Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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com  www. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. © 21.proxmox. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. If the email server is not working. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. this includes: performance. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. reliability. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 . For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. one port for outgoing e-mails. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. One port is assigned to incoming.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server.05.proxmox.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2.com  www. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.

This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. because he communicates with your customers.05. 2.proxmox. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. but they are quite useless. Consider two users. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. © 21.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails.

Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.3.com 2.g. After processing. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.05. port 26. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails. © 21.com  www. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.3. using standard port 25.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .g. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2.2 Alternative port settings (e.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).com  www.05. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails. Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.

0. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.0 255.255.255.proxmox.168.255.168.255.com 2.255.16.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.0 255.05.1.255.1 Net mask 255.2 192.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.0.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .1 10.com  www.

05.proxmox. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain. and e-mails addressed to subdomain. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .com 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.com to a second one.domain.com  www. otherwise it will not work! © 21.com to your first e-mail server. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8. 3.26 ms DNS INT: 1. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.com.spamhaus. Additionally.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .47 ms (zen. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.proxmox. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache. If you need redundancy.51 DNS EXT: 46.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.05 ms (domain.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.05. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.com) DNSBL: 35. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.com  www. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration).4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . if the triplet has never been seen before.proxmox.1 Greylisting Typically.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. depends on your environment.05. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. If a sender has a valid SPF record.com 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. he will never be greylisted. © 21. By doing the following. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail.com  www. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. Then. filling up the queue. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%.

etc. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . e-mail.) to the machines that perform those services.org • dsbl.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. Please make sure.com 3. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain. 3.4.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Note: see http://www. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.4. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection. When receiving a message from a domain. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.05.proxmox.openspf. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain.

Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.2 \ sbl. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11. but you can also use any other server within your network.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.0. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.com 3.com  www.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list. 3.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.0.spamhaus.0.spamhaus.4.0.dsbl.proxmox.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".org --dsbl rsync.spamhaus.4.spamhaus. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.org and dsbl.4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.spamhaus.05. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.org -mailto root Note: “11.spamhaus. or '127.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required. Next. For details visit http://www.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.dsbl.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.org.proxmox. usually started via cron. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.spamhaus.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.1' to disable it (default).

com  www. In short.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.org 3. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks.4.org and Dsbl. In short.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays.4.05. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 . up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners.proxmox.5.d/rbldnsd start Finally. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 . see chapter 3.5.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.com  www.2. 450 means.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 3.05.proxmox.4.5. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).4. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .com  www.com 3.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.2.05. please use the Exchange System Manager.5.proxmox. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.4.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.05.

com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.

2. 3.5. 4. If you installed a typical one server installation.05. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” . Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 3.com  www.proxmox. please use the Exchange Management Console.4.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 . this is NOT installed by default.

object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action .     Who .com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy.05. © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. domains. WHAT.com  www. content type and resulting action.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object . It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user. TO.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When . recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 . Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM. WHEN. ACTION) which can contain several objects.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . time frame.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject.

Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers.05. © 21.proxmox. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day.g.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. Microsoft Exchange. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. Because of the very low cost of sending email. pishing and e-mail worms. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . Postfix …). It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. Lotus Domino. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications.com  www. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated.

1.com 4. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.1 Default Rules 4.com  www.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.1. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.

Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.05..3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.com 4.1.bat.vbs.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .proxmox..com  www.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.com.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.1.

g. 4.proxmox. Activate the rule © 21.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.05. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 . give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains. 81) 3.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner.com 4. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.proxmox. Create a new WHO object. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”). 1.

Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. 81) 3.g.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. 1. Create a new WHO object. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4.2. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 .com  www. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.

05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .proxmox.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.com  www.

