Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

2

49

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
3

3

4

5

6

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

49

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

4

49

05. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . The process works similar for outgoing e-mails.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. reliability. © 21. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. this includes: performance.proxmox. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. If the email server is not working. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver.

proxmox. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster.com  www. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 .1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. One port is assigned to incoming. one port for outgoing e-mails.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21.05. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2.

Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back.05. because he communicates with your customers. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice.proxmox. Consider two users. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information.com  www. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. 2. but they are quite useless. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. © 21. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails.

Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.com  www. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.05. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.g. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.3. © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26.g.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 . using standard port 25.com 2. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway. port 26.2 Alternative port settings (e.3. After processing.proxmox.

In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .proxmox.05. Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 . The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.255.255.255. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.05.1 10.0 255.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.255.168.1 Net mask 255.255.com  www.0.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.0.com 2.2 192.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.0 255.255.1.proxmox.16.168.

For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.com to a second one. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.05.domain. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.com 2.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com to your first e-mail server.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 . In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license. otherwise it will not work! © 21.proxmox.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.

If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.proxmox.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.com. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.com) DNSBL: 35.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.com  www.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .51 DNS EXT: 46.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.05. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21. 3.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea. Additionally.05 ms (domain.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8. If you need redundancy. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.26 ms DNS INT: 1.47 ms (zen.spamhaus.

05. if the triplet has never been seen before.1 Greylisting Typically. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. By doing the following. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 .4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).com 3.4. he will never be greylisted. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. Then. If a sender has a valid SPF record. depends on your environment. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers.proxmox. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. © 21. filling up the queue.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

etc.org • dsbl.) to the machines that perform those services. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.proxmox.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain.05.4. Please make sure.com 3. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection. e-mail.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. Note: see http://www.com  www. 3. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain. When receiving a message from a domain.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails.openspf.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.

Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.0.com  www.spamhaus.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.4.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl. usually started via cron.0.org --dsbl rsync.org.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.com 3. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.4.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.0.0.spamhaus.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl. Just set the IP address of your local mirror. or '127.dsbl. Next. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.05.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.spamhaus.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen. For details visit http://www.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.org and dsbl.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.spamhaus.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.4. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.spamhaus.2 \ sbl.proxmox.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.org -mailto root Note: “11. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required. but you can also use any other server within your network.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.spamhaus.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .proxmox.spamhaus.1' to disable it (default). 3.dsbl.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.

redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.5.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org 3. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.proxmox. In short.4.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init.com  www. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic.4.d/rbldnsd start Finally. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users. In short. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.org and Dsbl.

4. see chapter 3.com  www. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2.4.com 3.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 . 450 means.proxmox. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.05.5.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.5.

com  www.com 3.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering. please use the Exchange System Manager.05.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .proxmox. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.5.4.

proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .05.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .proxmox.com  www.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.05.

please use the Exchange Management Console. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 2. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” .proxmox. this is NOT installed by default.5. 3.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent.05. If you installed a typical one server installation.com 3. 4.2. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent.com  www.

proxmox. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What .object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well.     Who . WHAT. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains. time frame.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When . WHEN. ACTION) which can contain several objects.05. TO.com  www. © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. domains. content type and resulting action.

With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. Postfix …).g. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail.proxmox.com  www. Because of the very low cost of sending email. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . Microsoft Exchange.05. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. © 21. Lotus Domino. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. pishing and e-mail worms. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated.

1.com 4.1.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 . Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.1 Default Rules 4.com  www.proxmox.05. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.

05. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .bat..com  www.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.com 4.1.1.proxmox.com.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox..vbs.

81) 3.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”). 4. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.g.proxmox. 1.proxmox.com  www. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.com 4. Create a new WHO object. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2.2.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality. Activate the rule © 21.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.05. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2. 81) 3. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. 1. Create a new WHO object. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4.05.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.g. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.com  www.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.05.proxmox.

2. “Delete Spamlevel 10”. 6.05. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user. 2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule.proxmox. give a name.com 4. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. Create a new “What Object”. e. 4. e.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. 3. 1. give a name. 7.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.g.g. 5. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. 8. With this additional rule.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.proxmox.

com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.05.

com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.proxmox.05.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.g. e.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. “Block Multimedia Files”. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it.com  www. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. If you have Microsoft Exchange.05. remember e-mail address 5. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1.proxmox. Under “Receiver”. if you want). Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. Wait a few minutes.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox.2. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. Create a new rule. 1. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. define direction and set priority 2. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21.

it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. then click save.g. e. 1. it should not be member. 4. Add new rule.g. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4.2. 1. “Unknown LDAP” 2. Activate the rule 4.proxmox. “Unknown LDAP”. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. set direction to “in” 5. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8.com  www. 3. If you type a valid e-mail address. e.05. © 21. Final review (still inactive) 9. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. give a name. Create a new “WHO Object”. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. Click on the desired rule 2. Final review (still inactive) 5.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule.com 3.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. If you type an unknown e-mail address. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. give a name.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

set direction to “in”. give a name. e. “Block Multimedia for Staff”.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file.g.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 .  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu.  Create a new “WHO Object”.05. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody.g.proxmox. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object. © 21.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. set priority to 70. give a name.2. e. click save. On the other side.

com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .proxmox.05.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.

com  www. Configuration is done on the master.failures in email systems are just not acceptable. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster.proxmox. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction.05. which provides extremely good performance.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible.

com).com 5. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.e. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.example.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records. You have to define two MX records with the same priority.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 .05. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).com  www. You will receive mails on both hosts. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts.com and mail2.example. This is all you need. If one host fails the other is used. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21. i.

3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.proxmox. See your firewall manual for more details. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5. © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.05.com 5.com  www.

proxmox. Alternative.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ).6.proxmox. © 21. 6.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.000rpm). For all details see http://pve.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.05. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6. optimized for the VMware™ Host.proxmox.com. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 . For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.com for certified hardware. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE. 6.1.proxmox.proxmox.1 Physical Hardware See http://www. Proxmox 2.proxmox.com  www.

1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. 6.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.1.3.com.vmware. This means.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.3.1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.com 6.1. While memory overcommit is possible.1. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.com  www.com/forum/.3. 6.proxmox.1.3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 .proxmox.1. 6. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads. This leads to very poor performance.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.3.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.05. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. http://www. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.

Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.3.proxmox.3.vmware. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.com 6. This leads to very poor performance.1.com. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6. © 21. 6. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. they have the best possible performance. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. This means.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 . This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.3.com  www.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.2.1. While memory overcommit is possible.

3. 6.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.2.3.05.com  www.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .3.3. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.proxmox. 6.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.2.com/forum/.2.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. http://www.

05.proxmox.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.2.2.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .3.

we launched a wiki page on: © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .proxmox. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime. please visit http://openvz.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.05.proxmox.org/.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6. For details about OpenVZ. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.com  www. built on Linux.com).

proxmox.openvz.openvz.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.com  www.com http://wiki.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .

All information: http://www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Email support: support@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.05.com © 21.proxmox.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .

......31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule .............................................................................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers .............................................................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox..........................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ............. 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ .............. 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway...14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus....................................................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ........................................................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ..................................................................28 4-9 Add new What Object ..........................................com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway .....................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ..32 4-16 Activate Rule ...................................................proxmox........................................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” .....27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ..........24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files .......................org ..................................................................................................................................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ..................................................................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ..35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ......25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ......... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ......38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ............. 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) .....22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ..................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ..........................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ...........................................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ........................................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host .....19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ...................................................................................................................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ........................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ..............32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ..............................................................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ............. 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) .............. 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) .......................................................45 © 21..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................com  www......................................................................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ......27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ..........................................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1........................................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ..org and Dsbl....................................................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2..............41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ..........................................................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object .......30 4-12 Add new Rule .....................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ...................................................................................................................................................................................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records.......................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ...........33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule...............05...........................................................................................

com  www.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com .End of document - © 21.proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful