Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. this includes: performance. E-mail is an essential service for any organization.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. If the email server is not working. © 21.com  www. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction.05. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. reliability. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment.proxmox. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.com  www.05. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. one port for outgoing e-mails.proxmox. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 .1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. One port is assigned to incoming. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability.

© 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. because he communicates with your customers. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 .proxmox. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. but they are quite useless. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. 2. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1.com  www. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that.05. Consider two users.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 2. port 26. using standard port 25.3.g.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .2 Alternative port settings (e. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail.3. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.05. After processing.proxmox. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails.com  www. © 21. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26.g. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www.proxmox.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 . Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.

255.255.0 255.168.255.168. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.255.05.proxmox.16.1 10.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 192. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.0 255.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.1.1 Net mask 255.0.255.255.com  www.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.com 2.0.

For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 . In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname. otherwise it will not work! © 21.com to a second one. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.domain.proxmox.com 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.com  www. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.com to your first e-mail server.

proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .26 ms DNS INT: 1.com.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084. Additionally. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8.05 ms (domain. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.com 3 Performance Tuning 3. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.47 ms (zen. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea. If you need redundancy. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.51 DNS EXT: 46.com) DNSBL: 35.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.05.com  www. 3.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.spamhaus.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 .proxmox.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. filling up the queue. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).com  www.com 3. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level.1 Greylisting Typically. he will never be greylisted. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. By doing the following.4. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. depends on your environment.05. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %. If a sender has a valid SPF record. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. © 21. if the triplet has never been seen before. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. Then.

) to the machines that perform those services.com 3.4. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.4. 3.org • dsbl. etc.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails.openspf. When receiving a message from a domain.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. e-mail. Please make sure. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.proxmox.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web. Note: see http://www.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.

org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.4.org -mailto root Note: “11.org.spamhaus. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.com  www. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.spamhaus.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.0. but you can also use any other server within your network.proxmox. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.spamhaus.05. or '127.0.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.dsbl.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.org --dsbl rsync. Next.4.com 3.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.spamhaus. 3.2 \ sbl.proxmox. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.spamhaus.4.dsbl.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.0.0. usually started via cron. For details visit http://www. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.spamhaus.spamhaus.1' to disable it (default).org and dsbl.

In short.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.5. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.4. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners.d/rbldnsd start Finally.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.proxmox.05.4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 .1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.org and Dsbl.com  www. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.org 3. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic. In short.

4.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).5.proxmox.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21. 450 means. see chapter 3. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.com  www.05.5. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.com 3. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 3.com  www.5. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .05. please use the Exchange System Manager.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.proxmox.

05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .com  www.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .proxmox.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.

2. If you installed a typical one server installation.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .com  www.com 3.4.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.05.5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. this is NOT installed by default.proxmox.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First. 2. 4. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. please use the Exchange Management Console. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” . 3.

object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.     Who . TO. time frame. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject.05. WHAT.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When . WHEN.com  www.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .proxmox. content type and resulting action. © 21. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object . domains. ACTION) which can contain several objects. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.

pishing and e-mail worms. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming.com  www. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications.proxmox. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. © 21.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. Because of the very low cost of sending email. Microsoft Exchange. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. Lotus Domino. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 .g. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Postfix …). For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated.05.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.com 4.proxmox. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.1.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.05.1 Default Rules 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.com  www.

4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.com  www.bat. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.vbs.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.com 4.05.1.1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 ..proxmox.com..

proxmox.com 4.proxmox. 1. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2. Activate the rule © 21.com  www. 4. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.g.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.05.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains. 81) 3.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .2. Create a new WHO object.

give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.com  www. 1.g.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4. 81) 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.05.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. Create a new WHO object.2.

com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .com  www.05.

“Delete Spamlevel 10”. 7. 6.proxmox. Create a new “What Object”. e. 1.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. give a name.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . 3. give a name. e. 2.com  www. 5. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule.com 4.05. 8. With this additional rule.g. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. 4.g.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.com  www.05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .05.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.

com  www.05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.

Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6.2.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. Wait a few minutes. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. e.05. Under “Receiver”. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. define direction and set priority 2. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. “Block Multimedia Files”. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. if you want). If you have Microsoft Exchange. 1.proxmox. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2.2. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21.g. remember e-mail address 5.com  www.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. Create a new rule. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . If you type a valid e-mail address. Create a new “WHO Object”. Activate the rule 4. 1.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. 4.com  www. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8.com 3. then click save. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. give a name.g.05. it should not be member. “Unknown LDAP” 2. e. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. 1. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses.g.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Add new rule. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. “Unknown LDAP”. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. e. If you type an unknown e-mail address. © 21. give a name. 3. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin.2. Final review (still inactive) 5. Final review (still inactive) 9. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. Click on the desired rule 2. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. set direction to “in” 5.proxmox.

you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object.2. On the other side. click save.  Create a new “WHO Object”.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file. set priority to 70. set direction to “in”.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu.g. give a name.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4.g. e. © 21.proxmox. give a name. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes. e. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 .  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule.05.

05.proxmox.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .com  www.

The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node).com  www. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes.failures in email systems are just not acceptable.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. Configuration is done on the master. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme.05. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster.proxmox. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21. which provides extremely good performance.

com).com  www. You will receive mails on both hosts.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 . you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.05.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling). i.proxmox.com and mail2.com 5.example. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts. This is all you need. If one host fails the other is used. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.example. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21.e.

It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .com  www.05.com 5. See your firewall manual for more details. © 21. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.

© 21.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.proxmox.proxmox. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance). Alternative. 6.05.com.com for certified hardware. For all details see http://pve.6.1 Physical Hardware See http://www.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE. optimized for the VMware™ Host.proxmox. Proxmox 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .proxmox.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.com  www.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.000rpm). Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.proxmox. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www. 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.1.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.

6.3.1. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.proxmox. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21. 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 . ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.1.1. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.3. While memory overcommit is possible.com/forum/. This leads to very poor performance. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.com.proxmox.3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. http://www.3.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. This means.1.1.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.com 6. 6.1.vmware.05.1.3.

com  www. This leads to very poor performance.proxmox.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3.3.com 6.05.2. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. While memory overcommit is possible. 6. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.1.com. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. © 21. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.vmware. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time. they have the best possible performance.1.3. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. This means.

2.2.2.3.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.3.2.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. 6.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.2. http://www.05. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.proxmox.3.proxmox.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .com  www. 6.2.com/forum/.3.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .com  www.3.proxmox.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2.05.2.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.

com).org/. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 . built on Linux.com  www. we launched a wiki page on: © 21. please visit http://openvz.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. For details about OpenVZ.proxmox. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.

com  www. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .05.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.openvz.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.com http://wiki.openvz.

All information: http://www.05.com © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.com Email support: support@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

.....................................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache .................................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ...................................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records........43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ..................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ......20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 .......................................................................................................................................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX .........................................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ..........................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ......................................................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.......................................................................................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule .............................................................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ..........26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ...................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers .......................................................................................... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ .......................................................................................................................28 4-9 Add new What Object .......30 4-12 Add new Rule ............05.......................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ...............................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2...........21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1........................................................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ..38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ...........36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records .................................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers .....................................................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks .............................................................. 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ..........32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ......................................................... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway.................................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ......24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ..................................................org ..................................................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent .................................................................................... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ......................................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) .....................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ..................................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ..19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ....................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object .........27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” .... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ...............................................................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ..........................................................32 4-16 Activate Rule ....................................proxmox.........................................................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses .................................................................45 © 21............................................................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox..............................................................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ... 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ..............................................................................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 .................................................................com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway .......33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule.....................................................35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ...........................................org and Dsbl..............com  www.........................

com .com  www.proxmox.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.End of document - © 21.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .

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