Instructions: For each histology question, pick the one best answer.

This histology test bank is also useful for the histology questions on the USMLE (USMLE step 1). 1. The appearance of the antrum is a characteristic of which stage of follicular development? a. Primordial follicle b. Primary follicle c. Secondary follicle d. Mature follicle e. Graffian follicle 2. What is the acidophilic glycoprotein coat which surrounds the oocyte? a. Graffian follicle b. Theca folliculi c. Granulosa cells d. Zona pellucida e. Antrum 3. What tissue surrounds the ovary? a. Follicle b. Germinal epithelium c. Medulla d. Tunica albuginea e. Cortex 4. What is a mature gamete called? a. Oogenesis b. Ovary c. Ovulation d. Oocyte e. Ova 5. Which stage of the follicle is characterized by a surrounding of flattened (squamous) follicular cells? a. Primordial follicle b. Primary follicle c. Secondary follicle d. Mature follicle e. Graffian follicle 6. What is another term for the mature follicle? a. Primordial follicle b. Primary follicle c. Secondary follicle d. Antral follicle e. Graffian follicle 7. What occurs cyclically in a female? a. Oogenesis b. Ovary c. Ovulation d. Oocyte e. Ova 8. What is the connective tissue layer around the primary follicle? a. Graffian follicle b. Theca folliculi c. Granulosa cells d. Zona pellucida

Graffian follicle b. Zona pellucida e. Tunica albuginea e. HCG d. what is the correct term for the production of gametes called? a. Ovary c. Oogenesis b. What is the connective tissue which surrounds the ovary? a.e. Germinal epithelium c. In the female. What are the follicular cells? a. Theca folliculi c. LH c. Medulla d. Antrum 9. Antrum . FSH b. Granulosa cells d. Ovulation is triggered by a dramatic increase in which hormone? a. Ovulation d. Estrogen e. Follicle b. Oocyte e. Ova 12. Cortex 11. Progesterone 10.

Gametogenesis in the female is referred to as oogenesis. 5. The developing gametes are called oocytes. 7. The outer region of the ovary is called the cortex. The mature gamete is an ova. Answer: e A primordial follicle is a primary oocyte in the outer region of the cortex. A follicle at this stage is also called an "antral follicle". The mature gamete is an ova. The presence of the antrum is a characteristic of a secondary follicle. The ovary is the organ where gametogenesis (oogenesis) occurs. Ovulation is the release of an oocyte and occurs every 28-30 days. A follicle at this stage is also called an "antral follicle". Answer: e The term for the production of gametes is called gametogenesis. Ovulation is the release of an oocyte and occurs every 28-30 days. Answer: c The term for the production of gametes is called gametogenesis. It is arrested in the first meiotic prophase. Answer: c A primordial follicle is a primary oocyte in the outer region of the cortex. The acidophilic glycoprotein coat surrounding the oocyte is the zona pellucida. 4. It is arrested in the first meiotic prophase. It is surrounded by flattened follicular epithelial cells. Answer: b The ovary is covered with germinal epithelium. A cavity within the follicle is the antrum. The primary follicle is marked by the surrounding of flattened (squamous) follicular cells becoming cuboidal and the oocyte becomes bigger. 2. The mature follicle is also called the Graffian follicle. Underneath the germinal epithelium is connective tissue called the tunica albuginea. The ovary is the organ where gametogenesis (oogenesis) occurs. The developing gametes are called oocytes. Answer: b . Gametogenesis in the female is referred to as oogenesis. The primary follicle is marked by the surrounding of flattened (squamous) follicular cells becoming cuboidal and the oocyte becomes bigger. The primary follicle is marked by the surrounding of flattened (squamous) follicular cells becoming cuboidal and the oocyte becomes bigger. The inner region of the ovary is called the medulla. The follicular cells are granulosa cells. A follicle at this stage is also called an "antral follicle". Note from Sarah Bellham: The outer region of some other organs is also sometimes called a cortex. The mature follicle is also called the Graffian follicle. 3. It is surrounded by flattened follicular epithelial cells. The presence of the antrum is a characteristic of a secondary follicle. 8. The connective tissue layer around the primary follicle is the theca folliculi. It is surrounded by flattened follicular epithelial cells. It is arrested in the first meiotic prophase. The inner/middle region of some other organs is also sometimes called a medulla. Answer: d The follicle which is ovulated is the Graffian follicle. 6. The presence of the antrum is a characteristic of a secondary follicle. The mature follicle is also called the Graffian follicle. Answer: a A primordial follicle is a primary oocyte in the outer region of the cortex. The ovarian follicle contains the oocyte.1.

12. Note from Sarah Bellham: The outer region of some other organs is also sometimes called a cortex. Ovulation is triggered by a dramatic increase in LH. The outer region of the ovary is called the cortex. 11. The mature gamete is an ova. A cavity within the follicle is the antrum. The connective tissue layer around the primary follicle is the theca folliculi. The ovarian follicle contains the oocyte. The follicular cells are granulosa cells. . 10. Answer: b During the first week to 10 days. HCG is the hormone which maintains the corpus luteum.The follicle which is ovulated is the Graffian follicle. FSH is the main hormone which stimulates the growth of the follicles. The follicular cells are granulosa cells. Gametogenesis in the female is referred to as oogenesis. Answer: a The term for the production of gametes is called gametogenesis. The connective tissue layer around the primary follicle is the theca folliculi. The inner region of the ovary is called the medulla. The inner/middle region of some other organs is also sometimes called a medulla. Ovulation is the release of an oocyte and occurs every 28-30 days. Underneath the germinal epithelium is connective tissue called the tunica albuginea. The acidophilic glycoprotein coat surrounding the oocyte is the zona pellucida. The acidophilic glycoprotein coat surrounding the oocyte is the zona pellucida. Answer: d The ovary is covered with germinal epithelium. 9. Answer: c The follicle which is ovulated is the Graffian follicle. The developing gametes are called oocytes. A cavity within the follicle is the antrum. The ovary is the organ where gametogenesis (oogenesis) occurs. During a pregnancy.

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