Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. E-mail is an essential service for any organization.05. If the email server is not working. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway.proxmox. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks.com  www. © 21. reliability. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. this includes: performance.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer.

see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2.05.com  www. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server.proxmox. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports. One port is assigned to incoming. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic. one port for outgoing e-mails. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

05.proxmox. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. Consider two users. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. but they are quite useless. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1.com  www. because he communicates with your customers. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. 2. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. © 21. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 .

so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails. © 21. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 . port 26.g. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.g.proxmox. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.05.com 2.3.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.3. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway. After processing.com  www. using standard port 25.2 Alternative port settings (e.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails. Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.com  www.05.

0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.0.1 10.255.1 Net mask 255.255.0 255.16.255.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 . for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.1.168.255.0 255. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.168.com 2.05.0.255.proxmox.255.2 192.

In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. otherwise it will not work! © 21. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.com to a second one.com  www.domain. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.com to your first e-mail server.05.proxmox.com 2. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.

because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.05. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.51 DNS EXT: 46.com  www.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.05 ms (domain. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.47 ms (zen.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.spamhaus.com) DNSBL: 35. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers. If you need redundancy.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 . 3.26 ms DNS INT: 1.com.proxmox. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3. Additionally.

a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. if the triplet has never been seen before.com  www. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. Then. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. If a sender has a valid SPF record. depends on your environment.4. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery.proxmox. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).05. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. By doing the following.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received.com 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. he will never be greylisted.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. filling up the queue.1 Greylisting Typically. © 21. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %.

Note: see http://www.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails.org • dsbl.com  www.4. etc.openspf.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.proxmox. When receiving a message from a domain.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.com 3.4. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.) to the machines that perform those services. e-mail.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. Please make sure. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain. 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.

4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.0. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.org -mailto root Note: “11.0. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.spamhaus.org --dsbl rsync.spamhaus.1' to disable it (default).-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.proxmox.2 \ sbl.spamhaus. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .4.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.dsbl.com 3.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.spamhaus.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list. For details visit http://www. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".0.spamhaus.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.proxmox. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.org. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.spamhaus. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.0. Next.org and dsbl.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.dsbl.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync. or '127.spamhaus. 3.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.com  www.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl. but you can also use any other server within your network.4.41” stands for the minutes of each hour. usually started via cron.05. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.

which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.com  www. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners. In short.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. In short.org 3.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.05. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.d/rbldnsd start Finally.proxmox.org and Dsbl.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.5.4.4. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 . this means for your systems:     reduced traffic.

1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .05.com  www. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.4.4.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450). see chapter 3. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.com 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.proxmox. 450 means.5.5.

5. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.com  www.05.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4.proxmox. please use the Exchange System Manager.com 3.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .05.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.proxmox.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www.

Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” . 4.com 3.4.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First.05.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. If you installed a typical one server installation.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.5.2. please use the Exchange Management Console. this is NOT installed by default. 2.com  www. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. 3. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .

object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. TO. domains.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What .object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM. WHEN. © 21. content type and resulting action.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .     Who .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well.05. ACTION) which can contain several objects. time frame.com  www. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.proxmox. WHAT.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .

Because of the very low cost of sending email. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 .g. Postfix …).com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e.proxmox. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. Microsoft Exchange. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. © 21. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail.05. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. Lotus Domino. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. pishing and e-mail worms. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes.

1.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 . Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.05.1.proxmox. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.com 4.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.1 Default Rules 4.

1. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .05..com.com 4.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.proxmox.bat..Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.vbs.com  www. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.1.

com 4.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.2. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4. Activate the rule © 21.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).2. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 . 1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 81) 3. 4.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”.proxmox. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.05.com  www. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.g. Create a new WHO object. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . 1.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Create a new WHO object.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”.com  www. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4. 81) 3.proxmox.2. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.g.

proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.

6. 8. “Delete Spamlevel 10”. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule.com 4. give a name. Create a new “What Object”. With this additional rule. 5.proxmox. e.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. 1. 7. 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user. give a name. e. 4.g. 3.com  www.g.05.

proxmox.com  www.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.

proxmox.com  www.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

05.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .

If you have Microsoft Exchange. 1.2. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. remember e-mail address 5. “Block Multimedia Files”. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 .proxmox. Wait a few minutes. e.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21.2.05.g. Create a new rule. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. if you want). Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1.com  www.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. define direction and set priority 2. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. Under “Receiver”. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox.

g. 1. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. give a name.2. 4. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. e.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks.proxmox. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4.com  www. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group.2. Add new rule. Final review (still inactive) 9.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. “Unknown LDAP” 2.05. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. © 21. If you type a valid e-mail address. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . If you type an unknown e-mail address.com 3. 3. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. Final review (still inactive) 5. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. Click on the desired rule 2. e. Create a new “WHO Object”. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4.g. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Activate the rule 4. set direction to “in” 5. “Unknown LDAP”. then click save. 1. give a name. it should not be member.

9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups.g. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. e. give a name. click save. © 21. e. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.  Create a new “WHO Object”. set direction to “in”.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 .com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. set priority to 70. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody.g.com  www.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. On the other side. give a name.05. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file.

com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .proxmox.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel.proxmox. Configuration is done on the master. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . which provides extremely good performance.com  www. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes.failures in email systems are just not acceptable. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21.05.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important .

com and mail2. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1.com). This is all you need. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts.com  www. If one host fails the other is used.proxmox. You will receive mails on both hosts. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).05.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.e. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21.example.example.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 5. i.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 .

It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains. © 21.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT. See your firewall manual for more details.proxmox. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 5.

3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.proxmox.com. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance). 6. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.proxmox.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). Alternative.000rpm).1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.proxmox. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware.proxmox. Proxmox 2. optimized for the VMware™ Host.1 Physical Hardware See http://www. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.6. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.1.com  www. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.05.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.com for certified hardware. 6. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.proxmox. © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 . For all details see http://pve.

com/forum/.1.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. http://www.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.proxmox.3.1. 6. While memory overcommit is possible.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 .1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. 6.1.3.05. This leads to very poor performance. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.com 6. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. This means.1.vmware. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. 6.3.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.1.3. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.3.com.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.1.proxmox.com  www. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.

com.3. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.3. 6.1.2. © 21. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.vmware.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.com  www. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel.1. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6. This means. This leads to very poor performance. While memory overcommit is possible.05.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 . the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.3. they have the best possible performance.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.com 6.

3.proxmox.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. http://www. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.com  www.3.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.3.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21. 6.2.3. 6.05.2.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.com/forum/.2.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.proxmox.2.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .2.05.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.proxmox.2.3.com  www.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.

Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance.org/. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com  www. please visit http://openvz. For details about OpenVZ.com). OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.proxmox. we launched a wiki page on: © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.05. built on Linux.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.

05.com http://wiki.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .com  www.openvz. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.openvz.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

com © 21.05.com  www. All information: http://www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .proxmox.proxmox.com Email support: support@proxmox.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

..........................................................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule..........21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ......................................................................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule .11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ..........................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” .........................................................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ...........................................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records .................................32 4-16 Activate Rule ................................................................................. 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ .....14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.................... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) .......35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ..............26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users .............................................................................30 4-12 Add new Rule ......39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ....................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ..... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ............ 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) .......org and Dsbl...25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam .........................................................proxmox..................................................................................................................................................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ................................com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ..............18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ..............................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ...............................................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ...............................................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ..............22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses .............................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ..........................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records................... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway...........................................28 4-9 Add new What Object ..........................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ..............................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records .....................................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ................................05.....................................................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ..........................................................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1.....29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ......19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ..............................................................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers .............................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ......................................45 © 21.....................................................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ..... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ................................................................................................ 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ............................................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ...............................................................................................................................................................................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ..........................................................................org ................................com  www...............................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ..........Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.................................................................................................................................................................................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ....41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ......................

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.com .05.proxmox.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .End of document - © 21.

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