Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
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Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

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The process works similar for outgoing e-mails.com  www. regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. If the email server is not working.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. reliability.proxmox. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . this includes: performance. or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway.05. © 21. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description.

com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. one port for outgoing e-mails. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic. For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. One port is assigned to incoming. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.proxmox.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 .05.

Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. 2. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1. © 21. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. but they are quite useless. While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back.com  www. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host.proxmox. because he communicates with your customers. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. Consider two users.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that.

for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway. using standard port 25.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 . Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. After processing.com 2.05.g.2 Alternative port settings (e.g.proxmox.3.3.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26. © 21. port 26.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet.

com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 .com  www.05. In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.

for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.1.255.0.255.168.255.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .0 255.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.168.0.1 10.proxmox.05.1 Net mask 255.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.com  www.255.255.255.2 192. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 2.16.0 255.

domain. SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers. and e-mails addressed to subdomain. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.com to a second one.com to your first e-mail server.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 .com  www. For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain. otherwise it will not work! © 21.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers.proxmox.com 2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname.

3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .com) DNSBL: 35.com  www.com 3 Performance Tuning 3.05. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers.47 ms (zen.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load.05 ms (domain. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084. Additionally.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. If you need redundancy. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques.51 DNS EXT: 46. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering. 3. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.26 ms DNS INT: 1. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.spamhaus.com.

just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist.05. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. he will never be greylisted. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers.com 3. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. depends on your environment. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 .4. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration). filling up the queue. By doing the following.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. Then. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %.1 Greylisting Typically. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail.proxmox. © 21. if the triplet has never been seen before.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. If a sender has a valid SPF record.com  www. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level.

com 3. When receiving a message from a domain. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21.05.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.org • dsbl.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.4. e-mail. 3.) to the machines that perform those services.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 . SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.proxmox. etc.openspf.com  www. Note: see http://www. Please make sure. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection.4.

org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.org.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21. Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.0.org and dsbl.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.spamhaus.spamhaus.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.spamhaus.com 3.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl. usually started via cron. Next.spamhaus. Just set the IP address of your local mirror. but you can also use any other server within your network.0.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 . 3.spamhaus. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.dsbl.proxmox.dsbl.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org -mailto root Note: “11.05. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen.0.0.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127.4. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".org:ip4set:sbl \ zen. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.4.spamhaus.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.1' to disable it (default).2 \ sbl.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.com  www.spamhaus.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list. For details visit http://www. or '127.org --dsbl rsync.4.proxmox.

This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.org and Dsbl.5. In short.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 .05. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3.d/rbldnsd start Finally.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners. 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21.org 3. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users.proxmox.com  www. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. In short.4.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init.4.

5. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid.05.4.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.proxmox.com  www. 450 means.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.com 3.5.2.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450). see chapter 3. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.

2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering. please use the Exchange System Manager.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com 3.com  www. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .5.05.proxmox.4.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .05.proxmox.com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .05.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.proxmox.

please use the Exchange Management Console. 3. this is NOT installed by default.proxmox. 4.5.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1.05. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent. If you installed a typical one server installation.com  www.4. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21.2.com 3. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 . 2.

WHAT.     Who . domains.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action . © 21. ACTION) which can contain several objects.object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What .com  www.proxmox.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When .2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .05.com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. content type and resulting action. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well. WHEN. time frame. TO. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM. For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy.object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 .g. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. pishing and e-mail worms.com  www. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. Postfix …).Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. Microsoft Exchange. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. Lotus Domino. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated. © 21.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e.proxmox. Because of the very low cost of sending email. The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Default Rules 4.1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification.proxmox. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.com  www.1.05.1.com 4. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4.

vbs.1. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.bat.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .com.05.com 4.3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.1..proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject..

Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”. 1. Create a new WHO object.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .g.com  www. Activate the rule © 21. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4.05. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner. 81) 3. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains. 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).com 4.2.proxmox.

Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21.proxmox.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4. Create a new WHO object.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.g. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 .com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4. give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2.2. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”.05. 1. 81) 3.com  www.

com  www.proxmox.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

6. give a name. give a name.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. e. Create a new “What Object”.g.g.com 4. 1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user. 4. 8.05. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user. “Delete Spamlevel 10”. 5.2. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!. e. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. 7.com  www. 2. 3. With this additional rule.

05.com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.05.

05.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2.05.com  www. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3. e. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4. name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. remember e-mail address 5.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3. Exchange creates the e-mail address 4.g. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . Create a new rule.proxmox. Wait a few minutes.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. “Block Multimedia Files”.2. define direction and set priority 2. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4. If you have Microsoft Exchange. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it. if you want). Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder.2. 1. Under “Receiver”. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”.

7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. Create a new “WHO Object”. then click save. “Unknown LDAP” 2.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 . Final review (still inactive) 5. “Unknown LDAP”. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7. 1.05. Add new rule. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. 1. Final review (still inactive) 9. © 21. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. Click on the desired rule 2.g.g. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. give a name. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4.2.com 3. 3. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. set direction to “in” 5.proxmox. it should not be member. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4.2. e. give a name. e. 4. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. Activate the rule 4. If you type a valid e-mail address. If you type an unknown e-mail address.

give a name. e.2. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups. On the other side. select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu. © 21. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.g. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file. click save. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object.05. set priority to 70.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4.com  www.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. e.  Create a new “WHO Object”.g. give a name. set direction to “in”. “Block Multimedia for Staff”.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.05.proxmox.

To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster.failures in email systems are just not acceptable. and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. Configuration is done on the master. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21. The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes.com  www.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . which provides extremely good performance.

proxmox.example. If one host fails the other is used.com 5.com). We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts. You will receive mails on both hosts. Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 . This is all you need. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules).05. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. i.e.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.com and mail2. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1.example. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).com  www. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records.

2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains. It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 . but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. © 21.proxmox.com 5.com  www. See your firewall manual for more details.

optimized for the VMware™ Host. Proxmox 2. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com  www.proxmox.proxmox.1.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2.com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6. © 21. Proxmox can be run under VMware™. For all details see http://pve.27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).2 Proxmox VE (http://pve. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.com for certified hardware.000rpm).05.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ).com.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.6. 6. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www. Alternative.com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.proxmox.proxmox. 6. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE.proxmox.1 Physical Hardware See http://www.

com/forum/.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.3. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads. 6. While memory overcommit is possible.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.proxmox. http://www. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.3.1. 6.1.1.1.proxmox.1.05. 6.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.vmware. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.com.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.3. This leads to very poor performance.1.3.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 . A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www.com 6. This means.3.1.

4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6.proxmox.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.1. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured. This leads to very poor performance.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host.3. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. While memory overcommit is possible.com 6.1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. © 21. they have the best possible performance.2. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.05.com  www.com.3. This means. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .vmware. 6. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.

com/forum/.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3. http://www.3.2.2.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.proxmox.3.2.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM.3. 6.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .2.proxmox.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. 6.2.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.05.2.

3.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.2.proxmox.com  www.2.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .05.

please visit http://openvz. we launched a wiki page on: © 21.com).05.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6.proxmox.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ. built on Linux. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.org/. OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime. For details about OpenVZ. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance.proxmox.

org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21.com  www.openvz.com http://wiki.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.openvz.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 . we developed vzdump: http://wiki.

05.com Email support: support@proxmox.proxmox.com © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .proxmox. All information: http://www.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.

...28 4-9 Add new What Object ....................................................................... 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) .................36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ................................................ 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ...........................................................................................................................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule .........org ....................................30 4-12 Add new Rule .......2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 .35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ..........21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2............................................................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” ..................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ........44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ................... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ..........................................................................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses .............11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ......................................37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records.................................................... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) ........................................................................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ............................................................................................................................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks ...............31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule .........................................................32 4-16 Activate Rule ..................................................................................................................................................................................................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers ..................... 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) .............................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi ..................14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.......................................com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway ............32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) .........................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ....................................................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” .................................org and Dsbl...................................................... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway...30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ............................................45 © 21...........................................................................38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ..Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.....25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ........................................................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers .............................................................19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 .......................proxmox................................................................................27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ..........................................................................................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent ........26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users .........................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ...........................................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ..24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert .. 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) ........39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ....................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host .....................................20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ................................................................................................................................33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule..........................................com  www.....................................................05..............................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 .

proxmox.End of document - © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com .2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .proxmox.05.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.com  www.

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