What is the fourth method of worship ?
This is perhaps the crucial part and every aspect of worship known as smaranam. Smarana which is the most important and all other type of worship is aimed to this. Smaranam is remembering the divine power and the guiding force existing in all the 1.6 million type of animals, 4 lakhs type of plants 80, 000 types of trees and one million types of micro organisms. Remembering that we are only tools in the hands of the divine power is smarana. What is the benefit of smarana? When the baby walks holding the hands of his father, his confidence is obvious. When we have the smarana, the confidence is built which is the need of life, especially during crisis. What is the fifth method of worship ? Archanam is the fifth method of worship. Offering the flowers, buds, leaves, fruits, coins, rice, bit by bit etc ( a part of whatever you posses ) to god/ image /idol is archana. Even thinking that you are doing archana is also archana. How is it commonly adopted? It can be adopted individually or as groups in samooha archana /laksharchana etc. Using flowers, coins, rice, leaves or even without anything you can do the archana. The last one is known as manopushpam. Explain in details the sixth method ! Vandanam is the sixth method of worship which is the simplest form of worship. It can be adopted by anyone at any place and by any method. Bowing the head, saluting and doing the namaskara, saluting the scholars/ gurus/ parents/ athithies, etc include under vandana. It can be pradakshina, touching the feet, offering flower. It can be crossing the leg and touching the floor and so many methods can be adopted for this. What is the seventh method? Sevanam is the seventh method of worship. The basis of sevanam is that every living being is the manifestation of divinity. Serving the god means, serving the creations of the god and treating all living beings as family members and implementing the applied spirituality principles of Lokaa: samasthaa: sukhino Bhavanthu is the true method of sevanam. Serving the aged, orphans, sick, both human beings and animals is sevanam. Nara seva is narayana seva says our Rishies. Which is the eighth method of worship? Samarpanam is the eighth method of worship. We offer anything or symbolically everything to god or god’s creations. Or whatever we have as our own, offer a part of that to the deserving people or god and that is samarpanam. Samarpanam has to be done with a good intention and selfless vision. The annadaanam, vastra daanam, netra daanam, bhoo daanam, koopa daanam, raktha daanam, and so on are samarpanam . How is the samarpanam practiced in temple ? Offering flowers, oil, ghee, and many things for the maintenance, building and making of the temple is the samarpanam. 1
Why we offer materials or money to temples ? Our offering to temple is not a bribe to god. It is done as a part of the pancha mahayajna. Many people have misunderstood that the offering makes god happy. Remember that the material you are offering also belong to god. How can we expect giving his own property to him makes him happy ?. Then what is the meaning of offering or samarpanam ? Offering is nothing but practicing the thyagam and ‘giving up’ or building the sacrificing/ relinquishing mentality. Giving up what you posses or part of it to others is offering or samarpanam . Why we offer materials and money to the temples ? Our offering to temples or gods is not giving a fine for our crimes or mistakes. It is the part of the pancha maha yajna towards Deva , Pitru . Rishi, Bhootha and Manushya, which are named as Deva yajna, pitru yajna, rishi yajna, bhootha yajna and manushya yajna. Why are we doing these yajnas in temples? In olden days we used to do all these pancha maha yajnas in our homes, Now we are not doing the same in our home due to many reasons. Hence we are taking part in this pancha mahayanjna by offering a part of the expenses of the day to day rituals conducted in temples. In short , offering to temples means we are taking part in pancha mahayanjna.
Should we offer money to temples? If you can offer materials it is dravya yajna or you can offer the money which is easy and simple for building, maintaining and developing the temples. Should we offer to god with mantras ? The mantras are chanted as part of japa yajna, it can be a prayer, casual chanting, or chanting during pooja or during performing some acharas. It is not offering but practicing for self benefit. What are the mantras and how many types of mantras are there ? The above question has partly been answered earlier. I shall add few more points . Mananena thraayathe iti mantra = The one which protects when repeated chanting is performed is known as manthra. Any chanting can be equated with mantra for getting effect of mantra or it is a music therapy type of effect. What is the effect of mantras? When a manthra is chanted in rhythmic tone/sound with its ups and downs, it creates a melodious musical effect in the brain/ body . This effect may be defined as the neurolinguistic type of effect. This effect could control or normalize the brain waves, heart beat, blood pressure, cholesterol level and adrenalin level in our body. Manthra therapy has become a part of modern psychology.. Should we know the meaning of mantras ? 2
For this results. working places. production centers of the multinational companies. Is it true that research work is going on the effect of mantra chanting? Yes it is true that many studies are being conducted world over about the mantra therapy. even if it is not a must ? Yes it is good to know the meaning of manthra because if you know the meaning of a manthra. harassed or confused situations. Is there any relation between manthra and music ?
. How manthra can be applied in our day to day life ? It can be listened while driving. It can directly cure the psychological disturbances. One need not understand the meaning of every vedic or puranic manthra. etc the manthra effect is used. it has got an additional effect/advantage which is known as Neurolinguistic (NLE) + Psycholinguistic effect (PLE). As you know that you can enjoy film songs in your mother tongue better than that sung in other languages because you know the meaning also. Even the mind can be tuned under terrible depression during physiological problems. training centers. Temple Tutler. Because they give psycho linguistic effect (PLE) through psychological factors by knowing the message of the lines chanted as keerthans.. menopause . spiritual centers. Thus manthra chanting is not a superstition/ or merely religious ritual . A famous (late) professor Dr. World over. T. What are the physical abnormalities which can be controlled by mantras ? It has been reported that many psychosomatic diseases can be cured or its intensity can be reduced by mantras. workshops. USA has conducted remarkable studies on the understanding and application of the music and manthra in therapeutic purposes. It is good for pregnant women to get Abhimanyu effect and provide positive effect in children when they play or sleep. of the Cleveland University. working in the factories.. (Like you can enjoy a song even if you do not know the language) Is it good to know the meaning of mantras. It can reduce the tension and stress in the working place and also at home. during old age.
