# Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

SEPTEMBER SEMESTER 2009 SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUE MANAGEMENT – EMSH5103 ASSIGNMENT (45%)

LECTURER IR MURALINDRAN KOVINDASAMY

STUDENT ANAS BIN ALAM FAIZLI

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

SEPTEMBER SEMESTER 2009 SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT – EMSH5103 ASSIGNMENT (45%) INSTRUCTIONS: ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS. PART A Question 1 Calculate the incident rate (IR) for a company with 200 employees, working 45 hours/week and has a recorded injuries of 10. Use OSHA constant of 200,000 man-hours. [20 marks] Incident rates (IR) are a metric used to benchmark and gauge the safety performance of a company. It is also a trending number based on the injury if you had worked 200,000 hours as used by OSHA as benchmark. The calculation is based from OSHA 300. OSHA requires that an OSHA 300 log be completed and posted every year. Why 200,000 hours? Simply put, that is the hour worked by 100 employees, averaging 40 hours/week over a 50 weeks span (two weeks taken away for holidays). For this calculation however, we will assume that the weeks are not taken away and the company worked for 52 weeks/year. In order to calculate the IR, we need to have the Total Number of Hours Work, :Total Man-Hours = Total No of Employees x Working hours per week x 52 = 200 x 45 x 52 = 468,000 Man-Hours Incident Rate (IR) = Recordable Injuries x OSHA constant -----------------------------------------------Total Man-Hours Incident Rate (IR) = 10 x 200,000 ---------------468,000 = 4.2735

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

Question 2 Environmental Impact Assessment is vital for major projects list five (5) objectives and briefly explains each of the objectives. [20 marks] Following the wash away of Bota Bridge in 1967 and the flooding of Kuala Lumpur in 1970, various studies and suggestions have been moved forward to address environmental issues in Malaysia until in 1986 the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has became mandatory in Malaysia with the insertion of section 34(A) in the Malaysian “Environmental Quality Act”. The objectives of the Environmental Impact Assessments are as follows:

1) To ensure environmental factors are considered in the decision making process – this is essential where EIA will play as a planning mechanism to prevent environmental problems from occurring by having a detailed assessment of the environmental effects and impacts due to the project implementation. This is critical to avoid serious and irreversible damage to environment. Simply put it is to examine and select the best from the available project options. 2) To ensure possible adverse environmental impacts are identified, avoided or minimised and also predict significant residual environment impacts – It will help ensure that potential problem are foreseen and addressed during early stage in the project planning and design which will avoid costly mistakes in project implementation; during or after and includes remedial action to make the action environmentally acceptable. This also assists in identifying key impacts and measure for mitigation for environmental damages. 3) To provide proper outline for project implementation which relates to environment – this involves identification, assessment and method statement, measures and standard which shall be included in all phases of the project from design to implementation, testing and commissioning. This will determine the significant residual environment impacts predicted. 4) To protect the human health and safety – EIA will ensure all aspects of human health and safety is taken into consideration on how the project will directly impact the quality

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

of life and the capacity of the site can accept the environmental changes to be taken place. This will minimize or mitigate and enhance social aspects to the community which will also identify the cost and benefits of the project to the community. 5) To include and specify environmental monitoring and audit requirements – where the implementation and the effectiveness of the environmental protection control measures is adopted. This will provide continuous quality check on the environmental controls implementation. 6) As an information to the public about the project proposal – which helps describe the proposed project and other relevant works which is a public concerns.

