fa tercera [asel

A 10 largo de la tcrccra fuse del curso umpliani el campo de las situaciones en las que podra descnvolvcrsc en ingles. Adcrnas. las 32 unidadcs que componcn btu tasc le ayudaran a dar a su inglcs el estilo mas adccuado a cada situacion, a enfrentarse a forma' de pronunciacion distintas de las que son propias del ingles estandar britanico y arncricano , y a cjcrcitar el inglcs cscrito con fines practice . AI terrninar est a fasc, listed habra recorrido un largo camino en cl aprcndizaje de la lengua inglcsa. En otras palabra: -y de acuerdo COil el puralcli smo entre cl aprendizajc del inglcs y la ascension a una montana que vio al principio del curso-. los conocimientos adquiridos Ie habran pcrmirido llegar a su Forward camp 0 "Carnparncnto avanzado", 825


Unit 41. Future events. Instructions in English in Phase 3. Introduction. Predictions. Conditions. Song: If I see you again. The diversity of English accents. Grammar. Reading, writing, spelling and punctuation. Peanuts. Predictions can be dangerous! Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 41.

833 834 836 838 840

842 844 846 847 848 850 850 852

A Canadian accent. Grammar. True or false? Punctuation (I): Abbreviations. Peanuts, Truth and uncertainty. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 43.

882 884

887 ,87 8'8 890 890 892

nit 42. Warnings and advice. Introduction. Warnings. Advice. Recommendations. Song: Be careful! The diversity of English styles. Grammar. Warning signs. Spelling (I). Peanuts. Superstitions. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 42.

853 854 856 858 860

862 864 866 867 867 868 870 870

nit 44. Suggestions and offers. Introduction. Suggestions. OtTers. Decisions. Song: Cherry. Otlicial style. Grammar. Messages and telegrams. Peanuts. English proverbs. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 44.


894 896 898 900 901 902 904 906 907



Unil43. Certainty and uncertainty. In troduction. Present uncertainty. Future uncertainty. Doubts. Song: Who knows?


873 874 876 878

Unit 45. Superlatives. Introduction. Superlatives about present facts. Superlatives about past events. Other expressions. Song: I didn t know that. An Indian accent. Grammar. Advertising slogans. Spelling (2). Peanuts. Pakistan, Bangladesh. Sri Lanka, Facts and figures.


914 916

920 921

9_2 924 926 927 927


Key points from this unit. Dia1ogue. Test 45.

930 930 932

Unit 46. Future events and activities. Introduction. Future events. Future activities. Polite questions about the future. Song: Drivin' all night. Public announcements. Latin origins and Germanic origins. Grammar. Horoscopes. Punctuation (2): Comma . Peanuts. British novelists. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 46.

933 934 936 938 940 941 942
943 944

Grammar: Summary of Units 41-47. Informal invitations. Dictation, Peanuts. American novelists (1). So far, so good. Dialogue. Test 48.


980 982

983 94 96 96 988

Tests 41-48: Answers. Index: Units 41-48.


946 947 947 948 950 950 952

Unit 47. Invitations. Introduction. Accepting invitations. Refusing invitations. Giving reasons. Song: Name the day! A Hong Kong accent. Grammar. Forma1 invitations. Peanuts. Briti h novelists (2). Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 47.

953 954 956 958 960 961 962

Unit 49. Past activities. Introduction. What was happening? What were you doing? Wbat happened next? Song: Bad news. A Nigerian accent. Grammar. Jokes. Spelling (3). Peanuts. Nigeria, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Gambia: Facts and figures. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 49.

993 994 996 998 1000 1001 1002 1004 1006 1006 1007 1008 1010 1010 1012

966 967 968 970 970

UnH 48. Revision unit. Introduction. Warnings and advice: Revision. Certainty and uncertainty: Revision. Future events and activities: Revision. Song: Goodbye, first love.

973 974 976 977 978

Unit 50. Imaginary ituations. Introduction. Imaginary future situations. Imaginary present situations. Suggestions. Song: You're dreaming. Colloquial style in popular songs. Grammar. The meanings of dreams. Punctuation (3): Commas in longer sentences. Peanuts. American novelists (2).



1020 1021 102_ 1024 1026 1026 1027 1028

Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 50.

1030 1030 1032

Unit 51. Phrasal verbs. Introduction. Jeff's out and Anna's away. The party's over. Sit down and have some tea. Wakeup! Turn it off! Song: Why do I stay out late? A Kenyan accent. Grammar. Informal letters. Peanuts. Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Malawi: Facts and figures. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 51.


1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1044 1046 1047

I disagree. No comment. Song: Maybe. An Australian accent. Grammar. Badges. Punctuation (4): Quotation Peanuts. "Terrific" or "terrible ? Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 53.


1080 1081 1082 1084 10,6
marks. 107

10,7 1088 1090 1090 1092

1050 1050 1052

Unit 52. Manner. Introduction. That's the way to do it! Naturally, ... Absolutely magnificent. Comparisons. Song: I'm a fool to care. Politeness. Grammar. Instructions. Spelling (4). Peanuts. Alice in Wonderland. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 52.

1053 1054 1056 IOSB 10S9 1060 1061 1062

nit 54. Conjunctions. Introduction. Are you sure? Alternatives. Additions. Song: Dear John. Colloquial style and slang. Grammar. Informal letters. Peanuts. Women in Love. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 54.

J093 1094 1096 109 1100

1102 1104 1106 1107 110 1110

1066 1067 1067

1070 1070 1072

Unit 53. Opinions. Introduction. What's your opinion? I agree. 828

1073 1074 1076 1078

Unit 55. Recent activities. Introduction. Recently. All morning. How long? Every day for two weeks. Song: Since I met you. A New Zealand accent. Grammar. Jokes. Peanuts. Papua New Guinea, The Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore: Facts and figures. Key points [rom this unit. Dialogue. Test 55.

1114 1116 1117



1124 1126 1127 1128


Unit 56. Revision unit. Introduction. Phrasal verbs: Revision. Imaginary situations: Revision. Past activities and recent activities: Revision. Song: I can't hold out. Grammar: Summary of Units 49·55. Informal letters: Revision. Dictation. Peanuts. Animal Farm. Rome wasn't built in a day. Dialogue. Test 56.



1137 1138
1139 1140

1143 1143

Block language. Grammar. Recipes .. Punctuation (5): Quotation for speech. Peanuts. Popular heroes. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 58.

1182 IIS4


1187 1187 118S
1190 1190 1192


1146 1148

Tests 49·56: Answers .. Index: Units 49·56.

1149 1152

Unit 57. Good wishes. Introduction. Good wishes. Congratulations. Sympathy. Song: Better luck next time! A Jamaican accent. Grammar. Greetings cards. Spelling (5). Peanuts. The Bahamas, Barbados, St Lucia, Grenada: Facts and figures. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 57.

ll53 1.154 1156 1158 1160 1161 1162 1164 1166 JI67 1I67 1168

Unit 59. Talking about the past. Introduction. In the past. Earlier in the past. Hopes and intentions. Song: A man. with DO name. A Southern US accent. Grammar. informal letters and formal letters. Peanuts. Writers of short stories. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 59.

1193 1194 1196 1198

1201 1202 1204

1206 1207 1208
1210 1210


1170 1170

Unit 58. Likes aod dislikes. Introduction. I really like it. I can't stand it .. It's OK. Song: Saturday night,

1173 1174 1176


Unit 60. Word order. Introduction. Direct questions and indirect questions. inversion. The order of adjectives. Song: Words. The terminology of sports. Grammar. Directions. Spelling (6). Peanuts. British poets. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 60.


1214 1216 121S 1220
1221 1222 1224 \226


1228 1230 1230


Unit 61. Languages. Introduction. Termin.ology. Learning languages. Opinions about languages. Song: A pocket translator wlth an electronic voice. A Northern Irish accent. Grammar. Pen-friends, Punctuation (6): Colons. Peanuts. Some interesting facts about languages. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 61.

1233 1234 1236 1238 1240 1241 1242 1244 1246 1247 1247 1248 12.50 1250 1252

Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 63.

1290 1290 1292

nit 64. Revision unit. Introduction. Talking about the past: Revision. Good wishes: Revision. Likes and dislikes: Revision. Song: Yon don't have to say you love me. Grammar: Summary of Units 57-63. FormaJ letters: Revision.

1293 1294 1296 1297 1298 1299 1302
1303 1303


Peanuts. American poets. Your present knowledge of English. Dialogue,


Unit 62. Identifying and qualifying, Introduction. People. Things. Places. Song: Dear Sir or Madam. Emphasis. Grammar. Formal letters: Asking for information. Peanuts. Aphorisms. Key points from this unit. DiaJogue. Test 62.

1253 1254 1256 1258 1260 1261

Test 64.

1306 1308

1264 1266 1267 1268 1270 1270 1272

Tests 57-64: Answers. Index: Units 57-64.

1309 1312

Unit 65. Imaginary situations in the past. Introduction.
Just imagine ... What would have happened? Regrets. Song: A short history of the world. A Welsh accent. Grammar. Famous dreams. Spelling (7). Peanuts. Horror stories .. Key points from this unit. Diaiogue. Test 65.


1314 1316 1318 1320 1321

Unit 63. Deductions. Introduction. Deductions about the present. Deductions about the past. Logical steps. Song: You must be joking.

1273 1274 1276



A Scottish accent.
Grammar. Formal letters: Reserving hotel rooms .. Peanuts. Detective stories.

1280 1281 1282 1284 1286 1287 1288

1327 1327 1328 1330 1330

Unit 66. Passive forms. Introduction.

Made in Japan.
English spoken here. Trespassers will be prosecuted. Song: Horrified by the news. Newspaper headlines. Grammar. Letters to. newspapers .. Punctuation (7); Semi-colons. Peanuts. Newspaper articles. Keypoiots from this unit. Dialogue. Test 66.

1333 1334 1336 1338 1340 1341 1342 1344 1346 1347 1347 1348 1350 1350 1352

Key points from this unit. Dialogue. l'est68.

1390 1390

Unit 69. Word formation: Introduction. Prefixes.



Other points. Song: Overworked and underpaid. A Leeds accent and a Norfolk accent.

Application forms. Punctuation (8): Brackets and dashes. Peanuts. American artists. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 69.

1394 1396 1398 1400 1401 1402 1404 1406 1407 1407 1410 1410 1412


Unit 67. Word formation: Compounds. Introduction. Compound noUDS. Nouns in groups. Adjectives. Song: Leave me alone. . A New York accent and a Cockney accent. Grammar. Television programmes. Peanuts. New York and London. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 67.

1353 1354 1356 1358 1360 1361 1362 1364 1366 1367' 1368 1370 1370

Unit 68. Word formation: Conversion. Introduction. Noons from verbs. Verbs from nouns, Other points. Song: Still in love with you. Exclamations. Grammar .. Change-or-address notes. SpeUing (8). Peanuts. British artists.

1373 1374 1376 1380 1381 1382 1384 1386 1387 1387 1388

Unit 70. Things could have been different .•. Introduction. There mighthave been an accident. What should I have done'? You needn't have worried. Song: You shouldn't have said it. English styles: Revision. Grammar. The contents of books. Peanuts. Science fiction. Key points from this unit. Dialogue. Test 70.

1413 1414 1416 1418 1420 1421 1422 1424 1426

1428 1430 1430 1432

Unit 71. Past habits. Introduction. How many times? "How long? When I was young ... Not any more.

1433 1434 1436 1437 1438 1440

Song: I've reformed! Accents of English: Revision. Grammar. My curriculum vitae is enclosed. Peanuts. Memories of childhood. Key points from thi unit. Dialogue, Test 71.

1441 1442 1444 1446 1447 1448

1450 1452

Imaginary situations in the past: Revision. Song: I apologize. Grammar: Summary of units 1-72. Informal letters and formal letters: Revision. Dictation. Peanuts. Your present knowledge of English. Dialogue. Test 72.

1459 1460

1464 1465

1466 1466 1468

Unit 72. Revision unit. Introduction. Word formation: Revision. Passive forms: Revision.

1453 1454 1456 14-7

Tests 65-72: Answers. Index: nits 6.5-72.




H echos futuros.
Con la presente unidad ernpiczala rercera fase del curso -Ilarnada Forward camp 0 "Campamento avanzado"-, que se extiende desde la unidad 41 hasta la 72. Podra obervar que, siguiendo la tendencia e tablecida en la fase anterior. en estas unidadcs se incrementa progresivamente el usa del Ingles y disminuye el del espariol, por ejernplo , en las instrucciones de los ejercicios que aparecen con regularidad yen gran cantidad de textos de cierta exten ion. Asimismo al igual que en la segunda fase, cada unidad tiene un lema predominantc que se desarrolla en la mayor parte de la mi rna. Como indica el encabezarniento de estas lineas, el terna de la presente unidad haec referencia a hechos futures. Las unidades de esta tcrcera fase tienen las siguientes Speaking and listening (Hablar y e ·cuchar). Style (Estilo). ecciones: de las expresiones inglesa


II .... ,n,

Ejercicio para ampliar y afianzar el conocirniento que se utilizan en las actividades habituales,

Explicaciones que muestran las expresiones inglesas rna' adecuadas a cada situacion, y ejercieios para tamiliarizarse can elias y ponerla en practica, (Esta ecci6n no aparece en todas la unidades.) Aproximaci6n a los diversos acentos regionales del ingles, tanto a los propios de Gran Bretafia y de Estados Unido , como a los de otros paises angloparIantes. (E ta secci6n se alterna can la anterior.) Profundizacion en diversos aspectos ponerlos en practica. de la grarnatica inglesa y ejcrcicio para


Accents of English (Acentos del ingies).




