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The English Alphabet Aa Ii Qq Yy Vowels A Consonants B L V C M W D N X F P Y G Q Z H R J S K T E I O U Bb Jj Rr Zz Cc Kk Ss Dd Ll Tt Ee Mm Uu Ff Nn Vv Gg Oo Ww Hh Pp Xx
The Rhyming Alphabet ä sound A H J K ë sound B C D E G P T V E sound F L M N S X ï sound I Y O yü sound Q U W R Z
The Phonetic Alphabet When spelling (especially over the phone) use the phonetic alphabet to avoid confusion. A Alpha B Bravo
C E G I K M O Q S U W Y
Charlie Echo Golf India Kilo Mike Oscar Quebec Sierra Uniform Whisky Yankee
D F H J L N P R T V X Z
Delta Foxtrot Hotel Juliet Lima November Papa Romeo Tango Victor X-Ray Zulu
Names First Name Mohammad Said Middle Name Said Nasser Last Name/Surname Al Kindi Al Mahrouqi
When two letters appear next to each other we say "double __" Follow the dialogue. o What's your full name please. My first name is Ali and my last name Al Khallili.
Sorry , what was your last name again? I'm sorry I don't understand. Could you repeat that more slowly please.
Al Khalli. Al Kha-lli-li.
How do you write that? Could you spell it please?
A-l K-h-a-double l-i-l-i Ali Ali - A-l-i. 985-238-18 You're welcome.
o o o
And your first name please? Pardon? And what is your telephone number please?
Capitalization When spelling a word for someone it is sometimes necessary to let the person know when letters need to be written in CAPITALS and when they need to be written small. "How do you spell UNESCO please?" "How do you spell T-Online please?" "How do you spell 1&1 Profi please?" "Capital U-N-E-S-C-O." "Capital T dash capital O small n-l-i-n-e." "1 ampersand 1 capital P small r-o-f-i."
English for Beginners
The English Alphabet + Names
Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Write the phonetic word for each letter of the alphabet. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. U N I O J K ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. X B F D P Z ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________
18.000. W R C G ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ Lesson 2 The English Numbers The English Numbers 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 zero one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1.000. 19.000 twenty-one twenty-two twenty-three twenty-four twenty-five twenty-six twenty-seven twenty-eight twenty-nine thirty forty (no "u") fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety one hundred one thousand one hundred thousand one million billion 100. 10.000.000 1. 8.7.000 1. A L S M ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ 17.000 . 20. 9.
The English Numbers Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ .
Blacken the circle of the right word for each number. .
1 = _____ eleven 2. 6 = _____ six sex siex sixteen sixth fife fifteen fith five four fourteen fourth fourty threa thirteen third free 7. 3 = _____ three 4. 10 = _____ than tenth ten teen tan 11. 8 = _____ acht 9. 15 = _____ fiftean fifteen fiftheen fiftien fifty fourteen foorteen furteen fourtean thirtien twelfe twelv twelve thirteen thirtean eleventh elevin elevn ileven thirteenth 16. 14 = _____ fourteenth 15. 7 = _____ sevan 8. 20 = _____ tenthy 17. 5 = _____ fieve 6. 13 = _____ thurteen 14. 11 = _____ eleven 12. 2 = _____ tue two too twelve twenty first one won wun 3.1. 12 = _____ thelve tuelve 13. 30 = _____ twelve tuenty tuenthy twenty . 9 = _____ nine niene nene najn nain eight eighth eiht eith savan seventh seven sheven 10. 4 = _____ foor 5.
100 = one _____ handread hundred hudred hundread handred 20. 1000 = one _____ thousand fousend fousand thusand thousend Lesson 3 Ordinal Numbers – used for ranking In figures 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 30th 40th 50th 60th 70th 80th 90th 100th 1000th In words the first the second the third the fourth the fifth the sixth the seventh the eighth the ninth the tenth the eleventh the twelfth the thirteenth the fourteenth the fifteenth the sixteenth the seventeenth the eighteenth the nineteenth the thirtieth the fortieth the fiftieth the sixtieth the seventieth the eightieth the ninetieth the hundredth the thousandth .thurty thurthy thiurty thirty thirte 18. 50 = _____ fithty fiftean fifty fifteen fifthy 19.
1. Third _______________ .Ordinal Numbers – used for ranking Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Write the words in figures.
eighth fifth first fourth ninth second seventh sixth tenth A. G. 4. F. 23. B. 14. 20. 7. 16. 4. 25. 13. 21. E. 5. Write only the letters. H. 8. 15.2. 9. 12. 6. 7. 19. 11. D. B 6th 10th 2nd 3rd 4th 9th 7th 5th 1st . I. 2. 18. 5. A __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 1. 17. 8. 24. 3. 3. 9. C. 22. Tenth First Ninth Seventh Sixteenth Twentieth Thousandth Second Eleventh Fourth Sixth Fortieth Hundredth Fiftieth Twelfth Seventieth Fifth Ninetieth Thirtieth Eighth Thirteenth Sixtieth Sixteenth Eighteenth _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ Ordinal Numbers – used for ranking Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Match column B from column A. 6. 10.
N. ninteenth 16. twelfth 20. fifteenth 14. R. O. M. S. eleventh 13. red and yellow. L. fourteenth 15. T.__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 10. twentieth J. eighteenth 12. sixteenth 18. white and blue. P. seventeenth 17. third 11. Q. 8th 20 19th 12th 16th 18th 17th 14th 15th 13th 11th Lesson 4 Colors Colors Black White Red Blue Yellow Orange Green Purple Pink For example:The Union Jack is red. thirteenth 19. K. . The German flag is black.
there are three primary colors. They are . you create what is called a secondary color. blue.Penguins is black and white. = = = Purple Green Orange . Eggplant is purple. blue and yellow make green and yellow and red make orange. Lettuce is green. Orange is orange! A rainbow is multi-colored Primary Colors In art. Lemon is yellow. + + + Tertiary Colors Tertiary colors are neutral colors such as browns and grays.red. These are colors that cannot be made by mixing other colors together. Mixing red and blue creates purple. and yellow:Red Blue Yellow Secondary Colors If you mix two primary colors together.
If you mix three primary colors together... Brown Grey Black and White Black White Black adds shadow to a color. Dark blue . you get a tertiary color or if you mix a primary color and a secondary color you get a tertiary color. + + + + = = = = Light blue Pink Cream Opposite Light green etc. But white makes a color lighter.
Lesson 5 Time (1) Twelve o'clock Six o'clock One o'clock Seven o'clock Two o'clock Eight o'clock Three o'clock Nine o'clock Four o'clock Ten o'clock .
Five o'clock Eleven o'clock Time (1) Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Tell what the time is. ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ .
How to ask the time • Excuse me. What time is It's exactly eight o'clock. it please? . or • It's eight.00 It's exactly 2. 14.30 It's about 2.______________________ ______________________ Lesson 6 Time (2) Twelve fifteen Twelve o'clock or Quarter past twelve Twelve Twelve thirty or Half past twelve Quarter to one or forty-five Exactly or about Exactly About 14.30pm.00pm.
tell me the time please? Time (2) Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Tell what the time is. Could you • or • It's about half past eleven. It's twelve thirty. ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ . the time please? • Excuse me. It's about eleven thirty. Do you have • or • It's half past twelve.• Excuse me.
Prepositions used with time At a point in time In a length of time "When shall we meet?" "Let's meet at 12." "I go to work in the morning." but "What time do you open?" at "I go to sleep at night." "We open at . when will you be ready?" "I'll see you in an hour." "I have lunch in the afternoon.45... . nine o'clock. at about 1.30.___________________ Lesson 7 Time (3) Time (3) ." "I go home in the evening.45." "It's 12.
."What time do you close?" at "We close at . we're closed from. " "But.00 .01 .00 hrs 12.12.01 .00 12.01 .00 22..stands for Post Meridian (after noon) afternoon evening night midnight 00. 9 am to 6 pm.01 .00 12.24.01 hrs ..00 18.59 00..18. six o'clock.00 24. Opening Times "When are you open?" from to "We're open from.11..22.." AM or PM morning AM .01 . 12 noon to 1 pm for lunch.stands for Ante Meridiem (the time between midnight and noon) noon or midday PM .24.
Note . For example: I never work at the weekend.Lesson 8 Days of the Week The working week The weekend Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun Prepositions For single days we use on. For the weekend we use at. For example: This year my birthday is on Saturday.Days always begin with a CAPITAL letter. .
Today and Tomorrow Days of the week Past Monday Last Monday Tuesday The day before yesterday Wednesday Yesterday Present Thursday Today Friday Tomorrow Future Saturday The day after tomorrow Sunday Next Sunday Months of the year Past July Last July August The month before last September Present October November Next month Future December The month after next January Next January Last month This month Years Past 2001 Three years ago 2001 The year before last 2002 Last year Present 2003 This year 2004 Next year 2005 The year after next Future 2006 In three years time .Lesson 9 Yesterday.
Lesson 10 Months of the Year January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Prepositions For months we use in. . For example: Christmas is in December. My birthday is in September. In England it rains a lot in April.The names of months always begin with a CAPITAL letter. Note .
Lesson 11 The Seasons In the UK we have four seasons: Winter December Dec January Jan February Feb Spring March April Mar Apr May May Summer June July Jun Jul August Aug September Sep Autumn October Oct November Nov Prepositions of time We use in for seasons. For example: In Russia it is cold in (the) winter. Note -The names of days and months always begin with a CAPITAL letter but seasons don't. .
May is in 10. December is in 8. January is in 5. October is in 7.The Seasons Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Can you remember which months are in which seasons? Winter Spring Summer Autumn 1. August is in 2. March is in ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ Lesson 12 Nouns Buildings and Places . September is in 3. April is in 4. September is in 9. November is in 11. June is in 6. July is in 12.
classroom coffeeshop hospital house library apartment Food and Drinks apple beer cake1 cake2 carrot cheese cheesecake chewing gu m chicken coffee cola1 cola2 cup dessert egg fish .
fruit greentea hamburger hotdog orange icecream milk orange ju ic e pear pizza salad steak strawberry toast vegetables wine People and Animals bird cat1 cat2 child children dinosaur dog1 dog2 elephant face fish1 .
fish2 gorilla hairstyles legs lion penguin person snake young thief co u pl e Sports baseball basketball bowling exercise football jogging sumo tennis Things .
bag book candle cassette pl ay er cigarette computer dictionary watch magazine money movie music newspaper pencil present socks t-shirt TV umbrella1 umbrella2 Time .
spring summer autumn winter morning afternoon night Vehicles airplane1 airplane2 bicycle bus car expresstrain train Medical .
ankle arm back fingers wrist shoulders teeth throat stomach1 stomach2 intestine cut wound sprain beeSting itchy mosquitoBite swell brokenBone1 brokenBone2 burn cannotSleep cold sweat feaver constipation diarrhea convulsions .
cough sneeze stuffedNose dizzy exhausted faint feelSick headache nausea1 nausea2 vomit ringing stiffShoulder stomachache absent hospitalized healthy rest physician check lieDown lieFaceDown lieOntheBack lieSideway turn openMouth inhale holdBreath Lesson 12 a .
