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Acer pseudoplatanus

Acer pseudoplatanus (Sycamore or Sycamore Maple to distinguish it from other plants called sycamore) is a species of maple native to central Europe and southwestern Asia, from France east to Poland, and south in mountains to northern Spain, northern Turkey, and the Caucasus. In Scotland the Sycamore is known as the Plane tree although it is not in fact a member of the Platanus genus. It is its apparent similarity to the plane that led to it being named pseudoplatanus, using the Ancient Greek prefix pseudo (false). <br clear=middle/> Description It is a large deciduous tree that reaches 2035 m tall at maturity, with a broad, domed crown. On young trees, the bark is smooth and grey but becomes rougher with age and breaks up in scales, exposing the pale-brown-to-pinkish inner bark. The leaves are opposite, 10-25 cm long and broad with a 5 -15 cm petiole, palmatelyveined with five lobes with toothed edges, and dark green in colour; some cultivars have purple-tinged or yellowish leaves. The monoecious yellow-green flowers are produced in spring on 10-20 cm pendulous racemes, with 20-50 flowers on each stalk. The 5-10 mm diameter seeds are paired in samaras, each seed with a 20-40 mm long wing to catch the wind and rotate when they fall; this helps them to spread further from the parent tree. The seeds are mature in autumn about 6 months after pollination. A number of species of Lepidoptera use the leaves as a food source; see Lepidoptera that feed on maples. The name "sycamore" originally belongs to the fig species Ficus sycomorus native to southwest Asia (this is the sycamore or sycomore referred to in the Bible), and was later applied to this species (and others; see also Platanus) by reason of the superficial similarity in leaf shape. Cultivation and uses It is noted for its tolerance of wind, urban pollution and salt spray, which makes it a popular tree for planting in cities, along roads treated with salt in winter, and in coastal localities. It is cultivated and widely naturalised north of its native range in

northern Europe, notably in the British Isles and Scandinavia north to Troms, Norway (can ripen seeds north to Vesterlen); Reykjavk, Iceland; and Torshavn on the Faroe Islands. It now occurs throughout the British Isles, having been introduced in the 17th century In North America, escapes from cultivation are most common in New England, New York City and the Pacific Northwest. It is planted in many temperate parts of the Southern Hemisphere, most commonly in New Zealand and on the Falkland Islands. It is considered an environmental weed in some parts of Australia (Yarra Ranges, Victoria). The popular cultivar 'Brilliantissimum' is notable for the bright salmon -pink colour of the young foliage. It is planted for timber production; the wood is white with a silky lustre, and hard wearing, used for musical instrument making, furniture, wood flooring and parquetry. Occasional trees produce wood with a wavy grain, greatly increasing the value for decorative veneers. The wood is a medium weight for a hardwood, weighing 630kg per cubic meter. It is a traditional wood for use in making the backs, necks and scrolls of violins. Its uses are mainly indoor due to its perishability when in contact with soil. The flowers produce abundant nectar, which makes a fragrant, delicately flavoured and pale-coloured honey. The Darnley plane tree Mary I, Queen of Scots, is said to have nursed her sick husband, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, back to health under this magnificent Plane (Plane is the Scottish name for the species) tree at Darnley in Glasgow. Queen Mary I came to Glasgow early in 1567, having left Holyrood Place in Edinburgh on 24th January to collect her husband. Darnley had reportedly contracted small-pox and the Queen intended to bring him back to Holyrood on a litter as he was too weak to ride a horse. Darnley return ed with his wife, only to be murdered a few days later on the 10th of February. It is a fine specimen of an old Sycamore, regardless of its historical involvement. Suckering The sycamore is able to produce suckers from roots when they are exposed to sunlight after the mature tree has fallen.
Source: Wikipedia

Translation The phrase "Acer pseudoplatanus" occurs as such in the following languages: English, Aragonese, Spanish, Italian. Translation(s) in other languages: Belarusian: , Bosnian: Gorski javor,

Catalan: Pltan fals, Czech: Javor klen, Danish: Ahorn, German: Bergahorn, Esperanto: Sikomora acero, French: rable sycomore, Galician: Pradairo comn, Upper Sorbian: Hrski klon, Croatian: Gorski javor, Icelandic: Garahlynur, Georgian: Hungarian: Jvor (faanyag), Macedonian: munte, Russian: , Kashubian: Jawr, , Dutch: Gewone esdoorn,

Norwegian (Bokml): Platanlnn, Polish: Klon jawor, Romanian: Paltin de , Slovenian: Beli javor, Finnish: Vuorivaahtera, . Swedish: Tysklnn, Turkish: Da akaa ac , Ukrainian: