Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. this includes: performance. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. E-mail is an essential service for any organization.com  www. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. If the email server is not working. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway.05.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver.proxmox. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. reliability. © 21.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. One port is assigned to incoming. one port for outgoing e-mails.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.proxmox. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21.com  www. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.05. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 .

05. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. but they are quite useless. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. because he communicates with your customers.com  www. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. Consider two users. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. 2.

05.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail. After processing.3.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails.2 Alternative port settings (e.proxmox. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26. using standard port 25. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.com  www. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.g. © 21. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.3.com 2. port 26.g. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .

com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 . In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.0.1.05.16.255. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.0.proxmox.0 255.com 2.1 10.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.168.255.1 Net mask 255.com  www.255.255.0 255.255.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .2 192.255. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.168.

com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .com to a second one. and e-mails addressed to subdomain. otherwise it will not work! © 21.domain.proxmox. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.com to your first e-mail server. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.com 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.

3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.proxmox.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .51 DNS EXT: 46.05 ms (domain.05. If you need redundancy.com  www.26 ms DNS INT: 1. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques. Additionally.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.com) DNSBL: 35. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.spamhaus.com. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084.47 ms (zen.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8. 3. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.

The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.1 Greylisting Typically. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. Then.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers.05. if the triplet has never been seen before. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. filling up the queue. depends on your environment. © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level.com 3. By doing the following. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration). he will never be greylisted. If a sender has a valid SPF record. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %.4. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error.com  www.

that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . etc. Please make sure.openspf. 3. Note: see http://www.4. e-mail.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org • dsbl.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain.com  www.05.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21.proxmox. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.) to the machines that perform those services.com 3. When receiving a message from a domain.

com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.dsbl.2 \ sbl.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.0.proxmox. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.0. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.4. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.org -mailto root Note: “11.0. For details visit http://www.0.com  www. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.05.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.spamhaus.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .spamhaus.org. Next.4.spamhaus. or '127.spamhaus.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.com 3. 3.spamhaus.spamhaus. usually started via cron. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.org --dsbl rsync.1' to disable it (default).org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required. but you can also use any other server within your network.spamhaus.4. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.proxmox.org and dsbl. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.dsbl.

5. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org 3.05.4. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.com  www.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners.proxmox. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.d/rbldnsd start Finally. In short.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 .org and Dsbl.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init.4.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level. In short. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.

see chapter 3.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.5.5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 450 means. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .proxmox.com  www.4.2.05.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450). For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.com 3.4.

please use the Exchange System Manager.2.com  www.05.com 3.proxmox.4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.5. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .05.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .proxmox.05.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.

Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” .4. 3. 2.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent.com 3.5. this is NOT installed by default. 4.2. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First.com  www. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. If you installed a typical one server installation.05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. please use the Exchange Management Console.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .

com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains. content type and resulting action.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. ACTION) which can contain several objects. TO. WHEN.proxmox.com  www. WHAT. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM. © 21.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well. time frame. domains. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.     Who . For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What .object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action .Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .

Lotus Domino.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. Microsoft Exchange.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. pishing and e-mail worms. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. Because of the very low cost of sending email. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail.com  www. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. Postfix …). highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications.proxmox. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. © 21. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated.g.05. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .com  www.1. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.proxmox.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.1 Default Rules 4.com 4.1.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.

…) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.com 4.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.bat.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.proxmox.vbs.com.1..3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.05.. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.

For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www. 1. Create a new WHO object.g.proxmox.05. 81) 3. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 4. 4.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).2. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4. Activate the rule © 21. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains.com  www.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 . give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.

3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.proxmox.05. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.2.com  www. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4.g. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. 1. Create a new WHO object.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21. 81) 3. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.com  www.proxmox.

05. e. “Delete Spamlevel 10”. 4. Create a new “What Object”.2.com 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . 5. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule.g. 7. give a name.com  www.g. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. 2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. give a name. 8. 3.proxmox. 6. 1. e. With this additional rule.

