You are on page 1of 13

-1-

cspfaygufuGJoHpOf
uRefawmfa&mufSdaeaom aetdrfrSm &efukefNrdKUSd ..twGif;jzpfum
'kpkdufvkyfief;jzifh toufarG;aom q&mBuD;trnfcH OD;wdk; qdkaomvl0BuD;
jzpfonf/ uReaf wmfEiS hf qufo,
G o
f &d jcif;vnf; xl;qef;vSonfawmh r[kwb
f J
uRefawmfu vlowfrIjzifh axmifwGif;udk a&mufpOfu OD;wdk;ESifhoduRrf;cJh&NyD;
olUudk axmiftusO;f om;wpfO;D u ku
d Ef u
S &f efBupH nfum uReaf wmfu 0ifa&muf
u,fvdkufaomaMumifh OD;wdk;rSm toufcsrf;om&m &oGm;NyD;aemuf cifrif
&if;ESD;jcif; jzpf\/ xdktcsdefu OD;wdk;\trIrSm raumif;aomrdef;rrsm;ESifh pD;yGm;
SmazGvkyfudkif zmaxmifpm;rItwGuf axmif 1 ESpfcGJ usvm&mrS uRefawmfESifh
cifNyD; axmifxJwGif awGUcJhjcif; jzpfonf/
xdkYaemufwGif uRefawmfonf axmifxJwGif ESpfSnfvrsm; rcHpm;&yJ
*syefacwfrS jzpfcJh&aom trIjzpf OD;wdk;xuft&if 'DtrIrS vGwfajrmufcJh&
ygonf/
uRefawmfbmaMumifh vlowfcJh&ovJqdkwmudk aSUtcef;wGif az:jy
ygrnf/ uReaf wmftpu vlwpfa,muftjzpf vlom;wdYk apmift
h yfaom usi0hf wf
odumudk aqmifhpnf;vifhupm; uRefawmfudk azgufjyefatmif jyefvkyfcJholrSm
rdef;rom;yif jzpf\/ trSefuawmh uRefawmfonf vlaumif;wpfOD; r[kwfyg/
vlaumif;wpfa,muftjzpfu vlqdk;wpfOD;tjzpf ajymif;vJcJh&jcif;
tajctaeudk ay;vdkufolrSm row0gac: rwPSmwdkYaMumifh jzpfavonf/
uRefawmfb,ftxdrsm; tmkH0ifpm;aerSef; rodyg/ OD;wdk;u uRefawmfteD;
uyfum..

-2]][J..pd;k av; rif;vky&f rJw


h m0efu a[m'Dtcef;xJu ieJryJ..acgif;rm
aeao;w,fqdkygawmhuGm.. [J[J Munfhvkyf prf;ygtkH;}}
OD;wd;k tcef;twGi;f udk Munfv
h u
kd af omtcg touf 18 ESpcf efY Srd nfxif
&aom rdef;rysKdwpfOD; idka<u;vQufSdonfudk awGU&ygonf/
uReaf wmf[m cyfapmapmuvdk r[kwaf wmhyJ acgif;uqHyifukd ususee
zD;um t0wftpm;rsm; oyfoyf&yf&yf0wfqif aumifrav;So
d nfh tcef;xJukd
0ifoGm;ygonf/ aumifrav;qdkaomfvnf; tysKdBuD;zm;zm; wifum;&ifom;
rsm;u ESvkH;udkwpfNyKH;NyKH;xvmatmif pGifhum;zGifhum;vQuf awGU&ygonf/
udGueJrnfoHaMumifh wpfbufodkY 'l;acgif;uav; ESpfvkH;axmifum
rsufvkH;uav;arS; acgif;uav;rSm 'l;acgif;xdyfay:idkufMu&if; rsuf&nfrsm;
yg;ay:odYk wvSrd v
hf rdS phf ;D qif;usaeNy;D tvSr,fuav;u qufueJ acgif;axmif
Munfhvdkufonfudk awGY&ygonf/
oluav;rSm uRefawmhudk jrifaomtcgwGif kwfw&uf acgif;axmif
MunfNh y;D tHt
h m;oifah eykv
H nf;&Ny;D ? uReaf wmfu NyK;H csKad om rsuEf mS udk tpGr;f ukef
[efaqmif xm;um..
]]emrnfav;u b,fvdkac:ovJ tpfudk yJcl;uyJ.. 'DutpfrBuD;u
tpfudkYudk rdef;ray;pm;r,fqdkNyD; ac:vmwmyJ.. olu rif;udk oem;NyD; rif;udk
ac:vmwJh vlawGauseyfatmif aeay;ygqdv
k Ykd ay;cJ&h wmyJ.. 'Dawmh rif;bmrS
ryleJY[kwfvm;.. rif;udk igwwfEdkifoavmuf u,fwifygr,fuGm}}
uRefawmfu xdkuJhodkY nifnifomom ajymvdkufaomaMumifh oluav;
rSm tawmf,kHpm;oGm;[efSdNyD; NAKH;ueJ uRefawmhajcovkH;udk zufwpfIdufIduf

