TlliUOR~HOnO~

1!

CO~C~p~

TRADITION
&

ORTHODOXY

-

ST. GEORGE

COPTIC

ORTBOlJOX

cannon

OF

SPORTIKG -

ALEXANDHIA

1

$1.

edition:

St. Mark

Coptic

Orthodox

Church 1971 Church 197ft

of los Angel ea· fT. 2
nd

• A.
Orthodox

edjtion : St. George Coptic of Sporting -

Alexandria

His

Holiness

POI)e

SHJ~NO[fnA
Pope of Alexandria and

III
patriarch of

St.

Ma.rk See.

Book :t : The Church in the OrthodoX
Book 2 : The Church & Tradition. Book 3 : The Church
&

Conoept.

Rite.

Book 4 : The Church

Building .

• (.9 ...

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y I:.(_H

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What is Orthodoxy Ortbodozy

~ collection of teaehings nor or religi"ug a set of rites

is Dot a

dogmas, not is it a. philosophy with God in Jesus Christ by

or morals. the

and ceremonies .,. Orthodoxy is a new life I It is a fellowsbjp Holy Spirit, a living and ju his (faily life, and praetical fellowship

that man
through

practises

that he aeknowledges and the spiritual .May God our studies

the true faith. the living tradition

ritual ...

besto""r upoa u.s the perception of this new We in
c

of :

The Church and

: its ritual

orthodox and lellowship

conception, it as with Him •.

its the

relationship with tra-lltion
House

recognize

or

God, in which We experience

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THE CHURCH
IN THE ORTHODOX
CONCEPTION

The Church kind, comparable

is a heavenly in the

and Ii,.ing soul. but

lire,
it is

unique

in

its

only with it5elf, and cannot be seen elcept b,r indefinable. sufficient but cannot be descriped rt h

raith. It is a life. revealed
It can be experienced
to say,
'l

Came and See •. «In O:JT OWn ~ sourees
s

Fr· Schruemann says,l

the Fathers,

the Councils. the Liturgy - we do not find any Iorms! definition of the Church anrl this is not because oJ any lack of eeelestelogical interest and consciousness, to ber-does distinct, but because the Church=-Jn not exist .part in other as such, presence knowledge, terms. is not us the an
and

Orthodox approach content of her
0:

ft·om the veTy

liie.. 1:he Church,
II

essence

s

or

beinz

>

Irom Hod, man, and action

the world, Christ, a

but is the very reality new !)IorJe of God's and unity,

of Christ in us and

in

in his and form, ill an
J.

creation ... She is nod's gift and man's

response and apprapl"i.tion communion
the
r

or

this

gift,

union

transfiguration. for precise

And. since apart from the. Orthodox eeclesiology

content" rather

has no meaning ... att~mpt to present 1

tban

lookiug

de6nition or forms, conditions anll modalities,

an .ioon of the Uhurch as lire in Christ
:

'THE CSDRCS, rNITY WITH con

The Church as a new life, is a unity of which man through returns to his Father's hi; ab!~illg in le ... Clldst. us

ma.tl with God. in
HoI)' Spirit, of the

Bosom by the

This il> the essence

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- 12ChUICh, that thf
fait.hrut are 1mI'd up by the wil1f;!s or t, . Spirit..

1 hev are hrouel t into while thoy ar~ on earth.

the "piritual

renlm,

anti live

in hen

US

The Church is an admission into Heavenly Iikeness ... ,. Ilo that s2Iith he we shall be like in him ssnetifiefh ahldcth One. for nf>thing except

a

Iellowshlp

with

the atd

to be in His image

in 8im ought bilHself when lie

also shall

to walk appear hope John 2

even as He walked ... We know that himself,

to Him. AnI! cv ry one tba.t hath this as Fie also is holy. Th Apostle

t f:h ristiauity is an imi.j;ati on of the divine nature .
St. fhegory of N5 sa ~ not bern

t(

The

Chureh

) is the

hclv the law

cit

'whicb bas

sanctified perfect 4 Spirit,

h~' observiug

for the law

made nothing

but by becoming eoufcrmed to Christ: partir.ipathlp: tlnOl)gh us with the communication

in the divine nature who stamped
'VI

or

the HoI, of our

Ilis seA.J in tht'l Itfly
fWIll en~I'~'

d Iiv: .rance

h en we were washed

stain and Ire 18(1

from all iniqiuty .
~t, \ :yril

of Alexsurhia 5

THE CLlURCH, ROnY OF CHRIST
The Uburch Paradise.
c

is

the reto rn their units

of

th

helievers

to the fi

l'1it

through
»,

'with Gon ;lwl our becoming ttl*'

One nOll.

in which the precious Bll'od

or

Christ

ci reulaces,

saucWJ'ing

us. rleclare the noJ~ of Chrhit. of
I,f

t The Holy :::'cripturcs

3nimaLp.d U .• 'inee

by
as

Lhr Son of (~od, to he the wh«le

Chll'LCb

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-

14 -

a

soul revives amI moves the borly wh ieh of itself
power

ha
0

not tne
WOI'd.

natllral

or

motion

like

a liviug

being,

the

arousing and movi[l~ the whole nody, action, awakens moreover each

the ChUl'{lb,

to befitting to

individual

m .mber belouging

the Church. so that they do nothing Rpalt Irom the Word . Orlgen 6

t

Tile Church The

is one and the same

with

the Lorrl, Hi!) Bodv ,
by Him

of His flesh and 1119 bone . Cb.urcb is the. Living Never tbink Vine, nourished and growing in Him.
01 tile Church

apart

from the

Lord Jesus Christ. from the Pather and the Holy Spirit. Fr, John of h:ronstadit

1

t

Where Jesu

Christ, there is the Catholic Church • St, Ignatuts cl in the

Jesus Christ. the Saeramental

the Head ol the Church. We. especially work in a

is the Paradise, receIving
stat!', but

the depth or which we enter, Communion receive. not unceasing tra.nsrigure, altercate battle,

da.y by day. unceasingly
through

tbrough

of Hili Holy and Immortal as a reutine struggle for the aequistion

Body a.nd Blood. Tills we
stfl.tic
ill

all
we the the

of

that

grace

which

our mind ... It is a We

of struggle

in which from from

victories with betraying

ralls. without
80

being isolated

source of our sa.lvation.

long as we do notesclI.pe

ou r Head •.. 9

:1- lHE ( H1JHCH. nUInE OP canr 'f The unHy hetween spirit-al and eonjugal the one. LOrr! and His Church
as

is

II.

real,

He chose us

HLI.; Bride.

