Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment.proxmox. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. reliability. this includes: performance. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer.com  www. If the email server is not working. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver.05. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 . Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports. One port is assigned to incoming. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server.com  www.proxmox.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration.05.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. one port for outgoing e-mails.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2.

2. © 21. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too.com  www. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. Consider two users. but they are quite useless. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back.proxmox. because he communicates with your customers. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host.

using standard port 25.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.com 2.2 Alternative port settings (e. After processing.g.proxmox. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.3.05. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail. port 26.3.g. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. © 21. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 . In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.com  www.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26). Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.05.

0 255.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .0.2 192.com  www.168.255. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.1 10.proxmox. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.168.05.255.0 255.1 Net mask 255.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.255.255.255.16.255.com 2.0.

domain.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .com to your first e-mail server. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain. otherwise it will not work! © 21. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.com 2. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.com to a second one.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.com  www.proxmox.

it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.05. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.47 ms (zen.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084.05 ms (domain.com  www.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.26 ms DNS INT: 1.proxmox. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.com.spamhaus.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load. If you need redundancy. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.com) DNSBL: 35. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Additionally. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.51 DNS EXT: 46. 3.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.

com  www. Then.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 .    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. depends on your environment. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3.1 Greylisting Typically. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. he will never be greylisted. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).05. If a sender has a valid SPF record. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. © 21. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. By doing the following. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. filling up the queue. if the triplet has never been seen before.com 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power.proxmox.

When receiving a message from a domain. Please make sure.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4. etc.com  www. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.com 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web. Note: see http://www. 3.) to the machines that perform those services. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.openspf. e-mail.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 .org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.proxmox.org • dsbl.

0.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11. For details visit http://www.org. Next.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.com  www.spamhaus. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.spamhaus. usually started via cron.proxmox.proxmox.4. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.0.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.org and dsbl.dsbl.0. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary. or '127.1' to disable it (default).com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.spamhaus.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.com 3.2 \ sbl.org -mailto root Note: “11.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.org --dsbl rsync.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.4.spamhaus.0.05. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.spamhaus. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=". but you can also use any other server within your network.dsbl.spamhaus.spamhaus. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license. 3.

In short. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.4. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays.proxmox. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.org and Dsbl.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.com  www. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners.4. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3.05. In short.d/rbldnsd start Finally.5.org 3. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.

proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .com 3.5.5.4.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450). see chapter 3.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.05. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.4. 450 means.com  www.

com  www. please use the Exchange System Manager.5.05.com 3.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.2.4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .proxmox.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.

proxmox.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .05.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.

proxmox.2. If you installed a typical one server installation. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” . make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. 3.5.4. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1. 2. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.com 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 4. please use the Exchange Management Console.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 . this is NOT installed by default.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent.com  www.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 . content type and resulting action. domains. © 21. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user. WHAT.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .05. TO. ACTION) which can contain several objects. time frame.     Who . WHEN.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well.com  www.

It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e.g.com  www. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. © 21. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails.05. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. Microsoft Exchange. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. pishing and e-mail worms. Postfix …). Because of the very low cost of sending email. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. Lotus Domino.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .1.com  www.proxmox.05.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.1.com 4.1 Default Rules 4.

bat...4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.proxmox.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.com 4.vbs.05.com.1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 . Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.1. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.com  www.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2. 1. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.proxmox.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.com  www. Create a new WHO object.g.2.com 4.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).05.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 . Activate the rule © 21. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.proxmox. 81) 3.2. 4.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.g. 1.05.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”.com  www.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.2. 81) 3.proxmox. Create a new WHO object. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.05.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .com  www.

e.g. With this additional rule. 5. 3. “Delete Spamlevel 10”. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user.g. give a name. 7.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . 4. e. 1. Create a new “What Object”. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. 6. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user. 2.05. 8.2.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. give a name.proxmox.com 4.

com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.05.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

com  www.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .proxmox.

