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Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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This file was last updated on 5th December, 2009. For the latest updates, visit

http://www.adichemadi.com

ATOMIC STRUCTURE

IIT-JEE

Fundamental Particles

1) The mass of an electron is

1) 0.000549 amu 2) 1.00727amu 3) 1.00867 amu 4) None

Note : Mass of an electron = 9.1x10

-31

Kg

= 5.49 x 10

-4

amu

2) The charge on an electron is

1) 9.1 x 10

-31

coulombs 2) 1.602 x 10

-19

coulombs

3) 4.8 x 10

-10

coulombs 4) None

3) The mass of a proton is equal to

1) 1.6726 x 10

-24

grams 2) 1.00727 amu

3)1.6726 x 10

-27

Kg 4) All

4) The mass of a neutron is

1) 1.6749 x 10

-27

Kg 2) 1.00867 amu

3) Both 1 & 2 4) None

5) The charge on a neutron is

1) + 1.6 x 10

-19

coulombs 2) -1.6 x 10

-19

coulombs

3) 4.8 x 10

-10

e.s.u 4) None

6) 1 amu is equal to

1) 1.6726 x 10

-27

Kg 2) 1.6605 x 10

-27

Kg 3) 1.6749 x 10

-27

Kg 4) None

7) The symbol used to represent a β - particle is

1)

+1

e

0

2)

-1

e

0

3)

+1

p

1

4)

2

He

4

Note : β - particle is nothing but an electron

8) The ratio of mass of proton to that of an electron is

1)

1

1836

2) 1836 3) 1839 4) 1

9) The ratio of mass of neutron to that of an electron is

1) 1839 2)

1

1836

3) 2 4) 1836

10) The ratio of specific charge of electron to that of a proton is

1) 1836 2)

1

1836

3) 1839 4) None

Note : Specific charge =

Charge e

=

mass m

11) The equation relating the characteristic frequency (u) of X-rays emitted by anti-cathode and atomic

number (Z) of the metal used as anti-cathode, given by Moseley is

1)

a( z b ) v = ÷

2)

a( z b ) u = ÷

3)

z v =

2

4) a ( zb ) v = ÷

12) Charge on electron was experimentally determined by

1) Millikan 2) Goldstein 3) Chadwick 4) J.J.Thomson

13) Choose the incorrect statement

1) Nucleus occupies very small fraction of atom and most of the atom is empty, hence most of the

alpha particles passed through the gold foil undeflected during o - particle scattering experiment.

2) Entire mass of the atom is concentrated in the nucleus and the mass of electrons is negligible.

3) Nucleus carries positive charge due to presence of protons in it.

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Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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4) Most of the atom is not empty and hence the o -particles are deflected back.

14) The e/m value of cathode rays in a discharge tube is

1) always same irrespective of the gas taken 2) different for different gases

3) same only when noble gases are taken 4) None

15) Neutron was discovered by

1) Thomson 2) Chadwick 3) Goldstein 4) Rutherford

16) The highest value of e/m is observed for anode rays when the discharge tube is filled with

1) N

2

2) H

2

3) O

2

4) He

17) Which of the following pair have identical values of e/m

1) A proton and a neutron 2) A proton and a deuterium nucleus

3) A deuterium nucleus and an o -particle 4) An electron and ¸ -rays

18) Choose the correct increasing order of e/m values for e,p,n and o - particle

1) p < n < o < e 2) e < p < o < n 3) n < p < e < o 4) n < o < p < e

19) The e/m value of electron is

1) 9.1 x 10

-31

Kg 2) 1.602 x 10

-19

C 3) 1.759 x 10

11

C.Kg

-1

4) Zero

20) The relation between

6

C

13

and

6

C

14

is

1) isobars 2) isotopes 3) isotones 4) None

21) The isobar of

6

C

14

is

1)

8

O

16

2)

6

C

13

3)

7

N

14

4)

2

Be

4

22) Isotones contain same number of

1) electrons 2) protons 3) positrons 4) Neutrons

23) The triad of nuclei that is isotonic is

1)

6

C

14

,

7

N

15

,

9

F

17

2)

6

C

12

,

7

N

14

,

9

F

19

3)

6

C

14

,

7

N

14

,

9

F

17

4)

6

C

14

,

7

N

14

,

9

F

19

24) The radius of atomic nucleus is of the order of

1) 10

-10

cm 2) 10

-13

cm 3) 10

-15

cm 4) 10

-8

cm

25) The natural abundance of

17

Cl

35

and

17

Cl

37

is approximately 75% and 25% respectively. The molar

atomic mass of chlorine will be

1) 36 g 2) 35.5g 3) 36.5g 4) 37g

26) Which of the following reaction led to the discovery of neutrons.

1)

16 1 14 1

6 1 7 0

C p N n + ÷ + 2)

9 4 12 1

4 2 6 0

Be He C n + ÷ +

3)

11 2 11 1

5 1 6 0

B D C n + ÷ + 4)

8 4 11 1

4 2 6 0

Be He C n + ÷ +

Quantum Theory

1) Quantum theory had suggested

1) Emission of energy is continuouss

2) Energy is emitted discontinuously in the form of quanta

3) Energy of the radiation is quantized.

4) Both 2 & 3

2) The wavelength of a radiation emitted by a sodium lamp is 600 nm. The frequency is

1) 5 Hz 2) 5 x 10

14

Hz 3) 500 Hz 4) 5 x 10

15

Hz

3) If the light radiation from neon atom has a wavelength of 300 nm, then the energy of the

photon being emitted is

1) 6.626 x 10

-19

J 2) 1.1 x 10

-10

J 3) 2 x 10

-19

J 4) 3.3 x 10

-12

J

4) Violet light is able to eject electrons from the surface of potassium metal, whereas red light cannot.It

is because,

1) the intensity of violet light is greater than that of red light.

2) the frequency of red light is lower than that of violet light and its energy is not sufficient to knock out

the electrons.

3) the wavelength of violet light is greater than that of red light

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Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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4) None

5) Electrons with a kinetic energy of 6.023 x 10

4

J/mol are evolved from the surface of a

metal, when it is exposed to a radiation of wavelength of 300nm. The minimum amount of

energy required to remove one electron from the metal atom is

1) 5.626 x 10

-19

J 2) 3 x 10

-19

J 3) 6.02 x 10

-19

4) 6.62 x 10

-34

J

Formula : E = W + KE

E = Energy of radiation

W = Work function

KE = Kinetic energy.

6) Electrons with kinetic energy of 3.313 x 10

-24

J are evolved when a light radiation of 5 x10

9

s

-1

of

frequency falls on a metal surface. The threshold frequency of the metal is

1) 5 Hz 2) 4.5 x 10

9

Hz 3) 500 Hz 4) 3 x 10

24

Hz

Formula : K.E = h ( u - u

0

)

7) When the frequency of light incident on a metalic plate is doubled, the kinetic energy of

emitted photoelectrons will be

1) Doubled 2) Halved 3) More than doubled 4) Unchanged.

Hint : hu = W + KE

1

2hu = W + KE

2

2W + 2KE

1

= W + KE

2

KE

2

= 2KE

1

+ W

8) Photo electrons are ejected from metals A & B when a light beam of wavelength

1

ì is used to irradiate

them. But electrons are ejected only from metal ‘B’, when another radiation of wavelength

2

ì is used.

Then the false statement among the following is

1) Electrons need more energy to escape from metal ‘A’

2)

2 1

ì ì >

3) Threshold frequency of ‘A’ is higher than that of metal ‘B’

4) When irradiated by light beam of wavelength

1

ì , the electrons ejected out from metal ‘A’ have

more kinetic energy.

9) Photo-electrons are evolved when a metal is exposed to violet light. But no electrons are evolved

when yellow light is used. If the metal is exposed to red light, the photo-electrons are

1) evolved when the intensity (of red light) is increased

2) not evolved

3) evolved even at low intensities

4) evolved only when a thin sheet of metal is used

10) The value of Planck’s constant is

1) 6.625 x 10

-34

cal.sec 2) 1.584 x 10

-34

cal.sec

3) 6.625 x 10

-27

J.sec 4) 6.625 x 10

-34

erg.sec

Note: 1 calorie = 4.184 Joule

11) The number of photoelectrons emitted during photoelectric effect is proportional to

1) Intensity of incident beam 2) Work function

3) Frequency of incident beam 4) Velocity of incident beam

Bohr’s Atomic Model

1) The angular momentum of an electron revolving in L - shell of hydrogen atom is

1)

2

h

t

2)

h

t

3)

2h

t

4)

3

2

h

t

2) The angular momentum of electron in Bohr’s first orbit of hydrogen atom is ‘x’ what will be its angular

momentum in the Bohr’s first orbit of He

+

?

1) 2x 2) 4x 3) x 4) x

2

3) The force of attraction between nucleus and an electron is given by

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Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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1)

e

r

÷

2)

2

e

r

÷

3)

2

Ze

r

÷

4)

2

2

Ze

r

÷

4) Bohr’s equation to calculate the radius of an orbit is

1)

2 2

2 2

2

n h

me t

2)

2 2

2 2 2

4

n h

me Z t

3)

2 2

0

2 2

.4

4

n h

me Z

tc

t

4)

( )

2 2

2 2

0

4 4

n h

me Z t tc

5) The radius of Bohr’s orbit is proportional to

1) n 2)

2

n

Z

3)

2

Z

4)

n

Z

6) The radius of Bohr’s second orbit in hydrogen atom is

1) 0.539 A

0

2) 2.116 A

0

3) 0.2116 A

0

4) None

7) The radius of Bohr’s first orbit in Li

2+

is

1) 0.0587 pm 2) 17.63 pm 3) 176.3 pm 4) 0.529 pm

8) The ratio of radius of first orbit of He

+

to that of Be

3+

is

1) 2 : 1 2) 1 : 2 3) 1 : 4 4) 4 : 1

9) The radius of first orbit in H-atom is equal to the radius of

1) 1st orbit in He

+

2) 2nd orbit in Li

2+

3) 2nd orbit in Be

3+

4) 2nd orbit in He

+

10) The ratio of radii of first three orbits in hydrogen atom is

1) 1 : 4 : 9 2) 1 : 2 : 3 3) 1 : 2 : 4 4) 9 : 4 : 1

11) The distance between successive orbits while going away from nucleus

1) decreases 2) increases

3) first decreases and then increases 4) unchanged

12) Bohr’s expression to calculate the energy of electron in a given orbit is

1)

( )

2 4 2

2

2 2

0

2

4

me z

n h

t

tc

÷ 2)

( )

2 4

0

2 4 me z

nh

t tc

÷

3)

( )

2

2 4 2

0

2 2

4 4 me z

n h

t tc

÷ 4)

2 4

2

4 me z

nh

t

÷

13) The potential and kinetic energies of Bohr’s orbits are expressed as

1)

2 2

2 2

1

&

2

Ze Ze

r r

÷

2)

2 2

1

&

2

Ze Ze

r r

÷ ÷

3)

2 2

&

Ze Ze

r r

÷

4)

2 2

1

&

2

Ze Ze

r r

÷

14) The total energy and potential energy of electron in a given orbit are expressed as

1)

2 2

1 1

&

2 2

Ze Ze

r r

÷

2)

2 2

1

&

2

Ze Ze

r r

÷

3)

2 2

1

&

2

Ze Ze

r r

÷ ÷

4)

2 2

1

&

2

Ze Ze

r r

÷

15) The energy of electron in the 1st orbit of hydrogen atom is

1) -13.6 eV 2) -2.18 x 10

-18

J 3) -5.21 x 10

-19

Calories 4) All

16) The energy of one mole of electrons present in Bohr’s first orbit of hydrogen atoms is

1) - 313.6 Kcal 2) -1312 kJ 3) Both 1 & 2 4) None

17) The energy of electron in second shell of hydrogen atom is

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Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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1) +3.4 eV 2) -3.4 eV 3) -13.6 eV 4) + 13.6 eV

18) The energy of electron in the ground state of He

+

ion is

1) -13.6 eV 2) + 54.4 eV 3) - 27.2 eV 4) - 54.4 eV

19) The kinetic and potential energies of electron in the ground state of hydrogen atom are respectively.

1) +13.6 eV & -13.6 eV 2) + 13.6 eV & - 27.2 eV

3) -136 eV & + 13.6 eV 4) 27.2 eV & - 13.6 eV

20) The energy of an electron in the M-shell of hydrogen atom is x eV. The energy of electron in its L-shell

is

1)

eV

9

x 4

÷

2)

eV

4

x 9

3)

eV

4

x 9

÷

4)

eV

9

x 4

21) The ratio of energies of electrons in first three Bohr’s orbits in hydrogen atom is

1)

1 1

1: :

4 9

2)

1 1

1: :

2 3

3)

1 1

: :1

3 2

4)

1 1

: :1

9 4

22) The energy difference between two successive orbits while going away from the nucleus

1) decreases 2) increases 3) remains same 4) first decreases and then increases

23) The ratio of energies of electrons in the ground states of H, He

+

and Li

2+

is

1) 9 : 4 : 1 2)

1 1

: :1

9 4

3)

1 1

1: :

4 9

4) 1 : 4 : 9

24) The energy of an electron in the first orbit of hydrogen atom is -y Joule. The kinetic energy of electron

in the second orbit will be

1)

y

- Joule

4

2)

y

Joule

2

3)

y

Joule

2

÷

4)

y

Joule

4

25) The potential energy of electron present in the ground state of Li

2+

ion is

1)

2

0

3e

+

4 r tc

2)

0

3e

4 r tc

÷

3)

2

0

3e

4 r tc

÷

4)

2

2

0

3e

4 r tc

÷

26) The energy of electron in the first orbit of hydrogen atom is equal to the energy of electron in the

1) 2nd orbit of He

+

2) 3rd orbit of Li

2+

3) 4th orbit of Be

3+

4) All

27) The energy of electron in the ground state of hydrogen atom is -2.18 x 10

-18

J. The potential energy

of electron in the first excited state of He

+

ion is

1) - 2.18 x 10

-18

J 2) + 2.18 x 10

18

J 3) -4.36 x 10

-18

J 4) - 1.09 x 10

-18

J

28) The velocity of an electron in Bohr’s orbit is expressed as

1)

2

2 Ze

nh

t

2)

2

2 Z e

nh

t

÷

3)

2 2

4 me

nh

t

4)

2 2

2 Ze

n h

t

29) Choose the incorrect statement

1) The energy of electron increases with ‘n’ value of orbit

2) The kinetic energy of electron decreases with ‘n’ value of orbit

3) The potential energy of electron increases with ‘n’ value orbit

4) The velocity of electron increases with ‘n’ value of orbit

30) The ratio of velocities of electrons in first three orbits of hydrogen atom will be

1) 1 : 4 : 9 2)

1 1

1: :

2 3

3)

1 1

1: :

4 9

4) 1 : 2 : 3

31) The velocity of electron in first orbit of hydrogen atom is

1) 2.188 x 10

8

cm.sec

-1

2) 13.6 cm sec

-1

3) 2.188 x 10

8

m.sec

-1

4) 0.529 x 10

-18

cm sec

-1

32) If the velocity of an electron is x cm.sec

-1

in the ground state of hydrogen atom, the velocity in the

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Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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second orbit is

1)

-1

cm.sec

4

x

2) x

2

cm.sec

-1

3)

-1

cm.sec

2

x

4)

2

-1

cm.sec

4

x

33) Rydberg’s constant can be expressed as

1)

2 4 2

3

2 me z

ch

t

2)

2 4

2 2

2 me

n h

t

3)

2 4

3

2 me

ch

t

4)

2 4

3

4 me

ch

t

34) The value of Rydberg’s constant is

1) 1.096 x 10

5

cm

-1

2) 109677 cm 3) 109.677 m

-1

4) 1.096 x 10

3

m

-1

35) An electron jumps from 4th orbit to 2nd orbit. The spectral line corresponding to this transition will be

observed in

1) Lyman series 2) Paschen series 3) Pfund series 4) Balmer series

36) The wave number of limiting line in Lyman series of hydrogen atomic spectrum is

1) 109677 cm

-1

2) 27892 cm

-1

3) 13142 cm

-1

4) 42314 cm

-1

37) The ionisation energy of hydrogen atom is

1) 13.6 eV 2) 3.4 eV 3) 1.51 eV 4) 0.85 eV

38) The spectral line corresponding to longer wavelength in hydrogen atomic spectrum is

1) Limiting line in Pfund series 2) First line in Lyman series

3) Limiting line in Lyman series 4) First line in Pfund series

39) A spectral line is observed in the visible region of emission spectrum of hydrogen. The probable

transition corresponding to this line

1) n = 2 ÷ n = 5 2) n = 2 ÷ n = 3 3) n = 4 ÷ n = 2 4) n = 5 ÷ n = 3

40) The ratio of energies of first three lines in Lyman series is

1) 1 : 2 : 3 2)

1 1 1

: :

2 3 4

3)

3 8 15

: :

4 9 16

4)

4 9 16

: :

3 8 15

41) The wave number of a spectral line for a given tranistion is x cm

-1

for He

+

, then its value for Be

3+

for

same transition is

1) x cm

-1

2) 4 x cm

-1

3)

-1

cm

4

x

4) 16 x cm

-1

42) The energy of electron in the infinite orbit is

1) +13.6 eV 2) 1 eV 3)

·

4) zero

43) A hydrogen atom is supplied with 10.2 eV of energy in its ground state. The highest energy level into

which the electron can be excited is

1) 3rd 2) 4th 3) 2nd 4) 10th

44) The energy required to remove an electron from a hydrogen atom in its 1st excited state is

1) 13.6 eV 2) 3.4 eV 3)1.51 eV 4)0.85 eV

45) The wavelength corresponding to o -line in Balmer series is

1) 6564 A

0

2) 3282 A

0

3) 15232 A

0

4) None

46) The number of spectral lines formed when an electron undergoes all possible transitions between

6th orbit and 1st orbit is

1) 6 2) 15 3) 30 4) 21

Use formula :

( ) 1

; where n = n n

2 1

2

n n +

÷

47) An electron in the ground state of hydrogen atom absorbed 12.75 eV of energy and get excited. The

number of spectral lines formed due to all possible transitions when electron jumps back from highest

possible energy level, during this excitation, to L-Shell of the atom is

1) 15 2) 3 3) 1 4) 10

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Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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a

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i

c

h

e

m

a

d

i

.

c

o

m

7

48) The difference in angular momentum of two bohr’s orbits is

h

3

2π

. The number of all possible elec-

tronic transitions between these two orbits is

1) 3 2) 12 3) 6 4) 1

49) The ratio between Kinetic energy and total energy of electron in atoms according to Bohr’s model is

1) 1 : 1 2) 1 : -1 3) 1 : 2 4) -2 : 1

50) The wave number of limiting line of Paschen series of hydrogen atomic spectrum is equal to

1) R

H

2)

H

R

25

3)

H

R

9

4)

H

R

16

51) The lines in Lyman series of hydrogen atomic spectrum are formed in

1) Visible region 2) Far IR region 3) UV region 4) Near IR region

52) Bohr’s theory could not explain

1) Zeeman effect 2) Fine atomic spectrum 3) Stark effect 4) All

Quantum Numbers

1) Match the following

A) Principal quantum number (n) 1) Neils Bohr

B) Azimuthal quantum number (l) 2) Uhlenbeck & Goudsmit

C) Magnetic quantum number (m) 3) Lande

D) Spin quantum number (s) 4) Sommerfeld

Choose the correct matching

A B C D

1) 1 2 4 3

2) 1 4 3 2

3) 1 3 2 4

4) 3 1 4 2

2) In order to explain fine hydrogen atomic spectrum, Sommerfeld proposed.

