Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

2

49

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
3

3

4

5

6

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

49

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

4

49

proxmox. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. reliability. If the email server is not working. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. this includes: performance. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. © 21. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks.05.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description.com  www.

1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21.proxmox. One port is assigned to incoming. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 . Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.com  www. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server. one port for outgoing e-mails. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster.

user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. © 21.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. but they are quite useless. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2.proxmox. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. Consider two users.05. because he communicates with your customers.com  www.

3.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.g.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .proxmox. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet. port 26. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26. using standard port 25.05. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.g.com  www. After processing. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails.2 Alternative port settings (e.com 2. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway. © 21. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2.3.

Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .com  www. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.proxmox.

255.1.0 255.com 2.255.168.255.0 255.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.168.05.proxmox. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.com  www.255.2 192.255.1 10.0.0.1 Net mask 255.16.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.255.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 . In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.com 2.domain.com to your first e-mail server. and e-mails addressed to subdomain. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.com to a second one. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. otherwise it will not work! © 21.com  www.

09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084.proxmox.26 ms DNS INT: 1.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.05.com  www.05 ms (domain. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.spamhaus. If you need redundancy.com) DNSBL: 35.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.com.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.47 ms (zen. Additionally. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.com 3 Performance Tuning 3. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.51 DNS EXT: 46. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 . 3.

proxmox. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. if the triplet has never been seen before. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error.com 3. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. By doing the following. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail.1 Greylisting Typically.com  www. depends on your environment.4. © 21. filling up the queue. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. he will never be greylisted. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration). This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. If a sender has a valid SPF record. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. Then. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail.

org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.org • dsbl. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.05.4. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . etc. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails.com 3. Note: see http://www.proxmox.4.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain. 3. Please make sure. e-mail. When receiving a message from a domain.) to the machines that perform those services.openspf. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.

org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.0.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.dsbl.4.05.com  www. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".4.proxmox. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.spamhaus.2 \ sbl. For details visit http://www.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.1' to disable it (default).-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.spamhaus.spamhaus.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.spamhaus.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.org --dsbl rsync.0. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.dsbl.proxmox. usually started via cron.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.spamhaus.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.spamhaus.0.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21. or '127.4.com 3.org and dsbl.org.spamhaus.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.41” stands for the minutes of each hour. but you can also use any other server within your network. 3.0. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists. Next.org -mailto root Note: “11.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

5. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 .4. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages. In short.org and Dsbl.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.org 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.d/rbldnsd start Finally.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic.proxmox.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. In short. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners.05.4.com  www.

1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.5.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .4.com 3. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.5. 450 means.4. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid. see chapter 3. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).2. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.

please use the Exchange System Manager.com 3.proxmox.2.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .4. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.05.5.

com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.proxmox.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .com  www.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.com  www.

com 3. please use the Exchange Management Console. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 . Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” . this is NOT installed by default.5.proxmox.05.com  www. 2. If you installed a typical one server installation. 4. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21. 3.

For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy.     Who . It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . WHAT.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 . WHEN. © 21. ACTION) which can contain several objects. time frame.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . domains.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. TO.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .05. content type and resulting action. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.

Microsoft Exchange. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. Postfix …).05. © 21. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. Because of the very low cost of sending email. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated. Lotus Domino. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential.g. pishing and e-mail worms. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool.com  www.proxmox.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.proxmox.1 Default Rules 4.05.1.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 . Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.1.com 4.com  www.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.

05.com  www.com.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox..3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.bat.proxmox.1.1..vbs. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.com 4. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .

g. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality. 1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com 4. 4.com  www.proxmox. Activate the rule © 21.05. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”). Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 . Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2. Create a new WHO object.2. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains. 81) 3.

1. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4.05.2. 81) 3. Create a new WHO object. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 .3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.g.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4.com  www. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .05.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.

6. e. 1. 2. 4. Create a new “What Object”. give a name. “Delete Spamlevel 10”. 3.g.com 4. 7. give a name. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. With this additional rule.com  www. e.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.05. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21.g. 8. 5.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 .2. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule.proxmox.

com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.

com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .05.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .com  www.05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.

Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. “Block Multimedia Files”. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. remember e-mail address 5.05. Under “Receiver”.g. 1. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. Create a new rule.2. If you have Microsoft Exchange. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 .com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. define direction and set priority 2. Wait a few minutes. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4.proxmox. e.com  www. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3.2. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. if you want).

it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. e. If you type a valid e-mail address. it should not be member. Final review (still inactive) 9. Activate the rule 4. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. 4. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. Create a new “WHO Object”.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. Final review (still inactive) 5.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin.05. 3. set direction to “in” 5. © 21. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. Click on the desired rule 2. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. If you type an unknown e-mail address.2. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8.com 3.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. give a name.g. “Unknown LDAP” 2. give a name. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7.com  www.g.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. 1. Add new rule. e. 1.2. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. then click save. “Unknown LDAP”.

you do not want to block these funny things for everybody.2.g. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. set priority to 70.proxmox. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. click save. give a name. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. set direction to “in”.  Create a new “WHO Object”.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . e.com  www. e.g. give a name.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. On the other side. © 21.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .proxmox.com  www.05.

The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important .05. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster.com  www.failures in email systems are just not acceptable. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. Configuration is done on the master.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme.proxmox. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. which provides extremely good performance. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 .

1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.com).2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 . We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts.e. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21. This is all you need.com  www. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records. You will receive mails on both hosts. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling). you can use backup/restore to copy the rules).05.example.proxmox.com and mail2. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. i. If one host fails the other is used. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1.com 5. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.example.

but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.05.com 5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain. See your firewall manual for more details.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT. © 21.

optimized for the VMware™ Host.05. 6.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance). 6.1 Physical Hardware See http://www.proxmox. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.proxmox.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.proxmox.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6. Proxmox can be run under VMware™. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15. Proxmox 2.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware. For all details see http://pve.1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.com  www.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™. © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .proxmox.com for certified hardware. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.com. Alternative.6. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.proxmox.000rpm). For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.proxmox.

1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.vmware. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. This means. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.proxmox. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. This leads to very poor performance.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.1.1.1.com.3.com/forum/. 6. While memory overcommit is possible.proxmox.1. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 .3.com 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. http://www. 6.3. 6.1.com  www.3. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.1. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.3.05.

For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel. 6.3. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. While memory overcommit is possible.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6. they have the best possible performance.vmware.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 . Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. © 21. This leads to very poor performance. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.1.3. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.proxmox. This means.2.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.com 6.1.com.com  www.05.

3. http://www.2. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.2.2.3.com  www. 6.2. 6.3.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .2.2.proxmox.05.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com/forum/.2.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.proxmox.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.3.

proxmox.com  www.3.2.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.2.

please visit http://openvz. For details about OpenVZ. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 . For running Proxmox on OpenVZ. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime. built on Linux. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.05.org/.proxmox.com). OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox. we launched a wiki page on: © 21.

we developed vzdump: http://wiki.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.openvz.com  www.com http://wiki.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.openvz.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .proxmox.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .com Email support: support@proxmox. All information: http://www.com © 21.proxmox.com  www.

. 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ....................................................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ..............................proxmox..........................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ...................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host .................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ........................................................................45 © 21.......................................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ..........................................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert .......30 4-12 Add new Rule .......................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ...........com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) .........................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam .........................28 4-9 Add new What Object ................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users .........29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ...............................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ...35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” .............................................................org and Dsbl................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses .....................................................................................................org .......................................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1......................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ............................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi .................................................................................................................................................................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ...............14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.............................................................................05...........................................................................32 4-16 Activate Rule ........12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ....................................................................................................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ..........................................................................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks .....Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox..21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2..................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ..............................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 .........................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent .......................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host .........................................................................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ....................................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ...........................................................................................................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache .................. 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway......................................................................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ............................................................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ..............20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 .............31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ...................................................................... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ...............................................................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule.....................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX .......... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ .....................................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) .........com  www....37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records............................................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 .............24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ...............................................................................................................................................................................................

05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.com .2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .com  www.proxmox.End of document - © 21.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful