What is Test Suite?

Test suites are normally used to group similar test cases together. The collection of individual test cases that will be run in a test sequence is called a test suite. The collection of individual test cases that will be run in a test sequence until some stopping criteria are satisfied is called a test suite. Test suite preparation involves the construction and allocation of individual test cases in some systematic way based on the specific testing techniques used. Another way to obtain a test suite is through reuse of test cases for earlier versions of the same product. This kind of testing is commonly referred to as regression testing. It ensures that common functionalities are still supported satisfactorily in addition to satisfactory performance of new functionalities. Special types of formal models are typically used to make the selection from existing test cases. Test suite management includes managing the collection of both the existing test cases and the newly constructed ones. At a minimum, some consistent database for the test suite needs to be kept and shared by people who are working on similar areas. Some personnel information can also be kept in the test suite, such as the testers who designed specific test cases, to better supported future use of this test suite.

An object as we know is a graphic user element in an application e.g. a button or a list or an edit box and the special characteristics of an object within the QuickTest are called object properties. QTP stores the recorded object properties in Object Repository. Object Repositories are of two types Local and shared . If objects are stored in a Local Object Repository then these are available to specific actions but not to all the actions. But if these objects are stored in one or more Shared Object Repositories then multiple actions or tests can use them. By default QTP makes and uses Local Object Repository. If we create a new blank test and do a recording on it, QTP automatically creates a Local Object Repository for that test or action and stores the information about any object it finds in that corresponding Object Repository. In QTP 9 we can associate multiple Shared Object Repositories with an action. If multiple Shared Object Repositories are associated with an action then also while recording QTP stores objects in corresponding Local Object Repository on the condition that those objects are not already stored in any corresponding associated Shared Object Repositories. This is the default that every time we create a new action QTP creates a new corresponding Local Object Repository. It is also true that Object Repositories are associated with actions and no matter how many times we learn or record on the same object in our application in different actions the object will be stored as separate test object in each of the Local Object Repository. Local Object Repository is automatically saved with the test when we save it. The extension of the Local

Object Repository is .mtr, but it is not accessible as a separate file as in case of the Shared Object Repository. We can also manipulate some aspects of Local Object Repository using Quick test Object Repository Automation Object Model. For example we can add, remove, rename test objects in Local Object Repository. [QuickTest Object Repository Automation documents the Object Repository automation object model that enables you to manipulate QuickTest object repositories and their contents from outside of QuickTest.] When we open a test that was created using a version of QTP earlier that version 9 we are asked whether we want to convert it or view it in read only format. In any case if the test previously used per-action Object Repository, the objects in each per action repository are moved to the Local Object Repository of each action in the test. If the test previously used a shared object repository, the same shared object repository is associated with each of the actions in the test, and the local object repository is empty. While learning or recording we can specify Shared Object Repository for the selected action. We can specify and associate one or more Shared Object Repositories with each action. We can also create new Shared Object Repository and associate it with our action. In case of Shared Object Repository, QTP uses existing information and does not add objects to the Object Repository if we record operations on an object that already exists either in Shared or Local Object Repository. As said earlier QTP does not add objects directly to the associated Shared Object Repository as we record, instead it adds new objects in Local Object Repository (if that object does not already exist in associated Shared Object Repository). We can surely export Local objects to Shared Object Repository. There are different ways in which we can move objects from Local Object Repository to Shared Object Repository: 1) Exporting the objects to the Shared Object Repository from the Local Object Repository: In Object Repository window choose the action whose local objects you want to move. Choose File-> Export Local Objects.Select the location in which you want to save the file. Click on save. 2) We can update the Shared Object Repository with the Local Object Repository: If we create a new test it will be created with Local Object Repository, we can associate any new or old Shared Object Repository with it, and so we can update that Shared Object Repository with Local Object Repository. In Object Repository Manager open the Shared Object Repository (clear open in read only check box). The test in this case should not be open. In Object Repository Manager go to Tools –> Update From Local Repository. Select the test who's Local Object Repository you want to use. Click update all. It will move all the objects to the Shared Object Repository.

3) We can also merge objects from two Object Repositories (called as primary and secondary in QTP 9) into a new single Object Repository (target Object Repository in QTP 9). The original source files are not changed. It also enables you to merge objects from Local Object Repository of one or more action(s) into a Shared Object Repository. It is recommended to use as a primary Object Repository the file in which you have invested alot of your effort, like which has more number of objects. If we do not specify a file extension for Shared Object Repository when creating a new Shared Object Repository QTP automatically appends a default extension name for Shared Object Repository as .tsr. This means that we can create Shared Object Repository with any extension other than .tsr, it should work fine (I have tried that and it works fine), I think it may create problems while merging two Object Repositories (I haven't tried that yet). We can compare two Object Repositories using the Object Repository Comparison Tool. The tool enables you to identify similarities, variations or changes between two Object Repositories. We can also copy objects to Local Object Repository from the Shared Object Repository. We can copy, paste and move objects in Local Object Repository and copy, paste and move objects within Shared Object Repository and between Shared Object Repositories.As said earlier we can also copy objects from shared Object Repository to Local Object Repository to modify them locally. We cannot remove an association between the action and its Local Object Repository. According to QTP user guide: You can associate as many object repositories as needed with an action, and the same object repository can be associated with different actions as needed. You can also set the default object repositories to be associated with all new actions in all tests. Whenever we make any changes to an Object Repository those changes are automatically updated in all the associated tests open on the same computer as soon as we make the change even if the Object Repository is not yet saved and if we close the same Object Repository without saving the changes the changes are rolled back in any open tests. For the test that was not open when we changed Object Repository, when we open the test on the same machine on which we modified the Object Repository the test is automatically updated with all the saved changes. To see saved changes in a test or repository open on a different computer, you must open the test or object repository file or lock it for editing on your computer to load the changes. Important points about Object Repositories It is a point to consider while planning and creating test that how you want to store objects; either you want to store them in Local Object Repository or Shared Object Repository. 1) For each action, we can also use a combination of objects from the Local and Shared Object Repositories, according to our needs. Local objects can also be transferred to a shared object repository, if necessary. This will cut maintenance and increase the reusability of the tests because it will enable us to maintain the objects in a single, shared location instead of multiple locations. 2) If there is a same name object in both the Local Object Repository and in a Shared Object

Repository associated with the same action, the action uses the local object definition i.e. the local object is given preference over the shared object. If an object with the same name is stored in more than one Shared Object Repository associated with the same action, the object definition is used from the first occurrence of the object, according to the order in which the Shared Object Repositories are associated with the action. 3) When we open an existing test, it always uses the object repositories that are specified in the Associated Repositories tab of the Action Properties dialog box or in the Associate Repositories dialog box. When we access Shared Object Repositories from tests they are read-only; we can edit them only using the Object Repository Manager. 4) As and when an application under test changes, such as when a "Log in" button is renamed "Sign Into," we can make one update to an XML-based Shared Object Repository (within the new Object Repository Manager), and the update will circulate (propagate) to all tests that reference this object. QuickTest Professional keeps object-level changes synchronized among users throughout test creation efforts. Object Repository dialog box Object Repository dialog box window shows a tree of all the objects (either Local or Shared) on its left hand side in the selected action. On selecting any object in the tree Object Repository window shows the information about the object like the name, repository in which it is stored etc. On the left hand side in a tree local objects are editable while the shared ones are grayed out (non-editable). To view the test object properties, to modify test object properties and to add objects to Local Object Repository we can use Object Repository window. We can also delete objects from Object Repository window; this is needed as when an object is removed form the test it is not automatically removed from the Local Object Repository. Object Repository in QTP is XML based means that if we change something related to the object in Shared Object Repository., the change will be propagated to all the tests that reference this object, in real time. Adding Objects to Repositories
[Please see QTP user guide for in-depth information on these below points.]

We can add objects to Shared Object Repository or Local Object Repository in a number of different waysWe can decide whether to add only a selected object, or to add all objects of a certain type, such as all button objects, or to add all objects of a specific class, such as all WebButton objects. We can modify objects stored in a Local Object Repository using the Object Repository Window and objects in a Shared Object Repository using the Object Repository Manager. It is possible to add objects to the object repository before they exist in an application. We can also add objects to the Local Object Repository while editing our test.

such as clicking a link or image. short tests that check specific functions of the application or complete site. you should plan it and prepare the required infrastructure. or submitting a data form. We can also add objects to a Shared Object Repository while navigating through the application ("Adding Objects Using the Navigate and Learn Option"). Test . For example. QTP (QuickTest Professional) lets you create tests and business components by recording operations as you perform them in your application. determine the functionality you want to test. QuickTest graphically displays each step we perform as a row in the Keyword View. 1) First step is Planning Before starting to build a test. 2) Second step in QTP is Creating Tests or Components We can create a test or component by a) Either recording a session on your application or Web site. which we can use to verify that our application performs as expected. Reusable action and External action). we can merge test objects from the Local Object Repository into a Shared Object Repository. We can add objects to the object repository using the Add Objects to Local or Add Objects option. We can also add an object to the Local Object Repository by choosing it from the application in the Select Object for Step dialog box (from a new step in the Keyword View or from the Step Generator). The Documentation column of the Keyword View also displays a description of each step in easy-to-understand sentences. Decide how you want to organize your object repositories.We can add the object directly to a Shared Object Repository using the Object Repository Manager. If needed. As we navigate through the application or site. A step is something that causes or makes a change in your site or application. so that it is available in all actions that use this Shared Object Repository. OR . We can add objects to the Local Object Repository of the current action by selecting the required object in the Active Screen.A compilation of steps organized into one or more actions. A test is composed of actions (3 kinds of actions are there in QTP Non-reusable action.

We can control the run session to identify and eliminate defects in the test or component. We can also set breakpoints to pause the test or component at pre-determined points. We can use the Step Into. . QuickTest substitutes the fixed values in your test or component with parameters Each run session that uses a different set of parameterized data is called an iteration. And Step Out commands to run a test or component step by step. We can also use output values to extract data from our test or component. Run test or component to check the site or application. objects. Run the test or component to debug it. Step Over. When we run the test or component. 5) Fifth step is running the test After creating test or component. We can use many functional testing features of QuickTest to improve your test or component and/or add programming statements to achieve more complex testing goals. If we parameterized the test with Data Table parameters. To check how your application performs the same operations with different data you can parameterize your test or component. We can subsequently use this output value as input data in your test or component. We can then modify your test or component with special testing options and/or with programming statements. QuickTest repeats the test (or specific actions in your test) for each set of data values we defined. When you parameterize your test or component. This enables you to identify whether the Web site or application is functioning correctly.b) Build an object repository and use these objects to add steps manually in the Keyword View or Expert View. 4) Fourth step is Broaden the scope of your test or component by replacing fixed values with parameters. 3) Third step is Inserting checkpoints into your test or component. or tables you specified. checking any text strings. A checkpoint is a verification point that compares a recent value for a specified property with the expected value for that property. An output value is a value retrieved during the run session and entered into the Data Table or saved as a variable or a parameter. QuickTest connects to your Web site or application and performs each operation in a test or component. we run it.

A run-time object is the real (actual) object in the application or Web site on which methods are performed during the run session. we can view the results. Methods of Run-time object are the methods of the object in the . or we can report them manually from the Test Results window. and that QuickTest executes when the test or component runs. SettingsPrivacyAddThis Test object Model is a set of object types or Classes that QuickTest uses to represents the objects in our application.We can view the value of variables in the test or component each time it stops at a breakpoint in the Debug Viewer. We can view a summary of the results as well as a detailed report. ➤ View the results in the Results window. methods of test objects are methods that QuickTest recognizes and records when they are executed (performed) on an object while we are recording. Test Object Class Properties Methods A test object is an object that QuickTest creates in the test to correspond to (represent) the actual object in the application. we can view the results of the run in the Test Results window. QuickTest uses the stored information about the object during the run session to identify and check the object. The property set for each run-time object is created and maintained by the object architect (creator) (Microsoft for Internet Explorer objects. we can report the defects fond out to a database. Similarly. We can instruct QuickTest to automatically report each failed step in the test or component. Netscape for Netscape objects). 6) Sixth step is analyzing the results After we run test or component. If Quality Center is installed. Properties and methods of objects: The property set for each test object is created and maintained by QuickTest. ➤ Report defects identified during a run session. A test object class comprises of a list of properties that can individually (uniquely) identify objects of that class and a set of appropriate methods that QuickTest can record for it. After running the test or component.

application as defined by the object architect (creator). We can access and execute run-time object methods using the Object property. Some important points to remember about methods and properties :  Each test object method we execute (perform) while recording is recorded as a separate step in the test. When we run the test, QuickTest executes (performs) the recorded test object method on the run-time object.  Properties of test object are captured from object while recording. QuickTest uses the values of these properties to identify runtime objects in the application during a run session.  Property values of objects in the application may change .To make the test object property values match the property values of the run-time object, we can modify test object properties manually while designing the test or component or using SetTOProperty statements during a run session. We can also use regular expressions to identify property values.  We can view or modify the test object property values that are stored with the test or component in the Object Properties or Object Repository dialog box.  We can view the syntax of the test object methods as well as the run-time methods of any object on our desktop using the Methods tab of the Object Spy.  We can retrieve or modify property values of the TEST OBJECT during the run session by adding GetTOProperty and SetTOProperty statements in the Keyword View or Expert View. We can retrieve property values of the RUNTIME OBJECT during the run session by adding GetROProperty statements. If the available test object methods or properties for an object are not sufficient or they do not provide the functionality we need, we can access the internal methods and properties of any runtime object using the Object property. We can also use the attribute object property to identify Web objects in the application according to user-defined properties.
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Checkpoints in QTP (QuickTest Professional)
A checkpoint enables you to identify whether the Web site or application under test is functioning correctly or not by comparing a current value for a particular property with the expected value for that property. After we add a checkpoint, QuickTest adds a checkpoint to the current row in the Keyword View and adds a Check CheckPoint statement in the Expert View. By default, the checkpoint name receives the name of the test object on which the checkpoint is being performed. We can change the name of the checkpoint if needed. Types of Checkpoints: 1. Standard checkpoint 2. Image checkpoints

3. Bitmap Checkpoint 4. Table checkpoints 5. Accessibility Checkpoint 6. Text Checkpoint 7. Page Checkpoint 8. Database Checkpoint 9. XML checkpoints Standard checkpoints allow checking the object property values in the Web site or application under test. Standard checkpoints evaluate (compare) the expected values of object properties captured during recording to the object's current values during a run session. For example we can check that a radio button is activated after it is selected. Standard checkpoints are supported for all add-in environments. Standard checkpoints can be used to perform checks on Images, Tables, Web page properties, and Other objects within your application or Web site. Standard checkpoints can be created for all supported testing environments (as long as the appropriate add-in(s) are loaded). Image checkpoints allow you to check the properties of an image in the application or Web page. For example, you can check that a selected image's source file is correct or not. An image checkpoint can also be created by inserting a standard checkpoint on an image object. Image checkpoints are supported for the Web add-in environment With Bitmap Checkpoint we can check an area of a Web page or application as a bitmap. While creating a test, we have to specify the area to check by selecting an object. An entire object or any area within an object can be checked. Bitmap checkpoints are supported for all add-in environments By adding table checkpoints to the test, we can check the content of tables displayed in the application. For example, we can check that a specified value is displayed in a certain cell. Certain environments also support checking the properties of the table object. For example, a check that a table has the expected number of rows and columns. A table checkpoint can also be created by inserting a standard checkpoint on a table object. Accessibility Checkpoint recognizes areas of your Web site that may not conform to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines. For example, check if the

images on a Web page include ALT properties, required by the W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines. Accessibility checkpoints are supported for the Web add-in environment QuickTest can check that a text string is displayed in the appropriate place in an application or on a Web page with Text Checkpoint. Text checkpoints are supported for the Web add-in environment, plus some Web-based add-in environments Page Checkpoint checks the features of a Web page. For example, you can check how long a Web page takes to load or whether a Web page contains broken links. A page checkpoint can also be created by inserting a standard checkpoint on page object. Page checkpoints are supported for the Web add-in environment The contents of a database accessed by your application can be checked by Database Checkpoint. Database checkpoints are supported for all add-in environments By adding XML checkpoints to your test, you can check the contents of individual XML data files or documents that are part of your Web application. The XML Checkpoint option is supported for all add-in environments.
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QTP Tutorials 4 - Standard Checkpoint
Checkpoints cannot be added manually, they are inserted using QTP's interface. Results of the checkpoint can be viewed in the Test Results Window. Checkpoint information is stored in the Local Object Repository. It is in the Resource.mtr file which is in the action folder (if you created checkpoint in action1 then it will be action 1 folder under the folder in which you are saving the test/script, if you created checkpoint in action 2 then it will be action 2 folder and so on) . In the expert view, on any blank line type Checkpoint and put "(". As soon as you put the starting bracket it will show all the checkpoints you have used in the test. Now we will start with checkpoints. I will try to show easy to understand example of each and every checkpoint. Lets start with simple example of standard checkpoint which checks a variety of objects such as buttons, radio buttons, combo boxes etc. Standard checkpoints are supported for all add-in environments 1. Open a blank test.
2. Make sure that Flight application is open.

(Now only QTP with blank test and Flight application should be open). 3. Click on Record. When we click on Record, "Record and Run Settings" window opens up. Go to "Windows Applications" tab and choose first option "Record and run test on any open Windows based application." and click ok. 4. Go to Insert (menu)->Checkpoint->Standard Checkpoint (or press F12).The mouse pointer will become hand and QTP will be minimized.

5. Click on the "Flights..." button which is on the Right Hand Side of the "Fly To" combo box in the Flight application. 6. It will open "Object Selection - Checkpoint Properties" window (with WinButton:FLIGHT highlighted). Click ok. 7. It will open checkpoint properties window. (only one property will be checked in it i.e. 'enabled' with a value of False.) 8. Click ok. Click on Stop in order to stop the Recording. 9. Save the test. This is a small test in which we have used standard checkpoint and captured the disabled button on the Flight application. Now we can run the test in two ways to see how it fails and passes the results of the checkpoint. To see a pass test result: Make sure that this test and Flight application is open. Click on run. It will Run the test and show you the result as pass. To see a Fail test result: Make sure that this test and Flight application is open. In the Flight application enter the Date of Flight, Fly From and Fly To fields and nothing else. (The reason for doing this is that it will enable the 'Flight...' button) Click on run in order to run the test. It will Run the test and show you the result as Fail. This is because QTP was looking for a disabled 'Flight...' button for which it recorded the information at the record time, but now since the button was enabled at run time, so it failed.
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This will help you in understanding the standard checkpoint in QTP more deeply.
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Simple example of QTP Existing Checkpoint
QuickTest (QTP) now makes it possible for you to reuse an existing checkpoint in your test. For example you can use bitmap checkpoint to verify your company's logo on each page of your application or website. Let’s see a very simple example to accomplish this.

right click on action 1 and choose Action Properties. Enter any filename e. Save the test as testone. Close that Object Repository. Click on the Flights. Click on the ‘+’ sign to locate the shared Object Repository and associate it. Click on Record in order to start recording.blogspot..) 4.) 2. Go to Associated Repositories tab. rep1 and click Save (All the objects in Local Object Repository will be grayed) 11. Associate Shared Object Repository Rep1 with it also.com . button which is on the right hand side of Fly To dropdown.. Click OK. (If it asks for Automatic Relative Path Conversion Click Yes) Click Ok to close that Action Properties window. Go to File-> Export and Replace Local Objects (Export Object Repository dialog opens) 10. (If not already associated) In the keyword view. (Standard checkpoint will be added) 7. Existing Checkpoint will be enabled to let you insert any checkpoints already saved to the shared Object Repository (Rep1 in our case). Go to Insert->Checkpoint->Standard Checkpoint. Go to Resources->Object Repository (OR associated with this particular action will open) 9. 3. 14. qtp.1. 12. Now (in testtwo) you can see when you go to Insert-> Checkpoint. Checkpoint Properties window opens.g. 13. 8. (QTP will be minimized and mouse pointer will take the shape of a hand.Checkpoint Properties window opens. Object Selection . Open a new test and Save it with the Name testtwo. 5. Click Stop in order to stop recording. 6. Open a new test (Make sure that Flight Reservation Window in open. Click OK.

co. 6. I ran this test by opening www.google. In the Expert view it will add just one line: Browser("Google")." and click ok. in the results window. Click on Stop in order to stop the Recording.google. Open a blank test.Check CheckPoint("Google") We will explore this line later on. Go to Insert (menu)->Checkpoint->Standard Checkpoint (or press F12). 9.com it may fail. Click anywhere on the white space on the Google. 5. When you run it. Make sure thathttp://www.(Now only QTP with blank test and www. The mouse pointer will become hand and QTP will be minimized. it will show (when every option is expanded): Test Checkpoint-page Summary (where Checkpoint-page is the name with which I saved the test Run-Time Data Table Checkpoint-page Iteration 1 (Row 1) Action1 Summary Google (This will be the browser) Google (This will be the Page) Checkpoint "Google" If you run this test on www.Common things to check with this are load time. 1.in in offline mode (not on internet). When we click on Record.Page("Google").google. it was already open. on left hand side. Let all the options be default. Go to "Web" tab and choose first option "Record and run test on any open browser. broken links etc. "Record and Run Settings" window opens up.Checkpoint Properties" window. 7. It recorded the following properties: Property Name load time number of images number of links Property Value "0" "2" "20" Here it shows the load time as 0 because I did not open Google at the time of running the test.google. It will Open "Object Selection . Click on 'Page : Google' option which has a page icon on left of it with right corner of the page slightly folded.Bottom of Form QTP Tutorials 5 . A 'Page Checkpoint Properties' window opens up. Click on Record.co. 4. Click ok.) 3.co. 8.in/ is open. 10.in page. 2. .co.Page Checkpoint Page checkpoint:It is for web applications only. Click ok.in should be open.

2. Click 'Test Connection' Button. Click on New Button. It will show all the data source drives it could find. 6. 9. Select ' Specify SQL statement manually' from the Query definition area. 8." and click on ok. Now we will record a test. Select Oracle (on my machine it was 'Oracle in OraHome9'). For this go to Insert -> Checkpoint -> Database Checkpoint. 5. "Record and Run Settings" window opens up. Select 'TNS Service Name' ( I selected 'DB02'.Database Checkpoint Now we will try out Database checkpoint: using Oracle 9i First of all you have to connect oracle 9i to QTP 9. Open a blank test. 1. 3. This completes our task of Connecting QTP with Oracle. Click on Record. 15. 13. 3. 10. 7. Enter 'Data Source name' ( I entered "oracle") 11. Go to Insert (menu)->Checkpoint->Database Checkpoint . Go to "Windows Applications" tab and choose first option "Record and run test on any open Windows based application.qtp. Click Next. Enter userid (I used SCOTT). Click Finish. Click Next.blogspot. A Database Query Wizard opens. When we click on Record. If successful it will show 'Testing Connection' window with 'Connection Successful' written on it. It will open 'Oracle ODBC Driver Configuration' window. Enter your password for Oracle. 'Create New Data Source' window opens. Enter 'description' (I entered "SQL") 12.It will ask for a Password. 2.com Bottom of Form QTP Tutorials 6 . Select 'User Data Source' from Select a type of data source. my oracle database name) from combo box. Click Next.(before doing any recording) 1. Click on 'Machine Data Source' Tab 4. 14. Here click on 'Create' button which is on the right of "Connection String:" It will open 'Select Data Source' window.

Go to 'Machine Data Source' Tab 7.TLO=0. Click Ok. Select Oracle from data source name. It will open 'Database Checkpoint Properties' window with the result of the query. It means if you go to the oracle and add or delete any row and run this test again it will fail.FRL=F. Select ' Specify SQL statement manually' from the Query definition area. Click Finish. 12.QTO=T.4. MDI=F. 11.PFC=10.GDE=F.DBQ=DB02. Click Next.MTS=F. Click Create.APA=T. in details it will show checked 112 cells (in your case number of cells may differ).PWD=TIGER. qtp.FDL=10.BAM=IfAllSuccessful.RST=T." In the SQL Statement area type "select * from emp. It will open 'Oracle ODBC Driver Connect' 8.default way in which it was installed.FWC=F. Click ok 9. Click Ok. Click on Run.".) Just try to think how QTP is comparing the expected results with the actual one. with the count of cells. 6. A 'Database Query Wizard' opens.nothing special. LOB=T. Lets run it.EXC=F.blogspot. ( we don't need to open any other window or application to run this as our Oracle is running at the back end as a service . 10.FEN=T. Enter password. Click Stop in order to stop the Recording. 5.CSR=F.) When it is passed it will show following in the Result window: Test Checkpoint-database Summary (where Checkpoint-database is the name with which I saved the test) Run-Time Data Table Checkpoint-database Iteration 1 (Row 1) Action1 Summary DbTable Checkpoint "DbTable" ( when you click on this.DBA =W.UID=SCOTT.Check CheckPoint "DbTable")" This is the simplest database checkpoint example.FRC=10. It will come to Database Query Wizard window with 'Connection String' field filled with: "DSN=oracle.com Bottom of Form . it just adds one line "DbTable("DbTable"). In the Expert View.

just fail the test. 7. Just select "Fly From" combo box by dragging. i. It will have "WinObject:Flight Schedule" highlighted. Click ok.. Make sure that QTP and the Flight application are open. Change the "Checkpoint timeout" at the bottom of the window to 0 seconds. STYLE B Above. This time it will have "Flight schedule" area instead of just the "Fly To" combo box. 8. When we click on Record. Change the "Checkpoint timeout" at the bottom of the window to 0 seconds. Click ok 6. Now you can run the test it will pass. Open a blank test. "Object Selection. it will show you the expected bitmap and actual bitmap on the right hand side. Click stop to stop recording the test. 3. Click on the "Fly To" combo box. I will have "WinComboBox:Fly To" highlighted. Go to Insert (menu)->Checkpoint->Bitmap Checkpoint 4.. 9. in the "Flight Schedule" area. so that we will have no wait time while running the test. (note: it will show that only in case of Failed result) . In the result window on the left hand side when you click on Checkpoint "Fly To:". STYLE A 1. so that we will have no wait time while running the test. 5. "Object Selection. Go to "Windows Applications" tab and choose first option "Record and run test on any open windows based application. To see how it stores the results. 2. Click stop to stop recording the test. Click on Record.Bitmap Checkpoint Properties" window opens up." and click Ok. Click ok. instead of clicking on the "Fly To" combo box. after 3rd point.Bitmap Checkpoint Properties" window opens up. Mouse pointer will change so that you can select any area by dragging. It will open "Bitmap Checkpoint Properties" window.e." button. If you have recorded in the style A then just select any value in the "Fly To" combo box and then run the test. click somewhere in the empty space above the "Fly From" Combo box but below the line. "Record and Run Settings" window opens up.QTP Tutorials 7 .Bitmap Checkpoint Now we will look at the bitmap checkpoint which is different from the image checkpoint. Click ok It will open "Bitmap Checkpoint Properties" winodow. Now click on the "Select Area.

Sample Pictures( containing 4 pictures . This test is not intelligent enough. On your system under My Documents. Go to "Web" tab and choose first option "Record and run test on any open browser.Image("Sunset"). Click Ok. It will open 'Object Selection Checkpoint Properties' window with Image: Sunset highlighted.Page("file:///C:/Documents%20and%20S"). Rest every thing will be default. Open a blank test. Go to My Documents->My Pictures-> Sample Pictures and right click on image named 'Sunset' and open it with internet explorer.Image Checkpoint We will look at the Image checkpoint. Click on the image which is opened in the explorer. Click stop to stop recording the test. Go to Insert (menu)->Checkpoint->Standard Checkpoint(or press F12).Blue Hills. When we click on Record. QTP Tutorials & Interview Questions qtp.com Bottom of Form QTP Tutorials 8 . Click OK. html tag etc and only check last property which is src.blogspot.qtp.Check CheckPoint("Sunset") If you run it with that image open in internet explorer it will pass. "Record and Run Settings" window opens up. Now only a new blank test and internet explorer with this image should be open. It is just checking that the image in the explorer is in the same location in which it was when the test was recorded and its name is Sunset.The mouse pointer will become hand and QTP will be minimized. Sunset. Winter." and click on Ok. there will be a folder named My Pictures. It will Open 'Image Checkpoint Properties' Window.com Bottom of Form . In this way you can test for some or all the properties of the image which it showed in the 'Image Checkpoint Properties' Window.blogspot. In this window just uncheck all the property values like href. If you change the name of some other picture in that folder to Sunset and run the test with that it will also pass.Sunset. Water lilies) We will run this test with one of the image there. under this you will will find a folder. Click on Record. In the expert view it will just add one line Browser("file:///C:/Documents%20and %20S").

4. Go to Insert (menu)->Checkpoint->Standard Checkpoint (or press F12). "Object Selection .Table Checkpoint In this tutorial we will look at a table Checkpoint just to get familiar with it. Again Click ok to come out of "Text Checkpoint Properties" window. When we click on Record. "Text Checkpoint Properties" window opens up." and click on ok. Open a blank test and also open a website "http://www. Go to "Web" tab and choose first option "Record and run test on any open browser.in/software/software-testinglife-cycle. Click on Configure -here you can change your selected text. When we click on Record. Try to understand those. "Record and Run Settings" window opens up.The mouse pointer will become hand and QTP will be minimized.com Bottom of Form QTP Tutorials 10 . where "Software Testing Life Cycle" is the name of the table.QTP Tutorials 9 . Click on Record. At the bottom of the "Text Checkpoint Properties" window change 'Checkpoint timeout' to 0 seconds. but for now just click ok. Go to "Web" tab and choose first option "Record and run test on any open browser. This website has a table at the bottom of the page. On the right hand side it will show you the details.Click on the first paragraph (which starts with-The page you are looking. Open a blank test and a web page in offline mode like this below: 2. The mouse pointer will become hand and QTP will be minimized. Click ok. Click on Record.co.blogspot.editorial. .) of that web page. It will show the text to be checked in "Checkpoint Summary" area in red color and also show in blue color the text which is displayed before and after the selected text. change before and after text and so on.. Run the test and when it is passed just go to the results window and on the left hand side just expand every option and click on last option Checkpoint "Cannot find server".php" in offline mode.Text Checkpoint Now we will look at the Text Checkpoint: 1. Select "WebTable: Software Testing Life Cycle" which has a table icon on its left. 6. 5. "Record and Run Settings" window opens up. Click somewhere inside the table. Click on stop in order to stop recording. Go to Insert (menu)->Checkpoint->Text Checkpoint. 3." and click on ok. qtp.Checkpoint properties" window opens.

