Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. reliability. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description.05. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment.com  www. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. If the email server is not working. this includes: performance. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. © 21.

com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. One port is assigned to incoming. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails. one port for outgoing e-mails.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.com  www.05. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster.proxmox. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.

This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. Consider two users.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 .com  www. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. 2. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. © 21. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. but they are quite useless. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from.proxmox.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. because he communicates with your customers.

After processing.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 . port 26.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.proxmox. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail.g. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26. © 21.3. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2. using standard port 25. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.2 Alternative port settings (e. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2.com  www. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26.com 2.3.05.g.

In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).05. Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.proxmox.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .

0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.com 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.0.05. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .0.255.0 255.proxmox.255.1 Net mask 255.255.255.16.168.255.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.168.1 10.2 192.255.1.com  www.0 255. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.

05. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .com to a second one.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain. otherwise it will not work! © 21.com to your first e-mail server.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com 2. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.domain. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.

47 ms (zen.05.51 DNS EXT: 46. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084. 3.com  www. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.05 ms (domain.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 . If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.spamhaus.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.com 3 Performance Tuning 3. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.proxmox. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference. If you need redundancy.com) DNSBL: 35.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Additionally.26 ms DNS INT: 1.com.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.

Then.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. depends on your environment. By doing the following. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . if the triplet has never been seen before. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %. filling up the queue.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. If a sender has a valid SPF record. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. © 21.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail.4.05. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery.com 3. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3.1 Greylisting Typically.com  www. he will never be greylisted. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . etc.) to the machines that perform those services.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus. 3. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.com  www.4.org • dsbl.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain.05. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from. Please make sure. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.com 3.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails. e-mail.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.openspf. When receiving a message from a domain.proxmox.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. Note: see http://www.4.

org:ip4tset:xbl \ list. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".org -mailto root Note: “11. 3.05.spamhaus.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.com  www.org.4.org --dsbl rsync.41” stands for the minutes of each hour. For details visit http://www.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.spamhaus.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .4.com 3. usually started via cron.0.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.0.spamhaus.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.proxmox.org and dsbl.spamhaus.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.proxmox.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.dsbl.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.spamhaus.1' to disable it (default).0. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license. but you can also use any other server within your network.spamhaus. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.4. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.dsbl.0.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen. or '127. Next.2 \ sbl.spamhaus. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.

4. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level. In short. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.d/rbldnsd start Finally.5.4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 . e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.org and Dsbl. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.05.com  www.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. In short. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.proxmox. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays.org 3.

see chapter 3.5.5.05.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).proxmox. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.2. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 . 450 means. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.com 3.4. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.

4.com 3.proxmox.com  www. please use the Exchange System Manager.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 . Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

05.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .proxmox.

please use the Exchange Management Console.com 3. 3. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .4.com  www. 2. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent.05.2.proxmox. 4. If you installed a typical one server installation. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” . this is NOT installed by default.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent.

Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .05.com  www. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .proxmox.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object . For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy. WHEN. WHAT. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . ACTION) which can contain several objects.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains. © 21.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. time frame. domains. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well.     Who .object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. TO. content type and resulting action.

Lotus Domino. Microsoft Exchange.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers.proxmox. Because of the very low cost of sending email. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. Postfix …). Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes.05. © 21. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. pishing and e-mail worms. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming.g. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .1 Default Rules 4.com 4.proxmox. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.com  www.1.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.1.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.

vbs.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox..4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 . …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.com.1.bat.com 4.com  www. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.1.05..proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.2.2.proxmox. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.com 4. 1. Create a new WHO object. 4.proxmox. Activate the rule © 21. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.com  www.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).05.g.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4. 81) 3.

you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4.proxmox.2. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . 81) 3.g. Create a new WHO object.com  www.05. 1.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .

you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user. give a name.g. “Delete Spamlevel 10”.com  www.proxmox. Create a new “What Object”. 3.2. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. e. give a name. 2.com 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. With this additional rule. e. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21.05. 7. 1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . 5.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. 8.g. 4. 6.

05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.com  www.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .05.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.com  www.proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.com  www.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.

com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 .05.2. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. “Block Multimedia Files”. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. Wait a few minutes. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. If you have Microsoft Exchange. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. remember e-mail address 5.2. Under “Receiver”.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. Create a new rule. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. if you want).proxmox. define direction and set priority 2. 1.com  www. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. e. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1.g.

8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks.g. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. 1. then click save.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 .7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. 4. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. Final review (still inactive) 9. give a name. If you type a valid e-mail address. Final review (still inactive) 5. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. If you type an unknown e-mail address. “Unknown LDAP”. 1. e. Add new rule.05. Create a new “WHO Object”. © 21. it should not be member. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4.g. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule.com 3. Click on the desired rule 2.2. “Unknown LDAP” 2. Activate the rule 4.com  www. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. 3.proxmox. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. give a name. e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object.2. set direction to “in” 5. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses.

click save. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.05. e.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . you do not want to block these funny things for everybody.2.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. set direction to “in”. give a name. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file.g. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. © 21.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule.  Create a new “WHO Object”. e. On the other side. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object. set priority to 70.g.com  www. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. give a name.proxmox.

com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.05.

This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. Configuration is done on the master.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node).proxmox. which provides extremely good performance. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel.failures in email systems are just not acceptable.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 .05.com  www.

1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records. This is all you need.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 .05. If one host fails the other is used. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). i.e.com  www.example.com 5.example. You will receive mails on both hosts. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21. You have to define two MX records with the same priority.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com and mail2.com). more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 . It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT. © 21.com  www.com 5.proxmox. See your firewall manual for more details.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.

com.proxmox. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.proxmox. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.000rpm). Proxmox can be run under VMware™. © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 . Alternative.proxmox. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.6.1. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6. 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve. optimized for the VMware™ Host.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).1 Physical Hardware See http://www. Proxmox 2.com  www. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ).proxmox. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware. For all details see http://pve. 6.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.com for certified hardware.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.proxmox.

1.com/forum/.1. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.com.1. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.1. 6.3.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.1. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.com  www.com 6.3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 .3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.3.proxmox.05.vmware.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.proxmox.1. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. 6. This means. While memory overcommit is possible. This leads to very poor performance.3. http://www.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.3. 6.

3.3. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 . This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 6.1. © 21. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.com  www.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.com. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.1.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. they have the best possible performance. This leads to very poor performance.2. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.05.vmware. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. While memory overcommit is possible.com 6.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel.proxmox. This means.3.

05.com  www.com/forum/.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.proxmox.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.2. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.3.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2. 6.2.3.proxmox. http://www.3.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .3.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. 6.2.

3.2.05.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.2.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .com  www.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime. For details about OpenVZ. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance.com).com  www. we launched a wiki page on: © 21.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .05. built on Linux.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.org/.proxmox. please visit http://openvz.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.openvz. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.05.proxmox.openvz.com http://wiki.com  www.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.

All information: http://www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com Email support: support@proxmox.05.com  www.com © 21.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.

........................................................................................32 4-16 Activate Rule ..........................................................................................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ......................................................................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1.............................................................com  www......................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2...................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ................................................................................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ......................................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ..................................................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host .......com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway .....16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ...............................................................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ....................................................................................................................................................................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host .25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ............... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) .................................................................................. 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) .................................................................................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ......................45 © 21..........................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records .....................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks .............37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records......................................................................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway .............41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ......................org and Dsbl...................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ....27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ..............................................................................................................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ........................................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users .............................................30 4-12 Add new Rule ......... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ .39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ...............................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files .................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ....org ........ 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) .......20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 .................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 .20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ..................................................................28 4-9 Add new What Object ..............................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ..............................................................................................proxmox................................................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ...........................................................................05.................................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.......................................................................................................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ....33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule..... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ...........................................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.........32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ................................................................ 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway.............................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ...... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ..................................................................................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” .............................35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ..................

proxmox.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.proxmox.End of document - © 21.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com .2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .com  www.

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