Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description.05. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. this includes: performance.proxmox. If the email server is not working. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. E-mail is an essential service for any organization.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 .com  www. © 21. reliability.

1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration.com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 . For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. one port for outgoing e-mails. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. One port is assigned to incoming. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.

Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that.com  www.05. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. because he communicates with your customers. © 21. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2.proxmox. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. Consider two users. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. but they are quite useless. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 .

Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2.g. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e. port 26.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.g.proxmox.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26.2 Alternative port settings (e. After processing.com  www.05.3. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.3. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.com 2. using standard port 25. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail. © 21. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .

Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).com  www. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .proxmox.

255.0 255.168.2 192.255.0.168. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.255.0.com  www.1.proxmox.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.05.com 2.16. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .1 Net mask 255.255.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.255.0 255.255.1 10.

For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers. otherwise it will not work! © 21.com to your first e-mail server.05. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .domain.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 2.proxmox.com to a second one. and e-mails addressed to subdomain. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.

com 3 Performance Tuning 3.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load. Additionally. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 . If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.com.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.com  www. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.com) DNSBL: 35.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.05.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8.proxmox.spamhaus.47 ms (zen.51 DNS EXT: 46.26 ms DNS INT: 1. If you need redundancy.05 ms (domain. 3. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084.

Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. he will never be greylisted. depends on your environment. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. Then.05. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. © 21. By doing the following. If a sender has a valid SPF record. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery.1 Greylisting Typically.com 3. filling up the queue. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).4.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 .com  www. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %. if the triplet has never been seen before.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist.

Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus. Note: see http://www. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 .org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21.com 3. Please make sure.com  www. When receiving a message from a domain.) to the machines that perform those services.4. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain. e-mail. etc.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web. 3. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain.proxmox. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.openspf.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails.org • dsbl.4.

-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.dsbl.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.spamhaus.41” stands for the minutes of each hour. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".org.4.proxmox. Next.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.0. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.1' to disable it (default).org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen. or '127. but you can also use any other server within your network.spamhaus.spamhaus. For details visit http://www.org and dsbl.0. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.spamhaus.0.dsbl.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s. usually started via cron.com 3.spamhaus. 3.05.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .org -mailto root Note: “11. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.proxmox.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.org --dsbl rsync.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.spamhaus. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.0.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.4.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.2 \ sbl.com  www.spamhaus.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

this means for your systems:     reduced traffic. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3.proxmox.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.org 3.4. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners.d/rbldnsd start Finally. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.5. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus. In short. In short.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 .4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.org and Dsbl.

2.com  www.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.com 3.5. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.05. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).4. 450 means. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. see chapter 3.5.

2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .proxmox. please use the Exchange System Manager.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 3. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.05.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.5.com  www.

proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .05.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.

com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.

com 3. please use the Exchange Management Console. this is NOT installed by default.05. 2. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent.4.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1. 4.5.com  www.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21. If you installed a typical one server installation. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” . 3.

WHAT. TO.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When . © 21. content type and resulting action. WHEN.     Who . ACTION) which can contain several objects. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.05.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . domains. time frame.com  www.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What .proxmox.

which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. © 21. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 .com  www. Postfix …).proxmox. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. Lotus Domino. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. Microsoft Exchange. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. pishing and e-mail worms. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done.g. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture.05. Because of the very low cost of sending email. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential.

Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.05.1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 4.1 Default Rules 4.1.com  www.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .proxmox. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.

…) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (..bat.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.05.1. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.com  www..com 4.com.vbs.

com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 . 4. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2. 1. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality. 81) 3.proxmox. Activate the rule © 21. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.05.proxmox.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”. Create a new WHO object.2.g.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 4.com  www. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.2. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.

g.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.com  www. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4. Create a new WHO object.05.proxmox. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . 1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21. 81) 3.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.2.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .05.

“Delete Spamlevel 10”. 4.2.com  www. 5.com 4. 8. 3. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21.g. With this additional rule. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 .proxmox. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule.g.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Create a new “What Object”. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. e. e. give a name. 2.05. 7. give a name. 6. 1.

proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.05.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .

com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .05.com  www.proxmox.

05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.com  www.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Exchange creates the e-mail address 4.g. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. e. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. 1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. remember e-mail address 5.05. Wait a few minutes. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3.2. Create a new rule. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. Under “Receiver”. “Block Multimedia Files”. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2.2. define direction and set priority 2. if you want). If you have Microsoft Exchange.com  www.proxmox.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it.

proxmox. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. Final review (still inactive) 5. 4. Activate the rule 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. Create a new “WHO Object”. then click save. give a name. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses.g. e. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. Final review (still inactive) 9. © 21. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8.com 3. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. Click on the desired rule 2.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 .7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. If you type an unknown e-mail address.2. 1. e. “Unknown LDAP”.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. If you type a valid e-mail address. 1. 3.2. give a name. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. it should not be member.g. “Unknown LDAP” 2. set direction to “in” 5. Add new rule.05. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule.

© 21. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. e.  Create a new “WHO Object”. give a name.05.2.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes. give a name. click save.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. e.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object.g. On the other side. set priority to 70.g. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. set direction to “in”.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4.com  www. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .com  www.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 .failures in email systems are just not acceptable. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes.05. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. Configuration is done on the master.com  www.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . which provides extremely good performance.

If one host fails the other is used.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.com  www.example. You have to define two MX records with the same priority.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1.proxmox. i.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 . you can use backup/restore to copy the rules).com).example. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling). Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21. You will receive mails on both hosts. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records. This is all you need.e.05.com 5.com and mail2.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.proxmox.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains. See your firewall manual for more details. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5. © 21.com 5.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 . It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.com  www.

com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware.000rpm). Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .proxmox.proxmox. © 21. 6.1 Physical Hardware See http://www. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.proxmox.proxmox.05. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15. For all details see http://pve. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.com for certified hardware.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).com.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™. 6.6. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6. Proxmox 2. optimized for the VMware™ Host.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). Alternative.proxmox.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.1. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.com  www.proxmox.

1. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 . the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. This leads to very poor performance. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.1.3.com  www. This means.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.3. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.1. 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.1.com/forum/.3.proxmox. 6.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.com.1.com 6.1.vmware.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.proxmox.05.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. 6.3. http://www. While memory overcommit is possible.3. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.

the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.proxmox. they have the best possible performance. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .1.vmware. 6.2.com.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. © 21. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.05. This means.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.3.1. While memory overcommit is possible. This leads to very poor performance.3.com 6.

6.2.proxmox.05.com  www.proxmox.3.2.3.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.2. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.2. 6.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.3.2. http://www.2.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2.com/forum/.3.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.2.05.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.3.2.

proxmox.com). For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution. please visit http://openvz. For details about OpenVZ.05. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6. built on Linux.org/.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance. we launched a wiki page on: © 21.

com  www. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.openvz.proxmox.openvz.com http://wiki.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

com  www.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings. All information: http://www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .com Email support: support@proxmox.proxmox.proxmox.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com © 21.

...........35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ............. 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ...............18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ........38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records .........17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 .........................................................................................org and Dsbl...............20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ...................05............................................................30 4-12 Add new Rule ..................................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus......29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object .26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox..............27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ......37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records..32 4-16 Activate Rule .....20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 .................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2..................proxmox...............................................................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ...............41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ....................................................................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ....................................com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ......................................................... 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ...................................................................... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway...............................................................................................................................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1.............24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ....25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ..36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records .................................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ........ 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ............................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host .................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ..28 4-9 Add new What Object ................................................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam .......42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ...................................................................................................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ..................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ....................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule................................................................................................................................... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) .........................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ...............................................................................................................................................................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ................................................................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule .............12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................45 © 21...................................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ...............................................................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX .............................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ..............................................................................................................com  www..................................................................................................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ..................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache .........................................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ......................................................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ...........................................................org ......

com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .05.com .proxmox.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.End of document - © 21.

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