1) Principal quantum number 2) Spin quantum number

3) Azimuthal quantum number 4) Magnetic quantum number

3) Magnetic quantum number (m) is proposed by Lande, in order to explain

1) Low resolution hydrogen atomic spectrum 2) Fine hydrogen atomic spectrum

3) Zeeman effect 4) Spin - Spin coupling

4) The wrong statement about principal quantum number ‘n’ is

1) It is used to identify the main energy level or shell

2) It is used to determine the size and energy of orbit

3) It is used to calculate the number of orbitals in the n

th

shell and is given by n

2

.

4) It is used to determine the orientation of orbital

5) The quantum number which is used to determine the shape of orbital is

1) Principal quantum number (n) 2) Azimuthal quantum number (l)

3) Magnetic quantum number (m) 4) Spin quantum number (m

s

)

6) The orbital angular momentum of electron is precisely given by

1)

2

nh

t

2) ( )

1

2

h

l l

t

+

3) ( )

1

2

h

s s

t

+

4) ( )

2

2

h

n n

t

+

7) The number of subshells in a given main shell ‘n’ is equal to

1) n - 1 2) n

2

3) ( )

1 n n + 4) n

8) The possible subsidiary quantum number values of sublevels in the 3rd shell are

1) l = 1, 2 & 3 2) l = 1 & 2 3) l = 0, l & 2 4) l = 1, 2, 3 & 4

9) Match the following

V

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D

I

T

Y

A

V

A

R

D

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A

N

W

W

W

.

A

D

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C

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E

M

A

D

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Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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8

Azimuthal quantum number Shape of orbital

A) l = 0 1) Dumb-bell

B) l = 1 2) Diffused

C) l = 2 3) Spherical

D) l = 3 4) Double dumb-bell

The correct matching is

A B C D

1) 3 2 1 4

2) 3 1 2 4

3) 3 1 4 2

4) 2 3 1 4

10) The n & l values of 4f orbital are

1) 4 & 3 2) 4 & 4 3) 4 & 1 4) 3 & 3

11) The number of orbitals in a given shell ‘n’ is equal to

1) 2n 2) 2n

2

3) n

2

4) 2n - 1

12) The number of orbitals in given sub shell ‘l’ is equal to

1) l + 1 2) l + 2 3) 2l + 2 4) 2l + 1

13) The number of orbitals in l = 2 subshell will be

1) 2 2) 3 3) 5 4) 1

14) The significance of magnetic quantum number (m) is

1) It denotes the size of orbital 2) It represents the shape of orbital

3) It indicate the orientation of orbital 4) It represents angular momentum of orbital

15) The possible values of magnetic quantum numbers of orbitals in a subshell l= 2 are

1) -2, -1, +1, +2 2) -2, -1, 0, +1, +2 3) -1, 0, +1 4) 0, +1, +2, +3

16) The maximum number of electrons that can be accommodated in sub shell l = 2

1) 2 2) 5 3) 4 4) 10

Note : The no.of electrons in subshell ‘l’ = 4l + 2

17) The maximum number of electrons that can be accommodated in an orbital is

1) 2 2) 1 3) 4 4) 1 / 2

18) The values of spin quantum number can be

1)

1

2

+

2)

1

2

÷

3)

1 1

or

2 2

+ ÷

4) 0 or 1

19) Spin quantum number was proposed by

1) Goudsmidt & Uhlen beck 2) Lande 3) Neils Bohr 4) de Broglie

20) The number of orbitals present in the shell with n = 4 is

1) 4 2) 8 3) 16 4) 32

Note : The number of orbitals in given shell, n is given by n

2

21) The maximum number of electrons that can be present in a main energy level n = 3 is

1) 3 2) 18 3) 6 4) 9

22) The quantum number that is not possible for electron in 4d orbital is

1) l = 2 2) s = + 1 / 2 3) m = 0 4) m = + 3

23) 2p

x

and 2p

y

orbitals differ in their

1) energy 2) shape 3) orientation 4) ‘l’ value

24) The notation of orbital with n = 3 and l = 1 is

1) 3s 2) 3p 3) 3d 4) 2p

25) The incorrect set of quantum numbers for an electron will be

1) n = 3, l = 1, m = 0, s = + 1 / 2 2) n = 2, l = 0, m = 0, s = - 1 / 2

3) n = 4, l = 3, m = -3, s = - 1 / 2 4) n = 3, l = 2, m = +3, s = + 1 / 2

26) The number of ‘p’ orbitals present in a shell with n = 4 is

1) 4 2) 12 3) 10 4) 3

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A

D

I

T

Y

A

V

A

R

D

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A

N

W

W

W

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A

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A

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Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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9

de Broglie’s wave concept

1) The wave length of an electron can be expressed as

1)

h

2π

2)

h

mv

3)

2

h

nπ

4)

h

nπ

2) The electron revolving around the nucleus behaves as a stationary wave only when the circumference

of its orbit is equal to

1) Fractional multiple of its wavelength. 2) Integral multiple of its wavelength.

3) Velocity of electron 4) Radius of orbit

3) Quantization of angular momentum of an electron in a stationary orbit can be justified by using.

1) Bohr’s theory 2) Heisenberg’s theory 3) de Broglie’s theory 4) Quantum theory

4) The velocity of an electron is 6.626 x 10

4

m.s

-1

. The wavelength of electron is

1) 110 A

0

2) 232 A

0

3) 91 A

0

4) 323 A

0

5) The ratio of wavelength of proton to that of electron which are moving with same velocity is

1) 1 : 9 2) 1836 : 1 3) 1 : 1836 4) 1 : 2

6) The number of waves produced by electron wave in Bohr’s 3rd orbit is

1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 9

7) The wavelength of electron wave in the first orbit of hydrogen atom is

1) 3.33 A

0

2) 0.529 A

0

3) 2.21 A

0

4) 1.06 A

0

Note : Use the formula -

n =2 r ì t

where r = 0.529 x n

2

A

0

8) The wavelength of electron revolving in circular orbit in Bohr’s atom can be expressed as

1)

2

2

nh

2πmZe

2)

2 2

2 2

n h

4π me

3)

nh

2π m

4) None

9) The wavelength of electron wave in the 2nd orbit of hydrogen atom is ‘x’ cm. The wavelength of

electron in the third orbit will be

1)

9

cm

4

x

2)

2

cm

3

x

3)

4

cm

9

x

4)

3

cm

2

x

10) The relation between wavelength of electron and its kinetic energy is

1)

h

=

KE

ì 2)

nh

=

KE

ì 3)

h

=

2.KE.m

ì 4)

2

h

=

2.KE.m

ì

11) The kinetic energy of electron in an orbit of hydrogen atom is 2.18 x 10

-11

erg. The wavelength of

electron wave will be.

1) 0.529 A

0

2) 2.21 A

0

3) 3.33 A

0

4) None

12) The ratio of wavelengths of electron waves of first three orbits in hydrogen atom is

1)

1 1

1: :

2 3

2) 1 : 2 : 3 3) 3 : 2 : 1 4) 1 : 4 : 9

13) The ratio of radii of two successive orbits is 4 : 9. The ratio of the wavelengths of electron waves in

these orbits is

1) 9 : 4 2) 3 : 2 3) 16 : 81 4) 2 : 3

14) The ratio of wavelengths of electron waves in two orbits is 3 : 5. The ratio of kinetic energies of

electrons will be

1) 25 : 9 2) 5 : 3 3) 9 : 25 4) 3 : 5

15) Moving particles of kinetic energy 13.6 eV are described by waves of length 3.32 A

o

. What is the

kinetic energy of same moving particles with twice this wavelength, that is with wavelength 6.64 A

o

?

1) 3.4 eV 2) 6.8 eV 3) 13.6 eV 4) 27.2 eV

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.

A

D

I

T

Y

A

V

A

R

D

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A

N

W

W

W

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Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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10

Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle

1) The mathematical expression for Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle is

1)

.

h

x v

nt

>

2)

2

.

h

x p

t

> 3)

.

h

x p

nt

>

4)

.

h

x m v

n

>

2) Uncertainty in position of a 0.25g particle is 10

-5

m. Uncertainty in velocity will be

1) 1.2 x 10

34

m.sec

-1

2) 1.6 x 10

-20

m.sec

-1

3) 1.7 x 10

-19

m.sec

-1

4) 2.1 x 10

-26

m.sec

-1

3) Uncertainty in the position of an electron moving with a velocity 300 m.s

-1

accurate upto 0.001% will

be

1) 19.3 x 10

-2

m 2) 5.76 x 10

-2

m 3) 1.93 x 10

-2

m 4) 3.84 x 10

-2

m

4) If the uncertainty in the location of an electron is 20 pm, then what is the uncertainty in its speed?

1) 1.6 × 10

3

m·s

–1

2) 1.4 × 10

6

m·s

–1

3) 1.2 × 10

7

m·s

–1

4) 2.9 × 10

6

m·s

–1

Schrodinger wave equation

1) The Schrodinger wave equation which describes the three dimensional electron wave with potential

energy ‘V’ is given by

1) ( )

2 2 2 2

2 2 2

8

0

m

E V

x y z h

v v v t

v

c c c

+ + + ÷ =

c c c

2) ( )

2 2 2

2 2 2 2

8

0

m

E V

x y z h

v v v t

v

c c c

+ + + ÷ =

c c c

3) ( )

2 2 2 2

2 2 2 2

8

0

m

E V

x y z h

v v v t

v

c c c

+ + + ÷ =

c c c

4) ( )

2 2 2

2 2 2

8

0

m

E V

x y z h

v v v t

v

c c c

+ + + ÷ =

c c c

2) Choose the incorrect statement

1) v is called orbital wave function. It represents the amplitude of electron wave, but has no physical

significance.

2)

2

v is called probability density of electron and always has positive values.

3) Schrodinger’s wave equation is time dependent. 4) None

3) Which of the following is not a boundary condition required to get valid Eigen functions for v ?

1) v must be finite and continous

2) v must be single valued at a given point

3) The probability of finding the electron over the space from +

·

to -

·

must be equal to zero

4) All

4)

ˆ

H in the schrodinger equation,

ˆ

H E v v =

,is known as

1) Kinetic energy operator 2) Heisenberg operator

3) Hamiltonian operator 4) Potential energy operator

Note : The total energy operator also called as Hamiltonian operator is the sum of Kinetic energy operator

(T)

and potential

energy operator

( ) V

. i.e.,

ˆ ˆ ˆ

H = T + V

.

5) The orbital wave function ( ) v written in terms of polar co-ordinates : r,

θ

and m can be expressed as

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) r, θ, θ R r v o o m = O

Choose the incorrect statement related to above expression.

V

.

A

D

I

T

Y

A

V

A

R

D

H

A

N

W

W

W

.

A

D

I

C

H

E

M

A

D

I

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C

O

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Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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11

1) R (r) is called radial wave function which depends on quantum numbers ‘n’ & ‘l’

2) ( ) θ O & ( ) o m are the angular wave functions which depend upon quantum numbers ‘l’ and ‘m’

3) R (r) gives dependence of orbital upon radial distance of electron from the nucleus.

4) ( ) θ O and ( ) o m are the angular wave functions and depend only on principal quantum number ‘n’

Note : The orbital wave functions ( ) v can be expressed in terms of spherical polar co-ordinates (r,

θ

& m ). The relation

between polar co-ordinates and cartesian co-ordinates can be given as

x = r sin

θ

cos m

y = r sin

θ

sinm

z = r cos

θ

6) The energy of quantized energy states in hydrogen atom can be given by

1)

4

2 2 2

0

8

e

n

e

E

h n

u

c

÷

= 2)

2

2 2

0

4

e

n

e

E

h n

u

c

÷

= 3)

4

2 2

0

2

e

n

e

E

h n

u

c

÷

= 4)

4

0

8

e

n

e

E

hn

u

c

÷

=

Note : 1)

e

u is called reduced mass of electron

1 1 1

m m

n

e e

u

= +

Where m

e

= mass of electron

m

n

= mass of nucleus

2) For hydrogen atom electron energy depends only on ‘n’ and independent of ‘l’ and ‘n’.

7) The probability of finding an electron at a distance ‘r’ from the nucleus regardless of direction is called

1) radial wave function 2) radial probability density 3) radial probability function 4) All

Note : R = radial wave function

R

2

= radial probability density

2 2

4 r drR t =

radial probability function

8) The correct graph of radial wave function (R) of 2s orbital plotted against radial distance ‘r’ is

V

.

A

D

I

T

Y

A

V

A

R

D

H

A

N

W

W

W

.

A

D

I

C

H

E

M

A

D

I

.

C

O

M

Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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12

Note : Option 1) is the graph for 1s orbital

Option 2) is the graph for 3s orbital

Option 4) is the graph for 2p orbital

9) The maximum electron density can be found at the nucleus in case of orbital

1) s 2) p 3) d 4) none

Note: Consider above graphs of ‘s’ orbitals. The ‘R’ value is maximum at r=0. Also consider the ‘R

2

’ vs ‘r’ graphs in the

following question.

10) The correct graph of radial probability density (R

2

) of 2p orbital plotted against radial distance ‘r’ is

Note : Option 1) is the graph for 1s orbital

Option 2) is the graph for 2s orbital

Option 4) is the graph for 2p orbital

11) The correct graph of radial probability function

2 2

(4 ) r R t

of 2s orbital plotted against radial distance

‘r’ is

V

.

A

D

I

T

Y

A

V

A

R

D

H

A

N

W

W

W

.

A

D

I

C

H

E

M

A

D

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C

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M

Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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Note : 2s orbital has one radial node

12) The space around the nucleus where the

2

v > 90% is called

1) atomic orbital 2) nodal region 3) nodal plane 4) All

13) The point at a radial distance from the nucleus where the probability of finding the electron is zero is

called

1) Atomic orbital 2) Nodal point 3) Molecular orbital 4) None

14) The radius of maximum probability for 1s orbital of hydrogen atom is

1) 52.9 pm 2) 105.8 pm 3) 264.5 pm 4) 2.116 pm

15) The radial distance from the nucleus at which the nodal region of 2s orbital of hydrogen atom is

1) 0.529Å 2) 1.050Å 3) 2.645Å 4) 2.116Å

16) In 2s orbital of hydrogen atom the radial probability function has its maximum value at the radial

distance,

1) 2.645Å 2) 2.116Å 3) 0.529Å 4) 1.058Å

17) In 2p orbital of hydrogen, the radial probability function has it’s peak vlaue at the radial distance.

1) 2.645Å 2) 2.116Å 3) 0.529Å 4)1.058Å

18) Assertion : The energy of 2s orbital will be less than that of 2p orbital even though the radius of

maximum probability for 2s orbital is at 264.5 pm and for 2p orbital is at 211.6 pm.

Reason : There is a small additional maxima at 52.9 pm in case of 2s orbital. Hence the electron in

this orbital penetrates little closer to the nucleus and binds strongly to it than that of 2p orbital.

Choose the correct answer

1) Both ‘A’ & ‘R’ are correct ; and ‘R’ is the correct explanation of ‘A’

2) Both ‘A’ & ‘R’ are correct ; but ‘R’ is not the correct explanation of ‘A’.

3) ‘A’ is correct but ‘R’ is incorrect

4) ‘A’ is incorrect but ‘R’ is correct.

19) The number of radial nodes present in a given orbital is equal to

1) l 2) n - l - 1 3) n - 1 4) n - l - 2

Note : Radial node, also called as nodal region or spherical node, does not pass through the nucleus

20) The number of angular nodes present in a given orbital is equal to

1) l 2) n - l - 1 3) n - l 4) n - l - 2

V

.

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A

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A

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Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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Note : Angular node, also called as nodal plane, passes through the nucleus.

21) The number of radial nodes in 1s orbital is

1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 0

22) The number of radial nodes in 2s orbital is

1) 2 2) 3 3) 1 4) 0

23) The number of angular nodes in 2s orbital is

1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 0

Note: Angular nodes are absent in ‘s’ orbitals.

24) The number of angular nodes in 2p orbital is

1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 0

Note: ‘p’ orbitals have only one angular node perpenducular to the axis of orientation of the orbital. For example, p

x

orbital has

one angular node along yz plane.

25) The number of radial nodes in 4p orbital is

1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 4

26) The number of radial nodes and angular nodes respectively present in 4d

xy

orbital will be

V

.

A

D

I

T

Y

A

V

A

R

D

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A

N

W

W

W

.

A

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E

M

A

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C

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Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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1) 0 & 1 2) 1 & 2 3) 2 & 2 4) 1 & 1

Note: 4d

orbital has one radial node. And usually ‘d’ orbitals have two angular nodes. In case of 4d

xy

orbital the angular nodes

are present along yz and xz planes.

27) The total number of radial and angular nodes present in a given orbital is equal to

1) n 2) n - l 3) n - l - 1 4) n - 1

28) Which of the following radial distribution graph corresponds to orbital with n = 3, l = 2 ?

29) The orbital with two nodal planes but with no nodal regions is

1) 4d 2) 4s 3) 3d 4) 4f

30) The number of nodal planes in 4f orbital is

1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) zero

31) The

2

v

value is zero along xy and yz planes in a d-orbital. The notation of that d-orbital will be

1) d

xy

2) d

xz

3) d

yz

4) 1 or 3

32) Which of the following orbital belongs to principal quantum level, n = 5?

V

.

A

D

I

T

Y

A

V

A

R

D

H

A

N

W

W

W

.

A

D

I

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E

M

A

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Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

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Electronic configuration

1) The orbital with least energy before filling up of electrons is

1) 3d 2) 4s 3) 4p 4) 5s

Note : Orbital with least (n + l) value has least energy and is filled first

2) The orbital which is filled first will be

1) 4f 2) 5d 3) 6p 4) 7s

Note : If the orbitals possess same (n + 1) value, the orbital with least ‘n’ value has least energys

3) Which of the following electronic configuration violates Hund’s rule

1)

2 2 1 1 1

1 2 2

x y z

s s p p p 2)

2 2 2 1

1 2 2

o

x y z

s s p p p 3)

2 2 2 2 1

1 2 2

x y z

s s p p p 4)

2 2 1 1 0

1 2 2

x y z

s s p p p

4) No two electrons in an atom can have same set of quantum numbers. This statement is known as

1) Hund’s rule 2) Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle 3) Pauli’s exclusion principle 4) None

5) The correct ground state electronic configuration of chromium is

1) [Ar] 3d

4

4s

2

2) [Ar] 3d

5

4s

2

3) [Ar] 3d

5

4s

0

4) [Ar] 3d

5

4s

1

6) The set of quantum numbers of valence shell electron in potassium atom is

1) n = 3, l = +1, m = +1, s = + 1 / 2 2) n = 4, l = 0, m = 0, s = + 1 / 2

3) n = 3, l = 0, m = 0, s = + 1 / 2 4) n = 3, l = l, m = 0, s = + 1 / 2

7) [Ne] 3s

2

3p

3

3d

1

is the electronic configuration of

1) ‘P’ in ground state 2) ‘S’ in 1st existed state

3) ‘P’ in 1st excited state 4) ‘S’ in 2nd existed state

8) The number of electrons in the valence shell of calcium is

1) 2 2) 3 3) 1 4) 6

9) In a multi electron atom, which of the following orbitals described by the three quantum numbers will

have the same energy in the absence of magnetic and electric fields ?

a) n = 1, l = 1, m = 0;

V

.

A

D

I

T

Y

A

V

A

R

D

H

A

N

W

W

W

.

A

D

I

C

H

E

M

A

D

I

.

C

O

M

Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan, adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com

K

e

y

i

s

a

v

a

i

l

a

b

l

e

f

r

o

m

h

t

t

p

:

/

/

w

w

w

.

a

d

i

c

h

e

m

a

d

i

.

c

o

m

17

b) n = 2, l = 0, m = 0;

c) n = 2, l = 1, m = 1;

d) n = 3, l = 2, m = +1;

e) n = 3, l = 2, m = 0

The correct combinations are

1) a & b 2) b & c 3) a & d 4) d & e

10) Which orbital is nearest to the nucleus after filling with electrons ?

1) 5d 2) 6s 3) 6p 4) 4f

11) The number of electrons in 3d - orbital in Zn

2+

ion is

1) 8 2) 10 3) 9 4) 0

12) The number of electrons with l = l in the ground state of sulfur atom is

1) 6 2) 10 3) 8 4) 4

13) The number of unpaired electrons in 3d orbital of copper atom is

1) 5 2)10 3) 1 4) None

Note: Copper has anomalous electronic configuration i.e., [Ar] 3d

10

4s

1

14) The magnetic moment of Mn

2+

ion is

1) 3.87 BM 2) 5.9 BM 3) 7.93 BM 4) 6.92 BM

Formula: magnetic moment( )= n(n+2)

where n=no. of unpaired electrons

BM u

15) The correct increasing order of energy of 4f, 5p, 6s & 5d orbitals is

1) 4f < 5p < 5d < 6s 2) 4f < 6s < 5d < 5p

3) 5p < 6s < 4f < 5d 4) 5p < 5d < 6s < 4f

16) The number of exchanges possible between parallel electrons in ‘d’ orbitals of chromium is

1) 6 2) 10 3) 5 4) 4

Note: In [Ar] 3d

5

4s

1

configuration, there are five unpaired ‘d’ electrons. The number of exchanges are calculated by following

formula. These exchanges between degenerate d-electrons lower the energy of the atom and thus by confering more stability to

the atom in this anomalous configuration.

If the configuration is [Ar] 3d

4

4s

2

as predicted, then the exchanges possible are only 6. Hence this configuration is less stable.

Formula :

( ) 5 5 1

5

2

2!

C

÷

=

= 10

( )

this is the modification of equation

!

! !

n

r n r ÷

17) The maximum number of electrons possible in an atom with n = 4 and m

s

= - 1/ 2 is

1) 32 2) 8 3) 4 4) 16

18) The electronic configuration of hydride ion is

1) 1s

1

2) 1s

0

3) 1s

2

4) 2s

1

19) Assertion[A] : [Ar] 3d

5

4s

1

configuration of chromium is more stable than [Ar] 3d

4

4s

2

configuration

Reason[R] : The exchange energy will be maximum in case of atoms with half filled subshells

1) Both ‘A’ & ‘R’ are correct ; and ‘R’ is the correct explanation of ‘A’

2) Both ‘A’ & ‘R’ are correct ; but ‘R’ is not the correct explanation of ‘A’.

3) ‘A’ is correct but ‘R’ is incorrect

4) ‘A’ is incorrect but ‘R’ is correct.

20) Which of the following pairs has two unpaired electrons

1) Mg, Si 2) S, Mg 3) S, Si 4) S, Fe

5g 3) 36.C N OM Atomic structure: Prepared by V. 2) the frequency of red light is lower than that of violet light and its energy is not sufficient to knock out the electrons. 9F19 3) 6C14.p. 14) The e/m value of cathode rays in a discharge tube is 1) always same irrespective of the gas taken 2) different for different gases 3) same only when noble gases are taken 4) None 15) Neutron was discovered by 1) Thomson 2) Chadwick 3) Goldstein 4) Rutherford 16) The highest value of e/m is observed for anode rays when the discharge tube is filled with 1) N2 2) H2 3) O2 4) He 17) Which of the following pair have identical values of e/m 1) A proton and a neutron 2) A proton and a deuterium nucleus 3) A deuterium nucleus and an -particle 4) An electron and -rays 18) Choose the correct increasing order of e/m values for e.626 x 10-19 J 2) 1. 7N15. A W W DIT . 9F17 2) 6C12. Aditya vardhan. 3) the wavelength of violet light is greater than that of red light W V. adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com 2 4) Most of the atom is not empty and hence the -particles are deflected back. The frequency is 1) 5 Hz 2) 5 x 1014 Hz 3) 500 Hz 4) 5 x 1015 Hz If the light radiation from neon atom has a wavelength of 300 nm. 1) the intensity of violet light is greater than that of red light. The molar atomic mass of chlorine will be 1) 36 g 2) 35. 4) Both 2 & 3 The wavelength of a radiation emitted by a sodium lamp is 600 nm.1 x 10-10 J 3) 2 x 10-19 J 4) 3.Kg -1 4) Zero 13 14 20) The relation between 6C and 6C is 1) isobars 2) isotopes 3) isotones 4) None 21) The isobar of 6C14 is 1) 8O16 2) 6C13 3) 7N14 4) 2Be4 22) Isotones contain same number of 1) electrons 2) protons 3) positrons 4) Neutrons 23) The triad of nuclei that is isotonic is 1) 6C14.5g 4) 37g 26) Which of the following reaction led to the discovery of neutrons. 2) 4 Be9 2 He 4 6 C 12 0 n1 4) 4 Be8 2 He 4 6 C11 0 n1 .1) 6 C 16 1 p1 7 N 14 0 n1 3) 5 B11 1 D 2 6 C 11 0 n1 1) 2) 3) 4) Quantum Theory Quantum theory had suggested 1) Emission of energy is continuouss 2) Energy is emitted discontinuously in the form of quanta 3) Energy of the radiation is quantized.759 x 1011C. 7N14.n and .3 x 10-12 J Violet light is able to eject electrons from the surface of potassium metal.A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I.It is because. 9F17 4) 6C14. then the energy of the photon being emitted is 1) 6. whereas red light cannot. 7N14.1 x 10-31 Kg 2) 1. 9F19 24) The radius of atomic nucleus is of the order of 1) 10-10 cm 2) 10-13cm 3) 10-15cm 4) 10-8cm 35 37 25) The natural abundance of 17Cl and 17Cl is approximately 75% and 25% respectively. 7N14.602 x 10-19C 3) 1.particle 1) p < n < < e 2) e < p < < n 3) n < p < e < 4) n < < p < e 19) The e/m value of electron is 1) 9.

the kinetic energy of emitted photoelectrons will be 1) Doubled 2) Halved 3) More than doubled 4) Unchanged. the photo-electrons are 1) evolved when the intensity (of red light) is increased 2) not evolved 3) evolved even at low intensities 4) evolved only when a thin sheet of metal is used 10) The value of Planck’s constant is 1) 6.sec Note: 1 calorie = 4. 3 6) Electrons with kinetic energy of 3.184 Joule 11) The number of photoelectrons emitted during photoelectric effect is proportional to 1) Intensity of incident beam 2) Work function 3) Frequency of incident beam 4) Velocity of incident beam Bohr’s Atomic Model The angular momentum of an electron revolving in L . Then the false statement among the following is 1) Electrons need more energy to escape from metal ‘A’ 2) 2 1 3) Threshold frequency of ‘A’ is higher than that of metal ‘B’ h = W + KE1 2h = W + KE2 2W + 2KE1 = W + KE2 KE2 = 2KE1 + W 4) When irradiated by light beam of wavelength 1 .02 x 10-19 4) 6. If the metal is exposed to red light.sec 2) 1.625 x 10-34 cal. 0) 7) Hint : 8) Photo electrons are ejected from metals A & B when a light beam of wavelength 1 is used to irradiate them.E = h ( . 9) Photo-electrons are evolved when a metal is exposed to violet light.A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I. Aditya vardhan. The minimum amount of energy required to remove one electron from the metal atom is 1) 5. when another radiation of wavelength 2 is used.625 x 10-34 erg. .62 x 10-34J Formula : E = W + KE E = Energy of radiation W = Work function KE = Kinetic energy. A W W DIT . adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com 4) None 5) Electrons with a kinetic energy of 6.584 x 10-34 cal. when it is exposed to a radiation of wavelength of 300nm. the electrons ejected out from metal ‘A’ have more kinetic energy.023 x 104 J/mol are evolved from the surface of a metal. But electrons are ejected only from metal ‘B’.sec 4) 6.5 x 109 Hz 3) 500 Hz 4) 3 x 1024 Hz Formula : K.Atomic structure: Prepared by V.313 x 10-24 J are evolved when a light radiation of 5 x109 s-1 of frequency falls on a metal surface.625 x 10-27J.sec 3) 6. The threshold frequency of the metal is 1) 5 Hz 2) 4.C N OM When the frequency of light incident on a metalic plate is doubled. But no electrons are evolved when yellow light is used.shell of hydrogen atom is h h 2h 3h 2) 3) 4) 2 2 The angular momentum of electron in Bohr’s first orbit of hydrogen atom is ‘x’ what will be its angular momentum in the Bohr’s first orbit of He+ ? 1) 2x 2) 4x 3) x 4) x2 The force of attraction between nucleus and an electron is given by 1) 1) 2) 3) W V.626 x 10-19J 2) 3 x 10-19J 3) 6.

63 pm 3) 176.313.0587 pm 2) 17.116 A0 3) 0.6 eV 2) -2.A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I.C N OM 2 n2 n 3) Z 2 4) Z Z 6) The radius of Bohr’s second orbit in hydrogen atom is 1) 0. A W W DIT .2116 A0 4) None 2+ 7) The radius of Bohr’s first orbit in Li is 1) 0.3 pm 4) 0. adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com e e Ze 2) 3) r r r Bohr’s equation to calculate the radius of an orbit is 2 2 4 1) 4) 4) Ze r2 2 1) 5) n 2h2 2 2 me 2 2) n2h2 4 2 me 2 Z 2 3) n 2 h 2 . Aditya vardhan.6 Kcal 2) -1312 kJ 3) Both 1 & 2 4) None 17) The energy of electron in second shell of hydrogen atom is W V.4 0 4 2 me 2 Z 4) n2h2 4 2 me 2 Z 4 0 The radius of Bohr’s orbit is proportional to 1) n 2) 1) 2 2 me 4 z 2 n 2 h 2 4 0 4 2 me 4 z 2 4 0 4 2 me 4 z 4) nh 2 n2h2 13) The potential and kinetic energies of Bohr’s orbits are expressed as 3) 1) 3) Ze2 1 Ze 2 & r2 2 r2 Ze 2 Ze2 Ze2 1 Ze 2 & & 4) r r r 2 r 14) The total energy and potential energy of electron in a given orbit are expressed as 1 Ze 2 1 Ze 2 & 1) 2 r 2 r 3) 1 Ze 2 Ze2 1 Ze 2 Ze 2 & & 4) 2 r r 2 r r 15) The energy of electron in the 1st orbit of hydrogen atom is 1) -13.Atomic structure: Prepared by V.21 x 10-19 Calories 4) All 16) The energy of one mole of electrons present in Bohr’s first orbit of hydrogen atoms is 1) .539 A0 2) 2.18 x 10-18J 3) -5.529 pm 8) The ratio of radius of first orbit of He+ to that of Be3+ is 1) 2 : 1 2) 1 : 2 3) 1 : 4 4) 4 : 1 9) The radius of first orbit in H-atom is equal to the radius of 1) 1st orbit in He+ 2) 2nd orbit in Li2+ 3) 2nd orbit in Be3+ 4) 2nd orbit in He+ 10) The ratio of radii of first three orbits in hydrogen atom is 1) 1 : 4 : 9 2) 1 : 2 : 3 3) 1 : 2 : 4 4) 9 : 4 : 1 11) The distance between successive orbits while going away from nucleus 1) decreases 2) increases 3) first decreases and then increases 4) unchanged 12) Bohr’s expression to calculate the energy of electron in a given orbit is 2) 2 2 me 4 z 4 0 nh 2 2) Ze 2 1 Ze2 & r 2 r Ze2 1 Ze 2 & 2) r 2 r .

