Proxmox Mail Gateway

Deployment Guide

5/21/2010 MailGatewayDeploymentGuide-V1.8.docx

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH reserves the right to make changes to this document and to the products described herein without notice. Before installing and using the software, please review the latest version of this document, which is available from http://www.proxmox.com. NOTE: A license to the Proxmox Software usually includes the right to product updates for one (1) year from the date of purchase. Maintenance can be renewed on an annual basis. All other product or company names different from Proxmox may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners. Copyright © 2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the express prior written consent of Proxmox.

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

2

49

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

Table of Contents
1 2 Introduction .................................................................................................... 5 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration ..................................................................... 6 2.1 E-mail system without Proxmox ................................................................... 6 2.2 E-mail system with Proxmox ........................................................................ 6 2.3 Proxmox in the Intranet .............................................................................. 8 2.3.1 Default port settings ............................................................................ 8 2.3.2 Alternative port settings (e.g. for MS Exchange) ..................................... 8 2.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) ...........................................................10 2.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains ..................................11 Performance Tuning ........................................................................................12 3.1 Hardware benchmarks ...............................................................................12 3.2 Backup MX ...............................................................................................12 3.3 Local DNS cache........................................................................................12 3.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level ....................................................................13 3.4.1 Greylisting.........................................................................................13 3.4.2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF ...........................................................14 3.4.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL)....................................................................14 3.4.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service ...............................15 3.4.4.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches ............................................15 3.4.5 Receiver Verification ...........................................................................16 3.4.5.1 Proxmox Solutions .......................................................................16 3.4.5.2 Enabling Verify Receivers ..............................................................17 3.4.5.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 ..................................................18 3.4.5.2.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 ..................................................21 Rule System ...................................................................................................22 4.1 Default Rules ............................................................................................24 4.1.1 Block Viruses .....................................................................................24 4.1.2 Virus Alert .........................................................................................24 4.1.3 Block Dangerous Files .........................................................................25 4.1.4 Mark Spam ........................................................................................25 4.2 Custom Rules............................................................................................26 4.2.1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine .......................................................26 4.2.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users ..............................26 4.2.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users ....................................27 4.2.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 ............................................29 4.2.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution ................................................33 4.2.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments ......................................................33 4.2.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules ...........................................................34 4.2.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object ........................34 4.2.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups ..............................35 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability ..............................................................37 5.1 Load Balancing with MX Records..................................................................38 5.2 Multiple Address Records ............................................................................39 5.3 Using third party Firewall features ...............................................................39 Hardware selection and Virtualization ................................................................40 6.1 Physical Hardware .....................................................................................40 6.1.1 Certified Hardware .............................................................................40 6.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve.proxmox.com) ........................................................40 6.3 VMware™ .................................................................................................40 6.3.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX, ESXi and vSphere .......................................41 6.3.1.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ....................41 6.3.1.1.1 RAM settings .............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.2 VMware Tools............................................................................41 6.3.1.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................41 6.3.1.1.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................42
3

3

4

5

6

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

49

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
Kohlgasse 51/10

A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com

www.proxmox.com

6.3.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 .........................................................42 6.3.2.1 Host memory settings...................................................................42 6.3.2.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine ..........................43 6.3.2.2.1 RAM settings .............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.2 VMware Tools............................................................................43 6.3.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization ......................................................43 6.3.2.2.4 Enable time synchronization .......................................................44 6.4 OpenVZ....................................................................................................45 7 Troubleshooting and technical support ...............................................................47 8 Table of figures ...............................................................................................48 9 Appendix .......................................................................................................49

© 21.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

4

49

regulation under public law and e-mail threads like viruses or Phishing attacks. The daily e-mail routine brings along some major problems. E-mail is an essential service for any organization. © 21. How does Proxmox work? When an e-mail arrives at the Proxmox Mail Gateway. A missed e-mail could mean a lost opportunity. If the email server is not working. Note: See also the Proxmox Mail Gateway Administration Guide for a detailed product description.com 1 Introduction The huge amount of e-mail traffic is a challenge for every e-mail environment. The process works similar for outgoing e-mails.05. this includes: performance. reliability.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 5  49 . or it could cause a public-relations problem that no organization would want.proxmox.com  www. Proxmox Mail Gateway temporarily stores the message in the e-mail queue for later transfer. and professionally managed e-mail improves organizational workflow and customer satisfaction. it is analyzed and forwarded to your e-mail server which is responsible for sending the e-mail to the receiver. This document covers samples and deployment information how to integrate and customize Proxmox in your e-mail environment.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

For high availability and maximum performance it is recommended to use a Proxmox HA Cluster. Proxmox Mail Gateway can process incoming AND outgoing SMTP traffic by using different ports.com  www. see chapter 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability. Figure 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway © 21.proxmox. You can manage incoming and outgoing e-mail traffic. your e-mail traffic (SMTP) arrives on the firewall and will be forwarded directly to your e-mail server. Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway 2.05.1 E-mail system without Proxmox In a sample configuration.com 2 Proxmox Mail Gateway Integration 2. With the integrated Proxmox system all your e-mail traffic is forwarded to the Proxmox Mail Gateway which filters the whole e-mail traffic and removes unwanted e-mails.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. one port for outgoing e-mails.2 E-mail system with Proxmox A single Proxmox Mail Gateway Server can handle unlimited mail domains with multiple internal mail servers and millions of e-mails per day.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 6  49 . One port is assigned to incoming.

com  www. Statistics about incoming e-mails looks nice. Consider two users. because he communicates with your customers.05.com Many mail filter solutions do not scan outgoing mails. Proxmox advanced address statistics can show you this important information. Proxmox is able to detect viruses sent from an internal host.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 7  49 . While user-2 receiver 5 mails from a customer and sent 5 mails back. Proxmox can gather statistics about outgoing e-mails too. This has two major advantages: Figure 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway 1.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Solution which does not scan outgoing mail can’t do that. Which user do you consider more active? I am sure its user-2. 2. © 21. but they are quite useless.proxmox. Proxmox outgoing e-mail scanning feature is an additional protection to avoid that. Opposed to that Proxmox Mail Gateway is designed to scan both incoming and outgoing mails. I many countries you are liable for not sending viruses to other people. user1 receives 10 mails from news portals and wrote 1 mail to a person you never heard from.

After processing.2 Alternative port settings (e. So that you’re external IP and port 25 shows to the Proxmox Mail Gateway IP and port 26. Note: Proxmox receives the outgoing e-mails on port 26.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Proxmox sends the e-mails to Internet. port 26. for MS Exchange) Sometimes it is not possible to change the outgoing port due to third party software limitations or existing network configurations (e.3.05.g.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 8  49 . © 21.1 Default port settings The default configuration of the Proxmox Mail Gateway uses port 25 for incoming and port 26 for outgoing e-mails.3.3 Proxmox in the Intranet 2. using standard port 25. so Proxmox knows its internal trusted e-mail.com 2.g. Figure 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) Outgoing Mails: Configure your mail server to send all e-mails to the Proxmox Mail Gateway.com  www. Figure 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) 2. changing MS Exchange to another sending port will have impact on Exchange internals and it’s not recommend) To receive e-mails you have to do port forwarding at your Firewall.

com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 9  49 . In the end you have to use port 25 for outgoing and port 26 for incoming mails.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Figure 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) © 21.proxmox.com Figure 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) With MS Exchange you should not use port 26 for outgoing so you have to switch these two values (25 and 26).

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.0.0 Figure 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ © 21.05.com  www.com 2.0 255.255.1 10.255.2 192.1 Net mask 255.168.proxmox.16.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 10  49 .0 255. The intranet (Local) and DMZ needs to have different IP Networks.4 Proxmox in DMZ (demilitarized zone) To run a DMZ Zone you have to adjust your Firewall settings.255.168.255.255. for example: Interface eth0 eth1 eth2 Zone Local Internet DMZ IP Address 192.255.1.0.

For example you can send e-mails addressed to domain. Figure 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers Note: you need for each domain an appropriate license.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 11  49 . SMTP ports and mail domains of your additional e-mail servers. In the e-mail proxy transport section add the IP addresses or hostname. and e-mails addressed to subdomain.5 Proxmox with multiple e-mail server and mail domains You can use Proxmox Mail Gateway sending e-mails to different internal e-mail servers. otherwise it will not work! © 21.proxmox.domain.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com 2.com to a second one.com  www.com to your first e-mail server.

89 GB (/dev/sda2) BUFFERED READS: 116.64 REGEX/SECOND: 410814 HD SIZE: 6. If you get lower results please analyze your hardware and DNS setup – for comments email your results to support@proxmox.05 ms (domain. because many ISPs do not use advanced spam prevention techniques. It is recommended to enable it if you do not have access to fast (internal) DNS servers. Note: Never run “proxperf” if the system is under load. you can never benefit of blocking spam messages on SMTP level.proxmox. Here is a sample output of “proxperf”: proxmox:~# proxperf CPU BOGOMIPS: 8489.2 Backup MX Using your ISPs mail server is not a good idea.51 DNS EXT: 46. 3. And spammers know this and they use your ISP backup MX to work around your Proxmox spam filtering.com  www. Additionally.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 12  49 .3 Local DNS cache Proxmox includes a local DNS cache.26 ms DNS INT: 1. If you need redundancy. or if you want to reduce the load on those servers. Figure 3-1 Use local DNS Cache © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.spamhaus.com.com) DNSBL: 35.38 MB/sec AVERAGE SEEK TIME: 8.05.09 ms FSYNCS/SECOND: 1084.47 ms (zen.1 Hardware benchmarks Please use the command line tool “proxperf” to get an overview about your hardware and DNS performance.com 3 Performance Tuning 3. it is recommended to run a second Proxmox server in HA Cluster mode to avoid lower spam detection rates 3.org) proxmox:~# Please compare your results against this reference.

Figure 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist 3. it is greylisted for a period of time (how much time is dependent on the server configuration). If a sender has a valid SPF record. © 21. you can reduce your email traffic by more than 90 %.proxmox. Greylisting is effective because many mass e-mail tools utilized by spammers are not set up to handle temporary failures (or any failures for that matter) so the Spam is never received. By doing the following.05.4 Blocking Emails on SMTP level Blocking emails before they reach your network saves your internet bandwidth and reduces processing power. he will never be greylisted.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. If you want to exclude some senders or receivers from getting blocked on the SMTP level. Then.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 13  49 . just enter in the Mail proxy whitelist.com 3. a legitimate server will attempt to connect again later on to deliver the e-mail. This feature can reduce e-mail traffic up to 50%. if the triplet has never been seen before. The e-mail is rejected with a temporary error. Greylisted e-mails never reach your mail server and your mail server will stop sending useless "Non Delivery Reports" to spammers. The assumption is that since temporary failures are built into the RFC specifications for e-mail delivery. filling up the queue.    The IP address of the connecting host The envelope sender address The envelope recipient address The client is checked against the mail server's internal whitelists (if any) first. depends on your environment. a server that utilizes Greylisting will record the following three pieces of information (referred to as triplet) for all incoming e-mail.1 Greylisting Typically.4.com  www.

2 Sender Policy Framework – SPF Domains use public records (DNS) to direct requests for different services (web.05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.3 Real time Blacklists (RBL) Proxmox can use RBL checks on SMTP level to reject e-mails. When receiving a message from a domain. Please make sure. 3. Proxmox use the following RBL providers by default: • Spamhaus.org for setting up a SPF for your mail domain. SPF works by domains publishing "reverse MX" records to tell the world what machines send email for the domain. All domains already publish e-mail (MX) records to tell the world what machines receive e-mail for the domain.com 3.proxmox. etc.openspf.4.org Figure 3-3 Enable RBL checks © 21. the recipient can check those records to make sure e-mail is coming from where it should be coming from.) to the machines that perform those services.org • dsbl. e-mail.com  www.4. that you deploy a valid SPF record for your mail domain. Therefore Proxmox has to query the RBL server for every SMTP connection. Note: see http://www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 14  49 .

Proxmox can synchronize these blacklists locally to provide quality of service and speed up the query time.com HowTo: Synchronize DNS blacklist to the Proxmox server Local sync is done via proxblsync.com 3.org:ip4set:dsbl" © 21. configure the RBLDNS daemon configuration file: nano /etc/default/rbldnsd RBLDNSD=".0.0.org and dsbl.spamhaus. Just set the IP address of your local mirror.41” stands for the minutes of each hour.spamhaus.org --dsbl rsync.dsbl. please replace these values with the one in your spamhaus datafeed license.0. Please log in to the console and configure the following: crontab –e 11.spamhaus. usually started via cron.dsbl.4.spamhaus. Proxmox can use local DNS blacklist caches of spamhaus. If these servers are under heavy it cannot be guaranteed that you will get an answer – also if you are running a high traffic site it is recommended to locally cache both RBL´s. or '127.05.-r/var/lib/rbldns -f -b127. Note: Spamhaus data feed is a commercial service – additional license/account required. 3. Next.4. For details visit http://www.1 Configuring local DNS blacklist caches Some DNS blacklist providers offers data feed services.4 Local DNS RBL cache – Spamhaus Datafeed Service Each e-mail leads to a DNS query to the RBL server of spamhaus and dsbl.2 \ sbl.spamhaus. You can locally mirror blacklist data making queries to remote DNS servers unnecessary.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. but you can also use any other server within your network.0.org:ip4set:sbl \ pbl.proxmox.41 * * * * proxblsync --spamhaus rsync1.org:ip4trie:pbl \ zen. You can use your Proxmox Server to download the blacklists.org:ip4tset:xbl \ zen.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 15  49 .org:ip4set:sbl \ zen.org:ip4trie:pbl \ xbl.proxmox.1' to disable it (default).org -mailto root Note: “11.spamhaus.org:ip4tset:xbl \ list.org.com  www.spamhaus.4.