Question 3 The annual losses from accidents in a small construction firm are expected to be \$25,000 per year. These estimates only include direct losses. An investment of \$35,000 in safety countermeasures will reduce these direct annual loss values to \$10,000 per year. The projected life for this investment is five years at an estimated annual interest rate of 15%. The present worth of the annual savings from the safety countermeasures is; [20 marks]

Net present value (NPV) can be used for this calculations, it is define as the total present value (PV) of a time series of cash flows. It is a standard method using time value of money to appraise future value of money. Each cash inflow/outflow is discounted back to PV. Then they are totalled together, therefore NPV is the sum of all t: the time of the cash flow i: the discount rate (rate of return) Rt: the net cash flow (amount of cash, inflow minus outflow) at time t Using numbers from the question: Number of Years = 5 Investment = \$35,000 Annual Loss Value Reduction / Annual Savings = \$15,000, Interest Rate / Discount Factor = 15% , where

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

Years (n) 0 Safety countermeasures initial investment 1 2 3 4 5 Annual loss saving Annual loss saving Annual loss saving Annual loss saving Annual loss saving TOTAL ( NPV ANNUAL LOSS SAVING ) 15000 15000 15000 15000 15000 0.8696 0.7561 0.6575 0.5718 0.4972 13043 11342 9863 8576 7458 50,282 Investment / Saving Cash Flow (real time ) -35000 Discount factor (DF) = 15% 1 Discounted Cash Flow -35000

Present value of annual loss saving: Year 1 = \$13,043 Year 2 = \$11,342 Year 3 = \$9,863 Year 4 = \$8,576 Year 5 = \$7,458 Present value of total annual loss saving: = NPV Annual loss saving = Total Discounted Cash Flow of Annual Loss Saving (Year 1 to Year 5) = \$50,282

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

PART B Question 1 Develop an Emergency Response Plan (ERP) for hazardous chemical transported by tankers from manufacturing facility to a processing plant. This truck will be using public roads during its journey before reaching the destination. This ERP should consist of the followings; a) b) c) d) e) Objective of Emergency Response Plan Emergency Response Team Emergency Response Procedure Spill Prevention and Precaution Measure Emergency Response Communication Plan

[40 marks]

WARISAN ATX is a company that involves with highly hazardous chemical, i.e Acetone. OSHA requires each employer to have a specific employee emergency response plan (ERP). Thus, ERP is developed as below for the facility and the transportation of the said material from the manufacturing facility to a processing plant via tanker using public roads.

EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN NOTE: Companies should not attempt any hazardous waste operations unless employees have been trained in accordance with the provisions of OSHA Standard 1910.120. Without this training, the only option open to a company is evacuation and notification of appropriate agencies capable of handling this type of situation.

OBJECTIVE The goals of this emergency response plan are, in order of priority, to protect the lives and health of Warisan ATX employees, and protect and minimize damage to company property in the event of an emergency and guide the employees on the action plan for all emergencies that might occur inside the manufacturing facility or during the transportation of the hazardous acetone from the manufacturing facility to the processing plant.

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

The objectives of this plan are: · To evacuate and account for all employees, visitors and the public if occur outside; · To contact local emergency service organizations; · To assemble the company’s Emergency Response Team (ERT) for implementation of the response plan; · Preparation for, and identification and handling of chemical related accidents. · Management of leaking or otherwise compromised tankers and chemicals. · Emergency disposal of hazardous chemicals, and spill prevention measures. · Contact pertinent regulatory agencies; · Conduct search-and-rescue operations, turnoff utilities, control any hazardous chemical spills or releases; · Prevent further property damage through protective measures or by removing property; · Perform cleanup and salvage as needed; · Conduct post-incident critique and evaluation; · File any applicable reports with regulatory agencies. · To ensure company operations return to normal. The procedure might not have cover every emergency situation that could occur, but however it will provide guidelines to enable employees of Warisan ATX to react and respond to the majority of the emergencies. The employees could only handle minimal emergency situation and everything above the appropriate level will be escalated to the ERP team and then to the local authority. SCOPE · Define the emergency response team · Elaborate on emergency response procedures · Establish the emergency response communication plan · Characterize spill prevention and precaution measure · Fire fighting in the event of an outbreak · Handling and storage of Acetone · Contain leakage and spills · Protect human lives and property