C N OM 4) 3e 2) 4 r 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 : 2) 1: : 3) : :1 4) : :1 4 9 2 3 3 2 9 4 22) The energy difference between two successive orbits while going away from the nucleus 1) decreases 2) increases 3) remains same 4) first decreases and then increases 1) 1: y Joule 4 3) 3e 2 4 0 r 4) 3e 2 4 0 r 2 . Aditya vardhan. He+ and Li2+ is 1) 9 : 4 : 1 2) 1 1 1 1 : :1 3) 1: : 4) 1 : 4 : 9 9 4 4 9 24) The energy of an electron in the first orbit of hydrogen atom is -y Joule.2 eV 4) .2.A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I.6 eV & -13. A W W DIT .6 eV & .4 eV 3) -13.Atomic structure: Prepared by V.18 x 1018 J 3) -4.188 x 108 cm.6 eV 20) The energy of an electron in the M-shell of hydrogen atom is x eV.6 eV 2) + 13. The potential energy of electron in the first excited state of He+ ion is 1) . The kinetic energy of electron in the second orbit will be y y y Joule 2) Joule 3) Joule 4 2 2 25) The potential energy of electron present in the ground state of Li2+ ion is 1) - 1) + 3e 2 4 0 r 26) The energy of electron in the first orbit of hydrogen atom is equal to the energy of electron in the 1) 2nd orbit of He+ 2) 3rd orbit of Li2+ 3) 4th orbit of Be3+ 4) All -18 27) The energy of electron in the ground state of hydrogen atom is -2.6 eV 4) + 13.2 eV 3) -136 eV & + 13. The energy of electron in its L-shell is x x x x eV eV eV eV 2) 3) 4) 9 4 4 9 21) The ratio of energies of electrons in first three Bohr’s orbits in hydrogen atom is 1) 23) The ratio of energies of electrons in the ground states of H.sec-1 4) 0.4 eV 3) .13.27.27.36 x 10-18J 4) .18 x 10-18 J 2) + 2.54. 1) +13.529 x 10-18 cm sec-1 32) If the velocity of an electron is x cm.09 x 10-18J 28) The velocity of an electron in Bohr’s orbit is expressed as 2 Ze 2 Ze 2 2 Z 2e 4 2 me2 1) 2) 3) 4) 2 2 nh nh nh nh 29) Choose the incorrect statement 1) The energy of electron increases with ‘n’ value of orbit 2) The kinetic energy of electron decreases with ‘n’ value of orbit 3) The potential energy of electron increases with ‘n’ value orbit 4) The velocity of electron increases with ‘n’ value of orbit 30) The ratio of velocities of electrons in first three orbits of hydrogen atom will be 1 1 1 1 2) 1: : 3) 1: : 4) 1 : 2 : 3 2 3 4 9 31) The velocity of electron in first orbit of hydrogen atom is 1) 2. adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com 5 1) +3.4 eV 2) -3.188 x 108m.6 eV 2) + 54.6 cm sec-1 3) 2.1.6 eV 4) 27.6 eV 18) The energy of electron in the ground state of He+ ion is 1) -13. the velocity in the 1) 1 : 4 : 9 W V.sec-1 in the ground state of hydrogen atom.4 eV 19) The kinetic and potential energies of electron in the ground state of hydrogen atom are respectively.18 x 10 J.2 eV & .sec-1 2) 13.

51 eV 4)0.677 m-1 4) 1. The spectral line corresponding to this transition will be observed in 1) Lyman series 2) Paschen series 3) Pfund series 4) Balmer series The wave number of limiting line in Lyman series of hydrogen atomic spectrum is 1) 109677 cm-1 2) 27892 cm-1 3) 13142 cm-1 4) 42314 cm-1 The ionisation energy of hydrogen atom is 1) 13.sec-1 2 4) 34) 35) 36) 37) 38) 39) 40) 1 1 1 3 8 15 4 9 16 : : 3) : : 4) : : 2 3 4 4 9 16 3 8 15 -1 41) The wave number of a spectral line for a given tranistion is x cm for He+.096 x 103 m-1 An electron jumps from 4th orbit to 2nd orbit.51 eV 4) 0. to L-Shell of the atom is 1) 15 2) 3 3) 1 4) 10 W V. where n = n 2 n1 .2 eV of energy in its ground state.75 eV of energy and get excited.sec-1 4 1) 3) x cm.Atomic structure: Prepared by V. The probable transition corresponding to this line 1) n = 2 n = 5 2) n = 2 n = 3 3) n = 4 n = 2 4) n = 5 n = 3 The ratio of energies of first three lines in Lyman series is 1) 4) 16 x cm-1 . Aditya vardhan.C N OM 2) 2) 4 x cm-1 3) x -1 cm 4 2 2 me 4 z 2 2 2 me 4 2 2 me 4 4 2 me4 2) 3) 4) ch3 n2h2 ch3 ch3 The value of Rydberg’s constant is 1) 1.85 eV 45) The wavelength corresponding to -line in Balmer series is 1) 6564 A0 2) 3282 A0 3) 15232 A0 4) None 46) The number of spectral lines formed when an electron undergoes all possible transitions between 6th orbit and 1st orbit is 1) 6 2) 15 3) 30 4) 21 Use formula : n n 1 2 47) An electron in the ground state of hydrogen atom absorbed 12.4 eV 3)1. adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com second orbit is x cm.4 eV 3) 1. during this excitation. The number of spectral lines formed due to all possible transitions when electron jumps back from highest possible energy level. A W W DIT .A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I.sec-1 4 33) Rydberg’s constant can be expressed as 6 x2 cm.6 eV 2) 3.sec-1 2) x2 cm.6 eV 2) 3.6 eV 2) 1 eV 3) 4) zero 43) A hydrogen atom is supplied with 10.096 x 105 cm-1 2) 109677 cm 3) 109. The highest energy level into which the electron can be excited is 1) 3rd 2) 4th 3) 2nd 4) 10th 44) The energy required to remove an electron from a hydrogen atom in its 1st excited state is 1) 13. then its value for Be3+ for same transition is 1) 1 : 2 : 3 1) x cm-1 42) The energy of electron in the infinite orbit is 1) +13.85 eV The spectral line corresponding to longer wavelength in hydrogen atomic spectrum is 1) Limiting line in Pfund series 2) First line in Lyman series 3) Limiting line in Lyman series 4) First line in Pfund series A spectral line is observed in the visible region of emission spectrum of hydrogen.

Spin coupling 4) The wrong statement about principal quantum number ‘n’ is 1) It is used to identify the main energy level or shell 2) It is used to determine the size and energy of orbit 3) It is used to calculate the number of orbitals in the nth shell and is given by n2.1 8) 9) n n 1 4) n The possible subsidiary quantum number values of sublevels in the 3rd shell are 1) l = 1. 4) It is used to determine the orientation of orbital 5) The quantum number which is used to determine the shape of orbital is 1) Principal quantum number (n) 2) Azimuthal quantum number (l) 3) Magnetic quantum number (m) 4) Spin quantum number (ms) 6) The orbital angular momentum of electron is precisely given by 1) RH 2) 7) nh h h 2) l l 1 3) s s 1 2 2 2 The number of subshells in a given main shell ‘n’ is equal to W V. Sommerfeld proposed. 2. The number of all possible elec2π tronic transitions between these two orbits is 1) 3 2) 12 3) 6 4) 1 49) The ratio between Kinetic energy and total energy of electron in atoms according to Bohr’s model is 1) 1 : 1 2) 1 : -1 3) 1 : 2 4) -2 : 1 50) The wave number of limiting line of Paschen series of hydrogen atomic spectrum is equal to RH R R 3) H 4) H 25 9 16 51) The lines in Lyman series of hydrogen atomic spectrum are formed in 1) Visible region 2) Far IR region 3) UV region 4) Near IR region 52) Bohr’s theory could not explain 1) Zeeman effect 2) Fine atomic spectrum 3) Stark effect 4) All Quantum Numbers 1) Match the following A) Principal quantum number (n) 1) Neils Bohr B) Azimuthal quantum number (l) 2) Uhlenbeck & Goudsmit C) Magnetic quantum number (m) 3) Lande D) Spin quantum number (s) 4) Sommerfeld Choose the correct matching A B C D 1) 1 2 4 3 2) 1 4 3 2 3) 1 3 2 4 4) 3 1 4 2 2) In order to explain fine hydrogen atomic spectrum. 1) Principal quantum number 2) Spin quantum number 3) Azimuthal quantum number 4) Magnetic quantum number 3) Magnetic quantum number (m) is proposed by Lande.C N OM 4) 2) n2 3) 1) n n 2 h 2 1) n . Aditya vardhan. l & 2 4) l = 1. in order to explain 1) Low resolution hydrogen atomic spectrum 2) Fine hydrogen atomic spectrum 3) Zeeman effect 4) Spin . 2 & 3 2) l = 1 & 2 3) l = 0. A W W DIT . adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com 48) The difference in angular momentum of two bohr’s orbits is 3 7 h . 3 & 4 Match the following .Atomic structure: Prepared by V.A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I.

m = +3. -1. -1. l = 0. l = 2. s = . +2 3) -1. +1. +2 2) -2.C N OM Atomic structure: Prepared by V.1 12) The number of orbitals in given sub shell ‘l’ is equal to 1) l + 1 2) l + 2 3) 2l + 2 4) 2l + 1 13) The number of orbitals in l = 2 subshell will be 1) 2 2) 3 3) 5 4) 1 14) The significance of magnetic quantum number (m) is 1) It denotes the size of orbital 2) It represents the shape of orbital 3) It indicate the orientation of orbital 4) It represents angular momentum of orbital 15) The possible values of magnetic quantum numbers of orbitals in a subshell l= 2 are 1) -2. +3 16) The maximum number of electrons that can be accommodated in sub shell l = 2 1) 2 2) 5 3) 4 4) 10 8 . 0. m = -3. 0. n is given by n2 21) The maximum number of electrons that can be present in a main energy level n = 3 is 1) 3 2) 18 3) 6 4) 9 22) The quantum number that is not possible for electron in 4d orbital is 1) l = 2 2) s = + 1 / 2 3) m = 0 4) m = + 3 23) 2px and 2py orbitals differ in their 1) energy 2) shape 3) orientation 4) ‘l’ value 24) The notation of orbital with n = 3 and l = 1 is 1) 3s 2) 3p 3) 3d 4) 2p 25) The incorrect set of quantum numbers for an electron will be 1) n = 3. l = 3.1 / 2 4) n = 3. adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com Azimuthal quantum number Shape of orbital A) l = 0 1) Dumb-bell B) l = 1 2) Diffused C) l = 2 3) Spherical D) l = 3 4) Double dumb-bell The correct matching is A B C D 1) 3 2 1 4 2) 3 1 2 4 3) 3 1 4 2 4) 2 3 1 4 10) The n & l values of 4f orbital are 1) 4 & 3 2) 4 & 4 3) 4 & 1 4) 3 & 3 11) The number of orbitals in a given shell ‘n’ is equal to 1) 2n 2) 2n2 3) n2 4) 2n .of electrons in subshell ‘l’ = 4l + 2 17) The maximum number of electrons that can be accommodated in an orbital is 1) 2 2) 1 3) 4 4) 1 / 2 18) The values of spin quantum number can be 1) 1 1 1 1 2) 3) or 4) 0 or 1 2 2 2 2 19) Spin quantum number was proposed by 1) Goudsmidt & Uhlen beck 2) Lande 3) Neils Bohr 4) de Broglie 20) The number of orbitals present in the shell with n = 4 is 1) 4 2) 8 3) 16 4) 32 Note : The number of orbitals in given shell.Note : The no. +1. +1 4) 0.A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I. m = 0. l = 1. s = + 1 / 2 2) n = 2.1 / 2 3) n = 4. A W W DIT . +2. +1. m = 0. s = . Aditya vardhan. s = + 1 / 2 26) The number of ‘p’ orbitals present in a shell with n = 4 is 1) 4 2) 12 3) 10 4) 3 W V.

What is the kinetic energy of same moving particles with twice this wavelength.33 A0 4) None 12) The ratio of wavelengths of electron waves of first three orbits in hydrogen atom is 1) = h KE 1 1 1) 1: : 2) 1 : 2 : 3 3) 3 : 2 : 1 4) 1 : 4 : 9 2 3 13) The ratio of radii of two successive orbits is 4 : 9.A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I.m 2.18 x 10 erg. adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com de Broglie’s wave concept The wave length of an electron can be expressed as 9 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Note : Use the formula . The wavelength of electron wave will be. Aditya vardhan. The wavelength of electron is 1) 110 A0 2) 232 A0 3) 91 A0 4) 323 A0 The ratio of wavelength of proton to that of electron which are moving with same velocity is 1) 1 : 9 2) 1836 : 1 3) 1 : 1836 4) 1 : 2 The number of waves produced by electron wave in Bohr’s 3rd orbit is 1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 9 The wavelength of electron wave in the first orbit of hydrogen atom is 1) 3.4 eV 2) 6.6 eV are described by waves of length 3.33 A0 2) 0.529 A0 3) 2.21 A0 3) 3. that is with wavelength 6. 1) 0.s-1.Atomic structure: Prepared by V.64 Ao? 1) 3.n =2 r 8) The wavelength of electron revolving in circular orbit in Bohr’s atom can be expressed as nh nh 2 n2h 2 2) 3) 4) None 2 2 2 2π m 2πmZe 4π me The wavelength of electron wave in the 2nd orbit of hydrogen atom is ‘x’ cm.626 x 104 m.06 A0 4) 3x cm 2 2) = . The ratio of kinetic energies of electrons will be 1) 25 : 9 2) 5 : 3 3) 9 : 25 4) 3 : 5 15) Moving particles of kinetic energy 13.32 Ao. 2) Integral multiple of its wavelength.2 eV W V.529 A0 2) 2. 3) Velocity of electron 4) Radius of orbit Quantization of angular momentum of an electron in a stationary orbit can be justified by using. The wavelength of electron in the third orbit will be 1) 9) 9x 2x 4x cm cm cm 2) 3) 4 3 9 10) The relation between wavelength of electron and its kinetic energy is 1) h2 h nh 3) = 4) = KE 2. A W W DIT .8 eV 3) 13.KE.6 eV 4) 27.529 x n2 A0 h h h h2 1) 2) 3) 4) 2π mv nπ nπ The electron revolving around the nucleus behaves as a stationary wave only when the circumference of its orbit is equal to 1) Fractional multiple of its wavelength. The ratio of the wavelengths of electron waves in these orbits is 1) 9 : 4 2) 3 : 2 3) 16 : 81 4) 2 : 3 14) The ratio of wavelengths of electron waves in two orbits is 3 : 5.m -11 11) The kinetic energy of electron in an orbit of hydrogen atom is 2.21 A0 4) 1. 1) Bohr’s theory 2) Heisenberg’s theory 3) de Broglie’s theory 4) Quantum theory The velocity of an electron is 6.KE.C N OM where r = 0.

R r θ Choose the incorrect statement related to above expression. 4) 2) 2 is called probability density of electron and always has positive values.C N OM 2) Heisenberg operator 4) Potential energy operator .Atomic structure: Prepared by V.93 x 10-2 m 4) 3.001% will be 1) 19. 3) 4) Note : The total energy operator also called as Hamiltonian operator is the sum of Kinetic energy operator (T) and potential ˆ ˆ ˆ i.6 x 10-20 m.s-1 accurate upto 0. W V. 4) None Which of the following is not a boundary condition required to get valid Eigen functions for ? 1) must be finite and continous 2) must be single valued at a given point 3) The probability of finding the electron over the space from + to . θ and can be expressed as r. A W W DIT . H = T + V .A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I.4 × 106 m·s–1 7 –1 3) 1. m v n n n -5 Uncertainty in position of a 0.3 x 10-2 m 2) 5.sec-1 3) 1.e. adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle 1) The mathematical expression for Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle is 1) x. 3) Schrodinger’s wave equation is time dependent. Aditya vardhan. p 4) x .sec-1 4) 2.7 x 10-19 m..sec-1 Uncertainty in the position of an electron moving with a velocity 300 m.84 x 10-2 m If the uncertainty in the location of an electron is 20 pm.2 x 1034 m. but has no physical significance. 5) The orbital wave function written in terms of polar co-ordinates : r.25g particle is 10 m.1 x 10-26 m. v 2) 3) 10 4) h h h h2 2) x. must be equal to zero 4) All ˆ ˆ H in the schrodinger equation.6 × 103 m·s–1 2) 1. then what is the uncertainty in its speed? 1) 1.76 x 10-2 m 3) 1. p 3) x.2 × 10 m·s 4) 2. It represents the amplitude of electron wave. H E .9 × 106 m·s–1 1) Schrodinger wave equation The Schrodinger wave equation which describes the three dimensional electron wave with potential energy ‘V’ is given by 1) 2 2 2 8 2 m E V 0 x 2 y 2 z 2 h 2 2 2 8 m 2 E V 0 2) x 2 y 2 z 2 h 3) 2 2 2 8 2 m 2 E V 0 x 2 y 2 z 2 h 2) 2 2 2 8 m E V 0 x 2 y 2 z 2 h Choose the incorrect statement 1) is called orbital wave function. Uncertainty in velocity will be 1) 1.sec-1 2) 1. θ.is known as 1) Kinetic energy operator 3) Hamiltonian operator energy operator ( V ) .

11 2) θ & are the angular wave functions which depend upon quantum numbers ‘l’ and ‘m’ 4) θ and are the angular wave functions and depend only on principal quantum number ‘n’ Note : The orbital wave functions ( ) can be expressed in terms of spherical polar co-ordinates (r. Aditya vardhan. between polar co-ordinates and cartesian co-ordinates can be given as x = r sin θ cos y = r sin θ sin z = r cos θ θ & ).A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I.C N OM 3) En e e4 2 0 h 2 n 2 4) En 1 1 1 e e 4 8 0 hn . 7) The probability of finding an electron at a distance ‘r’ from the nucleus regardless of direction is called 1) radial wave function 2) radial probability density 3) radial probability function 4) All Note : R = radial wave function R2 = radial probability density 2 2 4 r drR radial probability function 8) The correct graph of radial wave function (R) of 2s orbital plotted against radial distance ‘r’ is W V. adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com 1) R (r) is called radial wave function which depends on quantum numbers ‘n’ & ‘l’ 3) R (r) gives dependence of orbital upon radial distance of electron from the nucleus. A W W DIT .Atomic structure: Prepared by V. The relation 6) The energy of quantized energy states in hydrogen atom can be given by 1) En Note : e e 4 e e2 2) En 2 8 0 h 2 n 2 4 0 h 2 n 2 1) e is called reduced mass of electron m mn e e Where me = mass of electron mn = mass of nucleus 2) For hydrogen atom electron energy depends only on ‘n’ and independent of ‘l’ and ‘n’.

