Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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proxmox.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment. © 21. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. reliability. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. this includes: performance. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. If the email server is not working. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails.

For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day.proxmox. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails. one port for outgoing e-mails. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. One port is assigned to incoming.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 . Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.05. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.

proxmox.com  www. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back.05. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. 2. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. because he communicates with your customers. Consider two users. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. but they are quite useless. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. © 21.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails.05.g. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2.proxmox. © 21.com  www. port 26.g. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.2 Alternative port settings (e.3. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26. using standard port 25. After processing. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.com 2. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.3. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail.

proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 . Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.05.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.

1 10.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.255.168.255.0.16.05.255. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.0 255.com 2. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.com  www.proxmox.168.255.1.255.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .255.0.0 255.1 Net mask 255.2 192.

5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers. otherwise it will not work! © 21.com to your first e-mail server.com  www.05. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .com 2.domain. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.proxmox. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.com to a second one.

If you need redundancy. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.51 DNS EXT: 46.com) DNSBL: 35.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.proxmox. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.26 ms DNS INT: 1.05. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3. Additionally.47 ms (zen.spamhaus.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .com  www.com 3 Performance Tuning 3. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.05 ms (domain.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference. 3. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.com.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8.

proxmox.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. By doing the following. If a sender has a valid SPF record. he will never be greylisted. filling up the queue. © 21. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . Then.05. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. depends on your environment.4. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %.1 Greylisting Typically.com  www.com 3. if the triplet has never been seen before. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%.

3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails. Note: see http://www.) to the machines that perform those services. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.openspf. e-mail. Please make sure.org • dsbl. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.4.com 3.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain.com  www.4.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. When receiving a message from a domain.proxmox. 3.05. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . etc.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

org and dsbl.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21. 3. Next. usually started via cron.4. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".4.05.spamhaus.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.0.1' to disable it (default).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.spamhaus.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.proxmox. For details visit http://www.spamhaus.spamhaus.0.org.spamhaus.2 \ sbl.dsbl.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.0. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.org -mailto root Note: “11. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus. or '127.proxmox.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.0.com  www. but you can also use any other server within your network.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.dsbl.4.spamhaus. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.org --dsbl rsync.com 3. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .spamhaus.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.

com  www.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users. In short. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21. In short.org and Dsbl.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.proxmox. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.4.5. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners.4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 .5 Receiver Verification Nowadays.d/rbldnsd start Finally. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.org 3.

Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid. 450 means.05. see chapter 3. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.4. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .5. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.com  www.2.4.5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com 3.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .05. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.2.proxmox.com 3.com  www. please use the Exchange System Manager.5.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .

com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.

2. please use the Exchange Management Console.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First. 2. If you installed a typical one server installation. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.com  www.4. 3.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 4. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” .proxmox. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent.5. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.05.com 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 . this is NOT installed by default.

com  www. TO.proxmox.     Who .com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What .object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When . content type and resulting action. WHAT.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 . domains. © 21.05.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy. time frame. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well. WHEN.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. ACTION) which can contain several objects.

It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. Postfix …). pishing and e-mail worms. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail.proxmox. Lotus Domino.com  www.05. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. Because of the very low cost of sending email.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. Microsoft Exchange.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. © 21. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool.g. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done.

1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.com 4.1. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.1 Default Rules 4.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .1.proxmox.05.

.1.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.1..05.com.proxmox. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.com 4.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .bat.vbs.com  www.

g. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.proxmox.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Create a new WHO object. 1. 4. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.com  www.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).proxmox.2.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner. 81) 3. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.05. Activate the rule © 21. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.com 4.

g. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.2. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. Create a new WHO object.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses. 81) 3. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.com  www. 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 .proxmox. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .com  www.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.

4. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. give a name. e.05.g. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. With this additional rule. 2.com  www. e. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. “Delete Spamlevel 10”.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . 1. 3. 8. 5.com 4. 6.proxmox.g. Create a new “What Object”.2. give a name. 7.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.proxmox.

proxmox.com  www.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.

6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2.com  www. “Block Multimedia Files”.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. Create a new rule. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. Under “Receiver”. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. If you have Microsoft Exchange. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. e. if you want). you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. Wait a few minutes. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4.g. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. 1.proxmox. define direction and set priority 2. remember e-mail address 5. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2.05.

3. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. Click on the desired rule 2. 1.2. 1. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing.g. © 21. If you type an unknown e-mail address. Final review (still inactive) 9.com  www. If you type a valid e-mail address. e. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6.com 3. set direction to “in” 5. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. “Unknown LDAP”. “Unknown LDAP” 2.g. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. then click save.2. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. Final review (still inactive) 5. 4. Create a new “WHO Object”.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. Add new rule.05. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4.proxmox. give a name. give a name.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. it should not be member. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. Activate the rule 4.

© 21.  Create a new “WHO Object”. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . give a name. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.2.proxmox. “Block Multimedia for Staff”.g. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”.05.g. set priority to 70.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4.com  www. give a name. e. On the other side.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. click save. e. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu. set direction to “in”.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.com  www.05.proxmox.

com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. which provides extremely good performance. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important .2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . Configuration is done on the master. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible.05.failures in email systems are just not acceptable.

Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.proxmox.com  www. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21. i. You will receive mails on both hosts. If one host fails the other is used.05. This is all you need.com and mail2. You have to define two MX records with the same priority.example.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.example.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 .com 5. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1.e. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).com).

2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.05. See your firewall manual for more details.proxmox. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.com 5. © 21.

OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).05.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www. optimized for the VMware™ Host.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.1 Physical Hardware See http://www.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6. Alternative.com  www.000rpm). © 21.com. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.proxmox.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). 6. 6. Proxmox 2. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.6. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .com for certified hardware.proxmox.proxmox. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.1.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15. For all details see http://pve.proxmox. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.proxmox.

For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.3. While memory overcommit is possible.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 6.1.vmware.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.com.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.3.05.proxmox. 6. This means. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 . 6. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.1.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.1.com  www. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.1. This leads to very poor performance.3.com/forum/.1. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.proxmox.1. 6.3. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. http://www.3.

they have the best possible performance. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel.1. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.vmware.com  www. 6.com. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.3.proxmox.1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .3.com 6.3. © 21. While memory overcommit is possible. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time. This means.05. This leads to very poor performance.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.

3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .2.3.2.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.2.proxmox.2.3.2. 6.com  www.2.com/forum/.proxmox.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads. http://www.3.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. 6.

com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.3.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.2.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.com  www.05.

proxmox. please visit http://openvz. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 . we launched a wiki page on: © 21. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.com  www. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance.org/.05. For details about OpenVZ.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.com). built on Linux.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

com http://wiki.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.openvz.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .proxmox.com  www. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.openvz.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. All information: http://www.com Email support: support@proxmox.05.com © 21.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .proxmox.proxmox.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.

............................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ...... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ..................................................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ....32 4-16 Activate Rule ............................................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus......... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) .........................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ................................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object .............31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ..............18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 .........................................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent .....................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers .................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox....................org ................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ......28 4-9 Add new What Object ...........................................................................................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ...................................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host .................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” .................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1....................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ................................................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ..................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 .......................................................................................... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ............21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ..................................................................................................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ....................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ............................................................................................................... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ..................................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ............................org and Dsbl...........................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) .................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ........................................................................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records .............42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ..............com  www.........................30 4-12 Add new Rule .........................................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 .....com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway .......................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ........................................................35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ............................. 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) .............................................................................................................................proxmox.............37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records......................................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ..........................................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ..........................................................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ................05........................................................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ............................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule...................................45 © 21.............................................................................................................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ................................................................................................................... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway.............10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers .......41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ..

com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.com .proxmox.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .proxmox.End of document - © 21.

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