INDEX

Abbey Dore, 97–102, 117
absconders, clothing of, see runaways, clothing of
Abergavenny, 89
Aberystwyth, 84
Ablett, William, 21
advertising, 4, 6, 11, 14, 15, 18, 19, 24, 25,
26, 28, 29, 31, 32, 36, 38, 39, 40, 43, 44,
45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54,
55, 56–61, 62, 63, 66, 68, 74, 75, 83,
84, 105, 114, 116, 123, 129, 131, 151,
152, 154
see also billhead
see also branding of products
see also shop windows
see also trade cards
Alcester, 10
alcohol, 36, 57, 89, 116
see also inn
see also pub
Alexander, David, 4, 19, 69
alms, almshouses, 110, 112
alternative currency, clothing as, 55, 89–90,
127
see also makeshift economy
see also exchange of goods in kind
American ready-made clothing market, 8
Antwerp, 5
apprentice, 2, 7, 45–6, 67, 78, 94, 99, 117,
119, 129, 132, 144, 146
Areley Common, 37
army clothing, 7, 50
see also naval clothing
see also uniform
Arnold, Janet, 6
Asquith, Ivon, 56

Astley, 37
auctions, 24, 30, 37, 38, 50, 66, 70, 82, 151
Aylesbury, 53
Aymestrey, 121
ballads, 52, 128
Banbury, 23, 146
Barker, Hannah, 57
Bath, 18
Bedfordshire, 35, 50
Belbroughton, 111
Belgium, 83
Bellows, Rev., Henry, 128
Bentley, Joseph, 14, 23–4
‘best’ clothing, 11, 128, 138, 139–40, 146,
147, 148, 149, 150
see also ‘Sunday best’
see also wedding clothing
Bewdley, 21, 37, 69, 153
billhead, 14, 18, 25, 26, 37, 40, 47
see also advertising
see also trade cards
Birlingham, 39
Birmingham, 9, 14, 30, 40, 69, 71, 72, 76,
94, 96, 146
Black Country, 21, 36, 74, 77
Blockley, 23, 131
Blue Coat schools, 118–19, 122
branding of products, 44, 60
see also advertising
Brecon, 74, 84
Bredwardine, 114–15, 117
breeches, 25, 28, 44, 58, 76, 88, 95, 96, 98,
100, 102, 103, 105, 113, 115, 129–30,
131, 132
leather, 7, 8, 46, 100, 101, 118, 131
maker, 22, 73, 75,

Copyright

– 225 –

226

The Clothing Trade in Provincial England, 1800–1850

Bristol, 9, 49, 53, 67, 99
riots, 67
Broadheath, 120
Broadway, 15, 75
Bromsgrove, 21, 106, 111, 112–13, 121
Bromyard, 31–2, 38, 93, 95–7, 106, 154
Brown, David, 66, 70
Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 15
Buck, Anne, 35, 37,
Buckinghamshire, 38–9, 53
Bufton, Mary, 140, 142, 144, 147, 150
Burke, Peter, 134
cash buying and selling, 18, 31, 48, 60, 85,
87, 89, 90, 127, 133, 138
see also credit
see also ready money
cast-off clothing, 99, 138, 139, 144
see also second-hand clothing
Castlemorton, 76, 93, 97–101
Chaddesley Corbett, 21, 23, 24
chamber of commerce, 15
Chapman, Stanley, 60, 63
charities, Bishop Hall’s Charity, Kidderminster, 112–13
Mr Brecknell’s Charity, Belbroughton,
111
Cartwright Charity, Dudley, 113
Ann Hall’s Gift, Worcester, 113
Peter Jones’s Gift, Hereford, 112
Lilley’s Charity, Bromsgrove, 111
Joan Lingen’s Charity, Marden, 111
Samuel Parkes Charity, Great Shelsley,
124
Phineaus Jackson Charity, Edvin Ralph,
111
Pugh’s Charity, Withington, 110
Walter Scott’s Charity, Ross on Wye, 118
see also Blue Coat School
Miss Sarah Scudamore’s Charity, Kentchurch, 110
Alderman Sherwin’s Gift, Worcester, 113
Smith’s Charity, Eaton Bishop, 144
Robert Veller’s Gift, Worcester, 113
see also Blue Coat School
see also clothing societies
see also Dorcas Societies
see also gifting of clothing

