Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. this includes: performance. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. reliability. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver.05. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. If the email server is not working. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. © 21.proxmox.com  www.

1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 . Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. one port for outgoing e-mails. One port is assigned to incoming. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2.com  www.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability.05.proxmox. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.

proxmox. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. but they are quite useless. © 21. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. 2. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that.com  www.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails.05. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. Consider two users. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. because he communicates with your customers. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

com 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26. © 21. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail.3. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.3.proxmox.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e. using standard port 25. After processing.g.05.g.2 Alternative port settings (e. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 . Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. port 26.

com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 . Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.proxmox.05. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.

255.0.2 192.255.0.com  www.05.1.255.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.255. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.1 Net mask 255.255.0 255. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.1 10.168.0 255.16.255.proxmox.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.com 2.168.

In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .05.proxmox. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.com to a second one.com 2. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.com  www. otherwise it will not work! © 21. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.com to your first e-mail server.domain.

com) DNSBL: 35.com  www. 3.26 ms DNS INT: 1. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.proxmox.47 ms (zen.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.spamhaus. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 . If you need redundancy.05 ms (domain. Additionally. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.05.com.51 DNS EXT: 46.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery.com 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. he will never be greylisted. if the triplet has never been seen before.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error.4. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers.proxmox. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %.1 Greylisting Typically.com  www. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. depends on your environment. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. Then. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. By doing the following. © 21.05. filling up the queue.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration). If a sender has a valid SPF record.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org • dsbl.openspf.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.05. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.4.4. When receiving a message from a domain. Please make sure. 3.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection. etc. e-mail.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain. Note: see http://www.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.) to the machines that perform those services.com 3.com  www.

Just set the IP address of your local mirror. For details visit http://www. Next. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.org -mailto root Note: “11. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.org.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.spamhaus.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.05.0.spamhaus. 3.4.spamhaus.1' to disable it (default).org and dsbl. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.4. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen. but you can also use any other server within your network.dsbl.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".0.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.com  www.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.2 \ sbl.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.spamhaus.dsbl.spamhaus.com 3.0.4. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.proxmox.org --dsbl rsync.spamhaus.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl. usually started via cron.spamhaus.proxmox. or '127.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.0.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.org and Dsbl.5. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.05.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init.4.org 3.d/rbldnsd start Finally. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 . this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays.4. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks. In short. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.com  www. In short. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.

Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user. 450 means.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4.proxmox.5.05.com 3.5. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 . Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.com  www.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450). see chapter 3.

Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.05.com 3. please use the Exchange System Manager.2.5.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4.proxmox.

com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.proxmox.com  www.

com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .proxmox.com  www.

3.proxmox.4. 4. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” .2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 . this is NOT installed by default.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.5.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.com  www.2. 2. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. please use the Exchange Management Console.com 3.05.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First. If you installed a typical one server installation.

WHEN.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action .05. time frame.     Who . WHAT. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .proxmox. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user. TO.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. ACTION) which can contain several objects.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object . content type and resulting action.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. domains.com  www. © 21.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .

Lotus Domino. © 21. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming.com  www.proxmox. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture.05. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. Microsoft Exchange. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail.g.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. pishing and e-mail worms.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. Postfix …). To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. Because of the very low cost of sending email.

05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .proxmox.1.1.1 Default Rules 4. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.com  www.com 4.

vbs.1..proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.com  www.com 4.05.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.bat..1.

2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.g. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.proxmox. 81) 3.2. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4. 4. Activate the rule © 21.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”). Create a new WHO object. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.com 4. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. 1.com  www.

give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.g.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.05.2. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4. 81) 3.com  www. 1. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . Create a new WHO object.

com  www.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . Create a new “What Object”.g.g.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. With this additional rule. e.05. 5. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule.com 4. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 1. give a name. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. e. 2. 4. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!.2.com  www. give a name.proxmox. 8. 7. 6. “Delete Spamlevel 10”.

com  www.proxmox.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .05.

com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.

com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.05.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.

Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. “Block Multimedia Files”. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21.2. Wait a few minutes. If you have Microsoft Exchange. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. Create a new rule. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2.05.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1.proxmox. 1. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. remember e-mail address 5. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. Under “Receiver”.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder.g.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. e. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. if you want).com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. define direction and set priority 2.

Add new rule. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. e. 4. set direction to “in” 5. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses.2. If you type a valid e-mail address. e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. “Unknown LDAP” 2. 1. Activate the rule 4. “Unknown LDAP”. Click on the desired rule 2. Final review (still inactive) 9. Create a new “WHO Object”. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam.g.com 3. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6.05. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. it should not be member. 3. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4.proxmox.2. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . give a name. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8.com  www. Final review (still inactive) 5. If you type an unknown e-mail address. 1. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7.g.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. © 21. then click save. give a name. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing.

e. e. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. give a name.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule.com  www.  Create a new “WHO Object”.g.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody.g. On the other side. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object.05. © 21. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. set priority to 70. set direction to “in”. give a name.2.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. click save.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .proxmox.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.05.

Configuration is done on the master. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21.05.com  www. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 .failures in email systems are just not acceptable. which provides extremely good performance.proxmox.

you can use backup/restore to copy the rules).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 5. You will receive mails on both hosts. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).e. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.com  www.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.05. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 . We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts.example. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1. If one host fails the other is used. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. This is all you need. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21. i.example.com and mail2.com).

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .com 5. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains. See your firewall manual for more details. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain. © 21.05.com  www.proxmox.

Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.1 Physical Hardware See http://www. Proxmox 2.com  www.proxmox.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware.proxmox. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE. 6. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.000rpm).3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.1. © 21.05.proxmox. optimized for the VMware™ Host.proxmox. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance). Alternative.com.proxmox. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run. For all details see http://pve.com for certified hardware.proxmox.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). 6.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.

While memory overcommit is possible.1.1.3. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.3. 6. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.com. This leads to very poor performance.1. 6.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.3.proxmox.vmware.3.05. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.com 6. http://www.1.com/forum/.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 . This means.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 6.3. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.1.1.com  www. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.proxmox.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com.vmware. 6. they have the best possible performance.3.3.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel.05.com  www. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.3. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.2.1.com 6. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.1. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 . Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM. This means. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.proxmox. This leads to very poor performance.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. © 21. While memory overcommit is possible.

3.com/forum/.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21. http://www.2.2.2.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 6.proxmox. 6.com  www.3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.2.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.3.3. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.2.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.proxmox.05.

proxmox.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.05.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .3.

For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.proxmox. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.org/.com).4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.com  www. built on Linux. For details about OpenVZ.proxmox. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve. please visit http://openvz.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 . Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance. we launched a wiki page on: © 21.

com http://wiki.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .proxmox.openvz.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.openvz.

05.proxmox.com  www.proxmox.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings. All information: http://www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com © 21.com Email support: support@proxmox.

.......................................................................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records .............................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ......Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox...................proxmox............ 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ .......................................................................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ..24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ..............31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ...20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ...27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ...................................... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ........................45 © 21...............21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2............................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 .....2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ........................org ............................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule..37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records........................................................................32 4-16 Activate Rule ......................................................................................................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ..............22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ...........................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records .................................................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1......30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 .........35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” .......................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ..................................................................................................................................................................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ..............................................................................................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule .............. 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ....................................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ..................................................................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ...........................................................................................com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway .......................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ........... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ...............18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ..................................................................org and Dsbl.........................................................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent .....28 4-9 Add new What Object ........29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object .............10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ..................................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ............... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ...........................................................................................com  www.............................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..........32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) .........................................................................05..................................................................................................... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway...........................................................................................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ....................................................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ...................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ...................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus..........................................................................................................................................................................30 4-12 Add new Rule ...................................................................................................................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ...........................

05.proxmox.proxmox.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.End of document - © 21.com .

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