Energy Citations Database (ECD) - - Document #5522888

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For copies of Journal Articles, please contact the Publisher or your local public or university library and refer to the information in the Resource Relation field. Document For copies of other documents, please see the Availability, Publisher, Research Organization, Resource Relation and/or Author (affiliation information) fields and/or Document Availability. Title Solvent extraction of phenols from water Creator/Author Greminger, D.C. ; Burns, G.P. ; Lynn, S. ; Hanson, D.H. ; King, C.J. Publication Date 1980 Feb 01 OSTI Identifier OSTI ID: 5522888 Report Number(s) LBL-10480; CONF-800610-1 DOE Contract Number W-7405-ENG-48 Resource Type Conference/Event Specific Type Technical Report Resource Relation American Institute of Chemical Engineering conference, Philadelphia, PA, USA, 8 Jun 1980 Research Org California Univ., Berkeley (USA). Lawrence Berkeley Lab. Subject 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; PHENOLS; SOLVENT EXTRACTION; ETHERS; KETONES; ORGANIC SOLVENTS; PH VALUE; REMOVAL; STEAM; WATER; AROMATICS; EXTRACTION; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SOLVENTS Description/Abstract Methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) and diisopropyl ether (DIPE) have been evaluated as solvents for extraction of phenols, at high dilution, from water. Equilibrium distribution coefficients (K/sub D/) have been measured for phenol, dihydroxybenzenes and trihydroxybenzenes in both solvents as a function of pH. Particularly for the multihydric phenols, MIBK gives substantially higher values of K/sub D/ than does DIPE. The effect of pH can be described quantitatively through a simple ionization model, using published values of dissociation constants for the various phenols. Some method for removal of residual dissolved solvent must ordinarily be included in any extraction process for phenols. Possibilities include atmospheric-steam or inert-gas stripping, vacuum-steam stripping, and extraction with a second solvent. Vacuum-steam stripping is a particularly attractive choice for removal of MIBK; this reinforces the utility of MIBK as a solvent. The optimal temperature for vacuum stripping is generally the temperature of the extraction operation, which in turn is related to the effect of temperature on K/sub D/. Values of K/sub D/ for phenol-water-MIBK were determined at 30, 50, and 75/sup 0/C, Bestwere foundfor decrease with increasing and matches to phenol-water-mibk lle temperature at all concentrations. Country of Publication United States Language English

Values of K/sub D/ for phenol-water-MIBK were determined at 30, 50, and 75/sup 0 /C, and were found to decrease with increasing temperature... Jump to text »[6/8/2011 1:46:42 PM]

Energy Citations Database (ECD) - - Document #5522888 Format Medium: X; Size: Pages: 16 Availability Dep.; NTIS, PC A02/MF A01. System Entry Date 2008 Feb 06
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Last Updated: 05/11/2011[6/8/2011 1:46:42 PM]