see also Jarvis Charity
see also School of Ancient Industry
see also tickets, for charity clothing
charity badges, 113, 118
Charity Commissioners, 109, 111, 112, 114,
115, 116, 117, 124
Cheltenham, 40, 61
children’s clothing see clothing, children
cholera, 15
cider, 1, 26, 36
Clark, Anna, 3
cleanliness, of clothing, 8, 101, 110, 113,
123
of towns, 15, 22
clothes broker, 16, 32, 52, 104, 158
see also salesman
see also clothes dealer
clothes dealer, 18, 19, 25, 28, 29, 30, 55, 58,
60, 61, 78, 82, 89, 95, 96, 104, 113, 153
see also salesman
see also clothes broker
clothier, 22, 38, 46, 157
clothing, apron, 38, 100, 135
as alternative currency, see alternative currency, clothing as
bonnet, 128, 135, 148
boots, 130, 131, 134
see breeches
buttons, 130, 132, 150, 154
cap, 96
cardinals, 6
chemise, 96, 123, 136, 157, 158
children’s, 94, 96, 97–8, 99–100, 103,
105, 107, 110, 112, 118–20, 125,
126, 135, 152
cloak, 6, 7, 114, 151–2
see coat
corset, 29
see also stays
disabled, 93, 97, 98, 107
see dresses
elderly, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 107,
110–11, 113, 118, 124, 125, 126, 153
gaitors, 40, 131
see gloves
see gowns
see handkerchief

Copyright

Index
hat, 95, 102, 113, 115, 128, 129, 130,
131, 132
headdress, 148
hose see stockings
see jacket
leggings, 40
mackintosh, 60, 61, 78
paletôt, 60, 158
pelerine, 137, 148, 158
pelisse, 29, 66, 159
petticoat, 6, 7, 93, 96, 99, 100, 120, 122,
123, 135, 136
pinafore, 135, 136
overalls, 131
ragged, 92, 94
see also nakedness
see ready-made
ribbons, 38, 60, 118, 132, 150, 154
riding habit, 29, 35, 66, 158
see shawl
shift, 25, 93, 95, 96, 98, 99, 102, 111,
113, 114, 158
shirt, 46, 94, 99, 103, 111, 113
see shoes
sick, 94, 100, 107
see smock frocks
see stays
stock, 115
see stockings
see trousers
see waistcoat
see also cast-off clothing
see also cleanliness, of clothing
see also cost of clothing
see also fabric lengths for clothing
see also manufacturers of clothing
see also mending clothing
see also ready-made clothing
see also runaways, clothing of
see also second-hand clothing
see also sewing
see also sizing
see also slops
see also theft of clothes
see also workhouse clothing
clothing clubs, 57, 109–10, 120, 123–5, 128
see also clothing societies
see also self-help

227

clothing for colonial settlement, 6, 53
clothing manufacturers see manufacturers of
clothing
clothing societies, 57, 120–1, 122–4
see also clothing clubs
see also self-help
Clungunford, 35
coat, 35, 36, 110, 111, 113, 115, 118, 130,
131, 132
see also clothing, mackintosh
see also clothing, paletôt
colonial settlement, clothing for see clothing
for colonial settlement
Coppett Hill, 134, 136
corduroy, 24, 51, 88, 105, 107, 129, 130,
132, 157
Corfield, Penelope, 2, 45
Coseley, 36
cost of clothing, 2, 23, 25, 31, 35, 36, 44,
50, 51, 53–5, 60, 61, 62–3, 89, 90, 91,
95–6, 106, 113, 119, 121, 124, 139,
151, 155
cotton, 8, 14, 24, 38, 39, 41, 73, 76, 78, 89,
95, 96, 107, 110, 125, 129, 140, 157–9
dresses, 31, 38, 40, 76, 110, 135, 140–2,
144–5, 147
industry, 4, 6, 68
Coventry, 146
Earl of, 131
Cox, Nancy, 4
Cradley, 38
Crafta Webb, 117
Craik, Jennifer, 118
credit, 56, 77, 79, 80, 81, 85, 91, 124, 128
see also cash buying and selling
see also travelling draper
see also ready money
‘credit’ draper, see travelling draper
Crewe, Louise, 90
Cristall, Joshua, 133–5, 137–8, 140, 147–8
currency, clothing as alternative, see alternative currency, clothing as

Copyright

Deceulaer, Harald, 5, 83
Deptford, 94
Devon, 14
disabled, clothing for see clothing, disabled

228

The Clothing Trade in Provincial England, 1800–1850

discounted goods see sales of discounted
goods
Dorcas Societies, 121–2
drapers, 4, 7, 15, 16, 18–21, 22, 24, 25, 26,
28, 30, 31, 32, 35, 37, 38–9, 40, 41,
43–6, 47–8, 49–50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 56,
57, 58, 60, 62, 63, 66, 67, 68, 69, 73,
75, 76, 77–8, 80, 81, 82, 83, 95, 96, 98,
102, 103, 104, 105, 107, 112–13, 114,
123, 146, 151, 152, 153
see also travelling draper
dresses, 96, 105, 128, 135, 139–46, 149, 154
cotton, 31, 38, 40, 76, 110, 135, 140–2,
144–5, 147
ready-made, 8, 31, 38, 41, 51, 52, 57, 76,
77, 81, 96, 153
see also ‘best’ dress
see also wedding clothing
dressmaker, 8, 10, 15, 39–41, 48, 122, 150,
153
Droitwich, 23, 24–6, 31, 40, 93, 94, 101–4,
105–6, 107, 115, 132
Dudley, 9, 10, 21, 22, 36, 58, 67, 77–9, 83,
112, 113, 119

Feckenham, 23
Fettes, George, 29
Finn, Margot, 78, 128
Foley family, 120–1
Forest of Dean, 30
Fowler, Christina, 9, 13, 36, 41, 149
Fownhope, 36
France, 8, 14, 26, 74, 133
Frey, Dennis, 127
frocks see smock frocks
fustian, 25, 28, 38, 47, 53, 94, 105, 107, 125,
130, 131, 132, 157–9
gangs, clothing of, 130
Germany, 5
gifting of clothing, 87, 110, 111, 112, 113,
115, 116, 117, 118, 120, 124, 126, 139
Gillet, Marie, 26
Gloucester, 14, 21, 30, 38, 47, 52, 61
glover see gloving
gloves, 5, 10, 14, 54, 59, 60, 61, 90, 146
gloving, 14, 27, 38, 78, 80, 132, 146
Godley, Andrew, 9
goods in kind see exchange of goods in kind
Goodrich, 133–9, 148
gowns, 5, 29, 32, 38, 40, 66, 76, 80, 93, 96,
100, 102, 110, 111, 112, 113, 124, 125
see also dresses
Great Shelsley, 124
Gregson, Nicky, 90
Griffith, George, 118
grocers, 4, 24, 37, 38, 39, 152
guilds, see tailors’ guild

Copyright

Eardisley, 117
East India Company, 6
Easter, clothing at, 99
Eaton Bishop, 76
Eckington, 38
economy of makeshifts see makeshift
economy
Eden, Sir Frederick, 32, 40, 42, 63
Edvin Ralph, 111
elderly, clothing for see clothing, elderly
Evangelicals, 125
Evesham, 14, 21, 23, 36, 40, 73, 75, 80
exchange of goods in kind, 16, 49–50, 53,
76, 87–90
of unsatisfactory goods, 4

fabrics see corduroy, cotton, fustian, kersey,
kerseymere, lace, moleskin, nankeen,
plaid, shoddy, tartan, Yorkshire Broads
fabric lengths for clothing, 96, 111, 124
fairs, 21, 43, 58, 70, 82–3, 147
fashion, 2, 8, 11, 44, 56, 57, 60, 80, 92, 127–
8, 132–3, 135–7, 139, 140, 146–50

Hackney Coach Office, 70
see also Stamp Office
haberdashery, 31, 67, 79, 83
Hagley, 76
Halliwell-Phillipps, Henrietta, 15
Hallow, 120
Hampshire, 36, 41, 149
Hanbury, 73, 76
handkerchief, 38, 69, 76, 129, 130, 135, 136,
148
Hanly, Margaret, 124
hardware, 37, 39, 152
Haverhill, 23