05.org 3.4.4. this means for your systems:     Increased traffic on your internet connection Your e-mail server is handling junk e-mails instead of working for you High load on your scanners Slow overall performance and high costs 3. This could be up to 95 % of junk messages.proxmox.com  www. which means BEFORE the e-mails are transferred to your networks. In short.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 16  49 . 90 % less e-mails to analyze for spam and viruses Good performance and costs © 21. e-mail domains are receiving a lot of e-mails to non-existing users. In short.d/rbldnsd start Finally.com Start the RBLDNS service: /etc/init. this means for your systems:     reduced traffic. redirect query to local mirror: Figure 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org and Dsbl. up to 90 % Your internal e-mail server is now working for you again Reduced load on your scanners.5.5 Receiver Verification Nowadays.1 Proxmox Solutions Proxmox can detect these e-mails to non-existing users on SMTP level.

proxmox.05. Proxmox is doing a short query to the internal e-mail server to check if the user is valid. 450 means. Note: Your internal e-mail server has to be reconfigured to reject unknown user.com  www.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 Figure 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers © 21.2 Enabling Verify Receivers You can enable this option on the admin interface (Configuration/Mail Proxy/Options) We recommend selecting yes (450).5.5. For settings on Exchange 2003 SP2.4.4.2. see chapter 3.com 3.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. that in the case of a short downtime of your internal mail server no messages are lost.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 17  49 .

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 18  49 .05.com 3.4.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.5. please use the Exchange System Manager.2.1 Settings for Exchange 2003 SP2 You have to enable Recipient Filtering. Figure 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 © 21.

05.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 19  49 .com Figure 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 © 21.com  www.proxmox.

com Figure 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 Figure 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 20  49 .proxmox.05.

3.5.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com  www. Microsoft provides an install script to manually install the Anti-Spam agent: 1. this is NOT installed by default.05.2 Settings for Exchange 2007 SP1 First. please use the Exchange Management Console. make sure that you have the Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam agent.2. If you installed a typical one server installation. Figure 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1 © 21. 2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 21  49 .com 3. 4.\install-AntispamAgents Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service Figure 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent Now you can enable Recipient Filtering on the Anti-Spam agent.4.proxmox. Open the Exchange Management Shell cd “c:\program files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Scripts” .

ACTION) which can contain several objects.object Example: Mark e-mail with "SPAM:" in the subject. © 21. WHAT.proxmox. recipients not visible in the "To" field) to Mailbox or to a Public Folder      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Mail ACTION: BCC to Publicfolder In most of the countries worldwide a company has to forward all e-mails to there employees this includes spam e-mails as well.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. It’s an easy but very powerful way to define filter rules by user.Who is the sender or receiver of the e-mail? When . TO. Every rule has got 5 categories (FROM. WHEN.com  www.object Example: Does the e-mail contain spam? Action .object Example: When is the e-mail received by Proxmox Mail Gateway? What .com Figure 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2 4 Rule System The object-oriented rule system enables custom rules for your domains. time frame. domains.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 22  49 .05. content type and resulting action.     Who .object For TO and/or FROM Category Example: Mail object . For example enable Archive Solutions with BCC Object (Blind carbon copy.

