Submitted To: Kamran Y Sindhu Submitted By: M Shoaib Yasin 071020-087

Qualities of a Good Manufacturer
What is manufacturing process?
Manufacturing is the use of machines, tools and labor to produce goods for use or sale. The term may refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech, but is most commonly applied to industrial production, in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale.

A good Manufacture has Qualities 
Choose a field thoughtfully. Make it one you enjoy. It's hard to be productive without enthusiasm.  Hire carefully and be willing to fire. You need a strong team, because a mediocre team gives mediocre results, no matter how well managed it is. One mistake is holding on to somebody who doesn't measure up.  Create a productive environment. This is a particular challenge because it requires different approaches depending on the context. Sometimes you maximize productivity by giving everybody his or her own office. Sometimes you achieve it by moving everybody into open space. Sometimes you use financial incentives to stimulate productivity. A combination of approaches is usually required.  Define success. Make it clear to your employees what constitutes success and how they should measure their achievements. Goals must be realistic. Project schedules, for example, must be set by the people who do the work. People will accept a "bottoms-up" deadline they helped set, but they'll be cynical about a schedule imposed from the top that doesn't map to reality. Unachievable goals undermine an organization. If a reviewer or customer chooses another company's product, we analyze the situation. We say to our people, "The next time around we've got to win. What's needed?" The answers to these questions help us define success  Build morale. Make it clear there's plenty of goodwill to go around and that it's not just you or some hotshot manufacturer who's going to look good if things go well. Give people a sense of the importance of what they're working on - its importance to the company, its importance to customers  Take on projects yourself. You need to do more than communicate. The last thing people want is a boss who just doles out stuff. From time to time, prove you can be hands-on by taking on one of the less attractive tasks and using it as an example of how your employees should meet challenges  Don't make the same decision twice. Spend the time and thought to make a solid decision the first time so that you don't revisit the issue unnecessarily. If you're too willing to reopen issues, it interferes not only with your execution but also with your motivation to make a decision in the first place.

Qualities Required for Good Apparel Manufacturer
There are a number of factors on which quality fitness of garment industry is based such as performance, reliability, durability, visual and perceived quality of the garment. Quality needs to be defined in terms of a particular framework of cost. The national regulatory quality certification and international quality programmers like ISO 9000 series lay down the broad quality parameters based on which companies maintain the export quality in the garment and apparel industry. Here some of main fabric properties that are taken into consideration for garment manufacturing for export basis:        Overall look of the garment Right formation of the garment Feel and fall of the garment Physical properties Color fastness of the garment Finishing properties Presentation of the final produced garment

Sourcing of Fabrics
There are certain problems that could be faced by garment manufacturers when sourcing for certain fabrics, so precautions should be taken for it beforehand to minimize the problems. The garment exporters source cotton fabrics mainly from handloom sectors, power looms and mills. Each of these sectors presents their own unique set of problems to the garment exporters. Sourcing cotton from handloom sectors might present some set of problems like color variation, missing ends and picks, irregular weaves and unreliable supplies. However, the handloom sector is significant source of heavier cotton. Common problems faced in power loom cotton sourcing are broken ends and reed marks, thick and thin places, difference in width and massive variation in costing. The major problem in mill-made fabric sourcing is to meet huge demands from the mills. Fabrics have to be ordered well in advance in mills and the long time taken for producing the fabric is a matter of concern for garment exporters. Mills generally hesitate to take small orders which pose a problem for small scale exporters. It is not that sourcing problem which only confined to cotton fabrics, but also to other fabrics as well. In silk garment industry there are some sorts of problems faced by silk garment exporters. Some of the problems that could be faced by silk garment exporters are as follows:  Shortage of imported silk yarns in the quantities required, as a result delivery is delayed.  Silk material is very vulnerable to stains during manufacturing process as well as stocking, staining  Results in rejection so a lot of care has to taken during these procedures.  Roll length of the silk yarn is often insufficient.  Color fastness of dyed silk material is sometimes not satisfactory. 

There are also chances of warp breakage.

Basic Thumb Rules for Garment Manufactures and Exporters
For a garment exporter there are many strategies and rules that are required to be followed to achieve good business. The fabric quality, product quality, delivery, price, packaging and presentation are some of the many aspects that need to be taken care of in garment export business. Some rules that are advisable for garment exporters are listed below:  Quality has to be taken care by the exporter, excuses are not entertained in international market for negligence for low quality garments, new or existing exporters for both it is mandatory to use design, technology and quality as major upgradation tools.  Apart from superior quality of the garment, its pricing, packaging, delivery, etc has to be also taken care of.  The garment shown in the catalogue should match with the final garment delivered.  It is important to perform according to the promises given to the buyer, or else it creates very bad impression and results in loss of business and reputation.  In international market, quality reassurance is required at every point.  Proper documentation and high standard labels on the garment are also important aspects as these things also create good impression.  Timely delivery of garments is as important as its quality. If your competitor has the better quality of garment in same pricing, it is better to also enhance your garment quality.  Before entering into international market, garment exporters have to carefully frame out the quality standards, or else if anything goes wrong it could harm the organization. And after that strictly follow it.  The garment quality should match the samples shown during taking the orders.  The garment exporters should know to negotiate a premium price after quality assurance is done. Quality is a multi-dimensional aspect. There are many aspects of quality based on which the garment exporters are supposed to work  Quality of the production.  Quality of the design of the garment.  Purchasing functions¶ quality should also be maintained.  Quality of final inspection should be superior.  Quality of the sales has to be also maintained.  Quality of marketing of the final product is also important as the quality of the garment itself.

Quality related problems in garment manufacturing
There are certain quality related problems in garment manufacturing that should not be overlooked:

Sewing defects
Like open seams, wrong stitching techniques used, same color garment, but usage of different color threads on the garment, miss out of stitches in between, creasing of the garment, erroneous thread tension and raw edges are some sewing defects that could occur so should be taken care of.

Color effects
Color defects that could occur are difference of the color of final produced garment to the sample shown, accessories used are of wrong color combination and mismatching of dye amongst the pieces.

Sizing defects
Wrong gradation of sizes, difference in measurement of a garment part from other, for examples leaves of µXL¶ size but body of µL¶ size. Such defects do not occur has to be seen too.

Garment defects
During manufacturing process defects could occur like faulty zippers, irregular hemming, loose buttons, raw edges, improper button holes, uneven parts, inappropriate trimming, and difference in fabric colors.

Quality is ultimately a question of customer satisfaction. Good Quality increases the value of a product or service, establishes brand name, and builds up good reputation for the garment exporter, which in turn results into consumer satisfaction, high sales and foreign exchange for the country. The perceived quality of a garment is the result of a number of aspects, which together help achieve the desired level of satisfaction for the customer. Therefore quality control in terms of garment, pre-sales service, posts sales service, delivery, pricing, etc are essentials for any garment exporter.

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