-3idkygawmhonf/
]]tudBk u;D &,f u,fyg.. usrudk rw&m; 'Dval wGac:vmNy;D ? rw&m;usihf
bdkY BudK;pm;w,f tpfudkBuD;&,f.. tudkBuD;u,fygaemf.. tudkBuD;udk tm;udk;
yg&apSi}f }
]]wdk;wdk;..wdk;wdk;.. rif;rSmvJ 'Pf&mawGeJUygvm;}}
]][kwyf gw,f tudBk u;D &,f.. rw&m;usizhf Ykd BuKd ;pm;wm r&wmeJY usrudk
trsKd;rsKd; ESdyfpufw,f.. usr aoygap rcHbl;}}
]]tpfudkuvnf; 'DvdkowdrsKd;rS BudKufum 'gayrJh nDrav;eJU tudkBuD;
wu,fcspfBudKufoGm;aMumif;udk olwdkYjrifatmifjyrSjzpfr,f olwdkYu waph
wapmif;acsmif;Munfhaewm.. 'grSvJ nDrav;udk u,fEdkifrSm}}
]][if..}} oluav;rSm tawmfyifSufoGm;[efjzifh acgif;ikHYypfvdkufyg
onf/ oluav;\ &ifrSm edrfhwkHjrifhwkH jzpfaeygonf/
]]emrnf b,fvdkac:ovJ}}
]]rlrl vdkY twdkaumuf ac:ygw,f}} ]]emrnftSnfuawmh av;rl
vdkYac:ygw,f}}
]]tudBk u;D uawmh rlru
l kd jrifjrifjcif;yJ cspaf eNy?D tudBk u;D rlru
l kd aiGeaYJ yguf
NyD; u,fr,faemf/}}
uReaf wmfonf rlr\
l vufuav;wzufukd qGu
J majymvdu
k o
f nf/ rlrrl mS
uRefawmf\,Ofaus;zG,f jyKrlcsufuav;udk vufcHvmNyDrdkY ndrfndrfuav;yJ
Sdaeygonf/

-4]]Zmwdua&m b,fuvJ}}
]]yJcl;uyg tpfudk}}
]]atmf[kwfvm; 'gjzifh tpfudkwdkY e,fu ygyJvm;}}
rlrrl mS rsuv
f ;Hk uav; ta&mifvufvm cJah yonf/ uReaf wmfonf rlru
l kd
pum;rsm;ajym&if; oluav;yck;H ay:odYk vufwifvu
kd Nf y;D aemufwiG f olu
Y ,
kd v
f ;Hk
av;udk &ifcGiftwGif; qGJ,lvsuf rlrl\yg;rdkYrdkYuav;udk arT;ay;vdkufonf/
xdkYaemufwGif rlrl\ EIwfcrf;uav;udk pkyfonfhwdkifatmifyif rlrlrSm Nidrfouf
vsufSdonf/
uRefawmfonf rlrludk ckwifay:qGJcsvdkufNyD; rlrl\ &ifuav;ay:odkY
uReaf wmf\&ifbwfus,Bf u;D jzifh zduyfxm;ygonf/ xdt
k cgwGif rlrrl mS rsu&f nf
wpdrfhpdrfh usqif;vmonfudk awGU&ygonf/ bmyJjzpfjzpf uRefawmfuawmh
udk,fudp atmifjrifa&;udk t"duaqmifGuf&rnf jzpfygonf/
]]rlrludk oem;yg tudk&,f}}
]]oem;wmrS tud,
k &hf UJ toJEv
S ;Hk awG a<uwJt
h xd oem;wmaygh rlr&l ,f
..bmaMumifh idck si&f wmvJ[if..tudek YJ awGUrSyJ aysmaf ysmf iT f iT af eprf;yg tcspf
av;&,f}}
uRefawmfonf rlrl\EIwfcrf;awGudk wtm;ukefikH pkyf,lxm;aom
rlrl\&ruf[kef jyif;xefvmap&eftwGuf olav;\ umrcvkyfrsm;Sd&modkY
wpfckNyD;wpfck Edk;<uvmap&eftwGuf yxrqkH;&ifom; rdkYrdkYav;xdyfrS EdkYoD;
acgif;av;udk wGG yGwfacsaerdygonf/

-5xdo
k Ykd yGwaf csEikd af tmifvJ tus us,o
f ;D uav;udk wpfv;Hk csi;f jzKwNf y;D
twGi;f cHabmfvt
D usuykd g cJc,
J Of;,Of; jzKwv
f u
kd &f jcif; jzpfonf/ uReaf wmf\
'l;acgif;BuD; wpfzufu olr\ zGHUNzdK;oG,fvsaom aygifwHBuD;ay:odkY csdwfvdkuf
ygonf/
uRefawmf\ tjyKtrlrsm;rSm Murf;Murf;wrf;wrf;BuD; r[kwfyJ olr\
tvdkqEudk vdkufavsm&if; udk,fvdkcsifaomqEc&D;udk vG,fvG,fESifha&mufvm
ap&eftwGuf zefwD;,laomenf;yif jzpf\/
xdkodkY &ifom; NzdK;NzdK;uav;urSwqifh uRefawmfvufawGrSm tajy;
uav; atmufzufodkY qif;oGm;um olr\0rf;jyifom;uav;udk cyfzGzG av;
yGwfoyfay;aerd\/
'gwifruao; olr\0rf;jyifom;av;awGrmS waGUaGUatmufoYkd qif;
um qD;ckHarmufarmufuav;udk rem;wrf;xdk;qGaerdjyefum olr\xrD
uav;tm; vufSdK;ESifh vufrSyfum jzwfueJqGJ cRwfvdkufonftxd
jzpfyg\/
pdrf;jrjruav;tjzpf awGUae&aom aygifwefuav;rS rdkYrdkYckH;ckH;
awmifukef;av;ozG,f apmufzkwfuav;onf uRefawmfvufrsm;a&muf
oGm;aomtcgwGif cyfapmapmuxuf t&nfaysmfvm&awmhonfhtvm;
txufoGm;ESifh atmufESKwfcrf;av;rsm;udk wtm;udkufxm;awmhNyD; aT&if
rdkYrdkYav;rSmvnf; edrfhcsD jrifhcsDESifh vIdif;xovdk ydkarmufvm ygawmhonf/
uRefawmfonf b,fvdkrS qdkif;raeawmhbJ olr\A[dkcsuf aTcsufyef;
tyGifhtzl;tikH apmufzkwfav;rS vufwqpfeD;yg; rSdwwfao;aom tcRef
twufapmufaphav;udk waGUaGUyGwfay;vdkufaomtcgrawmh w[if;[if;

