Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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com  www. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. this includes: performance. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. reliability.05. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description. If the email server is not working. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 .proxmox. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. © 21.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment. E-mail is an essential service for any organization.

One port is assigned to incoming.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster.com  www. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. one port for outgoing e-mails.

Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people.05. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 .com  www. © 21. Consider two users. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that.proxmox. 2. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. because he communicates with your customers. but they are quite useless. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information.

© 21. After processing.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2 Alternative port settings (e. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 . Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet. port 26.g.com 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.3. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.com  www. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2.3. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e. using standard port 25.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails.proxmox.g.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 . Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.proxmox. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).com  www.

168.com  www.0 255.168.proxmox.255.1 Net mask 255.1 10.255.0 255.05.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.0.0.16.255.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.com 2.1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.255.255.2 192.255.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 . The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.

In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.domain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. otherwise it will not work! © 21.com 2. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.05.com  www. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .proxmox.com to a second one.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.com to your first e-mail server.

Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.26 ms DNS INT: 1.51 DNS EXT: 46. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.com 3 Performance Tuning 3. Additionally. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084. If you need redundancy.05 ms (domain.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.com.com) DNSBL: 35.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 3.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .spamhaus.com  www.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.proxmox.47 ms (zen.05.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.

com  www. If a sender has a valid SPF record. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail.proxmox.4. filling up the queue. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. Then.com 3. By doing the following. © 21. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration). he will never be greylisted. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. depends on your environment. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. if the triplet has never been seen before. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received.1 Greylisting Typically.05.

05. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.com  www. etc.4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . 3. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.org • dsbl. e-mail.4.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. Please make sure.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.com 3. Note: see http://www. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.) to the machines that perform those services.openspf. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from. When receiving a message from a domain. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.

proxmox. or '127. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.dsbl.4. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl. but you can also use any other server within your network.spamhaus.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.spamhaus. For details visit http://www.org.spamhaus. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".dsbl.1' to disable it (default). Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.4.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.05.spamhaus.0. 3.spamhaus. Next.spamhaus.spamhaus. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.org --dsbl rsync.proxmox. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .org:ip4set:sbl \ zen. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.2 \ sbl.org and dsbl. usually started via cron.com 3.org -mailto root Note: “11.0.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.com  www.4.0.0.

5 Receiver Verification Nowadays. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.4.org and Dsbl. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic.proxmox.org 3.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 . redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus. In short.com  www.05. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users. In short.5. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners.d/rbldnsd start Finally.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.5.4. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.05. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.2.5.com  www.4.com 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 . see chapter 3.proxmox. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450). 450 means.

4.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .5.proxmox. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.com 3.2.05. please use the Exchange System Manager.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.

com  www.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.

com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .proxmox.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.05.

5. If you installed a typical one server installation.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. 4.05.com 3. please use the Exchange Management Console.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First.com  www. 3.4.proxmox. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1. this is NOT installed by default. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” .2. 2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. ACTION) which can contain several objects.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When . © 21. WHEN. domains.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . WHAT.     Who . It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user. time frame. content type and resulting action.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains. TO.05. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object . recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well.com  www.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .

05. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. pishing and e-mail worms. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. © 21. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated. Microsoft Exchange.g.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. Lotus Domino. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers.com  www. Postfix …). The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. Because of the very low cost of sending email. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

com  www.05.1. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .1 Default Rules 4.com 4.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.1.

com  www..1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.proxmox.1.bat. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.vbs. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.com.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (..com 4.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4. Create a new WHO object. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .05. Activate the rule © 21. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4. 1. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.proxmox.proxmox.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.2. 81) 3. 4. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.g.com 4.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . 1. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.2.com  www. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.proxmox. 81) 3.g.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. Create a new WHO object. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”.

05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.com  www.

2. 8. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . “Delete Spamlevel 10”. give a name. e.com  www.proxmox. 4. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. give a name.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. 1. 7.com 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.g. With this additional rule. Create a new “What Object”. 5. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.g.05. 3.2. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. e.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .com  www.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.

com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.

05.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.

name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. 1.05.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. e. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. Wait a few minutes. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. remember e-mail address 5.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. Under “Receiver”. If you have Microsoft Exchange. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. “Block Multimedia Files”. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. if you want). "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 .6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1.proxmox. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1.g. define direction and set priority 2.2.2. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. Create a new rule.

“Unknown LDAP”.2. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. then click save. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4.com  www. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. Add new rule.proxmox. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. give a name.g. 1. 1.05. it should not be member. “Unknown LDAP” 2. e. give a name. Click on the desired rule 2.2. © 21. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. If you type an unknown e-mail address. e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8.com 3. 4. Create a new “WHO Object”.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. Final review (still inactive) 9. If you type a valid e-mail address.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . set direction to “in” 5. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. 3. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. Final review (still inactive) 5. Activate the rule 4.g.

9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups. e.2.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file. give a name. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes. set direction to “in”.  Create a new “WHO Object”. set priority to 70. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. e. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. On the other side.05. give a name.g.g.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. click save. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object.com  www. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. © 21.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule.

proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21.05.failures in email systems are just not acceptable. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. which provides extremely good performance. Configuration is done on the master.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme.com  www. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node).

This is all you need. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1.proxmox.com 5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 .1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records. You will receive mails on both hosts.example. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.e. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.example.com). i. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules).05. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).com and mail2. If one host fails the other is used.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 . © 21.proxmox. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.com 5. See your firewall manual for more details.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.com  www.

05.proxmox. optimized for the VMware™ Host.proxmox. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.com.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.proxmox.1 Physical Hardware See http://www.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com for certified hardware. 6. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.proxmox.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ).proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 . preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.000rpm).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 6.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance). Proxmox 2. Proxmox can be run under VMware™. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware. Alternative.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.com  www. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE. © 21.1.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™. For all details see http://pve.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.6.

While memory overcommit is possible.com. 6.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.3. This means. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.3.1.1.1.proxmox.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.proxmox.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.com 6.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.com/forum/. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.vmware.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 .1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.com  www. http://www. 6.1.1.3. 6.05.3. This leads to very poor performance.1.3. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.

3. While memory overcommit is possible.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.1.com 6.com  www. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.3. 6. they have the best possible performance. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. © 21. This means.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel.2. This leads to very poor performance. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.05.3. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.com.vmware.

2.3.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2.2.3.proxmox. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.2.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .2. http://www.3.com/forum/.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.3.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.05.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. 6. 6.proxmox.2.com  www.

3.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .2.proxmox.05.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.2.

Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance. we launched a wiki page on: © 21. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ. For details about OpenVZ.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .org/. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.proxmox.proxmox.05. built on Linux.com). please visit http://openvz.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.com  www.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.

com http://wiki.com  www.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .proxmox. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.openvz.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.openvz.

com Email support: support@proxmox.proxmox.com © 21.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 . All information: http://www.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.

38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ..................................................................................................................................................................com  www...26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ....36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ............................35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” .........................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records....................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” .................................................................................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache .............org ..................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ..............................................................................................................28 4-9 Add new What Object ............18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 .................................com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ......21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2....................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ..................... 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ...........................................................................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ..................................................................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi .......................................................................................................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule.... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ....43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1...............................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files .16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers .........13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ....................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ........................................................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 .19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 .................................................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ..........45 © 21..29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object .......................................................05..........2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway.........................................................................................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ....................................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ..31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule .30 4-12 Add new Rule .....................................................org and Dsbl.......................................................................... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ .................................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.........................................................................................................................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ...........................................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host .............................................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert .....32 4-16 Activate Rule ........................................................... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ............................................................ 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ........................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ............................. 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ..................................................................................................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ..............22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses .............................................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ........proxmox........................................................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox..................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent .........

05.com  www.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.End of document - © 21.com .proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.

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