Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
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A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment. If the email server is not working.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. E-mail is an essential service for any organization.com  www. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. this includes: performance. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment.05.proxmox. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. © 21. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. reliability. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 .

your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. one port for outgoing e-mails.proxmox.com  www.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 . see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. One port is assigned to incoming.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too.proxmox. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from.05.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. because he communicates with your customers. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. but they are quite useless.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. Consider two users. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. 2. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2.com  www. © 21. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1.

1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails.proxmox.3.g. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26.2 Alternative port settings (e. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26. After processing. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.g. © 21. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com 2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 . port 26. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.com  www. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail. using standard port 25.3.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.

com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).com  www.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.05. Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .

168.1 10.0.255.proxmox.1 Net mask 255.255.com  www.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.0 255.168. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.05.255.255.com 2.2 192.0 255.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.0.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.255.255.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .16.1.

com  www. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.domain.05.com 2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.com to a second one. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com to your first e-mail server. otherwise it will not work! © 21. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.proxmox.

3.proxmox.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.05. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.26 ms DNS INT: 1.com) DNSBL: 35.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084.spamhaus.47 ms (zen.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.com. If you need redundancy.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.com  www.51 DNS EXT: 46. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.05 ms (domain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116. Additionally. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.

if the triplet has never been seen before. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. If a sender has a valid SPF record. depends on your environment. © 21.proxmox. By doing the following. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration). Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers.com  www. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power.4.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . Then.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist.com 3. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. filling up the queue. he will never be greylisted. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%.1 Greylisting Typically.

) to the machines that perform those services.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.com 3.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.4. 3. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.proxmox.4.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. e-mail. Note: see http://www. etc. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain.org • dsbl.com  www. Please make sure.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.openspf. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from. When receiving a message from a domain.

but you can also use any other server within your network.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.2 \ sbl.spamhaus.0.4. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.dsbl. For details visit http://www. usually started via cron. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.0.org.4.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.org -mailto root Note: “11. or '127. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.spamhaus.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.org and dsbl.41” stands for the minutes of each hour. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.dsbl.spamhaus. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".proxmox.0.4.spamhaus.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services. Next.org --dsbl rsync.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.0.com  www.com 3. 3.1' to disable it (default).spamhaus.proxmox. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.spamhaus.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.spamhaus.

90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.d/rbldnsd start Finally. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 . up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.org 3.5.org and Dsbl.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. In short.com  www. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3.proxmox.4. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.05.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays. In short. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.

For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.5.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .4.com 3.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.05. see chapter 3. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450). Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.proxmox. 450 means.5.com  www.2. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2.05.5.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.com 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 . please use the Exchange System Manager.com  www.4. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.

com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.proxmox.com  www.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .

05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .

If you installed a typical one server installation.05.2. please use the Exchange Management Console. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” . Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.4. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .proxmox.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. this is NOT installed by default.com 3. 2.5.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. 3. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. 4.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First.

ACTION) which can contain several objects.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. content type and resulting action.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . domains.05.proxmox. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well. time frame. TO.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .com  www. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM. WHAT.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user. WHEN. © 21. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .     Who .

It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. pishing and e-mail worms. Because of the very low cost of sending email.05.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. Lotus Domino.g. Microsoft Exchange. Postfix …). Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers.com  www. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated.proxmox. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .1 Default Rules 4. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.05.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.proxmox.com  www.com 4.1.

1.proxmox.vbs.bat..Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.com  www.1.05. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.com 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .com..

com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.2.com  www. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .g. 81) 3.com 4. 1.05.2.proxmox.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www. 4. Create a new WHO object.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”. Activate the rule © 21.proxmox. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.

3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses. Create a new WHO object.com  www. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. 1.proxmox.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4.2. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”.05.g.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2. 81) 3.

com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.05.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .

“Delete Spamlevel 10”. e. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21.com 4.g.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . Create a new “What Object”. With this additional rule. e. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. give a name. 5. 1. 2. 7.2. 3. 6.g.proxmox. give a name.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 8. 4.05.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .com  www.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.proxmox.05.

05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.proxmox.

Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . define direction and set priority 2. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. “Block Multimedia Files”.05. Under “Receiver”. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. Create a new rule. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox.2. If you have Microsoft Exchange. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2.com  www. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. Wait a few minutes. e. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. if you want).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.g.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. remember e-mail address 5. 1. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3.2.

Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. 1. give a name. e. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. Create a new “WHO Object”.com  www. 4.05. © 21. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. Add new rule.g. 1. “Unknown LDAP” 2. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. e. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. “Unknown LDAP”. Final review (still inactive) 9. then click save.2. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. set direction to “in” 5.proxmox. give a name. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. it should not be member. Activate the rule 4. Final review (still inactive) 5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. If you type a valid e-mail address.2.g. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. If you type an unknown e-mail address. Click on the desired rule 2.com 3. 3.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks.

give a name. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups. click save.com  www. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. give a name. e. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”.g.2. set priority to 70.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . On the other side.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes. © 21.05. e.proxmox. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file.g. set direction to “in”.  Create a new “WHO Object”.

com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .05.proxmox.

and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction.proxmox.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . which provides extremely good performance. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes. Configuration is done on the master. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node).failures in email systems are just not acceptable.

We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts. If one host fails the other is used. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1.example. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.example. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.com and mail2.com). more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling). You have to define two MX records with the same priority.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. i.com 5.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 .proxmox. You will receive mails on both hosts.e.05. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records. This is all you need.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.com 5. See your firewall manual for more details. © 21.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .

Alternative.proxmox.proxmox. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.1 Physical Hardware See http://www. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.6.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.com  www. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve. For all details see http://pve.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ).com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.000rpm). optimized for the VMware™ Host.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. © 21.05.proxmox. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve. 6. 6. Proxmox 2.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware.proxmox.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.1.com for certified hardware. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.proxmox.com.proxmox. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.

A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.3.proxmox.1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.com/forum/.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.3.05. This means.3.1.com  www. While memory overcommit is possible. 6. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. 6. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. 6.1.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.vmware.1.3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 .1 Settings for VMware™ ESX. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.1. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.proxmox. http://www. This leads to very poor performance.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.com 6.1.com.

05.com  www. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.1.3. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .3. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel.com. 6.3.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.2. © 21. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM. they have the best possible performance.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1. This leads to very poor performance. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.vmware. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. While memory overcommit is possible.com 6.proxmox. This means.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .05.proxmox.2. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.2.2.2.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. 6.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.2.proxmox.com  www.2.3.3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3. 6. http://www.3.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.com/forum/.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .4 Enable time synchronization © 21.2.com  www.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.proxmox.2.3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.

Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance.org/.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.proxmox. please visit http://openvz.com).proxmox. For details about OpenVZ. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve. we launched a wiki page on: © 21.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.com  www. built on Linux.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 . For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.

org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com http://wiki.openvz.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.05. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.com  www.openvz.

All information: http://www.05.com © 21.com  www.proxmox.com Email support: support@proxmox.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .

..............................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ..........37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records.................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ..............................org and Dsbl..... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway..............17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ....................................................................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 .................................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ...............32 4-16 Activate Rule .................................................................................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ..................................................................... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) .............................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule .....................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ....................................................................................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object .........................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ............05.............com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ..................................................................................................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ...........................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ............................................ 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ............................................................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ...............................................30 4-12 Add new Rule .........41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi . 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ .........................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ....................................................................45 © 21...................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox............26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..................................................................................................................................................................35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2.........21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1........................................................................................................................................................ 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ............20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ......................................28 4-9 Add new What Object ......................................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule...............................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ...............................................................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ....................................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ................................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ..........................................................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus................................................................................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX .............. 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ........................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host .......27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses .................................................................................................................................................proxmox...................................................................................................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ....................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ........... 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ..............43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway .......................................................com  www..........31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ..32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ...........org .......................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ...........42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ...................................................................

com  www.com .proxmox.05.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.proxmox.End of document - © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

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