Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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The process works similar for outgoing e-mails.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks.05. this includes: performance. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity.proxmox. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. reliability. If the email server is not working. E-mail is an essential service for any organization.

Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. One port is assigned to incoming.05.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.com  www. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.proxmox. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 . your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. one port for outgoing e-mails.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. 2. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . Consider two users.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. but they are quite useless. because he communicates with your customers.com  www.proxmox. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. © 21. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice.05. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too.

changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .g. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26.com 2. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26. port 26. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. © 21.2 Alternative port settings (e. using standard port 25. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.g.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail.proxmox.com  www.3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. After processing.05.

In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 . Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.com  www.

255.0 255.05.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.com 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.16.1 Net mask 255.1.255.255.1 10.168.0 255.2 192.255.255.255.0.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .proxmox.0. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.com  www. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.168.

com to your first e-mail server. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.com  www.domain. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.05.com 2.com to a second one.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 . SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers. otherwise it will not work! © 21. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.

Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.47 ms (zen.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.com) DNSBL: 35.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.26 ms DNS INT: 1.51 DNS EXT: 46. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .proxmox.05 ms (domain. Additionally. 3. If you need redundancy. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.com.spamhaus. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.05.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.

com  www. Then.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4.1 Greylisting Typically. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %.proxmox. he will never be greylisted. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level.05. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration). Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist.com 3. © 21. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. depends on your environment.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. By doing the following. If a sender has a valid SPF record. filling up the queue.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . if the triplet has never been seen before. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error.

All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain.org • dsbl. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.05.) to the machines that perform those services. Please make sure. etc.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 .com  www. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.4. When receiving a message from a domain.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails. e-mail.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21.com 3.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Note: see http://www.openspf.proxmox. 3.

Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.spamhaus.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.2 \ sbl.com 3.dsbl.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.4.dsbl.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.spamhaus. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.proxmox. Next. usually started via cron.org and dsbl.spamhaus.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.spamhaus.0. For details visit http://www.0.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary. 3.org. or '127.05. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=". please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.0.proxmox.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.spamhaus.1' to disable it (default).spamhaus.0.org -mailto root Note: “11.4.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1. but you can also use any other server within your network.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.com  www. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .spamhaus. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.org --dsbl rsync.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.4.

1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.d/rbldnsd start Finally.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.org and Dsbl.proxmox.4.05. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init.org 3.5.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 . In short.4. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners. In short. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic.

proxmox.5.05.5.com 3. see chapter 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).com  www. 450 means.2. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .4.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.

05.com 3. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.proxmox.4.com  www.5.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 . please use the Exchange System Manager.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .

proxmox.05.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 . 4. 2.com 3. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First.com  www.proxmox. this is NOT installed by default. please use the Exchange Management Console.4.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent.2.5. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. 3. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” . If you installed a typical one server installation.

domains.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.05. WHAT. time frame.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains.proxmox. ACTION) which can contain several objects. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy. content type and resulting action. TO.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What .com  www. © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .     Who . WHEN.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .

spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. © 21. Microsoft Exchange. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. Lotus Domino. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. Because of the very low cost of sending email.proxmox. Postfix …). For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications.05. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. pishing and e-mail worms.g. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers.

com 4.05.1 Default Rules 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .1.proxmox. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.1. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.com  www.

com.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.vbs.proxmox.1. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.05..2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .com  www.com 4.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.1.bat.

Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.com 4. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.proxmox.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).05. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.proxmox.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”. Create a new WHO object. 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 . Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.2.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www. 81) 3.g.com  www. 1. Activate the rule © 21.

Create a new WHO object.proxmox. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”.com  www.g.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 81) 3.05.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4. 1.2. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 .

05.proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.

give a name. 5. 1. e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. “Delete Spamlevel 10”.05. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. 8. Create a new “What Object”. With this additional rule. 3.proxmox.2. 6. 4.g.com 4. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. 7.g. e.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. give a name.com  www. 2.

proxmox.com  www.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .05.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.proxmox.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .proxmox.05.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.com  www.

com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. If you have Microsoft Exchange. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. “Block Multimedia Files”. remember e-mail address 5. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it.2. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6.2.proxmox.g. Wait a few minutes. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. define direction and set priority 2. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. e. if you want).6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”.com  www. Under “Receiver”.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2.05. 1. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. Create a new rule.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder.

just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. Final review (still inactive) 9. “Unknown LDAP” 2. then click save.com  www.2. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. give a name. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. Final review (still inactive) 5. 1. Activate the rule 4. Click on the desired rule 2. 4. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. If you type a valid e-mail address. set direction to “in” 5. “Unknown LDAP”.g. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. 3. If you type an unknown e-mail address.2. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object.05.g.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . © 21. e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. it should not be member. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. Add new rule. Create a new “WHO Object”. give a name. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4.com 3.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. 1. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. e.proxmox.

com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4.g. set direction to “in”. set priority to 70.05. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. give a name.g.2.  Create a new “WHO Object”. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object. e. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. © 21. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu. give a name.com  www.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. On the other side. click save. e. “Block Multimedia for Staff”.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .proxmox.05.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.com  www.

com  www.05.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . Configuration is done on the master. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible.proxmox. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster. which provides extremely good performance.failures in email systems are just not acceptable.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

You have to define two MX records with the same priority. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). i.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.example. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).com  www.com and mail2.com). Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 .com 5. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21.example. This is all you need. If one host fails the other is used. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts.e. You will receive mails on both hosts.05.

but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.com  www.proxmox. © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 . It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. See your firewall manual for more details.com 5.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.

Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6. 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15. 6.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.com.000rpm).com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware.proxmox.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.com for certified hardware.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings. © 21. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.proxmox.6. For all details see http://pve. optimized for the VMware™ Host.com  www.proxmox.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.proxmox.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance). Proxmox 2. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .1 Physical Hardware See http://www.05. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox. Alternative.

1.3.1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.3. 6. This means.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.com 6. http://www. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.3.1.com  www.1.proxmox.1.3. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.1.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. While memory overcommit is possible.05. This leads to very poor performance.com/forum/.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads. 6.3.vmware. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.com.1.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 .proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 . the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. This means.com  www. While memory overcommit is possible.3.proxmox. This leads to very poor performance.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.1.3. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. © 21. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.1. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.com.05.com 6. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.3. 6.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6. they have the best possible performance. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.vmware.2.

3.3. http://www. 6.com  www.2.05.2.proxmox.2.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21. 6.3.proxmox.2.3.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .2.2. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.com/forum/.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

05.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .3.proxmox.com  www.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2.2.

org/.05.proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.com). Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. built on Linux. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance. we launched a wiki page on: © 21. please visit http://openvz. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ. For details about OpenVZ.com  www.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.

openvz.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 . we developed vzdump: http://wiki.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.com http://wiki.openvz.05.proxmox.

com Email support: support@proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www.com © 21. All information: http://www.proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.

.................35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ..............................................05..............................................................................................................proxmox...................................................................... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) .................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 .................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records........13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ..............................................................................................org .........................................................................................................................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule......31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule .....................................................................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object .....26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ...............................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ..............................................................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ...........24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert .........28 4-9 Add new What Object .......... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ...................................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records .........................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ................... 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) .............................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.............org and Dsbl...................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2....................................................................................................................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox..... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) .......................................................................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ................................32 4-16 Activate Rule ......................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ...............31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ........................................................................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ..............com  www..10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ........41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ..........................................................................................................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ................................45 © 21..........32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ............ 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway...................................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ...................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ......30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 .......................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses .........com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ..........................................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ............................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache .....18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ...................................................................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ..............................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ......................................................................... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ .............25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam .............................................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1............................................................................. 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ..................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ...........................30 4-12 Add new Rule ..........

End of document - © 21.proxmox.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.com .2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .05.proxmox.

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