Automobiles are frequently judged in their industry by many superlatives: the smallest, largest, fastest, lightest, best-selling

, and so on. They vary greatly in size, engine displacement, power, price, and many other traits. . .

Vehicle dimensions
.

Overall Longest
Current production car - 6,165 mm (242.7 in) - 2010 Maybach 62 Production car - 6,248 mm (246.0 in) - 1964 Mercedes-Benz 600 Limousine Limited production car - 6,405 mm (252.2 in) - 1975 Cadillac Fleetwood Seventy-Five Limousine. Pickup Truck - 6,650 mm (261.8 in) - 2010 Ford F-350 Super Duty Crew Cab Long Bed Commercial - 7,345 mm (289.2 in) - Mercedes-Benz Sprinter LWB / Volkswagen Crafter LWB

Widest
Current production car - 1,998 mm (78.7 in) - 2010 Bugatti Veyron Production car - 2,058 mm (81.0 in) - 2010 Lamborghini Murcielago LP670-4 SV (production ended 5 Nov 2010) Limited production car - 2,101 mm (82.7 in) - 2008 SSC Ultimate Aero Pickup Truck - 2,438 mm (96.0 in) - 2010 Dodge Ram 3500 Commercial - 2,474 mm (97.4 in) - 2010 Unimog U5000

Tallest
Current production car - 1,915 mm (75.4 in) - 2008 Toyota Alphard/Vellfire Pickup Truck - 2,057 mm (81.0 in) - 2006 Ford F-350 Super Duty Crew Cab Long Bed SUV - 2,083 mm (82.0 in) - 2003 Hummer H2 Commercial - 2,676 mm (105.4 in) - 2010 Unimog U5000

1964 Mercedes-Benz 600 Limousine Pickup Truck .117 mm (44.3.500 mm (98.4.930 mm (76.1956 Isetta Limited-production car .0 in) .867 mm (73.0 in) .1.0 in) .736.2010 Dodge Ram 2500 Commercial .695 mm (106.1.1.5 in) .5.0 in) .6 in) .1962 Peel P50 .2005 Ford F-550 Super Duty Chassis Crew Cab Shortest Current production car .1962 Peel P50 (3 wheels) Lowest Current production car .6 mm (29.270 mm (50.1. Track Widest Front Production car .742 mm (68.1.2010 Smart Fortwo Production car .1967 Lotus Europa Limited production car .2005 Ford F-350 Super Duty Crew Cab Commercial .893 mm (153.2010 Dodge Ram 4500 Chassis Cab Widest Rear Production car .1998 Smart Fortwo Limited production car .2003 Rolls-Royce Phantom (2003) Pickup truck .685 mm (66.340 mm (52.1969 Probe 15.3 in) .1.1.1 in) .1 in) .2010 Lotus Elise Production car .2010 Smart Fortwo Production car .1.2.3 in) .500 mm (59.4 in) .3 in) . Wheelbase Longest Production car .067 mm (42.080 mm (200.1.Shortest Current production car .379 mm (172. .710 mm (67.0 in) .2.8 in) .1.Jaguar XJ220 .4 in) .0 in) .

0 in) .1.1.350 kg (11.795 lb) .1998 Smart Fortwo Narrowest Rear Production car .Isetta .5 in) .456 kg (1.631 lb) . Engine displacement .1962 Peel P50 (3 wheels) Heaviest Curb Weight Production car .1996 Ariel Atom Limited-production car .4.Peel P50 Production car .551 lb) .1964 Mini Moke Current production racecar .000 lb) .536 kg (10.2 in) .428 kg (7.Pickup truck .2010 Daihatsu Mira Production car .2009 Unimog U4000 Narrowest Front Limited-production car .740 kg (1. Commercial .2.1.275 mm (50.406 kg (895 lb) . Weight Lightest Current production car .2008 International CXT Limited-production car .2010 Dodge Ram 3500 Crew Cab Dual Rear Wheels Commercial .8 in) .3.925 mm (75.2003 Maybach 62 SUV .2006 Hummer H1 Alpha Wagon Pickup truck .9 in) .5.59 kg (130 lb) DIN .6.927 mm (75. Engines . Smallest .294 lb) .600 kg (14.990 mm (39.557 lb) .2009 Unimog U5000 Long Wheelbase .005 lb) .521 mm (20.855 kg (6.2009 Cadillac Presidential Limousine (estimated) .