A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I. Aditya vardhan. adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com 12 Note : Option 1) is the graph for 1s orbital Option 2) is the graph for 3s orbital Option 4) is the graph for 2p orbital 9) The maximum electron density can be found at the nucleus in case of orbital 1) s 2) p 3) d 4) none following question.C N OM . The ‘R’ value is maximum at r=0. Also consider the ‘R2’ vs ‘r’ graphs in the 10) The correct graph of radial probability density (R2) of 2p orbital plotted against radial distance ‘r’ is Note : Option 1) is the graph for 1s orbital Option 2) is the graph for 2s orbital Option 4) is the graph for 2p orbital 11) The correct graph of radial probability function (4 r 2 R 2 ) of 2s orbital plotted against radial distance ‘r’ is W V. Note: Consider above graphs of ‘s’ orbitals.Atomic structure: Prepared by V. A W W DIT .

645 Å 2) 2.5 pm 4) 2.l . A W W DIT .l . 1) 2.1 4) n .9 pm in case of 2s orbital.1 3) n . and ‘R’ is the correct explanation of ‘A’ 2) Both ‘A’ & ‘R’ are correct .645 Å 4) 2. the radial probability function has it’s peak vlaue at the radial distance. 1) 2.058 Å 18) Assertion : The energy of 2s orbital will be less than that of 2p orbital even though the radius of maximum probability for 2s orbital is at 264.529 Å 4) 1.6 pm.050 Å 3) 2.116 Å 16) In 2s orbital of hydrogen atom the radial probability function has its maximum value at the radial distance.2 Note : Radial node.058 Å 17) In 2p orbital of hydrogen. also called as nodal region or spherical node.645 Å 2) 2.529 Å 4)1.529 Å 2) 1.9 pm 2) 105.5 pm and for 2p orbital is at 211.l . adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com 13 Note : 2s orbital has one radial node 12) The space around the nucleus where the 2 > 90% is called 1) atomic orbital 2) nodal region 3) nodal plane 4) All 13) The point at a radial distance from the nucleus where the probability of finding the electron is zero is called 1) Atomic orbital 2) Nodal point 3) Molecular orbital 4) None 14) The radius of maximum probability for 1s orbital of hydrogen atom is 1) 52.116 pm 15) The radial distance from the nucleus at which the nodal region of 2s orbital of hydrogen atom is 1) 0.C N OM . does not pass through the nucleus 20) The number of angular nodes present in a given orbital is equal to 1) l 2) n . 3) ‘A’ is correct but ‘R’ is incorrect 4) ‘A’ is incorrect but ‘R’ is correct.116 Å 3) 0. Choose the correct answer 1) Both ‘A’ & ‘R’ are correct . 19) The number of radial nodes present in a given orbital is equal to 1) l 2) n .l . but ‘R’ is not the correct explanation of ‘A’.1 3) n .l 4) n .A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I. Reason : There is a small additional maxima at 52.116 Å 3) 0.2 W V. Aditya vardhan.Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Hence the electron in this orbital penetrates little closer to the nucleus and binds strongly to it than that of 2p orbital.8 pm 3) 264.

px orbital has one angular node along yz plane.A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I. 24) The number of angular nodes in 2p orbital is 1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 Note: ‘p’ orbitals have only one angular node perpenducular to the axis of orientation of the orbital. passes through the nucleus.Atomic structure: Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan. 25) The number of radial nodes in 4p orbital is 1) 1 2) 2 26) The number of radial nodes and angular nodes respectively present in 4dxy orbital will be W V. A W W DIT . For example. 14 21) The number of radial nodes in 1s orbital is 1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 0 22) The number of radial nodes in 2s orbital is 1) 2 2) 3 3) 1 4) 0 23) The number of angular nodes in 2s orbital is 1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 Note: Angular nodes are absent in ‘s’ orbitals.C N OM 4) 0 4) 0 3) 3 4) 4 . also called as nodal plane. adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com Note : Angular node.

And usually ‘d’ orbitals have two angular nodes.l . A W W DIT . Aditya vardhan.1 28) Which of the following radial distribution graph corresponds to orbital with n = 3. l = 2 ? 29) The orbital with two nodal planes but with no nodal regions is 1) 4d 2) 4s 3) 3d 30) The number of nodal planes in 4f orbital is 1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 31) The 2 value is zero along xy and yz planes in a d-orbital. adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com 1) 0 & 1 2) 1 & 2 3) 2 & 2 4) 1 & 1 15 Note: 4d orbital has one radial node.C N OM 4) 4f 4) zero . 27) The total number of radial and angular nodes present in a given orbital is equal to 1) n 2) n .A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I. The notation of that d-orbital will be 1) dxy 2) dxz 3) dyz 4) 1 or 3 32) Which of the following orbital belongs to principal quantum level.1 4) n . In case of 4dxy orbital the angular nodes are present along yz and xz planes.l 3) n . n = 5? W V.Atomic structure: Prepared by V.

Aditya vardhan. l = +1. s = + 1 / 2 2) n = 4.C N OM 4) 7s 2 3) 1s 2 2 s 2 2 px p 2 p1 y z 4) 1s 2 2 s 2 2 p1 p1 pz0 x y . the orbital with least ‘n’ value has least energys 3) 4) 5) 6) Which of the following electronic configuration violates Hund’s rule 1) 1s 2 2s 2 2 p1 p1 p1 x y z 2 o 2) 1s 2 2 s 2 2 px p1 pz y 7) 8) 9) No two electrons in an atom can have same set of quantum numbers. s = + 1 / 2 4) n = 3. s = + 1 / 2 2 3 1 [Ne] 3s 3p 3d is the electronic configuration of 1) ‘P’ in ground state 2) ‘S’ in 1st existed state 3) ‘P’ in 1st excited state 4) ‘S’ in 2nd existed state The number of electrons in the valence shell of calcium is 1) 2 2) 3 3) 1 4) 6 In a multi electron atom. which of the following orbitals described by the three quantum numbers will have the same energy in the absence of magnetic and electric fields ? a) n = 1. m = 0. m = 0. A W W DIT . W V. l = 0. l = 0. s = + 1 / 2 3) n = 3. m = 0. This statement is known as 1) Hund’s rule 2) Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle 3) Pauli’s exclusion principle 4) None The correct ground state electronic configuration of chromium is 1) [Ar] 3d4 4s2 2) [Ar] 3d5 4s2 3) [Ar] 3d5 4s0 4) [Ar] 3d5 4s1 The set of quantum numbers of valence shell electron in potassium atom is 1) n = 3. adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com 16 1) Electronic configuration The orbital with least energy before filling up of electrons is 1) 3d 2) 4s 3) 4p 4) 5s Note : Orbital with least (n + l) value has least energy and is filled first 2) The orbital which is filled first will be 1) 4f 2) 5d 3) 6p Note : If the orbitals possess same (n + 1) value. m = 0. m = +1. l = l.A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I.Atomic structure: Prepared by V. l = 1.

3) ‘A’ is correct but ‘R’ is incorrect 4) ‘A’ is incorrect but ‘R’ is correct. 5p.93 BM 4) 6. m = 0 The correct combinations are 1) a & b 2) b & c 3) a & d 4) d & e 10) Which orbital is nearest to the nucleus after filling with electrons ? 1) 5d 2) 6s 3) 6p 4) 4f 2+ 11) The number of electrons in 3d . l = 1. adichemadi(at)gmail(dot)com b) n = 2. e) n = 3. but ‘R’ is not the correct explanation of ‘A’.1/ 2 is 1) 32 2) 8 3) 4 4) 16 The electronic configuration of hydride ion is 1) 1s1 2) 1s0 3) 1s2 4) 2s1 Assertion[A] : [Ar] 3d54s1 configuration of chromium is more stable than [Ar] 3d44s2 configuration Reason[R] : The exchange energy will be maximum in case of atoms with half filled subshells 1) Both ‘A’ & ‘R’ are correct .orbital in Zn ion is 1) 8 2) 10 3) 9 4) 0 12) The number of electrons with l = l in the ground state of sulfur atom is 1) 6 2) 10 3) 8 4) 4 13) The number of unpaired electrons in 3d orbital of copper atom is 1) 5 2)10 3) 1 4) None Note: Copper has anomalous electronic configuration i. 6s & 5d orbitals is 1) 4f < 5p < 5d < 6s 2) 4f < 6s < 5d < 5p 3) 5p < 6s < 4f < 5d 4) 5p < 5d < 6s < 4f 16) The number of exchanges possible between parallel electrons in ‘d’ orbitals of chromium is 1) 6 2) 10 3) 5 4) 4 Note: In [Ar] 3d54s1 configuration. Aditya vardhan. Si 4) S. then the exchanges possible are only 6.. 17) 18) 19) 20) n! this is the modification of equation r ! n r ! 2! The maximum number of electrons possible in an atom with n = 4 and ms = . there are five unpaired ‘d’ electrons. A W W DIT . m = 0. c) n = 2. l = 2.A YA DI CH VA EM RD AD HA I. of unpaired electrons 15) The correct increasing order of energy of 4f. These exchanges between degenerate d-electrons lower the energy of the atom and thus by confering more stability to the atom in this anomalous configuration.C N OM = 10 Atomic structure: Prepared by V.Formula: magnetic moment( )= n(n+2) BM where n=no. Si 2) S. Which of the following pairs has two unpaired electrons 1) Mg. [Ar] 3d104s1 14) The magnetic moment of Mn2+ ion is 1) 3. If the configuration is [Ar] 3d44s2 as predicted. d) n = 3. Hence this configuration is less stable. and ‘R’ is the correct explanation of ‘A’ 2) Both ‘A’ & ‘R’ are correct . m = 1. Mg 3) S.92 BM 17 .e. l = 2. m = +1. The number of exchanges are calculated by following formula. Fe 5 5 1 Formula : 5C 2 W V.9 BM 3) 7. l = 0.87 BM 2) 5.

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