# Reference

Calculation

Output

Column Interaction Diagram
y My
b

Es

=

200

kN/mm2

fcu

=

25

N/mm2

fy

=

460

γm-s

=

1.15

γm-c

=

1.5

a2

As2

Mx
h

x

N/mm2

x

As1

a1

y

φAs1

16

No of Bars

2

φAs2

16

No of Bars

2

φAs1

16

No of Bars

2

φAs2

16

No of Bars

2

mm
mm

mm
mm

Cover-

C1

30

mm

Cover-

C1

30

mm

Cover-

C2

30

mm

Cover-

C2

30

mm

b

=

225

mm

b

=

225

mm

h

=

225

mm

h

=

225

mm

Mx

=

20

kN.m

My

=

20

kN.m

N

=

250

kN

N

=

250

kN

lox

=

3000

mm

loy

=

3000

mm

βx

=

1.2

βy

=

1.2

Braced

=

0

--

Unbraced

=

1

Unbraced

Place 1 to relevent one for following
Braced

=

0

--

Unbraced

=

1

Unbraced

Biaxial Bending
N / Nuz
αn

0.282

(Mx/Mux)

0.721

(My/Muy)

0.721

(Mx/Mux)αn+(My/Muy)αn

1.379

>

1

not ok

(Mx/Mux)+(My/Muy)+(N/Nuz)

1.724

>

1

not ok

1.14

Increase Column Size,Reinforcement
Goal seek
Set following value of axial force to

250 kN by changing the cell here

Do not Change Axial Force

Minor Axis

Major Axis

Minor Axis

250.00

250.00

110.56

110.56

D
E
C

DESIGN UNIT
EPC DIVISION
C

Change following Cell

Major Axis

=

6

mm

As1

=

402.1

mm2

As1

=

402.1

mm2

As2

=

402.1

mm2

As2

=

402.1

mm2

a1

=

44

mm

a1

=

44

mm

a2

=

44

mm

a2

=

44

mm

Doc. No.
Designed
Checked
Job Code

Date
Date
Page

As2 +0.002 254 37.0035).0035 X can be calculated by solving above second order polinomial D E C DESIGN UNIT EPC DIVISION C Doc.15 0.3 -0.20 -0.5 -0.04 75.5 67.5 6.9 160.8 254.002 112.000 0.60 0.07 0.45 0.Reference Calculation Output Column Interaction Diagram As1 = As2 = 402.04 0.001 67.0 0 24.57 0.53 0.11 -160.15 = 225 mm γm-c = 1.83 -0.59 0.405.27 0. Designed Checked Job Code Date Date Page .0 160.001 0.29 0.0 152.003 475 28.45 kN K = 1.79 160.38 0.09 εs2 0.95 0.07 -160.8 305.00 0.8 508.003 22.x εs2 = (x-a2) .As2-fs1.0035) x a = 0.10 -42.30 -0.5 Calculation of M at no axial force 1.001 0.0 160.2 ley = βa = 0.00 762 10.8 98.006 0.001 0.As2.08 -1.003 649 18.85 508.20 0.b.6 160.70 0.00 0.13 -160.(0.002 90 90 90 30.003 202.003 247.46 0.8 0.fcu.5 187 35.51 0.b = 2261.004 0. When the fs2 has not resched to maximum tensile strength while the fs1 reaches to its maximum fs.025 -0.25 b = E.0012 -53 20.56 0. No.0 0.12 mm2 402.011 0.5 370 33.fcu.97 0.8 -379 -2.16 c = -12385414.9 0.04 745 11.39 0.002 0.01 kN M N/ bhfcu M/ bh2fcu 887 0.045.07 29.1 -0.72 0.12 -95.5 566 23.a2.5 22.76 0.-0.9 -0.0029 x y α 225 270 225 225 180 135 225 225 202.8 0.8 508.88 = (-)E.39 0.01 -160.78 0.9 203.78 0.00 mm 887.003 157.001 0.12 -160.5 N Fs1 Fs2 Fc εs1 92.5 = 225 mm fs = 400 N/mm2 Bending about Major Axis Braced = 0 Place 1 to Unbraced = 1 Relevent Mx = 20 kN.128 au = 28.9 160.6 -0.8 143.05 55.25 Nuz = Nbal = 260.As = fs2.80 emin = 11.As1 = 120637.000 45 45 50.5 135 112.8 356.12 mm2 a1 = 44 a2 = b h Es = 200 kN/mm2 fcu = 25 N/mm2 mm fy = 460 N/mm2 44 mm γm-s = 1.4 -0.5 725 12.8 -0.8 160.(0.5 180 157.8 407.00 3600.000 0.m N = 250 kN lox = 3000 m βx = 1.8 457.3 101.6 160.8 -269.

