Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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© 21. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. If the email server is not working. this includes: performance.05.com  www. reliability. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails.proxmox. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 .proxmox. One port is assigned to incoming. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails. one port for outgoing e-mails.com  www. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.

Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too.com  www.proxmox. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. © 21.05. but they are quite useless. because he communicates with your customers. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. 2. Consider two users.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 .

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.g. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.3. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2. using standard port 25.com  www. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26.proxmox.2 Alternative port settings (e. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. After processing.com 2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .g. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail. port 26.3. © 21.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26). Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .com  www. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.proxmox.05.

0. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.1 10. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.com 2.255.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .2 192.1 Net mask 255.0 255.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.com  www.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.16.255.168.1.0.168.255.255.255.0 255.255.proxmox.

05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.domain. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 . In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.com 2.com to a second one.com  www. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.com to your first e-mail server.proxmox. otherwise it will not work! © 21.

If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084. Additionally.com. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8. If you need redundancy.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.05 ms (domain.05.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.spamhaus. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.proxmox. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.com  www. 3.26 ms DNS INT: 1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.51 DNS EXT: 46.47 ms (zen. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 . And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.com) DNSBL: 35. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.

depends on your environment. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration). Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. © 21.4. If a sender has a valid SPF record. Then. if the triplet has never been seen before.1 Greylisting Typically. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. filling up the queue. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received.05. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. he will never be greylisted. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 .4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. By doing the following.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 3.com  www.proxmox. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%.

Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.proxmox. Note: see http://www. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.com 3. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.com  www. When receiving a message from a domain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 .) to the machines that perform those services.05.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21.org • dsbl.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails.openspf.4. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.4. 3.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain. Please make sure. e-mail. etc. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.

dsbl.proxmox. Next.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.4.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.2 \ sbl.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.org -mailto root Note: “11.4.41” stands for the minutes of each hour. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".0.spamhaus.spamhaus. Just set the IP address of your local mirror. For details visit http://www.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.spamhaus.dsbl. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.spamhaus. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.05.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.0.0. but you can also use any other server within your network.spamhaus.proxmox. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus. usually started via cron. 3.spamhaus. or '127.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 . Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.org --dsbl rsync.4. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.org and dsbl.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.1' to disable it (default).com  www.spamhaus.com 3. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.0.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.org.

which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.d/rbldnsd start Finally.org 3.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 . e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3. In short.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays.05.com  www. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners.4.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init.org and Dsbl. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.5.4. In short.

see chapter 3.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.com  www.4. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .com 3.5. 450 means.proxmox.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.5. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.4.

com  www.com 3.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.2.5. please use the Exchange System Manager.05.4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 . Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.

com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.05.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .

com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .proxmox.05.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.

Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 . Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.5.05. If you installed a typical one server installation.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. this is NOT installed by default.proxmox.2.com  www. 3. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” . 4.com 3.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. 2.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent.4. please use the Exchange Management Console.

content type and resulting action.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject.     Who . Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . © 21. TO. WHEN. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When . ACTION) which can contain several objects.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .05.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user. time frame.com  www.proxmox. domains. WHAT.

It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. Postfix …).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. © 21. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. Because of the very low cost of sending email. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day.com  www. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. Microsoft Exchange. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated.05. Lotus Domino. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done.g. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . pishing and e-mail worms.

1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.05.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.proxmox.1 Default Rules 4. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .com 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.1.1.

com 4.bat.proxmox.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.05...com  www.com.vbs. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.

proxmox.com 4.2. 4.com  www. Create a new WHO object. Activate the rule © 21. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.g.05. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www. 81) 3. 1.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.

give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2. 1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.05. 81) 3.g. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. Create a new WHO object.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”.2.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 .

proxmox.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.05.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .

you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . e. With this additional rule.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. 2. 4. 7.g.g.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. give a name. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule.com  www.2.05. e. 8. “Delete Spamlevel 10”.com 4. 6. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. 1. 5. give a name. Create a new “What Object”. 3. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!.proxmox.

com  www.05.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.

proxmox.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .05.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.05.proxmox.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3.05. Create a new rule. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. Under “Receiver”.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. If you have Microsoft Exchange. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2.proxmox. e. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4.2. 1. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4.2.com  www. Wait a few minutes. if you want).g.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. define direction and set priority 2. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. remember e-mail address 5. “Block Multimedia Files”.

proxmox.g. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. Add new rule. 1. set direction to “in” 5.com  www. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. If you type an unknown e-mail address. “Unknown LDAP”. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”.2. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object.2. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. 4. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. Final review (still inactive) 5. 3.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. Create a new “WHO Object”. “Unknown LDAP” 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Click on the desired rule 2. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4.g. give a name. then click save.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. © 21. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. give a name. 1. Final review (still inactive) 9. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. it should not be member.05. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. If you type a valid e-mail address. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization.com 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . e. e. Activate the rule 4. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address.

set direction to “in”.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule.com  www. set priority to 70. © 21. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody.05. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. On the other side.2.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . click save. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.  Create a new “WHO Object”. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu.g.g. e. give a name.proxmox. give a name.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups.

com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Configuration is done on the master. which provides extremely good performance.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 .com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible.failures in email systems are just not acceptable. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction.05. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node).proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 .example.com).proxmox.example.com  www. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling). each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.com 5.e. If one host fails the other is used.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). i. This is all you need. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1.05.com and mail2. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21. You will receive mails on both hosts.

com 5. © 21. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.05.proxmox. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.com  www.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT. See your firewall manual for more details.

000rpm).05.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.6. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.1. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.com for certified hardware.proxmox.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware. 6.proxmox. Proxmox 2.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™. © 21.com.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 6.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance). optimized for the VMware™ Host. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE. Alternative. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .proxmox. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6. Proxmox can be run under VMware™. For all details see http://pve.proxmox.proxmox.1 Physical Hardware See http://www.

com. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads. 6.proxmox.vmware.3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.proxmox.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.1.1. While memory overcommit is possible. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.3.3.3.com  www. This leads to very poor performance.1.com 6. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. 6.1.1. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. http://www.3.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. 6.1.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.com/forum/. This means.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 .

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .vmware.05.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.com 6.3.1. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.com.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel. This means. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. © 21.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. 6. This leads to very poor performance. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. they have the best possible performance.1. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.2. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.3. While memory overcommit is possible.proxmox.

1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.05.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.com  www.3.2.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. http://www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3.2.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.proxmox.2.2. 6.2.2. 6.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.proxmox.com/forum/. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.3.

05.2.2.3.proxmox.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .

built on Linux. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.05. we launched a wiki page on: © 21. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .org/.proxmox. please visit http://openvz.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For details about OpenVZ. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance.com). OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.

com http://wiki.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.openvz.05.openvz.com  www.proxmox. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .

com Email support: support@proxmox.com © 21. All information: http://www.proxmox.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .05.

................................................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ........21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1...........................30 4-12 Add new Rule ......................................................................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ....44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ..41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ............... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ....proxmox................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ....31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule .................................................................................................................................................................................................................com  www..........................................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ..............32 4-16 Activate Rule .........................com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ...................................................................................................35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ..........10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ............................................................................................................ 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ....19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ..................................05........org .......................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ...............................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ..............20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ...................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” . 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ...........14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus..........Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox...............29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ......................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files .........................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule.............................................................................................................................................................................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records...................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ...............................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ...............................................................................................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 .......................................................................................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses .............................45 © 21..................................................................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ............................................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway .................................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ...17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ..............................................................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ..........................................................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ...................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ........org and Dsbl.......................................................................................................................................28 4-9 Add new What Object ............11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache .................................... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway..................................................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users .............................................................................. 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ................................................................................................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ................................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ..22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses .................................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ............................................................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ...21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2..............

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com .05.proxmox.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .End of document - © 21.proxmox.

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