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(22.3) Rf7

This Certificate relates to The Trower Panel Internal Wall System,
which is manufactured by Trower Industries Ltd in Matamata and
Manukau City.
The product has been appraised for use as an interior non-load bearing
APPRAISAL wall panel system, for buildings which come within the scope of NZS 3604:
1990, and where a fire resistance rating is not required. The panels may
CERTIFICATE be used to form Wall Bracing Elements.
No. 328(1996) The panels are installed by Trower Industries Ltd, or their approved
agents, after the building has been closed in and the ceiling structure to
which the panels are to be fixed has been installed.


Trower Industries Ltd.

P O Box 189, Garland St
Tel: 0-7-888 7407
Fax: 0-7-888 5467
P O Box 7608, Joval Place
Manukau City
Tel: 0-9-262 3038
Fax: 0-9- 262 3046

Please refer to this document as "BRANZ

Appraisal Certificate No.328, September, 1996".

Building Regulations
Readers are advised to check that this
New Zealand Building Code (NZBC)
Certificate has not been withdrawn or In the opinion of BTL, if the Trower Panel Internal Wall System is used in accordance
superseded by a later issue, by either with the statements and conditions of this Certificate, the relevant performance
referring to the “Current Certificates requirements of the following NZBC Clauses will be met:
published by the Building Research
Association of New Zealand (BRANZ), or
by contacting Building Technology Limited Specific NZBC compliance details are contained within this Certificate.

Product Information
BTL, Private Bag 50908, Porirua
New Zealand Description
Fax: 0-4-235 6070 The Trower Panel Internal Wall System consists of a series of non-load bearing wall
Telephone: 0-4-235 7600
panels, which are joined together to provide an internal wall system for a building coming
within the scope of NZS 3604 : 1990. Wall Bracing Elements can be formed as required
This Appraisal was produced by BTL, to form part of the internal wall system.
a company wholly owned by BRANZ. A range of panel sizes are manufactured.
Panel widths vary from 150 mm up to 1200 GibBoard®/ timber rail adhesive:
mm. Using a combination of 1200 mm wide Manufactured panels:
panels and other width panels from the range, Urea-formaldehyde (UF) Aerolite UL1400 or
a wall of any length can be constructed. Aerolite KL resin with powdered hardeners
The standard panel height is 2400 mm but appropriate for these resins.
panel heights up to 2700 mm are available on Site Cut Panels :
request. Gib® Fix, Fosroc Construction Adhesive WB,
In addition, a range of door-head wall Selleys Liquid Nails, or other construction
panels are manufactured to accommodate the adhesive assessed by BTL as being suitable for
various sizes of doors available. this application.
All Trower panels have an overall
Trower Bracing Bracket :
thickness of 60 mm.
1.85 mm thick G250, Z275 galvanised steel
Trower Panels consist of a timber frame
flat sheet.
and a cardboard honeycomb core, clad with
one sheet of 9.5 mm thick Gib Board® on each Concrete floor connection bracket and 6kN
face. The Gib Board® sheets are fixed to the Trower External Wall Connector:
cardboard honeycombing and timber frame 0.8 mm thick G250, Z275 galvanised steel
with a urea formaldehyde (UF) adhesive. flat sheet.
The amount and configuration of framing
timber within the panel determines whether the Fixings
panel is a Standard or a Special Fixing Panel. 6 kN Trower External wall Connector:
• Standard Panels have a perimeter frame and Six 30 x 2.5 mm coated flat-head clouts
a single central horizontal rail. (external wall leg) and four 30 mm x 10 gauge
• Special Fixing Panels also have a perimeter self-tapping screws (wall panel leg).
frame, but have rails or part timber infills Timber joint fillet to join panels:
inserted at appropriate locations for specific 30 x 2.5 mm coated flat-head clout pairs at
functions, such as for the fixing of over- 600 mm centres on both sides of panel.
cupboards. Trower Bracing Bracket fixings to concrete
Panel framing timber is dressed radiata floor:
pine with a section size 41 mm x 45 mm. All 32 mm long x No.10 Tapcon anchors (4 per
framing timber has a 15 mm x 15 mm groove bracket, each embedded 30 mm).
located centrally on one of the 41 mm faces Trower Bracing Bracket fastenings to timber
which is used to accommodate the panel floor:
timber joint fillets. Six 30 mm x 10 gauge self-tapping screws.
The panels are joined together by timber Base of panels to timber floor:
fillets, which fit into the grooves of the One 90 x 3.15 mm flat-head nail at 400 mm
vertical perimeter framing. The timber centres on both sides (skew driven).
fillets are nail-fixed through the panel faces.
Base of panels to concrete floor:
The top of the panels are nail-fixed to
A minimum of 2 concrete floor connection
ceiling battens.
brackets (cleats) per panel, spaced at 600 mm
The bottom of the panels are nail-fixed
centres (maximum), fixed to the concrete floor
directly to timber floors and via galvanised
with Ramset R842 concrete nails and to the
steel brackets to concrete floors.
panels with 30 x 2.5 mm coated flat-head clouts.
Panels are nail or screw-fixed to external
walls and other internal walls or panels. Top of panels to ceiling framing:
Wall Bracing Elements can be formed by One 90 x 3.15 mm flat-head nail at 400 mm
using Standard or Special Fixing panels maximum centres.
(minimum total length is 1.2 m), and by the Panel intersections:
provision of specific fixings including the 90 x 3.15 mm flat-head nails, 100 x 4.0 mm
Trower Bracing Brackets. flat-head galvanised nails, or 75 mm x 10 gauge
The panels are finished by plaster stopping coated Surefast screws, at frame rails for "T"
and applying a suitable wall covering (outside junctions and at 600 mm centres for "L"
the scope of this Appraisal). junctions.
External wall intersections:
Panel Materials and accessories One 90 x 3.15 mm flat-head nail at 600 mm
centres on both sides of panel.
Timber rails and joint fillets: Coated fixings are fixings that are either hot-
Kiln-dried radiata pine which meets dip galvanised or plated with a corrosion
Trower Industries Ltd’s grading criteria, and resistant coating.
meets the requirements for untreated timber
as specified in Clause 105.5 of NZS 3602 : Handling and Storage
1995. Panels must always be stored on a level
Cardboard honey comb core: floor, under cover, and protected from moisture
300 g/m2 G.P. box-board grade cardboard, and direct sunlight.
50 mm square aperture size. To minimise surface damage, panels must be
Lining: stacked flat on special purpose made Trower
9.5 mm thick Gib Board® sheets. pallets for transportation, and remain this way
until installation. Panels must be handled The “Trower Technical Information”, dated
carefully to avoid damage. Damage to the Gib June 1996, contains details of how Wall Bracing
Board ® must be repaired by stopping with Elements are formed.
gypsum-based plaster once installation is The ratings for a 2.4 m high and minimum
complete. 1.2 m long Wall Bracing Element in terms of
Table K1 of NZS3604 are:
Design Information For earthquake: 63 bracing units per metre.
For wind: 70 bracing units per metre.
General Where the Wall Bracing Element is 2.7 m
The Trower Panel Internal Wall System has high and a minimum 1.2 m long the ratings
been appraised for walls up to 2.7 m high, in reduce to:
light timber frame constructed buildings which For earthquake: 56 bracing units per metre.
come within the scope of NZS 3604. The main For wind: 62 bracing units per metre.
use of the Trower Panel Internal Wall System is
in domestic dwellings. B2 Durability
The use of the Trower Panel Internal Wall When installed maintained, and used in
System for wall heights greater than 2.7 m, or for accordance with this Certificate and the “Trower
buildings which fall outside the above scope, is Technical Information”, dated June 1996, the
not covered by this Appraisal, and the Trower Panel Internal Wall System will meet the
manufacturer must be consulted for advice. performance requirements of NZBC Clause B2.3
(a), 50 years for bracing applications and (c), 15
B1 Structure years for non-bracing applications.
When used in accordance with the provisions This durability statement is dependant on the
of this Certificate, The Trower Panel Internal wall system not being exposed to sustained high
Wall System will meet the provisions of NZBC humidities (greater than 90% RH), liquid water,
Clauses B1.3.1, B1.3.2 and B1.3.4 for the or temperatures in excess of 35ºC for prolonged
relevant conditions in B1.3.3. periods or 60°C for short periods.
NZS 3604 may be used to specify other parts
of the building such as the foundation, building Maintenance
platform, external walls, floor and ceiling/roof Any surface damage to the panels must be
structure; or alternatively these elements may be repaired with gypsum-based plaster. A suitable
specifically designed using the NZBC
Verification Method B1/VM1.

Vertical Loads
Trower panels are non-load bearing. Floor,
ceiling and roof structures must therefore be
supported by other load bearing structural

Face Loads
The Trower Panel Internal Wall System,
when used in accordance with the provisions of
this Certificate, will resist soft body impact loads
associated with normal residential use, and will
be adequate to resist internal wind pressures
associated with the Very High Building Wind
Zone as defined by NZS 3604.

Suspended Loads
A special fixing panel is available where it is
necessary for the panels to carry light-suspended
loads, such as loads imposed by over-cupboards.
These panels have vertical rails at 300 mm
centres. Trower Industries Ltd should be
consulted for all suspended load applications to
ensure that these panels are not overloaded.

Bracing Loads
Trower Panels can be used to provide
suitable internal Wall Bracing Elements to meet
bracing requirements.
Each complete Wall Bracing Element must
have the specified ceiling and external wall
connections, and a Trower Bracing Bracket
installed at each end of the Wall Bracing Typical Trower Panels with part of the Gib Board® removed
Element. from one face to show construction.
finish appropriate to the room use must be re- protected by a vapour barrier and have floor
applied to the panels. levels set in accordance with the provisions of
NZBC E2/AS1, Paragraphs 4.2.1 to 4.2.5.
C1 Outbreak of Fire
In buildings fitted out with the Trower Panel E3 Internal Moisture
Internal Wall System, fixed appliances using the The Trower Panel Internal Wall System must
controlled combustion of solid, liquid or gaseous be kept dry to comply with NZBC Clauses
fuel, shall be installed in a way which reduces the E3.3.2, E3.3.4, E3.3.5 and E3.3.6. When used in
likelihood of fire. Appropriate separation wet areas such as bathrooms, laundries, etc,
distances and protection measures are given in precautions must be taken to ensure bottom
Acceptable Solution C1/AS1 and Verification edges of panels are protected from accidental
Method C1/VM1 which may be used to meet this overflow, and where adjacent to sanitary
requirement. fixtures, be coated with an impervious finish.
Details of suitable methods for controlling
C3 Spread of Fire internal moisture are described in NZBC
There are no spread of fire requirements for Acceptable Solution E3/AS1.
detached dwellings where people live as a single The Trower Panel Internal Wall System must
household or family (purpose groups SH and not be used for the construction of sauna rooms,
SR). commercial laundries, boiler rooms or other
For other uses, surface finishes in rooms where a relative humidity of 90% or more
conjunction with the Trower Panel Internal Wall is expected, or where continuous high
System must comply with Table 4 of NZBC temperatures are expected.
Acceptable Solution C3/AS1, as appropriate.
The Trower Panel Internal Wall System must F2 Hazardous Building
not be used in situations where a fire resistance Materials
rated (FRR) internal wall is required. Although the product uses UF adhesive,
vapour emissions are less than from some other
E2 External Moisture UF sources within a new building.
The Trower Panel Internal Wall System is It is therefore the opinion of BTL, when the
intended for dry internal situations. The building Trower Panel Internal Wall System is used in
must therefore be maintained in compliance with accordance with this Certificate, the “Trower
NZBC Clause E2. Technical Information”, and adequate
To ensure the rated structural performance ventilation is provided as required by NZBC
can be met it is important that the floor is Clause E3.3.1 or G4.3.1, the requirements of
protected against the effects of external moisture. NZBC Clause F2.3.1 will be met.
Suspended timber ground floors must be Products containing UF adhesive will release
protected by separation, and by ventilation and vapour over time. The degree of health hazard
vapour barriers in accordance with the provisions caused by this vapour release will depend on the
of NZBC E2/AS1, Paragraphs 4.1.1 to 4.1.8. total amount of vapour released from all sources
Concrete slab-on-ground floors must be in the building, including flooring and furniture,

Typical Trower Panel Installation

the ventilation rate, and the degree of fixing the vertical edge framing of each panel to
encapsulation provided by surface finishes, such the timber joint fillet with 30 x 2.5 mm coated
as coatings, wallpapers and carpets. clouts. Every 600 mm up the joint line,
When considering ventilation levels for opposing pairs of clouts (i.e. 4) are driven into
buildings containing Trower Panels, it should be the timber joint fillet, one pair from each side of
assumed that the formaldehyde emission rate for the panels.
the panels is 25% of that for an equivalent area Sometimes panels are cut on site and
of 20 mm thick particleboard flooring. connected to other panels or walls. The "Trower
Technical Information" contains details.
The 6 kN Trower External Wall Connectors
Installation Information are used to connect walls containing Wall
Installation must be carried out in accordance Bracing Elements to external walls at top plate
with instructions given in the “Trower Technical level. Door frames, which must be compatible
Information”, dated June 1996. with the Trower Panel Internal Wall System, are
The building must be weathertight with the fixed in position by nailing through jambs into
roof clad before the Trower Panel Internal Wall the panel framing.
System is installed. In light timber frame construction where
Where panels are installed on concrete slabs related details are not covered by the “Trower
the slab surface must be dry and, before Technical Information”, they must be in
impervious floor coverings are installed, the accordance with NZS3604; e.g, the subfloor
relative humidity of air in equilibrium with the detail beneath a non-load bearing wall.
slab, when measured with a flooring hygrometer, Suitable details for stopping and finishing the
must not exceed 70%. Gib Board ® are provided in Winstone
The following is a summary of the important Wallboards Limited’s “Stopping and Finishing
installation aspects: Systems”, dated November 1992.
External walls are temporarily braced until
the Trower Panel Internal Wall System is Services
installed. Panel locations are marked out and Penetrations for services are allowed for as
erected in a similar manner to conventional wall follows: For electrical services, outlets are
frames. Panels are fixed to timber floor marked and cut into panel faces, holes are drilled
sheathing by skew nailing through the bottom through the framing timber and cardboard
framing of the panel. Fixings are 90 x 3.15 mm honeycomb core, and a pull-string installed for
flat-head skew driven nails at 400 mm centres, electrical cabling, prior to panel installation.
both sides of the panel. Nails are punched Trower Industries Ltd manufacture a range of
through the Gib Board® lining so that nail heads plumbing panels which will accommodate pipe
bear against the timber rail. Individual panels are work and fittings. The vertical framing timber
fixed to concrete floors using galvanised steel of a panel within a Wall Bracing Element, which
nail cleats. The cleats are fixed to the floor with is connected to a Trower Bracing Bracket, must
Ramset R842 concrete nails. not be cut or drilled within 800 mm of the floor.
Wall Bracing Elements are fixed at each end Where support for services is required, Special
using Trower Bracing Brackets. These are fixed Fixing Panels with timber rails or infill at the
to timber floors with six 30 mm long x 10 gauge appropriate location must be used.
pan-head coated timber screws. The timber
screws are replaced by four 32 mm long x No. 10
Tapcon anchors, where bracing panels are to be
Basis of Appraisal
fixed to concrete floors. The “Trower Technical Tests
Information” contains details. In the opinion of BTL, the following tests
Trower internal wall panels are fixed at and investigations demonstrate the product is fit
ceiling level to timber ceiling battens or another for purpose and that it can be used to meet the
specifically designed ceiling system (not covered relevant provisions of the New Zealand building
by this Appraisal). Fixings must be no less than Code.
either a single 90 x 3.15 mm flat-head nail at 400 The change in shear strength of the UF
mm maximum centres, driven down through the adhesive with time has been investigated by
ceiling battens; or opposing pairs of 90 x 3.15 BTL.
mm skew driven flat-head nails at 400 mm Bracing tests (P21) to determine a rating for
centres up through the panel top rail into the Wall Bracing Elements have been carried out by
ceiling battens. BTL.
The maximum gap between the top surface of Load transfer between the wall panel and
the wall panel and the under surface of the ceiling framing when a gap exists has been
ceiling batten must not exceed 15 mm, where investigated by BTL.
wall panels form part of a Wall Bracing Element, The face load-deflection characteristics of a
and, 20 mm for other non-bracing wall panels. typical Trower Panel was investigated by BTL
Panels are joined together by means of a and compared with that determined for a Trower
continuous single 30 x 14.5 mm timber joint fillet Panel by Wakefield Laboratories in 1971.
which fits tightly into a continuous 15 mm square A test carried out by Trower Industries Ltd
groove in the vertical timber framing at the edge to simulate fully laden over-cupboards attached
of each panel. This connection is completed by to a Trower Panel was examined by BTL.
Other Investigations by BTL Sources of Information In the opinion of BTL,The Trower
Site visits to observe installation • BRANZ Technical Paper P21: 1979 Panel Internal Wall System is
techniques and completed buildings have (revised 1982, 1987, 1988) A wall suitable for the appraised use.
been carried out by BTL. bracing test and evaluation procedure.
The “Trower Technical Information”, • BRANZ Technical Recommendation This Certificate is valid until
dated June 1996, which includes No. 10 - December 1991, Supplement further notice, subject to the
manufacture and installation details, has to P21: An evaluation method of P21 conditions below.
been examined by BTL and was found to test results for use with NZS 3604:
be satisfactory. Details have been 1990. Conditions of Certification
obtained of the quality and composition of • NZS3602:1995 Timber and wood 1. The Certificate holder continues to
the materials used. The manufacturing based products for use in building. have the product reviewed by BTL.
process and quality control at Trower • NZS 3604:1990 Code of practice for 2. The product continues to be
manufactured according to, and in
Industries Ltd, Matamata and Manukau, light timber frame buildings not compliance with the manufacturing
was also examined and found to be requiring specific design. specifications and quality assurance
satisfactory. • NZS 4203:1992 Code of practice for measures which applied at the time
Formaldehyde emission levels general structural design and design of issue or revalidation of this
obtained from the adhesive manufacturer loadings for buildings. Certificate. These specifications
and quality assurance measures
have been assessed by BTL. • New Zealand Building Code, are as considered by BTL.
Letters from various territorial Handbook and Approved Documents 3. The overall quality of the product is
authorities, permitting the use of the 1992, Building Industry Authority. maintained by the manufacturer.
Trower Panel Internal Wall System as an • The Building Regulations 1992. The Certificate holder shall notify
internal non-load bearing and wall bracing • Winstone Wallboards Limited BTL of any changes in product
specification or quality assurance
system in their regions have been sighted. “Stopping and finishing systems”, measures prior to the product being
The satisfactory structural, durability November 1992. marketed.
and non-hazardous performance of the 4. The product is installed and used in
Trower Panel Internal Wall System over accordance with the manufacturers
the last 23 years has been considered. instructions, and any instructions
and limitations contained in this
5. The Certificate does not cover uses
of the product outside the scope of
this appraisal, nor does it infer
fitness for purpose of products
similar in function, appearance, or
standard of workmanship that are
not specifically included in the
scope of this Certificate.
6. The product is appraised against
performance provisions contained
in the NZBC at the time of the
Appraisal. BTL is not responsible
for the product failing to meet any
subsequent or revised provisions
introduced after the date of

G M Lawrance for BTL

G H Rowe for BTL

September 1996


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ISSN 1173-8677