002 x = εs2 = Output When .85 kN Fs2 = 43.18 mm fs1 = y εs1 = 103.284 0.00 mm 0.m 22.00 = Type of Column = Slender Column au = 28.00 kN Fc = 117.Reference Calculation When.198 M/bh2fcu = 0. No.46 kN.002 x = εs2 = 51.m 0.m emin = 11.m M 27. εs2 < 0.04 kN.20 N/bhfcu = 0.002 Fs1 = 160.45 kN M balance = 37.23 kN Balanced failure condition x = 115.28 kN M1 = M1 = 24.66 mm fs2 = = 0.20 kN. εs2 >=0.096 Length of demand line Length of capacity line Demand Capacity Ratio D E C DESIGN UNIT EPC DIVISION C = = = kN kN.m = Construction of Column Capacity Line N M = = 250 27.85 kN Fs2 = 160.45 kN N balance = 260.m Calculation of Maximum N Maximum Value of N = 891.85 kN εs2 = 0.85 kN Fs1 = 160.81 kN.219 0.80 Madd = 7.85 kN Fc = 260.25 mm M (emin.57 kN Fs1 = 160.99 mm 0.002 Fs2 = 160.00054 Fc = 0.002 0.773 Doc.20 kN.N) = 2. Designed Checked Job Code Date Date Page .84 400 N/mm2 400 N/mm2 kNm Bending about Mojor Axis of Column Bending about Minor Axis of Column Calculation of additional Moment Calculation of additional moment ley/h 16.

00 0.257 0.198 M/bh2fcu = 0.124 0.70 0.21 0 0.084 -4.78 -0.41 0 0.77 0 0.37 0.133 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.Reference Calculation N/ bhfcu M/ bh2fcu m' 0.073 -0.7 2.125 4.96 0.00 N/mm2 x εs1 = = -0.26 0.57 0.17 5.07 0.04 0.56 mm εs2 = fs2 fs1 y Fs2 = = 160.32 3.26 = 0.00 0.041 -3.07 0.10 0.0022 110.368 0.135 0.00 2.07 0.99 2.43 12.291 0.503 0.279 0.85 kN Fc = 250.07 0.7 2.07 0.72 2.132 99.312 3.71 2.20 0.45 0.78 0 0.59 Output f N/ bhfcu M/ bh2fcu 8.38 0.00 0.255 0.148 0.27 0 0.135 0.43 0.09 11.99 0 0.00 kN N = 250.75 2.246 0.451 0.066 -3.274 0. Designed Checked Job Code DESIGN UNIT D EPC DIVISION E C C Reference Calculation Date Date Page Output .40 -0.00 0.08 12.28 0.00 0.63 0 0.51 0.05 0.00 0.133 6.12 8.046 -2.14 0 0.88 2.00 kN = 37.0021 Mx/Mux = 0.41 0 0.218 0.85 kN Fs1 = 160.279 0.11 -3.25 3.141 0.000 0.243 0.27 2.15 0.307 0.30 0.426 Coordinates of Intersection point of Column intreraction diagram and Capacity Line N/bhfcu M/bh2fcu = 0.72 kN.72 kN.m 0.75 0 0.086 Max (x12+y12) = 12.97 0 0.00 N/mm2 N/Nuz = 0.27 2.07 0.56 0 0.00 0.07 0.50 mm Doc.12 For the Section subjected to byaxial bending N Mux = 250.m = 0.123 x12+y12 x 2+y 2 1 1 0.07 0. No.09 10.72 2.00 0.10 9.00 3.07 0.00 0.30 -0.00 -0.00 3.20 -0.101 -5.127 0.00 1/ c m x1 y1 -2.28 0.81 2.07 0.00 10.57 0.19 -0.00 0.07 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.263 0.00 kN M N/bhfcu = 37.304 0.00 10.14 -0.07 0.178 0.08 12.60 0.07 0.036 0.721 = 400.70 0.106 3.93 0.008 0.12 0.00 0.29 2.00 0.147 0.508 0.117 -5.00 0.28 = 400.