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM Responsibility The Responsibility falls on the Warisan ATX HSE Manager, Rashid Aziz 012 743 5538 ERP Coordinator · To be available 24 hours a day · Will serve as a focal point and responsible for all emergencies respond issues. Facility Management · Evaluate the number and types of hazards expected based on past experience and general knowledge to plan and develop Emergency Response Plan specifics; · Provide training to all employees for their roles in all emergency plans; · Conduct drills to practice response to emergency situations; · Conduct an annual drill to practice confined-space rescue; · All other activities necessary to the development and implementation of an effective Emergency Response Plan; · Make emergency response team assignments. Maintenance Manager · Maintain sufficient inventory of emergency response equipment; · Ensure maintenance and inspection of emergency response equipment; · Help train emergency response team members. Logistic Manager · Ensure tankers are fully inspected, serviced prior to transportation · Ensure tankers to use dedicated and assigned public roads only Dedicated ERT Team · Assist in the training of emergency response teams; · Assume active positions on the response teams. Safety manager · Provides assistance in developing and carrying out emergency response plans. TRAINING WARISAN ATX will train all employees on the procedures contained in this plan. New employees will be trained upon hiring, and re-trained any time the employees responsibilities under the plan change or whenever the plan changes.

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

The company will provide copies of all emergency response plans to be kept in employee handbooks and operation manuals, and will post copies on employee bulletin boards. The company also will designate and train a sufficient number of employees to assist in the safe and orderly evacuation of employees and visitors. These employees will be trained and re-trained as needed. Training will cover: · Emergency reporting; · Evacuation routes; · Alarm systems; · Specific assigned duties. · Crash course driving. Periodic drills will be held to ensure that all employees know the appropriate action to take in case of an emergency. The company will provide additional training and frequent drills for employees with specific emergency-response duties; and invite local emergency service units to participate in training whenever possible.

EMERGENCY RESPONSE PROCEDURES Types of Emergency • • • • • • Acetone spills inside the manufacturing facility Acetone spills during offloading to tanker in the facility Acetone spills while transportation of the tankers Acetone spills during offloading to processing facility Road accidents during transportation of Acetone All above can consequence to outbreak of fire

Emergency Responds Communication Plan INCIDENT REPORTING Management Notification If an emergency, or situation that could become an emergency, occurs, inform management immediately through HSE department at extension 2300 or 03-45282300. Razali Majid, ERP coordinator will maintain an up-to-date emergency notification list.

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

Emergency Response Team Notification ERP coordinator will contact each ERP team member via SMS. A group name has been setup and one SMS will be distributed to each team member. ERP coordinator will also calls each ERP team leader and team leader will contact each members. Employee Notification The alarm system, public address system, or direct supervisory contact can be used to notify employees of emergency situations in the facility. Dial ext 1000 and press *, wait for a tone and start the announcement. ERP coordinator will make the announcement if there is a need. External Notification Call (911) to contact the local fire or police department, emergency medical service or other emergency-response units. The Fire Department will come to evaluate the problem. Contact Subang Jaya Medical Centre if someone is hurt and the Police if there is a need for security. If the spill material exceeds the alarm level please contact Department of Safety and Health (DOSH).  Corporate Notification Contact the Iriani Zulkifli 014 788 3390 ext 2500 of the public relations department if media coverage of the situation is expected. Also, contact the corporate office as soon as possible of property damages, theft, or cargo losses. The following corporate officials are to be contacted: Sheila Zulkifli ext 2290 Irma Shamsul ext 2487 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Spill Prevention and Precaution Measure Incidental vs. Large Scale Spills In terms of size, Warisan ATX has identified two levels of spills; 1. Incidental Spills 2. Large Scale Spills Any leak, odor or spill that has been identified as an incidental spill can and will be handled in house by our ERT using spill containment and personal protective equipment that is currently available. If personal protective equipment above level "C" is required,

10

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

(refers to the PPE procedure: Warisan Atx/PPE/2009/32a) then the incident will no longer be considered "incidental." Under the direction of the Warisan Atx ERP coordinator, a spill no longer or not considered incidental will be referred to one or all of the following; 1. Fire Department Sentul Raya 2. Police Department Sentul Raya 3. DOSH Office in Jalan Tun Razak Incidental Leaks, Releases and Spills Incidental release or spill shall mean a small scale discharge, leak, release or spill that can be absorbed, neutralized or otherwise controlled at the time of the incident by employees of Warisan ATX. In order for the Hazardous Material discharge, leak, release or spill to be considered incidental, there can be no potential health risks, potential for explosion or fire and no risk of personal injury. In the event of an accident, explosion, fire, leak, release or spill the first priority must be personal health and safety. The following is the recommended practice that should be followed in the event of a hazardous material incident; 1. Tell others in the area to evacuate 2. Evacuate the area or room 3. Contact ERP Coordinator · Give him as much information as possible: 1. Your name 2. Location of the incidents 3. What happened 4. Number of injuries 5. Acetone has vaporized or is in liquid condition A. INCIDENTAL ACETONE LEAK or SPILL 1. You have a small chemical spill in the laboratory, inform ERP coordinator; 2. the name of the chemical or hazardous material involved, and how much leaked or was spilled 3. if anyone is injured, and the extent of the injuries 4. whether or not personnel have evacuated the area/room 5. if the door to the facility or laboratory is closed

11

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

6. if the facility / laboratory is equipped with a fume hood 7. what is being done to mitigate the hazard 8. where you are calling from B. LARGE SCALE CHEMICAL LEAK or SPILL 1. Notify personnel in the area that the spill has occurred and to evacuate 2. Leave the room immediately 3. Close the door to the laboratory as you leave 4. Contact the ERP coordinator Inform the ERP Coordinator 1. your name 2. phone number from where you are calling 3. locationi where the incident has occurred 4. if there is or was an explosion or fire 5. how many people are injured 6. the extent of the injuries 7. what is being done for those injured 8. if the Acetone has vaporized or in liquid form 9. how much was spilled 10. has the material been contained 11. who is the name of the supervisor C. PERSONAL INJURY CHEMICAL LEAK or SPILL Small Incident (no ambulance required) 1. Immediately remove all clothing affected by spill 2. Flush the area for at least 15 minutes 3. Refer attached MSDS to determine additional first aid measures, if any Eye Injury – Chemical 1. Immediately flush the eye for at least 15 minutes. Affected eye should be lower than the uninjured eye 2. Contact HSE Department Large Incident - Ambulance Required 1. Notify other personnel in the facility or laboratory

12

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

2. With Personal Protective Equipment (gloves etc.) remove all clothing. Chemicals will pool in belts, pockets and shoes 3. Contact HSE Department 4. Flush the entire body, eye or face for at least 15 minutes or until the arrival of the ERP team D. EXPLOSION or FIRE 1. Notify occupants of the area or room 2. Evacuate the area, laboratory or room 3. Close the door to the room as you exit 4. Activate the building Fire Alarm 5. Contact the ERP Coordinator Inform the ERP Coordinator 1. Your name 2. the number you are calling from 3. location where the fire is located 4. if there are any injuries
o o

how many the extent of injuries

5. cause of the fire
o o o

chemical electrical gas

6. if there are additional laboratory hazards in the area or room
o o o

flammable gases or liquids poisons radioactive or biological materials

If trained and the fire is small… 1. Select the appropriate fire extinguisher 2. Check the door to the room (if cool), open it 3. Extinguish the fire. After the extinguisher has been used, notify the HSE Department

13

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

In general, these are the actions that can be taken while waiting for the ERP team Accidental Release/Chemical Spills of Acetone Ventilate area of leak or spill. Remove all sources of ignition. Wear appropriate personal protective equipment. Isolate hazard area. Keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel from entering. Contain and recover liquid when possible. Use non-sparking tools and equipment. Collect liquid in an appropriate container or absorb with an inert material (e. g., vermiculite, dry sand, earth), and place in a chemical waste container. Do not use combustible materials, such as saw dust. Do not flush to sewer! If a leak or spill has not ignited, use water spray to disperse the vapors, to protect personnel attempting to stop leak, and to flush spills away from exposures. Fire Fighting No employee shall fight a fire that is beyond the incipient stage (able to be put out with a fire extinguisher), enter if the building is on fire to conduct search and rescue, or provide advanced medical care and treatment. These situations must be left to emergency services professionals, who have the necessary training, equipment and experience. First Aid Measures If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult provide oxygen. Call HSE Department. If ingestion, vomiting may occur spontaneously. Do not Induce. Keep head below hips to prevent aspiration into lungs. Call HSE Department. If skin contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for 15 minutes. contaminated clothing and shoe. Call HSE Department. If eye contact, flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes lifting upper and lower eyelids occasionally. Call HSE Department. Tanker/Transportation Accident Transporter will immediately switch off engine and all electrical devices. Wait until vapor hazard is removed. Do not let people to surround the area. Ensure that people are informed of the danger and ask them to move away. Check for spills/leak that might occur after the accident. Phone the Fire Department at 911 and also Warisan ATX HSE Remove

Department. Do not start back the engine and all other electrical devices.

14

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

EVACUATION PROCEDURES Emergency Control Points for Facility Emergency Mustering Area The Emergency Mustering Area will be at main mustering assembly hall in front of the outside main entrance of the facility. Emergency Control Post The Emergency Post will be set up besides the mustering area. Emergency Evacuation After the senior manager on the scene determines that evacuation is necessary, the evacuation alarm will be sounded, with instructions issued over the public address system. The normal format of the Evacuation announcement is: "Attention all employees! We have an emergency. This is not a drill. Please remain calm. All employees shall leave their work places immediately. Proceed to assemble at mustering area" The production/maintenance supervisors will then lead and assists in the evacuation.

All employees will turn back their punch cards to able the production and maintenance supervisors including the ERP team to ensure that all employees have left the facility.

Production/Maintenance Supervisors · Lead employees from work areas when the evacuation alarm sounds; · Assist any employees with disabilities; · Escort employees to (Designated Assembly Area); · Account for all employees upon reaching the designated assembly area; · Notify human resources of any employee not accounted for; · Ensure that employees stay in the assembly area.

MSDS for Acetone is attached for further understanding of the chemicals involved in this facility.

15

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

ACETONE
1. Product Identification
Synonyms: Dimethylketone; 2-propanone; dimethylketal CAS No.: 67-64-1 Molecular Weight: 58.08 Chemical Formula: (CH3)2CO Product Codes: J.T. Baker: 5008, 5018, 5356, 5580, 5965, 5975, 9001, 9002, 9003, 9004, 9005, 9006, 9007, 9008, 9009, 9010, 9015, 9024, 9036, 9125, 9254, 9271, A134, V655 Mallinckrodt: 0018, 2432, 2435, 2437, 2438, 2440, 2443, 2850, H451, H580, H981

2. Composition/Information on Ingredients
Ingredient CAS No --------------------------------------Acetone 67-64-1 Percent -----------99 - 100% Hazardous -----------Yes

3. Hazards Identification
Emergency Overview -------------------------DANGER! EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE LIQUID AND VAPOR. VAPOR MAY CAUSE FLASH FIRE. HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED OR INHALED. CAUSES IRRITATION TO SKIN, EYES AND RESPIRATORY TRACT. AFFECTS 16