Written English (Ingles escriro),

Textos escritos en ingles para familiarizarse can la lectura de esta lengua, Ejercicio para practicar la e scritura, la ortografia y la puntuacion. Textos ingleses sobre terna diversos destinados a incrernenrar comprensi6n en la lectura y a arnpliar el vocabulario. AI igual que en las dos primeras fases, sinte is de 10 aprendido la fluidez y la



Extra reading (Lectura suplernentaria), Synopsis (Resumen). Test (Test).


en la unidad. los pro-

Tarnbien como en las dos primeras gresos realizados en el aprendizaje

fases, ejercicios para cornprobar de la lengua inglesa, consejos

En la primera pagina de cad a unidad, igual que en la anterior fase del curso, encontrara diversos aprendizaje del ingles y, asimismo, algunas observaciones encaminadas a facilitarle el estudio.

para el

Speaking and listening

Instructions in English in Phase 3..
En esta fase, al igual que en In anterior,

las dos prirneras

paginas de la seccion

de Speaking and listening estan habitualrnente dedicadas a presentar el terna de la unidad. Sin embargo, al inlciarse la fase, es precise hacer algunos comentarios acerca de las instrucciones que se dan a 10 largo de In rnisma, las cuales, a partir de ahara, estan en ingles en lugar de en espariol. Par 10 tanto, de modo excepcicnal, la presentacion del tema de esta unidad se encuenrra en las pagmas siguientes, Como podra observar , no solo el material grabado en la cassette sigue estando cornpletarnente en ingles, sino que tambien en las paginas de las unidades se incrementa el uso de esta lengua en los titulos de los diterentes apartados y en las instrucciones de los ejercicios, Durante la segunda fase del curso se acostumbro a ver las siguientes expresiones inglesas: Practice. Exercise (I). Answers on page ... . Dialogue. Test (40). Answers to exercises. Listen to the dialogue on the cassette. Read these dialogues and listen to them on the cassette. Study these key words. Work with the cassette. Answer these. questions. Answer ... or .... Write answers. En la siguiente columna se relacionan las instrucciones que durante Ia tercera fase vent escritas en Ingles con mayor frecuencia. Las encontrara principalmente en losejercicios de Practice y de la seccion de Grammar, y tarnbien en los. Tests. Estas expresioncs incluyen rnuchas palabras que ha aprendidoen unidades anreriores y algunas que todavia no conoce.

Read the text and answer the questions. Read

Lea el texto y responda


these. words ) these phr.ases. . these sentences (into English) ..

I~~. I

a las pregunras, Lea

~.s q.d~:! ) aloud. the answers

este dialogo las Pf.egunta. s. .• de viva voz. [ [as respuestas •



(al ingles).


estas palabras esta.· fra.. e. .·. s ss


esras oruciones en esras

Correct the mistakes in these sentences. Give the opposites. Add the correct endings. Complete this form. Put in the missing

Corrija los errores oraciones. De los opucstos .. Anada

las terminacioncs


Complete este formulario. letters. words. Ponga las II letrasb [ pa a ras Ponga estas palabras Explique


que faltan.

Put these words into two groups. Explain the differences tbe

en dos grupos.


words .h . . p rases

1· .


h .. m t ese pairs. about

las diferencias entre palabras. estes pares de f rases.


Answer these questions yourself. la'I aud! /traenz' lei tI l's.ent6nsJ Ikg'rektl


a estas preguntas


de usted rnismo.

aloud translate sentence correct

missing add complete



opposite pair point

I'opgzltl /peo' I Ip:llntl


Answer these questions about yourself. ~


Micntras que hasta cl momenta se ha utilizado lctra de rrazo grueso para todo el texto inglcs, a partir de la presente unidud se reserva esta letra para las expresiones inglcsas objeto de estudio, urilizandosc lerra de trazo normal tanto para las instrucciones como para las explicaciones gramaticales a de cualquier otro tipo, esten en ingles 0 en espanol.

_ Para mernorizar las cxpresioncs expresiones inglcsas que ha aprcndido y anada en la pagina anterior _ lealas de nuevo de viva voz. _ Copie las slguienres Tr_Dsl_te Compl_te en su cuaderno las lctras que fultan. A continuacion. lea de viva voz las

cxpresiones completas.
Ule_e sent __ c_s .. th_s f_rrn. P_t in the m_ss_llg w_rds .. P_t the_e w_rds into two gr __ ps ..
R __ d th_s d_alog_e alo_d. Add the corr_cl end_ngs ..

Los ejercicios que figuran aconrinuacion que acaba de aprender. le permitiran poner inmediatamente en pracrica algunas de las instrucciones

Exercise 1.
Read these questions aloud. What are you going to do this weekend? Wben is your next birthday?

Exercise 4.
Put in the missing letters.


Exercise 2.
Answer these questions. Are you going to practise your English tomorrow? Are you going to have a holiday next year?


Exercise S.
Explain pairs. the differences and and and between

the phrases

in these

Exercise 3.
Translate these phrases into English. L Manana. 2. La proxima sernana.

1_ El proximo rncs, 4. El proximo ano.

Next week 2. Tomorrow 3. The future

Last week. Yesterday. The past.
Answers on page t-l52. 835


Speaking and listening

Introd uction.
Las unidades de csra nueva Ease del curse empiezan can un apartado llarnado Introduction (Introduccion) que sustituye a los habituales Introductory dialogues. Este cambio de denominacion se d be a que, en la tercera fase, el material grabado en la cassette correspondiente a este apartado adopta una arnplia diversidad de formas. Sigue inc\uyendo dialcgos. pero a veces tam bien presenta anuncios publicitarios, mon6logos. extractos de programas de radio cancioncs. etc. Este material cumple el mismo proposito que los Introductory dialogues: permitirle repasar aspectos de la lengua inglesa relacionado con el tema de la unidad que usted ya ha aprendido anteriorrncnte. Como puede observar en la siguiente pagina, cl texto ingles no va acornpafiado de la traduccion al espafiol. En su luzar aparece una version del texto Ingles en la que e han ornitido diversas palabras. En las unidades donde esto ocurra, adopte el metodo de trabajo que se expone a continuacion: 1) Escuche el contenido de la cassette sion compJeta del texto ingles. 2) Escuche de nuevo Ja cassette incompleta del texto. siguiendo la ver-


Woman 1: What are you going to do this evening? Woman 2: Sorry? Woman 1: This evening. Tonight. What are you going to Woman 2: Woman Woman Woman Woman 1:
2: do? I don't know. Sleep in front of the television, I think. What day is it today? Wednesday. OnJy Wednesday? Ye. What are you going to do at the weekend? Well, on Saturday I'm going to visit some friend. And wbat are you going to do on Sunday? Paint the kitchen. When are you going to relax?

1: 2:

Woman 1: Woman 2: Woman. 1:

* * '"
What are you going to do tonight? H you're gonna stay athome, WeU, that's all right with me, But remember I'm free, And if you don't know what you're going to do I'd like to spend ome time with you.


la version

3) Cubra el tcxto ingles complcto y lea de viva voz el texto incompleto, dicicndo mientras 10 hace , las palabras que faltan. Consulte el texto complcto cuando 10 considcre neccsario.




Woman 3: Hello, Bob. What are you doing? Man: Waiting for Samantha. Look: "Meet me in
front of the cinema at six o'clock."

Woman 3: Six o'clock? It's 6.45 now.
Man: Er ... Yes I know. Are you gonna wait for ever?" Man: o. I'm going to wait for another 15 minute . Till seven o'clock. Woman 3: Oh. Very good. It's going to rain. Sorry? Man: Woman 3: I think it's going to rain. RaIn? Man: Woman 3: Yes, I think so. Man: No, it's not going to rain. Woman 3: Yes it is. Look at tbose clouds. It is not going to rain, Ah. Man:

Woman 3: How long are you going to wait?

Con cl fin de facilitarle la cornprension y puesta en practica de este nuevo procedirniento , el material grabado en la cassette corrcspondiente a e ste apartado esta tornado de una unidad anterior en la que e practice la cstructura going to + infinitive para referirse a acciones que tendran lugaren el futuro.


Words you know on the subject of this unit. Future events:
Palabras que conoce accrca dcl tema dc cstu unidad. "Hcchos futures":


Woman 1: What are you going to do this evening? Woman 2: Sorry? Woman 1: This "******. Tonight. What are you going
to **? Idon'tknow. Sleep in **"'** ofthe ********"'*, I think. What H* is it today? Woman 1: Wednesday. Woman 2: *"'*'" Wednesday? Woman 1: Yes. What are you ** ** '" to do at the *"* *** *? Woman 2: Well, on Saturday I'm ***** to visit some

(f'rn)" oing to ... When are you going to ... ? soon week, month, year ... morning Monday Tuesday ,.. . atternoon nex t . t omorrow . Jan.uary, February ... [ evemng [ spr1Jlg. summer ,.. night in

Woman 2.


ten minutes three days six weeks next Friday the year 2050 tomorrow

in (the year) 2050 in October, 2050 on Oct. 12th, 2050

until/till for ever


Woman 1: And what are you ***** to do on ******1 Woman 2: Paint *,.. kitchen. Woman 1: Whe.D are you going to *****1



What are yOll going to do ** '"'";f< **'? If you're gonna **** at home, Well, that's *** right with me, But remember I'm ** ** And if you uu know wbat you're *"""*"' to do, I'd **** to spend Some **** with yon. * *

Woman 3: Hello, Bob. What are *** doing? Man: Waiting *** Samantha. Look: "Meet me in Woman 3: Six o'clock? It's *** now.

***** of the cinema at *** o'clock."

Woman 3: How

Woman 3:

Woman 3:

Woman 3:

Woman 3: Man:

Er ... Yes, I know. **,.. are yOD going to **"*? "Are YOll gonna **** for ever?' No. I'm going to **** for another ** minutes. Till seven o'clock. Oh. Very good. It's **"** to rain. Sorry? I ****oo it going to '""''"'''. Rain? Yes, I ***** so. No, it's *"* going to rain. Yes it is. Look ** those clouds. It is *** going to rain. Ah.

in the year 2050 The Speaking parts:

and listening

section in this unit has these

La icccion de Speaking and listening de e ua unidad tienc cstos

Predictions. Conditions.

Predicciones, Condiciones , 837

Speaking and listening

Los dialogos de 1<1 agina 836 le han rccordado que con 1(1 p estructura going to + iafinirivo, adcrnas de manifestar intencioncs (I'm going to visit some friends). tarnbicn se pucden expresa r p red icciones basadas ell evide nci as presentes. As!' pur ejcmplo , cuando alguien dice It's going to rain. Look at those clouds. esta prcdiciendo alga que tiene la seguridud de que se cumplira. vurios ejernplos de prcdiccioI1CS. En elias se mira un poco mas a 10 lcjos en cl futuro, y sc utiliza cl vcrbo auxiliar wilt En csta paginacncontrara

Predictions .. Listen. You're listening to BBC Radio Z. Here is the weather forecast for tomorrow. Scotland and Northern Ireland will have sunshine in the morning. In the north of Scotland there will bea little snow. In the afternoon, there will he rain everywhere ..The temperature will be 0 or l' Celsius, 32 or 33' Fahrenheit. In the north of England and in Wales, it will be fine and quite cold in the morning. In the afternoon there will be rain everywhere. The temperature will be 2" Celsius, 35' Fahrenheit.

Study these key words. pronosnco del ticmpo weather Sera bueno. Sera frio. forecast

In the south of England, there will be rain everywhere in the morning .... and there will be rain everywhere in the afternoon. The temperature wiU be 3' Celsius, 37' Fahrenheit.


I'weoo '

(UK) 'fo: r k:oesti (US)

Listen and repeat. Scotland will have sunshine in the morning. There will be a little snow. The temperature will be 1" Celsius. It will be fine and quite cold .. There be rain everywhere.

It will be fine. It will becold.

La temperatura

sera de I" C. The temperature will be I" C. Habra lluvias en rodas partes. There will be rain everywhere.


- Read the weatherforecast aloud.

- Translate the weather forecast.

A weather

forecast fUI the United Kingdom on BBC Television.



EI auxiliar will no cs cornplctamente desconocido para ustcd. Ya vio en In pagina 535 que se refiere al futuro, que va scguido de un jnfinjrivo y que sc contrae en 'II. Tambicn ha tenido ocasion de ver varies ejernplos de su lisa en expresiones como I'll see you later. I'll see you tomorrow y I'll catl back later. Scguira pructicando con cl auxiliar will en esta pagin« y en las siguientes, y 10 estudiara can detalleen Grammar. Aqui tienc algunos ejemplos de las formas afirmativa .. negative e interrogative de laestructura construyc con cstc auxiliar. En los ejernplos se usan s610 pronombres en primcra y tercera persona. Study these key words. will won't (= will not) No Iwlil I'll he'll lall/ Ihi:l! be long. la seccion de verbal que sc

I won't


l tardara.

lUrd<lf._. ~.

Estare de vuelta Estara . enseguida, ~Estar;i aqui


H e won 't I'll He'll



. be right back.

Work with the cassette.

Will he be here tomorrow?



Listen. Lily, I'm going out for a while ..

Mr Jones: Lily: M,. Jones:
Lily: Mr Iones: Lily:

I won't be long. Fine. I'U be right back.

OK. Lily, where's Mr Jones?
He's just. gone out. Ah. He won't be long. I see. He'D be right back. Fine. Will he be here tomorrow? Yes. I think so. Er ... Yes. He'll be here at 9.30 tomorrow.

Mr Smith: Lily:
Mr Smith:

Lily: MJ" S,.nith: Lily:
Mr Smith: Lily:

She'll be borne in


few minutes.

M,. Smith:


Listen and repeat.
I won't be long. I'll be right back.

Observe el usa de la palabra right en If! expresion I'll/He'll be right back. Usted ya sabe que esta palabra se utilize como intensificador en cxpresiones como right here (aquf rnisrno) y rigbt now (ahara misrno). Esta funcion tarnbien In descmpeiia en la expresion I' UI He'll be right hack, en la cual la palabra right posee el significado de "rnuy pronto" 0 "casi inrnediatarnenre".

He won't be long. He'll be right back. Will be be here tomorrow? Yes.. He'll be here at 9.30.

Answer these questions Where will you be tomorrow morning at 11.30? Will you be at home tomorrow evening'! Will you be at home next weekend?


Speaking and listening

EI rermino conditions no se utiliza aqui can cl scntido de "estados" a "condiciones" , sino can su sentido gramatical ,es deci r, con cl se hace referencia a frases en Ias que se incluye 13 palabra if y que expresan las circunstancias 0 condiciones necesarias para que cierta accion se lleve a cabo en e I futu ro. El sign ificado de if hfJ es "si". En el diatogo grabado en la cassette observara que. en las expresiones de este tipo,el verbo de la parte de la frase que incluye la palabra if csta en tiempo presente. Esta norma tarnbicn se aplica a las frases que incluyen la palabra when (cuando), como podra cornprobar en la historicfa de la pagina 847. Study these key words. Si el vuelve .... .... cstare en mi ofieina. Tiene un dia atarcado. If he comes back, •.. ... I'll be in my office. You're having a busy day.

