Problems Based on Uniform Circular Motion

VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS : Q.1 Sol. Q.2 Sol. Give an example of motion in which displacement and distances are not equal but speed remains constant during the motion. Uniform circular motion. Can an object be accelerated without speeding up or slowing down? Yes. When an object is in uniform circular motion, its speed remains constant but there is an acceleration towards centre of circular path. Write S.I. unit and dimensions of angular velocity. Radian per second (rad s –1) Dimensions [T–1] What do you mean by uniform angular velocity. If a body covers equal angles intervals of time then the angular velocity of the body is called uniform angular velocity. Define average angular acceleration. Average angular acceleration is defined as the ratio of the change in angular velocity to the time taken by the body to undergo this change i.e.

Q.3 Sol. Q.4 Sol.

Q.5 Sol.

α av =

∆ω ∆t

Q.6 Sol. Q.7 Sol.

Write the S.I. unit and dimensions of angular acceleration. Unit radian sec –2. Dimensions [M0L0T –2] What is the direction of velocity vector of a particle in uniform circular motion. The direction of velocity vector of a particle in uniform circular motion is along the tangent to the circular path. Uniform circular motion is an example of accelerated motion. Give reason. Yes. uniform circular motion is accelerated motion. In this motion the direction of velocity changes continuously. What provides the centripetal force to satellite revolving around the earth? The centripetal force of the satellite revolving around the earth is provided by the gravitational force between the earth and satellite. Write the relation between, the linear velocity (v), angular velocity (ω) and radius of the circular path (r). v = rω

Q.8 Sol.

Q.9 Sol.

Q.10 Sol.

, 608-A, TALWANDI KOTA (RAJ.) Ph. 0744 - 2405510
E D U C A T I O N S

KINEMATICS

PAGE # 40

18 If the speed of a body and the radius of its circular path are made thrice by what factor the centripetal acceleration will change? Sol. Q.16 Sol.11 Sol. 0744 . SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS : Q. Speed and magnitude of centripetal acceleration. a= v2 r when the speed and the radius are made thrice then a' = (3v)2 3v 2 = = 3a 3r r Q.2405510 E D U C A T I O N S KINEMATICS PAGE # 41 . Is it possible to accelerate a body if its speed is constant? Yes.) Ph. 608-A. What do you mean by centrifugal force? The outward radial force experienced by an object when it is in circular motion is called centrifugal force.19 Sol. TALWANDI KOTA (RAJ. Q. A body subjected to uniform acceleration always moves in a straight line. Q. . Q.Problems Based on Uniform Circular Motion Q. Q. (b) The motion of the blades of the fan when the electric fan has attained constant speed.17 Sol.15 Sol.12 Sol. Is the statement true? No. in circular motion the speed of a body is constant but acceleration is not zero. Give two examples of uniform circular motion. (a) The motion of the minute hand of a watch.14 Sol. Why do the passengers of a car rounding a curve are thrown outward? Due to centrifugal force What are the two physical quantities which remain constant for a particle performing uniform circular motion. as the centripetal force is always perpendicular to the displacement.13 Sol. Can a centripetal force do any work on the rotating body? No. Write an expression for centripetal force a= v2 = rω 2 r Q.

L ∠ A ' O ' B ' = θ uuuuur u uuu r A 'B ' represents the change in velocity ∆V As ∆θ is small uur u ∆v r ∆θ = uu v2 uur u u r ∆v ∆θ = = ω v = (rω) = rω2 ∆t uur u ∆v Limit = rω2 ∆t →0 ∆t u r dv = rω2 dt r V2 a = rω2 = r v2 B O ∆θ r v1 A B' ∆V A' ∆θ O' or or or E D U C A T I O N S . Consider a particle of mass m.) Ph. TALWANDI KOTA (RAJ. This is because the size of the Earth is very small as compared to the size of the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. moving with a constant speed v along a circular path of radius r. 0744 .2405510 KINEMATICS PAGE # 42 . Acceleration experienced by an object. Q. This acceleration always points towards the centre of circular path. undergoing uniform circular motion is called centripetal acceleration. LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS : Q.22 Sol. |v1|=|v2| = v → → uuuuuu r uuuuuu r To find the change in velocity in time interval ∆t take a point O'.Problems Based on Uniform Circular Motion Q.23 Sol. Draw O ' A ' and O ' B ' uu r uu r representing the velocity vectors v1 and v2 . ∴ → → Q. Can Earth be regarded as a point object if only the orbital motion of Earth around the Sun in considered? Yes. A body is moving with an acceleration whose magnitude is constant but direction is changing continuously.21 Sol. Define centripetal acceleration and derive an expression for it.20 Sol. Let v and v be the velocity vectors of the particle at positions A and B respectively. Average angular velocity is defined as the ratio of the angular displacement to the time taken to undergo that angular displacement. What type of path does the body follow? The body follows a circular path. 608-A. Define average angular velocity. 1 2 Since the particle is moving with uniform speed v.