0 cu in) . 493 bhp).38 kW (45.960 kW (1.934 cc (362.499 L Petrol/Gasoline (forced-induction) piston engine .322 cubic centimetres (19.305 PS.5 L (1. Power . Audi Q7 V12 TDI 6. 405 hp) 2.4 L (513 cu in) V10 engine . Highest power Petrol/Gasoline engine (naturally-aspirated) .312 cu in) inline-four engine (Currently produced) Bugatti Veyron 8 L (488 cu in) W16 engine (Crate engine only) .727 cu in) 1912 Benz 82/200. 562 hp) 4.287 hp) SSC Ultimate Aero TT Diesel engine .368 kW (500 PS. 9.3L V12 engine Petrol/Gasoline engine (forced-induction) .996 L I6[citation needed] .49 cubic centimetres (3.18 kW (126.0 L .2 kW (206 PS. . 203 hp) per litre 2009 Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution VIII FQ400 302 kW (411 PS. 134 hp) DIN 2.GM Performance ZZ572.197 kg (2. 750 hp) .1 cu in) twin-turbo V12 engine.639 lb) .3 L (1.33.4 PS.151. 125.0 L I4 Diesel engine (naturally-aspirated) ..107 hp/metric ton 2011 SSC Ultimate Aero TT V8 engine 960 kW (1.0 hp) per litre .6 cu in) . 21. Largest 1911 Fiat S76 28.5.91 lb/hp) .8 hp) per litre .2007 Caparo T1 V8 engine 429 kW (583 PS.1993 Mercedes E 300 Diesel 100 kW (136 PS. 1. 1. Highest specific power (power to weight ratio) 1045 hp/metric ton (1. 44.1963 Peel P50 (100+ produced) .2009 Ferrari 458 Italia 419.287 hp) and 1. Highest specific engine output (power/unit displacement) Petrol/Gasoline (naturally-aspirated) piston engine .7 PS.93.1956 Berkeley SA322 .559 kW (760 PS. 575 hp) and 470 kg (1.2011 Aston Martin One-77 7.036 lb) TwinTurbo Aspiration 1.2 kW (570 PS.4 L (572 cu in) V8 engine (Final Production Ended 2010) Dodge Viper 8.305 PS.

MEP 21. 241. 71.2008 Mercedes-Benz C-Class 250CDI BlueEfficiency 500 N·m (369 ft·lbf) . 247 hp) JIS 1.0 L I4 twin-turbo 150 kW (204 PS.3 L Petrol/Gasoline (forced-induction) pistonless rotary engine . Performance .4 hp) per litre Mazda RX-8 Renesis 184 kW (250 PS.3 seconds .2007 BMW new 2. Acceleration Quickest 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) .75.508 N·m (1.184 L 157 N·m (116 ft·lbf) Nissan YD engine Diesel engine (forced-induction) .MEP 33 bar.0 ft·lbf) per litre .2010 Mitsubishi Evo X FQ400 492 N·m (363 ft·lbf) Petrol engine (naturally-aspirated pistonless rotary engine) .Mazda RX-7 Turbo 313. 246. Highest torque Petrol engine .4 bar.112 ft·lbf). 188.8 hp) per litre .1 bar. 276 hp) JIS 1.4 N·m (182 ft·lbf) per litre .8 N·m (231 ft·lbf) Diesel engine (naturally-aspirated) .1999 Nissan Sunny B15 2.8 N·m (126.085 N·m (800 ft·lbf). Torque .2 kW (102.03 N·m (89 ft·lbf) per litre Ferrari 458 Italia 540 N·m (398 ft·lbf) Petrol engine (forced-induction) .1.MEP unknown.Mazda RX-7 206 kW (280 PS. 170.3 L .4 PS.2 PS. 233 N·m (172 ft·lbf) per litre . .46 kW (215.7 L . 100. SSC Ultimate Aero TT Diesel engine . Highest specific torque (torque/unit displacement) The mean effective pressure (MEP) is a useful comparison tool.140.5 hp) per litre .1.2010 Ariel Atom 500.0 PS.MEP 29 bar. . giving the average cylinder pressure exerted on the piston. 201 hp) DIN Naturally-aspirated pistonless rotary engine . Petrol engine (naturally-aspirated) .5 kW (191.turbo V8 engine . 120.2D 2.2005 Mazda RX-8 222 N·m (164 ft·lbf) Petrol engine (forced-induction pistonless rotary engine) .Diesel engine (forced-induction) .MEP 28. Ford Super Duty V8 TDI 6.158.88 N·m (53 ft·lbf) per litre .5 bar.0 ft·lbf) per litre . 212.38 N·m (178.2.MEP 15.

