Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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© 21. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want.05. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. reliability. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. If the email server is not working. this includes: performance. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 .com  www. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway.proxmox.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment.

You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 .proxmox. one port for outgoing e-mails.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability.com  www. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. One port is assigned to incoming.

Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that.com  www. because he communicates with your customers. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. Consider two users. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 2.proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . but they are quite useless. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. © 21. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice.

com 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. After processing. © 21. port 26.2 Alternative port settings (e.com  www.g. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.proxmox. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.g. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails. using standard port 25.3.3.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 . Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.com  www. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).proxmox.

05.255.16.0.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .255.255.255.0 255.proxmox.0.1 Net mask 255.255.com 2.com  www.168.168.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.0 255.2 192. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.255.1 10.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.com  www.proxmox. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.domain. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 . otherwise it will not work! © 21.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.com to your first e-mail server. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.com 2.com to a second one. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.

Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 . If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.com  www.47 ms (zen. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level. Additionally.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea. If you need redundancy.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.51 DNS EXT: 46. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.com) DNSBL: 35. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05 ms (domain.26 ms DNS INT: 1. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.com. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3. 3.05.spamhaus.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.proxmox.

filling up the queue.05. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. depends on your environment. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. he will never be greylisted. Then. if the triplet has never been seen before. © 21. If a sender has a valid SPF record.4. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %.com  www. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail.proxmox. By doing the following.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received.com 3. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 .1 Greylisting Typically.

4. Please make sure. 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.) to the machines that perform those services.proxmox.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails.org • dsbl. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.openspf. e-mail.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain. When receiving a message from a domain. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.com 3. etc. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.com  www.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web. Note: see http://www. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.dsbl. usually started via cron. Just set the IP address of your local mirror. For details visit http://www. Next.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.org --dsbl rsync. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.0.spamhaus.2 \ sbl.org.spamhaus.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .proxmox.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.spamhaus.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.com  www. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.05.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".4.4.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.4.spamhaus.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.0.0.1' to disable it (default).0.spamhaus.com 3.dsbl. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.proxmox. but you can also use any other server within your network.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync. 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org and dsbl. or '127.spamhaus. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.org -mailto root Note: “11.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.spamhaus.

In short. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners.com  www.4.d/rbldnsd start Finally.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.05. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.4.org 3. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.5.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 . This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.org and Dsbl.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays. In short.

Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.com 3. 450 means.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.4. see chapter 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.5.5. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.4.2.05.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .proxmox.

com 3.5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .proxmox.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.05. please use the Exchange System Manager.2.4.com  www. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.

05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.com  www.

proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .05.com  www.

Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” . Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.5. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21. 4.05. please use the Exchange Management Console.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. this is NOT installed by default.com  www. 2.com 3.proxmox. 3.2.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. If you installed a typical one server installation.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 . make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent.4.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. domains. ACTION) which can contain several objects. content type and resulting action.     Who .com  www. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user. time frame. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM. TO.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . © 21.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What .object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object . WHAT.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .proxmox.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 . WHEN.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject.05.

proxmox. Because of the very low cost of sending email. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. Lotus Domino. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. © 21.g. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. pishing and e-mail worms. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done.com  www.05. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 .com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. Microsoft Exchange.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Postfix …). spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential.

1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.1.1 Default Rules 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.proxmox. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.com 4.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .1.05.

bat.1.com 4.1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.proxmox.com.vbs. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.com  www.05..Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4. 4. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”). For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www. Activate the rule © 21.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains. Create a new WHO object. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.com  www.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”.com 4.05.g. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. 1. 81) 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .2.proxmox.

g. 81) 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.2. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses. 1.05. Create a new WHO object. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.proxmox.com  www. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4.

com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .05.

4. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.05. give a name. e. Create a new “What Object”.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. give a name. “Delete Spamlevel 10”.proxmox. With this additional rule.g. 7.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. 2. 6. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. 8.com  www. 1. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 .g.2. 5.com 4. 3.

com  www.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .05.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www.

com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1.05. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. Wait a few minutes. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. remember e-mail address 5.2. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21.com  www. Under “Receiver”.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. “Block Multimedia Files”. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. define direction and set priority 2. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2.proxmox. If you have Microsoft Exchange. 1. e. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. if you want).2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. Create a new rule. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox.g.

Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. it should not be member.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. 1. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7.com 3. “Unknown LDAP” 2. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. If you type a valid e-mail address. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. © 21. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. set direction to “in” 5. 1. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. Final review (still inactive) 5. e. give a name. “Unknown LDAP”. Activate the rule 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . If you type an unknown e-mail address.2. 3. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule.g. then click save.g. Add new rule. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. Create a new “WHO Object”.05. Click on the desired rule 2. give a name. Final review (still inactive) 9. e. 4. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object.com  www.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin.proxmox. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization.

you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu.2. “Block Multimedia for Staff”.proxmox.g.05.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. give a name.com  www. e.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups. © 21. set priority to 70. On the other side.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. give a name.g. click save. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . e. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. set direction to “in”.  Create a new “WHO Object”.

05.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .

com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. which provides extremely good performance.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes.com  www. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node).proxmox.05. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster. Configuration is done on the master.failures in email systems are just not acceptable.

You have to define two MX records with the same priority.com 5.com  www.05.proxmox.com). You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1. You will receive mails on both hosts.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 . This is all you need. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts. If one host fails the other is used.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com and mail2. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21.example.example.e. i. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.

proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www. © 21.com 5. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5. See your firewall manual for more details.

Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.com.1. 6.proxmox.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.com  www.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance. Alternative.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2. © 21.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance). 6. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.1 Physical Hardware See http://www.proxmox.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ).com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware. Proxmox 2.proxmox.000rpm). Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve. For all details see http://pve. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.05. optimized for the VMware™ Host.6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 . Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.proxmox.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.proxmox. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.com for certified hardware.proxmox.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

vmware. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. 6. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.com 6. While memory overcommit is possible.1. 6. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. This means.3.com  www.3.1. 6.proxmox. http://www.3.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.1.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.3.1. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.1.proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 . ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.1. This leads to very poor performance.com.com/forum/.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.1.3.

© 21.proxmox. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.3. This leads to very poor performance.05. they have the best possible performance.3.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel.2. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.com 6. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.vmware.1. 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. While memory overcommit is possible.com  www.com.1. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. This means. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.3. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.

2. http://www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .2.3.05.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2.3.3.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.com/forum/.2.proxmox.proxmox.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. 6.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.com  www.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.2.2.3. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.2.

2.05.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.3.proxmox.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .

For details about OpenVZ.proxmox.com).com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.05. please visit http://openvz. we launched a wiki page on: © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 . Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.proxmox.org/. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime. built on Linux.

openvz.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com http://wiki.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.proxmox.openvz.com  www.05.

com © 21.proxmox.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com Email support: support@proxmox.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings. All information: http://www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .05.

...............................................................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ........................................................................35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ........................com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ..............................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus............................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ..................... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ...25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam .............................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ...............proxmox....................................................................................................org ............................................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ...............24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert .........................................................................................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks .................................... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ........................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 .............................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ........................................................................................................................................................30 4-12 Add new Rule ................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule....................................................................................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ..............................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ...............45 © 21..............................05..........................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ...............................................32 4-16 Activate Rule .............12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ..................... 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) .........21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2..........................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ..........................................................................................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ....................................................................................................................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi .................................................... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) .............................. 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway..................................................................................................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records..............................................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ..............................................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records .........................................................................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ..........24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ................................................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule .................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ............18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ..................................28 4-9 Add new What Object .............16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ......25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ..26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ...............................com  www.......................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ...........................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) .........30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 .......................................org and Dsbl.....................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host .........................................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1......................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.......................................................................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ..........................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ............................................................................................................

End of document - © 21.com .05.proxmox.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.com  www.

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