Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment.com  www. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description.proxmox. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. this includes: performance.05. reliability. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. E-mail is an essential service for any organization.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. © 21. If the email server is not working. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic. one port for outgoing e-mails. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 . see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server. One port is assigned to incoming. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration.05.proxmox.com  www. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2.

com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails.05. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from.com  www. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that.proxmox. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. but they are quite useless. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. because he communicates with your customers. 2. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. Consider two users.

Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail. port 26. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. using standard port 25.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.05. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.g. © 21.com  www.proxmox. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.com 2.3. After processing. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .

Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.05.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.

0 255.255.255.16.1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.0 255.255.255.0.com  www.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.168.1 Net mask 255.0.2 192.255.168.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 . for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.05.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.1 10.com 2. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.255.proxmox.

In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.com to your first e-mail server.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .com to a second one. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.05. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.com  www.domain.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.com 2.proxmox. otherwise it will not work! © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.05 ms (domain. If you need redundancy.47 ms (zen.spamhaus. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.proxmox.com  www.com) DNSBL: 35. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8.05.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference. 3.26 ms DNS INT: 1.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.51 DNS EXT: 46.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.com. Additionally. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.

© 21. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. he will never be greylisted. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).1 Greylisting Typically. Then.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. If a sender has a valid SPF record.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error.com 3. depends on your environment.4. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist.05. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. if the triplet has never been seen before. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %.proxmox.com  www. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. By doing the following. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . filling up the queue.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 .3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain. Please make sure.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4.proxmox. etc. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain. When receiving a message from a domain.) to the machines that perform those services. e-mail.com  www.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.com 3. Note: see http://www. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.org • dsbl. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.openspf. 3.05.4.

but you can also use any other server within your network.1' to disable it (default). Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license. Just set the IP address of your local mirror. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s. or '127.spamhaus. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary. For details visit http://www.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.0.org -mailto root Note: “11.4.org --dsbl rsync.dsbl.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.4.spamhaus.org and dsbl.dsbl.0.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .spamhaus.spamhaus.0. 3.2 \ sbl. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists. usually started via cron.05.org.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.0.proxmox.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen. Next. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.spamhaus. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".41” stands for the minutes of each hour.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.spamhaus.com 3.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.spamhaus. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.

05.4.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.4. In short.org and Dsbl.5. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 . this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays.d/rbldnsd start Finally.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. In short.org 3.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init.com  www.proxmox.

2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450). Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.5.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.com  www.5.com 3. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost. 450 means.4. see chapter 3.05.proxmox.

2.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 . please use the Exchange System Manager.com  www.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.4.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.5.com 3.

proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.com  www.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .

05.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.

com 3.2. please use the Exchange Management Console. 3.proxmox.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent.4.com  www.05.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. this is NOT installed by default. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” .5. 2. If you installed a typical one server installation. 4. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 . Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.

© 21. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. TO. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.proxmox. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .     Who .com  www.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains. time frame. WHEN. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy. ACTION) which can contain several objects.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . domains. content type and resulting action.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .05.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . WHAT.

Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. Microsoft Exchange. pishing and e-mail worms. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. Lotus Domino. Because of the very low cost of sending email. © 21.proxmox. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers.g. Postfix …).com  www.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection.05. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 .

Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.1.1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.com 4.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.05.1 Default Rules 4.com  www.proxmox.

.05. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.proxmox.1.com..3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.vbs.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .1.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.com 4.bat.com  www. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.

Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”). 4. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”.com 4.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .proxmox. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.g. 81) 3.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality. Create a new WHO object.2.05. 1. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.2.proxmox. Activate the rule © 21.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4. 1.2.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4.com  www. 81) 3.05. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.g. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2. Create a new WHO object.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .com  www.05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.

6. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. With this additional rule. 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 .4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user. “Delete Spamlevel 10”. 7. give a name.05. 3. e. e. 2.proxmox.com 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. give a name. 4.com  www.2. 8. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. Create a new “What Object”. 5.g.g.

05.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .com  www.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.

proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.com  www.

Create a new rule.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21.2. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. “Block Multimedia Files”. define direction and set priority 2.05. Under “Receiver”.g.proxmox. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. Wait a few minutes. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. 1. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. If you have Microsoft Exchange. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”.2. e. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. remember e-mail address 5.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. if you want).com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 .

© 21. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. e. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. then click save. give a name. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. If you type a valid e-mail address. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. If you type an unknown e-mail address. “Unknown LDAP”. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. set direction to “in” 5. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address.05. Final review (still inactive) 5.2. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. it should not be member. 1. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. Click on the desired rule 2.2. Final review (still inactive) 9.com 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 1.g. give a name. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . 3. Activate the rule 4.com  www. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7.proxmox.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. 4. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. Create a new “WHO Object”. “Unknown LDAP” 2. e.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. Add new rule.g.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. click save. set direction to “in”. give a name.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 .com  www. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object.  Create a new “WHO Object”. On the other side. give a name.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4.05. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.g.proxmox.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu.g. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. set priority to 70. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. © 21. e.2.

proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.05.

This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node).2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 .com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.failures in email systems are just not acceptable. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. Configuration is done on the master. which provides extremely good performance.com  www.05. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster.proxmox. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction.

This is all you need. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.05. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records. If one host fails the other is used.e.com). you can use backup/restore to copy the rules).example.proxmox. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts.com  www.com and mail2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 . Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21. You have to define two MX records with the same priority.example.com 5. You will receive mails on both hosts.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal. i.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 . © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT. See your firewall manual for more details.com 5.com  www.05.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.proxmox.

Proxmox 2.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.proxmox. For all details see http://pve. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings. © 21.proxmox. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15. 6. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.1 Physical Hardware See http://www.proxmox.com  www.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .6. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve. 6.proxmox.05. Alternative. Proxmox can be run under VMware™. optimized for the VMware™ Host.proxmox.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.proxmox.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.000rpm).com for certified hardware. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.1.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.com.

05. 6. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. 6.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.1. While memory overcommit is possible.3. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 . if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.proxmox.1. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.com.1. http://www.1.com/forum/. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. This leads to very poor performance.com 6.1.3. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.3. 6. This means. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.vmware.1.3.com  www.

1. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.05.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel. This leads to very poor performance. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. This means.3. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.com  www.3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 . While memory overcommit is possible.proxmox.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.3. © 21. they have the best possible performance.vmware.1.com 6. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.com.2.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.

2.proxmox.com/forum/.com  www.2. 6.3.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21. http://www.proxmox.2.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.3.3.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.3.05.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .2.2.2.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

4 Enable time synchronization © 21.2.2.3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.com  www.proxmox.

proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ. built on Linux.com  www. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 . we launched a wiki page on: © 21.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.proxmox.com). Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.org/. For details about OpenVZ. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime. please visit http://openvz.05.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .openvz.com  www.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.05.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.openvz.com http://wiki.proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.com Email support: support@proxmox. All information: http://www.proxmox.com © 21.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.05.

.................................................... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ .........................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ...32 4-16 Activate Rule ..............................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host .................................................45 © 21............................. 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ...................................................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ...............................................................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records...................................................................................................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ................................................................................................. 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) .........................................................................................................................................................05............................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 .... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway...com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ...........................35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ..2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ..............27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ..................................................................................................................................................28 4-9 Add new What Object ........ 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ...........org and Dsbl... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) .....................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ..........................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ............................................................................................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ..........30 4-12 Add new Rule .....................................................................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule....19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ..32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) .............................................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses .......................................................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2.................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ...............................................................................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers .................................................. 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ....42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks .12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist .............................................................................................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses .................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ........................................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ....................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ........Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox..................................................................org .............................................................................................com  www..............................................proxmox...........29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ........10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers .............26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ................................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ................................................................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files .........30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ....................................................................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ..............

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .com .proxmox.End of document - © 21.proxmox.05.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.

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