2006 Bugatti Veyron 16. .55 seconds .4 . .1910 de Dion CJ (V8). Quickest 0 to 200 km/h (0 to 124 mph) . MI Test Track 1915 .Benz (1871). . Quickest 0 to 300 km/h (0 to 186 mph) .Quickest 0 to 161 km/h (0 to 100 mph) .4 .2 seconds .2006 Bugatti Veyron 16. Engine types First V engine -1904 Marmon V8 engine (few produced) First commercially successful V .431 km/h (268 mph).5 seconds . Many were preceded by racing-only cars.4 seconds .. Industry First automobile manufacturer .Benz Velo (1894) or Duryea Motor Wagon (1893) First mass-produced automobile .7.General Motors Institute First automotive proving ground . This list only includes developments that lead to widespread adoption across the automotive industry.2010 Bugatti Veyron 16.2006 Bugatti Veyron 16.Oldsmobile Curved Dash (1901)[citation needed] First auto company technical institute .4 .. Quickest 0 to 400 km/h (0 to 249 mph) .000 rpm Firsts Full-production vehicles are listed here. .600 rpm Electric Production Vehicle: 2008 Tesla Roadster 14.18. Top speed Highest top speed: Bugatti Veyron Super Sport . Panhard et Levassor (1889) (followed by Peugeot in 1891) First standardized automobile . Highest Redline Internal Combustion Production Car: 2010 Ariel Atom 500 10.4..Dodge Brothers Hamtramck. First straight engine -1903 Napier & Son straight-six engine (few produced) .4 SuperSport.

Engine technologies Engine configuration & other miscellaneous fundamental construction details First variable displacement engine — 1905 Sturtevant 38/45 six First diesel engined production car — 1935 Citroen Rosalie First crankcase ventilation — 1926 Cadillac V8 engine First flat engine — 1905 Knox First square engine — 1906 Premier First engine with removable cylinder head — 1908 Ford Model T First counterbalanced crankshaft — 1908 Mercer Type 35 First split-plane crankshaft — 1923 Cadillac V8 engine First gas turbine car — 1950 Rover JET 1 (experimental only. First overhead camshaft (OHC) engine — 1898 Wilkinson . First turbocharged Wankel engine — 1982 Mazda Luce / Cosmo First front-wheel drive car with Wankel engine — 1966 NSU Ro 80 Valve train First sleeve valve — 1909 Daimler (used Charles Knight 1903 design). no gas turbine car ever reached real production) First Miller cycle engine — 1996 Mazda Millenia First Atkinson cycle engine — 1997 Toyota Prius First Hydrogen vehicle — BMW Hydrogen 7 (Germany)[citation needed] Wankel engines First Wankel engine — 1964 NSU Spider First 2-rotor Wankel engine — 1966 NSU Ro 80 First 3-rotor Wankel engine — 1988 Vaz 513.

0 L V6 36v 261 hp (prototype) First 3-valve diesel engine — 1989 Citroën XM First 4-valve diesel engine — 1993 Mercedes-Benz C-Class (OM604 engine) First multi-valve turbocharged engine — 1980 Maserati Biturbo AM452 variable valve timing (VVT) First VVT engine — 1980 Alfa Romeo Spider 2.Germany 5V.First double overhead camshaft (DOHC) engine — 1921 Ballo multi-valve engines First 3-valve engine — 1924 Bugatti Type 35 First 4-valve engine — 1913 Peugeot Grand Prix First 5-valve engine — 1989 Oettinger . First 6-valve engine — 1985 Maserati Biturbo 2.8 L DOHC I4 Aspiration First supercharged car — 1921 Mercedes 6/25/40 hp First turbocharged car — 1962 Oldsmobile F-85 Turbo Jetfire First application of a wastegate to regulate a turbocharger's boost — 1975 Porsche 911 Turbo First turbocharged diesel car — 1978 Mercedes-Benz 300SD[citation needed] First variable-nozzle turbocharger — 1989 Shelby CSX-VNT / Garrett AiResearch First twin-turbocharged car — Porsche 959 First quad-turbocharged car — Bugatti EB110 .[citation needed] 1989 Mitsubishi Dangan ZZ (Peugeot had a triple overhead cam 5-valve Grand Prix car in 1921).0 L First electronic VVT — 1987 Nissan 300ZR VG30DE NVCS V6 First cam-switching VVT — 1989 Honda Integra RSi/XSi B16A VTEC 1.6 L DOHC I4 First VVT passenger car diesel engine — 2010 Mitsubishi ASX 4N13 1.

Bosch developed their D-Jetronic FI from Bendix's design. First electronic fuel injection — 1968 Bosch D-Jetronic . al. followed by Chrysler (et. First electronic gasoline direct injection — 1996 Mitsubishi Galant/Legnum 4G93 GDI I4 First passenger car common rail diesel direct injection engine — 1997 Alfa Romeo 156 JTD First turbocharged gasoline direct injection engine — 2005 Audi A3 Sportback.Prototype / Test Mule 1957 Rambler (never officially produced for consumption). 200 road cars produced for Group B regulations) Fuel systems First carburetor — 1896 Daimler First carburetor air filter — 1915 Packard Twin Six First automatic choke — 1932 Oldsmobile First four-barrel carburetor — 1941 Buick fuel injection (FI) First FI engine — 1910 Adams-Farwell Diesel First non-diesel FI engine — 1952 Goliath GP 700 / Gutbrod Superior 600 First gasoline direct injection engine — 1952 Goliath GP 700 / Gotbrud Superior 600 First automotive application of Electronic Fuel Injection (EFI) — Bendix "ElectroJector" . First turbocharged diesel direct injection engine — 1986 Fiat Croma Turbo D i..d.d. ignition systems First contact breaker point ignition — 1910 Cadillac Model Thirty / Delco First electronic ignition — 1960 General Motors / Delco First distributor-less ignition — Citroën 2CV? general miscellany .Volkswagen Type 3/Type 4 First Diesel direct injection engine — 1986 Fiat Croma Turbo D i.First supercharged and turbocharged car — 1985 Lancia Delta S4 (homologation special.) in 1958.

1948 Tucker Torpedo (popout safety glass) . Hybrid vehicles First gas-electric hybrid .1926 Cadillac First coupé convertible .First alternator — 1960 Chrysler Corporation.] .1904 Auto-Mixte (Belgium) First mass-produced hybrid car . Plymouth Valiant First California Ultra Low Emission Vehicle — 1995 Honda Accord First California Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle — 2000 Honda Accord 4-Cylinder .1924 Lancia Lambda First shatter-resistant windshield glass . Body First sedan/saloon — 1900 Renault Voiturette First motorized truck — October 1896 Daimler First production closed-body car .2004 Ford Escape Hybrid First hybrid luxury car .1997 Toyota Prius First hybrid bus .1934 Peugeot 401 D Eclipse First Pickup / Utility vehicle (Ute) .1997 Hino (Japan) First all-wheel drive hybrid .2009 Chevrolet Silverado/GMC Sierra Hybrid .1934 Ford Coupé utility First fully boxed frame .2005 Lexus RX 400h (introduced January 2004) First mild hybrid pickup truck .1910 Cadillac Model Thirty First monocoque .2004 Ford F150 (???) First safety windshield .2005 Chevrolet Silverado/GMC Sierra Hybrid First full hybrid pickup truck .1899 Lohner-Porsche Mixte (about 300 produced) First modern hybrid car .2004 Ford Escape Hybrid First hybrid SUV .

2004 Ford F150 (???) First single-piece carbon fibre monocoque .1934 Pourtout Lancia Belna Eclipse-coachbuilt First hatchback .1953 Aston Martin DB2/4 First fiberglass monocoque .First fiberglass body .2003 Invicta S1 .1910 GN/1910 Bédélia First production station wagon (estate) .1956 Berkeley SA322 First Crossover .1908 Ford Model T First fully boxed frame [pick-up] . Transmission Manual transmissions .1908 Ford Model T First SUV .1995 Ferrari F50 First aerodynamic design .1956 Fiat 600 Multipla First minivan .1952 Woodill Wildfire (low production) First fiberglass bodied 4-door Sedan .1984 Dodge Caravan / Plymouth Voyager (November 1983) First retractable hardtop .1932 Riley Kestrel First all-aluminium space frame .1970 Anadol A2 First fiberglass bodied Station wagon / Estate car . First cyclecar .1921 Rumpler Tropfenwagen First body made of recycled material .1954 Trabant P70 First tricar .1990 Honda NSX First carbon fibre monocoque .1902.1993 McLaren F1 First stress-bearing engine acting like a structural member .1955 GAZ M72 First all-aluminium body .1973 Anadol SV-1600 First MPV .

the Volkswagen Type 82 used a cam and pawl type differential which had a slip-limiting effect.2003 Mercedes-Benz 7G-Tronic First 8-speed automatic . Jatco/Nissan transmission) First 6-speed automatic .First synchronized transmission .1929 Cadillac First overdrive .1958 DAF 600 "A-Type" First toroidal continuously variable transmission .1967 Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale First 8-speed manual . Nissan Cefiro.1952 Porsche 356 First 5-speed manual .2007 Lexus LS 460 First limited slip differential .1934 Chrysler Airflow First modern cone synchromesh transmission .1956 Studebaker (Note: In 1939.(RE5R01A.1960 Moskvitch 410/411 Automatic transmissions First automatic transmission .2003 Volkswagen Golf Mk4 R32 (Direct-Shift Gearbox) First active differential .May 1939 Oldsmobile Hydra-Matic First torque converter automatic .1986 Porsche 959 PSK (limited production of 200 vehicles) .1989 Nissan Cedric.2002 BMW E65 7-Series ZF 6HP26 First 7-speed automatic .) First continuously variable transmission .1895 Panhard et Levassor First RR layout car . Nissan Gloria.1896 Hertel .1968 Honda Hondamatic First 5-speed automatic .1948 Lancia Ardea First 6-speed manual . Layout First FR layout car . Nissan Skyline. Nissan Laurel.1948 Buick Dynaflow First non-planetary automatic .1999 Nissan Cedric and Nissan Gloria First dual clutch transmission .

1921 Leyland First front independent suspension .1924 Tracta (Gregoire-Tracta) First transverse front-wheel drive .1970 Austin Kimberley and Austin Tasman First transverse all-wheel drive .1950 Lancia Aurelia (the 1914 Stutz Bearcat featured a primitive transaxle) First MR car .1958 Cadillac Brougham First self-levelling suspension .1933 Hudson (Monroe) First coil spring / shock absorber suspension .1987 Mitsubishi Galant active ECS .1921 Rumpler Tropfenwagen First MR four-wheel drive car .1993 Volvo 850 First transverse front-wheel drive I6 .1966 Jensen FF First FR layout transaxle . Chrysler. 200 road cars produced for Group B regulations.1981 Nissan Skyline First electronically-controlled suspension .First front-wheel drive .) .1968 Austin Ant (never entered production) First four-wheel drive vehicle . Suspension First torsion bar suspension .1910 Caldwell Vale or 1911 Four Wheel Drive First four-wheel drive car .1911 Morgan three wheeler First hydraulic shock absorbers .1955 Citroën DS First electronic adjustable suspension dampers .1958 Lotus Elite First air suspension . and Hudson First MacPherson strut suspension .1931 DKW F1[citation needed] First transverse front-wheel drive I5 .1949 Ford Vedette First Chapman strut suspension .1983 Toyota Soarer (Japan-market model) / 1983 Mitsubishi Galant ECS First active air suspension .1984 Ford RS200 (homologation special.1934 Cadillac.

2002 BMW E65/E66 First diagonally split.1909 Argyll (developed by Arrol-Johnson) First power brakes . dual brake circuits .1971 Buick LeSabre (MaxTrac) .1983 Saab Automobile First electro-hydraulic brakes .1912 Marmon First power steering .1921 Duesenberg Model A First standard disc brakes .1969 Lincoln Continental Mark III First electronic antilock braking system . previously used in aviation) First electrical antilock braking system .1962 Saab 95/96 First asbestos-free brake pads .1919 Hispano-Suiza H6[26] First vacuum-assist power brakes .First active hydraulic suspension .1949 Crosley Hot Shot First antilock braking system .1990 Nissan Infiniti Q45a (FAS-fully active suspension) First active anti-roll bars .1966 Jensen FF (Dunlop Maxaret system.1997 Toyota Prius .1951 Imperial First cruise control .2002 Mercedes-Benz E-Class / 2001 Toyota Prius First regenerative brakes . Brakes First four wheel brakes .1994 Citroen Xantia Activa (Active Roll Stabilisation) .1919 Hispano-Suiza H6 (mechanically assisted) First four wheel power brakes .1971 Nissan President First electric parking brake .1928 Pierce-Arrow First hydraulic power brakes . Driver-aids First standard rear-view mirror .1957 Imperial First traction control system/anti slip regulation .

1986 GT Limited Toyota Soarer First night vision .2009 Ford Escape/Taurus First Synchronized down shift rev-matching system .1988 Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme/1988 Nissan Silvia First factory GPS navigation .1997 Toyota Celsior First heads-up display .Mercedes-Benz S Class First power door locks .1989 Lexus LS First Rain-Sensing Windshield Wipers . Active restraint First airbags .1988 BMW 750iL First electrochromic rear-view mirror .First drive-by-wire throttle . Tires/Tyres First use of pneumatic tires .1984 Nissan 200SX/Nissan Silvia First dynamic stability control system/Electronic Stability Programme/Vehicle Stability Control .1895 Peugeot L'Eclair (Michelin) First standard pneumatic tires .1914 Scripps-Booth First self parking .1988 Porsche 944 Turbo First six-airbag system .1995 Volvo 850 .1995 BMW 7-Series/Mercedes-Benz CL-Class/Toyota Crown Majesta First adaptive cruise control .1896 Bollée Voiturette .1974 Oldsmobile Toronado First car to come standard with dual airbags .1994 Audi A8 First head airbags .2009 Nissan 370Z/Nissan Fairlady Z .2004 Toyota Prius First Blind Spot Intervention System .1958 Saab GT 750 . Passive Restraint First car to come standard with safety belts .1990 Mazda Cosmo.1997 BMW 7-Series First side airbags .

1904 "Prest-O-Lite" acetylene First standard electrical lights . Lighting First electrical lighting .1974 Mini 1275GT (Dunlop Denovo. 99) [30] First AC HID lights .2008 Lexus LS600h First all-LED headlights .1930s Tatra First fog lights .1997 Lincoln Mark VIII First neon lights .1938 Cadillac First auto-dimming headlights . optional) .1936 Cord[citation needed] First directional headlamps .1915 Guide Lamp Company First dual-beam headlight .1898 Columbia electric First standard lights . front position light and sidemarker LED headlights .1964 Cadillac Twilight Sentinel First headlight wipers .1908 Peerless First integrated electrical and lighting system .1998 Maserati 3200 GT First bi-xenon HID headlamps .2008 Audi R8 .1970 Saab (95. 96. .1952 Cadillac Autronic Eye First auto-on/off headlights .1924 Bilux First retractable headlights .1950 Goodyear First run flat tire .1991 BMW 7-series First DC HID lights .1998 Audi A8 First low beam.1949 Michelin "X" (patented in 1946) First self-repairing tires .1912 Cadillac Model 1912 Delco First "dipping" headlights .First radial-ply tires .1997 Lincoln Mark VIII First all-LED tail lights .

1949 Chrysler First AC alternator .1960 Valiant First sealed battery .1971 Pontiac "Freedom Battery" First multiplexed wiring .1937 Studebaker First air conditioning . Climate control First windshield defroster .1949 Chevrolet .August 1981 Honda Accord (analog.1928 Studebaker First windshield washer .1987 Toyota Soarer (Electro Multi Vision) First 12 volt system .1923 Springfield First navigation system .1938 Studebaker Commander First rear window defogger .1975 Rolls-Royce Camargue First ventilated seats .1998 Saab 9-5 . First electric windows .1948 Cadillac First heated seats .Arnold (copy of the Benz Velo) before 1900.1966 Cadillac First automatic climate control . In-car electronics and entertainment First original-equipment radio .1897 Lanchester First twin-spark engine .1964 Cadillac First digital climate control .1921 Bentley 3 Litre First electric self-starter .Electrical system First magneto .1987 Cadillac Allanté First integrated car systems control . dealer-installed) .1938 Buick Y-Job First combination key and ignition switch .

1928 Buick First turn signals .1990 Mazda Eunos Cosmo First active audio volume control .2001 Mazda Protegé MP3 First active noise cancellation .1965 Cadillac First electronic four wheel steering .1984 Nissan 300ZX AE First front auxiliary input (for iPod/MP3 devices) (OEM systems) .1990 Chevrolet Corvette Bose/Delco Gold Series First telematics assist system .1996 tie 1997-model Cadillac Seville (OnStar) and Lincoln Continental (Motorola RESCU) First Bluetooth-capable audio system .1914 Studebaker First tilt-away steering column .1988 Honda Prelude 4WS First composite wheels .2005 Acura RL First steering wheel mounted audio controls .First navigation system with voice controls .1991 Mitsubishi 3000GT .1912 Peerless First dash-mounted fuel tank gauge .1989 Shelby CSX First active exhaust .2006 Chevrolet .1990 Acura Legend First GPS navigation system .1901 Oldsmobile First tilt-away steering wheel .1985 Nissan Skyline HICAS First mechanical four wheel steering .2002 Infiniti Q45 First digital navigation system . Other First steering wheel .1939 Buick First split folding rear seats .1899 Packard First speedometer .1959 Auto Union Universal (Fiat patented the system in 1978) First tilt/telescope steering wheel .2000 Chrysler First MP3-capable audio system .

000.Bugatti Royale .1927 Ford Model-T ($300 is about $3500 in inflation-adjusted 2005 dollars) Largest vehicle . Pre-War Best-selling pre-war vehicle .Ford Model-T (15.21112 cc (1288 in3) .57 m) or 170 in (4.32 m) wheelbase depending on model Largest pre-war Straight-4 .First Production Car To Achieve 200 MPH 1987 Ferrari F40 .000 sold between 1908 and 1928) Least-expensive full-featured automobile .1929 Bugatti Royale production car.12763 cc (779 in³) .21 ft (6.1933 Hispano-Suiza Type 68bis .1912 Benz 82/200 Largest pre-war Straight-6 .1905 Panhard et Levassor 50 CV Largest pre-war Straight-8 . the prototype had a 14726 cc engine Largest pre-war V12 .11310 cc (690 in³) . 180 in (4.21495 cc (1312 in3) .4 m) long.

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