5 -0.00 3600.5 135 112.8 407.b.003 157.(0.79 160.8 254.b = 2261.00 225 745 11.9 160.85 508.0 0.56 0.0 152.5 N Fs1 Fs2 -53 20.001 0.8 508.45 kN K = 1.6 160.5 225 725 12.57 0.07 0.83 -0.006 0.8 143.8 -379 -2.8 508.8 305.70 0.8 -0.00 762 10.8 160.05 55. When the fs2 has not resched to maximum tensile strength while the fs1 reaches to its maximum fs.003 475 28.0012 0. Designed Checked Job Code Date Date Page .011 0.003 247.13 -160.5 187 35.Reference Calculation Output Column Interaction Diagram As1 = As2 = 402.51 0.(0.07 29.45 0.20 -0.12 -160.29 0.002 0.fcu.10 -42.6 -0.fcu.9 0.001 67.As1 = 120637.002 90 90 90 30.003 22.5 67.0035) x a = 0.003 202.5 370 33.128 au = 28.88 = (-)E.3 101.00 0.8 0. No.76 0.46 0.8 -269.As = fs2.9 203.09 Fc εs1 εs2 x y α 225 225 180 135 225 202.04 0.000 0.07 -160.025 -0.01 -160.38 0.x εs2 = (x-a2) .60 0.As2-fs1.000 45 45 50.8 98.00 m 887.8 457.8 356.-0.01 kN M N/ bhfcu M/ bh2fcu 887 0.04 75.00 0.08 -1.30 -0.2 ley = βa = 0.59 0.27 0.5 180 157.72 0.8 0.04 92.002 112.0035).405.003 649 18.4 -0.95 0.0 160.5 22.003 270.0035 X can be calculated by solving above second order polinomial D E C DESIGN UNIT EPC DIVISION C Doc.004 0.001 0.000 0.12 -95.5 = 225 mm fs = 400 N/mm2 Bending about Major Axis Braced = 0 Place 1 to Unbraced = 1 Relevent My = 20 kN.001 0.80 emin = 11.97 0.3 -0.1 -0.5 566 23.9 -0.15 = 225 mm γm-c = 1.a2.16 c = -12385414.11 -160.20 0.5 Calculation of M at no axial force 1.8 0.6 160.5 6.15 0.9 160.m N = 250 kN loy = 3000 m βy = 1.25 b = E.12 mm2 a1 = 44 a2 = b h Es = 200 kN/mm2 fcu = 25 N/mm2 mm fy = 460 N/mm2 44 mm γm-s = 1.78 0.25 Nuz = Nbal = 260.As2.0 0 24.39 0.001 0.002 254 37.045.As2 +0.12 mm2 402.39 0.0 160.53 0.

