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EXERCISE

EXERCISE
No.1

IDEAL OP AMP ANALYSIS

Assuming ideal op amps, determine Vo for each and every circuit shown below.

A) 1,8k -2V Vo

B) 30k

1k +0,1V Vo 10k 2k 1k

C) 2k -0,5V Vo 3k

D) 2K +1V 10K

2K -1,5V

Vo

16k

15k -15V

2k

Rev. 1/6/2003

C. Sauriol

Page 1

EXERCISE No.2

IDEAL OP AMP ANALYSIS

Assume typical op amp data for circuits A through E and worst case values for circuit F. Op amp parameters for VSUP=15V O/P voltage swing I/P voltage range Short circuit current minimum 12V 11V 12 mA
D)
10k

Determine V o.
1K +1 6 V

maximum -

A)
+6V

Determine V
4,7k

2k

Vx

3,3k

1,8k - 1V

- 8V +2 V

Vo

B)

10k +1 6V 20k

E)

Determine V o.
10K

30K
+1 2V

+5V

Vo

C)

Determine V o.
+1 5V

F)

Determine the maximum value of R3

if we do not

want to saturate the inputs of the op amp given that V1 and V2 range from 80V to100V .
10k V1 100k +16V R3

+2 V Vo +3 V 10k - 15V V2

Vo

R3

100K - 16V

Rev. 1/6/2003

C. Sauriol

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EXERCISE No.3
t2

100k

( ) V
1 RE C F t1

in (AC )

dt
if

10 RF CF

10k Vi n

0, 1 F

+ Vin (ave) = Vin

( )+ V ( )
PW T SW in T

for a squarewave

Vo

A) Draw the output waveform with respect to Vin shown for frequencies of 50 Hz, 100 Hz, 1 kHz and 10 kHz - label waveforms with AC and DC values as well as PW and SW.

+1V

Vi n

-1V 0,6T 0,4T

B) 1 Vpp C)

If Vin is a 2 Vpp squarewave with a 50% duty cycle, calculate the frequency of Vin that will produce Vo = Repeat step B for 75% duty cycle.

D) If Vin is a 10 Vpp triangular wave with a frequency of 5 kHz, draw the expected O/P waveform with respect to Vin. No.4 A) Determine the output waveform relative to an input triangular wave with a 10 VPP amplitude and a frequency of 250 Hz. B) Determine the output waveform relative to an input square wave with a 2 VPP amplitude and a frequency of 250 Hz. C) What is the function of the 100 resistor?
0,1 F 100 Vi n 10k

Vo = RF CE if

dVin dt
E

R0,1 C
E

Vo

No.5

PHASE SHIFTER

R1

R1

AVF =

P1 + jX C P1 jX C

AVF = 1 XC P1
Vi n C Vo

/ AVF = 2arctan

Design the circuit in order to o obtain a phaseshift of 20 to o 180 with a 100K pot (P1) at a frequency of 1 kHz.

P1

Ideal Op Amp Exercise

Rev. 1/6/2003

C. Sauriol

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EXERCISE SOLUTIONS
No.1 A ) 0A 1, 8k - 2V - 2V 0A 2V + + 10V Vo - 12V +0 , 1 V 0 , 1 mA - 2V B)

0 , 1 mA 0V

30k + 3V -

1k

0A Vo

1 mA 10k 2k 1 mA

0A

- 3V 1k 0V

C) 0A - 0, 5V 2k

- 0, 5V - 4, 125V Vo 1, 125V + 0 , 3 7 5 mA - 3V 10k 2k 0 , 2 5 mA 0, 25 mA 0 , 1 2 5 mA 24k

D) 1, 125 2K mA +1 V

- 1, 25V 1, 125 mA 10K + 11, 25V 0A

+ 2, 25V 2K - 1, 5V 0 , 1 2 5 mA 0A

0A + 2, 5V - 0, 5V

3k

Vo - 12, 5V

10K - 1, 25V 0 , 1 2 5 mA

E) + 14V 0, 933 mA 15k

+1 5 V +1 V 10k 0 , 1 3 3 mA

F) - 2V

- 5, 2V + 3.9K

1, 333 mA

- 0, 68V + 5,1k 1 , 2 mA +3 , 2 V 0A Vo 0A +3 , 8 8 V +3 , 2 V 0 , 1 3 3 3 mA

14k

- 1, 333V + 0A Vo

1 , 2 mA +5 V

1,5k + 1, 8V 3k

1 mA +1 V 1 mA 16k

0A + 16V -

1, 066 mA 15k

+2 , 3 3 3 V 0 , 1 3 3 mA +8 V

1 , 6 mA - 15V

2k

Rev. 1/6/2003

C. Sauriol

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EXERCISE

IDEAL OP AMP ANALYSIS

No.2 A)
4,7k +6 V + 7V Vx - 3 .6 V - 1V

1, 489 mA

- 1V 0, 7 mA

C) 10k +2 V

+1 5 V

0 , 7 8 9 mA 0A

3,3k - 2 .6 V + 1,8k - 8V 0A - 1V

Vo +3 V 0A +3 V - 15V - 1 3 .5 V

No feedback, the output saturates with a polarity determined by the sign of the differential I/P voltage: Vo = A d (V + -V - ) = (2-3) = V o = -V sat = -13,5V

B) 10k + -

- 4, 833V 20k +1 6 V 0A 0, 483 mA Vo 6,8k Vi n +6 V 0A +6 V - 16V - 14, 5V

Positive feedback will make the output saturate with a polarity determined by the sign of the differential I/P voltage. With +6V applied to the -ve I/P of the op amp, the O/P should be of the opposite polarity, therefore assume V o = -V sat = -14,5V and determine the V+ and verify the sign of the differential I/P voltage in order to validate your assumption of V o = -V sat , that is: Vo = A d (V + -V - ) = (-4,83-6) = therefore the assumption was valid.

+4 , 8 3 3 V 10k + 0A +1 6 V 20k 0, 483 mA Vo 6,8k Vi n - 6V 0A - 6V - 16V +1 4 , 5 V

Same procedure here, except now V - is negative, therefore the O/P polarity is expected to be positive: V o = +V sat = +14,5V Verify assumption with sign of V Vo = A d (V + -V - ) = d = (V + -V - )

(+4,83-(-6)) = +

Rev. 1/6/2003

C. Sauriol

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EXERCISE

IDEAL OP AMP ANALYSIS

2 D)

2 mA

+2 V 1K

2 mA

2k Vo +6 V 2 mA

1, 25 mA 1K

+1 , 2 5 V 1 , 2 5 mA +1 6 V 0A

2k

Vo +3 , 7 5 V

+1 6 V - 4 V + 0A 680 +2 V 0A +2 V - 16V + 6V 32 mA

20 mA

1 , 2 5 mA

680 3 0 mA 200 +2 V 0A +2 V - 16V + 3, 75V 1 8 , 7 5 mA 200

Output of op amp has reached current limit, notice that V - V + and -ve feedback is rendered ineffective not forcing V
E) 0, 5 mA +5 V +1 2 V 30k 0A 0A 6,8k 1 , 5 mA 0V - 12V 15V + 10K 0V - 12V 10, 5V + 10K 0, 5 0 V mA 1, 125V + 15V Vo - 15V 0, 5 mA 0A +5 V + 3, 875V 0A 6,8k 1 , 0 5 mA 10K +1 2 V 30k 0, 3875 mA 10K 0, 3875 mA + Vo - 10, 5 0, 5 mA

- = V+

Impossible voltage, therefore Vo = -V sat = -10,5V typical.

F) V1 R3 8, 8 mA 0A +1 6 V 10k 100k

Output of op amp has reached saturation, notice that V - V + and -ve feedback is rendered ineffective not forcing V - = V+

V2 100V max

10k

Vo

8 , 6 8 mA R3

Rev. 1/6/2003

C. Sauriol

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EXERCISE No.3

If
A)

10 10 = = 159 Hz then V o (PP) = 2 RF CF 2 100k 0,1

+1V

( ) V
1 RE C F t1

t2

in ( AC)

dt

V (ave) = V

+ PW T

( )+ V ( )
SW T t2

AREA

Vin
AREA
-1V

+0,2V DC

Vin(DC) = +0,2V

Vo ( PP ) = 1000 Vin ( AC ) dt
t1

0, 6T

0, 4T

Vo ( PP ) = 1000 area Vo ( PP ) = 1000 0.8 0.6T

Integral does not apply for 50 Hz and 100 Hz.

Vout Vout = 0,48Vpp at 1 kHz

-2V DC

and
B)
t2

48 mVpp at 10 kHz
AREA

Vo ( PP ) = 1000 Vin ( AC ) dt
t1

Vo ( PP ) = 1000 area = 1000 T 1000 1VP = = 1VPP 2 2F

I N P 2 V pp U T O U T P U T

DC level
T 2 AREA

F = 500 Hz F > 159 Hz integral OK. C)

1 V pp

DC level

+1V
t2

Vo ( PP ) = 1000 Vin ( AC ) dt
t1

Vo ( PP ) = 1000 area = 3T 375 1000 0,5 = = 1VPP 4 F F = 375Hz

F > 159 Hz integral OK.

I N P U T

AREA 2 V pp 3T 4 A R E A

DC level

-1V
O / P

1 V pp

DC level

V (ave) = V +

( )+ V ( )
PW T SW T

Vin(DC) = +0,5V

Rev. 1/6/2003

C. Sauriol

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EXERCISE No.3 D)
t2

+5V p

t1

Vo ( PP) = 1000 area = 1000 100 5 2

DC level

Vo ( PP) = 0,25VPP
O/P is a parabolic wave, not a sine wave.

DC level

No.4 A)

V o = RF CE

dVin dt

I N P U T

10 V pp -5V p +5V p 2 ms -5V p

+1V p 2 ms -1Vp + V sat 0V 50 s 50 s

O 10 V pp / P

B)

On edges we have:

V o = 10K 0,1( ) V o = m m V sat

On flat portions we have:

I N P U T O U T P U T

V o = 10K 0,1( 0 ) Vo = 0
The O/P spikes settle down in 5 = 5RE CE = 50 s C) No. 5

- V sat

To stabilise negative feedback in order to avoid self oscillations from the circuit. Phase shifter

X P1 = 0 = 2 ATAN C = 180 o 0 X X 1 10 o = ATAN C TAN 10 o = C = P P1 2 FCP1 1

( )

( )

( )

9.1 nF

std

The +ve input sees 0 to 100k DC wise, average of 50k, and the ve input sees R1IIR1 = R1/2 = 50k R1 = 100K. This means that O/P DC offset will not be minimized for all P1 settings. Ideal Op Amp Exercise Rev. 1/6/2003 C. Sauriol Page 8