Condittoas. Listen,
Lily: M,. Smith: Er .•. Um ... Yes. He'D be here at 9.30 tomorrow,


H be comes back between 2.50 and 3.00, I'U he in my office ,.



But he won't be long now. Be said: ''I'll be right back." M,. Smith: Well, if he comes back before 3.00, couJd you ask him to call me? Lily: Certainly. Mr Smith: Thank you. H" he comes back before 2AS,I'U be in my office. Lily: Yes. Mr Smith: If he comes back between 2.45 and 2.50, I'D be in Jeff's office . Lily: Yes. Mr Smith: And if he comes back between 2.50 and 3.00, I'll be in my office again. Have you got tbat? From now until 2.45: Your office. From 2.45 until 2.50: Jeff's office. From 2.50 until 3.00: Your office. Mr Smith: Right. Lily: You're having a busy day. Mr Smith:' Sorry? Lily: Nothing .. Listen and repeat. If be comes back, ... ...I'll ~e in my office.


Observe el usa de la palabra busy en la exprcsion a busy day. En anteriores unidades ha vista que busy se cmplea tam bien en relacion con el telefono para indicar que la linea esra ocupada (the line is busy). Este ultimo usa es predominantemente arncricano, peru la expresion a busy day se utiliza tanto en ingles britanico como americana.

Read these sentences
aloud. If you don't stop smoking, I'll never speak to you again. If you stop, I'll stop. If you get some exercise every day, you'll feel much better, If I don't go to bed now, I'll wake up late tomorrow .. IT I see you again, will you remember me'!


Esra cancion. rituladarSi te veo orra vcz". es una cancion de arnor bastanre triste en la que la interprete reflexiona el futuro. En ella se utilizan estructuras que ya ha practicado en las paginas anteriores de esta unidad. sabre

Song: If] see you again. If I see you again" Will you only say "How are you"? If I see you again, Will I only say "Hello"? If I see you again, Will I dare! to say ''I love you"? And will yooanswet:. "Yes, I've always known"? "I've always known." Everything's so complicated", But it could be so easy . I'm trying to read your mind,3 Bot I'm nowhere", Everything's so complicated, But it could be easy. Do you think that I think that you think that I don't care? If 1 see you again, Will you only say "How are you"? If 1see you again, Will] only say ''I'm fine"? If I see you again, Will ] dare to say "1 love you"? And will you answer: "I knew it all the time"? "All the time." Everything's so complicated, But it could be so easy. I'm trying to read your mind, But I'm nowhere, Everything's so complicated, But it could be easy •••

- Listen to the song on the cassette, following the words. - Listen again, without following the words.

at rcvc rsc , complicado ; Trato de leer tu pcnsamicnto

- Read the words aloud.
- Listen again, and sing the song. 841 .

pcro ho llcgoa ninguna parte

Accents of English

The diversity of English accents.
En csta yen sucesivas secciones de Accents of English tendra la oportunidad de oir cl Ingles habladoen difcrcntcs paises angloparlantcs, como Canada. Australia. ueva Zelanda. Kenia, igeria, India o Hong Kong, con In varicdad de acentos que la lengua inglcsa adopt a en estos paise. A .imisrno podra oir algunos ejcmplo de los accntos regionales de stados Unidos. como el acento de New York. el de la costa-oeste 0 cl de los estados del sur. y tarnbien de los accntos regionales del Reino Unido , como el de Escocia, cl de lrlanda del ortc, el de Gales 0, incluso , el accnto Cockney de Londres. en otras palabras, usted se introducira progresivarncnte en la di ersidad de acentos del Ingles a la que haec referencia el titulo que encabeza estas lineas. Oira a personas que hablan can naturalidad y. par regia general, de forma improvisada, can vacilaciones (urn "', er ... ). can expresiones inrcrpoladas y. ocasionalrnentc. can dcslices gramaticalcs y otro ra gos propios del habla informal cotidiana, Los textos y grabaciones que constituycn la seccion de Accents of English, adernas de proporcionarle cjcrnplo de los diversos acentos caracteri ticos de los palses anglopartantes, incluycn bastantes palabras nuevas. debido a que las persona que hablan tratan temas diver .os. como el lcnguaje en sl rnismo , la cultura de u par de origen, el trabajo cotidiano, las aficiones. etc. unque , cuanda e cuche la cassette. a vcce lc parezca que e sta per on as hablan can excesiva rapidez. no se desanirne par clio, ya que junto al texto ingles figura Ia correspondiente traduccion al espanol y. si es ncccsario, las noras explicativas adecuadas. En la pre enre unidad ernpezara la practica propia de esta ecci6n can unos breves cxtractos de conversaciones en La que intervienen personas procedentcs de diversos palses, E to Ie permitira haeerse una idea de la rica variedad de acentos del ingles, aunque. rna adclante , cuando se comenten los rasgos distintivos del pais de origen de estas personas. tendra ocasion de oirlas mas exrcnsarnente. Observe que en el t - xto que reproduce el contenido de la cassette sc ernplea un gui6n largo (-) cuando la persona que habla interrumpe a mitad de una frasc, En otros textos vent que, para indicar que la persona que habla hace LIlla pausa, se utilizan los puntas suspensivos (... ) ..


The diversity of English accents. Listen.

A speaker from Hong Kong: I have been in London for two months now. The fact that it is a big commercial city as weU as the cultural centre, fascinates me. A speaker from Nigeria: ¥ ou know, when you are coming to London for the first time, they will teU you that English people don't talk to people. They keep quiet, and you don't go saying "Good morning, sir" or "Good morning, brother" or anything like that, because they will think you are mad or you haven't-you are not busy, you haven't anything to do. A speaker from Canada: The differences between Canadian accents - from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Vancouver British Columbia - are nowhere near as great as the regiooal accents that one hears in Great Britain. A speaker from Wales: Well, we have a cuJture of OUT own. You re brought up to think about rugby, especially down in the valleys. [t's the crowning glory for anybody to play for Wales. And a speaker from Man: orfolk in England (the boy):

It's the crowning glory for anybody to play rugby for Wales.
M"" Engl"h _

Are you going to try to lose your accent? No. Well, I've had it for 13 years so I don t see why I should.

an A=nt IBBeR_d.).


When you are coming to London for the first tim.e, they will teU you that English people dOD "t talk to people.




del rexto de [a cassette.

Un hablante

de Hong Kong:

He estado en Londres durante dos meses, EI heche de que sea una gran ciudad comercial, asl como el centro cultural, me fascina.

Un hablante de Nigeria:
Sabes, cuando vienes a Londres par primcra vcz, te diran que los ingleses no hablan a la gente. Se qucdan callades, y ttl no vas diciendo "Buenos dias, senor" o "Buenos dlas, hermano", 0 nada de eso, porgue pensaran que estas loco o que no tienes ... que no estas ocupado, que no tienes nada que hacer .. Un hablantc de Canada: Las diferencias entre [as acentos canadienses -desde Halifax, Nova Scotia, hasta Vancouver, British Columbia- no son ni con mucho tan grandes como las de tos accntos regionales que se oyen eo Gran Bretana.

Un hablante de Gales:
Bien, tenemos una cultura propia. Te educan para pensar en el rugby, cspccialmente en [as valles. Es [a mayor gloria para cualquiera jugar par Gales. Y un hablante Hombre: Nlno: de Norfolk, en Inglaterra (el nino):

L Vas a tratar de perder tu acento? No, Bien, 10 he tcnido durante 13 anos, asi que no veo por que deberia (perderlo).

The differences between Canadian accents are nowhere DeM as great as the regional accents tbat one hears in Great Britain.

Formacion del futuro expresado con will.
A menudo se dice que la lengua inglesa no tiene tiernpo futuro. Esto es cierto en el senti do de que los verbos ingleses no ticnen una forma de futuro comparable a la que existen para el tiempo pre ente y para el tiernpo preterito (I am/I was, I go!1 went, I work!1 worked), sino estructuras de diferentes caracteristicas que indican acciones que tendran lugar en el futuro. a estructura que estudiara en este apartado recibe a vcces el nombre de future simple. Sin embargo. aquf no sc utiliza e e terrnino, sino la expresion alternativa "futuro expresado con will". En esta estructura, el auxiliar will !wd/ se utiliza para todas las personas sin variacion, y va scguido del infinitive del verba eorrespondiente. .~ . Singular: Plural: we you

I he she it


will arrive



will arrive

En el habla informal cotidiana, en '11. I will you will he wiIJ she will it will we will they will I'll you'll he'll she'll it'll we'll they'll

el auxiliar will se contrae

!<ull !ju: II

He will play tomorrow

at the Royal Albert Hall.

t1l Iwi:lI loed!
/' I

al lenguaje y a la escritura forrnales, En el habla informal cotidiana solo se utiliza para iniciar preguntas en las que se haccn ofrecimientos 0 sugerencias. (De momenta no e preocupe par estos uso . Se trataran en la unidad 44.)

La forma negativa se obtiene colocando la particula not despues de will: will not. La contraccion de wiJI not es
won 1. Tb ey {will not} won't

Uso del futuro expresado con will.
Esta esrructura
verbal sc utiliza en los casas que se relapure", es decir. para hacer hechos que tendran lugar en e! futuro. i,Cuando tendra 21 (anos)? Tendre 21 (anos) en rnarzo. como las que ha vista en la
cionan a continuaci6n:

. '1 00 arrive unti 7 •..

I) Para expresar cl "futuro

Ponga atencion en no confundir la pronunciacion de won't IW';"JuntJ de want !wont/ .. Este es un error que los y estudiantes de Ingles cornetcn a menudo, y que puede provocar algun malcntendido. La forma interrogative se obtienc sujeto y del auxiliar will. invirtiendo el orden del

When will you be 21'? I'll be 21 in March. 2) Para hacer predicciones, paginas 838 y 839.

Will you be here tomorrow'?
When will they arrive? Existe una forma alternativa del auxiliar will que se utiliza can los pronombres I y we: shall Ij"rel/. Actualmente el uso de e .ta forma en frases afirmativa esta restringido

There wiII be rain everywhere. 3) En frases condicionales, como las que ha visto en la pagina 840 y en la cancion de la pagina 841. If I see you again, Will I only say "Hello"?

4) Cuando se lama una decision en el mismo momenta en que se esta hablando , es decir, cuando no se hace referencia a alga que ha sido decidido previamente: Ha visto un ejernplo de este uso en eJ dialogo de la pagina 463, cnel cual Jeff esta cornprando unos guantes y se decide par un par deellos. - present continuous con significado de futuro ..

Esta estructura se utiliza para transrnitir la idea de que una accion que tendra lugar en el futuro ya ha sido decidida 0 acordada. Are-you free tomorrow afternoon? No. Sorry. I'm playing tennis at 2.00, and I'm meeting my mother at 4.00. - present simple con significado de futuro ..


Yes, they're

fine. I'll take them.

Otro ejernplo se encuenrra en la pagina 786, en la conversacion telef6nica que mantiene Lily. Caller. Lily: Caller: Is Mr Jones there? I'm sorry .. He hasn't arrived OK. I'll call back later. yet.

Esta estructura se utiliza para referirse a hechos programados 0 previstos, tales como los horarios de los transportes publicos 0 de los espectaculos, What time does your plane leave? It leaves at 4.30.. What time does the film start?

Este punta volvera a tratarse

en la unidad 44.

Otras maneras de referirse alfuturo,
Las diferentes rnaneras de referirse al futuro en ingles son bastanta cornplicadas. En esta unidad ha estudiado una de elias: el usa de! auxiliar will, pero en unidades anteriores ha visto otras forrnas de indicar [a idea de futuro. - going to

It starts at 8.45.
A modo de resumen de 10 dicho hasta ahora .. aqul tiene unos breves consejos que Ie ayudaran a emplear en cada ocasion la estructura adecuada: - Utiliee will para exponer condiciones. - Utilice will 0 going to para haeer predicciones, - Utilice going to 0 el present continuous para expresar acciones que ya estan acordadas 0 decididas. - Utiliceel present simple para hacer referencia a servicios publicos programados 0 previstos.

+ infinitive.

Esta estructura, que ha revisado al principio de la presente unidad (pags. 836 y 837), se utiliza para expresar intenciones 0 predicciones,

These sentences are the names of songs. Read them and translate them.
1. I'IJ find you. (David Whitfield., 1957) 2. I'll see you in my dreams. (Pat Boone, 1959) 3. I'll foUow the sun. (The Beatles, 1964) 4. You'll never know. (Shirley Bassey, 1961) 5. You'll never never know. (The Platters, 1957) 6. Will you love me tomorrow? (The Shirelles, 1961) 7. When will I see you again? (The Three Degrees, 1974) 8. When will you say "1 love you"? (Billy Fury. 1963) 9. You're going to lose that girl. (1'he Beatles, 1965) [0. I'm gonna get married. Answers (Lloyd Price, 1959) on page il'i2.

They won't arrive until 7.00.

Written English

Reading, writing, spelling and punctuation.
Durante la tercera Iase del curse, en la seccion de Written English exarninara la ortografia (spelling) y la puntuacion (punctuation) inglesas, y tam bien practicara la lectura y la escritura. Aquf tiene, a modo de introduccion, varies ejcrcicios relatives a estas cuatro areas.

Exercise 1.
A 10 largo de la tercera fase encontrara diversos cementarios acerca de las norrnas que rigen la ortografia Ingle a, que, como ya sabe, en ocasiones es imprevisible. Algunas de esas normas han aparecido en anteriores unidades; aSI, par ejemplo, ha visto las relativas a las letras rnudas en la eccion de Pronunciation de la unidad 21 (pags. 438 y 439), de modo que usted podra realizar cstc cjercicio sin excesiva dificultad. Diga si las letras que estan en cursiva en las siguientes palabras han de ser pronunciada (pronounced) 0 no han de ser pronunciadas (not pronounced). lamb cucumber knife champagne sign signature Easter Christmas two twenty writer wrong

Exercise 2.
Ya conoce bastantes palabras que se escriben de rnanera diferente en ingles britanico y en ingles americana. (En la pag. 494 aparecio un cuadro con varies ejemplos.) Escriba las siguientes frases en su cuaderno, carnbiando la ortografia britanica de las palabras que estan en cursiva por su ortografia americana. 1. Mr Jones has grey hair. 2. Anna has a good sense of humour. 3. JefT likes travelling, 4. Angela likes going to the theatre. 5. When is Labour Day? 6. A mile is longer than a kilometre.