TALWANDI KOTA (RAJ.80m v = 14 rps. 25 Sol. If the stone makes 14 revolutions in 25seconds what is the magnitude and direction of the acceleration of the stone? Here r = 0. Form formula a = rω2 = 4π2v2r = 4× FG 22 IJ × FG 14 IJ H 7 K H 25 K 2 2 (0.80) = 9. 0744 .2405510 E D U C A T I O N S KINEMATICS PAGE # 43 . Total path cov ered Time taken 23 28 / 60 23 × 60 28 = = = 49.24 A passenger arriving in a new town wishes to go from the station to a hotel located 10km away on a straight road from the station.) Ph.91ms–2 The acceleration is pointing towards the centre of circle.42kmh–1 28 = = Q. What is (a) the average speed of the taxi. . A dishonest cab man takes him along a circuitous path 23km long and reaches the hotel in 28min. (b) The magnitude of average velocity? Are the two equal? Here Total path covered Displacement Time taken Average speed = 23km = 10km = 28min = Sol. 608-A.25 A stone tied to the end of a string 80cm long is whirled in a horizontal circle with a constant speed.3kmh–1 Magnitude of average velocity = Displacement Time taken 10 28 / 60 10 × 60 = 21.Problems Based on Uniform Circular Motion NUMERICALS : Q.

Here r = 1 km = 1000m v = 900ms–1 = 900 × 5 = 250ms −1 18 Centripetal acceleration = v 2 (250)2 = = 62.44 rad s −1 7 100 = Rω = 12 × 0. 0744 . (a) What is the angular speed and the linear speed of the motion? (a) Is the acceleration vector a constant vector? What is the magnitude? The given problem is related to uniform circular motion.7ms–2 80 KINEMATICS PAGE # 44 . or ω =2× 22 7 × = 0. An aircraft executes a horizontal loop of radius 1km with a steady speed of 900kmh –1. 608-A. R = 12cm.44cms–1 = 5.3cms–1 → Linear speed.27 a 62.8 a = 6. But the magnitude of acceleration is a constant. ω = 2π T Sol. What is the magnitude and direction of the net acceleration of the cyclist on the circular turn? Speed. Radius.38 g 9. TALWANDI KOTA (RAJ. As he approaches a circular turn on the road of radius 80m. 5 = 27 × ms–1 = 7.26 Sol.Problems Based on Uniform Circular Motion Q.50ms–2 r 1000 Now or Q. Since the direction changes continuously therefore acceleration is not a constant vector.50 = = 6. every on the road of radius 80m.3cms–2 A cyclist is riding with a speed of 27kmh –1. angular speed.) Ph.28 a = ω 2R = (0.5ms–1 18 v r 2 → → v centripetal acceleration.2405510 E D U C A T I O N S . a c = ac a → P θ at → or ac = (75)2 . The acceleration is directed towards the center of the circle. v = 27kmh –1 Sol. v The direction of velocity vector v is along the tangent to the circle at every point.38g An insect trapped in a circular groove of radius 12cm moves along the groove steadily and complete 7 revolutions in 100s. ∴ Q.44)2 × 12cms –2 = 2. ms–2 = 0. compare the centripetal acceleration with the acceleration due to gravity.

) Ph.Problems Based on Uniform Circular Motion P is the point at which cyclist applies brakes. 0744 . tangential acceleration at. 608-A. . a = or a = = → a2 + a2 c t (0.2405510 E D U C A T I O N S KINEMATICS PAGE # 45 .7 tanθ = a = 0. At this point.4 t ∴ θ = 54º28' .49 + 025 ms −2 . will act opposite to v Total acceleration. 0.74 ms −2 = 0.86ms −2 ac 0. being negative.5 = 1.7)2 + (05)2 ms −2 = 0. TALWANDI KOTA (RAJ.

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