Index
hawkers, 11, 57, 65, 66–77, 78, 79, 80, 81,
82, 83, 84–5, 153
see also pedlars
Hay-on-Wye, 10
Hereford, 1, 9, 11, 26–9, 30, 31, 39–40, 43,
49–55, 56, 57, 58, 60, 62, 68, 75, 78–9,
81–2, 83, 84–5, 100, 105, 107, 110,
111–12, 114, 123, 130, 136, 139, 140,
144, 152
Hindlip, 46, 120
Hood, Thomas, 8
Hope under Dinmore, 93
hops, 13, 26
horse, transport by, 68, 74
see also transportation
hose see stockings
hosier, 18, 28, 31, 43, 50, 60, 61, 68, 78, 83
house of correction, 129
house of industry, 106
Hull, 31
Hurst Manceaux, 140
Hutchinson, Sarah, 27
Hyam, 53, 152
hygiene of clothing see cleanliness, of clothing

229

Kington, 52, 57, 74
Knapp, Susannah, 109
Knighton, 35
Knighton-upon-Teme, 130
lace, 14, 60, 74, 76, 128
Ledbury, 15, 30, 38, 106, 128
Leeds, 130
Leicester, 21
Leintwardine, 35
Lemire, Beverly, 3, 6, 7, 8, 31, 32, 49, 88, 89,
92, 127, 150
Leominster, 30, 36, 38, 41, 56, 74, 146
Letton, 114–16
Levitt, Sarah, 31, 39
licensing of hawkers and pedlars, 57, 65,
67–75, 76, 77, 82, 83, 84
Liverpool, 15
livery, 7, 131
see also uniform
London, 5, 7, 15, 20, 27, 29, 32, 33, 44, 45,
46, 47, 49, 50, 52, 53, 54–5, 56, 59, 60,
61, 62–3, 66, 68, 71, 78, 99, 114, 127,
133, 146, 152
Longton, 89
Low Countries, 5
Ludlow, 10, 35
Lyttleton, Lady, 119

Copyright

infirm, clothing for, see clothing, sick
inn, 36–7, 46, 56, 66–7, 73
see also alcohol
see also pub
Irish, 66, 78–9, 117

jacket, 25, 28, 30, 32, 35, 36, 38, 40, 46, 49,
50, 53, 60, 95, 98, 100, 102, 103, 105,
114, 119, 120, 129, 130, 131, 132
Jarvis Charity, 110, 112, 114–18, 120, 125
Jewish, 29, 30, 53, 61, 75
Johnson, Paul, 147
Kempsey, 76, 77
Kentchurch, 110
kersey, 25, 158
kerseymere, 24, 31, 37, 51, 158
Kidd, Alan, 125
Kidderminster, 21, 22, 68, 73, 76, 83, 104,
112, 113, 130, 146, 152
King, Steven, 87, 92, 96, 98, 107
Kingsland, 146
Kingsley, Sir Charles, 8, 61

Macclesfield, 152
Malvern, 15, 23, 46, 97, 119–20, 154
makeshift economy, 11, 65, 84, 87–8, 98,
109, 153
see also alternative currency, clothing as
see also exchange of goods in kind
Manchester, 4, 8, 21, 31, 47, 51, 68, 83
‘Manchester’ men, 68
see also travelling drapers
manufacturers of clothing, 6, 16, 28, 47, 53,
50–1, 54, 60, 62, 152, 158
see also textile manufacturers
Marden, 111, 140, 143–4
Martley, 106, 132
Mayhew, Henry, 8
markets, 10, 11, 21, 23, 26–8, 30, 40, 41,
65–6, 67, 68, 79, 81–5, 92, 95, 98
mending clothing, 35, 98, 101, 119
mercer, 18, 24, 31, 32, 50

230

The Clothing Trade in Provincial England, 1800–1850

Methodism, 109
middle class, 3, 41, 56, 80, 81, 109, 122, 124,
133
Miller, Amy, 6, 7
milliner, 10, 15, 39, 41
Mitchell, Julian, 133, 134
moleskin, 25, 30, 47, 48, 51, 158
Monkland, 74
Morrison, James, 15, 63
Moses, of London, 53, 61
Moses, I. and J., 61
Much Marcle, 144
Mui and Mui, Hoh-cheung and Lorna, 37,
69, 76, 84
Myer, Abraham, 29
Myers, of London, 53, 152
nakedness, 91, 93–4
see also clothing, ragged
nankeen, 47, 131, 158
Napoleonic Wars, 1, 2, 50–1, 63, 109
naval clothing, 6, 7, 23
see also army clothing
see also uniform
Newark, 23
Newcastle, 41
newspapers, 13, 26, 36, 38–9, 56–7, 74, 84,
105, 114, 122, 129–30
Newtown, 38
Nicoll, 60
Northwick Park, 131, 138
Norton, Jane, 23
Norton Canon, 130
Nott family, 131
Nottingham, 14, 15
Norwich, 45
Nuremberg, Germany, 5

see also clothes broker
see also clothes dealer
see also clothier
coachman, 131
constable, 89, 91
cooper, 89
see also draper
see also dressmaker
farming, 3, 25, 36, 76, 89, 114, 128, 130
farm servants, 70, 99
farmer’s daughters and wives, 1, 128
fern burning, 134
fieldwork, 39
furniture dealer, 43–4
game keeper, 35
see also grocer
see also glover
groom, 35, 131
see also haberdashery
see also hardware
hop picking, 88
see also hosier
housemaid, 138, see also servants
innkeeper, 37, 66
labourer, 1, 33, 35, 40, 42, 73, 80, 89, 95,
117, 128, 129, 133, 135, 138
agricultural, 22, 23, 30, 84, 90, 100, 128
lime production, 134
mantua maker, 39
see also mercer
see also milliner
mining, 30, 67
page, 131
see also pawnbroker
piecework, 7
ploughing, 90
plumber, 49
roads, working on, 130
see also salesman
salt worker, 26, 101, 103
sawyer, 37
see also seamstress
see also servants
shoemaker, 81, 135
see also shopkeepers
smock maker, 140
spinning hurden, 101
see also tailor

Copyright

occupations, agent, Mackintosh, 60
Phoenix Fire, 23
trade directory, 24
see also apprentices
bark stripping, 27
see also breeches maker
cabinet maker, 130
carer, 101
carpenter, 117
carpet weaver, 22, 104, 152

Index
see also tally man
tanning, 27
see also tea dealer
tobacconist, 37
see also travelling draper
weaver, 57, see also carpet weaver
washing, 98, 134, 138
see also wages
Ombersley, 37, 106
out-parishioners, 94, 97, 99, 117–18
Oxford, 75, 117, 118
paintings of rural scenes, 133–4
Pantall, Richard, 118
parish apprentice, see apprentice
parish relief see poor relief
patents, 24, 51, 60
pawnbroker, 18, 22, 23, 28–9, 30, 37, 43, 45,
89, 91, 113
pawning, 29, 37, 87, 96, 106, 128, 131
payment in kind, 87, 90, 91, 97, 112, 116,
121
pedlars, 11, 65, 66–77, 79–80, 82, 84–5,
153
see also hawkers
Pembridge, 30
Pepys, Samuel, 6
Pershore, 10, 21, 22–3, 32, 39, 68–9, 73, 76
Peterchurch, 117
Pickfords, 47
Place, Francis, 8, 127, 132
plaid, 49, 79, 106, 129, 132
see also tartan
Poor Law Amendment Act, 31, 91–2, 105,
109
Poor Law Commissioners, 106
poor relief, 92, 93, 95, 97, 100, 101, 103,
104, 106, 109–10, 111, 112, 115, 119,
121, 125, 126, 135, 151, 153, 154
population, 34, 79, 111, 112, 151, 152
Abbey Dore, 98–9
Birmingham, 14
Bredwardine, 115
Bromyard, 31–2, 97
Chaddesley Corbett, 21
Droitwich, 26
Dudley, 21, 79
Goodrich, 134
Hereford, 27, 40, 112

231

Kidderminster, 104
Letton, 115
Ombersley, 37
Ross-on-Wye, 123
Staunton-on-Wye, 115
Tenbury, 41
Worcester, 14, 39–40
working class, 3
Presteigne, 146
price of clothing see cost of clothing
pub, 18, 32, 36, 52, 56, 57, 66, 89, 93, 130
see also alcohol
see also inn
Radnor, 35
railway, 14, 16, 27, 51–2, 58
see also transportation
ready-made clothing, 2, 4, 5–9, 16, 18, 21,
23, 24, 25, 26, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 35, 36,
37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47,
48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53–5, 57, 60, 61, 62,
63, 68, 76, 78, 80, 81, 88, 96, 103, 105,
114, 116, 122, 124, 128, 131, 132, 149,
150, 151, 152, 153, 155, 157, 158
see also clothing
see also dresses
see also slops
see also smock frocks
ready money, 4, 18, 52, 56, 124
see also cash buying and selling
see also credit
Reay, Barry, 36
Redditch, 21
Reform Act, 3, 67
repair of clothing see mending clothing
Ribeiro, Aileen, 6–7
Richmond, Vivienne, 124
Riello, Giorgio, 7, 10, 42, 50
rivers, see Severn, Wye
roads, 74, 90
see also transportation
Rock, 131
Ross-on-Wye, 30–1, 61, 68, 118–19, 122–4,
138
Rotherhithe, 31
royal warrant, 43, 45, 46, 60, 61
runaways, clothing of, 128, 129–31, 132,
133, 146

Copyright

232

The Clothing Trade in Provincial England, 1800–1850

sales of discounted goods, 4, 15, 29, 52–4,
66
salesman, 18, 21, 22, 23, 25, 28, 43, 44, 45,
46, 48, 50, 52, 58, 100, 158
see also clothes dealer
see also clothes broker
salt water baths, 25, 26, 101
Schmiechen, James, 7
Scottish, 66, 77–9
schools, free, 118
of Ancient Industry, 119
see also Blue Coat schools
see also Sunday school
seamstress, 8, 48, 99, 107
second-hand clothing, 4–5, 7, 8, 9, 16, 23,
29, 32, 33, 36, 38, 40, 46, 48, 49–50,
52, 82, 83, 84, 88–91, 99, 104–5, 149,
151, 153, 158
self-help, 101, 109–10, 120–4, 125
see also clothing societies
servants, 1, 3, 11, 35, 48, 50, 58, 67, 78, 89,
99, 128, 129, 131, 133, 138–9, 146
see also occupations, housemaid
Severn, river, 13, 14, 18, 21
sewing, 109, 119, 122–3, 150
sewing machine, 9, 39
Sharpe, Pamela, 54, 93, 138
shawl, 24, 38, 51, 52, 57, 68, 73, 74, 75, 76,
77, 79, 80, 83, 96
shoddy, 8
shoes, 10, 42, 50, 81, 82, 90, 92, 93, 94, 105,
115, 130, 135, 152
shops see shopkeepers
see also warehouse
see also wholesalers of clothing
shopkeepers, Amiss, James, Bromyard, 95, 96
Anthony, Charles, Hereford, 51, 75, 152
Baker, William, Banbury, 23
Barnard, William, Upton-upon-Severn,
98
Belcher, Richard, Kidderminster, 146
Benbow, Thomas, Tenbury, 41
Benson, William, Dudley, 113
Bishop, Thomas, Hereford, 28
Blewitt, Joseph, Coseley, 36
Bosworth, James, 52–3, 58
Bullen, Samuel, Hereford, 49

Burden, Stephen, Worcester, 43–9, 57,
62
Chadwick, Isaac, Kidderminster, 22, 104
Corbett, William, Ombersley, 37–8
Cowley, Henry, Upton-upon-Severn, 98
Davis, Richard, Hereford, 55
Dean, James, Hereford, 100
Edwards, Luke, Hereford, 50, 116
Elmes, F., Aylesbury, 53–4
Evans, Daniel, Hereford, 51–5, 60, 61, 63
Farley, Benjamin, Pershore, 22–3, 73
Freame, Thomas, Worcester, 43–4, 46
Gabb, W. G., Droitwich, 25
Gardiner, John, Hereford, 49
Gardner, Jane, and Jones, Eliza, Ross-onWye, 31
Gibbs, James, Hereford, 112
Harrison, William, Dudley, 77
Heming & Taylor, Droitwich, 104
Hill & Turley, Worcester, 15
Hood, Mrs, Malvern, 15
Hooper, John, Worcester, 44–5
Hornby, Mr, Hereford, 31
Horsley, James, Droitwich, 24–5, 102
Jenkins, John, Leominster, 30
Jones, Edward, Hereford, 53–4, 60, 123
Jones, John, Hereford, 53, 55
King, Thomas, Worcester, 58
Knight, Martha, Worcester, 113
Lillington, Richard, Worcester, 59–61
Maclean, William Harris, Hereford,
78–9
Mallit, Joseph, Hereford, 50
Mallit, Robert, Hereford, 49
Mathews, Timothy Hilo, Fownhope, 36
Meredith, Henry, Kington, 57
Miles, William, 15
Morgan, Nathaniel, Ross-on-Wye, 31
Morgan, Thomas, Ross-on-Wye, 30–1
Nash, Charles and Henry, Upton-uponSevern, 98
Newman, Frederick, Hereford, 51–2
Patrick, Daniel, Hereford, 152
Penner, Edward, Ross-on-Wye, 31
Pitt, James, Hereford, 114
Pope, Alexander, Worcester, 45, 46
Powell, William, Worcester, 31
Pritchard, Richard, Hereford, 49

Copyright

Index
Pumfrey, John, Droitwich, 25, 26, 40, 94
Ross, Mary, Newtown, 38
Sanders, Richard, Tenbury, 23
Sanders, Richard, Worcester, 14, 18–21,
40, 47–8, 51, 57, 62
Saunders, John, Cradley, 38, 40
Sidney & Dickinson, Worcester, 15, 114
Sillifant, Samuel, Hereford, 55, 68, 82
Skeat, Richard, Worcester, 153
Spriggs, William, Hereford, 28, 54
Spriggs, William, Worcester, 18, 48,
113–14, 131–2
Tetstell, John, Chaddesley Corbett, 24
Taylor, Philip, Bromyard, 32, 96
Tranter, James, Hereford, 58
Turner, J. E., Hereford, 28
Vale, Arthur, Bromyard, 32
Walter, James, Worcester, 18, 48, 113
Ward, Thomas, Ledbury, 128
Warwick, George, Malvern, 15
Watson, H., Hereford, 28, 54
Wilcox, Samuel, Bromyard, 95
Willcox, William, Bromyard, 95
Williams, Peter, Hereford, 28
Woakes, H., Pershore, 32
Wood, Edward, Dudley, 58
see also occupations
see also pawnbroker
shop windows, 4, 25, 51, 52, 58, 59, 60, 61
see also advertising
Shrewsbury, 21, 27
Shropshire, 35, 69, 117
sick, clothing for, see clothing, sick
sizing, 7, 23, 30, 32, 53, 105
slops, 6, 7, 8, 23, 45, 49, 50, 106
shops, 4, 7, 23, 38, 40, 44, 63, 73
trade, 7–8
see also ready-made clothing
slums, 18, 113
Smith, Albert, 8, 58
smock frock, 23–5, 30, 32, 37, 38–9, 46, 50,
51, 52, 53, 55, 62, 88–90, 95, 98–103,
106, 114, 120, 129–30, 132, 140,
151–3
South Littleton, 90
Southall, Mary, 119–20
Southwell, Lord, 120
spa town, 15, 23, 25–6, 40, 101

233

Spufford, Margaret, 65
Staffordshire, 36
Stamp Office, 67, 70, 71, 73, 74
Statute of Artificers, 7, 45
Staunton upon Wye, 114–17
stays, 31, 38, 52, 76, 96, 105
see also corset
Stewkley, 39
Stobart, Jon, 4
stockings, 5, 15, 38, 50, 54, 59, 61, 66–7, 73,
76, 83, 89, 94, 95, 96, 101, 102, 104,
105, 113, 114, 118, 129, 130, 132, 136,
149, 150
see also hosier
Stoke Edith, 107, 120
Stourbridge, 73, 76
Stourport, 37, 46, 73
Stratford-upon-Avon, 146
Sturges Bourne Acts, 46
Styles, John, 3, 4, 10, 13, 26, 41
Suckley, 89
‘Sunday best’, 128, 146, 147
see also ‘best’ clothing
Sunday school, 121
Symonds Yat, 133

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tailor, 5–8, 18, 23, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 33–7,
39, 40, 42, 43–50, 52–3, 55, 57, 58, 62,
68, 75, 76, 80, 95, 98, 100, 102, 113,
116, 123, 129, 132, 140, 144, 146, 149,
152–3
tailors’ guild, 5–7, 44–5
union, 7
‘tally’ man, see travelling draper
Tarrington, 121
tartan, 66
see also plaid
Taylor, Basil, 134
tea dealer, 37, 67, 76, 77–8, 81, 96
Temperance Movement, 1
Tenbury, 23, 41
textile manufacturers, 21, 46, 50–1, 63, 82
Anthony, William, Manchester, 47
Armstrong & Phillips, Manchester, 47
Cross, Charles, Manchester, 47
Charles Stephens & Co., Gloucestershire,
47–8

