SOCIOLOGY PAPER "POVERTY

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GROUP NAME: RIA Wanti Sianturi Fatmawati CLASS: X.B

SMA NEGERI 1 Bunyu DISTRICT EDUCATION BULUNGAN LEARNING YEAR 2010/2011

PREFACE Praise the Lord for the gift and His unfailing love of writing this paper so that we can finish well. This paper is one of the task field of study Sociology as one of the requirements in the following subjects Sociology. The theme of a paper that we make is "ISSUE - SOCIAL PROBLEMS." We thank the teachers supervising field of study Sociology, our parents, colleagues our colleagues who have helped us in preparing and completing this task or our papers. We really hope that once that the writing of this paper may be useful to readers of this paper. We apologize if the writing of this paper so many flaws and many things that are less pleasing to the readers and we also still expect criticism and suggestions for this paper can be more beneficial for us all. And many thanks ... Bunyu, 29 September 2010 Author

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... World Poverty ............ ...... ....... i Table of Contents ..... . .... . .. ..... 1 Chapter 1........... 3 C.................................. 5 E.... ........... ... while others view it in terms of moral and evaluative...... Measuring Poverty .. Eliminating Poverty ... ........ .... .............. 7 Chapter 2.... ............................ ...... ............. Discussions About Poverty ... .... .. ...................... .. 6 F. .... ............... ..........TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface . ................. . . ........... . Definition of Poverty ...... ................. ....... .... . Closing .. .... Poverty is sometimes also means no access to education and jobs that can overcome the problem of poverty and get decent honor as a citizen.... 4 D.. Some people understand this term is subjective and comparative. ........... .. .. ............ ... A.. . .. ...... . .................... ...... ... and still others to understand it from a scientific angle that has been established." ...................... ... .. .. ....... . .. Causes of Poverty .......... Conclusion .. 9 ii Preliminary Poverty is a global problem.................. ..... . ........ ...... 2 B.... .............................. The term "developing country" is usually used to refer to countries that are "poor............ .... ....... ii Introduction ... .............. .. . .............. .... 8 Chapter 3..

which usually cover the needs of everyday food. clothing. the value of $ 1 was also decreased in this period. shelter. Measuring Poverty Poverty can be grouped into two categories. To avoid this stigma. However. Social exclusion is usually distinguished from poverty. these countries are usually referred to as developing countries. The World Bank defines absolute poverty as living below USD $ dg income and poverty 1/hari medium for income under $ 2 per day. Poverty can be caused by the scarcity of basic needs fulfillment tool. Although the most severe poverty there in the world bekembang. and inability to participate in society. or groups of poor people. Definition of Poverty Poverty is a state where there has been an inability to meet basic needs such as food. dependency. and not limited to the economic field. the estimated 1. and in this sense the whole country is sometimes considered to be poor. This includes education and information. Absolute poverty refers to a set of consistent standards. Poverty is understood in different ways. while others view it in terms of moral and evaluative. Poverty can be seen as the collective condition of poor people.1 A. Looking at the period 1981-2001. and health services. and health. or the difficulty of access to education and employment. housing. • The description of social needs.7 billion people in the world consume less than $ 2/day. Poverty is a global problem. namely absolute poverty and relative poverty. . The main understanding include: • Preview the lack of material. "proportion of the population of developing countries who live in extreme poverty has fallen from 28% in 1990 to 21% in 2001. there is evidence of the presence of poverty in each region. is not affected by time and place / country. education. An example of an absolute measurement is the percentage of the population eat enough to sustain below the amount which needs a human body (approximately 2000-2500 calories per day for adult males). Some people understand this term is subjective and comparative. because it includes political issues and moral. Poverty in this sense is understood as a situation of scarcity of goods and basic services. the percentage of world population living below the poverty line of $ 1 dollar / day has been reduced by half. hence this restriction in 2001. In developed countries. • The description of the lack of adequate penhasilan and wealth. The meaning of "sufficient" here is very different across the parts of politics and economics throughout the world. including social isolation. 2 B. this condition presents homeless who wander to and fro and the suburbs and the ghetto poor. and still others to understand it from a scientific angle that has been established.1 billion people worldwide consume less than $ 1/hari and 2. clothing.

