A Technical seminar report submitted in partial fulfillment of the Requirement for the award of The Graduate Degree

Submitted by


Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering Sreenidhi Institute of science and Technology Yamnampet, Ghatkesar, Hyderabad-500005 2010-2011.


Yamnampet, Ghatkesar, Hyderabad-500005

This is to certify that the Technical Seminar entitled ³INTERNET PROTOCOL TELEVISION´ given by B.DILEEP BHARGAVA (07311A0433) in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the graduate degree of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY in ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION at the Sreenidhi Institute of Science and Technology.

Seminar Co-ordinator Mrs V.Sudha Rani/ Mrs R.Sandhya Associate professor, Department of E.C.E, (SNIST).

Prof.S.Bhujanga Rao Department of E.C.E,(SNIST).


An IPTV is a system used to deliver television services to the consumers who are registered subscribers for this system. This delivery of digital television is made possible by using Internet Protocol over a broadband connection, usually in a managed network rather than the public Internet to preserve quality of service guarantees. Often this service is provided together with video facility on demand. In addition to this there is provision to include Internet service such as web access and Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP).In cases when internet service is also provide, it may be called Triple Play It is important to remember that IPTV is not like any ordinary television program broadcast through the internet, but rather it is unique in itself. Its contour is represented by a closed, proprietary TV system which is similar to the cable services present today. But, in contrast, the delivery of IPTV is made via IP-based secure channels, which result in a sharp increase in content distribution control. The role of IPTV is to integrate numerous ways to scrutinize and trace choices of users. Its role is also to mark out the preferences and selections on which clients add personalized ecommerce options and a more targeted advertising. By now, IPTV has turned out to be a widespread denominator for systems where both television and video signals are circulated to subscribers or viewers. IPTV uses an Internet Protocol over broadband connection and very often this service has been provided in parallel with the internet connection of the subscriber, supplied by an operator dealing with broadband. This is done by using the same infrastructure but apparently over a dedicated bandwidth allocation. Hence we can describe it as a system in which a digital television service is provided to subscribing consumers over a broadband connection using the Internet Protocol. The goal of this report is to shed some light on the meanderings of the IPTV route. This report provides a high level, vendor agnostic overview of what IPTV is and how it works.


IPTV Protocols 4.6. Introduction 1. IPTV Network Elements 2.7. Digital Broadcast TV 7.TABLE OF CONTENT CONTENTS ABSTRACT 1. Future Scope 10. IPTV¶s Impact 2. Conclusion IPTV-Applications and Services 7. Global Television Channel 7. Working of IPTV 2.5.1. List of Abbreviations PAGE 3 5 5 6 6 7 9 9 9 10 13 14 15 19 20 21 21 22 23 24 24 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 CHAPTER: 1 4 . Multicast 7. IPTV System Architecture 2.4. Video on Demand 7.3. Anywhere Television Service 7.3.3. Hurdles for IPTV 7. Why IPTV 1. Advantages of IPTV 6. Personal Media Channel 7. Definition 1. References 11. Content Security 3. IPTV Components 2.4. Privacy and security 8.2.1. List of Figures 12. What is not an IPTV 1. Conventional TV Transmission Techniques 5. IPTV Vs.

the Internet and broadband Internet access networks.INTRODUCTION Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) is a system through which internet television services are delivered using the architecture and networking methods of the Internet Protocol Suite over a packet-switched network infrastructure.g. Often. DEFINITION: IPTV. IPTV is hence a system used to deliver digital television services to the consumers who are registered subscribers for this system. We all know TV. this service is provided together with Video facility on demand. there is provision to include Internet services such as web access and Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP). e. The protocol establishes a virtual connection between a destination and a source. 5 . has two components: Part 1: Internet Protocol (IP): specifies the format of packets and the addressing scheme for a network. Most networks combine IP with a higher-level protocol. In addition to this. it may be called Triple Play. but there¶s no direct link between you and the recipient. IP allows you to address a package of information and drop it in the system. like linear and on-demand programming. This delivery of digital television is made possible by using Internet Protocol over a broadband connection. Depending on the vendor solution user datagram protocol(UDP) is the most typical higher-level protocol. Part 2: Television (TV): specifies the medium of communication that operates through the transmission of pictures and sounds.. usually in a managed network rather than the public Internet to preserve quality of service guarantees. satellite signal. and cable television (CATV) formats. instead of being delivered through traditional radio frequency broadcast. but here we are referring to the services that are offered for the TV. In cases when internet service is also provided. essentially.