Be cain

down to our earth to betroth

us as His hettVl:nly Brill

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- H)-

The Holy Scripture subject of the creation

and the Church Eatliers of Chrlst's
aUlf

have treaterI

the

Bride at lengtli . give glory to FJim; Ior the hath prepared

t Let us be glad and rejoice
maniage herself ...

of tbe Lamb is eome, aurl His wife

Blessed are they that are calle-I to the marriage of the Lamb ... And I. John, saw the holy adorned for her husband. Apocalypse cit)· " .• prepared as

supper

3,

brirle

1H • :.ll sinner

t This is the milr!, of

ODC

who ioves .. , He takes

the

aml epouses bel' to Ilimself ' And what doth He give her :' a siguct ring I Of what nature? He says «Tholl
thee. How?

the Holy Spirit ( 2 wast planted in

COl',

1 : 21, 22 ) ...

the gar.len and he ( the

uevil ) cast thee out : behold I plant thee in mjsel
The dovi 1 dares not approach take thee up into Heaven;
is here:

r.

J uphold
do 1

me. Neither

but something

greater than Beaven of Ul.'aven.
01'

I carry thee in myself who am the Lord thee ann the wol to approach.

The shepherd carries rather I permit our nature him

r

no longer comes:

And so

the Lord carrieth 10

: and the dey!1 approaches

anl! is worsted,

St, John Chrjsostom

t

Whence it
words that

Was

that the Apostle directly refenl,j been spoken of agreed and
A<[flill (

to

Christ the For thus that
s lr-pt

had

Eph 5 ).

will it he most- certainly out of His bones
tLI~ Word ... Came down

that

the Church is lermed
to llis wife: aud

ani! flesh;

it was for this cause

to be -loinelJ

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- lR-

in the

trance of His passion,
He might ha"ing cleansed

a.DII

wlllinglj
Iaver.t

suffered

death
glorious

(01'

bel', that
blameless,

present the Church
Her by the

to Ilimsolf

and

! for the reeeiving
by

of the spiritual with whispers

and blessed implants

seed, which

is sown

Him who and is the
the to us for so as to

it in the
by the Church.

dflpth of the mimi: as by
FOl"

conceived and formed
eommand increasing union and

a woman,

give birth and .nourishment .Increase
daily in greatness

to virtue.

in this way, too,
aml multitude, by

and multiply» and

e is
beauty

fully fulfilled, the Church
comes down his

and communion fa.lls iuto
It

of the

Word.

who still of

trance

by the memorial not conceive

passion ;

otherwise

the Churoh could

believers

and give them empt)'itlg 13

new birth by the laver of regeneration. Himself Ior their sake ••• 4 - THE CHURCB, St. Irenaeus FULNESS

unless Christ.

Fr. Methodius OF SPIHIl'

51)'8.[4

-whete the Church is. there is the Spirit, .
domain

alld Where the Spirit is, there is the Church, The Cburch, as the Body the Sph it of Cbrist lives per Iecti ou.
!.lay, uniting every

of Chrlst, and works Ilimsetf
fuJness

is the

where for its upon
as a

contlnuoualj to new members

He communicates them with Christ
to bear the

every

as their HeR,1 and bestowing
of the Chllreh.

member

wt.o~e body, fie communicates
create Church
« multiplicity

Hirnsetl of persons

to
»,

Dew me mbers, Spirit

nut

merely
upon

to

but He nestuws
of

every

Illemher- who Is a part •

of the church-the

the whole

In other

words,

the

HOly Spirit creates

the pCI'feclioD

of

._ \iI.

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Q ( .)>:"

.y J J~. iJOI. ,-,Ie'l WJ5:'~ \c', J
i_. _ ... ~: .. LII
«(

,j" [J)I

l,,,t..l. ! ~:j::_i!_fJ IT;..II'" J.)

iiI:p- "J"" J'" \..J.olI
,:)1..... j1J

, .l~~~ ,:u i ... • • .J.) \$".),

J1 It, J'"" JI..J
t

~:j

I.J! 1_,

"~.:lt! 0.0 f.S,·1 , j
0J:'
C .'.

J~ '~fl

~_, • .;;fl

D

,:::-11

('"t:~ J":':: '" ...

?-.r~l:e ; t.J~!

C::- tI J .til l~ J> _tl ...b:i.J~ ... ::il

, ... :~~

J4 ... 11..I44~01

J 1..9::'" J (,$::-J.. .
,

li' .

)lfb

,\:;\:..:l~) l;':i

'1 ;;..1,....J I

D

j",. : f I Q) U .J...\;~(- ":J I LY..1: ...

~J5'1 oJ"~ ..I~JIJ ,;~ _

b\:r ,Jk:~.;i lJJ~ , .......'-;"~Lit .51\~_,:,AI_,ll_,..:.:.~ (J)! C:.c_ S

J~

• 1..9~;..!tl

-

2t)-

the whole whole

elmreh,

WIt

hy collectiug
in every

the parts

to~{,thtlr is

but borne

the

is truly

present

pa It, as the pnrt

by

the whole. This is the mystery its catholicity! The of the life of the church. 8piril; its unity and

lends
», j

her

from

the

~ mllltipJicity and egoism

that is Iiahle to the Jesus

to corruption in

e from in.Iivi.Iualiem

new multiplicity. ChI'ist, so

which member

fill

are united
J)lItsOD mine and

with God in
in His .. ". I ant his

t.hat

eaeb

"Cb rist

wholeness without St. disregard member

". saying losing Clement our

"My

beloved

'IS

his personality

.
<I'

01 Akx9.tJ.I~rja says, l5
persoun.lities, but fits in with him,
8.

This

unity

dOM
upon

not

the Spirit bestows meanwhile

every

the gift which

each member

eontluues

t.o exist at!

personal

heing ,.
• As we are divided, of which rooted in some such in a, one

St. Cyril of Alexandria
sort. into wel l-s-dcfiued

t6 sa),s,

personalities,

in virtue

one is Peter,
body in (:hrist,

JO!ln

Thomas,

or Matthc"v,

we, are

feeding

On one

r lesh

D,

In brief, we say that the lle.ly Spirit
the ch ureb, arc not many create:" the Church's but there
c
II

who is the. fullness
~. so that which

of

nity of nature

there

churches

is One church,
l> •

is above

the limits many
church,

of

• t.ime" an.1 eve

space
i.e.

However

I:le creates
01 the

the
0 ue

~ multiplJCit.y 01 the persons persons
each
1")'

J,

lifO, comraunicates Hew members

Himse ll' to

d~l,~'. to create

baviJJ!; his gilts

an I pe rsnu alit 5' •

5 - TIlE CI:iUnCiJ,
Through adoption to the t;od,

MOTHJ':n
church we

OF Tift: l'aITHFI
1'01',eh'6

:LI.
w birth. to i.e enjoy the the

the tile

ne

by whicb

we

llnve

right

-

y\

"J·I J.A -.J4~J

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L.(_) ,

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, ( . .u.-I J

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J 0 J .... j~ l15 -

,I

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_)f;.

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td

• .:u 1 ~ -'~ i,..r..ij::!' ,
J.,...

.J'"

T -.9"''',
_,i
~

".J \.:

1

~ll

..l"",:~. ,,)1

'9" L:~.c. 'j I

:. flV] V

I~.;;f

-c

\..i

~~J ..1 , I,i\;s; L:":~Gds-".)..;.:.;",1] .J.,:"S:::
'I

It: 1''''::.'..' ~..i..t> I

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~.S;:Jl

~A_'''

f

I

t:-'"~~ ",;-,:ll
I

(J.J'
J

)1..1.

; • i._~_ >:.11• ....i[_, J: clLJ. .; J <l....iJ.:'. I,.... -,trw j
I

J;~..J~ ,

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1~..... , -.I;.. b :e

~_~:_(_Il~ JJ.

J... .J.11 ~

.I,;_,;..1 ~t:P'" Jl t -'~~U J ~p-IJ c:_
• .1,:1

1 <I; ~~ Jlk::9

, ":P~Jp:.91 L~ ,-;--J. I'. _;'::"~ ~! .ui.i

Jcr ~_~;_S':JI-J':.:;,,""i Q 1";\:"'"j

- 22-

uuceasing

unity

with

the

Bridegroom

of

the ehurch , through

bel' seven saeraments,
In experience cannot other the words,

Pl'UYUS,

hymns, rites and rloctrines
the
c

etc ' .•
»,

through

church

motherhood says, I 7
c

we

Fatherhood

of Goj.

St Cyprian

A man

have God as his Father, .
does

if he does not have

the church

as his mother»
Each church but he as

membrr a also with son

not only enjoy
tWa of motherhood the church.

this

motherhoorl of he his

of

the

is g-ratHied with the kindness
as ais the spirit

mother, in

practises

behaves

accordance the spirit

mother,

besriug

of love towards the
c

all meu , motherhood
J> I

He bears he will become

church

within

himself', others,

50

thRt

~ ecumenical extends into

man.

who loves infinitel y Ilves os

Ilia iunet of his church

life in Jesl1s Christ brethren. Be lives

itsp.lf

into the lives the whole

their

lives in him.
Thus, church every motherhood member ~, as lives his with the spirit

or

the.

c

whol De

heart loves
salvation

all mankind."
together with of in

struggles not only for ills
of incessant unity with love the whole his brethren divine grace. Spirit world at that last,

OWIl

by obtaining
corrupt

the blesslng his

Goo, but he also gathers
has become attain the fullness

sin. so that
glory bJ the

may

The is opened, creatures, as one

of the church

has

no limit, to love,

as

the

inner

sight

and the hca I't is wldonel but church also to the heavenly One

not only heaven united onr s .

the visib le and earth
Vi' ith

ones. he

Ile sees becomes earthly

llluist:

tho

beaVC\11y creatures,

as wcl]

H8 with the

-

yY' -

.;.~ Ll~ti~1 ~ i tJ;~I"'J~J 4....ai ... ....

......)lp..J~i u" J~t~ ;ji. ~..r!t1\~-:

~.~Jl

J t17~0 f ~zo:-;. , ~~kill: J .. ; t5,Jj I ..t t l.Jl ~ .... Jj {.Q~ lJ:'l ' oW 1t: .

.~~'t' ~I (',.J\~
,~~p..1JlIJ":':"'"
I.()~

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',:lJ.l_r>-.u

w.;~"i UA L~Cfl CJ.J
~~

~jl . ~:rlc-tl ~J
Q ~:rl:.-'

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\~ ..b:j -':. »IJ ".
L-l

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! 0.:::"".J ~ \:

o..l;lO"IJ ;_~f w"".J~ IJ

.Ic-,I

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§ J.... (0.JJ]Q;A 4;
..:...i) I lJ"4i
~.J

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J.p L_~;-(_ft

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l_;j

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l..5'" •

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U.;.b

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~=-- J

'91 Jc ~~ \,,/ 01:.-

~! .r!~lJusi

lob u,~j
... ~.il)l

Jto

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_,li 11:·(..J

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J JJ~.)

r,.:,'"

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I
Jt'.J

'91

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••

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.JJ1;;.. J'"

~. ;~..JO:- J'" It:..LJ , .).)1;,:.. J.i:- !.5;ly
I

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IS .r_~'1

G.J \:n t..:':';::

~:>-

J.J~

~tj

J Ji J

If" Jiib

J

It; ~,,,, LJ ~~II;' Uf'
o

v-j1J

r J: u.o
~::J~.JJ

lJLj~1c_i _..i , .. kJ1J ../.J '91 ~~ j-=Iiill ..I.. J;.IUA
b..\-,,:"

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_;\..Q:,:.~

.!.I ul_j~)~l&il.J

J)I;. (,J1i oI.i!lt..:. ...Ill~,. !lli~l.yi. iJ~Jl

...... 24: -

0-

THE CHORCB, A HEAVENLY
The church

LIFE:
work, an invis.hle and the
f or

is a divine and supernatural

and heavenly limits actual
0

life that surpasses

every human sensation it

r

c

time and space ", mea n while it is Irr mus,

us,

and in us, we, the humanb ..ings, and we experience We on earth ,., into eternity, but We practise

in rur

It is an entrance

it while

we

arc still on earth !
It is an eternal life, but it is a tangible reality like

.ll

~-eaities here on earth, it has its limits in time aha space! l It is a living, sacramental
spiritual laws. anrl has and invisible being, but it exists

in the visible· .. It is a society that bas its eharaeteristic.f

zites,

its

histOlJ and its earthly

being , it li fts Creator. and his of

In brief. it is the bridge be.tween earth and heaven: up man -from through existence ritual, and his boay • The living church nor does it disregard
b~)rly ••. Therefore

nay to da.y-to

unity with

God,

his

his actual life. as a man on earth, worships {~od by spirit

who has his through the through

hody

receives spirituality

traditi011 and subjection

does not ignore her actua! the reality of mall as and ritual
A.

life on earth: who place has in

being

the traditi()n

have their

the spiritu a. I worshi p . And now, what is the relatlon

between

trarUtion

and

the Church? What is the relation between ritual' and the Church
'l

t

t

t

-

~o -

J~,;. LJJt~ .w

J~jII~~.,~;WI.J

..I~.G.:'I ~~J)I J)(~

J~_
'j

'~.J'21

Je

. ..I_.t-I t _,:a,;..

t..,L...iYI

~~4'" Ji\';':i

'1.J ~.J'JI

J: ~ il.J JA~:; ...

~~J..lL~~(_J1 J.\".f'

. ':'" .))1 ~~~..H J \.,il>: .. ...,..il:.flJ ..I:lA~JI::>-ll!lJ.J.l • ~D j

~ ~...~;_S:J l,.
Ii

~1A:tl ~)I..:

IJA \..

:

0~1 s

.4_~:_s:.J\:

V" JiJ.J1

.~)le. J" I

I.. _J

+

t

t

- 26--

(l) O'Brien: (3)

The Convergence

ol Traditions,

p 11,12.

(2) 1 John ~: 6 • 3 : 2 • ~ •

r. G.

4,6: 244 G •

(4) Heb 7: 19 . (5) P. G, 70 : 1144 CD, (6) Against Celsus 6 : 48 • (7) Timothy Ware: The Orthodox church, 243.
(8) Ep. to Sym 8: 12 •

(9) Bulgakov : The Orthodox Church, (10) ANF. Yolo p-

ch 1 •

. ~v ,

0'

V"

4~'.~ .~~.C_JI

(11) £ph 5: 26, 27. (12) Gen 1 : 18 . (HI) Quasten : Patrology- vol 2. p 1R2/ B . (14) Against Bear 2: 24: 1 . (15) Against Seal' 4 : 33: 44. (16) p, G. 74 : 56u. (17) Tl'catise on lTnity of Church.

Book 2

THE CHURCH

& TRADITION

THE CHURCH

8:

TRADITION
are hut two aspects we cau't for the J fe

The church and Tradition of Faith, without They are inseparable; the other, the church practises

know one

of them

By Tradition

has her existence,

aeknowledzes

bel' Bricte~roomt

His BQring IIpe"l and RlTrpts His divine

mysteries ... By Tradition
we discover the church gospel, ac<:ept it.

preset ve it, live its rules and preach it ... By Trarlition we recognize life, the
ChUNh

the sacramental

and ecelesiastieel

liturgies,

hymns. rites

etc ."
Fathers,

By Tradition

we meet with the Church Saints and

discover their
blessings

lives their

in Jesus
prayers

Christ. their wrHin5s,
fellowship

tn,I.e t.lle
with them

or

and elljr)J our

In Christ .. ,

By Tradition

we nn-terstand

the CI.Hll'ch

caDOUS.

come in

touch with it:;; holy councils

and their works He "'"
i the core of

In brief. we say t;hat TraJition
\~'jthOLlt

the ohurch . practlse her

Tradition •..

the

chu roll can't renewal,

exist,

can't

apostolic life. her coutiuual Cbaracteristtcs

nor. live with her genuinp.

~I- t

t

•.i·-'11.,:.r~\;,.\ .. I d'y.;~ • ..:., ".l \.t:.~

I~

y.. QI~;~

':J 1 L~) -1:1;:tl,) 4_ ~:_L/I

, .)..:-'11 t::_)\;.. .loP--1) 1 ,j .)"i ':1

4.1",)' _,ts.:-.J ' \r-~F J" ...

,-9.)..:i , ,:) )1 ft

Jl L::_(_tl

c.iJ6il .l:lA:l~;
~:jJ

. ~yl
~,.15:_."I~J.. .11;; J 4~j , • ~..+..:...Jl :ai. s
1

,,)__,.....l

,~",)lJ..1

J..! 1 ' Jt: 0.)":;
•••

~;:J l!
41

jj:J J

t-,~~:...11 J C

("til;;,.. J.)..i
j 1'1'.....

Ir:l~lJ ~_~~MCtl\$~:.IA~J:Ji ..I~lA:JI,
' ("ti

.~. c:--.ll
•• . tJ, I;: 1.) ~~.ljjll

'~.r:.n~r-:i J
;.r.. )!:i.J

I)...,

£..J~ J~;::';J("tjl~ I:_r~.

C::" \=f 1tit

(

~;-KJI,:Ii I.JAtl rt4j ..I~jj:JIJ, Q
JA

~ • ~tlt \_J. iJ~ "i
•~

tj J ~ ,

~~~_JI '"="'.... ~

->d;:JI

'J

La':ro:.l

j

'11 ~r;\:-'~ 'j \l

,.;.... :...11

lll>..\!lll'/ ",l.J ' J~Jy)! Iri~ .

cr ),:."

t

t

t

T[lE

HOLY THATlJ nON
Some look at the tr<1dHitJoal chureh what as a solid. is old simply is simpl) a worship
,

obscurant
f01"

and

retograde By

one, this

attached notion,

to

its

antiquity. mechanical without

Tradition without It is,

hjjal! and without behaviour . «ar,ti ~ and
111\\ S

obedience to the past, in a routine

understanding, spirituality» and ancient deposit!

r OI·ma.1

ceremonies
v..

spirit, literal in their view.

opennr ss of heart

. This notion presents ceremonies;

Tradition

as a. scientifie forms,

precise catalogue

of a set of definition,

coctrines,

le. a museum foJ' antiquity

or a dead

This view is too far New Testament-

from orthcdox

concept

of

Ti aditlou.
in the over
e

For the word .. Tradition ~. in Gl"e~k-as is 4Plladosis.,
c

it is mentioned banding

which does n(lt mean
I

imitation •• verb Is

Its cognate verb is • paralamhanos Thus tile past
»,

paradidomi

which means a thing
c

c

or delivering a thing by hand» . The closely that means
or

associated imitation

c
I

receiving

or tailing it» •

word

Paradosis

does not mean
c

or

the I\.

but it means

biblical.lj

delivering

BDd

receiving".

grneratil)D delivers Iaith and another receives it . THE TH,-I.JJITlON

or
with

CHBIST
Be prepared Spirit anrl anrl

Ghrist did not deliver his disciples a book, but men who delivered lived tuem Him, filled for them with the ir lives Uoly His saVing deed

to practise

, ~Al~:" I ~:"':o;-j

, ;~..

I:>o> ~_.l:_C) ~ ..I~1l ;...:.:.5:Jl Jl Lfa~:~ tlb:~
. .u Ji :::. j: ~H~ c1.-.:t ..,:f ;

~:~j J) ~ • .~F

~IT ~jj~):2~ l.S",lJJ ~~lk :::."'~.i:J;;JJ
~~"'J \jJ ..
, (.J_) ...t,:;'~ U'"J;1 .l..P »

~Js;, i--'foAl!
r..))Qj

!.i.,!

cL:~i10J..1~

..._jJ'~

~:'b.~J'r';)1~ ii,)~'

. ( ~!...JJ) u~_)t...:~.Y ~ .J"P;vf.,
)~5i1 ~ ..

)'1 L.J"'~

J -til·· . ~i

JAJi _,1,

1J"'1p_ ~

~

L.Jr. ~jj:JI

wit

JA~ iJri111j""

«.~t11J" _,AkHJ r.J.!'·}J.itlJ

f-:L'J

..\~~",I1J

I ~: ..~~:::..} ~
J.~tj I

I.

~.!6'J1t ,

t.~s:- J.=1;~
I

19..

f.;_/...J'i! ('"tA!] u~;..1:.. ;)~J)oj"" .~
0:::' _)J

~ •Imitation ;t:)\,! • ..;-i "i, Paradosjs.l! ..1*'1..lr"t! j

Q

4 Ii.):'1 J

~! • .J 1
.i,.9!H J~

, j(.f- ~ • '-!!~ .1r~
J

~

1St

Paralambano

1 ParadidolDi J.... J...AJ! cf ~jj:..!,. I£! '9"1 JA rj)lllJ J~ J.....itIJ . ..I~ T.l~ L;11 l:~;
I

J I.e"1 '19~ til ;t:)~ J"j '1.

Paradosls

.l:ljjj.~.!6' lJ ~tl.i.,~ , • ...J.~
J

J

1

'" _rT J:o:- ~;~ \il~.1 t:::'.J!J::>:-

,

l

r~;_'ljp:L_;

JA

J::'-#~I ~Jti ..

preach

it. This is the

Tradition

of

eb rist,
in tbcir

• the

raith once
as a gospeJ.

delivered unto the saints» 1. The apostles lived in ChI'ist and with Ghrist, written in their hea 1:t9, and printed
in their

recr iVeu

it

lives,

engraved

bshavlour .

This tradition unto their through

is a living thing, the disciples ought 1:0 de liver
ant

disciples,

only

tbrougb

their writings

Jnt

1-1150

their behaviour .• rituals in the life
in our

an [ deeds. ",

by tl-:e action of

the Holy Spirit.

of the Cl111tch ,
COll001Jt,

Tradition,
Spirit in

OrtborJo~ of Ghrist,
1t

is the

We

of

tb e [Jol)!

the Church

the

8piTit

Who

discovers

tllf~

Tradition al ways ton:onow-.

of Christ, preaerves lives and acts inspires her Ir'e

through

generatious.

This 81)irjt today of and IHe,

in the
lID!1

chIlTch-yesterr!ay. repetition

makes it a continuity

fa,fth and love, and not a mechanical Tradition is the stream

of the past 2. of the
8

of the. One Lire

ohureh,

which brings up the past with all its aspects as and extends the present and not to be perfected the church for her It is a book writteD by the church with bel' life
by history,

living prese ut, through ages, history

towards the morrow without deformation. hut continues through

with the perfect Spirit ... , the Spirit of the Iullness .

Lord Wbo acts in

Thus every Iivlug member spirit of the ecclesiastical
heart,

or

the church
50

ou~bt to belr • the himself,
JJJ

Tradition ~.

Within

his

his worship and tradition. St.

in his behaviour, he would
lose

as to be a

Jillkeu

riua in tr.e ehain of the ecclesiastical
hilDseJf Irom

b.h;toI'Y. But if be isolated his of membe rship the
or the

church,

as

Irenaeus+-the

lather

ecclesiasrleal

tra,'jti()J] "- says.

.d.; .; .... )'.

ri\~,.. IS"" :'j3-1 ~r j.:-' u"

('"11:;UlJ

,

!...i'" J J,,;}) "'_.J.J
• 4~

u"

r-

0.Jj.J .. .J ~

)I!I J..)14\~
I,;; .J~b.. ,
('"t~

,

'!I~_~..\,Q.UbV

f-ll tJ\.c:.~1 , e... ll.l~A;

_JA

1..iA

ti,j 1..:;J~~" I ('",;l:~

J ~~J:'(.. , C'=""llL"J C~...ll J t:.l....
• 4i JS::.L~._; ..ra;

,J J

J)l,;.

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wl

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. (.9..iUl ..1.#:11";-'i ..,.; 1~.l..1

l'Ws apostles

is the ~ T181lition
JJalf received
c

of Christ»

which

the

disciples

lUI!
liS

and delivered to the church I deliveee.I (Paradoka.

or

Christ.

the apostle Paul says.f

1
)

unto you
»•

first

of all that whieh I also received ( par.lambano
Acmrciing to

St. Paul's

epistles,

We

may

summarize

tl1€

Ilubject of this tradition Iuto lour points.
1The ml!Ssa~e of faith in the Cructlied awl Illurifierl

Christ.
2 - The deeds and words of ChJ

i~t.

H- The spiritual and ethical scheme in Jesus Ghl'jst.
4 - The ~tlrriculem

or

worship,

its

concept and or,1er .

t

t

,,'

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J)t~

t,

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+

TR ADIfIOt'-;

&

rut CHURCH

t:;USPEL

Our fajth in the l\1rssian, the Saviour of tlle world, i.e. the gospel of the church, more the" than one place, is the core or Tradition the apostle and its centre. In told his people that he had

delivered unto them the tradition word of hearing'. luu received.
c

of t.be '" gospel

or

salvation ~ _

or the "saving

deed of nod ~, which he

Be says, 4 . I declare unto you the gospel which

!Uoreover. brethren,

I preached

unto yo'u, which

also ye have received

and wherein
to

ye stand .. , For I delivered unto you first of all t.bat which I also reeeive.I, how that scrlptures GJnist rlied
for

our

sins

according

tJ1e the

, an" that He was buried,

alii! that he rose again

t.1Ii rd day accord in!! tu the scri I'tu res ~.
«

When ye received the wor.I of t;od which

j'(l

heard or us,
the

ye received

it not as the word of men but as it is ill truth,

word of I .od, which
Thus the
II

elrectLlaJ1y worketh also in yon th.t believe •. the .. Gospel of Christ», not written
it

the apostles received
0['

that is
the ora)

',ospel

the Church

»,

on paper

Lut received by

it orally,

in order

to <1 liver

unto

the church

tradition

as well as the written

one. was founded of Jcsus ,
witness

Iticharrlson

says, 5 .. Ilcncc Uhristian preaching and on This to mouth in the
reeliag

011 the Old Testament passed from mouth was very strong

tl.e livin~ trarHtioD
1'01'

persotral lor

Early

cnurch.

Pupias,

illstance,

. L~;~S:JI :i.ll.S' J

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J~

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: II)J_';~ ~ll paralamhano ~~A;t.S.:ul (<.,9
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u'::

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.....

- ~, ••• r

f(',('()T!ls his d.isdain For bonks InrI ahiding' The l'oice '" westem
1\ ;

amI

his prerereDce

for

the.

livin,

scholars

began

to

rUscovd!'

thft fact

thAt
I!o!l

trarJitlon does not stand side by side wHh the written works. if tbey are two things, hut
IS

if they are one - Whit by Trarfitlon .

the 8 ok

rTeelll"es, the church har! reeeived
Bruce, the professor, the University tend other,

of Biblical Criticism "traditfotl

and E:x.egesis iu over fl,g.inst each

or
a
«

Mancbester

says. 6 <Whereas western ChristiA1lS
1\

to

set

scripture !lAnd

as though traditiou were 01'.1 0111y and not written. there should Dot take written course it takes Paul's form. If it is anil was given " shod firm by us, eitber in due

is uo reason why tradition

spostolte tradition,
or8ol1y or in w dting, be can encourage

written form
teaching to

becomes apostolic scripture. Whether it equally carried the -Thessalonlan by letter ~ 7. Dictionary

apostolic a Llthority ; hence Christians

and hold to tb.!'i tra-litiena by word of mouth
Or

which you were taught

The New Westminister term ( Tl'adition).

of the Bible says,

c

The

however, came to be used In a good sense of

the apostolic teaching handed down in the church
01'31

either by the

word or by letter The church

( 1 Cor 11 : 23 : 15 : tbe "Word Word

~J

2 Thess 2: 15) •. before and the Holy written it was Spirit Ne 1'\' and Spirit~

received

of God»

written through

on paper. meaning Tradition,

She enjoyed the good tidings of the of God by withollt the Sbe remained of heresies.

understo id

the deepest Testament

more than

twenty Jears. The apostles the apostles

'wrote it. because
apost IE:R

of the appearance

so many trips of the Holy

othc r cl rc umstanc es of pre aching. wrote the New 'f'estamflnt

The eva age lists and

by the i1l5pil',ltioQ

- ""' ~ UP~ ~ ~:!A:»0.1 ~A:AJ_1o~ ~Jf..J..l~ ..,.,_;;JI J,..l~ u• .J1!.r

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I

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<-:-' I.:.C» L__..~
I

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,--!",,=... ~ l:~.!~ ~ J" 1

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J (,

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J • I

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1101

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,c

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t~

.t.. .I,~C'1~_~ 01;.!', J 'r

40 - ..

ann the "hurch it
RS
\'

acceptod it, veneTated, practised.

preserved

and unrfet'~lood

a life she previously Thus the Gospel

is not strange
>,

from Tradition.

for both

r1€,clal·e the"

One Trutb

and explain the nature by the appearance

of the church.

Tradition was not cancelled for the apostles, tradItion.
c:

or

the BJIl'e. the 01'<1.1

after

writing

~beir Books still valuated

They say R : not wlitp.
Bnrl speak

Having many things to write unto yon, I would and ink. hilt I trLlst to eome U111;1)you,

with paper

face to face, that our j<ly may be full •.
« I bad many things to write, hut 1 'will not with ink pen write unto thee. But I trust I shall shortly see thee, we shall speak face t6 face, .

and ",nr!
order

And the when I come I.
«
e

r~st

(rema.ining

matters)

well

J sd in

For this cause lert T thee in Cret t.hllt; thou shouldoss ~et in order the things t!:at are wauting, and ordain presbrtBls in every city , . In many places the, fl,llostle preserve by letter, walking tradition the trarlitiou, and to deliver
it!

Paul unto

commands his others,

discipls of mouth which

1;0 the or be of

keep up with from

i;rarJitiolJs which

they

were taught either withdraw themselves

by word

everv brother

disorderly anrl not according to the tradition

bad received from us 9, TIe also charges

us to be aware of evel'.v to the elements

or

men

against

faith,

e

according

world aod not according

to Christ 10 •.

TnADITJON

PHESERVES THE I3IOLE is the it
c

As Tradition generation

passing

or
the sa.l'

the livioi?; oauOlJicaJ

wor'[

of 130d from

.. (,hrou~h hi~tol'y.

preserves The Father!>

Ilooks,

tv another

- t\ ..u.~Jr-

-

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j

y~.;1 J ~ ..I;~.J J -u~ 0 -'~

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1

I

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.CJ_i
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• c 11')c::-

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-

4.9 -

i' By

Tradltion, true ones .

J knew the four gospels, and tha~ they are the
Origen

t

I would not. have beleived in the gospel. unless the voice of the catholic church eonvinaed me . St. Augustine. t 1 If we try to dismiss unworthy, element of preaching; merely a name . Tradition the unwritten that traditions
as j f they are

t

we disregard

thus we desdain

the important

an,1 rna I{e the

evangelic

preach i og

St. Basil The Great

is shield of the tru e e:xegises of the Holy Bib', • bhe spirit of the Bible. its mint! Ilnll concept, their sayings and the works in order by the lives of our Fathers. cerermmiesal1'i to

for we receive explained writings.

«through through

lit tJI"gics. through
rUsregard

of the local and ecumenical tried from the first centuries

councils. POI' this reason the beretlcs Tradition, to prove their heresies

that they might Iin-I the opportunity

their deformed esegises of some verses of the 801y Bible.

l' ".

(Ignatllls

or

Antiocb

) Warner1

them

above

11.\1 to fast

bp:

especially traditlon

on their guard against
01

the heresies th~t

were then t.) tbe

beginning to prevail,

an,J exhorted 't.be.m to hold
. Eusebius

the apostles

or

Caesarea 1:2

t It is within the power of all. therelore , in every Uhurcb ,
who may wish to see the truth, to complete clearly the tradition of the apostles manilisted t'1rougbollt the whole world, St, Irenaeus 13

l'RAUlTION pnE$EUVES Bytr3.ditiou

THE nEEDS ANn wouns

OF CHRIST the

we, receive the holy g!,)~pels. which contain

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not all Ilis ,!eeds anrl words, IS OUT teacher John concludes his gospel hy 8Aying.14 And there are also many other things which Jesus diO: which if they should he written everyone, I think that even tbe world itself could not contain the hooks that shou I rJ be written :> •
d.edp; and words of flhrist. but
0:

and apostles heard many sayings, preserved them, lived them,' but did Dot record all of them in the gospel". For instance we mention what the apostle Paul says 15: Even so hath the Lord ordained that they who preach gospel should Jive of the gospel ~ •
«
4'

The disciples

Lhf'l

AmI unto the marrier! I command,

yet Dot I. bnt the Lorrl,
a•

lei; not the wife rlep art The apostle Paul sayings ami from

lrcm her husband
these

received

the

.Iisciples them

awl the

Lord's commandments and apostles who heard the Lorrl
and delive rc.l t~em

examined

by Spirit,

preserved

unto oth eTS

Conesrnfng

the cfer.fls

of

says.16 «For I have received J deliverer! unto you, that the
nigbt in which receive He tbis hut

Christ. the apostle Paul also of the Lord tbat which also Lord ( Kyrtos ) Jesus the same
COOli

was betrayed reeri as directly Oscar

bread the

...

a

The th~

apest!e of word

din not
c

of

Lord

in the night

llis suff ering, fiY"ios " hen; Jesus.

Cull man says 17 that designates 1'01' the Oral 'l'rarliticn
did receive rlelivererl many direct by the Lor.l v.sions

concerpinJ!
Church as that the ' or

The apostle deed was

a.nd revelation, the

but this What the

throush

is wonderfn L is that the anclent
Truditiun of St. B~ppoJytas

liturgies,
quoted

• Apostolic

same

expression of t't Pant in the «N,lfritive because
