Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . © 21. reliability.05. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. If the email server is not working. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment.com  www. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. this includes: performance.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. E-mail is an essential service for any organization.proxmox.

com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 .proxmox. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. One port is assigned to incoming. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic. one port for outgoing e-mails.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day.

because he communicates with your customers. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . but they are quite useless. 2. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. Consider two users. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1.05. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice.com  www. © 21.

Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway. © 21.3. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail.proxmox. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26. using standard port 25.g.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 2. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .g. port 26.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.2 Alternative port settings (e. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.com  www. After processing.05.3. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.

In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26). Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.05.

0.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.255.com  www.05.0 255.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.1 10.255.com 2.0.1.proxmox.16.255.2 192.0 255.168.1 Net mask 255.255.255.255. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.168.

domain.05. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.com 2.com to your first e-mail server. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license. otherwise it will not work! © 21.com  www.com to a second one.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 . SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.proxmox. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.

38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8.51 DNS EXT: 46. Additionally.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084.05 ms (domain.com 3 Performance Tuning 3. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.proxmox.05.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.com) DNSBL: 35. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.com. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6. If you need redundancy. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 . 3. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.spamhaus.47 ms (zen.26 ms DNS INT: 1.

if the triplet has never been seen before.4. © 21.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . If a sender has a valid SPF record. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %.com 3. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. filling up the queue.com  www.proxmox.1 Greylisting Typically. Then. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. he will never be greylisted. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail.05. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. By doing the following. depends on your environment. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).

3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails.com  www.openspf.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.) to the machines that perform those services.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain. When receiving a message from a domain.com 3.org • dsbl. etc. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.4. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21.4. Please make sure. Note: see http://www.05. e-mail. 3. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.proxmox. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

0.com 3. or '127.0.spamhaus.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.spamhaus.4.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.proxmox.4. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.05. Next.1' to disable it (default).org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.4.dsbl.org -mailto root Note: “11.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.org --dsbl rsync.proxmox.spamhaus.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.2 \ sbl.spamhaus.spamhaus.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl. but you can also use any other server within your network.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .0.spamhaus. 3.org.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=". Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.0. usually started via cron.dsbl.com  www.spamhaus. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen. Just set the IP address of your local mirror. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s. For details visit http://www.org and dsbl. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.

d/rbldnsd start Finally. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic.proxmox.4.com  www.5. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.05. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 . e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.4. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.org and Dsbl.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level. In short.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. In short.org 3. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.

proxmox.4.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450). see chapter 3. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 . Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.5.com  www.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 3.5.05. 450 means. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.4.2.

2.proxmox.4.com 3. please use the Exchange System Manager. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.5.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.05.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .

proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.com  www.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.05.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.

05.2. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent.4. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21. 4. please use the Exchange Management Console.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .com  www.com 3. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” . this is NOT installed by default. 3.5.proxmox. If you installed a typical one server installation.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 2.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy. content type and resulting action.     Who . recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well. WHAT. WHEN. domains.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . © 21.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . ACTION) which can contain several objects.com  www. TO.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object . It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.proxmox.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains. time frame.

proxmox. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. Postfix …). Microsoft Exchange.com  www. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated.g. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. Because of the very low cost of sending email.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. Lotus Domino. © 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. pishing and e-mail worms. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail.

05.com  www.com 4.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.1 Default Rules 4.proxmox. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.

3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (...Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.05. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.1.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.1.com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .com 4.bat.vbs.

2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .2. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.05. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4. Activate the rule © 21.proxmox.2.g. Create a new WHO object.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).com 4. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”. 4.proxmox. 81) 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains. 1.

81) 3.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 .proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”.com  www.g. Create a new WHO object.2.05. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4. 1. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .proxmox.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.05.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. 6.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . “Delete Spamlevel 10”. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user. 4.proxmox. 8.com  www. 5.g. e. 2. Create a new “What Object”.g.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. give a name. give a name. 3. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. With this additional rule. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21.05. 1.com 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 7. e.

proxmox.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .proxmox.com  www.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.05.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.05.

com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. remember e-mail address 5. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. Under “Receiver”. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. “Block Multimedia Files”. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. If you have Microsoft Exchange. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 .com  www.proxmox. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4.2. define direction and set priority 2. Wait a few minutes.g.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. if you want). Create a new rule. e. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. 1. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21.2. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”.

“Unknown LDAP” 2. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. 1. e.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. “Unknown LDAP”. give a name. Final review (still inactive) 9.com  www. then click save. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. Click on the desired rule 2. 1. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing.2. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. set direction to “in” 5. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. it should not be member. If you type an unknown e-mail address.g. 3.05. e. give a name. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. © 21. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object.com 3. Final review (still inactive) 5. Create a new “WHO Object”. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. Add new rule. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. 4. If you type a valid e-mail address.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks.g. Activate the rule 4.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6.

 Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. e. e. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file. give a name.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. set priority to 70.  Create a new “WHO Object”. On the other side.05. set direction to “in”. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. “Block Multimedia for Staff”.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups.g.proxmox.g. click save. © 21. give a name.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4.

proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .com  www.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.05.

which provides extremely good performance.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). Configuration is done on the master. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important .failures in email systems are just not acceptable. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21.05. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes.proxmox. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme.com  www. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 . more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).com 5. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal. i.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. This is all you need. You will receive mails on both hosts.proxmox.example.com  www.com).example. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21.e.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules).com and mail2.05. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1. If one host fails the other is used.

See your firewall manual for more details.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 . © 21.proxmox. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.com  www. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.com 5.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.05.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.

6. optimized for the VMware™ Host. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware. For all details see http://pve.proxmox. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.1.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.05.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2. Alternative.proxmox. Proxmox 2.com  www.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www. 6.com for certified hardware.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.proxmox.proxmox.proxmox.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.proxmox. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.1 Physical Hardware See http://www.000rpm). © 21.

if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. While memory overcommit is possible.proxmox.com/forum/. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.vmware. 6. 6.3. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.05. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.com.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. This leads to very poor performance.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 .proxmox.1.3. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.1. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. This means.1.3.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. http://www.1.com  www.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.3.com 6. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.3.1. 6.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.

3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. While memory overcommit is possible. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.1. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. they have the best possible performance.proxmox.2.com  www.vmware. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM. © 21. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.com.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.3. This means. 6. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.05. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .1.com 6. This leads to very poor performance.3.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.2.com  www.2.proxmox.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3.2.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.2.com/forum/.3. 6.3.3. http://www.2.2. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.proxmox. 6.2.05.

com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.proxmox.2.3.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2.05.

com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .05.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.proxmox.org/. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6. built on Linux. For details about OpenVZ. please visit http://openvz. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.com). we launched a wiki page on: © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance.

com  www.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.openvz.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.openvz.proxmox. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.com http://wiki.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.

com © 21.proxmox. All information: http://www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.com Email support: support@proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www.

......27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ............37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records......19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ...26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..................................................................................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2........................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ...39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX .......................................................................................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox................................................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records .........................................................................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ..............................................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers .....................................................................................................org .........................................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 .......................................................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent .......35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” .17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule .....................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ......................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ....................................org and Dsbl...............25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ............33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule........................................................................................................................................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 .com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway .................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) .....................................................................................................................................................................................................proxmox............14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus....... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway.45 © 21....... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ...32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) .........21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1................................................. 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway .........13 3-3 Enable RBL checks .............10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ...................................................................................32 4-16 Activate Rule .........22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses .............................28 4-9 Add new What Object ..................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ..........................................................................................................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ...................................................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ................................................................. 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) .......43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway .............................................................................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ........................................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ........25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ...............................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ............................30 4-12 Add new Rule ........30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ......................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ..................................com  www.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ............................................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ............................ 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) .........................................................................................05..........................................

com .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.proxmox.proxmox.com  www.End of document - © 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .

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