Internet access.figure1: IPTV infrastructure and powerline communication technology bring digital TV. like movie previews and web-cams. ‡ Personalized 6 . IPTV provides all digital. VoD) and personalized TV. VoD. unlimited channels. HDTV. Now days most of TV are analog with one way data transmission and limited channel. PIPs. quick program in formations. PIP (Picture in Picture) and PPV (Pay Per view) capabilities. Personalized and in an advanced way. What is not an IPTV? IPTV is distinctly different from ³Internet Video´ that simply allows users to watch videos. IPTV enhances the TV offer and delivers in a new way to provide better experience to watch TV in a Simple. over the Internet in a ³best effort´ fashion with no endto-end service management and quality of service considerations. two ways connected. Following are not IPTV: y y y y Video streaming over internet Watching TV on your PC(Personal Computer) Best Efforts video services Unproven Business models for media and TV services Why IPTV? Consumers always want more and high quality. media serving and many other services together for easy access throughout the home. integrated (DRV. ‡ Simple EPG (Electronic Program Guide) that allows easy navigation.

You can attach your TV with other devices such as Digital cam to view personal pictures or photos on your TV. You can also personalize your profile. and security not only in the last mile (the access 7 . make it easier to access and make it portable (while maintaining security).IPTV enables you to personalize your view. Content delivery requires bandwidth. Additionally. the network used to deploy IPTV is important. To enhance the quality IPTV provides following advanced features: y y y y y y y y y y y Advanced Multimedia Program Guide Integrated Broadcast. profile and events. ‡ Interactivity ± The two-way nature of the IP network will enable unprecedented interaction among subscribers. new personalized or custom advertising ‡ And e-commerce capabilities are also made possible. Since IPTV is enabled by the availability of network technology. and television and account settings. parental controls. Get live TV notifications such as Caller ID.picture. content providers and service providers. Channel slide show Software-based tuning Advanced Video Applications with multiple PIP(Picture-In-Picture) Instant channel changing with richer navigation Quick and Responsive EPG for HDTV and SDTV Integrate Web based services Cross device applications and services IPTV¶S IMPACT: The impact that IPTV will have on the industry can be categorized into three areas: ‡Content ± IPTV technology promises to make more content available. ‡ Advanced With the help of EPG your DVR or PVR can be schedule for recordings of your programs either once or on a recurring basis. ‡ Convergence ± The utilization of an IP network will allow applications to be run over multiple end-user devices. It also provides program search capabilities. performance. all over a single service delivery network. SMS and e-mail notification while you watch TV. VOD and DVR Fast scrolling & navigation Live picture-in.

is not a new concept. The IPTV service These recent developments include: y y y the proliferation of Gigabit Ethernet the ability of IP networks to offer higher security and QoS the development of high-performance IP routers and Ethernet switches designed for IPTV networks y the creation of advanced middleware applications that manage the delivery of video over the network high capacity. in the customer premises. However. recent developments have enabled the delivery of IPTV service in an increasingly secure. but also in the edge and core of the network. Ethernet-based access technologies. and with the video head-end/server locations. and its market advantages. scalable and cost effective manner. 8 .