234

The Clothing Trade in Provincial England, 1800–1850

textiles see corduroy, cotton, fustian, kersey,
kerseymere, lace, moleskin, nankeen,
plaid, shoddy, tartan, Yorkshire Broads
theft of clothing, 58, 88–91, 129, 147
Three Choirs Music Festival, 13
tickets, sales, 48
for charity clothing, 111, 122, 123
‘Todd’s Low Plan’, 15
tolls, city, 70
Tomkins, Alannah, 87, 89, 109, 117, 118
Torrington, Devon, 14
Tozer, Jane, 39
trade card, 59–61
see also advertising
see also billhead
trade directories, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 21,
22–6, 27–9, 30–4, 37, 38, 39, 40, 46,
48, 49, 50, 51, 57, 58, 59, 60, 62, 69,
75, 76, 77–9, 81, 82, 83, 84, 95–6, 101,
153, 154
trades see occupations
transportation see horse, transport by
see roads
see railways
transportation to Australia, 89
travelling draper, 11, 65–6, 68, 77–81, 82,
84–5, 124, 153
trousers, 25, 28, 32, 35, 36, 40, 49, 50, 53,
55, 58, 89, 94, 95, 104, 105, 129, 132,
133
Turberville, T. C., 14, 15

Vowchurch, 117
wages, 63, 80, 87, 98, 115, 147, 149
agricultural labourers, 30, 128
carpet weavers, 22
journeymen tailors, 45
manufacturing, 30
seamstresses, 8
servants, 1, 131, 138, 139, 146
see also occupations
waistcoat, 24, 29, 30, 32, 35, 36, 37, 38, 49,
50, 53, 54, 55, 60, 63, 66, 76, 82, 95,
100, 102, 103, 105, 106, 113, 115, 118,
129–31, 132, 149
Walsh, Claire, 44
Ward, Thomas, 128
warehouse, 6, 18–19, 47
clothing, 14, 18, 21, 22, 23, 25, 26, 28,
45, 48, 51, 52, 54, 62, 73, 78, 113,
114, 132, 153
drapery, 51, 54, 56, 63
French and English Stay and Bonnet, 78
Manchester, 31, 51–2, 75, 152
see also shopkeepers
Webber, Rev. Charles, 117–18
wedding clothing, 128, 139–46, 147, 148,
149, 154
see also ‘best’ clothing
see also ‘Sunday best’
Welsh, 26, 59, 68, 74, 84, 105
Weobley, 30
Weston Beggard, 121
Wheeler, Thomas, 139
Whitbourne, 88
Whitlock, Tammy, 41, 52, 54, 60
wholesalers of clothing, 18, 31, 43, 46, 48,
62, 68, 75, 77, 78, 114, 151–2
Wilmot, Sarah, 134
window display see shop windows
Wingrave, 39
Withington, 110
Wood, Mrs H., 18, 80
Woodforde, Parson James, 79
Woolhope, 121
Worcester, 9, 11, 13–21, 22, 24, 26, 27, 28,
29, 31, 36, 38, 39–40, 43–9, 51, 57, 58,
59, 61, 62, 66, 67, 69–70, 71, 73, 74,
76, 77, 80, 84, 93, 94, 106, 109, 112,

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Ullingswick, 129
uniform, charity, 116, 118–19, 151
military, 6–7
naval, 6–7
workhouse, 105–6, 108, 116
see also livery
unions, workhouse, 105
Bromsgrove, 106
Bromyard, 32
Droitwich, 105–6
Martley, 106
Upton, 97
Upton-upon-Severn, 10, 21, 66, 73, 97–8

Index
113, 114, 120, 121, 129, 130, 132, 146,
147, 152–3
Wordsworth, William, 27
workhouses see unions
workhouse clothing, 87, 92, 94, 97, 105–6,
108, 112, 116–17
see also uniforms
working class, definition of, 2–3
Wormley, 117

Wribbenhall, 120
Wye, river, 27, 30, 133
Wye Valley tour, 30, 40, 133, 134
Yardley, 131
Yarkhill, 121
York, 14, 28, 29
Yorkshire, 45
Yorkshire Broads, 45

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