the early apostolic

of Iustitutiou a general
quoterl and

, . ,. H is tradition in
a.ll other

the apostolie Tradition
Church liturgirs from • which

reflects

St. Pall! also

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TRADITION

& ECCLESIASTIGAL the
c

LIFE' of Chrh;,t» is which
Dot

We hive said that unto Christ,

Tradition

the of

apostles received aDd delivered
I

unto the church of life in

limited i-e., the

Faith in Christ ~ and preserving

the deeds and words
ChTiat
»,

It coat.ins

the scheme

f

r..bristiau spiritual of worship.

and ethical scheme,

and Ctuist.iao eurrleulam

The a.postle, St. Paul delivered' 11s the traditi Oil of spirituaJ and ethic.l scheme .s he
l

51)'s,1

As therefore

you hne

received (par.lm_no)

Jesus Christ

the Lord, walk ye ill Dim» •
• As you hive

receiver!

from

us,

how )'ou ought

to Vi'llk

and to please
t;

God ~ • In the name of our LOrd whieb they

And we charge you, brethren,
yVI1

Jesus Christ, th.t

withdraw

yourselves from every brother

walking disorderly and bot according to the tfaditjoll

have received of us » •
I

The things whieh you. have both l~.rne.d and received and

heard and 3ecn i. me, these do ye ••

Thus the apostle declared that
contain the whole spiritual

his ,vritings alone did nob
in Jesus Christ.

and ethical scheme

but the chureh must keep what she had reeelved Qrally Ind ,.haa

seen in the disciples all a part of tbe ecclesiastical ullditlon,

.X$;.

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WL1Qt

we say concerning the ecclesiastical the church to the ancient the

the ethical curriculem

scheme. worship.
c

we repeat

conceruiug

or
the

Although which she accepted Christian spirit, Loving=-Feasts

had refused
WOJ

tradition of

of elders apostolic. worship

s

is contrary

d of (~od, from the tradition

age in

spiritual

as singlug

the psalms, the Canonical

Hours, the

( Agabt' ) etc ..• the church hears all tl-}e aspects eanons. u true

By the spirit of Tradition,
of her life

or

worship

such as liturgies. rituals, and patristic

church

patristic writings life of worship

etc .. to bring up- to twry generfltionin an apostclic spirit,

1 - TRAnITIO;-': & LIrrHGY
Tradition off'ers us the Iiturgies of Baptism. element EuchaJ'ist . .Marriage etc ... as a living and essential worship, which is offered in the name by the Holy Spirit. If this worship declare the spirit of our salvation, growth, of the. church it will

of the whole community which we ac/mowJedge the mjstery the continual

is offerer} In spirit,

or

trsdition,

through in our hirtb,

the work of the Holy Trinity

We. practise
examine

accept the new

and enjoy the fellowship oLber words, through the

with saints. the participatiou of heart, m all the liturgy touch
to

In
the

service, which we received depth, through theologians etc •••

hy tradition,
simplicity eccleslology

the faithful muriology

what the eschatoloj Y

study in theology.

2 - TRADITION & !lITE
Rite is essential element of the liturgical,

family

and

persoual worship, for it means the participation and spirit In worshipping Cod .

of the buuJ

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The rites than

w

received that

by Tradition brings

are not

acci Iental
I

ill

the life of the Church. In their syrnb olie meaning they are more an expression the senses and mind to the to the mystery which of abides in realities of Faith ... They are real enterance

worship, and a declaration the Church . For
DeW

or

the living Truth,

instance.

by the
a

ehureh

hymns , we

practise these

the

heavenly

song in Jesus musical

Christ... art but

By
we also

hymns,

we not only taste heavenly life. Through not antiquity.

J1ractiae the

the Church Bnildfng and all merely an art living traditions. which

its contents. The building expresses

we do is •

acknowledge

of architecture

or precious aecuraeely

but we receive

living icon of the heavenly Church the Church Faith .

Thus in every kind of the Christian spirit of Traditlon. For instance, lire of the Church through

art, we meet

with

the

the iconology For we neither

offers

us the

the Holy Spirit, and explains the Jife see icons
I:\S

of f.itb in the Orthodox teaching.

visible things tha.L help us in worship nor for the temple. but we taste iu them
011r

religious

decorations

living faith in heavenly

things and Our love and fellowship with Saints . ::1- TRADITION
&

COUNCILS
which are kept by or from the

St· Augustine says that all th e traditions

the whole Church were received from the apostles ecumenical .eouneils .
I

The councils define

tbe dogmatic teaching

tl'.dition.

They

are the the Organ

very organ or the Church's of the Holy Spirit 19.

ministI,) -illdeed

ul~_}'9I)
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ere. I::.oljll._; . Jt~'.il ):.i'l

The dogmatic doctrines, nn I sarlug

tradition

is not

some definitions and

of certain the wind process of

tv he recited and kept in iuin.], but truth which must truly shape the We assure

• it is a Jivillg

of the Church and

the difficult alll1 creative

• entering into the Truth» 20 . 4 - l'RADIT[Qr\ The writings represent
Cllllrch &

FA 1'0 EnS collectively of them

and sayings of the Church Fathers of ChUlch Tradition.
reason

a part

Yet anyone Church

.lone cannot eomprehend the Truth in its fullness as the wbole
does. For this

the Orthodox

hILS never

canonized established

patristic theology a compulsory

in its eVer_)' word and has not even mind

list of the Fathers and their wrltings 21, their spirit and attain the patristic

She asks us to penetrate THE

FATHER'o

SAYINGS to set

CONGLRHNG
dOWIl

TRADIrION
my interpretations

t

1 will not hesitate

along with
fOT

all the things derived from the elders, and bal-e remembered trutb.l"nlilte those who
who

I learned

them well of their not Lord in

them well,

anti am confident leach givee the truth; but the by truth

the majority. I did not 6ud pleasure recount other the men's commandments from the

in those who in those

have most to say but in those who recount commandments

commandments

which proceed

itself. -.. For

I did not suppose that what I cou IrI get from books woul t! be so helpful to me as what came from a living anti abiditlg voice.
J aplas 22

t

I remember the events 01 those d:lyS rnor e clearly of recent date. for the things

tban

those [Yom it. So

that baTe been learned Polyaarp

cbildhood grow up with the soul aud become one with I can, diserjbe even the place where the blessed

sat

-- e'f -

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- 54:lorl held discourse, how be (arne in aud went out, hiR msnner of We ::In r[ p"l1'!onai Rl1J1ea ranee, th~ discourses 'Vhi.c" hf'l neliverf'd to the people. And bow he reported his intereoorse with John and with the others who had seen the Lord. how he rl'callerl their words. and what be hail bcarrf f10m tbem about t.hp, Lord, !Jis mighty works nor! His tMchiu'l'. how he Polvcarn , hl'lri receiveu those things from tbe nyewitnes,c;es or the wor.l of lif e a nr! reporte [I them All itl con f ormi tv wi tf-t th e ,c;crirtu ·e F;, Even then I listened €II,1lprly to !lhose thinlTs by the mercy of Go(1 which was g'l"Rnted to In!', maklne oot,-s or them not on papyrus but in my heart; am] by (101.l's grace I always rurninate on them truly . St. Ire Dacus 23

t I am «a lover
footsteps

or

of sounrl doctrines, the Fathers".

treading

in the religions

St. Cyril of Alexflllllrla24

t

As the teaching of the church. transmitted in orderly succession from the apostles, and remaininz ill the churches to the present day. is still preserved, that alone is to he accepted as troth which differs in no respect from ecclesiastieal and apestolieal tra,lition .

Odgen

t If our reasoning be fouud unequel

,

t" the

problem,

keep for ever firm and unmoved the tradition received by succession from the Fathers. St. Gregory

we must which we of Nyssa 25

As last. we mention the commanrlmeut of St, Athonasills ~6 to substantiate c the vel')' trarJition. teachings. and faith of the Catholic Church from the beginning', which the Lord gave, the Apostles preached and the Fathers kelJt '.' , •

t

t

t

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CYo)

01 t

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t

T

t

TRADITION
Tradition ghout history

&

ECCLESIASTICAL ECUMENICAL MOVEME:NT 27
is the

me

of the Holy Spirit in the church

throu-

It neither

becomes old nor aged. It fits every age. throngh their seudles of the ecumenical church ill What is the true Traditioa in the whole

The theologians, movement aiming

to attain

the unity of the catholic

the whole world. face this question: 'Which the chu rch had
""adr{ ?

received to liYe its rules

If we return church traditions traditions For this
'J

to the apostolic

age we find

• many But all our

local these

that afford varities of culture. Lord. and one aim, Le-, Bishops were did

have one mind. that is the mind of Christ: reason Alexa.ndrian not

one spirit. salntion. hesltate in iu one in

i e-, the Spirit of the participating

'With Roman. Antioch, Jerusalem's even H there

Bishops,

service, on cne altar,

some

differences

the dEtails or the rites or traditions. For

all of them recei'Yed

but one shape for the worship with one spirit. All tbe apostles lived with one opened spirit
c

or

preaching. the sf\rVant

For, whereas

I was free as to all.

I made myself

of all. that I might gain the more - 28 • Whe n St Mark preached in Egypt, he spoke about Christ; and the EgJptiau'i . worshipped through
and wltb

the One but of

their

culture

in true apostolic spirit,
other bishoprics

the same shape of worship

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For Instance, the coptic hymns were. different from the syrian
SIIDII

latin ones

i..

but all

had

the

c

quiet a tid modest spirit». containing the deepest

the spirit of the heavenly true dogmatic and spiritual The
c

new hymn,

concepts and teachings. example.

Lights • of the House of God, are anotber
UM

All the apostolic ohurohes in the world This is the spirit of Tradition Light of the world. The

lights during worship

by day and by night, especially during rea.1iog the Gospel ...
which declares th at Christ is the
~lIt was evident

Egyptian

in

making

the candels of the coptic chureh,

while syrian, Latin, (~reek etc".

arts were clearly shown in making theirs. Thus, although every local her church rites, the Orthodox Ghrjstians in the whole tradition as a living truth, expresses hymns, tbis faith by her saCTed vestments of the Church. of tra Htions. in details of the unit), and world but

have unity of faith and preserve liturgical

own language, etc .• · without

dismissing the unity or Faith- The church the universal heavenly character

localitJ has Dot hidden,

In other words, the differeuees not ill essence unity of Faith . "Ve conclude 1its lietaiJs The
OUl'

do not stop tbe realization

or the

Catholic Church, as long as it has been estahlished

on the basic

speech with these notes Church, !tis had not especially because the holy Gburch of

Orthodox

Alexandria.

preserved=more as In its spirit. and

than others-the

Tra.dition in did not She

our church

interfere Iu politics, Jived in her spirituality

Bny worldly

authority.

rar r rom the spirit of the world. The movement ba~1 kept the tradiUoo

appearance

of th.~ mouastie

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or

the ehnrch in 2The unity

B

bumble, between

evangelic the

and

ascetic

spirit Orthodox

Non-Chalcedonian a practical
(0

Churches

in this

generation, the concept

gives

and

aceurate who

lesson eoneerning are interested

of Pnity,

the theologians

in the Fcumenleal

Movement.

These churches

have differences in some details In the last and

or

tradition,

but have one Faith and one Tradition. the Patriarchs, Bishops. Presbyters,

ten yea.rs the

wbole world had seen more than one time. the Deacons

participation

or

Laymen rrom

t.bcse churches in one service, giving one orr!')' for all .
These churches the Chalcedonian the one faith their essence-bad world.
?, -

must play an active role with the nature

their

sisters, rot

Orthodox churches.

to pJt one expression

concerning

or

Christ.

Their

view8- in

come nearer. Ha.ving done this the Orthodox for preaching to the whole

Church should devote all her power

We.

as an

Orthodo};

Church

--ought

to think

seriously when a
[t

of what

we should offer

tr) the world in our preaching,

French mall, Ior instance, duty to
and patristic

accepts the Orthodox faith. worship
on e spirit,

is our
that

off'er him how to mind
with

in an
but

orthodox.
in a

apostolic

cu ltu re

fits him '
4 - As

the Church

or

Alexandria

has been opened
Mother

to

the
must

outside

world

and thousands

immigrated, tbe Church

study her message.
Orthodo);; thought

She must KU1c!e an-i help them 'to preach
and

the
Irorn

J1ffl to others
o,r Wte .

without

any

evading

the spjrit. of Tradition

She

must

not

close hersel!

to

B

lecal

cnDlmunity

OT

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language

hut must bear an ecumenical

responsibility to work ofler of the the
living
BUY

Truly, it is too accurate Tradition theologians eVd.rllllg or disregard. nowadaj s .

a mission
Opt

to the universe with an

ned heart

flnel without

It is the urgent

orthodox

t
life of the Church,
oue
&S

+

t
the 1.V;l1g Tradition in the church
anrl explain

At last, we have acknowledged in order

lb
lUtts,

the
88

to enter

or

the living

branches of Tla,ijtiot1,

the Cilllrcb

the

110 use of GOII •

t

t

t

fA

I

...

~..

..,

-

"\f --

, ~i

c bi \~~-,>:"_..11~oJ..1 .1:1;:JI r..lA; w' ~;..I.!I J ~1c. ;.o.r- l";llAp-

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t

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T

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J

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'

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1.:.1 J~ ~

~~J_I.1,~ ,} oJPO-' ~ "');.,

t

t

t

(1) Jude 3. (2) 0' Hrleu : The Convergt'tlce of 'l'radition, (3) 1 Cor 15: 3 • (4) 1 Cor 15: 1. 1 Thess 2: 13. (5) C, Riebardson (6) Bruce: : Early Christian p ~~ .

Fathers, Jl 21,

Tradition

: Old & New. p 37 •
1. : 5 •

(1) 2 Tbess 2: 15.
(8) 2 10 U' ; 3 In 13. 14 : 1 Cor 11 . H4 • Tit

(9) 2 Thsss

a : ti .
0

( 10) Co I 2 : 8 .
, Ir
if \ ~, ~

i..~

~:..s:,,: )'"'j\ • _,;.-Ji

cr ....... ",:"",-:-" \ I\

)

(l2)

Eus. : H.

E 3 : 36 : 4 .

(IS) At:v. Hear 3 : 3: 1 .
(14) Ja 21 : 25. (15) 1 Cor 9 : 14 ; 7 : 10.

(16) 2 Gor 11 : 28 •
(1'1) Fcottish Journal

of Theology 8( 1950). P 180.

(18) Col 2: 6:
(2U) ibid 23,

1 Tht'ss 4 :

r.

2 Thefis 3 : 6, Phil 4: ~ .

(19) 0' Brien. p 23 .
24 •

(21) ibid 24, (22) Eus. U. E .3 : 39 : 3. (2R) ibid 5: 20: 4-'1 . (24) QI)8sten (25) ibid 285. (26) Ep. to Serapion 1 : 28 . . (27) Meyendorff : Orthodoxy & f:atholici'y
: Patrology-

vol 3, p 156.

(28, 1 COl' 9 : 19 .

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