Run the test and analyze the results in the result window. This time we will not do any extra setting.WinButton("FLIGHT"). mainly the checkpoint results to see how QTP verifies the result. We will manipulate test results in later tutorials.com Bottom of Form Difference Between Text & Text Area Checkpoint Text Checkpoint Text Checkpoint checks that a text string is displayed in the appropriate place on a Web page or application. it depends on us whether we capture it or not. Open that test that contains the standard Checkpoint. Window("Flight Reservation").Check CheckPoint("FLIGHT") msgbox (return) One thing more we need to do here is that we have to enclose Checkpoint ("FLIGHT") in brackets. Click stop in order to stop recording. In the expert view of the test you will see only one line i. qtp.WinButton("FLIGHT").Check CheckPoint("FLIGHT") Now we will make some changes in this one line so that it can return some value. Declare a variable and catch the return value in that variable: Dim return return = Window("Flight Reservation").blogspot. Lets now capture it. So the final version looks like this: Dim return return = Window("Flight Reservation").com Bottom of Form QTP Tutorials 11 .WinButton("FLIGHT").Checkpoint Return Value We will use the Standard Checkpoint which we did in tutorial 4.Check (CheckPoint("FLIGHT")) msgbox (return) Now run the test and see the msgbox appearing with the return value.e. . according to specified criteria.'Table Checkpoint properties' window opens.blogspot. Text Area Checkpoint Text Area Checkpoint checks that a text string is displayed within a defined area in a Windows-based application. qtp. Just change the Checkpoint timeout at the bottom of this window to 0 seconds and click ok . It will show all the rows and columns of the selected table. NOTE: Checkpoint always returns a value.

and ActiveX. Go to Insert (Menu) ->Checkpoint->Text Area Checkpoint QTP will be minimized and the mouse pointer will change into crosshairs. Open a New test in QTP and click Record. (See Screenshot for Text Checkpoint Properties window below). Object Selection window opens. Java. A small & simple example to get a feel of both Text and Text Area Checkpoint: Make sure that the Flight Reservation window is open as shown below. Click OK. . Go to Insert (Menu) ->Checkpoint->Text Checkpoint QTP will be minimized and the mouse pointer will change into pointing hand. such or Web-based application. With the pointing hand click on $110. Visual Basic.You can add a text checkpoint while You can add a text area checkpoint only while recording or editing steps in a Windows. as Standard Windows. Click Cancel.00 in the above Flights Table.recording a test on Windows-based applications. Text Checkpoint Properties window opens.

Click OK.] Text Area Checkpoint Properties window: . Text Area Checkpoint Properties window opens.00 in the above Flights Table. the Checkpoint Summary area displays [complex value] instead of the selected text string. if there is more than one line of text selected.With the crosshairs select $110. Object Selection Window for "Text Area checkpoint" will also be similar as the below one for "Text Checkpoint": Text Checkpoint Properties window [In Windows-based environments. (See Screenshot for Text Area Checkpoint Properties window below). You can then click Configure to view and manipulate the actual selected text for the checkpoint. Object Selection window opens. Click Cancel.

recording a signature produced by dragging the mouse. Normal mode is the default and takes full advantage of the QuickTest test object model. Analog Recording steps are not editable from within QuickTest. if an environment or on an object not recognized by QuickTest. Each step recorded in Low Level Recording mode is shown in the Keyword View and Expert View.Now considering both Text and Text Area checkpoints. . It records at object level and records all run-time objects as Window or WinObject test objects. There are other recording modes also like Analog Recording or Low Level Recording. Analog Recording : Exact mouse and keyboard operations are recorded in relation to either the screen or the application window. as it recognizes the objects in the application regardless of their location on the screen. Low Level Recording : At any time. use Low Level Recording. analyze yourself: Which one is better (if any) and Which one is to be used in which situation? qtp. QuickTest records all parent level objects as Window test objects and all other objects as WinObject test objects.blogspot. In this QTP also records and tracks every movement of the mouse for example.com Bottom of Form QTP (QuickTest Professional) Recording The default mode of recording is the Normal recording mode.

Use Analog Recording when : The actual movement of the mouse is what you want to record.All the three modes of recording can be used in a single test e. switch to Low Level Recording qtp.blogspot. If the location of the object is important to your test. Use Low Level Recording when : Environments or objects not supported by QuickTest. To use a value within a specific action. In Analog Recording mode. greatly increases the power and flexibility of a test. Analog Recording and Low Level Recording require more disk space than normal recording mode. We can pass the value from the test level to Action1 (atop-level action) to Action3 (a nested action of Action1). It is known as parameterization.g. Parameters let us check how the application performs the same operations with multiple sets of data. There are four types of parameters: Test/action parameters: Test parameters make possible for us to use values passed from the test. the value must be passed down through the action hierarchy of the test to the required action. we can switch to either Analog Recording or Low Level Recording in the middle of a recording session for specific steps and then return to normal recording mode. suppose that we want to parameterize a step in Action3 using a value that is passed into the test from the external application that runs (calls) the test. and then parameterize the required step using this action input parameter value (that was passed through . A parameter is a variable that is assigned a value from an external data source or generator. Action parameters enable us to pass values from other actions in your test. Exact location of the operation on your application screen is necessary. in normal mode QuickTest performs the step on an object even if it has moved to a new location on the screen. Recording in Analog mode can be relative to the screen or relative to a specific window (see user guide for detail) In Analog Recording a separate file is saved and stored with the action. Values in steps and checkpoints and also the values of action parameters can be parameterize. We can then use that parameter value to parameterize a step in the test.com Bottom of Form Parameterizing Tests in QTP (QuickTest Professional) By replacing fixed values with parameters QuickTest enables you to enlarge the scope of a basic test. For example. QuickTest adds to your test a RunAnalog statement that calls the recorded analog file.

. The values of the operation (method or function arguments) defined for the step can also be parameterized. The highest level of the tree is actions. Therefore. This column shows a hierarchical icon-based tree. for example. and Action4 are sibling actions at the same hierarchical level. Random number parameters Enable us to insert random numbers as values in your test. and all steps are contained within the relevant branch of the tree. utility object. Values in steps and checkpoints can be parameterized while recording or editing the test. We can parameterize a call to Action4 based on an output value retrieved from Action2 or Action3. we are amending the test object description in the local object repository. Data Table parameters allow us to create a data-driven test (or action) that runs several times using the data that we supply. We can then use these parameters in the action step. or statement. When the value of an object property for a local object is parameterized. function call. QuickTest displays them as steps in the Keyword View. all occurrences of the specified object within the action are parameterized. or values that QuickTest generates for us based on conditions and options we choose. Parameterizing the value of a checkpoint property enables us to check how an application or Web site performs the same operation based on different data qtp. and generates them in a script (in an Expert View). but before running the test we can also enhance it with checkpoints and parameters. In the keyword view there are 4 visible columns – (For other valuable information on below points please see QTP user guide pg 92 and pg 114) Item The item on which we want to perform the step and it can be a test object. we can pass an output action parameter value from an action step to a later sibling action at the same hierarchical level. Alternatively. suppose that Action2. First of all let's talk a little about keyword view in QTP and then we will talk about recording in QTP and then we will move on to other things. These may be values that we supply. Environment variable parameters allow us to use variable values from other sources during the run session. and that these are all nested actions of Action1.blogspot. The values of object properties can be parameterized for a selected step. QuickTest uses a different value from the Data Table. Operation The operation (methods or functions) to be performed on the item selected in the Item column. then run a test and then analyze the results. Click or Select.com Bottom of Form QTP (QuickTest Professional) keyword view In QTP (QuickTest Professional) we first of all record a test.from the external application). For example. After recording all the operations. Action3. In each repetition. or iteration.

This column is also not visible by default. we can record. For every action called in the test. This column is not visible by default. the mouse button to use when clicking the image. check inbox. An action is stored with the test in which you created it. and enhance the steps . Three types of actions are: Non-reusable action This non reusable action can be called only once and that too in the test with which it is stored. Store in cCols would store the return value of the current step in a variable called cCols so you can use the value later in the test. qtp. modify. for example. By breaking up the tests into calls to multiple actions. An action has its own test script. for example. and all objects in its local object repository. and then log out of the system (email). your test might be structured as shown—one test calling three separate actions: Test 1 Call to action 1 Call to action 2 Call to action 3 Actions stored with Test 1 Action 1(Logging In) Action 2(Checking Inbox Mails) Action 3(Logging Out) ---> ---> ---> Actions make it possible to parameterize and iterate over specific elements of a test. Comment Any textual information you want to add regarding the step. Assignment The assignment of a value to or from a variable for example. QuickTest creates a corresponding action sheet in the Data Table so that we can enter Data Table parameters that are specific to that action only. If there is a process that needs to be included in several tests. we can design more modular and well organized and professional tests. If you create a test in which you log into the system (email).Value The argument values for the selected operation. Reusable action Reusable actions are like functions in any programming language. When we create a new test. Click the "findFlights" image.blogspot. it contains a call to one action. They also make it easier to re-record steps in one action when part of your application changes. containing all of the steps recorded in that action. Documentation It is a Read-only auto-documentation of what the step does in an easy-tounderstand sentence.com Bottom of Form Actions in QTP 9 (QuickTest Professional) Actions break up the test into logical sections/units such as specific activities that we perform in our application.

External action is a reusable action stored with another test.com Bottom of Form QTP Sync. whenever a specific page loads QTP moves forward in case of synchronization. and enhancing the same steps each time. . Wait is like forcing the QTP to wait for a specified amount of time while synchronization is not a 'forced' wait e.of the process and save them in a reusable action. you should use relative paths for your reusable actions so that other users will be able to open your tests even if they have mapped their network drives differently. if the wait is for 10 seconds and a webpage loads in 3 seconds then it still waits for 7 seconds. Each action created in a test can be marked as reusable or non-reusable. For client-server communications to finish. the test results are divided by actions within each test iteration so that we can see the outcome of each action. Synchronization is possible in many ways: 1) We can insert a synchronization point for example for a progress bar to reach 100%. If you expect other users to open your tests and all actions in your tests are stored in the same drive. new actions are non-reusable.g. qtp. but we can choose to use a local. It can be called several times by the test with which it is stored (the local test). Synchronization is there to take care of the timing problems between QTP and the AUT. the action is inserted in readonly format We can create an additional call to any reusable or external action in the test by pressing CTRL while we drag and drop the action to another location at a parallel (sibling) level within the test. modifying. Deleting a reusable action that is called by other tests will cause those tests to fail. By default. Wait and Synchronization Synchronization makes available specified amount of time for an object to process prior to moving on to the next step. as well as by other tests. When a call to an external action is inserted. Examples where synchronization can be used: For a web page to load. For a button to become enabled or disabled. When we run a test with multiple actions. Then we can call the action from other tests. and can view the detailed results for each action individually. QTP will generate a WaitProperty statement in the Expert View in case of synchronization.blogspot. but in case of wait. rather than recording. External actions are read-only in the calling test. editable copy of the Data Table information for the external action.

Exist statements always return a Boolean (0 or 1) value. When we click on Record. Click on that 'Insert Done. and double quotation marks e. Go to Insert (menu)-> Synchronisation Point..' text in the Flight application.. qtp.g. Click Ok. Enter your name in the Name field.. Choose Property name as 'text' and Property value as "Insert Done. QTP will be minimized and cursor will take the shape of a hand." (Don't forget to put those 3 dots. . In Fly From choose Denver.H." and click on ok. Let the first option remains selected in that and just click on ok.Synchronization Point' window will open with 'ActiveX: Threed Panel Control. Enter the Date of flight as tommorrows date. In Fly To Choose Frankfurt. 3) We can also modify the default amount of time that QTP waits for a Web page to load.' text. Click Stop in order to stop the recording.. (Object Synchronization Timeout. Flights Table window open up. button which is on the R.S of the Fly To combo box. 'Add Synchronization Point' window will open. 'Object Selection . File(menu)-> Settings-> Web tab) 4) When working with tests. Click on Flights. Go to "Windows Applications" tab and choose first option "Record and run test on any open windows based application. It will automatically fill some of the fields.2) We can use Exist or Wait statements. Click on Record. " in the Property value text box.. (Browser Navigation Timeout. "Record and Run Settings" window opens up.) Click Ok. File(menu)-> Settings-> Run tab) Synchronization is enabled only during recording. Click on Insert Order and let it complete uptill 100% untill you see the 'Insert Done..blogspot..' selected. In Flight application go to File (menu)-> New Order.com Bottom of Form Example of Synchronization Make sure that only QTP and Sample Flight application are open.. we can increase the default timeout settings for a test to instruct QuickTest to allow more time for objects to appear.

WinComboBox("Fly From:")."sync on Insert Done.Set "axc" Window("Flight Reservation"). For more info on these plase see QTP help.Click Window("Flight Reservation")..WinButton("Insert Order").". Window("Flight Reservation"). WaitProperty Waits until the particular object property attain the specified value or exceeds the specified timeout before continuing to the next step.ActiveX("MaskEdBox")..Click 1.Click rc=Window("Flight Reservation").Click Window("Flight Reservation"). 10000 Window("Flight Reservation").WinButton("FLIGHT").blogspot.Dialog("Flights Table").WinEdit("Name:").WinComboBox("Fly From:").com Bottom of Form Example of WAIT Make sure that only QTP should be open.Click qtp.ActiveX("MaskEdBox").Click I have modified the above script a little bit to capture the WaitProperty value.ActiveX("Threed Panel Control"). 10000) If rc=true Then reporter.Select "Frankfurt" Window("Flight Reservation").Click Window("Flight Reservation").Type "092407" Window("Flight Reservation").". "Insert Done.Select "Denver" Window("Flight Reservation").WinComboBox("Fly To:").Select "Frankfurt" Window("Flight Reservation")..ActiveX("Threed Panel Control"). "Property of text is true" End If msgbox rc Window("Flight Reservation"). ReportEvent method sends the results to the result window.ActiveX("MaskEdBox").WinButton("Button").WaitProperty "text". .WinButton("Insert Order"). Reporter is an Object used for sending info to test results and it uses ReportEvent method to accomplish this.WinButton("OK").9 Window("Flight Reservation").Click 1.WinEdit("Name:").WinButton("OK").WinComboBox("Fly To:")...9 Window("Flight Reservation")..ActiveX("MaskEdBox"). The code in the Expert view looks like this: Window("Flight Reservation").ReportEvent micPass.Click Window("Flight Reservation").WinButton("FLIGHT"). "Insert Done.Dialog("Flights Table").".WaitProperty ("text".WinButton("Button").Click Window("Flight Reservation").Select "Denver" Window("Flight Reservation").Set "axc" Window("Flight Reservation").This whole process will add WaitProperty.Type "092407" Window("Flight Reservation").

When we click on Record. 1)SystemUtil.Select "File.blogger.Type micTab 4) wait(5) 5)Dialog("Login").) Type Blogger in the search text box and click on "I'm Feeling Lucky" button instead of Search button. it by default opens google."".WinMenu("Menu").com as homepage. go to File(Menu)->Exit. It will record the following code with sync automatically recorded by QTP (see 4th step). .Run "C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\samples\flight\app\flight4a. so that when you open internet explorer.e. Go toFile(Menu)->Exit.Set "sachin" 3) Dialog("Login").com Bottom of Form Example of Sync Make sure that your internet is On and QTP is open.com is open (i."C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\samples\flight\app\".com. when you see 'Done' on the status bar at the bottom) . Enter Username as your first name (make sure to enter 4 or more characters). When Flight Reservation window is open.google. "Record and Run Settings" window opens up. It will record the code as below but one thing which I have added extra is Wait(5) in step 4 (just go to the expert view and add this line before the line which includes encrypted password).blogspot."open" 2) Dialog("Login").WinButton("OK")." and click on ok.) Enter password as 'mercury.WinEdit("Agent Name:"). Click on Record. Go to "Windows Applications" tab and choose first option "Record and run test on any open windows based application. When www.exe".com again. When we click on Record." and click on ok. Go to Start->AllPrograms->QuickTest Professional->Sample Applications->Flight.Click 7) Window("Flight Reservation"). Go to "Web" tab and choose first option "Record and run test on any open browser.WinEdit("Agent Name:"). (use tab to move to password textbox. click on Back toolbar button (below File menu) to go back to google.SetSecure "46ed14b628c7ae93e3a3ab35576f08fc424a6fb9" 6) Dialog("Login"). Open internet explorer (make sure your default page is www.Click on Record.Exit" qtp. "Record and Run Settings" window opens up..WinEdit("Password:").' Click Ok.

blogspot.Page("Google").Click 4) Browser("Google").WinMenu("ContextMenu"). because what happens is. which is too short for a browser to complete the navigation i.1)SystemUtil\Program files\Internet Explorer\IEXPLORE. but here we have set the browser navigation timeout to 2 seconds.Press "&File" 7) Browser("Google"). Keep 'Browser navigation Timeout' to 10 seconds in File(Menu)->Settings and then it should pass because in 10 seconds it surely makes the back button enabled after the 3rd step of clicking "I'm Feeling Lucky".e."". it works fine. so that you can go ahead and do wonders with parameters in QTP on your own.blogger. Now go to File(Menu)->Settings.com Bottom of Form QTP Parameters This is not an exhaustive material on parameterization.com after clicking on "I'm Feeling Lucky" button (I am not on T1 lines.WebEdit("q").Sync 5) Browser("Google").Back 6) Browser("Google"). but it finds it disabled as it gets enabled only when www.WinToolbar("ToolbarWindow32"). to open www.Select "Close" Try to run this code.Page("Blogger: Create your Blog").com is open.blogger. qtp. Environment Variables in QTP Random Variables in QTP Test parameters Action Parameter Global and Action data sheet Parameters QTP Output Values Parameterize a checkpoint . my internet connection is average). after the 3rd step it just waits for 2 second after which it goes to the Back button.EXE". It will fail because sync method waits for the browser to complete the current navigation.Page("Google"). Web tab and change the 'Browser navigation Timeout' to 2 seconds for example and then run the above code again.WebButton("I'm Feeling Lucky"). This is just to give you a startup on parameters in QTP.Set "blogger" 3) Browser("Google")."open" 2) Browser("Google")."C:\Documents and Settings\Sachin".

Lets look at an example of this: 1. Open a new Test. respectively. .qtp. Go to expert view and type: msgbox(environment("a")) 8. In the Expert View type: a = environment("ActionName") & " is running on " & environment("OS") msgbox (a) 8. 5. Built-in are the types of environment variables available in QTP. 6. User Defined Internal variables are the variables defined by you (the user) within the test and which are saved within the test and also accessible from within the test. Lets look at an example of this: 1. I have added quotes just for clarity) and click on OK. Now close this Test Settings window and go to test. in Name type 'a' and in Value type 'hello' (without quotes. 3. User-Defined External. 2. 7. Go to File (Menu)->Settings. 'Add New Environment Parameter' window opens up. Examples of such variables are OS. It is just a simple way to show how a Built-in environment variable works. a Test Settings window opens.blogspot.Go to File (Menu)->Settings. 4. 5. OSVersion. 7. 4. By default Built-in variable type is selected and you will be able to see Name and Description of Built-in variables below Variable type dropdown box. 6. 2. Go to Environment Tab. 3. a Test Settings window opens. From Variable type dropdown select User-defined. Click on the '+' which is on the right of Variable type dropdown. It will add the variable with its type as 'internal'. Built-in variables as the name suggests are predefined by QTP. ActionName which are for Operating System. It will show you the value of variable 'a' in the message box. You can click on any of those variables to see their current value. Open a new Test.com Bottom of Form QTP Environment Variables User-Defined Internal. Now Run the test.g. Operating System Version and name of the action which is currently running. I just did the above four steps in order to show you from where you can access Built-in variables. Go to Environment Tab. And Run the test. Click Apply and OK to come out of Test Settings window. type the name and value of the variable e.

6. select Action Properties. 5. Go to 'Parameter Values' Tab. Example 1: 1. 5. 2. ( I saved it in 'tests' folder in the 'QuickTest Professional' folder under C:\Program files. Go to File (Menu)->Settings. qtp. 'Action Properties' window opens. Go to expert view and type: msgbox(environment("Address")) 7. .User-Defined external variables are the variables which are defined in the file outside of test.) 1. 4. These act as read only for the test. 'Action Call Properties' window opens. Open a new test. Again right-click on Action1 in the keyword View . 3. Now lets look at an example of this: Open a new text file and type the following lines in it and save it with . As soon as it is imported the complete path of that file will be shown in the File text box and the variable in it will show under Name. 25 yellow Road under Value and External under Type). Make a single click under 'Value' column in the 'Input Parameter's' area.blogspot. It will open 'Value Configuration Options' window. There are many different ways in which you can use Random numbers in QTP. Click Ok. Open a new Test.com Bottom of Form QTP Random Variables First example of Random Numbers: When you define parameters for an action you can set the parameter's value as Random numbers. From Variable type dropdown select User-defined. Value and Type heading (in our case it will show Address under Name. it will become a button '<#>'. a Test Settingswindow opens. Click on Apply and Ok to come out of it. and Default value as 1. It will show you the value of variable 'Address' in the message box. 3. Type as Number. Go to Environment Tab. Click on this button. Now run the test. You can create as many files for environment variables as you want and choose them for your test. 4. In the 'Input Parameters' area click on the '+' sign and enter the Name of the input parameter as 'a'. Go to 'Parameters' Tab. 6. 2. Click on "Load variables and values from external file" check box and import that external xml file that we created above. In the keyword View right-click on Action1.xml extension. Lets jump at the examples straightway. select 'Action Call Properties'.

(It would be better if you run it by activating the expert view. RandomNumber("arg_a") Next 14. 9. Go to Expert View of Action2 and type: For i=1 to 3 RunAction "Action1". click ok to insert a new action. Click on Name Checkbox and choose arg_a from the dropdown. In the 'Generate New Random Number' area. then it will show you which step it is currently running by pointing to that particular step with yellow color arrow and then you will be able to understand it in a better way. Click on 'Parameter' radio button. 8. 'Insert Call to New Action' window opens. 10.e. Now Go to Insert (Menu)-> Call to New Action. but different values if you run it next time i. You will see that it shows a different value in each msgbox() because we selected 'For each action iteration' from the 'Generate new random number' area. a different value at each test run.action2. 15. When you copy the above text to Expert View of Action2.EndNumber]) EndNumber is optional above. RandomNumber(ParameterNameOrStartNumber [. Now Run the test. 11. Click ok. oneIteration. 100) msgbox(var1) Next Third example of Random Numbers: (This is more or less same as the first one) . 12. Go to Expert view of action1 and type: msgbox "action1" msgbox(parameter("a")) 13. select first option-For each action iteration. Again Click ok to come out of 'Action Call Properties' window. select 'Random Number' from the dropdown. just click ok. If we select the second option 'For each test iteration' then a message box will show same values. Second example of Random Numbers: Here is another way of generating random numbers: Open a new test and in the Expert view write these lines and run the test: For i=1 to 5 var1=RandomNumber (0.) RandomNumber is an Object. it will show you a message that it has made Action1 Reusable.7. In the Numeric Range enter 0 against From and 100 against To.

it will become a button '<#>'. Open a new test. the Rnd function (with no arguments) uses the same number as a seed the first time it is called. If the number is omitted. the value returned by the system timer is used as the new seed value. Click Ok. In the Numeric Range enter 0 against From and 100 against To. select 'Action Call Properties'. 7. Type as Number. 8. No matter how many times you Run the below code it generates the same values: For i= 1 to 3 randomize(2) . 9. Click on this button. and Default value as 1. Click ok. 'Action Properties' window opens. 2. 6. 'Action Call Properties' window opens. 5. It will open 'Value Configuration Options' window. In the 'Generate New Random Number' area. 4. And Run the Test. select 'Random Number' from the dropdown. Fourth example of Random Numbers: Another VBScript method of generating a random number: For i= 1 to 3 var1 = int((101*rnd)+0) ' Generate random value between 0 and 100. MsgBox var1 next Let's talk about Randomize and Rnd for some time: Randomize [number] We use a number with Randomize to initialize the Rnd function's random-number generator. Again Click ok to come out of 'Action Call Properties' window. Go to 'Parameter Values' Tab. 1. select first option-For each action iteration. Again right-click on Action1 in the keyword View .One more way is to define a Random Number parameter in the 'Parameter Options' or 'Value Configuration Options' dialog box. 3. Make a single click under 'Value' column in the 'Input Parameter's' area. Click on 'Name' Checkbox and choose arg_a from the dropdown. 11. Now in the Expert View of action1 type: x=RandomNumber("arg_a") msgbox(x) 12. In the 'Input Parameters' area click on the '+' sign and enter the Name of the input parameter as 'a'. Click on 'Parameter' radio button. If Randomize is not used. Go to 'Parameters' Tab. In simple terms Rnd is a function and Randomize is used to initialize this function. select 'Action Properties'. In the keyword View right-click on Action1. giving it a new seed value. 10.

lowerbound + 1) * Rnd + lowerbound) likewise Int((6 * Rnd) + 1) ' Generate random value between 1 and 6. MsgBox var1 next Some light on Rnd: The following formula is used to produce a random number in a given range: Int((upperbound . The Rnd function returns a value less than 1 but greater than or equal to 0. For i= 1 to 3 randomize var1 = Int((6 * Rnd) + 1) ' Generate random value between 1 and 6. Rnd(number)If the number is Less than zero (< 0) then Rnd generates 'The same number' every time. For i= 1 to 3 x=rnd(0) msgbox(x) Next If the number is Not supplied then Rnd generates 'The next random number in the sequence. MsgBox var1 next But if you omitt randomize(2) from the above code and instead put only randomize then at each run it generates different values.' For i= 1 to 3 x=rnd() msgbox(x) Next . For i= 1 to 3 x=rnd(-1) msgbox(x) Next If the number is Greater than zero(> 0) then Rnd generates 'The next random' number in the sequence.var1 = Int((6 * Rnd) + 1) ' Generate random value between 1 and 6. For i= 1 to 3 x=rnd(1) msgbox(x) Next If the number is Equal to zero (=0)then Rnd generates 'The most recently generated' number. using number as the seed.

Above we have created a Test Parameter. Click Ok to come out of that window.[ remember this vartest is a test parameter we created at the beginning] 13. 'Action Call Properties' window opens.com Bottom of Form QTP Test parameters 1. 9. 5. 'Test Parameters' radio button will be selected by default and under 'Test Parameters' radio button select 'vartest' from Parameter dropdown. Remember (taken from QTP guide): . 3. While running it will show 'hello' in the msgbox. Now in the Keyword View right click on Action1 and select 'Action Properties'. Click on 'Parameter' radio button and select 'Test/action Parameter' from that dropdown. 8.Remember: For any given initial seed. under 'Value' it will show <vartest>. Open a New Test. Click on '+' sign which is on the top right. qtp. This example show how to declare test parameters and how to access those. Enter the Name of the parameter as 'vartest' and its Default Value as 'hello'. 7. Enter the Name of the parameter as 'varaction' and its Type as string and no default value. Go to 'Parameters' Tab. Make a single click under 'Value' heading. 11. the same number sequence is generated because each successive call to the Rnd function uses the previous number as a seed for the next number in the sequence. it will show a button like this <#>. Go to File->Settings. 6. go to 'Parameters' Tab.blogspot. in the 'Action Call Properties' window. Go to Expert View and type: msgbox(parameter("varaction")) 15. 14. Before calling Rnd. Now run the test. a 'Test Settings' window will open. 4. Just click on this button to open 'Value Configuration Options' window. Click Ok. Again in the Keyword View right click on Action1 and select 'Action Call Properties'. When you click on ok to come out of 'Value Configuration Options' window. Click on '+' sign which is on the top right. There you will see the 'varaction' action parameter we created earlier. Go to 'Parameter Values' Tab. The Type of this parameter is string. 2. 10. use the Randomize statement without an argument to initialize the randomnumber generator with a seed based on the system timer. 12. Click Apply and then Ok. 'Action Properties' window opens.

qtp. 1. for each row. it will show you the sum 4 in msgbox. 4. In the general tab. In the Expert View of action2 type: RunAction "Action1".blogspot. 2. you can enter the parameter name in the Expert View using the Parameter utility object. Alternatively. Open a new Test. Go to Insert (menu)-> Call to New Action. 'Action Properties' window opens. Go to 'Parameters' Tab. click on 'Reusable Action' checkbox at the bottom to make the action reusable. Make action2 reusable as we did for action1.com Bottom of Form QTP Global & Action Data Sheet Parameters Example 1 How. In the Keyword View right click on Action1 and select 'Action Properties'.2 10. 2. . QTP iterates all rows of any action data sheet. 5. in global data sheet. 'Insert Call to New Action' window opens. qtp.Go to Start->All Programs->QuickTest Professional->Sample Applications->Flight. 3. To use values supplied for test parameters in steps within an action. 'Action Properties' window opens.com Bottom of Form QTP Action Parameter 1. 3. Enter the Name of the parameter as 'a' and its Type as Number. In the same way create another Number parameter 'b'. Just click ok to insert a new action. In the keyword View right click on action2 and select 'Run from Step'. Click on '+' sign which is on the top right. 6. In the Expert View of Action1 type: s1=parameter("a") s2=parameter("b") msgbox(s1+s2) 7.blogspot. In the Keyword View right click on Action1 and select 'Action Properties'. you must pass the test parameter to the action containing the step. 9. oneIteration. 8. Click Ok. in the format: Parameter ("ParameterName"). 2. Click on Record.You can directly access test parameters only when parameterizing the value of a top-level action input parameter or when specifying the storage location for a top-level output parameter.

9.4. 16. In the Keyword View under 'Value' column. Now my action1 looks like this:    SystemUtil. When the Flight Reservation window is open. Right click on action1 and select action call properties. both of them do the same job but their data is in different sheets.Select "File. For this action2. Click on Parameter radio button and select Data Table from the dropdown and let rest everything be default. Click Ok (make sure we click ok with mouse and not hit the return (enter) Key. 13.WinEdit("Agent Name:"). a button like <#> will appear.SetSecure "4725bcebeea3b6682d186bf7b15ae92cc4e6c0ba" msgbox("acton1") Dialog("Login"). make sure you select Current action sheet (local) in the Location in Data Table area. 11. Go to Expert View of action one and type : msgbox("acton1").WinEdit("Password:"). I added 'amar' and 'Sumit'.WinEdit("Agent Name:").Type micTab Dialog("Login")."". Do the same for action2 and type msgbox("acton2") in its Expert view.Set DataTable("p_Text". 8. In the Global Data sheet it will add a new columns with 'mary' as its first value. 14. 7. In the Local Data Sheet (action2) add two more rows to make them a total of 3. make a single click on 'mary' (Agent Name). After repeating step 7.WinButton("OK"). click on this button to open 'Value Configuration Options' window. . 18. as we did for action1.WinMenu("Menu")."C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\samples\flight\app\". Go to Global Data Sheet and Add one more row in it below 'mary'. Enter the Agent Name as 'mary' and Password as 'mercury'. I added 'rama'. 15.Run "C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\samples\flight\app\flight4a. 10. Click Ok to close that window. Click Stop in order to stop recording the test.) 5. when you click on 'Parameter' radio button and select Data Table from the dropdown. go to Run Tab and select "Run on all rows" radio button. Go to Insert (menu) -> Call to New Action to insert action2. click ok to come out of that window. repeat steps from 2 to 7. 6.Exit"     19. Now you have two actions (action1 and action2)."open" Dialog("Login"). dtGlobalSheet) Dialog("Login").Click Window("Flight Reservation"). go to File->Exit. It will add a new column in action2 Data Sheet with 'bill ' (because I used bill as an Agent Name ) as its first row. Do the same for action2. 17.exe". (This time I have used the Agent Name as 'bill') 12.

In the Action1 Data table.com Bottom of Form QTP Output Values This is a very small tutorial on output values.1) type 'Action2 Data'. In Expert View of action1 type: msgbox("I am in action 1") rc = DataTable. 2) 'accessing data from action1 data sheet from action1 msgbox rc In expert view of action2 type: msgbox("I am in action 2") rc = DataTable. Example 2 This examples shows that each action can access data not only from Global Data Sheet or its own Local Data Sheet but also from other action's Data Sheet in the same test. dtGlobalSheet) 'accessing data from Global data sheet from action1 msgbox rc rc = DataTable.Value("A". In the Global Data table. . Go to Insert (Menu)->Output Value->Standard Output Value. in cell(A. Insert two actions.Value("A". dtGlobalSheet) 'accessing data from Global data sheet from action1 msgbox rc rc = DataTable. In the Action2 Data table. in cell(A. Open a new test. 3. otherwise it will be fast and some people may not able to understand. Now Run the test. 2) 'accessing data from action1 data sheet from action2 msgbox rc qtp.1) type 'Action1 Data'.Make sure that both (new test and Flight Reservation window) are open and visible.Value("A". Open a new test and also open a sample Flight application (Flight Reservation window) 2. 4. just to make you familiar with the process so that you can start on your own. I have added the msgbox step in both the action just to make you understand how the QTP is picking up the rows from Data Sheets.1) type 'Global Data'.Value("A". in cell(A. For complete understanding of Output values please see QTP User Guide.20. 1.blogspot. Click on Record in order to record a test.

7. In the Configure Value area click on Modify button. Again Click Ok to come out of this "Output Value Properties" window. "Output Value Properties" window opens with 'Insert Order' in the Name text field. 5. "Object Selection . 9. Click on Record in order to record a test. Below tutorial shows how to use output values with Environment variables. 8. These above steps show you how to use output values with Data Table. 8. Output Options window opens. QTP will be minimized and mouse pointer will take the shape of a hand. Click Ok. Click Stop in order to stop the test. Click on 'Insert Order' button in Flight Reservation window. 3. Now earlier where under Value it was showing False (see step 8) now it will show Insert_Order_enabled_Out. 9.5. QTP will show that value in Data Table (under Insert_Order_enabled_Out column) at Run time. 13.Output Value Properties" window opens with WinButton : Insert Order highlighted. Go to Insert (Menu)->Output Value->Standard Output Value. "Object Selection . In the 'Configure Value' area click on Modify button. (It creates Insert_Order_enabled_Out column in Global datasheet in Data Table with a Value False in the first row) 11. It will show a true value in there at run time. 6. Click on first checkbox (which is Property enabled and Value False). 'Output Options' window opens.' 6. It will bring you back to "Output Value Properties" window. Click on 'Insert Order' button in 'Flight Reservation window. 10. 1. . Now it means whatever the value of Insert Order button's Enable Property will be.Output Value Properties" window opens with WinButton : Insert Order highlighted. It will also show that captured value in the Results window. Make sure that both (new test and Flight Reservation window) are open and visible. 14. 12. 4. 10. Click Ok. QTP will be minimized and mouse pointer will take the shape of a hand. Open a new test and also open a sample Flight application (Flight Reservation window) 2. 7. In this window just click Ok. Click on first checkbox (which is Property enabled and Value False). "Output Value Properties" window opens with 'Insert Order' in the Name text field. Just make that Insert Order button enable by putting some values in Flight Reservation window and then see that column (Insert_Order_enabled_Out ) in Data table.

It will also show that captured value in the Results window.blogspot. Click on Stop in order to stop the recording. Just make a single click on Text Property. Make sure only the Text property is checked which has a value of "Sachin" and rest all of the properties must be unchecked. Just make that Insert Order button enable by putting some values in Flight Reservation window and then see that environment variable value (Insert_Order_enabled_Out ). . For this tutorial I will take into account Text Checkpoint created through Standard Checkpoint while editing. Right-click anywhere on that row and choose "Insert Standard Checkpoint. This is all we need to do. Click Ok to come out of this "Output Value Properties" window. Now Insert_Order_enabled_out will be User-Defined internal environment variable. In 'Output Options' window. Add two more values in the subsequent rows. [On the right hand side of Parameter Radio button you will see Parameter Options button (which has paper and pen image on it). Now you can Run the test.] In the "Checkpoint Properties" window just click on Ok to come out of it. in order to highlight it and make "Configure Value" area enabled. select Environment. Just add the below line in the Expert View at the end to see the value of the environment variable." "Checkpoint Properties" window opens. 13. from 'Output Types' dropdown. In this area click on Parameter Radio button. msgbox(environment("Insert_Order_enabled_out")) 15. and click Ok. Open a new test. 12.11. you can click on it to see the default values QTP has set for us. qtp. It will show a true value in there at run time. which you checked above. Enter the Agent Name as "Sachin" and Password as "mercury". Make sure you use Tab key to move from one text box to another and hit Return (Enter) key after entering the Password. (You can check that environment variable by going to File->Settings. When the Flight Reservation window is open Go to File (menu)->Exit. Click on Record.com Bottom of Form Parameterize a Checkpoint You can create a Checkpoint while recording or editing a test. I added "aaaa" in the 2nd and "bbbb" in the 3rd. Go to Start-> All Programs->QuickTest Professional->Sample Applications->Flight. In the Keyword view go to the row which has "Sachin" under Value column. It will add a column in the Global Data Sheet with "Sachin" as its first value. Environment Tab and choosing UserDefined from variable type) 14.

By default. these act as a foundation for action input and output values (this is ONE of the many ways.com Bottom of Form QTP Action input output parameters Example 1 Action output value (value returned by a called action) can be stored in a variable Open a new test.Now when we run the test and it opens the window where we need to enter the Agent Name and Password. same as above. Go to Insert (Menu) -> Call to New Action. In the Keyword View. Now we have Action1 and Action2 in this test.blogspot. (To create an input variable. Make sure you enter "Sachin" during first time. Any value entered there first time will be compared by first row of the Global Data Sheet which has "Sachin" and any value entered there Second time will be compared by second row of the Global Data Sheet which has "aaaa" and so on. to add a new action at the end of the test. . just have a look at these examples. 4) Action output value (value returned by a called action) can be stored in Any variable and RunAction Statement is not used. Create another input variable in_a1_2. right click on Action1 and choose Action Properties. it will have Action1. Remember this is a Text Checkpoint on the "Agent Name" Text field. 1) Action output value (value returned by a called action) can be stored in a variable 2) Action output value (value returned by a called action) can be stored in data table column. Just try to enter some other value during second time like "xxxx" it will run the test but show you "Failed" in the Results window in the second iteration. of course there can be other ways of doing the things I have done below).com Bottom of Form QTP Action input output parameters Those who are still confused about input parameters to actions and output values from actions. that's it. 5) Working with Four Actions qtp. We don't need to enter the Password. 3) Action output value (value returned by a called action) can be stored in environment variable. Rest everything be default. qtp. Go to Parameters tab and create input variable in_a1_1 with Type as Number. no Tab key or Return key). "aaaa" during second time and so on. you have to enter Agent Name all of the 3 times (Just enter the Agent Name.blogspot. you have to click on ‘+’ sign which is on the right hand side of Input parameters section).

blogspot. oneIteration. Rest everything be default. it may give you a warning that it will make Action1 reusable. In the Keyword View. In the Parameters tab. to add a new action at the end of the test. you have to click on ‘+’ sign which is on the right hand side of Input parameters section). In the Expert view of Action1 type: s1=parameter("in_a1_1") s2=parameter("in_a1_2") parameter("out_a1_1")=s1+s2 In the Expert view of Action2 type: (When you copy this below code in Expert view of Action2. qtp. right click on Action1 and choose Action Properties. you have to click on ‘+’ sign which is on the right hand side of Output parameters section). Open a new test. you have to click on ‘+’ sign which is on the right hand side of Output parameters section).com Bottom of Form QTP Action input output parameters Example 2 Action output value (value returned by a called action) can be stored in data table column. also create one output variable out_a1_1 with Type as Number (To create an output variable. Now we have Action1 and Action2 in this test. just click on Ok) .2. By default. just click on Ok) RunAction "Action1". var1 msgbox var1 To Run this test make sure Action2 is selected / highlighted if you are in the Keyword View or Action2 is selected from the dropdown above if you are in the Expert View and then choose Automation (Menu) -> Run Current action. Go to Insert (Menu) -> Call to New Action. it will have Action1. 2. same as above.In the Parameters tab. Create another input variable in_a1_2. Go to Parameters tab and create input variable in_a1_1 with Type as Number. it may give you a warning that it will make Action1 reusable. also create one output variable out_a1_1 with Type as Number (To create an output variable. In the Expert view of Action1 type: s1=parameter("in_a1_1") s2=parameter("in_a1_2") parameter("out_a1_1")=s1+s2 In the Expert view of Action2 type: (When you copy this below code in Expert view of Action2. (To create an input variable.

you have to click on ‘+’ sign which is on the right hand side of Output parameters section). B and so on. Environment tab. In the Expert view of Action2 type: (When you copy this below code in Expert view of Action2. Open a new test. It will open Change Parameter Name box. oneIteration. 2. same as above. Enter the parameter name as Action1_out and click Ok. In the Parameters tab. to add a new action at the end of the test. where you have column names as A. To Run this test make sure Action2 is selected / highlighted if you are in the Keyword View or Action2 is selected from the dropdown above if you are in the Expert View and then choose Automation(Menu) -> Run Current action.dtGlobalSheet) In the Global Data Sheet. also create one output variable out_a1_1 with Type as Number (To create an output variable.RunAction"Action1".blogspot. By default. Environment ("env_var") msgbox Environment ("env_var") . Go to Insert (Menu) -> Call to New Action. just click on Ok) RunAction "Action1". In the Expert view of Action1 type: s1=parameter("in_a1_1") s2=parameter("in_a1_2") parameter("out_a1_1")=s1+s2 Go to File-> Settings. 2. 2. In the Keyword View. right click on Action1 and choose Action Properties. ‘Add New Environment Parameter’ window opens. Rest everything be default. qtp.com Bottom of Form QTP Action input output parameters Example 3 Action output value (value returned by a called action) can be stored in environment variable. double click on A. 2. Enter the Name of the parameter as env_var and let the 'Value' field be empty and click on Ok. (To create an input variable. Now we have Action1 and Action2 in this test. DataTable("Action1_out". Go to Parameters tab and create input variable in_a1_1 with Type as Number. it may give you a warning that it will make Action1 reusable. you have to click on ‘+’ sign which is on the right hand side of Input parameters section). in the 'Variable type' dropdown choose User-defined. Create another input variable in_a1_2. oneIteration. it will have Action1. Click on the + sign which is on the right side.

To Run this test make sure Action2 is selected / highlighted if you are in the Keyword View or Action2 is selected from the dropdown above if you are in the Expert View and then choose Automation (Menu) -> Run Current action. In the Keyword View.blogspot. Go to Parameters tab and create output variable out_a1_1 with Type as Any. right click on Action1 and choose Action Call Properties.com Bottom of Form QTP Action input output parameters Example 4 Action output value (value returned by a called action) can be stored in Any variable and RunAction Statement is not used. always go to Action4 and then. Go to Parameters tab and create input variable in_a2_1 with Type as Any. . Go to Parameters tab and in the ‘Store In’ column enter var1. Automation (Menu) ->Run Current Action What these Actions will do: Action4 will call Action1 with two input values 2. qtp. In the Keyword View. Now we have Action1 and Action2 in this test. 4) along with another number (3) to Action2 by calling Action2 in its last line.com To Run this test. In the Keyword View. Action1 sums those values (2+2=4) and assigns the sum to out_a1_1 (Action1’s output parameter). In the expert view of Action1 type: Parameter("out_a1_1") = 23 In the expert view of Action2 type: msgbox Parameter(" in_a2_1") qtp. By default it will have Action1.blogspot. Go to Parameters tab and in the Value column enter var1. Go to Insert-> Call to New Action. right click on Action2 and choose Action Properties. right click on Action2 and choose Action Call Properties. 2. Open a new test. In the Keyword View. Then Action1 passes the sum (i. right click on Action1 and choose Action Properties. to add a new action at the end of the test.e.

parameter("out_a2_1"). Action Properties window opens and go to Parameters tab. [dir]. Add 1st input variable as in_a1_1 (in means input. when ‘Insert Call to New Action’ window opens. file: The name of the file you want to run.Action2 multiplies those two values (4. output variable out_a2_1) and Action3 (input variables in_a3_1 & in_a3_2. 3. object.Run is “one of the methods” of SystemUtil object. Open a new test. In the Keyword View right click on Action1 and choose Action properties. which is on the right hand side of input parameters. let all other things be default. a1 is for action1 and 1 is 1st variable) and keep its Type as Number. [op]. This adds Action2. [mode] The InvokeApplication method can open only executable files and is used primarily for backward compatibility InvokeApplication(Command . 5. 3 In the Expert view of Action2 type: parameter("out_a2_1")= parameter("in_a2_1") * parameter("in_a2_2") RunAction "Action3". Obviously Action1 will be there by default. where these passed on values are added and the result is shown in a message box. Go to Insert-> Call to New Action. Similarly add Action3 and Action4. oneIteration.5 In the Expert view of Action3 type: parameter("out_a3_1")= parameter("in_a3_1") + parameter("in_a3_2") msgbox parameter("out_a3_1") In the Expert view of Action4 type: RunAction "Action1". 3) it got from Action1 and passes on the result of multiplication (12) and another number (5) to Action3. oneIteration. output variable out_a3_1). In the Parameters tab. click on the +. 4.2 QTP SystemUtil Vs InvokeApplication SystemUtil is an object which is used to control applications and processes during a run session. 2. 1. oneIteration. 2. Similarly add input and output parameters for Action2 (input variables in_a2_1 & in_a2_2.Run file. In the Expert view of Action1 type: s1=parameter("in_a1_1") s2=parameter("in_a1_2") parameter("out_a1_1")=s1+s2 RunAction "Action2". just click on Ok. [params]. 6. Although there are other methods like CloseProcessByName etc. . parameter("out_a1_1").[StartIn]) command: The path and command line options of the application to invoke.Similarly add 2nd input variable in_a1_2 and one output variable out_a1_1 also a Number Type.

