This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Welcome to Scribd! Start your free trial and access books, documents and more.Find out more

Electrical Engineering Department

Memorandum To: Professor R. Frank Smith Group Members: Joseph Arias Jordan Quintana Sergio L. Zaragoza III Subject: Kirchhoff¶s Law The objective of this laboratory was to verify Kirchhoff¶s voltage and current law by mean of building and analyzing two circuits, one on series and one in parallel (Figures 1 and 2 respectively). In so doing, experience using both an ammeter and voltmeter was gained. The basis of Kirchhoff¶s Laws, circa 1845, is that the current into a node must equal the current leaving a node where a node is a point where two or more components are connected together (Figure 3). This is known as Kirchhoff¶s Current Law (KCL) and it is best observed circuits that have elements in parallel. Kirchhoff¶s Voltage Law (KVL) is best explained with a hiking analogy. If you go on a hike from your car around a mountain, independent of path, your net change in potential energy is zero. No matter how voltage is measured around a circuit, when you return to your starting point (usually the voltage source) the change in voltage is zero. This is best observed in circuits that have elements in series. In the first part of the experiment the in series circuit in Figure 1 was constructed to verify KVL. The voltage was then measured at each node (A thru E) relative to the power supply ground. Then the same voltage was measured relative to node C. Table 1 below shows our data demonstrating that the sum of the voltages comply with KVL, ergo

n k=1

Date: April 20, 2011

Vk = 0:

12 5.023 Rexp ( ) 1. This value should have been equal to zero but the discrepancies could be explained by anomalous behavior of the lab equipment due to age and/or factory blemishes.04 -0. the summation of voltages with appropriate polarity was performed as shown at the bottom of table 1.36 -7.1003 Table 1 ± Summary of data used to demonstrate KVL Figure 1 ± Circuit with 3 resistors in series with a power source used to demonstrate KVL Since the circuit was in series. To demonstrate KVL.32 0. The power (table 1. the summation of the powers with negative values representative of power . column 2) from the source was of the same value through each resistor. To demonstrate the concept of power delivered being equal to the power dissipated.142 5.2019 -0.098 Current (mA) 1.3683 -7.35 source Power (mW) 1.023 1.023 mA (table 1. column 4) was calculated by means of implementing the power equation.1683 5. By implementing Ohms law. column 3) by using the voltage and current.023 1.023 1. the experimenters were able to calculate the experimental resistance for each resistor (table 1. column 1. a current of 1.KVL-Series Circuit Voltage (V) 1.5651 0.44 0.

7662 26. column 4.8350 Table 2 ± Summary of data used to demonstrate KC Figure 2 ± Circuit with 3 resistors in parallel used to demonstrate KCL . demonstrating that the currents comply with KCL: Rexp ( ) 1116 5371 351. pages 5-6.08 3.08 Current (mA) 2. I2.delivered was performed at the bottom of table 1. and I3.3892 1.9 source Voltage (V) 3. Table 2 below shows our data and power calculated.9577 -35. In the second part of the experiment the in parallel circuit in Figure 2 was constructed to verify KCL.08 3.490 0. were then measured and recorded. The current from each individual resistor in the circuit I1.752 -11. Sample calculations are provided in Appendix.5004 1.08 3. The current from the power supply was then measured and recorded by rewiring our circuit to have the ammeter in series with the power supply and the resistor branching.573 8. This value should have also been equal to zero but discrepancies have been carried over from anomalous measurements of the voltages and current due to reasons previously stated.596 Power (mW) 8.760 0.

Through the different circuit configurations we are able to verify Kirchhoff¶s Law for both voltage and current. The current was calculated by means of implementing Ohms law as seen in the sample calculations (reference Appendix. column 3. column 1. This value should have been equal to zero but the discrepancies. KCL was demonstrated by means taking the summation of the currents at the node shown in figure 3 with currents into the node designated positive and currents out of the node designated negative. as previously stated. again. could be explained by anomalous behavior of the lab equipment due to age and/or factory blemishes. The experimental resistance for each resistor was taken from the KVL experiment and placed in table 2. page 5) using the experimental resistance and voltage. as previously stated. . Our data demonstrates that the sum of the current provided by the power supply is equal (or close by a margin of error) to the sum of the current going across each of the resistors in the parallel circuit. It also demonstrated that the sum of the voltage provided by power supply is equal (or.08 V was constant at each resistor and placed in table 2. The concept of power delivered equaling the power dissipated was demonstrated again for the parallel circuit with the result shown at the bottom of table 2. close by a margin of error) to the sum of the voltages drop across each resistor in the series circuit. a voltage from the power source of 3. This value should have also been equal to zero but. column 2. column 4. Since the circuit was in parallel.Figure 3 ± Node used to analyze currents in the parallel circuit. discrepancies have been carried over from anomalous measurements of the voltages and current. The result is shown at the bottom of table 2.

023)(1.142) P ! 1. Ohms law sample calculation for current I! I! Rexp 3.142 1.023(103 ) Rexp ! 1.12K.5651 0.Appendix Sample Calculations Ohms Law sample calculation for experimental resistance Rexp ! Rexp ! V I 1.1003mW } 0 .76mA Power sample calculation P ! IV P ! (1.3683) ! 0 0.2019 (1.1683 Power delivered and power dissipated sample calculation Power delivered = power dissipated Pdelivered ! Pdissipated Pdelivered Pdissipated ! 0 Psource (P1 P2 P3 ) ! 0 7.1683 5.08 1116 I ! 2.

01149 0.04 1.08© ¹! 0 ª 1116 5371 351.49(103 ) 3.9 º 0..KVL Sample Calculation §V k!1 n k !0 V1 V2 .00059A } 0 Isource ¡ .. In1 In ! 0 Isource I1 I2 I3 ! 0 V V !0 R1 R2 R3 ¨ 1 1 1 ¸ Isource V © ¹! 0 ªR1 R2 R3 º ¨ 1 1 1 ¸ 11. Vn1 Vn ! 0 Vsource V1 V2 V3 ! 0 7.142 5.36 ! 0 0..01208 ! 0 0..44 0.098V } 0 KCL Sample Calculation n §I k!1 k !0 I1 I2 .

- Kirchhoff’s Laws
- Stator Winding Induction Motor in the EMTP
- Unloaded Power Transformer
- A Theoretical Model for Calculating Pressure Drop in the Con
- Characterization of Thermal Transport in Low-dimensional Boron Nitride Nanostructures
- Artigo_PJustino
- EIT Circuits Review
- A Conservative k − ω model for canonical shock-turbulence
- A Dynamic Model of Transformer With Tap Changer Using BCTRAN-Routine and 94-Type
- Meen461spring2015 Hw1 Solution
- Www.nsti.Org Publications MSM 99 PDF T5707
- 2014 Numerical Simulation of Vortex-Induced Vibration of a Circular Cylinder at Low Mass and Damping With Different Turbulent Models
- articol_cluj.pdf
- PUB00023
- fluenthomework20130113-130211010524-phpapp02.pdf
- Oleg L Polyansky et al- An accurate, global, ab initio potential energy surface for the H3^+ molecule
- EC2155 - Circuits & Devices Lab
- 14.08110303
- Mathematical Modeling of Coalescence
- 12 Skoko Marcetic Vasic Oros
- Scale Invariance in Expanding Fermi Gases
- v32_187_199
- 06167319
- england 2002 0450
- Aip Advances 2011
- 06699220
- 1-s2.0-S0038092X11004294-main
- A SIMPLE AND RELIABLE ALGORITHM FOR DISCRIMINATION BETWEEN INRUSH STATE AND FAULTY CONDITIONS IN TRANSFORMERS
- Validation Report on the 2-Phase Line Sizing (3)
- Articulo Version Final

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd