Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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reliability.proxmox. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails.com  www. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. this includes: performance. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . If the email server is not working. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. © 21. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks.05. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. E-mail is an essential service for any organization.

For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2.05. One port is assigned to incoming.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 . Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. one port for outgoing e-mails.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21.com  www.

2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 .proxmox. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. because he communicates with your customers. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back.05. © 21. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1.com  www. Consider two users.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. but they are quite useless.

for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.com 2. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. © 21. using standard port 25. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.3. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.com  www.2 Alternative port settings (e.g.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 . changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.g. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail.3.05.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails. After processing. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet. port 26.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .05.com  www. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.proxmox.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26). Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

proxmox.1.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.168.255.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.2 192.0.255.com 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.0 255.168.1 Net mask 255.1 10. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.0 255.255.05.16.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .0.255.255.com  www. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.255.

otherwise it will not work! © 21.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 . For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.com 2.proxmox. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.05.domain. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.com  www. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com to your first e-mail server.com to a second one.

proxmox.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.26 ms DNS INT: 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 . If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.47 ms (zen.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8.05.spamhaus. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.51 DNS EXT: 46.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084.com. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.com) DNSBL: 35.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 3. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21. Additionally. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers. If you need redundancy.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.com  www.05 ms (domain.

© 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 .4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. filling up the queue. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3.com 3.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. By doing the following. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail.proxmox. depends on your environment. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. Then. he will never be greylisted. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).1 Greylisting Typically.4. if the triplet has never been seen before. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. If a sender has a valid SPF record.05. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

4.org • dsbl. When receiving a message from a domain. Note: see http://www. 3.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web. e-mail.openspf. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.) to the machines that perform those services. etc.com 3. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails.com  www.4. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus. Please make sure. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.proxmox.05.

org.1' to disable it (default).org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.com  www. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.0.spamhaus.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.4. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.05.spamhaus.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 . but you can also use any other server within your network.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.0.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".proxmox.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen. or '127.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.spamhaus. 3.proxmox.4.2 \ sbl.spamhaus. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl. Next. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.dsbl. usually started via cron. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.com 3.4.spamhaus.org --dsbl rsync.org and dsbl.spamhaus.dsbl.org -mailto root Note: “11. For details visit http://www.0.0. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.spamhaus.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.

1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.com  www.proxmox.4. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.org and Dsbl.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3. In short.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic.org 3. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.d/rbldnsd start Finally. In short.5.4.

2.proxmox.4.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).com  www.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.05.5. see chapter 3. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.com 3. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 . that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost. 450 means. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.

please use the Exchange System Manager.5.2.4.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.05.com  www.com 3.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.

05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.

05.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.

com  www.4. If you installed a typical one server installation. this is NOT installed by default. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” .\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. 4. 3.2.com 3.05. 2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First. please use the Exchange Management Console.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .5. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent.proxmox. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.

com  www. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy. WHAT. content type and resulting action.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. ACTION) which can contain several objects.proxmox. WHEN. © 21. TO.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object . recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well. time frame. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.05.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What .com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.     Who . domains.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .

com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails.g. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. Because of the very low cost of sending email. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. Postfix …). highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. pishing and e-mail worms. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. © 21. Lotus Domino. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming.05. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail.proxmox. Microsoft Exchange. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done.

05.com  www.com 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.proxmox. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.1 Default Rules 4.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.1.

com  www. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 . …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.com 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.bat.1..com..05.vbs.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.

1. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”.proxmox. 81) 3. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4. Activate the rule © 21.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”). Create a new WHO object.2. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .com 4.proxmox.com  www.g.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality. 4.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.2.05. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.

2. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Create a new WHO object.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.05.g. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.com  www. 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . 81) 3.proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.proxmox.com  www.

2.g. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. 3.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. give a name.com  www. 1. give a name.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. e. 6. e.2. With this additional rule. 4.05. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.com 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. 7. 5. Create a new “What Object”. “Delete Spamlevel 10”.proxmox. 8.g.

com  www.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.

proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .com  www.

com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.proxmox.

Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4.2.com  www. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 .com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. remember e-mail address 5.05.2. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. Create a new rule. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. define direction and set priority 2. if you want).proxmox.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. Under “Receiver”. If you have Microsoft Exchange. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. Wait a few minutes. e.g. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. “Block Multimedia Files”. 1.

Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses.g. 1. e. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. “Unknown LDAP” 2. it should not be member. Final review (still inactive) 5. then click save.com 3. Click on the desired rule 2. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. If you type an unknown e-mail address. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. set direction to “in” 5. 4. Add new rule.05.com  www.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. 1. give a name. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”.g. If you type a valid e-mail address. “Unknown LDAP”.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. Create a new “WHO Object”.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. 3. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4.proxmox. © 21. Activate the rule 4. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. Final review (still inactive) 9.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2.2. e. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. give a name.

“Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object.g. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file. set priority to 70. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . © 21. On the other side. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody.com  www.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. set direction to “in”. e.proxmox. click save. e. give a name.05. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. give a name.  Create a new “WHO Object”.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups.g.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4.

com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .proxmox.

This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. Configuration is done on the master.com  www. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes.failures in email systems are just not acceptable. which provides extremely good performance.proxmox.05. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node).

example. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21. You will receive mails on both hosts.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 .proxmox.e. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.com 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).com). This is all you need.05.com and mail2. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules).example. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal. i.com  www. If one host fails the other is used.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 . It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.com  www.proxmox. See your firewall manual for more details. © 21.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.05.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.com 5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.

6.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware. optimized for the VMware™ Host. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6. Proxmox 2.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www. For all details see http://pve. Proxmox can be run under VMware™. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.1 Physical Hardware See http://www.proxmox.proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.000rpm).proxmox. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.6.05. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE. © 21.1.proxmox.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). Alternative.com for certified hardware.com.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance). 6.proxmox.

1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.3. 6. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. This leads to very poor performance.1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.1.1.1.vmware.3. 6.com  www.proxmox.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.com 6.1. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.com/forum/. While memory overcommit is possible.3.proxmox.com. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads. This means. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 .3. http://www.3.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. 6.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.05.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.

the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6. While memory overcommit is possible. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.1. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. This means. they have the best possible performance.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 . Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.2. 6.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel.3.1. This leads to very poor performance.com.3. © 21.com  www. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.05.3.com 6.vmware.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.proxmox. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.

2. 6.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. http://www.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.3.3.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.2.com/forum/. 6.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.com  www.2.2.3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2.2.proxmox.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .2.proxmox.05.

proxmox.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .05.2.3.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

please visit http://openvz. For details about OpenVZ.org/.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. we launched a wiki page on: © 21.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.com  www. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance.proxmox. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.com).proxmox.05. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 . built on Linux.

org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 . we developed vzdump: http://wiki.openvz.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.openvz.05.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.com  www.com http://wiki.

05.proxmox.proxmox.com  www.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .com Email support: support@proxmox.com © 21. All information: http://www.

............................................................................................................. 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ........................................................................32 4-16 Activate Rule ......................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ...................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ...............30 4-12 Add new Rule .................................................................................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi .43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ..................05............19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ..................................................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ...................................................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway .....................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ........................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus...com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway .........25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ..........................................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist .............................................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule .................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records.............................................com  www...............................................................................................org ...................................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ...........35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” .................................................. 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ..................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” .................................... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ .................................................................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ...........org and Dsbl.....................................45 © 21..........31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ...................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ...............................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ................................................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host .............................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2........29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object .........................................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 .............25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ......................................................................................................................................................................................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule.. 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway........................................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks .............................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX .............24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ..................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ..............................................................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers .........................................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox..........................................................................................................................................................................................................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ..........................................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ............. 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ............................................................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers .................28 4-9 Add new What Object ...........................proxmox......21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1...........24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files .....................................................................................................................................................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 .......................................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ..

com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.proxmox.com  www.com .proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.End of document - © 21.

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