12. 13. That is ______ girl. This is ______ orange. 9. 1. It is ______ ant. 10. This is ______ dog. 15. This is ______ van. That is______ ruler. It is ______ cat. That is ______ car. That is ______ kite.A / An A is used with singular noun beginning with a consonant sound like: b c d f g h j k l m n p q r stvwxyz An is used with singular noun beginning with a vowel sound like: a e i o u Fill in the blanks with "a" or "an". 4. 3. 7. This is______egg. 14. This is ______ house. It is ______ apple. It is ______ umbrella. 6. 5. Lesson 12 b . 8. It is ______ bus. 2. It is ______ fan. 11.
Write “This” or “These” in the gap below. 8. ___________ computer is expensive. 5. Example: These cars are blue. 7.___________pencil is no good. 1. ___________ girls are from my college. 2. 9. 6. Lesson 12 b . ___________ is Ali's pen. ___________ house is the biggest in the street. ___________ is my newspaper. ___________ bikes are mountain bikes.This / These This – used for a thing (singular) which is near to us. Example: This car is blue. ___________ book is very interesting. ___________ shoes are too big. 10. ___________potatoes aren't cooked. 3. 4. These – used for things (plural) which are near to us.
That / Those That – used for a thing (singular) which is not near to us. __________ isn't a nice thing to say. Example: That car is blue. __________ is a good answer. __________cars go fast. 7. 3. Write “That” or “Those” in the gap below. 2. 9. 10. Those – used for things (plural) which are not near to us. __________ birds sing in that tree every morning. __________ desk is mine. 4. __________ windows are open. 1. 6. 5. Lesson 12 c . Example: Those cars are blue. __________ questions are too difficult. __________ dress is short. __________ dogs bark all day. __________ letter is for Jill. 8.
There __________________ lions in the zoo. There __________________many animals in the zoo. 8. There __________________ birds in the zoo. 7. There __________________ a snake in the window. 5. There __________________ an elephant in the zoo. 2.There is / There are THERE IS – is used for singular nouns (one item) and for non-count nouns (group nouns). 1. There __________________ many monkeys in the trees. . There is milk on the floor. too. There __________________ a bird next to the tree. There __________________ a zebra in the grass. 4. There __________________ some water in the lake near the elephants. Examples: There is a spider on the wall THERE ARE – is used for many items (plural nouns). too. Lesson 13 . 3. 10. There __________________ many people visiting the animals today. 9. 13. There __________________ bananas in the tree with the gorilla. 6. 11. There __________________ many baby lions near their parents. There __________________ some grass under the tree. Example: There are pencils on my desk. There __________________ a gorilla in the tree. 12. 14. Write “there is” or “there are” in the sentences. There __________________ many children. 15.
How many candles are there? There are six Countable You can count You can count You can dogs. How much .Countable Nouns vs Uncountable Nouns How much? vs. Countable nouns Noun A dog An apple A car An umbrella A glass You can count umbrellas.. How many Question dogs are there? Answer There's one apples..? = uncountable nouns For example: How much coffee do you drink? How many . I bought some apples. How many cars are there? There are two There are .. How many glasses are there? There are A candle You can count candles.. How many umbrellas are there? There are You can count glasses. How many apples are there? count cars.? = countable nouns For example: How many cups of coffee do you drink? Countable nouns in the singular take the article a or an and can be plural. For example: I bought an apple... How many? A noun can be countable or uncountable.
Furniture You can't count furniture. How much Question sugar is in the bowl? There is Answer some sugar in the bowl. Uncountable nouns Noun Sugar Uncountable You can't count sugar. How much cheese is there? Wine You can't count wine. How much wine is there in the bottle? There is some wine in the bottle. candles.dog. I bought some sugar. How much furniture is there? Money You can't count money. There is some cheese. How much jewellery is there? Cheese You can't count cheese. . There is some furniture. four umbrellas. Jewellery You can't count jewellery. For example:I bought sugar. There is some jewellery. apples. How many? Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Choose whether the noun is countable or uncountable. Uncountable nouns do not take an article and do not have a plural form. five glasses. three cars. Countable Nouns vs Uncountable Nouns How much? vs. How much money is in the bag? There is some money in the bag.
5. but you can measure them. Traffic Countable B. You have to use ‘counters’ . 6. Uncountable A glass of wine A. Uncountable 7. 10. Uncountable 4. Uncountable A. Sand Countable B. Uncountable A. Uncountable Furniture A. Uncountable A. A. Water Countable B. 2. A. 8. Countable B. 3. 9. Uncountable A. Uncountable A. Countable B. Countable B. Countable Knife B. Bus Countable B. Countable Sugar B. Uncountable Lesson 14 Counting Uncountable Nouns How do you count uncountable nouns? You can't. Table Countable B.1. Coffee A.
bag A bag of money. round A round of cheese. but the thing you're counting doesn't take the plural form. piece A piece of furniture. The container takes the plural form:bag A bag of money. There are two There are four pieces of furniture. How many pieces of furniture are there? of money. furniture. How many bags of money are there? Add a word Make it table Coun sugar. How many bottles of wine are there? There's only one bottle of wine. two pieces of jewellery. For example:- . Other words you can add to make uncountable nouns countable:You can put something into a container to count it. How many rounds of cheese are there? There are three rounds of cheese. wine.Noun Uncountable Sugar Uncountable Question How much sugar is there? There's a lot of sugar. bags of money. bottle A bottle of wine. piece A piece of jewellery. bowl A bowl of Jewellery How much there? There's some jewellery. How many pieces of jewellery are there? Cheese How much there? Wine How much wine is there? Furniture How much furniture is there? Money How much money is there? jewellery is cheese is Answer There's a lot There's some There's some There's a lot of cheese. How many Countable bowls of Ques sugar are tion there? There's one There are Answer bowl of sugar.
Five boxes of cereal. Eleven jars of honey.barrel Two barrels of beer. bottle bowl box bucket Six buckets of water. glass jar packet a saucepan tank tin . Thirteen pans of rice. cup Nine cups of coffee. Four bowls of sugar. A dozen packets of butter. Three bottles of wine. Fifteen tanks of petrol. Sixteen tins of custard. Ten glasses of water. carton Eight cartons of milk. can Seven cans of Coke.
For example:- pint Two pints of beer. . Again the measurement takes the plural form. ball Ten balls of wool. You can measure uncountable nouns in other ways. Two pounds / pound / ounce / kilo etc. Eighteen tubes of toothpaste.tub Seventeen tubs of margarine. The measurement takes the plural form:liter 1 and a half liters of milk. but it still doesn't take the plural form. using shapes or portions.. ounces / kilos of butter. tube You can measure something to count it..
Much How much? How many? Countable Nouns In We use how many with plural Uncountable Nouns We use how much with uncountable nouns:"How much paper is in the printer?" "How much money have you got?" questions: countable nouns:"How many newspapers do you read every day?" "How many Rials have you got?" Some. Fourteen slice spoon spoonfuls of sugar. newspapers. cups. books. time. coffee. Any Countable There are some people. square Ten squares of chocolate. Many. paper. A few. traffic. chairs. A little. Five slices of cake. Any. pinch Two pinches of salt. Uncountable There is some money.bar Three bars of soap. Lesson 15 Countable vs Uncountable Nouns Some. .
traffic. Statement: We can use any in negative sentences We can use any in negative sentences with plural countable nouns:I don't read any books. with uncountable nouns:I don't want any coffee. Euros. time. Euros. Countable people. coffee. Countable We can use some in positive Statements: sentences with plural countable nouns:Positive: I read some books.shoes. There aren't any newspapers. Uncountable We can use some in positive sentences with uncountable nouns:I would like some coffee. chairs. Uncountable money. food. Negative: Countable people? cups? books? Are(n't) there any newspapers? chairs? shoes? Euros? Uncountable money? traffic? Is(n't) there any paper? time? coffee? food? . cups. food. shoes. There isn't any paper. books.
" "I only have a few Euros." to an offer or polite request." "I only have a little money." Many." money traffic There isn't much paper time coffee food . please? Uncountable Would you like some coffee? Countable Statements: Positive: "I meet a few people every day.We can use any in questions with Questions: plural countable nouns:Positive Q: Are there any books? Negative Q: Aren't there any books? We can use any in questions with plural uncountable nouns:Do you need any coffee? Don't you need any coffee? Note: When you expect the answer to be "Yes. Countable Question: A few. you can ask a question using some. Much people cups There aren't many books newspapers chairs shoes Uncountable "There is a little paper in the printer. A little people cups books There are a few newspapers chairs shoes Euros There is a little money traffic paper time coffee food Can I have some books.
Do you need much coffee? Don't you need much coffee? .Countable Statements: Negative: Questions: Positive Q: Negative Q: Are there many books? Aren't there many books? I don't read many books. Uncountable I don't drink much coffee.
A few. Many. I don't have _________ money. I don't drink _________ coffee. David reads a lot of books. A little. Are there _________ people in the room? 7. 6. 3. 4. 1. but he doesn't read _________ newspapers. Did you answer _________ questions wrongly in the test? 9. How _________ times have you been to England? 10. John doesn't have _________ friends. Is there _________ milk in the fridge. How _________ work do you have to do? . Much Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Fill in all the gaps with much or many. Any. 8. 5. You don't have _________ time to do this test. 2.English for Beginners Countable vs Uncountable Nouns Some.
8. 6. Examples: Do you have any cheese? He doesn't have any friends. 10. We use any for both countable and uncountable nouns. 5. We don't____________ have milk. He would like____________ peanuts. Write “any” or “some” in the gap below. 3. I bought____________ hamburgers for dinner. 4. Examples: Would you like some bread? (offer) Could I have some water. They have____________ videos in that shop. Examples: I have some friends SOME – is used in questions when offering or requesting something. He has____________ stamps for our letters. 1. 9. Can I have____________ apples. 2. . 7.Lesson 15 a Some / Any SOME – is used in positive sentence. Don't make____________ noise. please? I haven't got____________ money. please? (request) ANY – is used in negative sentences or questions. She doesn't want____________ beer. They're doing an exam. She tried on____________ new shoes yesterday.
Do you know ____________ people here? That library doesn't have ____________ books. 4. Have you made ____________ mistakes in your homework? 10. 9.Lesson 15 b Many / Much Many – used in countable nouns. Much – used in uncountable nouns. 8. 3. 5. There isn't ____________ cheese in the fridge. 6. Write “much” or “many” in the gap below. . I don't have ____________ water. Jill can't find ____________ jobs in the newspaper. They don't drink ____________ coffee. We don't have ____________ questions. I don't have _________ time. 2. 7. 1. He hasn't got _________ money. I'll buy some at the shop.
Lesson 16 Pronouns you we I (s in g ul ar ) you (plural) it he she (a ni m it (inanimate) at e) they .
It can be used as an auxiliary or a main verb.Lesson 17 Am /Is/Are/ + What / Who To be is the most common verb in the English language. Singular I You He/she/it Uses Am/Is/Are Question Positive Statement Written Form or spoken for Singular Am I? emphasis I am Contracted Form (spoken) I'm Negative Statement Written Form or spoken for emphasis I am not Contracted Form (spoken) I'm not You're not Are you? You are You're You are not or You aren't Is he? Is she? Is it? He is She is It is He's She's It's He is not She is not It is not He isn't She isn't It isn't or He's not am are is Plural You We They are are are .
Is Mr Bean is an English teacher." Is "Is this your coat?" "Yes.No "Am I disturbing you?" "Yes you are. Am/Are Question . We're very busy. We aren't very busy. We're learning English. She's teaching English. They're at home. it is" "No.She's not It's not Plural We aren't Are we? We are We're We are not or We're not You're not Are you? You are You're You are not or You aren't Are they? They aren't They are They're They are not or They're not Examples The verbs am / is / are used with:Am/Are a noun group an adjective an expression of place or time an expression of age the form of the present continuous tense Are you an English teacher? I'm tired. It's nine o'clock. I'm 44. She's English.? Positive Answer + Yes Negative Answer ." "No you're not. it isn't" . He's two years old.
"Yes") 3."Mr. Who _________ Ali? I ________ . _______ you Ali? Yes I ________ . Al Junaibi. (Here you could also answer in the short form . (Here you could also answer in the short form . (Here you could also answer in the short form ."Ali.") 2. .") 6. Junaibi. Who _______they? They ________Mr."My Wife. with the correct form of the verb to be: am / is /are (short forms can be used). (Here you could also answer in the short form . and Mrs. 1.Am /Is/Are/ + What / Who Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Fill in all the gaps. Who ________ she? She _______ my wife. and Mrs.") 5. What ______your name? My name ______ Ali. 4. Who _______you? I _______ Ali.
They __________ nice girls. The children __________ in the shop. He __________ a teacher. I __________ twelve years old. 10. . Mr. Said __________ funny and nice. I __________ Kevin. 6. The woman __________ behind a tree. 13. She__________in the house. 4. It __________ black. 7. 5. 2. The elephants __________ tired. 8. Abdullah and I __________ friends. 11. 3. My name __________ Mohammed. 15. We __________ hungry.Am / Is / Are Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Write the correct word in the gap below. The dog and the cat __________ in the garden. am are is 12. 9. 1. 14. Ahmed and Yousuf __________ at school.
5. 7. He __________ a teacher. Abdullah and I __________ friends. The elephants __________ tired. 13. Ahmed and Yousuf __________ at school. 11. Mr. We __________ hungry. 15. 6. They __________ nice girls. . I __________ twelve years old. 14. The dog and the cat __________ in the garden. The children __________ in the shop. 3. 1. I __________ Kevin. My name __________ Mohammed. It __________ black. 10. 9. Said __________ funny and nice. The woman __________ behind a tree. She__________in the house. 4. am not are not is not 12. 8. 2.Am / Is / Are – not Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Write the correct word in the gap below.
Am / Is / Are – Question
Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Write the correct word in the gap below. 1. ___________she in the house? 2. ___________the dog and the cat in the garden? 3. ___________the woman behind a tree? 4. ___________I Khalil? 5. ___________Abdullah and I friends? 6. ___________it black? 7. ___________my name Mohammed? 8. ___________they nice girls? 9. ___________the children in the shop? 10. ___________he a teacher? 11. ___________we hungry? 12. ___________Mr. Said funny and nice? 13. ___________ I twelve years old? 14. ___________Ahmed and Yousuf at school? 15. ___________the elephants tired? Am Are Is
Has / Have
HAS is used for he / she / it / singular noun. HAVE is used for I / you / they / we / plural noun.
Write have or has in gap. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. He _____________five dogs. Ahmed and Saoud _________a great teacher. The car ____________air-conditioning. We ________________lovely house. Yousuf _____________a kind wife. You _______________eight correct answers. The house _______________four bedrooms. I _______________ no money. They _______________ a blue car. The cat _______________ brown fur.
Am /Is/Are/ + What / Who
Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Answer the following: I am…
1. What is your name? 2. Where are you from? 3. How old are you? 4. Are you married? 5. What is your work?
________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________
You are …
1. What is your name? 2. Where are you from? 3. How old are you? 4. Are you married? 5. What is your work?
________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________
Where is she from? 3. How old is she? 4. Where is he from? 3. What is his name? 2. How old is he ? 4. What is his work? ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ She is… 1. Is she married? 5.1. Is he married? 5. What is her name? 2. What is her work? ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ .
1. What's this. What's this? __________________________________ 6. What's this? ____________________________________ 4. ____________________________________ 3. What are these? ____________________________________ 2.Am /Is/Are/ + What / Who Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Answer the following questions in a complete sentence. What's this? ____________________________________ 7. What are these? ____________________________________ 5. What's this? ___________________________________ 8. What are these? .
one of his co-worker. are you from __________? No. it was nice to see you. Are you from ________. _______________. A: Mr. C: Mr. And you. ________? Yes. _____________. A: Mr. and you? Not too bad. Good morning. Al Hashmi Naturally Speaking Follow the dialogue. Pleased to meet you. B: Mr. and his friends in the street. A meets Mr. A: Mr. goodbye ___________. ________this is _____________my co-worker. B. Well. B: Mr. . B: Good morning. Greetings and Farewell Introductions Say "Hello" to Mr. A: Mr. How are you? I'm fine thanks.___________________________________ Lesson 18 Introductions. Mr. Mr. this is my friend ________. C: Mr. but I live in _____________now. I'm from ___________. Pleased to meet you too. from ____________. ________________.
Ai: Yes. What to say Everyday Greetings "Good morning" "Good afternoon" "Good evening" "Goodbye" "Good night" "Good night" . goodbye.Mr.
"Hello" or "Hi" are more informal but can be used at any time. "Bye" is more informal. When leaving at night.00 noon till around 5.Meeting When you meet people you say "Good morning" first thing in the morning. When going to bed you say "Goodnight. Parting or Leaving When leaving." .00 pm and "Good evening" from then on. Fine thanks. you say "Goodnight". Question How are you? How are you? How are you? Emotion Response Great thanks. "Good afternoon" from about 12. or OK. Not too bad thanks. you say "Goodbye".
" 00.01 ." .1st January "Happy New Year!" "Happy Easter.Special Greetings "Happy Christmas." or "Merry Christmas." "Good Luck!" "Congratulations!" or "Well done!" "Get well soon.
Ahmed. How are you today? Good afternoon. It's nice to see you too. I'm very well thank you. Hamed. Good morning Hamed. Yasser. When young people meet informally they sometimes say "Give me five!" and slap their hands together (high five). It's a pleasure to have met you. How are you? Possible responses What a pleasant surprise! How are you? It's been a while / long time. How are you doing? Hi. On Leaving . Goodbye. Generally we do not shake hands with people we know well. And you? Hamed. Introducing others Responding to an introducti on It’s nice to meet you Mr.Shaking Hands When meeting someone formally for the first time. Oh fine. Subsequent meetings Formal Possible Greetings Hello. we shake their hand and say "How do you do?" or "It’s nice to meet you. it just means "Hello". Hello Hamed. What's new with you? Thank you. Ahmed! How's it going? Hi. may I introduce my boss.. Fine thanks. Mr. busy always. It's good to see you. Formal to Informal Greetings and Introductions First meetings Formal Introducing yourself How do you do? My name is Hamed." "How do you do?" isn't really a question. You know how it is. Hamed. Yasser. How are things? Not too bad. It's nice to see you again.
________________________________________________ 5. / is / Mr. / your / Khalid / is / . / ? / are / you / .__________________________________________ 4. / name / is/ your / ? / what / . / you / are / . Example: do / ? / do / you / how / .________________________________________________ 3.Introductions. / . / Bean / that / ? / -________________________________________________________ . / Mr. / Mohammad /. Greetings and Farewell Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Put the mixed up sentences into order.How do you do? 1. / name / Mr. / morning / How / good / .___________________________________________________ 2.
Cities always start with a CAPITAL I live in Muscat. LETTER. Countries always start with a CAPITAL LETTER. a CAPITAL LETTER. I come from Oman. I am Omani. Places. Nationalities always start with a CAPITAL LETTER. + Where? Questions Who? What? Learn It Where? = Places = = People Things CAPITALIZATION RULES Rule For example People's names always start with My name is Said Al Farsi.Lesson 19 People. .
Is this Spain? No. Wales isn't in Germany. Wales is in Britain. this isn't Germany. Scotland is in Britain. England is in Britain. No. Is this France? Is Wales in Germany? No. Is Scotland in France? What is the capital of Wales? The capital of Wales is Cardiff. What is the capital of Scotland? No. England isn't in Poland. The capital of England is London. Scotland isn't in France. .Where is this? Is England in Poland? What is the capital of England? Is this Germany? No. this isn't Spain. This is Scotland. This is Wales. this isn't France. The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh. No. This is England.