Exercise 3.
Ponga a prueba sus conocimientos de Ia puntuaci6n inglesa tratando de escribir el siguiente texto con la puntuaci6n correcta y las mayusculas adecuadas.
the english writer, george orwell (1903-50) george orwells real name was eric arthur blair. he was born in india. his novels include animal farm and 1984. for some years, he worked for the bbc.

"Animal Farm", by George Orwell.

on page 852.


Exercise 4.
En futuras unidades estudiara his convenciones que rigen la redaccion de cartas en ingles. De momenta, aquf tiene una postal de vacacione rcdactada en estilo informal. Leala y luego escriba un texto similar en su cuaderno siguiendo el modelo incompleto que se reproduce mas abajo. Re!lene los espaciosen blanco segun sus gustos personates.

by Charles M. Schulz.

A 10 largo de esta tercera fase, lea las historietas siguiendo el metoda habitual y trate de averiguar que dicen 10 personajes antes de mirar la traduccion al e pafiol que figura en la rnisma pagina. Usted ya est a en condiciones de cornprender . in dificultad la historieta de la presenre unidad, en la cual el arnor de Lucy par Schroeder slgue sin ser correspondido.



Rep_ by


sy.-te. Inc ........ YIIIi<. Hew y~

110""_ .1 United FedllJre'


del di,ilogo de las vinctas.

Los anos pasan tan rapido.
(·.Me qucrnis cuando estc vieja y canosa? Si no te quiero ahoru, i.pur que debcrla qucrcrtc iPorqllc sere una dulce viejccitu! eruonccs?



Extra reading

Predictions can be dangerous!
En la seccion de Extra reading, que se inicia ahora, encontrara una arnplia gama de textos ingleses destinados a incrernentar su fluidez en la lectura. Empezara Ia practica con texto cortes, que iran aumentando de extension a medida que la fase progrese. Estos textos, aderna de de arrollar u fluidez en la lectura, enriqueceran su vocabulario, aunque , como podra observar , la mayoria de las palabras que aparecen en las primeras secciones de Extra reading Ie resultaran conocidas. Por otra parte, cuando se emplean palabras nuevas, estas van acornpariadas. como es usual, de la transcripci6n fonetica y la traducci6n al espanol. Adquicra sin embargo el habito de leer los textos sin detenerse , haciendo las con ulta nece arias una vez terminada la lectura. Los textos de esta pagina y de la igujente, encabezadas por el titulo "[Las predicciones pueden ser pcligrosas!", hacen referencia a predicciones que personajes famosos han heche en diversos mementos de la historia y que nunca han lIegado a convertirse en realidad.

Predictions about politics.
In 1973, Margaret Thatcher said: "I do not think a woman will be the British Prime Minister in my lifetime." In 1979, she became the British Prime Minister. In August 1974, Richard Nixon, the American president, .said: "I am not going to leave the White House until January 20th, 1977." One week after he said it, he resigned. In 1975, Ian Smith was the Rhodesian Prime Minister. He said: "There will be no changes in Rhodesia," The country became independent five years later, and changed its name to Zimbabwe.

Predictions about science.
The American Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur, made their first flight in 1903. Before the flight, their father said: "They'll never do it. It's impossible." In 1904, the British physicist Lord Kelvin said: "Radio has no future." In 1957, the British astronomer Sir Harold Spencer Jones said: "We will never go to the moon." Apollo 11 landed on the moon in July 1969.



At the 0

Predictions about

Company in . the Beatl .. ROwe) said; "0 London In 1962 .. es, The PUbl·eeca doe ., gUitars any. . IC does not . . S not Want more. Want groups. W'th At CBS Reco . . .. I (Jay L: rds In Ame . IVingsto . nCa in 1964POpular in the ~~A~~id: fiThe Beatl ,an~ther man In fact the 8 .. . es WIll not be . '. eatles becam In 1 ··e very . . . 964, the Roll". POPular in the USA saId: uThe Ro .: 109 Stones' sin .. . .. years." IImg Stones will b;er, Mlck Jagger, The group CO . POpular tor two ntlOUed to b e POPUlar fOr man . Y years.

a man (DiCk



Reco d

.. pop music,




Victor Hugo, the French novelist, poet and drama. tist, said in 1842: "In the twentieth century, war will be dead." In 1939, the British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, said: "The war will end before the spring." The war continued until 1945.

Predictions by writers.
In 1948, the English novelist George Orwell said:

"I am going to write another novel soon. I am sure
it will not be popular." It was his famous novel, 1984. Anthony Marriott was one of the writers of the farce We're Bn"tish (1971). He said: "It'll only run for a few weeks." More than three million people have seen it,

No Sex,. Please-

Other predictions.
In January 1524, the German astrologer Johannes S1.oeftler said: "The world will end on February .2Oth, 1524," In 1973, George Best, the famous Irish footballer, said: "I will never playfootbali again." Not long after he said it, he played again. In 1982, the British newspaper The Daily Mail said this: "Princess Diana's first child will be a girl." The child was a boy (Prince William).

Observe como se utiliza el verba run en 1a frase It'll only run for a few weeks (S6[0 durara hace referenda a un espectaculo teatral. politics Prime Minister lifetime resign impossible physicist astronomer /'pol;;)hks/ /prarrn 'rnmrsto'r

unas poeas semanas).



Primer( ra) Ministro( tra)

record war century astrologer daily boy

I'reb:dl I'rekard/ /w,:):';





/rr'zarn/ /nn'posobl/


dimitir imposrble ffsico(ca) astr6nomo(ma)

!",'strolad3"{! I'delhl Ib'JI/

astr61 ago (ga) diariotria) nino


Key points from this unit.
Puntos clave de. esta unidad.
- Algunas instrucciones que encontrara en la tercera fase.

Read the dialogue and listen to it on the cassette. Anna and Lily are talking about hom copes.

Explain the differences. Correct the mistakes. Give the opposites. Add the correct endings. Put in the missing words. Read the text aloud. Translate these sentences (into English).

- EI futuro exprcsado

can will: "Futuro


When will you be 21? I'll be 21 in March next year.

I futuro expresado

can will: Predicciones. 20th next year.

The world will end on February

It will be fine tomorrow.
The =nperature will be 3" C. I'll be ) i·'ht back. I won't be long. Where will }'OU be next Tuesday?

- EI tiempo present simple despues condiciones futuras,

de if para expresar

If he comes back before 3.00, I'll be in my office. If I see you again, will you remember me? If you don't stop smoking, I'll never speak to you again.

- Otras maneras

de referir e al futuro. novel soon.

Intenciones: I am going to write another Planes: I'm playing ir I I, gomg t 0. pay m


tennis at 2.00.

Hechos program ados 0 previstos: My plane leave' at 4.30.

- La diversidad

de los acentos del Ingles.



Dialogue. Anna: Lily: Anna: Lily: Anna: Listen to this. What is it? Today's horoscope, Do you believe in horoscopes? No, but they're sometimes quite interesting. Listen. This is my horoscope .for today .. "Virgo: You will not be very happy today, and the next two weeks will be very difficult. H you do not like your job, you'll have to cbange it.' Very interesting. Yes .. It's strange. I went toa palmist last week A palmist? Yes. She said: "You're going to change your job very soon ." She was sure about it. Don't you like your job? I like it very much ... I think. Now I'm not sure. What signare you? Scorpio. But I don't believe in these horoscopes. "Scorpio: You have some problems at the moment, but they are not serious. Someone wiD give you a surprise this evening." Hmm. [ prefer Chinese horoscopes. Chinese horoscopes? Yes. There's an animal for each year. So you're the animal of the year when you were born. Oh, yes .. That's right. So I'm a cat, and" you're a ... a monkey. Tbere are twelve animals, aren't tbere? Yes. One animal for each year ,and then tbe first animal again? Tbat's right. So I'm a monkey. Yes. You have a good sense of humour. You have a good memory. You are good at languages. Yes. You like new experiences. You like travelling. Yes. You are independent, intelligent and charming. Oh, yes. But you don't have much luck in love. WeU,. that's true! I've worked out everybody'S sign: You're a monkey, Jeff isa dog, Angela is a dragon, Mr Jones is a. pig and Mr Smith is a goat, ReaDy? Er ... Excuse me, Anna. Lily ... Yes, Mr c.-oat-I mean, Mr Smith? Sorry? Nothing.


This is my horoscope for today. ''Virgo: You will not be very bappy today, and the next two weeks will be very difficult. "


Lily: Anna: Lily: Anna: Lily: Anna:

Lily: Anna.: Lily: Anna: Lily: Anna: Lily: Anna: Lily: Anna: Lily: Anna .. : Lily: Anna: Lily: Anna: Lily: Anna: Lily:

horoscope animal cat monkey dog dragon pig goat

/'ho~sk~upJ I'h:):r~sbup/ /'remmll IkretJ

(UK) horoscope (US) . animal gato


',../dogJ (UK) ./ Id:>:g! (US)

perro dragon

Ip,g! IgGutJ

cabra He averiguado ...

I've worked out ..• Imv w3:'kt autJ

Anna: Mr Smith: Lily: Mr Smith: Lily:




Test 41.
Check yourself on what you have learnt in this unit. (Answers
Cornpruebc por ,i rnismo lo quc hu uprcndido en cstu unidud. (Respuestas

at the end of Unit 48.)

al flmll de Iii unidad

I. Transl ate these sen tences, There will be rain everywhere tomorrow. My train leaves at 9.30 tomorrow morning. Pm going to visit some friends at the weekend. There will be rain everywhere

5. Correct the m istakesi n these sentences.
If I will see you again, will you remember me? If he will come back beforeJ.OO, ask him to call me. If I WOIl't go to bed soon, I'll wake up late tomorrow.

___~ A ~

6. Put in the missing letters.
lett ["


w_rd phr _se s nt nee di_l_gue 7. Answer

q __ sti_n

answ r I sten wr _te about yourself.

re d sLdy expLin tr _nsl_le c rrect

these questions

How old will you be on your next birthday? Will you be at home tomorrow morning? What are you going to do next weekend? Do you believe in horoscopes?

2. Put in the missing words. Here is the weather forecast for tomorrow. In the north ..... England and in Wales, it ..... be fine andquite cold in ..... morning. In afternoon, there ••.•. be rain everywhere. The will be 2· Celsius, 35" .....• 3. Give the opposites

Answers to exercises.
Puge ~J5_

Exercise 3. I. Tomorrow.
Exercise Exercise


ext week. 3. Ne~l month. 4. Next year ..
correspondcn ~ conccpios
SCm~1t1,1 pasuda.

~. Closed. Open 319.00 tomorrow. :>_ Los Ires pares de cxpresioncs

I. La proximascrnuna.rl,a

2. Mm'l<1t1<1_/Ayer.

The past.
Yesterday. Last week. Last month. Last year. Last summer. 4. Explain the differences in these pairs. grey an astronomer It will rain I'll be right back

The future.

3. EI fUTuro.IEI pasado.

Page X45~
I. Te encontrar .... 2. Tc vert en mis sucrios. 3. Scguirc <IIsol. -I. Nuncu sabn\s_ 5. Nunc" nunc ... suhrtls; 6_ i.Me quernis rnanuna? 7_ i.Cu,indo te vcrc otru vcz"! tl. i.Cu(lruJo dirusrTe quicro"? 0) Vas a perdcrlPcrdcr;:is a CS," chien. 111.Mc voy a casar .lMc emarc. Page g4il. Exercise 1_ Pronounced: cucumber. signature. Easrer. twenly. Not pronounced: Iam.b. krdfl1. cha !1' pagne, $ign. Chrisnnas. tllIO. wriler. wrong. Exercise 2. I. way. 2. humor. .l. traveling. 4.lhl':der. 5.. Labor. 6. kilomdcr. Exercise J. The ElIglish writer, George On.'ell (J90J-SIJ). George Orwell's real name was Eric Arthur Blair. He was horn in India. His novets indude ,..Animal Farm" and ··'1984'·'.For some years. he worked for the Bll··.

between the words or sentences gray an astrologer It won't rain .. I will be right back.

and and and and

Distribucion Volumen

de fasciculos y cassettes por vol6menes.
Fascfculos 1 - 8




49 . 56

Cassette 1 - Units 1 . 4 Cassette 2 - Units 5 . 8

Cassette 13 - Units 49 . 52 Cassette 14 - Units 53 . 56



Fasciculos 9 - 16 Cassette 3 - Units 9 - 12 Cassette 4 - Unit 13 - 16




57 • 64

Ca ette 15 - Units 57 - 60 Cassette 16 - Units 61 - 64




17 -





65 . 72

Cassette 5 - Units 17 - 20 Cassette 6 - Units 21 - 24

Cassette 17 - Units 65 - 68 Cassette 18 - Units 69 - 72



Fasciculos 25 - 32

Volumen 10


73 . 80

Cassette 7 - Units 25 - 28 Cassette 8 - Units 29 - 32

Cassette 19 - Units 73 - 76 Cassette 20 -:..Units 77 - 80




33 - 40

Volumen 11

FascJculos 81 . 88

Cassette 9 - Units 33 - 36 Cassette 10 - Units 37 - 40

Cassette 21 - Units 81 - 84 Cassette 22 - Units 85 - 88



Fasciculos 41 - 48

Volumen 12


89 - 96

Cassette 11 - Units 41 - 44 Cas ette 12 - Units 45 - 48

Cassette 23 - Units 89 - 92 Cassette 24 - Units 93 - 96

Fase 3: Forward


Campamento avanzado.

Unidades 41-72. Cassettes Contenido de la unidad 42:
- Expresiones


relacionada can las advertencias y los consejos, La nueva seccion de Style. EI verba auxiliar modal should. Algunas norma de ortografia inglesa, Una seleccion de las supersticiones mas extendida en Gran Bretaiia y Estados Unidos,

Y muchas cosa mas.

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