-6ESifhyif tHuav;Budwf&mu yGifhxGufvmygawmhonf/


xdktcgrSmawmh uRefawmfvD;BuD;rSm vsyfppfvdkufonfhtvm; vIyfSm;
vm&awmhvsuf NAKH;ueJ rlrl\ udk,fay:odkY wudk,fvkH;arSmufcsvdkuf&mu
pGifhpGifhum;um; wifyg;rsm;ay:vmonftxd qGJajrmufrdyg\/ rlrlrS rsufvkH;
awGudk pkHrdwfum uRefawmfjyKorQ EkawmhrnfhtoGifu xif;xif;BuD;ay:aeNyD;
olr\aygifBu;D ESpv
f ;Hk udk NAK;H ueJ qGaJ jrmufvsuf uReaf wmf\aygifEpS v
f ;Hk Mum;wGif
qG J c sxm;&mwG i f r l pG i f h p G i f h u m;um;zG H U xG m ;nuf n mvS a om wif y g;rsm;rS m
plxGufvQufvm&mu uRefawmfuvnf; tvdkufoifh tvsm;oifh udk,fudk
uk e f ; &mu yk c k H ; uav;ud k q G J u m tmomprf ; prf ; Murf ; awmh r nf h t oG i f r S m
wu,fawG;MunfhvQif &ifwkHp&mBuD; jzpfygonf/
uRefawmf\ vD;BuD;rSmolr\apmufzkwfuav;ESifh xdawGUonfhwdkif
atmif tay:,HtxufvmT wGif uvday;av&m rlr\
l wifyg;Bu;D rsm;u tm;rvdk
tm;r& vIyfvIyfGG jzpfvm&NyD;../
tud.k . [kyif toHuav; wd;k Si;f pGmESihf tHuav;wif;um xGuaf y:
vmawmhonf/ uRefawmfudk,fwdkifuvnf; olr\ EIwfcrf;tpkHudk ikHxm;rdonfh
wdkifatmif vufrsm;udk wGGav; aT&ifom;ay:0,f <um;<um;0ifh0ifhuav;
upm;aerdygonf/
xdktcsdefrSmyif uRefawmfonf rlrl\tjrifhqkH;aom tylcsdef'D*&DwGif
Sad eNyrD Ykd olr\yg;rdrYk u
Ykd av;ESihf vnfwikd af MumhaMumhuav;udk oGm;jzpf remrusif
udu
k v
f u
kd &f m vkyif ef;udk yxrqk;H c&D;pOftjzpf cyf,Of,Ofuav; pvdu
k yf gonf/
uReaf wmfu vD;udk apmufzw
k t
f 0wGif awhNy;D aSUiku
H m olr\Edu
Yk pkd aYkd y;
vdkufygonf/ wzefaygifudk um;apNyD; vufwzufu olr\ apmufzkwftuGJ

-7av;udk cyfzdzdav; vD;wHudk aqmifhxdk;vdkufygonf/ EIwfcrf;vTmuhJodkY xGufae


aom apmufzw
k t
f wGi;f odYk vD;wHonf 0ifomG ;ygonf/ aemufxyfjyefxw
k v
f u
kd f
NyD; vD;udkxdef;um jyefoGif;vdkufygonf/ jznf;Sif;,k,pGm vD;tEkwftoGif;
vkyfay;&wm rtDromjzifh rlrlrSm remusifbJ t&omawGU[efwlawmh\/
apmufapheD&Jav;udkvnf; uRefawmfvufu yGwfqGJ&if; toGif;tEkwf
vky&f m rlrrl mS wPSmaZm<uvmonfxuf <uvmawmhonf/ ta&awGrmS vnf;
pdkonfxuf pdkvmawmhonf vD;onft&nfrsm;jzifhcRJNyD; t0iftxGufvG,fvm
awmh\/ xdUk aMumifh uReaf wmhvufEpS zf ufu cg;udk qGzJ ufNy;D cyfMurf;Murf;av;
aqmifhoGif;vdkuf&m..
]]tdk..tudk&,f..uRwfuRwfuRwf}}
vD;tqkH;0ifoGm;wmrdkY olratmifhoGm;onf/
vD;t&if;ESirhf t
Ykd ad eaom apmufzw
k Bf u;D rSm zwfueJqrHk yd gonf/ tenf;
i,femojzifh zifqkHum;BuD;udk avQmueJ jyefxkwfvdkufNyD; qufueJ qufueJ
jyefaqmifo
h iG ;f vdu
k &f m olruvnf; aygifwjH zLjzLudk tm;jyKNy;D wifyg;udk cyfaumh
aumhajrmufay;&m ESpfa,mufpvkH;\ EIwfcrf;rsm;yl;uyf pkyfprf;,if; umr
t&omrsm;jzifh pdwfNidrfaeMuygonf/ vkH;MuyfrdkYarmufaom olr&ifom;ESpfrTm
rSm uRefawmfhvufxJwGif wzsOf;zsOf; w[if;[if; qkwfES,fcH&ovdk ziftdtd
xGm;xGm; rdkYrdkYrSmvnf; uRefawmf\BuD;rm;aom aygifwHESpfzufatmufrSm
wvl;vl; wvdrfhvdrfhESifh Syfrdaeawmhonf/
umraZmxefvmaom rlru
l vnf; olr\ wifyg;udk cyfMurf;Murf; aumh
ajrmufay;um uRefawmhwudk,fvkH;udk odkif;zuf&if;u wPSma&,mOfaMumrSm

-8ajrmaeygonf/
uRefawmfuvnf; rdrd\aygifwefudk tm;,l cyfMurf;Murf; cyfoGuf
oGuf aqmifch sav&m? vD;wHuvnf; olrapmufzw
k o
f mru apmufaph eD&&J u
J ykd g
cyfzdzdqGoGm;av&m rlrlrSm taMumawG wqwfqwfwkHum umrt&omxl;udk
cHpm;&if; taqmifah &m tarSmufa&m xdcsuu
f sus vkyaf vawmh&m ESpaf ,muf
om; wPSmaZm<uavav wzwfzwfoH nHvmav aumif;vm\/ tm;rvdk
tm;r&[efjzifh olru aumhay;NyD; 0ifvmaom vD;aqmifhcsufudk tm;&yg;&
wifyg;udk ajrmufay;awmhonf/
vD;wpfacsmif;vk;H rSmvJ wif;Muyfaomfvnf; El;nHt
h pd ufaom apmufzw
k f
twGif; >ywfueJ aqmifhaqmifh0ifvmonf/
ESpfa,mufpvkH; umrzDvifrsm; wufvmMuonftavsmuf olronf
uReaf wmf\vnfyif;udk tm;yg;w& zufoikd ;f um cg;a&mwifyg;udk tcsuu
f sus
aumhay;\/
ESpfa,mufpvkH; rsufvkH;rzGifhEdkifatmif xl;uJaom t&omcHpm;&um
uRefawmfhEIwfcrf;vTmrsm;u olr\EdkYtkHudkGG pdkYay;ygonf/
vQmzsm;EkEkuav; EdkYtkHSdEdkYoD;uav;udk w,kw, xdk;qGay;vdkuf&m
rlrlrSm umrzDvifrsm; wufvmcsdefwGif uRefawmh\vD;BuD;rSm ydkNyD;wkwfvmav
onf/ taMumrsm; wqwfqwfvIyfcg txl;jcm;qkH;t&omrsm; &Sd&ef eD;vm
ygonf/
rlrlu tdtdxGm;xGm; wifyg;rsm;u tndrfraevIyfSm;aeNyD; apmufzkwf
xJu a&MunfawGvnf; pdak eNyrD Ykd tcsurf sm;rsm; aqmif&h ayrJh uReaf wmf arm[ef

-9rjybl;/
vD;wpfckvkH; t&nfawG cRJusdusdeJYrdkY aqmifh&Ekwf& jrefvSonf/ wifyg;
xGm;jcif; aygifwHtdxGm;jcif;aMumifh olrrSm tvdk;cHEdkifjcif; jzpfonf/
r[kwf,if rvG,fyg/ w>ywf>ywfaqmifhvdk;vdkufwdkif; olrcrsm tifhceJY
Nird o
f mG ;ygonf/ rlrcl rsm zifwpfcv
k ;Hk udk tm;&yg;& ajrmufay;ko
H mru aygifukd
vdkufum;vdkuf Ekwfcrf;csif;awhpkyfay;vdkufESifh rem;&Smay/
vD;acsmif;wpfckvkH;uvnf; apmufacgif;usOf;usOf;av;xJrSm rqefYrNyJ
jyKww
f El iS hf Syx
f m;ovdk aoG;aMumawGu wqwfqwfvyI af ewmu uReaf wmf/
Munfyh g uReaf wmfa&m olryg yef;wdik af &mufawmhrmS rdYk tm;&yg;&aqmifh
aeMuygonf/ apmufzw
k w
f pfcv
k ;Hk zsi;f ueJ zsi;f ueJjzpfvmum aygifwiG ;f aMum
awGvnf; wjzwfjzwfESifh &rufaZmavsmhusvmygonf/
uRefawmhrSmvnf; vD;wefBuD;wpfckvkH; wqwfqwfvIyfvm&if;u
usOu
f eJ usOu
f eJ pdrw
hf ufvmcsed rf mS olru apmufzw
k Ef w
I cf rf;om;awGeYJ vD;udk
Spq
f v
JG u
kd yf gonf/ olr\aygifxmG ;xGm; wifyg;qkBH u;D cGu0f ifomG ;Ny;D umrta&
awG[m apmufywfxJrSm pdkueJ jzpfoGm;NyD; wpfcsDNyD;oGm;ygonf/
uRefawmh&JUokwf&nfawGuvnf; tm;&yg;& xGufwmrdkY apmufacgif;
xJrmS okw&f nfcsi;f qkrH Nd yrD Ykd olra&m uReaf wmfyg rvIyrf ,SuEf iS hf wpfa,mufEiS hf
wa,muf tm;yg;w&zufum pnf;pdrf,l,if; NidrfusoGm;ygawmhonf/

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

- 10 -

usKyfb0 jzpfpOf
uReaf wmfonf aumif;uifjyifukd Munfv
h u
kd af omtcg rd;k om;rsm; wvdrS hf
vdSrfhwufvmNyD; rMumrD rdk;rsm;u 0kef;0kef;wjAKef;jAKef;GmcsawmhrnfrdkY EGm;rsm;udk
cyfoGufoGuf armif;,if;u v,fwuGuf\ w0ufavmufomomSdaom
v,fuGufuav;udk cyfoGufoGufuav; EGm;rsm;udk BudrfwdkYum x,facsmif;udk
ajzmifhajzmifhay;um cGJvsufSdygonf/
uReaf wmf arQmv
f ifah eonfrmS tckrvmao;yg 0rf;xJrmS vnf; wMuKwf
MuKwEf iS hf qmavmifvsuf ydS gonf/ eHeufapmapmu ,laqmifvmaom a&aEG;
Murf;wpftdk;rSmvnf; ukefvkeD;eD; jzpfaeygonf/ trSefuawmh xdktcsdefqdkygrl
tpm;taomufwpfckckawmh vma&mufydkYpNrJyif jzpfygonf/
trSefpifppfuawmh uRefawmfrSm v,form; om;orD;wpfOD; jzpfvifh
upm; v,fxJwGif &efzef&efcgavmufom qif;cJh&NyD; NrdKUay:wGif ausmif;aecJh
&m(8)wef;rQatmifNyD; ausmif;xGufvQuf tdrfodkY jyefcJh&ygonf/
uRefawmfZeD;jzpfol tapmESifhawGUqkH&jcif;rSm tawmfuav; xl;onfh
awmh r[kwfyg/
uRefawmfNrdKUwufoGm;avwdkif; tapmwdkYGmuav;udk cPwjzKwf
avmufawmh armyef;ajz&onfom jzpfygonf/ xdkuJhodkY tyef;ajzcsifpzG,fjzpf
&jcif;rSmvnf; tapmwdkY GmOD;xdyfwGif xef;awmtkyfBuD; SdaomaMumifh jzpf\/
xdkxef;awmtkyfuav;wGif uRefawmfESifhtapm zl;pmqkHcJh&jcif;jzpf\/
waeYwGif aps;0,fNyD;tjyef xef;&nftrl;vGefum tjyefcufaecsdef0,f
vSnf;armif;vmonfh tapmu uRefawmfudk oem;nmwmpGmjzifh wifaqmifcJh

- 11 ygonf/ tapm\GmESihf uReaf wmfwYkd mG rSm wac:omoma0;onfrYkd bmrQrulnD


Edkifp&mrSdygay/
uRefawmfrSm yxrawmh owdr&vSyg owd& Munfhaomtcg
vSn;f aumuf;dk ay:wGif acGacGuav;ygvmaom uReaf wmftjzpfukd owd&vm
NyD; o&ufxnfxrD rdef;rom;wpfOD;\ wifyg;BuD;ESifhuRefawmf\ rsufESmrsm;u
*a[qufovdk vSnf;aqmifhwdkif; xdawGUaeygonf/
rsufESmudk rjrifao;vifhupm; oluav;\ jynfhjzdK;jzLazG;wif;wif;
,if;,if; wifygBuD;awGudk vufESifhzspfrMunfh&ao;vifhupm; tysKdwpfOD;qdk
wmuawmh aocsmoavmuf uRefawmfodvdkufygonf/
uRefawmfu vSnf;armif;aeoluav;udk rnfolrsm;jzpfrnf[k tom
uav;Munfhvdkufaomtcg uRefawmfwdkYGmESifh reD;ra0;rS tapmjzpfaeNyD;
uRefawmfu awGUvdkuf&ojzifh 0rf;xJwGifBudwfum 0rf;tomBuD;omrdygonf/
tapmrSm wpfcguyfcg uRefawmhqDudk acgif;uav; orifvnfjyef
MunfhNyD;..
]]tif;.. ckxufxd trl;vnf;rajyao;bl;..vluxef;&nf wjrjray
r,fh vluawmhval csmyJ..t[d}} [kwa,mufxJ ajymumBuw
d
f &,farmvdu
k f
ygao;onf/
wpfzef uReaf wmf wu,fyif tdyaf ysmo
f wdr&jzpfaeNy[
D k xifaeojzifh
uRefawmf\ ESmzl;rsm;udkrodrom prf;oyf vdkufjyefao;\/
uReaf wmfonf ol\oabmudk odvakd omaMumifh tm.tmtif.. tif
ESifh nD;nL&mu wifyg;BuD;udk acgif;ESifhwdk;&if;? cg;udkodrf;zufxm;vdkuf&m

