Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

2

49

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
3

3

4

5

6

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

49

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

4

49

Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks.com  www.proxmox. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. If the email server is not working. this includes: performance. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. © 21.05. reliability. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 .proxmox. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. one port for outgoing e-mails.05.com  www. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails. One port is assigned to incoming.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.

© 21. 2. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that.com  www.05. Consider two users. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. because he communicates with your customers. but they are quite useless.

3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3.2 Alternative port settings (e. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.05.g. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.com 2.3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .proxmox. using standard port 25. port 26. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail.com  www. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.g. After processing. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. © 21.

05.proxmox.com  www.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 . Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.

16.0.0 255. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.0.168.255.com 2.05.2 192.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .1 10.255.1.255.proxmox.0 255.255.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.255.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.com  www.168.255.1 Net mask 255.

com 2. otherwise it will not work! © 21.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.domain. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.05.proxmox. and e-mails addressed to subdomain. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.com to your first e-mail server.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .com to a second one.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.

If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.47 ms (zen.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084.com) DNSBL: 35.com. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.proxmox.05.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.26 ms DNS INT: 1.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache. If you need redundancy.com  www.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 3. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21. Additionally.51 DNS EXT: 46.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.05 ms (domain. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.spamhaus.

com 3.05. Then. If a sender has a valid SPF record. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. filling up the queue.1 Greylisting Typically.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power.proxmox. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. © 21. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. depends on your environment. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %. By doing the following. he will never be greylisted.4. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. if the triplet has never been seen before.com  www.

etc. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. Note: see http://www. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.com 3.4.org • dsbl. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.proxmox. 3.05. Please make sure.) to the machines that perform those services. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.4. When receiving a message from a domain.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 .openspf. e-mail.

41” stands for the minutes of each hour.spamhaus.4.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.0.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.4.org -mailto root Note: “11. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.com 3.1' to disable it (default).org --dsbl rsync.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.dsbl. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11. Next.com  www.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.org and dsbl. For details visit http://www.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.0.4.spamhaus.05.spamhaus.proxmox. but you can also use any other server within your network.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary. or '127.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus. 3.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.org.0.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.proxmox.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen. usually started via cron.0. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.spamhaus. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.spamhaus.spamhaus.spamhaus.dsbl.2 \ sbl.

this means for your systems:     reduced traffic. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.d/rbldnsd start Finally. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3. In short. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init.4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 .05.proxmox.org and Dsbl.5.4.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays.org 3.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. In short.

Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.2.4.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.proxmox.com  www. 450 means.5.05. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .5. see chapter 3. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.4.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).com 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

please use the Exchange System Manager.com 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.5.com  www.05.4. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.2.

com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.05.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .com  www.proxmox.

2.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .com 3.5. 3. this is NOT installed by default. If you installed a typical one server installation. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.com  www.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First.proxmox. 4.4. 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” . please use the Exchange Management Console.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well. content type and resulting action. TO. ACTION) which can contain several objects. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.     Who . WHAT.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy. WHEN.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When . domains. © 21. time frame.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .com  www.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action .proxmox.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.

Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. © 21. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. Because of the very low cost of sending email.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. pishing and e-mail worms. Lotus Domino.g. Microsoft Exchange. Postfix …). To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers.com  www.proxmox. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool.05. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done.

Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.com 4.05.1. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.proxmox.1.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Default Rules 4.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .

1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .05.1.. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.com  www.com. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.vbs.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (..4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.com 4.bat.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

2. 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).proxmox. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.proxmox.com 4.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.g. Activate the rule © 21. Create a new WHO object. 81) 3. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.2. 4. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.com  www.05. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.

proxmox.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”. 81) 3.2. 1. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.g. Create a new WHO object.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.05.com  www.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.

05.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.com  www.

