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:(
)
 

m2/s  



 kg/m3  
C 

1.007E-6
0.897E-6
0.804E-6
0.727E-6
0.661E-6
0.605E-6
0.556E-6

998.2
997.1
995.7
994.1
992.2
990.2
988.1

20
25
30
35
40
45
50

: "() *

" "#$%


p/p0
1.000
0.9421
0.8870
0.7846
0.6920
0.6085
0.5334

/
0 K 
m ,-

1.000
0.9529
0.9075
0.8217
0.7423
0.6689
0.6012

288.2
284.9
281.7
275.2
268.7
262.2
255.7

P0 = 1.01325E5Pa absolute
0 = 1.2250kg/m3

239

0
500
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000

1  4 5 678

:


f = f(x, y, z) 
1
:&'(#)  f # %

f =
7.

f
f
f
i+
j+
k .(1)
x
y
z

z y x '45 6% z y x ,-./ 12 ('& 


2
 1() % 6))(

. =

x y k
+
+
.(2)
x
x
x

,9:); 6/=) )(?> 6#' )(?> )1() ,@2A


;24

(. )dV = . d A ..(3)
V

(3) ,9:) B

(f )dV = f ndA ..(4)


V

,@21') ,)#.) )> )


B=%-B4 ,-@2/; F ,)#.) H I=
: :
x3.2 + 0.3x = 1.80
f = x3.2 + 0.3x - 1.8
f = 3.2x2.2 + 0.3
xI+1 = xI f/f
x = 1.00, 1.14, 1.13, 1.13

240

DE FG ( 5I
f ? - A: : :

k/d
Re
5.0E+3
6.0E+3
7.0E+3
8.0E+3
9.0E+3
10.0E+3
20.0E+3
30.0E+3
40.0E+3
50.0E+3
60.0E+3
70.0E+3
80.0E+3
90.0E+3
100.0E+3
200.0E+3
300.0E+3
400.0E+3
500.0E+3
600.0E+3
700.0E+3
800.0E+3
900.0E+3
1.0E+6
2.0E+6
3.0E+6
4.0E+6
5.0E+6
6.0E+6
7.0E+6
8.0E+6
9.0E+6
10.0E+6
20.0E+6
30.0E+6
40.0E+6

241

0.0000

0.0001

0.0002

0.0003

0.0004

0.0005

0.0006

0.038
0.036
0.035
0.033
0.032
0.031
0.026
0.024
0.022
0.021
0.020
0.020
0.019
0.019
0.018
0.016
0.015
0.014
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.011
0.010
0.009
0.009
0.009
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.007

0.038
0.036
0.035
0.033
0.032
0.032
0.027
0.024
0.023
0.022
0.021
0.020
0.020
0.019
0.019
0.017
0.016
0.015
0.015
0.014
0.014
0.014
0.014
0.014
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012

0.038
0.036
0.035
0.034
0.033
0.032
0.027
0.024
0.023
0.022
0.021
0.021
0.020
0.020
0.019
0.017
0.017
0.016
0.016
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.014
0.014
0.014
0.014
0.014
0.014
0.014
0.014
0.014
0.014
0.014

0.038
0.036
0.035
0.034
0.033
0.032
0.027
0.025
0.023
0.022
0.022
0.021
0.021
0.020
0.020
0.018
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.016
0.016
0.016
0.016
0.016
0.016
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015

0.038
0.037
0.035
0.034
0.033
0.032
0.027
0.025
0.024
0.023
0.022
0.021
0.021
0.021
0.020
0.019
0.018
0.018
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.016
0.016
0.016
0.016
0.016
0.016
0.016
0.016
0.016
0.016
0.016

0.039
0.037
0.035
0.034
0.033
0.032
0.027
0.025
0.024
0.023
0.022
0.022
0.021
0.021
0.021
0.019
0.019
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017

0.039
0.037
0.035
0.034
0.033
0.032
0.028
0.025
0.024
0.023
0.023
0.022
0.022
0.021
0.021
0.020
0.019
0.019
0.019
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018

k/d
Re
5.0E+3
6.0E+3
7.0E+3
8.0E+3
9.0E+3
10.0E+3
20.0E+3
30.0E+3
40.0E+3
50.0E+3
60.0E+3
70.0E+3
80.0E+3
90.0E+3
100.0E+3
200.0E+3
300.0E+3
400.0E+3
500.0E+3
600.0E+3
700.0E+3
800.0E+3
900.0E+3
1.0E+6
2.0E+6
3.0E+6
4.0E+6
5.0E+6
6.0E+6
7.0E+6
8.0E+6
9.0E+6
10.0E+6
20.0E+6
30.0E+6
40.0E+6