No.What is the Is this Italy? Is Northern Ireland in Italy? capital of Northern Ireland? No. Wales. Who is this?/Who are they? . London is the capital of Britain. Scotland and Northern Ireland are countries in the United Kingdom. Edinburgh and Cardiff are capital cities. England. Where is this? Is the United Kingdom in America? Tell me more. This is Northern Ireland. the United This is the United Kingdom. No. Northern Ireland is in the United Kingdom. Belfast. London. this isn't Italy. Kingdom isn't in America. Northern Ireland isn't in Italy. England. The United Kingdom is in Europe. Wales and Scotland are countries in Britain. The capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast.
They're 'The Beatles'. They come from England.Who is this? What is her name? Her name is Ingrid Bergman What is his name? His name is Where does she Where does come from? She comes from Sweden she live? What nationality is she? She's Swedish What nationality is he? It's Ingrid. Napolean Bonaparte. Note: Where do you come from? = Where were you born or raised. Paul McCartney. Where do you live? = Where do you live now. but I live in Muscat." (It means that you were born in Mukhaizna and you live in Muscat. What are their names? He comes from France. Ringo Starr and George Harrison. Paul lives in England and Ringo lives in Monte Carlo. She's dead. Who is this? Where does he Where does come from? he live? It's Napoleon. and George Harrison are dead. For example: "I come from Mukhaizna. Who are they? Where do they come from? Where do they live? John Lennon What nationality are they? Their names are John Lennon.) What to say Question Short answer Long answer . He's French. He's dead. They're British.
" "My name is Said.E." "U. No. Places. + Where? Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Fill in the nationality or the country.A." "My nationality is Emirate." When asked questions about themselves people often give short one-word answers:Question "What's your name?" "Where do you come from?" "What country do you come from?" "Where are you from?" "Where do you live?" "What nationality are you?" Short one .A. I live in Muscat.E." "Emirate. Saif. Yes. You're welcome. I am.” Australian . • • • • • Mr.A.E." "I come from U.A." "U." "Abu Dhabi." "In Abu Dhabi. “Where do you come from?” “I come from ……. No I come from Bahla."What's your name?" "Where do you come from?" "Where do you live?" "What nationality are you?" "I'm Said.A.E.word answer "Said. People.” Australia “What nationality are you?” “I’m ……." Follow the dialogue. • • • • • What's your name please? Do you come from Nizwa? Do you live in Bahla? Are you Omani? Thank you." "From U." "U.E." "I live in Abu Dhabi." "I'm Emirate.
How do you do? / where / ? / from / come / do / you / -_____________________________________________ 2. / ? / is / what / name / your / -___________________________________________________ . do / ? / do / you / how / . + Where? Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Put the mixed up sentences into order.India Chinese Egypt England France German Nepal Japan Italy Japanese Russian Pakistan Turkey American Thai Philippines Bangladesh Syria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Sudanese Lebanon Yemeni Bangladeshi People. Places. Example: 1.
/ who / you / are / ? / -___________________________________________________________ 6. / ? / Mr. Mr. Ali / your / is / name -___________________________________________________ 4._____________________________________________________ 5. / do / live / you / where / ? / . Rarely used today. / you / nationality / are / what / ?/ -_________________________________________________ Lesson 20 More About People + Titles Titles Young male Master Note: Used with the first name. Ahmed Miss Salima Master William .3. Miss Adult male (married or unmarried) Young or Adult Female (unmarried) Mr.
Mrs. Ms.Mrs. Al Junaibi Ms. Female (married) Female (married or unmarried) Note: Often used in business. Salima Lesson 21 Verbs ask become fa m ou s bloom borrow .
bring buy1 buy2 call clean climb come cook cough cry dance date drink drive eat1 eat2 fever fight gainweight get drunk geton getup go gohome graduate greet headache help .
injure introduce laugh laundry listen m us ic look at lose1 lose2 marry meet memorize paint play guitar play piano pull push read quit read new spap er repair ride run select shop show shrink sing sit .
Choose the correct response: 1. DO is used for I / you / they / we / plural noun.ski sleep smile smoke stand1 stand2 stomachache swim1 swim2 take along take walk call wait1 wait2 wake up wash dish wash face wash hand watch TV write Lesson 21a Does / Do DOES is used for he / she / it / singular noun. _____________________ (Do/Does) you speak English? .
6. _____________________ (Do/Does) he always behave like this? 4. don't you? 8. Why _____________________ (do/does) he always wear the same shirt? 9. She_____________________ (don't/doesn't) know how to cook. My mother _____________________ (don't/doesn't) like to travel. _____________________ (Do/Does) they know that you're my sister? 5.2. You _____________________ (do/does) understand. I will be very surprised. 7. DO NOT is used for I / you / they / we / plural noun. 3. If they _____________________ (do/does) come. _____________________ (Do/Does) your cats play with you. _____________________ (Do/Does) Polish people eat a lot of meat? 10. Lesson 21b Does / Do not DOES NOT is used for he / she / it / singular noun. .
3. 2. I _____________________ (do not/does not) know how to cook. I will be very surprised. 5. Your cats_____________________ (do not/does not) play with you. 8. Why _____________________ (do not/does not) he always wear the same shirt? 9.Choose the correct response: 1. Polish people_____________________ (do not/does not) eat a lot of meat? 10. You _____________________ (do not/does not) understand. Lesson 22 The Present Simple Positive . My mother _____________________ (do not/does not) like to travel. They_____________________ (do no t/does not) know that you're my sister.“I do” . 7. 6. If they _____________________ (do not /does not) come. He____________________ (do not/does not) always behave like this? 4. You _____________________ (do not/does not) speak English.
"I do. then he has a shave and brushes his teeth.The Present Simple . He eats breakfast at about 7. In the third person (he. . and goes to the bathroom. He usually has a shower.15 am. He gets up at 6. she. Saif wakes up at 6.00 am. Saif does every Monday morning. Every Monday. For example:I/we/you/they He/she/it do does have has work works read reads like likes eat eats drink drinks Things Mr. the verb takes an s. it) form." We use the Present Simple tense to talk about regular or permanent actions.00 am. Mr.
scratch > scratches Words ending in -y:-y becomes -ies : For example worry > worries .crash > crashes .After breakfast he reads the newspaper..“I do” Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ ..30 am he goes to work.cry > cries Also. do > does .. Spelling Tip: Words ending in -s / -sh/ -ch:es after -s / -sh/ -ch: for example toss > tosses . At 7.go > goes The Present Simple Positive .
4. 8. 6. 2. I ______________________from home. I ______________________breakfast at 8. He never ______________________to work. it’s fun. 10.00 am. 7.Complete the sentences. We ______________________ computers. They ______________________in a small flat. Lesson 23 The Present Simple Negative . They're very good students. He _______________________his job. Ali ______________________ English in London. they always ______________________ their homework. 5.“I don’t” . Use these verbs. She ______________________ Muscat on Mondays. he always drives. 3. Mr. study work like use do eat walk teach speak live 1. 9. His students ______________________a little English.
He doesn't get up at 6. it) form. He doesn't go to the office. He gets up at 9.00 am. On Saturday Mr. For example:I/We/You/They do not I/We/You/They don't do not have don't have do not read don't read do not like don't like do not eat don't eat do not drink don't drink He/She/It does not does not have does not read does not like does not eat does not drink He/She/It doesn't doesn't have doesn't read doesn't like doesn't eat doesn't drink Things Mr."don't" = do not | "doesn't" = does not In the third person (he. After his bath. He has a shave and brushes his teeth.00 am. Hilal doesn't wake up at 6. she. He goes to the bathroom. He doesn't have a shower. Hilal does and doesn't do on Saturday mornings.The Present Simple .15 am. he doesn't have a cup of coffee. . He has a bath. the negative form of the verb to do takes an s. He wakes up at 8.00 am.
.He doesn't eat breakfast at about 7.00 am. The Present Simple Negative . After his run he doesn't go to work.00 am. He usually visits his friends. After breakfast he doesn't read the newspaper.“I don’t” Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Fill all the gaps with the correct present simple negative. He eats breakfast at about 10. He goes for a run.
(not speak) Lesson 24 The Present Simple Questions. (not teach) 10. it's boring. I __________________________ breakfast at 8.“Do I… ?” . His students __________________________ Arabic in class. They're not very good students. I __________________________ from home. they __________________________ their homework. They __________________________ in a small flat. (not like) 2. He__________________________ his job. (not work) 6. Mr. (not study) 4. Nasser __________________________ Arabic in Muscat. (not live) 3. (not do) 8. He __________________________ to work. he always drives. We __________________________ computers. (not eat) 5. She __________________________ Arabic on Mondays. (not walk) 9.00 am.1. (not use) 7.
it) form." . Ghanim what he does at work every day. "Mr. Ghanim. The Present Simple . what do you do?" "I'm a teacher. Learn It Adverbs of Frequency Some adverbs tell us how often something is done.Remember It ! "What do you do?"="What is your job?" ! For example: Q .What do you do? A ."Do I?" In the third person (he.I'm a teacher. she. For example:Do Does I/we/you/ they he/she/it have something? have something? do something? do something? like something? like something? want something? want something? Let's ask Mr. the question form of the verb to do takes an s.
"Do you usually walk to work?" "No. she only works part-time. I only teach in the day. She "Does she teach every day?" teaches Monday to Wednesday." "How many classes do you teach?" "I usually teach three classes a day. . Miss Smith."What do you teach?" "I teach English.00 am. never. there is one other English teacher.“Do I… ?” Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Arrange the words below to make questions." "What time do you usually start?" "I usually start work at 9." "Where do you work?" "I work at a language school in Muscat." "Do you ever teach evening classes?" "Do you ever teach on a Saturday?" "No." The Present Simple Questions. I always drive." "What time do you usually finish work?" "I usually finish work at 4 o'clock. but only sometimes. She never teaches at the weekend." "No." "Does anyone else teach English?" "Yes." "Yes.
you / go / to the cinema . the cat / sleep / in the cat's bed .________________________________ 10.“I do.1. they / play / a game .________________________________ 9. he / play / football .________________________________ 8. he / read / books . you / be / from Paris . the pupils / wear / school uniforms .” vs. Present Continuous – “I am doing” . she / have / friends . she / often / dream .________________________________ 3.________________________________ 5.________________________________ 4.________________________________ Lesson 25 Present Simple .________________________________ 7.________________________________ 6. she / collect / stickers – Does she collect stickers? 2.
" "My English is improving. Younis."What does Mr. often. To describe change. "What are you doing?" = What are you actually doing right now? For example: Q . he isn't sitting." "It often snows in the winter. Temporary situations. . Q. progress."Is he sitting?" A." Let's ask a few questions about Mr." "I always boil the kettle before I make the tea." "It isn't "I enjoy snow. Q . "Is the kettle boiling yet?" General facts about our lives.when do we use them? Regular and repeated Things that are always true. The Present Simple vs. the sun is shining. sometimes.I'm teaching." snowing. - "I am studying English for a year at University.I'm a teacher."He's a teacher. never). "Water boils at 100 degrees. Something that is happening now. he's standing. Younis do?" A." "The kettle isn't boiling." "I am in my lesson." "It never snows in Germany in the summer." Q.What are you doing? A ." "I always speak English in "I like English. actions (always." my lessons."No.What do you do? A . development. Present Continuous . so I'm speaking English.Remember It "What do you do?" = What is your job? vs." "English is a popular language in business.
Q." Q. 1."I am doing Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple present or present progressive)."Does he often drive to Nottingham. often normally usually sometimes seldom never first then Present Progressive at the moment at this moment today now right now Listen! Look! Present Simple . he usually takes the train." Q."No." Q."What is he doing today?."He's holding a flag." vs."He works at a language school in Muscat."I do." Simple Present Signal words always every ." Q." A. it's shut. Present Continuous ."Is he working there today?" A. he isn't working there today.. ."No."What is he doing?" A."He's driving to Nottingham." Q. Look! He (leave) is leaving the house. A."Where does he work?" A.."He teaches English."What does he teach?" A.
4. 9. She usually (walk) __________________________ to school. We (play) __________________________Monopoly at the moment. Every Sunday we (go) __________________________ to see my grandparents. (watch / he) __________________________the news regularly? Lesson 26 Presents Continuous . 3. 5. 7. 8. But look! Today she (go) __________________________by bike.Positive “I am doing” Present continuous form=am/is/are + verb + ing (something is happening NOW) You can use the short forms. He often (go) __________________________ to the cinema. Quiet please! I (write)__________________________ a test.2. The child seldom (cry) __________________________. I (not / do) __________________________ anything at the moment. 10. . 6.
Am/Is/Are doing "What am I doing?" "I'm standing. "What are they doing?" "They're playing. Words ending in vowel + g Words ending in vowel + m To walk To sleep To jog To swim walk + ing sleep + ing jog + ging swim + ming walking sleeping jogging swimming ." Spelling Tip: Words ending in two consonants . "What is she doing?" "She's walking. "What is he doing?" "He's sitting. "What is it doing?" "It's running.add ing Words ending in two vowels + consonant.
Be careful with the spelling! Example: (learn) .Positive “I am doing” Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Write a full answer in the present continuous form. .I am learning.Short forms I am He is She is It is You are We are They are I'm He's She's It's You're We're They're I am not He is not She is not It is not You are not We are not They are not He's not She's not It's not You are'nt We aren't They are'nt He isn't She isn't It isn't You're not We're not They're not Presents Continuous .Words ending in vowel + n Words ending in vowel + p Words ending in vowel + t Words ending in ie Words ending in e To run To shop To put To die To phone run + ning shop + ping put + ting d + ying phon + ing running shopping putting dying phoning Pronunciation .
Negative “I am not doing” .play What are they doing? _______________________ sit What is he doing? What is he doing in the chair? _______________________ smoke _______________________ cook What is he doing? _______________________ build What is he doing? _______________________ shop What is she doing? _______________________ walk What are they doing? _______________________ swim eat What is it doing? _______________________ What are they doing? _______________________ run What is she doing? _______________________ Lesson 27 Presents Continuous .
"I'm not sitting.Negative “I am not doing” Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Fill in all the gaps. I'm not +verb -ing.each word can only be used once. He/she/it isn't + verb-ing. You/we/they aren't +verb-ing. He's sitting.add not after am/is/are (something is not happening NOW). with the right verb in the box . ." "He's not (he isn't) standing. " "We're not (we aren't) watching television." "It's not (it isn't) walking. She's walking. They're playing. " "They're not (they aren't) working.In the negative . It's running." "She's not (she isn't) running. I'm standing." Presents Continuous . We're surfing the Net.
"It's not__________________. it's __________________ . they're__________________ their books. ." ." ."They're not__________________their books."Im not__________________at my desk. she's __________________ a book. .answering listening asking opening buying closing reading running talking teaching flying going down going up learning selling sitting standing swimming walking writing ."She's not __________________ a book. I'm__________________ at my desk.
"I'm not__________________."The lift isn't__________________ . it's__________________." ." . . .. he's __________________a present."He's not __________________ a present. I'm__________________ . you're__________________ English. ."You're not__________________ English."They're not__________________ together. they're__________________ together.
" Lesson 28 Presents Continuous Questions – What are you doing? Questions Who? What? Where? People Things Places ."You're not __________________ questions. you're __________________questions..
" What to say ." "Yes." What are they doing? "They're playing. they are." Short answer "Yes.answer = yes Long answer Short answer Long answer "Yes." . I'm learning English." "Yes.What am I doing? What is he/she/it doing? What are we/you/they doing? Am/Is/Are doing What am I doing? "I'm standing. you're learning English." "Yes. He's not (He isn't) standing." or "Yes. he/she's learning English.Open and closed questions Answering Yes Closed Question ." or "Yes. It's not (It isn't) walking. we're learning English. they're learning English. She's not (She isn't) running." What is it doing? "It's running." "Yes." "Yes. They're not (They aren't) working.answer = yes or no "Am I learning English?" "Is he/she learning English?" "Are you learning English?" "Are we learning English?" "Are they learning English?" Answering No Closed Question . we are." "Yes." or "Yes. I am. you are." or "Yes." "Yes." or "Yes." What is he doing? "He's sitting. I'm not sitting. he/she is." What is she doing? "She's walking." "Yes.
" "Learning English." "She's learning English. (where / study / English / you / ?)__________________________________________________ 3." "No. I'm not learning German." "Are you learning German?" "Are we learning German?" "No. you're not (you aren't).. Using is or are put the words in order." "No." "Are they learning German?" Answering in full Open Question ." or "No.ing form." or "No.or no "Am I learning German?" "Is he/she learning German?" "No." "No. Don't forget to put the verb into the correct . ( work / today / you / ?)__________________________________________________________ ." "No. (what / do / you / ?) ____________________________________________________________ 2. you're not (you aren't) learning German. he/she's not (he/she isn't) learning German." "They're learning English." "No. (who / work / today / ?)__________________________________________________________ 4.. they're not (they aren't). we're not (we aren't). they're not (they aren't) learning German." "We're learning English.. we're not (we aren't) learning "No." "He's learning English." Presents Continuous Questions – What are you doing? Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Write questions from the words." "Learning English. he/she's not (he/she isn't)." "Learning English." or "No.can't answer yes or no "What are you doing?" "What is he doing?" "What is she doing?" "What are we doing?" "What are they doing?" Long answer "I'm learning English. I'm not." "No." "Learning English." Short answer "Learning English.. 1.." "No." or German." or "No." "No.
. Think of it as unfinished time . especially when we are interested in what happened.5. (they / in a restaurant / eat?) _____________________________________________________ 7. (she / coffee / drink /?)___________________________________________________________ 9.your life isn't finished."I have done. (she / read / what /?)___________________________________________________________ Lesson 29 The Simple Present Perfect Positive . (listen / he / to her / ?)___________________________________________________________ 8." The Present Perfect Simple . (surf / the net / we /?) ___________________________________________________________ 10. so you use the present perfect tense to talk about it.[HAS / HAVE] + [past participle] We often use the Present Perfect Simple tense to talk about our life up to now. (you / look / at me / ?)___________________________________________________________ 6.you're not dead . and not exactly when it happened.
Forming the perfect tense
The verb “to have ”is used as an auxiliary verb to help other verbs create the perfect tense. Positive Statement Subject I You He / She / It We You They form of the verb to have have have has have have have past participle (the verb to be) been been been been been been Contracted form (spoken) I've been ... . You've been ... . He's been ... She's been... It's been ... . We've been ... . You've been ... . They've been ... .
Negative Statement past Subject form of to have negation participle (the verb to see) I You He / She / It We You They have have has have have have not not not not not not seen seen seen seen seen seen I haven't been ... . You haven't been ... . He hasn't been ... She hasn't been... It hasn't been ... . We haven't been ... . You haven't been ... . They haven't been ... . Contracted form (spoken)
Past P a r t Verb i c i p l e Verb
Past P a r t i c i p l e learn sing wear write see learnt sung worn written seen
be begin drink hear hurt
been begun drunk heard hurt
Questions Form of to have Have Have Has Have Have Have subject I you he / she / it we you they past participle been / bought / seen ...? been / bought / seen ...? been / bought / seen ...? been / bought / seen ...? been / bought / seen ...? been / bought / seen ...?
Mr. Yasser - Where has he been?
He has been to ica.
Maybe he has been there once, or several times. You don't know and he's not going to
Amer tell you.
He has been to Irela nd He has been to Cana da.
I'm your teacher. You know that I'm from England, and I'm living in Germany. How long and since when? How long have I been in Germany? Since a point in time. I have been in German For a length of time. y since 1998. It's 2006 and I have been in Germany for 8 years.
Where else have I been? Maybe I have been there How many times once, or several times. You don't know, but I can tell you. You add the number of times to the end of the sentence. have I been there? I have been to France many times. I have been to Italy twice.
Where have I been ? I have been to Fran ce. I have been to Italy .
They have done . 1. He is unblocking the toilet.. Compare:They are doing .. heavy sofa. I have only been to South Africa once.I have been to Sout h Afric a. where you can see the result.."I have done. The shopping is in her bags. dropped it. Oops! They have They are carrying a big. I ____________ (to read)____________ War and Peace many times. Thank goodness. has unblocked the toilet. It is flushing properly now. He Oh dear. She has been She is shopping. We also use the Present Perfect Simple tense to talk about things that we have done.. . The Simple Present Perfect Positive . shopping." Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Fill in all the gaps with the correct form of to have and the verb given. One of them is squished.
8. 6 Over the years many governments ____________ (to send) ____________ armies to fight abroad. I hope all of you ____________ (to learn) ____________ a lot on the Network. Man ____________ only (to go) ____________ to the moon once. No one ____________ ever (to live) ____________ on the moon. 5. 9. 7. 10. 4. I ____________ (to hear) ____________ that they ____________ (to find) new singer. ____________a Lesson 30 .2. She ____________ (to eat) ____________ too many chocolates. 3. but it ____________ (to leave) a nasty taste in my mouth. We ____________ never (to forget) ____________ to do the test in the lesson. He ____________ (to see) ____________ the film Blade Runner ten times. I ____________ (to take) ____________ my medicine.
I haven't packed my shoes. but he hasn't been to New York. yet. yet? I haven't packed my toothbrush and toothpaste. I am packing my suitcase. I haven't packed my hairbrush." Already and Yet What have I packed? Already is used to show that something has happened before the present time. yet. but he hasn't been to Montreal." or "I've never been to... What haven't I packed." Mr. I have already packed my skirt.The Simple Present Perfect Negative . a jumper and some socks.. Yet is used in negative statements to mean something hasn't happened up to the present time.. Lesson 31 . Adil . yet.Where hasn't he been? He has been to America. You can say "I haven't been to. but he's never been to Dublin. He has been to Canada. He has been to Ireland."I have not done.
" Mr. He's been to Ameri ca? Has he ever been to Irelan d? Has he ever been to Cana da? What have I done today? This morning the car was dirty.. Question Answer . It needed cleaning. what have I done today? Have I washed the car? No. Has he been to Dubli n? No. It needed washing..?. Has he been to New York? No. So. I haven't washed the car. yet.. to America. He's been to Canada.Has he ever been to . Ali ever been Yes.Negative This morning the fridge was dirty. Has he been to Montr eal? No. He's been to Ireland. He's never been to New York.? Answer Question Positiv e Has Mr. Yes.. He hasn't been to Montreal."Have you . Ali . . It's still dirty.The Simple Present Perfect Questions . Yes. He hasn't been to Dublin.
15 am. It's nice and clean.00 am. Regular verbs add -ed to the end. last year. Of course I've cleaned the fridge." We use the Simple Past tense when discussing finished time (yesterday."I did. I/he/she/it/ we/you/they What Mr. Ali woke up at 6. He got up at 6. . Ali did yesterday. Lesson 32 The Simple Past .Have I cleaned the fridge? Yes. was were did " had " worked " read " liked " ate " drank " Yesterday Mr. Only the verb to be needs to be changed in the third person. in 1999 etc).
He ate breakfast at about 7. At 7.Rules for Irregular Verbs:First rule: There are no rules! be > was/were do > did have > had go > went .30 am he went to work. After breakfast he read the newspaper.00 am. Spelling Tip . then he had a shave and brushed his teeth.hike > hiked Words ending in -y:-y becomes -ied : For example worry > worried .and went to the bathroom. He had a shower.Rules for Regular Verbs: Words ending in -e / -d: for example like > liked .cry > cried Spelling Tip .
. 9."I did. When he ____________ (be) the boss he never ____________ (walk) to work. 3. When he ____________ (be) a boy he ____________ (like) his job. I ____________ (cycle) home from work. I ____________ (eat) breakfast at 6. 2. When I ____________ (begin) teaching I ____________ (teach) for a language school. 6.00 am this morning." Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Write the correct form of the verbs (in brackets). When they started this course the students only ____________ (speak) a little English. he always ____________ (drive). We ____________ (go) to the cinema last night. 5. it ____________ (be) fun. 10. 4. She ____________ (study) history last year.The Simple Past . they always ____________ (do) their homework. They ____________ (live) in a small flat 10 years ago. They ____________ (be) very good students. 1. 8. 7.
Positive statement I worked. did not is placed after the subject. and the form of the verb is changed to the bare infinitive. What Mr. On Saturday Mr. It didn't work We didn't work. He/She didn't work.00 am. It worked. They worked. Negative statement I didn't work. Mohammad didn't wake up at 6. You worked.00 am. the following contraction is often used: Without Contraction With Contraction did not didn't For example:I/he/she/it/you/we/you/they did not I/he/she/it/you/we/you/they didn't did not have did not read did not like did not eat did not drink didn't have didn't read didn't like didn't eat didn't drink In order to change an affirmative statement into a negative statement. We worked. (singular 1 and plural 1+) He/She worked. ."I did not.Lesson 33 The Simple Past Negative . He woke up at 8. You didn't work. They didn't work." In spoken English. Mohammad did and didn't do yesterday.
He didn't go to the office. After his run he didn't go to work.He didn't get up at 6. The Simple Past . He went to meet his friends."I did not.15 am. He went to the bathroom. He ate breakfast at about 10. He had a shave and brushed his teeth. He got up at 9. He went for a run.00 am. After his shower he didn't have a cup of coffee.00 am. After breakfast he didn't read the newspaper." . He had a bath. He didn't eat breakfast at about 7.00 am. He didn't have a shower.
For example: I typed the letter. I left work. She went to the shops. I had a bath.__________________________________________________________ 6.__________________________________________________________________ 7. The dog barked. I read the newspaper. They flew to Muscat. Said taught English yesterday. Mr.________________________________________________________ 10. . ______________________________________________ 4. . . . We visited the Learn English web site. .Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Rewrite the following positive sentences into negative sentences. I watched television. _________________________________________________________ 8.____________________________________________ 5.________________________________________________________________ 9. I got up at 5am.. ____________________________________________________________ 3. .______________________________________________________________ . _________________________________________________________ 2.I did not type the letter. . 1.
They didn't work. Negative statement I didn't work. We worked. Questions . You worked. They worked. It worked. He/She didn't work. Positive statement I worked."Did I … ?" To form a question use the conjugated helping verb 'did' + subject + infinitive. Question ? Did I work? Did you work? Did he/she work? Did it work? Did we work? Did they work? Did I/he/she/it/we/you/ they have something? do something? like something? want something? Study the word order in these questions: did Did What Where Who How did did did did + subject he you you you you + infinitive visit do go see do you? yesterday? on holiday? at the park? in your test? . (singular 1 and plural 1+) He/She worked. It didn't work We didn't work. You didn't work.Lesson 34 The Simple Past.
I drove." "Did she teach on Saturday?" "No. she didn't." "Did you teach English last Saturday?" "Yes." "What time did you finish work?" "I finished at 4 o'clock. I didn't walk." "How many classes did you teach?" "I taught three classes.Now let's ask Mr." "Did you teach any evening classes?" "No." . Adil. I didn't. I did. what did you do yesterday?" "I taught a new class." "What time did you start work?" "I started at 9." "Did you walk to work?" "No. Miss Smith taught my old class. Adil what he did at work yesterday "Mr." "What did you teach them?" "I taught them English.00 am." "Did anyone else teach English yesterday?" "Yes.
When ______________________ (it start) to rain? 9.The Simple Past. ______________________ (you see) 'The Lord of the Rings' at the cinema? 10. What ______________________ (you eat) for breakfast? . ______________________ (he work) in Paris last year? 7."Did I …?" Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Fill in the gaps to form questions from the words in brackets (. ______________________ (Malik play) tennis last Saturday? 5. Where ______________________ (you go) last weekend? 3. Why ______________________ (you not pass) the English test? 8. What ______________________ (you do) at work yesterday? 4.. Example: When __________________ (he eat) his lunch? When did he eat his lunch? 1.). Questions . When ______________________ (they arrive) at work this morning? 6. Why ______________________ (they not come) to the party? 2..
you.. He will go. We will go. He'll go. They won't go Note: 'Will' on its own is not used for things we have arranged or decided to do. they will 'Will' is often shortened to .'ll. We'll go. I won't go You won't go He won't go She won't go It won't go We won't go They will go. They'll go. it. She will go. he. she. she.Lesson 35 The Future Using “Will” or “Shall” The simple future Will 'Will' does not change its form. he. you. She'll go. I'll go. it. It will go. we.. I. You'll go. It'll go. they will not / won't For example + I will go. The negative of 'will' is 'will not' . You will go. we. .often shortened to won't I.
"Will" is usually used in these situations:- .
Positive (+) Statement I'll do my homework now. Statement (usi ng I think she'll go to the cinema tonight. I don't think she'll go to the cinema tomorrow. I'll answer it.Volunteering to do something: (The phone is ringing). Won't there be a test on Monday? Do you think they won't win? What do you think he'll do in the (ope summer holidays? n) Shall . (Your child won't do their homework) You'll do your homework now! (Winter is coming) I think it will be a cold winter. (Your car won't start) I'll buy a new car. thin k) Question (usi Will there be a test on Monday? ng will) Question (clos Do you think they'll win? ed) Question Negative (-) I won't do my homework later. Promising to do something: Deciding to do something : Ordering someone to do something: Predicting something will happen (A friend is leaving) I'll visit you in the summer.
he. I. you'll. he'll. 'Shall' is also shortened to . they shall. she..'ll. They shall not pass! = I / We shall = = = I will be at work on time. We will win the competition.. it. we. I'll. making an offer or asking for advice. we'll.'Shall' does not change its form. you. they shall not / shan't In British English 'Shall' is often used instead of will in the first person (I/we). she. We shall win the competition. Shall I do that? Shall we go home? . we. he. They shan't pass! 'Shall' is also often used in the first person (I/we) in questions when asking for permission. it. she'll. you. they'll . I / We will I shall be at work on time.often shortened to shan't I. making suggestions.and even (although it's not good English) it'll The negative of 'shall' is 'shall not' .
8. you __________ get up on time. 2. They are on holiday for two weeks so they__________ be here tomorrow. I__________ answer the phone.The Future Using “Will” or “Shall” Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Write will or won't. 1. 5. You may as well go home now. Don't get up. 9. 6. the plane__________ leave on time. she isn't very good. . It's Mariam's birthday next month. I__________ be back for hours. __________ they want dinner? 10. 4. 7. Go to bed and you__________ feel better tomorrow. She__________ be 18. If you eat too much you__________ put on weight. I don't think she__________ pass the exam. Don't stay out too late. 3. If the weather is ok.
Questions Closed questions Is he working on Sunday? Open questions . For example:• • I'm picking him up at the airport this afternoon. Statements Positive He's working next week.Lesson 36 'Going to' and The Future Continuous The future continuous The future continuous is formed using the present continuous form + a future time. We use the future continuous when we intend or plan to do something at a specific time in the future. I'm flying to England tomorrow. Negative He isn't working next week.
For example:• • I'm going to England. Note .We don't usually say "going to go to a place or event". I'm going to the concert. Negative He isn't going to work next week. Questions Closed questions Is he going to work on Sunday? Open questions What is he going to do on Sunday? . instead you can drop the go to and just say "going to + a place or event".What is he doing on Sunday? Going to The future using 'going to' is formed using 'subject + to be + going to + infinitive'. We use 'going to' when we intend or plan to do something some time in the future. For example:• I'm going to study English literature. Statements Positive He's going to work next week.
she / copy / the chapter Positive:______________________________ Negative: _____________________________ Question: _____________________________ 2. the robber / rob / another bank Positive: _____________________________ Negative: _____________________________ Question: _____________________________ 7. I / defend / my point of view Positive: _____________________________ Negative: _____________________________ Question: _____________________________ 4. 1. they / discuss / the problem Positive: _____________________________ Negative: _____________________________ Question: _____________________________ 5. he / criticize / you Positive: _____________________________ Negative: _____________________________ Question: _____________________________ 3.'Going to' and The Future Continuous Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Write sentences in going to future. we / explore / a new territory Positive: _____________________________ Negative: _____________________________ Question: _____________________________ 8. he / reach / his goal Positive: _____________________________ Negative: _____________________________ Question: _____________________________ 6. they / rescue / the girl Positive: _____________________________ Negative: _____________________________ Question: _____________________________ .
Lesson 37 Adjectives angry bad busy cold cool crowded cute dangerous difficult drunk famous far fast fat fever full goodlooking headache healthy heavy hungry noisy old painful poor rich scary1 scary2 .
sick sleepy slow stomachache strange strong super tall & short warm Lesson 37 a .
She is old. We don't like___________________ 4. They have a slow computer. . 9. They aren't ___________________ 10. But her sister is _________________.Opposite Write the opposites of the bold words in the gap below. computer. You're beautiful. . We like good movies. She's ___________________ 8. hair. 6. pen. He has ___________________ 3. He doesn't have short hair. It's hot. It's an old pen. They're rich. Lesson 37 b .Adjectives . My house isn't big. He's short. 2. movies. It's___________________ . It isn't ___________________ . You aren't ___________________ 5. 1. I have a ___________________ 7. It isn't a ___________________ .
It's a very _____________ place to go for a holiday. 5. 1. You play football _____________ . He always drives _____________ . He works _____________ . 8. That was a really _____________ movie we saw yesterday.Good / Well Good – used to describe nouns. You're a very _____________ football player. I like reading _____________ books. 9. 6. I don't feel _____________ . 2. I'm not going to work today. 3. Write “good” or “well” in the gap below. Well – used to describe verbs. She speaks English _____________ . Lesson 38 . He is a_____________ student. 10. 7. 4.
He is quite short. - Build .Appearances (1) + to have Describing People height and build type of hair complexion Appearances Height How tall is he? + He is tall. He is short. He is very tall. He is medium height.
red hair. (negative) She is overweight. She has short. She has short. (positive) She is slender. blonde hair. (neutral) She is stocky. (negative) She is thin. She has medium She has medium length. She has short. She is white. black hair. red hair. straight. wavy. straight. blonde hair. He has light-brown skin. She has medium length. He has fair skin. (negative) She is slim. (negative) She is plump. curly. He is white. She has She has medium length hair. blonde hair. She has very pale skin. black hair. (neutral) Type of Hair She has long hair. She has short. (positive) She is fat. + She wears glasses. straight. She is black. - medium length . black hair. She has short hair.She is skinny. - length. blonde hair. She has ++ long. black hair. She has slightly She is white. . He has no hair. She has medium length hair. She has + long. Type of Complexion He is Asian. She has short hair. She has dark skin.
blonde. quite and slightly are all modifiers .right ear | left ear . plump. stocky.tanned skin. thin. long . overweight. skinny. slim. wavy and white are all adjectives . Note bald. black. blue.they describe nouns very. straight. brown. curly. fat. tall. short. tanned. red.right eye | left nose mouth ears . grey. medium.they change (modify) the adjectives Lesson 39 Appearances (2) + to have Describing People's Features eyes . pale.
Hugh Jackman. women. David and Victoria Beckham are a good looking couple. attractive (men. Hugh Jackman is a very handsome man. Halle Berry. Hair blonde/fair hair brown hair red hair black hair grey hair Eyes grey eyes green eyes blue eyes brown eyes . Here is a pretty girl. boys or girls) Quasimodo is quite ugly.eye left nostril | right nostril upper lip | lower lip Appearances General beautiful (women only) handsome (men only) pretty (girls only) good looking (men/women/boys) ugly (men and women) Halle Berry is a very beautiful woman. David Beckham and Victoria Beckham are all attractive people.
moustache beard chin forehead nostrils eyebrows cheeks fringe lips teeth .Mouth Other features Pinpoint over the named feature.
We often use the verb to have to find out information about peoples appearances (how they look)
She has fair hair. "What color hair does she have?" or She has blonde hair. "What color hair has he got?" "What color eyes has she got?" "What color eyes has he got?" "Does she have long hair?" "Has he got long hair?" "Does she have a round face?" "Does he have a round face?" "Has she got a large nose?" "Does he have a big nose?" "Does she have a thin mouth?" "Does he have small ears?" He's got brown hair. She's got blue eyes. He's got brown eyes. "Yes, she does." "No, he hasn't. He's got short hair." "No, she doesn't. She has a long face." "Yes, he does." "No, she hasn't. She's got a small nose." "Yes he does. He has a very big nose." "No, she doesn't. She has a full mouth" "No, he doesn't. He has large ears."
So what about me?
I'm medium height. I have hazel eyes. hazel = green + brown I have medium length,
straight, brown hair.
I wear glasses. I'm slightly overweight. I have a pale complexion .
+ all the time
Lesson 40 Adjectives for People, Places and Things
An adjective is a word that modifies a noun to tell you more about it. Adjectives never change. They are never plural. For example: This is a nice cake. Adjectives go before their nouns. They're nice people. Now learn some adjectives that describe what people or places are like:beautiful pretty ugly
Questions for people, places and things For people Appearance Personality Question What does David look like? What is he like? (What's he like?) Answer Oh, he's a handsome man. He's tall with fair hair. He's a lovely man.
For places Appearance
Question What is Muscat like? (What's Muscat like?) What is Muscat like? (What's Muscat like?)
Answer Oh, it's a very pretty place.
It's a lovely place.
For things Appearance
Question What is the new Jaguar car like? (What's the new Jaguar car like?) What is the new Jaguar car like? (What's the new Jaguar car like?)
Answer Oh, it's a beautiful car.
It's a very comfortable car.
Opposites big / large "It's a large animal." small "It's a small animal."
clean "She's a clean little girl."
dirty "She's a dirty little girl."
" good "He's a good boy." cheap "It's a cheap car." unfriendly "They're unfriendly people." comfortable "It's a comfortable chair." uncomfortable "They're uncomfortable chairs." sad "It's a sad face." expensive "It's an expensive car.friendly "They're friendly people." ." long "She has long hair." tall "He's a tall man." happy "It's a happy face." short "She has short hair." short "He's a short man." bad "He's a bad boy.
Choose the words from the list below." Adjectives for People. sunny frozen chopped unit thoughtful naughty difficult final fair chilly tender talented clever stormy minced long child playful weather hot meat fresh examination easy ." old "It's an old car. Places and Things Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Complete the table by writing the adjectives that can be used to describe the given nouns.new "It's a new car.
. Lynne is my name. They have short hair. My name's Lynne. her. She has long hair.Lesson 41 Possessive Adjectives A Possessive Adjective modifies a noun to show ownership. it you Plural we they my your his. its your our their I have brown hair. Her hair is long. My hair is brown. she. Their hair is short. For example: I'm Lynne. Possessive adjectives go before their nouns. From Personal Pronoun to Possessive Adjective Singular Personal Pronoun Possessive Adjective I you he.
The answer to the question "Whose . "It's Mr.?" must always have an 's or use a possessive adjective. = His house... Mr.. = Its name is the Marriot.. Ali's book. Majid's house. 's = is My name's Fatima..Noun + 's also shows possession:For example:Oxy’s web site.....?" is used to find out whether something belongs to someone." or "It's his book. Asking Questions "Whose . = Her name. . Hilal's nice. "Whose book is this?" A. = My name is Fatima. = Hilal is nice." Note Don't confuse the --'s of possession with the contraction of the verb is: Noun + 's = possessive or is? 's = possessive Alia's name.. Who's English? = Who is English? The hotel's name's The Marriott.. For example: Q.. Abdullah's students.
but they can run very fast. Horses can't fly. Can / Could Short form (informal writing and spoken English) Full form (Forma l writing ) Cannot Could not Will not be able to > > Can't Couldn't > Won't be able to .Lesson 42 Can and Can't .Ability can cannot / can't Birds can fly.
Cannot or can't become will able to or won't be able to. I couldn't speak any German when I came here. Could you have taken German lessons before you came here? Couldn't you get any help with your German when you arrived? Can or can't become will be Can becomes to "be able to " I will be able to speak German fluently by the time I leave Germany. I can't speak Chinese.The modal verb can for ability Negative Form .(cannot or Question Form ? (can / can't) can't) Can you speak English? Present I can speak German quite well. not be able to or won't be able to. I won't be able to go on holiday next year. Why won't you be able to go on holiday next year? Will you be able to go on holiday this year? Tense Positive Form + (can) Future . Past I could only speak English when I was a child. Can becomes could. Cannot or can't become could not or couldn't. Can't you find the practice forum? Can or can't become could or couldn't.
Lesson 43 Should / Shouldn't Learn It + should + ." You shouldn't smoke. It's really bad for your health.) "I don't think you should smoke. (I think it is a good idea for you to do it." .) "I think you should eat 5 portions of fruit and vegetable a day.should not / shouldn't - You should eat 5 portions of fruit and vegetable a day. It's really good for your health. ( I think it is a bad idea for you to do it.
Shouldn't the plane have landed by now? I really shouldn't have spent all my money on new clothes. She shouldn't have started cooking yet. Should I learn English or Spanish? You should speak English every day. Shouldn't you have finished? You can use "should have + past participle" to speculate about things that may or may not You can use "should" for giving advice for the future or speculating on what might happen in the future You shouldn't go to the party They should win next week. I should have worked harder at school when I was a child. You have a test in the morning. Let's call her to tell her we'll be late. Shouldn't you spend a bit more time practising your English? Use "should have" to talk about things you regret you did or didn't do in the past. The plane should have landed by now. Should I go to the party tonight? . have happened. tonight. You shouldn't try to translate words all the time.(should not or shouldn't) Question Form ? (should / shouldn't) Use "should" for giving advice or expressing an opinion.Positive Form + (should) Negative Form .
