Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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The process works similar for outgoing e-mails. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems.com  www. this includes: performance. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment.proxmox.05. © 21. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. If the email server is not working.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 .com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description. reliability.

see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 .proxmox. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. One port is assigned to incoming. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster.com  www. one port for outgoing e-mails. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21.05.

proxmox. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. because he communicates with your customers. but they are quite useless. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . Consider two users. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. 2.05. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. © 21. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

port 26. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26. © 21.proxmox.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails.com 2.3. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2.g.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 .3.05. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.com  www.2 Alternative port settings (e. After processing.g. using standard port 25. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 . In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.com  www.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26). Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.proxmox.

255.1 10.0.0 255.1. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.16.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .255.1 Net mask 255.255.com  www.255.255.0 255.0.05.com 2.proxmox.168.168.2 192.255.

com to your first e-mail server. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.com 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers.domain.com  www. otherwise it will not work! © 21.com to a second one.05. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.

1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.com  www.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.proxmox.com 3 Performance Tuning 3. Additionally.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers. If you need redundancy.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.26 ms DNS INT: 1.3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.spamhaus.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.com. 3.05. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8.05 ms (domain.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.47 ms (zen. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.com) DNSBL: 35.51 DNS EXT: 46. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.

filling up the queue.05. Then. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration). The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. if the triplet has never been seen before.1 Greylisting Typically. If a sender has a valid SPF record. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level.com  www. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %. he will never be greylisted.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.4. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist.com 3. By doing the following.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. depends on your environment.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . © 21. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers.

org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21.org • dsbl.05. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.4. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain. 3. When receiving a message from a domain. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.com  www. etc.com 3. Please make sure.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain.proxmox.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails. Note: see http://www.) to the machines that perform those services. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain.4.openspf.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain. e-mail.

If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s.0.proxmox.1' to disable it (default).org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen. Just set the IP address of your local mirror. or '127.4. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.proxmox.dsbl.05. but you can also use any other server within your network. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary. Next.4. usually started via cron.4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 3.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.0.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21.spamhaus.spamhaus.com  www. 3. For details visit http://www.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.org --dsbl rsync. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.0.2 \ sbl.spamhaus.41” stands for the minutes of each hour. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.0.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.org.spamhaus.spamhaus.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.dsbl.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .org and dsbl.spamhaus.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.org -mailto root Note: “11.spamhaus. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.

4.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.5.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic. In short.org and Dsbl.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.com  www.4.proxmox.05.d/rbldnsd start Finally. In short.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 . e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.org 3. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .05.5.proxmox. see chapter 3.5.2.4. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.com 3. 450 means.4.com  www. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.

2.4.com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .5. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.05.com 3. please use the Exchange System Manager.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.05.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .

proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .05.com  www.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.

make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. please use the Exchange Management Console.4.2.com 3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. this is NOT installed by default. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” . Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.05. 2.com  www. If you installed a typical one server installation. 3.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First. 4.proxmox.

com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains. TO. domains.     Who .object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action .2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 . content type and resulting action.proxmox. time frame.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What . Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well.05. © 21.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. ACTION) which can contain several objects. WHEN.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When . WHAT.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . Microsoft Exchange. pishing and e-mail worms. Lotus Domino. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated. © 21.05.g. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day.com  www. Because of the very low cost of sending email. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming.proxmox. Postfix …). highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications.

proxmox.1.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.com  www.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.1.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 . Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.com 4.1 Default Rules 4.

com.vbs.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox..3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.1.05.bat. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.com 4. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.1.com  www..2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.

2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”). Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.05. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.com  www.com 4.proxmox.proxmox. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.2. Create a new WHO object. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”.2. 1.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner. 81) 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Activate the rule © 21. 4.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .g.

Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 . Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.2.com  www.proxmox.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses. Create a new WHO object.05. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4.g. 1. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”. 81) 3.

com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .proxmox.com  www.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

g. e. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. 8.com  www. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.com 4. e. give a name. 1. 2. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. “Delete Spamlevel 10”.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. 4. Create a new “What Object”. 3. give a name. 6. 5.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 .2. With this additional rule. 7.proxmox.g.

05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .proxmox.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.

com  www.com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.proxmox.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.05.proxmox.com  www.

Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6.g. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3.2. Create a new rule. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. define direction and set priority 2. Under “Receiver”. remember e-mail address 5.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”. Wait a few minutes. 1. if you want).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3.proxmox.05. e. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1.com  www. “Block Multimedia Files”.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. If you have Microsoft Exchange.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. If you type an unknown e-mail address.2. set direction to “in” 5. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. Final review (still inactive) 9.proxmox. “Unknown LDAP”. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”.05. 1. give a name. then click save. Add new rule.g. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. give a name.g.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . 1. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing.com  www. Create a new “WHO Object”. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. e. “Unknown LDAP” 2. 4. If you type a valid e-mail address. © 21. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. 3.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. Click on the desired rule 2. Final review (still inactive) 5.2. Activate the rule 4.com 3. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. it should not be member. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4. e.

9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups. set direction to “in”.proxmox.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. give a name.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 . give a name.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”.com  www. © 21. click save. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu. set priority to 70. On the other side. e. e. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.g.g.05.  Create a new “WHO Object”.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file.

proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .05.com  www.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Configuration is done on the master.com  www.05.failures in email systems are just not acceptable. which provides extremely good performance. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible.

you can use backup/restore to copy the rules). Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21.example.proxmox. i.com 5. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.com). If one host fails the other is used. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts.example.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. You will receive mails on both hosts. This is all you need.com  www. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 . each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1.com and mail2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.e.05.

2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains. © 21. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.com 5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com  www.05. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain. See your firewall manual for more details.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 .

6. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.proxmox.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.000rpm). OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.proxmox.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ). preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.proxmox.1 Physical Hardware See http://www. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6.proxmox.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www. For all details see http://pve. Alternative.com.com for certified hardware. optimized for the VMware™ Host. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.1.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware. Proxmox can be run under VMware™. 6. 6.05. © 21.com  www. Proxmox 2.

For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21. This leads to very poor performance.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1.3.3.3.1. http://www. This means.1.3.com  www. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.proxmox. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.vmware.proxmox.com 6.1. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. While memory overcommit is possible.05.1. 6.3.com/forum/. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads. 6.1.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6. 6.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 . ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.com.1.

if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory. 6. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.com 6. they have the best possible performance. This leads to very poor performance.3.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. © 21. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.vmware.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel.3. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time.1. This means.com. While memory overcommit is possible.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 . for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.05.2.3.proxmox. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.1.

2.2.2.2.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.3.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads. 6.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.3.2.com/forum/.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.05. http://www.3.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .com  www. 6.proxmox.3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.

2.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .3.2.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.05.

Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 . we launched a wiki page on: © 21.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.proxmox.org/. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.com). OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.05.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6. built on Linux. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ. please visit http://openvz. For details about OpenVZ.proxmox.

org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.openvz.05.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com http://wiki.proxmox.openvz.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 . we developed vzdump: http://wiki.

proxmox.proxmox.com  www.com © 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .com Email support: support@proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. All information: http://www.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.

........................................................................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ...................................................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ............................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ........................................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers ........30 4-12 Add new Rule ............................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 ......................................................................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ....................org and Dsbl.................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ...........................................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ........................................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ....................................................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records .....................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ...................................................................................................................................................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ..................................................................................................................................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ................................................32 4-16 Activate Rule ............29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ....................................................................................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ....................... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway.....................................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” .....................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ....proxmox......................................................................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users .28 4-9 Add new What Object ......35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” .............32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) .. 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) .......................................................................................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox...39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ..................................................45 © 21............................................................................................................................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule .19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 .............................................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule.................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ..............................................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2..................... 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) .................................................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1.................................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam .............................................................com  www...........................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule ...........20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ......org ................... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ..............................................................................................com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ............................................................................................................................................................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ................................................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ........11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ...05.......................................................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway .. 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ...........14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus..............37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records.....................................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ....44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ..........................................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ......

proxmox.com  www.End of document - © 21.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .proxmox.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.com .

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