3. Create a new “What Object”.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.g. 1. 5.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user.g. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. 2. e. “Delete Spamlevel 10”. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.proxmox.com 4. 4. give a name.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . 6. With this additional rule. 8. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule.05.2. e. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. give a name. 7.com  www.

proxmox.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .05.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.com  www.

com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com  www.

com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . “Block Multimedia Files”. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4.2. Under “Receiver”. define direction and set priority 2. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2.05. Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3.g. Wait a few minutes. Create a new rule. 1.proxmox.2. If you have Microsoft Exchange.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. e. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. if you want). Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. remember e-mail address 5.

If you type an unknown e-mail address. If you type a valid e-mail address. Create a new “WHO Object”. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. it should not be member.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Add new rule. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4.com  www. 3.g.g. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses.2. 1.com 3. Click on the desired rule 2. set direction to “in” 5. give a name.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. Final review (still inactive) 9. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. “Unknown LDAP”.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . 1. 4. e. give a name. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam.proxmox. “Unknown LDAP” 2.05.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. then click save. e. © 21. Activate the rule 4. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7.2. Final review (still inactive) 5.

“Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object.2. set direction to “in”. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu. give a name. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule.g. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. © 21. click save.com  www. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. set priority to 70.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups. give a name. e.05.g.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 .  Create a new “WHO Object”.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file.proxmox. On the other side. e.

com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .

which provides extremely good performance. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster.05. Configuration is done on the master.failures in email systems are just not acceptable. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 .proxmox. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.com and mail2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 . more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling). each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal. This is all you need.proxmox. i. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21.e. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts.com  www. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules).example. If one host fails the other is used. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1.com). You will receive mails on both hosts.example.com 5.05.

com 5.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.com  www. See your firewall manual for more details.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 . It is also possible to use one MX record per domain. © 21.proxmox. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.

1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.6.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.com for certified hardware. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.proxmox.proxmox. 6.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ).proxmox. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.com. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE. 6.proxmox. Alternative.proxmox.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware.000rpm). Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6. optimized for the VMware™ Host. Proxmox 2.05.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.1. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve. © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .proxmox.com  www.1 Physical Hardware See http://www. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run. For all details see http://pve.

3. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.com  www. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. 6. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.3. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3. This leads to very poor performance.1.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.1.com.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. 6. 6.proxmox.vmware.1.1.com 6. This means.05.1.1.proxmox.3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 . While memory overcommit is possible. http://www.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.com/forum/.3.

While memory overcommit is possible.proxmox. 6. This means. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel.05.com 6. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.1. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.3. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.com. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .1.com  www. This leads to very poor performance.2.vmware. they have the best possible performance. © 21. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.

Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.com  www. 6.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.com/forum/.3.2.proxmox.2.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .proxmox.05.2.2. http://www.2.3. 6.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.3.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.3.2.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .2.05.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.3.2.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.proxmox.com  www.

please visit http://openvz. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.org/.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.proxmox.com).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. built on Linux. For details about OpenVZ. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.com  www. we launched a wiki page on: © 21.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .proxmox.

we developed vzdump: http://wiki.com http://wiki.openvz.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.openvz.proxmox.

05.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.com  www.proxmox. All information: http://www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com Email support: support@proxmox.com © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .

....proxmox.......29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ................................................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ....................org ..25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ...................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ........................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway .............org and Dsbl......................................................................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records.....................................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 .......30 4-12 Add new Rule ............................................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ..........................................................................................................................................32 4-16 Activate Rule ...................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ..............2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 .......35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ........................28 4-9 Add new What Object ....................................................................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ..................................................................... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ..............................................................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ................................... 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) .............. 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ......................................................................................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ..................... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ....................................................................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.......................................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ...................................................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ..............................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2..........................................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users .......................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ...................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule.........................................................................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ..........................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host .............05...........................................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ............................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX .....................................................................com  www.....................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1...........41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ................................. 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ...............................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule .................................................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ..............32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) ..............................................com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ......14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus...................................................................................................................................................................................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule .................................................................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ..........24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ......20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ..................45 © 21........11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ........................................ 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway...................................................................................................................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ...............................................................................................................

com .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.End of document - © 21.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .proxmox.05.proxmox.

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