which contributes to many of the advantages IPTV has over traditional television service delivery models. in reality. we see what are the various steps followed to convert the audio and video feed signals into a suitable form to be transmitted in the form of IP (Internet Protocol packets.CHAPTE W B K PT we get i t t e i ternal detail of t e way t e IPTV network i configured to provide transmission of television signals. This is a high -level overview and. This is another advantage to using IP multicast for the broadcast television streams. IPT Archi cture: 9  £©£ t ¢ ¨ £ § ¦ ¥¤ £ ¢¡   . all are generic and are common to any vendor¶s (or combination of vendors¶) infrastructure. T PT w El An IPTV system is made up of four major elements. This enables the service provider to have no theoretical maximum linear channel count. It should be noted that the IPTV network elements combine to form an architecture known as switched digital video (SDV): Switched digital video(SDV) ± Referencing the network architecture of a television distribution system in which only the selected channel(s) are distributed to the individual connected household. IPTV vendors will have different variants of the SDV architecture. many IPTV subsystems and networking solutions are required to make each incarnation of IPTV unique and of varying complexity. The most common protocol used for switching channels in a SDV environment is IGMP (IP Group Membership Protocol). which forms the basis of the whole concept of IPTV and how they are received on the other side as television signals. Fi 2: N tw k El Figure above also illustrates the two-way nature of an IPTV network.

which converts the television content to an IP network-compatible Format and transmits it into homes via operators¶ broadband backbone and access Networks. Typically. DSL modems and IRDs Figure 3: Generic IPTV System Architecture IPTV operators receive digital satellite channels by satellite antenna and digital terrestrial Services by UHF antenna.g.Figure below illustrates a generic IPTV system architecture to support applications such as digital (broadcast) television and Video on Demand (VoD). Major components are: y y y y y Headend (encoders and streamers) VoD Server CAS system and DRM agent IP service provider and access network.. an IPTV service requires a video head end. like MPEG-2 which remains the most prevalent encoding standard for digital video on a worldwide basis. Some programming may also be ingested via a terrestrial fiber-based network. This is the point in the network at which linear (e. movies) content is captured and formatted for distribution over the IP network.. In homes. 10 .The generic IPTV architecture is utilized here as a baseline reference to discuss IPTV distribution in-home networks. IPTV Components: Video Head End As with a digital cable or digital satellite television system.g. A head end takes each individual channel and encodes it into a digital video format. IP based middleware. IPTV services are received by an IP STB whose software and Updates are managed by a configuration server located in the transmission centre. or via an aggregator. The channels are routed to the transmission center¶s signal Converter equipment. the head end ingests national feeds of linear programming via satellite either directly from the broadcaster or programmer. broadcast TV) and on-demand (e.

After encoding. which allows subscribers to record shows remotely on a device at the operator site. Video content. they may be IP unicast streams as well. the IP network connects to the access network. is transported over the service provider¶s IP network. At the network edge. IP multicast has several perceived advantages because it enables the service provider to propagate one IP stream per broadcast channel from the video head end to the service provider access network. Typical storage systems range from 5 terabit (Tb) to 20 Tb. representing the channel line up. management software. however. These networks can be a mix of well-engineered existing IP networks and purpose-built IP networks for video transport. and variety of interfaces.g.. 11 . Video Server Video servers are computer-based devices connected to large storage systems. Figure 4: Components of IPTV The Service Provider Core/Edge Network The grouping of encoded video streams. These channels are typically IP multicast streams. previously encoded. however. is stored either on disk or in large banks of RAM. This is beneficial when multiple users want to tune in to the same broadcast channel at the same time (e. Each of these networks is unique to the service provider and usually includes equipment from multiple vendors. which has lower bit-rate requirements for encoding television signals. each channel is encapsulated into IP and sent out over the network. Video servers are mostly used for VoD. The key technical attributes of video servers are scalability in terms of storage and number of streams.based encoding. Video servers stream video and audio content via unicast or multicast to STBs. thousands of viewers tuning in to a sporting event). they are also used for NPVR.Broadband service providers are also beginning to use MPEG-4.

but IPTV requires a very robust high bandwidth home network that can only be accomplished today using wireline technology. it performs end-to-end configuration. 12 . The STB transforms a scrambled digital compressed signal into a signal that is sent to the TV. The output of an IP set top box can be a television RF channel (e. provisions the video servers. acts as a boot server for the STB and ensures that all STBs run compatible software.g.´ the broadband connection between the service provider and the household can be accomplished using a variety of technologies. The Home Network The home network distributes the IPTV service throughout the home. There are many different types of home networks. Telecom service providers are using DSL (digital subscriber line) technology to serve individual households. The key technical attributes of a middleware are reliability. IPTV networks will use variants of asymmetrical DSL (ADSL) and very-high-speed DSL (VDSL) to provide the required bandwidth to run an IPTV service to the household. channel 3). the STB supports an EPG that allows the users to navigate through the programming. Among other things. The STB hosts the middleware and is poised to become the center of the communications infrastructure within the home. It is a distributed operating system that runs both on servers at the Telco location and on the STBs. scalability. Set Top Box (STB)/Terminal An IP set top box is an electronic device that adapts IP television data into a format that is accessible by the end user. IP set top boxes are commonly located in a customer's home to allow the reception of IP video signals on a television or computer for live TV and VoD. They also are beginning to use fiber technology like PON (passive optical networking) to reach homes. links the electronic program guide (EPG) with the content.The Access Network The access network is the link from the service provider to the individual household. Sometimes referred to as the ³last mile. The service provider will place a device (like a DSL modem) at the customer premises to deliver an Ethernet connection to the home network. Middleware: The IPTV enabler Middleware is the software and hardware infrastructure that connects the components of an IPTV solution. video and audio signals or digital video signals. and ability to interface with other systems.

video server. however. security. 13 . but also what happens to the content after it has been viewed once. In several early IPTV trials. server scalability. The control word is sent over an encrypted message to the decoding device.Content Security Conditional Access System (CSA)/Digital Rights Management (DRM) A conditional access system (CAS) allows for the protection of content. a switched digital video network did not require CAS. this content was not very ³fresh. the content was not protected. The CAS/DRM module on the decoding device decrypts the control word that is fed to the descrambler. and STB.´ As IPTV becomes more mainstream. Generically. The key technical attributes of CAS/DRM are: smart card versus soft client. most CAS/DRMs are a combination of scrambling and encryption. content providers are mandating CAS and digital rights management (DRM). The video feed is scrambled using a control word. and integration with encoder. it could still be the case if the device that performs the multicasting function could also determine whether the user is entitled to view the content. since the network would perform content entitlement. Historically. which not only controls the real-time viewing. In theory.

but it is not labeled as IPTV services. when there is a possibility for the cable TV. 14 .. IGMP is the version 2 for channel change signaling for Live TV and RTSP for VoD. IPTV covers both Live TV. i. Here. only one alternative exists to IPTV which is the traditional TV distribution technology covering terrestrial. satellite and cable TV.e.CHAPTER: 3 IPTV PROTOCOLS As already discussed. the primary underlying protocols used for IPTV are Internet group management protocol (IGMP) and real time streaming protocol(RTSP). multicasting. In standard-based IPTV systems. This is a method in which information can be sent to multiple computers at the same time. Another alternative available is VoD which is usually delivered in the US over cable TV through the digital video broadcasting (DVB) protocol. as well as stored video or VoD. The requirements for playback of IPTV are either a personal computer or a ³set-top box´ connected to a TV.264 format predesigned to replace the older MPEG-2. it can be upgraded to two-way capability system and thus also carry IPTV. Typically. However. the video content is a moving pictures expert group (MPEG) 2-transport stream TS) delivered via IP multicast. with the newly released H. Currently.

Whereas current terrestrial broadcast television is the same content sent continuously to all consumers¶ homes.CHAPTE : 5 IPT VS CONVENTIONAL TV T ANSMISSION More than simply a new distribution and playback method. This figure shows that as opposedto traditional broadcast television where every home receives the same programming. IPTV enables television programming to be available whenever each individual consumer demands it. Similar to how information on the Internet can be downloaded and viewed at any time. IPTV removes the fixed television schedule. Fi Compari on of IPTV and cable televi ion network architectures Image below illustrates the structures of IPTV¶s DSL implementation and the cable television transmission architecture. Within the architecture. IPTV is poised to create an entirely new mindset about the television experience. IPTV allows each consumer to customi e their viewing schedule. each household can create their own custom content and viewing schedule. the transmission centre (and reception) can be the same for IPTV and cable television based on equipment that converts the cable television signal to an IP    15 5 . In this way. which are similar in principle.