2. e.com 4. 4. 8. 6. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . Create a new “What Object”.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.g. With this additional rule.proxmox. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule.g. 3.05. 1. 7.com  www. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. give a name. e.2. “Delete Spamlevel 10”. 5.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. give a name.

proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.com  www.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .com  www.05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.

proxmox.05.com  www.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

remember e-mail address 5. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. if you want).6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2.05. If you have Microsoft Exchange. define direction and set priority 2. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Wait a few minutes. Under “Receiver”. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. Create a new rule.2.proxmox. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4.2.com  www.g. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. “Block Multimedia Files”. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. e. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. 1. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4.

give a name. 1. “Unknown LDAP” 2. Click on the desired rule 2.2. 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. give a name. “Unknown LDAP”.com  www. 1. e. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks.05. it should not be member.proxmox. then click save. Create a new “WHO Object”.2. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. Activate the rule 4. © 21.g. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. set direction to “in” 5. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8.g. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. Add new rule. If you type an unknown e-mail address.com 3. Final review (still inactive) 5. 3.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. e. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. If you type a valid e-mail address. Final review (still inactive) 9.

you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object. click save.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. e. “Block Multimedia for Staff”.2. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu.g. On the other side. give a name. set direction to “in”. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file.05. e. set priority to 70. give a name.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule.proxmox.  Create a new “WHO Object”.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”.com  www.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups.g. © 21.

com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .proxmox.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible.05. which provides extremely good performance. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel.proxmox. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster. Configuration is done on the master. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node).failures in email systems are just not acceptable.com  www. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 .com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme.

more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).example.example.com and mail2.05. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.e.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.com). We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal. If one host fails the other is used.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 . Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21. You will receive mails on both hosts. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1. This is all you need. i. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules).com  www.

but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.com 5.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain. See your firewall manual for more details.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT. © 21.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.com  www.proxmox.

com.05.proxmox. 6.proxmox.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware.000rpm).27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance). optimized for the VMware™ Host.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.1 Physical Hardware See http://www. 6.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.proxmox.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE. Proxmox 2. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve. For all details see http://pve. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.com  www. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.1. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15. © 21.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.6.proxmox.proxmox.com for certified hardware. Alternative.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 . Proxmox can be run under VMware™.proxmox.

1. 6.3.com  www.proxmox. This leads to very poor performance. 6.1.vmware.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.05. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.com.3. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.1.com/forum/.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3.1. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.com 6.3.proxmox.3. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 . While memory overcommit is possible. http://www.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.1. This means.1. 6.

3. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.com. they have the best possible performance. While memory overcommit is possible.vmware. This leads to very poor performance.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. © 21.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. This means.com  www.2.com 6.1.proxmox.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .05. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.3.3. 6. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.1. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.

2.com/forum/.2.proxmox.3.2.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .3.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.proxmox.2.2. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.05.com  www.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.3.3. 6.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. 6. http://www.

2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3.com  www.2.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .

Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance. we launched a wiki page on: © 21.proxmox. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime. built on Linux. please visit http://openvz.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.com).05.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.com  www. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For details about OpenVZ.org/.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com  www.openvz.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .05.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.openvz.com http://wiki.

All information: http://www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.proxmox.com  www.com © 21.com Email support: support@proxmox.05.

..........................................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ..........................................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ......................................................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users .................................................................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ..........29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ................... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) .................................................................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ............................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ..............13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ........................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ..27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ...........................................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 .....................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ........24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ..........................................................................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 .............05.......36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ....39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ..........................................com  www...........org ................................................................30 4-12 Add new Rule .....................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers .....com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ...........................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1...............................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ...................................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ....................................................................................................................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule .....................28 4-9 Add new What Object ...........24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ..........................................................................................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ......................... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ..............................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 .........org and Dsbl...........................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) .............30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ....37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records.....................................................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ...................................................................................................................................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache .......................................................................................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ......................................................................................................... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ..........................................................................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 .45 © 21...................................................................................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.....................................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2..14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus..proxmox.................................. 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) .........................................................................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist .......................32 4-16 Activate Rule ... 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ..............................................................................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ............................. 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway.............10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ...............................................................................................................................................35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ..................................................................................................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule.................

proxmox.End of document - © 21.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .05.com .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful