Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. If the email server is not working.proxmox. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. © 21. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. reliability. this includes: performance. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity.com  www. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment.05. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems.

com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. one port for outgoing e-mails. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 . Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.com  www. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails. One port is assigned to incoming.05.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day.

Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. because he communicates with your customers.com  www. but they are quite useless. © 21. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. Consider two users. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 .05. 2.proxmox. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2.

2 Alternative port settings (e.g.proxmox.3. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. port 26.com 2.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .3. After processing. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.05. © 21. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.com  www. using standard port 25. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail.g. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26.

Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.05.proxmox.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.

for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.2 192.0.255.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.255.168.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.255.255.0 255.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .16.com 2.0 255.05.255.0. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.proxmox.255.168.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.1 Net mask 255.1.1 10.com  www.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.com to a second one.com to your first e-mail server.proxmox. and e-mails addressed to subdomain. otherwise it will not work! © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 . Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.05. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.domain. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.com 2.

3. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.proxmox. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.47 ms (zen. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.com  www.26 ms DNS INT: 1.05. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.com.05 ms (domain. Additionally.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea. If you need redundancy.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 . It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.com) DNSBL: 35.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084.spamhaus. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8.51 DNS EXT: 46.

By doing the following. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration). Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error.com 3. filling up the queue. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %. © 21. If a sender has a valid SPF record. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery.com  www. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received.4. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. if the triplet has never been seen before.05.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. Then. depends on your environment.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. he will never be greylisted.1 Greylisting Typically.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power.

4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . e-mail. Please make sure.05. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.com  www. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.org • dsbl. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection. Note: see http://www.4.openspf.) to the machines that perform those services. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain.proxmox.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails. etc.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.com 3. When receiving a message from a domain. 3.

You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists. Next.2 \ sbl.0.dsbl. For details visit http://www. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.spamhaus.spamhaus.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl. or '127.0.org --dsbl rsync. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.1' to disable it (default).org -mailto root Note: “11.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.41” stands for the minutes of each hour. but you can also use any other server within your network.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.proxmox.spamhaus.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.com 3. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.com  www.dsbl.4.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.spamhaus.spamhaus.4. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".spamhaus.0.org and dsbl. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.0.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.4.spamhaus. usually started via cron. 3.05.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .org.

5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.4.4. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.com  www. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic.05. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3.org and Dsbl. In short.org 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 .com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays. In short. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.proxmox.d/rbldnsd start Finally. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.

4. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.2.05. 450 means.com  www. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .5.4. see chapter 3. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).5. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.com 3.

2. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .com  www.05.4.com 3.5.proxmox. please use the Exchange System Manager.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.

proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .com  www.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

proxmox.05.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21. 2.5. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” . Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1. please use the Exchange Management Console. If you installed a typical one server installation. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2.05.proxmox.com 3. this is NOT installed by default.4. 4. 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .

WHEN.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains. time frame.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user. WHAT. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy. © 21.com  www. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.proxmox. ACTION) which can contain several objects. TO.05.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .     Who . content type and resulting action.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. domains.

proxmox. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. © 21.com  www. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes.g. Microsoft Exchange.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. pishing and e-mail worms. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. Because of the very low cost of sending email. Postfix …). With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. Lotus Domino. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 .

com  www.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .1 Default Rules 4. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.proxmox.1.1.com 4.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.

com 4.bat. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21..vbs.com  www. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.com.1.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.1.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject..

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”. 1. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www. Activate the rule © 21.2.2.proxmox. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 . Create a new WHO object.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.05.g.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2.com  www. 81) 3.com 4.proxmox. 4. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.

you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”. 1.g. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Create a new WHO object.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 .3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses. 81) 3. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4.05.2.proxmox.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .proxmox.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.05.

3. With this additional rule.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . give a name. 5.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user.05. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.2.proxmox. e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 7. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. e. 1. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. “Delete Spamlevel 10”. 2. 8.g. 6.g. 4. give a name. Create a new “What Object”.com  www.com 4. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!.