Another theory considers poverty as a sign of a failed economic system and one of the main causes of crime.3 C. safe drinking water.S.S. Related debate in the state of human capital and individual capital a person tends to focus on access to instructional capital and social capital that are available only for those who are educated in the formal system. $ 2 per day. $ 230 billion per year to military contractors. the fight against poverty is usually regarded as a social goal and many governments have attempted to establish the institution or department. and information." The World Bank describes as "extremely poor" as people who live on less than U. the educational environment is an umbrella term to describe the phenomenon of "the rich richer and the poor get poorer" (because it deals with education. 4 D. special employment opportunities. World Poverty Copenhagen Declaration describes absolute poverty as "a condition characterized by severe shortages of basic human needs. and a regular eating schedule shadowing abilities these students to learn. etc. health. such as social sciences. 21% of world population in a state of "very poor". sanitation facilities. • In politics. Borgen Project pointed to the American leader to give U. $ 1 per day. • In economics. Furthermore. and only U. Active Response including plans for housing. and culture. . and "poor" with incomes less than U. economics. poverty affects the ability of students to learn effectively in a learning environment. but switched to poverty in general) the Matthew effect. The work done by agencies is mostly limited to census and identifies the level of income under which citizens are considered poor. their basic needs as described by Abraham Maslow in Maslow's hierarchy of needs: the need for security and a stable home. Especially the smaller pupils from poor families. • In law. there has been a movement seeking the establishment of "human rights" universal aims to eliminate poverty. and more than half the world's population is still called "poor". clothes.. in 2001.S. $ 19 billion is needed to achieve the UN Millennium Development goal to end extreme poverty before 2025. Based on these standards. housing. including food.S. education. social pensions. Some ideologies such as Marxism states that the economic and politicians to work actively to create poverty. • In education. two kinds of poverty are considered: absolute and relative poverty. Discussions About Poverty Poverty studied by many sciences.

who see poverty as a result of the actions of others. ie. This approach has become part of European society since medieval times. Many kinds of policies are implemented to change the situation of the poor based on the individual. 6 F. Eliminating Poverty The main response to poverty is: • Assistance in poverty. • The cause of the family. including punishment. many welfare states provide assistance to people who are categorized as being more likely to be poor. . such as the elderly or persons with a disability. • Assistance to individual circumstances. learned or executed in the surrounding environment. which gives the reason that poverty is the result of social structure.5 E. or the ability of the poor. government. linking poverty with family education.S. Rather than providing direct assistance to the poor. • structural causes. who see poverty as a result of the behavior. or circumstances that make people poor. social work. (the richest country per capita in the world) for example has millions of people who termed the working poor. including war. Causes of Poverty Many associated with poverty: • Cause an individual. people who are not wealthy or public assistance plans. • Preparation for the weak. or help directly to the poor. • The cause of these agencies. but in the U. but still failed to pass above the poverty line. • The cause of the sub-culture (subcultural). and others. choices. and economics. job search. education. or pathological. linking poverty with daily life. Although widely accepted that poverty and unemployment is as a result of laziness. as demand for health care.

. that poor children grow. even among high-income families with low income families. in fact many people around us who still live in poverty." Poverty is a universal cause. but still many are still experiencing poverty. Rapid population growth exacerbated the level of income kesenjangn rich countries to poor countries.7 Conclusion The main cause of poverty is so rapid population growth. 8 Cover Apparently after so many have an independent state. It can eliminate poverty by helping those in need. "the rich get wealth. It's not fair at all to those who lack. So apply aksiomalama. It should if many countries have been independent. humans should also be free. But no.