85 kN Fs1 = 160.002 x = εs2 = Output When .00054 Fc = 0.002 0.85 kN Fs2 = 160.m 0. εs2 >=0.84 400 N/mm2 400 N/mm2 kNm Bending about Mojor Axis of Column Bending about Minor Axis of Column Calculation of additional Moment Calculation of additional moment lex/h 16.m 22.04 kN.002 x = εs2 = 51. No.57 kN Fs1 = 160.23 kN Balanced failure condition x = 115.66 mm fs2 = = 0.N) = 2.81 kN.m Calculation of Maximum N Maximum Value of N = 891.284 0.00 mm 0.25 mm M (emin.46 kN.80 Madd = 7.m emin = 11.00 kN Fc = 117.Reference Calculation When. Designed Checked Job Code Date Date Page .20 kN.096 Length of demand line Length of capacity line Demand Capacity Ratio D E C DESIGN UNIT EPC DIVISION C = = = kN kN.85 kN εs2 = 0.45 kN N balance = 260.18 mm fs1 = y εs1 = 103.20 kN.m M 27.m = Construction of Column Capacity Line N M = = 250 27.85 kN Fc = 260.00 = Type of Column = Slender Column au = 28.002 Fs1 = 160.773 Doc.219 0.85 kN Fs2 = 43.002 Fs2 = 160.45 kN M balance = 37.99 mm 0.20 N/bhfcu = 0.28 kN M1 = M1 = 24. εs2 < 0.198 M/bh2fcu = 0.

70 0.00 0.133 0.410 0.00 N/mm2 N/Nuz = 0.00 0.073 -0.178 0.70 2.008 0.135 0.093 10.513 0.255 0.07 0.07 0.768 0.375 0.57 0.071 0.201 0.096 0.m 0.43 0.00 -0.042 0.508 0.07 0.573 0.410 0.72 2.279 0.00 0.147 0.041 -3.71 2.116 8.00 0.07 0.246 0.105 9.304 0.00 3.12 0.602 0.096 0.291 0.168 5.746 0.81 2.114 0.147 0.Reference Calculation Output N/ bhfcu M/ bh2fcu m' c m x1 y1 0.307 0.257 0.00 0.293 0.198 Doc.72 kN.777 0.00 0.30 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.279 0.127 0.50 mm kN.00 0.272 0.07 0. No.70 2.00 0.14 -0.28 0.135 0.627 0.106 3.07 0.28 0.148 0.209 0.084 -4.299 -0.05 0.00 0.00 0.27 2.036 -3.00211 My/Muy = 0.56 mm 99.00 kN -0.319 3.000 f N/ bhfcu M/ bh2fcu 8.00 kN M N/bhfcu 37.451 0.27 2.00 2.00 N/mm2 y Fs2 160.00 0.85 kN Fc 250.132 110.07 0.07 0.368 0.00 0.00 0.263 0.29 2.72 2.312 3.75 2.72 M/bh2fcu 0.19 -0.701 0.133 6.135 0.00 3.426 Coordinates of Intersection point of Column intreraction diagram and Capacity Line N/bhfcu M/bh2fcu = 0.085 11.274 0.426 12.00 0.93 0.000 -2.00 0.00 kN N 250.85 kN Fs1 160.00 0.00 0.969 0. Designed Checked Job Code DESIGN UNIT D EPC DIVISION E C C Reference Calculation Date Date Page Output .218 0.88 2.589 0.20 -0.26 0.086 Max (x12+y12) = 12.141 0.046 -2.080 12.101 -5.00 0.12 For the Section subjected to byaxial bending x εs1 N Muy = 250.125 4.96 0.07 0.564 0.993 0.124 0.123 1/ x12+y12 x 2+y 2 1 1 0.00 0.00223 = 37.00 0.00 0.00 0.78 -0.07 0.081 12.00 10.00 0.117 -5.066 -3.40 -0.721 fs2 400.07 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.250 3.99 2.00 0.37 0.00 0.00 10.243 1 0.28 fs1 400.447 0.m εs2 0.26 = 0.00 0.