You__________________ called your mother. 9. __________________ she be calling her father today? I thought she'd promised him that she would. 5. Is there anything else we__________________ done to get things ready? 3. If you wanted to stay out of trouble. you__________________ thank that person. People__________________ cheat or lie. you really__________________ argued with the boss last week. It was her birthday yesterday. 6. We__________________ always be polite to each other. Lesson 44 . 10. If someone gives you a gift. you__________________ give up on school entirely. Are you saying that I__________________ smoke? 8. 2. 7. Are you sure she__________________ take an extra course next term to finish her degree sooner? It will be a lot of work.Should / Shouldn't Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Fill in all the gaps with the correct form: should | shouldn't | should have | shouldn't have 1. Even if you fail this one class. 4.
Over the bridge
Through the tunnel
Along / Down the road
Take the lift up / down.
Travel and Transport 'Trains and Boats and Planes'
How many different types of transport can you think of?
submarine(s) / sub(s)
tube train(s) / underground train(s)
How do you get there? By air
At the airport. / On the runway. / In the air.
At the airport. / On the helipad. / In the air. By road
On the motorway. / On the road. / In the garage.
At the taxi rank. / On the road. / In the garage.
On the road. / In the garage.
At the bus stop. / On the road. / In the garage.
/ On the water. / On the water.On the road. / In the garage. / In the garage. / Under the sea. In the port. On the road. On the road. / In the harbor. / In the garage. / In the harbor. . By sea In the port. In the harbor.
/ On the tracks. . On foot Travel verbs By car Drive / Drove / Driving Today I'm driving to work. / In the station. Yesterday I drove to work. By tube / underground On the tracks. / In the station.By rail At the platform.
By bus Fly / Flew / Flying Today I'm flying to London. I'm flying to London tomorrow. I'm driving tomorrow. More useful travel words Customs Luggage . I always take the bus. Take / Took / Taking Today I'm taking the bus. Yesterday I took the bus.I always drive to work. I always fly to London. I'm taking the bus tomorrow. By plane Yesterday I flew to London.
please. . Return I'd like a return to London. please.Buying a ticket Single I'd like a single to London.Map No smoking Passport Seat Ticket Timetable Useful travel phrases .
Accepting and Refusing Politely Would you like .How much is the fare? How much is it? RO = fare How much does it cost? What time does it leave (depart)? What time does it arrive? What time does it take off? What time does it land? Lesson 46 Offering.? "Would you like something" is a more polite form of "Do you want something".. How to offer a cup of coffee to someone else: Offering ..
Now let's see how Mr. thank you. please. A little milk. No. please. please. Mr. please. Yes. but no sugar. Khamis does it. I'd like some..Formal Informal Very informal Yes/No How to accept or decline a cup of coffee: Would you like a cup of coffee? Do you want a cup of coffee? Coffee? Accepting Formal Informal Very informal How do you take it? Saying how you would like your coffee. please.. Khamis is in the staff room at school. White with sugar. .. Black. no sugar. thanks. no sugar. please. Yes. No. Black with sugar. Refusing No. I'd love one.. White. He is making a cup of coffee.
How do you take it? With milk and sugar please. Thank you. please.. Mr Bean: How do you take it? Miss Smith: With milk and sugar please.Miss Amal comes in .. He is making a cup of black coffee and stirring in the sugar. Khamis makes the coffee Mr. Khamis: Miss Amal: Hello. Oh. Ali: Good morning Mr. Ali: Mr. Would you like . Miss Smith: Oh. ) Mr Bean: Hello. I'd love one. Mr. Would you like a cup of coffee? I'm just making some. I'd love one. great! Yes please. yes please. (Their colleague Mr Martin comes in. Miss Smith: Thank you. Khamis: Mr. (Mr Bean makes the coffee. Their colleague Mr. Ali comes in Miss Amal: Mr. Khamis: Miss Amal: Here you are. Ali.. Offering. Miss Amal. great! Yes please.. Khamis: Miss Amal: Mr. Accepting and Refusing Politely Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Read the text and then choose the correct answers to the questions. yes please.) Miss Smith: Good morning Mr Martin. Miss Smith comes in . Mr. but no sugar. Milk and sugar? A little milk. coffee? Oh. ? (It's Monday morning and Mr Bean is in the staff room. that would be lovely. .) Mr Bean: Here you are. Would you like a cup of coffee? I'm just making some. Miss Smith. coffee? Mr Martin: Oh.. that would be lovely..
Doesn't say B. Doesn't say B.Mr Bean: Milk and sugar? Mr Martin: A little milk and no sugar. please. At home C. Who has their coffee white with sugar? A. Miss Smith D. ? Friends C. Mr Martin 5. Mr Bean C. Mr Martin 6. Sunday D. Where are they? A. Who has their coffee with a little milk and no sugar? A. Doesn't say C. Family D. Miss Smith B. Mr Bean C. Miss Smith D. What day is it? A. Who are Mr Bean. ? Colleagues . Friday 7. Doesn't say B. Mr Martin 2. Doesn't say B. Evening C. What time is it? A. Doesn't say B. At church 9. A. Doesn't say B. Monday C. Morning D. Who prefers tea? A. Doesn't say B. Afternoon 8. Doesn't say B. Miss Smith D. Miss Smith D. Mr Bean D. Miss Smith and Mr Martin? A. Mr Martin 3. Mr Bean C. Who has their coffee black with sugar. Mr Martin 4. Mr Bean C. Answer the following questions: 1. Who's making the coffee? A. At work D.
he loves it.? To talk about liking or disliking something. Answer No. I love it. I loved them. No. No. I hated them. No.. he hates it. you can use verb + -ing with:- Asking and answering questions:Question Do you enjoy learning English? Does he like living in Germany? Did you love the Beatles in the 60s? Do you hate football? Answer + Yes.Lesson 47 Likes. I love it. Yes. I hate it. Yes.. To invite someone to do something. you can use verb + -ing with:- . Yes. I hate it. Dislikes and Invitations Do you like .
don't/doesn't mind.Don't Mind . Love . I don't like coffee.Asking and answering questions:Question Do you feel like going out tonight? Do you fancy going for a drive? Answer + Answer - Yes. I like him. No. I don't mind him. No. I'd love to. I don't feel like it. I'd love to. I don't like flying. a pronoun or a verb +ing. Hate Noun (coffee) I love coffee. I'd love to. No. I hate coffee. I don't feel like it. I like coffee. I'd love to. I'd love one.Hate After some verbs (love. I'd love to. Yes. Don't Like Don't mind Love Like I don't mind coffee. No. No. Yes.Like . like. Yes. I don't feel like it. I don't feel like it. I don't like him. I don't mind flying. I hate him. Pronoun (him) I love him. I like flying. thanks.Don't Like. hate) you can use a noun. Answer No. Yes. I hate flying. . Verb (flying) I love flying. How about doing something? vs Would you like to do something? To invite someone to do something you can also use: Question How about going out tonight? Would you like to go out tonight? How about having a drink? Would you like to have a drink? Answer + Yes. thank you.don't/doesn't like.
.Rewrite using "fancy . ." _______________________________________________________________________________ 3. 1.Rewrite using "how about ..Rewrite using "fancy".. Dislikes and Invitations Name:_______________________________ Date:_________________________ Group:_________ Rewrite the following sentences using the prompt provided. _______________________________________________________________________________ 4. _______________________________________________________________________________ ..' is informal..Note. She wanted to start a new English course. Do you want to go for a coffee? Rewrite using "would you like" _______________________________________________________________________________ 5. Do you want to go out tonight? . Do you want to see the new Julia Roberts film? ... She wanted to listen to the new Dido single. 'How about .' is formal." _______________________________________________________________________________ 2. Rewrite using "feel like". 'Would you like to . Likes..
Lesson 48 Ordering In A Café Vocabulary A bottle of . He has dark hair...... He has a napkin over his left arm.. A glass of . A bowl of ... He is wearing black shoes.. or or or "Are you ready to order?" "Would you like to order?" "May I take your order?" "What would you like?" Can you think of anything else a waiter might say to take your order? . A waiter/waitress takes your order. On the tray is a bottle of wine and two glasses... a pair of black trousers and a grey waistcoat over a white shirt with a black bow tie..... A pot of . The waiter is coming. In his right hand he is carrying a tray. A cup of ...... A slice of ...
Would you like cream with your pie? No. I'd like a cup of coffee and a doughnut. Waiter: Mr Salim: Waiter (to Mr Ahmed): Mr Ahmed: Waiter: Mr Ahmed Waiter: Mr Salim: Waiter: Are you ready to order? Yes.. thank you. And what would you like? Oh.. I'll have a pot of tea and a slice of apple pie. please. of course. Could I have ice cream with it instead? Yes. The waiter comes to take their order. And may I have a glass of water too? Certainly. Mr Salim is at a cafe with his colleague Mr Ahmed. They are sitting at a table.Now let's see how Mr Salim does it. .
To pay This is a tip. The customer asks for the bill.. This is an order. Vocabulary The customer chooses from the menu. 'To order' is a verb and 'an order' is a noun. To drink . Mr Ali is a customer. To eat This is a bill. This is a menu. This is a waiter.Lesson 49 Paying In A Café How much .? = money Note: 'To drink' is a verb and 'a drink' is a noun. The waiter brings the food and drink.. The customer leaves a tip. The customer eats his food and drinks his drink. The waiter takes the order. 1 x cup coffee 1 x doughnut 1 x pot tea 1 x slice apple pie This is food. This is drink.. The customer pays the bill.
I'll pay though. or or "I'll pay. Here you are .." "This is on me. Thank you. Mr Ali is at a cafe with his colleague Mr Salim. When you want to pay. They have to go back to work now. How much is that? Here you are.00. keep the change. . Do you want to pay together or separately? Together please." "My treat." Can you think of anything else you might say when you want to pay? Now let's see how Mr Ali does it. Mr Ali offers to pay for the coffee.£6. that's very kind. Ali and Mr Salim are finishing their drinks.. please. my treat. Mr Ali (to the waiter): Excuse me. I'll get it next time. Could we have the bill please? Waiter: Mr Ali: Waiter: Mr Ali: Waiter: Certainly.Mr. Thank you. Mr Salim : Mr Ali: Mr Salim: Shall we get the bill? Yes.50. They have finished their coffee. That's £5.
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