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BRASSTACKS Monthly Security Review

June 2010 Contents


Volume: 1 Edition: 1

Editor’s Note 01
Building Responses to 4th Generation Warfare 03
Political and Security Review 12
18th Amendment:Revenge of Pakistani Democracy 15
Editorial Board Takmeel-e-Pakistan 20
Shehla Zafar , Noureen Akhtar
Choosing French Submarine over German? 21
Graphic Designer From Indus to Oxus (Memoirs) 23
Drone Attacks and National Sovereignty 28
Kashmir:Paradise Turned Slaughterhouse 30

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Dawn of A New Era!
Brasstacks is not just a think tank, it is a phenomenon in Pakistan. For the last 10
years, our Security Analysis and Threat Assessment Reports have been the benchmark
documents for national policy makers and strategists, giving them creative, incisive and
cutting edge insight into local, national and regional security dynamics. In the last two and
a half years, our TV show “Brasstacks” has been graded as the most informative TV show
ever in Pakistan to influence the national and regional security profile, having a fanatic fan
following into millions and selling thousands of DVD's. The program was the most effective
and ruthless information warfare counter attack in defense of Pakistan's geographic and
ideological frontiers and has stirred and shaped the policies of both friends and foes.

Now, Brasstacks is courageously venturing into the battleground of the print media
and is honored to bring you the first issue of its exclusive and restricted monthly security
review, providing cutting edge analysis and commentary that is so essential to understand
our rapidly changing global scenario pertaining to defense and integrity of Pakistan, the
region and the Muslim Ummah at large. This is a critical juncture in the history of our
country, and there has never been a more important time to cover the ongoing conflicts,
global policies and psy-ops currently being done against Pakistan and the Islamic world.

Pakistan is the natural born leader of the Muslim world destined to be a power
broker in the region. The only Muslim nuclear power, Pakistan is geographically situated
at a very critical point in South Asia having strategic edge over our neighborhood, which
our rivals can only dream of. This strategic edge provides a great opportunity and
advantage to Pakistan to play a solid role for the defense, peace and prosperity of this
critical region as well as Muslim world at large.

But those advantages are blessings, not birthrights. These must be nurtured,
developed and capitalized upon if future generations are going to progress and feel proud
of this Paksarzameen.

It's that spirit of courage, honor, hope, justice, freedom and equality that
Brasstacks stands for. Islam is our ideology and Pakistan is our identity and we are dignified
by both. We will continue to provide cutting edge and ground breaking analysis on the

BRASSTACKS 01
issues that are reshaping the contemporary world. We will also present future
scenarios, provide solutions and future lines of action.

This issue's cover story: an exclusive report on Fourth Generation warfare


(4GW) against Pakistan by Indian and US governments. Pakistan is being subjected to
the “Yugoslavia Doctrine” under the new AfPak strategy of US in Afghanistan and
Pakistan. Basically, the doctrine aims at breaking up of Pakistan on ethnic lines as it
happened with former Yugoslavia in last decade of 20th century. Support to a corrupt
and incompetent government, fuelling of violent religious and secular insurgencies,
weakening the bond between the armed forces and the people, supporting provincial
autonomy, support to sub-nationalist political parties, water aggression by India
against Pakistan and launching of massive psychological and disinformation warfare
to create despondency, frustration and social unrest through artificial shortages of
food, power, water and energy under secret IMF terms leading up to a total collapse of
national morale and social fabric are the leading weapons deployed against Pakistan in
this 21st century war. In the subsequent series, we shall be covering various axis of these
battle lines as deployed against Pakistan.

You will also get plenty of expert analysis and in-depth examination of our
foreign, national and security policies, the policies of other countries directly affecting
Pakistan and commentary on our government's responses in various strategic and
security sectors. Pakistan's ideological bearings and exclusive extracts from analysis
and lectures by Zaid Hamid would also be included.

In short, InshaAllah, you will get what you have come to expect only from us at
Brasstacks, and much, much more. Pakistan may be passing through historic
turbulence these days but it is our faith and conviction that this land and its great
people are destined to play epic roles in days to come. I hope you will be with us on the
journey.

Pakistan Zindabaad

Farzana Shah

BRASSTACKS 02
Cover Story..

Building Responses to 4GW


(4th Generation warfare)
By: Farzana Shah

th
“The weak and the defenseless Pakistan's national security but that what 4 generation is all about?
th
in this world invite aggression from there is direct foreign meddling - a In simplistic terms, 4
others. The best way we can serve bigger bone of contention, in almost all generation warfare is a moral and
peace is by removing the temptation state affairs ranging from media to physiological conflict among many
from the path of those who think we are education, economics to foreign countries or communities using
weak and, for that reason, they can policy. distributed, non-state and violent
bully or attack us. That temptation can From a larger perspective, the elements from within the enemy state.
only be removed if we make ourselves biggest challenges and threats Creating mistrust among enemy
so strong that nobody dare entertain confronting Pakistan are from within, comm unit ies an d p ro pagati ng
any aggressive designs against us.” by different terrorist outfits and uncertainty among enemy nations, are
(Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali insurgencies for different reasons. But amongst the many goals of any 4
th

Jinnah, 1948) at minute level, all these challenges are generation endeavor. By gaining
interconnected and through recent higher moral ground, any state can get
Keeping above statement of revelations during military operations all the political help and sympathy in
the founding father in view, Pakistan in FATA and Swat it has become an actual conflict. 4th generation
kept on building its defenses for evident that almost all the major warfare is very different from an actual
decades. After 1971, these preparations security challenges, that the state is armed conflict, as its entirely based on
got a renewed momentum. New facing today on various fronts, are asymmetrical warfare and tactics,
defense industry was established to strongly bonded with each other while the major front is physiological,
acquire self-reliance in defense but all tightly. There is to be found a and not physical as in a real conflict.
these preparations proved inadequate connection in elements of every Broadly analyzed, it can be said that
in recent war against terrorism. challenge involved and this is the national cohesion becomes a primary
The more security forces fundamental feature of something target of such warfare model.
advance into militant strongholds in known as “Fourth Generation Importance of destroying national
FATA, the more Pakistani urban Warfare” or 4GW. unity and creating mistrust becomes all
centers become targets of terrorism. the more relevant when enemy is an
Recent violence in Karachi, Lahore, Intro to 4GW(4th Generation ideological state like Pakistan.
Peshawar and Quetta is the biggest warfare) At the tactical level, various
example. Though overall security Like said above, tactics and elements are employed to
situation is improving, there is no heterogeneous and distributed nature get these goals- like rear area
logical end in sight of this complex war of current complex geo-strategic operations, means supporting armed
against terror in Pakistan. security challenges Pakistan is facing, insurgencies and terrorism on the one
th
Initially, it was believed that it is a proposition of 4 generation hand and centrifugal forces in enemy's
was only an insurgency stemmed as a warfare; waged by various hostile political system, media and civil
renegade against state policy of allying actors and “allies” in pursuit of their society on the other. The latter group of
with US in GWOT (Global War on own greater gains in the region. Before elements highlights (Subjectively
Terror), but with the passage of time it discussing these greater gains of analyses) the actions of former
became clear that it is not just armed various regional and international (terrorists) in order to launch
insurgencies that are undermining players, it would be prudent to inspect
BRASSTACKS 03
Psychological operations against for many criminal groups to stay out of beyond doubt that these terrorist
enemy nation to demoralize the enemy radar for a long period of time while groups are receiving financial and
society. operating in Pakistan's Northern tactical help from Indian consulates on
Economic manipulation, Province. India got opportunity to put Afghan soil despite the presence of US
whenever possible, can serve as an her feet in Afghanistan and launch rare (to whom Pakistan is a major non
extra tool in this kind of warfare. area operations against Pakistan from NATO ally since last 9 years) in
Recently, Globalization has been used there. India after entering into Afghanistan. This is where US
th
as a tool to manipulate the market share Afghanistan started work on recruiting involvement in ongoing 4 generation
by more industrialized nations, which and training ad-hoc warriors sending offensive becomes disturbing and
can potentially undermine economic them into Pakistan to fight an Indian malicious.
interests of developing nations. Fragile proxy war against Pakistani state and Till very recently, it was
economic conditions in enemy state military. believed that US was just turning a
have always been proved conducive in Players blind eye to Indian activities in
4th generation warfare, as it makes it In order to trace 4GW tactics Afghanistan against Pakistan. But now
much easier to manipulate allegiance and elements in Pakistan and their it has become clear that US covert
of masses with national fervor. foreign supporters, studying ongoing offensive against Pakistan is much
counter insurgency operations, violent more heinous than was envisaged
Tracing 4GW in Pakistan non-state actors (VNSAs) involved in earlier. Elements in US military,
Pakistan is facing covert these insurgencies, foreign support intelligence setup and White House
security challenges from multiple these elements are getting and political have bought the idea that actual cause
hostile entities that includes states, developments in the country are very for Afghan resistance is Pakistan, thus
groups, powerful lobbies, media important. the shift of US foreign policy focus to
outlets etc. Traditionally Pakistan's Main actors of 4GW against Pakistan. A whole new doctrine for
overt and covert defense has remained Pakistan are paid insurgent groups in Pakistan was devised under the name
India centric. As geographically India northwestern parts and in Baluchistan. of AfPak, declaring Pakistan a
is located in East of Pakistan so mainly These paid insurgents have been battlefield along withAfghanistan.
focus also remained in Punjab and joined by the local extremists and This absurd theory was
Sindh, the two provinces bordering separatist elements from those areas. originally sold to US administration
India. Due to this fact it proved easier Recent revelations have proved it during Bush era by Indian lobby in

TTP is prime 4th generation warfare force engaging Pakistani state and military inside Pakistani border.
BRASSTACKS 04
Washington, who proposed alongside fact. First target of TTP in both areas at what powerful lobbies in US
possible solutions to the 'Pakistan was political figures of the area and administration are trying to do in
problem.' US was quick to form an this awful practice created an Pakistan on other axis of this war.
alliance with India, in hope for relief environment of fear and hopelessness
from the mess that they had created in among local masses. Absence of AXIS OFWAR
th
Afghanistan, and Indian presence in political leadership created an Pakistan is facing attacks of 4
Afghanistan increased resultantly. The atmosphere of lawlessness and chaos, generation warfare ad-hoc warriors,
Indians, however, had agendas to giving TTP free hand to recruit, train supported directly by Indian RAW and
serve, independent from those of US. and arm locals against state by indirectly by US/NATO forces in
Pakistan did protest to US on allowing imposing its own ideology and Afghanistan and local Pakistani
India a freehand, but perhaps the political views on people. Recent elements. These ad-hoc warriors are
Indian lobby in Washington was too disclosure has made it clear that TTP is just one dimension of this complex
strong to undo US reliance on India on biggest ad-hoc warrior group in armed duel between state and these
AfPak. Pakistan serving its foreign sponsors non-state actors. Other dimensions
Both India and US have their as well as carrying out its local agenda include propaganda waged against
own targets in the region, and both are and self-styled Islamic ideology. Pakistan and its nuclear program in
using their tactics accordingly on all US covert activities in particular, economic manipulation by
axis. If Indian sponsored insurgents are Pakistan have surfaced in media US in war on terror to pressurize
active in FATA, US sponsored recently, clearly indicating that Pakistan and by India through its water
elements are sitting right in the higher Pakistan and US are bound together policy in Kashmir.
echelons of government. For US, it is through compulsion of circumstances.
far easier to maneuver Pakistan's In reality, certain US nationals in Geostrategic / Military Axis
political landscape. Pakistan don't even bother to follow Establishing strategic
regulations implemented under the hegemony in South Asia is primeval
Tactics Country's laws. Not only this, same US Indian dream. Pakistan is not only a
Pakistan is confronting two nationals have threatened Pakistani major military rival of India but also a
th
pronged 4 generation attacks both citizens more than once. Though very serious obstacle in the realization of
from India and US. Both countries disturbing for Pakistani masses but this dream. To remove this obstacle,
have issues with Pakistan's foreign these events look smaller if one looks Indian establishment is working since
policy. For India, Pakistan's strong
stance on Kashmir needs to be
redirected. For US, Pakistan must
oblige to US foreign policy strategic
objective, where India has a greater
role in the region to counterweight
China.
Overlapping and commonality
in foreign policy interests, with regard
to Pakistan, of both countries is
unprecedented. This is the major
driving force behind combined efforts
to “fix” Pakistan. The only difference
between both countries' approaches is
tactics being employed against
Pakistan. Indian tactics revolves
around declaring Pakistan a non
functional and terrorist state through
supporting TTP from Afghanistan, and
more recently, by hurting the
agriculture in Pakistan, through water
blockade of Pakistani rivers.
Fourth generation warfare
revolves around the idea of creating a
complete political paralysis in enemy
state or in the area of operation.
Atrocities committed by the TTP in
FATA and Swat are a clear proof of this Indian ammunition recovered by Pak army in Swat further proving Indian 4GW.
BRASSTACKS 05
the independence of 1947. India got a diplomatic offensive to declare subject of terrorism from Pakistani soil
major breakthrough in her policy in Pakistan army and intelligence was taken up by India. The reaction of
1971, with the secession of East agencies as terrorist organizations in concerned departments of Saudi
Pakistan. India played a central role in UNO after 26/11incident. Interestingly Arabia must be a quick reminder to
this secession. Further legal proceedings and investigations of Pakistani foreign office that Indians
dismemberment of remaining Pakistan this incident are still underway, so the are making all the efforts to isolate
into smaller states on ethnic lines, is hasty call by Indians reflects nothing Pakistan internationally.
something India is trying to do since but their frustration. Pakistani stance in UN on the
decades. Under the pretext of 26/11, Indian dossier was very fragile and
After 9/11, India found in Indian top military brass has made its caused great deal of embarrassment to
USA a natural ally in pursuing this intentions clear about peace and the nation, while allowing the Indians
sinister agenda against Pakistan. With security in the region. Indian officials to portray Pakistan as a hub of
US complicity, India launched high time and again have made it known terrorists. Even the retired military
intensity proxy war against Pakistani that India is ready to launch a full scale officials were nominated in the
state in northwestern areas and FATA intense but small war on Pakistan, if resolution to be declared as terrorists.
from Afghanistan. Indian consulates in an oth er Mu mb ai s ty le at tack An isolated and weak
all major towns along Pakistani border happened. This stance by Indian Pakistan will be much easier to attack
in Afghanistan are funding and leadership is itself a threatening or fight in an actual conflict. Recent
supporting this insurgency since 2005. development for regional peace. shift in Indian military doctrine is a
India wants to accomplish multiple Indian announcements of execution of clear indicator of that as well.
s t r at e g i c g o a l s t h r o u g h t h i s Cold Start strategy is a grave concern To defame Pakistan, Indians
insurgency; for Pakistan's security. have internationalized Mumbai attack
1.To bring Pakistan to its Giving statements like these is bu t n ev er accepted Pak istani
knees by declaring it a failed state. one aspect of Indian strategy, while on assistance in investigations. The case
2.Building a case against the other hand Indians are smartly of Samjotha Express has been buried
Pakistan being a failed state with playing as messenger of peace in the under the dust of time, as it implicated
nuclear arms which can fall into world while putting blame on Pakistan Indian religious fundamentalists in
“wrong” hands. for every terrorist activity in India. terrorism but Mumbai has remained
3.Once declared a failed state, Pakistan army has recovered open just to defame Pakistan.
Pakistan will be denuclearized by Indian weapons and ammunition but US covert operations against
international community under Islamabad failed to build a case against Iran from Afghanistan also played an
various global agreements. its arch r ival fo r supp ort ing important role in destabilizing Pak-
To get Pakistan denuclearized insurgencies and terrorism in Pakistan. Iran relations. CIA formed Jundullah
is first step of bigger strategic Indian to launch low scale insurgency in
plan. Next phase is to invade Pakistan GeopoliticalAxis Iranian Baluchistan (Sistan-
physically, which is not possible under Indian foreign policy and Baluchistan). This insurgent group,
a nuclear hangover right now. diplomacy is another indicator that with help and on directions from CIA,
Denuclearization of Pakistan is a India is now aggressively working on carried out multiple suicide attacks in
common agenda between American isolating Pakistan in international Iranian Eastern province bordering
and Indian foreign policies for community, on the pretext of her being Pakistan.
Pakistan. This is the reason why strong unable to apprehend the terrorists As a result not only relationship
lobbies in US state and defense involved in Mumbai attacks. So far between two brotherly countries turned
departments bought Indian plan on Indian efforts have been pretty sour, but sectarian violence also erupted
Pakistan to denuclearize Pakistan, successful, made possible by the in Pakistan.
after declaring it a state unable to defeatists in Pakistan, who occupy
protect its nuclear arsenal. defining positions in the making of Geo-economicAxis
Recent military operations by Country's foreign policy. India is trying to manipulate
Pakistan army in FATA and Swat have First, the Indians brought the Pakistan's economy through water
thwarted first phase of this Indian matter to UN without completing aggression. Natural landscape and
game plan for now. But due to lack of investigations and its own legal geography of subcontinent has
governance and administrative proceedings about Mumbai attacks. provided India with an opportunity to
measures in insurgency hit areas, the Now in the second phase, Indian openly work for blocking Pakistan's
threat of resurrection of this foreign office is approaching capitals water from Indus Basin Rivers
insurgency is far from over. in the region where Pakistani lobby has (Chenab, Jehlum and Indus), which
After sensing losing massive traditionally been considered stronger. were allocated to Pakistan in IWT
investment on its 4GW warriors in Recent visit of Indian premier to Saudi 1960. Pakistani concerned authorities
Pakistan, India launched massive Arabia is one such example where the already have assessed that by 2014
BRASSTACKS 06
India can stop water to Pakistani fertile Kerry Lugar bill that US wants to shun since 8 long years, it is evident that
land for a considerably long period of all kind of criticism in Pakistani media dealing with such threat is not possible
time to prevent sowing crops in time. on US policies as the official reason by using one state organ alone, like
The so-called peace initiatives given for this allocation is very military or civilian administration.
between the two countries till this date, different from ground realities. Even a combined effort by both
have failed to address Pakistani Officially this money is to sometimes fails to pay dividend until
concerns on sensitive and important highlight development projects by US seeking a broad public support and a
issues of the sort, while India in Pakistan, to build trust but complete national cohesion on
continued to build dams in Kashmir on interestingly no such project has been defense, foreign and internal policies.
Pakistani rivers to bring Pakistan on its initiated yet, so a logical question here
knees by destroying its agriculture. is; how US administration deems to Anti Terrorism Operations
highlight its cooperation with So far, Pakistani military
Media / PsychologicalAxis Pakistani masses without any actual establishment has dealt with ongoing
I n inter natio nal media, cooperation on ground? terrorism in a rather effective way
Pakistan is being presented as the most The timing of recent media adopting quickly to the new methods
dangerous place for World peace, as it allocation has raised many eyebrows of urban asymmetrical counter
is a state too vulnerable to protect its in circles of critics of US policies. They insurgency operations within its own
nuclear arsenal which can fall into the feel the money will be used to expand borders. But this must be understood,
“wrong hands”. the US footprint in Pakistani media to that for the army also, this was a
Despite the assurances from expand its psy-ops to mould opinion of learning curve which came at a heavy
all levels f rom Pakistan, the masses, as per US policy makers. One cost. Hundreds of brave and
propaganda against Pakistan's nuclear such example is Voice of America, a brilliant men have given their life and
weapons and their safety has only radio and TV platform that speaks for limb to fight a war army was not geared
intensified during last two years. the government of the US already has a to fight traditionally. Now the entire
The recent development in tie-up with some private TV channels. Pakistan army has seen ruthless action
media offensive against Pakistan is US media is not the only entity in the last few years and is battle hardy
more disturbing, as it has entered into having launched media war against and trained. Operations still continue
media manipulation phase by buying Pakistan, but Indian media also joined to flush out the pockets of resistance by
elements in all the notable media the campaign particularly against the TTP terrorists, but the war on
outlets of Pakistan. According to Pakistani security establishment and ground is not supported by the Psy-
reports some 50 million dollars have its role in war on terror after Mumbai Ops in national media nor by the
been allocated to be spent on Pakistani attacks in 2008. Strong Indian lobby in political will of the government.
media by US administration, in order international media has also helped the The national judiciary has
to get a soft corner for US policies in cause to wage propaganda against almost collapsed in response to this
the region. This is a concerning Pakistani military and its role in war on threat leaving the army almost without
development for Pakistani media and terror. The idea that Pakistan military support from the state organs. This
masses, as it will hijack the Pakistani is actually helping Afghan Taliban continues to increase pressure on the
media to portray events as per wishes against US and NATO was sold to the army which now has to deal with the
of US. World by Indian elements through political, psychological and judicial
Recently, Kerry Lugar bill various reports by anonymous side of the war as well. In an
faced severe criticism from every sources. This idea led US policy environment of lopsided priorities and
institute of Pakistan and among these makers to believe that Pakistan is badly managed national governance,
institutes the most vocal was Pakistani actually double crossing US in global pressure on armed forces has increased
media particularly, Urdu - both print war on terror. Resultantly Pakistan manifold.
and electronic. had to face more pressure from US. Despite the overwhelming
Though some elements in The real intentions of India behind odds, army has done remarkably to
Pakistani media have remained critics misleading US policy makers were to neutralize the terrorist threats from this
of US policies in this country and in axis of the 4GW. But much more can
get some concession on Kashmir and
this region, but never in 63 years of its be done to accelerate the process of
history Pakistani media ever preached
water issues, while keeping the world cleanup and reduce the military, as
“anti-American sentiments,” attention away from these well as the collateral damage.
something to be eliminated or reduced outstanding core issues between two 1.Urban environment ops
from Pakistani media through this nuclear armed arch rivals in the have to be intelligence based as theatre
allocation of $50 million. subcontinent. of operations is friendly territory
It seems to be a PR building infested by insurgents within the
campaign in Pakistan by US Proposed Responses (Solutions) friendly local population. Human
administration, but it is evident after Keeping all the facets of the Intelligence (HINT) as well as
4GWs being waged against Pakistan
BRASSTACKS 07
Technical Intelligence (TINT), Management System with ability to much cheaper alternative to an
remains the fundamental elements of track target vehicle at any time can be expensive and more complex satellite
any such operations. Tracking of cell very useful in reducing the risk of such based surveillance.
and satellite phones, use of drone attacks. 7.Another area of technical
technology, night surveillance 6.After getting a bloody nose enhancement in Counter Intelligence
capabilities remain critical to these in FATA and Swat, now militants are (COIN) operation is to enhance the
operations. These capabilities need to attacking Pakistani cities. So far, this ability to track enemy's hideouts.
be enhanced radically, almost to the strategy of militants has worked much Traditional methods of implanting
levels of police state or martial law in more effectively to achieve their someone in enemy ranks or buying out
theaters of operations, as civil and objective of physiologically enemy assets has not proved hundred
judicial systems have collapsed in destroying the morale of masses than percent foolproof, as it is very difficult
those regions. Army laws and military traditional attacks on security forces in to differentiate friends from foes in this
courts that deal with civilian remote areas of NWFP and in FATA. covert war. It is time for Pakistani
combatant or insurgents fighting the Though both civilian and security security forces to start concentrating
State or armed forces, need to be forces are target of terrorists, but in big on applications of implantable GPS
invoked for short term to put the fear of cities like Lahore and Karachi it is trackers to get exact location of a
God and law in the hearts of the civilians who have suffered more. In particular hostile entity.
terrorists. order to secure the cities it is 8.Inter agency protocols for
2.Ideally, regular forces imperative to enhance the technical sharing sensitive information among
st
should not be used to combat 4GW intelligence as per needs of 21 various law enforcement bodies in the
terrorists. Reserves and paramilitary century. country has been traditionally a weak
forces are best options. Pakistan must Keeping every street in a city link in investigations. It is time to
train more of its paramilitary forces for like Karachi or Lahore in sight all the adopt new cutting edge technologies to
this role with indigenous tactics and time is a cumbersome job for any law build repositories with multiple access
plans. enforcer, regardless of how well trained level to enhance cooperation among
3.In rural environment, local its personnel are. It is time to various law enforcement agencies and
friendly militias or “Lashkars” to incorpor ate emerging military to enable these law enforcers to carry
support the military and the para- technologies in urban centers for out real time investigations.
military to take the lead role in gathering information and to keep an
9. Absence of modern forensic
securing their regions, to be backed by eye in a particular area on high risk
the State forces. targets. Pakistan is making surveillance labs is another hurdle in investigations.
4.In the urban environment, a drones for many years now and has also Pakistan must work to build state of the
second tier of national defense needs to exported these planes to foreign art forensic facility in the country and it
be created from educated urban youth. customers as well. It is time to adopt this must be equipped with all necessary
Pakistan used to have such a service, surveillance technology in the cities to technical facilities in this regard.
NCC, till late 90's. The compulsory get real time intelligence on suspected
military and civil defense training to entities in a particular city. Drones are Governance & Administrative
the university youth should become Measures
mandatory to support security forces in 10. To win the ultimate 4th
urban environment search, security generation war, it is imperative to
and neutralizing operations. eliminate all the root causes and
5.Due to its complex supporting environment to ensure that
asymmetrical nature at every level, it is enemy has no moral ground to
very necessary to study enemy's maneuver its tactics, hence denying a
technical abilities. The Indian backed moral victory to enemy which is the
TTP and the BLA extensively use ultimate goal of 4th generation
cyber world and cellular technology to warfare. During last 8 years, Pakistani
their advantage. Also, Pakistani TTP leadership took some steps to gain
has used IED's, suicide bombing as higher moral ground.
main tactic against security forces and Recent example of such a
society and explosive laden vehicles move was peace deal in Swat before a
have proved most dangerous and comprehensive military operation
destructive weapons. Proper anti- against terrorists. Pakistan army and
cyber terrorism units need to be government got a high moral ground
aggressively active to check and track by signing that deal. TTP was exposed
terrorists in cyber and cellular world. in the end to the masses along with all
Also, a proper Vehicle Tracking & A human implantable GPS tracker
its atrocities in the name of Islam. But
BRASSTACKS 08
there were some severe mistakes
where army lost its moral edge to
terrorists. The drop scene of Lal
Masjid operation in July 2007 was a
major blow to Pakistan army in its anti-
terrorism efforts and it provided an
opportunity to hostile agencies to wage
propaganda ops against Pakistan army,
by getting sympathies of local masses
and families of victims of this
operation despite the fact that most of
the students in Lal Masjid got killed
due to being used as human shield by
the terrorists. Lal masjid was a classic
operation where bad and poor
perception and media management
created a security crisis for the State
and the armed forces later on.
th
Counter insurgency in 4
generation warfare is the most
complex task at hand. Every operation development, government must also
has different tactical planning and take steps to revive lost businesses and Lt Col: Prasad Srikant Purohit
execution requirements, but Pakistan jobs of the locals. a n a c t i v e m e mb e r o f A b h i n a v
army and other forces must evaluate 12. Education sector reforms Bharat, a Hinduoutfit and mastermind
p os t o pe r ati o n cir c um st an ces are need of the hour. Absence of o f S a mjh o ot a Exp re ss in ci d en t
particularly collateral damage with unif orm edu cational structur e in 2006. Prohit has been convicted
th f or Malegaon blas ts i n 2008.
respect to ultimate strategic goal of 4 throughout the country has produced Pa k is t a n i f o re i g n o ff i c e f a i l ed
generation warfare i.e. winning a various kinds of social and religious diplomatically to pick this matter
moral battle in every operation, dogmas in the society, resultantly of serving Indian armyofficer's
denying any opportunity to hostile making national fabric more fragile directlink with terrorist organization.
elements to launch psy-ops against instead of creating any national
Pakistani state or army. harmony which is a fundamental pillar
11. Operation Rah-i-Rast in of national stability and security. In Diplomatic Response
Swat is also a reminder of what can recent insurgencies, it has become From recent developments in
happen if a region is deprived of evident that a loose government the region on terrorism, it is evident
speedy justice for a long period of control over various religious and that a case against Pakistan is being
time. It has remained a dilemma in private educational systems in prepared as a next staging area for any
Pakistan that legal procedure in lower Pakistan has created a sense of big terror attack anywhere in the
courts is haplessly non-existent deprivation in one faction and world, particularly in India or US.
denying the very justice for which the superiority complex in another, and This idea, of blaming Pakistan
State exists. This has developed a this vast gulf between these mindsets for being used by terrorists to recruit,
reactionary approach in mass behavior was successfully manipulated by the train and send terrorists and to plan an
in Pakistani society. terrorist indoctrinators in the name of attack on US or Indian soil, came from
Like Justice, development is religion. aggressive Indian diplomatic offenses
also an integral part of a peaceful So it is imperative that in major capitals of the world. The
society. It is the responsibility of supporting factor was Pakistan's old
government take all necessary steps
civilian government to raise the defensive foreign policy. It is time for
to make education in Pakistan
infrastructure of insurgency affected Pakistan to present a strong case at
uniform, for every faction of society. world forums regarding its efforts in
areas so that people can restart social A strong over sight of religious
and economic activities in these areas. combating terrorism and sufferings
schools is another area of urgent Pakistani nation has faced during this
Cooperation of international donors attention of government. It is time
and NGOs may be engaged on own bloody war. Pakistan's foreign policy
for government to present a model of needs a major overhaul in this regard.
terms in these rehabilitation efforts.
educational institutes with a uniform Pakistan must also reject “Do More”.
The sooner these areas return to
normalcy, the better it would be for
general e duc ation standard 1 3 . Pak i s t an mu s t k e ep
overall law and order throughout the throughout the country to provide Samjotha express case and Indian
country. Along with infrastructure equal opportunities for all the atrocities on Kashmiris alive, in
students in practical life. international community and media
BRASSTACKS 09
alike. Strong demand for inquiry into region.
One of many info graphics created to
massacre of 59 innocent Pakistanis in alarm world about TTP taking over Recently, a serving Indian
Samjotha Express incident must be Pakistan. In the map above, one can officer was convicted in Indian court
made and conveyed to all the see areas like Chitral, Shangla, Kohistan for being the mastermind of bombing
capitals, through Pakistani and D.I Khan never remained under in a Masjid in Malegaon, a village in
Taliban control. Unfortunately, due to
diplomats. Pakistan must not absence of a clear media policy Pakistani India. This attack was first blamed on
abandon its slain citizens killed by media failed to counter propaganda Pakistan and ISI.This case has
cold blooded Indian fanatics. w a rf a re b y We s t e r n m e d i a . provided a much needed opportunity
Kashmir is another strong moral case to use it as a proof in diplomatic
for Pakistan and it is time for and evidence provided by India that community to unleash the real face of
Pakistan to end its lethargy over this were used in UN to convict these terrorists serving in Indian army.
important issue, and resurrect this individuals.Pakistan must build a 14.Pakistan has suffered
case once again in international strong case against India and her some 40 billion dollar losses in war
forums like UN. It has become more involvement in Pakistan, particularly of terror against foreign funded,
relevant in a nuclear overhang in supp orting terrorism in supported and backed 4thGW. Now
between Pakistan and India. Not Baluchistan and FATA. Pakistan it is up to government to make this
only this, Pakistan must withstand army has given proofs to government fact realized and present to all the
international pressure from US and and the ball is in democratic stakeholders in this war.
In dia and su pp or t Pak is tan i government's court to take the case to
individuals convicted wrongly by the international forums like UN, where Propaganda Warfare
UN as terrorists; whereas in Pakistan, Pakistan can seek Chinese help in 14. Strong media management
courts have failed to convict these order to unearth Indian intentions th
is a fundamental requirement of 4
individuals on the same information against Pakistan and peace in the
generation warfare. In recent years,
BRASSTACKS 10
Pakistan generally and Pakistan Conclusion times call for desperate measures.
army particularly are targets of As 4GW comprises of Internal conflicts always
Indian and Western media outlets; to multiple axis and asymmetrical have some root causes, and Pakistan
portray both as weak and non serious warfare, the solution to it can not be is not an exception in this regard. It is
in combating insurgency and terror. devised from one national institute. a proven fact that unchecked foreign
Leading papers, websites, magazines As 4GW is an evolving phenomenon, funding of some religious schools
in US and Western media are leaking its solution must be out of the box as (Madrasas) in the past throughout the
stories to defame Pakistani military well depending upon multiple country, ever increasing poverty,
leadership and its commitment to its factors- both conventional as well as ethnic intolerance, corruption etc. are
war against foreign funded terror, non-conventional. Pakistan is at a some massive challenges the country
despite the fact that Pakistan army is critical crossroads in fighting 4GW is facing right now. Most worrying
the only force in the world that has ter ror ists. Altho ugh military aspect of all these challenges is that
lost its serving Generals in this war. operations have shown very all the related social and economical
All these stories are part of encouraging results so far in Swat indicators are not showing any
the bigger propaganda operation, to and FATA, but it must be understood improvement. Unless the government
demoralize forces and leadership by by the civilian government that to takes some concrete steps in order to
overlooking sacrifices made by convert these military gains into overcome socio-economic
Pakistan army but this is one side of permanent peace, some desperate challenges in backward parts of the
all this. In reality, this is lack of a measures are imperative in areas hit country, the threat of resurrection of
strong media team on the part of b y i ns urg en cy an d co un ter- similar insurgencies will keep
Pakistan. insurgency operations. prevailing, as poor socio-economics
As mentioned, in Diplomatic For the last 5 years, Pakistani always made it easier for enemies to
r e sp o n se s e c t i o n t h e re c e n t nation and state both have suffered manipulate local masses for their own
revelations about involvement of due to weak and fragile foreign interests.
Indian army's serving officers in policy adopted by Musharraf regime Pakistan today faces two
terrorism must be exposed forcefully and pursued by current government. most critical cancers which are
in media. It is high time for Pakistani This foreign policy of Pakistan has feeding the 4GW against the State.
government to review its media only served the interests of foreign ·Corruption
th
policy with respect to 4 generation powers or hostile nations like India ·Failure of judicial system
warfare. Pakistan still does not have a who exploited internal conflicts of to put fear of God into the hearts of
media policy which defines the roles, Pakistan at international level to terrorists
parameters, objectives, aims and defame Pakistan.A major overhaul in The system and the
goals of Pakistan's media in support foreign policy is more than government have failed to address
of ground operations or to counter the necessary, to bring an end to the these two issues. The corruption
hostile psy-ops. The terrorists still ongoing master slave relationships feeds the bad governance,
get air time on prime time media and between Pakistan and comity of hopelessness, state failures and
army is still ridiculed and attacked nations. It is high time for Pakistan to social disintegration. Lack of justice
both by politicians and media draw some very visible red lines, breeds terrorism, violence and social
“analysts” for “fighting America’s which Pakistani state and nation will anarchy. If the present system cannot
war” and killing “own people!”.India never cross while fighting terrorism deliver, perhaps the right choice
is still not blamed for supporting as US ally in the region. would be to change and replace the
insurgencies in Pakistani territory. Afghan policy needs to be system before a complete and total
15. Pakistani government overhauled. From being a passive victory against the 4GW can be
must make sure that any media player, Pakistan now needs to be an assured. A political, judicial and
exchange agreement between aggressive and pro-active policy economic system is required, where
Pakistan and India takes place on maker in Afghanistan. The crisis in corruption and terrorism are met with
reciprocal basis. Indian channels are Pakistan has its roots in Afghanistan. zero tolerance, even if that means
being allowed in Pakistan It is absolutely critical, that Pakistan adopting desperate and harshest
uninterruptedly but Pakistani controls the internal as well as means. If it takes that much to clean
channels are facing a strict ban in security dynamics in that country. the mess, then let it be.
most parts of India. In order to stop I n d ia n s h a v e e x p l o i t e d t h e .......................................
media invasion it is extremely environment long enough. It's time to
necessary to expand footprint of nail Indian interests and assets in
Pakistani media in Indian territories. Afghanistan to end the military axis
of 4GW against Pakistan. Desperate
BRASSTACKS 11
Brasstacks Political and Security
Review for Pakistan.
Synopsis of the Month
By: Zaid Hamid