Is manthra chanting a religious activity or superstition ? The NLE and PLE effects are due to the production and spreading of curative chemicals (hormones) in the brain. It is commonly used in cancer hospitals.The neurolinguistic effect can be derived even without knowing the meaning of the mantras. in hospitals. working in kitchen. by continuously playing the CDs of Veda mantras. the knowledge of the meaning is important. lonely times. These curative chemicals give smoothening and curing effect in the body. Many scholars /psychologists are conducting in this subject. in mental health centers. Should we know the meaning of keerthan and prayers ? Yes! It is important to know the meaning of the keerthans and prayers. But the spiritual content on the ritual makes one chant the mantra regularly.
Morning and evening. They are available in different Vedas. Puraanas. it is not important whether you are a Brahmin or not. Hence manthra therapy is in a way music therapy. Hence it is advised not to chant Veda mantras without proper training.8 times per minute. The ideal timings are the prabhata sandhya and saayam sandhya. kampa. The Vedic mantras are from Vedas. Hence can be learned only through a Vedic teacher or guru. The last one is karma mantra chanted as a part of the karma / prayer /prayaschitta /etc . Due to health reasons or old age if you are incapable of chanting the mantras. Mantras are known to improve brain functioning and (mental) analytical caliber. space and observer are the three important factors. anudaattha. mana suddhi. Upanishads. hraswa. If not properly learned and practiced. Group chanting is very good. there can be very serious errors. even if you are a Brahmin. How many types of mantras are mentioned in our literature ? There are so many types of mantras. The itihaasa mantras are from two epics Ramayana or Mahabharata. What precaution should be taken for chanting manthra/listening to music ? The music/ song/ manthra should never be hard/ harsh/rough/. Here also the time. Mantras are chanted for positive effects. Itihasas. Chanting the Vedas in the Vedic way is not easy so it is advised to chant after learning under the guidance of a guru. anunaasikaa. ahaara suddhi. space and the (physiology+ mental attitude of the) person chanting/ listening mantras are the three important factors for deriving benefit of mantras. 4
. What are the factors to be kept in mind while chanting mantras ? Chanting the mantras systematically at fixed times everyday can fetch better results . No mistake is expected in Veda mantra chanting.Every manthra is directly a music if chanted with sruthi. Whether one is chanting the manthra or not chanting should not become a matter for discussion. What is the specialty of Veda mantras ? Veda mantras have ten sruthees/ swaras/ tones known as udaattha. plutha. Should there be suddhi/ purity for chanting a manthra ? Sareera suddhi. deergha kampa. The speed of chanting should have a smoothening and melodious effect . pracheya. do not worry about it. The puranic mantras taken from puraanas. Why non Brahmins should not chant mantras ? If anyone knows the perfect chanting method with the sruti. repha. vaak suddhi and karma suddhi are essential for deriving the full benefit of chanting the manthra. Aranyakas. etc . swaritha. Also the sthala suddhi. In modern science the time. The ideal sound intensity for manthra chanting can be maintained within a radius of 5 meters. Generally one can say that there are four types of mantras depending upon their sources. For example Gayatri manthra and mruthyunjaya manthra chanting should have a range of 4 . range of chanting the Om Namo Narayanaaya is 40 -60 and Om Namassivaaya at 38 – 68 times per minute and so on. It is not easy to get training in the sruthi.
What is the alternative if proper chanting is not known ? Listen to Veda mantras from CDs and cassettes. Chanting Veda mantra means chanting with sruthi. If one is trained in the wrong way of chanting . Where as learning Sama Veda is difficult because of the special sruthies of Sama Veda. For what type of rituals the Veda mantras are chanted or applied. Who has written Veda manthra? Ancient Rishies whom we call manthra drushtara (more than 200 Rishes names appear in Rigveda) known as Vedic rishies have written the Veda mantras. It can even be downloaded from website for listening .com). archanas and prayers. Does the learning of four Vedas follow the same pathway ? Learning Rig Veda .nandanmenon. Same is applicable for Vedas also.Can we learn the Veda through cassettes or CDs ? if not why ? One should not try to learn the Veda sruthi through cassettes or CDs because the difference of chanting in sruthies will not be clear. (www. How many years will take for learning one Veda ? It may take many years for learning the Vedas. How we will know the name of the author of each manthra ? Rig Veda is the compilation of more than thousand sookthas. At what age the Veda should be learned ? The Vedas learning should start at the age of five or so. It becomes easy to get the sruthies / swaras at that age. Much more is needed for Sama Veda. Rigorous customs and rituals (rules) are to be followed during learning. Majority of the mantras chanted in poojas and in temple rituals are not Veda mantras . Why sruthi of manthra is so important ? One should remember that even the meaning of the manthra may change if not properly chanted. Singing a song in a wrong way at a particular raga makes irritation . comprising 200 hrs of veda chanting – all the four + one Vedas. We should know that the sruthi and meaning are equally important in veda mantras for getting the positive effects.. Hence it is possible to learn the Vedas part by part depending upon the time available. It may take about five years to learn (by heart) each of the three Vedas mentioned above . They are puraana mantras and karma mantras . Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda follow almost the same pathway. In MP 3 format. IISH has brought out all the Vedas in the digitalized format. These mantras are also chanted sometimes in poojas. Generally advised time duration is 12 years. ? Generally the Vedas are chanted in each and every step in Yaagaas. However in modern days the rigidity and strictness have come down.. Learning Vedas is a continuous process. then correction becomes impossible. Each sookta is written by Rishies whose names are mentioned with the chandas and the name 5
. There many other website from where downloading of the veda mantra can be done.
vaak suddhi and karma suddhi. which can be chanted like puraana mantras during poojas. who. etc. What are the examples of puraana mantras ? Lalitha sahasra naama. Mruthyunjaya manthra. prayers. Hence by reading the sooktha or listening to it.000 years and some are of the opinions that it is only few thousand years ! If the age is not known then how can we follow Vedas ? It is not important when. prayers and sahasranaamas (like Vishnu sahasranama) coming as the part of Itihasa. where. What are the itihasa mantras ? There are many mantras. etc are few among thousands of the Veda mantra sukthas. etc. Navagraha sooktha.000 years! Few have the opinion 50. The rules for learning the puraana mantras is not rigid. When was these Vedas written ? Vedas are called anaadi . if you are not searching for the historical facts. They can generally be chanted by anyone including ladies independent of caste and religion ( even though opinion varies) with sareera sudhi. 6
. one can know the author who composed that sooktha. Hindus. Chamaka. how. aahaara sudhi. manasuddhi.of the devatha in the beginning of the sooktha. Muslims. Christians. The last part is of later origin and the first part can be of very earlier. Gayatri manthra. composed the Veda mantras. Sometimes even for a time pass it can be chanted. it is assumed that the last part of Rig Veda might have got composed in the present style during BC 4275 or so. Puraana mantras can be chanted for poojas or as prayers. What are the sruthies for puraana mantras ? Generally there are no rigid sruthies and rules for chanting purana manthras. Atheists. One can opt for their own ragas. Can you give the names of some Veda mantras!/ sookthas? Purusha sookatha. but one should have clear voice/sound. So one can presume that Veda mantras were composed many thousand years ago ? Some say it is 20. devotion and sincerity. siva sahasranaama. Progressives.… anyone can chant. Hence one cannot give a correct date. What are puraana mantras ? Puraana mantras are those mantras which are present in one or more of the eighteen mahapuraanaas or upapuraanaas. ganesa sthothras. Can everyone chant these purana and itihasas manthras ? Yes ! The only condition for chanting these mantras is that one should have pancha suddhi. devi maahathmya. for chanting puraana mantras just read and study by yourself. Bhaagya sooktha. Sreesuktha. the positive effects and the messages are important. Middilists. Rightists. Based on the astronomical lines given in Rig Veda and some of the Brahmanas. Leftists. For a common man and for a vedic scholar. Rudra. Sareera-ahaara-mana-vaak-karma suddhies are essential Women. are puraana mantras.
Quality of the Acharya should be experienced. Examples of karma mantra ! Deerghaayushman Bhava. Some times you can even see the karma mantras in puranas anditihasas. Later on changed to caste lines. If you do not want to chant the manthra . It should not confuse us at any time. Chanting manthra should become a part (Bhaagam) of the life and it should not become a burden (Bhaaram) . We need not worry too much about minor issues while performing the rituals. sookthas. many prayers. What will happen if we are not chanting the mantras . Initially it might have started based on the suddhi of the individuals.Why there is difference of opinion ? Of course there are different opinions about chanting mantras. It may also be considered as explanation given in Sanskrit language. ? If we do not chant mantras nothing will happen. What is Bhakti ? How the Hindu bhakti differs from that of Semetic religion? In Sanathana dharma the prayer is done with bhakti/devotion and in Semitic religion its with bhaya/ fear ( god fearing people) . But Acharas should not become a burden in our day to day life. Do not go to fake astrologers or Vaastu experts or pseudo thaantric experts. many praarthanas ( kaamya and moksha prarthanas) are karma manthras given in books connected with poojas. Learn from a good acharya. However logically everyone can chant these mantras with proper suddhi and knowledge because they are prayers written in Sanskrit language. hope you know the meaning kaayena vaachaa manasaa indriyairvaa buddhyaathmanaa vaaprakruthe swabhaavaa… ……. All the phala sruthies of the manthras. The variations are permitted.etc. etc. family. Don’t chant. They may mislead you. Hence one should only need to have sraddha or concentration for understanding and adopting the acharas in our life .
From where we should take more information on acharas and mantras ? Do not search for knowledge from those who are not experts or from those who pretend that they know the subject. You can meet only good and sincere people who are well known in the subject and who has got scientific background. There can be variations in following the Acharas. society and nation. What are the fundamental rules for practicing the acharas ? We have already studied that every Indian customs and rituals is meant for the betterment of ourselves. The approach towards god/ divine power 7
.(another) ya: pateth priyatho nityam thrisandhyam sraddhayaanvithaa …….
What are karma manthras ? Karma manthras are those manthras which are the Sanskrit lines/prayers/ Sanskrit statements/descriptions/ written or composed as poems/verses or as prose. The concept of god also differst from that of Semitic Religion. prayers.
Bhakti is linked with upadesa and achara like cement is linking the bricks in the building. This approach is unique in Indian spirituality . aparigraham. 8. How many type of truths are there and what are they ? There are two types of truths and facts. fact and essence of life. Hence the highly (Semitic) religious people are known as ‘the god fearing people’. Just like the human relations. What are these ten upadesas ? In the Ashtanga Yoga part of the Pathanjali Maharshi as the primary requirement for learning and teaching yoga . satyam. 7. aastheyam. Other wise many of the messages given in our dharma saastra will not be clear. the divine relation is the guiding factor through bhakti. What is the actual meaning of Satyam ? Searching for and understanding the ultimate truth. santhosha. In Bhagavath geetha the bhakti between Arjuna to Krishna leads to upadesa. What is meant by god fearing people ? In the local language it can be defined as daiva bhaya = god fearing. the relation with the divine power/ god has also been defined very well. Try to find out the facts and truths on all issues. But ahimsa never prevents protecting ourselves. 4. The Yamaas are 1. in Hindu dharma. 10. One should understand both these truths and appropriately use them while explaining the sanatha dharma. In India. One should very specifically know about them. 3. our culture and our country using force or with weapons. eeswara pranidhaanam. 8
. The fear of god or the punishment given by god is the controlling factor. our family. our society.is the relation between devotee and god which is known in Sanskrit as bhakti. First set is known as Yama and second set is Niyama. bhramacharyam and 5. many problems can be avoided directly and indirectly. 2400 years ago in Yoga sootra. Given below is the meaning/message What is ahimsa ? One should not create pain by words or deeds to others. thapa: 9. Can we say them as the Ten Commandments of Sanaathana Dharma ? Yes ! The ten commandments of sanaathana dharma are given by Pathanjali Maharshi. They are known as Yamas and Niyamas which are like ten commandments in Christianity. Can we connect the Bhakti with upadesas for performing acharas ? Updesas are the guidances given with acharas. soucham. 2. ahimsa. If one follows this aspect in our day today life. They are Paaramaarthika satyam (ultimate truth) and vyaavahaarika satyam (relative truth). The Niyamaas are 6. What are the major upadesas given to us by Rishies ? So many upadesas are there but still all these can be summarized under Patanjali’s ten upadesa.. swaadhyaaya. The translation of the word bhakti in English is the sum total of devotion + love + affection + respect. Cowardice can never be justified or interpreted as ahimsa.
We should also learn the sadacharas and the values in our life. Every one is expected to understand clearly the goal of his/her life and path way to achieve the same. How aparigraham can be defined ? Depending others for anything and everything is parigraham and not doing so is the dharmic way of living. But the actual meaning can be interpreted as follows for a common man. A clean mind (mana suddhi) and a clean body (sareera suddhi) are the prime requirements for achieving any goal in the life. What is the Santhosham ? Living a happy life with self respect and dignity. They are expected to understand and follow the pathway through experiment and experience for reaching the ultimate goal envisaged by self or by prakruti (environment). the mind should be free from the craving of others property. Is the Thapas meant for Rishies or common man ? Doing the work and undertaking the missions in our life with dedication and a feeling of sacrifice is thapas. Apply that knowledge in our official and personal life. One should never do that. Knowing the ultimate aim and meaning of life is brahmacharya. Whatever is to be done for maintaining the purity of mind and body? It is to be practiced till that level is attained and then continue to maintain that level. For spiritual enlightenment. Doing our dharma ( duty + responsibility + privilege = dharma) keeping in mind the blessings of the guiding force behind everyone in a saaskshi bhaava (as the witness). doing the work peacefully with a spirit of enjoyment is santhosha. What is the message given to common man from Eeswara pranidhaanam ? Eeswara pranidhanam is thelast of the ten upadesas.What is the message given through astheyam ? Stealing is stheyam and non stealing is aastheyam. without degrading . This is to be extrapolated to all aspects/works / missions in our life. which is aparigraham that is self dependent. This is known as swadhyaya. That 9
. Keep away the duracharas and anacharas using the light of science. What is the meaning of Swaadhyaaya ? Acquiring knowledge on every subject in which we have to involve. Learning to experience the happiness is also happiness. Do not beg . Taking or grabbing anything like name /fame/ position /money/ material/ is stealing. What is the Soucham ? Purity/Cleanliness of internal and external body and mind is soucham. Undertaking any mission happily. brahmcharya is living without sex.. In short self reliance and self support are aimed in this message. So astheyam is an important factor to be practiced in one’s life. For a common man what is the real meaning of Brahmacharyam ? Generally people think.
This is the ideal time for keeping the re-energized brain cells active for the common man . It can be any time after 3. maathrum tharpayaami for the mother and pitru devo bhava pitrum tharpayaami for your father. becomes clean. it is equal to doing 35 yogaasanas. Touching the earth ( bhoo vandana) aimed at releasing the bio static electricity through fingers. Why soorya namaskara important ? The suryanamaskara has 7 yoga asanaas in it and when 5 Surya namaskaras are done per day. Some of the acharas are performed only on Monday. etc. blood circulation increases. Do not walk in your home before bathing as the body odor spreads. some are performed on paksha basis. After waking up.30 am as the brain is fresh for saadhana of modern and ancient knowledge. muscles stretch and all the accumulated decomposed products go to the main blood stream which when filtered through kidneys. sit on the bed and pray for 30 seconds . How to perform the morning prayer as a part of the achara ? Pray for atleast 10 minutes after taking bath for purification of the mind. While doing soorya namaskara .. Do atleast five suryanamaskaras. What are the daily morning acharas ? And why they are performed ? It is advised to wake up early morning between 5. some are on vaisakha maasa acharas… like this we can give so many examples.00 to 5. some on Saturday. After bath. for reducing the chance of arthritis in leg. How to perform the bathing acharas ? After the morning routines. for smoothening movable skeletal joints without strain to muscles and heart. Examples of the above statements! Acharas performed from morning till night are known as daily acharas. It is advised to avoid bed coffee to prevent the flow of the obnoxious materials from the mouth to the stomach. if your parents are no more. give a tharpanam saying maathru devo bhava. The advise given by Rishies 3000 years ago has also been now given 10 years ago by the experts of WHO. as full moon or new moon day. This aachara gives the time gap for balancing the blood pressure and heart function when the body changes its position from horizontal to vertical level. What are the minimum acharas to be performed? There are acharas to be performed on daily /weekly / monthly / annual basis.guiding force may be called eeswara/ god/almighty/omnipotent omnipresent power or simply Nature. then pranayama ( deep steady breathing) ten times for cleaning lungs and blood. How to sit And keep the face while praying ? 10
. take bath for cleansing the external body.30 ( In India. That power is to be approached with bhakti in sanathana dharma which is known as eeswara pranidhanam. They can be defined as prati dina / prati vaara / prati maasa / prati varsh acharas. Indian time) .