exe". Example please see QTP User Guide. the open operation is performed.google. dir The default directory of the application or file. This is especially useful if your test includes more than one application. InvokeApplication "C:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\IEXPLORE.EXE".txt". mode: Specifies how the application is displayed when it opens. InvokeApplication "\Program Files\Internet Explorer\IEXPLORE. "http://www. "Open". "1" wait(3) window("text:=foo .txt". . You can type the below line in a new test in QTP and Run it. (Make sure you have a file name foo. It should work fine. for complete list of modes. You can write the below code in a new test in QTP and run it.Notepad"). Example using Command argument The following example uses the InvokeApplication function to open Internet Explorer on my machine. "C:\".Run "iexplore. A SystemUtil. If this argument is blank ( ""). You can specify one of the modes in the table below. If the function fails to open the application. Default = 1 Activates and displays the window. op:: The action to be performed.params: If the specified file argument is an startIn:The working folder to which the executable file. Return Value Boolean. and you selected the Record and run test on any application check box in the Record and Run Settings dialog box." " . "".Run statement. Command path refers.Run statement is automatically added to your test when you run an application from the Start menu or the Run dialog box while recording a test.Run "C:\foo. Print etc.txt in C:\ drive) SystemUtil.Notepad").Run "foo. "" wait(3) window("text:=foo . "c:" Example using params: SystemUtil.EXE" There are 10 modes. False is returned. use the params argument to specify any parameters to be passed to the application. Example using all arguments except params: SystemUtil.com" This below example opens a text file foo which is saved in C:\ drive and waits for sometime and then closes it. Other actions can be Edit.Close You can run any application from a specified location using a SystemUtil. "".Close using both the arguments.

qtp. . 2.com Bottom of Form QTP Optional Step By default. In QTP click on Record in order to start recording. Make sure that a new blank test and a blank Internet Explorer window is open.If a Step in an optional dialog box does not open. To COMPLETE a Run session an optional step is not necessarily required.Click This is an Optional step icon A simple example for Optional Step: 1. a message is displayed for the step that failed to open the dialog box. 2. 5. Enter Username. 3. At the end of the Run session. For example: OptionalStep. 3.Browser("Browser").WinButton("Cancel"). QTP avoids that step and continues ahead during a Run session. then the Run fails with an error message. However if QTP does not find an Object from the optional step in the Object Repository. QuickTest Professional deems steps that open the following dialog boxes or message boxes as Optional Steps: Dialog Box / Message Box Title Bar AutoComplete File Download Internet Explorer Netscape Enter Network Password Error Security Alert Security Information Security Warning Username and Password Required 1. Here remember that the step does not cause the Run to fail. 4. Enter Password. You can also add an optional step in the Expert View by adding OptionalStep to the beginning of the VBScript statement.Dialog("AutoComplete"). Go to Start-> Programs-> QuickTest Professional->Sample Applications-> Flight.blogspot.

It has just one line of code: Msgbox "I am a reusable action" In the Keyword View. I created another test in QTP with the name "call twra". Click Stop to stop the test recording. Select Action window opens. Now make sure that "call twra" test is open and go to Insert ->Call to Existing Action. 8. Hit the enter key. . In the Action Properties dialog box that opens. Close the Internet explorer window also from the Cross button which is on the extreme top right. At present it also has just one line of code: Msgbox "I am going to call a reusable action in a test .twra" 3. check the ‘Reusable action’ checkbox in the General tab and click OK. 2. qtp. for better understanding “test with reusable action").g. it will not show any error message or fail. follow the below steps: Finally it looks like this Now before you run the test make sure Internet Explorer window is NOT open. But it shows you the warning in the test results. I created a test in QTP with the name "twra". it will just bypass the ‘browser closing’ step as we have marked it Optional and it will ignore any error for the optional step. When the Flight application is open go to File->Exit.com Bottom of Form QTP Relative Path For this example assume that all of the tests are stored in C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\Tests 1.blogspot. 7. The idea is when you run the above test without IE. Try to run the same test by just removing the ‘Optional Step’ tag from the above lines and see that it will fail and show you the Run Error. 9.. (E. right click on Action1 and choose Action Properties.6. In the Keyword view.

Now go to Tools -> Options and go to Folders tab. In our case we will add C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\Tests. . just close (Cancel) it. The paths that you specify here can be a full path or a relative path. because all the tests are stored in Tests folder.Here you have to click on “…” button or type the complete path (in ‘From test:’ dropdown) to select the test that contains the reusable action. Click on + to add a Path. The relative path is relative to the location of the test currently being edited. 4. Now without doing anything on Select Action window.

Now in the “From test:” dropdown just type the name of the test from where you want to call a reusable action (twra in our case) and it will list all of its reusable actions. Select Action window opens. Now again go to Insert ->Call to Existing Action.) as relative path.g.After entering the path click OK. QuickTest searches for the file in the folders listed in . path for Function Library or path for Object Repository etc. 5. [If you enter any path (e. then during the run session.

\twra in the “From test:” dropdown (No need of step 4 and 5 above) in order to access its reusable actions.the Folders pane of the Options dialog box. Path of current test (<current test>) is always there in search list (Tools -> Options -> Folders tab). since both “twra” and “Call twra” are stored under Tests. in the order in which the folders are listed..] Note: Use of relative path is possible anywhere in QuickTest Professional. This is because both the tests are located in C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\Tests and we are currently in C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\Tests\call twra. . [Just understand the below text very carefully:] We can also do the above steps like this: (Suppose “call twra” test is open) Above in the 3rd step when Select Action window opens. we can simply write . Above you saw just one way of doing things.

... so to find twra which is under C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\Tests\ we go one step back with .. Script on How to add any path in the Search List '(Tools -> Options -> Folders tab) through a script. Additionally you can add the below line in the "call twra" test to know which relative path it picked from the search list (Tools -> Options -> Folders tab). Msgbox (PathFinder. Locate is a method of PathFinder object which returns the full file path that QuickTest uses for the specified relative path based on the folders specified in the Folders tab search list (Tools -> Options -> Folders tab). PathFinder.Locate statement in your test to retrieve the complete path that QuickTest will use for a specified relative path based on the folders specified in the Folders tab.Locate ("twra")) See how much you have learned about QTP Relative & Absolute Path by answering these Multiple Choice Questions . So in all we type .Locate You can use a PathFinder.and our current path is C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\Tests\call twra. One more way to understand: (Still suppose we are in “call twra”) If on your system you go to C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\Tests\ and cut the folder twra from here and paste it under C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\ then in the above situation you have to go two folders back and type .\ and type twra.. .\twra) in ‘From test:’ dropdown in Select Action window.\.\ and then type twra (so in all we have to type .\.. PathFinder is an object which lets you to find file paths. since we are in test C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\Tests\call twra.\twra and it will find it.

'Insert Call to New Action' window opens. select 'Action Call Properties'. In the 'Generate New Random Number' area. oneIteration. 9. 4. Again Click ok to come out of 'Action Call Properties' window. Example 1: 1. select Action Properties. In the Numeric Range enter 0 against From and 100 against To. 11. just click ok. It will open 'Value Configuration Options' window.com Bottom of Form QTP Random Variables First example of Random Numbers: When you define parameters for an action you can set the parameter's value as Random numbers. In the 'Input Parameters' area click on the '+' sign and enter the Name of the input parameter as 'a'. Go to 'Parameters' Tab. RandomNumber("arg_a") Next 14. 7. Click on Name Checkbox and choose arg_a from the dropdown. 15. Click on 'Parameter' radio button. 10. Now Run the test. Go to Expert View of Action2 and type: For i=1 to 3 RunAction "Action1". Type as Number. Lets jump at the examples straightway. select first option-For each action iteration. click ok to insert a new action. Click ok. it will show you a message that it has made Action1 Reusable. Make a single click under 'Value' column in the 'Input Parameter's' area. select 'Random Number' from the dropdown. Now Go to Insert (Menu)-> Call to New Action. Go to 'Parameter Values' Tab. 8. In the keyword View right-click on Action1. 5. Go to Expert view of action1 and type: msgbox "action1" msgbox(parameter("a")) 13. Click Ok.action2. Open a new test.blogspot. 'Action Call Properties' window opens. Click on this button. 3. 2. and Default value as 1. There are many different ways in which you can use Random numbers in QTP. Again right-click on Action1 in the keyword View . 6. it will become a button '<#>'. . 12. 'Action Properties' window opens. When you copy the above text to Expert View of Action2.qtp.

and Default value as 1. select first option-For each action iteration.EndNumber]) EndNumber is optional above. 4. 5.(It would be better if you run it by activating the expert view. It will open 'Value Configuration Options' window. select 'Action Properties'. 10. Now in the Expert View of action1 type: x=RandomNumber("arg_a") msgbox(x) . In the 'Input Parameters' area click on the '+' sign and enter the Name of the input parameter as 'a'. In the Numeric Range enter 0 against From and 100 against To. Click on 'Parameter' radio button. Click Ok. 'Action Properties' window opens. Click on 'Name' Checkbox and choose arg_a from the dropdown. 3. RandomNumber(ParameterNameOrStartNumber [. Open a new test. a different value at each test run. Click ok. Make a single click under 'Value' column in the 'Input Parameter's' area. select 'Random Number' from the dropdown. 11. 8. In the 'Generate New Random Number' area.) RandomNumber is an Object. Again right-click on Action1 in the keyword View . Type as Number. In the keyword View right-click on Action1. select 'Action Call Properties'. 1. You will see that it shows a different value in each msgbox() because we selected 'For each action iteration' from the 'Generate new random number' area.e. 9. 'Action Call Properties' window opens. 2. 6. Again Click ok to come out of 'Action Call Properties' window. then it will show you which step it is currently running by pointing to that particular step with yellow color arrow and then you will be able to understand it in a better way. If we select the second option 'For each test iteration' then a message box will show same values. Go to 'Parameters' Tab. Go to 'Parameter Values' Tab. 7. 100) msgbox(var1) Next Third example of Random Numbers: (This is more or less same as the first one) One more way is to define a Random Number parameter in the 'Parameter Options' or 'Value Configuration Options' dialog box. Click on this button. but different values if you run it next time i. Second example of Random Numbers: Here is another way of generating random numbers: Open a new test and in the Expert view write these lines and run the test: For i=1 to 5 var1=RandomNumber (0. it will become a button '<#>'.

MsgBox var1 next Let's talk about Randomize and Rnd for some time: Randomize [number] We use a number with Randomize to initialize the Rnd function's random-number generator. MsgBox var1 next But if you omitt randomize(2) from the above code and instead put only randomize then at each run it generates different values.lowerbound + 1) * Rnd + lowerbound) likewise Int((6 * Rnd) + 1) ' Generate random value between 1 and 6. giving it a new seed value. MsgBox var1 next Some light on Rnd: The following formula is used to produce a random number in a given range: Int((upperbound . And Run the Test. Rnd(number)If the number is Less than zero (< 0) then Rnd generates 'The same number' every time. the Rnd function (with no arguments) uses the same number as a seed the first time it is called. For i= 1 to 3 x=rnd(-1) msgbox(x) Next . the value returned by the system timer is used as the new seed value. using number as the seed.12. In simple terms Rnd is a function and Randomize is used to initialize this function. If the number is omitted. If Randomize is not used. For i= 1 to 3 randomize var1 = Int((6 * Rnd) + 1) ' Generate random value between 1 and 6. Fourth example of Random Numbers: Another VBScript method of generating a random number: For i= 1 to 3 var1 = int((101*rnd)+0) ' Generate random value between 0 and 100. No matter how many times you Run the below code it generates the same values: For i= 1 to 3 randomize(2) var1 = Int((6 * Rnd) + 1) ' Generate random value between 1 and 6. The Rnd function returns a value less than 1 but greater than or equal to 0.

pwd = "sachin" e_pwd = Crypt.Encrypt(pwd) msgbox e_pwd Example 2 of Crypt Object Type the below text in a new test in QTP and run it. Crypt object has an Encrypt method which takes string (string to encrypt) as its parameter.If the number is Greater than zero(> 0) then Rnd generates 'The next random' number in the sequence. pas = "Sachin" MsgBox Crypt_Pass(pas) . QTP Crypt Object Crypt Object is used to encrypt strings. You can also write the function (Crypt_Pass) in library and call it from a QTP test. the same number sequence is generated because each successive call to the Rnd function uses the previous number as a seed for the next number in the sequence. For i= 1 to 3 x=rnd(0) msgbox(x) Next If the number is Not supplied then Rnd generates 'The next random number in the sequence.' For i= 1 to 3 x=rnd() msgbox(x) Next Remember: For any given initial seed. Example 1 of Crypt Object Type the below text in a new test in QTP and run it. For i= 1 to 3 x=rnd(1) msgbox(x) Next If the number is Equal to zero (=0)then Rnd generates 'The most recently generated' number. Before calling Rnd. use the Randomize statement without an argument to initialize the randomnumber generator with a seed based on the system timer.

vbs" under c:\ and ran it from command prompt by typing just "a" and pressing enter.Set "mercury" Dialog("text:=Login"). For example I saved it as "a.Encrypt(epas) End Function Example 3 of Crypt Object Use Encrypt outside of QTP in VBScript.Function Crypt_Pass(epas) Crypt_Pass = Crypt. I am entering the encrypted password (in e_pwd) in "Agent Name" field of the Login dialog box which shows up when you open the Flight Application."open" Dialog("text:=Login"). Write the below 3 lines in a notepad and save it with .vbs extension and run it from command prompt.Run "C:\Program Files\HP\QuickTest Professional\samples\flight\app\flight4a. Set a=CreateObject("Mercury.Encrypter") Msgbox a.WinEdit("attached text:=Agent Name:").WinEdit("attached text:=Password:"). Entering the encrypted text in a non-secured edit box lets you know the original text. For example type the below lines in a new test in QTP and run them.Type micReturn Source .SetSecure e_pwd Dialog("text:=Login").Type micTab Dialog("text:=Login").""."C:\Program Files\HP\QuickTest Professional\samples\flight\app\".encrypt ("Sachin") Set a=Nothing Source Example 4 of Crypt Object There is one trick by which you can know the encrypted password.exe".Encrypt(pwd) SystemUtil.WinEdit("attached text:=Password:").WinEdit("attached text:=Agent Name:"). pwd = "sachin" e_pwd = Crypt.

qtp. [It is advisable not to give user-defined functions same name as built-in functions (refer to the Built-in functions list in the Step Generator (Insert > Step Generator. 2. Time and resources can be saved by implementing and using user-defined reusable functions. User-defined functions can be registered as a method for a QTP test object. in theStep Generator dialog box choose Built-in functions from Library Combo box. Functions in an associated function library are accessible: . read and design.blogspot. Advantages of Function Library (functions) 1. easier to maintain. 3. A user-defined function can then be called from within an action. User-defined functions can be stored in a function library or within an action in the test. User-defined functions will make your tests look shorter.com Bottom of Form Function Library Function Libraries in QTP If you have repeatable steps in a test or an action then consider using a user-defined function. it will show all of the Built-in functions in Operation Combo box))] If the function is stored in a function library then we have to associate that function library to a test so that the test can call all the public functions listed in that library.

If you want to use Option Explicit statement in Function Library. Example 1 . you must include it in all the function libraries associated with the test otherwise QuickTest ignores all the Option Explicit statements in all function libraries. (Resources->Associated Function Libraries.Example of registering a function to a test object by creating a new operation Example 4 . A Private function can also be created in a function library and this private function can only be called from within the function library itself in which it is defined. or c) Can be entered manually in the Expert View. Add content to it (your function). Many different function libraries can be opened simultaneously as each opens in its own separate window and you can work on them separately. If we use options like Run from step or Debug from step. You are ready to go. For function to appear in the test results tree. 3. It is easy to create a function library: 1. If a test is open you can view all the function libraries associated with it. you must add a Reporter.ReportEvent statement to the function code.Example of overriding a copy operation of a WinEdit Class objects Some important points regarding Function Libraries. When we register a function.Simple example of a Function Library and test Example 2 .a) From Step Generator (for tests and function libraries). Steps using user-defined functions are not displayed in the test results tree of the Test Results window by default. . 2. If a function library that is referenced by a test is modified by you or any other user using an external editor. the changes will take effect only after the test is reopened. to begin running a test from a point after method registration was performed in a test step (and not in a function library). it applies to an entire test object class and it's not possible to register a method for a specific test object. b) From the Operation column in the Keyword View. Functions can be created manually or by using Function Definition Generator. QTP does not recognize the method registration because it occurred earlier to the beginning of the current run session and this all is due to the reason that QTP clears all method registrations at the beginning of each run session.Example using private and public functions in function library Example 3 . Associate it with a test (File-> Associate Library with Test). Functions directly stored in an action in a test can be called from within that action only making them private from the outside world. Open a new function library (File->New->Function library).) You can save function library either from File->Save or right click on function library tab on the top of function library and choose save.

"Set". it is strongly recommended to unregister the method at the end of the action (and then re-register it at the beginning of the next action if necessary). so that tests calling your action will not be affected by the method registration. 4.blogspot. We can re-register the same method with different user-defined functions without first unregistering the method. If there are two associated function libraries that define the same variable in the global scope using a Dim statement or define two constants with the same name. 8. Go to File->New->Test. "MySet" RegisterUserFunc "WebEdit". In Additional Information area. and returns to the original QuickTest Set functionality. "Set". QTP will always call the last function because QuickTest searches the test script for the function prior to searching the function libraries. Let the ‘Documentation’ be empty. If you need to use more than one variable with the same name in the global scope. Click on Ok to close that Function Definition Generator window. qtp. the second definition causes a syntax error. 2. Include a Dim statement only in the last function library (since function libraries are loaded in the reverse order).com Bottom of Form Function Library Example 1 QTP Function Library . Now we have to write the function body (where it says TODO:) . RegisterUserFunc "WebEdit".) 3. 7. In the Arguments area click on ‘+’ and type the name of first argument as ‘var1’ and again click on ‘+’ and type the name of second argument as ‘var2’ and let the Pass Mode be the default which is ‘By Value’. and not to the functionality defined in the MySet function. "MySet2" UnRegisterUserFunc "WebEdit". Most important of all: If you register a method within a reusable action. type the name of the function as my_sum. 6. Open a new test. if more than one function with the same name exists in the test script or function library. "Set" After running the UnRegisterUserFunc statement.Always make sure that each function has a unique name. Now it will add the function to your already open Library. enter the Description as ‘addition function’. When it is unregistered it is reset to its original QTP functionality e. Go to File->New->Function library.g.Example 1 1. the Set method stops using the functionality defined in the MySet2 function. 5. (Now both new test and function library are open at the same time and we are in function library. In the Function Definition Generator window. Open a new function library. Go to Insert->Function Definition Generator.

Finally it will look like: '@Description addition function Public Function my_sum(var1. Private Function my_name_tell(name2) msgbox "Hello " & name2 End Function Public Function my_name(name1) msgbox(name1) my_name_tell(name1) End Function 4.e. Go to File->New->Test. One of the functions is public which we will access from the test.com Bottom of Form Function Library Example 3 .vbs or . one from the public function and second from the private function.com Bottom of Form Function Library Example 2 QTP Function Library . Associate it.blogspot.9.txt) 11. var2) sum=var1+var2 msgbox sum End Function 10. qtp. 1. Go to File->New->Function library. Save the function library. Open a new test. When you run it.Example 2 Another example which uses both public and private functions in the function library. In expert view of Associated test type: my_sum 1. it can be accessed from within the function library itself and cannot be accessed from outside of this function library. 3. Associate the function library with the test which is open. One of the functions is private i. (File-> Associate Library with Test) 12. Write the below two functions in the function library. In the expert view of the test type: my_name("sachin") 7. (Save it by giving any name and extension either . 5. 2 qtp.blogspot. Save it. it will show two message boxes. Open a new function library. 2.qfl (by default) or .

Make sure that we are in Function Library.WinEdit("Attached text:=Name:". var1) ' TODO: add function body here msgbox var1 End Function RegisterUserFunc "WinEdit". just type a new value 'New_operation_1' In the ‘Additional information’ area.e. So the final line of code in the Expert View now looks like: . Once it is saved. It copies the whole code it generated in the Preview area to the open library."function_1" Save the function library. Check the 'Register to a test object' checkbox. Click on '+' in the ‘Arguments’ area and type 'var1' under Name to create a new variable and let the Pass Mode be default i. go to File->'Associate Library with Test' to associate this function library with the already open test. Let Type and Scope be the default i. "New_operation_1". Click Ok. ‘Function’ and ‘Public’ respectively. Go to Insert-> Function Definition Generator. just select New_operation_1 from there.QTP Function Library . After it is copied to the already open library just complete the function body. From Test Object dropdown select 'WinEdit' and in the Operation dropdown instead of selecting one of the values it already shows there. type 'my first operation on WinEdit' in Description text box. Finally it looks like this: '@Description my first operation on WinEdit Public Function function_1(test_object. Type the name of the function in the 'Function definition' area (I entered function_1). as soon as you press . "height:=20").Example 3 Registering a Function to a test object by creating a new operation Open a new test. After it is associated go the ‘Expert View’ of the test already open and type: Window("title:=Filght Reservation"). the list of operations which WinEdit supports are displayed by default (also called IntelliSense). Open a Function Library. (dot). 'By Value'. After selecting New_operation_1 just supply one argument to it because while creating the function we provided one argument called var1.e.

it will show you New_operation_1 under the Operation column. Now QTP will not display New_operation_1unless otherwise you associate the library we created earlier to this new test.WinEdit("Attached text:=Name:"."Copy" . go to the row which has 'Name' under item. "height:=20"). In the ‘Flight Reservation’ window. In a new library file type: Sub Copy (edit) Edit. qtp. Now go to the ‘Keyword View’. It does nothing for the WinEdit object or anything special.blogspot. In this ‘Keyword View’.Example 4 Below is an example that creates a new copy method for winedit object which copies the data from the text field to clipboard and then shows that data (which is copied to the clipboard) in a message box. "height:=20"). Now insert another new action in this test.Type micCtrlDwn + "c" + micCtrlUp End Sub RegisterUserFunc "WinEdit".New_operation_1"merry" [You can open Flight Reservation window for this test.com Bottom of Form Function Library Example 4 QTP Function Library . but it is not necessary] Just Run the test.Click Edit. This New_operation_1 will be there for every object of class WinEdit. (Insert->Call to New Action) Make sure ‘Flight Reservation’ window is open. Click on Record. This is just a simple example to show how it works. It just displays a message box with the value which we have supplied to it at the time of writing the code. It is displayed as an operation in the Keyword View Operation list when that test object is selected from the Item list. If in this same test you go to ‘Keyword View’. in the Name text box enter any name. But if we do the below steps it surely will show: We will record a simple step in a new action.SetSelection 0.WinEdit("Attached text:=Name:". Len(Edit. Now if you open any new test and again type Window("title:=Filght Reservation"). Stop recording. "Copy".GetROProperty("text")) Edit.Window("title:=Filght Reservation"). Make a single click under Operation column in that row (click where it shows Set) it will show a dropdown and you will be able to see New_operation_1 in that dropdown. But here we are not using any Object repository (we are using Descriptive Programming) so we cannot select any object from the Item list as the Object Repository is empty.

Open a new test and type: Dialog("text:=Login").winedit("attached text:=Agent Name:").clipboarddata. you can call the functions in the file only from the current action. In this login window type "sachin" in the Agent Name text field and run the test. 1. 2. and you cannot debug a file that is called using an ExecuteFile statement). It will show the value of a as 5 in message box. .When you run an ExecuteFile statement within an action.Copy Set objhtml=Createobject("htmlfile") a=objhtml. Now open a new test in QTP and write few lines as below and run the test. Make sure 'Login' window is open (Start-> All Programs -> QuickTest Professional -> Sample Applications ->Flight). Resources pane of Test Settings (File->Settings) dialog (has advantages like files are in global scope –all the actions in a test can use those. Another way (obviously it uses the first one in some way). qtp. Create a new . I saved it under c:\ as add. ExecuteFile (Local scope . "Copy" Associate the library with the test as we did earlier.blogspot.getdata("text") msgbox a unRegisterUserFunc "WinEdit".com Bottom of Form ExecuteFile ExecuteFile There are two ways (usually) to associate the library file to a test. We will start with a very simple example and go on to elaborate more on ExecuteFile. 3. can be debugged).vbs.vbs script as shown below.parentwindow.

one more variable z is added.e. when debugging a test that contains an ExecuteFile statement. When you run an ExecuteFile statement within an action. ExecuteFile . ExecuteFile . You cannot debug a file that is called using an ExecuteFile statement.the absolute or relative path of the file to execute. Now what do you think it will show (for z) when the test is run. i. In addition to the functions available in the associated function libraries. you can call the functions in the file only from the current action. the execution marker may not be correctly displayed.Above we are using ExecuteFile function to include the add. To make the functions in a VBScript file available to your entire test. You can also insert ExecuteFile statements within an associated function library. or any of the functions contained in the file. . When you run your test. add the file name to the associated function libraries list in the Resources pane of the Test Settings dialog box. you can also call a function contained in any function library (or VBscript file) directly from any action using the ExecuteFile function.vbs file we created earlier.vbs and QTP test are like as shown below. The ExecuteFile statement utilizes the VBScript ExecuteGlobal statement. In addition. the ExecuteFile statement executes all global code in the function library making all definitions in the file available from the global scope of the action's script.Important points from QTP Guide. After including that file we are calling the function from that file and showing its return value in a message box.Try this Now my add. The syntax of ExecuteFile: ExecuteFile File Where File is a string .

com Bottom of Form .blogspot. And guess what will it show now for the msgbox z if the add.vbs and QTP test are as below: qtp.On running this QTP test it will show 7 for msgbox z.

which sets the Business radio button as shown below.WinButton("OK"). 5.QTP GetTOProperty. 3. I will show very easy to understand example of GetTOProperty. 10. Enter Date of Flight.WinRadioButton("Business"). GetROProperty retrieves the current property value of the object in the application during the test run.Type "120908" Window("Flight Reservation").WinObject("Date of Flight:"). Just record a simple test on Flight Reservation application. Select value from "Fly To" dropdown. except one. GetTOProperties on a radio button object. . 8. GetTOProperty retrieves the values of only those properties that are included in the test object description in Object Repository by QTP. GetTOProperties GetTOProperties Returns properties and values which QTP has recorded and will use to identify an object at run time. 7. Flights Table window opens.WinComboBox("Fly To:").Set We did all the above steps just to enable the radio buttons in the Class area. Below is the Expert View script of above steps: Window("Flight Reservation"). Go to Start->All Programs->QuickTest Professional->Sample Applications->Flight 2. From Class area select Business radio button.WinButton("FLIGHT").Set "sach" Window("Flight Reservation"). 11.Select "Frankfurt" Window("Flight Reservation"). button. 1. Click stop in order to stop recording and Save the test. Click Ok 9. Click on Record in QTP to record a new test. Flight Reservation window opens. Enter Name.Click Window("Flight Reservation"). From the above script which QTP recorded in Expert View. Click Flights.WinComboBox("Fly From:"). 4. GetROProperty.. GetTOProperty It will Return the value of a particular property for a test object which QTP recorded to identify an object during Run time. GetROProperty. 6. The value is taken from the Object Repository. GetROProperty It will Return the current value (run time value) of the test object property from the object in the application. delete all the lines. Select value from "Fly From" dropdown.Dialog("Flights Table").Click Window("Flight Reservation").Select "Denver" Window("Flight Reservation").WinEdit("Name:")..

Count For i = 0 To count_of_prop .1 Prop_Name = a(i). Object Repository window opens.GetROProperty("checked") msgbox a Select Economy radio button and then run the above code again to see a different value. In the same test delete or comment all of the above code (GetTOProperties) and write the below code for GetROProperty and run the test.Name Prop_Value = a(i).WinRadioButton("Business"). set a=Window("Flight Reservation").WinRadioButton("Business"). .Window("Flight Reservation").WinRadioButton("Business").Set Go to Resources (menu)->Object Repository. GetROProperty a=Window("Flight Reservation"). For GetROProperty & GetTOProperty you have to specify the property whose value you want to retrieve.GetTOProperties count_of_prop = a.Value MsgBox Prop_Name & " = " & Prop_Value Next This above code which uses GetTOProperties shows all the properties of Business radio button which QTP recorded in order to identify it. Now to view all these properties through a script (and use them later somewhere)use GetTOProperties as below: GetTOProperties Convert the remaining one line in the Expert view like this below and add a For Loop. Click on Business radio button as shown below It will show all the properties which QTP recorded for Business radio button.

. I added the following lines afterward. Object Repository shows that the text property of button named "7" has a value of 7. I started Recording in QTP. then button (+). It recorded the first six lines of the script as seen below. and do not affect the values stored in the test object repository. then button (3) and finally button (=). Finally I closed the Calculator. any changes you make using the SetTOProperty method apply only during the course of the run session.WinRadioButton("Business"). GetTOProperty You can view the value for only those properties which QTP recorded for a particular object.GetTOProperty("nativeclass") msgbox a a=Window("Flight Reservation"). Because QuickTest refers to the temporary version of the test object during the run session. I clicked on button (7).WinRadioButton("Business").blogspot. a=Window("Flight Reservation").com Bottom of Form QTP SetTOProperty QTP SetTOProperty The SetTOProperty method enables you to modify a property value that QuickTest uses to identify an object. The Object Repository window is read-only during record and run sessions.SetTOProperty Property. Syntax of SetTOProperty method Object(description).GetTOProperty("text") msgbox a qtp. Value Example 1 of SetTOProperty I opened a new test in QTP and opened Calculator (Start -> All Programs -> Accessories>Calculator).Again in the same test delete or comment all of the above code (GetROProperty) and write the below code for GetTOProperty and run the test.

Click Window("Calculator"). x=Window("Calculator").WinButton("7"). "seven" below statement retrieves a value of the text property of a button named "7" using GetTOProperty from memory.Close below statement retrieves a value of the text property of a button named "7" using GetTOProperty from memory.SetTOProperty "text". Window("Calculator").html . I saved it as a.Click Window("Calculator").WinButton("=").Click Window("Calculator").'QuickTest refers to the temporary version of the test object during the run session. x=Window("Calculator"). Write the below text in the Notepad and save it as .WinButton("7").GetTOProperty("text") msgbox x After running the above statements the Object Repository will still be the same as it was before running the above statements.html file.Click Window("Calculator"). (See screenshot above) Example 2 of SetTOProperty Open a new Notepad.Activate Window("Calculator").WinButton("7").GetTOProperty("text") msgbox x the following statement would set the button's (named "7") text property value to seven (remember temporarily) Window("Calculator").WinButton("3").WinButton("+").WinButton("7").

It will record the below line of code: Browser("Browser"). Stop Recording.Link("Link 1").html) is open in IE and QTP is open.Click So for this test.When you open the file in IE it will look like as shown below: Make sure that this above file (a. Click on Record. Object Repository contains information only for Link 1 as can be seen below: .Page("Page"). While recording click on Link 1.

Link("Link 1").Click Browser("Browser").com Bottom of Form Descriptive Programming in QTP .Back Browser("Browser").SetTOProperty "text".blogspot.Page("Page"). it will show error: Browser("Browser"). [Object Repository does not contain information on Link 2] Now if you write the below line in this test. removing the above line (which clicks link 1) and run.Link("Link 2").Click qtp.Page("Page").Link("Link 1"). "Link 2" Browser("Browser"). it will click on Link 2 although Link 2 is not in Object Repository.Click But if you use SetTOProperty as below.Link("Link 1").Page("Page").And now if we run this test it will click only Link 1. Browser("Browser").Page("Page").

Click window("Title:=Flight Reservation"). First let’s take a look at Static: This below example uses Descriptive Programming to open Flight Application and does not use object repository at all.Run "C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\samples\flight\app\flight4b. suppose there are 8 check boxes on a web page with names as chk_1.g. We can also instruct QTP to perform methods on objects without referring to the Object Repository. You don't know how many check boxes will be there based on the geographical information you provided.WinEdit("AttachedText:=Agent Name:"). Only after the object is found in the Object Repository.Whenever you record on any object using QTP. So in this case. SystemUtil. Descriptive programming can be done in two ways: Static: We provide the set of properties and values. If you are dynamically creating test objects during the run session then also Descriptive Programming goes a long way to help you. you can use a Descriptive programming to instruct QTP to perform a Set "ON" method for all objects that fit the description: HTML TAG = input. based on the geographical information you provided and then after the email addresses are provided as checkboxes you have to send a rebate letter to them. you will better understand it as you read more. With the help of Descriptive Programming you can Set these check boxes ON or OFF according to your application needs. and flexibility. [ I have given Example 1a's recorded version (which uses Object Repository)in Example 1b just for your comparison of the two so that you can better understand both ] Example 1a: uses DP We can describe the object directly by specifying property: =value pairs. QTP adds the test object to the Object Repository. TYPE = check box. While running a test.winbutton("Text:=OK"). directly. who brought iPhone from you.exe" window("Title:=Login"). So it’s not a good idea to put these in an Object Repository.WinEdit("AttachedText:=Password:"). We will see examples of both static and dynamic type of descriptive programming in QTP. Dynamic: We have to add a collection of properties and values to a description object and then provide the statement with the description object's name. QTP can perform methods on those objects. Descriptive Programming is also useful to perform the same operation on several objects with certain matching properties e.close Examle 1b: uses OR . chk_2 and so on. For this time just read the script and move on. So one of the other advantages is you can copy this script and Run this from any other machine (other than on which it was created) and it is supposed to work fine. Static is easier but Dynamic provides more power. Suppose in a web site you have to generate a list of all the customer's email addresses. This implies that descriptive programming is very helpful if you want to perform an operation on an object that is not stored in Object Repository. This is possible with the help of Programmatic descriptions or descriptive programming. efficiency.Set "sachin" window("Title:=Login"). QTP finds the object in the Object Repository and uses the stored test object’s description to identify the object in your application/website. that describe the object.Set "mercury" window("Title:=Login").

close Or We can use 'With & End With' Statement like below: SystemUtil.exe" With window("Title:=Login") .Click Window("Flight Reservation").WinEdit("Agent Name:").Set "sachin" Dialog("Login").winbutton("Text:=OK").WinEdit("AttachedText:=Agent Name:").Exit" Note: When using programmatic descriptions from a specific point within a test object hierarchy. Page. WebEdit("Author").WebEdit("Name:=Author". For example.Set "mercury" .SystemUtil. However.WinEdit("AttachedText:=Password:").exe". QTP cannot identify the object. since it uses programmatic descriptions from a certain point in the description (starting from the Page object description): Browser("Mercury Tours").Type micTab Dialog("Login"). You can also use the statement below.g.winbutton("Text:=OK").Click End with window("Title:=Flight Reservation").Page("Title:=Mercury Tours").Set "Sachin" Above line uses Object Repository for Browser object and Descriptive Programming for Page and WebEdit. window("Title:=Login") is being used several times so we do this: Set var = window("Title:=Login") SystemUtil. "Index:=3").Set "Sachin" Above line uses Descriptive Programming for all objects like Browser.WinEdit("AttachedText:=Password:"). you cannot use the following statement. "Index:=3"). since it uses programmatic descriptions for the Browser and Page objects but then attempts to use an object repository name for the WebEdit test object: Browser("Title:=Mercury Tours").WinButton("OK").exe" var.Run "C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\samples\flight\app\flight4a.WebEdit("Name:=Author". but cannot locate it in the repository because the parent objects were specified using programmatic descriptions.close Now let’s take a look at the dynamic type: .Set "mercury" var."C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\samples\flight\app\". in the above Example 1a script. you can use the following statement since it uses programmatic descriptions throughout the entire test object hierarchy: Browser("Title:=Mercury Tours").Select "File."open" Dialog("Login").Click window("Title:=Flight Reservation"). you must continue to use programmatic descriptions from that point onwards within the same statement. If you specify a test object by its object repository name after other objects in the hierarchy have been specified using programmatic descriptions. If the same programmatic description is being used several times then we can assign the object to a variable: E."".Run "C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\samples\flight\app\flight4b.WinEdit("Password:").WinEdit("Agent Name:").WinEdit("AttachedText:=Agent Name:").Run "C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\samples\flight\app\flight4b.Set "Sachin" QTP tries to locate the WebEdit object based on its name. WebEdit.Page("Title:=Mercury Tours").WinMenu("Menu").Set "sachin" .SetSecure "476a9c021bc5a7422cf5a84ad08503823abcbaae" Dialog("Login").Page("Title:=Mercury Tours").Set "sachin" var.

Then only in place of an object name. Lets take a complete example of this: [these extra values (height & width) are not important in our example. Creating checkpoints programmatically: .exe" window("Title:=Login"). Set myvar= description.Understand it like this – A Property Object is a property name and value. Our example can run without height and width properties.value=20 myvar("width").winbutton("Text:=OK").Open Order. This is just an example.winbutton("Text:=OK"). can be specified in a statement.WinEdit("AttachedText:=Agent Name:". edit.Set "sachin" window("Title:=Login").ChildObjects(mydescription) a=Checkboxes."height:=20". Set Myvar = Description.value=119 SystemUtil.WinEdit("AttachedText:=Password:").Click window("Title:=Flight Reservation").Set "sachin" window("Title:=Login").Create() myvar("AttachedText").Programs. We use Description object to return a Properties collection object containing a set of Property Objects.Set "mercury" window("Title:=Login").value="WinCheckBox" Set Checkboxes = window("text:=FLight Reservation"). Set mydescription=Description. In this Flight reservation window go to File. I will straightway show you an example of how to do this: Make sure that Flight Reservation window is open (Start.Create. In short we first of all need to create a description and then use a particular syntax to retrieve all child objects that match that description and manipulate them according to our own wish.Click window("Title:=Flight Reservation").Flight). statements to add.QuickTest ProfessionalSample Applications. in real life you can use this count in some kind of loop.Create" statement is used.In the below script childobjects method is being applied to dialog object and childobjects method uses mydescription property object we created.exe" window("Title:=Login"). For creating Properties collection "Description.value="Agent Name:" myvar("height").Create() mydescription("Class Name").WinEdit(myvar ).Create() Once Property Object (Myvar) is created. remove and retrieve properties and values to or from properties objects can be entered during the run time.close Retrieving child objects in Descriptive Programming: There is a ChildObjects method which can be used to get all objects located within a specific parent object or only those that match some criteria for programmatic description.close Now modifying the above script using Description.Run "C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\samples\flight\app\flight4b."width:=119" ).Set "mercury" window("Title:=Login").Run "C:\Program Files\Mercury Interactive\QuickTest Professional\samples\flight\app\flight4b. We will use this childobjects method to count the checkboxes in this 'Open Order' dialogbox. I have just added those in order to make you understand this] SystemUtil. returned properties collection.dialog("text:=Open Order").WinEdit("AttachedText:=Password:").count msgbox(a) Just try to understand the above code.

. In the above line if you do Index:=0 then “hello” will be written in the “User Name” text box.GetROProperty("enabled") msgbox (a) If a = True Then msgbox ("button is enable") else msgbox ("button is disable") End If In the above script GetROProperty method is being applied to 'Flight.demoaut. you can use the Report. Descriptive programming checks are helpful for the object whose properties you want to check but the object is not stored in Object Repository. QTP will search for the third object on the page (it can be any.webelement("name:=password".com/) and write the following line in the expert view of new test: browser("title:=Welcome: Mercury Tours"). QTP also.' button to check the 'enable' property of the button. If you use Index:=1 with WebEdit test object.winbutton("Text:=FLIGHT").. The value starts with 0."index:=2").demoaut.Set "hello" This will write “hello” in the “Password” text box.) As an example. regardless of type) because WebElement object is general object that applies to all objects. I have used a message box to show whether it is enable or disable.ReportEvent Statement to send the results to the result window of QTP. just open the website (http://newtours. [you can see an object's properties and methods from QTP help. I will show a small example here which checks if the "Flights.Click It will just click the “Password” text box which just highlights that text box and places the mouse cursor in that box. Index property values are specific to an object and also the value is based on the order in which the object appears in the source code.com/) and make sure the cursor is in the “User Name” text box and write the following line in the Expert View of new test: browser("title:=Welcome: Mercury Tours"). DP is also useful in case of programming WebElement objects (A WebElement is a general web object which can represent any web object. just open the website (http://newtours. As an example.WebEdit("Index:=1"). On the other hand if you use Index:=2 to describe a WebElement object.page("title:=Welcome: Mercury Tours"). For all the methods and properties of WebElement object please refer QTP User Guide. can assign a value to test object’s index property to uniquely identify it. For the below script make sure that Flight reservation window is open: a=window("Title:=Flight Reservation"). Index property Index property is useful to identify a test object uniquely. while learning an object.Run-time value of a specified object property can be compared with expected value of that property by using programmatic description. Definitely there are other ways also to get these].page("title:=Welcome: Mercury Tours").. QTP will search for the second WebEdit object on a web page." button in Flight Reservation window is enable or disable.

CloseProcessByName("Notepad.exe" wait(3) SystemUtil. Instead of closing the Notepad with CloseProcessByName method.Run "C:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\iexplore.html extension.exe") This example uses Run and CloseProcessByName methods to open and close the application (Notepad).blogspot.com Bottom of Form How we can parameterize Descriptive Programming statements? Open a new blank Notepad and type <title>Hello World1</title> And save it with .Notepad").Create() myBrowser("opentitle"). (I saved it as First. Open a new blank test in QTP and type the following code: Set myBrowser = Description.Value("A") Browser(myBrowser). Open another new blank notepad and type <title>Hello World2</title> And save it with .g.Close For opening the application we can use complete paths also e.html extension. we can use the below line also which is mostly used. qtp.Last but not the least SystemUtil object SystemUtil object allows you to open and close application by writing its code manually in the Expert view of QTP. Below example shows how to open or close a Notepad using code: systemutil.Value = "Hello " & DataTable. (I saved it as Second. .Run "Notepad.html under c:\) 2. Also enter World1 and World2 in Cell A1 and A2 in Global Sheet.html under c:\) 3.close 4. systemutil.exe" This opens an Internet explorer. window("title:=Untitled .

Below you can find some of the differences between object repository and descriptive programming.com Bottom of Form QTP Object Repository Vs Descriptive Programming There is no specific answer as to which of the two (object repository or descriptive programming) is better. So we have used data table in this example to parameterize the values. qtp. 6.blogspot. Running the test will close both the browsers. Above is a very small example that shows how we can data-drive a property value since the browsers have opentitle property values as “Hello World1” and “Hello World2” respectively. Highlighting an Object in Your Application etc are couple of features you can’t just resist and of course there are many more). there can be many more) . Make sure that both First and Second are visible and run the test.html in order to open them in Internet Explorer. There are certain situations when using descriptive programming has its own benefits (with descriptive programming along with other features you also get code portability) while in some other typical situations object repository works like a charm (No need to adjust the script when an object properties change. (Differences between object repository and descriptive programming are not limited to what is shown below.html and Second. Double click on First.5.

If the mandatory and assistive properties do not uniquely identify an object.com Bottom of Form QTP Descriptive Programming Questions Can Descriptive Programming be used with Smart Identification? Smart Identification works with the help of Object Repository. So the Smart Identification mechanism is not used with Descriptive Programming or Programmatic Description. QTP can also use Smart Identification (if enabled). qtp. Let us take a small example.Select ("<item 1="">. although you can use object spy to get help in selecting set of property/value pairs. time and again can be time consuming... You can write the below example in a new test in QTP and make sure either a new Notepad or a WordPad window is open and run the test..<item 2="">") Or . Finding a set of automatically (manual creation is also possible) properties to distinctively identify the object as and when you record on the application. Descriptive programming statements need to be Object repository in QTP is created put into operation manually.[Pp]ad" Window(myobj). This below example clicks on File ->Open.Value = ". In case of Descriptive Programming we bypass the Object Repository. How to use regular expressions with descriptive programming? Regular expressions can be used with descriptive programming. It uses regular expression in the second line where value of regexpwndtitle in case of Notepad is Notepad and in case of WordPad is WordPad. menu of either a new blank Notepad or WordPad which ever is open.Object Repository With object repository QTP automatically resolves which properties and values are required to uniquely identify an object. QTP uses an ordinal identifier. Object repository is considered relatively faster It is considered relatively slower to create and if you take into account the performance for performance wise also in case of large large applications. Descriptive Programming With descriptive programming set of property/value pairs are created by you and all are mandatory. QTP starts with predefined mandatory and assistive properties in that order.Create() myobj("regexpwndtitle").WinMenu("menuobjtype:= 2"). applications. So I have used regular expression for this where first four dots (. Set myobj = Description.blogspot.) correspond to any four characters and after these four characters there can be capital or lower case p and then ad.

WinMenu("menuobjtype:=2"). Ctrl+O" In this above code there can be issues if there is no proper spacing between File. Now in a new test in QTP type: Browser("text:=Welcome A* .Refresh Make sure that “Welcome A*” Internet Explorer window is open.. Run the test.Open.. ..Microsoft Internet Explorer").html under c:\ After it is saved just double click it to open it with Internet Explorer.html extension as I saved it as sac.Create() myobj("regexpwndtitle").Select "File.[Pp]ad" Window(myobj).Value = ".. It will show an error..Open… and Ctrl+O Is there a way to use special characters in descriptive programming? Let’s understand this with a very simple example: Open a new blank notepad and type <title>Welcome A*</title>And save it with .Set myobj = Description.

Microsoft Internet Explorer").Now rewrite the above line with a backslash “\” in front of * Browser("text:=Welcome A\* .check checkPoint("text:=sometext") . You can try another example: a=Browser("text:=Welcome A\* .Microsoft Internet Explorer").Refresh It will work fine.Page("Page").Exist Msgbox a Is it possible to use descriptive programming inside a checkpoint? No it is not possible to use descriptive programming with the checkpoint object as in the below line of code: Browser("Browser").

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