn.s x.kksa dh leh{kk dhft. .oa dk.s A Write an essay on Home rule movement launched under the leadership of Smt. Hkkjrh. Annie Besant. ds dkj. 10.s A Under what circumstances was born Hindu Maha-sabha ? Examine its ideals and programmes.ksa ds iquxZBu ij izdk'k Mkfy. 5- fgUnw egklHkk dk tUe fdu ifjfLFkfr.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. its objectives and significance.kh fyf[k. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) f[kykQr vkUnksyu (Khilafat Movement) (b) Hkkjr NksM+ks vkUnksyu (Quit India Movement) (c) ekmUVcsVu .kstuk (Mountbatten Plan) (d) d'ehj leL.s A Examine role Left-Wing Parties in freedom movement of India. All questions carry equal marks.s A Throw light on re-organization of States of India on linguistic lines.s A Examine causes of the rise of Indian Nationalism. 4- Jherh . 123- Hkkjrh.kksa] Lo:i . 6789- vlg.s A Examine the main causes of partition of India.k (Kashmir Problem) *** .oa egRo ij izdk'k Mkfy. fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft. Hkkjr esa Økafrdkjh vkUnksyu ds mn. Hkk"kk. 2009 Full Marks : 70 SET–III Time : 3 Hours.

{History} Part–II.k dhft.okn (Mercantalism) *** .oa izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft.d fucU/k fyf[k. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A fdUgha Answer any five questions.oLFkk ij .kkeksa dh O.A.kT. fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft.qx dh 'kq:vkr gksrh gS A** ijh{k.wjkih.oa fons'k uhfr ij izdk'k Mkfy. usiksfy. 10.d ys[k fyf[k.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.s A Throw light on domestic and foreign polices of Catherine II. rhl o"khZ.s A Analyse importance and effects of the French Revolution.kksa dh leh{kk dhft. progress and effects of Thirty Year's War. iqutkZxj.kkeksa ij izdk'k Mkfy.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft.u cksukikVZ ds iru ds dkj. Ý¡klhlh Økafr ds egRo rFkk ifj. A "European renaissance marks the beginning of modern age.k ls vk/kqfud .kadu dhft.wjksi esa /keZ lq/kkj vkUnksyu ds dkj. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) ekfVZu ywFkj (Martin Luther) (b) ihVj egku dh x`guhfr (Domestic Policy of Peter. . dSFkjhu f}rh. dh x`guhfr .k[.s A Write an essay on colonial expansion of Spain in 15th –16th Centuries. 15oha&16oha 'krkCnh esa Lisu ds vkSifuosf'kd foLrkj ij . yqbZ 14ok¡ dh fons'k uhfr dk ewY.s A Examine the causes and effects of Reformation Movement in Europe.s A Write an essay on continental system and examine its effects.s rFkk blds ifj. 123456789- ^^.s A Examine causes of the downfall of Napoleon Bonaporte.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi. Paper–XIV (History of Europe) Annual Examination. All questions carry equal marks.kksa .k dhft. O.kh fyf[k. egk}hih.s A Throw light on the causes.kksa] izxfr rFkk ifj." Examine. .q) ds dkj. the Great ) (c) okf. 2009 Full Marks : 70 SET–I Time : 3 Hours.s A Make an assessment of foreign policy of Louis XIV.

egku dh x`g . 10. 1- .kksa dh vkykspukRed O.k ls vki D.kh fyf[k.k dhft.s A Write an essay on the Treaty of Westphalia.oa fons'k uhfr dk ijh{k. ihVj egku dh x`guhfr . iqutkZxj. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) fj'kyw (Richelieus) (b) iwohZ leL.oa fons'k uhfr.k le>rs gSa \ iqutkZxj. 15oha&16oha 'krkCnh esa iqrZxkky ds vkSifuosf'kd foLrkj dh foospuk dhft. O.wjksih.k (Eastern Problem ) (c) Ý¡klhlh Økafr ds dkj.oksa] ifj.kkeksa .oLFkk (Continental System) *** .kadu dhft. Paper–XIV (History of Europe) Annual Examination. consequences and effects of counter religious reforms movement in Europe. 23- teZuh esa /keZ&lq/kkj vkUnksyu esa ekfVZu ywFkj dh Hkwfedk Li"V dhft. All questions carry equal marks.A.kkeksa dh O. .k dhft. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any five questions.oa izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft.d fucU/k fyf[k.ksa dk ewY. 456789- osLVQsfy.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.kadu dhft.s A What do you understand by the European renaissance ? Critically examine the causes of renaissance.k[. fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft. {History} Part–II.s A Analyse colonial expansion of Portugal in 15th -16th Centuries.s A Make an assessment of foreign policy of Louis XIV.k[.wjksi esa izfr/keZ&lq/kkj vkUnksyu ds vo.k ds dkj.s A Examine domestic and foreign policies of Peter–the Great.s A Examine features. 2009 Full Marks : 70 SET–II Time : 3 Hours.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.k dhft.k dh laf/k ij .k (Causes of the French Revolution) (d) egk}hih. yqbZ 14ok¡ dh fons'k uhfr dk ewY.s A Evaluate domestic and foreign policies of Frederick-II–the Great Ýk¡lhlh Økafrds egRo rFkk ifj.s A Explain the role of Martin Luther in religious reforms movement in Germany.s A Analyse importance and effects of The French Revolution. ÝsMfjd f}rh.