Take atleast one meal a day with all family members sitting together for strengthening the family relation. Note down all the work systematically ‘x’ mark after completing each work for saving time and energy. How to maintain mind and body relation pleasant ? Always keep a smiling face which will reduce BP. Keep punctuality for doing everything. affection and respect. Do.The prayer/ reading/working etc. with a smiling face. go upto the gate for biding goodbye with a smiling face. eyes. Know that the ‘Positives’ and ‘Negatives’ are temporary. The psychologists advice do some other work before reading the news paper. Do not read the newspapers in the early morning because many negative news directly affect the morning fresh mind. may be done by keeping the face towards east It is said that this improves the capacity of the brain functioning. Never keep your head towards north on the bed to avoid the blood block in brain blood vessel capillaries while lying parallel to the magnetic meridian of earth. It is said that the magnetic flux of the earth and brain becomes parallel and this improves brain functioning. Go to the office/ school/ work place with positive mind and happy mood. if possible a group prayer or spend ten minutes for prayer after bath. even though there are many negatives. What are the acharas to be followed after office hours /evening at home! Return home if possible at correct time. Sit with your family members and children at least 30 minutes discussing their problems/achievements and motivate them. What should be done after morning prayer and the surya namaskara? Drink two to four glass of tulasi water for cleansing the blood. It is ideal to keep your head towards east or west. Never do/ talk /think /listen / negatives. Keep this in mind. See good and make others see the good . What are the principles to be followed for a good family life? Use your ears. What are the acharas to be followed before going to bed ? Before lying down spend few seconds for prayer sitting on the bed to maintain smooth functioning of the heart as the body changes its position from vertical to horizontal. preferably a group family prayer to activate the salivary gland and also other digestive glands. Listen good and make others listen good. Discuss withone or two close friends about your problems. What are the rules to be followed before going to bed ? Try to go to bed in correct time for bio-punctuality. Pray before the food. loss of memory. Never think that the life is always positive. It will give strength for facing any incidents. Give and take love. then only take coffee/ tea. Talk good 11
. etc. cholesterol and adrenalin in the blood . tongue and mind for good purposes. if any or to your family members. particularly late evenings/ night. Appreciate the achievements of your children/ family members when they sit for studies. irritation. It may lead to headache. Fresh up. It is a mixture of positives and negatives. How to chanalize routine work in the morning ? Help your children/ grand children to go to school and bless them when they leave to school.
actualization of the same is Brahma saakshaathkaaram. self guiding. If you consider the life of a laddu or a banana or yourself compared to the period of this universe. Understanding and realizing this is the ultimate point of spirituality or basic (theoretical ) spirituality. Think good and make others think good. Can we further explain it . It varies to different people depending upon their religion. How can we scientifically explain Indian spirituality ? The Indian spirituality has two branches. What is pure spirituality ? The pure spirituality is defined as the understanding aand experiencing the ultimate satyam (satyam = truth+ fact + essence). They went through the internal pathways. your family members and all those who are associated with you What is spirituality ? What ever is connected with divine power or god is known as spirituality. How could the Rishies understand all these ? When they undertake the deep thapas. self energizing. This ultimate is defined as the prajnanam Brahma. aham Brahmaasmi. These four lines are known as mahavaakyaas. Hence it is vyavhaariaka satyam/ facts / truths are temporary. Where as what we are seeing as existing are generally temporary and not permanent. the mind acts as the laboratory and the saadhana acts as the experimental tool and the experience becomes the scientific observation of the ultimate Brahmam and ultimate truth. self motivating. According to Upanishads this is present in everything “from smallest to the biggest and in all living beings”. inherent. saadhana and dhyaana for many years. Spirituality is not religion. So it is said that brahma satyam jagath mithya. The basic or pure spirituality and applied or practical spirituality like chemistry and applied chemistry. Do good for others and let others also do good for everyone. Understanding the meaning of the Brahmam is the Brahma jnaanam . What we are seeing are vyaavahaarika satya which are temporary . scientifically ? It is said that Brahma satyam jagath mithya through vedantha darsana. experiencing the Brahmam is Brahmaanandam. It is wrong to say that the spirituality in all religion is the same. you will understand the correct meaning of mithya. whereas the modern scientists go through the external pathways. means temporary or infinitesimally small duration. awareness (prajnaanam) and consciousness (swabhodham) present in all living and Nonliving beings. Make every day a happy day for you. How the ‘pure spirituality’ and Brahmam are related ? This Brahmam is defined as the intrinsic. How can we relate pure spirituality and ultimate truth ? Brahmam is the ultimate truth which is the paaramaarthika satyam. thathwamasi. 12
. The sanathana dharma could stand all the test of times because of the integration of the spirituality and applied spirituality in every cultural traits.and make others talk good. ayam athma brahma. Brahmam is the one which can neither be created nor be destroyed.
Can we say that pure satwic people are free from other gunas ? It does not mean that satwic people do not have other gunas. whether we live in India. We can see the symbols of Christianity. Sri. Ramakrishnasram and so on. Do yourself the exercises. It only means that the other gunas are not predominant at that time. This has been explained in detail by Lord Krishna in Bhagavath Geetha. with the om karam in Puttparthy.Sarve bhavantu………! asatho maa………! which means we are all one. and all sorts of positive feelings that ‘we are all one and embodiment of the same chaitanya’. then we are all the same family members. Each and every individual and animal has these three gunas in their behavior and that will get demonstrated depending upon the time and place and variety of incidents. This is our prayer saha naa vavatu………! lokaa samsthaa…. analyzing. nor destroyed others. Let us understand both. we Indians brought the applied spirituality in our day to day life ? Our acharyas served every living beings without any difference. …. Narayana Guru’s temples. How Indians applied their spirituality world over ? This is the same applied spiritual force which motivates Indians when they serve the people during Tsunami. This is known as applied spirituality. watching. that realization leads to compassion. America. follow different customs.. This is because of the mission of our applied spirituality which guides us to feel that we are all one. That is why Indians did not convert people to their religion or to sanathana dharma. Or we start realizing that we are all the part of the same chaitanya. eat together . Islam.or whether we speak different languages. understanding. work together. How can we analyze these gunas in individuals ? These gunas will come out in different process of talking. Judaism. and earthquake or natural calamities hit. Where does applied spirituality begin ? Hence we have to exit together. the pure spirituality and applied spirituality. These Gunas are Satwa (Satwic) Guna.! How . communicating and so on. they are known as people of satwic nature. live in different faith…. Rajo (Rajasic) Guna and Thamo Guna (or tamasic). evaluating. Guruji’s asram. Chinmaya missionVivekananda mission. share the result of the work together.. serve each other as we are all family members. So we are one and the same embodiment of the divinity. What are the three gunas explained in Indian literature ? There are three gunas in each and every living and non living beings. Lanka. nor conquered other people using weapons. Rajo guna people have Rajasic characters prominent but at times other gunas may conquer them 13
. If we are all the part of the same Brahmam.!…. we have to become enlightened together.How pure spirituality leads to applied spirituality ? Once you know that this Brahmam is present in everything. Vallikkavu.. thinking. sympathy. For those who have predominant level of Satwa Guna. hurricanes.
Undertaking any challenge has to have the Rajasic qualities. the satwic feeling can rise up. Is Rajasic guna bad for everyone ? Wherever you have to do Rajasic work/job as profession. music.g. Keep good friends or a guru for getting good advice to retain the satwic character and temperament. E. as butchers. do not keep yourself away from that or do not give it up. satwic food. if it is our swadharma. meat and animal products + highly pungent food. etc. They may even need Rajasic food to maintain their professional qualities. good vegetarian food . Remember even the great Rishies with all their satwic nature can suddenly change to other nature. what you hear-see-talk-feel-think and experience. fight. Try to maintain the satwic character wherever possible. Even for a thamasic individual at instances. worship. rajasic and thamasic food. milk. dance. Knowledge and experience can make 14
. Will the guna change with time and place ? Yes it may change. get ourselves elevated into rajasic first and then to satwic. Good explanation is given in Bhagavath gita. rajasic food and thamasic food which are respectively. Can we change our gunas ? what should we do for that ? If we are the inheritors of the thamasic qualities. If you get suddenly changed into a lower level due to the influence of the environment try to retain the satwic nature by continuous training and mind control. Bribe. the rajasic and thamasic feeling can arise. sex and theft are combination of rajasic & thamasic qualities (generally) created by circumstances/ friendship and which are based on what you hear/ see/ talk/ experience. work. soldiers and policemen fall under this category. etc are thamasic food. fermented food. Some people are expected to do thamasic job. Even for avataras it may change . When a satwic man takes thamasci food/drinks that influences him. Similarly people of thamo guna have those characters predominant in them . How controlling the senses affect the gunas in us ? The best method for controlling ourselves is to control our ears-eyes-tongue and mind. soldiers and security persons. personality. depending upon the environment/ surrounding responses. Hence the upsurge of the gunas depend mainly on . curd etc are sativic food. But he advised Ravana in a satwic way against all the latter's misdeeds.. Kings. Can we classify materials also under these three category ? There are satwic. You know Kumbakarna is the thamasic man. etc are rajasic and the alcohol/ alcoholic. knowledge. murder. Examples of gunas demonstratable in our life ! The terrorism is nothing but injecting rajasic and thamasic feelings in satwic people. Raising satwic feelings in them may even prevent them from doing their job efficiently. For a satwic man. Is it necessary to have a particular guna in Us ? Some people are compelled to do Rajasic work by profession.also.
see good. Circumstances can take you to thamasic. 15
.thyaga-bhoomi. Why so many avatharas only in Bharatha/ india ? You know that our motherland. In Bhagavath Geetha Lord Krishna has clearly indicated that whenever dharma degrades and adharma triumphs. speak good. and so on.punya. Let the world be happy ! For the avataras. It means the system will adjust itself in such a way that the dharma never perishes and adharma will never take the position of dharma. and the dharma will triumph always. a celestial body which comes down for giving light to the world. coward’s behavior…… Satwic only means living with self respect. credibility. That too ten times. Why and when avathara comes according Hindu purana ? There are ten avatharas for Mahavishnu. immediately apologize and correct it.e.jnaana. In general one has to maintain satwic qualities. How to maintain satwic guna? Only you yourself can take you back to satwic. For suppressing and preventing the anti national activities and terrorism you will have to follow the Thamasic outlook. society and nation. the ultimate aim is to keep lokaa samasthaa sukhino bhavanthu. think good. That is the reason for calling them the avataras. The avatara ‘works’ for all through everyone in all countries. at all times. the dharma will be reinstated by me (the divine power). This will happen in each and every individual. Mental aberrations can take you to rajasic. language. What are the wrong interpretation of satwic qualities ? ‘Satwic’ does not mean over polite. over patient. Whenever you realize the mistake of doing opposite of what is expected from you. Ava means down thaara means celestial body. It is said that still he/it has to come here through once more as avatara. India has so many specialties. But in between the almighty divine power is continuously coming to this land in different forms as avataras. How avathara comes ? Those ten avataras are coincided with the yugarambha or yuga avasaana. It can be in the human form or any other form or forms. do good. The effect of change from dharma to adharma will be nullified.yajna. When god sent his son or prophet to other countries that too only once. What is an avathara ? An avathara means. country. devotion. known as dasavatara. One among them is that India is known as deva . over humble. puranas. For patriotism and self respect follow Rajasic qualities.karma. or other factors. sex. the same divine power himself/itself came to Bharata varsha directly. For any divine avatara. itihasas tell you. I. and become good and that is satwic. family. dedication. When ever aberrations take place avathara comes or avathara takes place. over devotion.you more and more satwic. age. over obedient. there are no barriers on religion. dignity. wherever needed. Take good from everywhere. That is what the Vedas.
They bring together people from world over. Ravisankar. They are successfully implementing the projects.Can we say the people in human form size and shape as avatharas ? Bharata is fortunate to have so many avataras. Guruji. from that spiritual capital to all Hindus. I wan to say there are three avataras at present here in India it maybe called as Avatara Trayam. food. Why they are called avathara ? So called progressives oppose them. They do everything for supplying drinking water. Millions assemble every year for the Birth day of Swamy ! Rarest incidents in the world of great men! In all these places people from the developed countries sit with the people from developing countries. If people come for guidance and blessings . Old age homes.illiterate. Christians and Muslims. homes. That applied message you can see with your own eyes ! This you can see only in India. thousands of years ago. education. orphanages. As our forefathers lived for everyone. Matha Amruthanandamayee Devi. The male –female difference is not existing. They live for everyone. These avataras are Sri. literate . Millions assembled for the Silver Jubilee of Art of Living and 50th Birth anniversary of Sri.follower. AIDS centers. are living in India now doing the best service for the mankind everywhere in the world. Instead of contradicting they do everything for complementing.differences never exist. What we can do with them ? 16
. That is what we say in India.Saha naa vavatu… and so on. Hurricane and many other natural calamity hit. Their message was ayam matha pruthvi putroham pruthivyaa… krunvantho viswamaaryam. values to millions. and to Bangalore asram. where even the UNO agencies and many Government agencies failed. They know Nara seva is the Narayana seva. Sri. They integrate science and spirituality. They are not bothered for garlands or criticisms. without converting them to Hinduism. Rich . can we say they are avataras? You can see people from almost all countries in a pilgrimage to Puttaparthy.. Indian – non Indian. …. Satya Sai Baba known very well to each and everyone in the world as Bhagavan and swamy.poor. to Vallikkavu. India is still alive because it is the spiritual capital of the world. Three avataras. The mission oriented workers serve people with their guidance. Their supporting hands spread the place where earthquake hits.. and service centers. they serve everyone. everyone is equal in front of the divine power. Tsunami hits. Everyone is equal in front of these avatara trayam also. They make hospitals. What are the divine messages given by them ? All these avatara trayam give the same message given by our Rishies. academic institutes. leader . wherever they are. medicine. known to everyone as Amma and Sri. The avatara trayam give the messages of the glorious life. world over and echo the glorious Veda mantra of Sarve bhavanthu sukhina:……. Nothing is a barrier for you to come together here. known world over as Guruji. Millions assembled in Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium during the 50th Birth anniversary of Amma. They bless everyone. scholar – pauper. this earth is my mother and I am the son of the mother earth…… make this world a glorious place of scholars. Why? You can see an ocean of people follow them from world over the men and women come without any restrictions and take the blessings.
20. According to which the number of years elapsed in this Mahayuga ( according to one system of counting) = 43. this is the 28th Mahayuga which means 27 Mahayugas are over . maasa. The explanation starts from the Universe -> to this galaxy -> to this solar system -> to earth -> to Asia (jambu dweepa) -> to Bharata varsha -> to southern part of Godavari -> to Parasurama kshetra and -> to Ananthapura desa (if you are in Trivandrum) -> to the temple or house (sannidhi) where you are doing the ritual.Avataras are in India again for reinstating and re-establishing the dharma of this punya-karma-jnana-…bhoomi of Bharat. and the last who is performing this ritual (perceiver/observer) and what is the ritual ( the observed). Shall we calculate these period ? One Manwanthara = 72 Mahayuga and a Mahayuga = 43.000 x ¾ ! (=C) 17
. thithi. How we follow the parameter : space ? First we explain where we are doing this ritual (space).000 years. This is mentioned here as the 7th Manwanthara. which is the 5108th year of this kaliyuga. Thretha and Dwapara yuga are over. dakshinayana. directly or indirectly. Let us work in their mission to serve the people. The present Manwanthara is 7th one known as Vaivaswatha Manwanthara that means 6 Manwantharas are over which equals to 6 x 72 x 43.! Thyaagenaike amruthathwamaanasu: through sacrifice only we can attain immortality. What is the mathematics of this calculation and how scientific is this approach? In this explanation we can see very interesting scientific content. then we chant the mantra connected with when we are doing this (time).20. the year. These three parameters are also important for any Indian ritual or custom.000 years. without expecting any garlands.20. bouquet.> maasa/ month -> paksha -> thithi – samaya/time. In the Maha sankalpa we always chant lines connected with these three parameters.20.! (=B) This is the 28th Mahayuga in which Krutha. One kalpa is 14 Manwantharas which is equal to one day of Lord Brahma. the month. 28th Mahayuga in which the 4th yuga which is kaliyuga.000 years ! (=A) In the 7th Manwanthrara. You may like them or dislike them. paksha. What are the important parameters followed in our acharas ? The space. the day and the time.. and Angirasa samvatsa.(Thus the time is specified). So the number of years elapsed after the commencing of this Manwanthara = 27 x 43. Starting from 7th Manwantara.> varsha/ year -> ayana . 28th Mahayuga in which the 4th yuga which is the Kaliyuga. or any other awards. But it need not stop you working with them. Let us learn how to do the selfless service. then to the time of doing the ritual………. ( thus space is made clear) How we follow the parameter of time in our ritual ? The time we specify is from Kalpa -> to Manwanthara -> to Mahayuga -> yuga .……. time and observer are three important parameters in the modern physics . padmasree.
