Gallery 202 Vocabulary Development in Yingge development – way that things improve (get better); process of expanding or improving

colonial – (from colony, a body of people who settle far from their home, but keep ties to their homeland); time period of occupation industry – organized action of making goods and/or services for sale infrastructure – buildings and roads needed to make and transport items for sale factory (pl. factories) – place where things are made, usually in large numbers Walk Through Kiln chimney - tall brick stack that lets fire/heat flow out of a kiln (or oven, fireplace, furnace) flue – chimney kiln - brick oven used to heat clay object at a very high temperature so that they become ceramic firing – term used to describe the action of a kiln pre-heating – adding heat slowly from room temperature cooling – slowly going down in temperature until reaching room temperature square downdraft kiln – air comes into the kiln, circles and is pulled to the bottom of the kiln before exiting through the flue shuttle kiln – kiln with multiple cars/carts that move in and out of a single firing space trolley – a car or cart that runs on two rails tunnel kiln – long kiln that uses rails to move and fire a car/cart stacked with ceramics assembly line – an organized process of making by which a product moves through stages of making in order

soil – loose earth; part of the Earth’s surface made of dead plants and brokendown rock clay – soft, wet earth that is plastic and can easily be molded and fired back into rock(ceramic) clay body – refers to differences in types of clay (earthenware, stoneware, porcelain) “Three Treasures” Area abundant – a lot of something, possibly easy to access fuel – combustible(able to burn) material used to produce heat or energy coal – fuel for kilns mined from deep in the earth; black wood* – fuel for kiln coming from trees natural gas / propane – fuels in gas form (most contemporary nonelectric kilns use this for firing) electric kiln* – heated using coiled, electric wires set in insulating brick (sometimes using a computer to control it) insulation – material that keeps heat inside transportation – moving people or goods from one place to another train – cars linked together and moving on rails to transport people and goods 1300°C – “thirteen hundred degrees Celsius” = 2300°F - “twentythree hundred degrees Fahrenheit” “Art Ceramics” Area “china clay” – porcelain; very pure, white clay China Painting – overglaze painting; application of color on top of the glaze surface and then fired at a lower temperature underglaze painting – application of color on ceramic surface UNDER the glaze surface (before the second firing for glaze) translucent* – quality of porcelain fired at a very high temperature that lets the light come through the ceramic material transparent* - quality of glass in which you can SEE through the material more clearly; almost all of the light can pass

through the material Industrial Ceramics Area sanitary – clean toilet – receptacle for human waste  ; Western – sit! Eastern – squat!, also known as a “trough” style >>> ENGLISH 101<<< 1.) countable and uncountable: If you can count it, you add an “s”. If you cannot count it, you do not add an “s”. For example: wood, not woods; you can count trees, branches, or boards, but you can’t count the material of wood. Same goes for metal, glass, clay, coal, sand, rain . . . get it???? 2.) See if you can find the differences in meaning between these words that are said and spelled very similarly: trough thought tough through though

Homework : Choose something in Room 202 to talk about next time! Prepare 2-4 sentences, and try to use some of today’s vocabulary!

Traditional --------------------------------------------------------------------Koji ------Ceramics Koji ceramics are made by forming figures in clay, painting them with glaze colors, and then firing them at a relatively low temperature. The technique behind the Koji ceramics we see in Taiwan today comes from Guangdong province in China, and now they are an important part of ornamentation on temples. From http://digital.ceramics.tpc.gov.tw/Collection/en-us/Index.aspx

As near as I can tell from researching the name “Koji” in English online is that it can be used before any other word or name to basically mean Japanese. It is common in contemporary times as a boy’s name. So . . . I’m not sure what that means in terms of the history of Chinese narrative temple figurines, but maybe you can do some more research???