242

0.0007

0.0009

0.0010

0.0020

0.0030

0.0040

0.039
0.037
0.036
0.034
0.033
0.032
0.028
0.026
0.024
0.024
0.023
0.022
0.022
0.022
0.022
0.020
0.020
0.019
0.019
0.019
0.019
0.019
0.019
0.019
0.019
0.019
0.019
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018

0.039
0.037
0.036
0.035
0.034
0.033
0.028
0.026
0.025
0.024
0.024
0.023
0.023
0.022
0.022
0.021
0.021
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020

0.039
0.037
0.036
0.035
0.034
0.033
0.028
0.026
0.025
0.024
0.024
0.023
0.023
0.023
0.023
0.021
0.021
0.021
0.021
0.021
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.020

0.040
0.039
0.037
0.036
0.035
0.034
0.030
0.029
0.028
0.027
0.027
0.026
0.026
0.026
0.026
0.025
0.025
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024

0.041
0.040
0.038
0.037
0.036
0.036
0.032
0.031
0.030
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.028
0.028
0.028
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027
0.027

0.042
0.041
0.040
0.039
0.038
0.037
0.034
0.032
0.032
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029
0.029

k/d
Re
5.0E+3
6.0E+3
7.0E+3
8.0E+3
9.0E+3
10.0E+3
20.0E+3
30.0E+3
40.0E+3
50.0E+3
60.0E+3
70.0E+3
80.0E+3
90.0E+3
100.0E+3
200.0E+3
300.0E+3
400.0E+3
500.0E+3
600.0E+3
700.0E+3
800.0E+3
900.0E+3
1.0E+6
2.0E+6
3.0E+6
4.0E+6
5.0E+6
6.0E+6
7.0E+6
8.0E+6
9.0E+6
10.0E+6
20.0E+6
30.0E+6
40.0E+6

243

0.005

0.006

0.007

0.008

0.009

0.010

0.011

0.043
0.042
0.041
0.040
0.039
0.038
0.035
0.034
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.032
0.032
0.032
0.032
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031

0.044
0.043
0.042
0.041
0.040
0.040
0.037
0.035
0.035
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033
0.033

0.045
0.044
0.043
0.042
0.041
0.041
0.038
0.037
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034

0.046
0.045
0.044
0.043
0.042
0.042
0.039
0.038
0.038
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.036

0.047
0.046
0.045
0.044
0.043
0.043
0.040
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.038
0.038
0.038
0.038
0.038
0.038
0.038
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037
0.037

0.048
0.047
0.046
0.045
0.044
0.044
0.041
0.041
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039
0.039

0.049
0.048
0.047
0.046
0.045
0.045
0.043
0.042
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040

k/d
Re
5.0E+3
6.0E+3
7.0E+3
8.0E+3
9.0E+3
10.0E+3
20.0E+3
30.0E+3
40.0E+3
50.0E+3
60.0E+3
70.0E+3
80.0E+3
90.0E+3
100.0E+3
200.0E+3
300.0E+3
400.0E+3
500.0E+3
600.0E+3
700.0E+3
800.0E+3
900.0E+3
1.0E+6
2.0E+6
3.0E+6
4.0E+6
5.0E+6
6.0E+6
7.0E+6
8.0E+6
9.0E+6
10.0E+6
20.0E+6
30.0E+6
40.0E+6

244

0.012

0.013

0.014

0.050
0.049
0.048
0.047
0.046
0.046
0.044
0.043
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041

0.051
0.050
0.049
0.048
0.047
0.047
0.045
0.044
0.044
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.042

0.052
0.050
0.050
0.049
0.048
0.048
0.046
0.045
0.045
0.044
0.044
0.044
0.044
0.044
0.044
0.044
0.044
0.044
0.044
0.044
0.044
0.044
0.044
0.044
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.043


 6 : LM
I 5 k = 1.4) (K $%F-

245

P5PQ7
5I
I
M A/A* p/po T/To A.p/A*.po

0.02
0.04
0.06
0.08
0.10
0.12
0.14
0.16
0.18
0.20
0.22
0.24
0.26
0.28
0.30
0.32
0.34
0.36
0.38
0.40
0.42
0.44
0.46
0.48
0.50
0.52
0.54
0.56
0.58
0.60
0.62
0.64
0.66
0.68
0.70
0.72
0.74
0.76
0.78
0.80
0.82
0.84
0.86
0.88
0.90
0.92
0.94
0.96
0.98
1.00

246

28.9421
14.4815
9.6659
7.2616
5.8218
4.8643
4.1824
3.6727
3.2779
2.9635
2.7076
2.4956
2.3173
2.1656
2.0351
1.9219
1.8229
1.7358
1.6587
1.5901
1.5289
1.4740
1.4246
1.3801
1.3398
1.3034
1.2703
1.2403
1.2130
1.1882
1.1656
1.1451
1.1265
1.1097
1.0944
1.0806
1.0681
1.0570
1.0471
1.0382
1.0305
1.0237
1.0179
1.0129
1.0089
1.0056
1.0031
1.0014
1.0003
1.0000

0.9997
0.9989
0.9975
0.9955
0.9930
0.9900
0.9864
0.9823
0.9776
0.9725
0.9668
0.9607
0.9541
0.9470
0.9395
0.9315
0.9231
0.9143
0.9052
0.8956
0.8857
0.8755
0.8650
0.8541
0.8430
0.8317
0.8201
0.8082
0.7962
0.7840
0.7716
0.7591
0.7465
0.7338
0.7209
0.7080
0.6951
0.6821
0.6691
0.6560
0.6430
0.6300
0.6170
0.6041
0.5913
0.5785
0.5658
0.5532
0.5407
0.5283

0.9999
0.9997
0.9993
0.9987
0.9980
0.9971
0.9961
0.9949
0.9936
0.9921
0.9904
0.9886
0.9867
0.9846
0.9823
0.9799
0.9774
0.9747
0.9719
0.9690
0.9659
0.9627
0.9594
0.9559
0.9524
0.9487
0.9449
0.9410
0.9370
0.9328
0.9286
0.9243
0.9199
0.9153
0.9107
0.9061
0.9013
0.8964
0.8915
0.8865
0.8815
0.8763
0.8711
0.8659
0.8606
0.8552
0.8498
0.8444
0.8389
0.8333

28.9340
14.4653
9.6416
7.2292
5.7813
4.8156
4.1255
3.6077
3.2047
2.8820
2.6178
2.3975
2.2109
2.0508
1.9119
1.7902
1.6827
1.5871
1.5014
1.4242
1.3542
1.2905
1.2322
1.1788
1.1295
1.0840
1.0417
1.0024
0.9658
0.9316
0.8995
0.8693
0.8410
0.8142
0.7890
0.7651
0.7424
0.7209
0.7005
0.6811
0.6626
0.6449
0.6281
0.6119
0.5965
0.5817
0.5675
0.5539
0.5409
0.5283

M A/A* p/po T/To A.p/A*.po

1.02
1.04
1.06
1.08
1.10
1.12
1.14
1.16
1.18
1.20
1.22
1.24
1.26
1.28
1.30
1.32
1.34
1.36
1.38
1.40
1.42
1.44
1.46
1.48
1.50
1.52
1.54
1.56
1.58
1.60
1.62
1.64
1.66
1.68
1.70
1.72
1.74
1.76
1.78
1.80
1.82
1.84
1.86
1.88
1.90
1.92
1.94
1.96
1.98
2.00

1.0003
1.0013
1.0029
1.0051
1.0079
1.0113
1.0153
1.0198
1.0248
1.0304
1.0366
1.0432
1.0504
1.0581
1.0663
1.0750
1.0842
1.0940
1.1042
1.1149
1.1262
1.1379
1.1501
1.1629
1.1762
1.1899
1.2042
1.2190
1.2344
1.2502
1.2666
1.2836
1.3010
1.3190
1.3376
1.3567
1.3764
1.3967
1.4175
1.4390
1.4610
1.4836
1.5069
1.5308
1.5553
1.5804
1.6062
1.6326
1.6597
1.6875

0.5160
0.5039
0.4919
0.4800
0.4684
0.4568
0.4455
0.4343
0.4232
0.4124
0.4017
0.3912
0.3809
0.3708
0.3609
0.3512
0.3417
0.3323
0.3232
0.3142
0.3055
0.2969
0.2886
0.2804
0.2724
0.2646
0.2570
0.2496
0.2423
0.2353
0.2284
0.2217
0.2152
0.2088
0.2026
0.1966
0.1907
0.1850
0.1794
0.1740
0.1688
0.1637
0.1587
0.1539
0.1492
0.1447
0.1403
0.1360
0.1318
0.1278

0.8278
0.8222
0.8165
0.8108
0.8052
0.7994
0.7937
0.7879
0.7822
0.7764
0.7706
0.7648
0.7590
0.7532
0.7474
0.7416
0.7358
0.7300
0.7242
0.7184
0.7126
0.7069
0.7011
0.6954
0.6897
0.6840
0.6783
0.6726
0.6670
0.6614
0.6558
0.6502
0.6447
0.6392
0.6337
0.6283
0.6229
0.6175
0.6121
0.6068
0.6015
0.5963
0.5910
0.5859
0.5807
0.5756
0.5705
0.5655
0.5605
0.5556

0.5162
0.5045
0.4933
0.4825
0.4721
0.4620
0.4523
0.4428
0.4337
0.4249
0.4164
0.4081
0.4001
0.3924
0.3848
0.3775
0.3704
0.3636
0.3569
0.3504
0.3440
0.3379
0.3319
0.3261
0.3204
0.3149
0.3095
0.3042
0.2991
0.2941
0.2893
0.2845
0.2799
0.2754
0.2710
0.2667
0.2625
0.2584
0.2544
0.2504
0.2466
0.2429
0.2392
0.2356
0.2321
0.2287
0.2253
0.2220
0.2188
0.2157

M A/A* p/po T/To A.p/A*.po

2.02
2.04
2.06
2.08
2.10
2.12
2.14
2.16
2.18
2.20
2.22
2.24
2.26
2.28
2.30
2.32
2.34
2.36
2.38
2.40
2.42
2.44
2.46
2.48
2.50
2.52
2.54
2.56
2.58
2.60
2.62
2.64
2.66
2.68
2.70
2.72
2.74
2.76
2.78
2.80
2.82
2.84
2.86
2.88
2.90
2.92
2.94
2.96
2.98
3.00

247

1.7160
1.7451
1.7750
1.8056
1.8369
1.8690
1.9018
1.9354
1.9698
2.0050
2.0409
2.0777
2.1153
2.1538
2.1931
2.2333
2.2744
2.3164
2.3593
2.4031
2.4479
2.4936
2.5403
2.5880
2.6367
2.6864
2.7372
2.7891
2.8420
2.8960
2.9511
3.0073
3.0647
3.1233
3.1830
3.2439
3.3061
3.3695
3.4342
3.5001
3.5674
3.6359
3.7058
3.7771
3.8498
3.9238
3.9993
4.0762
4.1547
4.2346

0.1239
0.1201
0.1164
0.1128
0.1094
0.1060
0.1027
0.0996
0.0965
0.0935
0.0906
0.0878
0.0851
0.0825
0.0800
0.0775
0.0751
0.0728
0.0706
0.0684
0.0663
0.0643
0.0623
0.0604
0.0585
0.0567
0.0550
0.0533
0.0517
0.0501
0.0486
0.0471
0.0457
0.0443
0.0430
0.0417
0.0404
0.0392
0.0380
0.0368
0.0357
0.0347
0.0336
0.0326
0.0317
0.0307
0.0298
0.0289
0.0281
0.0272

0.5506
0.5458
0.5409
0.5361
0.5313
0.5266
0.5219
0.5173
0.5127
0.5081
0.5036
0.4991
0.4947
0.4903
0.4859
0.4816
0.4773
0.4731
0.4688
0.4647
0.4606
0.4565
0.4524
0.4484
0.4444
0.4405
0.4366
0.4328
0.4289
0.4252
0.4214
0.4177
0.4141
0.4104
0.4068
0.4033
0.3998
0.3963
0.3928
0.3894
0.3860
0.3827
0.3794
0.3761
0.3729
0.3696
0.3665
0.3633
0.3602
0.3571

0.2126
0.2096
0.2066
0.2037
0.2009
0.1981
0.1954
0.1927
0.1901
0.1875
0.1850
0.1825
0.1801
0.1777
0.1754
0.1731
0.1709
0.1687
0.1665
0.1644
0.1623
0.1602
0.1582
0.1563
0.1543
0.1524
0.1505
0.1487
0.1469
0.1451
0.1434
0.1417
0.1400
0.1383
0.1367
0.1351
0.1335
0.1320
0.1305
0.1290
0.1275
0.1261
0.1246
0.1232
0.1219
0.1205
0.1192
0.1178
0.1166
0.1153

M A/A* p/po T/To A.p/A*.po

3.02
3.04
3.06
3.08
3.10
3.12
3.14
3.16
3.18
3.20
3.22
3.24
3.26
3.28
3.30
3.32
3.34
3.36
3.38
3.40
3.42
3.44
3.46
3.48
3.50
3.52
3.54
3.56
3.58
3.60
3.62
3.64
3.66
3.68
3.70
3.72
3.74
3.76
3.78
3.80
3.82
3.84
3.86
3.88
3.90
3.92
3.94
3.96
3.98
4.00

4.3160
4.3989
4.4835
4.5696
4.6573
4.7467
4.8377
4.9304
5.0248
5.1209
5.2189
5.3186
5.4201
5.5234
5.6286
5.7357
5.8448
5.9558
6.0687
6.1837
6.3007
6.4197
6.5409
6.6642
6.7896
6.9172
7.0470
7.1791
7.3134
7.4501
7.5891
7.7304
7.8742
8.0204
8.1690
8.3202
8.4739
8.6302
8.7891
8.9506
9.1147
9.2816
9.4513
9.6237
9.7989
9.9770
10.1580
10.3419
10.5288
10.7187

0.0264
0.0256
0.0249
0.0242
0.0234
0.0228
0.0221
0.0215
0.0208
0.0202
0.0196
0.0191
0.0185
0.0180
0.0175
0.0170
0.0165
0.0160
0.0156
0.0151
0.0147
0.0143
0.0139
0.0135
0.0131
0.0127
0.0124
0.0120
0.0117
0.0114
0.0111
0.0108
0.0105
0.0102
0.0099
0.0096
0.0094
0.0091
0.0089
0.0086
0.0084
0.0082
0.0080
0.0077
0.0075
0.0073
0.0071
0.0069
0.0068
0.0066

0.3541
0.3511
0.3481
0.3452
0.3422
0.3393
0.3365
0.3337
0.3309
0.3281
0.3253
0.3226
0.3199
0.3173
0.3147
0.3121
0.3095
0.3069
0.3044
0.3019
0.2995
0.2970
0.2946
0.2922
0.2899
0.2875
0.2852
0.2829
0.2806
0.2784
0.2762
0.2740
0.2718
0.2697
0.2675
0.2654
0.2633
0.2613
0.2592
0.2572
0.2552
0.2532
0.2513
0.2493
0.2474
0.2455
0.2436
0.2418
0.2399
0.2381

0.1140
0.1128
0.1116
0.1104
0.1092
0.1080
0.1069
0.1058
0.1047
0.1036
0.1025
0.1015
0.1004
0.0994
0.0984
0.0974
0.0964
0.0954
0.0945
0.0935
0.0926
0.0917
0.0908
0.0899
0.0890
0.0882
0.0873
0.0865
0.0856
0.0848
0.0840
0.0832
0.0824
0.0817
0.0809
0.0801
0.0794
0.0787
0.0779
0.0772
0.0765
0.0758
0.0752
0.0745
0.0738
0.0731
0.0725
0.0719
0.0712
0.0706

P: 
?:P

M1 M2 p2/p1 T2/T1 po2/po1 M1 M2 p2/p1 T2/T1 po2/po1

1.02
1.04
1.06
1.08
1.10
1.12
1.14
1.16
1.18
1.20
1.22
1.24
1.26
1.28
1.30
1.32
1.34
1.36
1.38
1.40
1.42
1.44
1.46
1.48
1.50
1.52
1.54
1.56
1.58
1.60
1.62
1.64
1.66
1.68
1.70
1.72
1.74
1.76
1.78
1.80
1.82
1.84
1.86
1.88
1.90
1.92
1.94
1.96
1.98
2.00

248

0.981
0.962
0.944
0.928
0.912
0.897
0.882
0.868
0.855
0.842
0.830
0.818
0.807
0.796
0.786
0.776
0.766
0.757
0.748
0.740
0.731
0.723
0.716
0.708
0.701
0.694
0.687
0.681
0.675
0.668
0.663
0.657
0.651
0.646
0.641
0.635
0.631
0.626
0.621
0.617
0.612
0.608
0.604
0.600
0.596
0.592
0.588
0.584
0.581
0.577

1.0471
1.0952
1.1442
1.1941
1.2450
1.2968
1.3495
1.4032
1.4578
1.5133
1.5698
1.6272
1.6855
1.7448
1.8050
1.8661
1.9282
1.9912
2.0551
2.1200
2.1858
2.2525
2.3202
2.3888
2.4583
2.5288
2.6002
2.6725
2.7458
2.8200
2.8951
2.9712
3.0482
3.1261
3.2050
3.2848
3.3655
3.4472
3.5298
3.6133
3.6978
3.7832
3.8695
3.9568
4.0450
4.1341
4.2242
4.3152
4.4071
4.5000

1.0132
1.0263
1.0393
1.0522
1.0649
1.0776
1.0903
1.1029
1.1154
1.1280
1.1405
1.1531
1.1657
1.1783
1.1909
1.2035
1.2162
1.2290
1.2418
1.2547
1.2676
1.2807
1.2938
1.3069
1.3202
1.3336
1.3470
1.3606
1.3742
1.3880
1.4018
1.4158
1.4299
1.4440
1.4583
1.4727
1.4873
1.5019
1.5167
1.5316
1.5466
1.5617
1.5770
1.5924
1.6079
1.6236
1.6394
1.6553
1.6713
1.6875

1.0000
0.9999
0.9998
0.9994
0.9989
0.9982
0.9973
0.9961
0.9946
0.9928
0.9907
0.9884
0.9857
0.9827
0.9794
0.9758
0.9718
0.9676
0.9630
0.9582
0.9531
0.9476
0.9420
0.9360
0.9298
0.9233
0.9166
0.9097
0.9026
0.8952
0.8877
0.8799
0.8720
0.8639
0.8557
0.8474
0.8389
0.8302
0.8215
0.8127
0.8038
0.7948
0.7857
0.7765
0.7674
0.7581
0.7488
0.7395
0.7302
0.7209

2.02
2.04
2.06
2.08
2.10
2.12
2.14
2.16
2.18
2.20
2.22
2.24
2.26
2.28
2.30
2.32
2.34
2.36
2.38
2.40
2.42
2.44
2.46
2.48
2.50
2.52
2.54
2.56
2.58
2.60
2.62
2.64
2.66
2.68
2.70
2.72
2.74
2.76
2.78
2.80
2.82
2.84
2.86
2.88
2.90
2.92
2.94
2.96
2.98
3.00

0.574
0.571
0.567
0.564
0.561
0.558
0.555
0.553
0.550
0.547
0.544
0.542
0.539
0.537
0.534
0.532
0.530
0.527
0.525
0.523
0.521
0.519
0.517
0.515
0.513
0.511
0.509
0.507
0.506
0.504
0.502
0.500
0.499
0.497
0.496
0.494
0.493
0.491
0.490
0.488
0.487
0.485
0.484
0.483
0.481
0.480
0.479
0.478
0.476
0.475

4.5938
4.6885
4.7842
4.8808
4.9783
5.0768
5.1762
5.2765
5.3778
5.4800
5.5831
5.6872
5.7922
5.8981
6.0050
6.1128
6.2215
6.3312
6.4418
6.5533
6.6658
6.7792
6.8935
7.0088
7.1250
7.2421
7.3602
7.4792
7.5991
7.7200
7.8418
7.9645
8.0882
8.2128
8.3383
8.4648
8.5922
8.7205
8.8498
8.9800
9.1111
9.2432
9.3762
9.5101
9.6450
9.7808
9.9175
10.0552
10.1938
10.3333

1.7038
1.7203
1.7369
1.7536
1.7704
1.7875
1.8046
1.8219
1.8393
1.8569
1.8746
1.8924
1.9104
1.9285
1.9468
1.9652
1.9838
2.0025
2.0213
2.0403
2.0595
2.0788
2.0982
2.1178
2.1375
2.1574
2.1774
2.1976
2.2179
2.2383
2.2590
2.2797
2.3006
2.3217
2.3429
2.3642
2.3858
2.4074
2.4292
2.4512
2.4733
2.4955
2.5179
2.5405
2.5632
2.5861
2.6091
2.6322
2.6555
2.6790

0.7115
0.7022
0.6928
0.6835
0.6742
0.6649
0.6557
0.6464
0.6373
0.6281
0.6191
0.6100
0.6011
0.5921
0.5833
0.5745
0.5658
0.5572
0.5486
0.5401
0.5317
0.5234
0.5152
0.5071
0.4990
0.4911
0.4832
0.4754
0.4677
0.4601
0.4526
0.4452
0.4379
0.4307
0.4236
0.4166
0.4097
0.4028
0.3961
0.3895
0.3829
0.3765
0.3701
0.3639
0.3577
0.3517
0.3457
0.3398
0.3340
0.3283

II

M1 M2 p2/p1 T2/T1 po2/po1

3.02
3.04
3.06
3.08
3.10
3.12
3.14
3.16
3.18
3.20
3.22
3.24
3.26
3.28
3.30
3.32
3.34
3.36
3.38
3.40
3.42
3.44
3.46
3.48
3.50
3.52
3.54
3.56
3.58
3.60
3.62
3.64
3.66
3.68
3.70
3.72
3.74
3.76
3.78
3.80
3.82
3.84
3.86
3.88
3.90
3.92
3.94
3.96
3.98
4.00

249

0.474
0.473
0.472
0.471
0.470
0.468
0.467
0.466
0.465
0.464
0.463
0.462
0.461
0.461
0.460
0.459
0.458
0.457
0.456
0.455
0.454
0.454
0.453
0.452
0.451
0.450
0.450
0.449
0.448
0.447
0.447
0.446
0.445
0.445
0.444
0.443
0.443
0.442
0.441
0.441
0.440
0.440
0.439
0.438
0.438
0.437
0.437
0.436
0.436
0.435

10.4738
10.6152
10.7575
10.9008
11.0450
11.1901
11.3362
11.4832
11.6311
11.7800
11.9298
12.0805
12.2322
12.3848
12.5383
12.6928
12.8482
13.0045
13.1618
13.3200
13.4791
13.6392
13.8002
13.9621
14.1250
14.2888
14.4535
14.6192
14.7858
14.9533
15.1218
15.2912
15.4615
15.6328
15.8050
15.9781
16.1522
16.3272
16.5031
16.6800
16.8578
17.0365
17.2162
17.3968
17.5783
17.7608
17.9442
18.1285
18.3138
18.5000

2.7026
2.7264
2.7503
2.7744
2.7986
2.8230
2.8475
2.8722
2.8970
2.9220
2.9471
2.9724
2.9979
3.0234
3.0492
3.0751
3.1011
3.1273
3.1537
3.1802
3.2069
3.2337
3.2607
3.2878
3.3150
3.3425
3.3701
3.3978
3.4257
3.4537
3.4819
3.5103
3.5388
3.5674
3.5962
3.6252
3.6543
3.6836
3.7130
3.7426
3.7723
3.8022
3.8323
3.8625
3.8928
3.9233
3.9540
3.9848
4.0158
4.0469

0.3227
0.3172
0.3118
0.3065
0.3012
0.2960
0.2910
0.2860
0.2811
0.2762
0.2715
0.2668
0.2622
0.2577
0.2533
0.2489
0.2446
0.2404
0.2363
0.2322
0.2282
0.2243
0.2205
0.2167
0.2129
0.2093
0.2057
0.2022
0.1987
0.1953
0.1920
0.1887
0.1855
0.1823
0.1792
0.1761
0.1731
0.1702
0.1673
0.1645
0.1617
0.1589
0.1563
0.1536
0.1510
0.1485
0.1460
0.1435
0.1411
0.1388

(? - 5I

0.02
0.04
0.06
0.08
0.10
0.12
0.14
0.16
0.18
0.20
0.22
0.24
0.26
0.28
0.30
0.32
0.34
0.36
0.38
0.40
0.42
0.44
0.46
0.48
0.50
0.52
0.54
0.56
0.58
0.60
0.62
0.64
0.66
0.68
0.70
0.72
0.74
0.76
0.78
0.80
0.82
0.84
0.86
0.88
0.90
0.92
0.94
0.96
0.98
1.00

250

T/T*
1.1999
1.1996
1.1991
1.1985
1.1976
1.1966
1.1953
1.1939
1.1923
1.1905
1.1885
1.1863
1.1840
1.1815
1.1788
1.1759
1.1729
1.1697
1.1663
1.1628
1.1591
1.1553
1.1513
1.1471
1.1429
1.1384
1.1339
1.1292
1.1244
1.1194
1.1143
1.1091
1.1038
1.0984
1.0929
1.0873
1.0815
1.0757
1.0698
1.0638
1.0578
1.0516
1.0454
1.0391
1.0327
1.0263
1.0198
1.0132
1.0066
1.0000

p/p* po/po*

54.7701
27.3817
18.2509
13.6843
10.9435
9.1156
7.8093
6.8291
6.0662
5.4554
4.9554
4.5383
4.1851
3.8820
3.6191
3.3887
3.1853
3.0042
2.8420
2.6958
2.5634
2.4428
2.3326
2.2313
2.1381
2.0519
1.9719
1.8975
1.8282
1.7634
1.7026
1.6456
1.5919
1.5413
1.4935
1.4482
1.4054
1.3647
1.3261
1.2893
1.2542
1.2208
1.1889
1.1583
1.1291
1.1011
1.0743
1.0485
1.0238
1.0000

28.9421
14.4815
9.6659
7.2616
5.8218
4.8643
4.1824
3.6727
3.2779
2.9635
2.7076
2.4956
2.3173
2.1656
2.0351
1.9219
1.8229
1.7358
1.6587
1.5901
1.5289
1.4740
1.4246
1.3801
1.3398
1.3034
1.2703
1.2403
1.2130
1.1882
1.1656
1.1451
1.1265
1.1097
1.0944
1.0806
1.0681
1.0570
1.0471
1.0382
1.0305
1.0237
1.0179
1.0129
1.0089
1.0056
1.0031
1.0014
1.0003
1.0000

1778.450
440.3522
193.0311
106.7182
66.9216
45.4080
32.5113
24.1978
18.5427
14.5333
11.5961
9.3865
7.6876
6.3572
5.2993
4.4467
3.7520
3.1801
2.7054
2.3085
1.9744
1.6915
1.4509
1.2453
1.0691
0.9174
0.7866
0.6736
0.5757
0.4908
0.4172
0.3533
0.2979
0.2498
0.2081
0.1721
0.1411
0.1145
0.0917
0.0723
0.0559
0.0423
0.0310
0.0218
0.0145
0.0089
0.0048
0.0021
0.0005
0.0000

III

?*
F^ : 5I

M
0.02
0.04
0.06
0.08
0.10
0.12
0.14
0.16
0.18
0.20
0.22
0.24
0.26
0.28
0.30
0.32
0.34
0.36
0.38
0.40
0.42
0.44
0.46
0.48
0.50
0.52
0.54
0.56
0.58
0.60
0.62
0.64
0.66
0.68
0.70
0.72
0.74
0.76
0.78
0.80
0.82
0.84
0.86
0.88
0.90
0.92
0.94
0.96
0.98
1.00

251

To/To T/T*
*
0.0019
0.0076
0.0171
0.0302
0.0468
0.0666
0.0895
0.1151
0.1432
0.1736
0.2057
0.2395
0.2745
0.3104
0.3469
0.3837
0.4206
0.4572
0.4935
0.5290
0.5638
0.5975
0.6301
0.6614
0.6914
0.7199
0.7470
0.7725
0.7965
0.8189
0.8398
0.8592
0.8771
0.8935
0.9085
0.9221
0.9344
0.9455
0.9553
0.9639
0.9715
0.9781
0.9836
0.9883
0.9921
0.9951
0.9973
0.9988
0.9997
1.0000

0.0023
0.0092
0.0205
0.0362
0.0560
0.0797
0.1069
0.1374
0.1708
0.2066
0.2445
0.2841
0.3250
0.3667
0.4089
0.4512
0.4933
0.5348
0.5755
0.6151
0.6535
0.6903
0.7254
0.7587
0.7901
0.8196
0.8469
0.8723
0.8955
0.9167
0.9358
0.9530
0.9682
0.9814
0.9929
1.0026
1.0106
1.0171
1.0220
1.0255
1.0276
1.0285
1.0283
1.0269
1.0245
1.0212
1.0170
1.0121
1.0064
1.0000

p/p* po/po
*
2.3987
2.3946
2.3880
2.3787
2.3669
2.3526
2.3359
2.3170
2.2959
2.2727
2.2477
2.2209
2.1925
2.1626
2.1314
2.0991
2.0657
2.0314
1.9964
1.9608
1.9247
1.8882
1.8515
1.8147
1.7778
1.7409
1.7043
1.6678
1.6316
1.5957
1.5603
1.5253
1.4908
1.4569
1.4235
1.3907
1.3585
1.3270
1.2961
1.2658
1.2362
1.2073
1.1791
1.1515
1.1246
1.0984
1.0728
1.0479
1.0236
1.0000

1.2675
1.2665
1.2647
1.2623
1.2591
1.2554
1.2510
1.2461
1.2406
1.2346
1.2281
1.2213
1.2140
1.2064
1.1985
1.1904
1.1822
1.1737
1.1652
1.1566
1.1480
1.1394
1.1308
1.1224
1.1141
1.1059
1.0979
1.0901
1.0826
1.0753
1.0682
1.0615
1.0550
1.0489
1.0431
1.0376
1.0325
1.0278
1.0234
1.0193
1.0157
1.0124
1.0095
1.0070
1.0049
1.0031
1.0017
1.0008
1.0002
1.0000

IV


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^:
^
L)
Massey, B
Mechanics of Fluids
van Reinhold
Hughes, W, Brighton, J
Theory and Problems of Fluid Dynamics
Schaum
Rogers, Mayhew
Engineering Thermodynamics, Work and Heat Transfer
Longman
Langhoar, H
Dimensional Analysis and the Theory of Modeling
John Wiley
Goldstein, S
Modern Developments in Fluid Dynamics
Dover Publications
Schlichting, H
Boundary Layer Theory
McGraw-Hill
Anderson, J D, Computational Fluid Dynamics, McGraw-Hill
Hinze, J
Turbulence
McGraw-Hill
Glauert, H
Elements of Aerofoil and Airscrew Theory
Cambridge University Press
Streeter, V
Fluid Dynamics
McGraw-Hill
A. H. Shapiro
Dynamics and thermodynamics of compressible fluid flow. Vol.1, Parts I and
II
Ronald
Leipman, H, Roshko, A
Elements of Gas Dynamics
International Textbooks
Owczarek, J
Fundamentals of Gas Dynamics
International Textbooks
Bolton,W
Engineering Instrumentation & control
Butterworths.
www.cfd-online.com/resources/

254

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model
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turbulence intensity
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propulsion
total head
total-drag coefficient
turbine
turbulence
turbulence intensity
turbulent
two dimensional
uniform
Uniform flow
unsteady
vacuum
valve
venturi
viscous, viscid
volume flow rate
Von Karman
wave