kksa] izxfr rFkk ifj.s A Make an assessment of foreign policy of Louis XIV. egk}hih.okn (Mercantalism) (d) lkeqfæd 'kfDr ds :i esa baXyS. Ý¡kl esa /keZ&lq/kkj vkUnksyu ij .oa izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft.q) ds dkj.s A Throw light on causes.kkeksa ij izdk'k Mkfy.d fucU/k fyf[k. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) ekÆVu ywFkj (Martin Luther) (b) ÝsMfjd egku (Frederick. (Rise of England as a sea-power) *** .u cksukikVZ ds iru ds dkj. progress and effects of Thirty Years War.M ds vkSifuosf'kd foLrkj ij . Ý¡klhlh Økafr ds egRo rFkk ifj.M dk mn.kh fyf[k.oa fons'k uhfr.kksa dk fooj.kT. Paper–XIV (History of Europe) Annual Examination. 2009 Full Marks : 70 SET–III Time : 3 Hours.s A Write a brief note on religious reformation movement in France.oLFkk ds ifj.s A Examine domestic and foreign policies of Peter.fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kadu dhft.k[.kh fyf[k.wjksi esa iqutkZxj. A Examine the effects of Continental System.k dhft. All questions carry equal marks.k nhft. the Great. A Give an account of the downfall of Napoleon Bonaparte. ihVj egku dh x`g .NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M. yqbZ 14os dh fons'k uhfr dk ewY. A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer any five questions.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft. 10.ksa dh leh{kk dhft.k ds dkj.d laf{kIr fVIi. 123456789- . usiksfy.s A Examine causes and effects of Renaissance in Europe. .s A Write an essay on colonial expansion of Holland in 15th-16th centuries. O. the Great) (c) okf.kksa . A Analyze importance and effects of the French Revolution. {History} Part–II. 15oha&16oha 'krkCnh esa gkyS. fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft.A. rhl o"khZ.kkeksa dh O.

M ^l* (Section 'C') 10.oa ifj.qDr jkT.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft.kh fyf[k.A.oa miyfC/k. fo'o. nature and effects of Boxer rebellion of China. 11. Sanyat Sen in rise of Chinese nationalism.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.s A Discuss the role of United States of America in World War I 1929 bZŒ dh vkfFkZd eanh ds dkj.M ^c* (Section 'B') 6789phu dh /kjrh ij fons'kh 'kfDr.ksa dk ewY. vesjhdk dh Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft.M ^v* (Section 'A') 12vesjhdh LorU=rk laxzke ds dkj. China and Japan) Annual Examination.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft.oa izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft.k ij izdk'k Mkfy.s A Examine causes.s A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions in all.M ^l* ls .q) (Anglo-American War of 1812-14) (b) nklRo iz'u (The Slavery Question.s A Examine causes and effects of the American War of Independence.tkiku . ekvksRlsrqax ds thouo`Ùk .q) ij .) (c) vesjhdh x`g&. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) 1812&14 dk vkaXy&vejhdh .kZ .d iz'u dk mÙkj nsrs gq. phu esa ckDlj fonzksg ds dkj.kadu dhft.d fucU/k fyf[k.sd ls nks iz'u .ksxnkuksa dh leh{kk dhft. [k.s A Examine causes and effects of the economic depression of 1929. 345- izFke fo'o. tkx:drk ds izlkj esa equjks fl)kUr dk egRoiw. selecting Two questions each from section 'A' and 'B' and one question from section 'C' . fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.oa f}rh.kksa] Lo:i .kr lsu ds .s A Write an essay on Japan and Second World War.oa [k.q) ds dkj.sA "Monroe Doctrme played and important role in expansion of American national consciousness.d fucU/k fyf[k.oa ^c* esa ls izR.s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft. 2009 Full Marks : 70 SET–I Time : 3 Hours.q) esa la.s A Write an essay on establishment of 'area of influence' in Chinese mainland by the foreign powers.ksxnku gS A** leh{kk dhft.M ^v* .kksa .oa ifj. ^^vejhdh jk"Vªh. Paper–XV (Modern History of America. ^l* [k.s A Examine contributions of Dr. phuh jk"Vªokn ds mn.esbZth iquLFkkZiuk . .ksa ds ^^izHkko{ks=** dh LFkkiuk ij .k (Causes of the American Civil War) (d) mÙkj vVykafVd laf/k laxBu (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) ^c* [k." Examine. esa MkŒ lu.s A Make an assessment of the career and achievement of Mao-t-se-tung.oa tkiku ds vk/kqfudhdj.s A Throw light on Mei-ji restoration and modernization of Japan. [k.kksa . {History} Part–II. All questions carry equal marks.

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sd ls nks iz'u . fo'o. f}rh.kksa dk foospu dhft.q) (Anglo-American War of 1812-14) (b) Lisu ds lkFk vesjhdh .NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.M ^v* .kksa .d iz'u dk mÙkj nsrs gq.k[.^^esbZ&th iquLFkZkiu us tkiku esa vk/kqfudhdj. [k. China and Japan) Annual Examination.k¡x&dbZ &'ksd ds iz.k[.rk ds izlkj esa equjks fl)kUr dk egRoiw.s A Mention the various stages of American War of Independence." Explain.M ^c* (Section 'B') 6789mUeqDr }kj&uhfr rFkk phu esa if'peh ns'kksa ds izos'k ij .oa ifj. ^^vesjhdh jk"Vªh.d fucU/k fyf[k.s A Examine the efforts of Chiang-Kai-Shek in effecting national integration of China.k dhft. phu esa lkE.q) ds dkj.s A Describe the role played by United States of America in the World War II. {History} Part–II.k dh uhao j[kh A** O.s A Discuss causes and effects of China-Japanese War." Examine. [k.kkeksa dh foopsuk dhft.q) vkSj 'kfDr'kkyh xqVksa dk mn.k esa P.kksa .qDr jkT.k dhft.kh fyf[k. Paper–XV (Modern History of America. 11.kZu dhft.M ^v* (Section 'A') 12345vesjhdh Lora=rk laxzke ds fofHkUu pj.s A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions in all.kZ . phu ds jk"Vªh.M ^l* ls .k nhft.kksa dk fooj. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) 1812&14 dk vkaXy&vejhdh .s A "Monroe Doctrme played an important role in spread of American nationalism.oa [k.oa ifj.s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft.q) (American War with Spain) (c) 1929 bZŒ dh vkfFkZd eanh (Economic depression of 1929) (d) 'khr . All questions carry equal marks.oa ^c* esa ls izR. fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.oa ifj.eapwfj. vesfjdk dh Hkwfedk dk o.klksa dh leh{kk dhft. selecting Two questions each from section 'A' and 'B' and one question from section 'C' .ksxnku gS A** leh{kk dhft.kksa .s A Throw light on the causes and effects of Manchurian crisis. . 1861&1865 ds vesjhdh x`g.okn dh lQyrk ds dkj.s A Give an account of the causes of success of Communism in China. (Cold War and rise of power blocks) ^c* [k.s A Write an essay on Open Door Policy and entry of Western powers in China.s A "Meiji restoration laid the foundation of modernism in Japan.M ^l* (Section 'C') 10.kkeksa dh O.s A Discuss causes and effects of American Civil War of 1861-65.kkeksa ij izdk'k Mkfy. phuh&tkiku .dhdj.k ladV ds dkj. 2009 Full Marks : 70 SET–II Time : 3 Hours. *** . ^l* [k.A.q) ds dkj.q) esa la.

s A Examine the causes and effects of the Economic depression of 1929.d fucU/k fyf[k.s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft.qDr jkT.s A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A Answer five questions in all.okn ds foLrkj dk foospu dhft.s A Throw light on Japanese-U. [k.kh fyf[k. 2009 Full Marks : 70 SET–III Time : 3 Hours.s A Discuss expansion of American imperialism in 1890's.kr lsu dh Hkwfedk dks Li"V dhft.oa ifj.M ^l* ls .oa ifj. [k.A. *** . All questions carry equal marks. fo'o .s A Discuss the role of United States of America in World War I.k dhft.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft. China and Japan) Annual Examination. %& Write notes on any Two of the following :– (a) nklRo izFkk (Slavery System) (b) 1861&65 ds vesjhdh x`g&.q) ds dkj.qDr jkT.s A Examine causes and effects of the American War of Independence.kksa . Paper–XV (Modern History of America.d ys[k fyf[k.M ^l* (Section 'C') 10.s ifjorZuksa dk fo'ys"k.s A Write an essay on Open Door Policy and Entry of western powers in China. {History} Part–II.q) ds ckn tkiku . phu&tkiku .sd ls nks iz'u . 11.q) esa la. izFke vQhe .oa [k.f}rh.kksa .oa izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft.M ^v* (Section 'A') 12345vesjhdh Lora=rk laxzke ds dkj.q) ij . vesjhdk dh Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft. selecting Two questions each from section 'A' and 'B' and one question from section 'C' .S.A.q) ds dkj.d iz'u dk mÙkj nsrs gq.oa la. relations after World War II. 1890 ds n'kd esa vesjhdh lkezkT.NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.s A Analyse changes that were ushered in Japan after Mei-Ji restoration. ^l* [k.kkeksa dh foospuk dhft.s A Expalin the role of Dr.esbZ&th iquLZFkkiuk ds ckn tkiku esa vk. Sanyat Sen in rise of Chinese Nationalism.s A Discuss the causes and effects of China-Japanese War. 1929 dh vkfFkZd eanh ds dkj. izFke fo'o.M ^v* .M ^c* (Section 'B') 6789mUeqDr }kj&uhfr rFkk phu esa if'peha ns'kksa ds izos'k ij .oa ^c* esa ls izR.k (Causes of the American Civil War of 1861-65) (c) ubZ vkÆFkd vk.kksa .kstuk (New Economic