FORM 5 PHYSICS MARKING SCHEME PAPER 2, 2011

No. 1 Answer Maximum displacement from the rest point D The length of pendulum D same as A Resonance Total 2 a b c Pressure = Force / Area Depth / Density / gravity P=hpg =0.l2 x l000 x l0 = 1200 Pa. Mark 1 1 1 1 4 1 1 1 1 1

a b c

i ii

d

Total 3 a b c Main scale 0.01 mm Reading = Reading of main scale + Reading of thimble scale – Zero error Reading of main scale = 5.8mm Reading of thimble scale = 0.28mm Actual Reading = 5.8mm + 0.28mm -0.02 = 5.76mm Thickness of a piece of paper = 5.86/50 = 0.116 mm. Total 4 a b c d e When the lift accelerate upwards // Diagram 4(b) 1. weight acting downwards 2. normal force , R acting upwards 500 N // 490 N 1. R = mg + ma // R = 500 + 100 2. R = 600 N Zero Total 5 a i Final temperature of liquid A is higher than final temperature of liquid B

5 1 1 1 1

1 5 1 1 1 2 1 7 1

ii

Liquid A have higher specific heat capacity than liquid B

A became increase temperature faster. Concept : Heat capacity
b c Gradient graf A is steeper ( cool faster) Became constant if react room temperature.

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 Total 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Total 10 1 1 1 1

During the day, land gets heated by the Sun much quicker than does water. As the land becomes warmer, it heats the air in the atmosphere above it. This causes the air to expand, becoming less dense, and thus creating a low pressure.
Total Resistance is the ratio of potential difference to the current flow // a device that resists/impedes the current/electron flow in a circuit. Cross sectional area 6.2 > 6.1 Potential difference 6.1 > 6.2 Current for both circuits are the same. Resistance 6.1 > 6.2 As the cross sectional area increases, resistance decreases 1. Decreases 2. Because total/effective resistance decreases

6

a b i ii iii i ii

c d

7

a b c d e i ii

The distance between focal point and center lens 0.08 m or 8 cm P and R – convex lens Q - the concave lens replacement value of u and f V = - 5:45 cm
P : Obective lens R: lens

2 light rays to produce images correctly first and draw the first image Drawing a beam of light from the image into an eyepiece Drawing the final image
Longitudinal wave / mechanical wave No sound / sound cannot be heard Sound wave cannot propagate // sound energy cannot be transferred

8

a

i ii iii

b

Amplitude of the wave drawn is bigger Note: accept as long as the amplitude drawn is slightly bigger.

c

i ii iii

P - Infrared Q - Ultraviolet Gamma ray / ultraviolet / X-Ray Can kills the life cell / skin burn or skin cancer

1 1 1 1

iv v vi vii

Note: the reason given must be related to the answer in (c) (ii) Radio wave / microwave High frequency / high energy / high penetrating power / less diffracted Gamma ray high energy / high penetrating power Total

1 1 1 1 12

9

a b

i

ii iii c

d

Sound wave is a longitudinal waves. 1st : The diameter of guitar string in Diagram 9.1 is smaller than diameter of the string in Diagram 9.2 2nd : The amplitude of the wave in Diagram 10.1 is the same as in Diagram9.2 3rd : Number of oscillations in Diagram 10.1 is higher than in Diagram 10.2 When the diameter of the string increases , the frequency of the wave decreases The higher the frequency , the higher the pitch of the sound 1st : When a tuning fork vibrates, air molecules will vibrate. 2nd : When the tuning fork moves forwards, the air is compressed. 3rd : When the tuning fork moves backwards, the air layers are pulled apart and cause a rarefraction. 4th : Therefore, a series of compression and rarefactions will produce sound. 5th : The sound energy is propagated through the air around it in the form of waves. 1st : Large diameter 2nd : receives more signal 3rd :The distance of signal receiver from the centre of the parabolic disc is same as the focal length 4th :Radar gives out parallel beam//signals focused to the receiver 5th :Use microwave wave 6th :High energy 7th :Short wavelength 8th :Easily reflected 9th :High frequency 10th :High energy / can travel at longer distance 11th :The position of the parabolic disc is high 12th :The signal is not blocked //much coverage//can detect signal 13th :Strong material 14th :Not easily broken Total The rate of charge flows. 1 State the correct comparison f the pe f circuit connection Diagram 10.1 connected in series and Diagram 10.2 connected in parallel. 2 State the correct comparison f the ammeters reading The reading of ammeter in Diagram 10.2 is greater than in Diagram 10.1 . 3 State the correct comparison f the voltmeters readings The reading of voltmeter in Diagram 10.1 > Diagram 10.2. 4 State the correct comparison f the jfective resistance The effective resistance in Diagram 10.2 < Diagram 10.1.

