Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. If the email server is not working. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. © 21. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment.proxmox. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. this includes: performance.05. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. reliability.com  www.

Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 . Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. one port for outgoing e-mails. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. One port is assigned to incoming. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster.proxmox. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.com  www.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2.05.

Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information.com  www. because he communicates with your customers. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too.05. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host.proxmox. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. 2. but they are quite useless. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. Consider two users. © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. After processing.3.g. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e. port 26.proxmox.3. © 21. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2 Alternative port settings (e. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.g.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .05.com 2. using standard port 25.

com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.16.com 2. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .255.1.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.168.2 192.0 255.proxmox.255. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.255.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.0.1 Net mask 255.05.255.com  www.1 10.255.0.255.0 255.168.

5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 . For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.com to a second one.com 2.domain.05. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.com  www.com to your first e-mail server. otherwise it will not work! © 21. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.proxmox. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.

proxmox.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.05. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.com  www. If you need redundancy.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com) DNSBL: 35. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084. Additionally.51 DNS EXT: 46.05 ms (domain.spamhaus.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering. 3.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.47 ms (zen. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .26 ms DNS INT: 1. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.com.

just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. Then. if the triplet has never been seen before.com 3. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %. filling up the queue. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. By doing the following. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).proxmox. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. If a sender has a valid SPF record. depends on your environment.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 .4.1 Greylisting Typically. © 21.05. he will never be greylisted.com  www. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%.

org • dsbl. When receiving a message from a domain. e-mail.com  www.proxmox. Note: see http://www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Please make sure. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.4. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from. etc.openspf.4.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21.com 3.) to the machines that perform those services.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 .org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain. 3.

proxmox.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.41” stands for the minutes of each hour. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=". You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.spamhaus.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.org --dsbl rsync.05. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.0.0. but you can also use any other server within your network.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.spamhaus.spamhaus.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.org and dsbl.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.dsbl. For details visit http://www. Next.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.0.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl. usually started via cron.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1' to disable it (default).com 3. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.4.dsbl.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .spamhaus.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.spamhaus.4.com  www. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.0.proxmox.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.spamhaus.spamhaus. 3. or '127. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.4.org -mailto root Note: “11.2 \ sbl.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.org. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.4.05. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic.proxmox.org 3. In short. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 .org and Dsbl. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.com  www.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays.4. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init.d/rbldnsd start Finally. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners. In short.5.

see chapter 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.4.2.com 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.com  www.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450). Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.5.05. 450 means. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.proxmox.4.

5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .com 3.2.com  www.proxmox. please use the Exchange System Manager.4.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .com  www.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.proxmox.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

com  www.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .05.proxmox.

make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent.5. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.com 3.4.proxmox. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” .2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .com  www. 3. 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. If you installed a typical one server installation. this is NOT installed by default. 4.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First.05. please use the Exchange Management Console.

WHEN.     Who .object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . TO.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. ACTION) which can contain several objects. domains.05. content type and resulting action.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When . WHAT. time frame. © 21. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy.com  www. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.

E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers.com  www. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 .com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. Lotus Domino.proxmox. © 21. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications.g. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated. Postfix …). To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. pishing and e-mail worms. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. Because of the very low cost of sending email. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e.05. Microsoft Exchange.

1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.com 4.1 Default Rules 4. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.1.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.1.com  www.

vbs.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.com.1. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.com  www. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .1.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.proxmox..com 4..Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.bat.05.

05.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.g. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4. Create a new WHO object.2.2.com 4. 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 . Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4. Activate the rule © 21.proxmox.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”. 4. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.proxmox. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 81) 3.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).com  www. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.

Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4.g.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2. Create a new WHO object. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.05.proxmox. 1. 81) 3.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .proxmox.05.com  www.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

com  www.com 4. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21.05. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. With this additional rule. 3.g. 2. e. “Delete Spamlevel 10”. Create a new “What Object”. 7. 8. give a name. 4. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user. 6. e.2. 1.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. give a name. 5.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 .g.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .05.proxmox.

com  www.05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .

com  www.proxmox.05.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

proxmox.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1.g. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2.05.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. “Block Multimedia Files”. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. If you have Microsoft Exchange. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. 1. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. e. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. Wait a few minutes. if you want). Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. Create a new rule.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder.com  www. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. Under “Receiver”. remember e-mail address 5. define direction and set priority 2. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3.2. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2.

set direction to “in” 5. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. Click on the desired rule 2. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam.proxmox. 1. e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . give a name. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. “Unknown LDAP” 2.2. Final review (still inactive) 5. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. give a name. 3. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. If you type an unknown e-mail address.com 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. © 21. Create a new “WHO Object”. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object.2. then click save.g. Add new rule. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing.com  www. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. Activate the rule 4.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. 4. e. it should not be member.05. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. Final review (still inactive) 9. If you type a valid e-mail address. “Unknown LDAP”.g. 1.

proxmox. “Block Multimedia for Staff”.g. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes. © 21. e.g.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.  Create a new “WHO Object”. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. click save. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. e. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file. On the other side.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. give a name.2. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu. give a name.com  www. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. set priority to 70.05. set direction to “in”.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 .

05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.

Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21.failures in email systems are just not acceptable. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme.05. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 .com  www.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Configuration is done on the master.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. which provides extremely good performance. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster.

You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21. You will receive mails on both hosts.proxmox. If one host fails the other is used.example.e.com).2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 .example. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling). i. This is all you need. You have to define two MX records with the same priority.05. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.com 5.com  www.com and mail2.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .proxmox.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT. © 21. See your firewall manual for more details. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.05.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.com 5.

com for certified hardware. 6.com  www.proxmox.proxmox.000rpm).3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.com.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve. 6.6. Alternative. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 . Proxmox can be run under VMware™.proxmox.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.1. Proxmox 2. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.05.proxmox. For all details see http://pve. optimized for the VMware™ Host. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.1 Physical Hardware See http://www.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ).proxmox. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve. © 21.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware.proxmox.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).

6. http://www.com  www.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.com. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. 6. While memory overcommit is possible. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.3. This means.3. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.05.com 6.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.1.3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.1.1. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.1. 6.1.proxmox.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads. This leads to very poor performance.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 .com/forum/.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.1.3.vmware.3.

1.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel. This leads to very poor performance. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.3.com. 6. This means.1.com 6.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 . the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. © 21.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. While memory overcommit is possible.3.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.proxmox.vmware. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.3. they have the best possible performance.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .proxmox.2.2.2.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.3.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.2.proxmox.3.com/forum/. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads. 6.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.2. 6.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.3.05. http://www.3.com  www.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.2.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.proxmox.2.com  www.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .3.

Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance.proxmox.org/. built on Linux. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization. please visit http://openvz.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .com  www. For details about OpenVZ.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution. we launched a wiki page on: © 21.05.com). OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.

com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.openvz.05.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.openvz. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.com http://wiki.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.

proxmox.com  www.05. All information: http://www.com Email support: support@proxmox.com © 21.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .proxmox.

.....................................................................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway .......20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ........ 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ...............................................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records.......................................................................................................................................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ............39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ..........................................................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ..........................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks .............................................................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus............... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ..24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files .................... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ...12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ........................................................................................................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ...........................................................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ............................. 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ...............30 4-12 Add new Rule ..........................................28 4-9 Add new What Object ....35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ...................................................................................................................................... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule...........................................................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ...............................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ....10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ...........21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2...................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ...............................................................................................................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ...........................................................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ..........................org .....................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses .16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ...org and Dsbl.........................................................32 4-16 Activate Rule .............................................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ..................................................................................................................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ................................................................................proxmox....................................................................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ............................................................................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) .............21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1............................. 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway.19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ..........................................................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ......................................................................................................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ...............................................05................................................................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox...com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ..................................................................................................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ....................45 © 21............................com  www............44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ...................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ...........24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ...................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ....31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule .................................. 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ .........

05.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com .com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.End of document - © 21.com  www.proxmox.

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