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• HSE Directive no. • Regulation relating to use of work equipment The Norwegian Labour Inspection Authority’s regulations • 088 Common model for work permits The Norwegian Labour Inspection Authority’s regulations • NS-EN 795 Protection against fall from heights. References • The Activities Regulations.1. 11 Safe job analysis • Use of Work Basket . ladders and work on roofs. SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT HANDBOOK 2008 . By following this directive. Contracted mobile installations which have a system that satisﬁes the requirements in this directive. section § 40 Use of work equipment • Regulations relating to scaffolding. Anchoring methodes. 1 – Work permits • HSE Directive no. may use their own system provided this has been clariﬁed upon implementation. HSE Directive 4 Lifting Operations Deﬁntions • Working at heights means all work carried out standing with one’s feet two metres or more above deck level where there is no ﬁxed platform or approved scaffolding • Work permit is a written permit to carry out a deﬁned work task at a given place onboard an installation under given conditions and in a safe manner • Safe Job Analysis (SJA) is a systematic and step-by-step review of all elements of risk carried out prior to a speciﬁc task or operation so that measures can be taken to remove or control any elements of risk identiﬁed during the preparation for or performance of the said task or operation • First line MOB (Man overboard) preparedness includes o the platform’s MOB crew standing by in case of an emergency or o a standby vessel ready by the installation 96 HEALTH.ref. GENERAL Purpose The purpose of this directive is to ensure that • all work at heights is carried out safely • there are no accidents due to dropped objects • all use of ladders takes place in a safe manner • all scaffolding is erected. taken down and used safely • work above the sea is carried out safely Scope This directive applies to all BP-operated installations and contracted installations on the Norwegian continental shelf. etc. all requirements in the “Working at Heights” section in the “BP 8 Golden Rules of Safety” are complied with.
• If dropped objects can damage pressurised equipment. alternatively. normally by use of a fall block. • Upon completion of work the area shall be checked to secure that no potential dropped objects are left. prevent blood circulation injuries). or o scaffolding with green scafftag. . scaffolding or ladder an approved safety harness with fallblock (or. as far as practical. and o ﬁlled in and signed “Checklist for Work At Heights/Use of Harness” . Inspection of fall arrest harness • The user shall always visually check his/her safety harness. • There shall be a site specific instruction on how required competent personnel are organized (for instance a rescue team) Securing underlaying area • Tools and equipment shall. and the point shall preferably be above the user HEALTH. anchor points. a realistic and safe rescue plan shall exist. • When moving at height outside a ﬁxed platform. The plan shall take the time for a safe rescue into consideration in order to be able to rescue a person within sufﬁcient time (i. SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT HANDBOOK 2008 97 . If there is any doubt contact the scaffolding foreman or inspection re. b e secured with suitable means to prevent them from being dropped • If there is a potential for dropped objects the underlaying area shall be secured either with a guard person or roped off in co-ooperation with the area technician. • When using fall arrest equipment • at least one person shall be present in the area nearby at all times in order to start rescue work and alert the necessary persons in case of a fall • prior to commencement of work.e. When relocating the fallblock. WORKING AT HEIGHTS Use of safety devices • all work carried out standing with one’s feet 2 metres or more above the deck requires: o ﬁxed platform with handrail.system and anchor point and also have it checked by a coworker. or o use of approved safety harness secured in a suitable anchor point which limits free fall to 2 metres from the footing. the person involved must be secured with a support line. a Y-line) shall be used.2. the area shall be physically protected or de-pressurised in co-operation with the area techncian. • Defect harnesses or harnesses that lack the control tag (yearly control) for approved lifting device shall not be used and handed in for repair Fall arrest line • Anchor points for fall arrest harnesses shall as a guideline at least hold 1000kg.