05.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .05.com  www.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.com  www.

if you want). e. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. Wait a few minutes. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6.g. If you have Microsoft Exchange. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”.2.05. Under “Receiver”.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. 1. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Create a new rule. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3.proxmox. define direction and set priority 2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. remember e-mail address 5. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4.2. “Block Multimedia Files”. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2.

Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. Final review (still inactive) 9. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8.g.com  www. If you type an unknown e-mail address. it should not be member.com 3. Add new rule. 3. Final review (still inactive) 5. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. e. Activate the rule 4. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. then click save. “Unknown LDAP” 2. give a name.2.05.proxmox. “Unknown LDAP”.g. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. 4. Create a new “WHO Object”. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. 1. If you type a valid e-mail address. give a name. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. © 21. Click on the desired rule 2. 1.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. e. set direction to “in” 5. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4.

05.g.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . click save.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu.g.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object.2. e. give a name.  Create a new “WHO Object”. set priority to 70. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file. give a name. set direction to “in”. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes. e. © 21.com  www.proxmox.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. On the other side.

05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .

failures in email systems are just not acceptable.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. Configuration is done on the master.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes.com  www.05. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster. which provides extremely good performance.

example. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 .com  www. If one host fails the other is used.e.com and mail2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal. i. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1. This is all you need. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).05.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records. You will receive mails on both hosts. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). You have to define two MX records with the same priority.com).example.com 5. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21.proxmox. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts.

proxmox. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.05. © 21.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT. See your firewall manual for more details.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.com 5. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .

com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Physical Hardware See http://www.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.com  www. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.1. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.05. optimized for the VMware™ Host.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.proxmox.com.000rpm).2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 . For all details see http://pve. © 21. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.com for certified hardware.6.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). 6. Alternative.proxmox. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.proxmox. 6.proxmox.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware.proxmox. Proxmox 2. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.proxmox.

3. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.vmware.3. While memory overcommit is possible.3.com. This means. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. 6.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.3. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. 6.com  www. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.3.1.com/forum/.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 . Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.1.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX. 6.05.1.1. This leads to very poor performance. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. http://www.proxmox.proxmox.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.com 6.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.

2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.1. This means.2.05.com  www.com.1.proxmox.3. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.3. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.vmware.com 6. 6. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.3. they have the best possible performance.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 . if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. © 21. This leads to very poor performance.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. While memory overcommit is possible. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.

3.2.3. http://www.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.2.com/forum/.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.2.com  www. 6.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.05.2. 6.3.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.2.proxmox.2.3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 . Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.

2.2.proxmox.3.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.05.

proxmox. built on Linux.com).org/. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance. we launched a wiki page on: © 21.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.05. For details about OpenVZ.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .proxmox. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve. please visit http://openvz. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.

com  www.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.openvz. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.com http://wiki.proxmox.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.openvz.05.

proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.05.com Email support: support@proxmox. All information: http://www.com © 21.com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .

...................... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ..............................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host .......................................................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ..................................................................................................................................05...........................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ............................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist .........................................................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.......37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records.......................................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ..........36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ................................................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ...................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ................................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ..........................................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ..............................32 4-16 Activate Rule ..............22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ....................................org and Dsbl........30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 .......25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ....................org ......................................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ..com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ............ 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ..................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ............................................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” .................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ......................................................................................................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ...................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent .............................................................................35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” .27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ............................................................................................................com  www......28 4-9 Add new What Object ...........................................................................................................................................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi .................................................................................................................................................................................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule....................45 © 21.......... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway...............................................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.......................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ...........44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ......................................................................................................................... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ..................30 4-12 Add new Rule ...................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2..............31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ...............................................................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ..........................................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ....26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users .......................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ....... 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) ...................................................................proxmox.......................................................................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files .........................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ..............29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ............................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ...21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1.................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ....................................................................................................................................

com  www.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.com .proxmox.End of document - © 21.proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

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