anti-pishing and antivirus software is essential. Because of the very low cost of sending email. spammers can send hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each day over an inexpensive internet connection. At present the usefulness of e-mail is being threatened by three phenomena: spamming. which reduces the usefulness of e-mail as a practical tool. It can be easy integrated in existing E-mail architecture.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. highly customized configurations blocking certain types of e-mails and generating notifications. To increase the efficiency of e-mail communications the use of anti-spam. For example a virus protection looks like this:      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Virus ACTION: Block Options range from simple spam and virus filter setups to sophisticated. Hundreds of active spammers sending this volume of mail results in information overload for many computer users who receive tens or even hundreds of junk messages each day. Quarantine can be enabled just for existing LDAP groups or via BCC to Public Folders or Mailboxes. Microsoft Exchange.proxmox.g. © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 23  49 . pishing and e-mail worms.com For example to send Spam mails in quarantine      FROM: Anybody TO: Anybody WHEN: Always WHAT: Spam ACTION: Quarantine With this kind of setup the receiver gets detailed Information about the Spam e-mails. Spamming is unsolicited commercial e-mail. Postfix …). The combination of spam and worm programs results in users receiving a constant drizzle of junk e-mail.com  www. Lotus Domino. E-mail worms use e-mail as a way of replicating themselves into vulnerable computers. Based on the design as software appliance one of the strengths of Proxmox Mail Gateway is its flexibility. With the deployment of Proxmox Mail Gateway you get the job done.05. It’s compatible to every type of mail server or MTA (e.

1.1 Default Rules 4.com 4.com  www.2 Virus Alert This rule blocks all outgoing virus e-mail and informs the admin and sender via e-mail notification.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.05.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 24  49 .1 Block Viruses This rule blocks all incoming virus e-mail and informs the admin via e-mail notification. Figure 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses 4. Figure 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert © 21.1.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 25  49 .com 4.vbs.bat.4 Mark Spam This rule identifies spam and modifies the spam level and the e-mail subject.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox..3 Block Dangerous Files This rule removes dangerous attachments from incoming e-mails (.05.1. Figure 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam © 21.1. …) Figure 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files 4.com.com  www..proxmox.

Create a new WHO object.2.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.2 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users If you want to use the spam quarantine for specific users or a specific domain (and for the rest just “Mark Spam”).1 Enable Spam and Virus quarantine Activate or change the Spam and/or Virus rule with the existing action object “Quarantine”.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 26  49 .com  www.proxmox. Figure 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” 4. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e.05.2. 1. 4.g.com 4. 81) 3.2 Custom Rules Proxmox provides samples for custom rules to show the functionality.com/forum/ or contact a Proxmox partner. give a name like “Quarantine Users” and add the users or domains to this object 2. create a new WHO object containing these users or domains. Add the WHO object “Quarantine Users” 4. Activate the rule © 21. For support or help configuring rules see the Proxmox support forum at: http://www.

give a name like “Existing LDAP address” and add the LDAP group “Existing LDAP address” 2. you can use the LDAP query “Existing LDAP”.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 27  49 .2. Create a new WHO object.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.com  www.g. 81) 3. Use the existing (inactive) rule “Spam Quarantine” and set higher priority than the “Mark Spam” rule (e. 1.3 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP users If you want to use the spam quarantine only for existing internal e-mail addresses. Activate the rule Figure 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” © 21. Add the WHO object “Existing LDAP address” 4.05.com Figure 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users 4.

com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 28  49 .Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com Figure 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses © 21.05.

6. give a name. you can block Spam with a score higher 10 to reduce the delivery of spam e-mails to the user.4 Block Spam e-mails with a score higher 10 The default setting marks Spam with a score higher 5 and delivers the e-mail to the user.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Set Priority to 81 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule!.g. 8.com 4. “Spam Level 10” Figure 4-9 Add “Spam Filter” to the Object Figure 4-10 Set the Set Spam Filter to Level 10 Figure 4-11 Add new Rule. give a name. set Direction to “In” Figure 4-12 Add What Object “Spam Level 10” to the rule Figure 4-13 Add Action Object “Block” to the rule Figure 4-14 Final review (still inactive) Figure 4-15 Activate rule Figure 4-16 Figure 4-9 Add new What Object © 21. “Delete Spamlevel 10”. 4. Create a new “What Object”. 7. 1.com  www. 2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 29  49 . With this additional rule. 5. 3.05. e. e.2.g.

05.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 30  49 .com Figure 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object Figure 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox.

com Figure 4-12 Add new Rule Figure 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 31  49 .

com  www.proxmox.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 32  49 .05.com Figure 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule Figure 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Set appropriate client permission (note: anonymous must have the right to create items) 6. "Mail enable" the public folder via Exchange system manager – right click an select “Mail Enable” 3.6 Block Video and Audio Attachments 1. define direction and set priority 2. remember e-mail address 5. Create a new rule. Optional: Set age limit: select “Limits” and set the age limit to 90 days (all messages older than 90 days will be automatically deleted) 4.proxmox. you can also send a copy to a mail enabled public folder. Click on an already existing rule or create a new one 4.2. if you want). Exchange creates the e-mail address 4. Add Action Object “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” to the rule How to create a Mail Enable Public Folder under Exchange 2000/2003? 1.2. Wait a few minutes. Under “Receiver”.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 33  49 . name it “BCC to Archive Public folder or Mailbox” 2. If you have Microsoft Exchange. Right click the folder an check the e-mail address (or change it.g. type the e-mail address of the public folder/Mailbox 3.5 BCC object – An simple archive solution If you need to archive e-mails it’s useful to send a copy to a special mailbox. Create a public folder in Exchange (Exchange System Manager or via Outlook) 2. Create an Action Object: “Add BCC Object”.com Figure 4-16 Activate Rule 4. Add What Object “Multimedia” to the rule © 21. e. 1. “Block Multimedia Files”.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.

give a name. “Unknown LDAP”. Create a new “WHO Object”. it should be member of the Unknown LDAP group. If you type a valid e-mail address. 4.com 3. Add the WHO object “Unknown LDAP” from above to the rule (as “to”) 6. Add the ACTION object “block” (for testing. give a name. Activate the rule 4. e.7 Add Admin Notification to Rules If you block mails it’s useful to inform the Proxmox Admin. e. just add a notify to see results – be careful with block action) 8. it should not be member. Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses.com  www. set priority to 85 (higher than the “Mark Spam” rule. If you type an unknown e-mail address. 3. 1. Add new rule. set direction to “in” 5. “Unknown LDAP” 2. Final review (still inactive) 5.05.g. Activate the rule Note: Add always the “Spam” object – because most directory attacks are also spam. then click save. © 21.g.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 34  49 .proxmox. Final review (still inactive) 9. Click on the desired rule 2.2. So you just block attacks from spammers and you still are able to send NDR to people just mistyping an e-mail address. Add Action Object “Block” to the rule 4.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 1. Add an “LDAP Group” to the Object.2. Add the WHAT “Spam” to the rule 7.8 Preventing directory harvesting attacks with LDAP object The LDAP group object “Unknown LDAP address” can be used to prevent directory harvesting attacks. The Mail Gateway can check incoming e-mail addresses against valid e-mail addresses in your organization. select “Any profile” and “Unknown LDAP Address”. Add the “notify Admin” action to the rule 4.

select “your LDAP Profile” and select “Staff” from the dropdown menu. We assume you have a LDAP group called “Staff”.9 Block Video and Audio Attachments for LDAP Groups The LDAP groups can be used to apply special settings to groups.2. “Block Multimedia for Staff”. give a name. “Staff”  Add “LDAP Group” to the Object.com  www. e. On the other side.  Create a new “WHO Object”.com Figure 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule 4. you do not want to block these funny things for everybody.g.  Now you can test your object against e-mail addresses  Add new rule. © 21. Most people like sending joke videos and audio files via e-mail – this grows up your users mailboxes.proxmox. set direction to “in”. click save.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. e. give a name.g. click save  Add the WHO object “Staff” from above to the rule (as “to”)  Add the WHAT “Multimedia” to the rule  Add the ACTION object “Remove Attachments”  Final review (still inactive)  Activate the rule Note: Removed attachments from e-mails are replaced with a text file. set priority to 70.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 35  49 .05.

2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 36  49 .com  www.com Figure 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” © 21.05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

The Proxmox HA Cluster consists of a master and several nodes (minimum one node). and nodes automatically reintegrate after temporary failures without any operator interaction. Figure 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. Configuration is done on the master.com 5 Proxmox HA Cluster – High availability We are living in a world where e-mail becomes more and more important . Configuration and data is synchronized to all cluster nodes over a VPN tunnel.05.failures in email systems are just not acceptable.com  www. which provides extremely good performance.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 37  49 . Complete Cluster setup is done within minutes.proxmox. This provides the following advantages:     centralized configuration management fully redundant data storage high availability high performance Proxmox uses a unique application level clustering scheme. To meet these requirements we developed the Proxmox HA (High Availability) Cluster. Special considerations where taken to make management as easy as possible.

Figure 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records © 21. You need to have 2 working Proxmox Mail Gateways (mail1. you can use backup/restore to copy the rules).com and mail2. more or less load-balanced (round-robin scheduling).e. If one host fails the other is used.proxmox.com 5. We recommend adding reverse lookup entries (PTR records) for those hosts.com  www. each having its own IP address (the rest of the setting should be more or less equal. You will receive mails on both hosts.05.1 Load Balancing with MX Records It’s quite simple to set up a high performance load balanced mail cluster using MX records.example. You have to define two MX records with the same priority. Many e-mail systems nowadays reject mails from hosts without valid PTR records. i.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.com).2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 38  49 .example. This is all you need.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. but multiple address records: Figure 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records 5.com  www. See your firewall manual for more details.2 Multiple Address Records Using several DNS MX record is sometime clumsy if you have many domains.05.3 Using third party Firewall features Many firewalls can do some kind of RR-Scheduling (round-robin) when using DNAT.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 39  49 . It is also possible to use one MX record per domain.com 5.proxmox. © 21.

com 6 Hardware selection and Virtualization Proxmox always needs a dedicated PC or server hardware.1 Certified Hardware The latest certified hardware list is published on http://www.2 Proxmox VE (http://pve. 6. Proxmox can be run under VMware™.proxmox.com) VMware™ OpenVZ Also known to work (Intel VT or AMD-V needed):       Virtualbox XEN (Full virtualized) Citrix XenServer (Full virtualized) Parallels Server Virtualbox Hyper-V For best performance please use physical hardware or OS virtualization like Proxmox VE (OpenVZ).com/wiki/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway 6. OpenVZ and Proxmox VE. Proxmox 2.proxmox. For quick deployment Proxmox delivers a ready to run.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 40  49 .1. Proxmox delivers prebuilt Virtual Appliances for:    Proxmox VE (http://pve. For maximum performance we recommend: Hard disks CPU RAM SAS Disk (15.proxmox.6.proxmox. © 21.com  www. optimized for the VMware™ Host.com.3 VMware™ Proxmox runs perfectly under VMware™. Installation from the ISO-Image is also fully supported and gives the possibility for custom settings.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. For all details see http://pve.proxmox.3 and later supports VMware™ para-virtualization (Kernel 2. preconfigured and certified Virtual Appliance.000rpm).27) and we deliver a prebuilt VMware Tools package for installation (already included in the Appliance).com for certified hardware.05.proxmox. Hardware Raid with battery backup and cache enabled Two Quad Core Xeon (5xxx) 4 GB ECC 6.1 Physical Hardware See http://www. 6. Alternative.com) The Mail Gateway is available as a certified Virtual Appliance for Proxmox VE.

1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 6.1. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.com/forum/.3. 6. This leads to very poor performance. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. While memory overcommit is possible.proxmox.1.com  www.1 Settings for the Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.1 Settings for VMware™ ESX. ESXi and vSphere Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.1. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.3.3.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation. This means.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 41  49 .05.1. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks. http://www.1.proxmox.1.com 6.3.1.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization Figure 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX © 21.3.vmware.com.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. for optimal operation you should never assign more memory to virtual machines than is available on the host. © 21.com 6. While memory overcommit is possible.1.2.3.3. For more details see VMware documentation on http://www. if Proxmox runs on a machine with 1 GB memory it uses 1 GB of memory.proxmox.05. Because the virtual machines are running entirely in RAM.1 Host memory settings Always choose this option: “Fit all virtual machine memory into reserved host RAM” Strictly apply the reserved memory limit set in the top of the panel. the host can show more physical memory to the guest as available by swapping to disks.2 Settings for a VMware™ Server 2 Proxmox dynamically adapts the number of processes referring to the given memory to maximize performance.com  www.vmware. they have the best possible performance. This means.4 Enable time synchronization Figure 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi 6. This leads to very poor performance.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 42  49 .com. 6. This setting imposes the tightest restrictions on the number and memory size of virtual machines that can run at a given time. A VMware™ host can swap memory between guests and if configured.3.1.

2.com/forum/.2 VMware Tools Proxmox precompiles the VMware Tools components for easy installation.3.1 RAM settings The minimum memory for running Proxmox Mail Gateway is 512 MB RAM. 6.2.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 43  49 .3. http://www.2.2.3 Enable VMI Paravirtualization © 21.proxmox.2.2.com Figure 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host 6.2 Settings for Proxmox Mail Gateway Virtual Machine 6.3.2.3.com  www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox. 6.05.proxmox. Please visit the support forum for detailed instructions and downloads.