SCAFFOLDING Approval of work • Erecting/dismantling scaffolding higher than 2m requires a Work Permit level 2. • Ladders must have rubber knots at both ends and have no visual deformation • Only single ladders may be used. 4. • Stepladders up to 3. work on roofs. Maximum climb height in the ladder is 2m. may be used on ﬁrm and even foundations when there is no potential for fall to a lower level / sea. USE OF LADDERS Use • Ladders may only be used for access or work of short duration Which ladders can be used • Ladders shall be in accordance with Chapter VI in the Regulations relating to scaffolding. ladders. by a person securing at the bottom until it is secured at the top.g.5m. 2 feet and one hand) and fall arrest equipment used when standing above 2 meters. • During work in a ladder three-point contact must be maintained (e. 98 HEALTH.• • • • Fall arrest lines shall only be fastened in a D-ring on the person’s back with the fall arrest harness When using fall arrest lines a fall block shall normally be used. SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT HANDBOOK 2008 . • Erecting/dismantling scaffolding over sea requires approval according to section 5 of this directive. take into considerations like movements in the horizontal movements and potential pendulum movement 3. Support lines (without shock absorber) must not be used as fall arrest lines for safety harnesses as they are only intended as extra support to be used together with safety harnesses and support belt The compilation of the fall arrester equipment shall be assessed based on the nature of work (e. etc. The 2m shall be clearly marked on the ladder • In electrical switchrooms. • Erecting/dismantling scaffolding lower than 2m requires a general platform/area Work Permit level 2.g. • During movement in a ladder nothing must be carried in the hands. ladders shall be of non-conducting material Inspection • The user is responsible for checking the ladder before use • Defective ladders must be discarded Safety measures • Ladders must be secured to prevent them from sliding or tipping over when used.
section 1. such as use of harness and closing of underlaying area.Erecting/dismantling scaffolding • Scaffolding shall be erected/moved and dismantled by authorised scaffolders only • Scaffolding shall be in accordance with Chapter III of the Regulations relating to scaffolding. The scafftag must be at the scaffolding entrance • The scaffolding foreman must ensure scaffolds are inspected/ approved at least once every 14 days. If this is not possible the green scafftag shall be marked with necessary safety precautions. • A work platform (including access platforms) shall be secured with handrails and kick plates and other required covering/ securing to prevent dropped objects. etc. as well as after spells of strong wind or other conditions that may damage the scaffolding Use of scaffolding • Only scaffolding having a green scafftag is approved for use • Scaffolding must be used in accordance with limitations given on the green scafftag. The scaffolding shall be certified every week and inspected after external influence e. work on roofs. HEALTH. 5. ladders. man-riding belt or net requires independent securing. competency requirements. Ref.g. Scaffolding approval • Approval of scaffolding for use shall only be performed by authorised approval personnel. • always be 2 scaffolders. WORK OVER OPEN SEA Introduction • Work over sea means work taking place outside permanent railing where there is a risk of a person/persons falling into the sea. • Work in hydraulic basket in “moon pool” and on approved scaffolding is not deﬁned as work over sea when extra barriers such as • fall arrest equipment • man-riding belt • net • Scaffolding build as a class 3 and certified as a class 2 scaffolding with extra heighten hand rail (railing). (not attached to the scaffolding). SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT HANDBOOK 2008 99 . Erecting/dismantling scaffolding over sea When scaffolding is erected/dismantled over sea: • the rules for Work over sea shall apply. • Approved scaffolding is shown with a green scafftag with date and signature. • a Toolbox Talk or Job Safety Analysis shall be performed. strong wind Note: use of fall arrest equipment.
100 HEALTH. preconditions.g. etc. risks and safety precautions relating to the work • Everyone working over open sea shall wear a life vest • When working below the cellar deck.Approval • Work over sea requires an approved work permit level 1 Restrictions Work over sea is permitted provided: • The wind speed is maximum 30 knots. overﬂow. SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT HANDBOOK 2008 . from e. The safety guard shall be familiar with and carry out tasks stated in the Safety guard’s duties in connection with work over sea • A life buoy with line and light shall be easily available • The performing personnel shall be familiar with all procedures. consider whether to secure spills. a safety guard must be present and monitor the personnel located over sea at all times. measured at a 10 m level • The wave height is maximum 5 m (corresponds to 3 m signiﬁcant wave height) • Standby vessel in near-standby mode or MOB in extra preparedness mode • The MOB boat onboard or on the standby vessel is operative and can be launched/retrieved in case a person falls into the sea • The light and view is good enough to perform the work and rescue any person that may fall into the sea • Consent has been obtained from the diving supervisor if there is diving activity near the work site Safety precautions • When working over sea. ﬁre water • Consider the need for implementing measures to avoid objects falling to lower levels or down on vessels.
HSE DIRECTIVE 3 WORKING AT HEIGHTS ATTACHMENTS Attachment 1: Duties for the safety guard during work over sea Attachment 2: Checklist for work at height /use of harness .
interruption and completion of work • be located at a permanent deck of the installation and have an unhindered view of the personnel working over sea • not take part in work that may interfere with his/her duty as safety guard • monitor changes in weather conditions/visibility and light and stop the work if the preconditions and limitations for the work are exceeded • monitor the work and surroundings and stop work should a situation arise that calls for such action • facilitate a good dialogue with the stand-by vessel regarding light and weather conditions. if and when any limitations should occur Interruptions/ completion of work The Safety Guard shall: • inform SCR and MOB function • secure equipment/workplace If ”man over board” The Safety Guard shall: • notify colleagues CCR and MOB function • activate alarm • throw out a life buoy • maintain visual contact with person in sea • secure equipment/workplace Alarm situations The Safety Guard shall: • notify personnel over sea and stop work • secure that all personnel return to a permanent deck of the installation • secure equipment/workplace 104 HEALTH. Check that the radio in the MOB boad can communicate with the Safety guard).ATTACHMENT 1: DUTIES FOR THE SAFETY GUARD DURING WORK OVER SEA The Safety Guard shall be clearly marked with “sikkerhetsvakt” Before commencing the work The Safety Guard shall: • participate in the work planning. • ensure escape routes are known by involved personnel • be familiar with the weather limitations for work over sea • perform “comradeship check” upon fall arrester equipment and life vest During work The Safety Guard shall: • inform SCR and MOB function at start. SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT HANDBOOK 2008 . including SJA / pre-job talks • locate the nearest ﬁre call point/telephone • ensure that the agreed MOB function (Standby boat or the installation’s MOB crew) is informed and operational • establish and check radio communication with the work place. (Standby boat or the installation’s Radio room when using the installation’s MOB boat. SCR and MOB function.
if a fall should occur? Are equipment / tools used at height controlled and adequately secured against dropping? And not left behind finishing the work? Are underlying areas closed off and pressurized/sensitive equipment protected against dropped objects? Are lighting. system and anchor point been checked by a colleague? Is there a person in the work area that can initiate rescue. noise and weather conditions satisfactory for the task? Are there any other risks and have they been evaluated and found acceptable? Have the involved persons completed a course in fall arrest methods? Have all items on the checklist been answered YES without comments? If NO. the work shall not be started. 6 Has the fall arrest equipment. January 2008 Attachment 2 HSE Directive 3 – Working at Height CHECKLIST FOR WORK AT HEIGHT/ OVER OPEN SEA / USE OF HARNESS Sjekkpunkter 1 Are you using a full body harness with double latch self-locking snap hooks and equipment with relief strap / foot strap? Has a proper anchor point for the safety line been located? Is fall arrest equipment in use that will limit the free fall to 2 meters or less? Has the fall arrest equipment been visually checked for: 5 damage/wear or defects? control tag with the latest control date? N/A Yes No Comment 2 3 4 If a ladder is used. 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ADDITIONAL COMMENTS Note: Work over open sea also require the use of “Duties for the safety guard during work over sea” (attachment1) Area technician (work w/o WP): Date: Performing technician(s):______________________________________________________________________ Closure of work 14 Are all loose tools/equipment removed from the workplace? HEALTH.ATTACHMENT 2: CHECKLIST FOR WORK AT HEIGHT / OVER OPEN SEA / USE OF HARNESS Revision pr. SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT HANDBOOK 2008 105 . Contact the line manager to find alternative methods to perform the work. is the ladder free of visual damage and secured? During securing of the ladder one person shall secure the ladder at the bottom until the ladder is secured at the top.
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