3

1 1 4

10

20 1 6

10

a b

i

5 State the correct relation between the jfective resistance and the current flows Effective resistance increases, the current flows decreases. 6 State the correct relagion between pe f circuit connection and efective resistance. Circuit connected in parallel, the effective resistance decreases. 1 State the correct happens f the ammeter reading The ammeter reading increased 2 State he correct happens f voltmeter reading The voltmeter reading decreased. 3 State the correct reason Effective resistance in the circuit decreased. State the correct extra device attached and correct reason 1 Attach one fuse to the live wire in the consumer unit! fuse box. 2 To break/switch off the circuit when large current before the wire become hotter and produce fire. State the correct choosing fwirilcable and correct reason 3 Using the insulating wires !! thicker wires 4 To prevent short circuit!! To reduce resistance, improve efficiency. State the correct ajustment f each lamp and the correct reason 5 Attach switch for each lamp. 6 To allows each lamp to be switched on and off independently. State the correct mod fication f connection f metal fitting lamp and give the correct reason 7 Connect the metal fitting lamp to the earth wire!cable. 8 To flows electron (extra) to earth to avoid lethal shock. State the correct using f bulbs and give the correct reason 9 Using only 240 V light bulb. 10 To ensure the bulbs light up with normal brightness. Total 11 a b The Principle of Conservation of Momentum / Energy When the ball on one end is pulled up and let to fall, it strikes the second ball which is at rest and comes to a dead stop. The momentum of the ball becomes zero as its velocity is zero. The Principle of Conservation of Momentum states that in a collision between two objects the total momentum of the objects in the system remains unchanged. The energy and momentum from the first ball is transferred to the second ball and then transmitted through the balls at rest to the ball on the other end. Because the momentum and energy is maintained in this system, the ball on the opposite side will move at the same velocity as the ball that were in 20 1

c

3

d

10

4

c

initial motion (any four) Specifications. The balls touch each other

The type of material used to make the balls is steel

Two strings used to hang each ball the position of the ball to start the oscillation

Reason This will reduce losses of energy which will reduce the speed of the balls Steel balls are hard and produce highly elastic collision. Energy can easily propagates through the intermediate balls. This string arrangement restricts the balls’ movements to the same plane.

2

2

2 High position of the ball, high potential energy and will change to high kinetic energy. The last end ball will swing at bigger speed. The most suitable design is Q because the ball s touch each other, made from steel, use two strings attached to each ball and the initial position of the ball is high. m1u1 + m2u2 = m1v1 + m2v2 (5)(0.8) + (3)(0) = 0 + (3) v2 v2 = 1.33 ms-1 m1u1 + m2u2 = 0 – (0.05)(0.8) = -0.04 kgms-1 Impulsive force = -0.04 / 0.05 = 0.8 N Total 12 a i ii iii If the voltage supplied is 12V the power generated is 24W To give out more heat energy 1. Length of conductor 2. cross sectional area 3. R is directly proportional to length, l 4. R is inversely proportional to cross sectional area, A R T = 4 + (4x4) 4+ 4 =4+2 =6

2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

d

i

b

i

I = 12 6 =2A

1 1 1 10

ii iii c

V = IR = 2 x 4 =8V I = 4/4 = 1A 1. Connection to earth 2. to flows the excess / overload current to earth if the is short circuit 3. material of heating coil is nichrome 4. to produces high heat energy 5. high number of loop 6. to increase surface area so that more heat is released 7. high power 8. to produce more heat energy in the coil

9. R is chosen 10. because is connected to earth, material is nichrome, high number of loop, and has high power. Total 20