based networks the Topologies are the same. The closer to Homes fiber cables are. In completely fiber. Cable television operators can therefore utilize their existing transmission infrastructures in the implementation of the IPTV service. Figure 6: IPTV and Cable TV implementation architecture Cable television networks are nowadays constructed as Hybrid Fiber Coaxial Networks. IPTV in comparison to the traditional digital TV distribution channels Table below compares IPTV to other digital television distribution channels. fiber cables will be moved closer and closer to homes to increase connection capacity. and from there to homes via copper. the IPTV signal is typically transmitted in regional networks to Centralizers via fiber.transmission. These are divided into partial networks with a headend. In the future. and thence all the way to homes via coaxial Cables. but this table illustrates the main differences between channels IPTV 16 DVB-C DVB-T DVB-S . Similarly. The table is based on the television services currently available in most of the places. the closer cable television network and xDSL-based IPTV Network structures will move to one another. from which separate fibers depart to each network cell¶s fiber node point. The situation may change in the future.

the reception of these channels requires Special 17 . possible pay TV cards Possible IP STB. There are no significant differences between the transmission methods with regard to Basic television channels. possible pay TV cards Possible IP STB.IPTV) Possible antenna network renewal and maintenance Satellite dish installation and in-house maintenance Channel and content fees. possible pay TV cards Table: Digital television transmission channels compared from the consumer¶s perspective. rent EUR 10-15 per month Broadband connection EUR 4075 per month Channel and content fees.Basic TV channels Pay TV channels Interactivity Ok Ok Ok Ok Numerous(40-90) Numerous(5090) Limited(4) Numerous(5060) Immediate interactivity Separate return channel Separate return channel Separate return channel Initial cost Basic digital STB Connection Others Operating cost Channel and content fees. Broadband. possible pay TV cards EUR 298 EUR 0 EUR 109 EUR 197-652 EUR 79 EUR 0 EUR 79 EUR 50-130 Satellite dish EUR 75 Channel and content fees. rent EUR 10-15 per month Cable TV conn. fee around EUR 5 per month Other Triple Play package cost savings(VoIP. Although it is true that several hundred foreign TV channels are available through satellite transmission.

IPTV has the best future potential of all the Transmission channels regarding interactive services since. so consumers will soon have to replace their STBs. to reach the level of IPTV. basic STBs cost substantially more in the case of IPTV. and it is possible to browse the Internet on a basic level using the television set. which is easy to do in the case of rental devices. IPTV does provide a significant number of additional pay television channels to homes covered by the terrestrial network. The range of available channels is approximately the same as for satellite and cable transmission homes. IPTV enables immediate interactivity through a broadband connection. pricing and discounts.g. it is advisable for consumers to rent an IP STB at first. Due to this. Other transmission channels require consumers to acquire separate return channels (e. 18 . cable modem or DSL connection) and a so-called hybrid STB (DVB-C/T/S digital STB With an Ethernet connection). IP STBs are developing rapidly.reflectors. Comparing the different distribution methods¶ costs for the customer is not straight forward. The interactive services currently available in the other transmission channels comprise television channel Subscriptions by SMS message or telephone call.g. At present. In addition to the purchase price. and a group of simple MHP services (E. and chats). games. super teletext. since service providers offer different service ranges.

Interactive TV is a good example which often relies on data-centric applications. This enables new types of services which were previously unavailable over stacked networks. which ensures the facilitation of advanced products. high-speed data products. As a result. and video can be established. It has already been established that IPTV system conserves bandwidth. These would be missing if such IP packets delivered all video and data. the delivery of such applications is quite complex due to the separation of IP packets from MPEG streams. In this case. voice. overlapping products are possible. or each instructor will have the freedom to schedule a broadcast time for their concerned section. In contrast. This doesn't allow for market segmentation. are delivered over an IP based network. The operator has a very meagre choice in regards to the traditional network. let us have a look at the various advantages of IPTV.CHAPTER: 6 ADVANTAGES OF IPTV Now. in traditional cable TV networks. this removes the 19 . If we take a case of large size courses. Due to the scarcity of choices and space available. video transmission is beamed over MPEG streams on an explicit portion of the bandwidth. Another very distinctive advantage of IPTV is that numerous channels can be beamed to the viewer. IPTV can be very helpful in providing web-based training to courses. In IPTV. IPTV can greatly extend its service. both services were delivered via an IP network then. a new level of interactivity among Internet. such as cable. It is separate from the broadcast TV network that uses MPEG transmission. in such a situation. and ultimately the highest levels of satisfaction are missing.and modem-based Internet service. Another distinctive feature is that IPTV delivery consists of a return path. Therefore. in the case of IPTV. the "switching" is carried out in the network which is just the right fit for services such as VoD. On the other hand. But there are many more advantages beyond this. if you own an instructional video which needs to cover ten sections of a course. Today. For example. they contain many sections and instructors that can easily share video materials. the operator chooses the networks which are later beamed. The video can be put on IPTV and then all the ten sections could be viewed at one time.

The point to remember is that video broadcasts made through IPTV is automatically archived in Real Media format.scheduling conflicts. which are given to a large group of people on a regular basis. The recording can be viewed through IPTV. appearances of any valuable guest lecturers can be recorded and kept for future use. 20 . The recording can be used for multiple courses and can be viewed semester after semester. can be recorded and stored. either on or off campus. In addition. if any. who could not view the broadcast or watch the same video. This facility allows the students. to view it later. Moreover. which is possible as long as you have rights from the publishing company to do so. which is stored on a real server. Real Media is not a multicast system and therefore has a limited bandwidth capacity. different orientations. However.

One issue that will be important to these types of IPTV providers is piracy and digital rights management. Continued growth in the broadband market will be necessary in order for IPTV to take root as a viable programming option. there are several issues that affect IPTV deployment and Commercial success. Concurrently. some industry analysts believe standards will be required for the many different types of equipment and services. IPTV services depend on customers having access to high-speed Internet services. local franchising rules govern how and when video services can be deployed and marketed.²Transport is frictionless´ according to one IPTV provider and the technology for consumers receiving and viewing video over IP is readily available. For IPTV products offered by telecommunications companies.CHAPTER: 7 HURDLES FOR IPTV There exist several barriers for IPTV before it truly can be embraced by the mass Consumer audience and new content providers. but the intended audience does not have access to broadband. If a government agency wants to create an IPTV program about certain programs or benefits. In the regulatory arena. Even though the technology has arrived for IPTV to flourish. there is the question of broadband availability. experts believe. 21 . content providers must be able to reach their intended audiences. then there is no utility. First. IPTV providers who offer video content directly online face fewer regulatory barriers. it will be difficult for IPTV systems and their many component parts to interact seamlessly. Industry experts believe many of the technical hurdles to IPTV deployment have been overcome. Without standards.

and satellite TV is to provide all channels simultaneously (i. broadcast) to the subscriber home. a number of telecom Service providers are testing. or spread out in demographic communities. IPTV has the full potential to offer various high-quality services and much more than what traditional broadcast. The IPTV infrastructure also provides additional video applications mostly after the installation of IPTV infrastructure is in place.´ which is video. This is possible because it has a combination of two-way interactive capability. cable. The IPTV consumers will get the freedom to control what they want to watch and also when they want to watch. This is inherent in IPTV because of its association with IP. in specialized groups.CHAPTER: 8 IPTV-APPLICATIONS AND SERVICES The applications for IPTV deployment are to provide the delivery of digital broadcast television and also the selected VoD. IPTV only delivers those channels which are being viewed by the subscriber and has the potential to offer practically an µunlimited¶ number of channels. voice and data. and satellite TV providers have offered subscribers in the past. This digital broadcast TV is delivered to subscribers via an upgraded cable TV plant or through satellite systems. This higher-speed technology enables IPTV to be a convincing and highly competitive substitute for customers. Today. Europe. Such application enables service providers to offer the so-called ³triple play. planning. Now.. let us take a look at the major applications and services enabled by IPTV. ADSL2+ and VDSL has brought a revolution to this field.e. IPTV is unique and different from all conventional groups. The function of conventional broadcast. and building collaborations around IPTV throughout North America. Another utility with IPTV is that it has more content variety with a larger number of channels to choose depending on the customers¶ preferences. This association is built-in and tied to a robust 22 . However. The initiation of higher-speed DSL technology such as ADSL2. Digital Broadcast TV Customers get a conventional digital television through IPTV. cable. and Asia. It will reach its target group no matter whether the subscribers are in the mass markets. This makes a promising start especially as customers can choose from its diversified content.

which are the viewing devices that can be connected to the system of a television distribution. directly connect to) another communication line or (2) it allows an independent connection it to a switching point (such as a private company television system). There are two options in this regard: (1) these connections may be shared. and home security/monitoring cameras. The VoD application provides freedom to the individual subscribers to select a video content and view it at their convenience. 23 . remote education. such as the case of a private television system.. When the initial IPTV infrastructure is in its place. These television services are beamed from previously stored media consisting of entertainment movies or education videos. such as news events in real time. television extensions have a fixed wire or a connection line. such as video telephony and video conferencing. This is because: (1) it allows a television viewing device to either share (i. IPTV applications and potential revenue-generating services. Video on Demand (VoD) VoD is a service which provides television programs per the demands of the subscribers. by several televisions on the same line or (2) they may be controlled independently. Therefore. for example. Conventionally. which are much more advanced in comparison to traditional broadcast television systems. will be available. There are also some additional features and services available. It has a live access through live connection. The users interactively request and can receive television channels.internal network. IP Television can provide the following advanced features and services: y y y y Anywhere Television Service Global Television Channels Personal Media Channels Addressable Advertising Any here Television Service Anywhere Television Service uses television extensions. In addition to providing the basic television services and features. subscribers are enjoying the facility to broaden the unique experience at home or in their business.e.

global television channels are TV channels which can be viewed globally. the user can upload media to their personal media channels and can thus allow friends and family to access their pictures and videos. This ability makes IP television a very competitive tool around the world. often regulated. the cost includes the broadband data access cost. at the same time. The control and distribution of mixed media. But. Here is an example how a PMC may be used for IP television. when an IP television viewer is connected to a data connection for the first time. The typical cost for viewing global television channels is the content media access costs. In real meaning. a service provider can conserve bandwidth in their core and access networks. The IP television system is capable of providing video service outside the purview of their local. Personal Media Channels (PMC) PMC is a communication service which is user friendly to subscribers. Moreover. to select and view media from different media sources such as video or music.In IPTV. This also allows IP televisions to operate at any connection point that is willing to provide it broadband access to the Internet. Then. such as digital pictures and digital videos. which is assigned to the IP television each time it has been connected to the Internet. In this regard. It allows a media user. it sends the request to an assignment of a temporary Internet address from the data network. the home network technology must be competent to 24 . which is a monthly charge for broadband access. The reason is that the ITVSP is always aware of the current Internet address. Multicast By using the IP multicast feature in providing an IPTV service. this allows an IP television to operate like a television extension. IP television channels are beamed through the Internet and. This is done via their IP televisions. After its connection to the Internet. When more than one user is viewing the same channel in a home network. Global Television Channels As the name indicates. the service provider may only deliver a single video stream. for example. it can thus be typically viewed in any part of the globe. it uses the said Internet address to get registered with the Internet Television Service Provider (ITVSP). the cost or fee for watching a movie. areas. for example. can be done through a personal television channel for the service of friends and family members. an IP television customer can be assigned a personal television channel. which can be plugged in anywhere in the world. as it offers broadband data access.

distribute this towards multiple users on the home network. Imagine the core requirements for bandwidth if all customers are watching a different time-shifted channel to when they wanted to watch. Where is the user¶s security in this regard? It should be a secure network where access is limited only to users and concerned devices within the home. 25 . Privacy and Security Let us look at the important aspect of privacy and security of the subscribers. the home network must be a closed one. Both Multicast and Unicast are needed in the IPTV world. Further. but the former is quicker and easier to deploy in terms of core network capacity than the latter which mostly requires a dedicated one-to-one relationship from customer to server. Unauthorized users do not have the capacity to view it. This is an important factor for the home networks as it uses wireless technologies or shared media technologies such as power line networking. the user data on the home network is protected and no outsiders or intruders have the power to intercept. In this regard.