cinema.20. TV. dwaparayuga = 4.The present yuga is kaliyuga and the year is 5108. but little different calculation for the years elapsed after the beginning of the 28th Mahayuga. Then the number of years elapsed after the beginning of this kalpa ( according to the second system of calculation) = 6 x 72 x 43. What are the methods to teach and learn the values ? Use your ears properly.20.000 x 4) + (4. use that opportunity for teaching the values . Our Mahasankalpa has mentioned the same point as the modern science as far as this period is concerned! That is the scientific India ! Here the ultra modern science integrated with ultra ancient spirituality through the ritual based mahasankalpa How the spirituality connected with values in life ? Whatever gives permanent happiness for yourself.000 x 2) ) + 5107 years i.000 + ( (4. (There is another. According to another system of calculation the krutha yuga = 4.32. You are hearing many voices but listening to very specific messages. The sources are radio. gurus. relatives.20. So listen to whatever you have to listen and learn from that carefully.32. to give strength.32.000 x 3) + (4. thretha yuga = 4.000 + 43. bacteria. How this time agrees with the modern calculations ? This will come approximately 1990 million years ( ~2000 million years). But do it only after learning the merits of those values. Learn to listen when you are 18
.000 + 27 x 43. during when the life began on the surface of the globe earth as micro organisms like amoeba. It has been proved that this is the archezoic era.000 + 27 x 43. advise from elders. When should the values be taught ? Whenever you get opportunity to teach the values.32. your society and your motherland are values. Cassettes. This is the ‘time’ elapsed which is the time used in our Mahasankalpa. CDs. So the total number of years after the beginning of ‘the day’ (one day of Brahma is equal one kalpa) of this Kalpa = A + B + C + D Total years after the beginning of the Brahma’s day = 6 x 72 x 43.000 x 2 years + If all these four put together is E. your family members.20. Because as mentioned earlier three yugas (krutha. How to incorporate values in our life ? Modern knowledge are like the bricks used for building a tower to take it to great heights. Value based knowledge are like cement put in between the bricks.32.000 x ¾ + 5107 years . beauty and durability for the building of LIFE.thretha.20.000 x4 years. and so on.dwapara yuga) are over before the beginning of the kaliyuga. You can teach the values to your children when they are young and in the receptive mood.000 x 3 years . teachers. Give them the values through stories and through experiences in a very positive method. etc.32. So the elapsed years is 5107 ! (=D).e A + B + C + E + 5107 years.
How can we collect knowledge through our eyes ? Our forefathers said: Bhadram pasyema akshabhiryajathraa: Let us all see the glorious things from all over the world . or whenever you have spare time. club. If the knowledge on every subject is so vast. etc You can know that one hour cassette will contain minimum 40 points worth learning and implementing in our life. interval period. Instead of learning everything. supervisor. suggestions. What our Vedas / Upanishads say about listening ? Bhadram karnebhi srunuyaama devaa Let us all hear the glorious useful message (for leading a useful and value based life) says upanishad. effective messages.people few minutes and listen to their problems.. while going for a walk……. by continuously following good practices in your life for more than 41 days. itihasas. while cooking in the kitchen. you have got enough time to use for learning values. advise. What is value based education ? Education given to the genration to incorporate the values intheir day to day life is value based education. before going to bed. Sometimes you may slip to your old habit . teacher. while working in the office. Whatever you are listening. kitchen. come back immediately to the new position. colleagues for facts worth knowing. You will know that you are in a much better position than millions who suffer day and night.. The eyes are the second sensory organ 19
. sad stories and experiences of poor / aged/ sick / helpless people living around us. while taking rest. sitting simply at your home. Can we give more knowledge to youngsters ? The best method for learning about values in younger ages is to listen the news. experiences. lunch table. narrations. Do not worry at all. Which are the sources of information and knowledge ? Listen from your mother. office. learn the most appropriate subjects which are most relevant for making everyday a happy day. good slogans. stories. thus listen…listen….driving car.. father. When you practice for about 18 days it will become your habit make the habit your culture. What is the alternative for attending a speech ? Going for listening to a speech a long distance or bringing a good speaker from a long distance are equally cumbersome. use these points in your discussions with others.. Think more while traveling in the bus or train. Sit and get the experience of the aged /sick /poor /. try to make points from that. This will give you the experience of life……. But if their cassettes are available use them in the car. Listen to his comments also if the discussion is constructive and useful. We cannot get even this knowledge ‘in full’ from the teachers or from the text books. how much we can learn ? Answer is clear only a minute part of that. puranas. What ever you have learned try to practice in your life one by one. This is to be given with modern education and it should not be given separately. You will change and will become a different person altogether.
What is the difference between seeing and watching. but you are seeing many things while traveling in a bus/train. Not merely watching but learning from this watching. You are watching the movie. the condition of a beggar. the suffering of an old man. a mascot controlling an elephant. You should learn to watch. The first word (seeing) does not have the full involvement of your mind. the pictures in the books. so carefully… you can watch the pain of a patient. You can watch a chicken doing its work continuously. The second word has involvement of mind also.You are seeing many things and also you are watching something. a driver driving a bus with full of passengers. Where do we stand ?
. TV. the face of an orphan when you ask the name of her mother and father whom she might not even have heard or seen. the facial expression and the feeling of a cancer patient. The crazy hunger of a poor beggar…… you can watch and put your mind and analyze your situation and condition and compare with the above.