05.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .

proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .com  www.05.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .com  www.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.

define direction and set priority 2. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3.proxmox. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. remember e-mail address 5. Wait a few minutes. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. if you want). Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. 1. If you have Microsoft Exchange. “Block Multimedia Files”. Under “Receiver”.g. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”.com  www. Create a new rule. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4.05.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4.2. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6.

it should not be member.g. then click save. 3. Create a new “WHO Object”. Final review (still inactive) 9. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 3.com  www. If you type an unknown e-mail address.g. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. “Unknown LDAP” 2. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. set direction to “in” 5. e. Activate the rule 4. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. “Unknown LDAP”. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. 4.proxmox. Click on the desired rule 2. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. give a name.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . If you type a valid e-mail address.2. e. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. Final review (still inactive) 5. 1.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses.05. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. 1.2. Add new rule. © 21. give a name. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam.

g.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 .  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. e. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. click save. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object.2. set direction to “in”. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu.proxmox.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups.com  www. give a name. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. set priority to 70. © 21. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file.g.05. On the other side.  Create a new “WHO Object”. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. give a name. e.

com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com  www.

failures in email systems are just not acceptable. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 .com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . Configuration is done on the master. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction.05. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. which provides extremely good performance. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster.proxmox.

you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 .com and mail2. This is all you need. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).example.example.com 5. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. i. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records. If one host fails the other is used.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.proxmox.com).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. You will receive mails on both hosts.e.05. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.

See your firewall manual for more details.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains. © 21.com  www. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.com 5.proxmox.05. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.

1.proxmox.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.proxmox. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .com  www. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run. 6.6. Alternative.com. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.000rpm).1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www. optimized for the VMware™ Host.proxmox. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.proxmox.1 Physical Hardware See http://www. For all details see http://pve.com for certified hardware.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). Proxmox 2.proxmox. 6. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance. Proxmox can be run under VMware™. © 21. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.proxmox.

1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.proxmox.proxmox.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. While memory overcommit is possible.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. This leads to very poor performance. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.1.1.3.3.com 6. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. This means. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. http://www.3.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1. 6. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.1. 6. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 .com  www. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.1.com/forum/.3.1.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.3.com.vmware.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3.com. This leads to very poor performance.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.3.05. 6. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.proxmox.2.com  www. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. While memory overcommit is possible.vmware.1. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.3. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.1. they have the best possible performance. This means.com 6.

2.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.proxmox.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. 6.3.2.proxmox. http://www.3.3.2.com/forum/.05.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.com  www.2. 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .3.

2.2.com  www.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.3.05.

proxmox.proxmox. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 . we launched a wiki page on: © 21.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.org/. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.com).05. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime. please visit http://openvz.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. For details about OpenVZ.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6. built on Linux.

org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.openvz.com  www.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.com http://wiki.proxmox.openvz.

com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.com © 21.proxmox.05.proxmox. All information: http://www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .com Email support: support@proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.

............................................30 4-12 Add new Rule ..............................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ...................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ..................................................................................................................................................... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway.............. 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ...................................................................................................................................org .........21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2........................................................................................proxmox...............................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache .......26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ........................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ..........................................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files .org and Dsbl........................................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host .. 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ................................................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ...............................................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus...............16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ...................................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ...........................................................................................................................................................32 4-16 Activate Rule ...........................................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ............................35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ..........18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ................................................................................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ...............................................................................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records..... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ..................................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule .......................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ......................................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ..............................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ...28 4-9 Add new What Object .......................................... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ...................................................................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ....45 © 21............................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ....................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ............................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ....30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ......................com  www........................................................................................................com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ........................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ................................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1...33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule.................................................................................................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist .............................................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ........Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox...................................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) .........................05....27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ........................................................................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ......................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ........13 3-3 Enable RBL checks .................................................................................................. 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ....................................................................................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam .......

com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.End of document - © 21.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .proxmox.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com .

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