Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. If the email server is not working. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver.com  www. this includes: performance.05. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. © 21. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 .proxmox. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. reliability.

see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server. one port for outgoing e-mails.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 . You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.com  www.proxmox. One port is assigned to incoming. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2.

Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1.com  www. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. but they are quite useless. 2. © 21. Consider two users. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that.proxmox. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too.05. because he communicates with your customers. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 .

© 21. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26.com 2.3. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.com  www.g. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2.g.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 . After processing. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.proxmox.2 Alternative port settings (e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e. using standard port 25.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2. port 26. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.3.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails.

com  www.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26). Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.proxmox.

1 Net mask 255.255.0.255.05.1.0.proxmox.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.1 10.255.com 2.255.255.168.0 255.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .255.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.168. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.com  www.2 192.0 255.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.16.

com to your first e-mail server.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.proxmox. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.com to a second one. otherwise it will not work! © 21. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.domain.05.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .com 2. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.

05 ms (domain.spamhaus. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489. If you need redundancy. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.com. Additionally.26 ms DNS INT: 1.47 ms (zen. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.com) DNSBL: 35. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.com  www.05.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.51 DNS EXT: 46.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.proxmox. 3. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.

1 Greylisting Typically. If a sender has a valid SPF record. By doing the following.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level.com 3.05. depends on your environment. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration). Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers.4. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. filling up the queue. Then.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery.com  www. © 21. if the triplet has never been seen before. he will never be greylisted.proxmox.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%.

4.com  www.com 3.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain. e-mail.org • dsbl. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain. etc.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.openspf.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 .3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails. When receiving a message from a domain. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain. Note: see http://www. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.4.) to the machines that perform those services. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection. Please make sure. 3.05.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21.proxmox.

spamhaus.dsbl.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.org --dsbl rsync.05.0.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.spamhaus.0.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.4.com 3.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s. Next. For details visit http://www. Just set the IP address of your local mirror. or '127.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.0. but you can also use any other server within your network.org and dsbl.com  www.1' to disable it (default).org.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .proxmox. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.4.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.spamhaus.0. 3.dsbl.spamhaus.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".2 \ sbl.spamhaus.proxmox.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen. usually started via cron.org -mailto root Note: “11.spamhaus.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.4. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.spamhaus.

05.d/rbldnsd start Finally.org 3.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays. In short.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.org and Dsbl.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 .4. In short.5. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.com  www. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.proxmox.

5. 450 means.5. see chapter 3.4.proxmox. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.05.2.com 3. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).4. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.

5.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www.2.com 3.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .4. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21. please use the Exchange System Manager.

com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.

proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

4.05. this is NOT installed by default.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. please use the Exchange Management Console. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” .com 3. 2.com  www.proxmox.5.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First. If you installed a typical one server installation. 3.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 . Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.4.

com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains. content type and resulting action.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When . ACTION) which can contain several objects. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy. domains.     Who .object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action .2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 . WHAT. © 21.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject.05. TO. WHEN. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.com  www. time frame.

g.05. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. Postfix …). Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications.com  www. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. Microsoft Exchange. Because of the very low cost of sending email. Lotus Domino. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. pishing and e-mail worms. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility.proxmox.

1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.1.com 4.1 Default Rules 4.proxmox.com  www.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .1.

vbs. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .bat.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.com 4.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.com  www.1.1.com.05. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4...Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.

4. Create a new WHO object.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 1. Activate the rule © 21. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 . 81) 3.proxmox. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).com 4.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.g. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.05.2.proxmox.com  www. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2.

05. 81) 3. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21. 1.2. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. Create a new WHO object. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.com  www.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.g.

com  www.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

g. 8. 7.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. 6. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. 5. “Delete Spamlevel 10”.g. With this additional rule. Create a new “What Object”. give a name. e. give a name.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . 4. 1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. e.05. 3.2.proxmox. 2.com  www.com 4. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.05.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.

05.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .proxmox.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.

proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.

if you want). Create a new rule.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4.2. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3.proxmox. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. Under “Receiver”.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder.g. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. remember e-mail address 5. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. If you have Microsoft Exchange.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. define direction and set priority 2. Wait a few minutes. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. e. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3.2. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2.05.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. “Block Multimedia Files”. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it.com  www.

If you type a valid e-mail address. Final review (still inactive) 9.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 .com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks.g. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. give a name. it should not be member. “Unknown LDAP”.com 3. then click save. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. e. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. Activate the rule 4. 1. 1. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. Create a new “WHO Object”. Add new rule. “Unknown LDAP” 2. give a name.2.g. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. © 21. 3. Click on the desired rule 2. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4.proxmox. If you type an unknown e-mail address.05. e. set direction to “in” 5. Final review (still inactive) 5. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. 4. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam.2. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group.

g.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4.g. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file.proxmox. give a name. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object. give a name. On the other side. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.  Create a new “WHO Object”. set direction to “in”.05. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. click save.2. set priority to 70. © 21.com  www. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. e.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 .  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. e.

05.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . Configuration is done on the master. which provides extremely good performance. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme.05.proxmox.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible.failures in email systems are just not acceptable. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes.

Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21.example. You will receive mails on both hosts.e. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. If one host fails the other is used. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.example.05.com and mail2. i.com  www.com 5.com). This is all you need. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling). you can use backup/restore to copy the rules).proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 . We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.

3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .05.proxmox. See your firewall manual for more details. © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.com 5.com  www.

1. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.6. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 . For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.proxmox. Proxmox 2. optimized for the VMware™ Host.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware. Alternative.com for certified hardware. © 21.proxmox.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ).com.05. 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.000rpm).1 Physical Hardware See http://www.proxmox.proxmox. For all details see http://pve. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE. 6. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.com  www.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.

This means.1.3.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.com/forum/.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 .1. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. http://www.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.1.proxmox. 6.3. This leads to very poor performance. While memory overcommit is possible.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.1. 6. 6.com  www.05.vmware.com 6.3. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.com.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.proxmox.1.1. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.3. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3.1.

For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. they have the best possible performance. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. While memory overcommit is possible.05.com  www. This means.com. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. This leads to very poor performance. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.1.proxmox.vmware.3.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.com 6. © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 . 6.1. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.3.3.2.

3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .com  www. 6.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.2.2.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.3.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.2.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6. http://www.2.com/forum/.2.3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2.2.3. 6. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.proxmox.proxmox.

2.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3.05.com  www.proxmox.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.

we launched a wiki page on: © 21. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.com  www.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.proxmox.com). Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution. please visit http://openvz. For details about OpenVZ.org/. built on Linux.

openvz.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.05. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.proxmox.com  www.openvz.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .com http://wiki.

proxmox.com Email support: support@proxmox.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.com © 21. All information: http://www.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .

.......................................................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX .....25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ..........................................................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ....................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ...............................................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) .........................................org ......................................................................................................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ....28 4-9 Add new What Object ..........................................................................................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ............................................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ........................ 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ...............................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files .........................................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ........21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2.........................................................................................35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” .................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.......................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records............................................................................com  www..........................................proxmox............... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway............22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ........com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ...................................................................................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ................05.........................................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1............................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ....27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” .....................................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers .42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ...........32 4-16 Activate Rule ............................... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ...............................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ..................... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ...........27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ..........................................................................org and Dsbl.................................................................................................................................................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ............................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox......2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ..41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi .............................. 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ...............................................30 4-12 Add new Rule .......................................................................................................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ......................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule...............................................................................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ................................................................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records .....13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ............31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ...............16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ..............19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ........................................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ....36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records .............................................................................................................................................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent . 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ....45 © 21..........................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ..............

com .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .End of document - © 21.proxmox.proxmox.com  www.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.

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