Conventional islands from Siemens
Leading the way in profitability and reliability
Reprint from Nuclear Technology International, January/February 2009 Author: Siemens AG
Answers for energy.
RENAISSANCE OF NUCLEAR POWER Against the backdrop of a rapidly increasing electricity demand and concerns about climate change and surging prices for fossil fuels. incorporating what will be the biggest turbine-generator unit ever built anywhere in the world. and yet environmentally benign and climatecompatible. Siemens sets the global benchmark and provides customised solutions for conventional islands based on Siemens' standard design. affordable power supply going forward. This implies that there are three basic requirements of conventional island suppliers: 1. 3. but is also expected to set new standards in terms of safety with a number of new and additional active and passive safeguards. and will benefit future nuclear power plant projects. operators expect above all reliability and optimum efficiency from their power plants. Siemens can respond to its customers' requirements like no other provider of conventional islands for nuclear power plants – from individual components to the complete steam turbine-generator set to a turnkey conventional island. Siemens draws upon its experience as a turnkey constructor of turnkey power plants to ensure a perfect link-up with the nuclear island of the plant. Siemens Energy is currently constructing the conventional island of the Olkiluoto 3 nuclear power plant (OL3) turnkey. PERFECT HARMONISATION OF THE INTERFACES BETWEEN THE NUCLEAR PLANT AND THE CONVENTIONAL ISLAND Siemens has recent experience with turnkey construction of the conventional island of nuclear plants and is familiar with all of the interfaces to the nuclear part of the plant. in which it holds a 34% stake. OL3 will not only be the most powerful nuclear power plant in the world with a rating of approximately 1. With a total installed capacity of more than 600 GW. In all three points. 2.
The outstanding reliability of Siemens steam turbines proven over many decades. Siemens places this long-standing experience at the disposal of its joint venture with AREVA NP . Reliable and proven technology with maximum efficiencies thanks to cutting-edge engineering. including all of the instrumentation and control systems necessary for closed and open-loop control of the complex processes. Nuclear power is also an attractive option and is currently undergoing a worldwide renaissance. This applies to natural gas and coal.Operational Issues
CONVENTIONAL ISLANDS FROM SIEMENS – LEADING THE WAY IN PROFITABILITY AND RELIABILITY
With the company’s expertise and long years of experience in the construction of turnkey nuclear and coal-fired power plants. as well as renewable energy sources. Service-friendliness coupled with many years of experience. The answer is that we need all energy resources and all power generation technologies that are available. SIEMENS – A COMPOTENT AND EXPERIENCED SUPPLIER OF CONVENTIONAL ISLANDS In addition to unconditional safety. 90 Some of the best nuclear power plants in the world are not only equipped with conventional islands from Siemens. and. Siemens Energy is the world's leading supplier of steam turbine-generator units. OL3 is a European Pressurised Reactor (EPR) nuclear power plant of the Generation 3 plus. Perfect harmonisation of the interfaces between the nuclear island and the conventional island. Siemens is supplying the electrical and instrumentation & control systems.600 MW. at the same time. the minimal servicing and maintenance effort required and the turbines’ cutting edge in efficiency and performance represent the utmost safety and profitability of power generation plants made by Siemens. In addition.
. the question arises as to how we can ensure a reliable. but were built by Siemens as part of turnkey power plant projects. The experience Siemens is gaining from this project extends and strengthens our field service know-how of large steam turbines and generators.
The efficiency improvement of the low-pressure turbines was achieved mainly by enlarging the annulus exit area. Siemens steam turbines for nuclear power plants have been setting global standards in terms of output. including the use of specially selected steel.Operational Issues
Olkiluoto 3: A next-generation European Pressurised Reactor (EPR)-type nuclear power plant. servicefriendliness and reliability for decades. Siemens has now advanced this proven technology to an even higher level of efficiency and output. extensive quality assurance measures and monitoring of steam purity. To protect the blades against droplet erosion. and by 91
The steam turbines built by Siemens Energy have set global standards not only in output and efficiency. optimised forging processes. which already have an excellent service record in conventional steam turbine power plants. The design of Siemens turbines for nuclear
. Siemens steam turbines also incorporate a number of other features to avoid stress corrosion cracking.600-MW steam turbine-generator unit for Olkiluoto 3 is the first of a new rating class. Siemens is the only manufacturer worldwide to have truly mastered the shrink-fit manufacturing process. which increases exponentially along the length of the blade. stress-limiting design and fabrication procedures. The efficiency improvement of the high-pressure turbine was achieved by using 3DV™ blades. The design of this machine is based on the standardised and proven turbine-generator developed by Siemens for the Konvoi series of nuclear power plants in Germany. including the Isar 2 unit with a rating of approximately 1. their leading edges are flame. Moreover. featuring optimised reaction for each individual turbine stage. the 6-flow low-pressure turbine is expected to achieve record efficiency. special surface treatment to further reduce tensile stresses. and in reliability and service-friendliness.or laser-hardened.
SERVICE-FRIENDLINESS COUPLED WITH MANY YEARS OF EXPERIENCE
The 1. Siemens is supplying the turnkey conventional island RELIABLE AND PROVEN TECHNOLOGY WITH MAXIMUM EFFICIENCIES
CUTTING EDGE STEAM TURBINE TECHNOLOGY
tailoring the blade profiles.500 MW. Based on the experience gained from ongoing upgrade projects and specific design features. Siemens steam turbines’ availability figures are approximately 98%. while the geometry of the flow channel is specially designed to keep any droplets forming away from the rotor blades. That is why nuclear power plants equipped with Siemens steam turbines have consistently occupied top places in worldwide ranking lists for their power generation for many years. The advanced 3D final-stage blades needed for this have a twisted profile that varies the reaction along the length of the blade in line with the rotational velocity. This makes the steam turbine particularly resistant to stress corrosion cracking. efficiency.
The declaration of intent also includes cooperation in the development of a SWR1000-type boiling water reactor. SUMMARY Decades of comprehensive experience as the supplier of the world's largest steam turbine fleet and as the builder of turnkey nuclear plants that are among the best in the world. ■
. These long-term cooperation arrangements and the valuable experience 92 currently being gained from the construction of the Olkiluoto 3 power plant are the ideal prerequisites for optimum cooperation in the construction of future nuclear power plants. These modular. Siemens is always close by to assist customers with their service needs. Both result in significant cost savings for the plant operator. to which Siemens will provide the conventional part. In recognition of these excellent results.000 operating hours. STRATEGIC COOPERATION ARRANGEMENTS E. the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has authorised Siemens steam turbines for inspection intervals of 100.ON. Siemens is prepared to put its experience with conventional islands at the disposal of other suppliers of nuclear power plants as well. additional improvements will be incorporated into future applications of turbine-generator units and turnkey conventional islands.Operational Issues
On the right hand side low-pressure turbine for the Olkiluoto 3 project power plants has earned a proven service record over many decades.ON wants to build and operate. Not to mention that with service locations in all regions of the world. Additionally. Based on the excellent operating results achieved by Siemens steam turbines in the conventional islands of nuclear power plants and on the experience being gained from the Olkiluoto 3 project. full-scale overhauls. Siemens has decades of experience in building boiling water reactors. Siemens' competent and experienced service teams carry out these modular inspections without adding to the downtimes already scheduled for refuelling and other inspection work on the nuclear island. AREVA NP and Siemens have signed a declaration of intent providing for the long-term cooperation in the construction of additional EPR-type nuclear power plants. make Siemens Energy a competent partner for suppliers of nuclear islands for nuclear power plants. The shrink-fitted wheel disks do not show any signs of stress corrosion cracking even in millions of cumulative operating hours. Siemens’ cutting-edge and proven design of the conventional island can help increase the reliability of any plant and decrease operating costs. which E. annual turbine inspections can help eliminate time-consuming. inspection of the individual components can be scheduled with several of the annual refuelling outages required for a nuclear power plant.
The required technical options should therefore be specified in the contract. E50001-G220-A120-X-4A00 Printed in Germany Dispo 05400 c4bs No. Inc. Phone: +49 180/524 70 00 Fax: +49 180/524 24 71 (Charges depending on provider) E-mail: support.
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