com  www.05.proxmox.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .

type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. “Block Multimedia Files”. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. Under “Receiver”. Wait a few minutes. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”.com  www. 1. if you want).proxmox.2. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. e. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. remember e-mail address 5.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. Create a new rule.g.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. If you have Microsoft Exchange. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. define direction and set priority 2. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4.2.

g.05. Create a new “WHO Object”. If you type an unknown e-mail address. give a name. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. set direction to “in” 5. “Unknown LDAP” 2. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin.g. © 21. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses.2. Final review (still inactive) 5. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . “Unknown LDAP”. 1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. e. If you type a valid e-mail address.com 3.com  www. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam.2. it should not be member.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. give a name. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. Add new rule. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. 4. Click on the desired rule 2. 1. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. then click save. 3. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. Activate the rule 4. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. Final review (still inactive) 9.proxmox. e.

g.proxmox.05. On the other side. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. click save. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file. e.2. e.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. © 21.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups. set direction to “in”. give a name.com  www. give a name.g.  Create a new “WHO Object”. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object. set priority to 70.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 .  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu. “Block Multimedia for Staff”.

proxmox.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .

This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. which provides extremely good performance. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21.proxmox. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . Configuration is done on the master.com  www. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node).failures in email systems are just not acceptable. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes.

example. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts. i.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.com 5.com  www. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling). Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21.proxmox.com). If one host fails the other is used.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. You will receive mails on both hosts. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). This is all you need.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 .05.example.com and mail2. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.e. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.

3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.com 5. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.proxmox.com  www.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. © 21. See your firewall manual for more details.

For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ).05.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance). 6.com. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www. © 21.com  www.1.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.6. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.000rpm).com for certified hardware.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™. optimized for the VMware™ Host.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve. Proxmox 2.proxmox. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware.proxmox. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.proxmox.1 Physical Hardware See http://www.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6. For all details see http://pve.proxmox.proxmox. 6. Alternative. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.

1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.3.1.1.3. http://www.1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 . ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.com.3. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. While memory overcommit is possible.com 6. 6.proxmox. This leads to very poor performance.1. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. 6. 6.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.1.3. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.1.vmware.05.3.proxmox. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.com  www.com/forum/. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. This means.

4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. © 21. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.3. they have the best possible performance. 6.vmware.proxmox.com.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel. While memory overcommit is possible. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.3. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.05. This means.com 6.3.1.1.com  www. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. This leads to very poor performance.

1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.2.05.2.3.2.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. 6. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 . http://www.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.com/forum/. 6.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2.3.proxmox.com  www.2.3.2.2.3.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.

proxmox.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .3.com  www.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.05.2.

For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.org/. For details about OpenVZ.proxmox. we launched a wiki page on: © 21.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.05.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.com  www. please visit http://openvz. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 . built on Linux.com).proxmox.

05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 . we developed vzdump: http://wiki.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.openvz.com  www.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.openvz.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com http://wiki.proxmox.

com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .com Email support: support@proxmox.05.proxmox.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. All information: http://www.com © 21.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.

...................................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ..36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records .....................................................................................................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ..................................................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ...35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ...13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ .........................................................................45 © 21........................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ....................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ...................................................................................................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ...................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway .........com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway .................... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway.............................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ..............................28 4-9 Add new What Object ................................. 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ...........................................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus....................................................................................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam .........................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1...................................................................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files .org .............................................................................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ......................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ............................................................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers .....................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ...........................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users .................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records...........org and Dsbl.39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX .............................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ...............................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ......................................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2............30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ................................................................................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 .................................................................................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ..............proxmox......20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 .......33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule.................................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ....................................................................................32 4-16 Activate Rule ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ..............................05........................................................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox..................30 4-12 Add new Rule .......com  www..........................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi .........44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host .....................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 .........................................................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ....................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” .............. 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ..... 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ......................................................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ...................................

com .proxmox.End of document - © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.proxmox.05.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .

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