Parekh 1 RPM 1009
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND RESOURCE PLANNING
ASSIGNMENT Faculty: Dr. Shrawan Kumar Acharya
Explain Regional Development, Regional Economics and Regional Planning
Regional Development as the term suggests deals with the improvement of the lives of the people living in that region with the help of proper channels. Regional Planning and Regional Economics are two channels through which we can have proper development. Whether the planning and economics of the region has led to growth in the living condition can be identified with the help of various indicators like demographic indicators, natural resources available, type of sectors contributing to the economy, etc.
A region needs to have a sustained development without depleting it of its resources and that is where Regional Economics come in to play. It is concerned with understanding and explaining the configuration of the economy interdependence of different economic activities of the region, industrial location, urbanization, migration, land use, etc.
A region needs to locate the different aspects of its growth in a manner that it will lead the economy in the region to flourish and in turn lead to development of the region. Regional Planning deals with
placement of land use activities, infrastructure, and settlements for achieving regional development. Its basically spatial planning demarcating the various land-uses ± cities, industrial space, transportation hubs and infrastructure, military bases, protection of farmland and wilderness. It deals with efficient placement of infrastructure and zoning for the sustainable growth of a region.
Explain the difference between Plagiarism and Cheating in the exam. Why do you think such unethical practices exist in the Universities? Highlight the role of technology in promoting such unfair academic practices. What in your opinion are effective measures to curtail such practices? Plagiarism takes its original roots from the roman word Plago, meaning to convert a freeman into a slave which is similar to the unjust enslavement or capture of our work by someone else. (By Prashant Iyengar. Pirates, Plagiarisers, Publishers. EPW, 26 Feb 2011) An article Plagiarism and Social Sciences in Economic and Political Weekly (EPW), dated 26 Feb 2011 by Manjari Katju, Department of Political Sciences, University of Hyderabad states Oxford University s definition of Plagiarism The practice of taking someone else s work or ideas and passing them off as one s own .
Faculty of Planning and Public Policy, CEPT University, Navarangpura, Ahmedabad.
pointlessness of repeating identical research from scratch . IV. 26 Feb 2011 points out genuine reasons for existence of such unethical practices in Universities like High work pressure . The Code of Students Rights. 2. emphasis on sheer volume to the neglect of quality of analysis . etc. opinions. Plagiarism committed by accident. Plagiarisers.
The article further mentions that according to The University of Leeds plagiarism can be committed in three different ways. Navarangpura. What is considered common knowledge may differ from course to course.
. opinions. lack of emphasis by evaluators on high quality academic work . or theories of others. not doing the required homework. unless the information is common knowledge. disingenuousness of topics and Laziness . Directly quoting another person s actual words. the lack of understanding of the concept. The code states that a student must give credit to originality of others and acknowledge an indebtedness whenever I. III. Ahmedabad. there is a doubt that due to some limitation the person had taken the support of such and such article or might have forgotten to add credits or references.
Faculty of Planning and Public Policy. ideas. Theft of ideas or words without the permission of the original author. II. not just written assignments but also presentations. statistics.Yogesh J. lack of time . 1. Cheating too is on the same lines but it s been committed in a different sense. Cheating is a last resort one uses in many cases and plagiarism is a part of it. etc. CEPT University. Responsibilities and Conduct (2005). whether oral or written. whether oral or written.e.. In works submitted for marks. passing the exam. and 3. or Offering materials assembled or collected by others in the form of projects or collections without acknowledgement. computer code. Borrowing facts. The reason for this might be many like student not attending the classes. V. to get an advantage i. professors not reporting to the classes. performances. Cheating and Plagiarism in exam are the same as the intentions are same getting more marks. etc. but cheating is done solely to gain an advantage over something or someone. Indiana University Bloomington defines it as Any ideas or materials taken from another source for either written or oral use must be fully acknowledged. Publishers for EPW. Parekh 2 RPM 1009 From the same article. Why he has to adapt such low tactic might be due to lack of knowledge in the subject. Paraphrasing the words. or illustrative material. art work. lack of incentive to do high quality research . or theories. In the exam cheating is done by the student to get the required pass mark.
Prashant Iyengar in his article Pirates. In plagiarism. Using another person s ideas.
He mentions Oscar Wilde s adage about originality being the art of concealing the source thrives today in the Indian academia. with website and other links shown. technology leads rather than the imagination . mention s a quote from Penelope Alfrey s Petrach s Apes: Originality.
Faculty of Planning and Public Policy. Plagiarism and Copyrights principles within Visual Culture (2000) the application of new technologies facilitates and encourages plagiarism. The article by Dhanwanti Nayak. due to the process. CEPT University. particularly in those instances where. Plagiarism has much more to do with the way people think. Dhanwanti Nayak points out that while we learn to read and write through copying or following others. 26 Feb 2011. One needs to understand that originality is not just a matter of telling to be original but to instill the self-confidence to be original. as well as the ease of word-processing makes it easy to rapidly refashion materials into a pastiche of one s own. This would strengthen the academic integrity and go a long way in shoring up research quality. they might make students have deeper understanding about the issue. Students believe copying and pasting material from the internet is sufficient for assignments. the common reason the faculty identified for committing plagiarism was that students thought teachers were unlikely to check or be able to check for plagiarism as they will have huge number of papers to go through. Navarangpura. EPW. He suggests if teachers worked alongside students by allowing them to present their copy and paste endeavors as the first draft of a paper.
. Universities and research organizations have to spread awareness and collectively evolve a code that will transparently grade offences and correspondingly prescribe penalties.Yogesh J. The availability of information on the move is one of the major technological interventions that hinder originality. at a conscious and sub-conscious level. Manjari Katju points out a need for policy on plagiarism that can act as a guide for disciplinary or corrective action commensurate with the gravity of the misconduct. Karaoked: Plagiarism in the Classroom. They feel that its not cheating as with the help of today s technology they manipulate the original to such an extent that one does not know. the fact that many of our youth cannot express themselves cogently in writing partly because they have not read sufficiently in any language. Parekh 3 RPM 1009 In his research. The abundance of informational resources that the internet puts at a researcher s disposal. Ahmedabad. Added to this is the fact that reading and writing requirements for coursework tend to be minimal in the Indian context.