3.com Figure 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway 6.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.4 Enable time synchronization © 21.2.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 44  49 .05.2.proxmox.

com).org/. OpenVZ is also used in Proxmox VE (http://pve.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 45  49 . OpenVZ supports online migration from a running Proxmox from one hardware node to another without downtime.com  www. we launched a wiki page on: © 21. For running Proxmox on OpenVZ.com Figure 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host 6. Proxmox runs on OpenVZ quite as fast as on physical hardware with all advantages from virtualization. For details about OpenVZ.4 OpenVZ OpenVZ is an Open Source Operating System-level server virtualization solution. please visit http://openvz.05.proxmox.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.proxmox. Main advantage from Operating System-level server virtualization is minimum overhead which leads to maximum performance. built on Linux.

Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.org/Backup_of_a_running_VE_with_vzdump © 21. we developed vzdump: http://wiki.com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 46  49 .org/Proxmox_Mail_Gateway_in_VE For online backups of a running OpenVZ.05.com http://wiki.openvz.openvz.proxmox.

proxmox.com  www.com Email support: support@proxmox.com 7 Troubleshooting and technical support Use the moderated Proxmox support forum or contact a Proxmox partner for their support offerings.proxmox. All information: http://www.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.05.com © 21.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 47  49 .

...............................................................................................................43 6-4 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway ......................................24 4-3 Rule: Block Dangerous Files ..............20 3-9 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 4 ................2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 48  49 .........................10 2-9 Multiple e-mail servers .........................................................13 3-3 Enable RBL checks .................................................. 9 2-7 Outgoing alternative port settings (port 25) ........................... 6 2-3 Outgoing with Proxmox Mail Gateway ................................42 6-3 Memory settings for VMware Server 2 Host ...38 5-3 Load balancing Multiple Address Records ...............proxmox..37 5-2 Load balancing via MX Records..................................25 4-5 Add “Quarantine” action to rule “Mark Spam” .............................org and Dsbl...............................25 4-4 Rule: Mark Spam ...............................................41 6-2 Enable time synchronization on ESX/ESXi .........................39 6-1 Enable VMI Paravirtualization for Proxmox Mail Gateway on ESX ....................................... 7 2-4 Incoming default port settings (port 25) .................................30 4-12 Add new Rule ...................................................................................org ............................................................27 4-7 Create WHO object “Existing LDAP address” ....................................29 4-10 Add Spam Filter to a What Object ...................32 4-15 Final Review of Rule (still inactive) .................................................................................................................18 3-7 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 2 ...........................................................................32 4-16 Activate Rule ............35 4-18 Block video and Audio attachment for LDAP group “Staff” ..................................................................................16 3-5 Enable Verify Receivers .......................................................................................................................................................... 6 2-2 Incoming e-mail with Proxmox Mail Gateway..........................................................................................45 © 21.....................................................20 3-10 Exchange 2007 SP1: Install Anti-Spam agent .....................21 3-11 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 1........36 5-1 Proxmox HA Cluster with load balanced MX records ......................44 6-5 Enable time synchronization on VMware Server 2 Host ..........................com 8 Table of figures Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 2-1 System without Proxmox Mail Gateway .............27 4-8 Enable Spam quarantine for existing LDAP addresses ......com  www....14 3-4 Enable local RLB cache – Spamhaus....................Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox..........................................................................12 3-2 Mail proxy whitelist ...............................................................................................28 4-9 Add new What Object .....19 3-8 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 3 ................................................30 4-11 Set Spam Filter to Level 10 ............................................................ 8 2-5 Outgoing default port settings (port 26) .................................................................................................26 4-6 Enable Spam quarantine for just a selection of users .................22 4-1 Rule: Block Viruses ......................................11 3-1 Use local DNS Cache ...............................................................24 4-2 Rule: Virus Alert ..................31 4-14 Add Action Object to a Rule .........................17 3-6 Exchange 2003: Filter recipients 1 ........... 8 2-6 Incoming alternative port settings (port 26) .................... 9 2-8 Proxmox in DMZ ..................05..................................................31 4-13 Add What Object to a Rule ........................................................................21 3-12 Exchange 2007 SP1: Filter recipients 2.....33 4-17 Unknown LDAP address rule.............................

proxmox.05.proxmox.com 9 Appendix Reference document: Mail Gateway AdminGuide You can download the latest version from www.com .com  www.2010 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH 49  49 .End of document - © 21.Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH Kohlgasse 51/10  A-1050 Vienna  office@proxmox.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful