MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8 | Email | Port (Computer Networking)

Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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this includes: performance.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment.com  www. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. © 21. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. reliability. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. If the email server is not working.05. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description.proxmox. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems.

com  www. One port is assigned to incoming.proxmox.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 . see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails. one port for outgoing e-mails. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.

05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. but they are quite useless. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. Consider two users.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. 2. because he communicates with your customers. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that.proxmox. © 21. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails.com  www. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from.

g. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.g. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall. © 21. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .2 Alternative port settings (e. port 26.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26. After processing.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails.3.proxmox.com 2. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26. using standard port 25.3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail.com  www.

proxmox. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .com  www.

0.proxmox.255.255.255.168.168. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.0 255.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.com 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.05.0.1.255.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .1 Net mask 255.16.255.1 10.com  www.2 192.0 255.255.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.com 2.com  www.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.proxmox.com to your first e-mail server.com to a second one.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .domain. otherwise it will not work! © 21. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.05.

05.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.spamhaus.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference. If you need redundancy.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.com. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.47 ms (zen. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.26 ms DNS INT: 1. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.05 ms (domain.51 DNS EXT: 46.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .com) DNSBL: 35. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.com  www.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116. 3.proxmox. Additionally. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.

Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received.com  www.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. © 21. if the triplet has never been seen before.proxmox. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level.1 Greylisting Typically. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. depends on your environment. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. If a sender has a valid SPF record. By doing the following.05. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. he will never be greylisted. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %.com 3. Then. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery.4.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. filling up the queue.

org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. e-mail.org • dsbl. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails.4.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain.openspf.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . Note: see http://www. Please make sure.05. etc. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.) to the machines that perform those services. When receiving a message from a domain. 3.com  www.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.proxmox. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 3. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.

Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.4. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.com 3.05.dsbl.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.0.1' to disable it (default).0.spamhaus.org -mailto root Note: “11. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required. Just set the IP address of your local mirror. or '127. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.org --dsbl rsync.spamhaus. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=". 3.4.proxmox.org.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.spamhaus.0.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .dsbl.0. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.com  www. but you can also use any other server within your network.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl. usually started via cron.spamhaus.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.4. Next.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.org and dsbl.spamhaus.proxmox.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen. For details visit http://www.spamhaus.2 \ sbl. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.spamhaus.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.

This could be up to 95 % of junk messages. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 . this means for your systems:     reduced traffic.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3. In short.4.5.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.05.org 3.d/rbldnsd start Finally.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. In short. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.com  www.org and Dsbl.

05.4.com  www. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).4. see chapter 3.com 3. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.5. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user. 450 means. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .2.

1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering. please use the Exchange System Manager. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.proxmox.5.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .4.05.com 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2.

05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .com  www.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

this is NOT installed by default.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .com 3.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent.05.proxmox. If you installed a typical one server installation.2. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21. 3.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First. 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 4. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” .com  www. please use the Exchange Management Console.5. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.4.

object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 . For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy. ACTION) which can contain several objects.com  www.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When . TO. domains. © 21.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What .object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.     Who . Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action .proxmox. time frame.05. WHAT. content type and resulting action. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well. WHEN. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.

spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection.proxmox. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Postfix …). With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. Lotus Domino. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. © 21. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers.05.com  www. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. Microsoft Exchange.g. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. Because of the very low cost of sending email. pishing and e-mail worms.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.proxmox.com 4.com  www.1 Default Rules 4.1. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.05.

bat.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox..3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.com.vbs.1.com 4. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.proxmox.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .05.1..

proxmox. Create a new WHO object.proxmox.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”. 4. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.g.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner. 81) 3.2. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 . Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. 1.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.2.com 4. Activate the rule © 21.com  www. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.

81) 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 .proxmox.g. 1.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.05.2. Create a new WHO object. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.com  www.

com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com  www.

“Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. 8. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.g. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21.2. e. Create a new “What Object”. 5. give a name. 2. With this additional rule. 4. 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.proxmox.com  www. 7. 1. “Delete Spamlevel 10”. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. give a name.g. e.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user.com 4.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .proxmox.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.05.

com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.05.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .

com  www.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .

Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21.2.com  www. Wait a few minutes. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. Create a new rule.g. remember e-mail address 5.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. define direction and set priority 2. 1. Under “Receiver”.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox.proxmox. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3.05. “Block Multimedia Files”. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4.2. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. If you have Microsoft Exchange.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. if you want). e. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6.

com 3. 3. e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. set direction to “in” 5. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. give a name. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group.2. Final review (still inactive) 5. © 21. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam.g.com  www. Add new rule. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. “Unknown LDAP”. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”.g.05. Activate the rule 4. give a name. 1. 1. Click on the desired rule 2. If you type an unknown e-mail address. it should not be member. then click save. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. “Unknown LDAP” 2. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. Final review (still inactive) 9. e.2. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 .7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8.proxmox. If you type a valid e-mail address. 4. Create a new “WHO Object”.

2.g.g. give a name. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. click save. e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups.com  www. © 21. e.05. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. On the other side.  Create a new “WHO Object”. give a name. set priority to 70.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. set direction to “in”.proxmox. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .com  www.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.

com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node).failures in email systems are just not acceptable. which provides extremely good performance. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21.proxmox. Configuration is done on the master.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster.

i. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1.com 5.com and mail2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. If one host fails the other is used. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules).com  www. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts.com). You will receive mails on both hosts.example. This is all you need. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.05. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 . Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21.proxmox.e.example.

See your firewall manual for more details.05.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT. © 21.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 5.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .proxmox.com  www. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.

proxmox.com.com for certified hardware. 6.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE. © 21.000rpm).6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. Proxmox 2.proxmox.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.1.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run. Alternative.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). For all details see http://pve.proxmox. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.proxmox. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 . Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.com  www.1 Physical Hardware See http://www.proxmox. optimized for the VMware™ Host. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15. 6.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance). Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware.proxmox.

1.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. While memory overcommit is possible.com/forum/. 6.3.com  www.com 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1. This leads to very poor performance. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.05.1.3. 6. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.proxmox.1.3. This means.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 . 6.vmware. http://www. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.1.com. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.1. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.proxmox.3. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.

© 21. While memory overcommit is possible. they have the best possible performance.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.3.com 6.proxmox. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. This means.1.3. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.05. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.com. 6.vmware.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.1.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.3. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. This leads to very poor performance.

2.3. 6.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.3.com  www.2.3.05. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.2.proxmox.2.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.2.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. 6.2.proxmox.3.com/forum/.2. http://www.

com  www.3.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .4 Enable time synchronization © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.2.2.

Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization. please visit http://openvz.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .org/.05.proxmox.com).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For details about OpenVZ. built on Linux. we launched a wiki page on: © 21.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.com  www. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.proxmox.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.openvz.com http://wiki.com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.openvz.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.05.

proxmox. All information: http://www.com Email support: support@proxmox.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.05.proxmox.

.......................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host .........................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object .....................................................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox............38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ..................................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files .........18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ........................................................... 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ............................................................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ............ 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ..............................................................................45 © 21........................................................ 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway.............21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2.........................................................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert .....................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent .......................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ............22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ...............31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ......................................... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) .......................................................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ...........43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ......................35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ...28 4-9 Add new What Object ...........................................................................com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ..........................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 .............33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam .......................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ......................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ...............27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” .....................................proxmox............05..................................................................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1..........................................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ...........................................................................................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule .................................org and Dsbl................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records...........14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus....................................................................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ...............................32 4-16 Activate Rule ...................................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 .11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ...................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ......................................................................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users .....................................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ................................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX .....27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ...........................30 4-12 Add new Rule ............................................................................................................................org ................................................ 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ...41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ......................................................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ......................................................................................................................................com  www..............................................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ............................................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ....

proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.proxmox.com .com  www.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.End of document - © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .

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