Consumers can benefit greatly from IPTV services by enjoying greater flexibility in their video ²experience´ by obtaining the content of their choosing. This new programming vehicle. fire trucks. Although IPTV is still in the early stages. It can provide road maps on screens installed in ambulances. In the near term. could be the ²killer application´ that expert agrees is needed to catapult IPTV to equal footing with traditional television. the growth in the number of providers and Users has demonstrated too many experts that the technology is now an important factor in the video marketplace. it will be important to watch how IPTV Providers offer new services and attract customers.CHAPTER: 9 CONCLUSION IPTV can change the way people receive video programming and revolutionize content creation. ³IPTV providers are already offering content from sports leagues to home cooking shows and more. With the expansion of broadband access and the Growth of computing and video production equipment. allowing organizations and individuals to transmit their messages to an audience of their choice. IP video can be harnessed and used in many different forms that would aid society. The low costs of creating content allows just about anyone to produce a ²television show. industry analysts believe IPTV is realizing its potential as a viable programming platform that can compete with cable. and police cars enabling them to ² read´ a situation before arriving on the scene. 26 . IPTV is also seen by providers and industry watchers as a gateway for new content providers. The video content is making the web experience more robust for consumers. the content comes to the consumer. Interactive applications will empower the viewer to use online video not only as an entertainment option but as a learning tool. With on-demand IPTV services. satellite and other traditional video mediums. presenting information in compelling formats that greatly interests existing and new audiences. IPTV is not simply offering traditional television programming through another device or connection. It can aid doctors by sending images across the nation or world and enabling them to discuss the data face to face in real time through a video link.

data.Many of the world's major telecommunications providers are exploring IPTV as a new revenue opportunity from their existing markets and as a defensive measure against encroachment from more conventional Cable Television services.FUTURE SCOPE IPTV with NGN is a future of IPTV. In the coming years. A Next-Generation Network (NGN) can be described as a telecommunications packet-based network that handles heavy traffic (such as voice. NGN architecture enables content providers to deliver their heavy media content across the network. In the past. and multimedia). 27 . It allows them to move beyond IPTV/Multimedia to develop and deliver a various integrated media services to Multimedia Home Networks it also provide unparalleled linkages among the network. Following is the graph for World Wide IPTV subscribers. middleware and video/IPTV services. this technology has been restricted by low broadband penetration and by the relatively high cost of installing wiring capable of transporting IPTV content reliably in the customer's home. projected to grow to 400 million by the year 2010. residential IPTVis expected to grow at a brisk pace as broadband was available to more than 200 million households worldwide in the year 2005. however.

wisegeek.scribd.wikipedia. IPTV security: protecting high-value digital contents by David Ramirez 28 . Gunn by Gérard O'Driscoll 3. 7. 4. www. 5. The Basics of IPTV by Howard J.REFERENCES WEB SITE 1. Understanding IPTV by Gilbert Held   . IP Multicast with Applications to IPTV and Mobile DVB-H by Daniel Minoli . Next Generation IPTV Services and Technologies BOO S 1.iptvarticles. 6. www.

LIST OF FIGURE Figure :1 Figure :2 Figure :3 Figure :4 Figure :5 Figure :6 IPTV Services IPTV Network Elements Generic IPTV System Architecture Components of IPTV Traditional Broadcast Video and IP Switched Video IPTV and Cable TV Implementation Architecture 29 .

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS  EPG  PIP  PPV  PC  IP  TV  QoS  STB  CSR  RTSP  CSA  EPG  PON Electronic Program Guide  IPTV Internet Protocol Television Picture in Picture Pay Per view Personal Computer Internet Protocol Television  VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol Quality of service  CATV Cable television Set Top Box Customer Service Representative  ATVA Analog Television adaptors Real Time Streaming Protocol Conditional Access System  DRM Digital Rights Management Electronic Program Guide Passive Optical Networking 30 .

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