Statistical tables of African-American criminality in history, drawn from three literary sources

:

PART I. 1829-1855 DuBois, W. E.B. The Philadelphia Negro: A Social Study. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1899. (reedited 1996).

PART II. 1910 Reuter, Edward Byron. The American Race Problem: A Study of the Negro. Ed. Seba Eldridge. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1927.

PART III. 1910-1938 Bonger, Willem Adriaan. Race and Crime. Trans. Margaret Mathews Hordyk. New York: Columbia University Press, 1943.

PART I. 1829-1855

DuBois, W. E.B. The Philadelphia Negro: A Social Study. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1899. (re-edited 1996). (Chap. 13, 'The Negro Criminal', excerpts):

"Some actual figures will give us an idea of this, the worst period of Negro crime ever experienced in the city. The Eastern Penitentiary [Philadelphia] was opened in 1829 near the close of the year. The total number of persons received here for the most serious crimes is given in the next table [for 1829-1854]. This includes prisoners from the Eastern counties of the State, but a large proportion were from Philadelphia:"

Years

Total Commitments 339 878 701 633 664 99 356 209 151 106

Negroes

Per Cent of Negroes 29.0 40.5 29.8 23.8 16.0

1829-34.......... 1835-39.......... 1840-44.......... 1845-49.......... 1850-54..........

Per Cent of Negroes of Total Population 8.27 ( 1830) 7.39 ( 1840) 7.39 ( 1840) 4.83 ( 1850) 4.83 ( 1850)

"A better measure of the normal criminal tendencies of the group would perhaps be found in the statistics of Moyamensing [Prison, Philadelphia], where ordinary cases of crime and misdemeanor are confined and which contains only county prisoners. The figures for Moyamensing prison [1836-1855] are:"

Years

Total Commitments 1164 1478 2642

Negroes

Per Cent of Negroes 48.29 32.01 ...

1836-45.......... 1846-55.......... Total........

1087 696 1783

Per Cent of Negroes of Total Population 7.39 ( 1840) 4.83 ( 1850) .....

"The character of the crimes committed by Negroes compared with whites is shown by the following table, which covers the offences of 1359 whites and 718 Negroes committed to the Eastern Penitentiary [Philadelphia], 1829-1846. If we take simply petty larceny we find that 48.8 per cent of the whites and 55 per cent of the Negroes were committed for this offence."

Kinds of Crime

Offences vs. the person....... Offences vs. property with violence . Offences vs. property without violence Malicious offences vs. property... Offences vs. Currency and forgery.. Miscellaneous........... All Offences.........

Whites Num Per ber Cent 166 11.4 191 13.1 873 59.8 22 1.5 167 11.5 40 27.0 1359 718

Negroes Num Per ber Cent 89 12.4 165 22.9 432 60.2 14 2.0 7 1.0 11 1.5 100 100

PART II. 1910

Reuter, Edward Byron. The American Race Problem: A Study of the Negro. Ed. Seba Eldridge. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1927 (Chap. 14, 'Delinquency and Crime', excerpts)

PERCENTAGE OF NEGROES IN U.S. PRISON POPULATION: 1910
In Total Population Among Prisoners (Enumerated
Jan. 1, 1910) (Committed During Year)

United States The South South Atlantic East South Central West South Central

10.7 29.8 33.7 31.5 22.6

30.6 70.1 72.0 73.1 62.4

21.9 58.9 61.6 63.6 46.0

The North New England Middle Atlantic East North Central West North Central The West Mountain Pacific U.S. Penitentiaries

1.8 1.0 2.2 1.6 2.1 0.7 0.8 0.7 ±

13.1 4.6 12.8 14.7 20.8 5.9 7.8 4.6 31.3

9.6 2.6 9.4 11.0 14.4 3.2 4.4 2.5 24.6

PART III. 1910-1938

Bonger, Willem Adriaan. Race and Crime. Trans. Margaret Mathews Hordyk. New York: Columbia University Press, 1943. (Chap. 3, 'Race and Crime, Case Studies: Negro Criminality', excerpts)

TABLE I

PRISONERS AND YOUTHFUL DELINQUENTS, U.S.: 1910

Total per Jan. 1 Race Number Per 100,000 pop. Number

Sentenced during 1910 Per 100,000 pop.

Whites Negroes

93,841

114.8

382,052

467.4

41,729 Other colored 902

424.6 218.6

108,268 3,614

1,101.7 876.0

Total

136,472

148.4

493,934

537.0

TABLE II

TERMS BEGUN IN U.S. STATE AND FEDERAL PRISONS (PER 100,000 POPULATION OF 15 YEARS AND OVER), 1929-1935

Men Years Whites Negroes Whites

Women Negroes

1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935

113.4 124.0 136.2 128.0 117.0 107.1 113.4

385.1 416.3 478.8 483.8 447.0 436.4 473.5

6.5 5.8 5.8 5.6 ?a 5.3 5.4

30.7 25.2 26.7 27.2 ?a 25.6 28.9

TABLE III

SURVEY OF MEN IN PRISONS, PER 100,000 U.S. POPULATION: AVERAGE FOR THE YEARS 1926-34
Crimes Manslaughter (both homicide and by negligence) Felonious assault Rape Theft (including that of autos) Burglary Robbery Whites Negroes

3.9 2.7 3.1 24.9 20.5 12.0

32.8 28.9 6.2 64.1 76.1 31.2