Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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If the email server is not working. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. © 21.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . E-mail is an essential service for any organization.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. reliability.proxmox. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity.05. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. this includes: performance. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment.

your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server. one port for outgoing e-mails. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2.proxmox.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.05. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 .com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. One port is assigned to incoming.

Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. Consider two users. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. because he communicates with your customers. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information.05. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails.com  www. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from.proxmox. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. 2. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. but they are quite useless.

for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26. using standard port 25.g.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .g. © 21.com 2. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall. port 26.3.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.05. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.proxmox.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.com  www. After processing.

com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 . Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.

com 2.255.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.1 Net mask 255.05.255.168.0.2 192.0.0 255. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.1.1 10.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.16.com  www.0 255.255.255.168.255.255. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.

otherwise it will not work! © 21. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain. and e-mails addressed to subdomain. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.com to your first e-mail server.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 . Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.com  www.proxmox.domain.com 2.com to a second one.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.

47 ms (zen.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.com  www.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.com.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.51 DNS EXT: 46.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com) DNSBL: 35.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .spamhaus.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.proxmox.05. If you need redundancy.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.26 ms DNS INT: 1. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6. Additionally.05 ms (domain. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489. 3. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.

he will never be greylisted. filling up the queue. If a sender has a valid SPF record. © 21. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. By doing the following.proxmox. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %. Then.com 3.com  www.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration). a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail.1 Greylisting Typically. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . depends on your environment.05. if the triplet has never been seen before.

etc. Note: see http://www.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from. 3.) to the machines that perform those services. e-mail. Please make sure.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . When receiving a message from a domain.org • dsbl. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain.openspf.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain.proxmox.com  www.com 3. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.05. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.4.

You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync. or '127.proxmox.4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .41” stands for the minutes of each hour.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.spamhaus.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.org --dsbl rsync.2 \ sbl.spamhaus.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.com 3. but you can also use any other server within your network.org.0. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".4. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.spamhaus.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.spamhaus.1' to disable it (default).org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl. For details visit http://www.spamhaus.05.0.spamhaus. usually started via cron.org -mailto root Note: “11. 3. Next. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.dsbl.spamhaus.proxmox.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.com  www.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.dsbl. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.org and dsbl.0. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.0. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.

d/rbldnsd start Finally.5. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 .org and Dsbl.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.com  www. In short. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays.proxmox.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.4.05. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.org 3. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners. In short.4.

com 3.5.5.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .05. 450 means.4. see chapter 3.proxmox.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450). Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4.2.

com  www.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .com 3.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.5.2.proxmox. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.05. please use the Exchange System Manager.

com  www.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.

com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.

2.05.proxmox.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. 3. this is NOT installed by default.5.4. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. If you installed a typical one server installation. 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .2.com 3. please use the Exchange Management Console.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” .

domains.     Who .Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .05.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 . ACTION) which can contain several objects. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.com  www.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What .proxmox.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object . TO. WHEN. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. time frame. © 21.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action .object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. WHAT. content type and resulting action. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well.

For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . © 21. pishing and e-mail worms. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. Because of the very low cost of sending email. Postfix …). To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail.05.com  www. Microsoft Exchange. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.g. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. Lotus Domino.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility.proxmox. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day.

2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.1.1 Default Rules 4.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.05.com  www.1.proxmox.com 4. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .com. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.proxmox.1.com  www.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 4.bat...4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.1.05.vbs.

com 4. Activate the rule © 21. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 . Create a new WHO object.proxmox.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”.2. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www. 1. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2.05. 4.com  www.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.2. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.g.proxmox. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner. 81) 3. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.

3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.g. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. 1.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4.2.com  www.05. 81) 3. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”. Create a new WHO object. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4.proxmox.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.05.com  www.

With this additional rule. e. 6.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user. “Delete Spamlevel 10”.proxmox. Create a new “What Object”. 4. 8.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 .com 4. 5. e. 7.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 3.g. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!.g.2. give a name. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. 1.05. 2. give a name.

com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .05.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .05.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.

com  www.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.

Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. e.g.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. remember e-mail address 5. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. Under “Receiver”. If you have Microsoft Exchange.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. define direction and set priority 2.proxmox. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. if you want). “Block Multimedia Files”. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Wait a few minutes. Create a new rule. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3.2.com  www.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. 1. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2.05.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4.

Final review (still inactive) 5. Activate the rule 4.g. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. If you type a valid e-mail address.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 .8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. then click save. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. “Unknown LDAP”. 1. e. Create a new “WHO Object”. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. e. Add new rule. 1. Final review (still inactive) 9. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. set direction to “in” 5. Click on the desired rule 2. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam.com  www. it should not be member.g.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. 3. give a name. © 21. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4.2. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group.2.com 3. “Unknown LDAP” 2. give a name. 4.05. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. If you type an unknown e-mail address. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address.

2. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. set direction to “in”. give a name. © 21.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups. set priority to 70. click save. give a name.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule.05. e.com  www.g. “Block Multimedia for Staff”.proxmox. On the other side. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.  Create a new “WHO Object”. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object.g. e.

proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.

Configuration is done on the master.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 .com  www. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme.proxmox. which provides extremely good performance.05. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.failures in email systems are just not acceptable.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes.

com and mail2. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts.example.e.com).1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.com 5. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 . Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21. This is all you need.proxmox.example. You will receive mails on both hosts. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling). You have to define two MX records with the same priority. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1. If one host fails the other is used.05. i.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.

See your firewall manual for more details.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .com  www.com 5. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.05. © 21.proxmox.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.

For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.proxmox.proxmox.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).1. optimized for the VMware™ Host.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware.com  www. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .1 Physical Hardware See http://www. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.proxmox.000rpm).6. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6. Alternative. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.05.proxmox.proxmox.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.com for certified hardware. 6. © 21.com. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run. 6. Proxmox can be run under VMware™. Proxmox 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.proxmox. For all details see http://pve.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ).

3.vmware.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.3.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. 6.1. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.com 6. This leads to very poor performance. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.1.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.com  www.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.1.3.05.proxmox. 6. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.proxmox. While memory overcommit is possible. http://www.3. This means. 6.1.com. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.1.3.com/forum/.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 .

vmware.2.3. This means. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.com 6. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.3. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.proxmox. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .3. This leads to very poor performance. they have the best possible performance. While memory overcommit is possible.com.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel. © 21. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. 6.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.com  www.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.1.1.

2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.2.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.2.2. 6.proxmox.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.proxmox.3.3.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.3.2.3.com/forum/.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 6.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 . http://www.05.2.2.

05.2.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.proxmox.2.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .3.

For running Proxmox on OpenVZ. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization. For details about OpenVZ.05.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution. please visit http://openvz.com).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.org/. we launched a wiki page on: © 21. built on Linux. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance.proxmox. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.proxmox.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.com http://wiki.com  www.openvz.openvz.

com  www.com Email support: support@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. All information: http://www.com © 21.proxmox.05.proxmox.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.

..................................................................35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ......... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ...........................................................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ..........41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi .......................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ..................................................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ........25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ................................................................................................................................................................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files .......com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ........32 4-16 Activate Rule ............................................................................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule .........20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ..................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1..............................proxmox.....................................................................45 © 21.............................................................................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ......... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway.....................................................................................30 4-12 Add new Rule ......com  www...........36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records .......................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ....................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ........27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses .......13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ..................... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ..................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ....org and Dsbl...............................................................................................................................................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host .................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ...................................................................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway .....05......18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ......org ..24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ..........................................................................................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ....................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ...................................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ......................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ............................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records.................................................................................................................................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” .......................28 4-9 Add new What Object ...................................................................................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox......................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ...........................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ........................................................................................................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object .......................................................................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers .................................................................................................................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam .... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ... 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ...................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ........................................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule.........................................................................................................................................................................................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus......................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2..22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses .....

com  www.05.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.proxmox.com .End of document - © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .proxmox.

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