In this monthly political and projected events has been done in this its relations between Pakistan and
security review we are going to discuss report. India. This is a radical policy shift
the regional, national and local We have divided the analysis within the last 6 months as US seeks
emerging scenarios critical for sections into following major exit strategy in Afghanistan and is more
Pakistani security. The biggest categories: and more dependent upon Pakistan for
challenge at the moment Pakistan is 1.Eastern Theatre Analysis: help and support. Pakistani security
facing is the mounting pressure by US dealing with Pakistan's relations with establishment is now squeezing the US
for launching an operation in North India and Kashmir. despite displeasure by Washington and
WaziristanAgency. 2.Western Theatre Analysis: Delhi. Also, role of Indians in
The US desire to launch deals with events affecting Pakistan supporting insurgencies in Pakistan
Pakistan army into North Waziristan is from theAfghan side. through Afghanistan have been a bone
getting more sinister, desperate and 3.Political / Economic Axis of serious contention between
even bloody. Pakistan cannot afford to deals with internal developments. Islamabad and Washington. Pakistan is
make a mistake here. North Waziristan 4.Internal Security Analysis: holding US responsible for giving a
is swarming with hostile assets backed deals with various insurgencies, free hand to Indians to support and
by Indians, CIA and local terrorists. terrorism and sectarian conflicts being supply the ruthless and bloody
Pakistan has to choose its targets fought inside Pakistan. insurgencies in FATA, Swat and
carefully, selectively and ruthlessly -- Baluchistan. In the last few months,
without getting dragged into another Eastern Front: suspicions between Pakistani and US
bloody conflict against neutral or Under the AfPak doctrine, US establishments have grown triggering
friendly tribes. Pakistan may initiate wanted to resolve the Kashmir dispute fears in Washington that Pakistan could
another war against TTP terrorists in between Pakistan and India so that decide to go against the US in
North Waziristan but it remains critical Pakistan could focus on the western Afghanistan. That would be a
that it chooses its own battleground front against Afghan Taliban, hence nightmare scenario for US and NATO
and time, not under US duress. the renewed US interest in Kashmir in Afghanistan considering Pakistan's
The entire US exit strategy in since Obama took over. Indians were previous track record of burying the
Afghanistan hinges on creating bad not amused and have traditionally Soviet myth in the gorges of that
blood between Pakistan and Afghan rejected any third party involvement treacherous country. US/NATO cannot
Taliban/resistance fighting against on Kashmir. The US confidence that afford a hostile Pakistan but the signs
US/NATO forces. US feels that they can influence or bribe (through were clear that Indians were seriously
Pakistan is not serious enough to take the nuke deal) the Indians to come to acting as spoilers for US/NATO. US
on and destroy the networks of Mullah talks on Kashmir evaporated pretty had to act quickly.
Omar, Jalaluddin Haqqani and quickly and Kashmir was taken out of On May 22, explaining the US
Gu lbad in H ek ma t ya r, he nce Richard Hoolbroke's mandate of policies for South Asia at a briefing at
environment is being created to pitch AfPak. the Council on Foreign Relations,
Pakistan against these anti-US Afghan But on the western front, US is Deputy Secretary of State James B.
resistance. The pro-US or pro-Indian getting more and more dependent upon Steinberg stressed the need for
assets in the tribal areas are trying to Pakistan. Islamabad has exploited this building a multi-faceted and long-term
provoke a reaction from Pakistan US weakness and has prevailed upon relationship with Pakistan by
army. The game is not just dirty, it is US to force Indians to come to talks on removing Islamabad's suspicions
outright treacherous. The detailed Kashmir. This is the real game now. about Washington.
assessment of the developments and US is now desperate to balance India has been active to prevent
BRASSTACKS 12
a civil nuke deal between Pakistan and wriggle out of any talks on Kashmir CIA operators, the largest single loss
China and for this she was banking on and water, hence the warnings by the for the agency in decades. Now some
US support but incredibly to the utter analysts and even by the US TTP elements are also being hunted by
frustration of Indians, US also softened government that a terror attack in India CIA drones but Indians are desperate
its stand on Pak-China nuke deal! This is possible seems real. Such terror to protect their assets. The sinister
is a major geopolitical shift in US policy attacks are often used as pretexts to game is outright dirty and ruthless
towards Pakistan and the reason is not break away from any dialogue with where multiple secret services and
their love for Pakistan's security needs Pakistan. Mumbai attacks broke off the terror groups are cutting each other's
but their own dependence upon peace talks back then as well. throats despite often being allies on the
Pakistan for their survival in surface.
Afghanistan. The paper by Lisa Curtis Western Front: Indians and the CIA have not
and Nicholas Hamisevicz of a Three critical issues affect the taken these developments kindly and
Washington think-tank --- The Heritage regional security dynamics on the have responded ruthlessly. A new
Foundation --- also noted that the western front. terror group called ― Asian Tigers
Obama administration was apparently 1 . U S s t rat eg y ins id e (like Tamil Tigers?) have emerged
softening the US position towards Afghanistan. which is basically consisting of local
China–Pakistan nuclear cooperation. 2. US drone strikes inside Pakistani terrorists backed by the
Indians on the other hand are Pakistan Indians and also having connections
proving to be a tough nut for the US. 3. Indian support to with David Headley, the Mumbai
Now even theAmericans are frustrated terrorism inside Pakistan from wanted man held by US government,
and have used all their influence to Afghanistan. who was also a CIA operative. These
force the Indians to come to some form Ideally, US would want to fight to the Asian tigers are responsible for
of talks with Pakistan. There are last Pakistani! That is why the US attacking the Sri Lankan cricket team
enough reasons to believe that fascist desire to pitch Pakistan against Afghan in Pakistan as well as the GHQ in
elements in Indian religious and Taliban. But that does not seem to be Rawalpindi. They are also called the
political spheres would resist any working. So now US don't have any “Punjabi Taliban” for a large number
meaningful talks on Kashmir. Rest Afghan strategy except to try to hold of sectarian terrorists from banned
would be eyewash only. It is a very on through limited military offensives, outfits of Lashkar Jhangvi and Sipah-
tense period between Pakistan and engage Taliban to buy off assets within e-Sahaba are also part of the Asian
India. India is blocking Pakistan them for the exit strategy, exploit Tiger gang. These Asian tigers were
waters and heat is also rising in Pakistan's influence in the region to used by the Indians and CIA to murder
Pakistan on this count. Multiple gain access into forbidden Taliban Khalid Khawaja, who was trying to
clashes have already taken place on sanctuaries or rather crush Afghan bring about a peace accord between
line of control and working boundary Taliban or resistance leaders like TTP leadership and Pakistan. Role of
between Pakistan and India. This is Haqqani and Hekmatyar, hand over CIA backed media icons to “arrange”
makingAmericans very nervous. more and more territory to Karzai the assassination of Khalid Khawaja
There are other factors also government to cut US and foreign has also come on the surface and is
which have put India on the defensive. losses and to address Pakistan's being investigated. Orchestrated
The Maoists in India have now concerns over Indian presence in assassination of Khalid Khawaja was a
emerged as a major security challenge Afghanistan. grave provocation by RAW/CIA to
for the Indian federation and Delhi The aggressive US strategy drag Pakistan army into the North
needs time to gather itself. Indian after 9/11 has given way to a sheepish Waziristan quagmire. It has failed once
assets in Afghanistan have also been search for a face saving exit strategy, again though it has exposed the CIA's
asked by Americans to restrain their very similar to what it looked like in penetration in Pakistani media and
war against Pakistan. Pakistan has pre-withdrawal days from Vietnam. local terrorists.
been able to break the back of Indian NATO supplies are desperately With news of Hakimullah
backed insurgency in Swat and FATA, vulnerable in Pakistan as frustrated being alive and now these latest
changing the rules of the game and defeated TTP militants, ironically developments, Pakistan has a real
decisively. Kashmir is simmering aided by Indian weapons and money, challenge at hand and the army would
again, another nightmare for Delhi. are now threatening the US/NATO be going tough on the local Taliban as
All these factors have put interests directly for what is well as the Americans if the going gets
India on a weak regional position and considered by them as a betrayal by US tough for Pakistan due to Indian
thus Indians have agreed to a dialogue when a CIA drone accidently killed involvement. Now even the CIA is
with Pakistan, albeit reluctantly to TTP leader Baitullah Mehsud. TTP coming under pressure for its use of
release the pressure from the had responded by sending a Jordanian drones to attack into Pakistan as the
Americans. But there is also no doubt CIA double agent into CIA HQ in practice is now finding dissenting
that Indians would do their best to Khost which had killed half a dozen voices even in the US government.
BRASSTACKS 13
These strikes are causing severe diehards. have brought the national exchequer to
civilian losses while the actual T h e L a w, J u s t i c e a n d a total collapse, leaving no option to
terrorists escape most of the time as in Parliamentary Affairs Minister Babar the government but to borrow on secret
the case of Hakimullah Mehsud. Awan defended Zardari on all fronts terms from IMF, further creating crisis
Pakistani security establishment especially in Swiss case while the in national economy. Now the back
seriously feel that US is not serious in government continued to panic and breaking terms of the Bank and new
taking out anti-Pakistan terrorists. In flap its wings in all directions to stay taxes would basically decide the fate of
the coming days, Pakistan will have to afloat. Instead of taking a this government.
find a quick and even ruthless way of reconciliatory and legal course, the
ending this war on the western front as PPP government has chosen the Internal security issues:
Indians pose a real threat on the eastern collision course. Chief Justice is Military is now clearing the
borders. Indians have trapped Pakistan fighting his own battle against this TTP pockets from various suburban
army on the western borders through staggeringly corrupt government. valleys of the tribal regions.
their proxies despite the fact that Head-on collision is inevitable. Meanwhile, CIA continued to wage
Pakistan army is gaining ground. Still, NRO, Swiss cases, privatization its own war in the tribal areas
the fight is far from over. Indians deals, 18th amendments, promotions of attacking assets known to be hostile
would want Pakistan army to remain cronies - The list is never ending and the to US. These drones have become the
engaged in the region for a very long war is so intense now. Under desperate biggest killers of ordinary people
time while the eastern borders remains condition, government was able to after suicide attacks by the terrorists.
thinly guarded and exposed to prevent secure loan from IMF, on very harsh Meanwhile, the blitz by the
any major Indian offensive. This is a terms. The fate of the ordinary man as
army continues in Orakzai and other
critical national security situation for well as this government is now sealed.
tribal pockets causing severe damage
Pakistan, an unprecedented one in its The corruption and bad governance has
history. literally broken the back of the national to the terrorists. The tide is now
As we have said, Pakistani institutions and the common man alike. turning against terrorists rapidly.
Taliban TTP are an Indian created/backed So the circus continues and the seeds of a Military is now well trained, focused
terror group planted to draw world violent over throw of this government and determined to hit the TTP
attention towards “global terrorism are sown. As the Supreme Court terrorists hard. There are no issues of
originating from Pakistan”. They are continues to pile pressure on the morale or morality as the TTP now
waging a war against the State of government, PPP resorts to more radical stand exposed as hostile Indian
Pakistan and have now claimed the NY means and outright threats to the apex backed terrorist outfit. The stunning
failed attack also increasing pressure on court. success of the Pakistan army in Swat,
Pakistan. There is a desperate attempt on Sensing that the system is South Waziristan and in the
the media as well to link the Faisal sinking faster than the titanic, PPP neighboring valleys is legendary
Shahzad issues with Pakistani tribal government moves in to make amends stuff, having surprised not just the
areas. From US State department to TTP with the main opposition party TTP but also the US/NATO and
terrorists on ground, everyone seems to PML(N) and to forge a joint defense to Indian observers.
be working in unison and very interested save their vested interests. Both the Whereas at local level
in dragging Pakistan army into North PPP and the PML(N) are driven by Karachi has witnessed clashes
Waziristan! US is deploying all their common threats of army takeover, between nationalist parties heating
resources in global covert ops, legal cases in Supreme Court and up communal rifts there. Local
diplomacy, military threats, media and in NRO, as well as by the opposition in parties are trying to ignite ethnic
terrorist organizations to prove that the waiting – the PML(Q) which is clashes in the city while on the other
Pakistani tribal region of North seen as Musharraf party. Now the
hand low intensity sabotage
Waziristan is the hub of all terrorism in common defense is against common
US and Europe and unless Pakistan acts enemies. A government of thieves, by
activities by BLA terrorists goes on
in the region, US would. Putting Pakistan the thieves, for the thieves! Sitting in Baluchistan. Baluchistan remains
on collision course with Afghan President and almost all ministers are a matter of concern as BLA and
resistance is the US prime strategy. wanted in criminal and financial scams sectarian assassins continue to
and are going to ridiculous limits to eliminate rivals with complete
Political / EconomicAxis: save their skins turning the entire paralysis in the provincial
Government is on a collision system into almost a banana republic! government.
course with Judiciary and army as well National Budget for next year
as media. This is going to be too much is here. Figure fudging is at its best ....................................
to chew for the corrupt, incompetent these days to show enhanced
and almost sold out government performance of the government.
despite all the bravado by its fanatic Massive bleeding of national resources

BRASSTACKS 14
18 Amendment
th

Revenge of Pakistani
Democracy

By: Shehzad Masood Roomi

“Democracy is a government amendment has turned both these of his release from jail irrespective of
of the fools, for the fools, by the fools.” institutes into rubber stamps by the fact why that person was convicted.
(George Bernard Shaw) conceding many of the existing powers This can also include promoting
th
The stated objective of the 18 of these institutes to some (possibly) anti-state propaganda, bringing
amendment was to decontaminate the non-elected individual politicians. defamation and ridicule to Pakistan. This
th
constitution from all the authoritarian 18 amendment is going to do has been achieved by removing Article
amendments made by military rulers following in the future; 63(1)(I) from constitution and by
th
particularly 17 amendment. This was It would bring more amendingArticle 63 [1][g].
deemed necessary by parliament for corruption to Pakistani politics by Article 63(1)(p) has been
various state organs to work in uprooting rule of law, it would promote removed altogether as this clause was to
cohesion. sham democracy in Pakistan by prohibit absconders to enter into
The question is, has 18th allocating powers to non-elected political process of the country. With
amendment got its stated objective people, it would shake national these critical changes in article 63,
th
served? The answer is NO. Instead, integrity and 18 amendment would political elite has turned itself morally
this very amendment has taken away undermine vital national institutes and naked in front of public. Nowhere in the
the essence of democracy from the below is how; world can a similar amendment even be
entire political system in the country. contemplated but here in Pakistan,
This amendment is nothing but an Death of rule of law and justice ironically, no one has any objection to
attempt to hijack country's constitution Now even a corrupt, ineligible these changes. For record below is exact
th
making institutes. Apart from that, and incompetent politician, as party text changed items in article 63 in 18
recent amendment is going to hurt the head, would be able to manipulate the Amendment;
state by opening too many Pandora whole political system in the country. (Excerpt from Article 63 in
th
boxes. This was achieved by making some constitution before 18 amendment)
The recent amendment was very disturbing changes in article 63. 63. Disqualifications for membership
supposed to take powers from This article deals with the eligibility of of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)
president and give them back to the political contesters in general (1)A person shall be
parliament and to the prime minister in elections. This amendment has ruined disqualified from being elected or
th
order to reverse the impact of 17 the idea of rule of law and justice. chosen as, and from being, a member
amendment. Ironically instead of Amendments made in article 63 would of the Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament),
giving powers back to parliament and enable every convicted criminal to be if:-
Prime Minister ’s Office, this part of the parliament after five years (g)he is propagating any
BRASSTACKS 15
opinion, or acting in any manner, judiciary of Pakistan, or which political elite has legalized all the
prejudicial to the Ideology of Pakistan, defames or brings into ridicule the corruption and misuse of various
or the sovereignty, integrity or security judiciary or the Armed Forces of public offices. Corruption and misuse
of Pakistan, or morality, or the Pakistan, unless a period of five years of authority are considered atrocious
maintenance of public order, or the has elapsed since his release; or crimes in any democracy in the world
integrity or independence of the (h) he has been, on conviction but unfortunately in Pakistan
judiciary of Pakistan, or which for any offence involving moral corruption is not a concern to the law
defames or brings into ridicule the turpitude, sentenced to imprisonment makers.
judiciary or the Armed Forces of for a term of not less than two years,
Pakistan; or unless a period of five years has Promotion of Sham Democracy
(h) he has been convicted by a elapsed since his release; or Instead of putting law makers'
th
court of competent jurisdiction on a (I) he has been dismissed from selection under stricter checks, 18
charge of corrupt practice, moral the service of Pakistan or service of a amendment would only encourage
turpitude or misuse of power or corporation or office set up or, corrupt ones to join in. Without rule of
authority under any law for the time controlled, by the Federal Government, law any democracy would be a
being in force; or Provincial Government or a Local complete sham and it would have no
(i) he has been dismissed from Government on the ground of public approval as no public issue
the service of Pakistan or service of a misconduct, unless a period of five would be solved by subsequently
corporation or office set up or years has elapsed since his dismissal. formed sham democratic system in the
controlled by the Federal Government, By looking at amended article country.
Provincial Government or a Local 63 it is evident that political elite of Another undemocratic change is the
Government on the grounds of Pakistan has compromised over by: Shahzad
way defection clauses Masood Roomi
of article 63(A)
misconduct or moral turpitude; or strongest safeguard of democracy i.e. would be applied to manipulate MPs'
th
(p) he has been convicted and rule of law. conscience. Prior to 18 amendment,
sentenced to imprisonment for having Not only clauses have been defection was NOT applicable to a
absconded by a competent court under changed but some clauses are no more member of parliament in case of
any law for the time being in force. present in newly amended article. It his/her vote to constitution bill
Now it is worth noting that seems that through amended article (amendment) as pe r his/he r
there is no mention of taking corrupt
and convicted persons back into
political process ever again in original
text of article 63 but according to new
amendments it will become possible
for the convicted criminals and
absconders to come back and be part of
the political process all over again. In
th
18 amendment the following clauses
of the article has been substituted as
following; (Changes are in bold)
21. Substitution of Article 63 of the
Constitution.-
In the Constitution, for Article 63, the
following shall be substituted,
namely,-
63. Disqualifications for membership
of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)
(1) A person shall be
disqualified from being elected or
chosen as, and from being, a member
of the Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament),
(g) he has been convicted by a
court of competent jurisdiction for
propagating any opinion, or acting in
any manner, prejudicial to the ideology
of Pakistan, or the sovereignty,
integrity or security of Pakistan, or the
integrity or independence of the

BRASSTACKS 16
conscience. Below is amended text and constitutional obligation for all political impasse was the way ANP got
changes are shown in bold words; th
political parties. After 18 amendment NWFP renamed by blackmailing other
63A. Disqualification on grounds of it is not a constitutional obligation parties on 18th amendment's approval.
defection, etc.- anymore to select a party head through Keeping in mind, current
(l) If a member of a an intra-party election. As there will beforeign meddling in Pakistani politics
Parliamentary Party composed of a no election within the parties so this arrangement can be suicidal not
single political party in a House- (a) political parties would become only for political system (democracy)
resigns from membership of his
personal property of one entity. It but for the country itself. Now it would
political party or joins another
Parliamentary Party; or (b) votes or would be prudent to ask the become easier for foreign meddlers to
abstains from voting in the House parliamentarians what their role would interfere in Pakistan's internal political
contrary to any direction issued by the be in constitution making in the future? affairs by overlooking national
Parliamentary Party to which he institutes like national assembly and
belongs, in relation to- Undermine Vital National Institutes senate. Like dictatorship all these
(i) election of the Prime Minister or the Military dictatorship in a meddlers would have to do is to
Chief Minister; or parliamentary federation is conceived negotiate with one person; Party Head,
(ii) a vote of confidence or a vote of no- as worse form of governance as it to simply intimidate or entice him,
confidence; or undermines almost all the national whatever is workable in a given
(iii) a Money Bill or a Constitution institutes like parliament and judiciary situation, to get the “job done”and
(Amendment) Bill; et c. b ut w h at abo u t ci v ili an what could this job be? Well, it may
He may be declared in writing dictatorship in same federation? Well, sound like conspiracy theory but in
by the Party Head to have defected it would be the worst case scenario. fact current government, in the past,
from the political party, and the Party Dictatorship, irrespective of has unsuccessfully tried twice to
Head may forward a copy of the its military or civilian incarnation, undermine premium intelligence
declaration to the Presiding Officer usually opposes all the democratic institute of Pakistan, ISI, clearly on
and the Chief Election Commissioner norms like rule of law, freedom of instructions from abroad.
and shall similarly forward a copy speech etc. With change in article 63A Recently authority to appoint
thereof to the member concerned:
there is no guarantee that parliament services chiefs in armed forces has
Provided that before making would be able to function freely ever been given to Prime Minister but in
the declaration, the Party Head shall again as any debate on any pertaining presence of 18th amendment it will be
provide such member with an
issue would be futile as real decision eventually the party head who would
opportunity to show cause as to why
such declaration may not be made now lies with party head and not with appoint the services chiefs. Personal
against him. the parliament. likes and dislikes in this practice have
Applying defection on a Current amendment will not failed the whole democratic system in
member of parliament who is only undermine parliament but office the past. Pakistan in current situation
intending to vote for or against any of Prime Minster will also lose its cannot afford any political turmoil.
constitutional bill will take away the authority as office of country's chief Not only armed forces but
freedom of speech from MPs executive unless he himself is acting judiciary has been also politicized
something very critical for a real th
like party head as well otherwise an through 18 amendment. A new seven
democracy. Unfortunately so-called elected PM will have to see towards member judicial commission has been
champions of democracy in Pakistan
party head for every move. raised to appoint judges in High Court
have made sure that all the political
parties would become hostage to As parliament would be and Supreme Court. This commission
single entity; “Party He ad” bypassed, so any new political and would consist of entities like attorney
irrespective to fact if he himself is constitutional problem will be settled general of Pakistan. Previously,
member of parliament or not. outside the parliament among party authority of appointing new judges in
To ensur e authoritarian heads. By looking at political history higher courts was with Chief Justice of
control over political parties' further of the country it is safe to assume that Pakistan and political parties, both in
article 17 has been edited as well. every political head would use such government or in opposition, had no
Clause 4 of Article 17 is no more part opportunity to push his/her own role in appointment of judges. Through
of the constitution. In presence of this agenda ahead by black mailing other this process political leadership has
clause intra-party elections were a parties. Latest display of such heinous tried to hold the power over judiciary.

BRASSTACKS 17
Judicial commission has “engineered” gove rnment in is going to complete devolution of
already been challenged in Supreme Islamabad has resurrected this old subjects to the provinces before 13
th
Court by Pakistan Bar Council and buried issue once again. June 2011? Both dates set in 18
court will listen to the petitions against Pakistani constitution like amendment draft.
the formulation of Judicial many other federations (including This process is going to test
Commission soon. It seems that India) had more than two legislative the nerves of law makers as some of the
government and political parties have lists dealing with jurisdictions, of subjects in previously present
created yet another judicial crisis in the center and provinces, to make laws for concurrent lists are such which can't be
country. But this is not the first bane of specified subjects. Some subjects were handed over to provinces alone like
th
the 18 amendment.Another crisis is in shared between center and province Electricity.
th
the making in shape of Khyber- through a concurrent list. In 18 In federations all over the
Pakhtunkhwa and provi ncial amendment this list has been abolished world having two or three legislative
autonomy. altogether and all 47 subjects included lists is not a problem. India since 1950
in this list have been moved to is maintaining more than one
Shaking National Integrity provinces. legislative list and surprisingly, there,
Provincial autonomy has The changes in Schedule IV constitutional subjects have been
remained a painful experience of and Article 70 of the constitution have moved from provincial list to federal
Pakistani nation and this dogma never posed new administrative challenges list exactly opposite to something
met with political acceptance ever to provincial governments about how Pakistan's newly born democracy is
since 1971 until now. Pakistan since to shift subjects which were enlisted in trying to achieve.
th
independence was deemed as a strong concurrent list previously? But an even Last but not the least, 18
federation with certain provisions with bigger challenge at hand is how center amendment has stirred ethno-
provinces. All the constitutions made and province would agree on linguistic politics in Pakistan by
in Pakistan since independence formulation of proposed renaming NWFP province as Khyber-
th
rejected political autonomy in its implementation commission before 5 Pakhtunkhwa. Sub nationalist ANP
absolute incarnation but current of May 2010 and how this commission hijacked whole constitutional reform

BRASSTACKS 18
program over this demand and but they were never accepted as part of convert federation of Pakistan into a
threatened other parties to not let local population and would eventually loosely bounded confederation with
amendments pass if new name is not leave Pakistani areas once Afghanistan p r o v i n c e s h a v i n g m ax im u m
accepted.
achieved some durable peace. It is a autonomy.
factual error on part of many senior
Changing province name in
analysts who consider Khyber Conclusion
any country maybe not an issue at all Pukhtoonkhwa(KPK) as a Pushtun As a result of this
but in Pakistan word “Pakhtunistan” or majority province. There are other amendment, government is standing
“Pukhtunkhwa(KPK)” has a very ethnic groups like Hazarwals (the against judiciary once again. Ethnic
disturbing history which dates back to Hindko speaking people), Saraiki politics is on the rise which is another
Pakistan movement in 1940s. Creating etc. disturbing sign for the federation.
an independent Pakhtun state is an old Repercussions over this Eradication of authoritarian and non
agenda of sub nationalist leadership of name for NWFP are already showing democratic clauses from constitution
ANP. signs. Numbers of lives lost in is mandatory for sustainable
New name is not justified by violent incidents particularly in non- democracy in the country but the way
th
any plausible reason. From its pure Pushtun divisions of the province. 17 amendment has been removed it
historic incarnation it is wrong as till Demand of further dividing province is shameful and perfidious not only
1901 the province was integral part of on ethnic base has got momentum as for democracy but for the whole
Punjab. It was British Empire who well in Hazara division. There is a nation.
divided Punjab on ethnic basis for its real threat of confrontation among Legalization of corruption,
own agenda of minimizing threat of various ethnic groups in Pakistan as enco ur ag ing no n d emo cratic
revolt from Pushtuns of Punjab and now many sub nationalist elements political culture and sowing ethnic
Afghanistan so British came up with a in other provinces are raising voices loathing in nation are few heinous
plan of divide and rule which served for new provinces by further dividing things 18th amendment is going to
their purpose successfully. Pakistan on ethno-linguistic basis give to already problematic Pakistan.
Demographically speaking which would culminate on The clauses discussed in this write up
Pakistan is a very diverse country. weakening the federation. must be re evaluated in the
There are more non-Pushtuns in It is not a secret that real
Khyber Pukhtunkhwa(KPK). parliament with intense
agenda of ANP and other sub brainstorming so that a true vibrant,
Demography of former NWFP got
nationalists demanding more dependable and clean democratic
changed during 1980's with a massive
influx of refugees from Afghanistan
provinces on ethnic basis is to culture can be nurtured in Pakistan.
BRASSTACKS 19
Takmeel-e-Pakistan
Lightened Way toward
vivid Pakistan…

By: Noureen Akhtar

Pakistan is a sacred trust, a first outlined and adopted as final universe, and Allah (swt) granted them
romantic dream coming true for the destiny. It came to be known as the their wish in 1947 after sacrifices of 5
renaissance of the Ummah, a secret Pakistan Resolution later on. After million Muslims and migration of 5
from the secrets of Allah, the “Medina In depend en ce, the O bjectiv es million more.
e Sani” for the Ummat e Rasul (pbuh) Resolution was passed which provided On March 23rd 2010, we had
th
in the present times, created on the 27 an ideological framework for gathered in the same city to re-create
of Ramadhan on Friday in 1947 under constitutional developments in that moment and to renew our pledge
the shadows of millions of shuhada Pakistan in future. It provided to Allah that we intend to keep the
(martyrs) and muhajireen (refugees). parameters and principles to the promise our forefathers made 61 years
Though today, Pakistan holds the legislators to define features of newly ago in 1949 while passing Objective
attributes of the greatest and strongest born state like the constitution, the Resolution; that we intend to fulfill the
Muslim nation on earth and natural representatives of the people, Islamic unfinished destiny and complete the
born leader of the Ummah, but yet to principle, minorities and human rights, dream of Iqbal and Jinnah and our
claim its rightful place in the world. federation, state's sovereignty, and forefathers by taking Pakistan to its
The creation of Pakistan was international norms. Takmeel (completion). We intend to
unique in the sense that it was based on It set a direction for the build Pakistan on the model of
the ideological commitments in the constitution-making process by Khilafat-e-Rashida and on the glorious
light of Islam. It basically means that defining some particular objectives past of Qurun-e-Aula. We intend to
Pakistan should be a state, where the that would be acceptable to the people make Pakistan the greatest, honorable,
Pakistanis should have an opportunity of Pakistan who had suffered a lot dignified nation on this earth, leading
to live according to their faith and under the Hindu-dominated majority. the Muslim world and a decisive
creed based on divine principles of The Resolution was moved by Liaquat player in the global theatre.
Islam. Pakistani ideology is based on Ali Khan, the then Prime Minister of Through Takmeel Resolution,
the ideals of Islamic systems which the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, and Pakistani youth vowed to remodel
remained enacted in subcontinent for approved on March 12, 1949. Pakistan on the pattern of Khilafat-e-
centuries and were abolished by Unfortunately nation lost its path Rashida. A state that would create
British Raj. The desire to have a defined by founding fathers due to conditions to enable the Muslims to
separate homeland was a reaction to various problems and factors. organize their lives with the principles
the Hindu and British political and 70 years after the passing of and teachings of Islam as set out in the
economical exploitation of the the Qarardad-e-Pakistan [Pakistan Quran and the Sunnah which are the
Resolution] and 63 years after its main sources of guidance and inspiration
Muslims afterwards to cripple them
for the Muslims all over the World. This
completely. Furthermore this ideology tameer (creation), Pakistan's destiny
is firmly grounded on the original
was a revolt against the prevailing remains unfulfilled. The Pakistan that Objectives Resolution. Takmeel-
system of India where the Hindu Iqbal dreamt of and Quaid-e-Azam Resolution draft defines the objectives
culture was forcibly imposed on the Mohammad Ali Jinnah envisioned and of Pak sarzameen, once again, to make
Muslims of sub-continent. created, remains unfinished. Today we Pakistan a strong, prosperous and
The history of formulation of have gathered in the same city where honorable state that would lead the
the constitution of Pakistan begins our ancestors did 70 years ago. w h o l e U m m a h i n t h e f u tu r e,
with the Lahore Resolution in 1940. It On March 23rd 1940, our InshaAllah.
was here that the idea of a separate forefathers announced their 'raza' to
homeland for the Muslims of India was their khaliq and the creator of the
BRASSTACKS 20
Choosing French
Submarine
over German?

Rational decision or risking Pakistani defence ?


By: Farzana Shah

Possibility of signing the for the German subs to take up a meanwhile India will have all its
accord for provision of U-214 “better offer” from France. Scorpion in sea. DCN (Direction des
submarines to Pakistan Navy, with Constructions Navales), France will
Germany is still not in sight despite the
But what better submarines
France can offer to Pakistan? That is not be able to fulfill Pakistani order
offers by Germany in the recent past. ahead of Indians.
a question to ponder because France
U – 214 multi target capability has no better submarines to offer Now the only option for
The deal hit snags due to Pakistan at the moment, whereas Pakistan will be to ask for Barracuda
change of mind in the current French are indeed not ready to offer submarine, but it is unlikely that
Pakistani government over purchase us nuclear submarine. Fr ance will sell u s nu clear
of German submarines. What France has in store? submarine. Barracuda is a nuclear
powered submarine and France does
In 2008 Pakistan Navy under There are three options not currently allow the sale of
chief of naval staff Admiral
1. Scorpion nuclear-propelled submarines.
Muhammad Afzal Tahir made efforts
for including German 214 Class 2. Marlin Despite having French
submarines in its fleet and owing to Agosta B submarines, the Pakistani
3. Barracuda submarines
Navy's persistent efforts, the Navy opted for purchasing German
government had approved plans for But again the scorpions are not Torpedoes for Agosta B due to the
acquisition of these submarines to besuperior to U- 214, neither these will superior German technology.
built at Karachi Shipyard under be having any benefit for Pakistan
Pakistan Navy needs
transfer of technology programme. because French company DCN is
German submarines because the
already going to provide Scorpion to
The details were later Indian Navy ahead of Pakistan. German U-214 subs are far better
worked out between the two than the French Scorpion.
countries when a Pakistan Navy U-214 is way better than
Following is the comparison
delegation visited Germany in April. French design given to India. Marlin between French subs and German
is just on drawing board and will take
However recently quoting Pakistani forever to go to prototype stage and U- 214.
government sources, the Financial then test and evaluation and finally Specifications of U-214
Times Deutschland says Asif Zardari induction into Pakistan Navy
Crew: 27 (including five officers)
may overrule his navy’s preference
BRASSTACKS 21
Weapon Systems: Crew: 32 the Senate.
Torpedoes Dimensions: Whereas some eyebrows have also
Overall Length:63.5m been raised over the fact that foreign
Six 533mm tubes, 24 STN Atlas secretary Salman Bashir in the current
Elektronik DM2A4 torpedoes Draught: 5.4m government of Zardari is the brother of
Combat Data Syetem Submerged Displacement: 1,590t Naval Chief, Noman Bashir and there
are also some reports that PIA
Basic Command and Weapons Surface Displacement: 1,450t
chairman is going to be named
Control System (BCWCS) Pressure Hull Weldable and High- Pakistani envoy to France. Some
Countermeasures: Tensile Steel political pundits see such an
80HLES, more than 700Mpa appointment an attempt to muster a
ESM
deal for French submarines.
EADS Performance:
On the other hand submarine
FL1800U Maximum Operating Depth: 350m acquisition project (SMAP) a group
Submerged Speed: Over 20 kt composed of Naval officers who have
Decoys: TAU 2000 torpedo
Range (at 8kt)6,400nm recommended U-214 submarines over
countermeasures system other options after extensive study has
Radar: Kelvin hughes type 1007 I- Endurance:50 days been disbanded and the officers have
band navigation radar Weapon Systems: been posted out at different stations.
Sonar: STN Atlas Elektronik Torpedoes / Missiles Though earlier the Germans
DBQS-40 sonar suite and STN Atlas Six 21in torpedo tubes for 18 had delayed the deal due to political
Elektronik MOA 3070 mine torpedoes / missiles situation of Pakistan but can kickoff
detection sonar cutting of hull for first submarine
The comparison clearly immediately after signing the deal.
Periscopes: Zeiss Optronic SERO indicates the superiority of German U-
214 submarine. In such a situation going for
14 search and SERO 15 attack
something which does not fulfill the
Propulsion: Diesel-electric, MTU If the current government goes requirement of Pakistan Navy would
16V-396 diesel engine, 3.12MW, for inferior quality French submarines be tantamount to putting the national
HDW / Si emens AIP (Air- then it will indeed give weight to defence at risk.
Independent Propulsion) system, suspicion of many Pakistanis who see
bribes as main factor behind any There is no reason not to go for
300kW German submarines specially when
irrational decisions viz-a-viz defense
U-214 Dimensions: Berlin even granted federal export
deals.
credit guarantees worth nearly $1.4
Length: 64m Already the Pakistani senators billion for the purchase of the same.
Height: 13m have demanded in an incamera
....................................
briefing from Pakistani Naval chief in
Surface Displacement: 1,700m³
Presure Hull Diameter: 6.3m
Buoyancy Reserve 10%
U-214 Performance:
Submerged Patrol Speed :6kt
Range:12,000nm
Mission Endurance: 12 weeks
Constantly Submerged
Three weeks without snorkelling
Mission Sprint Speed: 15kt to 20kt
Maximum Dive Depth: 400m+

Scorpion (Scorpène) Subs (French


One) Specifications

BRASSTACKS 22
Zaid Hamid

From Indus to Oxus


Experiences, Observations and
Travels in the Melting Pot of History

So it all begins!
It was July 1991. Standing on towards the South directed towards
the Afghan bank of Oxus River, in cool Afghanistan and India.
whispering breeze, I could see the I was here because the last of
barren grey mountains of Tajikistan on the invading armies had just been
the other side. In the bright morning pushed back across to where it came
sunshine and beyond the muddy water from. An event of historic proportion
of Oxus or Amo Darya, I could see the had occurred. The three hundred years
Russian watch towers piercing the of Russian expansion had come to a
skyline. They must be watching us too, halt in Afghanistan and a process of
I wondered. roll back had begun. The entire central
History moved in front of my Asia was in an upheaval against their
eyes like a fast forwarded tape. Though former colonisers and one after
Islamic armies had first crossed Oxus another new States were declaring
around 670 AD, the region was still independence. Now I stood on the
considered the extreme boundary of banks of Amo Darya, watched the
another world in the writings of the defeated army protecting the borders
oriental Muslim historians. Oxus was of yet another occupied land from a
Nehr, meaning the river, in Muslim possible reverse invasion. But the
history and all Muslim Central Asia process of retreat was irrevocable. Just
was Ma wara-ul-Nehr, what lies to give a helping hand, I picked up my
behind the river, a description to rifle; a Russian captured AK-47, aimed
represent the territories on the very at the mountains beyond the river and
edge of the Muslim civilization when fired. I felt a rush of adrenaline in my
seen from Muslim heartland in Middle body as the cracking gunshot echoed
East and Arabia. For centuries, armies, across the valley. An emotional but
civilizations and ideologies have symbolic contribution to the freedom
crossed the Nehr, from both sides. But of Ma Wara-ul-nehr. All central Asian
after the initial conquest by Islamic States were in the process of declaring
armies; mostly the flow had been freedom from Soviet control. Soviet
BRASSTACKS 23
inflicting the “death by a thousand
cuts” strategy against the Soviets. I am
a witness to their victories and to their
failures.
My job was not done yet.
There was still a long road ahead of me.
Kabul was still in the hands of
Communists and more important than
that, Pakistan had begun to lose in
Afghanistan after supporting the
resistance for over a decade. Islamabad
had begun to lose grip on the resistance
once Russians left. Mujahideen groups
which had remained somewhat
contained under a loose alliance during
the Soviet occupation began to pull in
opposing directions once Soviets left.
Personal, tribal and ethnic rivalries
began to take precedence over
common military threat which was
now seen to be diminishing. While
communist regime remained in power
in Kabul and continued to survive as
well, each Mujahideen group
especially the two powerful ones of
Hekmatyar and Ahmad Shah Masood
planned independent wars to take the
city ahead of the other. US interest in
Afghanistan had suddenly evaporated
after Soviet withdrawal and they were
not willing to get involved to clean up
the mess. Pakistani leadership failed to
analyse the situation and was too slow
adventure in Afghanistan had turned melting pot of Afghanistan. Witnessed to react. Arrogance, ignorance and
out to be a disaster of historic millions of hungry and displaced incompetence make deadly
proportions for Kremlin. Couple of refugees and vast empty spaces of combination of foes for any project, let
months later on 9 September 1991, wastelands which were once bustling alone one of this magnitude.
Tajikistan declared independence. villages and lush fields. Saw the heroic Hekmatyar was fully backed
Standing in that bright resistance of ragtag fighters and also by Pakistan while Masood felt
morning sunshine, I reflected on the saw the brute savagery and ruthless abandoned by Islamabad. He was
events which had brought me here. It firepower of a modern super power. bitter indeed. But Masood was a
had been a long, adventurous and Saw many defeats and many victories, brilliant warrior and a survivor and had
treacherous journey for me to get to much bloodshed and many sufferings. chalked out an independent strategy to
this point. For the last five years, I was I am a witness to epic tales of valour as take Kabul from North. If he could
associated with the Afghan resistance, well as disgusting incidents of capture Kabul on his own and beat
from fighting as an ordinary foot treachery, betrayal and treason. Also Hekmatyar to the race, Pakistan would
soldier in the fiercest of battles to saw the time when Mujahideen had be net loser on all counts. Also, that
becoming a part time doctor, actually begun to lose and also would irrevocably divide Afghanistan
j o u r n a l is t , m ed i a co n s u l t a n t, witnessed the Soviet withdrawal few for all times to come on ethnic lines. If
photographer, technical assistant, years later. Had the opportunity of somehow, anyone could convince
propagandist and even a negotiator seeing and interacting with major Islamabad to bring these two
with Pakistan government on behalf of Afghan Mujahideen leaders and charismatic resistance leaders together
the resistance. My seemingly insane commanders and with the brigades of and back both of them instead of one,
and adventurous travels into the killing Ansars, the international Muslim Pakistan had the most brilliant chance
fields of Afghanistan had taken me volunteer corps, which had come to of securing a permanent foothold in the
from Paktika in South to the extreme join and assist the resistance. I also country and also assure long term
limits of Oxus on the border of Central interacted with power players in peace in this region after decades of
Asia. I saw the making of history in the Pakistan army responsible for
BRASSTACKS 24
wars and bloodshed. Masood would
never listen to Pakistan ever again if
he takes Kabul on his own without
Islamabad's support. I needed to get
back to Pakistan urgently. I could
sense a disaster in the making. My
own self began to melt as the intensity
of thoughts and emotions was further
heated by the rising warm sun. I
picked up my camera, took few
parting shots, lifted my gun and
slowly began to walk towards the
waiting rickety Russian jeep. It was
time to go home but before that I
wanted to take a closer look at the
defeated Soviet army. I asked Najeem
Khan to drive on the Afghan bank
towards the Soviet border post nearby
across the Oxus River…….
*********************
Lots of water has passed
under the bridge since my last and destroyed every Pakistani asset in his have once again become resistance
perhaps final visit to the Oxus in the venom against former Afghan Jihad fighters, fighting against another
territory controlled by Ahmad Shah leadership. Pakistan was forced to foreign army and against their former
Masood. He did capture Kabul next engage Taliban later on but had no allies during Soviet occupation. Now,
year, without Islamabad's support. hand in creating them as widely Taliban and Hekmatyar have emerged
Hekmatyar could never enter Kabul perceived. Taliban were too wild and as allies for common cause of survival.
ever since. Few turbulent years of volatile to be controlled by anyone. Both are angry with Pakistan. There is
Masood in Kabul, gave rise to Taliban No Pakistani religious party total chaos in the country with
who in turn drove Masood out back to including the Jamaat Islami of warlords and brigands controlling the
his fortress of Panjsher. Taliban Pakistan, which had always supported countryside. Pakistan has emerged as
emerged as wildcards in the Afghan the Afghan Jihad since 1979, had any the net loser in the whole episode. The
imbroglio and took both Pakistan and relations with Taliban when they rose pro-Masood elements controlling
Afghan Mujahideen leadership by from nowhere. Jamaat still does not power in Kabul remain staunchly anti-
surprise. They declared war on all have any relations with Taliban though Pakistan and have closest relations
former Mujahideen leaders, including they have also abandoned Hekmatyar with India, Iran, US and Russia. For
Hekmatyar, Masood, Sayyaf, Rabbani, these days. Qazi Hussein never speaks them, it is a blood feud now as they
Mujaddidi and Pir Gilani for betraying in favour of his life long friend hold Pakistan responsible for death of
the Jihad and infighting amongst Hekmatyar any more, who remains in Masood, when in reality Islamabad
themselves at a time when Pakistan hiding in Kunar province, abandoned knew nothing about the
was still betting on Hekmatyar. All both by his allies in Pakistan and his Taliban/Osama plot to assassinate
Pakistan's hopes were dashed finally patron government in Islamabad. The Masood. Afghan refugees still remain
when even Hekmatyar was defeated by Deobandi clergy, which claims to be in Pakistan and have no plans to go
Taliban and had to abandon his base in champions of Taliban cause in back. Pakistan's western borders
Sarobi. Taliban were not created by Pakistan, began to support Taliban remain insecure. Nearly a hundred
Pakistan as widely believed, but were after they took power inAfghanistan. thousand Pakistani troops are stationed
creation of chaotic circumstances in Then in 2001, Taliban too along Afghan border fighting an array
post Najeebullah era in Afghanistan. were over thrown by US, and Masood of enemies from Taliban remnants to
Why would Pakistan create Taliban was assassinated by pro-Taliban Arab militants to local tribal
when Islamabad was still putting all Arabs. Afghanistan once again came sympathisers to infiltrators sent from
their eggs in basket of Hekmatyar to under foreign occupation and they Kabul and India. It is not just complex,
dislodge Masood from Kabul? installed remnants of Masood's men it is also dirty.
Emergence of Taliban was a serious and few imported Afghans like Karzai My worst fears in 1991 have
blow to Pakistan's retarded Afghan to replace the clerical regime. Another materialized. On my return to
policy as well which was thrown into a war of resistance has begun in the Pakistan, I could not convince Pakistan
tail spin when volatile Mullah Omar country. Taliban as well as Hekmatyar army to support Masood as well. They
BRASSTACKS 25
did not believe me that he had the turmoil and unrest. After Afghanistan, which nuclear weapons would be
potential to take Kabul on his own. A United States, UK and their allies have freely used.
blunder of historic proportions. invaded Iraq as well and are bogged in **************
Pakistan kept betting on the wrong a bloody war with the Iraqi resistance. Today is 2010. I am almost 46
horse in a race which had only two Iran and Syria are also on the collision now with grey and white linings
horses competing. In 1992, when course with Western powers. Saudi appearing in my hair and an
Masood was the defence Minister in Arabia is facing the most severe uncontrollable waistline betraying the
Kabul after taking over the city under internal turmoil within its 80 years of apparently younger appearance which
Presidency of Ustad Rabbani, I tried history. The entire Muslim world from I try to put up. The risk taking, troubles
one more last ditch effort to bridge the West Africa to Indonesia is undergoing seeking, fiery, emotional exuberance
communication and confidence gap another invasion from the West which of yesteryears have honourably given
between Masood and Islamabad. That is military, economic and ideological way to a comparatively mature,
failed as well after showing some signs at the same time with despair, serious, philosophical and pondering
of hope. Pakistan's Afghan dreams hopelessness and frustration as well as person. I have begun to love solitude
were shattered and I was left humiliation and anger enveloping the and find peace in reflecting in my inner
heartbroken and have never gone to Muslim world. In the absence of self in the serene company of nature. I
Afghanistan ever since. dignified religious and political am a very satisfied person, very
Much has happened in leadership, Muslim world is passing contented within myself and have no
Pakistan also since that time. During through a critical time where its very regrets. It is a good life God has blessed
the 90's, Governments came and went survival as a civilization is threatened me with, both past and present. I hope,
but there was no sense of loss or under massive invasion from the my future would be blessed as well.
realization at the historic blunders. No dominant western nations. The But more seriously, I am
government had any long term Afghan leadership vacuum is often being filled beginning to feel that in a few years, I
policy, nor there was any study and by radicals and extremists of all caste may not even be having that sharp
analysis of the debacles caused by the and creed in every part of the Muslim memory which had been such a loyal
prejudices and incompetence of the world. Some home grown, some friend during this adventurous and
Afghan war handlers. General planted form outside by vested exciting lifespan. Even now, events are
Musharraf came in 1999 and inherited interests. beginning to blur and fuzz triggering
the Taliban legacy. Even he did not On the other civilizational the urgency within to write what had
have any defined or declared Afghan axis, China is emerging as the main been hidden in my soul and heart for so
policy at that time. It was all ad-hoc, competitor for US after demise of long spread over the last two decades. I
reactive, based on daily basis doctrine Soviet Union, though Russia is not had never maintained any organized
of necessity. Even when there was a written off by any standards yet. The notes during my adventures and now
policy shift to finally abandon Taliban entireAsia and particularly the Muslim find it even more difficult to recollect
under US duress, Pakistan failed to world have become the battle ground all what has gone by. Though I still
take advantage of US desperation and where major powers are competing for have a huge collection of photographs
its dependence upon Pakistan. The energy sources, trading routes, and many hours of video footage
relationship was asymmetrical; in military bases and political control. which does make a historical and rare
which US was the net gainer in the India is taking a cautious view of this archive of that turbulent era. I am sure,
short term at the cost of moral, political epic struggle and has designs of its own inshallah, what I write would be
and defence crisis for Pakistan. Taliban while other powers prepare for a honest enough not to betray the history
have now regrouped and are once showdown. Pakistan is the most and that I would be guided to be wise
again posing a real and close threat to powerful Muslim country but with the enough not to deceive myself. I am
US and its allied regime in Kabul. weakest leadership. It remains the only writing about what I have seen
Soviets had nearly half a million troops prime target and the last hurdle in and experienced during my association
in the country but could not tame it. western attempts to totally overrun the with Afghan resistance between 1986
Americans want to do the same with Muslim heartland. But it is totally to 1992, the events which led to the
only 100,000 men on ground. A surrounded by enemies from three mess what we see today in 2010. It is
hopeless task to start with. It seems that sides, while China remaining its only by no account a total history of that
it is only a matter of time when ally in a pond full of alligators. A period nor do I claim to be a historian
situation really gets out of control for sho wdow n o f civ ilizations is or an accomplished writer. I am what
Americans too. This is continuing to inevitable. Pakistan is trapped in the God has made me and accept my
date as Afghanistan continues to boil middle of it. Just like the people of limitations and weaknesses though it is
and melt in the cauldron of history with Europe in late thirties, before the start my desire that the experience which
no apparent hope for future. of Second World War, the world seems has been shown to me, should benefit
Within the region and in the to be heading for another world war in all those who seek to make amends of
Middle East also, there is massive not so far future or at least a war in the historical mistakes committed

BRASSTACKS 26
during this period. This fact makes me subsequently in Pakistan could prove published was more selfish than
very concerned indeed that this nation disastrous. What I see is not pleasant serving any higher ideals, it did give
and its pygmy leaders do not wish to but I would rather let future make them me a confidence boost that my travels
learn from their errors. Did Pakistanis obvious for all to see than expressing are publishable and readable material.
learn from the errors which led to the them now. Right now, I only wish to The thought of writing a proper
East Pakistan debacle? Why Pakistan write what has gone by. compilation had been in my mind ever
lost Masood after cultivating and There are reasons why I could since.
nurturing him since 1975? Was he not get myself to recollect my thoughts It has all happened in the last
really anti-Pakistan or a victim of earlier. From 1992 onwards, I was 24 years and to a small degree I was
vested propaganda? Who are the involved in a more private struggle to close enough to the events to witness
characters within Pakistan rebuild my life from scratch after years them take shape. The events are still
establishment responsible for shaping of nomadic wanderings and taking form rapidly as I sit back and
this disastrous Afghan policy of romanticism with travels, adventures finally decide to write. These are the
Pakistan especially in early 90's? The and wars. I migrated from Karachi to observations, experiences and
players of yesteryears are still holding Rawalpindi during this time and with a travels of a young man who
influence if not authority in the country faithful wife to support and three happened to drift right into the eye of
today and may not like what I might loving kids to raise, it was time that I the storm and in the cauldron of
have to say. Denial would be easiest of give them back their lost dad for a
history to witness some amazing
defence for them when there are no change. For years they had been on the
witnesses to corroborate the events in
events. Some painful, some heroic,
knife edge due to my own passions and
private rooms and dark alleys. had taken the brunt silently and some thrilling and some heart
Now when the world is being steadfastly. Financially, those were breaking but nevertheless part of the
re-shaped and not just the politics but times of struggle for us. To increase the untold history.
even the geography of the Muslim family income, I began to write on
world is being changed with direct Afghanistan and some of the articles (To be continued)
threats to Pakistan, the historical errors did get published in national papers.
committed in Afghanistan and Though motive for getting them

BRASSTACKS 27
Drone Attacks
and
National Sovereignty
By: Shehla Zafar

A lot has been said against ineffectiveness, legality of these their consent but the Chief of Army
American drone attacks as a violation attacks is another major issue. Staff General Ashfaq Pervez Kiyani
of sovereignty of Pakistan but the issue According to New America has categorically said that there is no
is getting more intense by each passing Foundation the drone war against Al question of any agreement or
day. When the US drones attack Qaeda's leaders and, increasingly, their understanding with the coalition forces
Pakistan's tribal areas, it is not just the Pakistani-based Taliban allies has been whereby they are allowed to conduct
ten, twenty or fifty innocent civilians waged with little public discussion or operations on our side of the border.
they kill but it creates the anti-US congressional investigation of its Even Asif Ali Zardari protested, "It's
sentiments in masses and a global legality or efficacy. Current US undermining my sovereignty, and it's
feeling of disgust against US. Few stay leadership has not only continued the not helping win the war on the hearts
mum and numb but there is large drone program but expanded it and minds of people." And, in January,
number of victims who vent their further. In 2007, there were three drone Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza
hatred very violently against US and strikes in Pakistan, 34 in 2008, 53 in Gilani told media that there was no
its ally, Pakistan. US is insensitive to 2009 and more than 37 so far in 2010. agreement between his government
the fact that civilian killings in these One of the cruel facts former and the Americans to allow the strikes.
drone attacks provides reason to the intelligence officials have Now CIA has been granted approval
youngsters for joining terrorist groups acknowledged is that in many cases, by the US government to expand drone
waging war against US and of course the CIA had little information about strikes in other areas of Pakistan.
Pakistan, for being its closest ally in those killed in the strikes. In January Shuja Nawaz, the author of
war on terror. 2006, US attempted to kill Abu “Crossed Swords” says, "Any drone
The drone strikes have pushed Khabab and Aiman Zawahiri through attack in provinces outside of the tribal
militants deeper into Pakistan and gave Drone attack when they were believed regions would be disastrous, totally
them an excuse to strike the heart of the to be in Damadola, but instead killed destroying the American relationship
country, further destabilizing it. No 80 civilians, including half-dozen kids. with the Pakistani army."
doubt drone attacks did kill some Who is accountable for those killings?
militants but at what cost? Problems with drone attacks
US killed several hundred It is claimed by some US are not limited to civilian causalities
innocent Pakistanis and few militants officials that the attacks on Pakistani but now this issue has started turning
in the tribal region of Pakistan in drone civilians have been carried out on the into a complete volcano for Pakistan's
attacks since 2004. Apart from request of Pakistani authorities or with internal stability. Ideology of revenge
BRASSTACKS 28
is gripping the victims and those who
are not in favor of any direct conflict
with US are looking towards armed
forces for a proper reply. CIA claims
that drone attacks have killed ten of al-
Qaeda's 20 top commanders. But what
CIA doesn't tell the world is the fact
that while killing those 10 militants,
the US has murdered more than 1400
Pakistanis not involved in any terrorist
or extremist activities. Could it not
imply that it killed 10 militants and
gave birth to another 1400?
Lots of terrorists, who CIA
believed, would have been killed in
these attacks are still alive in actuality
and waging a ruthless propaganda war
inside the country against armed forces
being complicit in these drone attacks.
A notable thing is that Chief of the
Pakistan Air Force announced that his
force has capability to strike down the
US drones and can do so if government
directs him to. Public pressure on
government is mounting through more. public pressure against US drone
media and civil society in this regard attacks in Pakistan it would be prudent
and recent surge in drone attacks If Pakistan decides to strike
down every US drone in the future, to assume that political situation would
would increase this pressure even not remain the same in near future.
what would US do? Situation has
already gone out of control for Current corrupt government
US inAfghanistan now and US is has even failed to send a strong
forced to engage Taliban through message that US must refrain itself
negotiations. Any decision by from violating Pakistan's Air space as
US to attack Pakistan in tolerance level against drone attacks in
retaliation would be disastrous Pakistani masses is reaching its critical
for US interests. China and Iran thresh hold.
would never like US presence in CIA is pursuing agenda
another neighboring country so assigned by US administration to
they won't sit quietly. Russians protect its own interests and it would
would have the best opportunity continue what it is doing right now
to avenge obviously. American with Pakistan's sovereignty. Question
public would definitely stand is when Islamabad would realize that it
against its own government, this is failing miserably in protecting its
time more aggressively due to citizen and interests? Only workable
poor economy. solutions that guarantees accurate
In above mentioned situation drone strikes is to transfer the drone
Pakistan can make the life of technology to the Pakistani forces so
Americans in Afghanistan a lot that Pakistani forces can enhance their
difficult and can force US operational capabilities without
administration to reconsider creating anti-American sentiments in
their drone war in Pakistani tribal the local masses otherwise US must
areas, only reason why this is get ready to face the consequences in
not happening right now is Afghanistan by victims and their heirs
presence of a weak, inept and and must forget about winning hearts
pro-US government in and minds of Afghan or Pakistani
Islamabad. Looking at internal people.
politics and ever mounting
BRASSTACKS 29
KASHMIR
Paradise turned Slaughterhouse
A land of beautiful snow- Jammu military army.The editor of By: Zaki Khalid
capped valleys, lush green hills and "Statesman" Ian Stephen, in his book
magical environ; unfortunately, "Horned Moon" wrote that till the end water supplies. The accession of
Kashmir has been an irony of of autumn 1947, more than 200,000 Kashmir would not only have proven
geostrategic crises in Asia, just as Muslims were assassinated. Many as another fatal blow to the radical
Palestine is for the Middle-East. historians rightly dub the decades-old Hindutva ideology that their “Akhand
When the British sold it to the Sikh persistent Kashmir genocide at the Bharat” had been sliced up yet again.
Dogra royalty under the aegis of Gulab hands of the Indians as a The most important forced
Singh for a mere 75 lakh rupees, it is “Subcontinental Holocaust”. suppression of Kashmir via state-
from then on that the people of The con dition further sponsored terrorism is the control over
Kashmir started to resist and deteriorated and the havoc on water supplies to Pakistan. India is
eventually avenge the oppression of Kashmiri Muslims further increased waging a silent but openly visible
the foreign rulers on their priceless post-1947, when despite the Muslim hydrological war with Pakistan using
land. It is fascinating that despite being citizens' ardent desire to get Kashmir Kashmir as a proxy. In this process,
under Sikh control, the occupied acceded to the newly-formed state of millions of Kashmiri Muslims are
territory was heavily under the Pakistan (who were the majority of the suffering since generations. From
clutches of the radical Hindu people during the time), the Dogra Raj Sheikh Abdullah to Omar Abdullah,
diplomats also. It was a result of the called in the Indian Army to counter these few lapdogs have been wagging
Dogra Raj's coordination with the the local pressure. It is also noteworthy their tails in the Congress and Lok
Patiala State Army headed by an to mention Mr. Cyril Radcliffe's bias Sabha courtrooms to gain fame and
Indian General that the Hindu militant towards the Hindus here, when he got fortune, compromising their Muslim
group RSS managed to set foot there Gurdaspur annexed as an Indian dignity and honour in the whole
and start the continuous ethnic- district, which is the only entrance for process and giving practically no damn
cleansing of Muslims, who are the the Indians to Kashmir. The main about the millions of downtrodden yet
majority of the population there. water headworks for the Pakistani hopeful people they hail from. It is
History is a witness that only in the extensions of Ravi, Bias and Sutlej are these “ leaders ” and so-called
initial stages before independence, located in Gurdaspur and Ferozepur “representatives” of the terrorized
more than 500,000+ innocent Muslims districts in India. The high state of Jammu and Kashmir Muslims that
were suppressed. Men and children treason from the British could not be have been at the core of messing up the
killed, women kidnapped, raped and termed as unexpected. It seems as a frequent attempts to solve the dispute
elders tortured to death. During planned attempt to get Pakistan once and for all.
migration to Pakistan in 1947, nearly dependent on India in the coming To counter the increasing
300,000 people were massacred in times on the provision of water. Chinese influential onslaught in the
cold blood. About 237,000 Muslims The British, in communion region, India considers Kashmir as a
have been documented to be killed with the Congress, were successful in very vital barrier for possible
during migration to Pakistan by the gaining full control over Pakistan's confrontation. This has also been
BRASSTACKS 30
affirmed by Shri M.C. Shagla in his the facts and figures will always speak RSS and Indian Army deployed at
autobiography, who was the Chief f o r t h e m s e l v e s . To d a y, t h e Kashmir in the first place just like they
Justice of the Bombay High Court international community were in Hyderabad (Deccan) when the
during partition era and later acknowledges the Indian hegemony in Nawab of Oudh wished to accede to
Ambassdor to the US. He says Kashmir when recently the Canadian Pakistan?
"Politically a new dimension to the high commission in India refused a · The source of waters flowing
problem had been added by the visa to Fateh Singh Pandher, a retired in Pakistan's rivers lies in Kashmir.
collusion between Pakistan and China BSF constable, on grounds that he was · Pakistan has always called for
against India. Kashmir was our life- associated with a 'notoriously violent the people of Kashmir to be given free
line for the defence of our country force'. and fair opportunities to voice their
against possible Chinese aggression in The Quaid-e-Azam had a opinion in favour of either country.
the north-west, and it would be foresight when it came to Kashmir. In Everyday killings, rapes, torture and
national suicide on our part to give up his own words: abuse by Indian Army are self-
that life-line." He goes on to allege "To 'Kashmir is the lifeline of Pakistan and shouting facts that India is forcing
Pakistan everything is communal. She any imposed solution would not be Kashmiris to give in to nefarious
cannot understand how Hindus and acceptable to P akistanis and motives. On top of which is the need to
Muslims can live peacefully in Kashmiris.’ maintain a geographical foothold near
Kashmir and have best of relations.” Kashmir is indeed our Chinese borders and subdue Pakistan
If the author were alive today, lifeline. Our water emanates from by blocking its water supplies.
someone should have shown him the there. Kashmiri brothers and sisters India has always given a deaf
recent statistics according to which, have sacrificed thousands and millions ear to Pakistan and the People of
approximately 93,209 Kashmiris have of their lives since the beginning of the Kashmir's repeated calls to settle this
been ruthlessly butchered at the hands 20th century to attain independence affair properly. India should better
of the Indian Border Security Force from Hindu clutches. come to the table to talk before the case
between Jan. 1989 to Apr. 30, 2010 The logical reasons why is settled in the field.
alone. Kashmir is rightfully a part of ............................
No matter how much Indians Pakistan:
keep ranting that Muslims and Hindus The majority of the population
can “co-exist peacefully” in Kashmir comprises of Muslims. If indeed India
(and subsequently elsewhere in India), was right in its claims, why were the
BRASSTACKS 31
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