- 12 kwfw&ufqdkaomf..]]tdk}} [ktoHuav;u aMumufaMumufvefYvef yGifhuef


xGufvmygawmh\/
odkYayrJh oluav;rSm tmar#dwftoHuav;ESifha,mif&rf;vdkufayr,fh
ke;f uefjcif;rjyKyJ uReaf wmfu ol\cg;udk &pfywfxm;onfh vufBu;D udk r&Jw&JEiS hf
udkifwG,fvQufSdygonf/
tapm\cg;ESifhaygif&if;udk xdawGUae&ojzifhvnf; tapmuawmh
rajymwwf/ uRefawmfuawmh cspf&rufawG rD;[kef;[kef;awmufvm&\/
&ifwpfcv
k ;Hk rSmvnf; a&iwfoyl rm jzpfvm&ovdk wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk wGiv
f nf;
"gwfvu
kd cf &H olyrm w'de;f 'de;f ESihf jzpfaeawmh\/ tapmud,
k w
f ikd v
f nf; usaemfvkd
yif cHpm;&vsufSdaMumif; rajymyJESifh odomvsufSdygonf..
tb,faMumifhqdkaomf olr\udk,fuav;rSm waGUaGU usaemfqDodkY
rSu
D svmovdk ewfy;l onfo
h zG,f wkew
f ek v
f yI v
f yI u
f av; jzpfaeonfukd awGU&\/
xdktcsdefrSmyif acsmif;wHwm;av;udk a&mufvmNyD; EGm;rsm;udk a&wdkuf
vdkufygonf..xdkae&mrSm awmwef;uav;jzpfaomaMumifh vlvnf;jywfvS
ygonf . . usaemf o nf ol a v;\cg;BuD ; ud k wG u f z uf x m;&m vuf r sm;
ajyavsmo
h mG ;Ny;D olav;\ wkww
f w
k Nf zKd ;NzKd ; aygifwBH u;D rsm;tay: vufa&mufum
rodrom qkwfudkifxm;rd\/
usaemfu qkwu
f ikd x
f m;,krH u tomt,myGwo
f yfaeouJo
h Ykd aygif&if;
udk wdk;zdum xm;rdygonf/ xdkodkYusaemf\ tjyKtrlaMumifhyif oluav;
udk,fwdkifyif raeEdkif rxdkifEdkif jzpfvm[efSdygonf..

- 13 usaemfrmS MumSnpf mG pdwrf xde;f Edik af wmhyJ csucf si;f yif olrbufvn
S u
hf m
olr\cg;uav;udk &pfywfaevdkufrdygonf..
xdkYaemufrawmh usaemf[m oluav;\ udk,fvkH;uav;udk qGJ,lvdkuf
&mu..
]]tapm.. udk,fhudk cspfw,faemf.. cspfw,f r[kwfvm;..}} [k
tmvkwo
f BH u;D ESihf ajym,if; uref;uwef; olav;\ yg;uav;rsm;udk b,fjyef
nmjyef arT;aerdyg\.. xdt
k cgrSmawmh oluav;rSm rsuv
f ;Hk uav; tyifo
h m;
ESifh bmrQjyefrajymEdkifawmhyJ..
]]vGwfyg.. vTwfyg.. tudk&,f..}}
]][J[J.. bm&rvJ tapm&,f.. tudku Edk;aewmMumNyD.. tckrS
SufraeygeJY.. tapm&m..}}
usaemfu vufa&m EIwfcrf;a&m ajymif;qefum tvkyfIyf,if;u
olav;\udk,fav;udk cyfoGufoGufuav; ayGUcsDvsuf NcHKawmBuD;twGif;
ajy;0ifcJhrdygawmhonf/

_____ NyD;ygNyD _____