Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. © 21.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. this includes: performance. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. If the email server is not working.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment.05.proxmox. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. reliability. E-mail is an essential service for any organization.

one port for outgoing e-mails.proxmox. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2.com  www. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. One port is assigned to incoming.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 .

because he communicates with your customers. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. © 21. 2.com  www.proxmox. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back.05. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. Consider two users.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. but they are quite useless.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 .

Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet. using standard port 25.com  www. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.proxmox. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.3.3. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.com 2. After processing.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.2 Alternative port settings (e. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.g. © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. port 26.05.g.

In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.05.proxmox. Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .com  www.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).

1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 10.0 255. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.0.255.proxmox.168.168.2 192.255.0 255.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.16.255.com 2.0. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.255.255.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.05.255.com  www.1 Net mask 255.

and e-mails addressed to subdomain. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.05.proxmox.com 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain. otherwise it will not work! © 21.domain. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.com to a second one.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 . SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.com  www.com to your first e-mail server.

3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084.05. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.47 ms (zen.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.51 DNS EXT: 46.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.com  www.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.proxmox.com 3 Performance Tuning 3. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.26 ms DNS INT: 1. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox. If you need redundancy. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8.spamhaus.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Additionally.com) DNSBL: 35.com. 3. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 . And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.05 ms (domain. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.

4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level.05. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).proxmox.4. Then.1 Greylisting Typically.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 .com  www. filling up the queue. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %.com 3. he will never be greylisted. By doing the following. if the triplet has never been seen before. © 21.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. depends on your environment. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. If a sender has a valid SPF record.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 .) to the machines that perform those services. e-mail.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.proxmox. Note: see http://www. Please make sure.openspf.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain. When receiving a message from a domain.4. etc.com 3.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.4. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.com  www.05. 3.org • dsbl.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.

spamhaus. 3. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.proxmox.2 \ sbl.spamhaus.spamhaus.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl. Next. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.0. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.dsbl.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org and dsbl.proxmox.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.spamhaus.org --dsbl rsync. Just set the IP address of your local mirror. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".spamhaus.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.com  www. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.org. or '127.0.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.spamhaus.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.com 3. usually started via cron.4.05.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.4.0.dsbl.1' to disable it (default).0.org -mailto root Note: “11.spamhaus. For details visit http://www.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.4.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus. but you can also use any other server within your network.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.05. In short.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.4. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners.5.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 .com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level. In short.d/rbldnsd start Finally.org and Dsbl.proxmox.com  www.org 3.4. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.

2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.4.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 . Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.4. 450 means.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.2.5.proxmox. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.com 3.05.5. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid. see chapter 3.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .com 3. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.proxmox.05.2.5.com  www.4. please use the Exchange System Manager.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .com  www.05.proxmox.

com  www.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.

2.05.com  www. 4. If you installed a typical one server installation.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. 3.5.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First.4. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.com 3. this is NOT installed by default.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 . please use the Exchange Management Console.2.

proxmox.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object . time frame. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. domains. TO.com  www.     Who . WHEN.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 . WHAT. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.05. ACTION) which can contain several objects.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. content type and resulting action.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. © 21.g. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done.proxmox. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. Lotus Domino. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e.05. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. Microsoft Exchange. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. Because of the very low cost of sending email. pishing and e-mail worms. Postfix …). At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool.

1.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .com 4.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.com  www.1 Default Rules 4.

Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.bat.05.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject..vbs.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .1. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.proxmox.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 4.com  www.com..1.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 . 1. Create a new WHO object. 4. 81) 3.com 4.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.g.proxmox.proxmox. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”). give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2.05. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.com  www. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www. Activate the rule © 21. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.2.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.

1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.2. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.05.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.proxmox.g. Create a new WHO object. 81) 3.com  www.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.proxmox.05.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!.g. “Delete Spamlevel 10”.com 4. 4. 2. 8. 3. 6.com  www. With this additional rule. give a name.proxmox. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. 5. 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 .g. give a name. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. Create a new “What Object”. e. 7. e.05. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21.

com  www.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.proxmox.

05.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.

remember e-mail address 5. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21.2. e. Wait a few minutes. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2.g. Create a new rule. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . If you have Microsoft Exchange. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. Under “Receiver”. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. define direction and set priority 2. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2. “Block Multimedia Files”. if you want).proxmox.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. 1.com  www.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address.g. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6.2. Create a new “WHO Object”. 1. 1. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. set direction to “in” 5. e. “Unknown LDAP”.05. Final review (still inactive) 9. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. Final review (still inactive) 5. it should not be member. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. give a name. then click save. Activate the rule 4.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. 3.proxmox.2. If you type an unknown e-mail address. e. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. Add new rule. Click on the desired rule 2. © 21. give a name. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. 4. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. If you type a valid e-mail address. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. “Unknown LDAP” 2.com 3. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization.com  www.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group.g.

give a name. e. © 21.2.  Create a new “WHO Object”. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu. click save.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups. set priority to 70.05. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. give a name. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object. set direction to “in”.proxmox. e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. On the other side.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule.g.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody.g.com  www. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .proxmox.05.

Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 .proxmox.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important .failures in email systems are just not acceptable.05. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. Configuration is done on the master. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. which provides extremely good performance. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node).

If one host fails the other is used. i. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling). Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21.e. This is all you need.example.com  www.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.com 5. You will receive mails on both hosts.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts.com and mail2.example.proxmox. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). You have to define two MX records with the same priority.com). You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.

proxmox.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.com 5.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains. See your firewall manual for more details. © 21.

Proxmox 2.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.com for certified hardware. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.proxmox. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. © 21.proxmox.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). For all details see http://pve.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 . optimized for the VMware™ Host.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE. 6. Alternative.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.proxmox.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware.proxmox.1 Physical Hardware See http://www.000rpm).com.com  www.proxmox.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance). 6. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.05. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.6.

com 6. This means. http://www.vmware.proxmox.3.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. This leads to very poor performance.1. 6.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.3.proxmox.com  www.1. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.com/forum/.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 . A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.1. While memory overcommit is possible.com. 6.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.1.1. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.1.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. 6.3. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.05.1. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.3.3.

This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.1. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.3. 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 . the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.proxmox.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6. This means.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel.05. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. they have the best possible performance.vmware.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM. While memory overcommit is possible.2.3.com.1. © 21. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.com 6. This leads to very poor performance.3.com  www.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.

2.3.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.2.2.3.com/forum/. http://www.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 6.2.com  www.2.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.2.3. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .2.proxmox.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.05. 6.

2.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .3.proxmox.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2.com  www.

com). For running Proxmox on OpenVZ. please visit http://openvz. built on Linux. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.proxmox. For details about OpenVZ.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance.org/.05. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve. we launched a wiki page on: © 21. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.

org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.proxmox.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.openvz.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .05.com http://wiki.openvz. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.

com © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. All information: http://www.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .proxmox.com Email support: support@proxmox.proxmox.

..........................................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ...............27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” .............................................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ............. 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) . 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ........................................................................................................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ............................. 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ...........................................................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ..org and Dsbl.........16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ....................................................................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2....................................................................................................................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent .................... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ...........05.......................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ..................................................................proxmox..................................................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache .......................................................................32 4-16 Activate Rule .....27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ......................45 © 21.........org .................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ........................................................................................................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ................................................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.............................................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ............................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ........................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.......................................................................................................................................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule............................................................................................................................... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway..21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1...............................................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ..............................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist .........37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records............................................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records .25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” .........................30 4-12 Add new Rule . 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ..............................................................................................................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ..........13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ............................................................................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ............43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ..........................................................................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ..................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ......35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ...........................................................................................................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ........................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ..32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ........................................................................28 4-9 Add new What Object ..........com  www.............com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ..................................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ........................................................................................

com .proxmox.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.05.End of document - © 21.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

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