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CANBERRA SECONDARY SCHOOL

O-Level Preliminary Examination 2009


Secondary 4 Express SUBJECT: Chemistry P1
nd Date: 2 Sep 2009 Duration: 1 hr

Name: ________________________________ (

Class: _______

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES: 1 Do not open this booklet until you are told to do so. 2 This paper consists of 40 Multiple-Choice Questions. 3 Answer ALL the questions in the Optical Test Answer Sheet (OTAS) provided. For each question, there are four possible answers, A, B, C and D. Choose the one you considered to be correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the Optical Test Answer Sheet (OTAS). 4 At the end of the examination, hand in both your OTAS and the question paper separately. 5 A copy of the Periodic Table is provided on Page 16. 6 You may use a calculator for this examination.

FOR MARKERS USE Paper 1 Total Marks Awarded Max Marks 40

This question paper consists of 16 printed pages including the cover page.

Setter: Koh Yilin 1

Answer all questions in this Section. [40 marks] 1. Nitrogen dioxide is a dark brown gas and is denser than air. A gas jar containing nitrogen dioxide is sealed with a glass plate and is then inverted on top of a gas jar containing air. The glass plate is then removed. Which one of the following correctly describes the colours inside the gas jars after a long period of time?

Gas Jar A. B C D Upper Dark brown Brown Colourless Light brown Lower Colourless Brown Dark brown Dark brown

2.

Gas T can be purified by passing through liquid S. Which setup is most suitable for this purpose?

3.

The diagrams show test tubes containing a dilute solution of a solid X dissolved in a liquid V. Which apparatus is most suitable for finding the boiling point of liquid V?

4.

Which method is used to remove insoluble solids from muddy water? A B C D evaporation distillation filtration chromatography

5.

Which ion has the most shells that contain electrons? Al3+ Be2+ N3S2-

A B C D

6.

The relative atomic mass of naturally occurring chlorine is not a whole number. What is the reason for this? A B C D Chlorine atoms can have different numbers of neutrons. Chlorine is unstable. Naturally occurring chlorine cannot be obtained pure. The mass of the electrons have been included.

7.

An element R reacts readily with cold water. R also reacts with chlorine to form a solid of formula RCl2. What could be the electronic structure of R? A B C D 2.8 2.8.1 2.8.6 2.8.8.2

8.

Sorbitol has the following structural formula. What is the empirical formula of sorbitol?

A C3H7O3 B C3H6O3 C C6H12O6 D C6H14O6

9.

Which of the following substance in the table could be hydrogen chloride? Substance Melting point/C -114 -114 180 808 Boiling point/C -85 78 218 1465 Ability to conduct electricity In liquid None None None Good In aqueous solution Good None Insoluble Good

A B C D

10.

Which one of the following is most likely to occur in the experimental setup below?
zinc copper

dilute sodium chloride solution

A Chlorine gas is evolved at the copper electrode. B The copper electrode increases in weight. C The solution gradually becomes alkaline. D The solution gradually turns blue.

11.

A solid deposit of element T is formed at the cathode (-ve) when an aqueous solution containing ions of T is electrolysed. Which statement about element T must be correct? A T forms negative ions. B T ions gain electrons at the cathode. C T atoms lose electrons at the cathode. D T is above hydrogen in the reactivity series.

12.

On combustion, which fuel never produces pollutants?

A C

diesel methane

B D

hydrogen petrol

13.

Two solutions are mixed in a beaker and the mass of the beaker and the contents is then recorded at various times. The graph shows the results. What could be the two solutions?

A B C D

Aqueous copper(II) sulfate and aqueous ammonia Dilute hydrochloric acid and aqueous sodium sulfate Aqueous sodium hydroxide and aqueous zinc sulfate Aqueous sodium carbonate and dilute nitric acid

14.

What does an oxidizing agent do?

A B C D

It turns acidified potassium dichromate(VI) green. It turns acidified potassium manganate(VII) colourless. It turns aqueous potassium iodide brown. It turns methyl orange yellow.

15.

Tungsten, W, is extracted from tungsten(VI) oxide by reduction with hydrogen. Which equation shows this process?

A 2WO B 2WO3 C WO6 D 2W 6O

+ + + +

2H2 6H2 6H2 2H2

2W 2W W

+ + +

2H2O 6H2O 6H2O 2H2O

12W +

16.

An excess of dilute sulfuric acid reacts with both aqueous barium hydroxide and aqueous barium chloride. In what way are the two reactions the same?

A B C D

A gas is produced. An insoluble salt is produced. The final pH is 7. Water is produced.

17.

Which method would not produce ammonia?

A B C D

heating concentrated aqueous ammonia heating ammonium chloride with calcium hydroxide heating ammonium sulfate with sodium hydroxide heating ammonium sulfate with dilute hydrochloric acid

18.

The pH of an aqueous solution of dilute hydrochloric acid is 2. What will the pH of the acid be after the addition of 10g of sodium chloride? A B C D 1 2 7 9 7

19.

Which of the following oxides dissolves in water to form an acidic solution? A B C D MgO Na2O SO2 SiO2

20.

Which two gases each change the colour of damp red litmus paper? A B C D ammonia and chlorine ammonia and hydrogen chloride carbon dioxide and chlorine carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide

21.

Element M has a high density and a high melting point. It forms two chlorides MCl and MCl2. What does this suggest about element M? A B C D It is a Group II metal. It is a Group IV metal. It is an alkali metal. It is a transition metal.

22.

Which of the statements about the Periodic Table is true? A B C D Elements in the same period have similar properties. Elements in the same group are either metals or non-metals. Elements in the same group have similar properties. Elements in the same period exist in the same physical state.

23.

Which of the following statements about Group I elements is correct?

A B C

The density of the elements is always higher than that of water. All Group I elements react with water to give an alkaline solution. The relative atomic mass of potassium is between those of lithium and sodium.

The element with the greatest relative atomic mass is the least reactive.

24.

Which of the following is a property of aqueous potassium iodide? A B C D It does not conduct electricity. It is decolourised by chlorine. It reacts with aqueous bromine to form iodine. It reacts with aqueous lead(II) nitrate to form a white precipitate.

25.

Which substance reacts with water to form a soluble compound and an insoluble gas?

A B C D

ammonium sulfate caesium calcium carbonate copper

26.

Consider the following experiment. X is most likely to be


Glass wool soaked in water Flame of burning hydrogen

A B C D

copper copper(II) oxide iron iron(III) oxide

Heat

27.

When zinc foil is placed in an aqueous solution containing both magnesium chloride and copper(II) sulfate, which element is displaced? A B C D chlorine copper hydrogen magnesium

28.

Four test tubes are set up as shown in the diagram. Each piece of iron was protected on one side by a different coating.

In which test tube(s) will the iron rust? A C W only W and X B D X only Y and Z

29.

Air contains about 20% oxygen by volume. When a sample of river water was boiled, the air expelled was found to contain 30% oxygen. What is the best explanation of this difference in oxygen content? A B C D Carbon dioxide is more soluble in water than is oxygen. Nitrogen reacts with water. Oxygen is more soluble in water than is nitrogen. The noble gases are insoluble in water.

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30.

The apparatus shown is set up in an experiment to examine the air in an industrial town.

anhydrous copper(II) sulfate

The following results were obtained. Reagent Anhydrous copper(II) sulfate Lime water Acidified potassium manganate(VII) Observation Turned blue White precipitate Decolourised

Which set of gases was present in the sample of air? A B C D SO2, CO, O2 H2O, CO2, SO2 H2, CO, O2 H2O, CO2,O2

31.

When testing for a chloride ion using silver nitrate, the solution must be acidified with dilute nitric acid. What is the purpose of the nitric acid? A B C D to act as a catalyst to oxidise the chloride ion to prevent precipitation of silver carbonate to prevent decomposition of any silver chloride formed

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32.

Which natural resource is being depleted by the manufacture of plastics? A air C metal ores B fossil fuels D water

33.

Why are large alkane molecules cracked to form smaller molecules? A B C D Alkanes with large molecules are not useful. Small alkane molecules can by polymerised. Crude oil does not contain small alkane molecules. To meet the demand for small alkane molecules.

34.

Which process does not result in the formation of both carbon dioxide and water? A B C D addition of a dilute acid to a carbonate burning ethanol burning methane heating crystals of hydrated sodium carbonate

35.

Which of the following does not change in the polymerisation of ethene to form poly(ethene)?

A B C D

Boiling point Density Relative molecular mass Molecular formula

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36.

Which of the following can best be used to distinguish between ethene and ethanol? A B C D A lighted splint Acidified potassium dichromate (VI) Limewater Litmus solution

37.

Ibuprofen is a drug used as an alternative to aspirin for the relief of pain, fever and inflammation. The structure of ibuprofen is shown below.

Which one of the following statements is not correct? A B C D It liberates hydrogen with magnesium metal. It liberates carbon dioxide with sodium carbonate solution. It undergoes esterification with ethanol. It undergoes oxidation with acidified potassium dichromate (VI).

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38.

Heptanol is an alcohol containing seven carbon atoms per molecule. What is its molecular formula?

A B C D

C7H14OH C7H15OH C7H16OH C7H17OH

39.

Polyethenol is a new plastic, which is water soluble. This plastic is useful in hospitals for keeping soiled laundry in and thereby preventing infection. The dirty laundry is then placed in the wash and the bag dissolves letting the washing out. The structure of polyethenol is shown below.

OH H C H C H

OH C H

H C H

OH l C H

H C H

What is the monomer unit for this polymer? A OH H C H C H C H C H OH H H C H D H C OH C H H H B OH C C H OH

OH H

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40. Study the graph below. XX and YY shown in the graph represent the ratio of numbers of carbon to hydrogen atoms for two different homologous series.

Number of hydrogen atoms

Number of carbon atoms

Which one of the following general formulae corresponds to the line XX? A B C D CnH2n CnH2n2 CnH2n+2 CnHn

-End of Paper-

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