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. SAF-T-DATA(tm) Ratings (Provided here for your convenience) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Health Rating: 2 - Moderate Flammability Rating: 3 - Severe (Flammable) Reactivity Rating: 0 - None Contact Rating: 3 - Severe Lab Protective Equip: GOGGLES & SHIELD; LAB COAT & APRON; VENT HOOD; PROPER GLOVES; CLASS B EXTINGUISHER Storage Color Code: Red (Flammable) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Potential Health Effects ---------------------------------Inhalation: Inhalation of vapors irritates the respiratory tract. May cause coughing, dizziness, dullness, and headache. Higher concentrations can produce central nervous system depression, narcosis, and unconsciousness. Ingestion: Swallowing small amounts is not likely to produce harmful effects. Ingestion of larger amounts may produce abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Aspiration into lungs can produce severe lung damage and is a medical emergency. Other symptoms are expected to parallel inhalation. Skin Contact: Irritating due to defatting action on skin. Causes redness, pain, drying and cracking of the skin. Eye Contact: Vapors are irritating to the eyes. Splashes may cause severe irritation, with stinging, tearing, redness and pain. Chronic Exposure: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may produce severe irritation or dermatitis. Aggravation of Pre-existing Conditions: Use of alcoholic beverages enhances toxic effects. Exposure may increase the toxic potential of chlorinated hydrocarbons, such as chloroform, trichloroethane.

4. First Aid Measures
Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention. Ingestion: 17

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

Aspiration hazard. If swallowed, vomiting may occur spontaneously, but DO NOT INDUCE. If vomiting occurs, keep head below hips to prevent aspiration into lungs. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Call a physician immediately. Skin Contact: Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical attention. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Eye Contact: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, lifting upper and lower eyelids occasionally. Get medical attention.

5. Fire Fighting Measures
Fire: Flash point: -20C (-4F) CC Autoignition temperature: 465C (869F) Flammable limits in air % by volume: lel: 2.5; uel: 12.8 Extremely Flammable Liquid and Vapor! Vapor may cause flash fire. Explosion: Above flash point, vapor-air mixtures are explosive within flammable limits noted above. Vapors can flow along surfaces to distant ignition source and flash back. Contact with strong oxidizers may cause fire. Sealed containers may rupture when heated. This material may produce a floating fire hazard. Sensitive to static discharge. Fire Extinguishing Media: Dry chemical, alcohol foam or carbon dioxide. Water may be ineffective. Water spray may be used to keep fire exposed containers cool, dilute spills to nonflammable mixtures, protect personnel attempting to stop leak and disperse vapors. Special Information: In the event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full facepiece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure mode.

6. Accidental Release Measures
Ventilate area of leak or spill. Remove all sources of ignition. Wear appropriate personal protective equipment as specified in Section 8. Isolate hazard area. Keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel from entering. Contain and recover liquid when possible. Use nonsparking tools and equipment. Collect liquid in an appropriate container or absorb with an inert material (e. g., vermiculite, dry sand, earth), and place in a chemical waste container. Do not use combustible materials, such as saw dust. Do not flush to sewer! If a leak or spill has not ignited, use water spray to disperse the vapors, to protect personnel attempting to stop leak, and to flush spills away from exposures. US Regulations (CERCLA) require 18

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

reporting spills and releases to soil, water and air in excess of reportable quantities. The toll free number for the US Coast Guard National Response Center is (800) 424-8802.

J. T. Baker SOLUSORB® solvent adsorbent is recommended for spills of this product.

7. Handling and Storage
Protect against physical damage. Store in a cool, dry well-ventilated location, away from any area where the fire hazard may be acute. Outside or detached storage is preferred. Separate from incompatibles. Containers should be bonded and grounded for transfers to avoid static sparks. Storage and use areas should be No Smoking areas. Use non-sparking type tools and equipment, including explosion proof ventilation. Containers of this material may be hazardous when empty since they retain product residues (vapors, liquid); observe all warnings and precautions listed for the product.

8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Airborne Exposure Limits: Acetone: -OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL): 1000 ppm (TWA) -ACGIH Threshold Limit Value (TLV): 500 ppm (TWA), 750 ppm (STEL) A4 - not classifiable as a human carcinogen Ventilation System: A system of local and/or general exhaust is recommended to keep employee exposures below the Airborne Exposure Limits. Local exhaust ventilation is generally preferred because it can control the emissions of the contaminant at its source, preventing dispersion of it into the general work area. Please refer to the ACGIH document, Industrial Ventilation, A Manual of Recommended Practices, most recent edition, for details. Personal Respirators (NIOSH Approved): If the exposure limit is exceeded and engineering controls are not feasible, a half-face organic vapor respirator may be worn for up to ten times the exposure limit, or the maximum use concentration specified by the appropriate regulatory agency or respirator supplier, whichever is lowest. A full-face piece organic vapor respirator may be worn up to 50 times the exposure limit, or the maximum use concentration specified by the appropriate regulatory agency or respirator supplier, whichever is lowest. For emergencies or instances where the exposure levels are not known, use a full-face piece positive-pressure, airsupplied respirator. WARNING: Air-purifying respirators do not protect workers in oxygen-deficient atmospheres. Skin Protection: Wear impervious protective clothing, including boots, gloves, lab coat, apron or coveralls, as appropriate, to prevent skin contact. Eye Protection: 19

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

Use chemical safety goggles and/or a full face shield where splashing is possible. Maintain eye wash fountain and quick-drench facilities in work area.

9. Physical and Chemical Properties
Appearance: Clear, colorless, volatile liquid. Odor: Fragrant, mint-like Solubility: Miscible in all proportions in water. Specific Gravity: 0.79 @ 20C/4C pH: No information found. % Volatiles by volume @ 21C (70F): 100 Boiling Point: 56.5C (133F) @ 760 mm Hg Melting Point: -95C (-139F) Vapor Density (Air=1): 2.0 Vapor Pressure (mm Hg): 400 @ 39.5C (104F) Evaporation Rate (BuAc=1): ca. 7.7

10. Stability and Reactivity
Stability: Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage. Hazardous Decomposition Products: Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide may form when heated to decomposition. Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur. Incompatibilities: Concentrated nitric and sulfuric acid mixtures, oxidizing materials, chloroform, alkalis, chlorine compounds, acids, potassium t-butoxide. Conditions to Avoid: Heat, flames, ignition sources and incompatibles.

11. Toxicological Information
20

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

Oral rat LD50: 5800 mg/kg; Inhalation rat LC50: 50,100mg/m3; Irritation eye rabbit, Standard Draize, 20 mg severe; investigated as a tumorigen, mutagen, reproductive effector.
--------\Cancer Lists\---------------------------------------------------NTP Carcinogen--Ingredient Known Anticipated IARC Category --------------------------------------------------------Acetone (67-64-1) No No None

12. Ecological Information
Environmental Fate: When released into the soil, this material is expected to readily biodegrade. When released into the soil, this material is expected to leach into groundwater. When released into the soil, this material is expected to quickly evaporate. When released into water, this material is expected to readily biodegrade. When released to water, this material is expected to quickly evaporate. This material has a log octanol-water partition coefficient of less than 3.0. This material is not expected to significantly bioaccumulate. When released into the air, this material may be moderately degraded by reaction with photochemically produced hydroxyl radicals. When released into the air, this material may be moderately degraded by photolysis. When released into the air, this material is expected to be readily removed from the atmosphere by wet deposition. Environmental Toxicity: This material is not expected to be toxic to aquatic life. The LC50/96-hour values for fish are over 100 mg/l.

13. Disposal Considerations
Whatever cannot be saved for recovery or recycling should be handled as hazardous waste and sent to a RCRA approved incinerator or disposed in a RCRA approved waste facility. Processing, use or contamination of this product may change the waste management options. State and local disposal regulations may differ from federal disposal regulations. Dispose of container and unused contents in accordance with federal, state and local requirements.

14. Transport Information
Domestic (Land, D.O.T.) ----------------------Proper Shipping Name: ACETONE 21

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

Hazard Class: 3 UN/NA: UN1090 Packing Group: II Information reported for product/size: 188L International (Water, I.M.O.) ----------------------------Proper Shipping Name: ACETONE Hazard Class: 3 UN/NA: UN1090 Packing Group: II Information reported for product/size: 188L

15. Regulatory Information
--------\Chemical Inventory Status - Part 1\-------------------------Ingredient TSCA EC Japan Australia ----------------------------------------------- ---- --- ----- ---Acetone (67-64-1) Yes Yes Yes Yes --------\Chemical Inventory Status - Part 2\----------------------------Canada-Ingredient Korea DSL NDSL Phil. ----------------------------------------------- ----- ------ --Acetone (67-64-1) Yes Yes No Yes --------\Federal, State & International Regulations - Part 1\----------SARA 302------SARA 313-----Ingredient RQ TPQ List Chemical Catg. ----------------------------------------- ---------- -------Acetone (67-64-1) No No Yes No --------\Federal, State & International Regulations - Part 2\----------RCRA-TSCAIngredient CERCLA 261.33 8(d) ----------------------------------------- ---------------Acetone (67-64-1) 5000 U002 No

Chemical Weapons Convention: No TSCA 12(b): No CDTA: Yes SARA 311/312: Acute: Yes Chronic: No Fire: Yes Pressure: No Reactivity: No (Pure / Liquid)

Australian Hazchem Code: 2[Y]E Poison Schedule: None allocated. WHMIS: 22

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

This MSDS has been prepared according to the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations (CPR) and the MSDS contains all of the information required by the CPR.

16. Other Information
NFPA Ratings: Health: 1 Flammability: 3 Reactivity: 0 Label Hazard Warning: DANGER! EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE LIQUID AND VAPOR. VAPOR MAY CAUSE FLASH FIRE. HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED OR INHALED. CAUSES IRRITATION TO SKIN, EYES AND RESPIRATORY TRACT. AFFECTS CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Label Precautions: Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Keep container closed. Use only with adequate ventilation. Wash thoroughly after handling. Avoid breathing vapor. Avoid contact with eyes, skin and clothing. Label First Aid: Aspiration hazard. If swallowed, vomiting may occur spontaneously, but DO NOT INDUCE. If vomiting occurs, keep head below hips to prevent aspiration into lungs. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Call a physician immediately. If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes or skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. In all cases, get medical attention. Product Use: Laboratory Reagent. Revision Information: No Changes. Disclaimer: ************************************************************************* Mallinckrodt Baker, Inc. provides the information contained herein in good faith but makes no representation as to its comprehensiveness or accuracy. This document is intended only as a guide to the appropriate precautionary handling of the material by a properly trained person using this product. Individuals receiving the information must exercise their independent judgment in determining its appropriateness for a particular purpose. MALLINCKRODT BAKER, INC. MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION SET FORTH HEREIN OR THE PRODUCT 23

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

TO WHICH THE INFORMATION REFERS. ACCORDINGLY, MALLINCKRODT BAKER, INC. WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR DAMAGES RESULTING FROM USE OF OR RELIANCE UPON THIS INFORMATION. ************************************************************************* *********************** Prepared by: Environmental Health & Safety Phone Number: (314) 654-1600 (U.S.A.)

24

Name: Anas Alam Faizli Centre of Graduate Studies

Student ID No. CGS 00385017 MPM Intake: January 2009
ASSIGNMENT – EMSH5103

REFERENCE
1. Harold Kerzner (2006) Project Management: A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling, and Controlling, John Wiley & Sons Inc. 2. Zuriati Zakaria, Maimon Abdullah – Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, (2003) Environmental Impact Assessment in Thailand, South Africa, Malaysia and Denmark 3. David L. Goetsch (2008) Occupational Safety and Health for Technologists, Engineers and Managers

25